Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • Registration for the BLS Atlanta 2018 Data Users Conference is now open Read More »
  • Natural gas correction for St. Louis and Chicago Read More »
  • Chained CPI-U index for new vehicles will begin publication on October 12, 2018 Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

RSS

Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.2% in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +157,000(p) in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.07(p) in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: unchanged in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.6% in 2nd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.9% in 2nd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: unchanged in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.5% in Jul 2018 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

August 2018 CPI data are scheduled to be released on September 13, 2018, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.2% in July as shelter index rises

08/10/2018

In July, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.2 percent seasonally adjusted; rising 2.9 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in July (SA); up 2.4 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Real average hourly earnings down 0.2 percent over the 12 months ending July 2018

Real average hourly earnings for all employees decreased 0.2 percent from July 2017 to July 2018. The decline in real average hourly earnings combined with the 0.3-percent increase in the average workweek resulted in a 0.1-percent increase in real average weekly earnings over this 12-month period. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

Monthly Labor Review article image

Improving initial estimates of the Chained Consumer Price Index

An examination of the reasoning underlying the most recent update to the formula used to produce the preliminary Chained Consumer Price Index. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

Beyond the Numbers article image

Arlington Memorial Bridge spans the decades as a study in long-term price change

This article examines the history of the Arlington Memorial Bridge and compares the original construction with a contemporary proposed rebuilding of it, which provides an interesting illustration of long-term price change in the United States, with the help of Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data. read more »