Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 27, 2018                        USDL-18-1057

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 350 of the 388 metropolitan 
areas, higher in 20 areas, and unchanged in 18 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Ninety-six areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent 
and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased 
over the year in 332 metropolitan areas, decreased in 52 areas, and was unchanged in 4 
areas. The national unemployment rate in May was 3.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted, 
down from 4.1 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent. Yuma, AZ, had the 
highest unemployment rate, 16.0 percent. A total of 191 areas had May jobless rates 
below the U.S. rate of 3.6 percent, 175 areas had rates above it, and 22 areas had 
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Farmington, NM, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May (-2.2 
percentage points). An additional 52 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage 
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Morgantown, WV (+0.8 
percentage point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO; Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI; Nashville-
Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN; and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA, had the 
lowest unemployment rates in May, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the 
highest jobless rate among the large areas, 4.9 percent. Forty-eight large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, one had an increase, and two had no change. 
The largest rate decrease occurred in Pittsburgh, PA (-1.3 percentage points). The lone 
rate increase occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (+0.3 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, 
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment 
rates among the divisions, 2.0 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest 
division rate, 5.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In May, 33 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 3 had 
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL, and Philadelphia, PA (-1.2 percentage points each). None of the 
over-the-year jobless rate increases exceeded 0.4 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, 332 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 
52 had decreases, and 4 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases 
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+122,000), New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
NY-NJ-PA (+116,200), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+81,200). The largest 
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+11.3 percent), 
Ocean City, NJ (+7.4 percent), and Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN (+7.0 percent). (See 
table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, 
OH-PA (-2,500), followed by Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL (-2,400), and Corpus 
Christi, TX (-1,800). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment 
occurred in Victoria, TX (-2.4 percent), followed by Enid, OK, and Sebring, FL (-2.3 
percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census 
population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in 
employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 
(+3.5 percent), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.4 percent), and Austin-Round Rock, TX, 
and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (+3.3 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions 
over the year and fell in Gary, IN (-200). The largest over-the-year increase in 
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White 
Plains, NY-NJ (+97,900), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+90,700), and Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+63,900). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+3.8 percent), 
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX, and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA (+3.5 percent each). 
The over-the-year percentage decrease occurred in Gary, IN (-0.1 percent). 

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released 
on Friday, July 20, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 1, 
2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
   This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 388
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38 metropolitan and NECTA
divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the
Current Employment Statistics (CES) program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for
the same areas. State estimates were previously published in the news release
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release for
ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates
obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households
that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau. The LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a
place-of-residence basis.  The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work
at all for pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the
12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or
farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent,
whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or
vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference
week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work;
persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City are produced
using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-
based estimates are also produced for the following areas and their respective
balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division;
and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the
statistical basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools
for analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect
estimation procedures using a building-block approach.  Estimates of employed
persons, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the CES program,
are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment
estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by
state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force from the
CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically
exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to
the independently estimated model-based area totals. A detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually implemented with
the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates typically reflect
updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in other input
data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate estimates then are re-estimated
using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the revised model-based totals.  In early
2015, a new generation of time-series models was implemented, resulting in the
replacement of data back to the series beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were
made to the substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program 

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North
American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models
(Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level
being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS
Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month.
Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used
to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For states,
data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions to historical
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of
rounding.

   Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not
available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Model-based error measures for
states are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment
series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at 
www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed 
series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling
error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available
for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions
is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. Data reflect New England City and
Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New England
States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information

   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted civilian labor force and unemployment
data for states and seven substate areas are available in the news release State Employment
and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment for all states,
metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas
used in the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS
website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339. 




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,171,702 2,193,308 2,163,796 2,194,378 89,137 76,151 86,255 81,749 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.7

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,804 46,226 45,431 46,203 2,126 1,925 2,057 2,077 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.5

Auburn-Opelika

73,562 74,832 72,762 74,565 2,640 2,319 2,613 2,537 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.4

Birmingham-Hoover

535,051 541,806 534,010 542,295 20,429 17,075 19,728 18,229 3.8 3.2 3.7 3.4

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

91,865 94,607 92,153 95,471 3,341 2,906 3,216 3,087 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.2

Decatur

68,304 69,311 68,437 69,713 2,771 2,323 2,655 2,476 4.1 3.4 3.9 3.6

Dothan

61,816 62,401 61,658 62,391 2,495 2,240 2,451 2,398 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,482 65,342 65,025 65,522 2,965 2,498 2,805 2,646 4.5 3.8 4.3 4.0

Gadsden

43,074 43,349 43,026 43,530 1,865 1,572 1,792 1,679 4.3 3.6 4.2 3.9

Huntsville

216,613 221,779 215,730 220,353 7,825 6,736 7,660 7,186 3.6 3.0 3.6 3.3

Mobile

186,653 188,708 185,607 188,320 9,118 7,947 8,793 8,281 4.9 4.2 4.7 4.4

Montgomery

172,993 172,700 172,609 172,806 6,619 5,952 6,409 6,299 3.8 3.4 3.7 3.6

Tuscaloosa

113,002 115,286 111,959 115,528 4,456 3,721 4,429 4,555 3.9 3.2 4.0 3.9

Alaska

358,437 357,994 363,941 361,038 26,236 26,934 25,680 25,103 7.3 7.5 7.1 7.0

Anchorage

201,566 200,501 203,335 201,138 13,539 13,793 13,343 12,893 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4

Fairbanks

46,376 46,080 47,473 46,903 2,932 3,177 2,935 2,943 6.3 6.9 6.2 6.3

Arizona

3,293,061 3,373,474 3,288,898 3,362,129 153,625 147,390 153,047 132,653 4.7 4.4 4.7 3.9

Flagstaff

75,209 76,009 75,304 75,449 3,920 3,660 3,776 3,183 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.2

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

82,007 84,586 82,210 84,949 4,689 4,434 4,523 3,913 5.7 5.2 5.5 4.6

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,287,847 2,357,488 2,281,886 2,347,044 93,100 89,941 92,466 80,107 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.4

Prescott

101,170 103,895 101,928 104,095 4,452 4,198 4,381 3,721 4.4 4.0 4.3 3.6

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,710 48,636 49,655 48,454 2,689 2,565 2,578 2,260 5.4 5.3 5.2 4.7

Tucson

474,254 482,471 474,428 481,105 20,471 19,529 20,389 17,412 4.3 4.0 4.3 3.6

Yuma

94,052 90,770 94,379 91,300 15,261 14,424 16,228 14,609 16.2 15.9 17.2 16.0

Arkansas

1,352,393 1,347,998 1,358,442 1,349,338 43,094 45,858 48,170 47,543 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

272,196 275,649 273,505 276,752 6,362 6,943 7,403 7,172 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.6

Fort Smith

119,704 118,207 120,224 118,288 4,504 4,649 4,951 4,713 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0

Hot Springs

41,056 40,690 40,380 40,182 1,389 1,470 1,557 1,549 3.4 3.6 3.9 3.9

Jonesboro

63,736 64,155 64,036 64,023 1,738 1,845 1,954 1,936 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.0

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

353,587 353,293 355,277 353,632 10,238 11,244 11,451 11,414 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.2

Pine Bluff

35,467 34,881 35,508 34,838 1,560 1,627 1,677 1,691 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.9

California

19,240,604 19,246,059 19,213,327 19,266,046 902,414 739,014 846,642 711,537 4.7 3.8 4.4 3.7

Bakersfield

384,517 377,364 385,486 381,507 38,105 31,338 33,975 29,497 9.9 8.3 8.8 7.7

Chico

103,341 103,003 103,127 103,222 6,047 4,757 5,376 4,433 5.9 4.6 5.2 4.3

El Centro

72,817 69,754 73,838 71,224 12,885 10,163 13,095 11,219 17.7 14.6 17.7 15.8

Fresno

452,602 450,704 451,039 453,862 40,739 33,673 35,294 31,092 9.0 7.5 7.8 6.9

Hanford-Corcoran

57,632 57,321 57,735 57,999 5,555 4,578 4,611 4,006 9.6 8.0 8.0 6.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,182 6,740,199 6,700,384 6,730,233 280,811 249,683 277,166 247,927 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.7

Madera

60,865 60,590 61,535 61,805 5,415 4,435 4,741 4,037 8.9 7.3 7.7 6.5

Merced

116,007 115,876 115,976 116,360 11,934 10,038 10,202 9,078 10.3 8.7 8.8 7.8

Modesto

243,336 239,969 244,152 242,374 19,482 15,202 17,672 14,737 8.0 6.3 7.2 6.1

Napa

73,685 72,677 74,440 73,613 2,622 2,053 2,368 1,860 3.6 2.8 3.2 2.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

428,492 424,601 426,084 423,881 18,070 13,835 16,789 13,311 4.2 3.3 3.9 3.1

Redding

74,339 73,630 74,200 73,611 4,586 3,580 3,945 3,226 6.2 4.9 5.3 4.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,008,992 2,019,804 2,003,640 2,018,545 97,991 75,565 92,761 73,861 4.9 3.7 4.6 3.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,074,068 1,070,888 1,072,845 1,070,262 48,541 36,749 44,775 35,083 4.5 3.4 4.2 3.3

Salinas

223,576 222,225 225,251 225,485 17,606 14,971 13,363 12,008 7.9 6.7 5.9 5.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,579,209 1,577,333 1,573,912 1,578,241 60,970 46,286 58,239 45,169 3.9 2.9 3.7 2.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,559,590 2,554,991 2,555,405 2,556,120 81,781 62,187 78,459 60,600 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,061,176 1,072,611 1,060,367 1,072,821 34,242 26,063 32,575 25,027 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

143,377 142,748 143,146 143,355 4,816 3,743 4,446 3,577 3.4 2.6 3.1 2.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

143,504 143,807 144,221 145,758 9,276 7,687 7,315 6,247 6.5 5.3 5.1 4.3

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

218,337 217,340 217,504 217,675 9,247 7,701 8,136 6,837 4.2 3.5 3.7 3.1

Santa Rosa

262,094 260,344 262,413 262,410 8,638 6,643 7,964 6,226 3.3 2.6 3.0 2.4

Stockton-Lodi

322,663 323,116 327,397 327,705 23,322 18,737 20,670 17,436 7.2 5.8 6.3 5.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,523 206,806 208,029 206,864 9,897 7,475 9,135 7,125 4.7 3.6 4.4 3.4

Visalia-Porterville

211,127 209,472 210,220 210,849 21,978 19,291 19,496 17,797 10.4 9.2 9.3 8.4

Yuba City

73,865 73,537 74,486 74,122 6,827 5,383 5,814 4,794 9.2 7.3 7.8 6.5

Colorado

2,955,181 3,057,975 2,963,182 3,073,077 76,319 79,283 75,693 74,531 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4

Boulder

186,231 192,454 186,617 192,335 4,038 4,375 4,111 4,041 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1

Colorado Springs

334,703 348,756 337,066 349,667 9,918 10,675 9,668 9,776 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,568,352 1,625,764 1,578,183 1,634,713 39,000 40,565 38,379 37,833 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3

Fort Collins

192,842 200,037 195,611 203,700 4,286 4,396 4,246 4,098 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0

Grand Junction

72,811 75,214 73,500 75,877 2,701 2,480 2,475 2,185 3.7 3.3 3.4 2.9

Greeley

155,640 162,016 156,751 164,155 3,790 3,830 3,709 3,533 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2

Pueblo

74,299 75,101 74,298 75,460 2,825 2,944 2,815 2,650 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.5

Connecticut

1,921,392 1,884,854 1,930,665 1,903,769 89,980 80,466 89,792 80,919 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

470,786 460,793 474,118 465,858 21,749 19,765 22,266 19,719 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.2

Danbury

108,579 106,628 109,046 107,652 4,315 3,682 4,143 3,745 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

627,838 618,907 629,723 622,999 29,607 26,986 29,092 26,615 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.3

New Haven

331,286 323,621 332,361 327,181 15,102 13,105 15,484 13,762 4.6 4.0 4.7 4.2

Norwich-New London-Westerly

144,028 141,970 145,343 144,510 6,479 5,839 6,633 6,005 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.2

Waterbury

112,495 109,241 112,912 110,764 6,797 5,795 6,459 5,904 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.3

Delaware

476,851 483,690 475,357 484,933 21,618 17,952 20,587 16,670 4.5 3.7 4.3 3.4

Dover

78,607 79,631 78,005 79,600 3,794 3,196 3,693 2,994 4.8 4.0 4.7 3.8

Salisbury(1)

186,701 187,446 189,590 189,511 10,169 9,461 8,982 8,272 5.4 5.0 4.7 4.4

District of Columbia

399,234 408,753 398,908 408,983 22,272 20,532 23,115 21,104 5.6 5.0 5.8 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,375,015 3,410,187 3,387,247 3,425,946 114,802 106,894 122,253 110,534 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.2

Florida

10,091,093 10,202,550 10,120,621 10,270,841 398,973 347,903 408,129 345,124 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.4

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

338,237 338,369 337,515 337,891 12,536 10,669 13,031 10,666 3.7 3.2 3.9 3.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

124,472 129,575 125,990 131,444 4,076 3,548 4,124 3,487 3.3 2.7 3.3 2.7

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

297,660 300,177 298,956 303,514 12,473 10,598 12,804 10,712 4.2 3.5 4.3 3.5

Gainesville

144,051 145,366 141,471 143,261 4,987 4,446 5,013 4,298 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.0

Homosassa Springs

48,292 48,141 48,402 48,387 2,622 2,269 2,717 2,323 5.4 4.7 5.6 4.8

Jacksonville

754,801 770,729 761,571 782,868 28,543 24,378 29,199 24,512 3.8 3.2 3.8 3.1

Lakeland-Winter Haven

292,679 297,927 293,681 300,200 12,725 11,127 13,026 11,126 4.3 3.7 4.4 3.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,143,080 3,157,535 3,148,984 3,172,884 131,070 115,869 133,176 112,429 4.2 3.7 4.2 3.5

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

176,748 173,832 174,070 172,647 6,209 5,359 6,406 5,352 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

359,732 366,367 360,758 368,635 13,144 11,344 13,565 11,422 3.7 3.1 3.8 3.1

Ocala

133,971 134,904 134,210 136,095 6,338 5,474 6,460 5,485 4.7 4.1 4.8 4.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,291,254 1,323,587 1,299,512 1,339,275 46,435 40,553 47,619 40,542 3.6 3.1 3.7 3.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

267,756 268,742 269,419 271,767 10,999 9,190 11,203 9,173 4.1 3.4 4.2 3.4

Panama City

94,052 96,320 95,156 98,108 3,677 3,138 3,765 3,131 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.2

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

222,262 223,732 223,461 225,965 8,491 7,395 8,640 7,307 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.2

Port St. Lucie

210,276 212,085 211,489 213,955 9,396 8,170 9,711 8,343 4.5 3.9 4.6 3.9

Punta Gorda

70,616 71,123 70,321 71,369 3,062 2,601 3,212 2,635 4.3 3.7 4.6 3.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

63,391 63,757 63,512 63,898 2,887 2,522 3,083 2,613 4.6 4.0 4.9 4.1

Sebring

36,575 36,188 36,718 36,248 1,830 1,571 1,918 1,586 5.0 4.3 5.2 4.4

Tallahassee

192,059 193,656 190,568 192,858 7,203 6,291 7,279 6,161 3.8 3.2 3.8 3.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,502,611 1,531,304 1,507,598 1,538,404 56,637 49,584 58,157 50,008 3.8 3.2 3.9 3.3

The Villages

30,253 30,518 30,489 30,798 1,766 1,498 1,866 1,526 5.8 4.9 6.1 5.0

Georgia

5,041,112 5,140,436 5,049,359 5,149,749 228,457 188,589 231,718 181,827 4.5 3.7 4.6 3.5

Albany

67,788 68,361 67,930 68,740 3,651 2,947 3,721 2,898 5.4 4.3 5.5 4.2

Athens-Clarke County

101,485 103,833 100,704 103,730 4,222 3,501 4,261 3,317 4.2 3.4 4.2 3.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,019,418 3,088,555 3,026,711 3,092,068 132,289 109,844 134,443 105,930 4.4 3.6 4.4 3.4

Augusta-Richmond County

267,234 275,167 264,290 272,010 11,918 9,910 12,313 9,718 4.5 3.6 4.7 3.6

Brunswick

53,249 53,626 53,544 54,130 2,344 1,881 2,433 1,843 4.4 3.5 4.5 3.4

Columbus

124,349 125,922 124,395 126,322 6,389 5,536 6,508 5,527 5.1 4.4 5.2 4.4

Dalton

60,931 61,738 60,885 61,799 3,176 2,677 3,147 2,521 5.2 4.3 5.2 4.1

Gainesville

99,553 103,211 99,911 103,937 3,723 2,953 3,784 2,867 3.7 2.9 3.8 2.8

Hinesville

33,557 34,046 33,551 34,122 1,636 1,384 1,645 1,318 4.9 4.1 4.9 3.9

Macon-Bibb County

105,136 105,940 105,258 106,355 5,188 4,263 5,235 4,106 4.9 4.0 5.0 3.9

Rome

44,109 44,846 43,946 44,782 2,155 1,703 2,199 1,634 4.9 3.8 5.0 3.6

Savannah

185,554 188,182 186,255 188,577 7,800 6,370 7,911 6,183 4.2 3.4 4.2 3.3

Valdosta

64,780 65,935 64,845 66,047 2,774 2,423 2,855 2,411 4.3 3.7 4.4 3.7

Warner Robins

84,837 86,137 84,829 86,588 3,963 3,207 4,041 3,117 4.7 3.7 4.8 3.6

Hawaii

688,671 688,876 685,360 686,730 16,578 13,285 16,218 13,404 2.4 1.9 2.4 2.0

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,597 86,549 86,401 86,724 2,413 1,701 2,219 1,709 2.8 2.0 2.6 2.0

Urban Honolulu

473,633 474,870 470,804 472,103 10,486 8,887 10,509 8,854 2.2 1.9 2.2 1.9

Idaho

822,734 845,902 830,137 853,247 26,478 23,959 23,117 21,546 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.5

Boise City

340,835 352,592 343,073 355,071 10,113 9,093 9,347 8,565 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.4

Coeur d'Alene

74,381 75,983 75,309 77,676 2,888 2,634 2,370 2,286 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.9

Idaho Falls

66,996 68,690 67,960 69,280 1,653 1,646 1,564 1,526 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2

Lewiston

31,182 31,955 31,459 32,164 1,000 1,006 913 924 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9

Pocatello

41,693 42,983 42,001 43,141 1,265 1,110 1,109 1,042 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.4

Illinois

6,462,314 6,448,363 6,460,273 6,468,858 291,942 233,043 283,455 228,259 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.5

Bloomington

97,723 98,383 95,814 98,493 3,473 3,046 3,501 3,275 3.6 3.1 3.7 3.3

Carbondale-Marion

60,413 60,244 58,400 59,113 2,489 2,269 2,512 2,472 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.2

Champaign-Urbana

121,890 124,350 119,455 123,413 4,411 4,009 4,508 4,479 3.6 3.2 3.8 3.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,870,738 4,839,903 4,887,412 4,854,481 219,951 173,761 213,177 164,345 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.4

Danville

34,340 34,303 33,932 34,370 1,909 1,644 1,932 1,769 5.6 4.8 5.7 5.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

188,103 191,608 188,110 192,366 7,661 6,679 7,497 6,671 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.5

Decatur

49,002 49,669 48,741 49,942 2,342 2,157 2,308 2,271 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.5

Kankakee

55,338 57,756 54,943 58,045 2,588 2,398 2,548 2,464 4.7 4.2 4.6 4.2

Peoria

178,135 178,684 177,133 180,550 8,902 7,300 8,570 7,644 5.0 4.1 4.8 4.2

Rockford

165,357 165,704 164,000 166,487 10,819 6,881 9,536 7,275 6.5 4.2 5.8 4.4

Springfield

110,353 110,257 109,272 110,754 4,179 3,575 3,983 3,737 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.4

Indiana

3,317,416 3,371,914 3,331,502 3,406,833 99,519 99,098 106,122 109,270 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.2

Bloomington

78,031 77,665 75,720 76,059 2,337 2,396 2,568 2,809 3.0 3.1 3.4 3.7

Columbus

44,383 45,634 44,524 45,998 985 995 1,122 1,165 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen

110,170 116,728 111,281 118,329 2,352 2,324 2,648 2,815 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.4

Evansville

159,218 164,425 159,072 164,977 4,794 4,525 5,205 5,087 3.0 2.8 3.3 3.1

Fort Wayne

211,762 216,328 213,030 218,725 5,773 5,705 6,242 6,499 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,039,620 1,061,539 1,042,731 1,070,841 29,322 29,468 31,797 32,572 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.0

Kokomo

37,667 39,286 37,880 39,583 1,172 1,205 1,255 1,271 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

108,473 112,806 105,652 113,570 2,807 3,021 3,152 3,443 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.0

Michigan City-La Porte

47,721 47,791 47,898 48,425 1,871 1,885 1,879 1,909 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9

Muncie

54,549 56,173 54,450 54,744 1,950 1,863 2,063 2,067 3.6 3.3 3.8 3.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

158,474 162,058 158,935 162,824 4,975 5,131 5,311 5,485 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

Terre Haute

76,957 77,121 76,992 77,674 2,854 2,831 2,935 3,092 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.0

Iowa

1,679,203 1,672,615 1,675,398 1,676,976 51,050 42,355 48,400 37,029 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.2

Ames

58,242 59,263 56,619 57,609 1,007 885 1,074 859 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.5

Cedar Rapids

141,903 142,821 141,060 141,929 4,699 3,959 4,526 3,473 3.3 2.8 3.2 2.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

345,413 348,851 345,378 351,505 9,967 8,127 9,677 7,510 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.1

Dubuque

54,488 54,325 54,546 54,212 1,513 1,350 1,435 1,118 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.1

Iowa City

97,721 98,072 96,208 96,833 2,332 1,871 2,315 1,772 2.4 1.9 2.4 1.8

Sioux City

90,109 90,512 90,274 90,585 2,756 2,356 2,631 2,102 3.1 2.6 2.9 2.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,126 88,261 88,249 87,658 3,158 2,378 2,916 2,069 3.5 2.7 3.3 2.4

Kansas

1,472,812 1,466,884 1,469,649 1,470,847 50,296 47,053 52,027 47,831 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3

Lawrence

66,434 66,542 65,356 65,052 2,002 1,929 2,077 1,886 3.0 2.9 3.2 2.9

Manhattan

48,634 48,622 47,424 46,853 1,412 1,292 1,444 1,285 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7

Topeka

118,792 118,367 119,169 117,651 4,125 3,829 4,227 3,913 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.3

Wichita

308,090 305,215 306,785 306,338 12,065 10,939 12,454 11,168 3.9 3.6 4.1 3.6

Kentucky

2,059,556 2,073,040 2,061,615 2,076,198 98,936 81,050 102,602 86,594 4.8 3.9 5.0 4.2

Bowling Green

83,556 84,844 83,123 84,580 3,332 2,833 3,399 2,958 4.0 3.3 4.1 3.5

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

66,953 67,193 66,900 67,390 3,143 2,522 3,193 2,745 4.7 3.8 4.8 4.1

Lexington-Fayette

272,425 273,570 271,836 274,650 10,066 8,467 10,511 8,970 3.7 3.1 3.9 3.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

656,138 669,417 658,865 671,092 26,165 22,680 27,557 26,251 4.0 3.4 4.2 3.9

Owensboro

55,992 56,467 56,129 56,596 2,466 2,103 2,548 2,203 4.4 3.7 4.5 3.9

Louisiana

2,109,716 2,139,825 2,106,872 2,130,914 106,015 91,846 107,667 100,337 5.0 4.3 5.1 4.7

Alexandria

64,394 64,877 64,068 64,543 3,586 2,992 3,740 3,309 5.6 4.6 5.8 5.1

Baton Rouge

418,032 426,881 415,586 422,168 18,189 16,171 18,402 17,733 4.4 3.8 4.4 4.2

Hammond

54,665 56,037 54,826 55,739 3,018 2,614 3,114 2,814 5.5 4.7 5.7 5.0

Houma-Thibodaux

88,565 89,136 88,938 89,246 4,961 3,965 4,920 4,321 5.6 4.4 5.5 4.8

Lafayette

214,039 214,065 213,962 214,274 12,065 9,559 12,144 10,420 5.6 4.5 5.7 4.9

Lake Charles

111,108 116,949 111,769 116,403 4,207 3,893 4,383 4,258 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.7

Monroe

80,006 81,122 79,793 80,685 4,186 3,731 4,267 4,059 5.2 4.6 5.3 5.0

New Orleans-Metairie

596,780 608,339 596,145 606,139 27,328 24,474 27,871 26,717 4.6 4.0 4.7 4.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

187,601 189,590 186,541 188,451 10,156 8,710 10,428 9,707 5.4 4.6 5.6 5.2

Maine

692,797 697,190 697,339 703,470 24,305 21,447 24,007 21,299 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.0

Bangor

71,380 71,113 70,737 70,329 2,488 2,165 2,512 2,137 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.0

Lewiston-Auburn

55,941 56,335 56,053 56,400 1,799 1,599 1,785 1,599 3.2 2.8 3.2 2.8

Portland-South Portland

204,696 207,347 207,413 210,364 5,457 5,039 5,588 5,126 2.7 2.4 2.7 2.4

Maryland

3,202,113 3,208,069 3,209,731 3,216,820 122,990 123,902 125,682 125,447 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,490,876 1,499,432 1,496,648 1,505,560 60,258 58,817 60,621 59,840 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0

California-Lexington Park

55,153 55,052 55,048 55,077 1,920 2,038 2,013 2,069 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8

Cumberland

44,368 44,636 44,291 44,741 2,383 2,537 2,231 2,325 5.4 5.7 5.0 5.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,681 130,318 129,806 130,201 5,006 5,666 5,037 5,543 3.9 4.3 3.9 4.3

Massachusetts

3,646,782 3,751,378 3,642,292 3,789,531 130,569 123,195 135,023 126,878 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.3

Barnstable Town

118,544 122,225 122,797 128,562 5,306 5,166 5,068 4,854 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,696,477 2,772,265 2,688,443 2,795,358 87,026 82,074 91,510 85,741 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.1

Leominster-Gardner

77,893 80,212 77,682 80,852 3,343 3,110 3,314 3,086 4.3 3.9 4.3 3.8

New Bedford

84,366 86,418 84,269 86,721 4,450 4,300 4,393 4,275 5.3 5.0 5.2 4.9

Pittsfield

42,552 42,950 42,930 43,830 1,976 1,905 1,900 1,833 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.2

Springfield

370,839 378,368 368,883 379,850 16,053 15,187 16,318 15,582 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.1

Worcester

352,180 361,436 351,768 364,259 13,539 12,848 13,871 13,126 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.6

Michigan

4,829,355 4,879,003 4,865,026 4,925,940 181,556 194,126 187,178 187,197 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8

Ann Arbor

193,714 196,546 191,523 197,509 5,119 5,600 6,289 5,980 2.6 2.8 3.3 3.0

Battle Creek

63,605 63,359 63,925 63,950 2,671 2,792 2,862 2,605 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.1

Bay City

50,755 50,821 50,691 50,843 2,598 2,655 2,651 2,393 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,076,197 2,093,167 2,092,693 2,117,708 69,782 76,063 70,630 77,836 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.7

Flint

182,012 182,359 183,667 184,556 8,910 9,183 9,261 8,682 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

567,889 581,632 572,773 586,214 15,739 17,499 18,013 17,063 2.8 3.0 3.1 2.9

Jackson

73,967 74,743 74,489 75,512 2,925 2,995 3,100 2,904 4.0 4.0 4.2 3.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

167,376 168,878 166,929 168,883 6,082 6,340 6,727 6,128 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.6

Lansing-East Lansing

250,212 253,731 251,512 253,645 8,248 8,946 9,296 8,517 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.4

Midland

40,335 40,361 40,665 40,756 1,670 1,775 1,739 1,574 4.1 4.4 4.3 3.9

Monroe

76,131 76,642 76,345 77,388 2,908 2,864 3,302 3,090 3.8 3.7 4.3 4.0

Muskegon

77,351 77,489 78,454 78,459 3,467 3,686 3,788 3,570 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

72,868 73,134 74,426 74,208 2,966 3,226 3,241 3,128 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.2

Saginaw

87,142 86,929 87,012 87,439 4,219 4,350 4,339 4,028 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.6

Minnesota

3,051,011 3,100,740 3,057,119 3,109,058 104,572 96,766 94,737 76,781 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.5

Duluth

144,715 146,258 143,950 145,107 7,063 6,000 6,147 4,989 4.9 4.1 4.3 3.4

Mankato-North Mankato

61,166 62,672 60,605 62,221 1,609 1,540 1,593 1,277 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,978,612 2,011,274 1,984,759 2,015,871 61,048 55,183 58,726 46,620 3.1 2.7 3.0 2.3

Rochester

120,716 121,045 121,186 121,225 3,417 3,348 3,197 2,556 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.1

St. Cloud

112,903 114,805 112,286 114,620 3,877 3,811 3,422 2,833 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.5

Mississippi

1,279,466 1,278,096 1,285,731 1,293,066 58,631 53,951 69,030 65,958 4.6 4.2 5.4 5.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,463 163,775 165,238 165,580 7,895 7,139 9,083 8,725 4.8 4.4 5.5 5.3

Hattiesburg

68,243 68,867 68,244 69,530 2,790 2,608 3,339 3,170 4.1 3.8 4.9 4.6

Jackson

271,063 273,193 271,810 275,604 10,682 10,106 12,758 12,332 3.9 3.7 4.7 4.5

Missouri

3,061,521 3,050,540 3,059,214 3,076,794 108,193 101,099 111,943 101,966 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.3

Cape Girardeau

47,823 48,279 47,613 48,503 1,704 1,507 1,814 1,484 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.1

Columbia

98,578 97,985 98,544 98,365 2,362 2,231 2,549 2,258 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.3

Jefferson City

75,695 74,514 75,600 74,959 2,213 2,024 2,267 1,971 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.6

Joplin

85,204 84,369 84,572 84,681 2,861 2,468 2,970 2,395 3.4 2.9 3.5 2.8

Kansas City

1,120,499 1,129,091 1,121,041 1,135,651 38,443 37,347 40,042 41,027 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.6

St. Joseph

65,569 65,209 65,473 65,958 2,214 1,953 2,285 1,928 3.4 3.0 3.5 2.9

St. Louis(2)

1,456,453 1,460,395 1,458,154 1,474,640 51,775 47,407 53,013 47,960 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.3

Springfield

229,448 229,011 229,243 230,851 7,166 6,373 7,453 6,335 3.1 2.8 3.3 2.7

Montana

522,610 519,214 525,675 521,179 20,324 18,978 18,368 15,486 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.0

Billings

87,274 86,881 87,682 87,184 2,751 2,681 2,529 2,186 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.5

Great Falls

37,919 37,700 37,844 37,650 1,279 1,243 1,189 1,024 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.7

Missoula

62,172 62,286 62,407 62,422 2,160 1,939 1,905 1,579 3.5 3.1 3.1 2.5

Nebraska

1,007,564 1,013,431 1,010,223 1,016,909 28,336 28,850 28,038 28,395 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

Grand Island

43,623 43,644 43,288 43,846 1,539 1,310 1,224 1,257 3.5 3.0 2.8 2.9

Lincoln

177,740 179,679 177,392 179,785 4,493 4,654 4,555 4,688 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

476,389 482,537 476,975 485,915 13,934 14,053 13,807 13,731 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Nevada

1,452,558 1,493,980 1,458,009 1,495,119 74,195 71,680 72,036 62,418 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.2

Carson City

25,409 26,268 25,596 26,287 1,349 1,374 1,256 1,105 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.2

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,064,509 1,097,515 1,066,716 1,097,486 56,570 55,039 54,970 48,225 5.3 5.0 5.2 4.4

Reno

238,383 248,036 240,467 248,325 10,192 9,639 9,922 8,247 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.3

New Hampshire

740,783 751,166 742,475 755,176 19,388 20,402 18,892 19,588 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.6

Dover-Durham

84,611 85,882 84,802 86,641 1,890 2,021 1,952 2,042 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.4

Manchester

117,297 118,121 116,882 118,492 2,972 3,038 2,977 2,923 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5

Portsmouth

74,877 76,469 75,742 77,569 1,685 1,821 1,727 1,788 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3

New Jersey

4,509,912 4,437,141 4,514,399 4,441,543 191,918 180,529 198,466 163,978 4.3 4.1 4.4 3.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

119,818 119,039 120,553 118,248 8,267 7,180 8,111 6,236 6.9 6.0 6.7 5.3

Ocean City

42,963 44,126 46,300 47,584 4,307 4,379 3,573 3,061 10.0 9.9 7.7 6.4

Trenton

198,148 197,962 198,115 198,165 7,281 6,892 7,647 6,398 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

65,992 65,800 66,419 66,026 4,164 4,317 4,111 3,586 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.4

New Mexico

924,811 933,827 921,490 933,527 53,916 41,389 53,839 37,878 5.8 4.4 5.8 4.1

Albuquerque

423,944 430,116 421,178 429,864 22,338 17,646 22,762 16,318 5.3 4.1 5.4 3.8

Farmington

53,719 53,013 53,205 52,681 3,789 2,549 3,572 2,348 7.1 4.8 6.7 4.5

Las Cruces

94,519 93,640 94,059 93,896 6,422 5,177 6,239 4,604 6.8 5.5 6.6 4.9

Santa Fe

71,202 73,331 71,997 73,457 3,355 2,709 3,458 2,496 4.7 3.7 4.8 3.4

New York

9,687,025 9,620,036 9,690,531 9,627,528 421,390 418,211 428,582 356,305 4.4 4.3 4.4 3.7

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

453,815 448,268 451,605 447,856 18,074 18,715 18,340 16,002 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.6

Binghamton

109,495 107,075 109,959 107,626 5,760 5,750 5,584 4,726 5.3 5.4 5.1 4.4

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

546,635 541,456 548,930 546,776 27,883 27,586 27,673 23,394 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.3

Elmira

35,854 34,831 35,800 35,017 1,937 1,840 1,932 1,630 5.4 5.3 5.4 4.7

Glens Falls

59,470 58,782 60,187 59,599 3,009 3,069 2,674 2,365 5.1 5.2 4.4 4.0

Ithaca

51,945 52,054 50,837 51,178 1,995 2,007 2,029 1,693 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.3

Kingston

88,602 87,658 89,240 88,551 3,864 3,697 3,861 3,287 4.4 4.2 4.3 3.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,094,000 9,999,625 10,104,601 10,002,901 415,423 402,193 431,005 353,951 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.5

Rochester

526,826 520,408 524,424 524,444 24,208 24,753 24,500 21,123 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.0

Syracuse

308,394 304,603 306,431 303,655 14,830 14,784 14,723 12,377 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.1

Utica-Rome

130,684 126,837 130,077 126,878 6,582 6,695 6,319 5,472 5.0 5.3 4.9 4.3

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,020 44,242 45,475 44,805 2,983 2,926 2,728 2,225 6.6 6.6 6.0 5.0

North Carolina

4,924,665 4,983,756 4,940,145 5,019,980 203,092 185,590 213,136 184,582 4.1 3.7 4.3 3.7

Asheville

227,439 232,134 228,596 232,508 7,394 6,913 7,901 6,854 3.3 3.0 3.5 2.9

Burlington

79,670 79,973 79,661 80,619 3,049 2,793 3,247 2,842 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,304,867 1,333,561 1,311,955 1,343,223 51,171 45,778 53,145 45,463 3.9 3.4 4.1 3.4

Durham-Chapel Hill

294,088 298,008 295,640 301,046 10,589 9,785 11,175 9,823 3.6 3.3 3.8 3.3

Fayetteville

147,925 148,343 147,815 148,882 7,670 7,044 8,009 7,041 5.2 4.7 5.4 4.7

Goldsboro

54,351 53,133 53,913 53,264 2,565 2,222 2,636 2,183 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.1

Greensboro-High Point

368,745 371,356 368,985 373,121 15,995 14,467 16,936 14,512 4.3 3.9 4.6 3.9

Greenville

89,202 89,912 89,189 90,325 3,936 3,639 4,366 3,811 4.4 4.0 4.9 4.2

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,324 174,691 174,074 175,850 6,513 5,863 6,921 5,817 3.7 3.4 4.0 3.3

Jacksonville

64,475 64,755 64,554 64,921 2,830 2,658 3,023 2,622 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.0

New Bern

51,778 51,725 51,783 51,901 2,164 2,000 2,312 1,966 4.2 3.9 4.5 3.8

Raleigh

690,306 707,130 694,574 714,285 24,834 23,009 26,212 22,823 3.6 3.3 3.8 3.2

Rocky Mount

65,968 64,765 65,753 64,981 4,326 3,769 4,390 3,747 6.6 5.8 6.7 5.8

Wilmington

145,463 146,941 146,640 148,378 5,533 5,143 5,810 5,062 3.8 3.5 4.0 3.4

Winston-Salem

323,649 327,641 324,179 329,563 12,729 11,577 13,582 11,510 3.9 3.5 4.2 3.5

North Dakota

413,430 406,679 416,201 407,825 10,998 11,697 8,908 8,997 2.7 2.9 2.1 2.2

Bismarck

70,276 69,249 70,473 69,130 1,749 2,145 1,428 1,597 2.5 3.1 2.0 2.3

Fargo

138,159 138,783 138,783 138,828 3,207 3,744 2,714 2,876 2.3 2.7 2.0 2.1

Grand Forks

56,357 56,195 56,234 56,591 1,588 1,630 1,342 1,279 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.3

Ohio

5,761,735 5,787,859 5,776,692 5,813,989 266,262 234,030 265,194 241,290 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.2

Akron

360,441 362,807 363,496 367,224 16,892 15,182 16,260 14,803 4.7 4.2 4.5 4.0

Canton-Massillon

200,610 201,017 201,402 202,310 9,914 9,430 9,587 8,942 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.4

Cincinnati

1,100,326 1,110,161 1,110,279 1,125,941 43,036 38,909 44,416 40,727 3.9 3.5 4.0 3.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,039,267 1,035,381 1,029,479 1,025,669 55,746 46,089 56,679 50,479 5.4 4.5 5.5 4.9

Columbus

1,065,881 1,083,436 1,074,757 1,090,390 39,267 36,292 40,202 37,826 3.7 3.3 3.7 3.5

Dayton

385,100 393,740 386,561 390,431 16,314 14,721 16,729 15,479 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.0

Lima

48,604 48,364 48,935 48,709 2,296 1,937 2,223 1,978 4.7 4.0 4.5 4.1

Mansfield

52,729 53,064 53,156 53,438 2,738 2,379 2,607 2,315 5.2 4.5 4.9 4.3

Springfield

63,702 63,792 64,150 64,486 2,761 2,491 2,782 2,764 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.3

Toledo

303,130 302,469 306,087 304,959 15,637 12,753 16,527 14,219 5.2 4.2 5.4 4.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

50,989 50,373 50,971 50,632 3,374 3,025 3,171 2,928 6.6 6.0 6.2 5.8

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

245,385 239,678 245,693 241,531 15,218 12,341 14,415 11,662 6.2 5.1 5.9 4.8

Oklahoma

1,822,182 1,849,346 1,824,733 1,857,567 72,604 69,664 80,509 72,120 4.0 3.8 4.4 3.9

Enid

28,023 27,369 27,962 27,375 1,036 945 1,150 975 3.7 3.5 4.1 3.6

Lawton

52,223 52,348 52,057 52,406 2,096 2,191 2,340 2,253 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.3

Oklahoma City

666,231 682,138 666,442 683,496 23,778 23,649 26,709 24,504 3.6 3.5 4.0 3.6

Tulsa

472,791 484,762 474,397 488,044 19,911 18,622 21,936 19,229 4.2 3.8 4.6 3.9

Oregon

2,085,262 2,102,390 2,089,234 2,104,074 79,461 80,700 77,134 73,428 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.5

Albany

57,705 58,324 57,715 58,225 2,560 2,552 2,486 2,283 4.4 4.4 4.3 3.9

Bend-Redmond

92,319 94,330 92,725 94,494 3,536 3,674 3,364 3,172 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.4

Corvallis

48,290 48,454 48,566 48,606 1,320 1,281 1,355 1,243 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.6

Eugene

181,524 183,708 181,869 184,101 7,506 7,527 7,271 6,988 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8

Grants Pass

35,122 35,639 35,216 35,645 1,776 1,854 1,694 1,655 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6

Medford

102,655 104,891 102,868 104,454 4,773 4,728 4,507 4,284 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,300,730 1,310,225 1,300,364 1,312,480 47,165 48,165 46,676 45,101 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.4

Salem

199,496 198,937 200,162 199,489 7,917 7,973 7,794 7,260 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.6

Pennsylvania

6,431,950 6,323,416 6,438,733 6,348,830 290,893 253,225 312,702 233,594 4.5 4.0 4.9 3.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

434,791 430,096 437,008 432,234 19,751 18,354 21,296 16,819 4.5 4.3 4.9 3.9

Altoona

60,403 58,602 60,661 59,416 2,718 2,256 2,889 2,071 4.5 3.8 4.8 3.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,429 42,276 43,411 42,339 1,981 1,717 2,012 1,591 4.6 4.1 4.6 3.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,615 74,860 76,839 75,850 3,136 2,563 3,547 2,346 4.1 3.4 4.6 3.1

East Stroudsburg

81,419 79,996 81,834 80,663 4,516 4,087 4,841 3,768 5.5 5.1 5.9 4.7

Erie

131,207 127,271 130,589 127,921 7,272 5,870 7,377 5,226 5.5 4.6 5.6 4.1

Gettysburg

55,727 54,800 55,991 55,418 1,815 1,573 2,050 1,480 3.3 2.9 3.7 2.7

Harrisburg-Carlisle

296,422 290,669 296,933 293,569 11,316 9,875 12,553 9,291 3.8 3.4 4.2 3.2

Johnstown

60,158 58,617 60,126 58,805 3,275 2,704 3,449 2,444 5.4 4.6 5.7 4.2

Lancaster

281,361 275,646 281,974 279,430 9,456 8,445 10,582 7,983 3.4 3.1 3.8 2.9

Lebanon

70,676 69,089 70,833 69,864 2,553 2,403 2,843 2,161 3.6 3.5 4.0 3.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,092,587 3,069,659 3,090,567 3,070,123 134,892 121,364 145,213 114,405 4.4 4.0 4.7 3.7

Pittsburgh

1,205,978 1,188,004 1,208,762 1,190,051 56,054 47,232 59,659 42,943 4.6 4.0 4.9 3.6

Reading

212,578 209,041 212,842 210,654 9,018 8,030 9,883 7,496 4.2 3.8 4.6 3.6

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

277,466 274,836 277,972 275,501 14,550 12,846 15,137 11,650 5.2 4.7 5.4 4.2

State College

80,969 78,706 75,724 74,532 2,627 2,313 3,047 2,259 3.2 2.9 4.0 3.0

Williamsport

57,720 55,671 57,545 55,528 3,051 2,604 3,185 2,284 5.3 4.7 5.5 4.1

York-Hanover

234,244 230,171 234,784 231,890 9,118 8,044 10,132 7,506 3.9 3.5 4.3 3.2

Rhode Island

548,149 555,650 548,914 558,642 22,297 22,458 22,013 21,420 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8

Providence-Warwick

677,236 688,773 677,845 692,689 27,977 27,899 27,553 26,707 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.9

South Carolina

2,304,377 2,296,738 2,313,013 2,302,016 84,561 64,142 87,929 65,264 3.7 2.8 3.8 2.8

Charleston-North Charleston

376,756 373,678 378,647 374,303 12,036 8,698 12,418 9,029 3.2 2.3 3.3 2.4

Columbia

403,029 395,295 403,392 396,498 13,974 10,797 14,713 11,055 3.5 2.7 3.6 2.8

Florence

94,947 94,121 95,232 94,514 4,026 2,994 4,150 3,004 4.2 3.2 4.4 3.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

421,790 422,181 423,225 421,939 13,837 10,475 14,699 10,993 3.3 2.5 3.5 2.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

86,383 86,718 87,380 87,734 2,950 2,175 3,057 2,274 3.4 2.5 3.5 2.6

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

195,567 196,185 198,928 198,954 8,555 7,276 8,846 7,164 4.4 3.7 4.4 3.6

Spartanburg

156,833 157,565 157,031 156,984 5,416 4,056 5,695 4,142 3.5 2.6 3.6 2.6

Sumter

43,999 43,490 43,846 43,373 2,098 1,513 2,118 1,492 4.8 3.5 4.8 3.4

South Dakota

452,900 457,701 455,458 458,182 14,570 15,744 14,297 13,064 3.2 3.4 3.1 2.9

Rapid City

72,377 74,001 73,646 74,715 2,448 2,644 2,449 2,268 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.0

Sioux Falls

148,245 151,302 148,216 150,773 3,929 4,394 3,950 3,636 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.4

Tennessee

3,182,553 3,250,129 3,183,073 3,247,611 107,501 92,318 102,832 96,750 3.4 2.8 3.2 3.0

Chattanooga

264,921 274,025 264,986 272,818 9,471 8,122 9,303 8,385 3.6 3.0 3.5 3.1

Clarksville

112,426 113,848 112,115 113,250 4,935 3,954 4,895 4,220 4.4 3.5 4.4 3.7

Cleveland

56,183 57,735 56,269 57,927 1,967 1,708 1,877 1,823 3.5 3.0 3.3 3.1

Jackson

62,950 64,770 62,831 64,797 2,260 2,057 2,256 2,158 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.3

Johnson City

91,220 91,125 90,285 90,641 3,286 2,758 3,216 2,948 3.6 3.0 3.6 3.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

138,125 139,547 138,388 139,138 5,156 4,278 5,113 4,413 3.7 3.1 3.7 3.2

Knoxville

417,441 422,066 417,962 422,786 13,234 11,114 12,556 11,587 3.2 2.6 3.0 2.7

Memphis

625,627 636,788 625,994 637,741 25,004 22,325 25,076 24,376 4.0 3.5 4.0 3.8

Morristown

51,266 51,717 51,136 51,950 1,863 1,564 1,755 1,682 3.6 3.0 3.4 3.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,003,380 1,035,496 1,005,655 1,034,531 26,452 22,922 25,573 24,028 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.3

Texas

13,527,232 13,863,075 13,498,726 13,836,477 559,386 520,621 557,907 515,248 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.7

Abilene

75,714 77,367 75,607 76,983 2,596 2,478 2,809 2,460 3.4 3.2 3.7 3.2

Amarillo

132,044 133,871 131,410 134,194 3,692 3,456 3,841 3,464 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.6

Austin-Round Rock

1,149,292 1,190,455 1,149,397 1,188,870 33,406 32,886 34,409 32,871 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8

Beaumont-Port Arthur

175,907 174,843 174,572 173,197 11,739 10,753 11,278 10,263 6.7 6.2 6.5 5.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,672 168,100 166,389 167,401 11,427 10,512 10,923 10,051 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.0

College Station-Bryan

129,321 133,998 128,469 134,131 3,733 3,647 3,946 3,711 2.9 2.7 3.1 2.8

Corpus Christi

210,686 208,630 209,771 208,186 11,728 10,622 11,209 10,187 5.6 5.1 5.3 4.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,773,905 3,904,883 3,767,275 3,899,693 132,899 131,095 134,860 131,059 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.4

El Paso

356,314 361,588 354,949 359,939 15,769 15,021 15,969 14,839 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,323,912 3,410,234 3,314,891 3,395,423 161,143 144,823 158,355 142,491 4.8 4.2 4.8 4.2

Killeen-Temple

175,388 178,669 175,589 178,646 7,056 6,856 7,113 6,979 4.0 3.8 4.1 3.9

Laredo

114,546 116,062 114,222 115,641 4,786 4,210 4,700 4,167 4.2 3.6 4.1 3.6

Longview

97,589 97,750 96,775 97,046 5,073 3,991 4,844 3,919 5.2 4.1 5.0 4.0

Lubbock

161,626 164,591 161,311 164,776 4,662 4,635 4,850 4,656 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

344,548 348,994 342,672 347,688 25,111 22,913 23,983 21,525 7.3 6.6 7.0 6.2

Midland

90,316 98,666 90,799 99,674 2,752 2,078 2,742 2,115 3.0 2.1 3.0 2.1

Odessa

77,224 80,968 77,333 80,529 3,337 2,241 3,196 2,235 4.3 2.8 4.1 2.8

San Angelo

54,788 55,350 54,632 55,354 1,954 1,665 2,025 1,693 3.6 3.0 3.7 3.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,161,247 1,188,532 1,158,967 1,186,452 38,208 37,209 39,482 37,551 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.2

Sherman-Denison

62,038 63,420 62,025 63,700 2,105 1,973 2,145 1,989 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.1

Texarkana

65,026 65,190 64,887 65,476 2,712 2,738 2,836 3,173 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.8

Tyler

105,647 108,138 106,531 108,845 4,048 3,718 4,101 3,769 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.5

Victoria

46,551 45,606 46,322 45,379 2,196 1,784 2,114 1,741 4.7 3.9 4.6 3.8

Waco

124,467 126,089 124,331 126,041 4,325 4,322 4,548 4,396 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.5

Wichita Falls

65,180 65,580 64,957 65,449 2,260 2,089 2,299 2,133 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.3

Utah

1,545,898 1,586,549 1,554,142 1,594,522 49,594 48,326 49,692 44,455 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.8

Logan

70,308 71,386 70,486 71,869 1,846 1,805 1,843 1,605 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

322,613 328,532 326,160 331,081 10,258 10,170 10,169 9,184 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.8

Provo-Orem

295,319 306,294 293,539 304,313 8,393 8,246 8,431 7,724 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.5

St. George

70,310 73,292 71,083 74,165 2,397 2,429 2,344 2,196 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.0

Salt Lake City

644,920 662,804 652,027 669,841 20,363 20,000 20,323 18,287 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.7

Vermont

340,810 346,279 342,257 347,486 10,986 10,316 9,669 9,155 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6

Burlington-South Burlington

124,728 126,795 124,477 126,460 2,889 2,733 2,758 2,583 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.0

Virginia

4,312,146 4,350,333 4,319,367 4,373,043 150,014 122,596 157,840 125,396 3.5 2.8 3.7 2.9

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,080 91,527 90,424 90,735 3,406 2,621 3,609 2,683 3.7 2.9 4.0 3.0

Charlottesville

119,531 123,278 119,142 123,156 3,575 3,003 3,920 3,114 3.0 2.4 3.3 2.5

Harrisonburg

66,522 66,982 64,742 65,640 2,175 1,807 2,475 1,890 3.3 2.7 3.8 2.9

Lynchburg

122,309 124,286 121,672 124,457 4,792 3,970 5,115 4,109 3.9 3.2 4.2 3.3

Richmond

675,899 682,656 677,065 687,157 24,913 20,565 25,467 20,797 3.7 3.0 3.8 3.0

Roanoke

157,213 157,903 157,608 158,896 5,448 4,499 5,860 4,625 3.5 2.8 3.7 2.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,485 59,940 59,173 59,944 1,930 1,599 2,128 1,671 3.2 2.7 3.6 2.8

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

850,610 849,112 851,671 855,974 32,741 26,185 34,227 26,776 3.8 3.1 4.0 3.1

Winchester

71,113 72,771 71,194 73,199 2,234 1,957 2,328 2,017 3.1 2.7 3.3 2.8

Washington

3,693,551 3,741,740 3,702,170 3,753,803 162,273 164,932 165,916 165,028 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4

Bellingham

109,016 109,985 109,338 110,759 5,165 5,266 5,190 5,026 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

119,542 120,251 120,005 121,116 5,708 5,934 5,751 5,656 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.7

Kennewick-Richland

136,240 136,463 137,427 138,372 7,393 7,725 7,166 7,191 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.2

Longview

45,742 45,871 45,694 46,068 2,708 2,838 2,666 2,679 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

58,813 58,587 58,939 59,359 3,159 3,149 3,090 2,993 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.0

Olympia-Tumwater

133,321 135,114 133,135 136,061 6,377 6,648 6,386 6,416 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,059,684 2,102,160 2,061,397 2,100,223 74,040 74,596 79,590 79,329 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

261,550 258,847 261,873 260,932 14,109 14,469 13,597 13,577 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.2

Walla Walla

30,263 31,169 30,529 31,685 1,376 1,469 1,385 1,367 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.3

Wenatchee

62,657 63,065 62,836 63,262 3,222 3,276 3,313 3,118 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9

Yakima

124,311 126,386 124,918 127,702 8,343 8,070 7,782 7,669 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

778,528 783,770 776,842 788,225 38,533 42,374 35,645 40,136 4.9 5.4 4.6 5.1

Beckley

45,073 45,154 45,063 45,732 2,451 2,746 2,272 2,508 5.4 6.1 5.0 5.5

Charleston

94,865 95,200 94,828 95,503 4,764 5,187 4,441 4,924 5.0 5.4 4.7 5.2

Huntington-Ashland

147,069 146,458 147,277 146,828 7,975 7,748 7,820 7,677 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

Morgantown

67,619 69,297 67,488 69,068 2,461 2,893 2,327 2,887 3.6 4.2 3.4 4.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

38,351 38,337 38,278 38,504 2,033 2,146 1,881 2,021 5.3 5.6 4.9 5.2

Wheeling

65,124 64,996 65,213 65,349 3,686 3,550 3,326 3,248 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0

Wisconsin

3,129,780 3,170,192 3,139,778 3,167,299 97,378 85,308 95,809 82,173 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.6

Appleton

132,067 133,183 132,158 133,711 3,639 3,283 3,617 3,175 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4

Eau Claire

93,440 94,267 92,941 94,579 2,675 2,494 2,595 2,185 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.3

Fond du Lac

57,092 58,048 57,165 58,354 1,443 1,324 1,497 1,333 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.3

Green Bay

174,037 176,314 174,570 175,557 4,932 4,558 4,913 4,316 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.5

Janesville-Beloit

85,343 85,919 85,473 85,961 3,175 2,373 3,099 2,393 3.7 2.8 3.6 2.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

79,162 80,148 78,831 79,838 2,173 1,854 2,189 1,788 2.7 2.3 2.8 2.2

Madison

387,446 393,854 387,067 391,450 8,751 7,577 9,365 8,081 2.3 1.9 2.4 2.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

825,342 835,398 827,761 830,347 27,168 22,519 27,751 23,408 3.3 2.7 3.4 2.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

94,042 94,567 93,695 94,328 2,554 2,237 2,693 2,261 2.7 2.4 2.9 2.4

Racine

99,329 99,438 99,641 99,265 3,863 3,200 3,714 3,122 3.9 3.2 3.7 3.1

Sheboygan

62,242 63,139 62,693 63,528 1,637 1,381 1,687 1,445 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.3

Wausau

73,407 75,639 73,885 75,550 1,983 1,857 2,027 1,779 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4

Wyoming

291,377 285,890 292,045 284,825 12,295 11,262 11,502 10,845 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8

Casper

39,730 39,030 39,150 38,545 2,089 1,690 1,950 1,683 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.4

Cheyenne

48,571 47,762 47,814 46,703 1,653 1,630 1,620 1,665 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,115,404 1,090,577 1,099,152 1,094,762 128,146 101,870 113,067 101,736 11.5 9.3 10.3 9.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

89,807 87,790 88,726 88,111 14,381 11,018 12,462 10,746 16.0 12.6 14.0 12.2

Arecibo

52,690 52,038 51,978 52,235 7,264 6,069 6,163 5,943 13.8 11.7 11.9 11.4

Guayama

21,861 20,978 21,422 20,934 3,933 2,956 3,549 2,917 18.0 14.1 16.6 13.9

Mayaguez

28,973 26,719 28,517 26,867 4,171 2,919 3,804 2,943 14.4 10.9 13.3 11.0

Ponce

95,710 92,453 94,330 93,048 14,379 10,874 13,013 10,972 15.0 11.8 13.8 11.8

San German

36,479 34,233 36,123 34,520 6,001 4,336 5,447 4,435 16.5 12.7 15.1 12.8

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

744,703 731,962 731,724 734,169 70,534 57,886 61,629 57,784 9.5 7.9 8.4 7.9

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

California

19,240,604 19,246,059 19,213,327 19,266,046 902,414 739,014 846,642 711,537 4.7 3.8 4.4 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,716,182 6,740,199 6,700,384 6,730,233 280,811 249,683 277,166 247,927 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.7

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,609,645 1,603,402 1,608,091 1,599,791 54,063 41,970 51,556 41,081 3.4 2.6 3.2 2.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,106,537 5,136,797 5,092,293 5,130,442 226,748 207,713 225,610 206,846 4.4 4.0 4.4 4.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,559,590 2,554,991 2,555,405 2,556,120 81,781 62,187 78,459 60,600 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.4

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,404,275 1,401,050 1,403,179 1,402,236 50,553 38,394 48,207 37,382 3.6 2.7 3.4 2.7

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,014,891 1,014,614 1,011,559 1,013,989 27,333 20,803 26,527 20,360 2.7 2.1 2.6 2.0

San Rafael

140,424 139,327 140,667 139,895 3,895 2,990 3,725 2,858 2.8 2.1 2.6 2.0

District of Columbia

399,234 408,753 398,908 408,983 22,272 20,532 23,115 21,104 5.6 5.0 5.8 5.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,375,015 3,410,187 3,387,247 3,425,946 114,802 106,894 122,253 110,534 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

681,419 686,956 683,307 688,427 20,158 21,245 22,462 22,505 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,693,596 2,723,231 2,703,940 2,737,519 94,644 85,649 99,791 88,029 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.2

Florida

10,091,093 10,202,550 10,120,621 10,270,841 398,973 347,903 408,129 345,124 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,143,080 3,157,535 3,148,984 3,172,884 131,070 115,869 133,176 112,429 4.2 3.7 4.2 3.5

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

1,020,659 1,032,434 1,029,243 1,042,154 37,909 32,830 39,113 33,059 3.7 3.2 3.8 3.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,396,688 1,400,930 1,392,720 1,403,471 65,840 59,455 65,846 55,663 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

725,733 724,171 727,021 727,259 27,321 23,584 28,217 23,707 3.8 3.3 3.9 3.3

Illinois

6,462,314 6,448,363 6,460,273 6,468,858 291,942 233,043 283,455 228,259 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,870,738 4,839,903 4,887,412 4,854,481 219,951 173,761 213,177 164,345 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,755,838 3,706,656 3,772,672 3,713,798 174,070 131,904 168,688 121,391 4.6 3.6 4.5 3.3

Elgin

320,052 325,848 319,278 328,687 13,502 12,031 12,987 12,421 4.2 3.7 4.1 3.8

Gary(3)

338,997 340,418 339,784 343,407 14,476 13,887 14,343 14,465 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

455,851 466,981 455,678 468,589 17,903 15,939 17,159 16,068 3.9 3.4 3.8 3.4

Massachusetts

3,646,782 3,751,378 3,642,292 3,789,531 130,569 123,195 135,023 126,878 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,696,477 2,772,265 2,688,443 2,795,358 87,026 82,074 91,510 85,741 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.1

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,603,267 1,651,163 1,597,829 1,665,575 48,359 45,361 52,232 48,309 3.0 2.7 3.3 2.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

107,145 110,299 106,809 110,767 4,337 3,941 4,502 4,109 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.7

Framingham

156,599 160,238 156,175 161,649 4,695 4,376 4,894 4,523 3.0 2.7 3.1 2.8

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

113,939 118,042 114,282 119,248 3,857 3,656 3,773 3,579 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.0

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

96,718 99,149 96,305 100,161 4,766 4,513 4,809 4,646 4.9 4.6 5.0 4.6

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

189,352 195,454 188,701 196,609 6,832 6,376 6,943 6,573 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

84,307 86,644 84,060 87,758 2,874 2,695 3,079 2,855 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.3

Nashua(2)

169,712 171,884 169,471 172,452 5,016 5,232 4,801 5,004 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

92,000 93,616 91,557 94,644 2,965 2,871 3,138 3,051 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.2

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

83,438 85,776 83,254 86,495 3,325 3,053 3,339 3,092 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.6

Michigan

4,829,355 4,879,003 4,865,026 4,925,940 181,556 194,126 187,178 187,197 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,076,197 2,093,167 2,092,693 2,117,708 69,782 76,063 70,630 77,836 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.7

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

775,431 784,158 778,231 792,130 31,750 33,608 31,639 35,971 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.5

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,300,766 1,309,010 1,314,464 1,325,577 38,032 42,456 38,992 41,864 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.2

New York

9,687,025 9,620,036 9,690,531 9,627,528 421,390 418,211 428,582 356,305 4.4 4.3 4.4 3.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,094,000 9,999,625 10,104,601 10,002,901 415,423 402,193 431,005 353,951 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

195,589 194,571 195,938 195,994 7,800 7,838 8,010 7,000 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.6

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,484,141 1,473,435 1,494,724 1,487,013 58,583 58,823 60,639 52,427 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.5

Newark(3)

1,248,161 1,219,703 1,247,278 1,217,193 52,502 49,945 54,857 45,739 4.2 4.1 4.4 3.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,166,109 7,111,916 7,166,661 7,102,701 296,538 285,587 307,499 248,785 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.5

Pennsylvania

6,431,950 6,323,416 6,438,733 6,348,830 290,893 253,225 312,702 233,594 4.5 4.0 4.9 3.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,092,587 3,069,659 3,090,567 3,070,123 134,892 121,364 145,213 114,405 4.4 4.0 4.7 3.7

Camden(3)

641,748 638,379 640,955 636,079 26,451 25,566 28,291 23,489 4.1 4.0 4.4 3.7

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,071,534 1,055,642 1,074,461 1,062,280 38,404 33,944 42,318 31,911 3.6 3.2 3.9 3.0

Philadelphia

999,099 991,188 998,390 987,535 52,989 47,212 57,923 45,147 5.3 4.8 5.8 4.6

Wilmington(3)

380,206 384,450 376,761 384,229 17,048 14,642 16,681 13,858 4.5 3.8 4.4 3.6

Texas

13,527,232 13,863,075 13,498,726 13,836,477 559,386 520,621 557,907 515,248 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,773,905 3,904,883 3,767,275 3,899,693 132,899 131,095 134,860 131,059 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.4

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,547,672 2,641,222 2,542,826 2,635,929 89,460 88,933 90,780 88,671 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,226,233 1,263,661 1,224,449 1,263,764 43,439 42,162 44,080 42,388 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.4

Washington

3,693,551 3,741,740 3,702,170 3,753,803 162,273 164,932 165,916 165,028 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,059,684 2,102,160 2,061,397 2,100,223 74,040 74,596 79,590 79,329 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,647,507 1,684,147 1,648,432 1,677,595 52,465 51,948 57,825 57,398 3.2 3.1 3.5 3.4

Tacoma-Lakewood

412,177 418,013 412,965 422,628 21,575 22,648 21,765 21,931 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.2

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State and area April May Change from
May 2017 to May 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

Alabama

2,014.6 2,035.4 2,020.8 2,042.4 21.6 1.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

47.0 47.4 47.1 47.6 0.5 1.1

Auburn-Opelika

64.6 65.9 64.3 65.7 1.4 2.2

Birmingham-Hoover

527.6 535.3 530.4 538.1 7.7 1.5

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

75.6 78.3 76.6 79.5 2.9 3.8

Decatur

53.7 54.5 54.5 55.2 0.7 1.3

Dothan

58.0 58.4 58.3 58.6 0.3 0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.0 57.1 57.2 57.3 0.1 0.2

Gadsden

37.8 38.4 38.3 38.5 0.2 0.5

Huntsville

231.7 237.9 232.3 237.0 4.7 2.0

Mobile

184.2 186.5 184.4 186.8 2.4 1.3

Montgomery

177.8 177.3 179.0 178.1 -0.9 -0.5

Tuscaloosa

107.6 110.0 107.1 110.1 3.0 2.8


Alaska

322.2 321.3 335.3 332.6 -2.7 -0.8

Anchorage

174.5 173.5 179.2 178.6 -0.6 -0.3

Fairbanks

37.3 36.7 38.7 38.6 -0.1 -0.3


Arizona

2,780.1 2,844.5 2,766.6 2,837.3 70.7 2.6

Flagstaff

67.8 68.6 67.9 68.2 0.3 0.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

50.2 51.6 50.1 51.8 1.7 3.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,036.3 2,094.1 2,025.6 2,087.4 61.8 3.1

Prescott

63.9 65.7 64.0 65.6 1.6 2.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

33.9 33.5 34.0 33.4 -0.6 -1.8

Tucson

379.6 384.7 378.1 383.4 5.3 1.4

Yuma

54.7 54.6 53.9 54.1 0.2 0.4


Arkansas

1,244.3 1,249.9 1,247.1 1,253.6 6.5 0.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

253.9 260.3 254.8 263.0 8.2 3.2

Fort Smith

113.0 112.4 113.6 112.9 -0.7 -0.6

Hot Springs

38.9 38.9 38.2 38.6 0.4 1.0

Jonesboro

57.3 58.5 57.6 58.7 1.1 1.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

358.5 360.6 360.0 363.5 3.5 1.0

Pine Bluff

33.2 32.9 33.1 33.0 -0.1 -0.3


California

16,725.4 17,082.6 16,821.3 17,130.9 309.6 1.8

Bakersfield

257.1 260.8 258.2 261.7 3.5 1.4

Chico

81.9 83.8 82.7 84.5 1.8 2.2

El Centro

53.5 54.2 53.3 54.4 1.1 2.1

Fresno

342.9 353.2 345.4 355.1 9.7 2.8

Hanford-Corcoran

38.8 39.3 39.5 40.1 0.6 1.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,023.7 6,115.0 6,049.6 6,130.8 81.2 1.3

Madera

37.3 38.3 37.8 39.2 1.4 3.7

Merced

67.1 69.3 67.2 69.3 2.1 3.1

Modesto

173.4 176.8 174.3 177.8 3.5 2.0

Napa

71.6 72.0 72.6 72.9 0.3 0.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

303.8 308.0 305.5 309.4 3.9 1.3

Redding

65.8 66.8 66.6 67.4 0.8 1.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,439.6 1,489.4 1,447.2 1,491.9 44.7 3.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

959.5 981.2 966.6 983.7 17.1 1.8

Salinas

137.3 142.3 138.6 143.0 4.4 3.2

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,448.4 1,480.2 1,453.3 1,485.8 32.5 2.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,382.0 2,427.3 2,393.9 2,435.8 41.9 1.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,086.5 1,124.3 1,093.0 1,127.8 34.8 3.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

118.2 120.2 118.9 120.8 1.9 1.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

101.9 104.9 103.5 106.6 3.1 3.0

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

182.5 185.5 183.2 186.5 3.3 1.8

Santa Rosa

205.3 208.4 207.0 210.7 3.7 1.8

Stockton-Lodi

231.4 240.8 233.6 241.6 8.0 3.4

Vallejo-Fairfield

137.6 140.0 138.5 140.4 1.9 1.4

Visalia-Porterville

125.0 127.9 125.6 129.3 3.7 2.9

Yuba City

43.3 44.3 43.9 44.8 0.9 2.1


Colorado

2,640.6 2,707.6 2,645.7 2,719.7 74.0 2.8

Boulder

189.3 193.1 190.0 193.8 3.8 2.0

Colorado Springs

284.9 294.3 287.3 295.9 8.6 3.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,449.3 1,489.5 1,460.2 1,501.1 40.9 2.8

Fort Collins

164.6 169.2 167.1 172.6 5.5 3.3

Grand Junction

62.2 64.0 63.2 64.6 1.4 2.2

Greeley

104.0 108.1 104.7 108.9 4.2 4.0

Pueblo

62.9 62.6 62.7 63.1 0.4 0.6


Connecticut

1,676.3 1,684.9 1,692.7 1,703.6 10.9 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

404.2 403.9 408.8 409.9 1.1 0.3

Danbury

78.1 78.9 78.7 79.6 0.9 1.1

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

570.9 576.4 574.0 580.2 6.2 1.1

New Haven

286.0 285.9 286.7 288.3 1.6 0.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.4 129.9 130.8 132.7 1.9 1.5

Waterbury

66.6 65.8 67.2 67.1 -0.1 -0.1


Delaware

453.8 459.0 456.7 464.6 7.9 1.7

Dover

69.9 70.5 69.8 71.1 1.3 1.9

Salisbury(1)

156.1 157.1 161.9 162.3 0.4 0.2


District of Columbia

790.9 797.0 792.6 797.8 5.2 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,269.2 3,303.0 3,286.9 3,328.2 41.3 1.3


Florida

8,598.7 8,780.4 8,598.0 8,784.5 186.5 2.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

267.0 268.1 265.0 265.4 0.4 0.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

113.4 118.6 114.6 119.7 5.1 4.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

202.7 204.6 202.4 205.3 2.9 1.4

Gainesville

144.0 146.0 140.7 143.0 2.3 1.6

Homosassa Springs

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.6 -0.1 -0.3

Jacksonville

688.1 707.6 691.1 713.5 22.4 3.2

Lakeland-Winter Haven

220.4 225.9 220.6 226.5 5.9 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,640.7 2,666.6 2,645.8 2,669.2 23.4 0.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

149.3 145.6 146.7 144.3 -2.4 -1.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

302.1 309.0 301.4 308.5 7.1 2.4

Ocala

102.5 104.1 102.6 104.5 1.9 1.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,244.7 1,284.9 1,246.9 1,290.9 44.0 3.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

215.3 217.3 215.4 218.3 2.9 1.3

Panama City

84.0 86.8 85.0 87.9 2.9 3.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

178.2 180.0 178.4 180.6 2.2 1.2

Port St. Lucie

146.6 148.7 146.9 148.9 2.0 1.4

Punta Gorda

48.7 49.3 48.2 49.1 0.9 1.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

52.0 52.6 51.8 52.3 0.5 1.0

Sebring

26.4 26.0 26.3 25.7 -0.6 -2.3

Tallahassee

182.6 184.8 180.2 182.7 2.5 1.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,323.4 1,356.5 1,321.6 1,352.0 30.4 2.3

The Villages

28.4 28.8 28.4 28.7 0.3 1.1


Georgia

4,442.0 4,517.9 4,454.6 4,535.1 80.5 1.8

Albany

62.7 63.0 62.7 63.2 0.5 0.8

Athens-Clarke County

97.6 99.5 96.7 99.4 2.7 2.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,711.4 2,757.1 2,723.5 2,769.5 46.0 1.7

Augusta-Richmond County

238.1 245.9 235.1 243.3 8.2 3.5

Brunswick

44.2 44.3 44.3 44.7 0.4 0.9

Columbus

120.9 121.6 121.0 122.5 1.5 1.2

Dalton

67.3 67.7 67.3 68.0 0.7 1.0

Gainesville

89.1 92.7 89.5 93.5 4.0 4.5

Hinesville

20.5 20.5 20.4 20.6 0.2 1.0

Macon-Bibb County

102.7 102.8 102.7 103.5 0.8 0.8

Rome

41.1 41.5 40.8 41.6 0.8 2.0

Savannah

178.6 179.9 179.7 180.8 1.1 0.6

Valdosta

56.2 57.0 56.3 56.8 0.5 0.9

Warner Robins

73.7 74.8 73.8 75.2 1.4 1.9


Hawaii

652.0 662.0 654.0 665.1 11.1 1.7

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

75.8 77.3 76.3 77.8 1.5 2.0

Urban Honolulu

476.6 483.8 478.2 485.7 7.5 1.6


Idaho

708.4 731.0 717.7 738.4 20.7 2.9

Boise City

313.9 325.1 316.6 328.0 11.4 3.6

Coeur d'Alene

62.7 64.3 64.2 66.5 2.3 3.6

Idaho Falls

64.9 66.4 66.0 67.1 1.1 1.7

Lewiston

28.8 29.6 28.9 29.8 0.9 3.1

Pocatello

36.7 37.9 37.2 38.1 0.9 2.4


Illinois

6,034.6 6,080.0 6,085.2 6,143.0 57.8 0.9

Bloomington

95.4 94.7 94.5 95.0 0.5 0.5

Carbondale-Marion

58.6 57.6 57.2 56.5 -0.7 -1.2

Champaign-Urbana

112.8 113.9 111.6 112.9 1.3 1.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,664.2 4,695.1 4,714.9 4,753.5 38.6 0.8

Danville

28.4 28.0 28.6 28.2 -0.4 -1.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

183.4 186.0 185.3 188.0 2.7 1.5

Decatur

51.0 51.3 51.3 51.8 0.5 1.0

Kankakee

46.3 48.1 46.5 48.3 1.8 3.9

Peoria

172.9 172.5 174.5 174.8 0.3 0.2

Rockford

149.3 150.8 151.5 152.3 0.8 0.5

Springfield

113.9 112.5 114.3 113.5 -0.8 -0.7


Indiana

3,099.9 3,126.7 3,122.3 3,153.6 31.3 1.0

Bloomington

77.3 76.4 75.1 74.5 -0.6 -0.8

Columbus

52.6 53.9 53.0 54.3 1.3 2.5

Elkhart-Goshen

135.8 143.4 137.2 145.3 8.1 5.9

Evansville

158.1 162.9 158.9 163.7 4.8 3.0

Fort Wayne

220.6 224.4 223.0 227.1 4.1 1.8

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,054.3 1,070.4 1,064.5 1,083.0 18.5 1.7

Kokomo

41.5 43.2 41.8 43.6 1.8 4.3

Lafayette-West Lafayette

102.7 106.4 99.5 106.5 7.0 7.0

Michigan City-La Porte

41.7 41.3 41.7 42.0 0.3 0.7

Muncie

51.7 53.2 51.9 51.5 -0.4 -0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

142.7 144.1 144.1 145.4 1.3 0.9

Terre Haute

71.1 71.0 71.5 71.3 -0.2 -0.3


Iowa

1,577.6 1,585.8 1,585.0 1,603.9 18.9 1.2

Ames

54.6 55.8 52.9 54.1 1.2 2.3

Cedar Rapids

144.2 145.1 144.3 145.9 1.6 1.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

364.5 368.3 367.3 375.7 8.4 2.3

Dubuque

60.2 59.9 60.7 60.5 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

102.6 103.1 101.5 102.6 1.1 1.1

Sioux City

86.9 87.9 87.7 88.6 0.9 1.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.4 91.2 91.2 91.6 0.4 0.4


Kansas

1,402.1 1,421.3 1,406.1 1,429.1 23.0 1.6

Lawrence

54.6 54.9 53.7 53.7 0.0 0.0

Manhattan

43.6 44.0 42.5 42.4 -0.1 -0.2

Topeka

110.8 111.7 112.0 111.2 -0.8 -0.7

Wichita

296.3 296.3 296.1 299.0 2.9 1.0


Kentucky

1,919.4 1,929.9 1,928.0 1,944.0 16.0 0.8

Bowling Green

77.1 78.3 77.2 78.4 1.2 1.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.9 56.8 56.9 57.3 0.4 0.7

Lexington-Fayette

277.9 280.7 278.4 282.2 3.8 1.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

662.3 670.9 667.2 675.8 8.6 1.3

Owensboro

53.9 54.6 54.4 55.1 0.7 1.3


Louisiana

1,974.3 1,994.6 1,981.3 2,000.5 19.2 1.0

Alexandria

62.2 62.4 62.0 62.3 0.3 0.5

Baton Rouge

407.5 412.1 408.3 411.2 2.9 0.7

Hammond

45.8 46.9 46.1 46.8 0.7 1.5

Houma-Thibodaux

85.6 86.0 86.1 86.4 0.3 0.3

Lafayette

202.1 201.3 202.6 202.5 -0.1 0.0

Lake Charles

114.5 119.2 116.2 120.1 3.9 3.4

Monroe

78.6 78.8 78.8 79.1 0.3 0.4

New Orleans-Metairie

577.7 583.0 581.4 585.8 4.4 0.8

Shreveport-Bossier City

179.8 180.3 179.5 180.4 0.9 0.5


Maine

611.0 614.6 623.8 631.3 7.5 1.2

Bangor

67.1 66.3 66.7 66.1 -0.6 -0.9

Lewiston-Auburn

50.5 50.6 51.0 50.9 -0.1 -0.2

Portland-South Portland

203.0 204.5 207.9 210.0 2.1 1.0


Maryland

2,719.0 2,728.4 2,741.4 2,752.4 11.0 0.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,392.9 1,416.3 1,404.1 1,425.8 21.7 1.5

California-Lexington Park

44.8 45.2 45.0 45.5 0.5 1.1

Cumberland

39.2 39.5 39.5 40.0 0.5 1.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.3 105.1 105.2 105.9 0.7 0.7


Massachusetts

3,590.4 3,635.7 3,620.6 3,671.3 50.7 1.4

Barnstable Town

101.3 102.6 107.0 109.0 2.0 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,728.2 2,763.9 2,744.5 2,789.6 45.1 1.6

Leominster-Gardner

52.6 53.4 53.1 53.9 0.8 1.5

New Bedford

67.6 68.3 68.3 68.7 0.4 0.6

Pittsfield

40.9 40.9 41.7 41.9 0.2 0.5

Springfield

336.4 340.0 337.0 341.2 4.2 1.2

Worcester

285.7 291.1 288.0 293.8 5.8 2.0


Michigan

4,349.2 4,392.8 4,402.2 4,457.9 55.7 1.3

Ann Arbor

222.2 224.8 217.6 224.6 7.0 3.2

Battle Creek

58.6 58.1 59.3 58.9 -0.4 -0.7

Bay City

35.5 35.5 35.3 35.5 0.2 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,993.1 2,009.7 2,019.4 2,036.6 17.2 0.9

Flint

140.6 140.6 142.3 142.7 0.4 0.3

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

551.1 563.8 557.4 569.1 11.7 2.1

Jackson

57.9 58.5 58.8 59.1 0.3 0.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

147.7 149.0 147.7 149.3 1.6 1.1

Lansing-East Lansing

237.5 240.2 239.0 240.6 1.6 0.7

Midland

37.3 37.1 37.8 37.7 -0.1 -0.3

Monroe

42.3 42.5 42.4 42.8 0.4 0.9

Muskegon

64.4 63.6 65.5 64.8 -0.7 -1.1

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.7 61.7 63.5 62.7 -0.8 -1.3

Saginaw

87.5 87.1 87.6 87.8 0.2 0.2


Minnesota

2,913.4 2,922.2 2,944.6 2,973.8 29.2 1.0

Duluth

136.6 137.6 137.6 138.7 1.1 0.8

Mankato-North Mankato

57.8 58.9 57.7 59.0 1.3 2.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,976.4 1,989.6 1,994.8 2,023.8 29.0 1.5

Rochester

119.1 117.8 120.3 119.3 -1.0 -0.8

St. Cloud

110.3 110.9 110.7 112.7 2.0 1.8


Mississippi

1,154.9 1,169.9 1,154.5 1,167.8 13.3 1.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

155.5 155.7 155.6 155.8 0.2 0.1

Hattiesburg

64.7 65.7 64.3 65.7 1.4 2.2

Jackson

280.8 284.5 280.1 284.3 4.2 1.5


Missouri

2,877.2 2,908.4 2,888.3 2,919.7 31.4 1.1

Cape Girardeau

44.4 45.5 44.4 45.5 1.1 2.5

Columbia

101.0 101.2 101.1 101.0 -0.1 -0.1

Jefferson City

78.0 77.7 78.4 78.0 -0.4 -0.5

Joplin

81.5 81.7 81.2 81.8 0.6 0.7

Kansas City

1,080.0 1,097.2 1,083.8 1,099.8 16.0 1.5

St. Joseph

64.5 65.0 64.7 65.6 0.9 1.4

St. Louis(2)

1,380.5 1,390.4 1,387.7 1,400.0 12.3 0.9

Springfield

213.2 215.1 213.7 216.1 2.4 1.1


Montana

469.2 471.1 476.3 480.0 3.7 0.8

Billings

85.3 85.1 86.6 86.8 0.2 0.2

Great Falls

36.0 35.8 36.2 36.4 0.2 0.6

Missoula

61.1 61.7 62.1 62.7 0.6 1.0


Nebraska

1,019.4 1,026.4 1,026.7 1,039.7 13.0 1.3

Grand Island

42.4 42.6 42.4 43.0 0.6 1.4

Lincoln

189.0 189.9 189.6 191.0 1.4 0.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

499.6 503.0 503.2 510.2 7.0 1.4


Nevada

1,330.4 1,373.8 1,342.8 1,380.4 37.6 2.8

Carson City

29.9 30.7 30.3 31.1 0.8 2.6

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

970.7 1,000.6 977.8 1,005.5 27.7 2.8

Reno

228.4 238.6 231.5 239.4 7.9 3.4


New Hampshire

668.5 678.2 675.7 688.7 13.0 1.9

Dover-Durham

54.9 55.3 55.1 56.1 1.0 1.8

Manchester

112.5 112.9 112.8 114.0 1.2 1.1

Portsmouth

91.5 92.5 93.5 95.1 1.6 1.7


New Jersey

4,095.2 4,151.5 4,152.0 4,205.6 53.6 1.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

126.0 129.9 129.0 130.7 1.7 1.3

Ocean City

37.7 40.1 43.1 46.3 3.2 7.4

Trenton

265.5 273.1 267.7 275.3 7.6 2.8

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.9 59.5 59.4 60.4 1.0 1.7


New Mexico

833.0 842.5 832.8 846.6 13.8 1.7

Albuquerque

389.9 394.8 389.7 397.0 7.3 1.9

Farmington

49.3 49.3 49.5 49.4 -0.1 -0.2

Las Cruces

72.3 70.7 71.6 70.8 -0.8 -1.1

Santa Fe

62.5 63.3 63.2 63.8 0.6 0.9


New York

9,470.2 9,570.8 9,554.1 9,664.6 110.5 1.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

469.3 473.0 470.2 474.3 4.1 0.9

Binghamton

104.4 103.9 105.6 105.5 -0.1 -0.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

558.6 566.0 565.4 574.6 9.2 1.6

Elmira

36.6 36.3 36.9 36.8 -0.1 -0.3

Glens Falls

53.9 54.3 56.1 56.6 0.5 0.9

Ithaca

66.2 67.9 65.5 67.3 1.8 2.7

Kingston

61.5 62.1 62.9 63.5 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,613.9 9,723.5 9,710.1 9,826.3 116.2 1.2

Rochester

535.9 539.9 537.9 548.6 10.7 2.0

Syracuse

317.1 319.9 317.7 321.1 3.4 1.1

Utica-Rome

127.5 125.6 128.2 127.3 -0.9 -0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

41.4 41.5 42.6 43.1 0.5 1.2


North Carolina

4,402.3 4,482.2 4,436.0 4,533.8 97.8 2.2

Asheville

189.8 193.5 191.5 194.2 2.7 1.4

Burlington

61.5 61.7 61.4 62.2 0.8 1.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,172.8 1,205.1 1,182.9 1,215.3 32.4 2.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

310.2 313.9 313.0 317.4 4.4 1.4

Fayetteville

130.5 131.3 130.7 131.7 1.0 0.8

Goldsboro

42.4 41.6 42.5 41.9 -0.6 -1.4

Greensboro-High Point

360.4 363.5 361.1 365.2 4.1 1.1

Greenville

79.7 80.6 79.8 80.8 1.0 1.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

154.5 154.9 154.6 156.1 1.5 1.0

Jacksonville

49.7 49.9 49.8 50.0 0.2 0.4

New Bern

44.9 44.9 45.1 45.1 0.0 0.0

Raleigh

610.4 627.5 615.8 634.5 18.7 3.0

Rocky Mount

55.9 55.5 56.3 55.7 -0.6 -1.1

Wilmington

125.9 127.0 127.5 128.7 1.2 0.9

Winston-Salem

262.9 266.9 263.8 268.6 4.8 1.8


North Dakota

431.3 423.0 436.6 433.5 -3.1 -0.7

Bismarck

74.2 72.1 74.5 73.5 -1.0 -1.3

Fargo

141.8 140.9 142.9 143.4 0.5 0.3

Grand Forks

56.8 56.1 56.7 57.3 0.6 1.1


Ohio

5,517.6 5,564.5 5,568.6 5,642.2 73.6 1.3

Akron

342.8 343.2 346.6 349.1 2.5 0.7

Canton-Massillon

174.1 173.6 175.3 175.2 -0.1 -0.1

Cincinnati

1,093.6 1,096.2 1,103.5 1,115.4 11.9 1.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,055.2 1,060.4 1,066.6 1,080.3 13.7 1.3

Columbus

1,079.4 1,093.0 1,089.0 1,100.7 11.7 1.1

Dayton

387.6 395.1 388.6 391.5 2.9 0.7

Lima

53.4 53.2 54.0 53.6 -0.4 -0.7

Mansfield

52.1 52.5 52.8 53.1 0.3 0.6

Springfield

50.6 50.2 51.2 50.9 -0.3 -0.6

Toledo

308.1 308.3 310.6 309.8 -0.8 -0.3

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

41.5 40.8 41.7 41.4 -0.3 -0.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

221.1 217.7 222.9 220.4 -2.5 -1.1


Oklahoma

1,657.9 1,686.7 1,663.7 1,692.0 28.3 1.7

Enid

26.0 25.4 26.0 25.4 -0.6 -2.3

Lawton

46.1 46.0 45.9 46.0 0.1 0.2

Oklahoma City

633.4 647.1 634.4 647.9 13.5 2.1

Tulsa

445.9 457.1 447.6 460.3 12.7 2.8


Oregon

1,869.6 1,904.2 1,879.4 1,921.6 42.2 2.2

Albany

44.2 45.6 44.5 45.7 1.2 2.7

Bend-Redmond

80.8 83.2 81.7 84.4 2.7 3.3

Corvallis

43.4 43.9 43.7 44.1 0.4 0.9

Eugene

159.2 162.5 160.6 164.1 3.5 2.2

Grants Pass

26.1 27.0 26.4 27.1 0.7 2.7

Medford

85.9 88.7 86.6 89.3 2.7 3.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,171.4 1,192.0 1,175.2 1,201.8 26.6 2.3

Salem

164.0 166.4 165.3 167.8 2.5 1.5


Pennsylvania

5,945.6 6,018.0 5,978.5 6,053.0 74.5 1.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

368.7 373.5 372.6 377.5 4.9 1.3

Altoona

61.4 61.4 62.2 62.4 0.2 0.3

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.2 43.3 43.4 43.3 -0.1 -0.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.1 61.1 60.3 61.6 1.3 2.2

East Stroudsburg

57.8 58.0 58.4 59.0 0.6 1.0

Erie

127.8 127.7 127.8 129.0 1.2 0.9

Gettysburg

35.2 36.1 35.4 36.2 0.8 2.3

Harrisburg-Carlisle

342.1 344.3 343.8 348.3 4.5 1.3

Johnstown

55.7 55.9 55.9 56.3 0.4 0.7

Lancaster

254.0 256.8 255.2 259.1 3.9 1.5

Lebanon

52.2 52.7 52.5 53.0 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,908.6 2,948.2 2,925.2 2,964.9 39.7 1.4

Pittsburgh

1,174.0 1,186.7 1,183.1 1,194.8 11.7 1.0

Reading

177.6 180.4 178.2 181.4 3.2 1.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

261.5 265.9 263.9 268.1 4.2 1.6

State College

80.6 80.3 74.8 75.4 0.6 0.8

Williamsport

53.4 52.8 53.5 52.9 -0.6 -1.1

York-Hanover

185.9 187.0 186.8 188.9 2.1 1.1


Rhode Island

491.0 497.5 497.7 505.5 7.8 1.6

Providence-Warwick

585.5 593.7 593.3 601.0 7.7 1.3


South Carolina

2,089.4 2,123.7 2,102.1 2,137.1 35.0 1.7

Charleston-North Charleston

352.7 357.0 355.4 358.9 3.5 1.0

Columbia

398.2 397.8 399.3 400.5 1.2 0.3

Florence

88.1 89.4 88.7 89.9 1.2 1.4

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

414.0 422.6 415.7 424.0 8.3 2.0

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

79.2 81.2 80.2 82.2 2.0 2.5

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

168.4 171.2 171.9 174.4 2.5 1.5

Spartanburg

152.5 156.5 152.7 156.3 3.6 2.4

Sumter

39.2 39.8 39.2 39.9 0.7 1.8


South Dakota

431.7 434.3 439.4 445.3 5.9 1.3

Rapid City

67.2 67.9 69.4 70.2 0.8 1.2

Sioux Falls

154.9 155.3 156.6 158.6 2.0 1.3


Tennessee

3,009.0 3,055.2 3,011.1 3,066.7 55.6 1.8

Chattanooga

255.8 262.9 255.8 262.5 6.7 2.6

Clarksville

90.3 91.5 90.1 91.0 0.9 1.0

Cleveland

45.8 46.9 46.1 47.0 0.9 2.0

Jackson

67.9 69.2 67.7 69.5 1.8 2.7

Johnson City

81.2 80.3 80.3 80.3 0.0 0.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.3 123.0 122.8 123.0 0.2 0.2

Knoxville

396.3 397.8 397.1 399.4 2.3 0.6

Memphis

640.1 649.1 639.8 650.0 10.2 1.6

Morristown

46.1 46.5 46.1 46.8 0.7 1.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

975.1 998.3 976.9 1,000.1 23.2 2.4


Texas

12,170.9 12,517.1 12,231.4 12,576.1 344.7 2.8

Abilene

68.7 70.1 68.8 70.3 1.5 2.2

Amarillo

120.0 121.6 120.0 122.5 2.5 2.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,028.1 1,063.0 1,034.9 1,068.8 33.9 3.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

164.5 163.8 164.8 163.4 -1.4 -0.8

Brownsville-Harlingen

141.9 142.7 142.3 143.1 0.8 0.6

College Station-Bryan

116.8 121.2 116.6 121.9 5.3 4.5

Corpus Christi

194.1 192.0 195.1 193.3 -1.8 -0.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,568.0 3,687.3 3,585.5 3,707.5 122.0 3.4

El Paso

313.2 317.5 314.0 318.2 4.2 1.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,013.0 3,098.8 3,029.0 3,108.2 79.2 2.6

Killeen-Temple

143.0 145.7 144.1 146.6 2.5 1.7

Laredo

103.1 104.6 103.5 105.0 1.5 1.4

Longview

95.8 96.8 95.8 96.7 0.9 0.9

Lubbock

148.0 150.2 148.2 151.1 2.9 2.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

259.0 262.9 260.0 264.8 4.8 1.8

Midland

91.2 100.9 92.4 102.8 10.4 11.3

Odessa

72.0 76.1 72.7 75.9 3.2 4.4

San Angelo

48.6 49.2 48.8 49.4 0.6 1.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,033.3 1,055.9 1,037.3 1,060.6 23.3 2.2

Sherman-Denison

46.8 47.7 47.1 48.3 1.2 2.5

Texarkana

60.2 60.4 60.4 60.8 0.4 0.7

Tyler

104.0 106.5 105.7 108.0 2.3 2.2

Victoria

41.4 40.4 41.5 40.5 -1.0 -2.4

Waco

120.6 122.1 120.9 122.3 1.4 1.2

Wichita Falls

59.1 59.2 59.0 59.4 0.4 0.7


Utah

1,461.4 1,510.5 1,464.1 1,516.0 51.9 3.5

Logan

61.7 63.1 62.1 63.7 1.6 2.6

Ogden-Clearfield

253.9 258.6 256.1 259.8 3.7 1.4

Provo-Orem

248.1 258.3 244.7 254.7 10.0 4.1

St. George

63.8 66.5 64.2 67.0 2.8 4.4

Salt Lake City

711.7 731.6 714.8 735.9 21.1 3.0


Vermont

310.5 310.6 311.7 312.4 0.7 0.2

Burlington-South Burlington

125.4 124.4 124.8 124.3 -0.5 -0.4


Virginia

3,951.3 3,992.8 3,960.3 4,018.0 57.7 1.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

78.4 78.1 76.7 77.2 0.5 0.7

Charlottesville

117.6 121.4 117.5 121.1 3.6 3.1

Harrisonburg

68.5 69.3 66.5 67.6 1.1 1.7

Lynchburg

103.9 105.7 103.4 105.8 2.4 2.3

Richmond

670.0 676.8 672.4 682.1 9.7 1.4

Roanoke

160.2 161.1 160.8 162.1 1.3 0.8

Staunton-Waynesboro

50.2 50.6 50.1 50.8 0.7 1.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

781.3 780.5 782.6 787.7 5.1 0.7

Winchester

63.4 65.3 63.7 65.6 1.9 3.0


Washington

3,300.1 3,391.7 3,331.3 3,427.8 96.5 2.9

Bellingham

92.7 95.1 93.6 95.9 2.3 2.5

Bremerton-Silverdale

90.0 92.0 91.0 92.8 1.8 2.0

Kennewick-Richland

112.4 114.8 113.6 116.2 2.6 2.3

Longview

39.9 40.6 40.1 40.8 0.7 1.7

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

50.1 50.5 50.3 51.5 1.2 2.4

Olympia-Tumwater

115.4 119.0 115.7 119.7 4.0 3.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,981.3 2,043.8 1,997.4 2,063.5 66.1 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

244.1 244.8 246.4 247.7 1.3 0.5

Walla Walla

27.7 29.3 27.9 29.5 1.6 5.7

Wenatchee

44.1 45.3 44.9 46.3 1.4 3.1

Yakima

85.9 89.9 87.3 91.1 3.8 4.4


West Virginia

743.2 751.1 748.1 767.3 19.2 2.6

Beckley

45.0 44.7 45.4 46.1 0.7 1.5

Charleston

116.6 116.6 117.5 118.4 0.9 0.8

Huntington-Ashland

138.8 137.5 139.2 139.0 -0.2 -0.1

Morgantown

72.0 73.4 72.2 73.8 1.6 2.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

39.8 39.7 40.1 40.4 0.3 0.7

Wheeling

66.9 66.6 67.5 67.7 0.2 0.3


Wisconsin

2,934.8 2,954.9 2,959.4 2,977.7 18.3 0.6

Appleton

124.6 125.4 125.8 127.4 1.6 1.3

Eau Claire

87.3 87.4 87.1 88.7 1.6 1.8

Fond du Lac

47.8 48.3 48.0 48.8 0.8 1.7

Green Bay

177.2 178.5 178.5 179.5 1.0 0.6

Janesville-Beloit

68.3 69.2 69.0 70.1 1.1 1.6

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.6 80.5 79.5 80.9 1.4 1.8

Madison

400.1 405.1 400.5 405.0 4.5 1.1

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

863.4 874.5 869.4 876.1 6.7 0.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

98.4 98.4 98.0 98.9 0.9 0.9

Racine

77.3 77.1 78.1 77.7 -0.4 -0.5

Sheboygan

62.0 62.8 62.6 63.6 1.0 1.6

Wausau

71.5 73.3 72.3 73.6 1.3 1.8


Wyoming

275.2 280.1 283.0 287.2 4.2 1.5

Casper

38.1 38.6 38.6 39.2 0.6 1.6

Cheyenne

46.2 46.4 46.7 46.7 0.0 0.0


Puerto Rico

880.2 849.6 881.1 851.9 -29.2 -3.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.5 51.1 51.4 51.2 -0.2 -0.4

Arecibo

33.8 33.1 33.9 33.3 -0.6 -1.8

Guayama

14.6 14.1 14.7 14.2 -0.5 -3.4

Mayaguez

32.8 30.0 32.8 30.1 -2.7 -8.2

Ponce

69.0 67.1 68.6 67.5 -1.1 -1.6

San German

19.7 18.7 19.6 18.8 -0.8 -4.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

640.3 620.1 637.9 622.0 -15.9 -2.5


Virgin Islands

38.7 35.9 38.6 36.0 -2.6 -6.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1), not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State, area, and division April May Change from
May 2017 to May 2018(p)
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) Number Percent

California

16,725.4 17,082.6 16,821.3 17,130.9 309.6 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,023.7 6,115.0 6,049.6 6,130.8 81.2 1.3

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,606.7 1,634.1 1,616.9 1,634.2 17.3 1.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,417.0 4,480.9 4,432.7 4,496.6 63.9 1.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,382.0 2,427.3 2,393.9 2,435.8 41.9 1.8

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,156.5 1,179.7 1,164.6 1,185.0 20.4 1.8

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,110.4 1,132.0 1,113.1 1,134.1 21.0 1.9

San Rafael

115.1 115.6 116.2 116.7 0.5 0.4


District of Columbia

790.9 797.0 792.6 797.8 5.2 0.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,269.2 3,303.0 3,286.9 3,328.2 41.3 1.3

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

590.3 595.7 594.4 600.3 5.9 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,678.9 2,707.3 2,692.5 2,727.9 35.4 1.3


Florida

8,598.7 8,780.4 8,598.0 8,784.5 186.5 2.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,640.7 2,666.6 2,645.8 2,669.2 23.4 0.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

837.6 850.6 841.6 852.2 10.6 1.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,177.8 1,189.7 1,180.4 1,192.5 12.1 1.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

625.3 626.3 623.8 624.5 0.7 0.1


Illinois

6,034.6 6,080.0 6,085.2 6,143.0 57.8 0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,664.2 4,695.1 4,714.9 4,753.5 38.6 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,717.4 3,740.6 3,754.3 3,786.8 32.5 0.9

Elgin

256.7 258.4 260.9 262.4 1.5 0.6

Gary

278.1 277.0 281.3 281.1 -0.2 -0.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

412.0 419.1 418.4 423.2 4.8 1.1


Massachusetts

3,590.4 3,635.7 3,620.6 3,671.3 50.7 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,728.2 2,763.9 2,744.5 2,789.6 45.1 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,838.9 1,864.8 1,847.6 1,880.3 32.7 1.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.9 82.7 81.5 82.6 1.1 1.3

Framingham

172.4 172.3 173.5 173.9 0.4 0.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.3 68.5 67.9 70.0 2.1 3.1

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

82.7 83.8 83.1 85.1 2.0 2.4

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

156.2 159.8 157.5 160.8 3.3 2.1

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.2 46.2 45.6 47.2 1.6 3.5

Nashua(2)

127.9 128.2 129.3 130.3 1.0 0.8

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

97.9 96.9 98.1 98.2 0.1 0.1

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.8 60.7 60.4 61.2 0.8 1.3


Michigan

4,349.2 4,392.8 4,402.2 4,457.9 55.7 1.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,993.1 2,009.7 2,019.4 2,036.6 17.2 0.9

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

754.0 765.5 759.3 771.1 11.8 1.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,239.1 1,244.2 1,260.1 1,265.5 5.4 0.4


New York

9,470.2 9,570.8 9,554.1 9,664.6 110.5 1.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,613.9 9,723.5 9,710.1 9,826.3 116.2 1.2

Dutchess County-Putnam County

147.2 150.1 148.2 151.6 3.4 2.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,331.2 1,349.7 1,350.9 1,365.0 14.1 1.0

Newark(3)

1,206.1 1,210.6 1,218.5 1,219.3 0.8 0.1

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,929.4 7,013.1 6,992.5 7,090.4 97.9 1.4


Pennsylvania

5,945.6 6,018.0 5,978.5 6,053.0 74.5 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,908.6 2,948.2 2,925.2 2,964.9 39.7 1.4

Camden(3)

539.9 551.8 545.8 555.7 9.9 1.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,064.2 1,073.2 1,073.8 1,083.4 9.6 0.9

Philadelphia

946.2 962.4 946.8 960.6 13.8 1.5

Wilmington(3)

358.3 360.8 358.8 365.2 6.4 1.8


Texas

12,170.9 12,517.1 12,231.4 12,576.1 344.7 2.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,568.0 3,687.3 3,585.5 3,707.5 122.0 3.4

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,545.9 2,635.8 2,557.9 2,648.6 90.7 3.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,022.1 1,051.5 1,027.6 1,058.9 31.3 3.0


Washington

3,300.1 3,391.7 3,331.3 3,427.8 96.5 2.9

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,981.3 2,043.8 1,997.4 2,063.5 66.1 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,670.8 1,724.0 1,684.7 1,738.9 54.2 3.2

Tacoma-Lakewood

310.5 319.8 312.7 324.6 11.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and available at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, NJ, are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV, the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: June 27, 2018