Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 28, 2017                             USDL-17-0881

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 298 of the 388 metropolitan 
areas, higher in 66 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Fifty-seven areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas 
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 
304 metropolitan areas, decreased in 77 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. (See box note.)
The national unemployment rate in May was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.5
percent a year earlier.

     _________________________________________________________________
    |                                                                 |
    |     Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Suppressions       |
    |                                                                 |
    |This news release contains suppressions to previously released   |
    |employment data in Table 3. Suppressions to the data affect      |
    |Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, Calif. A complete list of   |
    |suppressions in this news release and in the CES (State and Area)|
    |database can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm.  |
    |_________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, Ames, Iowa; Bismarck, N.D.; and Fargo, N.D.-Minn., had the lowest unemployment 
rates, 1.9 percent each, closely followed by Fort Collins, Colo., 2.0 percent. El Centro, 
Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 20.5 percent. A total of 194 areas had May 
jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 181 areas had rates above it, and 13 
areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Beckley, W.Va., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May (-2.4 
percentage points), followed by Casper, Wyo. (-2.3 points). Eighty-seven other areas had 
rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase 
occurred in Toledo, Ohio (+1.2 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Denver-
Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., and Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn., had the lowest 
unemployment rates in May, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio, had the highest jobless 
rate among the large areas, 5.8 percent. Thirty-six large areas had over-the-year unemployment 
rate decreases, 10 had increases, and 5 had no change. The largest rate decreases occurred in 
Birmingham-Hoover, Ala.; Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.; Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, 
Ind.; and Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, Ore.-Wash. (-1.2 percentage points each). The largest 
over-the-year rate increase was in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+0.9 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, 
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael, Calif., had the lowest unemployment 
rates among the divisions, 2.6 percent each. Philadelphia, Pa., had the highest division 
rate, 6.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In May, 20 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16 had 
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Gary, Ind. (-1.9 
percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Lawrence-Methuen 
Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, 304 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 77 had
decreases, and 6 had no change. (See box note.) The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred
in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+151,500), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+115,800),
and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (+81,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment
occurred in State College, Pa. (+8.0 percent), followed by Sebring, Fla. (+5.8 percent), and St. George,
Utah (+5.4 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,200), Shreveport-
Bossier City, La. (-3,000), and Rochester, N.Y. (-2,700). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease
in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-4.8 percent), followed by Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.7 percent),
and Beckley, W.Va. (-3.5 percent). 
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population
of 1 million or more, and fell in 3. (See box note.) The largest over-the-year percentage increases in
employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin, Tenn.,
and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.0 percent each), followed by Jacksonville, Fla. (+3.5 percent).
The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Rochester, N.Y. (-0.5 percent), New Orleans-Metairie,
La. (-0.3 percent), and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.1 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year, fell
in 2, and was unchanged in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H., and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. The
largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-
White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+131,100), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+90,400), and Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+55,700).  The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Newark, N.J.-Pa.
(-4,200), and Elgin, Ill. (-100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.6 
percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+2.7 percent). Newark, N.J.-Pa., had the only over-the-year percentage 
decline in employment (-0.3 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on 
Friday, July 21, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment 
news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 2, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. 
(EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,154,477 2,179,071 2,159,095 2,172,302 113,556 95,572 116,430 90,976 5.3 4.4 5.4 4.2

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,694 45,693 45,791 45,584 2,694 2,288 2,792 2,178 5.9 5.0 6.1 4.8

Auburn-Opelika

72,140 74,587 72,259 74,475 3,324 2,805 3,434 2,731 4.6 3.8 4.8 3.7

Birmingham-Hoover

532,271 537,236 533,811 536,073 26,456 21,896 26,976 20,806 5.0 4.1 5.1 3.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

89,603 91,686 90,894 92,452 4,223 3,540 4,373 3,346 4.7 3.9 4.8 3.6

Decatur

68,985 69,336 69,120 69,118 3,601 2,970 3,713 2,802 5.2 4.3 5.4 4.1

Dothan

61,816 62,794 61,876 62,700 3,274 2,676 3,407 2,592 5.3 4.3 5.5 4.1

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,406 66,768 66,493 66,128 3,993 3,184 4,036 2,964 6.0 4.8 6.1 4.5

Gadsden

43,647 44,594 43,879 44,388 2,254 2,007 2,359 1,896 5.2 4.5 5.4 4.3

Huntsville

212,550 217,931 212,609 217,047 9,764 8,332 10,026 8,025 4.6 3.8 4.7 3.7

Mobile

184,784 184,389 184,884 183,703 11,030 9,785 11,182 9,277 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.0

Montgomery

170,330 171,682 170,797 171,319 8,463 7,127 8,640 6,780 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.0

Tuscaloosa

111,778 112,980 111,306 112,398 5,769 4,767 6,031 4,665 5.2 4.2 5.4 4.2

Alaska

356,340 363,136 361,669 367,626 24,232 25,377 23,829 25,010 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8

Anchorage

201,018 203,199 202,428 205,269 11,972 13,084 11,883 12,980 6.0 6.4 5.9 6.3

Fairbanks

45,557 45,965 47,272 47,214 2,660 2,824 2,596 2,849 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.0

Arizona

3,220,117 3,307,527 3,220,802 3,300,420 167,967 149,486 163,739 165,545 5.2 4.5 5.1 5.0

Flagstaff

73,823 75,173 74,005 75,342 4,029 3,676 3,894 3,945 5.5 4.9 5.3 5.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

80,177 81,694 80,337 81,880 5,252 4,518 4,931 4,826 6.6 5.5 6.1 5.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,221,832 2,294,002 2,217,998 2,284,967 100,710 89,983 96,897 99,121 4.5 3.9 4.4 4.3

Prescott

99,426 102,566 100,155 102,577 4,800 4,303 4,496 4,688 4.8 4.2 4.5 4.6

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,122 50,776 50,426 50,723 3,117 2,628 2,980 2,795 6.2 5.2 5.9 5.5

Tucson

472,843 476,968 471,875 475,262 22,742 19,905 21,854 22,027 4.8 4.2 4.6 4.6

Yuma

92,968 96,873 95,928 99,320 17,017 15,729 18,857 18,803 18.3 16.2 19.7 18.9

Arkansas

1,343,967 1,353,749 1,348,027 1,365,434 48,474 41,350 52,655 45,698 3.6 3.1 3.9 3.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

262,936 272,424 263,773 275,375 6,849 6,053 7,593 6,984 2.6 2.2 2.9 2.5

Fort Smith

121,475 120,207 122,076 120,986 5,286 4,390 5,676 4,883 4.4 3.7 4.6 4.0

Hot Springs

40,927 41,283 40,770 40,857 1,542 1,333 1,692 1,477 3.8 3.2 4.2 3.6

Jonesboro

62,375 63,397 62,592 63,748 1,880 1,661 2,052 1,850 3.0 2.6 3.3 2.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

350,366 350,170 350,499 352,514 11,234 9,827 12,194 10,852 3.2 2.8 3.5 3.1

Pine Bluff

35,938 35,808 36,141 36,055 1,759 1,508 1,918 1,600 4.9 4.2 5.3 4.4

California

19,030,030 19,085,797 19,021,893 19,061,296 1,019,131 864,015 941,445 805,572 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.2

Bakersfield

389,571 382,308 389,972 381,696 42,668 36,362 38,888 32,073 11.0 9.5 10.0 8.4

Chico

102,107 103,378 102,055 103,422 6,689 5,795 5,998 5,186 6.6 5.6 5.9 5.0

El Centro

76,377 74,477 76,746 74,031 17,908 15,884 17,321 15,178 23.4 21.3 22.6 20.5

Fresno

448,583 446,516 448,010 447,926 44,104 38,905 38,774 33,368 9.8 8.7 8.7 7.4

Hanford-Corcoran

57,512 56,095 57,979 56,610 5,888 5,299 5,105 4,480 10.2 9.4 8.8 7.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,624,061 6,689,427 6,618,082 6,676,230 312,204 264,221 301,141 255,868 4.7 3.9 4.6 3.8

Madera

61,623 61,455 61,763 61,771 6,003 5,130 5,259 4,446 9.7 8.3 8.5 7.2

Merced

114,586 113,250 114,716 113,203 13,001 11,360 11,307 9,623 11.3 10.0 9.9 8.5

Modesto

242,628 242,808 243,727 243,963 22,149 18,946 19,721 17,120 9.1 7.8 8.1 7.0

Napa

73,580 73,774 73,884 74,121 3,007 2,508 2,629 2,264 4.1 3.4 3.6 3.1

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

428,975 428,989 427,872 426,672 20,834 17,341 19,338 16,196 4.9 4.0 4.5 3.8

Redding

74,363 74,862 74,183 74,339 5,210 4,451 4,600 3,824 7.0 5.9 6.2 5.1

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,975,951 1,990,150 1,971,168 1,981,518 112,808 94,271 105,683 89,991 5.7 4.7 5.4 4.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,066,597 1,062,408 1,066,203 1,063,359 54,884 46,730 50,346 43,655 5.1 4.4 4.7 4.1

Salinas

223,017 221,736 225,119 222,136 16,988 15,838 13,548 11,583 7.6 7.1 6.0 5.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,561,757 1,555,603 1,561,417 1,553,601 72,224 58,466 66,528 56,089 4.6 3.8 4.3 3.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,524,303 2,532,235 2,521,842 2,527,358 94,200 78,792 86,437 76,297 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,047,573 1,047,463 1,048,262 1,045,380 40,192 32,977 36,601 31,519 3.8 3.1 3.5 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

140,904 141,120 141,611 141,738 5,778 4,583 5,202 4,288 4.1 3.2 3.7 3.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

144,961 143,777 145,196 144,298 11,097 9,869 8,710 7,262 7.7 6.9 6.0 5.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

217,295 218,046 217,010 217,647 10,234 8,724 8,965 7,735 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.6

Santa Rosa

259,293 257,329 259,673 258,443 10,035 8,226 9,087 7,719 3.9 3.2 3.5 3.0

Stockton-Lodi

317,887 315,347 320,961 319,249 26,311 22,399 23,303 19,913 8.3 7.1 7.3 6.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

206,783 205,743 206,550 205,561 11,171 9,570 10,194 8,894 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.3

Visalia-Porterville

210,361 209,681 208,763 208,619 22,775 20,783 19,960 17,928 10.8 9.9 9.6 8.6

Yuba City

73,152 73,629 73,149 73,403 7,151 6,513 6,266 5,510 9.8 8.8 8.6 7.5

Colorado

2,871,961 2,945,374 2,871,881 2,959,849 101,832 63,885 93,353 71,933 3.5 2.2 3.3 2.4

Boulder

181,333 187,157 177,800 187,038 5,168 3,391 4,765 3,919 2.9 1.8 2.7 2.1

Colorado Springs

325,384 332,680 325,561 335,656 13,101 8,293 11,809 9,172 4.0 2.5 3.6 2.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,532,187 1,571,396 1,533,520 1,582,607 50,725 32,673 46,347 36,496 3.3 2.1 3.0 2.3

Fort Collins

185,269 193,756 188,015 196,917 5,640 3,583 5,111 4,024 3.0 1.8 2.7 2.0

Grand Junction

72,245 71,306 72,538 71,942 4,233 2,255 3,748 2,350 5.9 3.2 5.2 3.3

Greeley

148,311 153,496 149,458 154,669 5,611 3,145 5,052 3,491 3.8 2.0 3.4 2.3

Pueblo

73,216 74,059 73,304 74,456 3,781 2,366 3,376 2,679 5.2 3.2 4.6 3.6

Connecticut

1,881,896 1,910,485 1,895,569 1,930,771 99,967 89,159 97,111 92,850 5.3 4.7 5.1 4.8

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

466,086 469,467 468,850 476,218 24,076 21,510 23,403 22,965 5.2 4.6 5.0 4.8

Danbury

106,923 108,619 107,717 109,415 4,562 4,296 4,538 4,306 4.3 4.0 4.2 3.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

612,486 625,372 615,717 630,130 33,483 29,305 31,885 30,059 5.5 4.7 5.2 4.8

New Haven

322,078 326,682 324,701 330,543 16,800 14,996 16,741 16,050 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,157 142,644 141,874 143,871 7,390 6,377 7,445 6,736 5.3 4.5 5.2 4.7

Waterbury

110,719 111,639 111,660 113,242 7,122 6,710 6,916 6,656 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9

Delaware

473,738 475,503 471,888 474,571 20,229 21,643 19,240 20,776 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.4

Dover

78,116 78,039 77,564 77,980 3,594 3,799 3,521 3,734 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.8

Salisbury(1)

182,948 185,886 185,861 188,326 9,936 10,177 8,802 9,022 5.4 5.5 4.7 4.8

District of Columbia

391,221 397,998 388,784 400,850 21,130 21,589 21,042 21,975 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,290,317 3,368,573 3,299,917 3,385,298 113,959 115,690 117,807 123,178 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6

Florida

9,766,559 10,095,521 9,819,355 10,129,616 450,261 409,041 445,147 404,500 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

328,777 332,806 328,079 329,957 13,905 12,410 13,937 12,600 4.2 3.7 4.2 3.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

121,481 124,866 123,396 126,427 4,664 4,064 4,560 4,037 3.8 3.3 3.7 3.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

288,614 295,564 291,252 297,359 13,984 12,621 14,002 12,649 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.3

Gainesville

139,139 144,864 137,453 142,605 5,495 4,976 5,479 4,916 3.9 3.4 4.0 3.4

Homosassa Springs

47,931 47,659 48,136 47,924 3,052 2,646 3,027 2,702 6.4 5.6 6.3 5.6

Jacksonville

725,310 751,701 733,584 759,551 32,102 28,953 32,022 28,871 4.4 3.9 4.4 3.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

282,215 292,115 285,401 294,486 14,528 12,991 14,500 12,935 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,034,341 3,146,104 3,043,228 3,150,611 146,245 137,959 143,101 132,803 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

169,955 171,572 168,175 169,698 6,976 6,254 6,937 6,319 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

349,210 362,274 350,573 363,052 14,981 13,288 14,722 13,357 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.7

Ocala

131,746 136,063 132,347 135,858 7,156 6,401 7,188 6,393 5.4 4.7 5.4 4.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,239,529 1,290,686 1,251,679 1,301,264 53,160 47,066 52,622 47,012 4.3 3.6 4.2 3.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

258,179 268,497 261,142 268,804 12,991 11,103 12,780 11,076 5.0 4.1 4.9 4.1

Panama City

93,416 95,391 94,863 96,263 4,296 3,824 4,226 3,825 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

214,348 221,007 216,922 221,477 9,644 8,557 9,531 8,533 4.5 3.9 4.4 3.9

Port St. Lucie

204,222 209,609 205,519 209,928 10,080 9,041 10,150 9,125 4.9 4.3 4.9 4.3

Punta Gorda

68,601 71,238 68,553 71,021 3,475 3,098 3,391 3,147 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,730 63,750 61,629 63,622 3,457 2,997 3,568 3,104 5.6 4.7 5.8 4.9

Sebring

36,104 38,005 36,339 38,013 2,166 1,860 2,142 1,934 6.0 4.9 5.9 5.1

Tallahassee

186,652 193,288 185,039 191,980 8,189 7,237 8,120 7,180 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,464,194 1,512,373 1,473,280 1,522,960 63,965 57,851 63,620 58,039 4.4 3.8 4.3 3.8

The Villages

28,894 30,057 29,164 30,237 1,966 1,705 1,945 1,785 6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9

Georgia

4,880,700 5,013,470 4,898,019 5,033,406 245,777 233,838 241,857 237,421 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.7

Albany

65,591 67,141 65,992 67,476 3,987 3,764 3,851 3,846 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.7

Athens-Clarke County

96,704 99,058 96,327 99,329 4,505 4,393 4,458 4,432 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,911,694 3,008,943 2,921,599 3,020,179 140,613 135,027 138,577 137,331 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.5

Augusta-Richmond County

265,150 268,604 262,345 264,305 13,871 12,107 13,779 12,446 5.2 4.5 5.3 4.7

Brunswick

52,188 52,486 52,732 53,184 2,703 2,397 2,670 2,492 5.2 4.6 5.1 4.7

Columbus

122,943 123,703 122,947 124,216 7,386 6,687 7,216 6,808 6.0 5.4 5.9 5.5

Dalton

61,965 62,521 62,125 62,816 3,395 3,269 3,380 3,243 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2

Gainesville

94,755 98,309 95,444 99,220 4,043 3,786 3,849 3,851 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.9

Hinesville

32,265 32,967 32,201 33,026 1,687 1,664 1,667 1,678 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.1

Macon-Bibb County

102,641 104,219 103,235 104,905 5,601 5,352 5,528 5,408 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.2

Rome

43,315 44,032 43,256 44,195 2,439 2,223 2,382 2,269 5.6 5.0 5.5 5.1

Savannah

180,260 183,867 180,642 184,511 8,574 7,960 8,505 8,087 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.4

Valdosta

63,543 64,594 63,948 64,832 3,062 2,803 3,107 2,880 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.4

Warner Robins

82,267 84,109 82,765 84,637 4,258 4,058 4,158 4,140 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.9

Hawaii

681,793 696,236 681,018 692,108 20,394 18,204 20,261 19,002 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.7

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,942 87,299 84,730 86,971 2,627 2,653 2,631 2,604 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0

Urban Honolulu

471,453 481,077 470,834 477,249 13,036 11,521 13,065 12,341 2.8 2.4 2.8 2.6

Idaho

807,610 815,215 812,838 821,236 31,401 24,662 27,316 22,586 3.9 3.0 3.4 2.8

Boise City

331,730 338,819 332,473 340,046 12,224 9,431 10,856 9,127 3.7 2.8 3.3 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

72,685 72,706 73,568 73,909 3,532 2,693 2,964 2,309 4.9 3.7 4.0 3.1

Idaho Falls

65,753 65,787 66,530 66,432 2,084 1,541 1,910 1,530 3.2 2.3 2.9 2.3

Lewiston

30,602 31,369 30,674 31,521 1,201 956 1,107 898 3.9 3.0 3.6 2.8

Pocatello

42,753 41,506 42,929 41,786 1,444 1,171 1,302 1,080 3.4 2.8 3.0 2.6

Illinois

6,537,340 6,418,403 6,516,889 6,435,332 380,480 280,434 342,972 275,090 5.8 4.4 5.3 4.3

Bloomington

98,487 97,403 97,435 96,233 4,750 3,631 4,473 3,700 4.8 3.7 4.6 3.8

Carbondale-Marion

61,562 60,490 60,282 58,936 3,440 2,612 3,151 2,662 5.6 4.3 5.2 4.5

Champaign-Urbana

122,289 121,379 120,746 118,889 5,792 4,606 5,492 4,762 4.7 3.8 4.5 4.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,922,262 4,816,698 4,906,431 4,850,534 289,301 202,806 258,403 197,846 5.9 4.2 5.3 4.1

Danville

35,149 34,521 34,977 34,000 2,402 2,000 2,249 2,046 6.8 5.8 6.4 6.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

190,510 187,868 190,098 187,520 10,156 7,752 9,348 7,773 5.3 4.1 4.9 4.1

Decatur

50,423 49,632 50,218 48,992 3,162 2,449 2,950 2,440 6.3 4.9 5.9 5.0

Kankakee

54,291 54,688 54,155 54,336 3,348 2,708 3,091 2,695 6.2 5.0 5.7 5.0

Peoria

182,857 181,269 182,489 180,396 11,468 9,314 10,524 9,069 6.3 5.1 5.8 5.0

Rockford

167,128 165,238 167,603 164,454 10,488 11,309 9,779 10,077 6.3 6.8 5.8 6.1

Springfield

112,666 112,494 111,891 111,258 5,138 4,367 4,715 4,212 4.6 3.9 4.2 3.8

Indiana

3,331,392 3,317,169 3,342,323 3,335,278 148,441 89,785 140,717 93,470 4.5 2.7 4.2 2.8

Bloomington

79,519 79,013 75,559 75,623 3,789 2,110 3,444 2,266 4.8 2.7 4.6 3.0

Columbus

44,444 45,135 44,435 45,256 1,476 889 1,440 991 3.3 2.0 3.2 2.2

Elkhart-Goshen

107,468 109,683 108,211 111,327 3,776 2,118 3,604 2,337 3.5 1.9 3.3 2.1

Evansville

160,013 160,800 160,322 160,593 6,527 4,451 6,525 4,703 4.1 2.8 4.1 2.9

Fort Wayne

212,343 211,357 213,224 212,580 9,064 5,204 8,524 5,500 4.3 2.5 4.0 2.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,034,010 1,037,130 1,037,321 1,042,307 42,588 26,354 40,523 27,883 4.1 2.5 3.9 2.7

Kokomo

37,901 38,247 37,980 38,453 1,769 1,062 1,695 1,112 4.7 2.8 4.5 2.9

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,540 111,709 110,374 111,120 4,311 2,521 4,131 2,769 3.9 2.3 3.7 2.5

Michigan City-La Porte

48,652 46,902 48,938 47,325 2,913 1,695 2,719 1,655 6.0 3.6 5.6 3.5

Muncie

55,678 54,780 54,413 53,735 2,884 1,778 2,745 1,837 5.2 3.2 5.0 3.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,753 157,706 158,745 157,366 6,961 4,461 6,646 4,703 4.4 2.8 4.2 3.0

Terre Haute

77,582 76,921 78,068 77,055 4,252 2,580 4,176 2,592 5.5 3.4 5.3 3.4

Iowa

1,699,546 1,686,689 1,697,251 1,680,871 58,931 49,133 56,466 48,497 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.9

Ames

58,320 58,628 56,931 56,863 1,157 964 1,184 1,072 2.0 1.6 2.1 1.9

Cedar Rapids

142,747 142,411 141,912 141,543 5,175 4,517 5,101 4,496 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

340,418 345,736 340,693 344,682 11,039 9,544 10,729 9,624 3.2 2.8 3.1 2.8

Dubuque

54,966 54,266 54,871 54,119 1,851 1,460 1,780 1,443 3.4 2.7 3.2 2.7

Iowa City

96,286 98,431 95,497 97,445 2,291 2,235 2,318 2,306 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4

Sioux City

94,344 91,361 93,815 91,701 2,875 2,666 2,769 2,628 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,858 89,132 89,735 88,286 3,837 3,044 3,667 2,937 4.2 3.4 4.1 3.3

Kansas

1,479,812 1,478,194 1,475,236 1,468,555 56,154 51,599 57,046 54,682 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.7

Lawrence

66,910 67,425 65,757 65,766 2,125 2,028 2,199 2,148 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.3

Manhattan

50,956 51,530 49,525 50,189 1,503 1,454 1,537 1,524 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.0

Topeka

119,359 121,134 119,747 121,163 4,478 4,217 4,535 4,438 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.7

Wichita

308,840 309,272 307,849 306,809 13,200 12,336 13,322 13,046 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.3

Kentucky

1,979,563 2,082,112 1,991,254 2,077,060 91,540 101,438 96,565 97,409 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7

Bowling Green

78,905 84,207 79,300 84,026 3,033 3,387 3,198 3,224 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.8

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

64,928 68,174 65,072 68,231 2,667 3,227 2,843 3,050 4.1 4.7 4.4 4.5

Lexington-Fayette

260,546 276,521 260,518 275,168 8,864 10,232 9,492 9,875 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.6

Louisville/Jefferson County

633,880 664,228 639,897 664,566 25,658 26,286 26,536 25,677 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.9

Owensboro

53,507 56,060 53,880 55,787 2,253 2,528 2,413 2,465 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4

Louisiana

2,127,276 2,116,619 2,126,138 2,103,477 121,287 118,583 124,825 116,001 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5

Alexandria

66,167 65,584 66,136 65,185 3,706 4,012 3,973 4,027 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.2

Baton Rouge

420,119 422,498 418,535 417,161 19,910 20,302 20,852 19,785 4.7 4.8 5.0 4.7

Hammond

54,094 54,497 54,277 54,307 3,387 3,358 3,487 3,339 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.1

Houma-Thibodaux

93,426 88,916 93,305 88,664 5,896 5,567 6,112 5,323 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.0

Lafayette

217,867 213,462 217,718 212,696 15,068 13,486 15,420 13,082 6.9 6.3 7.1 6.2

Lake Charles

104,808 108,819 105,066 109,018 4,758 4,691 4,782 4,700 4.5 4.3 4.6 4.3

Monroe

81,451 81,481 81,037 80,916 4,681 4,686 4,835 4,599 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.7

New Orleans-Metairie

599,739 599,267 599,746 594,705 30,872 30,562 31,563 30,037 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

191,280 188,205 190,907 186,734 11,507 11,372 11,727 11,250 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.0

Maine

680,347 693,767 685,895 696,346 27,289 23,302 25,865 24,545 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.5

Bangor

70,672 71,934 69,836 71,034 2,725 2,337 2,607 2,522 3.9 3.2 3.7 3.6

Lewiston-Auburn

55,467 57,024 55,432 56,638 2,028 1,688 1,956 1,790 3.7 3.0 3.5 3.2

Portland-South Portland

199,259 205,212 201,578 205,798 5,875 5,093 5,862 5,547 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.7

Maryland

3,143,001 3,201,457 3,151,996 3,204,290 126,511 124,258 125,543 126,540 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,471,409 1,496,059 1,478,162 1,495,380 61,022 60,915 60,606 61,149 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

California-Lexington Park

54,497 55,096 54,328 54,959 2,073 1,924 2,075 2,005 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.6

Cumberland

44,235 44,400 44,539 44,390 2,529 2,407 2,385 2,199 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

130,366 132,182 131,014 132,006 5,532 5,017 5,381 4,866 4.2 3.8 4.1 3.7

Massachusetts

3,571,623 3,684,286 3,569,607 3,686,676 136,232 140,628 131,194 152,551 3.8 3.8 3.7 4.1

Barnstable Town

117,244 120,773 121,108 124,945 5,602 5,676 4,849 5,576 4.8 4.7 4.0 4.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,638,763 2,721,716 2,634,593 2,719,862 90,671 93,544 89,058 102,880 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.8

Leominster-Gardner

76,164 78,186 75,991 77,916 3,532 3,597 3,280 3,746 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.8

New Bedford

83,080 86,988 82,845 87,247 4,639 4,765 4,218 4,937 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.7

Pittsfield

41,929 43,039 42,335 43,287 2,004 2,152 1,830 2,174 4.8 5.0 4.3 5.0

Springfield

365,400 375,918 363,259 373,604 17,162 17,084 16,696 18,250 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.9

Worcester

345,162 354,447 345,406 354,910 14,320 14,509 13,838 15,582 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.4

Michigan

4,786,552 4,844,764 4,834,360 4,869,326 217,050 179,807 218,781 179,817 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.7

Ann Arbor

193,205 194,056 190,013 193,582 5,878 4,348 6,501 5,501 3.0 2.2 3.4 2.8

Battle Creek

64,246 64,451 64,792 64,964 2,866 2,309 2,842 2,564 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.9

Bay City

52,097 51,469 52,125 51,231 2,757 2,248 2,526 2,387 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,029,683 2,077,780 2,053,841 2,089,660 93,864 82,502 97,170 75,331 4.6 4.0 4.7 3.6

Flint

182,232 181,462 183,737 182,438 9,613 7,715 9,529 8,324 5.3 4.3 5.2 4.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

563,816 572,491 570,007 575,597 17,994 13,565 18,732 16,103 3.2 2.4 3.3 2.8

Jackson

74,561 74,225 75,045 74,524 3,431 2,547 3,371 2,804 4.6 3.4 4.5 3.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,043 169,016 167,113 167,924 6,673 5,256 6,763 6,038 4.0 3.1 4.0 3.6

Lansing-East Lansing

248,014 249,455 249,045 249,359 8,888 7,127 11,667 8,331 3.6 2.9 4.7 3.3

Midland

41,226 40,890 41,460 41,048 1,798 1,452 1,739 1,562 4.4 3.6 4.2 3.8

Monroe

77,179 77,013 77,462 76,908 3,094 2,900 3,116 2,969 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.9

Muskegon

76,824 76,407 77,869 77,103 3,926 2,984 3,831 3,383 5.1 3.9 4.9 4.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,292 73,016 74,684 73,733 3,279 2,583 3,329 2,911 4.5 3.5 4.5 3.9

Saginaw

88,404 88,395 88,444 87,818 4,449 3,648 4,314 3,899 5.0 4.1 4.9 4.4

Minnesota

2,991,122 3,020,462 2,995,353 3,026,785 111,721 112,337 98,186 102,046 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.4

Duluth

142,860 141,994 142,196 142,454 8,651 7,439 7,137 6,437 6.1 5.2 5.0 4.5

Mankato-North Mankato

60,508 60,382 59,694 60,006 1,705 1,722 1,570 1,713 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,930,842 1,957,763 1,936,533 1,964,665 64,668 65,353 59,327 62,934 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2

Rochester

118,234 119,297 118,418 119,333 3,551 3,671 3,174 3,441 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.9

St. Cloud

109,719 111,110 109,189 110,831 4,007 4,164 3,619 3,689 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.3

Mississippi

1,268,078 1,289,551 1,279,090 1,296,628 65,405 54,982 75,602 68,984 5.2 4.3 5.9 5.3

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

163,430 164,478 164,848 165,677 8,788 7,359 10,096 9,035 5.4 4.5 6.1 5.5

Hattiesburg

66,877 69,084 66,788 69,018 3,157 2,604 3,634 3,316 4.7 3.8 5.4 4.8

Jackson

268,589 272,872 270,170 274,438 11,613 10,002 13,545 12,758 4.3 3.7 5.0 4.6

Missouri

3,117,499 3,064,062 3,119,644 3,059,676 133,954 113,421 130,546 124,198 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.1

Cape Girardeau

49,103 47,550 48,952 47,190 2,129 1,788 2,081 2,013 4.3 3.8 4.3 4.3

Columbia

100,509 98,364 100,303 98,164 2,994 2,458 2,888 2,806 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.9

Jefferson City

76,998 75,318 76,600 74,982 2,717 2,318 2,668 2,510 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.3

Joplin

87,775 84,668 87,442 84,334 3,489 2,993 3,297 3,283 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.9

Kansas City

1,121,271 1,124,977 1,124,879 1,119,029 45,032 39,743 47,542 43,279 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.9

St. Joseph

66,105 64,805 66,204 64,767 2,551 2,319 2,427 2,532 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.9

St. Louis(2)

1,481,992 1,453,064 1,484,905 1,455,489 65,469 54,227 61,447 58,057 4.4 3.7 4.1 4.0

Springfield

233,308 230,677 233,247 229,610 8,955 7,496 8,397 8,234 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.6

Montana

524,095 522,272 526,760 523,993 21,382 19,687 19,465 18,695 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Billings

87,910 87,321 87,926 87,407 2,967 2,669 2,801 2,577 3.4 3.1 3.2 2.9

Great Falls

38,482 37,927 38,225 37,786 1,446 1,252 1,332 1,219 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.2

Missoula

61,554 61,449 61,857 61,704 2,210 2,085 2,023 1,928 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1

Nebraska

1,011,041 1,006,026 1,013,004 1,008,258 31,031 28,297 29,932 28,201 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.8

Grand Island

43,023 43,760 43,203 43,555 1,479 1,538 1,407 1,244 3.4 3.5 3.3 2.9

Lincoln

178,370 177,678 177,222 177,918 4,972 4,470 4,762 4,557 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

478,097 476,199 476,734 477,388 15,515 13,819 14,831 13,822 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.9

Nevada

1,420,601 1,436,610 1,423,834 1,438,876 83,327 66,755 80,669 66,784 5.9 4.6 5.7 4.6

Carson City

24,682 24,631 24,787 24,757 1,595 1,226 1,467 1,175 6.5 5.0 5.9 4.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,043,343 1,058,498 1,043,982 1,058,848 62,137 50,791 60,628 50,897 6.0 4.8 5.8 4.8

Reno

229,990 233,043 230,873 233,672 12,135 9,202 11,509 9,214 5.3 3.9 5.0 3.9

New Hampshire

741,348 747,732 743,011 748,109 20,652 20,738 20,206 20,475 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7

Dover-Durham

83,608 85,804 83,573 85,351 2,000 1,953 2,088 2,061 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4

Manchester

116,402 118,262 116,110 117,897 3,094 3,135 3,080 3,184 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

Portsmouth

74,043 74,664 74,760 75,087 1,808 1,747 1,787 1,819 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4

New Jersey

4,522,552 4,508,103 4,524,636 4,506,181 228,488 174,559 224,726 188,285 5.1 3.9 5.0 4.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton

123,642 121,696 124,390 122,903 9,348 7,541 8,877 7,735 7.6 6.2 7.1 6.3

Ocean City

43,874 43,598 47,248 45,480 5,176 3,930 4,129 3,412 11.8 9.0 8.7 7.5

Trenton

198,916 200,953 199,355 200,932 8,552 6,621 8,668 7,262 4.3 3.3 4.3 3.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,497 66,786 67,583 66,524 5,252 3,802 4,860 3,931 7.8 5.7 7.2 5.9

New Mexico

921,721 931,908 919,658 927,079 57,581 57,984 58,612 56,813 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.1

Albuquerque

419,638 426,447 417,864 423,137 23,159 23,942 23,812 23,929 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7

Farmington

54,144 53,584 53,551 52,746 4,641 4,110 4,726 3,805 8.6 7.7 8.8 7.2

Las Cruces

94,980 97,018 95,263 96,984 6,717 6,919 6,672 6,599 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.8

Santa Fe

71,548 72,506 71,750 72,533 3,461 3,601 3,498 3,639 4.8 5.0 4.9 5.0

New York

9,576,980 9,618,458 9,566,693 9,618,997 439,358 405,338 414,684 410,710 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

449,185 445,934 448,535 445,019 17,686 17,654 16,811 17,317 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.9

Binghamton

109,724 108,278 110,038 108,141 5,727 5,635 5,247 5,287 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.9

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545,657 541,132 547,681 543,134 26,819 27,235 24,505 26,136 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.8

Elmira

36,419 35,328 36,370 35,155 2,044 1,889 1,949 1,822 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.2

Glens Falls

59,085 59,370 59,596 60,207 3,068 2,950 2,591 2,535 5.2 5.0 4.3 4.2

Ithaca

52,141 51,728 51,315 50,884 2,011 1,950 1,949 1,917 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8

Kingston

88,165 87,733 88,503 87,922 3,715 3,785 3,535 3,655 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,994,275 10,047,028 9,985,542 10,054,375 461,687 390,060 447,542 413,462 4.6 3.9 4.5 4.1

Rochester

527,056 517,496 526,120 515,670 23,871 23,709 22,346 23,193 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.5

Syracuse

309,112 307,765 307,138 305,459 14,487 14,508 13,565 13,929 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6

Utica-Rome

129,716 128,394 129,398 128,013 6,487 6,447 5,802 5,988 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,329 45,072 46,011 45,599 2,925 2,933 2,441 2,596 6.5 6.5 5.3 5.7

North Carolina

4,855,395 4,913,141 4,872,058 4,922,633 228,678 208,564 227,259 212,911 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.3

Asheville

224,512 227,956 225,886 227,956 8,239 7,605 8,309 7,907 3.7 3.3 3.7 3.5

Burlington

78,533 79,526 78,818 79,600 3,480 3,134 3,478 3,247 4.4 3.9 4.4 4.1

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,273,313 1,302,738 1,277,834 1,310,394 57,036 52,062 56,602 52,450 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

287,712 292,662 288,170 291,579 11,829 10,872 11,999 11,160 4.1 3.7 4.2 3.8

Fayetteville

148,296 146,473 148,200 146,893 8,775 7,831 8,648 7,951 5.9 5.3 5.8 5.4

Goldsboro

53,803 53,493 53,807 53,066 2,808 2,646 2,778 2,645 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.0

Greensboro-High Point

366,258 369,159 366,110 369,163 17,754 16,435 17,817 16,942 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.6

Greenville

87,452 87,420 88,042 87,943 4,445 4,031 4,689 4,353 5.1 4.6 5.3 4.9

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

170,237 171,769 170,788 171,982 7,626 6,719 7,613 6,956 4.5 3.9 4.5 4.0

Jacksonville

63,999 63,827 64,115 64,059 3,260 2,901 3,155 3,001 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.7

New Bern

51,924 52,123 51,840 52,176 2,504 2,240 2,470 2,331 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.5

Raleigh

673,367 690,313 676,152 690,768 27,264 25,337 27,449 26,005 4.0 3.7 4.1 3.8

Rocky Mount

66,500 65,804 66,413 65,325 4,728 4,477 4,475 4,427 7.1 6.8 6.7 6.8

Wilmington

143,159 145,822 144,567 146,344 6,316 5,685 6,231 5,804 4.4 3.9 4.3 4.0

Winston-Salem

321,456 321,375 322,151 321,642 14,320 13,123 14,413 13,631 4.5 4.1 4.5 4.2

North Dakota

413,236 418,889 417,037 417,622 14,068 11,401 12,292 8,261 3.4 2.7 2.9 2.0

Bismarck

69,829 70,535 70,110 70,448 1,955 1,805 1,780 1,313 2.8 2.6 2.5 1.9

Fargo

135,139 139,308 136,056 138,864 3,415 3,352 3,057 2,653 2.5 2.4 2.2 1.9

Grand Forks

56,397 56,939 56,428 56,425 1,768 1,661 1,503 1,317 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.3

Ohio

5,706,644 5,750,014 5,713,907 5,771,461 272,309 252,874 250,260 266,220 4.8 4.4 4.4 4.6

Akron

357,863 358,012 359,538 360,934 17,563 15,847 15,635 16,100 4.9 4.4 4.3 4.5

Canton-Massillon

199,783 197,932 200,316 199,367 11,025 9,319 9,838 9,514 5.5 4.7 4.9 4.8

Cincinnati

1,076,829 1,104,684 1,084,479 1,112,494 44,207 40,917 42,050 43,263 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,030,670 1,033,868 1,023,975 1,038,711 51,949 55,950 50,038 60,293 5.0 5.4 4.9 5.8

Columbus

1,040,681 1,062,208 1,047,703 1,064,850 40,924 36,519 38,281 39,451 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.7

Dayton

381,063 384,669 381,265 384,328 16,960 15,256 15,730 16,526 4.5 4.0 4.1 4.3

Lima

47,683 48,132 47,956 48,216 2,127 2,151 2,051 2,202 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.6

Mansfield

53,564 53,294 53,372 53,138 2,841 2,568 2,497 2,586 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.9

Springfield

63,296 63,302 63,542 63,658 3,110 2,599 2,810 2,767 4.9 4.1 4.4 4.3

Toledo

303,579 305,127 303,085 306,605 13,670 14,657 12,557 16,347 4.5 4.8 4.1 5.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,068 50,608 52,031 50,622 4,229 3,260 3,841 3,040 8.1 6.4 7.4 6.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

249,280 246,568 249,209 247,666 15,395 14,560 14,239 14,553 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9

Oklahoma

1,824,356 1,818,129 1,822,419 1,813,338 82,586 72,218 89,887 83,740 4.5 4.0 4.9 4.6

Enid

29,856 30,067 29,821 30,274 1,275 1,044 1,381 1,212 4.3 3.5 4.6 4.0

Lawton

52,217 52,821 52,081 52,265 2,350 2,110 2,484 2,465 4.5 4.0 4.8 4.7

Oklahoma City

664,212 667,293 662,854 666,848 25,997 23,578 28,405 27,667 3.9 3.5 4.3 4.1

Tulsa

473,397 470,071 472,381 469,296 21,777 19,772 23,725 22,782 4.6 4.2 5.0 4.9

Oregon

2,037,794 2,086,147 2,043,391 2,105,948 98,075 73,432 94,466 69,494 4.8 3.5 4.6 3.3

Albany

57,008 57,943 56,852 58,297 3,323 2,361 3,168 2,233 5.8 4.1 5.6 3.8

Bend-Redmond

88,630 91,961 89,240 93,259 4,272 3,246 4,053 3,010 4.8 3.5 4.5 3.2

Corvallis

47,069 48,067 47,279 48,586 1,638 1,207 1,704 1,215 3.5 2.5 3.6 2.5

Eugene

178,158 181,784 178,852 183,993 8,780 6,925 8,570 6,543 4.9 3.8 4.8 3.6

Grants Pass

34,132 35,366 34,205 35,790 2,310 1,648 2,126 1,529 6.8 4.7 6.2 4.3

Medford

101,105 103,001 100,945 104,158 6,032 4,389 5,736 4,042 6.0 4.3 5.7 3.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,266,095 1,293,924 1,267,533 1,301,951 58,357 44,381 57,105 43,038 4.6 3.4 4.5 3.3

Salem

193,986 199,902 195,075 201,071 9,712 7,309 9,508 7,030 5.0 3.7 4.9 3.5

Pennsylvania

6,459,383 6,450,613 6,484,977 6,476,898 334,738 302,450 343,548 336,285 5.2 4.7 5.3 5.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

434,184 429,684 437,748 432,779 21,927 20,207 22,165 22,530 5.1 4.7 5.1 5.2

Altoona

60,685 60,192 61,662 60,853 3,108 2,826 3,057 3,112 5.1 4.7 5.0 5.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,307 43,362 43,080 42,958 2,129 2,058 2,288 2,181 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.1

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,823 77,075 78,196 77,489 3,783 3,249 3,899 3,797 4.9 4.2 5.0 4.9

East Stroudsburg

81,166 80,707 82,091 81,975 4,939 4,694 5,124 5,208 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.4

Erie

134,887 132,130 135,087 132,842 8,703 7,558 8,632 7,948 6.5 5.7 6.4 6.0

Gettysburg

55,257 55,931 56,003 56,245 2,019 1,891 2,102 2,206 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

295,595 297,645 298,009 300,784 12,465 11,735 13,287 13,452 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.5

Johnstown

61,907 60,770 62,026 61,139 4,004 3,422 4,013 3,732 6.5 5.6 6.5 6.1

Lancaster

280,249 282,393 281,932 284,698 10,656 9,805 11,092 11,343 3.8 3.5 3.9 4.0

Lebanon

70,674 70,746 71,442 71,389 2,957 2,634 3,077 3,035 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,083,390 3,107,489 3,084,610 3,101,812 151,565 135,981 155,073 151,197 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.9

Pittsburgh

1,214,897 1,209,739 1,221,476 1,212,778 65,573 58,343 67,352 64,271 5.4 4.8 5.5 5.3

Reading

214,022 214,498 214,620 215,278 10,315 9,372 10,634 10,627 4.8 4.4 5.0 4.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

280,456 277,077 281,044 277,966 16,836 15,151 16,721 16,297 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.9

State College

80,347 80,773 75,849 80,424 3,026 2,724 3,287 3,271 3.8 3.4 4.3 4.1

Williamsport

59,307 57,465 59,058 57,297 4,034 3,186 4,045 3,453 6.8 5.5 6.8 6.0

York-Hanover

234,214 233,854 235,889 235,692 10,262 9,453 10,688 10,863 4.4 4.0 4.5 4.6

Rhode Island

547,325 550,831 548,407 550,225 27,892 22,609 28,907 20,063 5.1 4.1 5.3 3.6

Providence-Warwick

673,835 680,948 674,616 680,715 33,506 28,809 33,926 26,512 5.0 4.2 5.0 3.9

South Carolina

2,295,233 2,317,289 2,301,982 2,318,855 107,506 83,817 103,766 83,648 4.7 3.6 4.5 3.6

Charleston-North Charleston

372,799 378,914 373,644 379,402 15,080 11,857 14,589 11,733 4.0 3.1 3.9 3.1

Columbia

401,671 404,910 402,828 403,851 17,583 13,880 17,118 14,027 4.4 3.4 4.2 3.5

Florence

95,652 97,145 95,974 97,332 5,051 4,020 4,888 3,971 5.3 4.1 5.1 4.1

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

422,026 422,514 421,667 423,220 17,751 13,763 17,092 14,027 4.2 3.3 4.1 3.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

84,762 85,273 85,699 86,146 3,885 2,908 3,494 2,884 4.6 3.4 4.1 3.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

190,324 195,729 193,324 199,039 10,201 8,413 9,770 8,371 5.4 4.3 5.1 4.2

Spartanburg

153,095 156,410 153,569 156,145 6,983 5,375 6,768 5,427 4.6 3.4 4.4 3.5

Sumter

44,421 44,367 44,353 43,854 2,546 2,094 2,390 2,028 5.7 4.7 5.4 4.6

South Dakota

450,583 455,688 453,250 456,615 12,268 13,419 11,951 13,173 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.9

Rapid City

70,597 72,378 71,785 73,423 2,098 2,249 2,046 2,242 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.1

Sioux Falls

144,506 148,158 144,189 147,606 3,321 3,604 3,228 3,621 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.5

Tennessee

3,106,445 3,164,071 3,119,543 3,152,400 130,382 115,651 130,525 91,268 4.2 3.7 4.2 2.9

Chattanooga

257,609 264,585 257,757 263,211 11,220 10,066 11,040 8,700 4.4 3.8 4.3 3.3

Clarksville

109,211 111,823 109,657 111,100 5,182 5,210 5,341 4,461 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.0

Cleveland

56,579 58,332 56,710 58,137 2,318 2,121 2,375 1,671 4.1 3.6 4.2 2.9

Jackson

62,314 63,293 62,745 63,497 2,727 2,445 2,741 2,013 4.4 3.9 4.4 3.2

Johnson City

89,536 90,329 88,857 89,094 4,004 3,539 4,120 2,858 4.5 3.9 4.6 3.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,708 137,015 136,937 135,930 6,062 5,493 6,238 4,855 4.4 4.0 4.6 3.6

Knoxville

409,313 410,358 411,371 411,103 15,985 14,254 16,127 11,133 3.9 3.5 3.9 2.7

Memphis

617,423 628,706 619,214 624,508 29,116 26,217 29,939 22,999 4.7 4.2 4.8 3.7

Morristown

49,940 50,963 50,371 50,917 2,290 2,009 2,314 1,561 4.6 3.9 4.6 3.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

962,430 995,744 966,168 996,148 32,082 28,290 32,450 22,537 3.3 2.8 3.4 2.3

Texas

13,236,855 13,506,876 13,245,519 13,449,184 564,001 611,747 566,379 591,954 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.4

Abilene

74,199 75,022 73,987 74,398 2,644 2,854 2,753 3,008 3.6 3.8 3.7 4.0

Amarillo

131,926 133,616 132,055 133,353 3,606 4,069 3,713 4,109 2.7 3.0 2.8 3.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,103,514 1,138,102 1,104,558 1,131,597 31,826 36,155 32,381 36,049 2.9 3.2 2.9 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,114 174,758 172,977 172,926 10,782 12,921 10,787 12,072 6.2 7.4 6.2 7.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

165,521 168,954 165,641 167,967 11,215 12,633 11,119 11,732 6.8 7.5 6.7 7.0

College Station-Bryan

125,811 128,568 127,120 129,401 4,034 4,056 4,205 4,156 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2

Corpus Christi

205,733 209,834 205,510 208,767 11,412 12,894 11,333 11,969 5.5 6.1 5.5 5.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,653,284 3,771,253 3,658,856 3,767,277 129,778 144,651 130,048 142,365 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8

El Paso

349,167 359,379 349,386 357,549 15,812 17,273 15,907 16,984 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,278,084 3,335,800 3,273,846 3,312,194 158,683 175,734 159,879 167,604 4.8 5.3 4.9 5.1

Killeen-Temple

174,103 179,060 174,565 178,491 7,119 7,707 7,152 7,539 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.2

Laredo

113,000 114,897 112,807 113,917 5,283 5,244 5,252 4,998 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.4

Longview

98,516 98,162 98,202 96,751 5,506 5,590 5,573 5,187 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.4

Lubbock

158,438 159,559 159,031 159,909 4,796 5,123 4,908 5,177 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.2

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

336,571 343,138 336,373 340,624 24,501 27,521 24,007 25,510 7.3 8.0 7.1 7.5

Midland

87,184 86,826 86,478 86,409 3,898 3,026 3,906 2,932 4.5 3.5 4.5 3.4

Odessa

76,059 74,798 75,213 73,968 4,971 3,689 4,900 3,444 6.5 4.9 6.5 4.7

San Angelo

55,385 54,684 55,441 54,635 2,429 2,159 2,383 2,170 4.4 3.9 4.3 4.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,128,601 1,156,796 1,130,367 1,153,959 38,244 41,613 38,879 41,660 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.6

Sherman-Denison

60,635 61,795 60,855 61,670 2,167 2,305 2,170 2,281 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7

Texarkana

65,387 65,003 65,430 65,098 2,529 2,858 2,617 2,898 3.9 4.4 4.0 4.5

Tyler

104,825 107,372 105,344 107,003 4,286 4,427 4,347 4,346 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Victoria

47,245 47,158 47,068 46,811 2,442 2,413 2,457 2,258 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.8

Waco

121,193 123,266 121,310 122,267 4,358 4,755 4,473 4,854 3.6 3.9 3.7 4.0

Wichita Falls

64,326 63,575 64,021 63,180 2,622 2,495 2,643 2,465 4.1 3.9 4.1 3.9

Utah

1,495,938 1,559,101 1,504,567 1,569,094 52,210 49,716 50,903 51,018 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3

Logan

68,244 69,961 68,883 70,473 2,072 1,851 2,080 1,904 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.7

Ogden-Clearfield

311,033 325,795 314,790 329,282 10,658 10,285 10,420 10,443 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2

Provo-Orem

282,038 295,153 281,726 296,329 8,502 8,334 8,726 8,569 3.0 2.8 3.1 2.9

St. George

67,250 70,839 67,811 71,861 2,494 2,379 2,383 2,378 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3

Salt Lake City

627,594 654,288 632,262 660,230 20,634 20,472 19,778 20,956 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2

Vermont

340,472 341,898 342,550 341,983 11,567 11,076 10,313 9,961 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9

Burlington-South Burlington

123,723 125,333 123,278 124,342 2,924 2,873 2,815 2,814 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3

Virginia

4,226,469 4,304,904 4,240,815 4,321,604 152,750 154,066 158,991 164,390 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,331 93,999 90,867 92,657 3,444 3,480 3,765 3,743 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.0

Charlottesville

115,529 119,263 115,042 119,396 3,400 3,653 3,803 4,063 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.4

Harrisonburg

64,969 66,962 64,072 65,334 2,105 2,216 2,472 2,559 3.2 3.3 3.9 3.9

Lynchburg

120,539 122,928 121,346 122,611 4,724 4,937 5,092 5,337 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.4

Richmond

660,492 675,787 662,657 680,313 24,630 25,529 25,514 26,461 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9

Roanoke

156,771 159,484 157,668 160,513 5,475 5,623 5,779 6,128 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,591 60,374 58,748 60,345 1,936 1,982 2,031 2,214 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

832,821 836,971 834,525 842,140 35,789 33,714 35,886 35,721 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.2

Winchester

69,012 70,654 69,266 70,795 2,282 2,272 2,342 2,364 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.3

Washington

3,613,072 3,672,339 3,625,231 3,675,875 190,589 156,243 190,151 159,882 5.3 4.3 5.2 4.3

Bellingham

106,660 108,649 106,702 108,463 6,387 5,128 6,210 5,136 6.0 4.7 5.8 4.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

116,605 117,532 117,278 117,056 6,801 5,684 6,818 5,709 5.8 4.8 5.8 4.9

Kennewick-Richland

132,505 133,574 134,929 134,346 9,155 7,333 8,728 7,084 6.9 5.5 6.5 5.3

Longview

44,591 44,783 44,752 44,561 3,313 2,691 3,297 2,644 7.4 6.0 7.4 5.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,090 58,833 57,421 58,761 3,878 3,142 3,784 3,061 6.8 5.3 6.6 5.2

Olympia-Tumwater

129,251 132,647 129,172 132,810 7,577 6,314 7,472 6,308 5.9 4.8 5.8 4.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,018,455 2,056,819 2,020,321 2,056,326 85,011 68,653 87,384 74,435 4.2 3.3 4.3 3.6

Spokane-Spokane Valley

255,235 257,544 255,084 257,694 16,444 13,986 15,899 13,460 6.4 5.4 6.2 5.2

Walla Walla

29,962 30,416 30,389 30,709 1,690 1,377 1,611 1,382 5.6 4.5 5.3 4.5

Wenatchee

61,402 61,683 62,199 62,287 4,236 3,208 4,138 3,285 6.9 5.2 6.7 5.3

Yakima

122,101 123,317 123,555 123,801 9,904 8,314 9,494 7,742 8.1 6.7 7.7 6.3

West Virginia

782,789 781,038 785,503 780,676 47,580 38,737 45,348 32,230 6.1 5.0 5.8 4.1

Beckley

45,800 44,500 46,427 44,450 3,520 2,468 3,228 2,060 7.7 5.5 7.0 4.6

Charleston

96,990 95,979 97,444 96,037 5,787 4,802 5,408 4,036 6.0 5.0 5.5 4.2

Huntington-Ashland

145,945 147,722 147,124 147,520 8,755 7,987 8,542 7,300 6.0 5.4 5.8 4.9

Morgantown

66,633 67,007 66,486 66,874 3,051 2,477 2,928 2,101 4.6 3.7 4.4 3.1

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,122 38,782 39,404 38,895 2,141 2,050 2,169 1,702 5.5 5.3 5.5 4.4

Wheeling

65,840 64,213 66,118 64,168 4,902 3,583 4,371 3,167 7.4 5.6 6.6 4.9

Wisconsin

3,098,029 3,121,316 3,106,700 3,136,701 127,379 93,499 119,416 87,686 4.1 3.0 3.8 2.8

Appleton

130,283 132,780 130,925 133,357 4,687 3,485 4,372 3,313 3.6 2.6 3.3 2.5

Eau Claire

92,602 92,134 92,487 91,880 3,545 2,559 3,135 2,371 3.8 2.8 3.4 2.6

Fond du Lac

55,904 57,665 56,869 58,186 1,982 1,387 1,927 1,366 3.5 2.4 3.4 2.3

Green Bay

170,467 171,240 171,545 172,159 6,477 4,726 6,204 4,505 3.8 2.8 3.6 2.6

Janesville-Beloit

84,089 86,047 83,969 85,806 3,762 3,051 3,566 2,840 4.5 3.5 4.2 3.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,325 79,352 77,960 79,105 2,752 2,135 2,681 2,047 3.5 2.7 3.4 2.6

Madison

381,738 388,496 380,073 388,134 11,046 8,344 11,279 8,520 2.9 2.1 3.0 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

824,829 820,206 824,744 824,347 35,894 26,139 34,718 25,366 4.4 3.2 4.2 3.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

92,433 93,349 92,729 93,669 3,400 2,458 3,296 2,473 3.7 2.6 3.6 2.6

Racine

99,104 98,576 99,375 98,979 5,050 3,718 4,658 3,391 5.1 3.8 4.7 3.4

Sheboygan

60,642 61,549 61,350 62,166 2,125 1,575 2,075 1,540 3.5 2.6 3.4 2.5

Wausau

72,527 74,316 73,078 74,638 2,710 1,909 2,548 1,858 3.7 2.6 3.5 2.5

Wyoming

301,994 297,399 302,387 296,629 17,953 12,747 17,102 12,257 5.9 4.3 5.7 4.1

Casper

42,183 39,951 41,510 38,763 3,273 2,176 3,183 2,094 7.8 5.4 7.7 5.4

Cheyenne

49,124 49,912 48,407 49,039 2,030 1,704 1,985 1,713 4.1 3.4 4.1 3.5

Puerto Rico

1,127,448 1,119,900 1,130,852 1,103,366 127,927 128,469 127,305 113,284 11.3 11.5 11.3 10.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

89,127 89,758 89,268 88,641 13,274 14,556 12,973 12,490 14.9 16.2 14.5 14.1

Arecibo

53,515 52,466 53,525 51,541 7,319 7,289 7,143 6,177 13.7 13.9 13.3 12.0

Guayama

22,390 22,508 22,497 21,966 3,789 3,980 3,905 3,554 16.9 17.7 17.4 16.2

Mayaguez

29,042 29,515 29,033 29,094 3,761 4,184 3,697 3,823 13.0 14.2 12.7 13.1

Ponce

98,540 97,431 99,060 95,982 14,794 14,556 14,987 13,032 15.0 14.9 15.1 13.6

San German

36,619 37,907 36,914 37,478 5,123 6,035 5,194 5,423 14.0 15.9 14.1 14.5

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

752,700 744,336 754,214 731,803 72,774 70,281 72,023 61,777 9.7 9.4 9.5 8.4

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

19,030,030 19,085,797 19,021,893 19,061,296 1,019,131 864,015 941,445 805,572 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,624,061 6,689,427 6,618,082 6,676,230 312,204 264,221 301,141 255,868 4.7 3.9 4.6 3.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,596,401 1,580,708 1,595,227 1,575,450 63,171 51,943 58,245 50,025 4.0 3.3 3.7 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,027,660 5,108,719 5,022,855 5,100,780 249,033 212,278 242,896 205,843 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,524,303 2,532,235 2,521,842 2,527,358 94,200 78,792 86,437 76,297 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,385,387 1,386,141 1,383,841 1,383,828 58,992 48,768 54,260 46,963 4.3 3.5 3.9 3.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

999,039 1,006,645 997,874 1,004,103 30,774 26,248 28,175 25,720 3.1 2.6 2.8 2.6

San Rafael

139,877 139,449 140,127 139,427 4,434 3,776 4,002 3,614 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.6

District of Columbia

391,221 397,998 388,784 400,850 21,130 21,589 21,042 21,975 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,290,317 3,368,573 3,299,917 3,385,298 113,959 115,690 117,807 123,178 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

674,871 686,043 674,851 689,037 21,028 20,302 21,690 22,461 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,615,446 2,682,530 2,625,066 2,696,261 92,931 95,388 96,117 100,717 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7

Florida

9,766,559 10,095,521 9,819,355 10,129,616 450,261 409,041 445,147 404,500 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,034,341 3,146,104 3,043,228 3,150,611 146,245 137,959 143,101 132,803 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

994,361 1,031,290 1,001,241 1,037,079 43,545 39,175 43,230 39,335 4.4 3.8 4.3 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,334,630 1,387,407 1,333,460 1,386,709 71,833 70,407 69,007 64,843 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.7

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

705,350 727,407 708,527 726,823 30,867 28,377 30,864 28,625 4.4 3.9 4.4 3.9

Illinois

6,537,340 6,418,403 6,516,889 6,435,332 380,480 280,434 342,972 275,090 5.8 4.4 5.3 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,922,262 4,816,698 4,906,431 4,850,534 289,301 202,806 258,403 197,846 5.9 4.2 5.3 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,805,743 3,706,449 3,787,318 3,741,100 229,416 157,299 203,515 153,913 6.0 4.2 5.4 4.1

Elgin

319,846 317,320 320,506 315,721 16,869 14,056 15,236 13,667 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.3

Gary(3)

342,931 337,498 342,236 338,136 20,667 13,050 19,332 12,622 6.0 3.9 5.6 3.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

453,742 455,431 456,371 455,577 22,349 18,401 20,320 17,644 4.9 4.0 4.5 3.9

Massachusetts

3,571,623 3,684,286 3,569,607 3,686,676 136,232 140,628 131,194 152,551 3.8 3.8 3.7 4.1

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,638,763 2,721,716 2,634,593 2,719,862 90,671 93,544 89,058 102,880 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,563,071 1,616,924 1,559,619 1,615,846 50,204 52,042 50,003 58,889 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.6

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,796 108,780 104,333 108,218 4,603 4,661 4,424 5,082 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.7

Framingham

154,538 158,939 154,122 158,749 4,766 5,043 4,623 5,509 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.5

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,701 116,165 113,395 116,132 3,943 4,154 3,804 4,212 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

95,270 97,627 95,326 97,680 4,897 5,061 4,639 5,350 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.5

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

184,304 189,951 184,144 189,866 7,179 7,414 6,961 7,881 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.2

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,978 84,912 83,010 85,225 3,151 3,120 3,111 3,503 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.1

Nashua(2)

169,187 171,909 169,167 171,794 5,213 5,294 5,120 5,152 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

90,037 92,307 89,806 92,213 3,210 3,191 3,125 3,541 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,881 84,202 81,671 84,139 3,505 3,564 3,248 3,761 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.5

Michigan

4,786,552 4,844,764 4,834,360 4,869,326 217,050 179,807 218,781 179,817 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,029,683 2,077,780 2,053,841 2,089,660 93,864 82,502 97,170 75,331 4.6 4.0 4.7 3.6

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

758,877 777,466 765,253 778,582 41,136 37,636 42,627 33,748 5.4 4.8 5.6 4.3

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,270,806 1,300,315 1,288,589 1,311,077 52,728 44,866 54,543 41,583 4.1 3.5 4.2 3.2

New York

9,576,980 9,618,458 9,566,693 9,618,997 439,358 405,338 414,684 410,710 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,994,275 10,047,028 9,985,542 10,054,375 461,687 390,060 447,542 413,462 4.6 3.9 4.5 4.1

Dutchess County-Putnam County

193,272 192,232 194,130 192,956 7,502 7,636 7,366 7,582 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,471,190 1,470,827 1,480,010 1,480,336 56,818 57,289 55,196 57,331 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.9

Newark(3)

1,254,018 1,234,624 1,254,323 1,234,316 62,795 47,940 61,929 52,125 5.0 3.9 4.9 4.2

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,075,795 7,149,345 7,057,079 7,146,767 334,572 277,195 323,051 296,424 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,459,383 6,450,613 6,484,977 6,476,898 334,738 302,450 343,548 336,285 5.2 4.7 5.3 5.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,083,390 3,107,489 3,084,610 3,101,812 151,565 135,981 155,073 151,197 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.9

Camden(3)

638,033 644,944 635,969 639,484 31,961 24,045 31,827 26,840 5.0 3.7 5.0 4.2

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,066,093 1,072,544 1,071,242 1,077,003 42,790 39,857 44,424 45,402 4.0 3.7 4.1 4.2

Philadelphia

999,217 1,008,861 1,000,507 1,006,887 60,098 55,098 62,654 62,202 6.0 5.5 6.3 6.2

Wilmington(3)

380,047 381,140 376,892 378,438 16,716 16,981 16,168 16,753 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.4

Texas

13,236,855 13,506,876 13,245,519 13,449,184 564,001 611,747 566,379 591,954 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,653,284 3,771,253 3,658,856 3,767,277 129,778 144,651 130,048 142,365 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,457,574 2,544,188 2,461,514 2,542,796 84,917 97,361 85,450 95,815 3.5 3.8 3.5 3.8

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,195,710 1,227,065 1,197,342 1,224,481 44,861 47,290 44,598 46,550 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8

Washington

3,613,072 3,672,339 3,625,231 3,675,875 190,589 156,243 190,151 159,882 5.3 4.3 5.2 4.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,018,455 2,056,819 2,020,321 2,056,326 85,011 68,653 87,384 74,435 4.2 3.3 4.3 3.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,617,598 1,646,824 1,618,175 1,645,922 59,669 47,249 62,389 52,911 3.7 2.9 3.9 3.2

Tacoma-Lakewood

400,857 409,995 402,146 410,404 25,342 21,404 24,995 21,524 6.3 5.2 6.2 5.2

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area April May Change from
May 2016 to May 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,979.4 2,001.5 1,981.6 2,014.6 33.0 1.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.4 46.3 46.4 46.6 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

62.7 65.1 62.6 65.3 2.7 4.3

Birmingham-Hoover

520.5 523.8 521.8 526.9 5.1 1.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

73.1 75.0 74.3 76.5 2.2 3.0

Decatur

54.3 54.1 54.4 54.4 0.0 0.0

Dothan

57.7 58.4 57.7 58.7 1.0 1.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.3 57.6 57.3 57.4 0.1 0.2

Gadsden

38.4 39.0 38.4 39.3 0.9 2.3

Huntsville

226.1 231.3 225.9 231.8 5.9 2.6

Mobile

180.9 179.4 180.9 180.2 -0.7 -0.4

Montgomery

173.5 174.6 174.1 175.4 1.3 0.7

Tuscaloosa

105.4 106.5 104.9 106.5 1.6 1.5


Alaska

328.7 322.0 339.0 334.6 -4.4 -1.3

Anchorage

178.3 174.3 181.6 179.6 -2.0 -1.1

Fairbanks

37.3 36.6 39.4 38.3 -1.1 -2.8


Arizona

2,712.9 2,761.7 2,698.8 2,747.0 48.2 1.8

Flagstaff

66.6 67.0 66.5 67.2 0.7 1.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

48.3 48.9 48.4 49.2 0.8 1.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,974.6 2,020.9 1,963.2 2,010.2 47.0 2.4

Prescott

62.6 64.4 62.5 63.7 1.2 1.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.3 -0.1 -0.3

Tucson

377.4 377.3 374.9 374.5 -0.4 -0.1

Yuma

54.2 55.9 53.6 55.4 1.8 3.4


Arkansas

1,231.9 1,252.2 1,233.1 1,255.9 22.8 1.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

245.2 254.5 246.0 256.5 10.5 4.3

Fort Smith

114.3 113.4 115.0 114.1 -0.9 -0.8

Hot Springs

38.8 39.2 38.7 38.6 -0.1 -0.3

Jonesboro

56.0 57.0 56.1 57.0 0.9 1.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355.3 354.7 355.6 355.5 -0.1 0.0

Pine Bluff

33.5 33.3 33.6 33.5 -0.1 -0.3


California

16,440.0 16,679.4 16,491.7 16,748.9 257.2 1.6

Bakersfield

257.2 258.5 256.6 259.0 2.4 0.9

Chico

80.0 83.0 80.7 83.8 3.1 3.8

El Centro

52.2 53.0 52.1 52.9 0.8 1.5

Fresno

334.7 342.1 336.5 345.0 8.5 2.5

Hanford-Corcoran

38.1 38.5 39.0 39.2 0.2 0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,969.8 6,023.4 5,985.7 6,045.2 59.5 1.0

Madera

36.6 37.6 36.7 38.1 1.4 3.8

Merced

65.0 66.1 65.1 66.1 1.0 1.5

Modesto

170.8 174.3 171.7 175.5 3.8 2.2

Napa

70.7 72.0 71.1 72.7 1.6 2.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

300.1 306.5 301.7 307.5 5.8 1.9

Redding

65.1 67.0 65.6 67.6 2.0 3.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,397.2 1,439.4 1,398.1 1,439.1 41.0 2.9

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade(1)

945.9 957.5 950.2 - - -

Salinas

136.0 138.0 137.0 138.4 1.4 1.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,418.2 1,437.7 1,423.5 1,443.8 20.3 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,332.1 2,376.8 2,337.2 2,382.2 45.0 1.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,064.5 1,080.9 1,069.0 1,084.0 15.0 1.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.2 117.8 116.4 118.8 2.4 2.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

101.7 103.3 102.2 104.6 2.4 2.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.8 184.9 181.4 185.6 4.2 2.3

Santa Rosa

201.3 203.2 202.3 204.9 2.6 1.3

Stockton-Lodi

223.6 228.3 224.8 229.3 4.5 2.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

135.5 137.0 135.9 137.7 1.8 1.3

Visalia-Porterville

124.0 126.6 124.2 127.6 3.4 2.7

Yuba City

41.6 43.5 42.1 43.8 1.7 4.0


Colorado

2,585.2 2,626.3 2,579.5 2,641.9 62.4 2.4

Boulder

186.2 189.7 181.4 190.2 8.8 4.9

Colorado Springs

278.0 282.8 279.3 286.3 7.0 2.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,423.9 1,450.3 1,429.4 1,464.5 35.1 2.5

Fort Collins

159.6 165.2 161.9 168.4 6.5 4.0

Grand Junction

61.5 60.9 61.7 61.6 -0.1 -0.2

Greeley

99.0 101.7 99.2 102.3 3.1 3.1

Pueblo

62.0 62.7 62.2 63.0 0.8 1.3


Connecticut

1,676.0 1,682.4 1,691.6 1,700.9 9.3 0.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

408.5 408.0 412.8 415.3 2.5 0.6

Danbury

78.7 79.3 79.0 79.7 0.7 0.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

568.8 574.4 571.7 578.9 7.2 1.3

New Haven

282.8 283.2 284.5 285.8 1.3 0.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

127.8 128.9 129.4 129.8 0.4 0.3

Waterbury

67.5 66.6 68.4 68.1 -0.3 -0.4


Delaware

451.8 454.9 455.0 459.0 4.0 0.9

Dover

69.4 69.4 69.7 70.3 0.6 0.9

Salisbury(2)

153.8 156.3 159.6 162.3 2.7 1.7


District of Columbia

785.8 789.6 784.4 791.2 6.8 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,230.3 3,266.0 3,240.0 3,288.3 48.3 1.5


Florida

8,396.2 8,609.8 8,385.5 8,621.6 236.1 2.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

259.9 261.5 256.9 258.2 1.3 0.5

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

111.4 113.8 112.4 114.9 2.5 2.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

197.8 200.8 198.2 201.4 3.2 1.6

Gainesville

140.2 145.2 137.5 142.7 5.2 3.8

Homosassa Springs

33.7 33.5 33.6 33.5 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

665.5 685.2 667.5 690.9 23.4 3.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

214.3 220.9 215.0 222.4 7.4 3.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,586.8 2,649.4 2,583.1 2,655.4 72.3 2.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

145.0 146.8 142.8 145.0 2.2 1.5

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

295.5 305.3 294.3 305.0 10.7 3.6

Ocala

100.9 103.8 100.6 103.3 2.7 2.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,201.7 1,244.5 1,204.3 1,252.3 48.0 4.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

207.7 215.5 208.6 215.1 6.5 3.1

Panama City

84.3 85.3 84.9 86.0 1.1 1.3

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

172.8 177.3 173.7 177.2 3.5 2.0

Port St. Lucie

143.6 146.4 143.4 146.3 2.9 2.0

Punta Gorda

47.8 49.4 47.2 49.1 1.9 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

50.5 52.1 50.1 51.9 1.8 3.6

Sebring

25.8 27.3 25.8 27.3 1.5 5.8

Tallahassee

178.4 183.7 175.2 182.0 6.8 3.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,297.6 1,331.4 1,295.4 1,338.4 43.0 3.3

The Villages

27.1 28.3 27.2 28.3 1.1 4.0


Georgia

4,365.2 4,482.0 4,379.2 4,488.0 108.8 2.5

Albany

61.5 62.7 61.5 62.6 1.1 1.8

Athens-Clarke County

94.4 96.3 93.5 96.1 2.6 2.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,652.3 2,741.6 2,664.3 2,746.2 81.9 3.1

Augusta-Richmond County

237.5 240.9 234.1 236.2 2.1 0.9

Brunswick

43.8 44.1 44.2 44.5 0.3 0.7

Columbus

120.3 120.9 120.5 121.3 0.8 0.7

Dalton

69.8 70.2 69.7 70.4 0.7 1.0

Gainesville

85.6 88.9 86.3 89.8 3.5 4.1

Hinesville

20.0 20.3 19.8 20.2 0.4 2.0

Macon-Bibb County

101.5 103.0 102.1 103.3 1.2 1.2

Rome

40.8 41.5 40.7 41.5 0.8 2.0

Savannah

175.8 179.5 176.3 179.7 3.4 1.9

Valdosta

56.2 57.0 56.2 56.9 0.7 1.2

Warner Robins

72.6 74.2 72.9 74.3 1.4 1.9


Hawaii

645.4 653.1 647.6 655.8 8.2 1.3

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.3 75.6 74.2 76.1 1.9 2.6

Urban Honolulu

473.8 479.4 476.4 481.1 4.7 1.0


Idaho

689.4 706.4 696.3 714.1 17.8 2.6

Boise City

303.5 314.1 305.2 316.5 11.3 3.7

Coeur d'Alene

60.6 61.6 61.9 63.5 1.6 2.6

Idaho Falls

63.5 64.1 64.2 64.9 0.7 1.1

Lewiston

28.1 29.1 28.1 29.1 1.0 3.6

Pocatello

36.5 36.7 36.8 37.2 0.4 1.1


Illinois

6,006.4 6,011.7 6,036.8 6,061.6 24.8 0.4

Bloomington

94.9 94.7 93.7 94.6 0.9 1.0

Carbondale-Marion

58.9 58.4 57.7 57.6 -0.1 -0.2

Champaign-Urbana

112.2 111.7 110.5 110.6 0.1 0.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,629.7 4,647.0 4,664.3 4,698.7 34.4 0.7

Danville

28.9 28.6 28.9 28.2 -0.7 -2.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(2)

183.3 182.6 184.2 184.6 0.4 0.2

Decatur

52.1 51.5 51.8 51.5 -0.3 -0.6

Kankakee

44.2 45.1 44.3 45.5 1.2 2.7

Peoria

175.7 175.5 176.0 177.4 1.4 0.8

Rockford

151.9 148.4 153.0 151.5 -1.5 -1.0

Springfield

115.8 115.9 115.1 116.5 1.4 1.2


Indiana

3,082.8 3,114.9 3,095.8 3,139.5 43.7 1.4

Bloomington

77.6 78.8 73.9 75.5 1.6 2.2

Columbus

52.5 53.9 52.2 54.3 2.1 4.0

Elkhart-Goshen

130.4 135.5 131.8 138.1 6.3 4.8

Evansville

158.6 160.4 159.0 160.8 1.8 1.1

Fort Wayne

218.6 221.7 220.5 223.5 3.0 1.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,038.0 1,057.6 1,047.2 1,068.9 21.7 2.1

Kokomo

41.3 42.5 41.3 42.7 1.4 3.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

104.7 106.5 103.0 105.4 2.4 2.3

Michigan City-La Porte

41.5 40.8 42.0 41.3 -0.7 -1.7

Muncie

52.3 52.2 51.1 51.3 0.2 0.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

141.9 142.7 142.7 142.9 0.2 0.1

Terre Haute

70.6 71.4 71.1 71.6 0.5 0.7


Iowa

1,578.6 1,583.6 1,584.3 1,602.9 18.6 1.2

Ames

54.3 55.1 53.0 53.5 0.5 0.9

Cedar Rapids

143.9 144.7 143.8 145.7 1.9 1.3

Des Moines-West Des Moines

356.4 365.5 359.6 368.8 9.2 2.6

Dubuque

60.1 59.9 60.4 60.5 0.1 0.2

Iowa City

100.6 103.6 100.2 103.5 3.3 3.3

Sioux City

91.0 88.4 90.8 89.9 -0.9 -1.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.1 91.5 91.5 91.8 0.3 0.3


Kansas

1,419.2 1,412.8 1,419.6 1,413.4 -6.2 -0.4

Lawrence

56.0 56.4 54.7 55.1 0.4 0.7

Manhattan

46.3 46.8 45.0 45.7 0.7 1.6

Topeka

112.5 114.1 113.2 115.2 2.0 1.8

Wichita

300.1 299.8 299.3 299.6 0.3 0.1


Kentucky

1,911.7 1,941.9 1,922.1 1,948.9 26.8 1.4

Bowling Green

75.4 77.5 75.8 78.1 2.3 3.0

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.4 57.7 57.5 58.5 1.0 1.7

Lexington-Fayette

275.7 281.8 276.5 282.7 6.2 2.2

Louisville/Jefferson County

656.3 669.5 661.4 674.3 12.9 2.0

Owensboro

53.6 54.0 54.1 54.0 -0.1 -0.2


Louisiana

1,979.4 1,974.8 1,980.8 1,987.1 6.3 0.3

Alexandria

63.9 63.1 63.9 63.0 -0.9 -1.4

Baton Rouge

408.0 411.0 407.8 409.7 1.9 0.5

Hammond

44.6 45.2 44.9 45.5 0.6 1.3

Houma-Thibodaux

90.1 85.4 89.8 85.6 -4.2 -4.7

Lafayette

203.5 200.0 203.2 200.8 -2.4 -1.2

Lake Charles

106.7 111.6 107.7 113.1 5.4 5.0

Monroe

79.6 79.8 79.4 79.8 0.4 0.5

New Orleans-Metairie

578.1 578.0 580.1 578.5 -1.6 -0.3

Shreveport-Bossier City

182.1 179.1 182.5 179.5 -3.0 -1.6


Maine

606.7 609.1 619.1 620.8 1.7 0.3

Bangor

66.6 66.6 66.4 66.7 0.3 0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

50.6 50.9 50.8 51.6 0.8 1.6

Portland-South Portland

197.8 200.1 202.4 204.8 2.4 1.2


Maryland

2,706.2 2,750.3 2,722.6 2,766.6 44.0 1.6

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,396.3 1,406.0 1,404.3 1,412.2 7.9 0.6

California-Lexington Park

45.6 45.4 45.5 45.6 0.1 0.2

Cumberland

39.8 39.4 40.2 39.9 -0.3 -0.7

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

106.7 107.2 107.8 107.5 -0.3 -0.3


Massachusetts

3,548.5 3,594.4 3,574.4 3,629.2 54.8 1.5

Barnstable Town

100.4 102.8 105.9 108.4 2.5 2.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,696.2 2,735.1 2,710.4 2,757.7 47.3 1.7

Leominster-Gardner

51.8 52.2 51.9 52.5 0.6 1.2

New Bedford

67.3 69.7 67.7 70.7 3.0 4.4

Pittsfield

41.0 41.3 41.8 42.1 0.3 0.7

Springfield

334.9 339.2 334.7 339.1 4.4 1.3

Worcester

283.1 285.2 285.3 288.2 2.9 1.0


Michigan

4,304.3 4,366.6 4,345.8 4,419.1 73.3 1.7

Ann Arbor

219.7 221.7 213.8 221.0 7.2 3.4

Battle Creek

58.8 59.3 59.5 60.4 0.9 1.5

Bay City

36.3 35.8 36.6 35.8 -0.8 -2.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,965.1 2,003.3 1,985.1 2,027.4 42.3 2.1

Flint

139.6 139.4 141.0 141.3 0.3 0.2

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

542.0 553.8 548.0 560.7 12.7 2.3

Jackson

57.7 58.0 58.7 58.6 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

146.0 149.0 145.9 148.5 2.6 1.8

Lansing-East Lansing

233.2 236.0 231.7 237.3 5.6 2.4

Midland

37.8 37.8 38.1 38.2 0.1 0.3

Monroe

43.0 42.4 43.4 42.8 -0.6 -1.4

Muskegon

63.1 63.2 64.4 64.0 -0.4 -0.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.6 61.7 63.0 62.9 -0.1 -0.2

Saginaw

88.2 88.8 88.4 88.9 0.5 0.6


Minnesota

2,885.9 2,921.8 2,912.5 2,960.2 47.7 1.6

Duluth

135.0 135.4 136.1 137.8 1.7 1.2

Mankato-North Mankato

58.2 58.0 57.7 58.1 0.4 0.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,952.4 1,982.9 1,967.7 2,006.2 38.5 2.0

Rochester

118.2 119.2 119.1 120.4 1.3 1.1

St. Cloud

108.5 109.8 108.7 111.0 2.3 2.1


Mississippi

1,150.4 1,149.9 1,148.7 1,149.6 0.9 0.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.5 154.5 155.3 155.1 -0.2 -0.1

Hattiesburg

63.6 65.1 63.0 64.7 1.7 2.7

Jackson

280.4 280.7 279.7 281.2 1.5 0.5


Missouri

2,853.0 2,885.1 2,861.1 2,905.0 43.9 1.5

Cape Girardeau

44.6 44.2 44.4 44.1 -0.3 -0.7

Columbia

100.4 101.0 100.2 101.2 1.0 1.0

Jefferson City

77.5 77.7 77.3 78.0 0.7 0.9

Joplin

82.0 81.1 82.0 81.4 -0.6 -0.7

Kansas City

1,067.8 1,091.0 1,068.9 1,089.6 20.7 1.9

St. Joseph

63.6 63.9 63.9 64.2 0.3 0.5

St. Louis(3)

1,369.7 1,378.2 1,375.1 1,388.0 12.9 0.9

Springfield

211.0 215.1 211.5 215.1 3.6 1.7


Montana

465.0 471.5 471.1 478.9 7.8 1.7

Billings

85.2 85.9 86.0 87.1 1.1 1.3

Great Falls

36.1 36.2 36.2 36.4 0.2 0.6

Missoula

59.9 60.7 60.8 62.0 1.2 2.0


Nebraska

1,013.8 1,024.4 1,023.0 1,034.9 11.9 1.2

Grand Island

41.6 42.8 42.0 43.2 1.2 2.9

Lincoln

188.3 190.4 188.9 192.2 3.3 1.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

496.5 502.3 500.3 508.4 8.1 1.6


Nevada

1,293.8 1,332.4 1,297.1 1,334.9 37.8 2.9

Carson City

28.7 29.0 28.8 29.2 0.4 1.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

946.0 973.8 947.4 974.9 27.5 2.9

Reno

218.5 224.6 219.2 225.1 5.9 2.7


New Hampshire

662.0 673.5 668.2 679.0 10.8 1.6

Dover-Durham

53.7 56.0 53.8 55.7 1.9 3.5

Manchester

110.6 112.1 110.9 112.8 1.9 1.7

Portsmouth

89.3 89.6 91.1 91.6 0.5 0.5


New Jersey

4,052.4 4,095.2 4,088.9 4,133.9 45.0 1.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

128.6 128.6 130.7 131.3 0.6 0.5

Ocean City

37.3 38.7 42.8 41.9 -0.9 -2.1

Trenton

263.5 269.6 265.3 272.0 6.7 2.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.9 59.6 59.0 59.3 0.3 0.5


New Mexico

833.8 841.1 834.3 841.8 7.5 0.9

Albuquerque

388.8 389.9 389.2 389.7 0.5 0.1

Farmington

49.5 48.8 49.1 48.6 -0.5 -1.0

Las Cruces

73.2 73.8 73.5 73.5 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

63.3 63.7 63.9 63.8 -0.1 -0.2


New York

9,390.9 9,466.6 9,415.8 9,564.5 148.7 1.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

464.8 466.2 464.7 469.3 4.6 1.0

Binghamton

104.4 104.2 105.4 105.3 -0.1 -0.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

559.4 559.3 563.3 566.9 3.6 0.6

Elmira

37.2 36.4 37.2 36.4 -0.8 -2.2

Glens Falls

53.2 54.8 54.8 57.2 2.4 4.4

Ithaca

66.5 66.9 65.7 66.4 0.7 1.1

Kingston

61.4 62.2 62.0 62.6 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,503.3 9,583.8 9,534.3 9,685.8 151.5 1.6

Rochester

536.1 531.5 538.1 535.4 -2.7 -0.5

Syracuse

318.3 320.0 317.5 320.7 3.2 1.0

Utica-Rome

126.2 126.3 126.9 128.0 1.1 0.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

41.7 42.0 43.2 43.4 0.2 0.5


North Carolina

4,339.3 4,392.1 4,363.1 4,429.1 66.0 1.5

Asheville

187.4 190.8 188.7 192.1 3.4 1.8

Burlington

60.6 61.5 61.1 62.0 0.9 1.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,145.9 1,174.0 1,151.3 1,187.0 35.7 3.1

Durham-Chapel Hill

303.6 309.5 303.9 309.5 5.6 1.8

Fayetteville

131.2 129.8 131.2 130.6 -0.6 -0.5

Goldsboro

42.0 41.5 42.1 41.8 -0.3 -0.7

Greensboro-High Point

359.1 361.9 358.8 363.3 4.5 1.3

Greenville

78.5 78.4 78.9 79.0 0.1 0.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

150.6 152.5 151.2 153.1 1.9 1.3

Jacksonville

49.2 49.4 49.5 49.8 0.3 0.6

New Bern

45.1 45.4 45.1 45.7 0.6 1.3

Raleigh

598.0 613.6 601.1 616.8 15.7 2.6

Rocky Mount

56.6 55.8 56.9 56.0 -0.9 -1.6

Wilmington

123.8 126.7 125.3 128.0 2.7 2.2

Winston-Salem

261.8 261.2 262.8 262.4 -0.4 -0.2


North Dakota

432.9 434.6 437.5 441.2 3.7 0.8

Bismarck

74.3 73.5 74.7 74.0 -0.7 -0.9

Fargo

140.1 142.2 141.7 143.3 1.6 1.1

Grand Forks

57.2 57.0 57.7 57.2 -0.5 -0.9


Ohio

5,477.7 5,506.8 5,523.2 5,562.3 39.1 0.7

Akron

341.2 340.1 344.4 344.2 -0.2 -0.1

Canton-Massillon

172.9 171.6 174.5 173.9 -0.6 -0.3

Cincinnati

1,079.0 1,098.6 1,088.0 1,109.6 21.6 2.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,052.6 1,060.0 1,063.3 1,071.5 8.2 0.8

Columbus

1,055.4 1,077.3 1,065.7 1,082.9 17.2 1.6

Dayton

384.5 387.5 385.6 387.5 1.9 0.5

Lima

52.8 52.9 53.2 53.2 0.0 0.0

Mansfield

53.2 52.8 53.3 53.0 -0.3 -0.6

Springfield

50.0 50.1 50.8 50.9 0.1 0.2

Toledo

312.7 310.9 313.1 312.5 -0.6 -0.2

Weirton-Steubenville(2)

42.4 41.3 42.6 41.6 -1.0 -2.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.4 222.4 226.3 225.0 -1.3 -0.6


Oklahoma

1,659.2 1,657.3 1,657.8 1,663.9 6.1 0.4

Enid

27.8 28.1 27.8 28.6 0.8 2.9

Lawton

46.0 46.4 45.7 46.1 0.4 0.9

Oklahoma City

631.4 634.1 631.2 638.4 7.2 1.1

Tulsa

446.3 442.1 445.6 444.6 -1.0 -0.2


Oregon

1,828.4 1,866.7 1,837.9 1,882.3 44.4 2.4

Albany

43.6 44.3 43.6 44.7 1.1 2.5

Bend-Redmond

77.7 80.3 78.5 81.5 3.0 3.8

Corvallis

42.3 42.7 42.6 42.9 0.3 0.7

Eugene

156.8 158.7 157.9 160.5 2.6 1.6

Grants Pass

25.3 26.2 25.6 26.5 0.9 3.5

Medford

84.4 86.2 84.6 87.0 2.4 2.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,142.2 1,160.6 1,145.6 1,166.6 21.0 1.8

Salem

160.5 163.5 161.7 163.4 1.7 1.1


Pennsylvania

5,896.7 5,936.3 5,913.8 5,965.6 51.8 0.9

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

364.3 363.0 367.5 366.2 -1.3 -0.4

Altoona

60.9 61.0 62.0 61.8 -0.2 -0.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.7 43.0 42.2 42.6 0.4 0.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.1 60.0 60.3 60.2 -0.1 -0.2

East Stroudsburg

57.0 57.0 57.6 58.3 0.7 1.2

Erie

129.6 128.2 129.8 129.4 -0.4 -0.3

Gettysburg

34.6 35.4 35.1 35.5 0.4 1.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

338.1 342.8 340.0 346.7 6.7 2.0

Johnstown

56.6 56.2 56.4 56.6 0.2 0.4

Lancaster

250.0 254.2 251.4 256.4 5.0 2.0

Lebanon

51.7 52.1 52.3 52.5 0.2 0.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,869.7 2,916.9 2,876.3 2,922.4 46.1 1.6

Pittsburgh

1,167.2 1,173.8 1,171.4 1,178.7 7.3 0.6

Reading

177.4 179.3 177.5 179.7 2.2 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

261.0 260.3 262.1 261.8 -0.3 -0.1

State College

79.0 80.1 73.7 79.6 5.9 8.0

Williamsport

53.6 52.8 53.3 52.7 -0.6 -1.1

York-Hanover

183.6 184.4 184.8 186.0 1.2 0.6


Rhode Island

488.7 493.4 493.6 500.2 6.6 1.3

Providence-Warwick

582.8 584.5 588.7 593.7 5.0 0.8


South Carolina

2,057.2 2,080.0 2,067.5 2,098.0 30.5 1.5

Charleston-North Charleston

345.8 352.3 347.6 355.3 7.7 2.2

Columbia

393.2 397.0 394.9 398.7 3.8 1.0

Florence

87.7 89.5 88.0 90.3 2.3 2.6

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

409.8 411.3 410.8 414.4 3.6 0.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

76.4 77.5 77.7 78.7 1.0 1.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

162.1 168.2 165.7 172.7 7.0 4.2

Spartanburg

145.9 150.4 146.8 151.1 4.3 2.9

Sumter

39.2 39.3 39.4 39.0 -0.4 -1.0


South Dakota

429.4 434.2 436.7 441.9 5.2 1.2

Rapid City

65.9 67.0 68.1 69.6 1.5 2.2

Sioux Falls

151.5 154.2 153.9 156.5 2.6 1.7


Tennessee

2,963.2 3,020.3 2,963.2 3,023.2 60.0 2.0

Chattanooga

251.3 258.5 251.2 257.6 6.4 2.5

Clarksville

89.3 90.1 89.3 90.1 0.8 0.9

Cleveland

47.1 48.6 46.9 48.8 1.9 4.1

Jackson

68.1 68.9 68.1 69.7 1.6 2.3

Johnson City

80.5 81.2 79.2 80.5 1.3 1.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.2 122.1 121.7 121.5 -0.2 -0.2

Knoxville

393.2 393.4 393.5 396.1 2.6 0.7

Memphis

637.6 647.0 636.6 645.2 8.6 1.4

Morristown

45.6 46.6 45.5 47.0 1.5 3.3

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

944.5 978.8 945.1 982.6 37.5 4.0


Texas

11,995.4 12,248.0 12,026.4 12,294.5 268.1 2.2

Abilene

67.6 68.2 67.4 67.8 0.4 0.6

Amarillo

120.7 122.1 121.0 122.8 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

995.6 1,025.7 998.6 1,026.9 28.3 2.8

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165.2 163.7 164.3 163.7 -0.6 -0.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

140.9 143.6 141.4 144.4 3.0 2.1

College Station-Bryan

114.0 117.0 115.2 118.4 3.2 2.8

Corpus Christi

191.2 194.2 191.3 195.3 4.0 2.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,484.2 3,590.8 3,500.3 3,616.1 115.8 3.3

El Paso

309.2 317.8 310.1 318.7 8.6 2.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,000.9 3,042.2 3,003.6 3,048.9 45.3 1.5

Killeen-Temple

143.4 147.3 144.0 148.0 4.0 2.8

Laredo

101.9 103.8 101.9 104.1 2.2 2.2

Longview

97.4 96.9 97.1 96.4 -0.7 -0.7

Lubbock

145.5 146.6 146.3 147.9 1.6 1.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

253.6 258.3 254.2 259.3 5.1 2.0

Midland

87.4 87.9 86.8 88.2 1.4 1.6

Odessa

69.6 69.8 69.2 69.6 0.4 0.6

San Angelo

49.2 48.7 49.4 49.0 -0.4 -0.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,012.0 1,036.7 1,016.1 1,041.6 25.5 2.5

Sherman-Denison

46.0 46.8 46.5 47.2 0.7 1.5

Texarkana

61.3 60.3 61.4 60.6 -0.8 -1.3

Tyler

103.9 106.2 104.5 106.9 2.4 2.3

Victoria

42.2 42.1 42.0 42.2 0.2 0.5

Waco

118.2 120.0 118.4 119.8 1.4 1.2

Wichita Falls

58.1 57.8 57.8 57.5 -0.3 -0.5


Utah

1,422.0 1,467.0 1,423.4 1,470.5 47.1 3.3

Logan

60.5 61.4 60.7 62.0 1.3 2.1

Ogden-Clearfield

245.8 255.1 247.9 257.2 9.3 3.8

Provo-Orem

237.5 246.4 235.4 246.2 10.8 4.6

St. George

61.1 63.9 61.6 64.9 3.3 5.4

Salt Lake City

696.3 719.2 698.5 720.7 22.2 3.2


Vermont

308.9 310.2 311.0 312.0 1.0 0.3

Burlington-South Burlington

125.0 124.5 124.6 124.6 0.0 0.0


Virginia

3,921.7 3,954.7 3,925.0 3,969.0 44.0 1.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.9 80.4 77.8 78.9 1.1 1.4

Charlottesville

115.3 117.9 114.4 117.7 3.3 2.9

Harrisonburg

67.8 69.2 65.9 67.2 1.3 2.0

Lynchburg

103.9 104.6 104.1 104.1 0.0 0.0

Richmond

664.6 671.0 664.5 675.6 11.1 1.7

Roanoke

162.7 163.1 162.9 163.9 1.0 0.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.3 51.2 50.4 51.3 0.9 1.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

772.8 768.6 773.7 772.6 -1.1 -0.1

Winchester

62.4 63.0 62.2 63.2 1.0 1.6


Washington

3,223.2 3,298.6 3,248.7 3,326.7 78.0 2.4

Bellingham

91.0 93.3 91.5 93.8 2.3 2.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

88.7 88.9 89.5 89.2 -0.3 -0.3

Kennewick-Richland

109.9 111.6 111.1 112.5 1.4 1.3

Longview

39.2 38.9 39.5 39.2 -0.3 -0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.8 50.0 49.4 50.4 1.0 2.0

Olympia-Tumwater

112.6 115.7 112.8 116.6 3.8 3.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,936.1 1,988.6 1,950.7 1,999.0 48.3 2.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

240.8 241.9 241.4 244.5 3.1 1.3

Walla Walla

27.8 28.7 27.8 28.9 1.1 4.0

Wenatchee

43.5 45.0 44.3 45.8 1.5 3.4

Yakima

83.2 85.5 83.7 86.5 2.8 3.3


West Virginia

751.0 748.6 761.1 751.6 -9.5 -1.2

Beckley

45.3 44.4 46.3 44.7 -1.6 -3.5

Charleston

119.6 118.5 120.8 119.1 -1.7 -1.4

Huntington-Ashland

138.4 139.2 139.9 139.7 -0.2 -0.1

Morgantown

71.3 71.5 71.3 71.5 0.2 0.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

41.3 40.5 41.6 40.9 -0.7 -1.7

Wheeling

66.8 65.9 67.8 66.4 -1.4 -2.1


Wisconsin

2,919.1 2,939.8 2,933.2 2,969.5 36.3 1.2

Appleton

124.4 126.3 125.3 127.8 2.5 2.0

Eau Claire

87.0 85.9 87.0 85.9 -1.1 -1.3

Fond du Lac

47.4 48.5 48.2 49.3 1.1 2.3

Green Bay

174.8 174.3 176.1 176.1 0.0 0.0

Janesville-Beloit

67.9 69.1 68.0 69.4 1.4 2.1

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.3 80.1 79.0 80.3 1.3 1.6

Madison

397.6 402.0 395.1 402.6 7.5 1.9

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

863.0 858.4 864.8 867.2 2.4 0.3

Oshkosh-Neenah

96.6 97.0 96.8 97.6 0.8 0.8

Racine

77.2 76.8 77.9 77.6 -0.3 -0.4

Sheboygan

60.7 61.1 61.6 62.2 0.6 1.0

Wausau

71.6 72.6 72.1 73.1 1.0 1.4


Wyoming

278.2 272.2 283.2 279.0 -4.2 -1.5

Casper

39.3 37.2 39.3 37.4 -1.9 -4.8

Cheyenne

46.5 46.4 46.7 46.9 0.2 0.4


Puerto Rico

891.5 881.5 891.3 882.5 -8.8 -1.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.9 51.0 50.9 51.4 0.5 1.0

Arecibo

34.2 33.4 34.0 33.4 -0.6 -1.8

Guayama

15.4 15.3 15.3 15.3 0.0 0.0

Mayaguez

33.5 33.5 33.5 33.7 0.2 0.6

Ponce

71.1 70.3 70.9 70.5 -0.4 -0.6

San German

20.4 20.9 20.4 21.0 0.6 2.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

645.2 638.9 645.2 639.3 -5.9 -0.9


Virgin Islands

38.7 38.7 38.3 38.6 0.3 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Data not available. As of June 26, 2017, BLS suppressed these data series and is working to make corrections to the series. See https://www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm for more information.
(2) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(3) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division April May Change from
May 2016 to May 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,440.0 16,679.4 16,491.7 16,748.9 257.2 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,969.8 6,023.4 5,985.7 6,045.2 59.5 1.0

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,578.3 1,584.5 1,582.2 1,586.0 3.8 0.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,391.5 4,438.9 4,403.5 4,459.2 55.7 1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,332.1 2,376.8 2,337.2 2,382.2 45.0 1.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,131.4 1,150.1 1,134.4 1,154.2 19.8 1.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,086.5 1,111.4 1,087.9 1,112.2 24.3 2.2

San Rafael

114.2 115.3 114.9 115.8 0.9 0.8


District of Columbia

785.8 789.6 784.4 791.2 6.8 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,230.3 3,266.0 3,240.0 3,288.3 48.3 1.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

594.4 601.4 595.9 607.5 11.6 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,635.9 2,664.6 2,644.1 2,680.8 36.7 1.4


Florida

8,396.2 8,609.8 8,385.5 8,621.6 236.1 2.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,586.8 2,649.4 2,583.1 2,655.4 72.3 2.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

819.8 847.7 819.2 850.3 31.1 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,157.1 1,176.7 1,155.8 1,182.3 26.5 2.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

609.9 625.0 608.1 622.8 14.7 2.4


Illinois

6,006.4 6,011.7 6,036.8 6,061.6 24.8 0.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,629.7 4,647.0 4,664.3 4,698.7 34.4 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,693.3 3,706.1 3,719.7 3,744.3 24.6 0.7

Elgin

253.2 251.6 255.2 255.1 -0.1 0.0

Gary

277.3 278.9 278.4 281.6 3.2 1.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

405.9 410.4 411.0 417.7 6.7 1.6


Massachusetts

3,548.5 3,594.4 3,574.4 3,629.2 54.8 1.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,696.2 2,735.1 2,710.4 2,757.7 47.3 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,810.7 1,842.1 1,818.9 1,855.3 36.4 2.0

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.5 82.3 80.5 82.0 1.5 1.9

Framingham

173.3 174.5 174.2 176.1 1.9 1.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.1 67.5 67.5 68.7 1.2 1.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

82.9 83.2 84.0 84.0 0.0 0.0

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

153.1 154.5 153.7 156.1 2.4 1.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.6 45.0 46.0 46.0 0.0 0.0

Nashua(2)

127.6 129.5 128.5 131.1 2.6 2.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.8 96.9 97.3 97.8 0.5 0.5

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.6 59.6 59.8 60.6 0.8 1.3


Michigan

4,304.3 4,366.6 4,345.8 4,419.1 73.3 1.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,965.1 2,003.3 1,985.1 2,027.4 42.3 2.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

744.1 757.8 747.2 763.9 16.7 2.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,221.0 1,245.5 1,237.9 1,263.5 25.6 2.1


New York

9,390.9 9,466.6 9,415.8 9,564.5 148.7 1.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,503.3 9,583.8 9,534.3 9,685.8 151.5 1.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

145.2 145.6 146.5 147.9 1.4 1.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,323.7 1,337.6 1,335.1 1,358.3 23.2 1.7

Newark(3)

1,195.5 1,187.6 1,202.5 1,198.3 -4.2 -0.3

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,838.9 6,913.0 6,850.2 6,981.3 131.1 1.9


Pennsylvania

5,896.7 5,936.3 5,913.8 5,965.6 51.8 0.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,869.7 2,916.9 2,876.3 2,922.4 46.1 1.6

Camden(3)

528.4 541.6 531.7 541.9 10.2 1.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,046.8 1,060.1 1,053.0 1,068.4 15.4 1.5

Philadelphia

935.1 954.4 931.7 949.2 17.5 1.9

Wilmington(3)

359.4 360.8 359.9 362.9 3.0 0.8


Texas

11,995.4 12,248.0 12,026.4 12,294.5 268.1 2.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,484.2 3,590.8 3,500.3 3,616.1 115.8 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,478.2 2,560.0 2,489.3 2,579.7 90.4 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,006.0 1,030.8 1,011.0 1,036.4 25.4 2.5


Washington

3,223.2 3,298.6 3,248.7 3,326.7 78.0 2.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,936.1 1,988.6 1,950.7 1,999.0 48.3 2.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,631.0 1,676.9 1,643.8 1,683.8 40.0 2.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

305.1 311.7 306.9 315.2 8.3 2.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: June 28, 2017