State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 20, 2018	                               USDL-18-0590

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov   *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in March in 4 states, higher in 1 state, and stable in 45 states and
the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seventeen states had 
jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 33 states and the District had little or no change. 
The national unemployment rate was unchanged from February at 4.1 percent but was 0.4 percentage 
point lower than in March 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 2 states in March 2018 and was essentially unchanged in 48 
states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 24 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 26 
states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in March, 2.1 percent. The rates in Kentucky (4.0 percent) 
and Maine (2.7 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the 
highest jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 17 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. 
figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states had 
rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In March, four states had unemployment rate decreases: Maine and New Mexico (-0.2 percentage point
each) and Ohio and Wyoming (-0.1 point each). The only over-the-month rate increase was in 
Maryland (+0.1 percentage point). The remaining 45 states and the District of Columbia had jobless 
rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that 
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Seventeen states had unemployment rate changes from March 2017, all of which were decreases. The 
largest declines occurred in Alabama, Kentucky, and Louisiana (-1.2 percentage points each). (See 
table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Two states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in March 2018: Texas 
(+32,000, or +0.3 percent) and Utah (+6,300, or +0.4 percent). (See table 3.)

Twenty-four states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in March. The largest 
job gains occurred in California (+321,000), Texas (+294,100), and Florida (+173,100). The largest 
percentage gains occurred in Idaho and Utah (+3.3 percent each), followed by Nevada (+2.9 percent).
(See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, May 2, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment
news release for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 18, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., March 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           3.0
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Indiana .............................|           3.2
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           2.7
                                     |
Michigan ............................|           4.7
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           5.6
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.8
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
                                     |
Tennessee ...........................|           3.4
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.4
Washington ..........................|           4.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2017 to March 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   March   |    March  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2018(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.0   |     3.8   |      -1.2
California .....................|     5.0   |     4.3   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     4.4   |     3.9   |       -.5
Georgia ........................|     5.0   |     4.4   |       -.6
Hawaii .........................|     2.6   |     2.1   |       -.5
Idaho ..........................|     3.3   |     2.9   |       -.4
Iowa ...........................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.0   |      -1.2
Louisiana ......................|     5.6   |     4.4   |      -1.2
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
Mississippi ....................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
New Mexico .....................|     6.3   |     5.6   |       -.7
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.4   |       -.7
Tennessee ......................|     4.2   |     3.4   |       -.8
Texas ..........................|     4.6   |     4.0   |       -.6
Vermont ........................|     3.1   |     2.8   |       -.3
Virginia .......................|     3.9   |     3.4   |       -.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2017 to March 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    March    |    March    |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,755,300 |   2,818,600 |      63,300 |      2.3
California ...................|  16,724,800 |  17,045,800 |     321,000 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,645,600 |   2,707,800 |      62,200 |      2.4
Florida ......................|   8,543,700 |   8,716,800 |     173,100 |      2.0
Georgia ......................|   4,436,100 |   4,501,300 |      65,200 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     710,800 |     734,000 |      23,200 |      3.3
Massachusetts ................|   3,599,100 |   3,640,900 |      41,800 |      1.2
Michigan .....................|   4,363,000 |   4,424,300 |      61,300 |      1.4
Missouri .....................|   2,865,700 |   2,894,200 |      28,500 |      1.0
Nevada .......................|   1,334,400 |   1,373,700 |      39,300 |      2.9
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,113,200 |   4,180,300 |      67,100 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,489,400 |   9,602,700 |     113,300 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,398,700 |   4,472,000 |      73,300 |      1.7
Ohio .........................|   5,524,800 |   5,579,200 |      54,400 |      1.0
Oklahoma .....................|   1,654,500 |   1,682,400 |      27,900 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,865,600 |   1,906,600 |      41,000 |      2.2
Pennsylvania .................|   5,920,600 |   6,004,600 |      84,000 |      1.4
South Carolina ...............|   2,087,200 |   2,122,800 |      35,600 |      1.7
Tennessee ....................|   3,000,300 |   3,049,300 |      49,000 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,169,600 |  12,463,700 |     294,100 |      2.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Utah .........................|   1,458,300 |   1,506,300 |      48,000 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,947,700 |   3,987,200 |      39,500 |      1.0
Washington ...................|   3,302,000 |   3,393,600 |      91,600 |      2.8
Wisconsin ....................|   2,944,200 |   2,973,900 |      29,700 |      1.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news

   release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,173,415 2,160,683 2,160,917 2,163,135 109,645 80,807 80,571 81,229 5.0 3.7 3.7 3.8

Alaska

363,033 362,500 362,659 362,953 25,629 26,311 26,394 26,417 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.3

Arizona

3,286,430 3,345,206 3,355,522 3,364,693 166,810 160,126 163,599 164,547 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.9

Arkansas

1,350,593 1,355,383 1,353,767 1,353,025 48,909 50,773 50,803 51,352 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8

California

19,231,489 19,389,063 19,392,828 19,379,638 969,305 852,329 843,029 827,456 5.0 4.4 4.3 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,099,843 5,144,875 5,142,418 5,141,336 248,193 230,999 230,870 229,083 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.5

Colorado

2,953,005 3,034,093 3,041,965 3,049,315 77,052 92,368 92,492 90,629 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.0

Connecticut

1,925,846 1,909,934 1,908,154 1,904,731 93,685 86,758 86,908 86,381 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.5

Delaware

476,716 478,399 479,075 480,259 22,125 21,514 21,139 20,695 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3

District of Columbia

400,292 401,749 402,588 403,773 24,497 23,157 22,752 22,747 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6

Florida

10,061,216 10,151,618 10,176,274 10,193,201 443,535 397,209 398,218 400,378 4.4 3.9 3.9 3.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,378,671 1,385,913 1,388,181 1,390,248 68,421 65,820 66,584 67,223 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.8

Georgia

5,030,359 5,100,106 5,115,288 5,128,442 253,568 227,629 227,528 226,020 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.4

Hawaii

688,539 683,024 683,547 684,566 17,851 14,371 14,157 14,046 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.1

Idaho

825,352 844,203 846,451 848,097 27,511 25,220 24,991 24,674 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.9

Illinois

6,485,561 6,491,908 6,491,773 6,493,041 321,849 311,505 305,305 297,682 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,771,668 3,803,413 3,800,949 3,790,816 181,926 194,929 192,996 186,317 4.8 5.1 5.1 4.9

Indiana

3,317,073 3,313,103 3,315,405 3,322,918 118,064 109,362 107,163 105,086 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.2

Iowa

1,681,267 1,673,405 1,673,516 1,673,408 55,515 48,331 47,919 47,325 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.8

Kansas

1,478,421 1,476,833 1,476,128 1,475,318 54,632 50,990 50,493 50,085 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.4

Kentucky

2,047,954 2,049,817 2,048,993 2,049,934 105,492 87,876 84,840 82,866 5.2 4.3 4.1 4.0

Louisiana

2,110,205 2,120,684 2,128,050 2,134,054 117,350 96,568 95,077 94,779 5.6 4.6 4.5 4.4

Maine

699,359 699,711 699,733 700,081 23,077 21,008 20,009 19,123 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.7

Maryland

3,215,406 3,221,345 3,224,669 3,228,130 136,340 132,067 134,377 137,604 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.3

Massachusetts

3,656,082 3,659,563 3,669,508 3,683,710 142,139 127,127 127,587 128,797 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Michigan

4,868,060 4,897,006 4,897,455 4,898,160 223,285 231,627 232,645 229,942 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,104,024 2,116,269 2,114,631 2,113,053 95,887 94,188 94,907 94,183 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5

Minnesota

3,056,265 3,076,674 3,086,058 3,093,842 109,813 100,677 99,826 99,107 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.2

Mississippi

1,282,578 1,274,795 1,274,112 1,273,717 68,422 58,277 57,658 57,271 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.5

Missouri

3,051,773 3,042,751 3,040,806 3,039,552 118,157 112,321 111,063 109,993 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6

Montana

523,729 526,694 526,536 525,901 20,822 21,529 21,690 21,606 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Nebraska

1,006,881 1,007,856 1,009,377 1,010,967 29,904 28,838 28,393 28,206 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,451,700 1,476,359 1,480,396 1,484,945 75,192 72,128 72,495 72,855 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9

New Hampshire

746,204 746,570 747,307 748,763 20,408 19,364 19,225 19,260 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6

New Jersey

4,522,064 4,508,665 4,506,807 4,499,869 203,890 211,769 209,450 207,095 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.6

New Mexico

928,073 933,250 935,022 936,483 58,893 54,997 53,909 52,435 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.6

New York

9,687,989 9,701,691 9,692,597 9,675,674 450,609 452,409 449,887 448,997 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6

New York City

4,215,368 4,225,586 4,228,280 4,228,032 192,358 183,550 179,583 178,259 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.2

North Carolina

4,915,997 4,969,893 4,974,340 4,977,966 230,273 222,256 222,388 222,519 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.5

North Dakota

415,069 413,567 413,613 413,370 10,836 10,938 10,938 10,746 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,771,386 5,768,713 5,765,770 5,770,713 292,530 271,269 261,548 252,556 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.4

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,032,904 1,026,114 1,024,955 1,025,130 60,585 54,496 52,530 50,546 5.9 5.3 5.1 4.9

Oklahoma

1,826,610 1,842,471 1,845,063 1,848,393 81,642 76,221 75,153 74,520 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.0

Oregon

2,085,582 2,125,221 2,129,795 2,131,625 84,677 87,695 88,035 88,209 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,439,586 6,413,906 6,410,542 6,393,488 324,191 310,219 309,870 304,173 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8

Rhode Island

553,052 556,621 557,365 558,016 24,530 25,159 25,365 25,272 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5

South Carolina

2,306,520 2,321,233 2,324,812 2,327,532 99,874 100,182 101,415 102,076 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4

South Dakota

454,084 457,257 458,329 459,200 14,665 15,605 15,637 15,463 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4

Tennessee

3,177,852 3,218,407 3,221,992 3,224,961 132,884 106,766 108,451 110,245 4.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Texas

13,490,959 13,612,743 13,656,938 13,702,621 625,437 538,532 544,114 552,351 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.0

Utah

1,547,553 1,575,767 1,579,114 1,582,758 50,930 49,202 48,615 48,512 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,685 345,116 345,923 346,972 10,715 9,883 9,720 9,587 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.8

Virginia

4,294,747 4,317,044 4,320,832 4,325,379 167,298 153,959 149,724 147,022 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.4

Washington

3,691,803 3,757,119 3,759,978 3,761,849 176,157 177,272 178,064 178,702 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,637,504 1,673,831 1,681,926 1,686,837 60,521 65,431 65,587 64,797 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.8

West Virginia

776,230 783,071 784,765 785,363 38,989 42,138 42,210 42,126 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.4

Wisconsin

3,142,668 3,157,487 3,161,193 3,168,506 104,274 96,670 92,833 90,428 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.9

Wyoming

294,530 291,790 291,482 291,065 12,731 11,821 11,552 11,218 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9

Puerto Rico

1,118,233 1,094,901 1,089,676 1,087,732 126,244 119,271 115,438 112,177 11.3 10.9 10.6 10.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
February March Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,178,482 2,169,306 2,181,424 2,179,270 124,575 91,626 108,064 84,269 5.7 4.2 5.0 3.9

Alaska

359,585 359,511 359,544 360,208 28,553 29,645 27,664 28,367 7.9 8.2 7.7 7.9

Arizona

3,286,569 3,390,339 3,298,757 3,394,140 163,885 167,124 161,263 155,870 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.6

Arkansas

1,342,185 1,342,068 1,347,624 1,349,290 56,098 56,774 47,419 52,440 4.2 4.2 3.5 3.9

California

19,248,434 19,418,835 19,281,265 19,342,984 1,043,639 879,876 997,908 816,955 5.4 4.5 5.2 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,114,881 5,148,961 5,115,208 5,149,054 253,587 233,408 239,162 213,467 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.1

Colorado

2,942,908 3,059,557 2,948,935 3,060,622 91,000 101,683 82,956 89,669 3.1 3.3 2.8 2.9

Connecticut

1,915,858 1,894,779 1,925,933 1,892,963 103,807 96,893 97,735 88,275 5.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

Delaware

474,153 478,827 476,551 483,629 23,753 21,335 22,624 19,867 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.1

District of Columbia

400,242 406,350 399,738 406,543 25,054 23,007 23,776 23,054 6.3 5.7 5.9 5.7

Florida

10,013,460 10,227,767 10,079,800 10,227,276 442,653 388,375 419,457 387,106 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,369,582 1,398,781 1,361,315 1,379,713 66,183 64,906 68,030 68,471 4.8 4.6 5.0 5.0

Georgia

5,025,347 5,167,552 5,045,243 5,167,732 263,295 229,740 243,283 212,169 5.2 4.4 4.8 4.1

Hawaii

688,373 684,431 689,285 688,132 17,977 13,276 17,049 13,411 2.6 1.9 2.5 1.9

Idaho

818,289 845,065 821,069 845,818 32,858 28,729 30,884 27,031 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.2

Illinois

6,474,553 6,482,665 6,478,093 6,496,831 364,121 322,977 321,186 285,999 5.6 5.0 5.0 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,771,544 3,794,268 3,776,577 3,759,472 200,982 201,955 175,628 159,717 5.3 5.3 4.7 4.2

Indiana

3,304,095 3,323,544 3,309,822 3,350,175 141,662 123,387 122,032 110,332 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.3

Iowa

1,677,129 1,671,394 1,675,932 1,667,434 66,413 58,077 59,836 50,632 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.0

Kansas

1,476,106 1,472,178 1,474,306 1,468,404 58,644 53,061 54,849 50,528 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4

Kentucky

2,042,324 2,051,433 2,059,377 2,066,375 120,724 97,116 113,203 90,809 5.9 4.7 5.5 4.4

Louisiana

2,092,100 2,128,787 2,105,323 2,139,096 112,486 85,652 111,357 92,757 5.4 4.0 5.3 4.3

Maine

688,530 690,345 690,824 692,974 27,988 22,832 26,494 21,335 4.1 3.3 3.8 3.1

Maryland

3,192,691 3,220,396 3,205,933 3,227,781 145,292 148,874 133,794 146,094 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.5

Massachusetts

3,643,939 3,700,487 3,657,658 3,726,939 159,170 149,427 149,623 143,074 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.8

Michigan

4,866,983 4,888,398 4,864,645 4,896,258 263,550 254,111 230,931 227,363 5.4 5.2 4.7 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,097,171 2,098,842 2,101,063 2,107,128 108,326 97,504 95,119 90,108 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.3

Minnesota

3,044,630 3,105,640 3,047,901 3,100,406 136,773 120,563 126,363 117,059 4.5 3.9 4.1 3.8

Mississippi

1,277,881 1,270,862 1,282,275 1,272,447 65,727 56,621 64,981 54,593 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.3

Missouri

3,048,744 3,033,976 3,050,596 3,037,457 142,585 120,415 126,045 114,852 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.8

Montana

518,503 521,325 521,103 520,926 24,421 26,087 24,208 24,409 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.7

Nebraska

1,001,242 1,007,961 1,003,042 1,010,960 32,877 29,412 30,273 29,410 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.9

Nevada

1,449,971 1,491,889 1,451,513 1,494,636 77,052 75,003 74,613 73,451 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.9

New Hampshire

743,711 748,258 745,746 753,057 24,257 22,434 22,809 22,114 3.3 3.0 3.1 2.9

New Jersey

4,517,426 4,499,469 4,515,753 4,470,219 226,708 219,438 206,573 209,144 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.7

New Mexico

927,333 938,821 925,719 935,556 60,797 51,263 58,140 47,399 6.6 5.5 6.3 5.1

New York

9,678,410 9,676,154 9,711,006 9,633,503 509,705 495,252 452,962 458,395 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8

New York City

4,239,029 4,273,939 4,240,501 4,245,997 211,800 185,646 187,971 177,896 5.0 4.3 4.4 4.2

North Carolina

4,904,278 4,977,233 4,933,462 4,995,869 245,129 226,746 221,850 215,431 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.3

North Dakota

410,267 409,228 411,605 408,644 14,215 13,912 13,708 13,067 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Ohio

5,743,568 5,748,520 5,759,230 5,790,438 337,498 274,791 304,017 249,637 5.9 4.8 5.3 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,034,098 1,025,051 1,024,726 1,019,847 73,882 58,071 62,593 48,387 7.1 5.7 6.1 4.7

Oklahoma

1,818,653 1,847,424 1,826,509 1,856,982 86,677 73,596 79,598 71,452 4.8 4.0 4.4 3.8

Oregon

2,062,476 2,123,013 2,075,186 2,116,813 88,807 92,665 88,471 91,868 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,423,661 6,377,671 6,433,347 6,313,353 362,398 331,904 333,171 290,438 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.6

Rhode Island

550,484 556,333 549,211 555,334 28,584 29,495 26,644 26,546 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.8

South Carolina

2,294,785 2,322,659 2,299,337 2,323,624 106,193 106,386 91,254 94,310 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.1

South Dakota

449,201 456,659 451,562 457,982 16,867 17,932 16,418 16,381 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6

Tennessee

3,173,471 3,231,438 3,184,423 3,235,016 143,397 117,633 129,301 111,761 4.5 3.6 4.1 3.5

Texas

13,493,966 13,810,899 13,517,746 13,834,783 653,124 569,955 613,327 569,437 4.8 4.1 4.5 4.1

Utah

1,540,096 1,584,495 1,545,451 1,589,247 55,920 52,916 53,757 52,731 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.3

Vermont

343,284 347,658 344,221 349,517 12,092 10,608 12,023 10,635 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.0

Virginia

4,276,758 4,326,959 4,307,443 4,348,371 179,163 143,345 167,999 144,276 4.2 3.3 3.9 3.3

Washington

3,685,135 3,764,480 3,696,726 3,766,825 198,423 200,281 182,054 185,674 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,642,489 1,709,409 1,644,403 1,696,087 61,791 65,818 59,205 59,030 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.5

West Virginia

773,790 785,972 771,485 778,466 47,907 50,268 43,322 46,148 6.2 6.4 5.6 5.9

Wisconsin

3,128,779 3,167,104 3,125,799 3,177,883 130,576 105,962 114,387 101,091 4.2 3.3 3.7 3.2

Wyoming

292,598 288,065 293,214 288,701 15,006 12,402 14,259 12,055 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.2

Puerto Rico

1,143,308 1,087,362 1,122,929 1,087,412 129,219 108,699 123,154 106,537 11.3 10.0 11.0 9.8

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,013.5 2,025.8 2,029.7 2,032.8 84.9 85.7 85.8 86.5 263.3 264.7 265.3 266.0

Alaska

330.2 327.7 329.0 329.5 15.2 15.9 15.1 15.5 13.4 12.4 14.1 14.2

Arizona

2,755.3 2,803.5 2,813.4 2,818.6 141.9 152.2 153.3 152.1 161.9 169.0 169.7 170.6

Arkansas

1,239.3 1,239.9 1,241.2 1,243.8 51.9 51.0 50.9 51.0 156.6 158.1 158.3 159.0

California

16,724.8 17,051.8 17,053.0 17,045.8 795.6 849.3 854.4 850.0 1,311.1 1,319.2 1,320.9 1,322.8


Colorado

2,645.6 2,693.2 2,702.4 2,707.8 162.0 170.7 172.7 172.9 143.8 144.6 145.6 145.6

Connecticut

1,682.2 1,689.4 1,692.0 1,690.0 58.4 57.1 58.9 59.4 158.1 163.2 162.8 162.6

Delaware(2)

457.1 457.1 457.9 459.6 22.3 22.6 23.0 23.1 25.9 26.0 26.0 25.8

District of Columbia(2)

790.5 794.6 794.3 794.5 15.2 15.8 15.8 15.7 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3

Florida

8,543.7 8,672.7 8,703.0 8,716.8 503.3 525.3 532.7 534.9 363.0 367.0 370.3 373.0


Georgia

4,436.1 4,496.4 4,508.7 4,501.3 183.1 189.7 193.6 193.0 395.9 399.6 401.6 398.9

Hawaii(2)

653.1 659.0 661.1 661.3 36.8 37.0 36.6 35.9 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.0

Idaho

710.8 730.5 732.6 734.0 44.3 47.5 48.0 48.1 66.0 68.4 68.6 68.9

Illinois

6,053.9 6,079.9 6,095.2 6,093.1 220.9 222.0 224.1 224.7 568.3 585.6 585.6 586.5

Indiana

3,102.1 3,119.0 3,125.0 3,129.6 138.5 141.4 144.0 145.1 528.9 532.9 533.9 534.4


Iowa

1,571.5 1,580.2 1,582.7 1,582.1 78.6 72.6 73.4 74.7 213.8 223.4 224.0 224.2

Kansas

1,405.6 1,412.5 1,414.2 1,416.3 61.6 59.6 59.0 59.1 160.7 162.3 162.6 163.0

Kentucky

1,923.3 1,924.7 1,926.6 1,927.8 78.3 76.0 75.7 76.7 250.7 250.9 251.4 250.7

Louisiana

1,973.0 1,971.6 1,978.3 1,985.1 146.5 143.2 146.8 148.0 135.0 134.8 136.5 137.4

Maine

624.1 623.7 626.7 627.0 28.3 27.7 27.6 27.8 51.2 51.1 51.8 51.9


Maryland(2)

2,722.3 2,730.9 2,729.9 2,733.1 163.9 164.0 165.3 166.0 106.8 107.7 108.5 108.2

Massachusetts

3,599.1 3,622.7 3,636.2 3,640.9 149.2 157.1 159.5 160.7 244.1 245.8 246.0 246.6

Michigan

4,363.0 4,398.0 4,414.3 4,424.3 160.4 169.0 170.9 172.5 615.1 615.4 617.4 618.1

Minnesota

2,930.0 2,948.6 2,948.4 2,951.3 121.1 122.7 121.8 120.8 318.2 318.3 319.9 321.4

Mississippi

1,150.8 1,161.2 1,164.2 1,165.2 43.6 44.1 44.9 45.1 143.9 144.0 144.7 145.3


Missouri

2,865.7 2,884.7 2,891.1 2,894.2 123.1 119.4 120.5 121.9 265.1 270.2 270.7 270.1

Montana

471.9 477.1 475.5 474.9 28.0 28.3 27.7 27.5 20.0 20.0 20.1 20.0

Nebraska(2)

1,019.0 1,021.3 1,022.9 1,025.5 52.7 50.2 50.5 50.7 97.6 99.7 100.4 100.7

Nevada

1,334.4 1,364.3 1,370.2 1,373.7 83.0 89.2 89.9 90.5 45.8 51.2 51.6 52.1

New Hampshire

674.1 680.0 683.5 682.6 26.7 27.5 27.8 27.6 69.0 69.8 70.4 70.3


New Jersey

4,113.2 4,162.2 4,175.2 4,180.3 155.9 153.7 155.5 154.1 243.3 246.7 248.4 249.6

New Mexico

829.8 838.3 839.2 839.4 44.9 48.6 48.5 48.3 26.3 27.2 27.1 27.3

New York

9,489.4 9,573.9 9,602.2 9,602.7 382.6 389.0 396.0 390.8 447.7 445.0 443.5 444.9

North Carolina

4,398.7 4,458.6 4,467.9 4,472.0 207.1 212.0 212.5 213.7 466.3 469.1 470.3 469.8

North Dakota

432.2 423.7 425.4 426.7 29.1 24.5 24.7 24.8 24.5 25.0 25.0 25.3


Ohio

5,524.8 5,553.0 5,568.4 5,579.2 213.5 216.6 218.0 219.2 685.7 693.0 695.8 697.3

Oklahoma

1,654.5 1,676.6 1,680.1 1,682.4 77.1 79.4 79.4 79.0 126.7 128.9 129.1 130.0

Oregon

1,865.6 1,901.7 1,902.4 1,906.6 95.2 100.8 101.3 101.1 188.3 192.2 191.3 192.5

Pennsylvania

5,920.6 5,995.5 6,001.9 6,004.6 242.4 252.7 255.8 256.0 560.9 564.6 565.4 564.4

Rhode Island

491.9 497.7 498.8 498.3 18.4 19.1 19.2 18.7 40.3 41.4 41.3 41.2


South Carolina

2,087.2 2,110.9 2,121.4 2,122.8 100.8 102.8 102.6 101.8 239.7 244.6 244.5 242.8

South Dakota(2)

433.8 438.8 440.0 440.1 23.4 23.8 23.9 23.5 42.5 44.1 44.6 44.9

Tennessee(2)

3,000.3 3,031.2 3,044.4 3,049.3 123.5 125.5 125.1 124.6 348.7 349.0 349.6 349.6

Texas

12,169.6 12,381.9 12,431.7 12,463.7 710.0 734.9 740.2 744.0 846.0 859.0 861.7 864.8

Utah

1,458.3 1,495.9 1,500.0 1,506.3 95.8 102.1 101.7 101.1 129.1 131.5 132.6 133.0


Vermont

313.9 314.2 314.0 314.5 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.3 29.7 29.5 29.1 29.2

Virginia

3,947.7 3,964.9 3,983.2 3,987.2 192.8 198.0 201.5 202.3 234.1 237.1 239.3 238.3

Washington

3,302.0 3,381.2 3,389.7 3,393.6 196.7 209.5 207.4 206.9 285.8 284.7 285.7 287.3

West Virginia

746.7 749.3 752.5 751.7 30.3 34.0 34.3 33.7 46.8 47.2 47.4 47.2

Wisconsin

2,944.2 2,961.5 2,967.1 2,973.9 116.1 118.1 119.7 122.0 467.0 475.3 478.1 480.2

Wyoming

281.0 285.3 285.4 284.5 19.7 19.6 19.8 19.8 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.7


Puerto Rico(2)

887.4 846.9 849.9 851.5 21.4 20.2 20.7 21.2 72.8 70.0 70.0 70.0

Virgin Islands(3)

38.3 35.6 35.5 35.8 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)

Alabama

379.4 378.2 380.7 380.5 96.4 96.4 96.5 96.6 238.4 241.1 240.6 240.9

Alaska

64.9 63.1 63.2 63.8 12.0 11.8 11.8 11.8 28.0 28.2 28.4 28.2

Arizona

522.0 527.4 530.3 531.8 211.8 217.1 218.1 217.5 418.5 421.6 424.4 427.8

Arkansas

251.1 250.2 250.5 251.4 53.1 53.5 53.7 53.9 144.2 145.0 144.6 145.1

California

3,027.8 3,075.9 3,073.4 3,071.5 829.7 836.4 835.9 834.7 2,556.1 2,595.6 2,602.4 2,601.6


Colorado

459.1 466.4 468.2 470.7 166.8 167.7 168.5 168.2 410.7 417.7 419.3 420.1

Connecticut

297.4 300.2 300.2 298.7 128.1 128.0 128.9 128.9 218.8 221.1 220.5 221.2

Delaware

81.3 81.6 82.0 82.4 47.7 47.7 48.0 48.2 62.0 62.6 62.7 62.7

District of Columbia

33.5 34.1 34.3 34.5 30.0 30.8 30.6 30.7 166.0 166.6 167.9 166.8

Florida

1,740.1 1,751.8 1,754.5 1,755.3 558.3 570.8 573.2 573.9 1,312.4 1,347.8 1,355.7 1,350.5


Georgia

936.9 950.0 952.1 955.3 241.6 239.6 242.0 242.1 667.3 678.3 674.6 671.9

Hawaii

121.2 121.6 121.2 121.7 28.8 28.5 28.5 28.9 82.0 82.9 84.1 84.1

Idaho

139.3 141.4 141.8 142.1 34.9 36.5 36.8 36.7 89.8 90.4 90.9 91.5

Illinois

1,214.5 1,212.0 1,218.3 1,218.2 390.2 395.4 396.9 398.0 938.8 938.1 939.7 936.1

Indiana

597.1 599.7 601.7 604.3 135.5 135.9 135.9 135.7 337.1 338.5 340.4 340.7


Iowa

315.2 314.1 314.6 312.9 108.4 111.0 111.1 111.6 138.7 140.6 141.5 142.1

Kansas

267.8 268.1 268.6 269.7 78.4 77.7 78.1 78.8 176.8 181.0 181.9 182.9

Kentucky

400.0 407.2 408.2 409.9 93.8 92.9 93.2 93.5 215.2 214.3 215.5 215.6

Louisiana

383.9 377.5 378.0 379.8 92.2 91.2 90.3 90.8 209.3 213.9 212.8 214.7

Maine

120.6 119.7 120.7 121.3 31.4 31.6 31.3 31.3 66.6 67.8 67.8 68.1


Maryland

467.2 467.5 469.6 471.0 145.9 145.1 144.2 143.7 444.0 448.8 444.9 446.4

Massachusetts

578.5 577.8 580.6 580.4 221.5 221.7 221.6 221.6 564.1 573.4 573.9 580.5

Michigan

788.7 790.1 791.4 794.2 217.5 219.1 219.1 219.4 648.5 651.5 657.0 661.4

Minnesota

538.4 541.0 542.6 544.5 180.3 178.6 178.5 178.6 375.0 377.0 373.0 373.2

Mississippi

231.4 232.4 232.3 232.9 44.1 45.0 45.6 45.4 107.6 112.6 112.8 112.7


Missouri

547.7 548.7 549.5 550.0 172.7 174.6 175.7 176.0 381.7 392.1 397.0 398.7

Montana

94.7 94.6 94.2 94.2 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.3 41.0 41.8 41.8 42.0

Nebraska

203.1 203.8 204.0 204.1 73.8 74.5 74.5 74.8 117.6 117.8 118.0 119.5

Nevada

246.7 252.5 252.8 254.0 64.5 65.3 66.2 65.9 182.8 183.3 183.6 183.2

New Hampshire

140.2 141.9 143.0 142.7 35.0 35.0 35.1 35.1 81.5 81.5 81.5 81.5


New Jersey

878.5 896.1 901.6 902.7 248.7 247.3 247.5 247.3 666.0 674.7 676.3 678.4

New Mexico

137.1 137.1 137.4 137.9 33.7 34.7 35.1 34.9 103.9 104.7 105.3 106.5

New York

1,572.6 1,573.0 1,580.9 1,581.9 714.3 721.6 723.6 723.0 1,309.1 1,331.6 1,335.8 1,338.7

North Carolina

824.5 832.8 837.9 839.0 230.8 235.7 237.5 237.2 615.0 634.6 632.3 630.3

North Dakota

95.1 93.9 94.4 94.5 24.3 24.1 24.2 24.3 34.6 33.9 34.1 34.3


Ohio

1,024.7 1,025.0 1,032.2 1,035.6 305.3 311.0 311.7 312.5 726.0 720.1 721.6 722.4

Oklahoma

302.8 305.7 304.8 305.5 78.7 78.9 79.5 80.2 184.1 186.2 186.4 186.0

Oregon

349.7 352.8 355.1 357.8 99.6 101.4 101.1 101.3 242.5 245.4 244.5 245.3

Pennsylvania

1,125.3 1,130.5 1,128.9 1,129.5 320.3 322.6 323.9 322.7 797.4 810.6 810.7 811.0

Rhode Island

76.4 76.1 76.7 77.1 35.7 36.5 36.5 36.3 66.8 68.5 69.3 69.8


South Carolina

397.9 400.1 402.5 403.2 102.0 101.5 102.1 101.6 276.9 276.8 279.7 281.0

South Dakota

87.5 86.4 87.0 86.9 29.3 29.8 29.7 29.8 31.4 32.5 32.4 32.4

Tennessee

620.0 622.4 625.3 627.4 157.3 159.5 160.7 160.6 405.8 407.4 410.8 411.3

Texas

2,443.5 2,475.9 2,489.8 2,497.3 749.4 765.0 769.5 770.2 1,658.9 1,705.3 1,720.7 1,726.9

Utah

276.3 283.0 284.0 286.5 83.5 85.3 85.1 85.9 204.7 207.7 210.3 211.7


Vermont

55.3 55.1 54.9 54.9 12.0 12.3 12.4 12.3 28.3 28.1 28.1 28.3

Virginia

663.1 660.1 662.3 664.2 204.0 205.1 205.5 206.0 725.2 735.0 737.1 737.5

Washington

620.6 638.6 641.9 643.6 152.5 157.0 157.9 156.7 411.9 425.3 426.1 426.3

West Virginia

131.7 131.9 132.9 132.9 26.8 26.9 26.9 27.0 66.6 65.8 66.1 66.4

Wisconsin

543.4 541.4 542.3 544.7 153.5 151.1 151.5 150.7 324.5 326.0 326.2 329.0

Wyoming

52.1 52.7 53.2 53.1 10.8 11.0 11.0 10.9 18.1 19.3 19.1 19.0


Puerto Rico

174.2 162.6 164.1 164.5 42.6 41.8 42.1 41.9 116.1 113.1 114.0 114.9

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 7.2 7.3 7.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)
Mar.
2017
Jan.
2018
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018(p)

Alabama

241.1 243.1 244.3 244.3 201.8 206.4 206.4 206.7 384.4 384.5 385.3 385.8

Alaska

49.6 49.8 50.0 50.1 35.3 35.8 35.9 35.6 81.5 80.9 80.7 80.7

Arizona

424.4 433.9 436.7 437.8 316.8 322.6 323.8 324.4 412.8 413.3 412.0 411.7

Arkansas

187.0 187.7 188.3 188.7 116.6 116.0 116.7 117.5 210.8 211.3 211.2 211.1

California

2,612.2 2,691.6 2,693.7 2,698.3 1,941.8 1,987.1 1,987.2 1,987.1 2,544.0 2,574.8 2,570.4 2,570.3


Colorado

332.1 337.1 337.8 337.9 330.0 339.8 340.7 341.0 436.4 439.7 439.3 440.4

Connecticut

333.5 337.6 338.5 339.0 155.8 154.7 155.2 153.9 234.8 230.7 230.5 230.4

Delaware

77.8 78.1 78.1 78.3 50.4 49.3 49.2 49.4 66.4 66.1 65.6 66.4

District of Columbia

134.4 136.3 133.8 134.6 76.0 77.0 77.7 78.5 242.1 238.7 238.2 238.1

Florida

1,270.6 1,283.6 1,287.6 1,291.8 1,196.8 1,224.7 1,223.6 1,229.1 1,106.5 1,110.7 1,110.6 1,111.9


Georgia

566.5 580.2 583.7 586.5 475.8 483.6 488.7 484.7 685.7 691.0 689.9 690.2

Hawaii

83.6 85.8 86.4 86.5 122.7 127.2 127.3 127.9 126.7 125.0 125.8 125.3

Idaho

102.5 105.6 105.5 105.2 74.5 77.0 77.4 77.6 122.1 125.3 125.4 125.4

Illinois

922.3 925.2 925.3 925.1 610.2 617.3 615.6 615.3 830.0 830.6 837.2 836.8

Indiana

464.7 476.2 475.4 475.6 308.9 307.9 306.7 306.4 426.5 425.5 426.4 426.7


Iowa

232.2 232.1 232.8 232.4 143.2 145.2 145.4 144.6 259.5 260.7 260.0 260.0

Kansas

197.3 199.3 198.7 198.6 129.7 131.3 131.2 130.2 255.9 257.1 257.3 257.2

Kentucky

272.1 271.7 271.3 271.0 198.0 196.1 195.9 195.5 316.0 315.5 315.1 315.2

Louisiana

314.2 317.6 318.1 319.1 231.7 237.2 238.0 237.0 328.0 325.3 325.3 325.0

Maine

127.1 129.0 128.9 128.8 67.4 66.2 67.1 66.9 100.1 99.9 100.1 100.0


Maryland

456.5 469.9 469.6 469.3 280.6 274.1 274.8 275.5 505.4 503.5 503.6 503.7

Massachusetts

793.2 790.6 796.7 795.0 366.4 374.7 375.5 375.2 452.4 450.9 451.2 450.3

Michigan

669.5 673.6 675.6 674.4 431.5 438.4 442.1 443.0 600.4 606.3 607.3 607.7

Minnesota

530.7 539.0 538.6 539.4 271.3 271.0 274.3 274.2 421.0 429.7 428.5 428.4

Mississippi

143.2 145.8 145.8 146.3 134.3 136.7 136.9 136.2 243.3 242.4 242.7 242.9


Missouri

464.1 469.0 468.7 467.5 305.6 304.4 304.2 304.2 433.5 433.1 433.5 434.0

Montana

76.3 76.9 76.8 76.9 65.0 66.8 66.6 66.4 90.6 91.9 91.6 91.3

Nebraska

154.6 154.9 155.1 155.2 91.6 94.2 94.3 93.7 172.9 172.7 172.6 173.2

Nevada

132.0 137.3 138.3 138.0 350.7 350.1 352.4 353.5 159.8 164.8 164.8 165.5

New Hampshire

123.0 125.0 125.4 125.3 70.5 71.0 72.1 72.1 90.4 89.9 90.0 90.2


New Jersey

688.4 706.7 708.0 707.0 373.3 376.1 376.8 380.6 613.9 616.0 615.0 615.9

New Mexico

139.3 140.2 139.4 139.1 96.5 97.8 98.1 97.8 186.9 187.2 187.6 187.3

New York

1,990.8 2,023.7 2,028.4 2,032.0 937.9 949.0 953.4 951.1 1,449.0 1,450.8 1,449.9 1,450.2

North Carolina

596.2 602.5 602.9 605.1 492.5 499.2 499.7 501.2 730.2 735.7 735.7 735.6

North Dakota

63.0 63.2 63.5 63.4 39.4 37.6 37.8 37.9 82.8 81.0 80.8 80.8


Ohio

926.5 932.3 935.7 936.0 560.0 564.1 564.8 566.4 784.4 788.9 785.8 788.0

Oklahoma

233.7 235.4 236.6 236.1 166.7 171.2 172.3 172.5 350.0 351.5 351.2 351.6

Oregon

271.5 296.5 296.2 296.1 204.0 213.0 213.0 212.9 310.9 292.8 293.2 293.4

Pennsylvania

1,237.3 1,266.0 1,269.6 1,272.3 564.4 577.0 576.5 576.1 703.0 700.5 699.8 700.6

Rhode Island

106.4 108.0 107.3 106.7 58.0 58.0 58.3 58.0 60.6 60.7 60.6 60.8


South Carolina

245.1 248.8 249.9 250.6 252.6 259.3 261.9 263.8 364.9 367.2 367.6 367.5

South Dakota

71.4 72.7 72.5 72.7 47.0 46.9 47.3 47.3 78.9 80.0 80.0 80.1

Tennessee

429.9 436.2 437.8 437.6 326.7 339.9 342.8 345.6 429.6 430.6 431.1 431.3

Texas

1,662.9 1,679.6 1,683.9 1,686.0 1,311.9 1,357.2 1,352.1 1,352.6 1,940.7 1,941.4 1,944.3 1,945.7

Utah

196.8 202.1 202.5 203.5 142.3 149.1 149.3 148.7 242.8 246.9 247.1 247.3


Vermont

65.3 65.8 66.0 66.1 36.9 36.8 37.1 37.4 55.7 55.9 55.8 55.9

Virginia

529.1 532.1 533.8 536.0 404.7 400.5 405.1 405.3 716.2 715.6 716.2 716.2

Washington

471.1 482.8 485.2 485.4 329.8 335.8 335.6 336.7 582.9 591.2 592.2 592.7

West Virginia

130.3 132.1 131.4 131.4 74.1 74.0 75.1 75.4 156.3 153.7 154.2 154.4

Wisconsin

449.3 453.5 453.6 452.8 281.1 283.6 282.5 283.0 405.3 407.4 409.3 407.2

Wyoming

27.7 28.2 28.1 28.0 36.2 36.8 36.5 36.3 70.4 69.5 69.3 69.0


Puerto Rico

122.0 116.0 116.0 115.8 81.5 77.8 78.2 78.7 221.3 210.8 210.3 209.7

Virgin Islands

2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 7.7 6.0 6.0 6.1 10.9 10.6 10.4 10.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
February March February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

1,996.5 2,015.5 2,008.0 2,028.1 9.7 9.9 9.7 10.0 84.0 84.0 85.5 85.6

Alaska

317.3 316.2 318.3 317.8 13.1 12.8 13.1 12.9 12.8 13.0 13.0 13.3

Arizona

2,758.9 2,825.8 2,769.5 2,838.1 11.4 11.6 11.4 11.8 138.5 150.7 140.8 151.6

Arkansas

1,230.1 1,233.6 1,238.4 1,243.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.5 49.5 49.6 50.8 49.6

California

16,576.3 16,968.1 16,665.1 17,010.3 20.7 21.2 20.6 21.2 761.1 837.1 780.6 832.8


Colorado

2,613.2 2,682.8 2,631.5 2,698.7 24.0 27.9 24.4 28.1 153.6 164.6 156.7 167.1

Connecticut

1,656.6 1,666.7 1,661.9 1,670.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 52.3 52.1 53.2 53.7

Delaware(1)

446.6 448.3 450.1 453.2 - - - - 20.9 21.9 21.6 22.2

District of Columbia(1)

784.1 791.8 789.6 793.3 - - - - 14.8 15.4 14.9 15.5

Florida

8,550.9 8,718.1 8,590.8 8,769.3 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.7 494.6 527.3 499.4 529.6


Georgia

4,392.5 4,476.4 4,418.9 4,485.6 9.4 9.9 9.4 9.8 180.1 189.1 181.2 191.7

Hawaii(1)

651.8 661.9 655.6 663.7 - - - - 36.1 36.4 36.4 35.6

Idaho

695.1 720.6 703.5 725.0 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 39.8 44.3 41.9 44.6

Illinois

5,936.3 5,993.4 5,979.9 6,021.8 7.6 7.3 7.8 7.4 194.7 196.8 202.5 206.1

Indiana

3,058.9 3,080.1 3,080.6 3,098.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.9 124.6 128.5 129.6 133.9


Iowa

1,547.4 1,560.0 1,554.9 1,564.5 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 66.9 61.7 69.5 65.8

Kansas

1,395.5 1,405.0 1,401.0 1,412.2 6.6 6.9 6.7 6.9 58.4 54.3 59.9 56.0

Kentucky

1,893.8 1,902.3 1,905.5 1,911.2 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.3 72.0 70.9 74.9 73.5

Louisiana

1,967.8 1,968.9 1,970.3 1,982.8 34.6 33.8 34.7 33.9 144.8 145.7 146.1 147.8

Maine

600.6 604.8 604.8 607.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 24.9 24.7 25.2 25.3


Maryland

2,679.1 2,691.1 2,696.2 2,709.1 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 157.2 158.7 157.7 159.8

Massachusetts

3,520.2 3,562.1 3,540.1 3,580.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 134.7 145.4 137.1 148.8

Michigan

4,297.1 4,349.4 4,317.0 4,376.9 6.5 7.0 6.6 7.0 142.0 153.2 145.6 157.9

Minnesota

2,872.9 2,897.1 2,880.4 2,901.8 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.2 100.8 105.5 104.2 104.4

Mississippi

1,147.0 1,158.9 1,150.7 1,164.7 6.9 6.6 7.0 6.6 43.0 44.2 43.4 44.9


Missouri

2,826.2 2,861.0 2,843.3 2,878.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2 116.7 112.9 118.6 116.8

Montana

459.6 465.2 463.5 466.6 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.7 24.1 24.3 25.1 24.8

Nebraska

1,004.3 1,007.1 1,010.8 1,016.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 46.8 44.4 48.5 46.3

Nevada

1,314.9 1,356.6 1,329.5 1,366.1 13.9 14.2 13.9 14.3 78.8 85.8 81.5 87.5

New Hampshire

662.7 673.5 664.6 673.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 24.2 25.8 24.6 25.5


New Jersey

4,036.3 4,095.4 4,059.3 4,123.5 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 144.6 144.3 146.6 144.2

New Mexico

824.7 834.6 827.9 836.8 20.0 20.6 20.2 20.2 43.3 47.0 44.1 47.1

New York

9,362.2 9,462.3 9,398.5 9,504.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 353.7 360.0 358.3 363.6

North Carolina

4,355.7 4,428.8 4,376.8 4,459.7 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 202.4 209.0 204.2 212.3

North Dakota

422.8 417.8 424.2 420.7 15.9 17.8 16.3 18.4 23.5 20.1 23.8 20.6


Ohio

5,427.1 5,486.3 5,455.5 5,519.3 10.6 11.4 11.0 11.9 189.6 198.0 197.3 202.6

Oklahoma

1,638.8 1,672.3 1,650.6 1,680.4 45.1 50.5 45.7 51.4 74.9 78.0 75.8 77.7

Oregon

1,842.5 1,881.9 1,853.9 1,892.9 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.7 90.2 97.4 92.1 97.5

Pennsylvania

5,850.0 5,921.2 5,871.8 5,946.5 24.6 27.2 25.1 26.8 220.9 231.6 225.9 238.8

Rhode Island

481.1 487.2 482.9 489.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 16.2 16.6 16.3 16.7


South Carolina

2,063.4 2,096.0 2,079.7 2,115.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 99.8 101.8 100.3 101.1

South Dakota

422.8 428.5 425.6 431.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 19.1 19.9 19.6 20.3

Tennessee

2,973.5 3,020.3 2,987.0 3,040.6 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 115.5 118.2 117.4 119.3

Texas

12,083.1 12,383.4 12,142.4 12,434.1 212.6 239.6 214.2 242.7 699.5 736.2 707.0 738.9

Utah

1,442.1 1,488.8 1,453.8 1,501.8 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.3 89.5 96.2 92.9 97.5


Vermont

311.7 314.4 312.5 314.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 13.0 13.3 13.1 13.3

Virginia

3,900.9 3,941.5 3,917.6 3,959.7 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.2 185.1 193.5 187.8 198.0

Washington

3,252.1 3,350.9 3,277.5 3,371.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 187.7 198.6 192.2 201.8

West Virginia

734.4 739.8 741.2 745.3 20.9 22.7 21.2 22.8 26.2 29.4 27.7 30.3

Wisconsin

2,890.4 2,915.8 2,903.0 2,929.7 3.6 4.2 3.9 4.3 102.3 105.1 104.6 109.2

Wyoming

273.0 277.6 274.9 278.2 18.7 20.6 18.9 20.6 17.4 17.2 17.7 18.0


Puerto Rico

881.3 846.5 887.0 850.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.5 19.7 20.6 20.4

Virgin Islands(1)

38.3 35.6 38.9 36.0 - - - - 1.6 2.0 1.7 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
February March February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

262.8 264.2 262.8 265.2 375.4 376.5 376.5 378.4 20.7 21.0 20.8 21.2

Alaska

12.7 12.7 12.9 12.7 61.0 58.9 61.0 60.1 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8

Arizona

162.1 169.4 161.5 170.4 519.4 527.2 518.4 529.2 45.3 45.3 45.4 45.1

Arkansas

156.1 157.9 156.4 158.4 248.4 246.8 248.7 249.7 13.4 12.3 13.4 12.2

California

1,301.7 1,309.9 1,300.8 1,315.1 2,984.8 3,041.1 2,986.0 3,036.3 537.2 531.0 520.6 530.0


Colorado

142.3 144.9 143.0 145.1 453.5 462.3 453.4 465.8 71.6 73.9 71.4 74.3

Connecticut

156.9 161.5 157.4 161.5 292.9 294.8 292.7 293.9 31.9 30.5 31.7 30.7

Delaware

26.0 25.8 25.8 25.7 79.4 80.0 79.5 80.8 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.3

District of Columbia

1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 32.9 34.1 33.1 34.4 17.4 18.6 17.5 18.8

Florida

361.2 371.0 362.8 373.9 1,734.4 1,749.7 1,734.2 1,754.3 139.6 138.5 139.3 137.3


Georgia

395.0 402.2 395.8 399.6 927.0 944.0 930.2 950.7 114.9 111.5 114.9 108.6

Hawaii

14.1 14.1 14.2 13.9 120.4 120.2 120.6 121.1 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.0

Idaho

65.0 67.8 65.6 68.2 136.4 138.7 137.2 139.5 9.0 9.2 9.0 9.1

Illinois

564.5 583.3 566.7 584.8 1,194.1 1,193.8 1,196.5 1,200.2 98.5 93.7 98.6 93.9

Indiana

526.8 532.2 527.6 532.3 587.4 589.2 588.6 595.5 32.2 29.3 32.5 28.9


Iowa

211.9 222.9 212.8 222.9 310.1 310.2 310.6 308.1 21.9 21.6 21.9 21.9

Kansas

160.6 162.3 160.5 162.7 265.0 265.7 264.6 267.1 19.8 19.0 19.7 19.3

Kentucky

249.9 251.5 250.0 250.0 394.0 402.0 395.5 405.8 22.6 22.1 22.7 21.8

Louisiana

134.2 134.8 134.2 136.6 381.0 374.9 381.8 378.9 24.2 23.1 23.8 23.7

Maine

49.7 50.3 50.0 50.8 115.4 116.4 115.5 116.2 7.5 7.2 7.5 7.2


Maryland

105.5 108.0 106.0 107.6 457.1 459.9 458.0 463.1 38.2 36.3 37.9 36.5

Massachusetts

242.8 244.2 242.7 245.2 564.9 566.5 564.9 567.1 90.8 90.5 90.6 91.0

Michigan

611.0 614.7 610.0 614.9 770.1 773.2 773.4 779.0 56.3 55.0 56.8 55.0

Minnesota

313.9 314.8 314.6 317.6 527.6 532.2 527.3 534.7 50.3 49.2 50.3 49.8

Mississippi

144.2 144.6 143.8 145.0 229.5 230.2 229.2 231.5 11.8 11.2 11.8 11.1


Missouri

264.5 269.4 264.2 269.3 539.0 542.9 540.8 544.3 51.1 52.3 51.2 52.0

Montana

19.5 19.7 19.6 19.6 92.6 92.2 92.9 92.5 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.6

Nebraska

97.3 100.2 97.5 100.6 200.0 200.6 200.4 201.5 18.4 17.5 18.3 17.3

Nevada

45.0 51.4 45.6 52.1 243.6 249.1 243.5 250.8 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.1

New Hampshire

68.4 69.5 68.6 69.8 137.2 139.2 136.9 139.2 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.2


New Jersey

241.5 246.6 241.8 248.7 862.1 886.6 862.6 890.0 72.0 70.1 71.4 70.2

New Mexico

25.9 26.8 25.8 27.0 135.6 135.3 135.4 135.8 11.9 11.4 12.3 11.3

New York

443.2 438.5 444.5 442.0 1,543.8 1,552.7 1,544.6 1,555.3 266.4 264.8 267.4 267.6

North Carolina

465.2 469.2 465.0 467.9 812.4 826.2 814.6 833.2 78.6 81.8 78.6 82.2

North Dakota

23.9 24.6 24.0 25.0 93.9 93.3 93.7 93.0 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.4


Ohio

680.8 692.6 682.3 694.8 1,007.6 1,015.4 1,008.9 1,021.8 71.5 70.1 71.1 69.7

Oklahoma

126.6 129.4 126.5 129.6 299.0 301.1 299.5 303.7 20.9 19.8 20.9 19.6

Oregon

185.4 188.8 186.2 190.5 343.7 347.8 344.1 351.6 34.1 34.0 33.8 33.4

Pennsylvania

556.1 560.7 558.1 561.9 1,112.1 1,113.8 1,110.0 1,113.6 83.5 80.8 82.8 81.4

Rhode Island

40.1 41.2 40.2 41.0 75.0 75.0 74.7 75.2 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0


South Carolina

239.2 244.2 239.8 242.7 392.1 397.1 393.6 400.3 27.5 27.7 27.7 27.8

South Dakota

42.2 43.7 42.2 44.2 85.7 85.5 85.9 85.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6

Tennessee

347.7 348.5 347.9 349.3 612.5 618.4 612.8 621.4 45.8 45.3 45.3 46.3

Texas

842.3 861.7 844.1 862.8 2,419.7 2,469.7 2,418.7 2,478.6 201.5 199.2 202.9 198.6

Utah

127.9 131.9 128.4 132.5 271.8 281.8 273.2 284.6 38.7 38.9 38.3 39.3


Vermont

29.1 28.5 29.3 28.7 54.1 54.0 54.2 54.1 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.3

Virginia

232.2 238.6 232.9 238.4 650.5 652.1 651.5 654.7 68.4 67.2 68.3 67.1

Washington

282.4 282.2 282.9 284.7 606.4 630.9 610.1 634.0 123.7 128.7 124.2 129.8

West Virginia

46.5 46.9 46.6 47.0 129.1 130.5 129.1 130.7 8.9 8.2 8.9 7.2

Wisconsin

460.3 473.0 462.5 476.0 531.8 531.1 533.2 532.5 48.4 46.5 48.1 46.3

Wyoming

9.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 50.9 52.2 50.9 52.0 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

72.4 70.3 72.7 70.1 172.3 163.1 173.3 164.1 17.4 17.3 17.5 17.5

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.0 7.3 8.1 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
February March February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

95.7 96.0 96.0 96.2 234.2 237.9 237.0 240.4 240.8 245.7 240.2 243.6

Alaska

11.7 11.6 11.6 11.5 27.4 27.7 26.9 27.3 49.4 50.2 49.7 50.5

Arizona

210.8 218.5 211.6 218.2 415.9 424.8 416.1 426.7 424.6 438.8 425.6 439.9

Arkansas

52.4 53.1 52.8 53.4 143.5 143.8 144.8 145.7 186.4 188.4 187.1 189.0

California

823.9 833.9 824.0 831.7 2,521.4 2,582.6 2,538.1 2,588.1 2,611.4 2,704.4 2,628.0 2,716.0


Colorado

166.1 168.2 166.5 168.3 400.6 413.6 403.2 413.2 330.7 338.5 332.2 337.6

Connecticut

127.4 128.0 127.3 128.2 213.1 214.8 214.9 217.4 333.9 340.8 333.2 339.6

Delaware

47.4 47.6 47.5 47.7 60.5 61.4 60.2 61.6 77.6 78.0 77.6 78.3

District of Columbia

30.0 30.4 29.9 30.5 165.0 167.1 165.1 165.9 136.6 136.9 137.2 137.4

Florida

555.5 571.0 557.5 573.9 1,308.1 1,348.3 1,311.7 1,345.4 1,272.8 1,293.9 1,274.5 1,300.1


Georgia

239.5 240.7 240.5 240.9 657.5 664.5 662.7 665.2 564.7 584.4 567.2 588.5

Hawaii

28.5 28.3 28.7 28.9 81.6 84.0 82.1 84.5 83.3 86.5 84.2 87.0

Idaho

34.5 36.4 34.7 36.5 86.6 88.8 88.1 90.2 102.1 105.9 103.2 105.6

Illinois

386.1 396.3 386.8 396.4 910.5 912.4 918.8 911.9 922.5 930.8 926.7 929.8

Indiana

134.0 134.6 134.3 134.4 324.9 331.5 329.4 332.0 468.8 476.8 468.6 477.7


Iowa

107.9 110.3 108.0 110.6 135.3 138.5 135.6 139.2 235.1 235.5 235.7 235.2

Kansas

78.1 77.7 77.9 78.3 173.0 178.2 174.2 180.1 196.8 198.7 196.8 198.4

Kentucky

93.1 92.6 93.3 92.9 210.5 210.7 210.0 211.3 271.7 272.7 271.4 271.4

Louisiana

91.9 90.2 91.8 90.6 209.9 211.6 209.4 214.6 313.3 317.7 313.2 319.1

Maine

30.7 30.9 30.9 30.9 64.6 65.6 64.8 65.9 127.2 129.6 128.0 129.5


Maryland

144.4 143.6 144.6 142.1 433.8 436.9 437.2 442.7 455.3 471.6 457.2 471.1

Massachusetts

219.0 219.5 218.8 219.0 546.2 558.3 549.5 565.7 793.4 800.6 798.7 800.5

Michigan

215.3 216.3 215.1 217.0 638.7 648.5 643.2 657.2 669.8 676.8 671.3 676.5

Minnesota

178.5 177.2 178.8 177.7 365.3 365.6 366.1 364.7 531.4 539.0 531.2 540.2

Mississippi

43.8 45.4 43.9 45.2 107.8 111.7 108.1 112.2 143.6 147.3 143.8 148.0


Missouri

170.8 174.6 171.5 175.3 373.9 391.1 377.9 394.9 464.7 473.0 462.2 469.1

Montana

23.9 24.1 24.1 24.0 39.5 40.9 40.0 41.0 76.5 77.1 76.8 77.2

Nebraska

73.3 73.7 73.4 74.3 115.1 115.5 116.2 117.8 154.7 155.4 155.2 155.8

Nevada

64.2 65.9 64.1 65.8 177.8 181.6 182.0 181.7 131.0 138.2 131.8 137.5

New Hampshire

34.7 35.0 34.6 34.8 79.4 79.8 79.5 79.6 123.6 126.4 123.5 126.1


New Jersey

245.5 245.4 246.8 245.5 647.9 654.0 652.7 662.7 687.6 709.7 692.5 711.2

New Mexico

33.6 35.0 33.6 34.8 102.8 104.1 102.8 105.4 140.1 139.9 139.9 139.3

New York

707.6 717.6 708.6 717.9 1,283.4 1,310.0 1,287.9 1,318.3 2,011.0 2,047.4 2,019.7 2,056.1

North Carolina

227.7 234.9 228.6 235.5 606.0 623.1 609.1 625.1 597.2 604.6 596.0 607.5

North Dakota

24.1 24.1 24.2 24.1 33.3 33.2 33.5 33.7 62.8 63.2 63.0 63.5


Ohio

302.8 308.6 303.0 309.6 708.4 705.2 709.8 707.0 925.4 940.2 927.9 941.4

Oklahoma

78.0 79.5 78.3 79.9 180.5 183.7 182.6 184.1 232.7 237.3 233.2 236.6

Oregon

97.5 100.4 98.0 100.9 238.2 240.2 239.7 242.0 273.3 298.7 274.4 298.9

Pennsylvania

317.7 321.4 318.3 321.0 781.2 792.5 784.5 795.2 1,249.6 1,281.7 1,250.8 1,285.4

Rhode Island

35.6 36.3 35.6 36.0 64.8 66.7 64.9 67.9 106.8 108.8 108.2 109.1


South Carolina

100.5 101.1 101.2 100.8 273.5 275.6 274.5 278.3 245.0 250.4 245.7 251.9

South Dakota

28.9 29.4 29.0 29.6 30.6 31.8 30.9 31.7 70.8 72.3 71.4 73.1

Tennessee

156.0 159.8 156.6 160.3 399.1 406.0 399.9 407.8 430.7 439.2 431.5 439.9

Texas

744.3 764.9 745.8 765.6 1,643.7 1,704.2 1,650.4 1,716.5 1,658.3 1,684.6 1,661.2 1,685.0

Utah

83.0 84.7 82.9 85.0 199.4 204.6 201.1 208.1 198.5 205.2 199.4 206.4


Vermont

11.9 12.2 11.9 12.2 26.9 27.0 27.2 27.2 64.6 65.9 65.5 66.2

Virginia

202.0 204.5 202.3 205.3 716.2 728.2 717.3 728.2 531.1 537.7 531.8 539.3

Washington

150.8 156.4 151.4 155.8 402.8 418.8 406.8 421.7 472.1 489.2 474.1 488.6

West Virginia

26.5 26.6 26.7 26.9 65.2 65.3 65.8 66.0 130.5 131.5 130.7 131.6

Wisconsin

151.7 150.4 152.2 149.3 314.8 318.7 317.9 323.2 450.3 454.4 451.5 454.5

Wyoming

10.7 10.9 10.7 10.8 17.1 18.4 17.2 18.4 27.8 28.4 27.9 28.3


Puerto Rico

42.4 42.0 42.5 41.8 115.3 113.8 115.8 114.4 121.1 115.2 123.7 117.0

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
February March February March February March
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

195.7 199.9 200.1 204.5 92.8 92.9 93.3 94.0 384.7 387.5 386.1 389.0

Alaska

30.1 31.4 30.9 31.5 10.8 10.8 10.8 10.7 82.2 81.3 82.3 81.5

Arizona

316.8 324.9 324.0 332.0 88.2 88.4 88.6 88.8 425.9 426.2 426.1 424.4

Arkansas

112.5 113.1 115.3 116.5 48.2 48.8 48.5 47.9 213.8 214.3 214.8 215.4

California

1,895.7 1,953.5 1,922.0 1,965.9 554.8 558.2 560.0 556.1 2,563.6 2,595.2 2,584.4 2,617.1


Colorado

325.9 339.2 330.3 344.2 107.5 107.0 108.1 107.9 437.4 442.7 442.3 447.1

Connecticut

145.7 145.6 148.2 147.1 63.7 64.4 64.1 63.7 238.3 233.7 238.7 234.4

Delaware

45.9 44.3 46.9 45.7 18.5 18.6 18.6 18.8 65.8 66.3 67.8 68.1

District of Columbia

72.7 75.5 75.5 77.6 73.7 75.6 74.1 75.0 239.8 236.9 241.1 236.9

Florida

1,202.8 1,230.3 1,225.6 1,257.7 348.2 350.6 349.4 354.9 1,128.0 1,131.8 1,130.6 1,136.5


Georgia

459.8 475.5 469.5 476.8 156.5 159.3 157.2 158.2 688.1 695.3 690.3 695.6

Hawaii

121.8 127.0 123.0 127.5 27.7 28.1 27.8 28.1 129.2 128.3 129.4 128.1

Idaho

70.9 74.3 72.1 75.2 24.1 25.0 24.3 25.2 123.2 126.9 124.2 127.8

Illinois

575.7 584.4 588.4 594.6 248.6 248.7 250.6 249.3 833.5 845.9 836.5 847.4

Indiana

295.8 293.2 301.1 298.2 124.9 123.6 126.0 125.3 433.8 435.4 437.1 434.6


Iowa

136.1 137.2 138.0 138.3 57.1 55.6 57.2 55.3 263.1 264.5 263.4 265.0

Kansas

124.4 127.1 127.2 127.9 50.8 50.6 50.8 50.5 262.0 264.5 262.7 265.0

Kentucky

187.3 186.2 192.8 189.7 65.3 67.1 66.0 67.1 317.2 316.2 318.5 317.4

Louisiana

229.4 234.2 231.7 235.2 73.6 74.7 73.8 75.4 330.9 328.2 329.8 327.0

Maine

55.9 55.3 57.1 56.3 21.1 21.2 21.2 20.8 101.3 101.3 102.3 102.3


Maryland

262.7 253.8 268.3 260.8 112.5 111.9 113.1 112.0 511.1 509.2 514.9 512.2

Massachusetts

334.3 341.0 341.4 346.5 132.4 135.1 134.3 134.9 460.7 460.0 461.1 461.2

Michigan

408.5 417.2 413.2 421.9 165.2 169.0 165.7 170.1 613.7 618.5 616.1 620.4

Minnesota

255.0 255.7 257.9 257.2 114.9 115.2 115.7 114.4 429.0 436.5 428.0 434.9

Mississippi

130.9 132.9 132.8 134.2 40.2 40.5 40.4 40.8 245.3 244.3 246.5 245.2


Missouri

285.0 285.3 294.7 294.1 115.1 114.1 115.6 114.9 441.3 441.3 442.5 443.1

Montana

61.1 62.8 62.0 62.9 18.3 18.7 18.4 18.5 91.1 92.2 91.7 92.8

Nebraska

87.6 89.5 89.3 90.8 36.4 35.8 36.6 36.1 173.8 173.5 174.4 174.8

Nevada

344.8 347.4 349.7 351.6 39.8 41.5 40.2 42.0 161.8 167.3 163.0 168.7

New Hampshire

65.1 67.0 65.5 66.7 23.8 24.1 23.9 24.2 93.0 93.5 94.2 94.2


New Jersey

340.8 341.0 347.6 350.5 169.0 171.3 169.8 171.0 624.1 625.2 626.2 628.2

New Mexico

93.6 96.0 95.0 96.9 27.6 27.9 27.7 27.9 190.3 190.6 191.1 191.1

New York

885.4 897.1 894.5 903.3 406.2 412.9 407.4 414.0 1,457.1 1,456.8 1,461.1 1,461.7

North Carolina

468.1 474.2 478.4 485.7 149.6 150.1 150.3 151.2 742.9 750.0 746.3 753.3

North Dakota

38.1 36.8 38.5 37.4 16.1 16.3 16.3 16.3 84.6 82.0 84.4 82.3


Ohio

525.3 529.8 536.9 540.3 213.1 218.1 214.3 218.9 792.0 796.9 793.0 801.3

Oklahoma

160.9 167.6 165.1 170.4 66.5 70.0 67.3 70.3 353.7 355.4 355.7 357.1

Oregon

196.0 203.9 198.9 206.6 62.4 65.2 62.7 65.1 315.0 298.7 317.4 299.7

Pennsylvania

530.3 539.3 539.5 547.5 257.3 259.3 258.6 260.5 716.7 712.9 718.2 714.4

Rhode Island

52.6 52.4 53.0 53.0 22.5 22.8 22.4 23.2 61.0 61.2 61.2 61.5


South Carolina

240.1 246.0 248.2 258.8 74.6 77.8 75.4 78.3 366.9 370.0 369.0 370.9

South Dakota

43.3 42.6 43.9 43.1 16.3 16.5 16.4 16.5 79.4 80.3 79.7 80.6

Tennessee

312.5 327.3 320.1 336.8 111.9 114.6 112.9 115.0 437.8 439.0 438.6 440.5

Texas

1,278.8 1,326.1 1,304.8 1,340.7 419.2 427.4 422.5 431.0 1,963.2 1,969.8 1,970.8 1,973.7

Utah

140.2 149.0 143.2 150.4 39.4 39.2 39.8 39.6 245.5 249.1 246.2 250.1


Vermont

39.3 40.4 38.3 39.4 9.9 10.1 10.0 9.9 57.6 58.0 57.7 58.2

Virginia

383.4 382.6 391.8 392.1 199.7 204.5 200.9 204.7 724.3 724.4 725.0 723.7

Washington

315.9 322.9 321.3 328.8 117.3 119.8 118.4 120.0 587.0 597.4 590.2 600.0

West Virginia

71.0 70.9 72.3 72.8 53.3 52.7 53.5 52.7 156.3 155.1 158.7 157.3

Wisconsin

261.1 259.2 265.2 264.6 149.2 151.9 150.3 152.3 416.9 421.3 413.6 417.5

Wyoming

33.0 33.1 33.4 32.7 13.7 14.0 13.8 14.2 70.9 69.6 71.5 70.1


Puerto Rico

80.7 77.7 81.6 78.1 17.6 17.2 17.8 17.3 221.1 209.7 221.0 209.2

Virgin Islands

7.9 6.1 8.0 6.2 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 10.9 10.4 11.0 10.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: April 20, 2018