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Modeled Wage Estimates
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The Modeled Wage Estimates (MWE) provide annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by selected job characteristics and within geographical location. The job characteristics include bargaining status (union and nonunion), part- and full-time work status, incentive- and time-based pay, and work levels by occupation. The modeled wage estimates are produced using a statistical procedure that combines survey data collected by the National Compensation Survey (NCS) and the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) programs.

Borrowing from the strengths of the NCS, information on job characteristics and work levels, and from the OES, the occupational and geographic detail, the modeled wage estimates provide more detail on occupational average hourly wages than either program is able to provide separately.

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  • Series Report —Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.

MWE Tables

Selected occupational groups and areas:

Complete datasets:

MWE Publications

Published Articles

Other Documentation

  • Your compensation companion: a practical guide to BLS data (PDF)

MWE Frequently Asked Questions

Other BLS Resources

  • Benefits—comprehensive data on incidence and provisions of employer-sponsored benefit plans.
  • Compensation Costs and Trends—indexes measuring change over time in labor costs and data measuring level of average costs per employee hour worked.
  • Compensation Research and Program Development Group—carries out research that addresses methodological, conceptual, and technical issues of concern to the National Compensation Survey, Occupational Requirements Survey, and the Workplace Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities Programs.
  • Guide for Evaluating Your Firm's Jobs and Pay (PDF)—explains how the Bureau determines the work level of an occupation in the National Compensation Survey.
  • Information Guide (PDF)—provides descriptions of the information and data produced by BLS, as well as descriptions of the publications in which they appear.
  • Modeled Wage Estimates—annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by job characteristics and within geographical location.
  • Occupational Requirements Survey—provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.
  • Work Stoppages—monthly and annual data and analysis of major work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers.

Other Useful Links

  • Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities (PDF)—is a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health.
  • Employee Benefits Security Administration—provides participant and compliance assistance in the areas of retirement, health and other employee benefits.
  • Healthcare.gov Glossary—provides terms and definitions used on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' HealthCare.gov website.
  • Health Insurance Definitions (PDF)—provides terms and definitions approved by the Federal Government's Interdepartmental Committee on Employment-based Health Insurance Surveys for use in Federal surveys collecting employer-based health insurance data.
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs—responsible for ensuring employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring equal employment opportunity.
  • Wage and Hour Division—responsible for enforcing federal labor laws including minimum wage and hour standards.

Contact Us

Information on modeled wage estimates is available by calling (202) 691-6199 or submitting a question through the online form.

Latest Numbers

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Full-time or part-time, average hourly wages

Full-time, Business and financial operations occupations in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
$47.37 in 2018 Historical Data

Part-time, Business and financial operations occupations in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
$26.87 in 2018 Historical Data

Union or nonunion, average hourly wages

Union, Production occupations in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
$25.15 in 2018 Historical Data

Nonunion, Production occupations in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
$18.87 in 2018 Historical Data

Time or incentive-based pay, average hourly wages

Time-based pay, Sales and related occupations, in Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO
$19.23 in 2018 Historical Data

Incentive-based pay, Sales and related occupations, in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX
$42.14 in 2018 Historical Data

Work levels, average hourly wages

Level 7, Registered nurses, in Ames, IA
$28.14 in 2018 Historical Data

Level 9, Registered nurses, in Ames, IA
$28.92 in 2018 Historical Data

Level 8, Computer and mathematical occupations, all workers, in Austin-Round Rock, TX
$31.27 in 2018 Historical Data

Level 11, Computer and mathematical occupations, in Austin-Round Rock, TX
$49.65 in 2018 Historical Data

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