Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,199,359 2,235,701 2,195,860 2,247,355 88,824 83,865 75,763 75,476 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,336 46,263 45,986 46,401 2,196 2,020 1,914 1,843 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0

Auburn-Opelika

74,352 76,441 74,363 76,829 2,848 2,715 2,319 2,248 3.8 3.6 3.1 2.9

Birmingham-Hoover

544,191 554,881 542,986 556,951 19,718 18,818 16,986 16,810 3.6 3.4 3.1 3.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

93,649 95,982 94,015 97,087 3,524 3,355 2,926 3,012 3.8 3.5 3.1 3.1

Decatur

69,799 71,836 69,748 72,138 2,703 2,425 2,298 2,169 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.0

Dothan

62,717 63,597 62,680 63,854 2,583 2,469 2,234 2,214 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,475 65,790 65,369 66,157 2,857 2,708 2,486 2,486 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.8

Gadsden

43,389 44,027 42,951 44,186 1,835 1,797 1,564 1,596 4.2 4.1 3.6 3.6

Huntsville

221,872 226,625 222,136 227,516 7,929 7,409 6,740 6,585 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.9

Mobile

187,568 189,731 187,444 191,192 9,131 8,591 7,891 7,992 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.2

Montgomery

172,523 174,421 172,608 175,719 6,890 6,422 5,919 5,850 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3

Tuscaloosa

115,007 118,404 114,731 118,761 4,441 4,144 3,708 3,637 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.1

Alaska

354,154 350,049 352,637 346,993 25,937 25,221 24,373 22,264 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.4

Anchorage

199,336 196,463 198,772 195,540 13,185 12,464 12,482 10,989 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.6

Fairbanks

45,821 44,866 45,755 44,528 2,918 2,893 2,866 2,591 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.8

Arizona

3,410,192 3,507,158 3,399,739 3,485,577 158,452 159,901 152,324 148,595 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.3

Flagstaff

75,840 76,726 76,217 76,510 4,188 4,361 3,764 3,656 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

84,262 86,297 84,555 86,672 4,798 4,879 4,557 4,553 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,386,454 2,461,718 2,380,015 2,451,610 98,300 100,282 93,238 91,755 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.7

Prescott

104,534 106,350 104,903 105,621 4,553 4,632 4,332 4,358 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.1

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,612 50,388 49,328 49,421 2,765 2,861 2,615 2,683 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.4

Tucson

484,504 494,834 483,773 491,584 21,133 21,602 20,141 19,885 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.0

Yuma

95,093 98,603 92,642 94,604 12,973 11,973 14,862 13,539 13.6 12.1 16.0 14.3

Arkansas

1,348,676 1,357,713 1,349,698 1,359,450 51,025 46,681 45,257 39,179 3.8 3.4 3.4 2.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

274,666 279,019 275,462 279,104 7,630 6,843 6,897 5,695 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.0

Fort Smith

119,860 118,191 120,290 118,592 4,813 4,101 4,395 3,433 4.0 3.5 3.7 2.9

Hot Springs

41,123 41,314 41,230 41,627 1,692 1,481 1,459 1,206 4.1 3.6 3.5 2.9

Jonesboro

64,100 64,538 63,951 64,834 2,073 1,807 1,825 1,502 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

353,085 356,584 353,718 356,049 12,335 11,069 11,104 9,350 3.5 3.1 3.1 2.6

Pine Bluff

35,362 35,277 35,249 35,173 1,815 1,761 1,594 1,515 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.3

California

19,328,608 19,511,569 19,271,108 19,241,327 859,783 900,522 775,890 741,851 4.4 4.6 4.0 3.9

Bakersfield

377,314 388,233 383,510 385,470 37,740 38,927 32,868 32,241 10.0 10.0 8.6 8.4

Chico

102,802 104,297 102,804 102,742 5,617 6,480 4,990 5,118 5.5 6.2 4.9 5.0

El Centro

70,203 70,134 68,873 67,381 11,530 12,361 10,676 10,907 16.4 17.6 15.5 16.2

Fresno

447,145 460,371 445,860 454,332 40,613 42,789 35,274 34,817 9.1 9.3 7.9 7.7

Hanford-Corcoran

57,582 58,783 57,811 57,840 5,514 6,070 4,799 4,815 9.6 10.3 8.3 8.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,758,321 6,751,777 6,729,185 6,661,500 278,128 280,001 262,078 244,597 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.7

Madera

61,584 62,651 60,212 60,479 5,221 5,578 4,653 4,577 8.5 8.9 7.7 7.6

Merced

116,385 117,655 115,462 115,014 12,362 12,813 10,554 10,316 10.6 10.9 9.1 9.0

Modesto

243,286 244,072 243,228 239,903 17,940 18,198 15,936 15,262 7.4 7.5 6.6 6.4

Napa

73,810 74,448 74,146 74,041 2,382 2,575 2,137 1,997 3.2 3.5 2.9 2.7

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

426,571 428,766 426,909 424,996 16,259 17,250 14,543 13,580 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.2

Redding

74,095 73,943 73,486 72,962 4,375 4,548 3,738 3,578 5.9 6.2 5.1 4.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,048,836 2,068,458 2,035,553 2,033,067 87,812 92,647 79,645 75,182 4.3 4.5 3.9 3.7

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,087,676 1,112,862 1,084,364 1,094,396 43,491 47,244 38,645 37,855 4.0 4.2 3.6 3.5

Salinas

217,515 221,845 227,351 228,553 20,856 22,507 15,673 15,997 9.6 10.1 6.9 7.0

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,587,029 1,600,342 1,579,671 1,574,767 53,335 58,210 48,507 46,648 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,570,413 2,619,686 2,558,098 2,579,607 72,265 77,758 65,367 61,936 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.4

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,072,857 1,094,177 1,068,765 1,078,765 30,357 32,406 27,383 25,676 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

141,225 142,121 141,229 140,913 4,321 4,674 3,908 3,716 3.1 3.3 2.8 2.6

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

141,908 143,559 141,955 142,118 9,348 9,895 8,051 7,834 6.6 6.9 5.7 5.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

215,610 220,387 216,471 217,465 9,975 10,716 8,093 7,556 4.6 4.9 3.7 3.5

Santa Rosa

260,419 261,323 260,614 259,202 7,676 8,418 6,935 6,614 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.6

Stockton-Lodi

324,999 327,246 323,478 321,899 22,484 23,661 19,677 19,324 6.9 7.2 6.1 6.0

Vallejo-Fairfield

208,932 209,283 208,872 206,875 8,791 9,467 7,851 7,580 4.2 4.5 3.8 3.7

Visalia-Porterville

202,208 208,841 205,665 208,425 23,655 25,243 20,235 20,481 11.7 12.1 9.8 9.8

Yuba City

74,158 75,693 73,791 74,364 6,688 7,122 5,645 5,702 9.0 9.4 7.6 7.7

Colorado

3,056,824 3,123,249 3,060,983 3,119,568 94,901 93,926 88,754 85,699 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.7

Boulder

192,324 198,421 192,725 197,277 5,132 4,945 4,874 4,631 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.3

Colorado Springs

345,397 353,732 345,484 352,082 12,728 12,604 11,963 11,489 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,626,544 1,657,840 1,630,067 1,650,975 48,214 47,932 45,463 44,106 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7

Fort Collins

198,473 205,261 200,487 206,516 5,296 5,302 4,921 4,836 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3

Grand Junction

75,227 77,131 75,456 77,364 3,153 2,903 2,765 2,539 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.3

Greeley

161,962 166,642 163,365 167,902 4,677 4,613 4,328 4,219 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5

Pueblo

75,783 75,814 75,444 75,845 3,514 3,393 3,285 3,104 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.1

Connecticut

1,887,096 1,904,314 1,883,037 1,888,171 88,048 79,422 77,951 61,738 4.7 4.2 4.1 3.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

461,297 463,732 460,640 461,287 21,117 19,152 19,173 14,712 4.6 4.1 4.2 3.2

Danbury

105,408 106,426 105,082 105,373 4,162 3,898 3,570 2,807 3.9 3.7 3.4 2.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

621,585 628,618 619,082 621,254 29,056 26,123 26,135 21,025 4.7 4.2 4.2 3.4

New Haven

322,858 326,124 323,592 324,377 14,626 13,040 12,681 10,096 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,924 141,737 140,512 140,292 6,516 5,773 5,614 4,416 4.6 4.1 4.0 3.1

Waterbury

111,612 112,653 110,722 110,981 6,596 5,882 5,621 4,506 5.9 5.2 5.1 4.1

Delaware

481,405 488,474 481,894 489,417 19,505 15,850 18,052 14,849 4.1 3.2 3.7 3.0

Dover

78,786 79,516 78,342 79,504 3,481 2,760 3,208 2,570 4.4 3.5 4.1 3.2

Salisbury(1)

186,278 189,620 187,267 189,781 10,629 9,499 9,201 8,374 5.7 5.0 4.9 4.4

District of Columbia

406,065 410,240 405,784 412,711 23,191 22,797 20,934 20,964 5.7 5.6 5.2 5.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,393,699 3,422,907 3,384,044 3,414,123 117,932 113,236 103,837 97,483 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9

Florida

10,202,284 10,313,367 10,189,508 10,266,145 373,111 338,212 349,665 300,642 3.7 3.3 3.4 2.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

345,524 351,902 342,302 348,504 11,602 11,029 10,943 9,837 3.4 3.1 3.2 2.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

126,401 127,729 126,637 127,240 3,869 3,582 3,619 3,158 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.5

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

300,559 301,984 298,912 300,127 11,640 10,703 10,814 9,540 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.2

Gainesville

144,623 144,445 145,185 144,734 4,835 4,415 4,567 3,871 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.7

Homosassa Springs

47,857 48,061 47,689 47,694 2,493 2,339 2,308 2,073 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.3

Jacksonville

769,616 767,988 765,968 765,157 26,480 24,489 24,878 21,621 3.4 3.2 3.2 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

295,794 300,538 296,424 298,038 12,229 11,105 11,459 9,876 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,135,419 3,183,058 3,147,500 3,184,458 120,051 103,972 112,487 92,809 3.8 3.3 3.6 2.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

181,126 182,106 179,632 180,562 5,890 5,366 5,481 4,766 3.3 2.9 3.1 2.6

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

368,561 366,680 365,909 365,250 12,320 11,599 11,614 10,326 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.8

Ocala

135,102 136,687 135,295 136,165 5,916 5,384 5,578 4,797 4.4 3.9 4.1 3.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,325,772 1,352,954 1,322,754 1,344,025 44,407 40,750 41,744 36,280 3.3 3.0 3.2 2.7

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

274,815 280,197 273,184 277,968 10,013 9,236 9,375 8,278 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.0

Panama City

94,298 92,890 94,985 92,345 3,431 4,057 3,157 3,395 3.6 4.4 3.3 3.7

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

223,619 225,015 224,350 225,512 7,959 7,225 7,434 6,368 3.6 3.2 3.3 2.8

Port St. Lucie

216,588 219,425 215,631 218,729 8,941 8,021 8,357 7,175 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.3

Punta Gorda

71,926 72,704 70,851 71,850 2,811 2,696 2,660 2,399 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.3

Sebastian-Vero Beach

65,353 66,479 64,870 65,498 2,756 2,477 2,579 2,230 4.2 3.7 4.0 3.4

Sebring

37,657 36,946 37,206 36,292 1,746 1,633 1,601 1,452 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.0

Tallahassee

192,859 196,048 193,448 194,681 6,746 6,155 6,358 5,454 3.5 3.1 3.3 2.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,524,962 1,534,288 1,518,408 1,518,558 54,100 50,096 50,705 44,443 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.9

The Villages

31,336 31,745 31,052 31,505 1,622 1,568 1,517 1,393 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4

Georgia

5,121,497 5,110,809 5,095,818 5,064,366 207,451 188,277 189,471 158,978 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.1

Albany

67,773 67,261 67,013 66,327 3,153 2,925 2,924 2,470 4.7 4.3 4.4 3.7

Athens-Clarke County

102,047 101,202 101,313 100,065 3,826 3,575 3,522 2,926 3.7 3.5 3.5 2.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,079,660 3,075,899 3,064,608 3,042,371 120,593 109,338 110,755 92,002 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.0

Augusta-Richmond County

269,574 270,442 272,203 273,282 11,360 10,540 9,884 9,119 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.3

Brunswick

53,684 53,522 54,048 53,540 2,145 1,945 1,890 1,628 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.0

Columbus

126,245 124,397 125,168 123,367 5,976 5,405 5,455 4,669 4.7 4.3 4.4 3.8

Dalton

61,088 61,687 60,743 61,096 3,207 2,817 2,677 2,458 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.0

Gainesville

101,902 103,438 100,854 102,962 3,300 3,105 2,974 2,614 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.5

Hinesville

34,208 33,964 33,720 33,677 1,530 1,315 1,376 1,113 4.5 3.9 4.1 3.3

Macon-Bibb County

105,535 104,345 104,830 103,055 4,656 4,197 4,257 3,525 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.4

Rome

44,643 44,487 44,302 44,175 1,868 1,740 1,709 1,428 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.2

Savannah

191,648 187,964 188,623 186,545 7,023 6,578 6,402 5,450 3.7 3.5 3.4 2.9

Valdosta

64,755 65,112 64,171 64,234 2,624 2,424 2,414 1,999 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.1

Warner Robins

86,394 86,356 86,285 86,051 3,524 3,201 3,217 2,735 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.2

Hawaii

681,464 668,996 680,601 665,534 15,063 19,192 14,689 18,734 2.2 2.9 2.2 2.8

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

86,284 84,674 85,939 84,650 1,889 2,430 1,884 2,354 2.2 2.9 2.2 2.8

Urban Honolulu

468,027 460,707 466,780 457,290 10,063 12,420 9,814 12,044 2.2 2.7 2.1 2.6

Idaho

848,084 867,630 849,330 869,139 30,213 29,620 25,634 23,724 3.6 3.4 3.0 2.7

Boise City

358,938 369,759 358,046 369,351 11,406 10,906 9,787 9,021 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.4

Coeur d'Alene

76,739 78,525 76,900 78,545 3,569 3,761 2,817 2,632 4.7 4.8 3.7 3.4

Idaho Falls

69,076 71,228 69,295 71,655 2,115 1,909 1,764 1,474 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.1

Lewiston

31,275 31,368 31,173 31,251 1,191 1,285 1,028 1,045 3.8 4.1 3.3 3.3

Pocatello

41,818 42,645 42,055 42,715 1,330 1,256 1,183 1,057 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.5

Twin Falls

52,391 52,864 52,368 52,893 1,659 1,643 1,410 1,306 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.5

Illinois

6,467,723 6,470,215 6,436,374 6,479,752 281,008 289,793 245,015 259,434 4.3 4.5 3.8 4.0

Bloomington

97,153 95,192 97,101 95,686 4,066 4,643 3,418 3,873 4.2 4.9 3.5 4.0

Carbondale-Marion

60,432 61,327 60,688 61,462 2,988 3,144 2,545 2,574 4.9 5.1 4.2 4.2

Champaign-Urbana

122,925 121,963 123,782 122,745 5,128 5,850 4,509 5,074 4.2 4.8 3.6 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,868,194 4,887,720 4,837,182 4,886,059 200,658 201,086 177,546 183,234 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.8

Danville

34,270 33,292 34,010 33,396 2,170 2,101 1,843 1,776 6.3 6.3 5.4 5.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,324 194,034 191,307 194,499 8,549 9,489 7,218 7,648 4.5 4.9 3.8 3.9

Decatur

49,850 49,647 49,781 49,802 2,795 3,116 2,416 2,722 5.6 6.3 4.9 5.5

Kankakee

55,696 55,935 55,698 55,797 3,256 3,652 2,693 2,934 5.8 6.5 4.8 5.3

Peoria

178,907 180,353 178,900 180,848 9,748 10,695 8,168 8,746 5.4 5.9 4.6 4.8

Rockford

167,420 167,880 166,049 168,160 9,156 11,088 7,718 9,051 5.5 6.6 4.6 5.4

Springfield

111,504 110,649 111,322 111,478 4,830 5,601 4,003 4,639 4.3 5.1 3.6 4.2

Indiana

3,365,497 3,418,659 3,378,799 3,406,916 118,892 134,395 104,620 103,976 3.5 3.9 3.1 3.1

Bloomington

80,065 80,754 80,694 80,786 2,922 3,147 2,529 2,340 3.6 3.9 3.1 2.9

Columbus

44,897 46,392 45,115 46,099 1,210 1,339 1,049 979 2.7 2.9 2.3 2.1

Elkhart-Goshen

115,873 117,483 116,332 117,259 2,758 3,740 2,459 3,023 2.4 3.2 2.1 2.6

Evansville

163,264 166,651 163,649 165,273 5,282 5,782 4,754 4,561 3.2 3.5 2.9 2.8

Fort Wayne

214,721 219,421 215,882 219,573 6,777 7,529 6,027 5,779 3.2 3.4 2.8 2.6

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,054,890 1,072,502 1,057,547 1,067,284 34,670 37,286 31,266 29,466 3.3 3.5 3.0 2.8

Kokomo

37,102 38,232 37,538 39,502 1,364 1,663 1,267 2,686 3.7 4.3 3.4 6.8

Lafayette-West Lafayette

112,288 111,997 114,247 112,658 3,637 3,797 3,208 2,881 3.2 3.4 2.8 2.6

Michigan City-La Porte

47,879 48,047 48,100 47,611 2,358 2,731 1,978 1,937 4.9 5.7 4.1 4.1

Muncie

54,467 55,062 54,838 54,855 2,256 2,428 1,954 1,871 4.1 4.4 3.6 3.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

161,256 163,718 162,155 163,616 6,099 6,769 5,265 5,298 3.8 4.1 3.2 3.2

Terre Haute

77,211 78,003 77,463 77,569 3,457 3,989 2,965 3,035 4.5 5.1 3.8 3.9

Iowa

1,677,530 1,714,665 1,682,952 1,715,701 50,720 47,543 42,946 36,516 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.1

Ames

58,525 60,391 59,015 60,614 994 892 895 772 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.3

Cedar Rapids

143,643 144,769 143,646 145,468 4,715 4,217 4,022 3,239 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

350,939 362,685 352,857 365,255 10,107 10,038 8,290 7,855 2.9 2.8 2.3 2.2

Dubuque

55,184 56,746 55,177 56,751 1,675 1,582 1,367 1,133 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.0

Iowa City

98,345 98,597 98,530 98,805 2,117 1,842 1,909 1,529 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.5

Sioux City

90,828 93,930 90,745 94,089 2,807 2,669 2,345 2,073 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

89,537 91,175 89,843 91,315 2,834 2,492 2,406 2,080 3.2 2.7 2.7 2.3

Kansas

1,473,071 1,472,488 1,473,239 1,466,206 51,611 53,815 46,233 44,919 3.5 3.7 3.1 3.1

Lawrence

65,981 65,830 66,380 66,068 2,091 2,141 1,906 1,808 3.2 3.3 2.9 2.7

Manhattan

48,433 48,381 49,021 48,631 1,388 1,511 1,284 1,279 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.6

Topeka

119,383 120,632 119,725 119,694 4,182 4,744 3,762 3,668 3.5 3.9 3.1 3.1

Wichita

307,363 310,401 308,911 309,960 11,966 12,031 10,749 10,278 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.3

Kentucky

2,068,027 2,078,153 2,066,323 2,068,545 97,165 93,117 83,845 79,721 4.7 4.5 4.1 3.9

Bowling Green

83,883 84,996 84,141 84,860 3,501 3,548 2,958 2,912 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

67,617 68,233 67,567 67,994 3,033 3,002 2,607 2,547 4.5 4.4 3.9 3.7

Lexington-Fayette

270,803 272,330 272,321 274,419 10,031 9,830 8,757 8,318 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

671,165 678,055 670,631 673,632 26,690 27,173 23,606 23,812 4.0 4.0 3.5 3.5

Owensboro

56,496 56,193 56,742 56,100 2,536 2,296 2,176 1,957 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5

Louisiana

2,104,316 2,090,703 2,106,197 2,088,589 96,908 80,404 94,368 72,754 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.5

Alexandria

63,651 62,547 63,600 62,458 3,221 2,621 3,069 2,330 5.1 4.2 4.8 3.7

Baton Rouge

421,271 417,275 419,733 415,987 16,980 14,318 16,601 12,994 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.1

Hammond

54,124 53,943 54,231 53,922 2,739 2,334 2,699 2,097 5.1 4.3 5.0 3.9

Houma-Thibodaux

88,442 85,656 88,691 85,037 4,128 3,252 4,055 2,928 4.7 3.8 4.6 3.4

Lafayette

212,230 211,762 212,771 211,372 10,247 8,033 9,805 7,287 4.8 3.8 4.6 3.4

Lake Charles

114,408 113,365 113,913 113,584 4,081 3,491 4,023 3,171 3.6 3.1 3.5 2.8

Monroe

79,697 79,223 79,574 78,551 3,974 3,500 3,832 3,151 5.0 4.4 4.8 4.0

New Orleans-Metairie

591,946 594,591 595,069 597,657 25,609 21,219 25,215 19,348 4.3 3.6 4.2 3.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

187,519 184,297 187,986 183,678 9,230 7,605 8,938 6,962 4.9 4.1 4.8 3.8

Maine

691,740 687,474 693,112 686,235 27,137 26,282 24,502 23,813 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.5

Bangor

70,788 70,744 71,603 71,220 2,763 2,668 2,480 2,421 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.4

Lewiston-Auburn

55,645 55,791 55,922 55,990 2,033 2,044 1,824 1,811 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.2

Portland-South Portland

205,499 205,114 206,854 205,256 6,358 6,234 5,763 5,609 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7

Maryland

3,191,821 3,206,056 3,179,675 3,195,219 132,160 124,008 117,152 107,642 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,487,533 1,501,570 1,484,293 1,499,499 62,171 58,076 55,658 51,069 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.4

California-Lexington Park

55,375 55,652 55,130 55,136 2,218 2,042 1,917 1,646 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.0

Cumberland

44,433 44,541 44,182 44,531 2,718 2,417 2,432 1,985 6.1 5.4 5.5 4.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

130,484 131,699 130,697 131,916 6,180 5,519 5,518 4,481 4.7 4.2 4.2 3.4

Massachusetts

3,775,360 3,833,122 3,777,446 3,813,819 141,652 119,552 123,249 99,503 3.8 3.1 3.3 2.6

Barnstable Town

119,737 121,901 122,485 123,581 6,897 5,977 5,150 4,367 5.8 4.9 4.2 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,796,606 2,839,936 2,796,245 2,825,221 92,321 78,108 81,822 66,586 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.4

Leominster-Gardner

80,983 83,119 81,153 82,529 3,580 3,094 3,119 2,561 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.1

New Bedford

85,979 87,224 85,472 86,528 5,319 4,243 4,297 3,289 6.2 4.9 5.0 3.8

Pittsfield

43,112 43,206 42,656 42,568 2,194 1,819 1,899 1,519 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.6

Springfield

378,214 387,096 379,252 386,627 17,254 14,754 15,175 12,296 4.6 3.8 4.0 3.2

Worcester

362,974 364,406 361,222 360,626 14,463 12,635 12,766 10,433 4.0 3.5 3.5 2.9

Michigan

4,899,905 4,950,462 4,865,880 4,928,273 222,478 219,358 180,285 183,646 4.5 4.4 3.7 3.7

Ann Arbor

196,755 197,632 195,976 198,227 5,674 5,982 5,062 5,014 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.5

Battle Creek

63,164 63,424 62,867 63,271 2,974 2,812 2,519 2,343 4.7 4.4 4.0 3.7

Bay City

50,537 50,204 50,256 50,279 2,933 2,679 2,391 2,150 5.8 5.3 4.8 4.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,123,735 2,155,752 2,100,974 2,133,913 93,515 95,799 73,832 83,850 4.4 4.4 3.5 3.9

Flint

182,495 184,053 181,205 184,562 9,986 9,542 8,275 7,920 5.5 5.2 4.6 4.3

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

580,773 587,849 580,359 587,687 18,943 18,699 15,835 14,899 3.3 3.2 2.7 2.5

Jackson

74,965 75,201 74,703 75,631 3,207 3,096 2,690 2,507 4.3 4.1 3.6 3.3

Kalamazoo-Portage

169,148 170,930 168,749 171,041 7,028 6,662 5,711 5,255 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.1

Lansing-East Lansing

251,304 250,792 251,472 252,515 9,238 9,019 8,056 7,350 3.7 3.6 3.2 2.9

Midland

40,754 40,438 40,895 40,614 1,955 1,754 1,601 1,392 4.8 4.3 3.9 3.4

Monroe

75,757 76,563 75,435 76,767 3,047 3,143 2,576 2,724 4.0 4.1 3.4 3.5

Muskegon

77,855 78,338 77,850 78,542 3,997 3,575 3,326 2,904 5.1 4.6 4.3 3.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,472 73,272 73,090 73,975 3,602 3,309 2,910 2,628 4.9 4.5 4.0 3.6

Saginaw

87,257 87,416 86,388 87,010 4,778 4,592 3,923 3,718 5.5 5.3 4.5 4.3

Minnesota

3,056,957 3,089,665 3,060,343 3,086,223 111,160 127,457 92,774 98,830 3.6 4.1 3.0 3.2

Duluth

143,937 144,208 144,107 144,193 6,801 7,120 5,875 5,829 4.7 4.9 4.1 4.0

Mankato-North Mankato

61,357 61,854 61,405 62,140 1,798 2,081 1,479 1,617 2.9 3.4 2.4 2.6

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,989,780 2,011,727 1,993,534 2,004,340 62,764 72,251 53,331 56,608 3.2 3.6 2.7 2.8

Rochester

122,916 125,236 122,809 124,983 3,943 4,568 3,215 3,410 3.2 3.6 2.6 2.7

St. Cloud

111,653 114,053 111,784 114,309 4,491 5,114 3,647 3,815 4.0 4.5 3.3 3.3

Mississippi

1,276,084 1,260,142 1,275,083 1,265,933 59,249 60,860 55,168 58,812 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.6

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

164,347 162,448 164,608 161,966 7,908 7,985 7,363 7,726 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.8

Hattiesburg

68,430 69,190 68,154 69,542 2,772 2,923 2,651 2,850 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.1

Jackson

270,110 267,226 269,699 268,838 10,998 11,446 10,277 11,212 4.1 4.3 3.8 4.2

Missouri

3,055,283 3,041,341 3,058,829 3,037,557 113,538 117,837 90,686 88,564 3.7 3.9 3.0 2.9

Cape Girardeau

47,609 47,780 47,758 47,618 1,710 1,701 1,375 1,309 3.6 3.6 2.9 2.7

Columbia

98,048 97,158 98,265 96,937 2,472 2,718 2,007 2,013 2.5 2.8 2.0 2.1

Jefferson City

73,953 72,452 73,860 72,367 2,268 2,359 1,814 1,690 3.1 3.3 2.5 2.3

Joplin

84,253 84,387 84,143 83,480 2,652 2,934 2,218 2,241 3.1 3.5 2.6 2.7

Kansas City

1,126,493 1,126,079 1,129,888 1,127,955 41,219 42,798 34,916 33,721 3.7 3.8 3.1 3.0

St. Joseph

63,618 62,973 63,470 63,163 2,247 2,368 1,763 1,818 3.5 3.8 2.8 2.9

St. Louis(2)

1,456,706 1,456,317 1,455,660 1,457,266 55,409 58,107 45,187 45,968 3.8 4.0 3.1 3.2

Springfield

229,973 233,270 230,845 231,220 7,363 7,583 5,732 5,669 3.2 3.3 2.5 2.5

Montana

523,623 526,999 524,335 526,638 23,092 21,890 18,878 16,910 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.2

Billings

86,948 87,274 88,031 87,498 3,349 3,264 2,666 2,461 3.9 3.7 3.0 2.8

Great Falls

37,854 38,334 37,868 38,233 1,594 1,522 1,231 1,125 4.2 4.0 3.3 2.9

Missoula

63,064 64,026 63,261 64,193 2,519 2,444 1,934 1,855 4.0 3.8 3.1 2.9

Nebraska

1,014,563 1,031,710 1,018,547 1,035,241 30,993 33,498 28,192 30,373 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.9

Grand Island

43,638 44,035 43,610 43,964 1,381 1,503 1,271 1,306 3.2 3.4 2.9 3.0

Lincoln

181,917 183,476 182,102 183,979 4,871 5,370 4,572 4,965 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

482,495 492,754 483,980 495,155 15,350 16,282 13,834 14,403 3.2 3.3 2.9 2.9

Nevada

1,485,939 1,516,791 1,486,528 1,519,312 70,413 55,819 67,491 54,355 4.7 3.7 4.5 3.6

Carson City

25,548 26,117 25,636 26,180 1,406 1,062 1,283 938 5.5 4.1 5.0 3.6

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,086,932 1,105,946 1,088,323 1,108,373 53,483 41,736 51,894 41,368 4.9 3.8 4.8 3.7

Reno

246,700 260,083 248,844 261,131 9,821 8,197 9,059 7,533 4.0 3.2 3.6 2.9

New Hampshire

759,912 766,652 754,612 763,997 23,363 21,794 19,665 18,911 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5

Dover-Durham

85,421 85,954 85,163 85,879 2,448 2,303 2,010 1,971 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.3

Manchester

120,105 122,165 119,563 121,738 3,442 3,217 2,927 2,795 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.3

Portsmouth

75,748 76,276 76,072 76,787 2,153 1,975 1,834 1,760 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.3

New Jersey

4,413,614 4,450,721 4,398,322 4,401,385 202,742 182,249 174,898 129,476 4.6 4.1 4.0 2.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

115,541 120,635 115,681 118,965 8,288 7,233 6,922 5,120 7.2 6.0 6.0 4.3

Ocean City

40,768 41,960 41,632 43,483 5,442 4,800 4,224 3,170 13.3 11.4 10.1 7.3

Trenton

194,433 199,431 196,336 199,181 7,759 7,012 6,667 5,025 4.0 3.5 3.4 2.5

Vineland-Bridgeton

64,629 64,642 64,793 64,918 4,959 4,266 4,166 2,985 7.7 6.6 6.4 4.6

New Mexico

932,495 950,027 931,907 950,986 44,916 43,670 41,284 41,167 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3

Albuquerque

427,054 434,734 427,050 435,071 19,002 18,392 17,585 17,471 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0

Farmington

52,634 52,620 52,294 52,816 2,894 2,770 2,656 2,521 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8

Las Cruces

96,544 98,033 96,384 98,159 5,674 5,609 5,170 5,199 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.3

Santa Fe

72,344 73,797 72,676 73,994 2,896 2,734 2,702 2,668 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.6

New York

9,554,320 9,591,302 9,514,505 9,543,460 436,236 393,420 383,604 340,281 4.6 4.1 4.0 3.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

446,771 453,963 446,424 450,723 19,335 16,869 16,952 14,443 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.2

Binghamton

107,107 107,440 106,982 106,733 6,099 5,207 5,195 4,314 5.7 4.8 4.9 4.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

539,279 541,657 535,592 539,922 29,092 24,160 25,054 20,505 5.4 4.5 4.7 3.8

Elmira

35,314 35,243 35,055 34,917 1,924 1,500 1,665 1,318 5.4 4.3 4.7 3.8

Glens Falls

58,167 59,004 57,847 58,344 3,384 2,989 2,774 2,466 5.8 5.1 4.8 4.2

Ithaca

50,459 51,552 51,019 51,866 1,956 1,758 1,812 1,567 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.0

Kingston

87,657 89,211 87,768 89,162 3,864 3,335 3,338 2,824 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,933,424 9,972,887 9,892,429 9,892,735 428,187 392,811 377,538 322,307 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.3

Rochester

519,908 522,173 518,842 521,950 25,488 21,853 22,386 18,920 4.9 4.2 4.3 3.6

Syracuse

303,758 309,112 303,108 309,224 15,502 13,516 13,354 11,424 5.1 4.4 4.4 3.7

Utica-Rome

129,121 128,928 128,559 128,442 6,991 6,036 6,054 5,089 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

44,132 43,850 43,763 43,479 3,263 2,745 2,659 2,302 7.4 6.3 6.1 5.3

North Carolina

4,987,008 5,065,791 4,975,010 5,064,845 201,085 206,458 180,237 179,910 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.6

Asheville

232,815 239,195 232,441 240,922 7,587 8,041 6,685 6,843 3.3 3.4 2.9 2.8

Burlington

81,065 81,727 80,391 81,237 3,017 3,213 2,713 2,799 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,329,109 1,366,225 1,324,448 1,364,618 50,285 51,155 44,688 45,169 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

299,165 303,930 298,955 303,724 10,591 11,102 9,493 9,639 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.2

Fayetteville

148,884 150,908 148,122 150,731 7,599 7,884 6,893 6,919 5.1 5.2 4.7 4.6

Goldsboro

53,187 53,114 52,778 53,131 2,370 2,339 2,139 2,060 4.5 4.4 4.1 3.9

Greensboro-High Point

369,754 371,523 367,738 371,974 15,543 15,753 13,982 13,734 4.2 4.2 3.8 3.7

Greenville

90,694 91,375 90,433 90,434 3,820 3,930 3,518 3,377 4.2 4.3 3.9 3.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

174,029 176,371 173,107 176,174 6,372 6,888 5,663 5,934 3.7 3.9 3.3 3.4

Jacksonville

65,089 65,187 64,980 65,259 3,058 3,191 2,705 2,782 4.7 4.9 4.2 4.3

New Bern

51,342 51,735 51,120 51,699 2,151 2,255 1,907 1,945 4.2 4.4 3.7 3.8

Raleigh

710,826 723,623 709,808 723,183 25,152 26,228 22,523 22,767 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.1

Rocky Mount

65,720 65,168 64,678 64,877 3,792 3,468 3,635 3,201 5.8 5.3 5.6 4.9

Wilmington

148,715 151,619 149,514 152,407 5,621 5,907 5,003 5,104 3.8 3.9 3.3 3.3

Winston-Salem

327,018 334,022 326,113 331,584 12,556 12,818 11,190 11,110 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.4

North Dakota

402,467 403,356 403,296 403,573 13,573 12,074 11,728 10,151 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.5

Bismarck

67,809 67,966 67,489 67,885 2,538 2,326 2,156 1,798 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.6

Fargo

137,189 137,323 137,065 137,391 4,354 4,180 3,725 3,400 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5

Grand Forks

55,486 54,916 55,235 54,635 1,851 1,800 1,593 1,540 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.8

Ohio

5,739,578 5,809,996 5,738,955 5,793,216 269,295 241,000 244,928 192,283 4.7 4.1 4.3 3.3

Akron

357,793 361,675 356,463 357,639 17,708 15,658 15,776 12,107 4.9 4.3 4.4 3.4

Canton-Massillon

199,998 200,975 199,035 199,694 10,920 9,489 9,777 7,286 5.5 4.7 4.9 3.6

Cincinnati

1,108,321 1,132,826 1,108,437 1,130,062 44,495 40,628 40,596 32,783 4.0 3.6 3.7 2.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,025,785 1,035,755 1,039,978 1,044,152 53,346 45,864 49,424 39,540 5.2 4.4 4.8 3.8

Columbus

1,071,327 1,093,671 1,070,393 1,086,915 40,952 37,119 38,145 29,864 3.8 3.4 3.6 2.7

Dayton

386,590 388,678 385,080 386,785 16,418 14,840 15,286 12,013 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.1

Lima

47,891 48,286 47,591 47,945 2,181 1,870 2,007 1,452 4.6 3.9 4.2 3.0

Mansfield

52,854 53,468 52,491 53,181 2,746 2,381 2,457 1,827 5.2 4.5 4.7 3.4

Springfield

63,075 63,830 62,866 63,379 2,774 2,596 2,592 2,029 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.2

Toledo

301,883 303,391 301,570 301,315 14,549 13,160 13,217 10,385 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.4

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

49,952 49,919 50,197 49,821 3,446 2,850 3,077 2,241 6.9 5.7 6.1 4.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

242,014 240,431 241,199 237,919 14,463 14,200 12,682 11,324 6.0 5.9 5.3 4.8

Oklahoma

1,847,864 1,824,859 1,839,219 1,816,659 68,196 59,106 60,882 49,873 3.7 3.2 3.3 2.7

Enid

27,499 26,821 27,207 26,553 922 834 817 679 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.6

Lawton

51,615 50,950 51,393 50,534 2,075 1,835 1,907 1,504 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.0

Oklahoma City

681,044 677,129 680,572 676,883 23,273 20,518 20,728 17,391 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.6

Tulsa

482,539 475,081 478,594 472,555 18,177 15,530 16,306 13,212 3.8 3.3 3.4 2.8

Oregon

2,092,084 2,113,625 2,089,666 2,106,225 94,516 97,225 83,001 83,058 4.5 4.6 4.0 3.9

Albany

58,425 58,943 58,387 58,974 2,978 3,031 2,631 2,681 5.1 5.1 4.5 4.5

Bend-Redmond

94,101 96,393 94,434 95,837 4,538 5,090 3,815 3,869 4.8 5.3 4.0 4.0

Corvallis

48,796 48,968 48,734 49,047 1,584 1,698 1,322 1,410 3.2 3.5 2.7 2.9

Eugene

182,545 182,362 181,891 182,329 8,754 8,970 7,738 7,824 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.3

Grants Pass

35,539 36,166 35,646 36,087 2,230 2,233 1,907 1,888 6.3 6.2 5.3 5.2

Medford

104,183 105,440 104,202 105,282 5,593 5,732 4,847 4,956 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.7

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,307,443 1,328,577 1,302,206 1,321,473 54,323 55,519 48,793 49,475 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.7

Salem

198,954 201,866 199,027 200,940 9,278 9,662 8,208 8,464 4.7 4.8 4.1 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,376,939 6,452,006 6,378,250 6,420,621 288,596 250,935 252,656 204,638 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

433,246 436,888 433,371 434,951 20,658 18,210 18,281 14,725 4.8 4.2 4.2 3.4

Altoona

58,990 59,983 59,178 59,454 2,539 2,310 2,250 1,831 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,794 42,508 42,560 42,386 2,125 1,771 1,701 1,399 5.0 4.2 4.0 3.3

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

75,941 77,999 75,461 77,498 2,988 2,599 2,563 2,125 3.9 3.3 3.4 2.7

East Stroudsburg

81,427 82,218 80,960 81,271 4,715 3,983 4,089 3,348 5.8 4.8 5.1 4.1

Erie

128,865 129,208 128,388 128,251 6,825 5,493 5,835 4,334 5.3 4.3 4.5 3.4

Gettysburg

54,939 55,147 54,711 55,026 1,808 1,539 1,568 1,248 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.3

Harrisburg-Carlisle

293,066 293,699 294,402 295,360 10,932 9,394 9,884 7,882 3.7 3.2 3.4 2.7

Johnstown

58,400 58,782 58,120 58,200 3,142 2,761 2,680 2,120 5.4 4.7 4.6 3.6

Lancaster

277,995 279,828 277,972 280,042 9,354 8,372 8,455 6,893 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.5

Lebanon

70,370 71,149 70,404 71,208 2,682 2,400 2,405 1,963 3.8 3.4 3.4 2.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,067,552 3,116,023 3,068,374 3,099,737 133,934 116,279 120,347 96,496 4.4 3.7 3.9 3.1

Pittsburgh

1,196,991 1,209,097 1,196,798 1,201,239 54,886 47,405 46,985 37,743 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.1

Reading

210,920 213,340 210,446 212,283 9,055 8,173 8,038 6,790 4.3 3.8 3.8 3.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

276,045 276,353 275,969 274,601 14,818 13,571 12,815 10,889 5.4 4.9 4.6 4.0

State College

80,117 82,671 80,212 82,577 2,485 2,241 2,319 1,893 3.1 2.7 2.9 2.3

Williamsport

57,595 56,890 57,217 56,308 3,157 2,674 2,586 2,004 5.5 4.7 4.5 3.6

York-Hanover

232,762 233,901 232,453 232,960 9,041 7,751 8,052 6,389 3.9 3.3 3.5 2.7

Rhode Island

551,741 545,702 550,675 545,577 25,465 20,386 21,010 16,304 4.6 3.7 3.8 3.0

Providence-Warwick

686,273 682,151 684,947 681,362 32,162 26,168 26,532 20,814 4.7 3.8 3.9 3.1

South Carolina

2,312,170 2,367,678 2,305,243 2,373,651 79,655 79,010 62,275 70,179 3.4 3.3 2.7 3.0

Charleston-North Charleston

380,777 389,907 378,073 390,802 11,095 11,254 8,494 9,947 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.5

Columbia

397,712 403,517 394,771 401,661 13,260 12,700 10,446 11,267 3.3 3.1 2.6 2.8

Florence

96,146 98,133 95,289 98,078 3,579 3,499 2,889 3,161 3.7 3.6 3.0 3.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

425,595 432,622 422,328 431,800 13,195 13,169 10,151 11,533 3.1 3.0 2.4 2.7

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

86,439 89,436 87,336 90,579 2,833 2,799 2,133 2,489 3.3 3.1 2.4 2.7

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

193,782 203,043 197,279 206,736 8,902 9,189 7,159 8,011 4.6 4.5 3.6 3.9

Spartanburg

159,723 163,683 159,070 163,314 5,073 4,927 3,943 4,420 3.2 3.0 2.5 2.7

Sumter

44,009 45,046 43,791 45,073 1,824 1,713 1,454 1,541 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.4

South Dakota

456,469 463,142 455,905 462,823 15,809 14,523 14,821 13,461 3.5 3.1 3.3 2.9

Rapid City

72,449 73,753 73,430 74,662 2,637 2,497 2,492 2,272 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.0

Sioux Falls

150,942 155,416 151,404 156,083 4,550 4,223 4,164 3,820 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.4

Tennessee

3,236,419 3,330,614 3,234,211 3,336,603 115,544 110,395 99,827 91,841 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8

Chattanooga

270,886 275,242 269,663 275,665 9,759 9,060 8,586 7,736 3.6 3.3 3.2 2.8

Clarksville

114,692 117,882 114,709 118,236 4,865 4,720 4,210 4,061 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.4

Cleveland

56,736 58,220 56,791 58,425 2,124 2,038 1,849 1,664 3.7 3.5 3.3 2.8

Jackson

63,951 65,671 63,979 65,792 2,481 2,267 2,202 1,932 3.9 3.5 3.4 2.9

Johnson City

92,043 93,749 91,509 93,701 3,513 3,403 2,964 2,863 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,686 140,117 136,770 140,647 5,288 5,180 4,461 4,181 3.8 3.7 3.3 3.0

Knoxville

420,941 435,041 421,759 435,736 14,147 13,672 12,009 11,119 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.6

Memphis

631,969 642,312 630,603 642,837 26,244 25,255 23,863 22,671 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.5

Morristown

51,655 52,889 51,646 52,893 1,993 1,970 1,696 1,669 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,037,411 1,076,862 1,036,508 1,078,784 29,033 27,929 24,999 23,040 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1

Texas

13,818,674 14,058,831 13,817,292 14,000,988 556,082 494,672 507,416 415,823 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.0

Abilene

77,116 77,522 77,584 77,140 2,644 2,450 2,389 1,971 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.6

Amarillo

132,704 133,085 132,765 132,533 3,843 3,601 3,342 2,806 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.1

Austin-Round Rock

1,192,406 1,213,676 1,193,943 1,212,444 36,284 33,121 32,360 27,645 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.3

Beaumont-Port Arthur

175,983 177,193 175,961 175,641 11,411 9,329 10,442 7,946 6.5 5.3 5.9 4.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

167,777 166,886 166,236 164,520 10,679 9,117 10,223 7,767 6.4 5.5 6.1 4.7

College Station-Bryan

134,170 136,986 133,280 135,472 3,982 3,698 3,533 3,005 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.2

Corpus Christi

210,314 210,172 210,109 207,978 11,133 9,267 10,267 7,476 5.3 4.4 4.9 3.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,871,473 3,975,740 3,876,171 3,962,459 141,507 131,266 128,600 110,729 3.7 3.3 3.3 2.8

El Paso

360,702 364,763 360,962 363,329 15,777 14,175 14,553 11,945 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,385,539 3,436,157 3,382,577 3,426,744 152,210 128,634 140,807 110,023 4.5 3.7 4.2 3.2

Killeen-Temple

175,427 178,441 175,861 178,470 7,205 6,749 6,705 5,632 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.2

Laredo

116,428 118,388 116,446 117,732 4,517 4,484 4,108 3,796 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.2

Longview

98,326 97,260 98,215 96,671 4,222 3,666 3,857 3,111 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.2

Lubbock

162,854 164,402 162,711 163,595 5,619 5,106 4,492 3,792 3.5 3.1 2.8 2.3

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

352,540 355,805 351,093 351,678 23,655 20,471 22,353 17,563 6.7 5.8 6.4 5.0

Midland

102,325 106,705 103,795 106,499 2,318 2,219 2,019 1,795 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7

Odessa

83,752 86,625 84,763 86,383 2,443 2,146 2,155 1,764 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.0

San Angelo

55,778 56,173 55,804 56,095 1,801 1,710 1,602 1,403 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,186,087 1,207,919 1,189,573 1,202,820 40,240 37,537 36,324 31,117 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.6

Sherman-Denison

62,920 64,508 63,176 64,232 2,164 1,964 1,935 1,624 3.4 3.0 3.1 2.5

Texarkana

64,557 64,944 64,247 64,645 2,986 2,898 2,666 2,394 4.6 4.5 4.1 3.7

Tyler

106,346 108,289 107,182 108,501 3,936 3,641 3,615 3,052 3.7 3.4 3.4 2.8

Victoria

46,629 46,727 46,698 46,211 1,900 1,610 1,716 1,345 4.1 3.4 3.7 2.9

Waco

125,154 126,480 125,289 126,067 4,593 4,282 4,197 3,449 3.7 3.4 3.3 2.7

Wichita Falls

65,947 66,335 66,008 65,902 2,368 2,108 2,015 1,740 3.6 3.2 3.1 2.6

Utah

1,562,912 1,585,433 1,560,360 1,582,451 51,270 47,628 47,198 42,364 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.7

Logan

70,211 71,220 70,568 71,436 1,941 1,806 1,770 1,585 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.2

Ogden-Clearfield

323,847 328,424 323,405 329,939 10,730 9,862 9,920 8,770 3.3 3.0 3.1 2.7

Provo-Orem

304,170 310,273 304,214 309,716 8,891 8,494 8,093 7,412 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.4

St. George

73,165 75,386 73,798 75,942 2,595 2,386 2,403 2,205 3.5 3.2 3.3 2.9

Salt Lake City

646,825 654,510 646,848 652,047 20,934 19,491 19,518 17,514 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7

Vermont

346,762 345,261 342,835 344,431 10,833 8,097 10,047 7,451 3.1 2.3 2.9 2.2

Burlington-South Burlington

125,702 125,821 126,567 127,850 2,990 2,224 2,674 1,893 2.4 1.8 2.1 1.5

Virginia

4,336,468 4,373,809 4,331,542 4,365,139 138,404 132,984 118,817 109,209 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

91,720 91,050 92,036 90,722 2,987 2,871 2,523 2,280 3.3 3.2 2.7 2.5

Charlottesville

120,316 120,828 120,866 121,512 3,455 3,339 2,921 2,699 2.9 2.8 2.4 2.2

Harrisonburg

65,569 66,267 65,810 66,793 2,072 1,979 1,752 1,580 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.4

Lynchburg

121,928 123,572 121,664 122,933 4,545 4,292 3,841 3,396 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.8

Richmond

676,398 680,859 673,685 681,774 22,822 21,675 19,960 18,019 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.6

Roanoke

157,105 159,171 156,717 157,373 5,073 4,773 4,334 3,880 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.5

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,189 60,203 59,192 60,087 1,792 1,741 1,546 1,370 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.3

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

853,309 854,971 851,306 852,602 29,218 28,640 25,249 23,949 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8

Winchester

71,633 72,881 71,834 73,254 2,276 2,214 1,928 1,751 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.4

Washington

3,770,820 3,892,959 3,759,638 3,865,825 181,793 202,012 160,358 172,740 4.8 5.2 4.3 4.5

Bellingham

111,313 116,265 110,706 115,421 5,641 6,087 5,103 5,878 5.1 5.2 4.6 5.1

Bremerton-Silverdale

122,140 126,906 121,228 126,352 6,148 6,629 5,694 6,296 5.0 5.2 4.7 5.0

Kennewick-Richland

138,169 144,016 139,481 144,991 8,706 10,254 7,484 8,329 6.3 7.1 5.4 5.7

Longview

45,801 47,179 45,527 47,039 3,003 3,166 2,742 3,054 6.6 6.7 6.0 6.5

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

59,169 61,878 59,319 61,997 3,319 3,638 3,037 3,453 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.6

Olympia-Tumwater

137,266 143,288 136,471 142,816 7,033 7,649 6,426 7,356 5.1 5.3 4.7 5.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,111,285 2,171,551 2,104,620 2,149,021 82,880 89,789 73,183 73,257 3.9 4.1 3.5 3.4

Spokane-Spokane Valley

266,645 279,344 264,174 276,398 16,403 18,996 13,967 16,136 6.2 6.8 5.3 5.8

Walla Walla

30,332 32,069 30,098 31,811 1,623 1,949 1,412 1,616 5.4 6.1 4.7 5.1

Wenatchee

63,443 64,837 63,603 65,176 3,817 4,290 3,150 3,589 6.0 6.6 5.0 5.5

Yakima

125,271 130,267 126,555 130,328 9,222 12,055 7,762 9,780 7.4 9.3 6.1 7.5

West Virginia

776,686 783,668 783,014 787,773 47,142 41,366 42,290 33,306 6.1 5.3 5.4 4.2

Beckley

44,572 44,677 44,873 44,896 3,060 2,502 2,722 1,969 6.9 5.6 6.1 4.4

Charleston

93,068 91,558 93,177 92,096 5,860 4,727 5,168 3,842 6.3 5.2 5.5 4.2

Huntington-Ashland

145,822 144,422 145,795 144,453 8,811 7,628 7,847 6,301 6.0 5.3 5.4 4.4

Morgantown

68,783 68,074 69,775 68,557 3,216 2,835 2,914 2,255 4.7 4.2 4.2 3.3

Parkersburg-Vienna

37,701 37,874 38,226 38,221 2,373 2,180 2,142 1,701 6.3 5.8 5.6 4.5

Wheeling

64,676 68,031 64,691 68,030 4,111 3,783 3,594 3,043 6.4 5.6 5.6 4.5

Wisconsin

3,135,185 3,121,546 3,124,037 3,105,167 111,906 102,808 92,716 82,523 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.7

Appleton

131,522 130,359 131,417 129,819 4,241 3,708 3,578 3,110 3.2 2.8 2.7 2.4

Eau Claire

93,572 93,127 93,529 92,728 3,345 3,174 2,713 2,553 3.6 3.4 2.9 2.8

Fond du Lac

57,473 57,780 57,330 57,103 1,750 1,625 1,438 1,215 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.1

Green Bay

175,361 176,233 174,660 174,965 5,929 5,307 4,962 4,278 3.4 3.0 2.8 2.4

Janesville-Beloit

85,416 85,877 85,172 85,330 3,275 3,079 2,573 2,389 3.8 3.6 3.0 2.8

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,767 78,840 78,262 78,399 2,528 2,426 2,001 1,849 3.3 3.1 2.6 2.4

Madison

388,362 386,903 387,261 384,233 10,346 9,448 8,272 7,656 2.7 2.4 2.1 2.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

829,008 827,160 821,555 820,722 29,006 26,507 24,451 22,055 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

93,471 93,006 93,185 92,358 2,836 2,513 2,433 2,139 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.3

Racine

99,774 99,460 99,081 98,247 4,157 3,929 3,474 3,106 4.2 4.0 3.5 3.2

Sheboygan

62,528 62,573 62,231 62,357 1,804 1,620 1,496 1,307 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.1

Wausau

74,481 74,534 73,771 73,799 2,438 2,124 2,012 1,745 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.4

Wyoming

288,281 287,758 287,157 285,303 12,764 10,927 11,619 9,497 4.4 3.8 4.0 3.3

Casper

39,340 39,461 39,295 39,181 1,906 1,596 1,757 1,359 4.8 4.0 4.5 3.5

Cheyenne

48,029 48,150 47,929 47,659 1,904 1,742 1,720 1,493 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.1

Puerto Rico

1,080,951 1,066,612 1,084,415 1,076,027 105,882 98,451 101,395 83,816 9.8 9.2 9.4 7.8

Aguadilla-Isabela

86,628 85,503 87,084 85,446 11,646 10,925 10,881 9,022 13.4 12.8 12.5 10.6

Arecibo

51,380 51,700 51,635 51,803 6,308 6,204 6,010 5,090 12.3 12.0 11.6 9.8

Guayama

20,129 20,016 20,288 19,922 3,163 3,025 2,942 2,506 15.7 15.1 14.5 12.6

Mayaguez

27,296 27,060 27,467 27,268 3,049 2,983 3,013 2,575 11.2 11.0 11.0 9.4

Ponce

91,727 90,506 91,042 91,092 11,293 11,890 10,719 10,101 12.3 13.1 11.8 11.1

San German

34,534 34,742 34,597 34,869 4,569 4,156 4,297 3,505 13.2 12.0 12.4 10.1

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

726,519 715,558 730,020 724,835 59,661 53,370 57,791 46,182 8.2 7.5 7.9 6.4

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 29, 2019