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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
July August Number Percent of labor force
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) July August July August
2021 2022 2021 2022(p) 2021 2022 2021 2022(p)

Alabama

2,255,528 2,308,923 2,245,334 2,306,560 85,891 73,318 82,441 67,004 3.8 3.2 3.7 2.9

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,378 46,929 46,206 47,113 2,143 1,725 2,028 1,549 4.6 3.7 4.4 3.3

Auburn-Opelika

76,492 79,399 76,582 79,692 2,401 2,300 2,387 2,129 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.7

Birmingham-Hoover

556,963 578,197 554,591 577,146 19,356 16,193 18,722 15,041 3.5 2.8 3.4 2.6

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

102,520 102,906 100,574 102,263 3,180 2,803 3,135 2,625 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.6

Decatur

74,029 75,634 73,572 75,607 2,126 1,973 2,078 1,808 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.4

Dothan

65,159 67,198 64,808 67,025 2,379 2,039 2,332 1,879 3.7 3.0 3.6 2.8

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,557 67,043 65,373 66,910 2,621 2,276 2,424 2,072 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.1

Gadsden

39,219 40,091 38,950 39,876 1,778 1,438 1,672 1,300 4.5 3.6 4.3 3.3

Huntsville

239,407 246,175 239,194 246,843 6,819 6,355 6,670 5,782 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.3

Mobile

193,115 193,168 191,736 193,838 10,079 7,892 9,591 7,278 5.2 4.1 5.0 3.8

Montgomery

174,777 179,327 174,764 178,796 8,232 6,373 7,658 5,773 4.7 3.6 4.4 3.2

Tuscaloosa

114,052 117,380 113,866 117,615 4,986 4,049 4,561 3,582 4.4 3.4 4.0 3.0

Alaska

362,453 365,440 359,758 364,785 21,759 15,491 18,955 12,794 6.0 4.2 5.3 3.5

Anchorage

197,930 199,532 197,384 201,608 11,676 7,860 10,133 6,481 5.9 3.9 5.1 3.2

Fairbanks

45,797 45,879 45,669 45,757 2,141 1,647 1,876 1,347 4.7 3.6 4.1 2.9

Arizona

3,519,661 3,586,200 3,513,363 3,619,730 182,824 142,363 166,745 152,627 5.2 4.0 4.7 4.2

Flagstaff

73,084 75,267 72,444 75,835 4,541 3,531 4,140 3,764 6.2 4.7 5.7 5.0

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

88,693 90,879 87,761 90,487 5,111 4,130 4,639 4,424 5.8 4.5 5.3 4.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,510,704 2,560,113 2,498,638 2,574,840 116,929 84,999 105,215 88,803 4.7 3.3 4.2 3.4

Prescott

105,569 107,671 104,910 108,621 4,561 3,581 4,030 3,644 4.3 3.3 3.8 3.4

Sierra Vista-Douglas

48,366 48,536 48,603 49,238 2,538 2,105 2,335 2,195 5.2 4.3 4.8 4.5

Tucson

478,883 482,906 479,401 486,508 24,874 18,638 22,348 19,369 5.2 3.9 4.7 4.0

Yuma

92,301 98,060 95,842 105,518 15,420 17,772 15,868 22,161 16.7 18.1 16.6 21.0

Arkansas

1,343,593 1,367,088 1,331,975 1,352,183 59,653 57,019 50,414 47,980 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

288,851 302,922 285,280 297,673 9,201 8,536 7,850 7,363 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.5

Fort Smith

116,514 118,831 115,121 117,262 4,936 4,477 4,257 4,040 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.4

Hot Springs

42,012 42,212 40,874 41,318 2,200 2,081 1,819 1,730 5.2 4.9 4.5 4.2

Jonesboro

66,230 67,880 64,919 66,125 2,460 2,344 2,098 2,020 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

354,394 361,662 349,514 355,499 16,093 14,503 13,873 12,262 4.5 4.0 4.0 3.4

Pine Bluff

33,080 33,847 32,532 33,165 2,219 2,271 1,916 1,923 6.7 6.7 5.9 5.8

California

19,081,613 19,239,758 18,990,256 19,288,261 1,480,069 754,073 1,374,022 782,707 7.8 3.9 7.2 4.1

Bakersfield

387,432 384,251 388,120 392,326 41,113 25,387 37,920 26,250 10.6 6.6 9.8 6.7

Chico

91,533 90,256 91,807 92,210 6,661 3,577 6,167 3,814 7.3 4.0 6.7 4.1

El Centro

69,056 67,779 69,827 70,544 13,757 9,757 13,552 11,435 19.9 14.4 19.4 16.2

Fresno

447,459 455,091 444,859 457,849 42,202 25,785 39,000 26,788 9.4 5.7 8.8 5.9

Hanford-Corcoran

56,398 56,161 55,685 56,322 5,521 3,464 5,029 3,538 9.8 6.2 9.0 6.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,614,151 6,568,332 6,554,971 6,539,834 584,047 295,651 540,100 291,545 8.8 4.5 8.2 4.5

Madera

61,405 61,772 63,467 63,563 5,722 3,462 5,188 3,530 9.3 5.6 8.2 5.6

Merced

114,239 117,155 116,277 117,106 12,219 7,811 11,103 7,956 10.7 6.7 9.5 6.8

Modesto

242,981 242,812 241,739 243,978 21,203 12,212 19,549 12,602 8.7 5.0 8.1 5.2

Napa

70,065 70,696 69,636 70,433 4,124 1,841 3,784 2,003 5.9 2.6 5.4 2.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

406,756 409,678 405,450 411,151 26,591 13,071 25,019 14,327 6.5 3.2 6.2 3.5

Redding

71,997 72,561 72,708 72,614 5,208 2,848 4,807 3,060 7.2 3.9 6.6 4.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

2,122,912 2,172,822 2,112,563 2,185,501 169,608 86,087 158,284 92,386 8.0 4.0 7.5 4.2

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,109,150 1,120,218 1,105,514 1,122,832 75,132 36,916 70,079 39,791 6.8 3.3 6.3 3.5

Salinas

223,417 221,719 221,867 221,957 15,784 9,479 14,369 9,866 7.1 4.3 6.5 4.4

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,554,670 1,577,440 1,550,582 1,587,435 107,394 49,128 100,202 53,239 6.9 3.1 6.5 3.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,480,654 2,546,696 2,471,372 2,552,359 147,172 65,206 137,065 70,971 5.9 2.6 5.5 2.8

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,051,384 1,086,380 1,051,747 1,092,865 53,245 23,887 49,706 26,003 5.1 2.2 4.7 2.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

136,102 136,959 134,907 136,242 7,510 3,483 6,989 3,744 5.5 2.5 5.2 2.7

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

136,288 137,628 135,385 138,609 8,920 5,044 8,191 5,251 6.5 3.7 6.1 3.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

222,550 222,525 219,198 225,042 12,768 6,181 11,787 6,579 5.7 2.8 5.4 2.9

Santa Rosa

244,920 248,560 245,402 250,421 14,009 6,478 13,007 7,039 5.7 2.6 5.3 2.8

Stockton-Lodi

333,172 335,079 334,871 339,996 30,560 16,653 28,194 17,566 9.2 5.0 8.4 5.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

200,867 200,835 199,993 201,536 15,740 7,877 14,714 8,470 7.8 3.9 7.4 4.2

Visalia-Porterville

200,482 201,012 201,841 206,312 22,552 15,312 21,002 16,383 11.2 7.6 10.4 7.9

Yuba City

76,479 77,188 76,476 77,714 6,820 4,089 6,230 4,257 8.9 5.3 8.1 5.5

Colorado

3,177,549 3,253,325 3,175,446 3,266,884 176,942 113,262 165,350 108,449 5.6 3.5 5.2 3.3

Boulder

196,351 200,676 195,833 203,621 8,843 5,819 8,281 5,337 4.5 2.9 4.2 2.6

Colorado Springs

364,991 372,463 365,753 373,114 21,694 14,400 20,142 13,587 5.9 3.9 5.5 3.6

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,691,573 1,734,934 1,691,627 1,746,170 96,612 60,156 90,279 58,381 5.7 3.5 5.3 3.3

Fort Collins

207,345 212,197 208,058 213,526 9,818 6,391 9,276 6,075 4.7 3.0 4.5 2.8

Grand Junction

76,784 77,915 77,444 78,759 4,586 3,032 4,210 2,815 6.0 3.9 5.4 3.6

Greeley

165,171 168,967 165,763 170,895 9,929 6,494 9,297 6,136 6.0 3.8 5.6 3.6

Pueblo

77,129 78,537 77,086 78,749 6,727 4,431 6,194 4,235 8.7 5.6 8.0 5.4

Connecticut

1,891,831 1,927,182 1,864,498 1,906,473 124,717 84,518 114,662 82,469 6.6 4.4 6.1 4.3

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

466,309 476,311 458,288 469,570 30,704 21,180 28,274 20,563 6.6 4.4 6.2 4.4

Danbury

106,301 107,780 104,957 106,673 5,932 4,016 5,335 3,890 5.6 3.7 5.1 3.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

615,298 625,820 606,371 620,135 41,220 27,680 37,931 27,092 6.7 4.4 6.3 4.4

New Haven

330,374 338,229 326,325 333,990 20,927 14,154 19,170 13,747 6.3 4.2 5.9 4.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly

138,596 139,695 136,704 138,992 9,746 6,263 9,062 6,199 7.0 4.5 6.6 4.5

Waterbury

111,047 111,980 109,057 111,028 8,930 6,114 8,260 6,074 8.0 5.5 7.6 5.5

Delaware

501,925 503,507 497,862 500,982 29,243 22,995 28,017 22,968 5.8 4.6 5.6 4.6

Dover

81,713 81,366 80,947 81,006 5,959 4,573 5,416 4,628 7.3 5.6 6.7 5.7

Salisbury(1)

206,808 207,714 203,960 206,445 10,921 8,790 10,965 9,058 5.3 4.2 5.4 4.4

District of Columbia

392,284 390,465 383,310 380,648 29,775 20,943 28,115 20,097 7.6 5.4 7.3 5.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,416,943 3,421,147 3,375,050 3,382,685 184,250 119,427 179,835 123,437 5.4 3.5 5.3 3.6

Florida

10,385,704 10,712,431 10,374,194 10,766,134 500,252 304,478 473,963 300,865 4.8 2.8 4.6 2.8

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

356,589 369,624 357,671 372,064 16,078 10,319 15,348 10,195 4.5 2.8 4.3 2.7

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

137,685 140,143 135,342 138,922 4,929 3,301 4,610 3,165 3.6 2.4 3.4 2.3

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

305,077 316,104 305,407 318,158 15,003 9,742 14,150 9,644 4.9 3.1 4.6 3.0

Gainesville

144,909 148,640 143,734 147,381 6,009 4,226 5,557 3,941 4.1 2.8 3.9 2.7

Homosassa Springs

47,092 46,813 47,654 47,938 2,911 1,988 2,818 2,010 6.2 4.2 5.9 4.2

Jacksonville

803,704 838,164 802,622 839,950 34,793 23,710 32,538 23,267 4.3 2.8 4.1 2.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

327,651 338,421 328,719 339,505 19,132 12,081 17,875 11,966 5.8 3.6 5.4 3.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,102,677 3,154,863 3,082,797 3,183,364 156,820 82,817 149,411 82,986 5.1 2.6 4.8 2.6

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

179,067 186,105 179,222 186,774 7,505 5,246 7,133 5,219 4.2 2.8 4.0 2.8

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

375,597 396,886 375,996 393,905 15,925 10,499 15,190 10,400 4.2 2.6 4.0 2.6

Ocala

142,866 144,905 142,338 144,788 7,477 5,044 7,194 4,999 5.2 3.5 5.1 3.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,348,261 1,405,452 1,355,058 1,417,454 70,761 42,586 66,582 41,598 5.2 3.0 4.9 2.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

292,749 300,598 291,496 300,285 12,284 8,183 11,719 8,056 4.2 2.7 4.0 2.7

Panama City

93,067 95,825 92,125 95,965 3,675 2,461 3,457 2,363 3.9 2.6 3.8 2.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

234,853 241,324 233,706 241,533 10,536 6,838 9,814 6,526 4.5 2.8 4.2 2.7

Port St. Lucie

224,905 231,861 224,655 232,742 10,839 7,280 10,385 7,280 4.8 3.1 4.6 3.1

Punta Gorda

73,265 76,071 73,247 76,316 3,470 2,321 3,374 2,375 4.7 3.1 4.6 3.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

65,403 67,283 65,468 67,486 3,369 2,348 3,262 2,325 5.2 3.5 5.0 3.4

Sebring

34,613 34,523 34,667 34,425 2,242 1,526 2,169 1,515 6.5 4.4 6.3 4.4

Tallahassee

194,255 200,229 193,440 201,467 9,030 6,022 8,383 5,747 4.6 3.0 4.3 2.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,583,709 1,649,790 1,585,436 1,651,334 71,422 45,261 67,750 44,757 4.5 2.7 4.3 2.7

The Villages

34,808 36,101 35,071 36,450 2,018 1,403 1,977 1,467 5.8 3.9 5.6 4.0

Georgia

5,192,025 5,259,494 5,158,958 5,237,674 209,567 153,074 201,504 163,404 4.0 2.9 3.9 3.1

Albany

65,902 65,650 65,322 65,422 3,572 2,568 3,420 2,763 5.4 3.9 5.2 4.2

Athens-Clarke County

97,633 102,735 99,450 102,926 3,327 2,631 3,374 3,000 3.4 2.6 3.4 2.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

3,144,824 3,207,263 3,118,495 3,192,404 127,099 89,720 121,231 95,329 4.0 2.8 3.9 3.0

Augusta-Richmond County

267,492 265,882 264,818 264,629 11,383 9,134 10,886 9,280 4.3 3.4 4.1 3.5

Brunswick

53,583 53,329 52,927 53,162 1,897 1,414 2,065 1,622 3.5 2.7 3.9 3.1

Columbus

121,025 122,938 120,358 122,276 5,752 4,385 5,671 4,721 4.8 3.6 4.7 3.9

Dalton

58,912 58,969 58,167 58,293 2,571 2,099 2,238 2,073 4.4 3.6 3.8 3.6

Gainesville

103,974 105,575 104,234 105,752 2,759 2,247 2,855 2,643 2.7 2.1 2.7 2.5

Hinesville

34,735 34,421 34,430 34,493 1,300 1,061 1,287 1,132 3.7 3.1 3.7 3.3

Macon-Bibb County

102,498 103,769 101,872 103,231 4,662 3,445 4,409 3,613 4.5 3.3 4.3 3.5

Rome

43,782 43,917 43,388 43,662 1,631 1,243 1,546 1,344 3.7 2.8 3.6 3.1

Savannah

199,130 200,278 197,396 199,955 7,952 5,419 7,598 5,854 4.0 2.7 3.8 2.9

Valdosta

63,169 62,722 63,179 62,854 2,529 1,906 2,526 2,041 4.0 3.0 4.0 3.2

Warner Robins

87,657 87,205 86,438 86,805 3,258 2,618 3,223 2,807 3.7 3.0 3.7 3.2

Hawaii

674,113 675,007 673,276 680,053 38,032 25,200 37,379 24,496 5.6 3.7 5.6 3.6

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

89,011 87,891 89,199 89,140 6,321 3,693 6,018 3,481 7.1 4.2 6.7 3.9

Urban Honolulu

453,338 456,808 451,479 459,444 23,696 16,209 23,579 15,981 5.2 3.5 5.2 3.5

Idaho

926,261 963,151 922,038 968,749 31,851 25,280 30,696 26,457 3.4 2.6 3.3 2.7

Boise City

398,692 414,461 397,191 417,702 14,133 10,813 13,374 11,279 3.5 2.6 3.4 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

84,400 86,977 83,966 87,364 3,209 2,453 3,137 2,604 3.8 2.8 3.7 3.0

Idaho Falls

77,280 80,167 76,837 80,679 2,075 1,790 2,023 1,872 2.7 2.2 2.6 2.3

Lewiston

31,568 31,978 31,556 32,313 1,040 817 1,054 956 3.3 2.6 3.3 3.0

Pocatello

41,911 44,100 42,130 44,602 1,485 1,199 1,431 1,308 3.5 2.7 3.4 2.9

Twin Falls

54,551 57,013 54,365 57,919 1,925 1,544 1,829 1,577 3.5 2.7 3.4 2.7

Illinois

6,394,644 6,516,439 6,335,094 6,483,598 422,720 310,529 389,056 314,288 6.6 4.8 6.1 4.8

Bloomington

92,790 96,443 93,305 96,664 4,547 3,808 4,442 3,746 4.9 3.9 4.8 3.9

Carbondale-Marion

57,924 60,061 57,004 58,933 3,356 2,742 3,304 2,678 5.8 4.6 5.8 4.5

Champaign-Urbana

119,824 123,088 117,574 119,836 6,342 5,273 6,224 5,197 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,873,179 4,956,371 4,819,010 4,947,452 335,133 237,164 300,487 240,585 6.9 4.8 6.2 4.9

Danville

31,975 32,471 31,533 31,887 2,186 1,838 2,160 1,821 6.8 5.7 6.8 5.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

188,974 196,733 187,207 193,966 10,054 7,554 9,629 7,426 5.3 3.8 5.1 3.8

Decatur

47,281 48,166 47,226 47,593 3,643 3,143 3,635 3,103 7.7 6.5 7.7 6.5

Kankakee

52,700 54,265 52,214 53,453 3,336 2,895 3,368 3,133 6.3 5.3 6.5 5.9

Peoria

172,166 176,285 171,271 174,607 10,261 8,730 10,142 8,586 6.0 5.0 5.9 4.9

Rockford

159,396 166,585 157,155 164,192 13,974 10,840 12,273 11,093 8.8 6.5 7.8 6.8

Springfield

104,032 108,510 105,336 108,224 5,692 4,675 5,728 4,678 5.5 4.3 5.4 4.3

Indiana

3,349,919 3,447,591 3,308,618 3,412,014 124,616 120,138 109,042 104,303 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1

Bloomington

76,778 79,309 78,063 79,882 2,401 2,930 2,196 2,281 3.1 3.7 2.8 2.9

Columbus

43,067 44,424 42,220 44,108 1,214 1,264 1,080 1,063 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.4

Elkhart-Goshen

117,056 122,922 116,077 120,939 2,925 3,317 2,605 3,010 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.5

Evansville

158,702 162,775 156,058 160,495 5,778 5,476 5,023 4,724 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.9

Fort Wayne

217,421 224,462 214,054 221,753 7,622 7,266 8,596 6,105 3.5 3.2 4.0 2.8

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,096,561 1,128,146 1,089,788 1,122,183 39,159 36,882 33,719 31,478 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8

Kokomo

34,824 34,884 34,035 35,307 2,499 1,979 2,033 2,441 7.2 5.7 6.0 6.9

Lafayette-West Lafayette

104,073 109,997 103,987 108,362 3,511 3,910 3,167 3,146 3.4 3.6 3.0 2.9

Michigan City-La Porte

46,778 47,289 45,550 46,348 2,428 2,040 2,050 1,760 5.2 4.3 4.5 3.8

Muncie

51,112 53,144 50,868 53,122 2,092 2,147 1,990 1,803 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

155,824 160,393 152,633 159,126 7,078 6,447 6,076 5,708 4.5 4.0 4.0 3.6

Terre Haute

70,879 73,562 69,497 72,148 3,026 3,064 2,645 2,664 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.7

Iowa

1,699,347 1,711,855 1,674,750 1,695,907 73,198 47,026 69,118 48,451 4.3 2.7 4.1 2.9

Ames

55,551 56,354 56,298 57,440 1,916 1,290 1,866 1,396 3.4 2.3 3.3 2.4

Cedar Rapids

144,592 144,120 142,200 142,900 7,321 4,607 6,936 4,796 5.1 3.2 4.9 3.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

370,406 373,787 367,014 372,271 15,845 9,763 14,832 10,106 4.3 2.6 4.0 2.7

Dubuque

55,608 55,778 54,845 55,192 2,391 1,539 2,338 1,534 4.3 2.8 4.3 2.8

Iowa City

96,799 99,085 96,706 99,691 3,857 2,347 3,695 2,494 4.0 2.4 3.8 2.5

Sioux City

93,056 93,766 91,602 92,906 3,717 2,603 3,455 2,498 4.0 2.8 3.8 2.7

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

88,020 88,994 86,951 88,665 3,860 2,422 3,740 2,539 4.4 2.7 4.3 2.9

Kansas

1,520,255 1,511,086 1,490,142 1,480,203 62,942 51,202 51,492 45,405 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.1

Lawrence

63,684 62,402 64,633 63,421 2,693 2,244 2,197 1,946 4.2 3.6 3.4 3.1

Manhattan

44,516 44,910 45,354 45,707 1,701 1,616 1,431 1,401 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.1

Topeka

124,243 123,753 121,416 121,386 4,702 4,049 3,924 3,616 3.8 3.3 3.2 3.0

Wichita

322,667 325,273 315,671 318,145 17,322 12,521 13,977 11,240 5.4 3.8 4.4 3.5

Kentucky

2,051,488 2,067,036 2,037,637 2,062,812 107,437 86,614 91,362 76,652 5.2 4.2 4.5 3.7

Bowling Green

82,799 82,471 82,791 83,583 3,927 3,399 3,448 3,017 4.7 4.1 4.2 3.6

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

65,451 66,210 64,502 65,351 3,621 2,951 3,019 2,594 5.5 4.5 4.7 4.0

Lexington-Fayette

273,910 279,383 274,312 277,957 11,874 9,356 10,488 8,334 4.3 3.3 3.8 3.0

Louisville/Jefferson County

671,686 683,838 663,278 686,206 32,360 25,816 25,554 21,124 4.8 3.8 3.9 3.1

Owensboro

55,005 55,388 54,493 54,882 2,669 2,233 2,341 2,077 4.9 4.0 4.3 3.8

Louisiana

2,097,486 2,117,482 2,068,823 2,080,221 131,583 96,454 115,064 78,755 6.3 4.6 5.6 3.8

Alexandria

64,530 66,708 63,206 64,953 2,982 2,359 2,644 1,940 4.6 3.5 4.2 3.0

Baton Rouge

415,648 423,539 413,575 420,122 24,427 17,464 21,164 14,412 5.9 4.1 5.1 3.4

Hammond

57,619 57,395 56,641 56,606 4,289 3,228 3,734 2,638 7.4 5.6 6.6 4.7

Houma-Thibodaux

88,588 86,638 86,761 85,218 4,787 3,652 4,226 2,956 5.4 4.2 4.9 3.5

Lafayette

216,374 219,078 212,678 215,880 12,340 8,787 10,815 7,191 5.7 4.0 5.1 3.3

Lake Charles

102,858 103,973 100,037 102,185 6,235 4,316 5,489 3,507 6.1 4.2 5.5 3.4

Monroe

79,774 79,970 77,891 78,230 4,536 3,417 3,956 2,828 5.7 4.3 5.1 3.6

New Orleans-Metairie

599,592 604,617 592,199 592,975 42,667 30,346 37,268 24,618 7.1 5.0 6.3 4.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

186,550 190,989 183,434 186,231 11,468 8,752 10,118 7,133 6.1 4.6 5.5 3.8

Maine

701,377 690,424 696,997 682,888 32,534 18,940 29,612 19,894 4.6 2.7 4.2 2.9

Bangor

68,707 68,699 68,420 68,016 3,165 1,847 2,887 1,998 4.6 2.7 4.2 2.9

Lewiston-Auburn

54,884 53,809 54,578 53,656 2,953 1,583 2,670 1,670 5.4 2.9 4.9 3.1

Portland-South Portland

210,320 209,496 209,985 209,644 8,694 4,797 7,884 5,151 4.1 2.3 3.8 2.5

Maryland

3,227,749 3,241,112 3,199,120 3,232,364 196,691 135,660 199,286 141,257 6.1 4.2 6.2 4.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,501,547 1,525,363 1,490,610 1,528,269 84,680 62,885 85,399 65,764 5.6 4.1 5.7 4.3

California-Lexington Park

58,266 58,130 57,413 57,912 2,860 2,412 2,964 2,566 4.9 4.1 5.2 4.4

Cumberland

42,992 42,480 42,647 42,105 2,595 2,125 2,559 2,235 6.0 5.0 6.0 5.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

133,794 135,788 132,358 134,626 6,499 4,987 6,245 5,229 4.9 3.7 4.7 3.9

Massachusetts

3,800,680 3,780,667 3,793,118 3,775,122 224,291 129,259 204,735 131,926 5.9 3.4 5.4 3.5

Barnstable Town

138,588 133,035 136,406 132,703 7,785 4,466 7,158 4,530 5.6 3.4 5.2 3.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,803,996 2,817,400 2,803,018 2,816,785 154,238 87,320 140,711 89,695 5.5 3.1 5.0 3.2

Leominster-Gardner

80,387 78,317 79,749 78,001 5,468 3,157 5,014 3,298 6.8 4.0 6.3 4.2

New Bedford

85,513 83,967 84,739 83,592 6,272 4,114 5,877 4,278 7.3 4.9 6.9 5.1

Pittsfield

42,670 40,404 42,356 40,264 2,857 1,630 2,630 1,644 6.7 4.0 6.2 4.1

Springfield

373,366 372,457 371,082 370,571 25,653 15,542 23,352 15,896 6.9 4.2 6.3 4.3

Worcester

361,406 355,324 361,315 354,858 22,061 13,152 20,267 13,409 6.1 3.7 5.6 3.8

Michigan

4,842,176 4,891,855 4,829,141 4,890,030 330,664 210,074 295,866 196,826 6.8 4.3 6.1 4.0

Ann Arbor

188,996 197,057 188,571 196,058 10,353 7,887 8,231 6,844 5.5 4.0 4.4 3.5

Battle Creek

59,492 60,624 59,333 60,501 4,662 3,403 3,959 3,122 7.8 5.6 6.7 5.2

Bay City

48,656 49,543 48,389 49,193 3,250 2,717 2,810 2,458 6.7 5.5 5.8 5.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

2,150,195 2,129,121 2,149,787 2,133,936 158,204 74,243 144,277 75,375 7.4 3.5 6.7 3.5

Flint

176,267 179,385 173,868 178,645 15,313 11,970 16,381 10,814 8.7 6.7 9.4 6.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

566,516 586,206 566,614 584,802 30,398 21,992 25,687 20,120 5.4 3.8 4.5 3.4

Jackson

72,141 73,207 71,498 73,070 4,788 3,662 4,113 3,260 6.6 5.0 5.8 4.5

Kalamazoo-Portage

162,830 166,425 162,378 165,927 9,999 7,464 8,508 6,903 6.1 4.5 5.2 4.2

Lansing-East Lansing

232,980 240,767 231,389 240,696 14,600 13,343 14,574 10,826 6.3 5.5 6.3 4.5

Midland

38,623 39,417 38,540 39,230 2,123 1,793 1,764 1,646 5.5 4.5 4.6 4.2

Monroe

73,433 74,607 71,697 73,790 5,847 3,991 4,273 3,378 8.0 5.3 6.0 4.6

Muskegon

77,089 78,477 76,531 78,017 6,739 4,859 5,679 4,444 8.7 6.2 7.4 5.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

71,350 72,208 70,464 72,124 4,720 3,575 3,961 3,253 6.6 5.0 5.6 4.5

Saginaw

82,092 83,024 81,813 82,360 6,582 5,424 6,203 4,843 8.0 6.5 7.6 5.9

Minnesota

3,047,417 3,093,292 3,031,310 3,075,841 96,546 63,778 93,906 65,838 3.2 2.1 3.1 2.1

Duluth

137,358 140,579 136,611 139,880 4,982 3,956 4,843 4,021 3.6 2.8 3.5 2.9

Mankato-North Mankato

57,615 60,358 57,453 60,176 1,701 1,049 1,654 1,053 3.0 1.7 2.9 1.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,999,239 2,045,171 1,990,484 2,033,950 64,598 41,922 63,213 43,729 3.2 2.0 3.2 2.1

Rochester

126,727 129,064 126,178 128,151 3,251 2,234 3,259 2,308 2.6 1.7 2.6 1.8

St. Cloud

108,904 110,613 107,956 109,527 3,809 2,248 3,642 2,302 3.5 2.0 3.4 2.1

Mississippi

1,271,420 1,279,945 1,251,533 1,257,220 81,941 56,516 71,385 47,200 6.4 4.4 5.7 3.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

168,837 169,618 166,313 167,387 10,896 7,405 9,546 6,306 6.5 4.4 5.7 3.8

Hattiesburg

69,165 69,378 68,021 69,026 4,024 2,732 3,501 2,258 5.8 3.9 5.1 3.3

Jackson

264,113 264,772 259,807 258,727 15,604 10,537 13,623 8,801 5.9 4.0 5.2 3.4

Missouri

3,088,737 3,076,852 3,054,037 3,057,503 140,485 90,285 134,234 92,465 4.5 2.9 4.4 3.0

Cape Girardeau

46,492 46,447 47,130 46,118 1,885 1,375 1,855 1,387 4.1 3.0 3.9 3.0

Columbia

98,896 101,015 98,313 100,336 2,904 2,285 2,973 2,399 2.9 2.3 3.0 2.4

Jefferson City

75,039 74,766 73,845 73,978 2,261 1,824 2,349 1,948 3.0 2.4 3.2 2.6

Joplin

85,169 85,486 83,964 85,144 3,274 2,294 3,179 2,350 3.8 2.7 3.8 2.8

Kansas City

1,171,626 1,164,195 1,149,131 1,148,562 55,181 37,744 48,281 35,427 4.7 3.2 4.2 3.1

St. Joseph

62,008 61,856 60,978 61,134 2,307 1,669 2,251 1,709 3.7 2.7 3.7 2.8

St. Louis(2)

1,476,554 1,483,982 1,459,975 1,472,111 73,416 47,261 70,184 48,401 5.0 3.2 4.8 3.3

Springfield

238,930 241,078 235,125 238,196 7,904 5,514 8,088 6,075 3.3 2.3 3.4 2.6

Montana

557,529 573,172 556,245 574,850 17,868 15,003 16,973 15,073 3.2 2.6 3.1 2.6

Billings

92,008 94,592 91,252 95,462 2,977 2,452 2,755 2,416 3.2 2.6 3.0 2.5

Great Falls

37,515 38,387 37,544 38,748 1,221 1,056 1,181 1,048 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.7

Missoula

65,083 67,928 64,929 68,431 2,057 1,722 1,949 1,688 3.2 2.5 3.0 2.5

Nebraska

1,060,328 1,068,788 1,048,591 1,061,900 28,718 26,920 25,771 23,669 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.2

Grand Island

45,501 44,937 45,200 44,302 1,440 1,076 1,143 960 3.2 2.4 2.5 2.2

Lincoln

188,257 190,885 187,544 190,999 4,619 4,308 4,342 4,004 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs

506,773 513,759 501,525 512,102 16,368 14,114 14,697 12,804 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.5

Nevada

1,510,053 1,537,499 1,500,037 1,567,299 111,094 76,830 101,233 81,578 7.4 5.0 6.7 5.2

Carson City

25,406 25,729 25,176 26,146 1,240 918 1,123 986 4.9 3.6 4.5 3.8

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,109,983 1,133,617 1,104,315 1,155,405 92,745 62,987 84,675 66,355 8.4 5.6 7.7 5.7

Reno

251,993 256,452 249,836 262,143 11,383 8,197 10,198 9,015 4.5 3.2 4.1 3.4

New Hampshire

765,883 779,194 761,431 782,799 26,733 15,048 24,730 17,878 3.5 1.9 3.2 2.3

Dover-Durham

84,846 85,276 84,017 85,042 2,895 1,648 2,537 1,809 3.4 1.9 3.0 2.1

Manchester

118,315 122,532 117,873 123,221 4,059 2,282 3,749 2,717 3.4 1.9 3.2 2.2

Portsmouth

78,657 77,826 78,388 77,833 2,432 1,340 2,245 1,659 3.1 1.7 2.9 2.1

New Jersey

4,739,260 4,692,497 4,686,989 4,718,496 328,706 176,165 299,946 173,277 6.9 3.8 6.4 3.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

127,232 130,479 126,085 129,917 12,681 6,454 11,508 6,403 10.0 4.9 9.1 4.9

Ocean City

58,955 58,021 57,408 57,872 3,927 2,318 3,508 2,262 6.7 4.0 6.1 3.9

Trenton

215,472 210,572 213,710 212,562 12,286 6,793 11,179 6,553 5.7 3.2 5.2 3.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

69,239 66,277 69,361 68,772 5,925 3,532 5,465 3,589 8.6 5.3 7.9 5.2

New Mexico

951,815 942,825 947,646 941,908 74,895 44,035 66,821 41,419 7.9 4.7 7.1 4.4

Albuquerque

440,105 437,510 438,456 435,894 32,681 18,940 29,233 17,874 7.4 4.3 6.7 4.1

Farmington

49,892 48,469 49,756 50,760 4,622 2,734 4,109 2,578 9.3 5.6 8.3 5.1

Las Cruces

98,151 97,856 99,049 97,662 7,719 4,881 6,776 4,495 7.9 5.0 6.8 4.6

Santa Fe

74,448 73,081 73,951 72,287 5,196 2,978 4,630 2,790 7.0 4.1 6.3 3.9

New York

9,573,626 9,586,986 9,506,794 9,574,806 682,237 457,291 636,875 473,541 7.1 4.8 6.7 4.9

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

451,699 458,369 449,427 456,957 20,364 14,817 18,939 14,996 4.5 3.2 4.2 3.3

Binghamton

103,745 105,942 103,363 105,316 5,492 4,130 5,025 4,138 5.3 3.9 4.9 3.9

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

538,159 547,232 534,655 549,412 30,019 21,798 28,080 22,565 5.6 4.0 5.3 4.1

Elmira

34,987 35,085 34,793 34,819 1,882 1,384 1,753 1,429 5.4 3.9 5.0 4.1

Glens Falls

61,745 61,128 61,045 60,577 2,739 1,932 2,537 1,941 4.4 3.2 4.2 3.2

Ithaca

48,057 49,341 47,724 49,170 2,060 1,566 1,878 1,486 4.3 3.2 3.9 3.0

Kingston

88,090 88,656 86,944 88,166 4,261 2,998 3,970 3,071 4.8 3.4 4.6 3.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,178,304 10,107,024 10,082,510 10,119,253 778,848 478,536 722,855 490,539 7.7 4.7 7.2 4.8

Rochester

519,653 525,848 517,074 523,711 26,566 19,447 24,650 19,839 5.1 3.7 4.8 3.8

Syracuse

307,309 311,856 305,776 311,126 15,834 11,518 14,572 11,633 5.2 3.7 4.8 3.7

Utica-Rome

130,017 130,579 129,621 129,645 6,891 5,000 6,381 5,063 5.3 3.8 4.9 3.9

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,280 45,856 44,918 45,609 2,248 1,754 2,099 1,812 5.0 3.8 4.7 4.0

North Carolina

5,007,308 5,157,636 4,968,061 5,114,815 255,432 190,090 240,286 199,869 5.1 3.7 4.8 3.9

Asheville

230,537 237,250 228,909 234,199 10,042 6,983 9,435 7,390 4.4 2.9 4.1 3.2

Burlington

81,711 83,697 81,060 82,968 4,302 3,197 3,995 3,312 5.3 3.8 4.9 4.0

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,373,197 1,430,317 1,360,408 1,419,014 66,475 49,242 62,750 51,762 4.8 3.4 4.6 3.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

312,336 324,764 309,346 320,033 13,323 10,003 12,401 10,392 4.3 3.1 4.0 3.2

Fayetteville

144,387 148,208 144,109 147,770 10,545 8,195 9,970 8,540 7.3 5.5 6.9 5.8

Goldsboro

50,754 51,346 50,252 51,128 2,738 2,058 2,569 2,140 5.4 4.0 5.1 4.2

Greensboro-High Point

355,586 365,185 358,058 365,493 20,836 15,229 19,544 16,025 5.9 4.2 5.5 4.4

Greenville

86,556 87,918 86,108 87,669 4,845 3,794 4,556 3,926 5.6 4.3 5.3 4.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

168,939 173,049 167,094 171,927 8,183 5,890 7,730 6,225 4.8 3.4 4.6 3.6

Jacksonville

64,151 66,051 65,463 67,337 3,698 2,878 3,446 3,061 5.8 4.4 5.3 4.5

New Bern

50,890 51,340 50,152 50,810 2,445 1,821 2,339 1,918 4.8 3.5 4.7 3.8

Raleigh

742,763 773,993 734,753 765,263 31,913 23,921 30,017 25,170 4.3 3.1 4.1 3.3

Rocky Mount

62,744 62,180 61,866 61,736 4,631 3,752 4,357 3,984 7.4 6.0 7.0 6.5

Wilmington

153,697 158,134 153,338 157,265 6,911 5,150 6,509 5,452 4.5 3.3 4.2 3.5

Winston-Salem

321,708 328,669 319,797 325,490 16,116 11,932 15,117 12,491 5.0 3.6 4.7 3.8

North Dakota

412,655 414,041 409,664 413,650 13,880 9,014 13,340 9,111 3.4 2.2 3.3 2.2

Bismarck

73,052 73,492 71,040 72,367 2,133 1,467 2,057 1,521 2.9 2.0 2.9 2.1

Fargo

144,932 147,024 143,748 147,024 3,738 2,504 3,582 2,522 2.6 1.7 2.5 1.7

Grand Forks

53,216 54,090 52,399 53,758 1,826 1,136 1,565 1,103 3.4 2.1 3.0 2.1

Ohio

5,833,043 5,842,574 5,796,274 5,799,223 317,399 254,255 281,094 249,677 5.4 4.4 4.8 4.3

Akron

354,562 351,968 352,722 348,954 19,281 15,207 17,199 15,419 5.4 4.3 4.9 4.4

Canton-Massillon

197,372 196,637 196,266 194,369 10,592 8,249 9,355 8,443 5.4 4.2 4.8 4.3

Cincinnati

1,145,570 1,138,738 1,140,218 1,128,041 55,427 44,339 48,769 43,400 4.8 3.9 4.3 3.8

Cleveland-Elyria

1,042,684 1,054,234 1,022,846 1,052,796 65,880 54,229 58,071 48,986 6.3 5.1 5.7 4.7

Columbus

1,135,295 1,136,345 1,130,791 1,124,205 54,403 42,379 48,325 42,703 4.8 3.7 4.3 3.8

Dayton

388,212 388,545 387,380 386,308 20,982 16,532 18,735 16,562 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.3

Lima

47,929 47,604 47,693 47,157 2,720 2,051 2,382 2,106 5.7 4.3 5.0 4.5

Mansfield

52,217 52,063 51,751 51,338 2,952 2,498 2,791 2,420 5.7 4.8 5.4 4.7

Springfield

63,325 63,101 63,195 62,406 3,554 2,925 3,094 2,757 5.6 4.6 4.9 4.4

Toledo

296,552 305,455 296,116 303,078 18,946 13,403 16,087 13,793 6.4 4.4 5.4 4.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

51,043 50,824 50,807 50,473 3,504 2,904 3,266 3,020 6.9 5.7 6.4 6.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

232,718 232,015 231,975 229,195 15,801 12,226 14,498 12,351 6.8 5.3 6.2 5.4

Oklahoma

1,860,867 1,889,148 1,843,589 1,882,920 75,337 60,823 65,060 63,550 4.0 3.2 3.5 3.4

Enid

26,973 27,319 26,618 26,946 939 798 840 824 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.1

Lawton

50,924 50,355 50,401 50,322 2,227 1,908 1,962 1,996 4.4 3.8 3.9 4.0

Oklahoma City

705,264 717,940 693,880 714,481 27,446 21,156 23,356 22,340 3.9 2.9 3.4 3.1

Tulsa

485,997 495,381 478,782 493,701 20,242 16,126 17,522 16,945 4.2 3.3 3.7 3.4

Oregon

2,160,021 2,212,209 2,159,313 2,217,815 111,470 86,629 109,017 95,391 5.2 3.9 5.0 4.3

Albany

60,693 61,706 60,845 62,028 3,452 2,719 3,347 2,979 5.7 4.4 5.5 4.8

Bend-Redmond

103,508 105,122 103,997 105,756 5,044 3,922 4,904 4,245 4.9 3.7 4.7 4.0

Corvallis

46,121 47,712 46,533 47,928 1,979 1,675 1,942 1,789 4.3 3.5 4.2 3.7

Eugene

181,280 183,620 181,879 184,263 10,172 8,083 10,022 8,884 5.6 4.4 5.5 4.8

Grants Pass

36,817 37,302 36,902 37,616 2,289 1,988 2,278 2,158 6.2 5.3 6.2 5.7

Medford

107,995 107,783 108,699 109,868 5,927 4,811 5,849 5,377 5.5 4.5 5.4 4.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,343,883 1,391,388 1,345,078 1,399,536 68,578 50,198 67,040 56,336 5.1 3.6 5.0 4.0

Salem

212,956 214,191 211,590 213,753 10,647 8,637 10,433 9,413 5.0 4.0 4.9 4.4

Pennsylvania

6,505,229 6,503,686 6,440,085 6,501,043 455,999 303,369 426,164 310,647 7.0 4.7 6.6 4.8

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

453,293 458,278 448,358 459,332 31,869 20,406 29,362 20,800 7.0 4.5 6.5 4.5

Altoona

60,551 60,297 59,752 60,383 4,137 2,832 3,790 2,863 6.8 4.7 6.3 4.7

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,594 41,919 42,254 41,817 2,697 1,913 2,490 1,893 6.3 4.6 5.9 4.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

78,202 78,520 77,659 77,843 4,548 3,015 4,238 3,043 5.8 3.8 5.5 3.9

East Stroudsburg

83,656 83,620 82,813 83,769 6,899 5,156 6,695 5,424 8.2 6.2 8.1 6.5

Erie

128,774 127,493 127,610 127,445 9,960 6,679 9,297 6,818 7.7 5.2 7.3 5.3

Gettysburg

54,970 55,448 54,595 55,170 2,810 1,940 2,672 2,000 5.1 3.5 4.9 3.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle

307,337 314,752 305,041 314,687 18,850 12,183 17,461 12,364 6.1 3.9 5.7 3.9

Johnstown

56,566 55,656 55,742 55,589 4,674 3,327 4,278 3,345 8.3 6.0 7.7 6.0

Lancaster

290,131 289,924 288,255 288,832 16,545 10,877 15,277 11,071 5.7 3.8 5.3 3.8

Lebanon

73,807 74,381 73,379 74,188 4,597 2,951 4,301 3,040 6.2 4.0 5.9 4.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,189,446 3,202,463 3,161,753 3,207,672 220,874 142,395 207,594 145,105 6.9 4.4 6.6 4.5

Pittsburgh

1,201,808 1,194,705 1,183,733 1,193,836 84,096 56,308 77,668 57,614 7.0 4.7 6.6 4.8

Reading

214,263 212,756 211,872 212,676 15,500 10,016 14,439 10,295 7.2 4.7 6.8 4.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

276,193 276,977 273,416 278,007 22,819 15,300 21,553 15,908 8.3 5.5 7.9 5.7

State College

75,000 74,644 75,974 75,800 4,278 2,898 3,906 2,870 5.7 3.9 5.1 3.8

Williamsport

55,883 54,422 55,215 54,506 4,081 2,700 3,845 2,700 7.3 5.0 7.0 5.0

York-Hanover

238,290 240,088 236,294 240,135 14,899 9,801 13,742 9,891 6.3 4.1 5.8 4.1

Rhode Island

579,244 579,230 574,147 581,053 36,746 17,840 34,821 22,784 6.3 3.1 6.1 3.9

Providence-Warwick

713,796 712,537 708,766 715,007 45,339 23,246 42,709 28,238 6.4 3.3 6.0 3.9

South Carolina

2,396,502 2,388,593 2,375,571 2,386,185 103,670 76,857 99,711 77,249 4.3 3.2 4.2 3.2

Charleston-North Charleston

404,435 410,979 400,605 409,803 15,749 11,288 15,162 11,313 3.9 2.7 3.8 2.8

Columbia

401,990 397,520 397,784 397,482 16,405 12,307 15,842 12,332 4.1 3.1 4.0 3.1

Florence

96,916 94,215 96,467 93,528 4,491 3,256 4,357 3,237 4.6 3.5 4.5 3.5

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

437,049 438,325 432,880 437,680 16,849 12,665 16,117 12,585 3.9 2.9 3.7 2.9

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

92,819 92,160 90,833 91,264 3,448 2,728 3,333 2,744 3.7 3.0 3.7 3.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

213,084 213,977 208,689 210,766 11,374 8,063 11,001 8,537 5.3 3.8 5.3 4.1

Spartanburg

167,532 168,340 167,242 168,288 7,735 5,674 7,341 5,467 4.6 3.4 4.4 3.2

Sumter

43,241 41,595 42,444 41,003 2,139 1,565 2,085 1,595 4.9 3.8 4.9 3.9

South Dakota

474,871 483,515 472,502 481,663 13,882 10,042 14,960 11,602 2.9 2.1 3.2 2.4

Rapid City

79,698 80,604 79,968 82,368 2,265 1,589 2,523 1,934 2.8 2.0 3.2 2.3

Sioux Falls

161,445 165,625 159,394 165,402 3,953 2,756 4,365 3,332 2.4 1.7 2.7 2.0

Tennessee

3,362,110 3,391,509 3,331,141 3,354,025 154,790 134,426 137,895 116,989 4.6 4.0 4.1 3.5

Chattanooga

278,429 276,402 274,515 273,542 11,138 9,721 10,186 8,912 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.3

Clarksville

118,387 119,445 117,603 118,034 6,199 5,425 5,599 4,816 5.2 4.5 4.8 4.1

Cleveland

58,272 57,984 57,477 57,030 2,606 2,362 2,291 2,009 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.5

Jackson

65,519 65,432 64,173 63,842 3,033 2,601 2,763 2,198 4.6 4.0 4.3 3.4

Johnson City

92,326 93,220 91,334 92,178 3,718 3,589 3,410 3,148 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

133,925 134,901 132,931 134,171 5,925 5,146 5,209 4,685 4.4 3.8 3.9 3.5

Knoxville

437,655 447,468 432,528 440,798 16,096 15,611 14,293 13,442 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.0

Memphis

652,528 656,104 644,502 646,237 46,464 35,240 40,418 30,637 7.1 5.4 6.3 4.7

Morristown

53,354 53,792 52,202 52,703 2,294 2,154 2,044 1,828 4.3 4.0 3.9 3.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

1,109,858 1,136,373 1,102,146 1,125,504 41,693 34,951 37,888 30,973 3.8 3.1 3.4 2.8

Texas

14,252,822 14,603,777 14,237,859 14,541,496 831,463 632,432 781,301 607,121 5.8 4.3 5.5 4.2

Abilene

78,966 79,536 78,391 79,180 3,634 2,895 3,390 2,772 4.6 3.6 4.3 3.5

Amarillo

132,847 133,690 133,182 133,290 5,252 4,167 4,965 3,968 4.0 3.1 3.7 3.0

Austin-Round Rock

1,314,861 1,357,060 1,314,942 1,350,697 53,717 41,770 50,507 40,440 4.1 3.1 3.8 3.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165,813 165,977 165,246 165,667 16,678 12,223 15,635 11,695 10.1 7.4 9.5 7.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

174,948 175,888 174,932 175,482 14,745 11,980 13,744 11,312 8.4 6.8 7.9 6.4

College Station-Bryan

134,323 135,736 133,654 133,795 6,047 4,794 5,601 4,622 4.5 3.5 4.2 3.5

Corpus Christi

203,008 203,599 202,085 201,550 14,984 11,560 14,176 11,130 7.4 5.7 7.0 5.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

4,101,061 4,268,812 4,104,504 4,255,725 212,632 161,390 199,266 155,690 5.2 3.8 4.9 3.7

El Paso

364,694 364,516 365,543 363,384 23,011 17,384 21,693 16,783 6.3 4.8 5.9 4.6

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,439,754 3,524,961 3,431,073 3,519,910 228,492 169,070 215,745 163,110 6.6 4.8 6.3 4.6

Killeen-Temple

180,895 182,400 180,671 182,042 10,591 8,713 10,052 8,311 5.9 4.8 5.6 4.6

Laredo

116,819 117,790 116,807 117,533 7,495 5,313 6,854 4,881 6.4 4.5 5.9 4.2

Longview

95,869 97,126 96,112 96,569 6,189 4,675 5,838 4,513 6.5 4.8 6.1 4.7

Lubbock

163,785 168,631 164,352 167,193 7,988 6,380 7,276 5,806 4.9 3.8 4.4 3.5

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

366,511 370,259 365,467 367,763 35,342 29,508 33,296 28,215 9.6 8.0 9.1 7.7

Midland

102,900 103,624 102,824 103,701 5,764 3,660 5,367 3,453 5.6 3.5 5.2 3.3

Odessa

80,368 80,900 80,243 80,353 6,617 4,121 6,135 3,912 8.2 5.1 7.6 4.9

San Angelo

54,364 54,800 54,417 54,387 2,705 1,991 2,535 1,919 5.0 3.6 4.7 3.5

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,214,562 1,234,370 1,209,627 1,228,156 64,590 49,097 60,931 47,124 5.3 4.0 5.0 3.8

Sherman-Denison

65,766 67,327 65,847 67,135 3,013 2,486 2,886 2,435 4.6 3.7 4.4 3.6

Texarkana

63,708 64,423 63,072 63,800 3,609 3,109 3,267 2,870 5.7 4.8 5.2 4.5

Tyler

110,429 110,717 110,228 110,558 5,781 4,379 5,476 4,247 5.2 4.0 5.0 3.8

Victoria

43,567 43,474 43,549 43,329 2,824 2,081 2,676 1,988 6.5 4.8 6.1 4.6

Waco

129,267 132,676 129,717 131,968 6,588 5,189 6,205 4,860 5.1 3.9 4.8 3.7

Wichita Falls

64,243 64,573 63,951 64,112 3,419 2,660 3,149 2,542 5.3 4.1 4.9 4.0

Utah

1,687,831 1,732,176 1,685,422 1,740,903 46,796 35,165 46,413 36,473 2.8 2.0 2.8 2.1

Logan

73,876 75,935 73,535 76,261 1,430 1,283 1,658 1,425 1.9 1.7 2.3 1.9

Ogden-Clearfield

347,319 355,004 345,985 355,902 9,111 6,861 9,283 7,325 2.6 1.9 2.7 2.1

Provo-Orem

334,968 348,485 337,277 351,880 8,024 6,389 8,345 6,787 2.4 1.8 2.5 1.9

St. George

82,504 84,434 83,736 86,958 2,359 1,889 2,495 2,025 2.9 2.2 3.0 2.3

Salt Lake City

696,966 712,150 695,048 713,902 20,405 14,902 19,515 15,075 2.9 2.1 2.8 2.1

Vermont

333,090 341,288 330,761 340,448 10,877 7,172 10,681 6,848 3.3 2.1 3.2 2.0

Burlington-South Burlington

122,154 127,550 121,214 126,757 3,563 2,241 3,504 2,107 2.9 1.8 2.9 1.7

Virginia

4,324,041 4,389,253 4,271,233 4,352,979 179,567 127,576 169,047 137,331 4.2 2.9 4.0 3.2

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

87,980 90,269 88,098 91,355 3,182 2,680 3,044 2,840 3.6 3.0 3.5 3.1

Charlottesville

117,976 118,603 116,761 117,654 4,320 3,319 4,093 3,502 3.7 2.8 3.5 3.0

Harrisonburg

65,277 66,455 64,941 65,362 2,350 2,013 2,223 2,111 3.6 3.0 3.4 3.2

Lynchburg

119,244 120,694 117,887 120,454 5,100 3,996 4,828 4,462 4.3 3.3 4.1 3.7

Richmond

678,597 680,197 669,467 673,244 29,649 21,113 28,173 23,245 4.4 3.1 4.2 3.5

Roanoke

153,325 153,914 152,421 152,397 6,043 4,459 5,772 4,825 3.9 2.9 3.8 3.2

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,794 59,756 58,136 59,595 2,105 1,623 1,998 1,832 3.6 2.7 3.4 3.1

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

845,122 847,936 832,962 842,738 39,363 28,099 37,960 30,128 4.7 3.3 4.6 3.6

Winchester

75,051 76,268 74,307 75,270 2,403 1,916 2,227 2,051 3.2 2.5 3.0 2.7

Washington

3,935,387 3,997,225 3,925,294 4,003,609 209,591 141,651 200,712 163,088 5.3 3.5 5.1 4.1

Bellingham

114,619 115,874 113,402 115,561 7,000 4,567 6,957 5,503 6.1 3.9 6.1 4.8

Bremerton-Silverdale

127,550 128,248 127,487 128,839 6,556 4,544 6,592 5,469 5.1 3.5 5.2 4.2

Kennewick-Richland

153,779 154,674 151,021 154,761 8,812 6,168 8,801 7,363 5.7 4.0 5.8 4.8

Longview

48,184 48,891 48,259 49,540 3,142 2,221 3,187 2,648 6.5 4.5 6.6 5.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

62,638 62,588 62,630 63,301 3,946 2,617 3,900 3,092 6.3 4.2 6.2 4.9

Olympia-Tumwater

143,711 144,590 144,296 146,598 7,686 5,353 7,673 6,422 5.3 3.7 5.3 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

2,162,869 2,218,174 2,164,420 2,217,287 108,400 71,049 99,157 77,834 5.0 3.2 4.6 3.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley

283,047 286,670 283,368 288,780 15,458 10,718 15,479 12,934 5.5 3.7 5.5 4.5

Walla Walla

34,069 33,789 33,798 33,647 1,550 1,139 1,525 1,357 4.5 3.4 4.5 4.0

Wenatchee

75,352 74,168 70,430 70,057 3,403 2,263 3,512 3,078 4.5 3.1 5.0 4.4

Yakima

138,620 138,069 136,217 137,187 8,685 6,223 8,964 7,818 6.3 4.5 6.6 5.7

West Virginia

798,503 803,361 794,368 797,138 39,864 33,638 38,484 34,419 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.3

Beckley

47,662 48,051 47,188 47,531 2,571 2,020 2,444 2,088 5.4 4.2 5.2 4.4

Charleston

94,130 93,333 93,037 92,627 4,954 3,811 4,763 3,968 5.3 4.1 5.1 4.3

Huntington-Ashland

145,498 146,071 145,090 144,593 7,936 6,690 7,291 6,675 5.5 4.6 5.0 4.6

Morgantown

71,729 72,897 72,303 73,620 2,876 2,737 3,088 2,768 4.0 3.8 4.3 3.8

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,737 40,107 39,239 39,900 2,074 1,696 1,984 1,791 5.2 4.2 5.1 4.5

Wheeling

62,676 62,412 61,830 61,702 3,669 2,929 3,406 3,013 5.9 4.7 5.5 4.9

Wisconsin

3,183,068 3,142,959 3,158,846 3,124,442 123,757 105,133 116,029 103,165 3.9 3.3 3.7 3.3

Appleton

135,059 134,283 134,251 133,600 4,300 3,871 4,102 3,822 3.2 2.9 3.1 2.9

Eau Claire

94,633 93,383 93,796 93,336 3,171 2,807 3,041 2,812 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.0

Fond du Lac

57,869 58,098 57,732 57,614 1,952 1,747 1,868 1,721 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.0

Green Bay

176,214 175,377 175,900 174,363 6,140 5,230 5,857 5,222 3.5 3.0 3.3 3.0

Janesville-Beloit

88,747 87,149 87,327 86,696 4,211 3,407 3,663 3,468 4.7 3.9 4.2 4.0

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,482 76,067 77,141 75,517 2,221 2,009 2,192 1,906 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.5

Madison

405,325 399,806 401,773 394,745 11,923 10,105 11,346 9,841 2.9 2.5 2.8 2.5

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

837,878 826,065 833,254 825,872 40,425 32,720 37,527 32,039 4.8 4.0 4.5 3.9

Oshkosh-Neenah

94,616 93,267 93,640 92,698 3,214 2,821 3,091 2,778 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.0

Racine

101,293 99,351 100,586 99,037 5,008 4,224 4,713 4,228 4.9 4.3 4.7 4.3

Sheboygan

63,715 62,988 63,174 62,583 2,024 1,703 1,912 1,689 3.2 2.7 3.0 2.7

Wausau

75,328 75,009 74,630 74,120 2,353 2,113 2,218 2,108 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.8

Wyoming

293,611 290,526 291,269 290,243 12,652 8,615 11,388 9,035 4.3 3.0 3.9 3.1

Casper

39,050 38,281 38,432 38,338 2,265 1,387 2,080 1,482 5.8 3.6 5.4 3.9

Cheyenne

49,156 49,235 48,885 49,489 1,956 1,406 1,743 1,504 4.0 2.9 3.6 3.0

Puerto Rico

1,162,417 1,155,839 1,183,991 1,168,505 107,951 66,214 108,209 70,143 9.3 5.7 9.1 6.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

92,026 90,937 94,305 92,581 10,445 7,209 10,359 7,439 11.4 7.9 11.0 8.0

Arecibo

55,548 55,439 57,390 56,349 5,224 3,773 5,276 3,926 9.4 6.8 9.2 7.0

Guayama

21,044 20,966 21,521 21,056 2,262 1,554 2,190 1,580 10.7 7.4 10.2 7.5

Mayaguez

29,380 28,970 29,961 29,276 3,099 2,005 3,126 2,045 10.5 6.9 10.4 7.0

Ponce

98,103 97,244 100,457 99,292 11,055 7,148 11,246 7,886 11.3 7.4 11.2 7.9

San German

37,263 36,817 38,126 37,483 4,336 2,752 4,367 2,857 11.6 7.5 11.5 7.6

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

784,590 782,662 796,142 788,493 66,086 38,438 66,116 40,632 8.4 4.9 8.3 5.2

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.

Last Modified Date: September 28, 2022