Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links
SAE SAE Program Links

State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 20, 2019				USDL-19-2196

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in November in 7 states, higher in 5 states,
and stable in 38 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Seven states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 41 states and the District
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate, 3.5 percent, was
little changed over the month and from November 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 6 states in November 2019, decreased
in 1, and was essentially unchanged in 43 states and the District of Columbia.
Over the year, 25 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 25 states and the
District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of
households. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The
employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm
employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on
payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information
about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs,
see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in November, 2.3 percent. The rates
in Alabama (2.7 percent), Alaska (6.1 percent), Georgia (3.3 percent), Illinois
(3.8 percent), Oregon (3.9 percent), and South Carolina (2.4 percent) set new
series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless
rate, 6.1 percent. In total, 14 states had unemployment rates lower than the
U.S. figure of 3.5 percent, 12 states and the District of Columbia had higher
rates, and 24 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that
of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

North Carolina and South Carolina had the largest over-the-month unemployment
rate decreases in November (-0.2 percentage point each). Louisiana and New
Jersey had the largest rate increases (+0.2 percentage point each). Thirty-
eight states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not
notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes
that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table
B.)

Alabama had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease (-1.1 percentage
points), closely followed by Colorado (-1.0 point). The largest rate increase
from November 2018 occurred in Mississippi (+0.9 percentage point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in six states in November 2019. The largest
job gains occurred in Texas (+37,500), Michigan (+24,800), and Virginia (+17,700).
The largest percentage gain occurred in Michigan (+0.6 percent), followed by 
Virginia (+0.4 percent) and Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, and Washington (+0.3 percent
each). Employment decreased in November in Illinois (-17,200, or -0.3 percent).
(See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
November. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+336,700), California (+321,800),
and Florida (+217,400). The largest percentage gains occurred in Utah (+3.2 percent)
and Idaho and Texas (+2.7 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November 2019
is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 3, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The
State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2019 is scheduled to
be released on Friday, January 24, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., November 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.5
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           2.7
Alaska ..............................|           6.1
Arizona .............................|           4.7
California ..........................|           3.9
Colorado ............................|           2.6
District of Columbia ................|           5.3
Florida .............................|           3.1
Hawaii ..............................|           2.6
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.6
                                     |
Kentucky ............................|           4.4
Louisiana ...........................|           4.7
Maine ...............................|           2.8
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
Mississippi .........................|           5.6
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           4.8
New York ............................|           4.0
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
Ohio ................................|           4.2
                                     |
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.3
South Carolina ......................|           2.4
Utah ................................|           2.4
Vermont .............................|           2.3
Virginia ............................|           2.6
Washington ..........................|           4.4
West Virginia .......................|           4.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2019 to November 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  October  |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Delaware .......................|     3.7   |     3.8   |       0.1
Florida ........................|     3.2   |     3.1   |       -.1
Georgia ........................|     3.4   |     3.3   |       -.1
Louisiana ......................|     4.5   |     4.7   |        .2
New Jersey .....................|     3.2   |     3.4   |        .2
North Carolina .................|     4.0   |     3.8   |       -.2
Oregon .........................|     4.0   |     3.9   |       -.1
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.2   |     4.3   |        .1
South Carolina .................|     2.6   |     2.4   |       -.2
South Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     3.1   |        .1
Utah ...........................|     2.5   |     2.4   |       -.1
Washington .....................|     4.5   |     4.4   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2018 to November 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  November |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.8   |     2.7   |      -1.1
California .....................|     4.1   |     3.9   |       -.2
Colorado .......................|     3.6   |     2.6   |      -1.0
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     2.8   |       -.7
Mississippi ....................|     4.7   |     5.6   |        .9
Nebraska .......................|     2.8   |     3.1   |        .3
South Carolina .................|     3.2   |     2.4   |       -.8
Utah ...........................|     3.2   |     2.4   |       -.8
Vermont ........................|     2.6   |     2.3   |       -.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2019 to November 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   October   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2019    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Illinois .....................|   6,198,700 |   6,181,500 |     -17,200 |     -0.3
Michigan .....................|   4,422,300 |   4,447,100 |      24,800 |       .6
Oregon .......................|   1,953,100 |   1,959,400 |       6,300 |       .3
Tennessee ....................|   3,124,600 |   3,133,800 |       9,200 |       .3
Texas ........................|  12,913,900 |  12,951,400 |      37,500 |       .3
Virginia .....................|   4,031,600 |   4,049,300 |      17,700 |       .4
Washington ...................|   3,504,700 |   3,516,900 |      12,200 |       .3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2018 to November 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   November  |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,051,200 |   2,100,000 |      48,800 |      2.4
Arizona ......................|   2,890,900 |   2,961,000 |      70,100 |      2.4
Arkansas .....................|   1,267,200 |   1,283,100 |      15,900 |      1.3
California ...................|  17,282,500 |  17,604,300 |     321,800 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,739,700 |   2,796,800 |      57,100 |      2.1
Florida ......................|   8,872,500 |   9,089,900 |     217,400 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,576,300 |   4,645,300 |      69,000 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     741,700 |     761,400 |      19,700 |      2.7
Kansas .......................|   1,423,200 |   1,440,000 |      16,800 |      1.2
Kentucky .....................|   1,938,400 |   1,962,200 |      23,800 |      1.2
                              |             |             |             |         
Massachusetts ................|   3,650,200 |   3,698,800 |      48,600 |      1.3
Missouri .....................|   2,889,800 |   2,926,900 |      37,100 |      1.3
Nebraska .....................|   1,024,100 |   1,038,000 |      13,900 |      1.4
Nevada .......................|   1,407,600 |   1,444,500 |      36,900 |      2.6
New Mexico ...................|     845,900 |     862,200 |      16,300 |      1.9
New York .....................|   9,709,800 |   9,826,200 |     116,400 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,500,700 |   4,592,000 |      91,300 |      2.0
Oregon .......................|   1,922,600 |   1,959,400 |      36,800 |      1.9
Rhode Island .................|     496,000 |     506,700 |      10,700 |      2.2
South Carolina ...............|   2,158,400 |   2,190,300 |      31,900 |      1.5
                              |             |             |             |         
Tennessee ....................|   3,087,100 |   3,133,800 |      46,700 |      1.5
Texas ........................|  12,614,700 |  12,951,400 |     336,700 |      2.7
Utah .........................|   1,533,300 |   1,582,800 |      49,500 |      3.2
Virginia .....................|   4,009,200 |   4,049,300 |      40,100 |      1.0
Washington ...................|   3,430,400 |   3,516,900 |      86,500 |      2.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: December 20, 2019