Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, December 29, 2016	                                  USDL-16-2395

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 271 of the 387 metropolitan areas, higher in 90
areas, and unchanged in 26 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Thirty-six areas had
jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and four areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 303 metropolitan areas, decreased in 73 areas, and was unchanged in 11 
areas. The national unemployment rate in November was 4.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.8 percent 
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, the lowest unemployment rate was in Ames, Iowa, 1.7 percent. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had 
the highest unemployment rates, 20.3 percent and 16.7 percent, respectively. A total of 196 areas had November 
jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.4 percent, 180 areas had rates below it, and 11 areas had rates equal to 
that of the nation. (See table 1.)

New Bedford, Mass., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November (-2.8 percentage 
points). Fifty-eight other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year 
rate increase occurred in Erie, Pa. (+1.2 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-
N.H., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment rates in November, 2.4 percent each. Riverside-San 
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest rate among the large areas, 5.5 percent. Thirty-nine large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and four had no change. The largest rate decrease 
occurred in Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (-1.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate 
increases were in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio; Oklahoma City, Okla.; and Pittsburgh, Pa. (+0.6 percentage point each).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially 
separately identifiable employment centers. In November, Framingham, Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate 
among the divisions, 2.1 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 6.1 percent. 
(See table 2.)

In November, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 4 had increases, and 3 had 
no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.4 percentage points). 
The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Philadelphia, Pa. (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, 303 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 73 had decreases, 
and 11 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+117,300), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+114,800), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, 
Calif. (+103,600). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+7.4 
percent), followed by Ann Arbor, Mich. (+5.6 percent), and Bend-Redmond, Ore. (+4.7 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-7,200), Oklahoma City, Okla. 
(-5,900), and Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Conn. (-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in 
employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-5.8 percent), followed by Carbondale-Marion, Ill. (-4.0 percent), and 
Lafayette, La. (-3.4 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 
million or more, and fell in Oklahoma City, Okla. (-0.9 percent), and Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis., and 
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.2 percent each). The largest over-the-year percentage increase 
in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), 
followed by Jacksonville, Fla. (+3.6 percent), and Salt Lake City, Utah, and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+3.5 
percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year, and 
decreased in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-700, or -0.8 percent). The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. 
(+93,000), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+89,700), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. 
(+65,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), followed by San Rafael, Calif. (+3.7 percent), and 
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas; Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H.; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. 
(+3.6 percent each).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2016 is scheduled to be released on 
Tuesday, January 24, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release 
for December 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 1, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                                                                                          |
|                   Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Corrections                   |
|                                                                                          |
|  BLS identified errors in metropolitan area and division hours and earnings series.      |
|  Data for the impacted series have been suppressed from October 2012 through November    |
|  2016. BLS plans to release the corrected series in the BLS online database concurrent   |
|  with the CES State and Area benchmark release on March 13, 2017. A detailed list of     |
|  the suppressions is available at www.bls.gov/sae/saesup2016.htm.                        |
|                                                                                          |
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
October November Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) October November October November
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,148,602 2,212,421 2,149,027 2,199,462 124,703 132,466 122,654 123,462 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,909 46,809 45,843 46,528 3,144 3,066 3,069 2,886 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.2

Auburn-Opelika

71,801 75,401 72,064 75,154 3,395 3,822 3,467 3,518 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.7

Birmingham-Hoover

530,791 545,798 534,456 545,389 28,268 30,949 28,009 28,440 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

87,205 90,591 86,533 89,339 4,600 4,997 4,553 4,626 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.2

Decatur

68,893 70,537 68,835 70,073 4,073 4,116 3,973 3,809 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.4

Dothan

62,249 63,904 61,916 63,006 3,645 3,786 3,537 3,526 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,490 67,512 66,413 67,347 4,463 4,238 4,361 4,126 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.1

Gadsden

43,476 44,605 43,537 44,477 2,552 2,731 2,518 2,506 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.6

Huntsville

209,965 216,207 210,774 215,928 10,883 11,347 10,551 10,632 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9

Mobile

182,532 187,806 183,329 187,046 12,387 12,896 12,068 12,521 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.7

Montgomery

168,702 173,417 169,531 172,550 9,648 9,986 9,370 9,242 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.4

Tuscaloosa

112,572 117,024 113,249 116,148 5,867 6,716 5,975 6,273 5.2 5.7 5.3 5.4

Alaska

361,078 355,355 360,156 354,457 22,367 22,607 23,410 23,297 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.6

Anchorage

203,415 200,193 205,540 203,215 10,878 11,448 11,506 11,846 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.8

Fairbanks

46,545 45,879 46,740 46,002 2,482 2,477 2,634 2,643 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.7

Arizona

3,171,338 3,259,112 3,174,476 3,262,399 189,172 169,790 179,006 154,488 6.0 5.2 5.6 4.7

Flagstaff

73,948 75,617 72,584 74,505 4,551 4,306 4,493 4,068 6.2 5.7 6.2 5.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,137 79,754 77,978 79,928 6,045 5,021 5,834 4,673 7.6 6.3 7.5 5.8

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,183,950 2,246,378 2,189,591 2,253,682 111,589 100,796 106,671 92,754 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.1

Prescott

98,427 104,049 97,919 103,174 5,157 4,658 5,029 4,406 5.2 4.5 5.1 4.3

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,212 50,016 49,130 49,502 3,467 2,959 3,332 2,724 7.0 5.9 6.8 5.5

Tucson

466,218 479,287 467,914 482,669 25,360 22,817 24,288 20,990 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.3

Yuma

92,291 94,897 91,879 91,253 20,625 18,429 17,725 15,239 22.3 19.4 19.3 16.7

Arkansas

1,335,461 1,348,643 1,331,955 1,338,918 57,984 46,439 57,334 47,192 4.3 3.4 4.3 3.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

257,197 262,899 256,931 261,762 8,035 6,677 7,688 6,723 3.1 2.5 3.0 2.6

Fort Smith

121,602 121,899 121,025 120,829 5,950 5,174 5,900 5,126 4.9 4.2 4.9 4.2

Hot Springs

39,705 40,264 39,392 39,908 1,977 1,591 1,917 1,605 5.0 4.0 4.9 4.0

Jonesboro

61,354 63,147 61,415 62,654 2,385 1,828 2,405 1,841 3.9 2.9 3.9 2.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348,912 353,658 347,734 350,245 13,752 10,992 13,243 11,151 3.9 3.1 3.8 3.2

Pine Bluff

36,564 36,059 36,489 35,672 2,123 1,695 2,133 1,680 5.8 4.7 5.8 4.7

California

18,995,347 19,465,194 18,995,979 19,358,018 1,094,641 1,030,568 1,101,576 976,424 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.0

Bakersfield

396,572 404,032 393,078 399,263 35,686 36,614 37,499 36,652 9.0 9.1 9.5 9.2

Chico

102,822 104,762 102,273 104,069 6,485 6,238 6,939 6,175 6.3 6.0 6.8 5.9

El Centro

79,643 81,861 79,817 78,405 19,479 19,843 18,371 15,887 24.5 24.2 23.0 20.3

Fresno

442,475 448,707 440,584 445,842 41,140 40,899 44,154 41,638 9.3 9.1 10.0 9.3

Hanford-Corcoran

57,660 57,972 57,732 57,912 5,513 5,189 5,982 5,380 9.6 9.0 10.4 9.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,595,274 6,782,855 6,600,183 6,742,604 370,412 328,460 360,349 306,431 5.6 4.8 5.5 4.5

Madera

59,502 61,205 59,075 60,171 5,562 5,146 6,171 5,398 9.3 8.4 10.4 9.0

Merced

116,258 118,318 115,104 115,368 10,640 10,113 12,870 10,908 9.2 8.5 11.2 9.5

Modesto

240,557 247,704 241,127 246,315 20,577 19,358 21,797 19,438 8.6 7.8 9.0 7.9

Napa

76,444 78,810 74,026 76,248 3,271 2,988 3,687 3,170 4.3 3.8 5.0 4.2

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

428,582 435,558 429,330 432,872 23,732 23,250 24,172 21,836 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.0

Redding

75,346 75,568 74,402 74,446 5,180 4,821 5,409 4,800 6.9 6.4 7.3 6.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,968,126 2,007,586 1,977,876 2,013,676 125,351 121,788 122,138 110,828 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,059,804 1,087,083 1,058,509 1,082,736 58,890 56,483 59,256 53,183 5.6 5.2 5.6 4.9

Salinas

225,931 226,048 222,966 221,527 13,198 12,298 17,031 14,562 5.8 5.4 7.6 6.6

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,564,233 1,599,872 1,570,065 1,597,644 79,225 75,827 77,914 69,491 5.1 4.7 5.0 4.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,517,869 2,584,034 2,516,938 2,570,628 102,805 99,843 101,472 91,531 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.6

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,053,517 1,090,117 1,056,007 1,087,652 43,020 41,956 42,889 38,693 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.6

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

143,159 146,441 143,182 145,316 6,299 6,004 6,458 5,574 4.4 4.1 4.5 3.8

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

143,253 148,348 142,750 146,601 8,373 7,893 10,275 8,978 5.8 5.3 7.2 6.1

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

220,179 225,010 220,881 223,978 10,810 10,346 11,745 10,432 4.9 4.6 5.3 4.7

Santa Rosa

261,053 265,958 259,387 262,033 10,993 10,253 11,246 9,729 4.2 3.9 4.3 3.7

Stockton-Lodi

318,292 322,682 316,308 317,557 25,695 24,397 27,385 24,693 8.1 7.6 8.7 7.8

Vallejo-Fairfield

207,533 212,117 208,371 211,975 11,818 11,325 12,005 10,831 5.7 5.3 5.8 5.1

Visalia-Porterville

198,778 203,983 198,531 201,239 21,374 22,008 22,394 21,819 10.8 10.8 11.3 10.8

Yuba City

72,372 72,890 72,147 72,560 6,250 5,961 7,074 6,372 8.6 8.2 9.8 8.8

Colorado

2,833,658 2,921,197 2,825,155 2,906,905 90,094 89,450 93,177 80,686 3.2 3.1 3.3 2.8

Boulder

179,043 183,856 177,291 183,979 4,679 4,615 4,722 4,004 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.2

Colorado Springs

321,506 326,693 319,058 326,344 11,917 11,525 12,378 10,369 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,511,722 1,567,333 1,505,753 1,557,705 45,722 45,760 46,515 40,710 3.0 2.9 3.1 2.6

Fort Collins

182,915 188,155 181,832 187,528 4,920 4,955 5,045 4,339 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.3

Grand Junction

72,250 73,405 72,279 73,191 3,293 3,330 3,550 3,138 4.6 4.5 4.9 4.3

Greeley

148,555 154,514 147,923 153,937 4,769 4,647 4,912 4,073 3.2 3.0 3.3 2.6

Pueblo

72,186 73,990 72,082 74,165 3,220 3,248 3,415 3,181 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.3

Connecticut

1,882,726 1,896,776 1,883,525 1,888,141 95,007 85,417 94,823 70,502 5.0 4.5 5.0 3.7

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

461,602 464,089 463,400 463,601 22,881 20,744 22,744 17,256 5.0 4.5 4.9 3.7

Danbury

105,715 106,612 105,834 106,603 4,271 3,847 4,242 3,161 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

616,370 622,724 615,873 617,876 31,051 27,786 30,949 22,825 5.0 4.5 5.0 3.7

New Haven

322,536 324,221 322,924 323,930 16,613 14,768 16,507 12,101 5.2 4.6 5.1 3.7

Norwich-New London-Westerly

141,782 141,550 141,766 140,631 7,500 6,576 7,644 5,557 5.3 4.6 5.4 4.0

Waterbury

110,185 111,081 110,536 110,579 6,969 6,293 6,967 5,223 6.3 5.7 6.3 4.7

Delaware

471,473 472,868 473,250 470,765 22,355 19,973 20,503 18,312 4.7 4.2 4.3 3.9

Dover

77,859 78,455 78,077 77,988 4,035 3,568 3,517 3,167 5.2 4.5 4.5 4.1

Salisbury(1)

184,437 185,691 181,119 183,337 10,562 9,386 11,753 10,258 5.7 5.1 6.5 5.6

District of Columbia

390,409 399,323 391,291 399,220 25,983 24,583 25,845 23,374 6.7 6.2 6.6 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,291,298 3,335,541 3,293,304 3,335,937 139,006 130,502 133,738 123,908 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.7

Florida

9,698,746 9,885,370 9,685,448 9,895,824 495,501 485,967 480,189 479,154 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

320,685 329,147 323,393 331,456 15,325 15,389 14,870 15,146 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

118,788 120,021 117,109 118,266 5,044 5,043 5,001 5,016 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

283,268 294,107 282,218 293,183 15,258 15,238 14,936 15,377 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.2

Gainesville

139,211 139,657 138,013 138,588 5,814 6,168 5,823 6,097 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4

Homosassa Springs

47,923 47,789 47,386 47,482 3,252 3,222 3,190 3,234 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.8

Jacksonville

726,991 749,161 724,995 747,596 35,186 34,820 34,457 34,910 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

280,501 283,713 279,324 283,504 16,432 16,312 15,954 16,244 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,031,755 3,068,012 3,034,541 3,081,768 161,753 154,016 154,221 149,443 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

159,852 163,739 163,383 166,609 8,428 8,500 7,886 8,163 5.3 5.2 4.8 4.9

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

342,688 353,158 342,633 352,649 16,458 16,546 15,766 16,183 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6

Ocala

131,087 132,133 130,029 132,473 7,809 7,946 7,645 7,905 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,231,822 1,272,174 1,227,226 1,273,890 57,788 56,887 56,605 56,446 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.4

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

256,644 259,741 255,758 258,729 14,125 13,564 13,849 13,506 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2

Panama City

92,768 93,152 91,051 92,430 4,529 4,490 4,704 4,606 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

213,421 217,489 211,963 216,178 10,471 10,658 10,435 10,639 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

Port St. Lucie

201,668 204,038 202,288 204,865 11,073 11,240 10,788 11,061 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.4

Punta Gorda

67,308 68,716 67,503 68,790 3,848 3,779 3,654 3,696 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach

60,934 61,511 61,497 62,267 4,066 3,981 3,822 3,839 6.7 6.5 6.2 6.2

Sebring

35,074 36,021 35,051 35,951 2,481 2,446 2,420 2,442 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.8

Tallahassee

187,821 190,710 185,939 189,034 8,944 9,049 8,939 8,991 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,450,859 1,480,341 1,446,958 1,479,026 69,608 69,188 67,911 68,933 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7

The Villages

28,673 29,570 28,524 29,544 2,040 2,090 1,962 2,076 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.0

Georgia

4,772,874 4,957,282 4,782,554 4,965,450 265,087 264,694 248,130 249,870 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.0

Albany

65,534 68,042 66,228 68,369 4,309 4,196 4,097 3,993 6.6 6.2 6.2 5.8

Athens-Clarke County

94,376 99,135 94,907 100,342 4,874 4,878 4,474 5,142 5.2 4.9 4.7 5.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,842,017 2,958,894 2,846,032 2,960,745 150,163 148,204 140,694 142,204 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.8

Augusta-Richmond County

255,042 260,291 252,739 260,556 15,653 15,010 14,557 13,245 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.1

Brunswick

50,154 51,717 50,111 51,353 2,912 3,039 2,688 2,684 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.2

Columbus

123,771 126,557 123,539 126,619 8,045 7,952 7,810 7,639 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.0

Dalton

60,429 61,206 60,130 61,038 3,748 3,761 3,593 3,611 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9

Gainesville

92,804 96,974 93,224 96,780 4,197 4,434 3,860 3,949 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.1

Hinesville

31,828 32,511 31,887 32,665 1,877 1,906 1,766 1,824 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.6

Macon

103,166 106,567 103,534 106,357 6,323 6,488 5,805 5,764 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.4

Rome

42,598 43,758 42,535 43,728 2,654 2,528 2,456 2,387 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.5

Savannah

176,049 184,477 175,893 185,720 9,196 9,317 8,518 8,737 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7

Valdosta

62,637 64,290 63,110 64,773 3,492 3,358 3,272 3,251 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.0

Warner Robins

80,489 82,798 80,057 81,794 5,137 5,714 4,361 4,407 6.4 6.9 5.4 5.4

Hawaii

676,437 694,859 681,609 699,397 22,709 21,475 22,815 19,704 3.4 3.1 3.3 2.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

83,930 86,360 84,486 86,689 2,947 2,849 2,946 2,584 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.0

Urban Honolulu

469,705 481,988 472,881 485,414 14,835 14,028 14,820 12,865 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.7

Idaho

803,823 811,990 800,840 810,473 28,286 26,795 31,218 30,413 3.5 3.3 3.9 3.8

Boise City

323,008 328,443 325,525 333,382 11,453 11,124 12,375 12,389 3.5 3.4 3.8 3.7

Coeur d'Alene

71,770 72,620 72,045 72,456 3,189 2,947 3,486 3,317 4.4 4.1 4.8 4.6

Idaho Falls

65,683 65,728 66,060 65,872 1,903 1,787 2,119 2,048 2.9 2.7 3.2 3.1

Lewiston

30,331 30,981 30,692 31,363 1,081 1,106 1,154 1,166 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7

Pocatello

43,068 42,785 43,138 42,475 1,410 1,352 1,512 1,474 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.5

Illinois

6,529,418 6,560,737 6,541,640 6,548,171 366,098 363,545 379,763 345,614 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.3

Bloomington

99,733 98,370 100,319 98,296 5,005 4,697 5,355 4,480 5.0 4.8 5.3 4.6

Carbondale-Marion

62,223 59,497 62,772 59,728 3,730 3,248 3,988 3,109 6.0 5.5 6.4 5.2

Champaign-Urbana

122,445 123,721 122,867 123,780 6,537 5,902 6,959 5,612 5.3 4.8 5.7 4.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,887,598 4,930,903 4,887,867 4,916,464 259,280 272,050 266,114 259,181 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.3

Danville

35,803 35,487 36,015 35,565 2,581 2,352 2,768 2,282 7.2 6.6 7.7 6.4

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,543 189,685 192,124 188,268 10,970 10,352 10,947 9,120 5.7 5.5 5.7 4.8

Decatur

51,146 49,973 51,544 50,033 3,566 3,063 3,775 2,936 7.0 6.1 7.3 5.9

Kankakee

55,873 55,890 56,568 56,104 3,746 3,225 4,014 3,134 6.7 5.8 7.1 5.6

Peoria

187,111 183,817 188,694 183,245 12,825 10,902 13,255 10,542 6.9 5.9 7.0 5.8

Rockford

169,869 170,303 171,425 170,074 12,047 10,280 12,613 9,838 7.1 6.0 7.4 5.8

Springfield

112,764 112,701 113,603 113,411 5,993 5,057 6,370 4,883 5.3 4.5 5.6 4.3

Indiana

3,283,775 3,333,493 3,286,144 3,331,984 139,610 128,762 147,181 130,119 4.3 3.9 4.5 3.9

Bloomington

78,032 78,472 77,958 78,024 3,545 3,140 3,716 3,137 4.5 4.0 4.8 4.0

Columbus

44,444 45,196 44,651 45,288 1,391 1,302 1,488 1,330 3.1 2.9 3.3 2.9

Elkhart-Goshen

106,084 104,566 104,843 104,116 3,700 3,380 3,923 3,423 3.5 3.2 3.7 3.3

Evansville

157,805 158,333 158,273 158,179 6,114 6,053 6,573 6,111 3.9 3.8 4.2 3.9

Fort Wayne

212,378 216,667 212,165 215,685 8,430 7,604 8,909 7,797 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,012,738 1,033,011 1,013,317 1,037,979 40,786 37,221 42,687 37,539 4.0 3.6 4.2 3.6

Kokomo

36,965 37,853 37,130 37,635 1,668 1,669 1,736 1,556 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

109,632 112,799 109,951 111,981 4,141 3,921 4,533 3,907 3.8 3.5 4.1 3.5

Michigan City-La Porte

48,171 48,506 48,047 48,400 2,606 2,392 2,769 2,451 5.4 4.9 5.8 5.1

Muncie

55,379 55,387 55,249 55,218 2,712 2,531 2,885 2,537 4.9 4.6 5.2 4.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

157,769 158,540 157,910 158,910 6,651 6,605 6,929 6,686 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.2

Terre Haute

77,755 78,193 77,875 78,307 4,082 3,513 4,306 3,607 5.2 4.5 5.5 4.6

Iowa

1,706,137 1,724,281 1,704,515 1,702,400 53,403 59,476 53,601 52,164 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.1

Ames

59,106 60,138 59,092 59,621 1,219 1,299 1,116 999 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.7

Cedar Rapids

144,111 146,405 144,966 145,125 4,614 5,103 4,707 4,438 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

338,744 345,055 339,781 341,415 10,099 11,315 10,120 9,841 3.0 3.3 3.0 2.9

Dubuque

56,084 56,929 56,419 56,551 1,632 1,747 1,664 1,497 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.6

Iowa City

97,195 99,915 97,393 98,830 2,273 2,622 2,158 2,096 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.1

Sioux City

93,408 93,343 93,593 92,613 2,767 3,051 2,844 2,883 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.1

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91,448 91,663 91,590 90,112 3,269 3,863 3,397 3,481 3.6 4.2 3.7 3.9

Kansas

1,504,437 1,491,585 1,507,632 1,490,940 55,675 59,325 54,119 56,416 3.7 4.0 3.6 3.8

Lawrence

66,442 66,373 66,781 65,760 2,024 2,185 2,012 2,160 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.3

Manhattan

52,908 51,779 53,234 51,797 1,352 1,587 1,398 1,607 2.6 3.1 2.6 3.1

Topeka

120,460 118,635 120,206 118,624 4,452 4,621 4,357 4,445 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.7

Wichita

312,175 312,909 313,671 314,406 13,241 14,042 12,673 13,322 4.2 4.5 4.0 4.2

Kentucky

1,938,168 2,005,229 1,953,308 2,003,531 93,529 93,107 103,215 80,319 4.8 4.6 5.3 4.0

Bowling Green

75,223 78,280 76,048 78,129 3,200 2,879 3,566 2,550 4.3 3.7 4.7 3.3

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,201 65,980 63,654 65,973 2,956 2,850 3,201 2,479 4.7 4.3 5.0 3.8

Lexington-Fayette

255,980 260,918 257,062 262,325 9,248 9,063 10,300 7,799 3.6 3.5 4.0 3.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

619,931 641,753 625,566 644,166 26,397 25,376 28,337 22,667 4.3 4.0 4.5 3.5

Owensboro

52,146 54,724 52,531 54,459 2,244 2,410 2,530 2,030 4.3 4.4 4.8 3.7

Louisiana

2,150,874 2,120,158 2,136,802 2,109,694 126,997 124,268 115,730 116,864 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.5

Alexandria

66,599 65,484 66,400 65,240 4,016 4,000 3,632 3,826 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.9

Baton Rouge

422,810 430,402 422,058 426,367 20,946 21,506 19,103 20,186 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.7

Hammond

53,716 52,960 53,465 52,820 3,506 3,405 3,252 3,239 6.5 6.4 6.1 6.1

Houma-Thibodaux

98,218 95,031 96,893 93,915 5,646 6,003 5,236 5,592 5.7 6.3 5.4 6.0

Lafayette

225,790 216,087 223,882 214,549 14,464 14,517 13,338 13,534 6.4 6.7 6.0 6.3

Lake Charles

103,261 103,781 102,935 103,286 5,023 4,900 4,580 4,660 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5

Monroe

82,012 80,934 81,150 80,574 5,017 4,797 4,516 4,592 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.7

New Orleans-Metairie

602,814 592,924 596,877 591,362 33,855 32,003 30,465 29,858 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

194,385 189,988 193,369 189,493 12,652 12,134 11,390 11,371 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.0

Maine

678,333 695,637 670,780 690,904 24,059 23,836 26,173 26,581 3.5 3.4 3.9 3.8

Bangor

70,558 72,066 70,091 71,446 2,493 2,488 2,641 2,688 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.8

Lewiston-Auburn

54,839 56,725 54,870 56,953 1,870 1,802 1,982 1,986 3.4 3.2 3.6 3.5

Portland-South Portland

196,482 203,003 195,180 203,182 5,776 5,726 6,158 6,338 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.1

Maryland

3,162,575 3,193,565 3,156,822 3,195,320 156,868 133,569 153,069 129,607 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.1

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,476,835 1,491,024 1,472,598 1,492,793 75,972 64,542 73,421 62,496 5.1 4.3 5.0 4.2

California-Lexington Park

54,501 54,615 54,516 54,535 2,595 2,106 2,516 1,997 4.8 3.9 4.6 3.7

Cumberland

44,140 44,167 44,013 43,972 2,693 2,388 2,779 2,259 6.1 5.4 6.3 5.1

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

128,426 130,698 127,948 130,388 6,141 5,675 5,951 5,312 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.1

Massachusetts

3,557,973 3,584,829 3,562,821 3,579,700 158,980 97,923 160,734 91,520 4.5 2.7 4.5 2.6

Barnstable Town

121,674 122,091 118,882 118,818 5,852 3,434 6,705 3,687 4.8 2.8 5.6 3.1

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,620,948 2,646,900 2,629,115 2,650,297 107,258 67,844 107,387 63,405 4.1 2.6 4.1 2.4

Leominster-Gardner

75,440 76,005 75,846 76,047 4,006 2,401 3,999 2,216 5.3 3.2 5.3 2.9

New Bedford

83,266 82,638 83,286 82,119 5,327 3,309 5,428 3,059 6.4 4.0 6.5 3.7

Pittsfield

43,256 42,957 43,431 42,844 2,174 1,320 2,301 1,295 5.0 3.1 5.3 3.0

Springfield

363,382 365,520 363,356 364,602 18,946 12,470 19,167 11,472 5.2 3.4 5.3 3.1

Worcester

343,557 347,573 343,800 346,763 16,352 10,685 16,315 9,718 4.8 3.1 4.7 2.8

Michigan

4,754,223 4,859,681 4,747,157 4,863,763 223,097 224,780 201,429 217,820 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.5

Ann Arbor

192,346 200,166 193,420 202,157 5,741 6,920 5,148 6,085 3.0 3.5 2.7 3.0

Battle Creek

64,157 64,841 64,584 65,186 2,479 2,746 2,419 2,682 3.9 4.2 3.7 4.1

Bay City

52,209 52,065 52,680 52,496 2,089 2,298 2,094 2,328 4.0 4.4 4.0 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,010,141 2,078,753 1,991,684 2,070,642 122,750 111,689 101,235 105,123 6.1 5.4 5.1 5.1

Flint

180,939 182,897 182,895 184,675 8,154 8,916 8,059 8,729 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.7

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

556,512 566,501 559,921 571,048 15,777 18,166 15,495 17,883 2.8 3.2 2.8 3.1

Jackson

71,792 71,960 72,385 72,719 2,898 3,185 2,776 3,096 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

165,347 169,653 166,827 170,437 5,792 6,516 5,681 6,539 3.5 3.8 3.4 3.8

Lansing-East Lansing

244,429 248,058 245,983 250,018 7,923 8,936 7,630 8,573 3.2 3.6 3.1 3.4

Midland

41,224 41,413 41,684 41,776 1,469 1,666 1,472 1,703 3.6 4.0 3.5 4.1

Monroe

77,344 78,902 77,546 78,550 2,799 3,623 2,518 2,789 3.6 4.6 3.2 3.6

Muskegon

76,296 78,323 77,152 78,592 3,363 3,661 3,339 3,634 4.4 4.7 4.3 4.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

74,003 74,496 74,047 74,492 2,824 3,229 2,817 3,263 3.8 4.3 3.8 4.4

Saginaw

88,614 89,828 90,240 90,507 3,648 3,990 3,673 4,022 4.1 4.4 4.1 4.4

Minnesota

3,015,656 2,975,087 3,016,922 2,970,004 90,896 96,172 93,799 96,182 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.2

Duluth

141,609 139,246 142,085 139,440 6,254 6,381 7,164 6,756 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.8

Mankato-North Mankato

60,664 59,251 60,159 58,880 1,445 1,509 1,297 1,439 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.4

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,934,844 1,920,606 1,941,290 1,917,634 56,678 59,997 55,693 57,774 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0

Rochester

118,796 118,443 118,727 118,370 2,930 3,153 2,899 3,110 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.6

St. Cloud

111,827 110,599 111,612 110,628 3,180 3,414 3,369 3,432 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.1

Mississippi

1,283,181 1,293,029 1,285,356 1,286,099 79,922 73,712 79,139 67,345 6.2 5.7 6.2 5.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,762 164,425 165,142 163,864 10,585 9,783 10,482 9,036 6.4 5.9 6.3 5.5

Hattiesburg

67,508 69,184 68,471 68,953 3,856 3,597 3,720 3,247 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.7

Jackson

270,279 272,349 270,787 270,965 14,321 13,398 14,003 12,105 5.3 4.9 5.2 4.5

Missouri

3,116,491 3,147,988 3,112,765 3,120,209 125,554 129,406 122,172 116,508 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.7

Cape Girardeau

49,174 49,004 49,672 48,726 1,933 2,129 1,915 1,910 3.9 4.3 3.9 3.9

Columbia

102,223 103,329 102,761 102,793 2,784 2,803 2,775 2,656 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

Jefferson City

76,535 76,666 76,496 76,010 2,453 2,442 2,501 2,268 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.0

Joplin

88,058 86,956 88,358 86,582 3,127 3,450 2,936 3,161 3.6 4.0 3.3 3.7

Kansas City

1,117,777 1,124,881 1,118,495 1,117,555 44,719 46,278 42,602 42,281 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.8

St. Joseph

65,892 65,744 66,245 65,399 2,519 2,472 2,357 2,322 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6

St. Louis(2)

1,487,365 1,512,527 1,481,282 1,501,577 65,415 64,190 65,261 56,994 4.4 4.2 4.4 3.8

Springfield

233,221 238,756 234,941 236,248 8,361 8,507 8,161 7,756 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3

Montana

522,181 523,083 520,839 521,654 19,326 20,185 21,331 19,533 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.7

Billings

88,598 89,191 88,791 89,026 2,724 2,997 2,777 2,754 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.1

Great Falls

38,883 38,631 38,944 38,683 1,468 1,435 1,576 1,324 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.4

Missoula

62,228 62,788 62,087 62,522 2,080 2,131 2,266 2,053 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.3

Nebraska

1,015,740 1,013,857 1,014,674 1,013,261 27,346 31,261 25,840 28,563 2.7 3.1 2.5 2.8

Grand Island

43,534 43,489 43,529 43,213 1,296 1,425 1,302 1,305 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.0

Lincoln

180,425 180,127 180,000 180,251 4,303 5,033 3,937 4,458 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

481,617 482,182 482,257 484,002 13,934 15,485 13,264 14,099 2.9 3.2 2.8 2.9

Nevada

1,432,183 1,429,371 1,429,441 1,432,478 89,743 75,706 88,199 71,394 6.3 5.3 6.2 5.0

Carson City

24,799 24,547 24,784 24,587 1,644 1,345 1,663 1,298 6.6 5.5 6.7 5.3

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,053,684 1,049,919 1,050,704 1,050,578 67,149 57,372 65,662 54,073 6.4 5.5 6.2 5.1

Reno

231,994 234,856 232,206 236,146 12,944 10,518 12,833 9,915 5.6 4.5 5.5 4.2

New Hampshire

738,395 749,104 739,341 750,229 21,514 17,455 22,365 18,658 2.9 2.3 3.0 2.5

Dover-Durham

82,379 83,381 82,463 83,424 2,167 1,790 2,240 1,903 2.6 2.1 2.7 2.3

Manchester

115,011 116,754 115,575 117,513 3,325 2,688 3,415 2,837 2.9 2.3 3.0 2.4

Portsmouth

73,613 75,231 73,357 74,978 1,828 1,657 1,936 1,778 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.4

New Jersey

4,537,695 4,535,670 4,544,725 4,512,278 216,593 221,123 205,875 186,758 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

124,651 122,424 124,117 120,754 9,417 9,153 9,204 8,543 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.1

Ocean City

46,199 46,507 44,502 44,131 3,879 3,823 5,046 4,622 8.4 8.2 11.3 10.5

Trenton

200,165 199,953 201,338 201,330 8,271 8,552 7,672 7,014 4.1 4.3 3.8 3.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

67,058 65,788 67,324 66,118 4,702 4,563 4,742 4,071 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.2

New Mexico

918,660 928,168 922,421 933,817 58,327 60,303 58,430 59,648 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.4

Albuquerque

413,897 420,426 418,025 424,567 25,003 25,437 24,464 24,831 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.8

Farmington

55,820 57,230 55,119 56,883 3,853 4,695 3,907 4,522 6.9 8.2 7.1 7.9

Las Cruces

93,301 94,606 93,627 95,298 6,344 6,197 6,505 6,352 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.7

Santa Fe

72,143 73,244 72,289 73,870 3,864 3,814 3,767 3,727 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.0

New York

9,668,199 9,627,220 9,673,441 9,586,850 457,318 476,060 462,578 450,246 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.7

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,343 443,122 446,998 441,417 18,317 17,763 18,159 17,026 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9

Binghamton

109,869 107,614 110,190 107,281 5,705 5,503 5,809 5,342 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

549,533 549,447 547,958 543,849 26,747 26,903 27,273 26,520 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9

Elmira

37,614 37,062 37,587 36,932 2,045 1,977 2,028 1,888 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.1

Glens Falls

60,893 60,517 59,693 59,580 2,690 2,643 3,016 2,951 4.4 4.4 5.1 5.0

Ithaca

55,693 56,880 55,615 56,491 1,996 2,020 2,056 1,946 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.4

Kingston

88,774 89,455 88,457 88,620 3,801 3,749 3,781 3,663 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,068,742 10,044,033 10,095,383 10,010,189 473,411 498,897 465,362 446,892 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.5

Rochester

524,257 521,051 520,328 516,692 23,746 23,937 24,039 23,334 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5

Syracuse

312,022 309,120 311,900 306,959 14,723 14,318 15,032 14,167 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.6

Utica-Rome

131,767 129,670 131,106 128,398 6,274 5,951 6,491 6,025 4.8 4.6 5.0 4.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

46,035 46,532 46,013 45,734 2,565 2,629 2,921 2,873 5.6 5.6 6.3 6.3

North Carolina

4,786,211 4,896,136 4,784,064 4,895,846 260,600 236,626 259,937 234,214 5.4 4.8 5.4 4.8

Asheville

220,046 226,940 220,553 227,455 9,448 8,505 9,442 8,833 4.3 3.7 4.3 3.9

Burlington

77,268 78,770 77,392 78,911 3,943 3,457 3,924 3,482 5.1 4.4 5.1 4.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,243,420 1,278,265 1,242,208 1,278,197 64,660 57,212 63,493 57,479 5.2 4.5 5.1 4.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

281,140 290,333 281,254 291,769 13,555 11,996 13,327 12,203 4.8 4.1 4.7 4.2

Fayetteville

145,884 147,881 146,308 149,165 10,450 9,276 10,363 9,127 7.2 6.3 7.1 6.1

Goldsboro

54,188 54,918 54,304 54,109 3,136 3,793 3,114 3,070 5.8 6.9 5.7 5.7

Greensboro-High Point

366,508 375,496 366,792 376,956 20,683 17,758 20,481 18,011 5.6 4.7 5.6 4.8

Greenville

87,479 87,940 87,504 87,953 5,118 5,146 4,998 4,528 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

167,312 167,903 166,940 168,117 8,982 7,687 8,949 7,886 5.4 4.6 5.4 4.7

Jacksonville

63,980 64,792 64,159 65,237 3,746 3,349 3,843 3,500 5.9 5.2 6.0 5.4

New Bern

51,375 52,231 51,299 52,178 2,957 2,768 2,980 2,701 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2

Raleigh

661,146 682,238 662,717 684,726 30,529 27,382 30,021 27,703 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.0

Rocky Mount

67,849 67,870 68,208 68,039 5,060 4,971 5,115 4,614 7.5 7.3 7.5 6.8

Wilmington

139,600 142,134 139,087 141,359 7,265 6,359 7,470 6,422 5.2 4.5 5.4 4.5

Winston-Salem

317,638 323,505 316,555 322,905 16,534 14,253 16,392 14,610 5.2 4.4 5.2 4.5

North Dakota

412,906 428,537 409,616 427,210 7,962 9,356 9,475 10,861 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.5

Bismarck

67,663 72,040 67,109 71,537 1,122 1,424 1,400 1,715 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.4

Fargo

132,300 138,412 132,142 139,360 2,250 2,562 2,511 2,896 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1

Grand Forks

55,781 57,571 55,501 57,630 1,063 1,220 1,246 1,406 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.4

Ohio

5,703,746 5,716,228 5,705,880 5,694,313 243,005 264,799 256,462 250,344 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.4

Akron

362,676 362,794 363,116 360,675 15,794 17,003 16,829 16,259 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.5

Canton-Massillon

199,837 200,095 200,952 198,856 9,817 10,136 10,702 9,741 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.9

Cincinnati

1,070,481 1,087,278 1,072,041 1,078,539 43,713 44,463 46,128 41,459 4.1 4.1 4.3 3.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,013,298 1,024,214 1,014,692 1,021,358 38,981 51,428 39,171 45,917 3.8 5.0 3.9 4.5

Columbus

1,046,516 1,047,164 1,047,424 1,048,785 39,485 40,923 41,087 38,763 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.7

Dayton

382,594 383,649 383,968 382,218 16,453 17,219 17,356 16,207 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.2

Lima

48,271 48,939 48,464 48,881 2,060 2,280 2,197 2,196 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.5

Mansfield

53,435 52,232 53,494 52,073 2,669 2,704 2,912 2,637 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.1

Springfield

64,163 63,656 64,317 63,458 2,860 3,018 3,124 2,987 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.7

Toledo

302,168 303,891 302,302 303,156 13,327 14,276 14,055 13,541 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,792 53,022 52,686 51,864 3,427 3,508 3,655 3,331 6.5 6.6 6.9 6.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

250,668 249,099 252,108 247,848 13,494 14,826 14,264 14,060 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.7

Oklahoma

1,854,140 1,830,272 1,858,307 1,846,198 77,457 90,080 75,774 85,936 4.2 4.9 4.1 4.7

Lawton

53,452 52,529 53,501 53,486 2,228 2,500 2,160 2,373 4.2 4.8 4.0 4.4

Oklahoma City

675,948 665,429 678,368 669,994 24,184 28,836 23,535 27,440 3.6 4.3 3.5 4.1

Tulsa

480,984 475,298 481,192 479,292 20,590 24,366 19,818 23,226 4.3 5.1 4.1 4.8

Oregon

1,995,937 2,092,225 2,000,046 2,068,907 105,083 100,550 106,183 92,379 5.3 4.8 5.3 4.5

Albany

55,121 57,420 55,380 56,915 3,617 3,224 3,752 2,987 6.6 5.6 6.8 5.2

Bend-Redmond

85,599 91,361 85,597 90,102 4,635 4,306 4,777 4,060 5.4 4.7 5.6 4.5

Corvallis

45,867 47,336 46,177 47,481 1,805 1,784 1,745 1,634 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.4

Eugene

174,021 180,721 175,099 179,836 9,672 9,439 9,609 8,663 5.6 5.2 5.5 4.8

Grants Pass

33,716 34,584 33,695 34,320 2,444 2,229 2,544 2,034 7.2 6.4 7.6 5.9

Medford

99,323 103,697 100,207 102,673 6,003 5,648 6,203 5,215 6.0 5.4 6.2 5.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,237,579 1,296,512 1,246,766 1,290,648 60,941 60,672 60,426 55,265 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.3

Salem

192,516 203,573 192,191 200,410 10,624 10,011 10,763 9,163 5.5 4.9 5.6 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,415,244 6,503,839 6,418,087 6,473,055 284,564 350,172 279,299 317,913 4.4 5.4 4.4 4.9

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

429,487 430,274 428,434 425,562 19,088 22,951 18,241 20,553 4.4 5.3 4.3 4.8

Altoona

60,075 61,890 60,480 61,285 2,530 3,200 2,578 2,924 4.2 5.2 4.3 4.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,083 43,959 43,244 43,449 1,799 2,114 1,835 1,919 4.2 4.8 4.2 4.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,437 79,724 77,066 78,987 3,331 4,069 3,248 3,650 4.3 5.1 4.2 4.6

East Stroudsburg

80,142 81,575 80,362 80,923 4,348 5,172 4,214 4,672 5.4 6.3 5.2 5.8

Erie

134,597 135,338 134,823 134,548 6,140 8,680 6,337 7,972 4.6 6.4 4.7 5.9

Gettysburg

54,894 55,840 54,691 54,954 1,783 2,156 1,764 1,952 3.2 3.9 3.2 3.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

292,196 295,840 292,434 294,187 10,658 13,427 10,193 12,080 3.6 4.5 3.5 4.1

Johnstown

61,984 62,056 61,997 61,585 3,214 3,958 3,276 3,724 5.2 6.4 5.3 6.0

Lancaster

276,220 277,288 274,448 273,308 9,233 11,652 9,066 10,306 3.3 4.2 3.3 3.8

Lebanon

69,957 70,791 69,880 70,070 2,586 3,198 2,567 2,874 3.7 4.5 3.7 4.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,063,452 3,107,778 3,074,123 3,102,393 142,631 159,863 135,299 141,600 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.6

Pittsburgh

1,211,182 1,223,353 1,209,998 1,221,740 54,238 67,643 54,013 62,504 4.5 5.5 4.5 5.1

Reading

213,661 217,065 214,065 215,806 8,621 10,791 8,423 9,772 4.0 5.0 3.9 4.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

278,635 279,482 279,069 278,742 14,145 16,690 13,820 15,091 5.1 6.0 5.0 5.4

State College

80,536 81,802 80,304 81,567 2,504 3,311 2,573 2,850 3.1 4.0 3.2 3.5

Williamsport

60,144 59,811 60,106 59,460 3,177 3,686 3,202 3,329 5.3 6.2 5.3 5.6

York-Hanover

232,699 236,945 233,175 235,927 8,936 10,877 8,676 9,768 3.8 4.6 3.7 4.1

Rhode Island

553,739 553,866 555,755 554,972 28,373 26,619 29,115 25,568 5.1 4.8 5.2 4.6

Providence-Warwick

679,100 680,179 681,587 680,747 34,707 30,256 35,365 28,819 5.1 4.4 5.2 4.2

South Carolina

2,261,830 2,297,226 2,248,867 2,282,714 127,480 105,657 119,592 91,583 5.6 4.6 5.3 4.0

Charleston-North Charleston

361,566 372,182 361,175 371,154 17,449 14,544 16,286 12,466 4.8 3.9 4.5 3.4

Columbia

397,930 404,917 397,444 401,918 21,406 17,437 19,590 15,256 5.4 4.3 4.9 3.8

Florence

95,397 95,099 94,954 94,591 6,186 4,895 5,785 4,266 6.5 5.1 6.1 4.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

418,675 424,641 415,489 421,777 20,115 17,323 19,241 15,130 4.8 4.1 4.6 3.6

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

83,258 84,482 82,409 83,237 4,089 3,763 3,844 3,123 4.9 4.5 4.7 3.8

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

182,484 183,165 180,811 181,814 11,875 9,935 12,275 9,538 6.5 5.4 6.8 5.2

Spartanburg

151,548 154,135 151,258 152,985 8,058 6,780 7,713 5,915 5.3 4.4 5.1 3.9

Sumter

44,452 44,403 44,090 43,952 2,946 2,417 2,766 2,156 6.6 5.4 6.3 4.9

South Dakota

453,231 456,087 453,046 455,133 11,320 10,771 12,651 11,914 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.6

Rapid City

71,787 73,052 70,680 71,567 1,917 1,870 2,178 2,077 2.7 2.6 3.1 2.9

Sioux Falls

146,307 150,707 147,232 151,620 3,038 2,902 3,351 3,265 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.2

Tennessee

3,061,405 3,174,393 3,065,810 3,171,510 163,038 153,667 163,260 145,596 5.3 4.8 5.3 4.6

Chattanooga

253,461 262,820 253,147 261,863 13,122 13,344 12,838 12,451 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.8

Clarksville

108,705 112,655 108,979 112,539 6,230 5,948 6,283 5,477 5.7 5.3 5.8 4.9

Cleveland

56,980 58,934 58,444 63,231 2,824 2,749 2,830 2,605 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.1

Jackson

61,550 63,101 61,561 63,156 3,459 3,164 3,506 3,021 5.6 5.0 5.7 4.8

Johnson City

88,632 91,494 88,610 91,361 5,028 4,857 5,014 4,661 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,956 138,697 137,105 138,389 7,310 7,280 7,138 6,930 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0

Knoxville

405,204 422,616 406,492 420,628 19,884 19,277 19,940 18,340 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.4

Memphis

611,841 629,239 614,070 628,502 37,403 33,990 37,007 31,789 6.1 5.4 6.0 5.1

Morristown

49,900 52,112 49,833 51,789 2,859 2,640 2,901 2,513 5.7 5.1 5.8 4.9

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

937,745 981,304 939,524 980,830 40,361 37,354 40,168 35,465 4.3 3.8 4.3 3.6

Texas

13,114,424 13,334,552 13,147,382 13,391,218 582,556 584,597 583,304 566,893 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.2

Abilene

74,871 76,007 75,003 76,208 2,875 2,870 2,840 2,737 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6

Amarillo

130,484 131,110 130,358 131,493 4,056 4,138 3,958 3,957 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.0

Austin-Round Rock

1,080,815 1,105,764 1,087,165 1,112,370 35,653 35,338 34,851 33,706 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,550 176,866 176,997 177,105 11,820 11,067 12,118 11,416 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

162,958 166,357 163,705 168,006 10,907 10,972 11,363 11,124 6.7 6.6 6.9 6.6

College Station-Bryan

123,473 127,033 124,155 127,816 4,212 4,288 4,176 4,072 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2

Corpus Christi

208,420 211,323 209,164 212,574 10,980 11,927 11,299 11,814 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,610,389 3,727,510 3,626,424 3,750,323 142,921 135,729 140,460 130,432 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.5

El Paso

346,594 353,736 347,606 355,862 17,656 16,977 17,343 16,213 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,258,399 3,297,332 3,262,891 3,304,933 154,263 166,966 156,652 162,121 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.9

Killeen-Temple

170,698 173,294 171,183 174,310 7,874 7,519 7,698 7,239 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.2

Laredo

112,811 115,351 113,910 115,952 5,313 5,088 5,325 4,826 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.2

Longview

100,331 101,742 100,891 101,560 5,213 5,814 5,173 5,603 5.2 5.7 5.1 5.5

Lubbock

154,462 155,925 154,380 156,919 5,189 5,046 5,053 4,778 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

329,705 335,128 331,482 339,520 24,492 22,582 26,259 23,968 7.4 6.7 7.9 7.1

Midland

88,879 89,529 89,437 90,267 3,362 3,509 3,358 3,285 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.6

Odessa

78,174 78,290 78,302 78,474 4,086 4,438 4,128 4,128 5.2 5.7 5.3 5.3

San Angelo

54,964 56,041 55,089 56,512 2,295 2,330 2,310 2,209 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,105,544 1,122,915 1,106,382 1,127,776 41,693 41,264 41,129 39,437 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5

Sherman-Denison

60,595 61,374 61,066 62,003 2,358 2,189 2,333 2,112 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.4

Texarkana

64,787 64,902 64,821 64,880 3,016 2,895 2,951 2,778 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.3

Tyler

103,052 104,797 103,301 104,894 4,634 4,631 4,587 4,393 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2

Victoria

49,239 50,595 49,473 50,945 2,192 2,488 2,161 2,406 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.7

Waco

118,731 121,367 119,215 121,749 4,761 4,753 4,667 4,512 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7

Wichita Falls

64,732 64,203 64,669 64,338 2,871 2,640 2,826 2,524 4.4 4.1 4.4 3.9

Utah

1,473,640 1,513,098 1,473,182 1,518,680 47,435 47,130 44,259 38,810 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.6

Logan

68,045 69,893 67,777 69,604 1,827 1,830 1,731 1,565 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

308,978 317,931 308,554 318,472 10,227 10,096 9,336 8,215 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.6

Provo-Orem

275,419 282,885 275,250 284,758 7,966 8,006 7,188 6,393 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.2

St. George

65,279 68,081 65,317 67,885 2,306 2,253 2,193 1,836 3.5 3.3 3.4 2.7

Salt Lake City

620,384 637,635 622,729 643,033 18,942 18,805 17,583 15,411 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.4

Vermont

343,193 343,808 343,291 344,578 10,460 9,128 11,648 9,926 3.0 2.7 3.4 2.9

Burlington-South Burlington

125,515 126,382 125,161 126,569 3,107 2,822 3,347 2,919 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.3

Virginia

4,221,613 4,243,656 4,220,907 4,233,406 169,890 172,991 164,809 168,373 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,034 91,871 91,129 90,732 3,861 4,184 3,587 3,945 4.2 4.6 3.9 4.3

Charlottesville

115,256 117,760 116,744 118,881 4,129 4,226 3,838 4,000 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.4

Harrisonburg

63,596 63,196 63,111 62,937 2,608 2,635 2,443 2,390 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.8

Lynchburg

122,533 120,840 122,260 120,874 5,363 5,528 5,156 5,374 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.4

Richmond

666,730 671,669 668,189 668,427 27,558 27,655 26,904 27,320 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.1

Roanoke

157,990 158,492 158,490 158,076 6,247 6,378 6,009 6,224 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.9

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,063 57,152 57,949 57,102 2,268 2,370 2,201 2,259 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

832,766 830,588 832,172 825,125 37,539 38,021 37,102 37,614 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.6

Winchester

69,086 70,347 68,913 70,090 2,547 2,578 2,485 2,419 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5

Washington

3,561,952 3,687,724 3,560,884 3,677,831 189,562 186,221 202,545 190,343 5.3 5.0 5.7 5.2

Bellingham

102,540 106,216 103,525 106,871 5,629 6,263 5,781 6,043 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

115,900 118,493 117,535 120,097 5,860 6,823 5,904 6,616 5.1 5.8 5.0 5.5

Kennewick-Richland

130,748 134,696 130,432 134,094 7,578 8,259 8,700 8,906 5.8 6.1 6.7 6.6

Longview

44,355 45,992 44,991 46,305 3,097 3,290 3,136 3,183 7.0 7.2 7.0 6.9

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

57,160 59,107 57,316 58,819 3,428 3,793 3,677 3,807 6.0 6.4 6.4 6.5

Olympia-Tumwater

125,995 129,780 128,576 130,766 6,844 7,495 7,033 7,265 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,972,909 2,049,771 1,976,496 2,050,956 97,907 86,750 104,146 88,876 5.0 4.2 5.3 4.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

250,908 261,444 254,703 263,824 14,741 15,490 15,111 15,251 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8

Walla Walla

30,686 31,032 30,947 30,995 1,438 1,577 1,603 1,636 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.3

Wenatchee

65,800 66,609 61,211 62,832 3,063 3,416 3,542 3,750 4.7 5.1 5.8 6.0

Yakima

128,715 131,487 119,569 122,167 7,945 8,309 9,819 10,118 6.2 6.3 8.2 8.3

West Virginia

785,475 800,924 779,570 786,681 43,716 44,649 44,556 40,461 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.1

Beckley

46,704 46,909 45,976 45,857 3,065 3,068 3,219 2,872 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.3

Charleston

98,296 99,258 97,896 97,689 5,408 5,606 5,469 5,027 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.1

Huntington-Ashland

147,619 150,634 146,912 148,146 7,766 8,518 8,148 7,645 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.2

Morgantown

67,176 68,939 66,702 67,581 2,696 2,898 2,698 2,458 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,714 39,756 39,654 39,290 2,134 2,187 2,183 2,025 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.2

Wheeling

66,132 66,047 66,276 65,512 3,710 3,954 3,942 3,722 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.7

Wisconsin

3,104,566 3,134,747 3,105,431 3,132,986 122,057 110,281 129,459 112,449 3.9 3.5 4.2 3.6

Appleton

129,619 131,071 130,373 131,389 4,241 4,000 4,551 4,073 3.3 3.1 3.5 3.1

Eau Claire

91,551 92,616 91,841 93,391 3,141 2,860 3,361 2,922 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.1

Fond du Lac

57,589 57,979 57,680 58,004 1,939 1,688 2,053 1,703 3.4 2.9 3.6 2.9

Green Bay

170,857 173,956 171,383 173,737 6,117 5,636 6,588 5,733 3.6 3.2 3.8 3.3

Janesville-Beloit

83,692 86,885 84,181 87,352 3,763 3,351 3,878 3,341 4.5 3.9 4.6 3.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

78,155 78,690 78,556 79,315 2,567 2,450 2,856 2,454 3.3 3.1 3.6 3.1

Madison

379,617 385,176 382,347 385,138 11,140 10,518 11,877 10,462 2.9 2.7 3.1 2.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

827,282 827,416 826,928 825,215 37,076 33,097 37,951 33,024 4.5 4.0 4.6 4.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,870 92,241 92,224 92,329 3,384 3,019 3,554 3,084 3.7 3.3 3.9 3.3

Racine

98,868 99,053 98,799 98,966 4,877 4,316 5,002 4,339 4.9 4.4 5.1 4.4

Sheboygan

61,038 61,762 61,059 61,923 2,006 1,956 2,160 1,985 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.2

Wausau

74,117 74,983 74,340 75,479 2,517 2,296 2,722 2,347 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.1

Wyoming

304,839 303,050 304,589 303,355 11,948 13,932 13,291 13,808 3.9 4.6 4.4 4.6

Casper

42,224 41,425 42,383 41,481 2,029 2,592 2,192 2,488 4.8 6.3 5.2 6.0

Cheyenne

48,659 48,079 49,396 49,051 1,749 1,817 1,833 1,712 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.5

Puerto Rico

1,150,518 1,112,969 1,135,382 1,122,242 162,851 139,369 133,160 123,249 14.2 12.5 11.7 11.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

91,595 89,678 90,255 90,591 15,983 14,511 13,568 13,420 17.4 16.2 15.0 14.8

Arecibo

54,380 51,946 53,500 52,390 9,023 7,725 7,641 7,194 16.6 14.9 14.3 13.7

Guayama

23,059 21,824 22,514 21,870 4,881 4,067 4,030 3,636 21.2 18.6 17.9 16.6

Mayaguez

29,826 29,132 29,461 29,360 4,539 4,197 3,686 3,720 15.2 14.4 12.5 12.7

Ponce

102,047 97,082 99,709 97,447 19,350 15,427 15,763 13,735 19.0 15.9 15.8 14.1

San German

37,739 36,093 37,013 36,328 6,050 5,717 5,000 5,227 16.0 15.8 13.5 14.4

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

763,200 740,119 755,909 747,380 92,609 79,428 75,155 69,052 12.1 10.7 9.9 9.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
October November Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) October November October November
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,995,347 19,465,194 18,995,979 19,358,018 1,094,641 1,030,568 1,101,576 976,424 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,595,274 6,782,855 6,600,183 6,742,604 370,412 328,460 360,349 306,431 5.6 4.8 5.5 4.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,602,375 1,642,663 1,605,797 1,636,618 69,928 66,898 68,804 60,709 4.4 4.1 4.3 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,992,899 5,140,192 4,994,386 5,105,986 300,484 261,562 291,545 245,722 6.0 5.1 5.8 4.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,517,869 2,584,034 2,516,938 2,570,628 102,805 99,843 101,472 91,531 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.6

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,377,452 1,413,555 1,378,356 1,405,118 64,026 61,791 63,326 56,670 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

998,741 1,024,162 997,223 1,020,047 33,892 33,220 33,362 30,444 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.0

San Rafael

141,676 146,317 141,359 145,463 4,887 4,832 4,784 4,417 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.0

District of Columbia

390,409 399,323 391,291 399,220 25,983 24,583 25,845 23,374 6.7 6.2 6.6 5.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,291,298 3,335,541 3,293,304 3,335,937 139,006 130,502 133,738 123,908 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.7

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

680,270 687,289 680,670 687,425 27,410 23,365 26,113 21,931 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,611,028 2,648,252 2,612,634 2,648,512 111,596 107,137 107,625 101,977 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9

Florida

9,698,746 9,885,370 9,685,448 9,895,824 495,501 485,967 480,189 479,154 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,031,755 3,068,012 3,034,541 3,081,768 161,753 154,016 154,221 149,443 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

996,831 1,021,920 993,529 1,023,225 47,137 47,005 45,961 46,926 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,338,131 1,339,681 1,340,962 1,344,208 80,539 71,487 75,377 67,579 6.0 5.3 5.6 5.0

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

696,793 706,411 700,050 714,335 34,077 35,524 32,883 34,938 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.9

Illinois

6,529,418 6,560,737 6,541,640 6,548,171 366,098 363,545 379,763 345,614 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,887,598 4,930,903 4,887,867 4,916,464 259,280 272,050 266,114 259,181 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,763,177 3,796,449 3,761,366 3,785,036 198,353 217,339 201,268 205,383 5.3 5.7 5.4 5.4

Elgin

326,090 327,642 328,517 328,146 18,413 15,943 19,751 15,561 5.6 4.9 6.0 4.7

Gary(3)

338,518 345,373 337,509 343,379 18,674 17,453 19,547 17,364 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

459,813 461,439 460,475 459,903 23,840 21,315 25,548 20,873 5.2 4.6 5.5 4.5

Massachusetts

3,557,973 3,584,829 3,562,821 3,579,700 158,980 97,923 160,734 91,520 4.5 2.7 4.5 2.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,620,948 2,646,900 2,629,115 2,650,297 107,258 67,844 107,387 63,405 4.1 2.6 4.1 2.4

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,551,530 1,567,623 1,555,591 1,568,909 60,997 37,821 60,716 34,844 3.9 2.4 3.9 2.2

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,005 105,348 105,652 105,910 5,189 3,217 5,283 2,963 4.9 3.1 5.0 2.8

Framingham

153,656 155,322 154,039 155,305 5,560 3,540 5,531 3,229 3.6 2.3 3.6 2.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

112,485 114,828 112,723 114,534 4,536 3,004 4,582 2,959 4.0 2.6 4.1 2.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

95,423 94,506 95,778 94,621 5,751 3,585 5,726 3,405 6.0 3.8 6.0 3.6

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

181,563 183,050 182,939 183,254 8,284 5,220 8,480 4,879 4.6 2.9 4.6 2.7

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,744 82,988 82,817 83,084 3,805 2,379 3,792 2,186 4.6 2.9 4.6 2.6

Nashua(2)

166,720 170,211 167,615 171,436 5,447 4,337 5,555 4,562 3.3 2.5 3.3 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,944 90,271 89,876 90,376 3,763 2,306 3,785 2,114 4.2 2.6 4.2 2.3

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,878 82,753 82,085 82,868 3,926 2,435 3,937 2,264 4.8 2.9 4.8 2.7

Michigan

4,754,223 4,859,681 4,747,157 4,863,763 223,097 224,780 201,429 217,820 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,010,141 2,078,753 1,991,684 2,070,642 122,750 111,689 101,235 105,123 6.1 5.4 5.1 5.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

754,575 780,046 747,241 774,801 55,912 51,599 45,028 46,904 7.4 6.6 6.0 6.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,255,566 1,298,707 1,244,443 1,295,841 66,837 60,090 56,206 58,220 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.5

New York

9,668,199 9,627,220 9,673,441 9,586,850 457,318 476,060 462,578 450,246 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,068,742 10,044,033 10,095,383 10,010,189 473,411 498,897 465,362 446,892 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

194,809 196,125 194,259 193,586 7,904 7,904 7,740 7,524 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,471,561 1,475,409 1,471,339 1,467,386 60,633 60,438 59,686 58,036 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

Newark(3)

1,258,856 1,254,500 1,259,840 1,246,442 59,211 61,127 55,531 50,520 4.7 4.9 4.4 4.1

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,143,516 7,117,999 7,169,945 7,102,775 345,663 369,428 342,405 330,812 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,415,244 6,503,839 6,418,087 6,473,055 284,564 350,172 279,299 317,913 4.4 5.4 4.4 4.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,063,452 3,107,778 3,074,123 3,102,393 142,631 159,863 135,299 141,600 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.6

Camden(3)

638,401 640,281 638,474 639,145 31,408 31,429 29,822 26,603 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.2

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,055,338 1,074,964 1,058,413 1,071,809 37,622 46,885 36,376 41,691 3.6 4.4 3.4 3.9

Philadelphia

989,708 1,012,616 993,323 1,011,903 55,051 64,945 51,943 58,194 5.6 6.4 5.2 5.8

Wilmington(3)

380,005 379,917 383,913 379,536 18,550 16,604 17,158 15,112 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.0

Texas

13,114,424 13,334,552 13,147,382 13,391,218 582,556 584,597 583,304 566,893 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,610,389 3,727,510 3,626,424 3,750,323 142,921 135,729 140,460 130,432 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,424,643 2,513,369 2,438,327 2,529,086 93,794 89,914 92,192 86,416 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,185,746 1,214,141 1,188,097 1,221,237 49,127 45,815 48,268 44,016 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.6

Washington

3,561,952 3,687,724 3,560,884 3,677,831 189,562 186,221 202,545 190,343 5.3 5.0 5.7 5.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,972,909 2,049,771 1,976,496 2,050,956 97,907 86,750 104,146 88,876 5.0 4.2 5.3 4.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,579,458 1,642,583 1,575,717 1,638,584 74,879 61,789 80,686 64,792 4.7 3.8 5.1 4.0

Tacoma-Lakewood

393,451 407,188 400,779 412,372 23,028 24,961 23,460 24,084 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area October November Change from
November 2015 to November 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,957.9 1,981.4 1,971.2 1,990.2 19.0 1.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.2 46.3 46.0 46.7 0.7 1.5

Auburn-Opelika

62.1 64.1 62.2 64.4 2.2 3.5

Birmingham-Hoover

517.1 522.2 522.0 526.2 4.2 0.8

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

69.9 71.5 69.8 71.3 1.5 2.1

Decatur

53.7 54.0 54.1 54.4 0.3 0.6

Dothan

56.9 57.3 57.3 57.3 0.0 0.0

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.4 56.8 56.9 57.0 0.1 0.2

Gadsden

37.8 38.1 38.1 38.4 0.3 0.8

Huntsville

221.7 224.7 223.5 226.2 2.7 1.2

Mobile

176.9 179.0 178.5 179.1 0.6 0.3

Montgomery

170.5 172.9 172.0 173.2 1.2 0.7

Tuscaloosa

106.1 107.9 106.9 107.5 0.6 0.6


Alaska

332.9 329.2 325.2 322.4 -2.8 -0.9

Anchorage

181.3 179.2 179.0 177.0 -2.0 -1.1

Fairbanks

38.3 38.1 37.8 37.1 -0.7 -1.9


Arizona

2,683.8 2,730.1 2,717.0 2,746.9 29.9 1.1

Flagstaff

67.6 68.0 66.6 66.9 0.3 0.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.8 47.8 47.5 48.1 0.6 1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,952.5 1,987.8 1,979.0 2,000.5 21.5 1.1

Prescott

62.7 65.8 63.0 65.5 2.5 4.0

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.1 34.2 34.3 34.1 -0.2 -0.6

Tucson

373.6 380.6 379.4 385.0 5.6 1.5

Yuma

53.6 54.2 54.6 54.6 0.0 0.0


Arkansas

1,226.1 1,237.7 1,228.2 1,236.9 8.7 0.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

241.0 244.9 242.5 246.0 3.5 1.4

Fort Smith

114.5 115.0 114.3 114.4 0.1 0.1

Hot Springs

37.5 38.0 37.4 37.9 0.5 1.3

Jonesboro

55.3 56.9 55.5 56.8 1.3 2.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

355.2 357.5 356.3 357.9 1.6 0.4

Pine Bluff

34.1 33.5 34.2 33.5 -0.7 -2.0


California

16,290.8 16,661.4 16,376.2 16,755.1 378.9 2.3

Bakersfield

261.0 264.9 263.1 268.0 4.9 1.9

Chico

79.6 80.9 79.2 81.5 2.3 2.9

El Centro

52.3 53.8 53.6 54.9 1.3 2.4

Fresno

332.7 336.7 332.4 338.5 6.1 1.8

Hanford-Corcoran

39.1 38.5 38.7 38.7 0.0 0.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,895.1 6,000.7 5,928.5 6,032.1 103.6 1.7

Madera

36.4 38.5 36.5 38.1 1.6 4.4

Merced

65.8 66.8 64.9 66.2 1.3 2.0

Modesto

167.5 174.2 168.6 174.8 6.2 3.7

Napa

73.4 75.8 72.6 75.1 2.5 3.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

297.4 301.4 299.5 302.7 3.2 1.1

Redding

64.8 64.7 64.5 64.5 0.0 0.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,369.6 1,396.6 1,384.9 1,419.0 34.1 2.5

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

927.7 951.7 930.0 956.2 26.2 2.8

Salinas

136.6 136.1 137.5 137.1 -0.4 -0.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,402.2 1,433.0 1,414.2 1,445.1 30.9 2.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,296.7 2,352.9 2,304.1 2,360.7 56.6 2.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,059.6 1,095.3 1,066.5 1,101.8 35.3 3.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

115.7 118.5 116.5 118.8 2.3 2.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

99.0 102.4 98.8 102.5 3.7 3.7

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

183.2 187.4 184.1 188.0 3.9 2.1

Santa Rosa

199.8 203.9 200.2 203.1 2.9 1.4

Stockton-Lodi

223.6 227.7 223.9 226.7 2.8 1.3

Vallejo-Fairfield

134.9 137.8 135.9 138.9 3.0 2.2

Visalia-Porterville

119.4 122.5 120.8 123.0 2.2 1.8

Yuba City

42.0 41.8 41.9 42.3 0.4 1.0


Colorado

2,564.5 2,634.6 2,570.3 2,625.5 55.2 2.1

Boulder

184.2 189.0 183.2 190.2 7.0 3.8

Colorado Springs

275.7 280.0 275.1 280.7 5.6 2.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,410.3 1,463.3 1,414.8 1,458.2 43.4 3.1

Fort Collins

158.7 162.4 158.7 162.1 3.4 2.1

Grand Junction

62.3 63.1 62.7 62.9 0.2 0.3

Greeley

101.9 105.0 101.7 104.5 2.8 2.8

Pueblo

61.6 62.7 61.8 63.1 1.3 2.1


Connecticut

1,687.7 1,692.0 1,700.2 1,701.1 0.9 0.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

412.0 411.1 415.5 412.0 -3.5 -0.8

Danbury

78.3 78.8 79.1 79.4 0.3 0.4

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

574.5 580.2 578.3 580.4 2.1 0.4

New Haven

282.8 283.9 285.0 286.7 1.7 0.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.1 128.6 129.5 128.9 -0.6 -0.5

Waterbury

66.4 67.4 67.5 68.0 0.5 0.7


Delaware

454.4 461.0 458.6 464.1 5.5 1.2

Dover

69.5 71.2 69.7 70.8 1.1 1.6

Salisbury(1)

155.6 158.5 151.7 156.0 4.3 2.8


District of Columbia

772.0 787.0 773.3 787.7 14.4 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,206.6 3,279.2 3,219.5 3,285.0 65.5 2.0


Florida

8,182.0 8,441.0 8,268.1 8,532.9 264.8 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

248.1 256.3 253.6 260.9 7.3 2.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

106.3 107.6 106.1 107.1 1.0 0.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

189.8 198.9 191.7 200.2 8.5 4.4

Gainesville

138.6 139.4 139.0 139.9 0.9 0.6

Homosassa Springs

33.1 33.1 33.1 33.3 0.2 0.6

Jacksonville

655.3 680.6 662.7 686.4 23.7 3.6

Lakeland-Winter Haven

210.4 213.5 212.2 215.5 3.3 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,532.3 2,586.6 2,564.1 2,626.0 61.9 2.4

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

134.2 138.4 138.6 141.9 3.3 2.4

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

284.0 294.8 287.6 297.2 9.6 3.3

Ocala

98.5 99.6 98.9 101.0 2.1 2.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,173.7 1,222.6 1,185.4 1,238.5 53.1 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

202.4 206.2 204.3 207.7 3.4 1.7

Panama City

81.8 82.7 80.9 82.5 1.6 2.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

168.6 172.2 169.5 173.0 3.5 2.1

Port St. Lucie

139.0 141.0 141.1 143.1 2.0 1.4

Punta Gorda

45.7 46.8 46.7 47.7 1.0 2.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

48.6 49.4 49.6 50.5 0.9 1.8

Sebring

25.0 25.9 25.2 26.0 0.8 3.2

Tallahassee

175.4 178.8 176.2 179.2 3.0 1.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,264.0 1,298.3 1,276.2 1,309.6 33.4 2.6

The Villages

26.5 27.4 26.8 27.6 0.8 3.0


Georgia

4,334.4 4,430.7 4,362.4 4,462.1 99.7 2.3

Albany

62.1 63.5 62.7 63.7 1.0 1.6

Athens-Clarke County

93.4 96.7 94.2 97.5 3.3 3.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,623.2 2,692.7 2,643.7 2,711.9 68.2 2.6

Augusta-Richmond County

229.1 231.3 228.6 234.2 5.6 2.4

Brunswick

42.6 43.0 42.7 42.9 0.2 0.5

Columbus

122.2 123.0 122.6 123.9 1.3 1.1

Dalton

68.6 68.1 68.4 68.3 -0.1 -0.1

Gainesville

85.6 87.5 86.2 87.7 1.5 1.7

Hinesville

19.9 19.7 19.9 19.9 0.0 0.0

Macon

103.2 104.7 104.3 105.5 1.2 1.2

Rome

40.5 41.0 40.7 41.2 0.5 1.2

Savannah

174.4 180.0 175.3 182.5 7.2 4.1

Valdosta

55.8 56.4 56.3 56.7 0.4 0.7

Warner Robins

70.7 70.8 70.9 71.0 0.1 0.1


Hawaii

642.5 656.7 645.9 661.5 15.6 2.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

73.6 75.6 74.0 76.2 2.2 3.0

Urban Honolulu

473.8 483.5 475.5 486.9 11.4 2.4


Idaho

689.5 705.2 687.4 703.8 16.4 2.4

Boise City

297.1 306.6 295.8 308.3 12.5 4.2

Coeur d'Alene

60.8 62.4 59.9 61.2 1.3 2.2

Idaho Falls

63.4 64.4 63.4 64.1 0.7 1.1

Lewiston

27.9 29.0 28.0 29.1 1.1 3.9

Pocatello

36.0 36.4 36.4 36.4 0.0 0.0


Illinois

6,059.3 6,091.2 6,052.9 6,095.7 42.8 0.7

Bloomington

96.4 95.0 96.2 95.0 -1.2 -1.2

Carbondale-Marion

59.5 57.0 59.6 57.2 -2.4 -4.0

Champaign-Urbana

112.0 113.6 111.7 113.8 2.1 1.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,659.6 4,701.6 4,660.1 4,698.0 37.9 0.8

Danville

29.4 29.5 29.6 29.5 -0.1 -0.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

182.8 180.9 182.8 181.1 -1.7 -0.9

Decatur

52.4 51.5 52.6 51.6 -1.0 -1.9

Kankakee

45.5 46.1 45.9 46.4 0.5 1.1

Peoria

179.3 177.6 180.0 176.7 -3.3 -1.8

Rockford

153.8 155.9 154.2 155.3 1.1 0.7

Springfield

115.0 116.1 115.3 116.5 1.2 1.0


Indiana

3,082.2 3,110.2 3,086.8 3,126.1 39.3 1.3

Bloomington

77.2 77.3 77.9 77.3 -0.6 -0.8

Columbus

53.0 53.8 53.6 54.0 0.4 0.7

Elkhart-Goshen

130.4 127.5 129.1 127.3 -1.8 -1.4

Evansville

158.7 157.2 159.4 157.8 -1.6 -1.0

Fort Wayne

221.9 225.6 222.4 225.5 3.1 1.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,029.2 1,045.4 1,034.9 1,056.5 21.6 2.1

Kokomo

40.7 41.4 41.0 41.4 0.4 1.0

Lafayette-West Lafayette

104.1 106.7 104.4 106.2 1.8 1.7

Michigan City-La Porte

41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 0.0 0.0

Muncie

52.8 52.3 52.8 52.4 -0.4 -0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

143.1 143.2 144.0 143.8 -0.2 -0.1

Terre Haute

71.7 72.2 71.9 72.5 0.6 0.8


Iowa

1,583.1 1,601.2 1,590.3 1,600.1 9.8 0.6

Ames

55.1 55.7 55.1 55.9 0.8 1.5

Cedar Rapids

144.3 145.9 145.0 146.3 1.3 0.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

351.9 356.3 352.4 356.3 3.9 1.1

Dubuque

61.1 61.6 61.3 62.0 0.7 1.1

Iowa City

100.4 102.8 100.8 102.9 2.1 2.1

Sioux City

89.1 88.8 89.4 88.9 -0.5 -0.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.4 91.7 92.5 91.2 -1.3 -1.4


Kansas

1,416.8 1,412.3 1,415.6 1,411.7 -3.9 -0.3

Lawrence

54.9 55.1 54.9 54.2 -0.7 -1.3

Manhattan

47.8 46.8 47.8 46.6 -1.2 -2.5

Topeka

112.3 111.1 111.6 110.8 -0.8 -0.7

Wichita

299.9 302.0 300.7 303.0 2.3 0.8


Kentucky

1,908.6 1,921.1 1,920.4 1,936.0 15.6 0.8

Bowling Green

73.1 74.6 73.6 75.0 1.4 1.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.4 57.8 56.8 58.4 1.6 2.8

Lexington-Fayette

277.4 276.1 277.2 279.1 1.9 0.7

Louisville/Jefferson County

650.7 660.1 658.8 669.7 10.9 1.7

Owensboro

53.3 54.5 53.3 54.9 1.6 3.0


Louisiana

1,994.3 1,987.6 1,998.0 1,991.8 -6.2 -0.3

Alexandria

64.0 64.0 64.4 63.9 -0.5 -0.8

Baton Rouge

407.4 421.8 410.3 420.8 10.5 2.6

Hammond

44.0 44.2 44.2 44.2 0.0 0.0

Houma-Thibodaux

95.7 93.6 94.8 92.7 -2.1 -2.2

Lafayette

212.5 205.7 212.3 205.1 -7.2 -3.4

Lake Charles

103.9 106.6 104.5 106.6 2.1 2.0

Monroe

79.6 80.0 79.4 80.0 0.6 0.8

New Orleans-Metairie

575.3 576.3 575.0 578.8 3.8 0.7

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.4 182.3 184.3 182.9 -1.4 -0.8


Maine

620.1 619.8 612.8 615.2 2.4 0.4

Bangor

67.9 68.2 67.6 67.3 -0.3 -0.4

Lewiston-Auburn

51.4 52.3 51.2 52.4 1.2 2.3

Portland-South Portland

200.1 203.2 198.1 202.0 3.9 2.0


Maryland

2,695.6 2,723.8 2,698.3 2,728.5 30.2 1.1

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,382.9 1,405.3 1,382.6 1,406.2 23.6 1.7

California-Lexington Park

44.8 45.2 45.0 45.2 0.2 0.4

Cumberland

39.4 39.5 39.3 39.7 0.4 1.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.5 106.4 105.1 107.7 2.6 2.5


Massachusetts

3,542.8 3,613.1 3,539.3 3,610.0 70.7 2.0

Barnstable Town

105.3 107.0 101.6 103.8 2.2 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,680.5 2,727.3 2,684.7 2,732.2 47.5 1.8

Leominster-Gardner

51.2 52.5 51.7 52.8 1.1 2.1

New Bedford

68.2 67.9 67.7 67.8 0.1 0.1

Pittsfield

42.4 42.6 42.5 42.6 0.1 0.2

Springfield

333.2 338.3 332.4 338.3 5.9 1.8

Worcester

281.7 287.9 281.7 287.9 6.2 2.2


Michigan

4,314.9 4,407.0 4,317.2 4,400.0 82.8 1.9

Ann Arbor

220.3 230.9 219.9 232.3 12.4 5.6

Battle Creek

59.5 60.2 59.4 60.0 0.6 1.0

Bay City

37.2 36.8 37.0 36.7 -0.3 -0.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,955.4 1,998.1 1,965.1 1,999.5 34.4 1.8

Flint

140.9 142.3 141.3 142.9 1.6 1.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

538.7 551.0 538.9 551.9 13.0 2.4

Jackson

55.7 55.6 55.8 55.7 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

145.6 150.4 146.4 150.1 3.7 2.5

Lansing-East Lansing

231.8 236.0 231.8 236.3 4.5 1.9

Midland

38.2 38.5 38.3 38.3 0.0 0.0

Monroe

44.1 44.5 43.7 44.2 0.5 1.1

Muskegon

63.7 65.8 63.9 65.4 1.5 2.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

63.0 63.5 62.3 62.7 0.4 0.6

Saginaw

89.8 91.3 90.8 91.3 0.5 0.6


Minnesota

2,891.8 2,924.7 2,886.6 2,918.3 31.7 1.1

Duluth

135.5 135.8 134.7 135.3 0.6 0.4

Mankato-North Mankato

57.6 57.8 57.2 57.4 0.2 0.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,955.7 1,983.7 1,953.9 1,981.0 27.1 1.4

Rochester

117.2 120.4 117.0 120.1 3.1 2.6

St. Cloud

109.9 111.5 109.5 111.5 2.0 1.8


Mississippi

1,148.2 1,146.2 1,148.1 1,145.4 -2.7 -0.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

154.3 153.3 153.9 153.4 -0.5 -0.3

Hattiesburg

63.3 64.8 64.1 64.8 0.7 1.1

Jackson

277.9 278.9 277.3 278.4 1.1 0.4


Missouri

2,814.8 2,864.7 2,809.6 2,867.1 57.5 2.0

Cape Girardeau

44.3 44.1 44.9 44.4 -0.5 -1.1

Columbia

101.5 103.3 102.2 103.4 1.2 1.2

Jefferson City

76.8 77.4 76.5 77.3 0.8 1.0

Joplin

81.7 80.8 82.4 81.3 -1.1 -1.3

Kansas City

1,053.8 1,065.6 1,055.0 1,064.6 9.6 0.9

St. Joseph

62.8 63.1 63.2 63.3 0.1 0.2

St. Louis(2)

1,365.9 1,398.2 1,359.1 1,400.6 41.5 3.1

Springfield

209.2 215.9 211.2 215.8 4.6 2.2


Montana

465.2 468.6 460.5 465.7 5.2 1.1

Billings

85.7 86.5 85.6 86.1 0.5 0.6

Great Falls

36.3 36.3 36.2 36.3 0.1 0.3

Missoula

60.8 61.7 60.0 61.2 1.2 2.0


Nebraska

1,022.1 1,026.0 1,021.3 1,032.2 10.9 1.1

Grand Island

42.3 42.5 42.2 42.4 0.2 0.5

Lincoln

189.6 190.6 189.4 191.5 2.1 1.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

497.5 500.7 498.3 504.9 6.6 1.3


Nevada

1,281.7 1,305.9 1,276.9 1,311.5 34.6 2.7

Carson City

28.1 28.2 28.0 28.3 0.3 1.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

934.3 947.5 932.0 951.1 19.1 2.0

Reno

215.9 223.1 215.8 224.7 8.9 4.1


New Hampshire

664.0 676.9 663.3 677.5 14.2 2.1

Dover-Durham

53.6 53.8 53.5 53.7 0.2 0.4

Manchester

110.5 111.6 110.8 112.1 1.3 1.2

Portsmouth

90.3 91.5 89.5 90.9 1.4 1.6


New Jersey

4,074.8 4,100.5 4,095.4 4,117.5 22.1 0.5

Atlantic City-Hammonton

129.3 127.9 129.0 127.8 -1.2 -0.9

Ocean City

41.6 42.8 38.1 39.0 0.9 2.4

Trenton

264.6 267.8 267.4 272.7 5.3 2.0

Vineland-Bridgeton

58.1 57.7 58.2 58.7 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

831.6 827.8 834.4 832.1 -2.3 -0.3

Albuquerque

383.5 385.0 387.2 386.7 -0.5 -0.1

Farmington

51.7 51.8 51.5 51.8 0.3 0.6

Las Cruces

71.8 72.5 71.9 72.7 0.8 1.1

Santa Fe

62.9 63.4 62.9 63.4 0.5 0.8


New York

9,372.8 9,478.9 9,398.9 9,503.4 104.5 1.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

462.5 462.2 463.6 464.1 0.5 0.1

Binghamton

104.9 103.4 105.1 103.9 -1.2 -1.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

564.5 568.5 563.0 566.7 3.7 0.7

Elmira

39.0 38.6 38.9 38.9 0.0 0.0

Glens Falls

56.6 56.8 54.8 55.4 0.6 1.1

Ithaca

72.0 74.2 72.0 74.3 2.3 3.2

Kingston

62.2 63.3 62.0 62.9 0.9 1.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,467.2 9,601.4 9,522.4 9,639.7 117.3 1.2

Rochester

534.1 534.1 531.3 534.1 2.8 0.5

Syracuse

321.8 321.3 322.5 321.7 -0.8 -0.2

Utica-Rome

129.2 128.1 128.8 127.5 -1.3 -1.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.9 43.7 42.7 42.9 0.2 0.5


North Carolina

4,298.7 4,379.3 4,318.5 4,401.2 82.7 1.9

Asheville

184.7 189.4 185.8 189.9 4.1 2.2

Burlington

60.0 60.4 60.4 60.8 0.4 0.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,121.6 1,147.1 1,128.0 1,149.9 21.9 1.9

Durham-Chapel Hill

297.5 305.8 299.2 307.9 8.7 2.9

Fayetteville

128.6 129.5 129.7 131.4 1.7 1.3

Goldsboro

42.5 42.4 42.9 42.3 -0.6 -1.4

Greensboro-High Point

359.9 367.2 362.4 369.7 7.3 2.0

Greenville

78.6 78.1 79.1 78.8 -0.3 -0.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.8 147.5 148.2 147.8 -0.4 -0.3

Jacksonville

49.4 49.7 49.7 50.1 0.4 0.8

New Bern

44.6 45.0 44.7 45.1 0.4 0.9

Raleigh

590.1 604.7 595.9 608.0 12.1 2.0

Rocky Mount

58.4 57.7 59.0 58.4 -0.6 -1.0

Wilmington

121.0 122.7 120.8 122.0 1.2 1.0

Winston-Salem

258.8 261.5 258.9 260.9 2.0 0.8


North Dakota

456.3 448.5 453.2 446.1 -7.1 -1.6

Bismarck

75.9 76.0 75.4 75.1 -0.3 -0.4

Fargo

141.9 143.5 142.1 143.8 1.7 1.2

Grand Forks

58.4 58.2 58.3 58.2 -0.1 -0.2


Ohio

5,497.2 5,547.8 5,502.7 5,552.7 50.0 0.9

Akron

346.0 348.9 346.6 349.3 2.7 0.8

Canton-Massillon

172.7 175.3 173.4 175.1 1.7 1.0

Cincinnati

1,070.1 1,091.2 1,073.2 1,090.2 17.0 1.6

Cleveland-Elyria

1,056.9 1,066.4 1,058.0 1,065.9 7.9 0.7

Columbus

1,057.0 1,070.4 1,060.0 1,079.2 19.2 1.8

Dayton

383.7 388.9 385.4 390.2 4.8 1.2

Lima

53.3 54.5 53.4 54.8 1.4 2.6

Mansfield

52.8 52.4 52.8 52.3 -0.5 -0.9

Springfield

51.1 51.1 51.2 51.0 -0.2 -0.4

Toledo

309.1 314.0 309.5 315.4 5.9 1.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

44.1 44.2 44.0 43.6 -0.4 -0.9

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.2 227.2 228.9 227.7 -1.2 -0.5


Oklahoma

1,678.5 1,668.4 1,682.0 1,666.7 -15.3 -0.9

Lawton

46.5 46.6 46.6 47.0 0.4 0.9

Oklahoma City

636.5 635.8 640.0 634.1 -5.9 -0.9

Tulsa

448.2 449.6 449.6 449.4 -0.2 0.0


Oregon

1,810.1 1,869.6 1,818.0 1,871.5 53.5 2.9

Albany

41.8 42.9 41.8 43.1 1.3 3.1

Bend-Redmond

75.4 79.2 75.2 78.7 3.5 4.7

Corvallis

41.9 41.7 41.8 42.0 0.2 0.5

Eugene

154.4 156.9 155.4 158.1 2.7 1.7

Grants Pass

25.1 25.8 25.0 25.6 0.6 2.4

Medford

83.6 86.3 84.4 86.4 2.0 2.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,127.8 1,159.0 1,133.0 1,162.5 29.5 2.6

Salem

159.4 165.9 159.3 165.6 6.3 4.0


Pennsylvania

5,922.2 5,950.6 5,916.7 5,954.6 37.9 0.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

361.9 359.7 360.7 357.3 -3.4 -0.9

Altoona

61.0 62.5 61.4 62.3 0.9 1.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.8 43.7 43.0 43.5 0.5 1.2

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

60.5 62.5 60.5 62.6 2.1 3.5

East Stroudsburg

56.6 57.4 56.8 57.2 0.4 0.7

Erie

132.0 130.4 131.9 130.5 -1.4 -1.1

Gettysburg

34.4 35.1 34.4 34.8 0.4 1.2

Harrisburg-Carlisle

336.3 338.3 336.9 338.6 1.7 0.5

Johnstown

57.6 56.8 57.4 56.6 -0.8 -1.4

Lancaster

248.0 248.3 247.4 247.4 0.0 0.0

Lebanon

51.5 52.1 51.7 52.2 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,860.8 2,905.0 2,875.4 2,919.0 43.6 1.5

Pittsburgh

1,175.4 1,176.1 1,171.3 1,179.7 8.4 0.7

Reading

179.2 181.1 180.1 181.8 1.7 0.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

262.0 260.7 262.2 261.6 -0.6 -0.2

State College

79.9 80.7 79.6 81.2 1.6 2.0

Williamsport

55.4 54.7 55.3 54.8 -0.5 -0.9

York-Hanover

184.0 186.6 184.5 187.0 2.5 1.4


Rhode Island

491.6 498.7 491.4 497.1 5.7 1.2

Providence-Warwick

583.5 592.9 584.5 590.8 6.3 1.1


South Carolina

2,027.0 2,067.0 2,034.8 2,080.2 45.4 2.2

Charleston-North Charleston

336.2 346.6 338.9 349.7 10.8 3.2

Columbia

389.8 397.6 393.7 399.1 5.4 1.4

Florence

87.0 87.3 87.7 88.1 0.4 0.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

408.7 414.1 408.5 415.6 7.1 1.7

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

75.4 76.5 75.2 76.3 1.1 1.5

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

154.9 155.9 153.8 155.6 1.8 1.2

Spartanburg

145.1 147.6 146.0 148.0 2.0 1.4

Sumter

39.3 39.3 39.3 39.4 0.1 0.3


South Dakota

432.2 442.1 429.8 439.7 9.9 2.3

Rapid City

66.8 68.7 65.2 66.8 1.6 2.5

Sioux Falls

152.4 158.1 152.7 159.0 6.3 4.1


Tennessee

2,938.2 3,005.1 2,962.2 3,018.3 56.1 1.9

Chattanooga

249.9 253.4 250.8 254.1 3.3 1.3

Clarksville

89.7 91.3 90.3 91.9 1.6 1.8

Cleveland

48.1 48.8 49.8 53.5 3.7 7.4

Jackson

67.4 67.8 67.4 68.2 0.8 1.2

Johnson City

80.2 81.0 80.2 81.1 0.9 1.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.8 122.7 123.6 123.1 -0.5 -0.4

Knoxville

392.4 400.8 395.3 400.8 5.5 1.4

Memphis

630.7 640.0 635.1 643.0 7.9 1.2

Morristown

45.9 46.9 45.8 46.9 1.1 2.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

929.8 955.1 936.3 959.8 23.5 2.5


Texas

11,949.1 12,157.4 11,998.1 12,210.7 212.6 1.8

Abilene

68.5 69.6 69.0 69.8 0.8 1.2

Amarillo

119.8 120.5 120.3 120.6 0.3 0.2

Austin-Round Rock

977.1 999.4 985.5 1,005.0 19.5 2.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168.0 168.3 168.4 167.8 -0.6 -0.4

Brownsville-Harlingen

139.7 143.4 140.5 144.7 4.2 3.0

College Station-Bryan

112.5 116.1 113.6 116.8 3.2 2.8

Corpus Christi

195.8 197.6 196.8 198.3 1.5 0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,451.7 3,569.5 3,475.3 3,590.1 114.8 3.3

El Paso

306.6 313.3 308.5 315.6 7.1 2.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,009.4 3,025.8 3,015.4 3,031.5 16.1 0.5

Killeen-Temple

140.6 142.9 141.4 143.7 2.3 1.6

Laredo

102.6 104.9 103.6 105.4 1.8 1.7

Longview

100.6 101.4 101.2 101.1 -0.1 -0.1

Lubbock

142.1 144.0 142.9 145.0 2.1 1.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

249.5 257.1 250.7 259.8 9.1 3.6

Midland

90.4 90.9 91.5 91.9 0.4 0.4

Odessa

73.7 73.2 73.9 73.5 -0.4 -0.5

San Angelo

49.3 50.2 49.6 51.0 1.4 2.8

San Antonio-New Braunfels

993.4 1,008.3 996.9 1,012.7 15.8 1.6

Sherman-Denison

46.4 46.9 47.0 47.6 0.6 1.3

Texarkana

60.8 60.5 61.2 60.9 -0.3 -0.5

Tyler

102.4 103.9 102.8 103.8 1.0 1.0

Victoria

44.7 45.9 45.3 46.3 1.0 2.2

Waco

115.7 118.4 116.8 119.0 2.2 1.9

Wichita Falls

58.7 58.3 58.8 58.4 -0.4 -0.7


Utah

1,401.8 1,444.1 1,405.6 1,447.7 42.1 3.0

Logan

60.5 62.4 60.8 62.6 1.8 3.0

Ogden-Clearfield

244.2 252.8 244.5 253.0 8.5 3.5

Provo-Orem

231.4 238.5 231.7 239.8 8.1 3.5

St. George

59.4 62.2 59.4 62.1 2.7 4.5

Salt Lake City

686.0 709.6 688.9 713.3 24.4 3.5


Vermont

317.9 319.4 318.1 318.1 0.0 0.0

Burlington-South Burlington

127.5 128.7 127.4 128.5 1.1 0.9


Virginia

3,901.0 3,966.1 3,927.6 3,965.5 37.9 1.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.1 79.4 78.9 78.6 -0.3 -0.4

Charlottesville

113.7 118.1 115.3 119.1 3.8 3.3

Harrisonburg

65.7 65.9 65.8 65.9 0.1 0.2

Lynchburg

105.1 104.3 105.4 104.7 -0.7 -0.7

Richmond

666.9 678.2 671.3 677.1 5.8 0.9

Roanoke

162.6 164.6 164.3 164.8 0.5 0.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.6 48.9 49.7 49.2 -0.5 -1.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

769.7 773.5 772.0 770.4 -1.6 -0.2

Winchester

62.5 63.9 62.8 64.4 1.6 2.5


Washington

3,196.3 3,302.6 3,205.2 3,303.0 97.8 3.1

Bellingham

88.3 91.1 88.1 90.8 2.7 3.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

89.4 90.3 89.4 90.6 1.2 1.3

Kennewick-Richland

108.8 110.6 108.5 110.9 2.4 2.2

Longview

39.6 41.0 39.6 40.7 1.1 2.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

49.0 50.5 48.9 50.1 1.2 2.5

Olympia-Tumwater

110.3 112.9 111.1 112.3 1.2 1.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,913.2 1,984.4 1,922.1 1,989.1 67.0 3.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

238.8 248.5 239.3 248.0 8.7 3.6

Walla Walla

27.6 27.8 27.8 27.6 -0.2 -0.7

Wenatchee

44.5 44.8 43.7 44.7 1.0 2.3

Yakima

84.0 84.7 83.4 84.9 1.5 1.8


West Virginia

771.0 771.1 770.3 781.3 11.0 1.4

Beckley

47.4 46.7 46.7 47.0 0.3 0.6

Charleston

123.4 122.7 123.7 124.0 0.3 0.2

Huntington-Ashland

142.8 143.4 142.3 143.9 1.6 1.1

Morgantown

73.3 73.8 73.4 74.4 1.0 1.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.5 41.8 42.7 42.5 -0.2 -0.5

Wheeling

68.8 68.3 69.1 68.9 -0.2 -0.3


Wisconsin

2,938.8 2,968.7 2,932.9 2,966.8 33.9 1.2

Appleton

124.4 125.4 125.1 125.5 0.4 0.3

Eau Claire

86.3 86.8 86.8 87.5 0.7 0.8

Fond du Lac

48.8 49.1 48.8 49.0 0.2 0.4

Green Bay

175.5 178.2 175.5 177.9 2.4 1.4

Janesville-Beloit

67.8 70.8 68.1 71.1 3.0 4.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

79.1 79.5 79.2 80.5 1.3 1.6

Madison

396.2 399.8 399.0 399.7 0.7 0.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

867.9 865.4 866.2 864.2 -2.0 -0.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

95.9 96.0 96.0 95.9 -0.1 -0.1

Racine

77.3 77.4 77.0 77.4 0.4 0.5

Sheboygan

61.4 61.8 61.0 61.5 0.5 0.8

Wausau

73.3 73.7 73.4 74.2 0.8 1.1


Wyoming

291.6 281.5 285.4 276.6 -8.8 -3.1

Casper

41.8 39.6 41.2 38.8 -2.4 -5.8

Cheyenne

47.6 46.0 47.4 46.0 -1.4 -3.0


Puerto Rico

897.8 889.1 907.5 896.6 -10.9 -1.2

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.9 51.0 51.5 51.8 0.3 0.6

Arecibo

33.6 32.7 33.8 33.1 -0.7 -2.1

Guayama

15.3 15.1 15.5 15.2 -0.3 -1.9

Mayaguez

34.3 34.3 34.9 34.7 -0.2 -0.6

Ponce

71.3 70.7 72.2 71.4 -0.8 -1.1

San German

20.8 19.7 21.0 19.9 -1.1 -5.2

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

650.8 645.3 657.5 650.3 -7.2 -1.1


Virgin Islands

37.0 37.6 37.7 38.0 0.3 0.8

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division October November Change from
November 2015 to November 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

16,290.8 16,661.4 16,376.2 16,755.1 378.9 2.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,895.1 6,000.7 5,928.5 6,032.1 103.6 1.7

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,565.5 1,604.9 1,575.8 1,614.1 38.3 2.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,329.6 4,395.8 4,352.7 4,418.0 65.3 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,296.7 2,352.9 2,304.1 2,360.7 56.6 2.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,108.9 1,137.3 1,114.2 1,139.8 25.6 2.3

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,073.1 1,097.2 1,074.9 1,101.6 26.7 2.5

San Rafael

114.7 118.4 115.0 119.3 4.3 3.7


District of Columbia

772.0 787.0 773.3 787.7 14.4 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,206.6 3,279.2 3,219.5 3,285.0 65.5 2.0

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

591.4 600.9 594.2 600.9 6.7 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,615.2 2,678.3 2,625.3 2,684.1 58.8 2.2


Florida

8,182.0 8,441.0 8,268.1 8,532.9 264.8 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,532.3 2,586.6 2,564.1 2,626.0 61.9 2.4

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

807.5 835.5 815.2 845.9 30.7 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,132.5 1,148.8 1,145.7 1,163.7 18.0 1.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

592.3 602.3 603.2 616.4 13.2 2.2


Illinois

6,059.3 6,091.2 6,052.9 6,095.7 42.8 0.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,659.6 4,701.6 4,660.1 4,698.0 37.9 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,708.4 3,736.6 3,710.9 3,737.3 26.4 0.7

Elgin

260.9 265.2 261.0 264.6 3.6 1.4

Gary(3)

277.7 283.5 278.0 282.9 4.9 1.8

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

412.6 416.3 410.2 413.2 3.0 0.7


Massachusetts

3,542.8 3,613.1 3,539.3 3,610.0 70.7 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,680.5 2,727.3 2,684.7 2,732.2 47.5 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,795.7 1,828.0 1,797.9 1,830.8 32.9 1.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

82.0 82.7 82.7 84.0 1.3 1.6

Framingham

173.3 176.0 173.1 175.8 2.7 1.6

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.4 69.0 66.2 68.6 2.4 3.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

83.7 83.4 84.1 83.4 -0.7 -0.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

149.9 152.4 151.2 152.6 1.4 0.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.2 45.8 45.3 45.7 0.4 0.9

Nashua(2)

127.1 130.3 127.6 131.1 3.5 2.7

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

97.4 98.1 96.9 98.4 1.5 1.5

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.8 61.6 59.7 61.8 2.1 3.5


Michigan

4,314.9 4,407.0 4,317.2 4,400.0 82.8 1.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,955.4 1,998.1 1,965.1 1,999.5 34.4 1.8

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

738.1 754.7 746.8 755.6 8.8 1.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,217.3 1,243.4 1,218.3 1,243.9 25.6 2.1


New York

9,372.8 9,478.9 9,398.9 9,503.4 104.5 1.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,467.2 9,601.4 9,522.4 9,639.7 117.3 1.2

Dutchess County-Putnam County

147.3 149.5 146.7 148.1 1.4 1.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,327.6 1,339.6 1,326.8 1,340.8 14.0 1.1

Newark(3)

1,201.2 1,211.5 1,206.6 1,215.5 8.9 0.7

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,791.1 6,900.8 6,842.3 6,935.3 93.0 1.4


Pennsylvania

5,922.2 5,950.6 5,916.7 5,954.6 37.9 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,860.8 2,905.0 2,875.4 2,919.0 43.6 1.5

Camden(3)

526.8 537.2 528.1 540.3 12.2 2.3

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,042.4 1,056.8 1,046.4 1,059.9 13.5 1.3

Philadelphia

930.6 945.3 934.9 951.7 16.8 1.8

Wilmington(3)

361.0 365.7 366.0 367.1 1.1 0.3


Texas

11,949.1 12,157.4 11,998.1 12,210.7 212.6 1.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,451.7 3,569.5 3,475.3 3,590.1 114.8 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,450.1 2,545.2 2,470.4 2,560.1 89.7 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,001.6 1,024.3 1,004.9 1,030.0 25.1 2.5


Washington

3,196.3 3,302.6 3,205.2 3,303.0 97.8 3.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,913.2 1,984.4 1,922.1 1,989.1 67.0 3.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,612.7 1,674.9 1,619.8 1,678.6 58.8 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

300.5 309.5 302.3 310.5 8.2 2.7

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: December 29, 2016