Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 29, 2018				USDL-18-1371

Technical information:
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 323 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 41 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Fifty-three areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
59 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 329 areas. The national unemployment
rate in July was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.6 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.8 percent. Yuma, AZ, and El Centro,
CA, had the highest unemployment rates, 20.9 percent and 19.3 percent, respectively. A total
of 190 areas had July jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 184 areas had rates 
below it, and 14 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Farmington, NM, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July (-1.9
percentage points). Forty-seven additional areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increases occurred in Cumberland, MD-WV, and Morgantown,
WV (+0.7 percentage point each).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Minneapolis-
St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.6 percent. New Orleans-
Metairie, LA, and Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rates among the large areas,
5.6 percent and 5.5 percent, respectively. Forty-four large areas had over-the-year unemployment
rate decreases, five had increases, and two had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (-1.1 percentage points). No large area had an unemployment
rate increase greater than 0.3 percentage point.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July, San Francisco-Redwood City-
South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.4 percent.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the highest division rate, 6.4 percent. (See table 2.)

In July, 27 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 5 had increases,
and 6 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights,
IL (-1.2 percentage points). No metropolitan division had an unemployment rate increase greater
than 0.1 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, 59 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment and
329 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New
York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+143,000), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+118,200), and
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+101,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Midland, TX (+10.1 percent), Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ (+7.8 percent),
and Mankato-North Mankato, MN (+7.1 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 38 of 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population
of 1 million or more, while employment remained essentially unchanged in 13. The largest over-the-year
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, FL (+4.3 percent), and Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, and Raleigh, NC (+3.9 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 17 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year
and remained essentially unchanged in 21. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+121,000), followed
by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+89,600), and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (+62,500).
(See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+4.9 percent),
followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.6 percent), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.5 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released
on Friday, September 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 3,
2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
for the 12 months of the year. 

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

Use of error measures

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/laus/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited
in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically
significant at the 90-percent confidence level.  Measures of sampling error for the total
nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series
at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for
states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing,
total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) June July June July
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,180,163 2,225,120 2,173,759 2,217,317 105,578 110,048 100,246 97,933 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,736 47,029 45,684 46,882 2,505 2,750 2,335 2,438 5.5 5.8 5.1 5.2

Auburn-Opelika

73,280 74,006 73,019 73,739 3,277 3,526 3,010 3,039 4.5 4.8 4.1 4.1

Birmingham-Hoover

537,773 550,129 537,270 547,937 23,738 24,523 22,277 21,396 4.4 4.5 4.1 3.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

94,176 98,459 94,556 98,123 3,873 4,171 3,585 3,617 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.7

Decatur

69,016 70,896 68,765 70,569 3,223 3,279 3,014 2,827 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.0

Dothan

62,095 63,622 62,382 63,455 2,939 3,177 2,738 2,835 4.7 5.0 4.4 4.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,199 66,046 64,701 65,690 3,515 3,620 3,260 3,310 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.0

Gadsden

43,253 43,931 42,736 43,517 2,164 2,231 2,008 1,962 5.0 5.1 4.7 4.5

Huntsville

217,463 223,941 216,015 224,512 9,377 9,752 8,671 8,718 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.9

Mobile

186,498 190,233 186,095 188,959 10,673 10,880 10,121 10,158 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.4

Montgomery

173,759 176,068 172,251 175,147 7,884 8,378 7,900 7,531 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.3

Tuscaloosa

112,388 113,408 112,645 112,544 5,687 5,891 5,551 5,252 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.7

Alaska

370,665 363,827 373,884 366,894 26,832 24,462 24,848 21,157 7.2 6.7 6.6 5.8

Anchorage

204,459 201,332 204,066 200,804 13,948 12,547 12,919 10,916 6.8 6.2 6.3 5.4

Fairbanks

46,734 45,740 47,102 46,166 2,997 2,766 2,764 2,363 6.4 6.0 5.9 5.1

Arizona

3,306,901 3,363,110 3,309,906 3,372,669 167,703 162,787 169,559 169,444 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.0

Flagstaff

75,892 76,976 76,649 77,546 4,398 4,095 4,430 4,428 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

82,934 85,386 83,458 86,106 4,895 4,841 4,853 4,821 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,298,384 2,347,906 2,304,786 2,354,786 100,809 97,989 100,022 100,747 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3

Prescott

103,147 104,237 102,828 104,747 4,622 4,586 4,527 4,609 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,630 48,658 48,207 47,937 2,775 2,701 2,780 2,734 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.7

Tucson

471,724 477,589 472,599 479,049 22,051 21,237 21,796 21,813 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.6

Yuma

94,927 92,824 96,351 95,569 18,254 17,788 20,726 20,014 19.2 19.2 21.5 20.9

Arkansas

1,374,820 1,364,026 1,373,322 1,363,795 54,092 53,936 57,080 51,924 3.9 4.0 4.2 3.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

275,015 276,238 277,684 279,153 8,329 8,030 8,899 7,955 3.0 2.9 3.2 2.8

Fort Smith

121,223 119,450 121,153 119,486 5,362 4,965 5,384 4,721 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.0

Hot Springs

41,465 40,823 42,000 41,158 1,774 1,774 1,898 1,672 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.1

Jonesboro

64,433 64,797 65,460 65,729 2,254 2,271 2,378 2,194 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

359,520 359,495 365,269 364,314 12,497 12,584 13,272 12,070 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3

Pine Bluff

35,741 35,149 36,012 35,290 1,924 1,959 2,039 1,915 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.4

California

19,296,724 19,356,142 19,413,562 19,469,466 931,754 870,246 995,611 856,485 4.8 4.5 5.1 4.4

Bakersfield

387,561 386,910 384,859 384,016 35,640 33,727 35,709 31,486 9.2 8.7 9.3 8.2

Chico

102,041 102,928 102,370 103,329 5,975 5,475 6,275 5,239 5.9 5.3 6.1 5.1

El Centro

74,341 73,460 72,263 71,095 13,952 13,320 15,031 13,715 18.8 18.1 20.8 19.3

Fresno

452,041 455,362 451,774 455,154 36,445 34,541 36,669 32,657 8.1 7.6 8.1 7.2

Hanford-Corcoran

58,205 57,764 58,688 58,229 5,069 4,763 4,868 4,339 8.7 8.2 8.3 7.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,715,050 6,746,088 6,777,366 6,792,039 304,228 302,127 337,516 313,109 4.5 4.5 5.0 4.6

Madera

61,497 61,597 60,917 61,008 4,861 4,503 4,868 4,279 7.9 7.3 8.0 7.0

Merced

116,302 117,633 113,666 115,901 10,547 10,113 10,323 9,342 9.1 8.6 9.1 8.1

Modesto

243,165 243,014 245,173 246,323 18,577 17,451 18,716 16,492 7.6 7.2 7.6 6.7

Napa

75,223 74,215 75,594 74,705 2,621 2,307 2,769 2,201 3.5 3.1 3.7 2.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

425,868 424,439 425,120 422,610 18,852 16,843 20,339 16,377 4.4 4.0 4.8 3.9

Redding

75,160 74,835 74,177 74,691 4,164 3,817 4,333 3,679 5.5 5.1 5.8 4.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,013,511 2,033,193 2,021,898 2,043,098 107,027 95,399 114,853 93,458 5.3 4.7 5.7 4.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,080,294 1,080,511 1,093,170 1,091,793 50,042 44,217 52,802 42,458 4.6 4.1 4.8 3.9

Salinas

228,389 230,794 230,918 231,360 12,681 12,009 12,567 10,995 5.6 5.2 5.4 4.8

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,584,486 1,583,950 1,594,546 1,593,037 66,340 58,440 70,688 56,292 4.2 3.7 4.4 3.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,569,554 2,563,076 2,592,172 2,596,468 89,436 77,953 95,323 73,960 3.5 3.0 3.7 2.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,070,664 1,084,949 1,080,969 1,093,399 36,757 32,110 38,775 30,262 3.4 3.0 3.6 2.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

144,581 144,219 142,365 142,545 5,228 4,687 5,714 4,477 3.6 3.2 4.0 3.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

147,384 148,206 146,666 147,325 7,221 6,664 7,390 6,187 4.9 4.5 5.0 4.2

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

218,784 218,544 219,051 217,295 9,251 8,594 9,757 8,194 4.2 3.9 4.5 3.8

Santa Rosa

263,195 263,475 263,774 264,472 9,068 8,014 9,634 7,545 3.4 3.0 3.7 2.9

Stockton-Lodi

323,523 324,183 324,981 326,345 22,146 20,546 22,962 19,616 6.8 6.3 7.1 6.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

209,683 207,263 210,052 208,391 10,017 8,771 10,626 8,512 4.8 4.2 5.1 4.1

Visalia-Porterville

208,802 211,262 204,064 208,367 20,244 20,372 21,031 19,397 9.7 9.6 10.3 9.3

Yuba City

75,811 74,565 75,851 75,343 5,832 5,398 5,724 4,994 7.7 7.2 7.5 6.6

Colorado

3,004,021 3,116,839 3,019,606 3,126,246 87,832 93,059 84,207 95,383 2.9 3.0 2.8 3.1

Boulder

186,055 191,082 186,734 191,551 4,859 5,182 4,601 5,200 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7

Colorado Springs

341,241 355,360 341,447 357,385 11,708 12,652 11,287 13,376 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,600,027 1,658,566 1,606,332 1,659,223 45,005 47,676 43,261 48,737 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9

Fort Collins

195,047 203,851 196,900 204,795 4,877 5,219 4,607 5,148 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.5

Grand Junction

73,596 75,707 74,042 75,796 2,917 2,751 2,894 2,934 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.9

Greeley

156,503 163,910 156,723 164,680 4,403 4,478 4,168 4,625 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8

Pueblo

74,736 76,211 74,265 75,572 3,321 3,385 3,407 3,619 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.8

Connecticut

1,942,078 1,916,798 1,951,246 1,944,139 93,578 86,282 94,974 86,605 4.8 4.5 4.9 4.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

477,353 470,560 481,932 478,944 23,201 21,205 23,111 21,049 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.4

Danbury

109,686 108,665 110,564 110,606 4,403 4,124 4,466 4,121 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

632,452 626,531 634,038 634,036 30,536 28,292 31,441 28,603 4.8 4.5 5.0 4.5

New Haven

334,189 328,466 333,646 331,944 16,268 14,788 16,470 14,864 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

147,449 145,636 148,804 148,029 6,779 6,264 6,877 6,210 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.2

Waterbury

113,539 111,324 114,050 112,688 6,515 6,081 6,669 6,274 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6

Delaware

481,712 491,740 483,010 493,123 23,782 20,028 23,342 20,624 4.9 4.1 4.8 4.2

Dover

78,402 80,416 77,315 79,897 4,386 3,755 4,338 3,844 5.6 4.7 5.6 4.8

Salisbury(1)

200,527 197,032 203,058 199,727 9,514 9,284 9,315 9,060 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5

District of Columbia

404,318 412,394 407,291 414,525 26,479 24,509 26,933 24,833 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,416,033 3,463,185 3,438,343 3,479,908 133,569 127,733 134,363 122,258 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.5

Florida

10,127,782 10,291,445 10,164,624 10,318,381 438,687 399,312 444,483 408,440 4.3 3.9 4.4 4.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

335,329 337,366 334,546 338,295 14,006 12,795 14,206 12,890 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

129,545 134,392 130,023 135,301 4,453 4,170 4,509 4,087 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

298,870 304,281 299,811 305,656 13,561 12,316 13,621 12,440 4.5 4.0 4.5 4.1

Gainesville

140,704 142,154 141,940 143,737 5,742 5,256 5,681 5,197 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.6

Homosassa Springs

48,371 48,526 47,495 47,515 2,864 2,733 2,893 2,713 5.9 5.6 6.1 5.7

Jacksonville

767,224 789,675 773,117 793,456 32,113 29,386 32,709 30,301 4.2 3.7 4.2 3.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

294,103 299,693 293,402 299,798 14,303 13,242 14,588 13,659 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,137,923 3,174,535 3,161,908 3,175,164 140,553 124,509 142,866 128,429 4.5 3.9 4.5 4.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

169,821 168,638 169,435 168,709 7,091 6,512 7,617 6,999 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

359,953 367,345 360,491 368,413 14,385 13,578 14,701 13,594 4.0 3.7 4.1 3.7

Ocala

134,835 136,537 134,690 137,082 6,870 6,432 6,936 6,495 5.1 4.7 5.1 4.7

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,308,697 1,350,917 1,314,362 1,363,065 52,017 47,787 52,345 48,820 4.0 3.5 4.0 3.6

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

271,759 272,785 272,917 275,667 11,964 10,585 12,025 10,754 4.4 3.9 4.4 3.9

Panama City

97,618 99,931 97,456 100,388 3,967 3,615 3,959 3,622 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

225,508 227,100 225,108 228,517 9,644 8,768 9,568 8,868 4.3 3.9 4.3 3.9

Port St. Lucie

211,223 213,598 211,032 212,900 10,454 9,744 10,677 10,012 4.9 4.6 5.1 4.7

Punta Gorda

70,237 71,171 69,814 70,909 3,341 3,084 3,390 3,136 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

63,552 64,120 63,216 64,089 3,299 3,090 3,437 3,248 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.1

Sebring

35,595 35,349 35,236 34,798 2,079 1,915 2,193 2,022 5.8 5.4 6.2 5.8

Tallahassee

189,931 193,230 190,514 192,946 8,268 7,558 8,197 7,641 4.4 3.9 4.3 4.0

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,516,014 1,544,769 1,520,403 1,548,565 62,403 58,124 62,669 58,875 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.8

The Villages

30,281 30,906 30,256 30,743 1,838 1,766 1,900 1,727 6.1 5.7 6.3 5.6

Georgia

5,064,169 5,185,232 5,090,447 5,193,945 251,964 217,017 255,534 209,118 5.0 4.2 5.0 4.0

Albany

67,967 69,295 67,704 69,171 4,002 3,574 3,993 3,447 5.9 5.2 5.9 5.0

Athens-Clarke County

102,039 104,306 101,342 104,631 5,009 4,294 4,940 3,903 4.9 4.1 4.9 3.7

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,034,805 3,115,615 3,056,206 3,125,492 145,235 124,862 146,525 118,713 4.8 4.0 4.8 3.8

Augusta-Richmond County

265,230 272,952 266,174 272,982 13,687 11,858 14,077 11,934 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.4

Brunswick

54,077 54,785 54,438 54,827 2,608 2,216 2,642 2,053 4.8 4.0 4.9 3.7

Columbus

124,422 127,083 125,093 127,426 7,124 6,553 7,226 6,163 5.7 5.2 5.8 4.8

Dalton

60,970 62,413 61,467 62,961 3,366 2,980 3,406 3,147 5.5 4.8 5.5 5.0

Gainesville

100,279 104,780 101,252 104,922 4,188 3,616 4,195 3,328 4.2 3.5 4.1 3.2

Hinesville

33,137 34,092 33,618 34,107 1,736 1,530 1,778 1,463 5.2 4.5 5.3 4.3

Macon-Bibb County

105,936 107,183 105,965 106,790 5,612 4,829 5,702 4,589 5.3 4.5 5.4 4.3

Rome

44,122 45,144 44,785 45,356 2,390 2,062 2,772 2,111 5.4 4.6 6.2 4.7

Savannah

186,698 188,895 188,424 188,173 8,700 7,502 8,680 6,993 4.7 4.0 4.6 3.7

Valdosta

64,984 66,478 64,518 66,753 3,264 2,934 3,254 2,766 5.0 4.4 5.0 4.1

Warner Robins

84,711 87,189 85,289 86,363 4,308 3,749 4,344 3,500 5.1 4.3 5.1 4.1

Hawaii

688,732 690,740 688,438 689,962 20,077 19,115 16,219 15,111 2.9 2.8 2.4 2.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

87,832 87,868 87,817 88,838 2,706 2,415 2,214 1,907 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.1

Urban Honolulu

470,933 473,673 471,224 470,963 13,024 12,427 10,374 9,529 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.0

Idaho

842,216 863,020 845,036 866,508 24,444 22,753 24,691 23,877 2.9 2.6 2.9 2.8

Boise City

347,072 358,392 349,199 360,418 10,255 9,384 10,357 9,994 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.8

Coeur d'Alene

77,160 78,879 77,480 79,585 2,473 2,319 2,515 2,415 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.0

Idaho Falls

69,076 70,421 68,851 70,392 1,676 1,551 1,719 1,594 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3

Lewiston

31,733 32,249 31,603 31,977 935 987 953 970 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0

Pocatello

41,383 42,499 41,187 42,507 1,194 1,071 1,182 1,146 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.7

Illinois

6,561,649 6,558,494 6,567,081 6,562,531 332,530 294,591 335,872 280,237 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.3

Bloomington

94,394 96,548 95,830 96,630 3,988 4,207 4,166 4,035 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.2

Carbondale-Marion

57,228 57,966 59,408 59,596 2,853 2,977 2,982 2,901 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.9

Champaign-Urbana

115,971 119,689 117,311 120,172 5,170 5,563 5,376 5,349 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,982,453 4,951,237 4,985,235 4,959,562 255,348 215,529 255,098 204,051 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.1

Danville

34,019 34,386 34,298 34,527 2,155 2,055 2,332 2,042 6.3 6.0 6.8 5.9

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,046 193,791 192,804 194,738 8,209 7,773 8,114 7,278 4.3 4.0 4.2 3.7

Decatur

49,258 50,672 49,606 50,710 2,718 2,890 2,851 2,820 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6

Kankakee

55,609 58,778 56,073 58,937 2,772 2,843 2,860 2,747 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.7

Peoria

178,900 179,816 178,387 180,140 9,286 9,056 9,730 8,781 5.2 5.0 5.5 4.9

Rockford

165,109 168,389 166,424 168,435 9,024 8,731 9,319 8,452 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.0

Springfield

110,935 111,878 110,811 111,752 4,517 4,732 4,765 4,493 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0

Indiana

3,363,853 3,432,332 3,355,414 3,442,520 117,535 125,197 120,612 121,567 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5

Bloomington

75,690 72,205 74,245 71,210 2,955 3,248 3,046 3,162 3.9 4.5 4.1 4.4

Columbus

45,242 46,216 44,900 46,736 1,230 1,306 1,269 1,231 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.6

Elkhart-Goshen

113,943 120,744 113,737 120,710 2,968 3,255 2,981 3,185 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6

Evansville

161,651 167,310 163,395 168,217 5,726 5,855 5,697 5,622 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3

Fort Wayne

214,877 220,425 214,618 222,797 6,853 7,332 7,066 7,142 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,056,753 1,082,739 1,059,000 1,088,388 34,602 37,229 36,017 36,297 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3

Kokomo

39,416 40,299 38,230 40,556 2,151 1,625 1,428 1,404 5.5 4.0 3.7 3.5

Lafayette-West Lafayette

105,885 110,607 106,921 111,899 3,628 3,937 3,746 3,771 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4

Michigan City-La Porte

48,388 48,459 48,212 48,534 2,024 2,127 2,038 2,048 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.2

Muncie

54,621 55,727 53,916 55,804 2,292 2,378 2,435 2,273 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,879 160,697 157,268 160,444 5,832 6,221 6,221 6,180 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.9

Terre Haute

76,795 77,973 76,462 77,930 3,172 3,699 3,321 3,827 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.9

Iowa

1,694,169 1,707,150 1,698,474 1,713,849 54,020 43,151 51,144 41,746 3.2 2.5 3.0 2.4

Ames

54,197 55,653 54,620 55,831 1,421 1,116 1,258 1,024 2.6 2.0 2.3 1.8

Cedar Rapids

144,319 145,232 143,867 145,365 4,913 3,981 4,673 3,852 3.4 2.7 3.2 2.6

Des Moines-West Des Moines

350,892 362,950 352,756 364,561 10,739 8,759 10,130 8,493 3.1 2.4 2.9 2.3

Dubuque

54,455 54,612 54,476 54,416 1,584 1,266 1,541 1,220 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.2

Iowa City

96,382 97,494 97,034 97,738 2,802 2,123 2,602 2,019 2.9 2.2 2.7 2.1

Sioux City

91,433 92,112 91,209 92,604 3,068 2,506 2,940 2,400 3.4 2.7 3.2 2.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88,003 87,675 88,151 88,300 3,222 2,424 2,980 2,331 3.7 2.8 3.4 2.6

Kansas

1,493,738 1,497,663 1,501,319 1,500,562 57,904 54,549 62,362 59,350 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.0

Lawrence

63,813 62,601 63,476 63,271 2,303 2,226 2,436 2,377 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8

Manhattan

46,271 44,848 45,290 45,087 1,601 1,524 1,704 1,623 3.5 3.4 3.8 3.6

Topeka

121,164 120,331 123,078 121,518 4,668 4,432 4,988 4,889 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.0

Wichita

310,796 310,586 313,546 313,716 13,713 12,612 15,019 13,585 4.4 4.1 4.8 4.3

Kentucky

2,084,973 2,101,161 2,071,239 2,091,128 113,516 104,854 110,880 102,650 5.4 5.0 5.4 4.9

Bowling Green

83,763 85,315 81,333 83,591 4,081 3,873 3,850 3,688 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

68,069 68,574 68,216 69,206 3,568 3,349 3,627 3,344 5.2 4.9 5.3 4.8

Lexington-Fayette

274,431 277,985 271,752 276,290 11,978 11,329 11,397 10,663 4.4 4.1 4.2 3.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

670,300 677,600 675,409 682,205 30,201 29,294 31,526 30,115 4.5 4.3 4.7 4.4

Owensboro

56,627 57,036 56,621 57,195 2,881 2,660 2,733 2,523 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.4

Louisiana

2,135,588 2,155,127 2,136,012 2,160,283 124,813 130,594 119,626 126,813 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.9

Alexandria

65,316 65,493 65,605 65,779 4,295 4,269 4,097 4,168 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.3

Baton Rouge

419,950 430,416 421,620 430,454 21,886 23,395 20,975 23,005 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.3

Hammond

55,706 56,446 55,598 56,572 3,750 3,828 3,596 3,708 6.7 6.8 6.5 6.6

Houma-Thibodaux

90,166 89,816 90,515 90,712 5,399 5,483 5,119 5,243 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.8

Lafayette

216,922 215,539 217,457 216,923 13,519 13,206 12,769 12,767 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9

Lake Charles

114,687 117,561 115,800 117,839 5,033 5,495 4,824 5,307 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.5

Monroe

80,774 81,381 80,684 81,751 4,767 5,095 4,526 5,005 5.9 6.3 5.6 6.1

New Orleans-Metairie

601,695 610,008 601,519 613,045 33,007 35,028 32,062 34,319 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.6

Shreveport-Bossier City

190,069 191,285 190,816 191,863 11,955 12,460 11,370 11,868 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.2

Maine

712,435 717,973 720,418 728,217 23,820 22,971 23,499 23,869 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Bangor

71,015 70,792 70,761 71,234 2,553 2,367 2,560 2,816 3.6 3.3 3.6 4.0

Lewiston-Auburn

56,366 56,809 56,351 56,902 1,856 1,829 1,855 1,925 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.4

Portland-South Portland

212,470 215,688 214,354 217,696 5,948 5,880 5,673 5,908 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7

Maryland

3,248,859 3,266,061 3,274,692 3,284,997 140,659 145,631 140,435 146,315 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.5

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,513,278 1,529,173 1,526,827 1,531,460 68,171 69,346 68,145 70,559 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6

California-Lexington Park

56,046 56,035 56,160 56,529 2,514 2,488 2,528 2,706 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.8

Cumberland

44,271 44,797 44,451 44,830 2,580 2,721 2,459 2,758 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

132,315 133,091 131,935 134,013 5,707 6,071 5,577 6,009 4.3 4.6 4.2 4.5

Massachusetts

3,702,764 3,857,394 3,713,111 3,893,015 148,385 150,125 148,026 153,090 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Barnstable Town

133,560 137,885 140,045 145,464 5,150 5,259 4,941 5,115 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,725,871 2,840,483 2,728,112 2,863,135 101,192 101,786 100,417 104,111 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6

Leominster-Gardner

78,455 81,498 78,495 82,068 3,533 3,623 3,705 3,773 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.6

New Bedford

85,353 88,218 85,792 89,077 4,780 4,851 4,875 4,983 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.6

Pittsfield

44,536 45,672 45,243 46,548 1,960 1,965 1,859 1,922 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.1

Springfield

371,543 383,199 370,282 383,288 18,356 18,532 18,654 18,963 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.9

Worcester

354,641 368,358 353,029 368,411 15,069 15,241 15,259 15,637 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2

Michigan

4,916,534 4,954,030 4,942,077 4,950,174 219,021 213,493 268,290 239,419 4.5 4.3 5.4 4.8

Ann Arbor

192,969 195,447 192,839 195,013 7,480 6,986 9,593 7,787 3.9 3.6 5.0 4.0

Battle Creek

64,447 64,429 64,578 63,727 3,296 2,883 3,920 3,088 5.1 4.5 6.1 4.8

Bay City

51,448 51,544 51,465 51,266 2,874 2,610 3,322 2,749 5.6 5.1 6.5 5.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,110,396 2,128,604 2,138,047 2,137,190 86,053 92,825 107,913 107,906 4.1 4.4 5.0 5.0

Flint

186,516 186,769 185,916 185,301 10,499 9,508 12,954 11,517 5.6 5.1 7.0 6.2

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

579,560 589,305 576,648 583,351 21,069 19,432 26,318 21,163 3.6 3.3 4.6 3.6

Jackson

74,811 75,316 74,366 73,998 3,605 3,332 4,291 3,481 4.8 4.4 5.8 4.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

168,399 169,885 167,654 169,164 7,603 6,946 9,097 7,383 4.5 4.1 5.4 4.4

Lansing-East Lansing

247,117 248,714 245,371 248,019 12,063 9,711 13,713 11,044 4.9 3.9 5.6 4.5

Midland

41,154 41,200 41,057 40,827 1,889 1,748 2,200 1,816 4.6 4.2 5.4 4.4

Monroe

77,227 77,978 76,741 77,297 3,782 3,425 4,920 3,819 4.9 4.4 6.4 4.9

Muskegon

80,297 79,952 80,110 80,080 4,212 4,094 5,271 4,315 5.2 5.1 6.6 5.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

76,226 75,403 75,585 74,873 3,696 3,538 4,345 3,621 4.8 4.7 5.7 4.8

Saginaw

88,488 88,937 88,399 88,155 4,801 4,427 5,702 5,075 5.4 5.0 6.5 5.8

Minnesota

3,083,747 3,133,173 3,097,084 3,137,518 106,407 91,467 102,342 85,440 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.7

Duluth

144,123 145,178 144,554 144,821 6,722 5,600 6,282 5,144 4.7 3.9 4.3 3.6

Mankato-North Mankato

59,807 62,288 59,051 62,507 1,848 1,614 1,714 1,409 3.1 2.6 2.9 2.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,002,779 2,037,455 2,023,440 2,045,931 66,988 57,247 64,806 53,585 3.3 2.8 3.2 2.6

Rochester

123,227 123,683 124,324 124,506 3,598 3,162 3,439 2,829 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.3

St. Cloud

111,767 113,358 111,912 113,521 3,766 3,259 3,520 2,920 3.4 2.9 3.1 2.6

Mississippi

1,295,654 1,303,216 1,293,157 1,304,105 78,429 74,833 75,197 69,524 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.3

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

167,779 167,415 168,612 169,094 9,989 9,716 9,668 8,966 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.3

Hattiesburg

68,721 69,419 68,532 69,831 3,751 3,505 3,597 3,289 5.5 5.0 5.2 4.7

Jackson

274,445 279,623 274,541 278,565 14,488 13,873 13,833 12,834 5.3 5.0 5.0 4.6

Missouri

3,083,797 3,111,518 3,087,860 3,111,852 116,807 108,538 128,665 117,348 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.8

Cape Girardeau

48,119 48,956 47,067 48,112 1,939 1,699 1,999 1,783 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.7

Columbia

95,460 96,063 96,947 97,514 2,758 2,455 2,955 2,799 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.9

Jefferson City

75,275 74,975 75,972 75,801 2,565 2,156 2,817 2,398 3.4 2.9 3.7 3.2

Joplin

84,982 85,139 84,831 85,681 3,213 2,709 3,360 3,012 3.8 3.2 4.0 3.5

Kansas City

1,137,710 1,160,011 1,157,899 1,172,401 42,735 40,409 49,923 46,032 3.8 3.5 4.3 3.9

St. Joseph

65,912 66,398 66,414 66,873 2,345 2,072 2,504 2,256 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.4

St. Louis(2)

1,473,265 1,496,068 1,482,526 1,500,613 56,470 54,546 60,193 57,012 3.8 3.6 4.1 3.8

Springfield

230,021 231,297 231,749 232,411 7,649 6,898 7,969 7,301 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.1

Montana

533,305 529,862 535,948 533,248 21,186 18,708 19,530 17,201 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.2

Billings

87,997 87,740 87,845 87,497 3,307 2,994 3,051 2,840 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.2

Great Falls

38,286 38,282 37,406 37,272 1,482 1,317 1,357 1,215 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.3

Missoula

62,883 62,534 61,568 61,508 2,230 1,923 2,072 1,760 3.5 3.1 3.4 2.9

Nebraska

1,019,112 1,026,280 1,022,611 1,031,647 31,769 31,677 32,315 31,608 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1

Grand Island

44,163 44,231 44,115 44,284 1,331 1,364 1,366 1,354 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1

Lincoln

176,003 179,779 177,969 181,980 5,153 5,215 5,108 5,121 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

479,787 490,152 485,204 495,875 15,585 15,192 15,936 15,138 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.1

Nevada

1,464,510 1,499,837 1,470,436 1,512,538 76,933 67,026 75,576 67,630 5.3 4.5 5.1 4.5

Carson City

25,769 26,426 25,907 26,528 1,224 1,133 1,222 1,132 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,069,843 1,097,668 1,077,241 1,109,803 59,344 52,024 58,349 52,377 5.5 4.7 5.4 4.7

Reno

241,275 249,445 242,593 249,828 10,317 8,711 10,046 8,853 4.3 3.5 4.1 3.5

New Hampshire

754,737 769,988 759,632 775,492 19,852 20,129 19,741 20,701 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7

Dover-Durham

83,831 86,327 84,362 87,125 2,062 2,139 2,098 2,186 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Manchester

118,287 120,179 117,672 119,457 3,178 3,036 3,072 3,060 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6

Portsmouth

77,735 79,742 78,678 80,535 1,832 1,914 1,813 1,935 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4

New Jersey

4,567,931 4,531,405 4,586,978 4,581,457 210,912 196,016 234,116 218,099 4.6 4.3 5.1 4.8

Atlantic City-Hammonton

122,486 121,439 124,001 129,074 8,523 7,065 9,030 7,577 7.0 5.8 7.3 5.9

Ocean City

54,774 53,024 58,642 56,537 3,469 3,120 3,282 2,947 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.2

Trenton

200,326 201,506 200,975 204,532 8,238 7,809 9,483 9,045 4.1 3.9 4.7 4.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,409 65,766 64,915 65,228 4,445 4,156 4,844 4,549 6.7 6.3 7.5 7.0

New Mexico

932,737 946,180 932,069 943,004 63,038 48,745 62,198 47,547 6.8 5.2 6.7 5.0

Albuquerque

426,134 434,841 425,798 433,242 26,860 21,264 26,690 20,846 6.3 4.9 6.3 4.8

Farmington

53,475 53,806 52,684 52,684 4,163 3,065 3,950 2,962 7.8 5.7 7.5 5.6

Las Cruces

94,054 93,475 92,488 92,010 7,128 5,636 6,911 5,363 7.6 6.0 7.5 5.8

Santa Fe

73,136 75,049 73,758 75,801 4,081 3,186 4,127 3,133 5.6 4.2 5.6 4.1

New York

9,794,282 9,803,502 9,858,475 9,834,720 453,016 410,500 485,742 417,771 4.6 4.2 4.9 4.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

458,361 457,636 457,495 454,028 19,887 17,848 20,180 17,312 4.3 3.9 4.4 3.8

Binghamton

110,495 109,087 108,747 107,789 6,038 5,250 5,962 5,154 5.5 4.8 5.5 4.8

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

555,429 557,239 558,889 556,108 28,716 24,797 30,239 25,227 5.2 4.4 5.4 4.5

Elmira

36,607 35,910 36,152 35,526 1,988 1,743 1,997 1,670 5.4 4.9 5.5 4.7

Glens Falls

63,216 63,273 63,911 64,025 2,652 2,403 2,733 2,254 4.2 3.8 4.3 3.5

Ithaca

49,828 50,607 49,361 50,223 2,494 2,108 2,447 2,014 5.0 4.2 5.0 4.0

Kingston

90,982 91,010 90,398 90,741 4,057 3,617 4,220 3,612 4.5 4.0 4.7 4.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,199,124 10,177,398 10,273,872 10,242,743 457,107 422,209 503,462 447,618 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.4

Rochester

530,344 532,747 528,033 530,093 25,895 22,763 26,674 22,555 4.9 4.3 5.1 4.3

Syracuse

310,923 310,763 311,083 310,457 15,686 13,819 15,845 13,408 5.0 4.4 5.1 4.3

Utica-Rome

132,735 131,262 133,356 132,141 6,528 5,856 6,644 5,788 4.9 4.5 5.0 4.4

Watertown-Fort Drum

46,811 46,455 47,338 46,727 2,569 2,227 2,663 2,227 5.5 4.8 5.6 4.8

North Carolina

4,953,758 5,041,296 4,988,088 5,052,714 225,938 212,181 237,962 206,069 4.6 4.2 4.8 4.1

Asheville

228,949 234,363 231,187 234,720 8,361 7,938 8,948 7,673 3.7 3.4 3.9 3.3

Burlington

79,409 80,428 80,300 80,764 3,557 3,373 3,749 3,245 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,319,016 1,348,675 1,324,276 1,346,836 56,981 52,504 59,277 51,106 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

296,041 302,290 299,771 304,824 12,085 11,503 12,887 11,089 4.1 3.8 4.3 3.6

Fayetteville

147,726 149,356 146,245 148,183 8,477 8,111 8,956 8,097 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.5

Goldsboro

53,490 53,386 53,675 53,253 2,747 2,465 2,912 2,379 5.1 4.6 5.4 4.5

Greensboro-High Point

368,473 373,121 369,528 372,922 18,022 16,722 19,017 16,257 4.9 4.5 5.1 4.4

Greenville

88,981 90,239 89,322 90,577 4,653 4,454 4,878 4,271 5.2 4.9 5.5 4.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,162 176,128 174,063 175,660 7,402 6,804 7,832 6,551 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.7

Jacksonville

64,458 64,781 62,777 62,846 3,200 2,963 3,479 2,874 5.0 4.6 5.5 4.6

New Bern

52,124 52,710 52,515 52,998 2,454 2,277 2,584 2,244 4.7 4.3 4.9 4.2

Raleigh

698,165 719,628 709,445 729,827 28,134 26,552 29,856 25,731 4.0 3.7 4.2 3.5

Rocky Mount

65,302 64,312 65,639 64,714 4,488 4,099 4,578 3,974 6.9 6.4 7.0 6.1

Wilmington

147,207 149,071 148,401 149,834 6,295 5,841 6,607 5,751 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.8

Winston-Salem

324,322 330,276 326,041 329,654 14,385 13,479 15,043 13,001 4.4 4.1 4.6 3.9

North Dakota

424,286 414,233 423,222 411,778 11,630 11,947 9,731 9,899 2.7 2.9 2.3 2.4

Bismarck

71,277 70,145 71,322 69,571 1,883 2,011 1,592 1,670 2.6 2.9 2.2 2.4

Fargo

138,934 138,558 139,637 138,755 3,339 3,662 2,930 3,024 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.2

Grand Forks

56,660 56,510 55,579 55,374 1,781 1,757 1,625 1,575 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8

Ohio

5,836,256 5,872,504 5,864,866 5,849,707 302,370 309,470 310,257 284,440 5.2 5.3 5.3 4.9

Akron

362,755 366,975 364,963 366,006 18,497 18,876 18,671 17,177 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.7

Canton-Massillon

202,819 203,300 202,375 202,293 10,558 10,952 10,594 9,901 5.2 5.4 5.2 4.9

Cincinnati

1,125,217 1,139,866 1,129,396 1,137,640 51,875 53,016 51,717 48,714 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria

1,044,736 1,049,551 1,056,494 1,060,633 63,463 64,358 63,768 58,345 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.5

Columbus

1,087,210 1,100,138 1,095,674 1,094,730 46,633 49,334 46,577 44,485 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1

Dayton

390,369 392,002 395,611 389,918 19,239 20,033 19,377 18,464 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.7

Lima

49,453 49,498 49,751 49,514 2,513 2,514 2,846 2,637 5.1 5.1 5.7 5.3

Mansfield

53,856 54,323 54,010 53,779 2,944 2,934 3,200 2,815 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.2

Springfield

64,492 64,675 63,995 63,980 3,254 3,384 3,568 3,365 5.0 5.2 5.6 5.3

Toledo

307,167 308,615 306,820 305,192 18,579 17,419 19,091 16,039 6.0 5.6 6.2 5.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,568 51,285 51,678 50,978 3,505 3,441 3,440 3,308 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

247,685 244,732 249,677 242,977 15,698 14,809 19,247 14,785 6.3 6.1 7.7 6.1

Oklahoma

1,845,536 1,880,837 1,839,879 1,872,416 86,017 74,913 79,646 68,089 4.7 4.0 4.3 3.6

Enid

28,204 28,224 28,159 28,517 1,179 1,011 1,084 919 4.2 3.6 3.8 3.2

Lawton

52,644 53,312 52,265 52,825 2,466 2,380 2,302 2,256 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

Oklahoma City

675,377 695,611 677,371 694,507 28,728 25,529 26,572 23,107 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.3

Tulsa

482,504 494,244 483,155 495,031 23,164 19,654 21,560 17,870 4.8 4.0 4.5 3.6

Oregon

2,117,704 2,119,545 2,134,577 2,137,197 90,393 84,155 95,339 85,016 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.0

Albany

58,328 58,680 57,859 58,836 2,826 2,626 3,026 2,703 4.8 4.5 5.2 4.6

Bend-Redmond

94,269 95,929 95,357 97,158 3,885 3,624 3,982 3,576 4.1 3.8 4.2 3.7

Corvallis

49,250 48,994 46,625 46,698 1,829 1,624 1,918 1,635 3.7 3.3 4.1 3.5

Eugene

182,534 184,263 181,087 182,520 8,644 7,924 9,070 8,052 4.7 4.3 5.0 4.4

Grants Pass

35,683 35,891 35,500 35,758 1,913 1,845 2,037 1,911 5.4 5.1 5.7 5.3

Medford

104,093 105,204 103,973 104,862 5,143 4,867 5,478 4,986 4.9 4.6 5.3 4.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,310,102 1,314,031 1,320,321 1,324,416 53,317 50,223 55,681 50,094 4.1 3.8 4.2 3.8

Salem

203,965 200,714 206,616 204,122 9,254 8,370 9,808 8,696 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,475,415 6,448,404 6,514,475 6,501,697 323,923 283,168 344,024 291,781 5.0 4.4 5.3 4.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

439,251 439,993 439,205 442,501 21,739 19,800 23,309 20,755 4.9 4.5 5.3 4.7

Altoona

61,488 60,781 61,649 61,103 3,123 2,775 3,222 2,779 5.1 4.6 5.2 4.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,881 42,126 43,121 42,462 2,090 1,986 2,277 2,046 4.9 4.7 5.3 4.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,605 77,727 77,893 78,214 3,562 2,961 3,746 3,147 4.6 3.8 4.8 4.0

East Stroudsburg

82,724 82,095 83,756 83,132 4,819 4,307 5,035 4,520 5.8 5.2 6.0 5.4

Erie

131,226 129,793 131,596 130,823 7,653 6,330 7,996 6,271 5.8 4.9 6.1 4.8

Gettysburg

55,907 56,340 56,396 56,929 2,182 1,913 2,317 1,982 3.9 3.4 4.1 3.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

300,486 298,768 303,471 303,126 13,251 11,592 13,892 11,625 4.4 3.9 4.6 3.8

Johnstown

59,998 59,693 59,943 59,834 3,957 3,387 4,034 3,430 6.6 5.7 6.7 5.7

Lancaster

285,369 284,674 287,544 288,259 11,546 10,321 12,292 10,793 4.0 3.6 4.3 3.7

Lebanon

71,976 71,409 72,123 71,724 3,056 2,790 3,247 2,846 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,100,032 3,110,820 3,119,420 3,139,352 150,567 134,785 163,876 144,403 4.9 4.3 5.3 4.6

Pittsburgh

1,216,398 1,208,421 1,223,747 1,215,377 63,234 53,187 65,285 53,376 5.2 4.4 5.3 4.4

Reading

214,061 214,126 214,975 215,721 10,061 9,113 10,555 9,308 4.7 4.3 4.9 4.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

278,924 280,117 280,327 283,879 15,558 13,736 16,623 14,691 5.6 4.9 5.9 5.2

State College

76,403 76,016 77,764 76,890 2,984 2,790 3,293 2,867 3.9 3.7 4.2 3.7

Williamsport

57,937 56,615 58,018 56,184 3,193 2,691 3,301 2,682 5.5 4.8 5.7 4.8

York-Hanover

236,106 235,104 237,633 237,088 11,125 9,750 11,927 9,952 4.7 4.1 5.0 4.2

Rhode Island

558,213 566,120 561,995 571,460 23,617 20,632 26,292 23,337 4.2 3.6 4.7 4.1

Providence-Warwick

687,855 701,520 690,690 707,131 29,518 26,743 32,242 29,702 4.3 3.8 4.7 4.2

South Carolina

2,342,219 2,334,208 2,342,714 2,336,709 104,015 83,848 104,779 82,192 4.4 3.6 4.5 3.5

Charleston-North Charleston

382,416 381,913 384,089 382,917 14,756 11,796 14,453 11,520 3.9 3.1 3.8 3.0

Columbia

406,760 400,032 407,429 403,992 17,454 14,033 17,017 13,731 4.3 3.5 4.2 3.4

Florence

96,076 95,197 95,593 95,481 4,837 3,819 4,801 3,834 5.0 4.0 5.0 4.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

426,373 427,307 426,275 424,246 17,308 14,242 18,024 13,807 4.1 3.3 4.2 3.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

89,417 89,723 89,694 90,313 3,670 3,023 3,611 2,956 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

206,355 208,305 206,130 209,242 9,767 8,563 9,639 8,358 4.7 4.1 4.7 4.0

Spartanburg

158,868 158,670 159,225 158,426 7,011 5,533 7,978 5,447 4.4 3.5 5.0 3.4

Sumter

44,372 43,938 44,411 44,208 2,481 1,924 2,439 1,882 5.6 4.4 5.5 4.3

South Dakota

462,908 466,085 463,056 466,174 14,936 13,706 14,479 12,350 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.6

Rapid City

75,547 77,867 76,437 77,447 2,462 2,255 2,331 1,964 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.5

Sioux Falls

149,150 151,810 150,885 152,894 3,971 3,670 3,803 3,203 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.1

Tennessee

3,223,651 3,297,457 3,230,978 3,297,513 130,786 135,358 125,904 133,443 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.0

Chattanooga

270,517 279,457 269,973 279,613 11,475 11,321 11,309 11,056 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0

Clarksville

112,607 114,198 112,180 114,149 5,764 5,842 5,677 5,787 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1

Cleveland

57,278 58,606 57,594 58,832 2,508 2,595 2,360 2,495 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2

Jackson

64,185 66,243 64,940 66,343 2,781 2,908 2,610 2,837 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.3

Johnson City

89,688 90,831 90,255 91,015 4,074 4,082 3,915 4,047 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

138,788 140,649 138,422 140,811 6,136 5,913 6,012 5,717 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.1

Knoxville

422,126 427,167 423,615 428,213 16,538 16,791 15,898 16,339 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8

Memphis

636,416 652,798 638,246 653,994 30,481 31,737 29,023 30,644 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.7

Morristown

51,144 52,361 51,284 52,531 2,219 2,311 2,154 2,225 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,022,465 1,051,165 1,026,575 1,049,575 32,855 33,999 31,462 33,306 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2

Texas

13,543,364 13,844,974 13,571,881 13,840,527 608,310 582,961 604,241 556,630 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.0

Abilene

75,385 76,621 75,104 76,613 3,042 2,847 3,024 2,677 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.5

Amarillo

130,836 133,587 130,272 133,238 4,245 4,107 4,264 3,895 3.2 3.1 3.3 2.9

Austin-Round Rock

1,153,005 1,191,190 1,158,322 1,186,262 37,631 38,107 38,072 36,559 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

175,114 173,749 174,177 172,695 12,100 11,055 12,020 10,901 6.9 6.4 6.9 6.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

168,018 168,336 167,165 167,002 12,547 11,656 12,093 10,977 7.5 6.9 7.2 6.6

College Station-Bryan

123,561 129,077 124,969 129,338 4,630 4,581 4,567 4,290 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.3

Corpus Christi

209,834 206,849 208,422 206,068 11,927 11,301 11,778 10,699 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,788,012 3,906,318 3,815,317 3,919,474 146,833 148,332 147,106 142,401 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.6

El Paso

352,302 357,940 352,202 357,916 17,360 16,730 17,020 15,854 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,327,807 3,411,756 3,338,158 3,416,567 170,505 157,277 168,655 150,378 5.1 4.6 5.1 4.4

Killeen-Temple

175,137 178,267 175,467 177,896 7,597 7,837 7,647 7,450 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.2

Laredo

114,807 115,578 115,013 115,560 5,218 4,959 4,979 4,607 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.0

Longview

97,453 96,953 97,531 96,892 5,197 4,373 5,068 4,143 5.3 4.5 5.2 4.3

Lubbock

160,818 164,782 161,384 165,069 5,951 5,939 5,934 5,678 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

343,771 346,504 336,020 341,757 27,325 24,976 26,309 23,724 7.9 7.2 7.8 6.9

Midland

91,657 100,082 93,349 101,167 2,891 2,419 2,844 2,263 3.2 2.4 3.0 2.2

Odessa

77,761 80,175 78,897 80,502 3,274 2,533 3,182 2,361 4.2 3.2 4.0 2.9

San Angelo

54,976 55,286 54,801 55,142 2,168 1,966 2,124 1,861 3.9 3.6 3.9 3.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,166,117 1,182,460 1,173,863 1,183,580 43,478 43,177 43,948 41,376 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5

Sherman-Denison

62,070 63,530 62,524 63,830 2,291 2,262 2,265 2,116 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.3

Texarkana

65,386 66,120 64,683 65,290 3,169 3,705 3,172 3,490 4.8 5.6 4.9 5.3

Tyler

105,966 108,814 106,068 109,019 4,386 4,273 4,367 4,007 4.1 3.9 4.1 3.7

Victoria

46,370 45,276 46,176 45,140 2,282 1,963 2,262 1,829 4.9 4.3 4.9 4.1

Waco

125,635 126,498 125,386 126,943 5,611 5,247 5,603 4,950 4.5 4.1 4.5 3.9

Wichita Falls

65,087 65,691 65,083 65,533 2,509 2,567 2,513 2,449 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.7

Utah

1,569,111 1,601,557 1,570,778 1,601,011 56,908 55,798 52,995 51,851 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.2

Logan

70,214 71,279 67,670 68,508 2,162 2,157 2,008 2,022 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

Ogden-Clearfield

328,200 333,090 330,799 334,266 11,927 11,664 11,312 10,954 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3

Provo-Orem

297,755 307,012 296,222 304,564 10,081 10,295 9,441 9,411 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1

St. George

70,949 74,083 71,083 73,697 2,750 2,786 2,556 2,541 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.4

Salt Lake City

657,263 669,199 660,288 674,276 23,071 22,529 21,414 21,132 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1

Vermont

349,061 353,081 350,175 352,240 10,786 10,501 10,730 10,271 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9

Burlington-South Burlington

126,099 127,645 127,012 127,503 3,302 3,300 3,361 3,259 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Virginia

4,344,810 4,409,193 4,367,600 4,420,443 167,807 143,473 169,970 130,052 3.9 3.3 3.9 2.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

88,902 88,956 89,070 89,041 4,014 3,293 3,958 2,905 4.5 3.7 4.4 3.3

Charlottesville

119,526 124,144 118,253 122,809 4,347 3,823 4,323 3,348 3.6 3.1 3.7 2.7

Harrisonburg

64,809 65,862 65,108 65,792 2,762 2,319 2,667 1,989 4.3 3.5 4.1 3.0

Lynchburg

122,437 124,642 123,803 124,753 5,817 4,922 5,804 4,444 4.8 3.9 4.7 3.6

Richmond

681,150 689,437 686,030 695,297 27,041 23,561 27,553 21,785 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.1

Roanoke

157,321 159,466 158,036 159,010 6,354 5,359 6,448 4,692 4.0 3.4 4.1 3.0

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,345 60,467 59,409 60,562 2,237 1,897 2,229 1,664 3.8 3.1 3.8 2.7

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

859,692 867,770 867,282 872,761 36,617 30,605 37,344 28,434 4.3 3.5 4.3 3.3

Winchester

71,661 73,807 72,061 73,863 2,505 2,268 2,531 2,040 3.5 3.1 3.5 2.8

Washington

3,736,856 3,773,212 3,756,579 3,798,646 172,147 167,628 174,245 160,875 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.2

Bellingham

109,489 110,721 110,677 111,772 5,500 5,149 5,521 4,903 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.4

Bremerton-Silverdale

121,064 120,807 121,030 120,348 5,758 5,506 5,828 5,175 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.3

Kennewick-Richland

145,454 145,242 145,171 143,327 7,002 7,037 6,958 6,649 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6

Longview

45,796 45,987 45,681 45,849 2,641 2,644 2,648 2,514 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.5

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

59,835 59,498 60,135 60,249 3,118 3,002 3,109 2,875 5.2 5.0 5.2 4.8

Olympia-Tumwater

133,227 135,334 133,048 134,635 6,405 6,356 6,579 5,985 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,065,347 2,097,934 2,068,263 2,116,208 87,388 84,790 89,038 81,623 4.2 4.0 4.3 3.9

Spokane-Spokane Valley

263,187 257,872 260,495 256,053 13,487 13,223 13,713 12,730 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.0

Walla Walla

31,163 32,082 31,696 31,733 1,414 1,386 1,439 1,351 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.3

Wenatchee

68,650 70,778 77,992 76,670 2,940 2,736 2,734 2,503 4.3 3.9 3.5 3.3

Yakima

132,401 134,279 135,651 136,976 6,983 6,948 6,689 6,672 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.9

West Virginia

789,105 794,141 785,049 788,595 41,176 42,808 39,644 42,698 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.4

Beckley

46,012 46,187 46,344 45,966 2,591 2,635 2,481 2,636 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

Charleston

97,111 96,929 96,434 95,931 5,075 5,108 4,867 5,138 5.2 5.3 5.0 5.4

Huntington-Ashland

148,638 148,131 148,023 147,210 8,880 8,888 8,469 8,612 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.9

Morgantown

65,648 67,766 66,483 68,202 2,828 3,257 2,688 3,184 4.3 4.8 4.0 4.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,117 39,165 38,879 38,765 2,127 2,239 2,139 2,185 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.6

Wheeling

65,650 65,543 65,600 64,862 3,609 3,663 3,514 3,541 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5

Wisconsin

3,200,865 3,227,678 3,201,145 3,216,112 116,128 111,250 108,410 101,165 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.1

Appleton

134,892 136,286 135,029 135,978 4,382 4,310 4,130 3,940 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9

Eau Claire

93,522 94,744 94,044 94,445 3,199 2,981 2,961 2,685 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.8

Fond du Lac

58,492 59,539 58,395 59,222 1,951 1,912 1,801 1,748 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0

Green Bay

178,696 180,394 178,287 179,305 5,900 5,780 5,546 5,254 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9

Janesville-Beloit

86,892 87,115 87,900 87,693 3,490 3,203 3,154 2,908 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,841 79,852 78,215 79,527 2,647 2,468 2,462 2,174 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.7

Madison

392,812 397,240 394,779 398,233 11,129 11,115 10,140 9,553 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.4

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

838,877 842,170 846,244 845,749 34,202 32,495 32,767 30,490 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

94,919 95,083 96,040 95,092 3,335 3,187 3,101 2,845 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0

Racine

101,558 101,219 102,391 101,691 4,457 4,168 4,394 4,069 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.0

Sheboygan

64,731 66,039 64,941 66,158 2,051 1,988 1,874 1,710 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.6

Wausau

75,666 77,494 75,147 76,785 2,486 2,380 2,333 2,144 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.8

Wyoming

298,178 289,410 297,426 289,031 12,007 11,762 11,094 10,932 4.0 4.1 3.7 3.8

Casper

39,307 38,370 39,364 38,628 2,013 1,796 1,874 1,684 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.4

Cheyenne

47,665 46,716 48,512 47,378 1,778 1,856 1,647 1,727 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,083,576 1,106,570 1,091,104 1,105,128 101,712 101,536 113,848 105,410 9.4 9.2 10.4 9.5

Aguadilla-Isabela

87,101 89,239 88,781 88,628 11,004 10,694 12,134 11,017 12.6 12.0 13.7 12.4

Arecibo

51,145 52,562 52,043 52,204 5,435 5,754 5,952 5,772 10.6 10.9 11.4 11.1

Guayama

20,699 21,132 21,462 20,678 3,130 2,978 3,753 2,913 15.1 14.1 17.5 14.1

Mayaguez

28,164 27,274 27,685 27,245 3,359 2,936 3,590 3,191 11.9 10.8 13.0 11.7

Ponce

91,961 93,734 93,304 93,696 11,128 10,860 12,401 11,171 12.1 11.6 13.3 11.9

San German

35,701 35,206 35,515 34,838 5,138 4,592 5,486 4,761 14.4 13.0 15.4 13.7

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

722,675 744,278 727,605 746,174 56,344 57,878 63,808 60,822 7.8 7.8 8.8 8.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
June July Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) June July June July
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

California

19,296,724 19,356,142 19,413,562 19,469,466 931,754 870,246 995,611 856,485 4.8 4.5 5.1 4.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,715,050 6,746,088 6,777,366 6,792,039 304,228 302,127 337,516 313,109 4.5 4.5 5.0 4.6

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,613,819 1,604,610 1,624,380 1,618,249 59,623 53,538 64,088 51,259 3.7 3.3 3.9 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,101,231 5,141,478 5,152,986 5,173,790 244,605 248,589 273,428 261,850 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,569,554 2,563,076 2,592,172 2,596,468 89,436 77,953 95,323 73,960 3.5 3.0 3.7 2.8

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,410,970 1,407,556 1,420,577 1,421,880 54,912 47,870 58,510 45,738 3.9 3.4 4.1 3.2

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,016,623 1,015,701 1,028,969 1,031,696 30,260 26,304 32,240 24,648 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.4

San Rafael

141,961 139,819 142,626 142,892 4,264 3,779 4,573 3,574 3.0 2.7 3.2 2.5

District of Columbia

404,318 412,394 407,291 414,525 26,479 24,509 26,933 24,833 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,416,033 3,463,185 3,438,343 3,479,908 133,569 127,733 134,363 122,258 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

695,102 700,818 697,516 706,005 25,183 26,754 24,927 25,633 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.6

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,720,931 2,762,367 2,740,827 2,773,903 108,386 100,979 109,436 96,625 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.5

Florida

10,127,782 10,291,445 10,164,624 10,318,381 438,687 399,312 444,483 408,440 4.3 3.9 4.4 4.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,137,923 3,174,535 3,161,908 3,175,164 140,553 124,509 142,866 128,429 4.5 3.9 4.5 4.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,033,144 1,048,194 1,033,963 1,047,879 41,753 38,401 42,019 38,923 4.0 3.7 4.1 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,377,043 1,397,499 1,402,620 1,396,544 67,914 57,745 68,949 59,984 4.9 4.1 4.9 4.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

727,736 728,842 725,325 730,741 30,886 28,363 31,898 29,522 4.2 3.9 4.4 4.0

Illinois

6,561,649 6,558,494 6,567,081 6,562,531 332,530 294,591 335,872 280,237 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,982,453 4,951,237 4,985,235 4,959,562 255,348 215,529 255,098 204,051 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,848,479 3,792,256 3,844,615 3,796,807 206,226 164,219 204,102 154,339 5.4 4.3 5.3 4.1

Elgin

323,637 332,337 325,366 333,813 14,301 15,182 14,817 14,734 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.4

Gary(3)

341,280 349,115 342,927 349,898 15,447 16,305 16,358 15,970 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

469,057 477,529 472,327 479,044 19,374 19,823 19,821 19,008 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.0

Massachusetts

3,702,764 3,857,394 3,713,111 3,893,015 148,385 150,125 148,026 153,090 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,725,871 2,840,483 2,728,112 2,863,135 101,192 101,786 100,417 104,111 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,620,132 1,693,088 1,622,697 1,709,924 58,354 58,757 57,598 59,498 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

107,310 111,779 107,711 112,686 4,969 4,920 5,173 5,269 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.7

Framingham

158,744 164,381 159,099 165,106 5,408 5,453 5,484 5,564 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

116,705 121,622 116,630 121,995 4,057 4,056 3,965 4,263 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

97,675 101,681 98,205 102,434 5,148 5,197 4,910 5,196 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

191,659 199,908 192,157 202,492 7,622 7,598 7,694 8,010 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.0

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

85,294 89,269 85,084 89,673 3,393 3,434 3,313 3,440 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8

Nashua(2)

171,895 175,453 170,245 174,743 5,109 5,119 5,141 5,427 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

92,115 95,362 92,001 95,683 3,475 3,596 3,392 3,593 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

84,342 87,940 84,283 88,399 3,657 3,656 3,747 3,851 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.4

Michigan

4,916,534 4,954,030 4,942,077 4,950,174 219,021 213,493 268,290 239,419 4.5 4.3 5.4 4.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,110,396 2,128,604 2,138,047 2,137,190 86,053 92,825 107,913 107,906 4.1 4.4 5.0 5.0

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

785,411 796,540 797,808 802,046 39,184 42,909 50,652 51,087 5.0 5.4 6.3 6.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,324,986 1,332,064 1,340,239 1,335,145 46,869 49,916 57,262 56,819 3.5 3.7 4.3 4.3

New York

9,794,282 9,803,502 9,858,475 9,834,720 453,016 410,500 485,742 417,771 4.6 4.2 4.9 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,199,124 10,177,398 10,273,872 10,242,743 457,107 422,209 503,462 447,618 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

198,692 199,493 200,654 200,063 8,702 7,788 8,868 7,563 4.4 3.9 4.4 3.8

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,524,456 1,527,812 1,533,274 1,527,975 64,824 57,420 69,832 59,319 4.3 3.8 4.6 3.9

Newark(3)

1,259,714 1,242,014 1,264,257 1,251,761 58,409 55,170 64,680 61,083 4.6 4.4 5.1 4.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,216,262 7,208,079 7,275,687 7,262,944 325,172 301,831 360,082 319,653 4.5 4.2 4.9 4.4

Pennsylvania

6,475,415 6,448,404 6,514,475 6,501,697 323,923 283,168 344,024 291,781 5.0 4.4 5.3 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,100,032 3,110,820 3,119,420 3,139,352 150,567 134,785 163,876 144,403 4.9 4.3 5.3 4.6

Camden(3)

645,335 647,148 644,521 651,542 30,265 28,257 33,992 31,996 4.7 4.4 5.3 4.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,083,578 1,079,972 1,091,275 1,090,480 42,894 37,719 47,091 40,068 4.0 3.5 4.3 3.7

Philadelphia

994,332 997,256 1,004,041 1,009,025 58,159 52,291 63,474 54,880 5.8 5.2 6.3 5.4

Wilmington(3)

376,787 386,444 379,583 388,305 19,249 16,518 19,319 17,459 5.1 4.3 5.1 4.5

Texas

13,543,364 13,844,974 13,571,881 13,840,527 608,310 582,961 604,241 556,630 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,788,012 3,906,318 3,815,317 3,919,474 146,833 148,332 147,106 142,401 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.6

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,556,605 2,641,757 2,575,074 2,650,958 98,645 99,966 98,387 96,063 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,231,407 1,264,561 1,240,243 1,268,516 48,188 48,366 48,719 46,338 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7

Washington

3,736,856 3,773,212 3,756,579 3,798,646 172,147 167,628 174,245 160,875 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,065,347 2,097,934 2,068,263 2,116,208 87,388 84,790 89,038 81,623 4.2 4.0 4.3 3.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,651,785 1,678,859 1,654,880 1,695,828 65,770 63,615 67,175 61,509 4.0 3.8 4.1 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

413,562 419,075 413,383 420,380 21,618 21,175 21,863 20,114 5.2 5.1 5.3 4.8

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area June July Change from
July 2017 to July 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,026.6 2,046.1 2,007.6 2,029.8 22.2 1.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.0 47.7 46.7 47.4 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

64.3 64.0 63.9 63.6 -0.3 -0.5

Birmingham-Hoover

532.5 540.1 529.9 537.4 7.5 1.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

78.4 81.8 78.4 81.3 2.9 3.7

Decatur

54.7 55.4 54.2 54.9 0.7 1.3

Dothan

58.2 58.7 58.2 58.5 0.3 0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.8 56.9 56.0 56.4 0.4 0.7

Gadsden

38.2 38.5 37.6 38.2 0.6 1.6

Huntsville

233.6 238.4 231.0 238.4 7.4 3.2

Mobile

184.3 186.2 183.0 184.3 1.3 0.7

Montgomery

179.4 179.6 176.4 178.5 2.1 1.2

Tuscaloosa

106.9 106.5 106.0 105.2 -0.8 -0.8


Alaska

349.1 347.1 353.4 352.5 -0.9 -0.3

Anchorage

182.6 182.7 180.6 180.7 0.1 0.1

Fairbanks

38.5 38.4 38.4 38.3 -0.1 -0.3


Arizona

2,723.5 2,792.5 2,702.6 2,775.0 72.4 2.7

Flagstaff

66.8 68.4 66.9 68.3 1.4 2.1

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

49.5 51.4 49.3 51.3 2.0 4.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,999.2 2,057.0 1,985.6 2,046.9 61.3 3.1

Prescott

63.5 64.9 62.9 64.3 1.4 2.2

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.4 33.0 32.0 32.1 0.1 0.3

Tucson

367.4 374.8 364.9 372.3 7.4 2.0

Yuma

52.6 52.8 51.4 52.6 1.2 2.3


Arkansas

1,240.5 1,250.9 1,223.2 1,237.9 14.7 1.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

252.0 258.5 248.7 255.5 6.8 2.7

Fort Smith

112.7 112.8 110.2 110.4 0.2 0.2

Hot Springs

38.5 38.6 38.1 38.0 -0.1 -0.3

Jonesboro

56.9 58.5 56.6 57.9 1.3 2.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

358.6 364.9 355.7 362.4 6.7 1.9

Pine Bluff

32.6 32.6 32.0 32.1 0.1 0.3


California

16,865.0 17,178.0 16,721.3 17,052.6 331.3 2.0

Bakersfield

258.2 262.9 253.0 257.0 4.0 1.6

Chico

81.3 83.8 80.5 82.8 2.3 2.9

El Centro

53.5 54.5 50.7 51.6 0.9 1.8

Fresno

346.2 356.2 341.4 351.3 9.9 2.9

Hanford-Corcoran

39.8 39.9 40.0 40.0 0.0 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,049.2 6,130.8 6,008.6 6,073.2 64.6 1.1

Madera

38.0 39.1 37.4 38.6 1.2 3.2

Merced

67.5 69.9 64.2 67.5 3.3 5.1

Modesto

174.4 177.8 174.7 178.5 3.8 2.2

Napa

73.3 73.6 72.8 73.1 0.3 0.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

305.5 309.9 301.8 304.6 2.8 0.9

Redding

67.4 68.6 65.6 67.3 1.7 2.6

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,445.8 1,494.0 1,432.5 1,480.8 48.3 3.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

971.3 990.2 971.1 985.7 14.6 1.5

Salinas

138.9 143.8 138.6 142.2 3.6 2.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,460.7 1,486.1 1,450.5 1,471.7 21.2 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,404.9 2,439.6 2,395.5 2,434.9 39.4 1.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,103.0 1,138.4 1,100.4 1,131.4 31.0 2.8

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

119.5 121.3 115.7 117.8 2.1 1.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

105.5 108.0 102.8 104.6 1.8 1.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

183.6 186.3 181.0 182.2 1.2 0.7

Santa Rosa

207.1 211.7 204.7 208.9 4.2 2.1

Stockton-Lodi

233.9 241.4 232.9 240.5 7.6 3.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

139.4 139.8 137.6 138.2 0.6 0.4

Visalia-Porterville

125.6 129.3 123.3 126.4 3.1 2.5

Yuba City

44.2 44.3 43.0 43.3 0.3 0.7


Colorado

2,676.7 2,757.9 2,669.8 2,751.5 81.7 3.1

Boulder

187.4 191.1 186.7 190.4 3.7 2.0

Colorado Springs

289.3 299.7 287.5 300.1 12.6 4.4

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,475.4 1,521.7 1,470.4 1,517.2 46.8 3.2

Fort Collins

165.9 172.4 166.4 172.4 6.0 3.6

Grand Junction

62.8 64.5 62.7 64.1 1.4 2.2

Greeley

103.8 108.5 102.5 108.0 5.5 5.4

Pueblo

62.7 63.4 61.7 62.3 0.6 1.0


Connecticut

1,706.8 1,722.6 1,676.9 1,701.2 24.3 1.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

415.8 418.0 412.0 416.2 4.2 1.0

Danbury

79.4 80.4 78.2 79.2 1.0 1.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

578.1 586.2 566.3 577.3 11.0 1.9

New Haven

288.9 290.2 281.1 285.3 4.2 1.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

133.6 134.5 132.1 133.5 1.4 1.1

Waterbury

68.2 67.6 66.7 66.5 -0.2 -0.3


Delaware

460.7 467.4 460.1 469.3 9.2 2.0

Dover

69.6 71.0 68.2 70.1 1.9 2.8

Salisbury(1)

171.4 167.4 173.3 169.4 -3.9 -2.3


District of Columbia

786.4 793.9 795.2 802.6 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,300.3 3,357.3 3,283.1 3,360.2 77.1 2.3


Florida

8,497.2 8,695.9 8,455.9 8,679.6 223.7 2.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

259.2 261.9 257.2 261.4 4.2 1.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

116.1 121.1 115.8 121.5 5.7 4.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

199.1 203.0 198.2 202.5 4.3 2.2

Gainesville

138.0 140.0 138.4 140.9 2.5 1.8

Homosassa Springs

33.1 33.4 32.2 32.4 0.2 0.6

Jacksonville

685.8 709.6 685.9 708.0 22.1 3.2

Lakeland-Winter Haven

218.2 223.5 216.3 222.0 5.7 2.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,613.8 2,649.7 2,595.2 2,641.0 45.8 1.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

142.5 141.1 140.9 139.9 -1.0 -0.7

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

296.9 304.3 295.7 304.1 8.4 2.8

Ocala

101.8 103.8 101.1 103.9 2.8 2.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,238.5 1,285.3 1,234.6 1,288.1 53.5 4.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

214.2 216.2 213.6 217.4 3.8 1.8

Panama City

86.0 88.6 85.3 88.5 3.2 3.8

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

177.2 179.1 175.7 179.2 3.5 2.0

Port St. Lucie

144.1 146.8 143.0 145.0 2.0 1.4

Punta Gorda

47.4 48.2 46.8 47.7 0.9 1.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

51.0 51.8 50.4 51.1 0.7 1.4

Sebring

25.0 24.6 24.6 24.2 -0.4 -1.6

Tallahassee

175.9 179.5 175.6 178.4 2.8 1.6

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,312.0 1,341.8 1,307.6 1,337.5 29.9 2.3

The Villages

27.8 28.3 27.4 27.8 0.4 1.5


Georgia

4,461.0 4,541.2 4,428.1 4,521.2 93.1 2.1

Albany

62.4 63.1 61.7 62.8 1.1 1.8

Athens-Clarke County

97.6 99.1 95.9 99.2 3.3 3.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,731.3 2,782.2 2,714.6 2,771.6 57.0 2.1

Augusta-Richmond County

234.8 242.2 232.5 240.2 7.7 3.3

Brunswick

44.9 45.1 44.6 44.8 0.2 0.4

Columbus

120.9 122.2 120.1 122.1 2.0 1.7

Dalton

67.4 68.3 67.1 68.4 1.3 1.9

Gainesville

89.7 93.7 89.8 93.5 3.7 4.1

Hinesville

19.9 20.5 20.0 20.5 0.5 2.5

Macon-Bibb County

103.4 103.8 102.1 102.9 0.8 0.8

Rome

41.0 41.6 40.7 41.4 0.7 1.7

Savannah

180.0 180.6 179.5 178.3 -1.2 -0.7

Valdosta

56.1 56.9 55.2 56.9 1.7 3.1

Warner Robins

73.4 75.3 73.2 74.1 0.9 1.2


Hawaii

651.5 662.8 643.6 655.5 11.9 1.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

76.8 78.1 76.2 78.5 2.3 3.0

Urban Honolulu

475.2 483.8 467.6 476.0 8.4 1.8


Idaho

725.9 748.3 722.1 746.4 24.3 3.4

Boise City

317.8 330.0 317.1 329.4 12.3 3.9

Coeur d'Alene

65.5 68.1 65.7 68.2 2.5 3.8

Idaho Falls

67.0 68.5 66.1 67.9 1.8 2.7

Lewiston

29.3 30.1 29.1 29.6 0.5 1.7

Pocatello

36.4 37.5 35.8 37.1 1.3 3.6


Illinois

6,122.2 6,180.2 6,075.4 6,151.3 75.9 1.2

Bloomington

92.1 92.8 92.2 91.9 -0.3 -0.3

Carbondale-Marion

55.3 55.0 56.6 56.2 -0.4 -0.7

Champaign-Urbana

106.5 108.6 106.4 108.0 1.6 1.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,757.4 4,800.9 4,722.5 4,782.1 59.6 1.3

Danville

28.4 28.2 28.1 28.0 -0.1 -0.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.7 187.9 186.1 186.7 0.6 0.3

Decatur

51.4 52.2 50.9 51.6 0.7 1.4

Kankakee

46.4 49.0 46.0 48.7 2.7 5.9

Peoria

175.0 173.5 171.5 172.0 0.5 0.3

Rockford

152.7 153.5 151.1 152.1 1.0 0.7

Springfield

115.4 114.0 113.1 113.1 0.0 0.0


Indiana

3,114.1 3,129.4 3,063.8 3,101.6 37.8 1.2

Bloomington

74.0 69.2 71.4 67.2 -4.2 -5.9

Columbus

53.2 53.9 52.0 54.0 2.0 3.8

Elkhart-Goshen

139.0 146.4 136.8 144.5 7.7 5.6

Evansville

159.4 164.0 159.2 163.2 4.0 2.5

Fort Wayne

222.0 225.9 219.0 226.0 7.0 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,064.0 1,079.9 1,051.8 1,074.3 22.5 2.1

Kokomo

42.2 43.6 41.1 43.7 2.6 6.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

98.2 102.3 98.5 102.0 3.5 3.6

Michigan City-La Porte

41.9 41.2 41.3 40.9 -0.4 -1.0

Muncie

51.1 51.7 49.5 51.2 1.7 3.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

141.2 140.4 137.6 138.7 1.1 0.8

Terre Haute

70.2 70.4 69.1 69.2 0.1 0.1


Iowa

1,588.0 1,612.8 1,564.7 1,590.1 25.4 1.6

Ames

49.1 50.7 48.9 49.9 1.0 2.0

Cedar Rapids

146.4 147.4 143.7 145.0 1.3 0.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

369.5 383.0 366.4 377.8 11.4 3.1

Dubuque

60.1 60.1 59.1 58.9 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

100.1 101.7 99.5 100.0 0.5 0.5

Sioux City

88.0 89.0 86.2 87.8 1.6 1.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.1 90.1 88.9 89.1 0.2 0.2


Kansas

1,399.6 1,429.7 1,385.9 1,410.8 24.9 1.8

Lawrence

50.8 49.7 49.1 49.3 0.2 0.4

Manhattan

40.6 39.5 38.8 39.1 0.3 0.8

Topeka

111.8 112.0 111.4 110.6 -0.8 -0.7

Wichita

294.9 297.7 290.6 295.2 4.6 1.6


Kentucky

1,931.1 1,942.4 1,911.0 1,929.1 18.1 0.9

Bowling Green

76.6 78.0 73.7 75.8 2.1 2.8

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

57.3 57.7 56.8 57.7 0.9 1.6

Lexington-Fayette

278.0 282.1 274.6 278.7 4.1 1.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

671.2 675.4 666.2 671.6 5.4 0.8

Owensboro

54.1 54.8 54.2 54.6 0.4 0.7


Louisiana

1,973.9 1,994.5 1,954.2 1,980.2 26.0 1.3

Alexandria

61.9 62.3 61.8 62.1 0.3 0.5

Baton Rouge

405.6 414.5 402.0 410.4 8.4 2.1

Hammond

45.9 46.7 45.3 46.4 1.1 2.4

Houma-Thibodaux

85.9 86.0 85.7 86.0 0.3 0.4

Lafayette

202.0 201.3 201.0 200.5 -0.5 -0.2

Lake Charles

117.7 120.2 117.2 119.6 2.4 2.0

Monroe

78.4 78.8 77.6 78.5 0.9 1.2

New Orleans-Metairie

575.9 581.6 568.5 578.2 9.7 1.7

Shreveport-Bossier City

180.1 180.8 179.0 179.9 0.9 0.5


Maine

640.1 647.2 640.0 649.4 9.4 1.5

Bangor

66.8 66.6 65.6 65.9 0.3 0.5

Lewiston-Auburn

51.2 51.4 50.2 50.7 0.5 1.0

Portland-South Portland

213.7 216.5 213.4 217.4 4.0 1.9


Maryland

2,753.6 2,779.3 2,733.3 2,761.7 28.4 1.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,407.8 1,433.8 1,403.1 1,419.1 16.0 1.1

California-Lexington Park

45.4 46.0 44.8 45.7 0.9 2.0

Cumberland

38.9 39.4 38.7 39.1 0.4 1.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

106.0 107.0 104.7 107.1 2.4 2.3


Massachusetts

3,665.1 3,733.7 3,643.0 3,721.6 78.6 2.2

Barnstable Town

117.1 117.6 122.6 123.4 0.8 0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,771.4 2,824.4 2,750.8 2,813.0 62.2 2.3

Leominster-Gardner

53.4 53.8 52.6 53.2 0.6 1.1

New Bedford

68.7 69.3 68.0 68.7 0.7 1.0

Pittsfield

43.4 43.8 44.0 44.3 0.3 0.7

Springfield

337.2 342.1 331.6 336.4 4.8 1.4

Worcester

288.8 295.7 283.5 290.5 7.0 2.5


Michigan

4,429.0 4,493.7 4,344.1 4,421.9 77.8 1.8

Ann Arbor

216.7 219.7 213.9 218.0 4.1 1.9

Battle Creek

59.0 59.3 58.3 58.1 -0.2 -0.3

Bay City

35.7 35.9 35.3 35.6 0.3 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,034.6 2,054.1 1,995.3 2,023.3 28.0 1.4

Flint

143.0 143.7 139.8 139.8 0.0 0.0

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

559.8 570.7 548.3 560.2 11.9 2.2

Jackson

58.5 58.8 57.2 57.1 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

147.8 150.0 144.8 148.1 3.3 2.3

Lansing-East Lansing

230.9 234.3 226.4 231.3 4.9 2.2

Midland

37.9 38.0 37.5 37.4 -0.1 -0.3

Monroe

42.6 43.2 41.1 42.1 1.0 2.4

Muskegon

66.9 66.0 65.3 65.9 0.6 0.9

Niles-Benton Harbor

64.8 64.2 63.5 63.3 -0.2 -0.3

Saginaw

88.5 89.2 87.1 87.3 0.2 0.2


Minnesota

2,969.8 3,018.6 2,947.7 3,007.4 59.7 2.0

Duluth

137.3 139.0 136.0 137.8 1.8 1.3

Mankato-North Mankato

56.8 59.5 55.2 59.1 3.9 7.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

2,009.0 2,050.6 1,998.9 2,043.0 44.1 2.2

Rochester

122.7 122.9 122.0 122.4 0.4 0.3

St. Cloud

110.0 111.9 108.8 111.1 2.3 2.1


Mississippi

1,147.7 1,166.0 1,135.7 1,152.9 17.2 1.5

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

156.2 155.8 155.5 156.2 0.7 0.5

Hattiesburg

63.9 64.8 63.1 64.6 1.5 2.4

Jackson

279.1 285.3 276.6 281.5 4.9 1.8


Missouri

2,897.4 2,932.5 2,849.3 2,882.7 33.4 1.2

Cape Girardeau

44.5 45.6 42.5 43.6 1.1 2.6

Columbia

96.7 97.5 96.2 96.8 0.6 0.6

Jefferson City

77.4 77.6 76.4 76.8 0.4 0.5

Joplin

80.8 81.3 78.9 79.9 1.0 1.3

Kansas City

1,088.3 1,115.0 1,079.9 1,101.4 21.5 2.0

St. Joseph

64.8 65.5 63.8 64.6 0.8 1.3

St. Louis(2)

1,392.6 1,408.0 1,369.4 1,383.9 14.5 1.1

Springfield

212.6 214.0 209.7 210.3 0.6 0.3


Montana

481.6 487.5 479.1 486.4 7.3 1.5

Billings

86.0 86.8 85.1 85.9 0.8 0.9

Great Falls

36.4 36.8 35.0 35.6 0.6 1.7

Missoula

62.1 62.7 60.0 61.2 1.2 2.0


Nebraska

1,026.0 1,041.5 1,013.9 1,033.2 19.3 1.9

Grand Island

43.1 43.1 42.3 42.6 0.3 0.7

Lincoln

187.2 189.9 185.4 189.6 4.2 2.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

504.1 511.9 498.7 510.0 11.3 2.3


Nevada

1,342.3 1,382.6 1,337.9 1,387.7 49.8 3.7

Carson City

30.3 31.2 30.3 31.2 0.9 3.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

974.1 1,002.8 971.1 1,008.7 37.6 3.9

Reno

231.2 240.2 230.8 239.3 8.5 3.7


New Hampshire

684.0 698.8 678.6 694.0 15.4 2.3

Dover-Durham

52.9 54.1 52.2 54.0 1.8 3.4

Manchester

113.8 114.8 112.2 112.9 0.7 0.6

Portsmouth

96.4 97.8 96.9 98.1 1.2 1.2


New Jersey

4,219.8 4,275.2 4,141.5 4,235.9 94.4 2.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

131.4 133.9 130.3 140.5 10.2 7.8

Ocean City

54.4 53.4 58.5 56.8 -1.7 -2.9

Trenton

270.8 277.6 265.3 276.1 10.8 4.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

59.8 60.4 56.7 58.6 1.9 3.4


New Mexico

825.6 843.5 818.6 836.5 17.9 2.2

Albuquerque

389.5 397.2 386.9 395.5 8.6 2.2

Farmington

48.9 49.4 48.0 48.3 0.3 0.6

Las Cruces

69.7 68.5 68.0 67.3 -0.7 -1.0

Santa Fe

63.7 64.6 64.0 65.0 1.0 1.6


New York

9,606.7 9,737.8 9,535.3 9,692.1 156.8 1.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

472.3 475.9 465.3 467.9 2.6 0.6

Binghamton

105.2 104.8 102.0 102.7 0.7 0.7

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

567.2 576.4 562.4 569.3 6.9 1.2

Elmira

37.4 37.0 36.4 36.4 0.0 0.0

Glens Falls

59.3 60.2 59.6 60.6 1.0 1.7

Ithaca

62.5 64.6 61.2 63.4 2.2 3.6

Kingston

63.6 64.5 62.0 63.2 1.2 1.9

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,789.8 9,905.8 9,698.6 9,841.6 143.0 1.5

Rochester

538.0 546.9 528.4 538.2 9.8 1.9

Syracuse

319.0 322.1 315.0 319.2 4.2 1.3

Utica-Rome

130.0 129.4 129.0 129.0 0.0 0.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.8 44.1 43.9 43.9 0.0 0.0


North Carolina

4,437.3 4,539.7 4,362.1 4,473.1 111.0 2.5

Asheville

190.7 195.5 188.3 192.5 4.2 2.2

Burlington

60.9 61.5 60.2 60.7 0.5 0.8

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,184.9 1,217.2 1,167.0 1,197.8 30.8 2.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

311.6 317.8 308.2 315.1 6.9 2.2

Fayetteville

130.2 131.8 125.6 128.1 2.5 2.0

Goldsboro

42.3 42.0 40.7 40.4 -0.3 -0.7

Greensboro-High Point

358.9 363.9 351.7 358.2 6.5 1.8

Greenville

79.5 80.6 77.8 79.5 1.7 2.2

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

154.1 155.9 150.3 153.0 2.7 1.8

Jacksonville

49.7 49.9 46.8 47.2 0.4 0.9

New Bern

45.4 45.7 44.5 45.1 0.6 1.3

Raleigh

618.0 639.0 615.4 639.2 23.8 3.9

Rocky Mount

56.0 54.8 54.6 54.1 -0.5 -0.9

Wilmington

127.1 128.7 125.3 127.6 2.3 1.8

Winston-Salem

263.3 268.6 259.3 263.8 4.5 1.7


North Dakota

437.1 438.0 430.8 434.7 3.9 0.9

Bismarck

74.5 74.3 73.2 73.2 0.0 0.0

Fargo

142.1 142.9 140.1 142.0 1.9 1.4

Grand Forks

56.6 57.0 54.5 55.2 0.7 1.3


Ohio

5,567.5 5,665.0 5,542.7 5,648.1 105.4 1.9

Akron

339.8 343.9 338.0 344.0 6.0 1.8

Canton-Massillon

175.4 175.7 173.2 175.4 2.2 1.3

Cincinnati

1,104.5 1,118.7 1,095.6 1,115.6 20.0 1.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,072.3 1,092.5 1,065.6 1,092.7 27.1 2.5

Columbus

1,089.5 1,103.4 1,088.2 1,101.2 13.0 1.2

Dayton

387.8 389.4 389.2 388.5 -0.7 -0.2

Lima

54.0 54.2 53.4 54.0 0.6 1.1

Mansfield

52.8 53.6 52.4 53.0 0.6 1.1

Springfield

50.7 50.9 49.1 50.0 0.9 1.8

Toledo

307.9 311.9 304.1 309.2 5.1 1.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

41.6 41.4 41.3 41.2 -0.1 -0.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

222.1 220.8 218.5 218.3 -0.2 -0.1


Oklahoma

1,660.6 1,692.5 1,647.4 1,677.7 30.3 1.8

Enid

25.9 25.9 25.7 26.0 0.3 1.2

Lawton

45.9 46.3 45.0 45.4 0.4 0.9

Oklahoma City

633.3 651.3 629.0 646.3 17.3 2.8

Tulsa

448.9 460.2 445.4 458.9 13.5 3.0


Oregon

1,891.4 1,936.5 1,866.9 1,919.9 53.0 2.8

Albany

44.9 46.7 44.0 45.9 1.9 4.3

Bend-Redmond

83.0 86.4 83.0 86.5 3.5 4.2

Corvallis

44.1 44.6 40.1 41.1 1.0 2.5

Eugene

160.2 165.4 155.9 161.1 5.2 3.3

Grants Pass

26.7 27.3 25.7 26.6 0.9 3.5

Medford

87.5 90.2 85.9 88.3 2.4 2.8

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,179.4 1,206.6 1,172.6 1,202.5 29.9 2.5

Salem

166.4 167.5 161.6 165.0 3.4 2.1


Pennsylvania

5,962.2 6,062.3 5,918.9 6,018.1 99.2 1.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

372.7 380.4 366.7 376.8 10.1 2.8

Altoona

62.4 62.6 61.7 62.1 0.4 0.6

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.4 42.0 41.8 41.7 -0.1 -0.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.1 61.6 59.4 60.8 1.4 2.4

East Stroudsburg

59.0 59.4 59.5 59.4 -0.1 -0.2

Erie

127.4 128.9 125.9 128.3 2.4 1.9

Gettysburg

34.8 35.9 34.7 35.8 1.1 3.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

345.3 349.3 344.3 350.1 5.8 1.7

Johnstown

54.8 55.8 54.2 55.1 0.9 1.7

Lancaster

254.6 258.1 253.3 257.5 4.2 1.7

Lebanon

52.5 52.8 51.7 52.0 0.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,923.2 2,975.9 2,893.4 2,954.9 61.5 2.1

Pittsburgh

1,181.6 1,197.7 1,174.1 1,188.7 14.6 1.2

Reading

177.3 180.7 175.4 179.5 4.1 2.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

263.1 269.4 260.6 268.7 8.1 3.1

State College

75.0 75.7 75.3 75.5 0.2 0.3

Williamsport

53.5 53.2 52.9 52.0 -0.9 -1.7

York-Hanover

185.4 188.0 183.8 186.9 3.1 1.7


Rhode Island

502.4 511.4 496.4 509.1 12.7 2.6

Providence-Warwick

598.0 607.2 589.5 602.4 12.9 2.2


South Carolina

2,109.2 2,145.7 2,093.5 2,132.2 38.7 1.8

Charleston-North Charleston

356.6 363.6 356.1 361.8 5.7 1.6

Columbia

398.9 400.1 397.1 401.1 4.0 1.0

Florence

88.3 89.7 87.1 89.1 2.0 2.3

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

416.0 425.4 412.2 418.8 6.6 1.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

81.4 83.6 81.3 83.7 2.4 3.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

178.0 182.4 175.9 181.5 5.6 3.2

Spartanburg

153.4 156.3 151.3 154.9 3.6 2.4

Sumter

39.2 39.8 39.1 39.7 0.6 1.5


South Dakota

444.4 453.0 438.3 447.7 9.4 2.1

Rapid City

71.6 73.8 71.5 72.6 1.1 1.5

Sioux Falls

158.2 160.1 157.0 159.1 2.1 1.3


Tennessee

2,993.8 3,052.1 2,982.9 3,043.9 61.0 2.0

Chattanooga

257.3 264.8 254.7 263.5 8.8 3.5

Clarksville

88.7 89.5 88.0 89.0 1.0 1.1

Cleveland

45.8 46.3 45.8 46.5 0.7 1.5

Jackson

67.9 69.8 68.3 69.7 1.4 2.0

Johnson City

77.7 78.0 77.9 77.9 0.0 0.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

121.2 122.2 119.7 121.8 2.1 1.8

Knoxville

392.3 395.0 391.5 394.9 3.4 0.9

Memphis

638.1 652.3 636.1 650.4 14.3 2.2

Morristown

45.1 46.0 44.8 46.0 1.2 2.7

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

975.9 998.7 973.9 993.2 19.3 2.0


Texas

12,275.6 12,625.3 12,173.8 12,558.5 384.7 3.2

Abilene

68.7 70.0 67.5 69.4 1.9 2.8

Amarillo

119.3 122.3 117.9 121.2 3.3 2.8

Austin-Round Rock

1,038.4 1,073.6 1,029.8 1,059.8 30.0 2.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165.2 164.4 162.0 162.0 0.0 0.0

Brownsville-Harlingen

142.8 143.9 141.2 141.9 0.7 0.5

College Station-Bryan

111.2 116.7 111.8 116.5 4.7 4.2

Corpus Christi

195.2 192.3 191.5 190.1 -1.4 -0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,606.8 3,720.4 3,585.8 3,704.0 118.2 3.3

El Paso

310.8 316.4 307.0 314.1 7.1 2.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,038.8 3,131.6 3,011.3 3,113.1 101.8 3.4

Killeen-Temple

144.0 146.3 142.3 144.8 2.5 1.8

Laredo

104.0 104.7 102.9 104.1 1.2 1.2

Longview

96.9 97.0 95.9 96.3 0.4 0.4

Lubbock

147.2 151.4 146.4 150.8 4.4 3.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

258.9 263.2 251.1 258.0 6.9 2.7

Midland

93.5 103.6 94.5 104.0 9.5 10.1

Odessa

73.2 75.4 73.4 75.1 1.7 2.3

San Angelo

49.2 49.7 48.6 49.3 0.7 1.4

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,044.2 1,058.3 1,037.7 1,051.0 13.3 1.3

Sherman-Denison

47.0 48.0 47.2 48.2 1.0 2.1

Texarkana

60.4 61.1 58.6 59.2 0.6 1.0

Tyler

105.1 108.1 103.9 107.6 3.7 3.6

Victoria

41.3 40.5 41.0 40.2 -0.8 -2.0

Waco

121.8 122.9 119.7 122.6 2.9 2.4

Wichita Falls

59.3 59.7 58.7 59.1 0.4 0.7


Utah

1,473.8 1,523.0 1,453.6 1,510.7 57.1 3.9

Logan

61.5 63.0 58.2 60.1 1.9 3.3

Ogden-Clearfield

256.6 262.4 255.0 261.5 6.5 2.5

Provo-Orem

247.4 257.6 241.8 253.0 11.2 4.6

St. George

63.4 67.3 62.9 66.3 3.4 5.4

Salt Lake City

719.0 737.5 711.4 737.3 25.9 3.6


Vermont

317.0 316.5 310.2 309.4 -0.8 -0.3

Burlington-South Burlington

125.7 124.4 124.0 122.3 -1.7 -1.4


Virginia

3,987.6 4,049.6 3,958.3 4,034.7 76.4 1.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

75.0 74.9 74.1 74.4 0.3 0.4

Charlottesville

117.0 121.1 114.6 119.4 4.8 4.2

Harrisonburg

65.7 67.0 65.6 66.4 0.8 1.2

Lynchburg

103.7 105.4 103.5 104.7 1.2 1.2

Richmond

677.7 683.1 673.0 683.7 10.7 1.6

Roanoke

160.4 162.3 158.9 160.9 2.0 1.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.3 51.2 49.6 50.8 1.2 2.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

791.7 797.8 787.1 795.2 8.1 1.0

Winchester

63.7 65.7 63.3 65.2 1.9 3.0


Washington

3,355.8 3,446.0 3,343.3 3,448.8 105.5 3.2

Bellingham

93.2 96.7 90.9 94.5 3.6 4.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

92.1 93.8 91.6 93.4 1.8 2.0

Kennewick-Richland

114.9 117.6 114.5 117.3 2.8 2.4

Longview

40.2 41.3 40.0 41.2 1.2 3.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

51.1 51.8 50.7 52.2 1.5 3.0

Olympia-Tumwater

115.8 120.5 115.1 119.7 4.6 4.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,014.5 2,075.3 2,011.1 2,087.3 76.2 3.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

248.2 247.7 244.6 245.8 1.2 0.5

Walla Walla

28.0 29.4 27.1 28.3 1.2 4.4

Wenatchee

46.0 48.1 46.7 48.3 1.6 3.4

Yakima

88.1 91.5 87.4 90.3 2.9 3.3


West Virginia

743.1 754.2 736.9 747.7 10.8 1.5

Beckley

45.6 45.7 45.5 45.3 -0.2 -0.4

Charleston

117.9 118.0 116.6 116.3 -0.3 -0.3

Huntington-Ashland

138.3 137.3 136.4 136.3 -0.1 -0.1

Morgantown

68.6 70.6 69.1 71.1 2.0 2.9

Parkersburg-Vienna

40.1 40.3 39.5 39.7 0.2 0.5

Wheeling

67.0 67.0 66.5 66.3 -0.2 -0.3


Wisconsin

2,983.0 3,015.5 2,965.6 3,009.5 43.9 1.5

Appleton

127.7 129.6 126.0 128.7 2.7 2.1

Eau Claire

86.4 87.8 86.2 87.2 1.0 1.2

Fond du Lac

48.6 49.5 48.3 49.2 0.9 1.9

Green Bay

181.5 183.1 179.2 181.4 2.2 1.2

Janesville-Beloit

69.9 70.3 70.2 70.5 0.3 0.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.0 80.5 77.4 79.7 2.3 3.0

Madison

403.7 408.1 401.6 408.5 6.9 1.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

874.9 882.6 869.5 880.2 10.7 1.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

98.4 98.4 98.7 98.0 -0.7 -0.7

Racine

79.1 79.0 78.8 79.0 0.2 0.3

Sheboygan

64.4 65.7 64.0 65.9 1.9 3.0

Wausau

73.3 74.9 72.2 74.3 2.1 2.9


Wyoming

289.0 296.1 288.3 296.6 8.3 2.9

Casper

39.0 39.5 38.6 39.4 0.8 2.1

Cheyenne

46.8 47.1 47.2 47.7 0.5 1.1


Puerto Rico

881.9 851.7 861.6 841.5 -20.1 -2.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.1 51.3 50.2 49.7 -0.5 -1.0

Arecibo

33.7 33.1 33.3 32.1 -1.2 -3.6

Guayama

14.4 14.1 14.3 13.7 -0.6 -4.2

Mayaguez

33.3 30.2 31.5 29.7 -1.8 -5.7

Ponce

68.1 66.9 66.8 65.8 -1.0 -1.5

San German

19.4 18.9 18.5 18.1 -0.4 -2.2

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

637.2 621.5 623.0 616.0 -7.0 -1.1


Virgin Islands

38.6 36.1 38.0 36.2 -1.8 -4.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division June July Change from
July 2017 to July 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

California

16,865.0 17,178.0 16,721.3 17,052.6 331.3 2.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,049.2 6,130.8 6,008.6 6,073.2 64.6 1.1

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,620.4 1,635.6 1,609.5 1,625.5 16.0 1.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,428.8 4,495.2 4,399.1 4,447.7 48.6 1.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,404.9 2,439.6 2,395.5 2,434.9 39.4 1.6

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,168.9 1,186.7 1,160.1 1,179.4 19.3 1.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,118.1 1,135.8 1,118.8 1,137.4 18.6 1.7

San Rafael

117.9 117.1 116.6 118.1 1.5 1.3


District of Columbia

786.4 793.9 795.2 802.6 7.4 0.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,300.3 3,357.3 3,283.1 3,360.2 77.1 2.3

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

600.8 609.5 591.8 606.4 14.6 2.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,699.5 2,747.8 2,691.3 2,753.8 62.5 2.3


Florida

8,497.2 8,695.9 8,455.9 8,679.6 223.7 2.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,613.8 2,649.7 2,595.2 2,641.0 45.8 1.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

832.4 848.6 828.3 842.1 13.8 1.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,166.7 1,182.6 1,157.3 1,181.6 24.3 2.1

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

614.7 618.5 609.6 617.3 7.7 1.3


Illinois

6,122.2 6,180.2 6,075.4 6,151.3 75.9 1.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,757.4 4,800.9 4,722.5 4,782.1 59.6 1.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,786.6 3,824.4 3,765.5 3,812.0 46.5 1.2

Elgin

263.0 264.4 258.0 263.1 5.1 2.0

Gary

276.6 280.6 273.4 278.0 4.6 1.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

431.2 431.5 425.6 429.0 3.4 0.8


Massachusetts

3,665.1 3,733.7 3,643.0 3,721.6 78.6 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,771.4 2,824.4 2,750.8 2,813.0 62.2 2.3

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,864.9 1,905.6 1,854.4 1,903.9 49.5 2.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.8 82.3 80.3 81.2 0.9 1.1

Framingham

176.1 176.4 174.4 174.2 -0.2 -0.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

69.3 71.3 68.2 69.9 1.7 2.5

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

84.2 85.8 84.9 85.7 0.8 0.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

159.8 163.0 158.8 163.4 4.6 2.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

46.5 48.1 45.8 47.8 2.0 4.4

Nashua(2)

130.8 131.5 127.1 128.5 1.4 1.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

97.7 97.7 96.5 96.7 0.2 0.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

61.3 62.7 60.4 61.7 1.3 2.2


Michigan

4,429.0 4,493.7 4,344.1 4,421.9 77.8 1.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,034.6 2,054.1 1,995.3 2,023.3 28.0 1.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

763.4 775.6 746.5 764.1 17.6 2.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,271.2 1,278.5 1,248.8 1,259.2 10.4 0.8


New York

9,606.7 9,737.8 9,535.3 9,692.1 156.8 1.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,789.8 9,905.8 9,698.6 9,841.6 143.0 1.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

148.5 150.8 148.3 149.7 1.4 0.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,370.9 1,386.1 1,356.3 1,368.8 12.5 0.9

Newark(3)

1,232.9 1,236.0 1,212.8 1,220.9 8.1 0.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,037.5 7,132.9 6,981.2 7,102.2 121.0 1.7


Pennsylvania

5,962.2 6,062.3 5,918.9 6,018.1 99.2 1.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,923.2 2,975.9 2,893.4 2,954.9 61.5 2.1

Camden(3)

551.8 562.2 536.9 552.9 16.0 3.0

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,078.0 1,089.7 1,069.3 1,082.2 12.9 1.2

Philadelphia

935.5 957.5 930.1 954.7 24.6 2.6

Wilmington(3)

357.9 366.5 357.1 365.1 8.0 2.2


Texas

12,275.6 12,625.3 12,173.8 12,558.5 384.7 3.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,606.8 3,720.4 3,585.8 3,704.0 118.2 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,572.7 2,660.2 2,558.9 2,648.5 89.6 3.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,034.1 1,060.2 1,026.9 1,055.5 28.6 2.8


Washington

3,355.8 3,446.0 3,343.3 3,448.8 105.5 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,014.5 2,075.3 2,011.1 2,087.3 76.2 3.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,701.2 1,749.6 1,699.2 1,760.0 60.8 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

313.3 325.7 311.9 327.3 15.4 4.9

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: August 29, 2018