Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, November 30, 2017                       USDL-17-1573

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


               METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 341 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 33 areas, and unchanged in 14 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Seventy-four areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
307 metropolitan areas, decreased in 74 areas, and was unchanged in 7 areas. The national
unemployment rate in October was 3.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.7
percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.4 percent, closely followed by
Columbia, MO, 1.5 percent. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment
rates, 20.9 percent and 18.0 percent, respectively. A total of 191 areas had October
jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.9 percent, 181 areas had rates above it, and 16
areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October
(-4.0 percentage points). An additional 158 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0
percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Pittsfield, MA
(+0.7 percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, and Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin,
TN, had the lowest unemployment rates in October, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, OH,
had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.2 percent, closely followed by
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, 5.1 percent. Forty-seven large areas had over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases and four had increases. The largest rate decrease occurred
in Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-2.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate
increase was in Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (+0.4 percentage point).

  _____________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                     |
 |                 Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands                    |
 |                                                                                     |
 |The Puerto Rico household survey was conducted for the October 2017 reference period.|
 |However, the response rate was below average, in part as a result of difficulties    |
 |accessing some remote areas that were significantly affected by Hurricanes Irma and  |
 |Maria. As more information becomes available, the October estimates for Puerto Rico  |
 |and its metropolitan areas published in table 1 of this news release may be subject  |
 |to special revision. Due to the devastation caused by the hurricanes, the Puerto Rico|
 |household survey was not conducted for September.                                    |
 |                                                                                     |
 |Response rates for the October 2017 establishment survey were lower than average in  |
 |Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the October estimation process  |
 |that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a sufficient amount|
 |of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates for September and     |
 |preliminary estimates for October.                                                   |
 |                                                                                     |
 |The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in       |
 |September or October 2017.                                                           |
 |                                                                                     |
 |More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection and  |
 |reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.          |
 |_____________________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, San
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest
unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.6 percent each. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI,
and Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rates, 5.2 percent each. (See table 2.)

In October, 22 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 13
had increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, MI (-1.8 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increases
occurred in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, and Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA (+0.5
percentage point each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 307 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 74 had decreases, and 7 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+94,400), New York-Newark-Jersey
City, NY-NJ-PA (+91,300), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (+65,800). The largest
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+5.9 percent),
Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL (+5.5 percent), and Auburn-Opelika, AL, and Elkhart-Goshen, IN
(+5.2 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-
Newport News, VA-NC (-9,100), followed by Tucson, AZ (-3,900), and Rochester, NY (-3,500).
The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Cape Girardeau,
MO-IL (-5.2 percent), followed by Michigan City-La Porte, IN (-2.9 percent), and Grand
Forks, ND-MN (-2.7 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010
Census population of 1 million or more and fell in 4. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, FL; Raleigh, NC; and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.0 percent each).
The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC (-1.2 percent), Rochester, NY (-0.6 percent), Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY
(-0.5 percent), and Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT (-0.2 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+90,500),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+67,900), and Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA (+50,300).
The over-the-year decreases occurred in Newark, NJ-PA (-4,300), Gary, IN (-3,700), and
Elgin, IL (-700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-
Deerfield Beach, FL (+3.1 percent), Nashua, NH-MA (+3.0 percent), and Boston-Cambridge-
Newton, MA; Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX; and Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+2.7 percent each). The
over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Gary, IN (-1.3 percent), Newark,
NJ-PA (-0.4 percent), and Elgin, IL (-0.3 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be
released on Friday, December 22, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Thursday, January 4, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). 


  ___________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                   |
 |      Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System         |
 |                                                                                   |
 |With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment    |
 |Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the |
 |2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for   |
 |all states and metropolitan areas. The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in |
 |minor revisions reflecting content and coding changes within the retail trade and  |
 |information sectors. Several industry titles and descriptions also will be updated.|
 |Details of new, discontinued, and collapsed industries as a result of the 2017     |
 |NAICS update, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking process, will be   |
 |available on March 12, 2018.                                                       |
 |                                                                                   |
 |For more information on the 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.         |
 |___________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series
are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available
upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,176,728 2,171,138 2,193,487 2,178,323 134,032 72,327 136,336 76,101 6.2 3.3 6.2 3.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,596 45,123 45,884 45,763 3,087 1,715 3,153 1,816 6.8 3.8 6.9 4.0

Auburn-Opelika

73,617 75,333 74,033 75,738 3,865 2,135 3,983 2,261 5.3 2.8 5.4 3.0

Birmingham-Hoover

535,069 531,442 539,618 533,103 31,451 16,252 31,843 17,221 5.9 3.1 5.9 3.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

90,394 92,653 90,625 92,617 4,969 2,746 5,209 2,933 5.5 3.0 5.7 3.2

Decatur

68,868 68,880 69,409 69,197 4,166 2,226 4,225 2,324 6.0 3.2 6.1 3.4

Dothan

63,012 62,604 63,473 62,781 3,828 2,110 3,892 2,211 6.1 3.4 6.1 3.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,972 66,174 67,419 66,496 4,442 2,383 4,350 2,487 6.6 3.6 6.5 3.7

Gadsden

43,668 43,825 44,135 44,115 2,731 1,493 2,797 1,584 6.3 3.4 6.3 3.6

Huntsville

214,081 217,075 217,158 219,122 11,431 6,340 11,747 6,698 5.3 2.9 5.4 3.1

Mobile

184,671 181,389 187,042 181,999 13,180 7,300 13,262 7,578 7.1 4.0 7.1 4.2

Montgomery

170,779 169,157 172,570 170,562 10,077 5,556 10,274 5,882 5.9 3.3 6.0 3.4

Tuscaloosa

113,596 114,781 114,414 114,882 6,864 3,550 6,943 3,716 6.0 3.1 6.1 3.2

Alaska

360,761 363,078 357,474 359,815 21,892 23,919 22,232 24,116 6.1 6.6 6.2 6.7

Anchorage

200,367 202,755 201,929 204,363 11,343 12,688 11,292 12,500 5.7 6.3 5.6 6.1

Fairbanks

46,609 46,550 46,139 46,640 2,482 2,707 2,437 2,726 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8

Arizona

3,263,107 3,337,835 3,264,008 3,315,610 175,080 156,238 167,206 146,026 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.4

Flagstaff

76,508 77,251 75,939 75,955 4,253 3,410 4,239 3,274 5.6 4.4 5.6 4.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

80,608 82,647 80,474 81,517 5,210 4,462 4,928 4,125 6.5 5.4 6.1 5.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,256,250 2,317,213 2,258,161 2,303,363 104,352 91,979 99,610 86,328 4.6 4.0 4.4 3.7

Prescott

100,890 102,093 100,555 100,924 4,952 4,253 4,583 3,939 4.9 4.2 4.6 3.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,196 51,605 49,915 51,565 3,018 2,669 2,875 2,483 6.0 5.2 5.8 4.8

Tucson

476,605 477,698 476,435 473,007 23,624 20,176 22,302 18,925 5.0 4.2 4.7 4.0

Yuma

93,887 99,383 95,006 99,905 18,909 19,860 18,110 17,954 20.1 20.0 19.1 18.0

Arkansas

1,345,513 1,375,221 1,342,421 1,374,813 52,163 46,479 46,406 43,601 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

266,473 278,467 266,858 279,658 7,637 7,185 6,764 6,660 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.4

Fort Smith

121,639 122,563 121,476 122,455 5,581 4,932 5,113 4,702 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.8

Hot Springs

39,846 41,093 39,419 40,446 1,703 1,542 1,588 1,429 4.3 3.8 4.0 3.5

Jonesboro

62,628 64,584 62,541 64,437 2,049 1,884 1,833 1,758 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.7

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

350,114 358,585 350,226 358,455 12,409 11,077 10,979 10,314 3.5 3.1 3.1 2.9

Pine Bluff

36,062 35,979 36,018 36,113 1,902 1,635 1,682 1,550 5.3 4.5 4.7 4.3

California

19,186,046 19,450,716 19,201,496 19,353,387 1,004,338 918,466 1,007,701 837,435 5.2 4.7 5.2 4.3

Bakersfield

390,532 391,914 390,389 389,333 35,552 31,758 35,607 29,155 9.1 8.1 9.1 7.5

Chico

103,521 104,781 104,218 105,167 6,028 5,454 6,043 4,942 5.8 5.2 5.8 4.7

El Centro

77,963 78,821 77,546 75,145 19,969 19,881 19,310 15,720 25.6 25.2 24.9 20.9

Fresno

447,872 451,070 443,033 444,624 36,223 33,786 39,791 34,483 8.1 7.5 9.0 7.8

Hanford-Corcoran

56,902 57,485 56,340 56,570 4,677 4,268 5,047 4,165 8.2 7.4 9.0 7.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,679,796 6,812,473 6,680,714 6,770,590 332,444 310,702 324,880 277,552 5.0 4.6 4.9 4.1

Madera

62,470 63,341 61,067 61,722 4,644 4,165 4,993 4,060 7.4 6.6 8.2 6.6

Merced

117,235 117,408 116,471 115,917 9,408 8,736 9,840 8,325 8.0 7.4 8.4 7.2

Modesto

247,329 249,873 246,038 245,382 17,963 16,243 18,830 15,454 7.3 6.5 7.7 6.3

Napa

74,708 77,280 74,800 76,374 2,875 2,471 2,899 2,571 3.8 3.2 3.9 3.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

424,308 432,496 429,873 432,471 22,717 20,136 22,567 18,223 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.2

Redding

75,103 76,754 75,663 76,977 4,634 4,050 4,659 3,778 6.2 5.3 6.2 4.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,989,260 2,021,319 1,997,618 2,024,956 119,680 108,200 118,516 97,096 6.0 5.4 5.9 4.8

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,077,066 1,088,248 1,073,545 1,083,581 54,249 48,461 55,080 44,301 5.0 4.5 5.1 4.1

Salinas

226,184 227,434 223,644 223,170 11,571 10,692 11,934 10,300 5.1 4.7 5.3 4.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,574,823 1,585,744 1,579,376 1,582,052 72,945 64,695 73,713 58,886 4.6 4.1 4.7 3.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,556,644 2,588,196 2,566,170 2,577,098 95,621 86,499 97,060 78,516 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,059,350 1,068,976 1,060,601 1,066,481 40,335 35,447 40,858 32,278 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

139,901 141,242 141,399 140,808 5,802 5,038 5,821 4,564 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

143,376 143,962 145,014 144,225 7,490 6,739 7,683 6,445 5.2 4.7 5.3 4.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

215,676 217,524 217,401 219,650 9,766 8,875 10,052 8,344 4.5 4.1 4.6 3.8

Santa Rosa

263,975 265,050 262,259 262,608 9,716 8,479 9,943 8,560 3.7 3.2 3.8 3.3

Stockton-Lodi

322,026 321,657 321,597 320,072 23,348 21,248 23,802 19,919 7.3 6.6 7.4 6.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,503 209,847 209,244 208,909 10,910 9,716 11,022 9,008 5.2 4.6 5.3 4.3

Visalia-Porterville

205,549 207,801 202,988 202,879 20,299 19,698 21,396 19,100 9.9 9.5 10.5 9.4

Yuba City

74,163 74,552 73,424 73,411 5,525 5,081 5,795 4,775 7.4 6.8 7.9 6.5

Colorado

2,911,124 3,023,493 2,915,022 3,021,697 84,799 68,704 82,055 79,763 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.6

Boulder

182,061 191,028 183,098 191,135 4,316 3,718 4,242 4,398 2.4 1.9 2.3 2.3

Colorado Springs

330,282 340,937 330,186 340,066 10,951 9,089 10,541 10,374 3.3 2.7 3.2 3.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,554,590 1,608,479 1,557,640 1,603,035 43,603 35,920 42,055 41,369 2.8 2.2 2.7 2.6

Fort Collins

190,698 201,238 191,177 200,998 4,620 3,815 4,573 4,552 2.4 1.9 2.4 2.3

Grand Junction

72,486 73,058 72,234 72,874 3,322 2,200 3,032 2,457 4.6 3.0 4.2 3.4

Greeley

150,093 158,291 151,625 160,152 4,476 3,298 4,281 3,851 3.0 2.1 2.8 2.4

Pueblo

73,315 75,272 73,334 75,577 3,174 2,640 2,970 2,994 4.3 3.5 4.0 4.0

Connecticut

1,883,920 1,896,424 1,885,732 1,899,380 86,819 76,205 79,435 81,970 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

463,937 467,346 461,636 465,722 21,073 18,679 19,333 20,101 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.3

Danbury

106,421 107,437 106,478 107,241 3,940 3,450 3,585 3,663 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

614,500 617,196 617,613 620,219 28,318 25,109 25,813 26,919 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.3

New Haven

322,946 326,566 323,256 326,595 15,017 13,203 13,728 14,172 4.7 4.0 4.2 4.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,831 141,977 141,699 142,376 6,621 5,577 6,137 5,972 4.7 3.9 4.3 4.2

Waterbury

110,585 110,739 110,476 111,053 6,375 5,371 5,844 5,913 5.8 4.9 5.3 5.3

Delaware

467,885 475,250 470,204 474,839 20,185 22,205 19,814 20,723 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.4

Dover

76,385 77,111 77,942 77,926 3,583 3,914 3,536 3,638 4.7 5.1 4.5 4.7

Salisbury(1)

187,869 190,245 182,424 185,631 8,917 8,418 9,400 8,854 4.7 4.4 5.2 4.8

District of Columbia

390,933 399,623 394,704 401,102 24,088 27,986 23,389 27,497 6.2 7.0 5.9 6.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,316,842 3,404,790 3,337,197 3,394,279 130,231 121,547 128,641 123,537 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.6

Florida

9,946,538 10,190,863 9,932,052 10,094,694 508,834 373,013 490,603 360,126 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

328,583 324,737 331,306 328,002 16,047 11,662 15,583 10,981 4.9 3.6 4.7 3.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

124,008 127,724 122,981 125,118 5,131 3,591 5,022 3,452 4.1 2.8 4.1 2.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

295,565 299,233 293,778 297,551 15,675 11,172 15,313 10,877 5.3 3.7 5.2 3.7

Gainesville

142,985 146,447 142,186 145,327 6,405 4,548 6,138 4,419 4.5 3.1 4.3 3.0

Homosassa Springs

47,975 47,928 47,866 46,822 3,312 2,347 3,204 2,279 6.9 4.9 6.7 4.9

Jacksonville

748,693 763,615 739,678 753,277 36,285 26,016 34,969 24,846 4.8 3.4 4.7 3.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

288,605 295,785 288,211 291,689 17,418 12,050 16,476 11,585 6.0 4.1 5.7 4.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,076,112 3,163,348 3,085,377 3,142,522 162,972 126,736 157,254 123,139 5.3 4.0 5.1 3.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

166,013 167,802 166,573 170,295 9,117 6,757 8,549 6,398 5.5 4.0 5.1 3.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

352,109 366,275 355,102 365,120 17,101 12,088 16,678 11,730 4.9 3.3 4.7 3.2

Ocala

134,469 137,456 134,021 135,120 8,129 5,611 7,927 5,436 6.0 4.1 5.9 4.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,275,889 1,318,355 1,266,538 1,298,242 59,613 42,452 57,423 40,918 4.7 3.2 4.5 3.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

267,366 271,890 265,392 268,516 14,035 9,841 13,608 9,441 5.2 3.6 5.1 3.5

Panama City

94,848 97,275 93,642 95,083 4,602 3,225 4,472 3,090 4.9 3.3 4.8 3.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

220,811 225,635 218,918 221,078 10,922 7,564 10,535 7,370 4.9 3.4 4.8 3.3

Port St. Lucie

207,839 211,017 207,222 210,662 11,924 8,546 11,314 8,171 5.7 4.0 5.5 3.9

Punta Gorda

69,490 71,501 69,974 70,990 3,939 2,843 3,800 2,715 5.7 4.0 5.4 3.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

62,279 63,833 62,544 63,159 4,218 2,912 3,985 2,719 6.8 4.6 6.4 4.3

Sebring

36,053 37,598 36,723 37,060 2,519 1,815 2,450 1,773 7.0 4.8 6.7 4.8

Tallahassee

192,464 196,191 192,244 193,156 9,460 6,511 8,995 6,303 4.9 3.3 4.7 3.3

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,493,564 1,533,073 1,490,702 1,516,130 71,798 51,298 69,477 49,878 4.8 3.3 4.7 3.3

The Villages

29,567 30,530 29,599 30,041 2,130 1,471 2,127 1,435 7.2 4.8 7.2 4.8

Georgia

4,957,356 5,088,267 4,972,208 5,075,140 274,962 214,507 276,234 221,641 5.5 4.2 5.6 4.4

Albany

66,891 67,364 67,731 67,607 4,334 3,428 4,316 3,490 6.5 5.1 6.4 5.2

Athens-Clarke County

98,215 102,109 97,610 101,854 5,950 4,140 5,183 4,204 6.1 4.1 5.3 4.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,967,440 3,056,766 2,974,846 3,046,032 156,247 122,436 155,188 126,236 5.3 4.0 5.2 4.1

Augusta-Richmond County

263,925 269,779 264,188 269,139 15,254 11,666 15,350 12,382 5.8 4.3 5.8 4.6

Brunswick

52,754 53,652 52,747 52,951 2,968 3,129 3,178 2,453 5.6 5.8 6.0 4.6

Columbus

124,557 124,514 124,227 124,337 8,200 6,046 8,175 6,331 6.6 4.9 6.6 5.1

Dalton

62,954 63,908 62,511 62,890 3,869 3,149 3,929 3,078 6.1 4.9 6.3 4.9

Gainesville

97,084 99,992 97,686 99,966 4,452 3,501 4,649 3,574 4.6 3.5 4.8 3.6

Hinesville

32,982 33,549 32,825 33,337 1,918 1,554 1,953 1,574 5.8 4.6 5.9 4.7

Macon-Bibb County

104,814 105,561 105,321 105,105 6,249 5,013 6,706 5,301 6.0 4.7 6.4 5.0

Rome

44,157 44,223 43,957 43,953 2,839 2,039 2,632 2,057 6.4 4.6 6.0 4.7

Savannah

181,550 185,373 181,266 186,107 9,720 7,282 9,779 7,574 5.4 3.9 5.4 4.1

Valdosta

64,196 65,351 64,633 65,358 3,451 2,734 3,413 2,783 5.4 4.2 5.3 4.3

Warner Robins

83,648 85,234 84,683 85,207 4,745 3,716 5,893 4,383 5.7 4.4 7.0 5.1

Hawaii

685,456 684,363 687,426 681,770 21,042 16,596 20,269 12,863 3.1 2.4 2.9 1.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

85,110 85,379 84,973 85,185 2,784 2,179 2,693 1,705 3.3 2.6 3.2 2.0

Urban Honolulu

474,596 474,556 477,712 473,051 13,829 11,074 13,226 8,474 2.9 2.3 2.8 1.8

Idaho

817,802 827,472 819,947 832,290 27,770 20,654 26,793 21,829 3.4 2.5 3.3 2.6

Boise City

335,355 342,784 334,509 343,667 11,617 8,631 11,179 9,121 3.5 2.5 3.3 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

73,575 73,693 72,998 73,275 2,950 2,205 2,964 2,367 4.0 3.0 4.1 3.2

Idaho Falls

65,871 66,015 66,313 67,056 1,941 1,502 1,788 1,562 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.3

Lewiston

30,903 31,753 31,013 31,825 1,085 866 1,086 884 3.5 2.7 3.5 2.8

Pocatello

41,936 40,567 42,885 41,365 1,382 986 1,343 1,049 3.3 2.4 3.1 2.5

Illinois

6,517,022 6,419,956 6,520,067 6,431,632 364,791 293,870 363,282 301,911 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.7

Bloomington

97,391 96,111 98,104 96,614 4,840 3,447 4,703 3,698 5.0 3.6 4.8 3.8

Carbondale-Marion

61,337 59,866 60,372 60,070 3,449 2,596 3,246 2,651 5.6 4.3 5.4 4.4

Champaign-Urbana

121,385 117,818 122,566 119,036 5,881 4,426 5,971 4,907 4.8 3.8 4.9 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,906,234 4,856,218 4,909,472 4,860,658 269,640 225,886 272,019 230,537 5.5 4.7 5.5 4.7

Danville

34,740 33,402 34,716 33,509 2,461 1,970 2,349 2,024 7.1 5.9 6.8 6.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,249 187,119 191,323 187,170 10,485 8,042 10,036 7,590 5.5 4.3 5.2 4.1

Decatur

50,040 48,605 49,831 48,559 3,235 2,475 3,058 2,506 6.5 5.1 6.1 5.2

Kankakee

54,664 54,171 54,982 54,611 3,349 2,527 3,231 2,617 6.1 4.7 5.9 4.8

Peoria

182,999 178,098 182,898 178,205 11,370 8,313 10,895 8,438 6.2 4.7 6.0 4.7

Rockford

167,240 162,016 167,107 162,388 10,880 8,132 10,306 8,184 6.5 5.0 6.2 5.0

Springfield

113,348 110,879 113,373 110,004 5,269 4,268 5,073 4,363 4.6 3.8 4.5 4.0

Indiana

3,325,272 3,338,417 3,328,690 3,305,053 134,378 119,137 130,358 112,589 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.4

Bloomington

79,051 79,055 79,378 78,458 3,258 2,784 3,199 2,716 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.5

Columbus

44,043 45,331 44,381 45,048 1,355 1,207 1,322 1,157 3.1 2.7 3.0 2.6

Elkhart-Goshen

107,699 111,869 108,066 111,000 3,589 2,756 3,425 2,675 3.3 2.5 3.2 2.4

Evansville

159,993 161,784 160,153 160,243 6,326 5,351 6,082 5,094 4.0 3.3 3.8 3.2

Fort Wayne

211,903 212,660 213,186 209,757 7,993 7,203 7,715 6,561 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.1

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,037,699 1,051,668 1,037,322 1,040,025 38,876 35,661 37,825 33,617 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.2

Kokomo

37,946 38,755 38,342 38,469 1,521 1,398 1,680 1,330 4.0 3.6 4.4 3.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

111,218 112,458 111,930 112,234 4,024 3,469 4,007 3,347 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.0

Michigan City-La Porte

48,199 46,464 48,100 45,883 2,529 2,028 2,402 1,941 5.2 4.4 5.0 4.2

Muncie

55,236 55,114 55,227 54,743 2,581 2,380 2,551 2,280 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.2

South Bend-Mishawaka

159,481 158,261 159,929 157,148 6,804 5,902 6,676 5,717 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.6

Terre Haute

77,499 77,898 77,747 76,872 3,790 3,273 3,538 3,129 4.9 4.2 4.6 4.1

Iowa

1,698,623 1,688,336 1,702,903 1,686,191 57,646 50,349 54,397 39,727 3.4 3.0 3.2 2.4

Ames

58,325 58,909 58,901 59,105 1,361 1,193 1,204 817 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.4

Cedar Rapids

142,432 142,776 143,315 142,177 5,000 4,763 4,674 3,739 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

342,963 345,803 345,621 346,235 11,050 9,889 10,416 7,820 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.3

Dubuque

54,674 54,117 55,085 53,973 1,729 1,496 1,598 1,128 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.1

Iowa City

97,860 99,676 98,723 99,155 2,593 2,497 2,410 1,899 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.9

Sioux City

91,546 90,701 91,788 90,695 2,954 2,640 2,839 2,294 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,009 88,717 91,091 88,484 3,645 2,950 3,530 2,343 4.0 3.3 3.9 2.6

Kansas

1,478,192 1,486,519 1,483,972 1,490,265 60,371 50,985 59,924 45,235 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.0

Lawrence

66,410 66,203 66,772 66,432 2,298 1,934 2,220 1,647 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.5

Manhattan

50,431 49,434 50,704 50,004 1,617 1,355 1,608 1,137 3.2 2.7 3.2 2.3

Topeka

119,535 120,925 119,949 120,789 4,731 4,048 4,653 3,543 4.0 3.3 3.9 2.9

Wichita

304,786 309,981 306,456 310,587 14,304 12,337 14,209 10,664 4.7 4.0 4.6 3.4

Kentucky

2,000,277 2,064,324 1,997,151 2,050,783 96,448 89,043 91,044 87,272 4.8 4.3 4.6 4.3

Bowling Green

79,775 83,412 79,944 82,830 2,958 3,523 2,833 3,266 3.7 4.2 3.5 3.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,536 67,890 65,004 67,183 2,934 2,820 2,751 2,766 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1

Lexington-Fayette

262,054 271,357 264,015 271,826 9,325 9,105 8,916 8,962 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

645,818 668,170 640,683 661,746 26,306 25,137 25,056 24,457 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.7

Owensboro

53,671 55,206 53,780 54,694 2,318 2,212 2,359 2,321 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.2

Louisiana

2,118,949 2,090,122 2,118,476 2,098,942 134,882 110,115 124,482 89,835 6.4 5.3 5.9 4.3

Alexandria

65,620 64,151 65,507 64,278 4,302 3,704 3,997 2,983 6.6 5.8 6.1 4.6

Baton Rouge

421,286 419,884 422,181 422,001 24,302 19,067 21,533 15,558 5.8 4.5 5.1 3.7

Hammond

54,933 54,095 54,343 54,288 3,848 3,151 3,424 2,458 7.0 5.8 6.3 4.5

Houma-Thibodaux

90,914 87,411 90,524 87,540 6,378 4,814 6,000 3,898 7.0 5.5 6.6 4.5

Lafayette

214,098 208,068 212,916 208,875 15,795 11,642 14,615 9,633 7.4 5.6 6.9 4.6

Lake Charles

108,509 111,719 109,643 113,149 5,330 4,717 4,926 3,787 4.9 4.2 4.5 3.3

Monroe

80,967 80,116 81,337 80,999 5,008 4,297 4,807 3,546 6.2 5.4 5.9 4.4

New Orleans-Metairie

598,609 591,968 599,830 595,388 34,493 29,735 32,129 24,240 5.8 5.0 5.4 4.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

189,718 185,204 189,794 185,138 12,761 10,457 12,092 8,750 6.7 5.6 6.4 4.7

Maine

695,467 705,304 697,727 704,739 23,693 21,341 23,884 21,150 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0

Bangor

70,803 71,470 71,740 71,803 2,425 2,196 2,424 2,178 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.0

Lewiston-Auburn

55,719 56,590 56,579 57,154 1,796 1,646 1,806 1,596 3.2 2.9 3.2 2.8

Portland-South Portland

203,358 207,422 203,988 207,908 5,556 5,152 5,720 5,054 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.4

Maryland

3,177,815 3,243,578 3,187,678 3,242,860 132,464 113,145 133,706 122,939 4.2 3.5 4.2 3.8

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,486,479 1,509,992 1,492,134 1,511,248 64,101 54,647 64,540 58,986 4.3 3.6 4.3 3.9

California-Lexington Park

54,374 55,577 54,607 55,732 2,147 1,818 2,117 2,015 3.9 3.3 3.9 3.6

Cumberland

44,222 44,200 44,482 44,237 2,375 1,992 2,345 2,113 5.4 4.5 5.3 4.8

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

131,403 131,709 132,954 132,590 5,494 4,713 5,561 4,828 4.2 3.6 4.2 3.6

Massachusetts

3,568,057 3,645,166 3,576,746 3,624,329 119,229 128,032 101,927 119,461 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.3

Barnstable Town

124,402 127,982 120,594 123,662 4,034 4,268 3,559 4,153 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,631,273 2,689,540 2,643,751 2,681,283 81,748 87,787 70,763 81,960 3.1 3.3 2.7 3.1

Leominster-Gardner

75,348 76,649 75,363 76,185 2,976 3,074 2,495 2,890 3.9 4.0 3.3 3.8

New Bedford

82,865 85,487 82,782 84,633 4,042 4,338 3,450 4,037 4.9 5.1 4.2 4.8

Pittsfield

42,346 42,941 42,192 42,207 1,560 1,751 1,365 1,634 3.7 4.1 3.2 3.9

Springfield

362,089 368,197 364,257 368,542 14,993 15,461 12,722 14,623 4.1 4.2 3.5 4.0

Worcester

343,771 347,630 344,979 347,164 12,662 12,940 10,897 12,313 3.7 3.7 3.2 3.5

Michigan

4,860,874 4,900,400 4,868,988 4,863,876 233,070 218,734 234,794 206,388 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.2

Ann Arbor

192,473 196,529 195,056 195,917 6,856 7,599 7,133 6,683 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.4

Battle Creek

64,133 64,469 64,594 64,032 2,796 3,112 2,803 2,967 4.4 4.8 4.3 4.6

Bay City

51,752 51,402 51,817 50,817 2,393 2,539 2,365 2,403 4.6 4.9 4.6 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,095,472 2,116,422 2,088,594 2,097,185 118,095 93,633 118,523 89,105 5.6 4.4 5.7 4.2

Flint

181,527 181,956 183,620 181,085 9,122 10,122 9,140 9,518 5.0 5.6 5.0 5.3

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

564,190 573,194 570,835 571,768 18,538 20,346 18,815 19,185 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.4

Jackson

73,788 74,217 74,629 73,857 3,241 3,390 3,276 3,192 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,688 169,936 169,355 169,458 6,683 7,327 6,717 6,897 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.1

Lansing-East Lansing

246,595 247,445 250,157 247,948 9,228 10,534 9,210 9,788 3.7 4.3 3.7 3.9

Midland

40,825 40,663 40,950 40,059 1,683 1,784 1,713 1,698 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.2

Monroe

76,652 77,899 77,594 77,320 3,244 4,319 3,717 3,853 4.2 5.5 4.8 5.0

Muskegon

76,743 77,035 76,565 76,273 3,793 4,117 3,778 3,940 4.9 5.3 4.9 5.2

Niles-Benton Harbor

74,261 73,914 74,000 72,899 3,333 3,406 3,292 3,198 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.4

Saginaw

88,498 89,043 88,477 88,487 4,105 4,538 4,083 4,280 4.6 5.1 4.6 4.8

Minnesota

3,001,492 3,071,418 3,003,265 3,058,874 108,951 89,217 103,221 72,447 3.6 2.9 3.4 2.4

Duluth

141,995 144,668 141,573 143,108 7,116 5,265 6,789 4,383 5.0 3.6 4.8 3.1

Mankato-North Mankato

59,315 60,495 60,863 61,903 1,740 1,452 1,630 1,145 2.9 2.4 2.7 1.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,948,632 2,007,165 1,938,155 1,990,633 68,425 57,172 64,397 46,774 3.5 2.8 3.3 2.3

Rochester

118,212 119,804 118,609 119,578 3,618 2,947 3,387 2,454 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.1

St. Cloud

109,016 110,680 109,915 111,502 3,900 3,111 3,671 2,539 3.6 2.8 3.3 2.3

Mississippi

1,282,108 1,276,800 1,287,090 1,269,054 72,753 59,839 73,056 56,152 5.7 4.7 5.7 4.4

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

163,895 163,397 165,108 163,366 9,636 7,958 9,745 7,551 5.9 4.9 5.9 4.6

Hattiesburg

67,618 68,241 68,391 68,213 3,584 2,793 3,560 2,565 5.3 4.1 5.2 3.8

Jackson

269,497 269,292 272,707 269,742 13,241 11,142 13,310 10,545 4.9 4.1 4.9 3.9

Missouri

3,108,513 3,081,857 3,107,424 3,042,240 141,820 101,865 126,662 75,233 4.6 3.3 4.1 2.5

Cape Girardeau

48,855 45,281 48,669 44,891 2,360 1,611 2,091 1,103 4.8 3.6 4.3 2.5

Columbia

99,498 100,590 100,265 99,400 3,364 2,347 2,738 1,460 3.4 2.3 2.7 1.5

Jefferson City

76,443 74,931 76,244 74,043 2,883 2,127 2,385 1,367 3.8 2.8 3.1 1.8

Joplin

86,178 86,088 86,114 85,362 3,869 2,644 3,384 1,757 4.5 3.1 3.9 2.1

Kansas City

1,126,267 1,130,887 1,129,022 1,123,633 48,492 37,923 45,903 35,697 4.3 3.4 4.1 3.2

St. Joseph

66,038 64,138 66,097 63,629 2,722 1,989 2,412 1,464 4.1 3.1 3.6 2.3

St. Louis(2)

1,478,938 1,465,653 1,481,797 1,449,651 69,383 50,473 63,244 39,784 4.7 3.4 4.3 2.7

Springfield

233,213 234,792 233,914 230,518 9,677 6,782 8,347 4,325 4.1 2.9 3.6 1.9

Montana

525,693 524,037 526,549 522,363 17,809 17,701 19,296 18,750 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.6

Billings

88,047 87,746 88,273 87,325 2,783 2,752 2,865 2,752 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2

Great Falls

38,286 37,831 38,507 37,757 1,278 1,294 1,385 1,308 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.5

Missoula

62,256 62,202 62,637 62,168 1,838 1,872 2,036 1,951 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.1

Nebraska

1,003,800 1,000,642 1,011,427 1,007,339 31,006 25,525 30,561 23,541 3.1 2.6 3.0 2.3

Grand Island

43,433 43,217 43,480 43,060 1,375 1,078 1,390 1,036 3.2 2.5 3.2 2.4

Lincoln

177,180 180,382 179,814 181,400 5,120 4,219 4,947 3,870 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

475,037 483,530 480,218 486,623 15,476 12,816 15,066 11,643 3.3 2.7 3.1 2.4

Nevada

1,432,348 1,457,856 1,432,972 1,461,238 77,259 72,336 73,890 70,685 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.8

Carson City

24,710 24,809 24,651 25,031 1,375 1,180 1,306 1,192 5.6 4.8 5.3 4.8

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,050,775 1,073,809 1,054,258 1,077,435 58,685 56,038 56,074 54,564 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.1

Reno

234,523 237,328 235,387 238,207 10,698 9,487 10,250 9,358 4.6 4.0 4.4 3.9

New Hampshire

746,963 743,355 748,222 742,912 19,415 19,453 18,430 17,924 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4

Dover-Durham

84,620 83,373 85,722 84,205 2,004 1,984 1,893 1,816 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2

Manchester

116,204 115,983 116,635 115,893 2,986 3,010 2,837 2,775 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4

Portsmouth

75,835 74,931 76,010 74,758 1,775 1,841 1,730 1,703 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.3

New Jersey

4,500,021 4,502,188 4,505,268 4,489,080 220,483 216,281 205,724 211,561 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

125,027 125,531 123,533 124,165 8,275 8,304 8,470 8,366 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.7

Ocean City

49,912 51,620 44,663 46,407 3,141 3,071 3,518 3,608 6.3 5.9 7.9 7.8

Trenton

197,832 199,392 199,343 198,486 8,645 8,544 7,965 8,313 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,550 68,411 66,348 68,649 4,568 4,572 4,242 4,549 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.6

New Mexico

925,371 928,397 929,347 933,259 62,481 56,362 61,112 54,760 6.8 6.1 6.6 5.9

Albuquerque

423,480 426,589 423,472 428,813 26,411 24,634 25,839 23,933 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.6

Farmington

53,223 52,254 54,244 52,743 4,855 3,605 4,676 3,442 9.1 6.9 8.6 6.5

Las Cruces

94,761 94,280 95,720 94,943 6,525 6,118 6,276 5,867 6.9 6.5 6.6 6.2

Santa Fe

71,884 72,936 73,123 73,621 3,917 3,820 3,869 3,737 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.1

New York

9,554,863 9,738,498 9,548,033 9,712,111 471,384 460,959 455,099 449,212 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

444,361 449,293 445,374 449,965 18,655 18,702 17,532 18,019 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.0

Binghamton

108,282 109,247 108,480 108,970 5,650 5,424 5,433 5,222 5.2 5.0 5.0 4.8

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545,109 547,959 546,348 546,866 27,565 26,954 26,561 26,277 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8

Elmira

35,981 35,743 35,938 35,462 2,035 1,874 1,944 1,811 5.7 5.2 5.4 5.1

Glens Falls

60,323 61,114 59,845 60,607 2,705 2,598 2,598 2,505 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.1

Ithaca

49,923 51,916 50,772 52,254 2,146 2,232 1,998 2,084 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.0

Kingston

87,996 89,261 88,175 89,363 3,934 3,830 3,691 3,765 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,968,188 10,122,173 9,972,256 10,098,358 490,139 478,586 468,892 466,277 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.6

Rochester

519,042 520,117 519,108 519,061 24,765 24,600 23,588 23,993 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.6

Syracuse

305,835 310,167 305,563 309,213 15,057 14,913 14,159 14,304 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.6

Utica-Rome

128,793 130,571 128,301 129,941 6,209 6,216 5,856 6,071 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,690 46,317 45,100 45,611 2,574 2,464 2,576 2,469 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.4

North Carolina

4,902,908 4,966,385 4,928,025 4,955,159 243,039 196,033 251,212 204,020 5.0 3.9 5.1 4.1

Asheville

227,026 229,200 228,382 229,789 9,070 7,407 9,009 7,589 4.0 3.2 3.9 3.3

Burlington

79,628 80,734 79,919 80,612 3,671 2,994 3,685 3,100 4.6 3.7 4.6 3.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,290,612 1,314,990 1,302,500 1,317,951 61,195 49,663 60,215 51,740 4.7 3.8 4.6 3.9

Durham-Chapel Hill

289,859 298,055 290,839 297,904 12,779 10,474 12,767 10,794 4.4 3.5 4.4 3.6

Fayetteville

147,564 149,008 147,677 148,964 9,270 7,448 9,761 7,727 6.3 5.0 6.6 5.2

Goldsboro

53,634 52,773 54,272 52,589 3,043 2,349 4,064 2,439 5.7 4.5 7.5 4.6

Greensboro-High Point

368,421 371,856 370,342 370,270 19,076 15,501 18,775 16,048 5.2 4.2 5.1 4.3

Greenville

89,391 88,608 89,403 87,860 4,691 3,812 5,496 3,913 5.2 4.3 6.1 4.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

171,473 172,189 172,150 171,654 8,138 6,406 8,075 6,855 4.7 3.7 4.7 4.0

Jacksonville

63,990 64,715 63,831 64,562 3,488 2,917 3,474 3,066 5.5 4.5 5.4 4.7

New Bern

51,828 52,137 52,094 51,614 2,662 2,194 2,909 2,232 5.1 4.2 5.6 4.3

Raleigh

683,850 704,093 687,795 702,989 29,249 24,406 29,351 25,222 4.3 3.5 4.3 3.6

Rocky Mount

67,106 65,848 68,482 66,670 4,878 3,811 5,256 3,989 7.3 5.8 7.7 6.0

Wilmington

145,255 148,594 144,198 147,350 6,857 5,351 6,779 5,732 4.7 3.6 4.7 3.9

Winston-Salem

323,305 324,614 324,098 323,465 15,337 12,355 15,081 12,861 4.7 3.8 4.7 4.0

North Dakota

417,632 417,181 417,255 418,634 10,058 7,839 9,260 7,277 2.4 1.9 2.2 1.7

Bismarck

69,640 69,076 69,822 69,619 1,561 1,343 1,410 1,224 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.8

Fargo

136,606 139,502 137,049 139,843 2,974 2,561 2,616 2,192 2.2 1.8 1.9 1.6

Grand Forks

57,330 56,304 58,002 56,704 1,402 1,184 1,242 959 2.4 2.1 2.1 1.7

Ohio

5,719,701 5,766,709 5,722,196 5,773,564 281,698 270,913 268,016 260,672 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.5

Akron

359,387 357,008 361,170 360,757 17,908 16,550 17,176 16,512 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.6

Canton-Massillon

198,402 197,103 198,576 198,367 10,784 9,369 10,206 9,528 5.4 4.8 5.1 4.8

Cincinnati

1,088,148 1,115,059 1,090,942 1,111,240 46,885 44,102 44,801 44,641 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0

Cleveland-Elyria

1,029,181 1,034,018 1,023,257 1,026,403 54,249 58,729 52,168 52,900 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2

Columbus

1,053,461 1,073,503 1,059,577 1,076,696 44,327 40,539 41,751 40,222 4.2 3.8 3.9 3.7

Dayton

383,122 385,582 383,024 389,298 18,332 16,741 17,388 16,837 4.8 4.3 4.5 4.3

Lima

47,897 47,808 47,939 48,003 2,441 2,194 2,302 2,156 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.5

Mansfield

53,069 53,248 53,152 53,218 2,838 2,616 2,730 2,628 5.3 4.9 5.1 4.9

Springfield

63,659 63,317 62,996 63,524 3,709 2,776 3,037 2,773 5.8 4.4 4.8 4.4

Toledo

303,984 306,429 304,913 307,446 14,912 16,043 14,325 14,948 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,639 50,704 51,432 50,753 3,644 2,934 3,422 2,925 7.1 5.8 6.7 5.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

248,508 246,600 247,865 245,537 15,327 17,469 14,795 13,771 6.2 7.1 6.0 5.6

Oklahoma

1,827,050 1,839,031 1,833,474 1,849,959 89,975 79,804 88,124 75,681 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.1

Enid

29,834 30,564 29,871 30,799 1,272 1,143 1,200 1,060 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.4

Lawton

52,074 52,523 52,455 52,843 2,477 2,471 2,427 2,334 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4

Oklahoma City

666,019 677,091 668,853 678,728 28,904 26,400 28,293 24,733 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.6

Tulsa

473,464 476,728 478,435 481,632 24,213 21,684 23,878 20,958 5.1 4.5 5.0 4.4

Oregon

2,075,688 2,139,304 2,076,489 2,151,230 95,099 88,695 94,169 88,502 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.1

Albany

57,395 58,682 57,763 60,013 3,049 2,825 3,015 2,823 5.3 4.8 5.2 4.7

Bend-Redmond

91,959 95,326 91,047 95,314 4,021 3,787 4,060 3,957 4.4 4.0 4.5 4.2

Corvallis

46,462 47,565 47,571 49,492 1,829 1,663 1,671 1,553 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.1

Eugene

179,439 184,945 181,709 188,709 8,935 8,365 8,838 8,268 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.4

Grants Pass

35,303 36,333 35,106 36,261 2,081 1,902 2,093 1,901 5.9 5.2 6.0 5.2

Medford

103,332 105,493 103,440 106,286 5,399 4,837 5,271 4,748 5.2 4.6 5.1 4.5

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,280,681 1,324,405 1,287,314 1,334,880 57,977 52,304 57,535 52,011 4.5 3.9 4.5 3.9

Salem

199,998 206,663 199,807 206,672 9,599 8,868 9,376 8,676 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,474,896 6,405,318 6,461,574 6,373,489 345,629 282,534 339,080 265,262 5.3 4.4 5.2 4.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

437,378 427,105 433,434 425,019 23,740 19,460 22,173 18,420 5.4 4.6 5.1 4.3

Altoona

60,872 59,167 60,502 57,819 3,084 2,512 3,092 2,310 5.1 4.2 5.1 4.0

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,206 42,765 43,056 42,556 2,073 1,811 2,040 1,697 4.8 4.2 4.7 4.0

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,250 76,125 77,181 75,632 3,913 2,918 3,956 2,735 5.1 3.8 5.1 3.6

East Stroudsburg

81,958 80,698 81,515 79,621 5,190 4,372 5,051 4,144 6.3 5.4 6.2 5.2

Erie

134,919 132,117 133,504 130,712 8,640 6,401 8,398 6,079 6.4 4.8 6.3 4.7

Gettysburg

55,733 55,904 55,671 55,610 2,081 1,769 2,087 1,630 3.7 3.2 3.7 2.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

297,390 297,608 295,715 294,800 13,418 11,379 13,035 10,533 4.5 3.8 4.4 3.6

Johnstown

61,160 59,745 61,251 59,978 3,840 3,070 3,811 2,842 6.3 5.1 6.2 4.7

Lancaster

281,268 280,593 279,897 277,134 11,384 9,641 11,329 9,008 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.3

Lebanon

70,774 70,030 70,409 69,215 3,110 2,596 3,100 2,411 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,088,499 3,088,609 3,098,302 3,089,440 158,396 143,039 153,868 135,663 5.1 4.6 5.0 4.4

Pittsburgh

1,214,529 1,202,578 1,212,944 1,195,174 66,920 52,797 65,428 49,572 5.5 4.4 5.4 4.1

Reading

214,158 212,827 213,586 211,232 10,636 8,893 10,465 8,333 5.0 4.2 4.9 3.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

280,032 276,441 279,534 275,639 16,338 13,734 16,146 13,030 5.8 5.0 5.8 4.7

State College

79,913 78,321 81,139 78,943 3,160 2,583 3,238 2,391 4.0 3.3 4.0 3.0

Williamsport

58,644 56,894 58,457 56,390 3,690 2,816 3,564 2,608 6.3 4.9 6.1 4.6

York-Hanover

235,322 232,324 234,448 230,862 10,713 9,335 10,549 8,672 4.6 4.0 4.5 3.8

Rhode Island

552,409 551,661 552,117 552,300 27,069 20,518 25,753 21,265 4.9 3.7 4.7 3.9

Providence-Warwick

677,821 678,665 678,057 678,530 31,744 25,673 29,594 25,994 4.7 3.8 4.4 3.8

South Carolina

2,301,557 2,322,981 2,299,345 2,314,286 108,274 88,921 102,913 90,403 4.7 3.8 4.5 3.9

Charleston-North Charleston

374,209 378,797 374,348 378,294 15,192 12,409 14,260 12,369 4.1 3.3 3.8 3.3

Columbia

403,773 403,897 402,792 403,091 18,192 15,584 16,988 15,913 4.5 3.9 4.2 3.9

Florence

95,753 96,355 95,473 95,572 5,005 4,136 4,721 4,277 5.2 4.3 4.9 4.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

421,440 425,717 424,262 424,843 18,035 14,574 16,874 14,676 4.3 3.4 4.0 3.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

85,037 85,335 84,201 84,354 3,712 3,111 3,695 3,139 4.4 3.6 4.4 3.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

191,467 193,361 184,768 189,402 10,146 8,301 10,064 8,700 5.3 4.3 5.4 4.6

Spartanburg

154,790 157,681 155,720 156,437 7,011 5,762 6,596 5,830 4.5 3.7 4.2 3.7

Sumter

44,194 43,676 44,178 43,624 2,431 2,104 2,328 2,109 5.5 4.8 5.3 4.8

South Dakota

451,351 456,119 454,982 458,671 11,406 13,924 11,096 13,804 2.5 3.1 2.4 3.0

Rapid City

72,362 73,797 72,663 74,402 1,975 2,337 1,931 2,357 2.7 3.2 2.7 3.2

Sioux Falls

145,708 148,619 148,788 149,884 3,054 3,831 3,006 3,847 2.1 2.6 2.0 2.6

Tennessee

3,160,765 3,222,167 3,162,841 3,214,048 164,593 92,838 157,787 97,859 5.2 2.9 5.0 3.0

Chattanooga

261,985 268,900 262,493 268,856 14,032 8,532 13,681 9,088 5.4 3.2 5.2 3.4

Clarksville

110,487 111,774 110,625 110,859 6,517 4,311 6,066 4,285 5.9 3.9 5.5 3.9

Cleveland

57,695 59,725 57,678 60,019 2,930 1,685 2,827 1,770 5.1 2.8 4.9 2.9

Jackson

63,544 64,520 63,363 64,188 3,355 1,981 3,235 2,200 5.3 3.1 5.1 3.4

Johnson City

90,066 91,440 89,946 91,320 5,156 2,917 4,961 3,047 5.7 3.2 5.5 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

139,037 138,945 137,911 137,944 7,649 4,745 7,370 4,834 5.5 3.4 5.3 3.5

Knoxville

417,183 420,565 418,339 418,323 20,558 11,464 19,822 11,935 4.9 2.7 4.7 2.9

Memphis

624,508 630,308 628,223 630,651 35,310 22,159 34,277 23,259 5.7 3.5 5.5 3.7

Morristown

50,967 52,185 51,444 52,413 2,850 1,622 2,719 1,663 5.6 3.1 5.3 3.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

982,130 1,019,250 983,698 1,017,264 41,006 23,080 38,851 23,848 4.2 2.3 3.9 2.3

Texas

13,359,661 13,498,742 13,338,725 13,392,285 646,980 543,922 612,866 470,201 4.8 4.0 4.6 3.5

Abilene

74,894 74,611 74,956 74,061 3,106 2,610 2,974 2,309 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.1

Amarillo

131,178 131,882 131,311 131,419 4,459 3,604 4,306 3,166 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.4

Austin-Round Rock

1,119,209 1,141,445 1,123,093 1,133,527 38,536 33,200 37,322 29,264 3.4 2.9 3.3 2.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

174,912 174,242 173,842 171,315 12,584 14,293 11,563 10,849 7.2 8.2 6.7 6.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

165,996 165,785 165,443 163,328 12,212 10,570 11,444 8,923 7.4 6.4 6.9 5.5

College Station-Bryan

127,321 130,375 128,558 131,309 4,669 3,793 4,508 3,311 3.7 2.9 3.5 2.5

Corpus Christi

205,244 210,254 205,340 208,879 12,905 12,466 12,448 10,635 6.3 5.9 6.1 5.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,720,102 3,804,779 3,720,265 3,768,428 148,645 127,863 142,480 113,120 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.0

El Paso

354,124 360,335 354,034 355,936 18,255 15,207 17,585 13,505 5.2 4.2 5.0 3.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,300,790 3,310,957 3,293,833 3,290,419 186,603 159,899 175,543 135,329 5.7 4.8 5.3 4.1

Killeen-Temple

176,865 179,771 176,502 178,553 8,219 6,848 7,852 6,061 4.6 3.8 4.4 3.4

Laredo

114,178 114,560 114,271 113,386 5,605 4,148 5,308 3,663 4.9 3.6 4.6 3.2

Longview

98,728 97,562 98,273 96,911 6,621 4,425 6,054 3,922 6.7 4.5 6.2 4.0

Lubbock

158,771 159,893 158,588 158,802 5,566 4,677 5,300 4,062 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.6

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

334,433 335,719 332,682 332,581 26,267 22,930 23,651 18,814 7.9 6.8 7.1 5.7

Midland

86,890 87,508 86,381 86,248 3,998 2,453 3,699 2,086 4.6 2.8 4.3 2.4

Odessa

75,909 74,986 75,265 74,265 5,117 2,751 4,692 2,388 6.7 3.7 6.2 3.2

San Angelo

54,673 53,818 54,509 53,881 2,519 1,795 2,432 1,581 4.6 3.3 4.5 2.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,147,325 1,168,778 1,141,535 1,157,828 44,979 37,626 43,389 33,133 3.9 3.2 3.8 2.9

Sherman-Denison

61,049 61,581 60,929 60,787 2,403 1,992 2,304 1,745 3.9 3.2 3.8 2.9

Texarkana

65,361 64,941 65,156 64,704 3,168 2,714 2,964 2,466 4.8 4.2 4.5 3.8

Tyler

106,301 107,603 106,830 107,577 5,144 4,020 4,859 4,170 4.8 3.7 4.5 3.9

Victoria

47,376 46,956 47,266 46,462 2,764 2,174 2,609 1,852 5.8 4.6 5.5 4.0

Waco

123,283 122,423 122,355 120,569 5,148 4,633 4,946 4,029 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.3

Wichita Falls

63,564 63,348 63,522 63,057 2,849 2,167 2,729 1,883 4.5 3.4 4.3 3.0

Utah

1,521,521 1,574,968 1,527,871 1,572,099 46,235 48,033 47,409 45,596 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9

Logan

68,429 70,763 68,947 71,261 1,825 1,749 1,845 1,677 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4

Ogden-Clearfield

317,514 326,714 318,248 326,065 9,801 10,309 10,147 10,283 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Provo-Orem

288,386 299,569 289,379 300,030 8,069 8,399 8,098 7,766 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.6

St. George

68,417 72,580 69,017 72,251 2,198 2,300 2,287 2,164 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.0

Salt Lake City

638,674 660,975 644,392 659,672 18,330 19,694 18,862 18,394 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8

Vermont

344,666 343,273 344,510 343,689 11,186 10,084 8,720 7,902 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.3

Burlington-South Burlington

125,070 125,833 125,010 125,677 3,510 3,108 2,700 2,427 2.8 2.5 2.2 1.9

Virginia

4,251,219 4,335,900 4,258,096 4,293,410 177,096 155,475 170,163 151,002 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,612 94,906 92,350 93,623 4,258 3,560 4,109 3,359 4.6 3.8 4.4 3.6

Charlottesville

117,348 120,368 116,523 118,385 4,266 3,765 4,180 3,624 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.1

Harrisonburg

65,900 67,422 65,558 66,907 2,634 2,344 2,591 2,210 4.0 3.5 4.0 3.3

Lynchburg

121,985 123,787 121,743 121,794 5,662 5,121 5,438 4,916 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.0

Richmond

664,154 686,543 667,386 679,574 28,699 25,776 27,238 25,076 4.3 3.8 4.1 3.7

Roanoke

157,563 162,143 158,039 160,552 6,484 5,873 6,261 5,625 4.1 3.6 4.0 3.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,412 60,631 59,223 60,020 2,348 2,040 2,320 2,056 4.0 3.4 3.9 3.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

836,717 840,271 836,247 830,349 39,571 34,054 37,417 33,181 4.7 4.1 4.5 4.0

Winchester

69,639 71,191 69,479 70,904 2,585 2,248 2,512 2,139 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.0

Washington

3,666,453 3,772,310 3,681,300 3,762,673 185,885 164,255 184,152 158,960 5.1 4.4 5.0 4.2

Bellingham

106,225 110,768 108,774 113,257 6,034 4,972 6,130 4,707 5.7 4.5 5.6 4.2

Bremerton-Silverdale

116,280 119,629 118,126 121,991 6,600 5,523 6,676 5,341 5.7 4.6 5.7 4.4

Kennewick-Richland

135,511 139,190 134,693 138,622 7,988 6,343 8,096 6,363 5.9 4.6 6.0 4.6

Longview

44,716 45,838 45,010 46,134 3,230 2,467 3,218 2,384 7.2 5.4 7.1 5.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

58,197 60,745 58,765 60,744 3,648 2,837 3,699 2,757 6.3 4.7 6.3 4.5

Olympia-Tumwater

130,483 135,608 132,621 137,219 7,215 6,071 7,316 5,979 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,041,588 2,089,345 2,039,888 2,070,342 90,341 86,689 86,905 82,596 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

255,231 264,978 259,651 268,762 15,064 12,370 15,124 12,173 5.9 4.7 5.8 4.5

Walla Walla

30,468 31,571 31,977 33,274 1,524 1,322 1,537 1,337 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.0

Wenatchee

67,372 69,373 67,317 67,619 3,232 2,491 3,341 2,536 4.8 3.6 5.0 3.8

Yakima

132,878 135,984 131,553 132,295 7,529 6,050 8,094 6,125 5.7 4.4 6.2 4.6

West Virginia

787,174 784,270 788,123 781,779 42,749 34,521 41,772 33,096 5.4 4.4 5.3 4.2

Beckley

45,954 44,720 45,614 44,262 2,934 2,202 2,869 2,111 6.4 4.9 6.3 4.8

Charleston

96,853 97,043 96,691 96,247 5,344 4,383 5,225 4,241 5.5 4.5 5.4 4.4

Huntington-Ashland

147,434 146,999 147,627 146,764 8,740 7,199 8,177 6,987 5.9 4.9 5.5 4.8

Morgantown

66,955 68,029 67,655 68,236 2,774 2,338 2,714 2,246 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,067 38,347 39,055 38,181 2,082 1,810 2,049 1,721 5.3 4.7 5.2 4.5

Wheeling

64,711 64,010 65,012 64,561 4,003 3,084 3,831 3,104 6.2 4.8 5.9 4.8

Wisconsin

3,127,214 3,169,419 3,127,427 3,165,270 117,402 95,442 114,870 88,788 3.8 3.0 3.7 2.8

Appleton

131,389 135,033 131,989 135,007 4,216 3,528 4,175 3,659 3.2 2.6 3.2 2.7

Eau Claire

92,212 92,060 92,575 92,058 2,964 2,573 2,976 2,390 3.2 2.8 3.2 2.6

Fond du Lac

57,552 58,230 57,804 58,012 1,785 1,456 1,757 1,396 3.1 2.5 3.0 2.4

Green Bay

173,271 174,303 173,596 173,822 5,990 4,844 5,903 4,598 3.5 2.8 3.4 2.6

Janesville-Beloit

84,192 86,926 84,175 86,613 3,643 2,878 3,496 2,658 4.3 3.3 4.2 3.1

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,776 79,635 78,786 80,298 2,575 2,109 2,569 1,928 3.3 2.6 3.3 2.4

Madison

384,484 393,537 386,814 395,378 10,797 9,225 11,048 8,680 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

828,907 838,065 828,316 830,566 35,900 28,992 34,437 26,406 4.3 3.5 4.2 3.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,101 94,539 93,294 94,175 3,150 2,670 3,138 2,506 3.4 2.8 3.4 2.7

Racine

99,505 100,832 99,070 99,639 4,748 3,872 4,498 3,464 4.8 3.8 4.5 3.5

Sheboygan

62,553 62,852 62,291 62,193 2,026 1,688 2,041 1,582 3.2 2.7 3.3 2.5

Wausau

73,912 75,100 74,388 75,303 2,427 2,042 2,392 1,870 3.3 2.7 3.2 2.5

Wyoming

301,548 292,553 300,979 292,325 13,574 10,258 13,436 11,087 4.5 3.5 4.5 3.8

Casper

40,260 38,308 40,429 38,736 2,613 1,740 2,501 1,859 6.5 4.5 6.2 4.8

Cheyenne

48,032 47,551 48,817 47,872 1,699 1,572 1,752 1,704 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,119,147 - 1,102,730 1,061,157 146,222 - 137,831 121,137 13.1 - 12.5 11.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

89,126 - 88,752 84,319 14,693 - 14,435 13,318 16.5 - 16.3 15.8

Arecibo

52,720 - 52,263 49,231 7,746 - 7,660 6,136 14.7 - 14.7 12.5

Guayama

22,421 - 21,865 21,174 4,352 - 4,051 3,848 19.4 - 18.5 18.2

Mayaguez

29,193 - 28,591 28,328 4,465 - 4,140 3,945 15.3 - 14.5 13.9

Ponce

97,709 - 96,088 93,653 16,366 - 15,313 13,718 16.7 - 15.9 14.6

San German

37,335 - 36,866 36,671 5,975 - 5,690 6,018 16.0 - 15.4 16.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

745,435 - 731,884 704,478 83,606 - 78,254 66,573 11.2 - 10.7 9.4

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

California

19,186,046 19,450,716 19,201,496 19,353,387 1,004,338 918,466 1,007,701 837,435 5.2 4.7 5.2 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,679,796 6,812,473 6,680,714 6,770,590 332,444 310,702 324,880 277,552 5.0 4.6 4.9 4.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,606,923 1,612,984 1,608,745 1,606,551 63,904 58,043 64,979 52,555 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,072,873 5,199,489 5,071,969 5,164,039 268,540 252,659 259,901 224,997 5.3 4.9 5.1 4.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,556,644 2,588,196 2,566,170 2,577,098 95,621 86,499 97,060 78,516 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,400,407 1,414,594 1,405,923 1,408,845 59,561 53,278 60,150 48,358 4.3 3.8 4.3 3.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,014,718 1,029,902 1,017,985 1,024,274 31,499 29,110 32,238 26,456 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.6

San Rafael

141,519 143,700 142,262 143,979 4,561 4,111 4,672 3,702 3.2 2.9 3.3 2.6

District of Columbia

390,933 399,623 394,704 401,102 24,088 27,986 23,389 27,497 6.2 7.0 5.9 6.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,316,842 3,404,790 3,337,197 3,394,279 130,231 121,547 128,641 123,537 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.6

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

682,823 704,751 685,982 702,083 23,474 20,211 23,471 22,268 3.4 2.9 3.4 3.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,634,019 2,700,039 2,651,215 2,692,196 106,757 101,336 105,170 101,269 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.8

Florida

9,946,538 10,190,863 9,932,052 10,094,694 508,834 373,013 490,603 360,126 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,076,112 3,163,348 3,085,377 3,142,522 162,972 126,736 157,254 123,139 5.3 4.0 5.1 3.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,015,650 1,042,982 1,011,612 1,034,911 48,487 34,603 47,066 33,994 4.8 3.3 4.7 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,345,375 1,390,750 1,357,687 1,385,367 76,973 65,231 74,553 63,285 5.7 4.7 5.5 4.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

715,087 729,616 716,078 722,244 37,512 26,902 35,635 25,860 5.2 3.7 5.0 3.6

Illinois

6,517,022 6,419,956 6,520,067 6,431,632 364,791 293,870 363,282 301,911 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,906,234 4,856,218 4,909,472 4,860,658 269,640 225,886 272,019 230,537 5.5 4.7 5.5 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,780,509 3,747,227 3,783,546 3,753,860 212,408 179,252 216,835 183,914 5.6 4.8 5.7 4.9

Elgin

323,564 315,202 324,341 317,373 16,433 12,840 16,059 13,402 5.1 4.1 5.0 4.2

Gary(3)

341,795 336,293 342,883 333,849 18,677 16,594 17,649 15,585 5.5 4.9 5.1 4.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

460,366 457,496 458,702 455,576 22,122 17,200 21,476 17,636 4.8 3.8 4.7 3.9

Massachusetts

3,568,057 3,645,166 3,576,746 3,624,329 119,229 128,032 101,927 119,461 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,631,273 2,689,540 2,643,751 2,681,283 81,748 87,787 70,763 81,960 3.1 3.3 2.7 3.1

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,559,249 1,601,324 1,568,339 1,596,426 45,730 50,092 39,396 46,648 2.9 3.1 2.5 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,368 106,395 104,833 106,035 4,038 4,313 3,352 3,940 3.9 4.1 3.2 3.7

Framingham

153,475 156,591 154,226 155,392 4,281 4,703 3,685 4,383 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

113,072 114,832 113,270 114,155 3,496 3,557 3,140 3,383 3.1 3.1 2.8 3.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,860 95,710 94,842 95,459 4,300 4,504 3,748 4,236 4.5 4.7 4.0 4.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

183,904 186,819 184,250 186,327 6,347 6,582 5,448 6,218 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,502 84,121 82,658 83,567 2,882 2,953 2,478 2,713 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.2

Nashua(2)

168,833 169,584 169,859 170,662 4,853 4,848 4,583 4,630 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,374 91,357 89,891 91,089 2,814 3,059 2,398 2,862 3.1 3.3 2.7 3.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,636 82,807 81,583 82,171 3,007 3,176 2,535 2,947 3.7 3.8 3.1 3.6

Michigan

4,860,874 4,900,400 4,868,988 4,863,876 233,070 218,734 234,794 206,388 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,095,472 2,116,422 2,088,594 2,097,185 118,095 93,633 118,523 89,105 5.6 4.4 5.7 4.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

785,017 792,266 783,010 782,921 53,641 44,136 54,697 40,817 6.8 5.6 7.0 5.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,310,453 1,324,156 1,305,584 1,314,264 64,453 49,497 63,825 48,288 4.9 3.7 4.9 3.7

New York

9,554,863 9,738,498 9,548,033 9,712,111 471,384 460,959 455,099 449,212 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,968,188 10,122,173 9,972,256 10,098,358 490,139 478,586 468,892 466,277 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.6

Dutchess County-Putnam County

191,872 195,066 192,664 195,415 8,249 8,429 7,779 8,071 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.1

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,467,843 1,493,426 1,467,139 1,484,196 62,418 62,976 59,667 61,188 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1

Newark(3)

1,238,398 1,227,637 1,238,599 1,224,793 61,357 60,086 56,954 58,454 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,070,075 7,206,044 7,073,854 7,193,954 358,115 347,095 344,492 338,564 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,474,896 6,405,318 6,461,574 6,373,489 345,629 282,534 339,080 265,262 5.3 4.4 5.2 4.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,088,499 3,088,609 3,098,302 3,089,440 158,396 143,039 153,868 135,663 5.1 4.6 5.0 4.4

Camden(3)

635,502 639,721 639,151 639,488 31,718 31,294 29,207 30,677 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,070,919 1,068,204 1,071,122 1,066,352 45,655 39,140 45,430 36,241 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.4

Philadelphia

1,009,406 1,001,761 1,011,707 1,002,656 64,110 54,818 62,871 51,867 6.4 5.5 6.2 5.2

Wilmington(3)

372,672 378,923 376,322 380,944 16,913 17,787 16,360 16,878 4.5 4.7 4.3 4.4

Texas

13,359,661 13,498,742 13,338,725 13,392,285 646,980 543,922 612,866 470,201 4.8 4.0 4.6 3.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,720,102 3,804,779 3,720,265 3,768,428 148,645 127,863 142,480 113,120 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.0

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,507,695 2,566,491 2,508,786 2,543,271 98,401 85,938 94,466 76,188 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.0

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,212,407 1,238,288 1,211,479 1,225,157 50,244 41,925 48,014 36,932 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.0

Washington

3,666,453 3,772,310 3,681,300 3,762,673 185,885 164,255 184,152 158,960 5.1 4.4 5.0 4.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,041,588 2,089,345 2,039,888 2,070,342 90,341 86,689 86,905 82,596 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,636,498 1,666,034 1,631,040 1,643,223 66,044 66,506 62,494 62,692 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

405,090 423,311 408,848 427,119 24,297 20,183 24,411 19,904 6.0 4.8 6.0 4.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2016 to October 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,983.2 2,014.7 1,991.8 2,021.2 29.4 1.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.1 46.2 46.0 46.9 0.9 2.0

Auburn-Opelika

64.1 66.8 63.7 67.0 3.3 5.2

Birmingham-Hoover

522.1 525.1 522.5 525.6 3.1 0.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

72.9 76.6 72.4 76.4 4.0 5.5

Decatur

53.5 54.0 53.5 54.1 0.6 1.1

Dothan

57.6 58.0 57.8 58.3 0.5 0.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.3 57.4 57.5 57.7 0.2 0.3

Gadsden

38.0 38.9 38.3 39.2 0.9 2.3

Huntsville

227.3 232.8 228.8 234.4 5.6 2.4

Mobile

179.1 179.0 180.4 179.1 -1.3 -0.7

Montgomery

173.8 173.7 174.0 175.0 1.0 0.6

Tuscaloosa

106.3 109.1 106.5 108.9 2.4 2.3


Alaska

342.1 343.1 324.6 325.0 0.4 0.1

Anchorage

181.8 182.3 177.2 177.7 0.5 0.3

Fairbanks

39.2 38.8 37.7 37.5 -0.2 -0.5


Arizona

2,726.3 2,763.8 2,750.5 2,782.5 32.0 1.2

Flagstaff

68.8 68.9 68.8 68.5 -0.3 -0.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

48.1 49.3 48.6 49.3 0.7 1.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,988.2 2,025.8 2,008.5 2,043.1 34.6 1.7

Prescott

63.0 63.1 63.5 63.2 -0.3 -0.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.5 34.8 34.3 35.2 0.9 2.6

Tucson

376.8 374.3 380.3 376.4 -3.9 -1.0

Yuma

53.6 54.2 55.0 55.0 0.0 0.0


Arkansas

1,237.4 1,258.8 1,243.3 1,266.8 23.5 1.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

249.3 256.1 250.5 258.2 7.7 3.1

Fort Smith

114.6 114.1 114.9 114.2 -0.7 -0.6

Hot Springs

37.6 38.3 37.4 37.9 0.5 1.3

Jonesboro

56.6 57.4 56.7 57.4 0.7 1.2

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355.3 356.7 356.6 358.4 1.8 0.5

Pine Bluff

33.7 33.2 33.9 33.3 -0.6 -1.8


California

16,549.2 16,805.3 16,686.5 16,944.7 258.2 1.5

Bakersfield

255.0 258.8 256.9 261.7 4.8 1.9

Chico

81.6 83.0 82.4 84.1 1.7 2.1

El Centro

51.2 52.1 51.8 52.6 0.8 1.5

Fresno

339.5 344.1 341.1 347.4 6.3 1.8

Hanford-Corcoran

39.6 40.4 39.1 39.7 0.6 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,983.6 6,043.1 6,040.3 6,089.2 48.9 0.8

Madera

37.7 38.8 37.6 39.1 1.5 4.0

Merced

67.2 67.7 67.0 67.7 0.7 1.0

Modesto

176.0 178.9 175.1 177.1 2.0 1.1

Napa

72.3 75.5 73.2 75.1 1.9 2.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

299.4 308.7 303.9 310.4 6.5 2.1

Redding

66.3 68.5 66.7 68.9 2.2 3.3

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,401.0 1,435.8 1,418.0 1,460.8 42.8 3.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

955.2 969.9 956.8 977.3 20.5 2.1

Salinas

137.9 140.4 138.3 140.5 2.2 1.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,427.3 1,443.6 1,440.8 1,457.4 16.6 1.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,356.6 2,392.6 2,380.0 2,407.7 27.7 1.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,074.4 1,089.1 1,082.6 1,098.7 16.1 1.5

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

113.5 115.0 115.7 116.2 0.5 0.4

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

99.6 100.2 102.4 102.1 -0.3 -0.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

179.6 182.1 182.9 186.8 3.9 2.1

Santa Rosa

204.6 206.3 204.6 205.8 1.2 0.6

Stockton-Lodi

229.3 230.2 230.5 231.9 1.4 0.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

136.6 138.4 137.8 139.2 1.4 1.0

Visalia-Porterville

125.2 127.4 125.6 127.3 1.7 1.4

Yuba City

43.6 43.9 43.4 44.0 0.6 1.4


Colorado

2,618.4 2,663.9 2,628.2 2,666.5 38.3 1.5

Boulder

186.0 191.8 187.9 193.2 5.3 2.8

Colorado Springs

282.5 286.1 283.5 286.7 3.2 1.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,443.3 1,464.1 1,452.6 1,466.6 14.0 1.0

Fort Collins

164.3 170.1 165.0 169.7 4.7 2.8

Grand Junction

61.9 61.8 62.1 61.7 -0.4 -0.6

Greeley

100.0 103.9 101.2 105.3 4.1 4.1

Pueblo

62.1 62.6 62.2 62.9 0.7 1.1


Connecticut

1,681.6 1,684.6 1,691.1 1,692.2 1.1 0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

410.8 413.4 409.9 412.8 2.9 0.7

Danbury

78.9 79.7 79.2 79.7 0.5 0.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

572.7 572.4 576.9 575.9 -1.0 -0.2

New Haven

283.6 286.8 284.7 286.7 2.0 0.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.9 129.8 129.8 130.0 0.2 0.2

Waterbury

67.4 67.2 67.7 67.3 -0.4 -0.6


Delaware

455.2 457.7 455.1 458.2 3.1 0.7

Dover

69.2 69.6 70.1 70.2 0.1 0.1

Salisbury(1)

162.1 164.2 154.7 158.0 3.3 2.1


District of Columbia

784.0 793.3 790.1 797.5 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,241.5 3,293.4 3,260.0 3,306.4 46.4 1.4


Florida

8,402.0 8,492.0 8,466.5 8,664.3 197.8 2.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

255.4 248.6 259.4 258.2 -1.2 -0.5

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

111.5 113.6 111.6 114.0 2.4 2.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

198.6 198.3 199.4 203.2 3.8 1.9

Gainesville

142.1 144.0 143.0 146.7 3.7 2.6

Homosassa Springs

33.0 32.8 33.4 33.0 -0.4 -1.2

Jacksonville

674.1 679.1 673.7 689.5 15.8 2.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

215.3 219.8 217.5 222.3 4.8 2.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,585.7 2,614.7 2,606.2 2,668.2 62.0 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

139.8 140.1 141.8 146.5 4.7 3.3

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

292.5 301.7 297.8 309.0 11.2 3.8

Ocala

101.2 102.8 101.9 104.0 2.1 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,214.7 1,240.8 1,219.7 1,256.5 36.8 3.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

211.7 213.1 212.1 216.3 4.2 2.0

Panama City

83.8 85.1 83.6 85.5 1.9 2.3

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

174.4 176.7 174.6 177.4 2.8 1.6

Port St. Lucie

142.9 143.6 144.0 147.9 3.9 2.7

Punta Gorda

47.1 48.2 47.8 49.1 1.3 2.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.8 50.9 50.4 51.8 1.4 2.8

Sebring

25.7 27.0 26.7 27.3 0.6 2.2

Tallahassee

180.0 181.8 181.8 183.4 1.6 0.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,300.8 1,320.4 1,313.1 1,341.8 28.7 2.2

The Villages

27.2 28.1 27.5 28.4 0.9 3.3


Georgia

4,405.4 4,482.3 4,439.0 4,527.0 88.0 2.0

Albany

62.3 62.2 63.3 62.9 -0.4 -0.6

Athens-Clarke County

94.5 98.4 94.8 98.9 4.1 4.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,684.6 2,754.3 2,708.2 2,774.0 65.8 2.4

Augusta-Richmond County

234.2 240.1 235.2 241.4 6.2 2.6

Brunswick

44.2 43.8 44.1 44.1 0.0 0.0

Columbus

121.0 121.0 121.0 121.6 0.6 0.5

Dalton

70.1 70.8 69.7 70.3 0.6 0.9

Gainesville

87.7 89.5 88.3 90.5 2.2 2.5

Hinesville

20.3 20.5 20.2 20.5 0.3 1.5

Macon-Bibb County

103.0 103.1 103.4 103.3 -0.1 -0.1

Rome

41.1 41.1 41.2 41.3 0.1 0.2

Savannah

175.7 178.8 176.2 181.4 5.2 3.0

Valdosta

56.5 56.7 56.9 57.1 0.2 0.4

Warner Robins

73.3 74.5 73.3 74.4 1.1 1.5


Hawaii

648.8 656.0 653.2 660.3 7.1 1.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

74.2 75.9 74.5 76.3 1.8 2.4

Urban Honolulu

477.3 482.8 481.6 486.3 4.7 1.0


Idaho

707.9 722.5 709.6 726.2 16.6 2.3

Boise City

310.4 320.5 311.2 322.4 11.2 3.6

Coeur d'Alene

63.4 63.8 62.5 63.1 0.6 1.0

Idaho Falls

64.6 65.2 64.6 65.7 1.1 1.7

Lewiston

29.1 29.6 29.2 29.7 0.5 1.7

Pocatello

35.9 36.5 36.4 37.2 0.8 2.2


Illinois

6,057.0 6,072.1 6,089.2 6,107.4 18.2 0.3

Bloomington

93.7 95.1 95.0 95.9 0.9 0.9

Carbondale-Marion

58.8 58.9 58.0 59.2 1.2 2.1

Champaign-Urbana

111.0 110.7 112.5 111.9 -0.6 -0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,687.2 4,705.1 4,710.1 4,731.8 21.7 0.5

Danville

28.5 27.9 28.6 28.3 -0.3 -1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

183.9 183.8 184.1 185.1 1.0 0.5

Decatur

51.4 51.4 51.7 51.5 -0.2 -0.4

Kankakee

44.4 45.8 45.3 46.2 0.9 2.0

Peoria

176.1 176.6 176.8 177.1 0.3 0.2

Rockford

151.7 151.1 152.5 151.9 -0.6 -0.4

Springfield

116.4 116.3 116.6 115.5 -1.1 -0.9


Indiana

3,123.9 3,157.5 3,134.2 3,163.4 29.2 0.9

Bloomington

78.7 79.4 79.1 79.6 0.5 0.6

Columbus

52.3 54.4 52.8 54.9 2.1 4.0

Elkhart-Goshen

132.3 139.3 133.1 140.0 6.9 5.2

Evansville

159.9 162.7 160.3 163.0 2.7 1.7

Fort Wayne

221.4 223.7 223.1 223.7 0.6 0.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,056.3 1,077.3 1,057.4 1,079.8 22.4 2.1

Kokomo

42.0 43.3 42.3 43.4 1.1 2.6

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105.6 108.0 106.3 109.3 3.0 2.8

Michigan City-La Porte

41.8 40.8 41.8 40.6 -1.2 -2.9

Muncie

52.7 52.5 52.5 53.0 0.5 1.0

South Bend-Mishawaka

143.9 143.3 144.8 144.0 -0.8 -0.6

Terre Haute

71.8 72.9 72.3 72.8 0.5 0.7


Iowa

1,579.4 1,592.3 1,590.6 1,602.8 12.2 0.8

Ames

54.3 55.6 54.9 56.2 1.3 2.4

Cedar Rapids

143.6 145.6 144.7 146.3 1.6 1.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

359.7 366.4 362.4 370.5 8.1 2.2

Dubuque

59.9 59.9 60.4 60.3 -0.1 -0.2

Iowa City

102.0 104.9 103.1 105.2 2.1 2.0

Sioux City

88.1 88.1 88.3 88.3 0.0 0.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.5 91.5 92.6 92.1 -0.5 -0.5


Kansas

1,418.5 1,413.0 1,428.2 1,423.0 -5.2 -0.4

Lawrence

55.8 54.9 56.2 55.5 -0.7 -1.2

Manhattan

46.0 44.8 46.4 45.5 -0.9 -1.9

Topeka

113.5 114.1 114.2 114.4 0.2 0.2

Wichita

296.9 300.7 298.8 303.0 4.2 1.4


Kentucky

1,924.2 1,954.7 1,928.4 1,957.4 29.0 1.5

Bowling Green

76.3 77.5 76.6 77.7 1.1 1.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.4 58.3 57.1 58.0 0.9 1.6

Lexington-Fayette

278.0 282.3 280.6 284.3 3.7 1.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

665.2 677.0 661.7 678.9 17.2 2.6

Owensboro

53.5 54.0 53.5 53.7 0.2 0.4


Louisiana

1,967.3 1,980.8 1,982.8 1,992.0 9.2 0.5

Alexandria

63.0 62.4 63.4 62.7 -0.7 -1.1

Baton Rouge

405.4 411.9 409.4 413.6 4.2 1.0

Hammond

45.5 45.6 45.3 46.1 0.8 1.8

Houma-Thibodaux

87.4 85.6 87.6 85.9 -1.7 -1.9

Lafayette

199.9 199.0 200.1 199.4 -0.7 -0.3

Lake Charles

110.3 115.1 112.0 116.7 4.7 4.2

Monroe

78.9 79.3 79.8 80.3 0.5 0.6

New Orleans-Metairie

575.1 575.9 578.4 578.8 0.4 0.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

179.9 178.5 180.7 178.1 -2.6 -1.4


Maine

630.5 634.0 625.7 630.9 5.2 0.8

Bangor

67.1 67.4 67.6 67.7 0.1 0.1

Lewiston-Auburn

51.2 52.0 51.8 52.6 0.8 1.5

Portland-South Portland

205.0 208.1 203.8 208.2 4.4 2.2


Maryland

2,725.4 2,783.8 2,732.7 2,787.2 54.5 2.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,402.5 1,413.4 1,408.6 1,419.2 10.6 0.8

California-Lexington Park

45.1 45.6 45.3 45.7 0.4 0.9

Cumberland

39.4 39.3 39.8 39.4 -0.4 -1.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

107.2 106.7 108.7 107.7 -1.0 -0.9


Massachusetts

3,587.9 3,650.2 3,608.3 3,677.1 68.8 1.9

Barnstable Town

109.9 113.1 106.3 110.3 4.0 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,714.9 2,775.0 2,735.1 2,797.4 62.3 2.3

Leominster-Gardner

51.9 52.6 52.0 52.8 0.8 1.5

New Bedford

67.9 70.4 68.5 70.6 2.1 3.1

Pittsfield

42.1 42.7 41.9 42.3 0.4 1.0

Springfield

334.8 340.8 339.2 345.4 6.2 1.8

Worcester

284.6 287.2 287.2 290.4 3.2 1.1


Michigan

4,365.5 4,428.3 4,408.7 4,453.3 44.6 1.0

Ann Arbor

219.8 226.0 222.1 228.9 6.8 3.1

Battle Creek

59.4 59.9 59.8 60.1 0.3 0.5

Bay City

36.7 36.3 36.7 36.3 -0.4 -1.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,987.7 2,022.6 2,000.1 2,029.4 29.3 1.5

Flint

141.1 141.2 142.3 142.5 0.2 0.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

547.2 560.6 553.5 565.1 11.6 2.1

Jackson

58.0 58.5 58.4 58.8 0.4 0.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

147.9 151.6 149.8 152.8 3.0 2.0

Lansing-East Lansing

234.0 235.8 237.3 238.9 1.6 0.7

Midland

38.0 37.9 37.9 37.6 -0.3 -0.8

Monroe

42.9 43.2 42.9 43.7 0.8 1.9

Muskegon

63.8 64.2 63.3 64.1 0.8 1.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.1 63.4 62.7 63.0 0.3 0.5

Saginaw

89.5 90.8 89.3 91.5 2.2 2.5


Minnesota

2,923.2 2,964.8 2,934.1 2,976.0 41.9 1.4

Duluth

136.6 139.2 137.1 139.3 2.2 1.6

Mankato-North Mankato

57.5 58.4 59.0 59.9 0.9 1.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,978.3 2,020.5 1,984.2 2,032.0 47.8 2.4

Rochester

119.4 120.1 119.4 120.2 0.8 0.7

St. Cloud

108.9 110.5 109.6 111.5 1.9 1.7


Mississippi

1,149.6 1,153.8 1,153.0 1,159.6 6.6 0.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.8 154.8 155.0 155.9 0.9 0.6

Hattiesburg

64.0 64.9 64.4 65.5 1.1 1.7

Jackson

278.9 279.1 281.2 281.9 0.7 0.2


Missouri

2,861.3 2,903.4 2,883.7 2,914.3 30.6 1.1

Cape Girardeau

44.3 41.7 44.4 42.1 -2.3 -5.2

Columbia

99.7 102.4 101.2 103.3 2.1 2.1

Jefferson City

77.7 77.5 78.0 77.6 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

80.4 82.2 80.9 83.0 2.1 2.6

Kansas City

1,077.5 1,089.4 1,083.3 1,091.8 8.5 0.8

St. Joseph

63.9 63.0 64.4 63.4 -1.0 -1.6

St. Louis(2)

1,370.2 1,383.1 1,379.7 1,392.3 12.6 0.9

Springfield

211.5 217.0 213.3 217.3 4.0 1.9


Montana

474.3 481.6 473.8 479.5 5.7 1.2

Billings

86.0 87.1 86.0 86.8 0.8 0.9

Great Falls

36.2 36.3 36.3 36.2 -0.1 -0.3

Missoula

61.4 62.4 61.6 62.4 0.8 1.3


Nebraska

1,019.0 1,034.1 1,025.5 1,035.5 10.0 1.0

Grand Island

42.8 43.0 42.8 42.7 -0.1 -0.2

Lincoln

189.2 192.7 191.2 193.1 1.9 1.0

Omaha-Council Bluffs

499.2 509.4 502.5 511.1 8.6 1.7


Nevada

1,316.5 1,353.7 1,323.3 1,360.2 36.9 2.8

Carson City

28.9 29.2 28.9 29.6 0.7 2.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

960.1 984.8 964.8 989.1 24.3 2.5

Reno

225.2 229.1 227.0 230.3 3.3 1.5


New Hampshire

674.3 680.3 678.7 685.4 6.7 1.0

Dover-Durham

54.3 54.5 55.7 55.6 -0.1 -0.2

Manchester

111.1 112.9 111.5 112.6 1.1 1.0

Portsmouth

92.6 92.1 92.5 91.8 -0.7 -0.8


New Jersey

4,102.8 4,133.3 4,112.8 4,142.6 29.8 0.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

132.5 134.7 130.5 133.6 3.1 2.4

Ocean City

47.8 50.3 40.8 43.2 2.4 5.9

Trenton

264.6 268.7 268.5 269.5 1.0 0.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.8 61.1 58.8 61.3 2.5 4.3


New Mexico

833.1 844.0 835.4 848.5 13.1 1.6

Albuquerque

390.7 394.3 390.2 396.2 6.0 1.5

Farmington

48.2 48.1 48.9 48.8 -0.1 -0.2

Las Cruces

72.6 72.6 74.0 73.6 -0.4 -0.5

Santa Fe

63.5 63.7 63.8 64.2 0.4 0.6


New York

9,420.0 9,527.5 9,512.7 9,615.5 102.8 1.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

464.1 465.3 470.5 472.5 2.0 0.4

Binghamton

104.5 104.8 105.6 105.9 0.3 0.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

564.9 563.0 572.1 569.4 -2.7 -0.5

Elmira

37.3 36.7 37.6 36.9 -0.7 -1.9

Glens Falls

56.2 57.2 56.5 57.2 0.7 1.2

Ithaca

63.8 66.4 66.0 67.8 1.8 2.7

Kingston

62.3 63.0 63.0 63.6 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,544.2 9,631.7 9,628.1 9,719.4 91.3 0.9

Rochester

532.3 530.2 539.1 535.6 -3.5 -0.6

Syracuse

317.7 320.4 321.3 323.6 2.3 0.7

Utica-Rome

127.2 128.3 128.2 129.2 1.0 0.8

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.0 43.7 42.8 43.2 0.4 0.9


North Carolina

4,370.7 4,437.3 4,393.0 4,468.1 75.1 1.7

Asheville

189.0 190.4 191.0 193.0 2.0 1.0

Burlington

61.7 62.4 62.1 62.9 0.8 1.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,158.0 1,181.4 1,170.6 1,193.8 23.2 2.0

Durham-Chapel Hill

304.6 313.4 305.5 316.2 10.7 3.5

Fayetteville

129.9 131.8 129.3 132.6 3.3 2.6

Goldsboro

41.7 41.4 41.6 41.4 -0.2 -0.5

Greensboro-High Point

359.1 362.8 362.0 364.1 2.1 0.6

Greenville

80.2 79.2 79.1 79.2 0.1 0.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

151.1 151.9 152.0 152.5 0.5 0.3

Jacksonville

49.1 49.7 48.9 50.0 1.1 2.2

New Bern

44.8 45.2 44.9 45.0 0.1 0.2

Raleigh

606.4 624.3 609.7 627.9 18.2 3.0

Rocky Mount

57.2 56.7 58.3 57.7 -0.6 -1.0

Wilmington

125.1 128.6 124.5 128.6 4.1 3.3

Winston-Salem

262.3 263.2 263.1 264.0 0.9 0.3


North Dakota

439.7 444.4 442.8 445.5 2.7 0.6

Bismarck

74.0 73.3 75.0 74.4 -0.6 -0.8

Fargo

142.8 145.3 143.7 146.1 2.4 1.7

Grand Forks

58.9 57.9 59.7 58.1 -1.6 -2.7


Ohio

5,513.9 5,572.9 5,539.2 5,599.2 60.0 1.1

Akron

343.0 339.9 345.5 343.2 -2.3 -0.7

Canton-Massillon

172.6 171.9 173.0 172.7 -0.3 -0.2

Cincinnati

1,087.8 1,111.5 1,092.8 1,108.5 15.7 1.4

Cleveland-Elyria

1,057.1 1,067.1 1,061.3 1,075.8 14.5 1.4

Columbus

1,070.3 1,093.7 1,078.9 1,096.1 17.2 1.6

Dayton

386.2 389.5 386.8 393.1 6.3 1.6

Lima

52.9 52.9 53.0 53.2 0.2 0.4

Mansfield

53.0 53.2 53.1 53.1 0.0 0.0

Springfield

50.1 50.4 50.1 50.4 0.3 0.6

Toledo

312.8 313.6 314.3 315.3 1.0 0.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

42.3 41.7 42.3 41.8 -0.5 -1.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.7 221.6 225.9 224.6 -1.3 -0.6


Oklahoma

1,651.7 1,669.0 1,662.5 1,682.6 20.1 1.2

Enid

27.7 28.5 27.9 28.7 0.8 2.9

Lawton

45.6 45.6 45.9 46.0 0.1 0.2

Oklahoma City

629.5 639.3 633.5 642.6 9.1 1.4

Tulsa

443.0 445.9 448.4 452.2 3.8 0.8


Oregon

1,846.4 1,886.2 1,860.5 1,907.2 46.7 2.5

Albany

43.8 44.8 44.3 45.7 1.4 3.2

Bend-Redmond

80.6 82.5 79.9 82.1 2.2 2.8

Corvallis

40.8 41.2 42.4 43.4 1.0 2.4

Eugene

156.6 159.8 159.5 163.1 3.6 2.3

Grants Pass

26.2 26.5 26.2 26.5 0.3 1.1

Medford

85.8 87.2 87.2 88.4 1.2 1.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,151.4 1,176.0 1,159.6 1,182.1 22.5 1.9

Salem

163.5 166.0 165.0 166.2 1.2 0.7


Pennsylvania

5,924.5 5,993.7 5,963.1 6,029.0 65.9 1.1

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

366.6 365.4 366.9 366.7 -0.2 -0.1

Altoona

61.5 60.9 61.7 60.1 -1.6 -2.6

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.9 43.1 43.0 43.4 0.4 0.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.7 60.5 60.1 60.9 0.8 1.3

East Stroudsburg

57.8 58.2 57.8 57.5 -0.3 -0.5

Erie

130.0 130.9 129.4 130.7 1.3 1.0

Gettysburg

35.1 36.2 35.4 36.6 1.2 3.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

340.0 347.0 340.8 347.3 6.5 1.9

Johnstown

56.1 56.1 56.7 57.2 0.5 0.9

Lancaster

252.2 256.2 253.0 256.1 3.1 1.2

Lebanon

52.0 52.1 52.2 52.2 0.0 0.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,886.5 2,926.3 2,912.5 2,951.3 38.8 1.3

Pittsburgh

1,168.1 1,184.0 1,175.3 1,187.4 12.1 1.0

Reading

178.1 180.4 178.7 181.1 2.4 1.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

261.9 263.8 263.3 265.5 2.2 0.8

State College

78.7 78.5 80.6 80.1 -0.5 -0.6

Williamsport

53.5 53.2 53.8 53.3 -0.5 -0.9

York-Hanover

184.7 184.9 185.5 185.7 0.2 0.1


Rhode Island

494.7 499.9 497.6 502.3 4.7 0.9

Providence-Warwick

588.9 592.3 592.9 596.0 3.1 0.5


South Carolina

2,065.7 2,094.4 2,064.4 2,106.8 42.4 2.1

Charleston-North Charleston

348.1 353.2 348.4 356.5 8.1 2.3

Columbia

395.5 395.7 395.3 398.8 3.5 0.9

Florence

87.9 89.0 87.9 89.1 1.2 1.4

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

410.1 415.7 413.6 418.7 5.1 1.2

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

77.0 77.5 76.1 77.4 1.3 1.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

163.4 166.0 157.1 163.4 6.3 4.0

Spartanburg

148.4 152.1 149.7 152.1 2.4 1.6

Sumter

39.2 38.7 39.2 39.2 0.0 0.0


South Dakota

436.6 439.3 437.9 438.5 0.6 0.1

Rapid City

68.2 69.2 67.6 68.7 1.1 1.6

Sioux Falls

153.4 155.4 154.2 154.3 0.1 0.1


Tennessee

2,994.7 3,036.4 3,012.2 3,047.5 35.3 1.2

Chattanooga

253.6 259.6 255.2 261.1 5.9 2.3

Clarksville

89.7 90.2 90.3 90.0 -0.3 -0.3

Cleveland

47.7 49.2 48.0 50.0 2.0 4.2

Jackson

68.8 69.5 68.9 69.4 0.5 0.7

Johnson City

80.1 81.3 80.2 81.7 1.5 1.9

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

123.3 122.4 122.9 122.8 -0.1 -0.1

Knoxville

397.8 398.5 400.7 398.5 -2.2 -0.5

Memphis

639.6 644.6 645.8 648.5 2.7 0.4

Morristown

46.0 46.9 46.7 47.7 1.0 2.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

961.1 989.5 967.2 993.5 26.3 2.7


Texas

12,051.0 12,309.5 12,132.6 12,448.6 316.0 2.6

Abilene

68.0 67.9 68.6 68.6 0.0 0.0

Amarillo

119.7 121.0 120.6 122.4 1.8 1.5

Austin-Round Rock

1,004.6 1,027.5 1,014.4 1,036.6 22.2 2.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

163.9 160.8 164.8 163.4 -1.4 -0.8

Brownsville-Harlingen

141.4 142.5 142.1 143.1 1.0 0.7

College Station-Bryan

115.1 119.0 117.2 121.8 4.6 3.9

Corpus Christi

189.3 194.6 190.6 197.1 6.5 3.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,530.4 3,625.3 3,555.7 3,650.1 94.4 2.7

El Paso

311.3 319.2 313.6 320.6 7.0 2.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,994.1 3,018.4 3,013.5 3,061.6 48.1 1.6

Killeen-Temple

144.8 147.9 145.5 149.5 4.0 2.7

Laredo

102.7 104.3 103.7 104.8 1.1 1.1

Longview

96.4 97.3 97.1 98.4 1.3 1.3

Lubbock

145.7 147.5 146.6 148.6 2.0 1.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

252.5 256.4 254.1 259.6 5.5 2.2

Midland

86.8 89.1 87.1 89.0 1.9 2.2

Odessa

69.3 70.6 69.4 71.1 1.7 2.4

San Angelo

48.5 48.3 48.6 49.3 0.7 1.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,023.5 1,048.0 1,024.8 1,054.9 30.1 2.9

Sherman-Denison

46.3 47.0 46.5 46.9 0.4 0.9

Texarkana

60.7 60.0 60.8 60.6 -0.2 -0.3

Tyler

104.7 106.8 106.0 108.0 2.0 1.9

Victoria

42.1 41.9 42.3 42.4 0.1 0.2

Waco

119.5 118.8 119.4 118.9 -0.5 -0.4

Wichita Falls

57.1 57.5 57.6 58.2 0.6 1.0


Utah

1,446.0 1,485.3 1,453.2 1,492.6 39.4 2.7

Logan

60.7 62.4 61.3 63.0 1.7 2.8

Ogden-Clearfield

250.7 255.4 251.2 255.9 4.7 1.9

Provo-Orem

242.5 250.1 243.8 252.9 9.1 3.7

St. George

62.2 65.5 63.0 65.8 2.8 4.4

Salt Lake City

707.6 724.9 714.4 730.4 16.0 2.2


Vermont

315.2 317.7 317.1 320.4 3.3 1.0

Burlington-South Burlington

126.1 126.6 126.4 127.6 1.2 0.9


Virginia

3,939.0 3,981.1 3,960.6 3,994.8 34.2 0.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.6 80.7 79.8 81.0 1.2 1.5

Charlottesville

116.6 118.6 116.3 118.5 2.2 1.9

Harrisonburg

67.8 69.5 68.6 70.3 1.7 2.5

Lynchburg

104.8 104.9 105.1 104.6 -0.5 -0.5

Richmond

667.3 679.7 672.3 681.3 9.0 1.3

Roanoke

162.8 165.1 163.8 165.7 1.9 1.2

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.6 51.2 50.9 51.3 0.4 0.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

776.8 768.4 777.9 768.8 -9.1 -1.2

Winchester

62.4 63.4 62.7 64.1 1.4 2.2


Washington

3,280.7 3,345.9 3,297.7 3,366.3 68.6 2.1

Bellingham

91.3 93.5 93.5 95.5 2.0 2.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.1 89.2 89.8 90.5 0.7 0.8

Kennewick-Richland

112.6 113.4 111.7 113.2 1.5 1.3

Longview

39.7 39.8 39.7 39.8 0.1 0.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.8 51.2 49.8 50.8 1.0 2.0

Olympia-Tumwater

114.7 116.3 115.9 117.0 1.1 0.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,972.0 2,013.9 1,978.4 2,025.0 46.6 2.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

243.7 247.6 245.7 249.1 3.4 1.4

Walla Walla

27.5 28.0 28.4 29.1 0.7 2.5

Wenatchee

45.4 47.0 45.9 46.8 0.9 2.0

Yakima

84.8 86.5 85.4 87.3 1.9 2.2


West Virginia

749.2 751.3 755.0 758.1 3.1 0.4

Beckley

45.5 44.8 45.3 44.5 -0.8 -1.8

Charleston

118.7 120.0 119.0 119.5 0.5 0.4

Huntington-Ashland

139.0 138.7 140.3 139.5 -0.8 -0.6

Morgantown

71.0 72.5 72.0 73.1 1.1 1.5

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.7 39.9 40.8 39.9 -0.9 -2.2

Wheeling

66.3 66.4 66.9 67.2 0.3 0.4


Wisconsin

2,941.9 2,979.0 2,961.6 3,004.3 42.7 1.4

Appleton

125.1 128.5 126.6 129.0 2.4 1.9

Eau Claire

86.6 85.5 87.2 85.7 -1.5 -1.7

Fond du Lac

48.6 48.9 49.1 48.8 -0.3 -0.6

Green Bay

177.2 177.0 178.4 177.8 -0.6 -0.3

Janesville-Beloit

67.6 69.8 67.9 70.1 2.2 3.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.6 80.1 79.7 81.4 1.7 2.1

Madison

398.9 404.8 402.7 409.5 6.8 1.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

866.3 869.4 868.9 871.0 2.1 0.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

97.3 97.3 97.6 97.9 0.3 0.3

Racine

77.6 78.1 77.4 78.1 0.7 0.9

Sheboygan

62.4 62.3 62.6 61.9 -0.7 -1.1

Wausau

72.3 73.3 73.5 74.0 0.5 0.7


Wyoming

284.1 282.1 280.0 278.6 -1.4 -0.5

Casper

38.4 38.3 38.3 38.4 0.1 0.3

Cheyenne

46.3 47.3 46.5 47.5 1.0 2.2


Puerto Rico

890.9 869.6 893.7 843.3 -50.4 -5.6

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.9 49.9 51.2 47.8 -3.4 -6.6

Arecibo

33.8 32.4 33.9 32.0 -1.9 -5.6

Guayama

15.3 14.7 15.3 14.4 -0.9 -5.9

Mayaguez

33.7 33.2 33.9 32.8 -1.1 -3.2

Ponce

70.6 68.6 71.1 68.6 -2.5 -3.5

San German

21.0 20.5 21.1 20.2 -0.9 -4.3

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

645.3 629.1 647.2 610.9 -36.3 -5.6


Virgin Islands(3)

37.5 - 37.8 - - -

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(3) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2016 to October 2017(p)
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) Number Percent

California

16,549.2 16,805.3 16,686.5 16,944.7 258.2 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,983.6 6,043.1 6,040.3 6,089.2 48.9 0.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,585.8 1,592.8 1,595.3 1,603.8 8.5 0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,397.8 4,450.3 4,445.0 4,485.4 40.4 0.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,356.6 2,392.6 2,380.0 2,407.7 27.7 1.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,140.0 1,155.6 1,152.2 1,164.1 11.9 1.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,101.7 1,120.1 1,111.8 1,125.0 13.2 1.2

San Rafael

114.9 116.9 116.0 118.6 2.6 2.2


District of Columbia

784.0 793.3 790.1 797.5 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,241.5 3,293.4 3,260.0 3,306.4 46.4 1.4

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

595.4 608.3 599.6 609.0 9.4 1.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,646.1 2,685.1 2,660.4 2,697.4 37.0 1.4


Florida

8,402.0 8,492.0 8,466.5 8,664.3 197.8 2.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,585.7 2,614.7 2,606.2 2,668.2 62.0 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

820.9 835.5 825.8 851.0 25.2 3.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,159.6 1,167.8 1,168.0 1,195.9 27.9 2.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

605.2 611.4 612.4 621.3 8.9 1.5


Illinois

6,057.0 6,072.1 6,089.2 6,107.4 18.2 0.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,687.2 4,705.1 4,710.1 4,731.8 21.7 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,734.7 3,753.0 3,755.3 3,776.1 20.8 0.6

Elgin

258.0 255.7 259.2 258.5 -0.7 -0.3

Gary

280.6 276.7 282.8 279.1 -3.7 -1.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

413.9 419.7 412.8 418.1 5.3 1.3


Massachusetts

3,587.9 3,650.2 3,608.3 3,677.1 68.8 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,714.9 2,775.0 2,735.1 2,797.4 62.3 2.3

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,824.3 1,871.8 1,839.8 1,890.1 50.3 2.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

81.1 81.7 82.3 82.7 0.4 0.5

Framingham

173.4 175.7 174.5 175.6 1.1 0.6

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

67.2 69.3 67.6 68.9 1.3 1.9

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.6 83.7 83.7 84.3 0.6 0.7

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

154.6 155.8 155.2 157.2 2.0 1.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.4 46.4 45.4 46.2 0.8 1.8

Nashua(2)

128.0 131.6 128.7 132.5 3.8 3.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.9 98.4 97.8 99.4 1.6 1.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

60.4 60.6 60.1 60.5 0.4 0.7


Michigan

4,365.5 4,428.3 4,408.7 4,453.3 44.6 1.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,987.7 2,022.6 2,000.1 2,029.4 29.3 1.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

749.1 762.3 753.4 764.2 10.8 1.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,238.6 1,260.3 1,246.7 1,265.2 18.5 1.5


New York

9,420.0 9,527.5 9,512.7 9,615.5 102.8 1.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,544.2 9,631.7 9,628.1 9,719.4 91.3 0.9

Dutchess County-Putnam County

145.2 146.3 148.1 149.0 0.9 0.6

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,334.7 1,344.5 1,346.8 1,351.0 4.2 0.3

Newark(3)

1,196.4 1,191.0 1,199.9 1,195.6 -4.3 -0.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,867.9 6,949.9 6,933.3 7,023.8 90.5 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,924.5 5,993.7 5,963.1 6,029.0 65.9 1.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,886.5 2,926.3 2,912.5 2,951.3 38.8 1.3

Camden(3)

532.3 539.1 538.3 542.8 4.5 0.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,053.2 1,069.5 1,060.4 1,078.0 17.6 1.7

Philadelphia

943.0 955.1 953.6 965.8 12.2 1.3

Wilmington(3)

358.0 362.6 360.2 364.7 4.5 1.2


Texas

12,051.0 12,309.5 12,132.6 12,448.6 316.0 2.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,530.4 3,625.3 3,555.7 3,650.1 94.4 2.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,516.8 2,584.5 2,535.6 2,603.5 67.9 2.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,013.6 1,040.8 1,020.1 1,046.6 26.5 2.6


Washington

3,280.7 3,345.9 3,297.7 3,366.3 68.6 2.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,972.0 2,013.9 1,978.4 2,025.0 46.6 2.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,660.6 1,694.1 1,667.8 1,706.1 38.3 2.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

311.4 319.8 310.6 318.9 8.3 2.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: November 30, 2017