State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 15, 2018                          USDL-18-0999

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                   STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in May in 14 states and stable in 36 states and the
District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven
states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 39 states and the District
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate edged down from April to
3.8 percent and was 0.5 percentage point lower than in May 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 7 states in May 2018 and was essentially
unchanged in 43 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 35 states added
nonfarm payroll jobs and 15 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in May, 2.0 percent. Alaska had the highest
jobless rate, 7.2 percent. In total, 13 states had unemployment rates lower than
the U.S. figure of 3.8 percent, 17 states and the District of Columbia had higher
rates, and 20 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the
nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In May, 14 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in
New Mexico (-0.3 percentage point). The remaining 36 states and the District of
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table B.)

Eleven states had unemployment rate changes from May 2017, all of which were decreases.
The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.1 percentage points), closely followed
by Kentucky (-1.0 point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Seven states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in May 2018.
The largest increases occurred in Texas (+34,700), Ohio (+22,600), and North Carolina
(+21,600). In percentage terms, the largest increase occurred in West Virginia (+1.4
percent), followed by North Dakota (+1.0 percent) and North Carolina (+0.5 percent).
(See tables D and 3.)

Thirty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in May.
The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+352,100), California (+306,000), and Florida
(+180,200). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.4 percent), followed by
Idaho (+3.1 percent) and Texas and Washington (+2.9 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for May is scheduled to
be released on Wednesday, June 27, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and
Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 20, 2018,
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., May 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.8
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
Arizona .............................|           4.7
California ..........................|           4.2
Colorado ............................|           2.8
Connecticut .........................|           4.5
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.3
Iowa ................................|           2.7
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           4.6
Maine ...............................|           2.8
Maryland ............................|           4.3
Michigan ............................|           4.6
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Mississippi .........................|           4.7
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.8
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Jersey ..........................|           4.4
                                     |
New Mexico ..........................|           5.1
New York ............................|           4.5
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.3
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.5
Utah ................................|           3.0
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.2
Washington ..........................|           4.7
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.



Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2018 to May 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   April   |    May    |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ........................|     4.9   |     4.7   |      -0.2
Colorado .......................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
Delaware .......................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
Georgia ........................|     4.3   |     4.2   |       -.1
Illinois .......................|     4.4   |     4.3   |       -.1
Montana ........................|     4.0   |     3.9   |       -.1
New Jersey .....................|     4.5   |     4.4   |       -.1
New Mexico .....................|     5.4   |     5.1   |       -.3
New York .......................|     4.6   |     4.5   |       -.1
North Carolina .................|     4.4   |     4.3   |       -.1
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
South Dakota ...................|     3.4   |     3.3   |       -.1
Virginia .......................|     3.3   |     3.2   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from May 2017 to May 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |    May    |    May    |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.9   |     4.2   |      -0.7
Delaware .......................|     4.6   |     4.0   |       -.6
Georgia ........................|     4.8   |     4.2   |       -.6
Iowa ...........................|     3.2   |     2.7   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
Louisiana ......................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
Maine ..........................|     3.4   |     2.8   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.2   |     5.1   |      -1.1
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.3   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     3.8   |     3.2   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from April 2018 to
May 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |    April    |     May     |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Michigan .....................|   4,413,600 |   4,425,400 |      11,800 |      0.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,945,000 |   2,955,200 |      10,200 |       .3
North Carolina ...............|   4,480,500 |   4,502,100 |      21,600 |       .5
North Dakota .................|     426,100 |     430,300 |       4,200 |      1.0
Ohio .........................|   5,576,000 |   5,598,600 |      22,600 |       .4
Texas ........................|  12,507,600 |  12,542,300 |      34,700 |       .3
West Virginia ................|     749,700 |     760,300 |      10,600 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from May 2017 to
May 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |     May     |     May     |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,011,800 |   2,034,700 |      22,900 |      1.1
Arizona ......................|   2,765,200 |   2,835,100 |      69,900 |      2.5
California ...................|  16,783,500 |  17,089,500 |     306,000 |      1.8
Colorado .....................|   2,650,600 |   2,723,400 |      72,800 |      2.7
Florida ......................|   8,566,600 |   8,746,800 |     180,200 |      2.1
Georgia ......................|   4,438,300 |   4,515,000 |      76,700 |      1.7
Hawaii .......................|     652,100 |     663,400 |      11,300 |      1.7
Idaho ........................|     713,300 |     735,100 |      21,800 |      3.1
Illinois .....................|   6,048,700 |   6,108,900 |      60,200 |      1.0
Indiana ......................|   3,100,200 |   3,133,300 |      33,100 |      1.1
                              |             |             |             |       
Iowa .........................|   1,569,300 |   1,586,400 |      17,100 |      1.1
Kansas .......................|   1,397,000 |   1,419,700 |      22,700 |      1.6
Massachusetts ................|   3,596,000 |   3,652,100 |      56,100 |      1.6
Michigan .....................|   4,367,600 |   4,425,400 |      57,800 |      1.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,925,200 |   2,955,200 |      30,000 |      1.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,148,800 |   1,164,700 |      15,900 |      1.4
Missouri .....................|   2,860,600 |   2,894,900 |      34,300 |      1.2
Nebraska .....................|   1,017,000 |   1,030,400 |      13,400 |      1.3
Nevada .......................|   1,336,800 |   1,374,200 |      37,400 |      2.8
New Hampshire ................|     673,000 |     685,900 |      12,900 |      1.9
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,122,000 |   4,179,200 |      57,200 |      1.4
New Mexico ...................|     828,500 |     841,700 |      13,200 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,506,400 |   9,614,800 |     108,400 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,402,500 |   4,502,100 |      99,600 |      2.3
Ohio .........................|   5,522,400 |   5,598,600 |      76,200 |      1.4
Oklahoma .....................|   1,657,700 |   1,683,000 |      25,300 |      1.5
Oregon .......................|   1,869,300 |   1,911,500 |      42,200 |      2.3
Pennsylvania .................|   5,936,200 |   6,014,400 |      78,200 |      1.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,083,900 |   2,122,300 |      38,400 |      1.8
Tennessee ....................|   3,003,700 |   3,057,100 |      53,400 |      1.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Texas ........................|  12,190,200 |  12,542,300 |     352,100 |      2.9
Utah .........................|   1,463,100 |   1,512,900 |      49,800 |      3.4
Virginia .....................|   3,947,500 |   4,000,500 |      53,000 |      1.3
Washington ...................|   3,315,700 |   3,411,500 |      95,800 |      2.9
West Virginia ................|     743,200 |     760,300 |      17,100 |      2.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news

   release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)

Alabama

2,168,875 2,162,897 2,169,509 2,177,073 98,713 81,166 83,151 85,634 4.6 3.8 3.8 3.9

Alaska

362,979 362,922 362,949 362,496 25,875 26,412 26,455 26,251 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.2

Arizona

3,298,810 3,364,525 3,370,639 3,373,543 161,593 164,452 163,841 159,572 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.7

Arkansas

1,353,883 1,353,076 1,351,935 1,350,319 49,270 51,351 51,643 51,224 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8

California

19,275,710 19,379,922 19,358,521 19,344,096 939,586 827,755 815,491 808,080 4.9 4.3 4.2 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,113,000 5,141,881 5,140,721 5,141,473 243,660 229,310 228,607 227,469 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.4

Colorado

2,974,362 3,049,371 3,056,040 3,064,246 78,654 90,578 88,042 85,095 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8

Connecticut

1,922,862 1,904,716 1,900,950 1,898,480 91,241 86,339 85,750 84,912 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.5

Delaware

477,378 480,244 481,417 482,971 22,151 20,697 20,112 19,512 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.0

District of Columbia

401,304 403,727 405,379 407,204 24,977 22,742 22,741 22,810 6.2 5.6 5.6 5.6

Florida

10,092,636 10,193,386 10,204,507 10,217,395 425,286 400,410 397,648 391,100 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,389,061 1,390,293 1,391,797 1,394,452 66,906 67,223 66,349 64,545 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6

Georgia

5,048,145 5,128,566 5,137,984 5,144,777 241,943 226,022 222,295 215,536 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.2

Hawaii

686,763 684,631 685,777 686,762 16,745 14,084 14,017 13,965 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.0

Idaho

829,143 848,131 849,383 850,605 26,621 24,670 24,560 24,579 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,480,259 6,492,969 6,489,223 6,488,131 317,410 297,639 287,144 278,841 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,776,321 3,790,889 3,774,183 3,758,020 184,368 186,293 175,433 164,650 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.4

Indiana

3,320,149 3,323,026 3,335,033 3,350,961 115,679 105,071 105,802 108,461 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.2

Iowa

1,680,648 1,673,572 1,674,213 1,676,144 53,884 47,332 46,965 46,042 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.7

Kansas

1,478,423 1,475,242 1,474,574 1,475,426 53,519 50,070 50,013 49,990 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4

Kentucky

2,055,366 2,050,194 2,054,136 2,058,417 105,677 83,030 83,110 84,123 5.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

Louisiana

2,108,990 2,133,758 2,137,983 2,138,975 112,024 94,761 95,658 97,556 5.3 4.4 4.5 4.6

Maine

700,650 700,190 701,228 702,730 23,926 19,187 19,162 19,548 3.4 2.7 2.7 2.8

Maryland

3,220,840 3,228,185 3,229,782 3,230,661 133,544 137,533 138,688 138,483 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3

Massachusetts

3,660,570 3,683,675 3,704,674 3,732,168 140,458 128,752 130,021 131,038 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.5

Michigan

4,868,271 4,898,245 4,902,592 4,907,881 211,992 229,900 228,219 223,485 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,103,678 2,112,985 2,113,959 2,116,308 86,317 94,167 94,262 93,669 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.4

Minnesota

3,060,752 3,093,831 3,100,993 3,106,974 106,019 99,108 99,166 97,378 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.1

Mississippi

1,281,747 1,273,764 1,275,321 1,278,235 67,303 57,275 58,232 59,543 5.3 4.5 4.6 4.7

Missouri

3,051,380 3,039,505 3,039,824 3,045,482 113,742 109,994 109,351 108,288 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6

Montana

524,941 525,950 524,864 523,749 20,905 21,620 21,239 20,535 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9

Nebraska

1,006,961 1,011,002 1,012,250 1,013,280 29,308 28,215 28,496 28,816 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,458,436 1,484,904 1,488,928 1,492,148 74,357 73,000 73,125 71,756 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8

New Hampshire

746,481 748,688 750,748 753,185 20,119 19,259 19,645 19,981 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7

New Jersey

4,520,848 4,500,017 4,489,212 4,477,835 203,866 207,118 203,361 195,503 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.4

New Mexico

928,131 936,511 937,560 938,512 57,269 52,432 50,571 48,090 6.2 5.6 5.4 5.1

New York

9,714,518 9,675,414 9,665,693 9,658,437 455,805 448,950 448,681 437,542 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5

New York City

4,229,670 4,227,756 4,227,630 4,225,193 195,683 178,239 179,811 176,714 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.2

North Carolina

4,929,648 4,977,843 4,981,554 4,987,865 220,338 222,517 219,580 213,611 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3

North Dakota

415,074 413,361 412,466 411,151 10,333 10,751 10,780 10,665 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,782,912 5,770,546 5,777,645 5,787,638 292,456 252,571 248,911 249,963 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,033,409 1,025,030 1,025,780 1,026,748 59,314 50,549 49,463 49,475 5.7 4.9 4.8 4.8

Oklahoma

1,829,992 1,848,315 1,851,095 1,854,642 78,933 74,541 74,671 73,784 4.3 4.0 4.0 4.0

Oregon

2,098,213 2,131,620 2,129,328 2,125,880 85,491 88,130 87,934 86,665 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,429,284 6,393,600 6,378,191 6,363,740 312,890 304,198 297,738 283,192 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5

Rhode Island

553,542 558,040 558,845 559,975 24,246 25,295 25,156 24,767 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4

South Carolina

2,308,727 2,327,331 2,323,584 2,317,929 97,141 102,079 97,929 92,498 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.0

South Dakota

454,659 459,143 459,655 459,610 14,939 15,454 15,524 15,180 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3

Tennessee

3,186,566 3,224,893 3,231,665 3,237,589 119,874 110,141 110,881 111,821 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.5

Texas

13,511,179 13,702,943 13,750,815 13,789,284 590,229 552,348 558,603 559,675 4.4 4.0 4.1 4.1

Utah

1,556,059 1,582,790 1,586,291 1,589,724 51,205 48,503 48,588 48,074 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0

Vermont

344,562 346,963 348,024 348,852 10,548 9,587 9,601 9,665 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.8

Virginia

4,305,429 4,325,344 4,330,963 4,338,619 162,469 146,994 143,958 140,065 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2

Washington

3,711,259 3,761,537 3,760,565 3,760,658 176,523 178,449 178,712 178,131 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,643,728 1,686,820 1,687,997 1,686,340 62,245 64,726 63,839 63,010 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7

West Virginia

775,974 785,418 785,359 785,723 38,469 42,193 42,224 42,268 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.4

Wisconsin

3,151,015 3,168,552 3,175,403 3,179,363 103,574 90,514 89,508 89,189 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.8

Wyoming

293,264 291,076 290,322 289,252 11,819 11,221 10,968 10,830 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7

Puerto Rico

1,105,921 1,087,732 1,089,484 1,088,933 116,417 112,177 107,782 104,231 10.5 10.3 9.9 9.6

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,171,702 2,193,308 2,163,796 2,194,378 89,137 76,151 86,255 81,749 4.1 3.5 4.0 3.7

Alaska

358,437 357,994 363,941 361,038 26,236 26,934 25,680 25,103 7.3 7.5 7.1 7.0

Arizona

3,293,061 3,373,474 3,288,898 3,362,129 153,625 147,390 153,047 132,653 4.7 4.4 4.7 3.9

Arkansas

1,352,393 1,347,998 1,358,442 1,349,338 43,094 45,858 48,170 47,543 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5

California

19,240,604 19,246,059 19,213,327 19,266,046 902,414 739,014 846,642 711,537 4.7 3.8 4.4 3.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,106,537 5,136,797 5,092,293 5,130,442 226,748 207,713 225,610 206,846 4.4 4.0 4.4 4.0

Colorado

2,955,181 3,057,975 2,963,182 3,073,077 76,319 79,283 75,693 74,531 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4

Connecticut

1,921,392 1,884,854 1,930,665 1,903,769 89,980 80,466 89,792 80,919 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.3

Delaware

476,851 483,690 475,357 484,933 21,618 17,952 20,587 16,670 4.5 3.7 4.3 3.4

District of Columbia

399,234 408,753 398,908 408,983 22,272 20,532 23,115 21,104 5.6 5.0 5.8 5.2

Florida

10,091,093 10,202,550 10,120,621 10,270,841 398,973 347,903 408,129 345,124 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,396,688 1,400,930 1,392,720 1,403,471 65,840 59,455 65,846 55,663 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.0

Georgia

5,041,112 5,140,436 5,049,359 5,149,749 228,457 188,589 231,718 181,827 4.5 3.7 4.6 3.5

Hawaii

688,671 688,876 685,360 686,730 16,578 13,285 16,218 13,404 2.4 1.9 2.4 2.0

Idaho

822,734 845,902 830,137 853,247 26,478 23,959 23,117 21,546 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.5

Illinois

6,462,314 6,448,363 6,460,273 6,468,858 291,942 233,043 283,455 228,259 4.5 3.6 4.4 3.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,755,838 3,706,656 3,772,672 3,713,798 174,070 131,904 168,688 121,391 4.6 3.6 4.5 3.3

Indiana

3,317,416 3,371,914 3,331,502 3,406,833 99,519 99,098 106,122 109,270 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.2

Iowa

1,679,203 1,672,615 1,675,398 1,676,976 51,050 42,355 48,400 37,029 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.2

Kansas

1,472,812 1,466,884 1,469,649 1,470,847 50,296 47,053 52,027 47,831 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3

Kentucky

2,059,556 2,073,040 2,061,615 2,076,198 98,936 81,050 102,602 86,594 4.8 3.9 5.0 4.2

Louisiana

2,109,716 2,139,825 2,106,872 2,130,914 106,015 91,846 107,667 100,337 5.0 4.3 5.1 4.7

Maine

692,797 697,190 697,339 703,470 24,305 21,447 24,007 21,299 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.0

Maryland

3,202,113 3,208,069 3,209,731 3,216,820 122,990 123,902 125,682 125,447 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9

Massachusetts

3,646,782 3,751,378 3,642,292 3,789,531 130,569 123,195 135,023 126,878 3.6 3.3 3.7 3.3

Michigan

4,829,355 4,879,003 4,865,026 4,925,940 181,556 194,126 187,178 187,197 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,076,197 2,093,167 2,092,693 2,117,708 69,782 76,063 70,630 77,836 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.7

Minnesota

3,051,011 3,100,740 3,057,119 3,109,058 104,572 96,766 94,737 76,781 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.5

Mississippi

1,279,466 1,278,096 1,285,731 1,293,066 58,631 53,951 69,030 65,958 4.6 4.2 5.4 5.1

Missouri

3,061,521 3,050,540 3,059,214 3,076,794 108,193 101,099 111,943 101,966 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.3

Montana

522,610 519,214 525,675 521,179 20,324 18,978 18,368 15,486 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.0

Nebraska

1,007,564 1,013,431 1,010,223 1,016,909 28,336 28,850 28,038 28,395 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,452,558 1,493,980 1,458,009 1,495,119 74,195 71,680 72,036 62,418 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.2

New Hampshire

740,783 751,166 742,475 755,176 19,388 20,402 18,892 19,588 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.6

New Jersey

4,509,912 4,437,141 4,514,399 4,441,543 191,918 180,529 198,466 163,978 4.3 4.1 4.4 3.7

New Mexico

924,811 933,827 921,490 933,527 53,916 41,389 53,839 37,878 5.8 4.4 5.8 4.1

New York

9,687,025 9,620,036 9,690,531 9,627,528 421,390 418,211 428,582 356,305 4.4 4.3 4.4 3.7

New York City

4,217,219 4,212,738 4,211,570 4,188,992 175,946 171,625 182,785 144,517 4.2 4.1 4.3 3.4

North Carolina

4,924,665 4,983,756 4,940,145 5,019,980 203,092 185,590 213,136 184,582 4.1 3.7 4.3 3.7

North Dakota

413,430 406,679 416,201 407,825 10,998 11,697 8,908 8,997 2.7 2.9 2.1 2.2

Ohio

5,761,735 5,787,859 5,776,692 5,813,989 266,262 234,030 265,194 241,290 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,039,267 1,035,381 1,029,479 1,025,669 55,746 46,089 56,679 50,479 5.4 4.5 5.5 4.9

Oklahoma

1,822,182 1,849,346 1,824,733 1,857,567 72,604 69,664 80,509 72,120 4.0 3.8 4.4 3.9

Oregon

2,085,262 2,102,390 2,089,234 2,104,074 79,461 80,700 77,134 73,428 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.5

Pennsylvania

6,431,950 6,323,416 6,438,733 6,348,830 290,893 253,225 312,702 233,594 4.5 4.0 4.9 3.7

Rhode Island

548,149 555,650 548,914 558,642 22,297 22,458 22,013 21,420 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8

South Carolina

2,304,377 2,296,738 2,313,013 2,302,016 84,561 64,142 87,929 65,264 3.7 2.8 3.8 2.8

South Dakota

452,900 457,701 455,458 458,182 14,570 15,744 14,297 13,064 3.2 3.4 3.1 2.9

Tennessee

3,182,553 3,250,129 3,183,073 3,247,611 107,501 92,318 102,832 96,750 3.4 2.8 3.2 3.0

Texas

13,527,232 13,863,075 13,498,726 13,836,477 559,386 520,621 557,907 515,248 4.1 3.8 4.1 3.7

Utah

1,545,898 1,586,549 1,554,142 1,594,522 49,594 48,326 49,692 44,455 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.8

Vermont

340,810 346,279 342,257 347,486 10,986 10,316 9,669 9,155 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6

Virginia

4,312,146 4,350,333 4,319,367 4,373,043 150,014 122,596 157,840 125,396 3.5 2.8 3.7 2.9

Washington

3,693,551 3,741,740 3,702,170 3,753,803 162,273 164,932 165,916 165,028 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,647,507 1,684,147 1,648,432 1,677,595 52,465 51,948 57,825 57,398 3.2 3.1 3.5 3.4

West Virginia

778,528 783,770 776,842 788,225 38,533 42,374 35,645 40,136 4.9 5.4 4.6 5.1

Wisconsin

3,129,780 3,170,192 3,139,778 3,167,299 97,378 85,308 95,809 82,173 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.6

Wyoming

291,377 285,890 292,045 284,825 12,295 11,262 11,502 10,845 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,115,404 1,090,577 1,099,152 1,094,762 128,146 101,870 113,067 101,736 11.5 9.3 10.3 9.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)

Alabama

2,011.8 2,030.3 2,031.1 2,034.7 84.7 86.6 87.7 86.9 262.9 265.7 267.0 268.1

Alaska

329.9 329.0 329.2 329.4 15.0 15.6 15.7 15.6 13.1 14.1 13.9 14.2

Arizona

2,765.2 2,818.4 2,825.9 2,835.1 143.6 152.7 154.6 156.2 162.7 170.4 170.3 171.0

Arkansas

1,238.6 1,244.6 1,242.6 1,245.2 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.5 156.6 158.8 159.3 160.1

California

16,783.5 17,058.4 17,084.0 17,089.5 806.7 851.8 859.6 856.7 1,312.2 1,323.6 1,321.3 1,321.3


Colorado

2,650.6 2,709.8 2,715.7 2,723.4 161.9 172.4 171.2 171.6 143.9 145.9 147.0 147.5

Connecticut

1,679.2 1,688.5 1,686.6 1,690.7 58.4 59.4 59.2 58.8 158.7 162.6 162.8 162.8

Delaware(2)

454.5 459.5 460.0 460.6 21.7 23.0 22.5 22.5 25.9 25.9 26.0 26.1

District of Columbia(2)

789.7 793.4 795.3 798.4 15.5 15.8 15.8 15.7 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

Florida

8,566.6 8,720.8 8,731.7 8,746.8 504.1 535.8 536.1 535.4 363.7 372.6 375.8 375.8


Georgia

4,438.3 4,503.9 4,508.2 4,515.0 182.9 193.9 196.5 198.2 395.1 398.9 399.8 401.0

Hawaii(2)

652.1 661.3 661.6 663.4 36.2 35.9 35.7 36.3 14.3 14.0 14.1 13.9

Idaho

713.3 733.8 734.7 735.1 44.5 47.9 47.7 47.3 66.4 68.8 69.2 69.8

Illinois

6,048.7 6,097.7 6,100.3 6,108.9 219.6 225.0 225.4 225.5 578.1 586.6 587.9 587.8

Indiana

3,100.2 3,132.2 3,129.3 3,133.3 137.8 146.1 143.1 142.1 530.5 534.7 535.0 536.0


Iowa

1,569.3 1,583.4 1,583.1 1,586.4 76.8 75.1 75.7 76.7 214.9 224.9 224.8 224.7

Kansas

1,397.0 1,415.6 1,417.8 1,419.7 59.6 59.1 59.6 60.1 160.5 163.0 164.1 165.4

Kentucky

1,917.4 1,927.7 1,928.8 1,932.6 76.4 76.7 77.5 76.3 250.3 250.8 247.6 250.3

Louisiana

1,973.1 1,983.9 1,992.2 1,992.0 148.5 147.5 149.4 151.7 134.6 136.7 137.3 137.3

Maine

621.7 628.1 627.7 630.1 27.6 28.4 28.7 29.6 50.9 51.8 52.0 52.4


Maryland(2)

2,721.3 2,733.6 2,729.4 2,734.0 163.2 165.2 164.9 165.4 106.7 108.4 107.7 108.2

Massachusetts

3,596.0 3,639.2 3,645.9 3,652.1 149.6 159.5 158.7 158.4 243.5 246.5 246.3 246.5

Michigan

4,367.6 4,423.6 4,413.6 4,425.4 161.8 172.0 171.6 174.3 615.4 618.1 617.8 619.1

Minnesota

2,925.2 2,948.8 2,945.0 2,955.2 120.0 120.3 120.8 122.4 318.3 321.5 322.1 323.5

Mississippi

1,148.8 1,165.6 1,165.0 1,164.7 42.9 45.2 44.9 44.8 143.9 145.3 145.0 144.7


Missouri

2,860.6 2,894.0 2,894.5 2,894.9 122.7 121.2 121.2 121.2 265.4 269.8 267.9 266.0

Montana

472.3 476.0 474.2 475.2 28.3 28.0 28.0 28.3 20.0 20.1 20.0 20.1

Nebraska(2)

1,017.0 1,025.8 1,026.4 1,030.4 51.8 50.8 51.0 52.9 97.9 100.9 101.4 101.3

Nevada

1,336.8 1,371.7 1,374.9 1,374.2 83.7 90.8 89.6 88.4 46.7 52.2 52.8 53.3

New Hampshire

673.0 681.8 683.6 685.9 26.3 27.6 27.7 28.1 68.8 70.4 70.5 70.5


New Jersey

4,122.0 4,181.5 4,175.1 4,179.2 155.6 154.2 153.9 151.0 244.4 249.6 250.8 251.1

New Mexico

828.5 839.9 840.5 841.7 45.4 48.3 48.3 48.3 26.1 27.1 26.9 26.6

New York

9,506.4 9,599.1 9,602.5 9,614.8 382.4 390.9 391.7 394.7 447.5 444.3 442.6 443.4

North Carolina

4,402.5 4,473.0 4,480.5 4,502.1 207.7 214.4 215.5 216.0 466.7 470.1 473.5 476.8

North Dakota

432.3 426.0 426.1 430.3 28.0 24.7 24.1 26.2 24.8 25.2 25.4 25.1


Ohio

5,522.4 5,577.7 5,576.0 5,598.6 219.3 219.8 220.4 226.4 684.6 695.8 694.3 694.8

Oklahoma

1,657.7 1,680.9 1,683.2 1,683.0 76.7 78.6 78.3 77.5 127.9 130.0 131.0 131.5

Oregon

1,869.3 1,907.4 1,906.7 1,911.5 96.8 101.5 102.4 104.0 189.2 192.5 192.6 192.8

Pennsylvania

5,936.2 6,006.2 6,012.1 6,014.4 248.8 255.9 256.2 258.1 561.3 564.8 564.6 564.9

Rhode Island

492.8 498.4 499.1 500.3 18.3 18.7 18.6 19.2 40.3 41.2 41.4 41.3


South Carolina

2,083.9 2,119.8 2,120.5 2,122.3 101.7 101.5 100.4 100.3 239.9 242.2 243.1 243.6

South Dakota(2)

434.3 439.3 438.2 440.4 23.2 23.4 23.2 24.2 42.8 44.7 44.5 44.5

Tennessee(2)

3,003.7 3,048.2 3,049.3 3,057.1 124.1 124.6 125.6 125.8 348.9 350.0 350.6 349.3

Texas

12,190.2 12,467.9 12,507.6 12,542.3 711.2 744.8 748.5 754.3 848.3 866.3 874.3 877.7

Utah

1,463.1 1,506.7 1,507.8 1,512.9 96.1 102.0 103.4 103.4 129.5 132.7 133.0 133.5


Vermont

313.2 314.5 315.1 314.6 15.1 15.3 15.6 15.7 29.6 29.1 29.0 28.7

Virginia

3,947.5 3,989.0 3,994.3 4,000.5 192.8 201.7 200.8 200.8 234.0 238.6 239.1 238.5

Washington

3,315.7 3,394.8 3,403.0 3,411.5 198.5 206.5 208.8 210.2 284.6 287.1 286.7 286.9

West Virginia

743.2 751.2 749.7 760.3 30.5 33.7 34.0 33.9 46.6 47.2 47.1 47.1

Wisconsin

2,943.7 2,973.5 2,968.6 2,963.9 116.9 121.7 120.2 120.2 466.7 479.8 480.6 481.8

Wyoming

281.7 284.7 285.9 285.4 19.6 19.8 20.0 19.6 9.3 9.7 9.6 9.7


Puerto Rico(2)

880.5 850.9 850.1 850.2 21.2 21.1 20.9 21.2 71.8 70.3 69.9 69.6

Virgin Islands(3)

38.4 35.6 35.8 35.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)

Alabama

378.5 380.4 379.6 379.7 96.3 96.3 95.8 96.2 238.2 240.1 241.5 241.7

Alaska

64.7 63.7 63.7 63.9 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 27.9 28.1 27.7 27.4

Arizona

524.2 531.8 531.5 532.2 212.9 217.6 217.7 218.1 419.9 427.0 427.8 428.1

Arkansas

250.6 251.1 250.0 250.5 53.1 53.8 53.6 53.5 144.2 146.0 147.0 146.8

California

3,037.8 3,073.4 3,073.8 3,072.0 830.7 834.1 836.0 835.2 2,566.6 2,606.2 2,611.5 2,614.0


Colorado

459.6 468.9 468.8 471.3 167.6 168.5 169.4 169.0 412.0 422.7 425.0 427.1

Connecticut

297.5 298.7 297.6 300.2 127.9 128.4 127.6 128.0 217.7 221.1 220.5 220.3

Delaware

80.8 82.3 82.5 82.3 47.8 48.2 48.0 48.1 61.8 62.6 63.6 64.4

District of Columbia

33.4 34.5 34.5 34.3 30.0 30.7 30.9 31.1 165.9 166.2 167.2 168.0

Florida

1,744.7 1,755.3 1,754.3 1,760.1 559.3 574.0 573.8 576.5 1,317.6 1,351.5 1,353.8 1,356.8


Georgia

938.7 954.6 955.4 958.8 241.9 242.3 242.3 242.0 666.2 673.8 668.8 666.7

Hawaii

121.4 121.6 121.7 122.1 28.6 28.7 29.0 29.0 82.1 83.9 84.2 84.7

Idaho

139.5 141.9 141.9 141.6 35.1 36.6 36.4 36.9 90.4 91.8 92.5 93.6

Illinois

1,208.3 1,218.0 1,218.3 1,219.4 390.3 398.3 398.6 400.7 940.0 938.4 939.8 940.0

Indiana

595.7 604.9 602.8 603.9 135.5 135.6 135.6 136.9 336.3 341.0 342.3 341.4


Iowa

314.6 313.1 312.3 314.4 108.9 111.5 111.5 111.2 139.1 141.9 142.0 143.0

Kansas

266.4 270.1 270.9 271.7 77.9 78.6 78.5 78.7 176.7 182.2 182.7 182.8

Kentucky

400.6 409.7 411.0 412.0 93.7 93.4 93.2 93.9 212.9 215.6 216.4 217.3

Louisiana

382.8 379.5 380.2 381.1 92.1 91.0 91.7 91.2 208.7 214.4 215.2 215.7

Maine

120.2 121.3 121.5 121.7 31.2 31.3 31.3 31.5 66.5 68.1 68.0 67.2


Maryland

466.8 470.4 470.7 470.4 145.7 143.5 142.6 142.1 444.5 447.7 447.2 447.9

Massachusetts

578.0 579.4 579.9 580.1 221.1 221.9 223.0 223.2 563.0 580.5 583.2 586.2

Michigan

787.5 794.5 794.5 795.3 217.7 219.4 219.9 220.3 648.7 661.2 657.5 656.9

Minnesota

536.3 544.1 541.0 542.5 179.9 179.1 180.1 180.1 373.6 373.2 373.0 375.7

Mississippi

230.5 232.6 231.8 232.5 44.2 45.4 45.1 45.1 107.7 113.2 114.5 114.0


Missouri

545.1 550.3 550.9 552.0 173.1 175.5 174.7 175.8 380.3 398.3 397.1 392.8

Montana

94.4 94.3 93.5 93.3 24.5 24.3 24.1 24.2 41.1 42.0 42.1 42.8

Nebraska

202.9 204.2 203.2 204.5 73.7 74.9 75.3 74.9 116.7 119.1 119.6 120.0

Nevada

247.5 252.6 252.6 253.8 64.8 66.0 66.0 66.3 181.1 183.6 184.9 184.7

New Hampshire

139.8 142.3 142.4 142.9 34.7 35.1 35.0 34.9 81.7 80.9 80.9 81.5


New Jersey

880.5 902.1 900.6 901.0 249.6 247.2 246.1 248.0 668.0 680.3 677.6 680.0

New Mexico

136.6 137.8 137.2 138.3 33.7 35.0 35.4 35.6 104.1 106.8 107.6 108.0

New York

1,575.3 1,581.9 1,582.6 1,583.7 715.5 723.0 721.5 718.9 1,315.2 1,336.0 1,335.7 1,337.7

North Carolina

824.2 838.8 838.6 844.6 231.8 238.2 237.1 237.7 614.3 630.5 633.2 642.0

North Dakota

95.1 94.2 93.7 94.1 24.3 24.5 24.5 24.5 34.7 34.0 34.0 34.0


Ohio

1,024.7 1,035.8 1,038.0 1,043.3 305.9 312.0 310.6 313.0 723.7 722.3 724.6 726.2

Oklahoma

302.4 304.9 305.6 307.3 78.8 80.1 79.9 79.5 184.9 185.6 186.4 186.5

Oregon

350.0 357.7 355.7 354.5 99.3 101.6 102.1 102.1 242.4 244.9 244.2 245.2

Pennsylvania

1,124.4 1,130.6 1,129.2 1,131.0 320.8 322.9 323.6 324.7 800.1 810.6 815.2 816.4

Rhode Island

77.1 77.0 77.1 77.9 36.0 36.4 36.7 36.5 66.7 69.5 69.1 69.1


South Carolina

395.9 403.2 404.4 406.5 101.6 101.3 101.0 101.7 275.4 280.3 280.9 280.7

South Dakota

87.3 87.0 86.5 87.0 29.3 29.9 29.8 29.7 31.2 32.3 32.5 32.8

Tennessee

620.4 626.7 626.8 628.7 157.7 160.3 160.4 160.5 405.5 411.8 414.0 418.2

Texas

2,446.6 2,499.4 2,503.7 2,505.4 752.9 770.9 769.1 771.7 1,660.5 1,728.1 1,734.4 1,738.7

Utah

276.5 286.3 287.2 288.0 83.9 85.9 85.8 86.8 205.9 212.5 213.0 213.2


Vermont

55.3 54.8 55.0 55.0 12.0 12.3 12.4 12.5 28.6 28.4 28.2 28.3

Virginia

661.9 664.7 667.3 671.2 205.0 206.5 207.3 208.3 728.0 737.7 739.3 738.0

Washington

624.2 643.7 644.7 647.5 152.7 157.3 157.1 157.6 414.1 427.0 428.7 429.7

West Virginia

131.2 133.0 132.9 133.9 26.7 26.9 26.6 26.5 66.8 66.5 66.5 66.8

Wisconsin

542.2 544.8 542.7 541.0 152.9 150.7 150.7 150.0 324.4 329.6 330.0 328.8

Wyoming

52.1 52.9 53.3 52.7 10.8 10.9 11.2 11.3 17.9 19.0 19.0 18.7


Puerto Rico

173.5 164.6 165.7 166.2 42.6 42.1 42.2 42.2 114.6 114.2 113.4 113.4

Virgin Islands(1)

8.1 7.3 7.3 7.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018(p)

Alabama

240.9 243.3 241.8 243.9 201.5 206.3 206.7 206.8 384.8 386.1 386.3 387.4

Alaska

49.8 50.0 49.9 49.8 35.5 35.3 35.6 35.4 81.7 80.6 80.5 81.0

Arizona

424.9 437.9 439.1 439.6 318.4 324.1 326.2 327.2 413.1 411.6 412.8 414.9

Arkansas

187.8 188.6 187.8 189.0 115.8 117.8 116.0 116.0 211.2 211.2 211.3 211.3

California

2,625.8 2,697.0 2,701.0 2,699.9 1,947.2 1,990.4 1,990.6 1,998.5 2,548.7 2,568.5 2,569.2 2,568.5


Colorado

333.1 337.8 337.1 337.0 331.4 342.2 344.7 349.0 435.3 440.6 441.7 441.0

Connecticut

333.9 338.5 338.8 339.3 155.7 153.8 154.5 155.0 232.2 230.3 230.1 229.9

Delaware

78.2 78.2 78.1 78.1 48.9 49.7 49.4 49.4 66.1 66.3 66.6 66.4

District of Columbia

134.3 133.9 135.0 137.5 76.1 78.2 78.5 78.3 241.1 238.4 238.0 237.8

Florida

1,274.1 1,291.2 1,294.1 1,298.6 1,204.4 1,231.9 1,236.8 1,241.6 1,105.9 1,112.3 1,111.0 1,107.1


Georgia

568.4 585.9 585.7 585.4 475.4 485.6 489.0 491.9 685.3 690.7 691.2 690.4

Hawaii

83.6 86.6 86.5 86.2 122.5 128.1 128.0 128.0 126.3 125.5 125.2 125.8

Idaho

102.2 105.3 105.9 104.8 75.1 77.4 77.5 77.6 122.9 125.8 125.6 125.3

Illinois

922.7 925.6 926.1 929.6 608.4 615.8 615.4 614.6 824.2 837.7 835.4 838.0

Indiana

467.4 475.6 474.8 475.9 307.5 306.7 304.9 303.0 425.0 426.8 428.8 431.5


Iowa

231.7 232.3 231.5 232.0 142.3 145.2 145.6 144.7 259.2 259.7 259.7 259.9

Kansas

195.9 198.8 198.2 197.7 127.7 129.9 130.2 129.7 255.7 257.4 257.6 257.7

Kentucky

271.4 271.0 271.0 273.0 196.9 195.4 197.0 195.7 316.0 315.1 315.2 315.0

Louisiana

314.4 319.4 320.6 317.8 231.7 236.4 237.8 238.4 327.8 325.1 325.7 325.0

Maine

127.0 129.1 128.3 129.2 67.0 66.9 66.7 67.2 100.0 100.1 100.4 100.4


Maryland

457.8 469.2 468.2 468.0 279.5 276.4 275.8 277.1 505.6 503.4 501.5 503.9

Massachusetts

792.6 795.5 798.1 801.1 365.6 375.0 374.1 374.6 452.1 450.4 450.6 450.9

Michigan

671.7 674.4 675.3 678.4 431.1 441.6 437.1 439.9 601.7 608.9 607.5 607.6

Minnesota

532.1 538.4 537.5 536.9 269.6 273.6 269.9 272.1 421.8 428.2 428.4 428.7

Mississippi

143.6 146.1 146.7 147.3 135.0 136.3 135.9 135.9 241.9 243.0 242.7 242.0


Missouri

465.7 468.0 470.7 471.9 301.7 304.9 304.3 305.8 434.3 434.1 435.0 436.2

Montana

76.7 76.8 76.2 75.8 65.0 66.5 66.6 67.0 90.6 91.5 91.4 91.4

Nebraska

154.7 155.2 154.9 154.5 91.5 94.2 94.8 94.8 172.7 173.0 172.5 172.8

Nevada

133.2 137.9 137.6 138.2 350.1 353.5 354.5 351.9 159.9 163.9 165.6 165.9

New Hampshire

123.2 125.4 126.3 126.7 70.5 72.0 73.2 73.8 90.3 90.2 89.8 90.1


New Jersey

692.1 707.1 706.6 707.3 374.3 379.8 378.7 379.2 612.5 615.7 614.8 615.5

New Mexico

138.8 139.0 138.6 138.1 95.9 97.9 98.0 98.8 185.8 187.3 187.3 186.8

New York

2,002.7 2,031.3 2,035.7 2,036.1 934.6 951.5 956.2 962.6 1,447.4 1,450.1 1,449.7 1,448.5

North Carolina

598.1 604.8 606.5 609.5 492.6 500.4 498.7 498.0 731.5 736.1 736.5 736.2

North Dakota

63.1 63.5 63.7 64.2 38.9 37.6 37.5 38.0 82.7 80.7 80.6 80.6


Ohio

927.6 935.2 934.8 935.6 557.5 567.1 563.3 565.4 780.3 787.2 785.4 787.9

Oklahoma

234.7 235.8 237.1 236.3 166.6 173.0 171.9 171.7 349.5 351.5 351.3 350.7

Oregon

272.5 296.3 295.3 297.3 205.1 213.4 214.3 215.2 309.6 293.5 293.5 293.8

Pennsylvania

1,242.0 1,273.6 1,275.6 1,273.7 563.3 573.7 573.3 574.4 704.0 700.9 699.8 698.3

Rhode Island

106.6 106.9 107.5 107.1 58.0 58.0 58.3 58.8 60.5 60.8 60.5 60.6


South Carolina

245.5 251.0 251.6 252.6 252.2 262.0 260.2 259.2 364.6 367.6 367.7 367.8

South Dakota

71.5 72.6 72.5 72.9 47.1 46.8 45.8 45.7 79.5 80.1 80.6 80.7

Tennessee

430.7 437.3 436.2 439.0 327.4 344.4 342.5 341.7 429.7 431.6 432.3 432.4

Texas

1,665.5 1,686.7 1,693.0 1,701.1 1,312.6 1,352.5 1,355.9 1,359.4 1,941.4 1,945.7 1,946.8 1,947.2

Utah

198.1 203.4 202.9 205.1 142.6 148.6 148.2 148.4 243.2 247.2 247.1 247.5


Vermont

65.4 66.1 66.2 66.3 37.1 37.5 37.9 37.1 54.6 55.9 55.7 55.9

Virginia

528.8 536.0 538.5 539.2 402.3 406.4 405.6 407.1 716.8 715.9 715.4 715.2

Washington

473.0 486.2 487.3 488.4 331.4 336.7 338.4 338.8 585.9 592.5 593.2 593.9

West Virginia

129.7 131.2 130.4 131.5 73.9 75.4 74.6 74.6 153.8 154.3 153.4 162.4

Wisconsin

448.8 453.0 452.1 452.0 278.6 282.4 281.2 278.4 410.2 407.5 408.2 408.8

Wyoming

27.5 28.2 28.0 28.0 36.6 36.2 36.3 36.7 70.5 69.1 69.3 69.3


Puerto Rico

121.6 116.0 116.0 116.5 80.6 78.4 78.5 78.1 218.9 209.3 208.8 208.4

Virgin Islands

2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 7.6 6.1 6.0 6.1 10.8 10.4 10.5 10.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
April May April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,014.6 2,035.4 2,020.8 2,042.4 9.7 10.1 9.7 10.1 84.3 88.1 85.1 87.8

Alaska

322.2 321.3 335.3 332.6 13.0 13.5 13.1 13.6 13.9 14.3 15.4 15.7

Arizona

2,780.1 2,844.5 2,766.6 2,837.3 11.6 11.9 11.6 11.9 142.0 154.4 143.8 156.9

Arkansas

1,244.3 1,249.9 1,247.1 1,253.6 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.5 51.1 50.4 51.5 51.1

California

16,725.4 17,082.6 16,821.3 17,130.9 21.1 21.6 21.8 21.9 791.8 855.6 804.8 856.0


Colorado

2,640.6 2,707.6 2,645.7 2,719.7 24.7 28.6 25.2 28.9 159.7 167.7 162.0 171.6

Connecticut

1,676.3 1,684.9 1,692.7 1,703.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 57.1 58.7 59.7 61.6

Delaware(1)

453.8 459.0 456.7 464.6 - - - - 22.0 22.2 21.7 22.8

District of Columbia(1)

790.9 797.0 792.6 797.8 - - - - 15.4 15.7 15.5 15.8

Florida

8,598.7 8,780.4 8,598.0 8,784.5 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.8 499.7 532.7 504.2 535.7


Georgia

4,442.0 4,517.9 4,454.6 4,535.1 9.4 9.7 9.4 9.7 180.6 196.3 182.8 200.0

Hawaii(1)

652.0 662.0 654.0 665.1 - - - - 35.8 35.4 36.0 36.4

Idaho

708.4 731.0 717.7 738.4 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.5 43.8 46.5 45.4 47.9

Illinois

6,034.6 6,080.0 6,085.2 6,143.0 8.0 7.6 7.9 7.7 213.5 217.6 223.9 230.9

Indiana

3,099.9 3,126.7 3,122.3 3,153.6 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.5 136.4 140.9 140.8 145.2


Iowa

1,577.6 1,585.8 1,585.0 1,603.9 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 75.8 74.5 78.9 80.7

Kansas

1,402.1 1,421.3 1,406.1 1,429.1 6.7 7.0 6.7 7.1 59.4 58.3 60.1 60.8

Kentucky

1,919.4 1,929.9 1,928.0 1,944.0 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.4 76.2 76.2 77.6 76.7

Louisiana

1,974.3 1,994.6 1,981.3 2,000.5 34.7 34.9 34.9 34.8 146.0 148.9 148.1 151.1

Maine

611.0 614.6 623.8 631.3 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 26.6 27.2 28.3 30.3


Maryland

2,719.0 2,728.4 2,741.4 2,752.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 160.5 162.3 162.0 164.3

Massachusetts

3,590.4 3,635.7 3,620.6 3,671.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 145.5 154.3 151.7 160.7

Michigan

4,349.2 4,392.8 4,402.2 4,457.9 7.0 7.1 7.3 7.4 154.9 163.7 166.5 180.0

Minnesota

2,913.4 2,922.2 2,944.6 2,973.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.6 113.7 112.1 124.1 127.0

Mississippi

1,154.9 1,169.9 1,154.5 1,167.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.6 43.5 44.9 43.3 44.8


Missouri

2,877.2 2,908.4 2,888.3 2,919.7 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 121.5 118.9 123.7 121.5

Montana

469.2 471.1 476.3 480.0 6.6 6.8 6.7 7.0 27.4 27.3 29.6 29.5

Nebraska

1,019.4 1,026.4 1,026.7 1,039.7 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 50.8 49.6 52.1 53.2

Nevada

1,330.4 1,373.8 1,342.8 1,380.4 13.9 14.3 14.0 14.4 82.3 88.7 84.2 87.7

New Hampshire

668.5 678.2 675.7 688.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 25.8 27.1 26.7 28.3


New Jersey

4,095.2 4,151.5 4,152.0 4,205.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 153.9 150.7 158.4 152.0

New Mexico

833.0 842.5 832.8 846.6 20.5 20.8 20.6 20.9 45.0 48.0 45.5 48.4

New York

9,470.2 9,570.8 9,554.1 9,664.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2 374.9 382.2 387.9 403.3

North Carolina

4,402.3 4,482.2 4,436.0 4,533.8 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.8 206.9 214.4 208.8 217.8

North Dakota

431.3 423.0 436.6 433.5 17.0 19.3 17.6 20.3 26.7 22.2 28.9 26.7


Ohio

5,517.6 5,564.5 5,568.6 5,642.2 11.2 12.3 11.3 12.6 213.0 214.0 225.7 232.5

Oklahoma

1,657.9 1,686.7 1,663.7 1,692.0 46.3 51.7 47.0 51.9 75.1 77.3 76.0 77.0

Oregon

1,869.6 1,904.2 1,879.4 1,921.6 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.8 94.6 100.4 96.8 104.1

Pennsylvania

5,945.6 6,018.0 5,978.5 6,053.0 25.7 27.9 26.4 28.6 243.0 251.2 254.7 262.3

Rhode Island

491.0 497.5 497.7 505.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 17.9 18.2 18.7 19.5


South Carolina

2,089.4 2,123.7 2,102.1 2,137.1 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 100.7 100.3 102.1 101.3

South Dakota

431.7 434.3 439.4 445.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 21.7 21.4 23.0 24.1

Tennessee

3,009.0 3,055.2 3,011.1 3,066.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.1 119.2 120.5 120.4 121.6

Texas

12,170.9 12,517.1 12,231.4 12,576.1 216.7 244.8 220.1 249.1 705.4 746.8 713.6 753.3

Utah

1,461.4 1,510.5 1,464.1 1,516.0 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.3 94.2 101.9 97.0 104.4


Vermont

310.5 310.6 311.7 312.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 14.1 14.3 15.6 15.9

Virginia

3,951.3 3,992.8 3,960.3 4,018.0 7.9 8.2 8.0 8.2 191.6 200.3 194.2 203.0

Washington

3,300.1 3,391.7 3,331.3 3,427.8 6.0 6.0 6.2 6.2 195.1 206.1 199.4 211.1

West Virginia

743.2 751.1 748.1 767.3 21.2 22.6 21.5 22.6 29.9 33.3 31.2 35.0

Wisconsin

2,934.8 2,954.9 2,959.4 2,977.7 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.7 113.1 116.2 120.0 123.9

Wyoming

275.2 280.1 283.0 287.2 19.1 20.8 19.4 20.8 19.3 19.5 20.3 20.2


Puerto Rico

880.2 849.6 881.1 851.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.4 20.0 20.3 20.3

Virgin Islands(1)

38.7 35.9 38.6 36.0 - - - - 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
April May April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

263.1 265.7 262.9 267.5 377.2 378.0 377.9 378.3 20.7 21.1 21.1 20.8

Alaska

11.6 11.7 10.5 10.9 63.0 61.4 66.7 66.3 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.9

Arizona

161.6 169.9 162.3 171.2 519.9 527.3 520.0 528.5 46.0 45.6 46.0 46.3

Arkansas

156.0 159.1 156.2 160.3 249.1 250.3 250.1 251.2 13.3 12.3 13.3 12.4

California

1,300.3 1,312.9 1,307.7 1,318.0 3,000.9 3,038.2 3,011.7 3,040.2 518.9 537.1 519.3 538.2


Colorado

143.4 146.1 143.5 147.4 454.7 463.1 455.4 468.3 70.9 73.9 70.7 73.7

Connecticut

157.7 162.3 158.3 162.8 293.3 293.6 297.7 299.8 31.7 30.6 31.6 30.5

Delaware

25.9 25.9 25.9 26.0 79.7 81.6 80.1 82.3 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.3

District of Columbia

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 33.1 34.4 33.2 34.2 17.8 18.5 18.0 18.7

Florida

362.5 375.8 363.9 376.2 1,735.7 1,748.5 1,736.3 1,755.7 138.3 137.3 139.4 136.4


Georgia

395.5 400.4 395.8 400.8 932.7 953.3 935.5 958.9 115.9 111.0 116.5 111.2

Hawaii

14.1 14.1 14.2 13.8 120.1 120.8 120.2 121.5 9.1 8.9 9.8 9.2

Idaho

65.8 68.7 66.2 69.2 138.2 140.3 139.0 141.2 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.0

Illinois

575.6 585.6 577.6 588.0 1,199.0 1,206.8 1,204.9 1,217.0 97.3 94.0 98.0 93.6

Indiana

528.1 533.1 530.2 534.6 592.5 597.5 595.7 606.4 31.9 28.9 32.1 29.2


Iowa

214.3 224.1 215.1 224.7 314.1 310.5 315.2 314.9 22.0 21.8 22.1 22.0

Kansas

160.0 163.8 160.6 165.3 263.6 269.2 264.9 270.3 19.6 19.2 19.6 19.1

Kentucky

250.2 248.2 250.1 249.9 397.0 408.3 399.7 412.9 22.7 22.4 22.9 22.0

Louisiana

134.3 137.0 134.5 137.4 381.2 379.4 381.6 381.0 24.2 24.3 25.1 24.6

Maine

50.3 51.2 50.8 52.3 116.3 116.8 118.7 119.8 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3


Maryland

106.5 107.5 106.7 108.2 461.5 465.9 464.9 470.2 37.6 36.2 37.5 36.3

Massachusetts

242.6 245.3 243.0 246.3 570.3 571.2 576.0 578.7 90.9 89.8 92.1 90.6

Michigan

611.8 615.4 615.8 619.6 780.1 783.1 789.0 795.6 56.4 54.6 56.8 54.7

Minnesota

315.0 318.9 317.1 323.0 533.3 533.5 538.3 543.4 50.4 49.8 50.4 50.5

Mississippi

143.5 144.9 143.9 144.5 229.8 231.0 229.9 231.4 11.7 11.0 11.8 11.1


Missouri

264.9 268.3 265.4 266.7 544.4 548.3 545.7 553.2 51.4 51.9 51.6 52.1

Montana

19.6 19.7 19.8 19.9 93.8 92.8 94.8 94.2 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.5

Nebraska

97.6 101.0 97.9 101.4 202.0 201.6 203.3 205.1 18.5 17.2 18.3 17.3

Nevada

46.1 52.7 46.6 53.4 244.4 250.1 245.7 252.4 15.0 14.5 15.2 14.6

New Hampshire

68.5 69.8 68.8 70.4 138.0 139.8 139.2 142.5 12.4 12.2 12.7 12.0


New Jersey

242.4 250.0 244.4 251.1 867.0 889.3 876.9 900.2 70.6 69.5 71.0 69.5

New Mexico

25.8 26.8 25.9 26.5 135.8 136.3 136.1 138.3 13.1 11.7 12.4 11.7

New York

445.4 440.6 447.0 443.0 1,549.7 1,560.7 1,569.1 1,578.9 265.5 263.1 267.0 263.9

North Carolina

464.8 469.2 465.9 474.4 817.3 833.2 822.2 844.4 78.7 82.6 78.6 83.0

North Dakota

24.3 25.1 24.8 25.1 94.8 92.9 95.4 94.0 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4


Ohio

681.3 692.8 684.8 695.3 1,015.0 1,029.3 1,022.6 1,042.9 71.5 70.9 71.8 72.1

Oklahoma

126.9 130.6 127.8 131.3 300.3 303.7 301.1 307.1 20.8 19.4 20.8 19.4

Oregon

187.6 191.6 188.8 192.4 345.7 351.4 347.4 352.3 34.8 34.2 34.3 34.6

Pennsylvania

560.1 563.4 561.4 565.2 1,117.7 1,121.1 1,123.6 1,131.4 83.2 80.9 83.9 81.0

Rhode Island

40.4 41.4 40.3 41.5 75.9 76.0 76.8 77.8 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9


South Carolina

239.4 243.0 240.2 242.8 394.0 401.7 396.1 406.5 27.4 27.8 27.7 27.7

South Dakota

42.4 44.4 42.8 44.7 86.6 85.3 87.8 87.3 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.8

Tennessee

348.7 350.5 348.4 349.8 616.1 623.3 617.4 627.1 45.2 46.0 45.7 45.9

Texas

844.6 872.9 846.5 874.3 2,424.4 2,490.9 2,431.2 2,492.7 202.6 197.7 202.2 198.3

Utah

128.7 132.1 129.4 133.1 274.5 286.1 275.0 287.4 38.1 38.3 38.3 38.4


Vermont

29.3 28.6 29.5 28.8 54.5 54.2 55.0 54.9 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4

Virginia

233.9 237.9 233.6 238.5 655.8 659.1 660.0 669.0 67.8 66.8 68.1 67.6

Washington

283.5 284.6 283.5 286.0 614.2 636.1 620.9 645.0 123.9 130.2 125.0 131.0

West Virginia

46.8 47.2 46.6 47.3 129.5 131.5 130.2 133.4 8.7 8.2 8.7 8.2

Wisconsin

462.9 477.7 464.1 480.8 535.7 534.1 542.1 537.8 47.7 46.3 47.7 46.2

Wyoming

9.0 9.4 9.1 9.5 50.8 52.4 51.7 52.5 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico

71.3 69.6 71.4 69.4 171.3 164.6 172.2 166.0 17.8 17.4 17.9 17.3

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.0 7.3 8.1 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
April May April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

96.1 95.8 96.5 96.6 237.8 242.8 239.1 243.1 241.4 242.1 240.5 243.4

Alaska

11.8 11.6 12.0 11.6 27.3 27.3 28.5 27.7 49.8 50.4 50.0 50.1

Arizona

212.0 217.9 212.2 217.8 418.1 427.2 417.4 423.4 426.1 440.7 424.7 438.8

Arkansas

53.0 53.5 53.2 53.6 145.4 148.9 145.6 148.4 188.5 188.0 188.6 189.0

California

827.2 833.9 830.7 833.4 2,535.5 2,600.6 2,550.9 2,607.9 2,632.8 2,714.7 2,639.6 2,709.1


Colorado

166.6 168.7 166.5 167.4 409.6 424.6 412.1 428.3 333.5 337.2 334.1 337.2

Connecticut

127.3 127.4 127.6 128.1 219.1 221.1 218.8 221.9 335.6 342.1 335.8 340.2

Delaware

47.4 47.5 47.7 47.9 61.1 63.4 61.2 64.4 78.2 78.3 78.4 78.6

District of Columbia

29.9 30.8 30.0 30.9 165.9 166.6 165.6 168.1 137.2 137.4 136.6 136.5

Florida

557.8 573.0 559.1 577.2 1,317.2 1,352.9 1,318.5 1,356.7 1,278.5 1,300.6 1,279.8 1,303.8


Georgia

240.7 241.7 242.1 241.2 665.2 669.0 665.9 669.7 568.3 586.4 570.0 586.5

Hawaii

28.6 29.0 28.6 29.0 81.5 84.4 81.7 83.8 83.8 86.8 83.7 86.2

Idaho

34.9 36.3 35.1 36.9 89.6 92.2 90.9 94.1 102.2 106.0 102.6 105.0

Illinois

388.7 396.2 389.6 400.8 932.0 933.5 940.0 940.5 927.7 932.6 929.5 935.6

Indiana

134.7 134.4 135.4 136.9 334.3 341.4 336.2 341.7 470.5 476.5 471.2 477.1


Iowa

108.4 111.2 108.8 110.8 140.2 142.1 139.3 143.6 235.8 234.1 234.1 233.9

Kansas

77.7 78.0 77.7 78.8 176.3 182.0 176.0 183.1 196.9 198.4 196.6 198.0

Kentucky

93.3 92.9 93.6 93.9 211.1 213.4 210.9 215.4 273.2 272.6 271.4 272.8

Louisiana

91.8 91.5 92.1 91.1 208.4 214.8 209.0 216.2 314.4 321.0 314.8 317.8

Maine

30.9 31.1 31.2 31.6 65.7 67.0 67.1 67.6 127.8 129.4 127.3 129.7


Maryland

144.9 142.0 145.5 141.5 442.9 447.9 445.5 448.3 458.8 470.7 458.9 470.0

Massachusetts

219.2 221.0 220.6 222.1 562.3 582.5 564.6 589.2 801.8 806.2 798.3 800.4

Michigan

216.5 218.1 218.4 221.0 647.0 658.0 658.1 666.6 671.5 676.8 674.4 681.2

Minnesota

179.0 179.2 179.6 179.5 371.5 370.4 373.1 375.1 535.1 540.9 534.4 538.9

Mississippi

43.9 45.2 44.2 45.0 108.4 114.8 107.7 113.5 145.0 148.2 144.4 148.1


Missouri

172.3 175.0 173.6 176.0 383.8 399.4 381.5 394.5 468.7 475.0 467.3 471.3

Montana

24.1 23.8 24.3 24.1 40.7 41.6 41.5 43.0 76.8 76.5 77.0 76.4

Nebraska

73.6 75.2 73.7 75.2 117.4 119.2 117.1 120.0 154.4 155.4 155.2 155.0

Nevada

64.3 65.7 65.1 66.3 179.4 184.4 181.5 185.3 132.5 137.8 133.2 138.6

New Hampshire

34.4 34.8 34.6 34.8 81.4 80.8 81.9 81.7 123.7 127.5 123.6 127.1


New Jersey

247.5 245.3 249.3 247.2 660.0 670.8 670.7 683.8 694.7 710.0 698.9 713.1

New Mexico

33.7 35.3 33.7 35.7 104.2 107.3 103.7 107.5 140.1 139.3 140.0 139.1

New York

708.9 717.1 711.7 715.4 1,304.3 1,324.8 1,314.0 1,338.9 2,030.0 2,066.7 2,019.5 2,049.1

North Carolina

230.3 235.6 231.8 237.7 611.9 632.0 614.1 642.8 598.5 607.2 600.6 610.4

North Dakota

24.3 24.3 24.2 24.6 34.4 33.3 34.8 33.8 63.2 63.7 63.2 64.2


Ohio

304.4 308.1 306.2 313.4 721.6 718.2 725.5 727.0 931.2 940.9 931.8 939.9

Oklahoma

78.5 79.6 78.7 79.1 184.2 186.9 184.6 186.9 234.5 237.5 234.7 235.8

Oregon

98.4 102.1 99.1 102.2 242.5 243.4 242.1 245.3 275.0 297.4 273.6 297.8

Pennsylvania

318.6 322.1 320.6 323.9 798.9 814.7 803.2 821.0 1,256.9 1,291.2 1,245.3 1,274.3

Rhode Island

35.7 36.4 35.9 36.6 66.9 69.1 67.2 69.5 108.3 109.9 108.3 108.7


South Carolina

101.4 100.5 102.1 101.5 275.0 278.8 276.6 282.1 245.9 252.4 246.2 252.7

South Dakota

29.1 29.6 29.3 29.8 31.2 32.4 31.4 32.9 71.9 72.7 72.0 73.5

Tennessee

157.3 160.1 158.0 160.5 403.6 411.9 403.7 416.6 432.2 438.4 430.0 439.1

Texas

747.9 765.7 751.1 771.1 1,652.4 1,734.0 1,654.6 1,736.2 1,664.7 1,695.0 1,670.7 1,704.6

Utah

83.1 85.0 83.6 86.2 203.5 212.0 205.0 214.1 200.6 205.8 195.6 202.6


Vermont

11.9 12.2 12.0 12.5 28.2 27.8 28.9 28.7 65.4 66.1 65.4 66.2

Virginia

203.4 205.6 205.1 208.2 724.5 738.1 726.6 741.6 533.7 543.2 525.0 535.6

Washington

151.2 156.0 152.7 158.1 410.1 427.0 413.8 430.3 474.5 488.8 476.0 491.7

West Virginia

26.7 26.5 26.8 26.6 66.1 66.7 66.5 67.1 130.6 131.0 130.8 131.9

Wisconsin

152.2 150.2 152.7 149.2 321.7 326.5 323.7 327.4 452.0 453.5 450.8 452.4

Wyoming

10.7 11.0 10.8 11.3 17.7 18.8 18.1 18.8 27.7 28.2 27.8 28.2


Puerto Rico

42.4 42.2 42.4 42.2 113.7 112.8 113.5 112.9 123.9 118.3 124.2 119.3

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
April May April May April May
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

204.0 208.4 206.3 210.7 93.4 93.9 93.7 93.8 386.9 389.4 388.0 390.3

Alaska

31.9 32.2 38.1 36.8 11.1 10.9 11.3 11.0 82.8 82.2 83.7 83.0

Arizona

327.1 334.1 323.3 332.6 89.0 89.1 89.3 90.7 426.7 426.4 416.0 419.2

Arkansas

118.2 118.0 119.5 118.9 48.6 48.3 48.7 48.5 215.3 215.6 214.5 214.7

California

1,947.3 1,987.1 1,967.6 2,009.9 563.8 562.3 567.5 565.4 2,585.8 2,618.6 2,599.7 2,630.9


Colorado

327.1 341.3 321.5 337.5 108.3 107.4 108.7 106.7 442.1 449.0 446.0 452.7

Connecticut

152.8 151.2 159.8 158.3 64.5 64.0 65.1 65.2 236.7 233.4 237.7 234.6

Delaware

48.2 48.6 50.4 51.2 18.8 18.9 18.9 19.1 67.9 68.3 67.8 68.0

District of Columbia

77.6 80.0 78.6 80.1 73.8 75.3 73.9 75.3 238.9 237.0 239.9 236.8

Florida

1,226.6 1,263.9 1,221.5 1,263.6 349.2 355.0 349.4 354.1 1,127.4 1,134.9 1,120.3 1,119.3


Georgia

482.4 495.2 487.5 503.9 158.8 159.5 160.3 161.5 692.5 695.4 688.8 691.7

Hawaii

122.3 127.3 122.6 127.9 27.7 28.1 27.7 28.3 129.0 127.2 129.5 129.0

Idaho

73.1 75.7 75.2 77.4 24.6 25.2 24.8 25.6 124.5 128.2 126.1 128.6

Illinois

605.0 609.6 624.8 628.1 251.4 250.1 252.6 252.6 836.4 846.4 836.4 848.2

Indiana

309.3 305.1 317.4 312.5 126.4 126.7 127.6 128.1 429.8 435.8 429.7 435.4


Iowa

142.9 144.4 146.8 149.2 57.3 55.4 57.7 56.0 264.4 265.3 264.5 265.6

Kansas

128.2 130.1 130.8 132.0 50.7 50.3 50.5 49.8 263.0 265.0 262.6 264.8

Kentucky

199.7 199.2 204.3 203.8 66.0 67.1 66.4 66.7 319.5 319.1 320.6 319.5

Louisiana

233.4 238.9 235.8 242.6 73.7 75.0 74.0 75.3 332.2 328.9 331.4 328.6

Maine

60.6 59.2 67.8 67.4 21.5 21.1 21.7 21.3 102.3 102.6 101.9 102.3


Maryland

277.3 271.9 289.4 285.5 113.7 113.7 114.3 114.8 514.0 509.1 515.4 512.1

Massachusetts

357.1 361.0 372.6 380.5 136.3 139.9 137.3 138.9 463.3 463.3 463.3 462.7

Michigan

422.1 427.0 443.1 452.0 166.3 169.6 168.6 172.5 615.6 619.4 604.2 607.3

Minnesota

265.0 261.3 276.4 279.4 116.3 115.9 116.9 116.9 427.8 434.0 427.7 433.5

Mississippi

136.5 137.5 138.1 138.3 40.4 40.8 40.5 41.1 245.3 245.0 243.8 243.4


Missouri

304.8 306.4 312.0 316.5 117.0 116.4 117.4 117.4 444.2 444.6 445.9 446.2

Montana

63.4 64.3 64.8 66.5 18.5 18.8 18.7 18.9 92.0 93.0 92.8 94.0

Nebraska

91.7 94.7 94.0 97.4 36.9 36.6 36.9 37.4 175.4 174.8 177.1 176.6

Nevada

350.9 355.5 354.2 355.9 40.9 42.6 41.1 43.2 160.7 167.5 162.0 168.6

New Hampshire

65.7 67.5 69.8 73.2 24.0 24.5 24.1 24.7 93.7 93.3 93.4 93.1


New Jersey

361.4 362.6 384.5 385.8 171.7 174.8 173.9 175.9 624.7 627.2 622.7 625.7

New Mexico

95.6 97.7 97.3 100.7 28.1 28.2 28.5 28.5 191.1 191.1 189.1 189.3

New York

912.8 929.3 954.6 980.5 410.9 417.4 415.0 422.3 1,463.0 1,464.0 1,463.2 1,464.1

North Carolina

489.8 496.5 507.0 509.5 151.1 151.3 152.4 153.2 747.4 754.4 749.0 754.8

North Dakota

38.9 37.1 39.4 38.7 16.6 16.5 16.6 16.5 84.6 82.3 85.2 83.2


Ohio

556.8 558.2 578.6 585.8 215.5 221.0 217.4 225.0 796.1 798.8 792.9 795.7

Oklahoma

168.7 172.9 169.3 175.1 67.4 70.1 67.9 70.6 355.2 357.0 355.8 357.8

Oregon

204.0 212.0 207.2 217.7 63.2 65.4 63.6 65.7 317.0 299.7 319.6 302.7

Pennsylvania

561.5 564.6 583.0 592.1 260.1 264.3 262.6 264.5 719.9 716.6 713.8 708.7

Rhode Island

55.7 55.4 59.5 60.2 22.7 23.7 22.9 23.7 61.1 61.3 61.7 61.9


South Carolina

256.7 264.7 262.2 268.2 75.5 78.7 75.7 79.0 369.1 371.4 368.9 370.9

South Dakota

45.7 43.7 48.2 46.6 16.6 17.1 16.8 17.3 79.9 81.2 81.3 82.3

Tennessee

329.4 343.5 334.7 347.7 113.9 115.4 114.5 116.6 439.3 441.5 434.1 437.7

Texas

1,318.6 1,363.3 1,338.8 1,384.1 427.2 436.1 431.5 438.3 1,966.4 1,969.9 1,971.1 1,974.1

Utah

142.4 149.5 141.2 146.9 40.0 39.6 40.3 40.5 247.8 251.9 250.1 254.1


Vermont

34.1 34.3 33.7 33.0 10.0 9.9 10.2 9.9 57.8 58.1 56.1 57.3

Virginia

403.7 403.1 414.9 417.9 201.6 204.4 202.4 207.2 727.4 726.1 722.4 721.2

Washington

329.0 334.9 335.7 342.3 118.8 120.5 120.2 120.5 593.8 601.5 597.9 605.6

West Virginia

73.4 74.2 75.1 75.9 53.6 53.0 53.8 52.8 156.7 156.9 156.9 166.5

Wisconsin

271.6 270.8 286.3 285.2 150.4 151.6 151.0 151.4 423.3 423.5 416.6 418.7

Wyoming

32.4 32.0 35.8 36.2 13.8 14.3 14.0 14.6 71.0 70.1 72.3 71.4


Puerto Rico

80.6 78.4 80.8 78.2 17.9 17.4 18.0 17.4 220.4 208.4 219.9 208.4

Virgin Islands

7.9 6.1 7.8 6.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 11.0 10.5 10.8 10.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: June 15, 2018