Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): -0.8% in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 14.7% in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: -20,537,000(c,p) in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$1.34(p) in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -1.3%(p) in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -2.5% in 1st Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -2.6% in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -3.3% in Apr 2020 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

May 2020 CPI data are scheduled to be released on June 10, 2020, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items falls 0.8% in April; gasoline and other declines outweigh food increases

05/12/2020

In April, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers fell 0.8 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 0.3 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.4 percent in April (SA); up 1.4 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Food at home prices up, gasoline and airfare prices down, over the year ended April 2020

From April 2019 to April 2020, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.3 percent, the smallest 12-month increase since October 2015. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Inflation expectations and inflation realities: a comparison of the Treasury Breakeven Inflation curve and the Consumer Price Index before, during, and after the Great Recession

This article examines the extent to which market-based inflation expectations overshot or undershot actual inflation before, during, and after the Great Recession of 2007–09. read more »