Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): unchanged in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 4.0% in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +304,000(p) in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.03(p) in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -0.1%(p) in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.7% in 4th Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.2%(r) in 3rd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.5% in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.6% in Jan 2019 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

February 2019 CPI data are scheduled to be released on March 12, 2019, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items unchanged in January as energy declines offset shelter, food increases

02/13/2019

In January, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers was unchanged on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 1.6 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in January (SA); up 2.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer prices up 1.6 percent over 12 months ending January 2019

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI–U) increased 1.6 percent for the 12 months ending January, the smallest increase since the period ending June 2017. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent over the last 12 months. The food index rose 1.6 percent over the past year, while the energy index declined 4.8 percent. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

Beyond the Numbers article image

Improving the CPI physicians’ services index

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index (CPI) for physicians services measures the change in prices for healthcare services provided by physicians in private practice. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Improving initial estimates of the Chained Consumer Price Index

An examination of the reasoning underlying the most recent update to the formula used to produce the preliminary Chained Consumer Price Index. read more »