State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 23, 2018                 USDL-18-0113

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in December in 6 states and the District of Columbia, 
higher in 1 state, and stable in 43 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Twenty-five states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 
2 states had increases, and 23 states and the District had little or no change. The 
national unemployment rate was unchanged from November at 4.1 percent but was 0.6 
percentage point lower than in December 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 10 states in December 2017, decreased in 3 
states, and was essentially unchanged in 37 states and the District of Columbia. Over 
the year, 25 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 25 states and the District were 
essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in December, 2.0 percent. The rates in 
California (4.3 percent), Hawaii (2.0 percent), and Mississippi (4.6 percent) set 
new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless 
rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 16 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. 
figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 
25 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. 
(See tables A and 1.)

   __________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                  |
  |  Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands  |
  |                                                                                  |
  | Response rates for the December 2017 establishment survey were close to average  |
  | in Puerto Rico. As of this release, a sufficient amount of establishment data was|
  | collected to produce final estimates for November and preliminary estimates for  |
  | December. No modifications were made to the estimation process.                  |
  |                                                                                  |
  | The U.S. Virgin Islands was able to produce final estimates of employment, hours,|
  | and earnings for September, October, and November and preliminary estimates for  |
  | December.  Response rates were lower than average in the U.S. Virgin Islands. No |
  | modifications were made to the estimation process.                               |
  |                                                                                  |
  | More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection  |
  | and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.  |
  |__________________________________________________________________________________|


In December, six states and the District of Columbia had unemployment rate decreases, 
the largest of which was in the District (-0.4 percentage point). The only over-the-
month rate increase occurred in Colorado (+0.2 percentage point). The remaining 43 
states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-five states had unemployment rate decreases from December 2016. The largest 
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.8 percentage points and -1.9 points, 
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in Alaska and South Dakota 
(+0.7 percentage point and +0.6 point, respectively). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Ten states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in December 
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in California 
(+52,700), followed by Florida (+27,400) and Oregon (+14,700). In percentage terms, 
the largest increase occurred in Wyoming (+1.1 percent), followed by Montana and 
Oregon (+0.8 percent each). Three states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm 
payroll employment in December: Maryland (-20,200, or -0.7 percent), Arkansas (-6,500,
or -0.5 percent), and New Hampshire (-4,700, or -0.7 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
December. The largest job gains occurred in California (+342,500), Texas (+306,900), 
and Florida (+213,500). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.3 percent), 
followed by Oregon (+2.7 percent) and Utah (+2.6 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, February 6, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages news release is scheduled to 
be released on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for January 2018 is scheduled to be released on Monday, 
March 12, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   _____________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                     |
  |           Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data               |
  |                                                                                     |
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages  |
  | on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for   |
  | the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in   |
  | tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs,  |
  | new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census       |
  | division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally   |
  | adjusting the data will be implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data are  |
  | subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data will be revised |
  | back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available at  |
  | www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.                                                 |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________________|


   ________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                        |
  |               Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data                   |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm    |
  | payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of       |
  | this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.                           |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment      |
  | Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses    |
  | all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal |
  | factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year during the   |
  | annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal adjustment in    |
  | the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm.                 |
  |                                                                                        |
  | Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data    |
  | beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series   |
  | may be revised back to 1990.                                                           |
  |________________________________________________________________________________________|


   ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                            |
  |           Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System             |
  |                                                                                            |
  | With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment Statistics |
  | (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the 2012 North American|
  | Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for all states and metropolitan   |
  | areas.                                                                                     |
  |                                                                                            |
  | The conversion to 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content and coding  |
  | changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several industry titles and       |
  | descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, and combined industries   |
  | due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking process,  |
  | will be available on March 12, 2018.                                                       |
  |                                                                                            |
  | For more information on the 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.                 |
  |____________________________________________________________________________________________|



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Colorado ............................|           3.1
District of Columbia ................|           6.0
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.8
Indiana .............................|           3.4
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Jersey ..........................|           5.0
New Mexico ..........................|           6.0
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.7
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.2
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.5
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2017 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  November |  December |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.6   |     4.3   |      -0.3
Colorado .......................|     2.9   |     3.1   |        .2
District of Columbia ...........|     6.4   |     6.0   |       -.4
Indiana ........................|     3.7   |     3.4   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
Kentucky .......................|     4.7   |     4.4   |       -.3
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     3.0   |       -.3
Wisconsin ......................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from December 2016 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  December |  December |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.3   |     3.5   |      -2.8
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.3   |        .7
California .....................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.7   |      -1.2
Georgia ........................|     5.5   |     4.4   |      -1.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.0   |       -.9
Idaho ..........................|     3.6   |     2.9   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     5.7   |     4.8   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.5   |     2.8   |       -.7
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.4   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
Louisiana ......................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
Maine ..........................|     3.8   |     3.0   |       -.8
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.1   |       -.9
Mississippi ....................|     5.5   |     4.6   |       -.9
Missouri .......................|     4.4   |     3.5   |       -.9
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.7   |     6.0   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     5.2   |     4.5   |       -.7
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.6   |       -.4
Oklahoma .......................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.4   |     4.7   |       -.7
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     3.2   |      -1.9
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.9   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.1   |     4.5   |       -.6
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.0   |      -1.1
Wyoming ........................|     4.8   |     4.2   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2017 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   November  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .....................|   1,255,100 |   1,248,600 |      -6,500 |     -0.5
California ...................|  16,927,700 |  16,980,400 |      52,700 |       .3
Florida ......................|   8,678,500 |   8,705,900 |      27,400 |       .3
Iowa .........................|   1,593,000 |   1,600,100 |       7,100 |       .4
Kansas .......................|   1,411,500 |   1,416,800 |       5,300 |       .4
Maryland .....................|   2,782,400 |   2,762,200 |     -20,200 |      -.7
Montana ......................|     476,100 |     480,000 |       3,900 |       .8
Nevada .......................|   1,357,500 |   1,365,100 |       7,600 |       .6
New Hampshire ................|     683,600 |     678,900 |      -4,700 |      -.7
North Carolina ...............|   4,445,200 |   4,457,700 |      12,500 |       .3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,887,100 |   1,901,800 |      14,700 |       .8
South Dakota .................|     436,300 |     439,400 |       3,100 |       .7
Wyoming ......................|     274,800 |     277,900 |       3,100 |      1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
December 2016 to December 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   December  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,700 |   2,017,800 |      34,100 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,735,400 |   2,770,400 |      35,000 |      1.3
California ...................|  16,637,900 |  16,980,400 |     342,500 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,618,300 |   2,671,500 |      53,200 |      2.0
Florida ......................|   8,492,400 |   8,705,900 |     213,500 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,435,700 |   4,518,900 |      83,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     707,900 |     722,600 |      14,700 |      2.1
Iowa .........................|   1,571,800 |   1,600,100 |      28,300 |      1.8
Maryland .....................|   2,730,800 |   2,762,200 |      31,400 |      1.1
Massachusetts ................|   3,586,400 |   3,649,400 |      63,000 |      1.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Michigan .....................|   4,368,900 |   4,426,000 |      57,100 |      1.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,921,400 |   2,958,700 |      37,300 |      1.3
Mississippi ..................|   1,145,000 |   1,162,800 |      17,800 |      1.6
Montana ......................|     471,700 |     480,000 |       8,300 |      1.8
Nevada .......................|   1,321,300 |   1,365,100 |      43,800 |      3.3
New York .....................|   9,458,300 |   9,556,600 |      98,300 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,382,700 |   4,457,700 |      75,000 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,852,500 |   1,901,800 |      49,300 |      2.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,916,300 |   5,994,700 |      78,400 |      1.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,070,700 |   2,117,200 |      46,500 |      2.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   2,994,100 |   3,022,800 |      28,700 |      1.0
Texas ........................|  12,137,800 |  12,444,700 |     306,900 |      2.5
Utah .........................|   1,449,400 |   1,487,300 |      37,900 |      2.6
Washington ...................|   3,291,500 |   3,360,000 |      68,500 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,934,300 |   2,974,500 |      40,200 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,185,628 2,156,951 2,163,284 2,168,761 137,875 77,231 75,775 75,698 6.3 3.6 3.5 3.5

Alaska

359,743 363,246 363,119 363,230 23,597 26,156 26,155 26,361 6.6 7.2 7.2 7.3

Arizona

3,260,480 3,317,510 3,326,486 3,340,127 162,015 147,881 144,108 149,556 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.5

Arkansas

1,337,311 1,378,254 1,372,261 1,362,173 52,779 49,591 50,117 50,196 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.7

California

19,164,633 19,360,260 19,393,944 19,386,306 999,208 952,996 884,952 838,740 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,060,023 5,177,166 5,179,134 5,167,479 255,678 245,813 235,210 227,624 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.4

Colorado

2,908,395 3,020,823 3,035,321 3,050,118 86,281 81,374 86,937 93,086 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.1

Connecticut

1,886,206 1,906,084 1,902,482 1,901,529 82,098 85,603 86,950 87,040 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6

Delaware

470,053 478,069 476,858 475,543 20,380 22,735 22,237 21,833 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.6

District of Columbia

393,752 400,873 400,475 401,047 22,423 26,539 25,536 24,091 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0

Florida

9,942,473 10,117,844 10,123,592 10,127,020 491,981 369,146 369,165 374,371 4.9 3.6 3.6 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,360,429 1,390,342 1,387,683 1,388,128 75,159 62,441 64,522 64,981 5.5 4.5 4.6 4.7

Georgia

4,982,691 5,085,111 5,093,295 5,095,939 273,934 219,548 221,371 224,831 5.5 4.3 4.3 4.4

Hawaii

691,547 686,589 684,398 682,184 19,859 15,172 14,051 13,561 2.9 2.2 2.1 2.0

Idaho

821,440 828,663 835,965 842,429 29,947 23,617 24,183 24,695 3.6 2.9 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,500,846 6,425,364 6,445,372 6,464,449 372,800 317,137 313,738 309,162 5.7 4.9 4.9 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,787,945 3,766,002 3,775,711 3,781,627 222,772 192,571 194,295 191,673 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.1

Indiana

3,308,196 3,330,887 3,315,610 3,301,415 132,737 128,733 123,227 112,531 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4

Iowa

1,693,623 1,686,580 1,686,701 1,684,799 59,004 50,974 49,121 47,010 3.5 3.0 2.9 2.8

Kansas

1,478,785 1,487,674 1,487,343 1,482,444 63,498 53,783 52,259 50,450 4.3 3.6 3.5 3.4

Kentucky

2,007,499 2,062,033 2,061,892 2,063,106 97,008 103,223 97,608 90,956 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.4

Louisiana

2,100,414 2,087,013 2,098,549 2,116,924 125,915 100,204 98,158 97,337 6.0 4.8 4.7 4.6

Maine

695,036 703,846 702,240 699,973 26,095 24,970 23,136 20,702 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.0

Maryland

3,182,680 3,251,304 3,245,135 3,230,359 133,157 122,106 126,066 130,247 4.2 3.8 3.9 4.0

Massachusetts

3,583,515 3,656,009 3,647,475 3,646,947 110,093 134,792 130,515 128,042 3.1 3.7 3.6 3.5

Michigan

4,862,253 4,858,302 4,874,823 4,887,450 246,327 217,830 223,810 231,363 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,084,281 2,090,114 2,100,069 2,106,186 117,772 82,155 89,763 97,387 5.7 3.9 4.3 4.6

Minnesota

3,003,239 3,074,081 3,079,776 3,081,549 121,394 103,060 97,079 94,227 4.0 3.4 3.2 3.1

Mississippi

1,283,461 1,272,309 1,272,660 1,271,691 71,107 62,561 60,771 58,051 5.5 4.9 4.8 4.6

Missouri

3,102,945 3,051,590 3,044,603 3,028,178 137,545 105,404 102,985 104,688 4.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

Montana

528,349 525,878 526,069 526,002 21,027 20,422 20,965 21,342 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.1

Nebraska

1,012,237 1,010,893 1,011,475 1,010,518 33,408 27,061 27,186 27,667 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.7

Nevada

1,434,386 1,457,082 1,465,039 1,473,867 73,712 72,484 73,382 73,325 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0

New Hampshire

751,316 748,044 746,424 744,038 20,515 20,137 20,014 19,527 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

New Jersey

4,507,830 4,521,272 4,515,745 4,489,655 212,501 220,958 230,331 224,192 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0

New Mexico

928,823 931,378 932,988 935,651 62,449 57,130 56,505 55,813 6.7 6.1 6.1 6.0

New York

9,513,807 9,712,582 9,714,611 9,685,002 456,692 470,592 460,260 449,761 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6

New York City

4,113,073 4,247,213 4,235,920 4,215,133 201,137 213,803 197,041 182,416 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.3

North Carolina

4,920,437 4,946,506 4,952,549 4,949,223 256,852 203,783 213,361 222,116 5.2 4.1 4.3 4.5

North Dakota

417,465 418,560 418,178 416,393 12,603 10,324 10,769 10,838 3.0 2.5 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,686,703 5,761,152 5,770,987 5,774,214 284,380 295,869 279,094 270,092 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.7

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,027,316 1,032,559 1,030,435 1,027,686 58,303 64,099 60,190 55,865 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.4

Oklahoma

1,823,830 1,835,578 1,841,835 1,847,899 88,312 80,430 77,211 76,004 4.8 4.4 4.2 4.1

Oregon

2,064,850 2,134,176 2,138,286 2,143,455 93,177 92,300 90,718 88,634 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,454,219 6,398,872 6,397,107 6,391,884 351,535 297,886 295,624 298,953 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.7

Rhode Island

550,587 554,791 554,801 554,893 27,250 23,290 24,032 24,547 4.9 4.2 4.3 4.4

South Carolina

2,298,087 2,326,122 2,325,372 2,323,976 98,225 91,092 92,726 96,434 4.3 3.9 4.0 4.1

South Dakota

454,029 459,164 459,460 459,771 13,100 15,986 16,092 16,077 2.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Tennessee

3,167,839 3,208,049 3,222,152 3,230,761 162,603 94,946 98,366 102,054 5.1 3.0 3.1 3.2

Texas

13,360,842 13,427,830 13,480,180 13,547,022 637,553 517,228 512,134 522,211 4.8 3.9 3.8 3.9

Utah

1,528,430 1,575,812 1,577,675 1,580,966 48,668 51,577 50,308 49,727 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1

Vermont

345,093 345,184 345,600 345,756 10,894 10,031 9,951 9,850 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.8

Virginia

4,268,228 4,338,624 4,327,213 4,308,950 174,273 157,562 158,983 157,466 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.7

Washington

3,677,114 3,767,779 3,772,589 3,763,136 189,172 170,572 167,843 169,548 5.1 4.5 4.4 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,638,614 1,654,423 1,658,710 1,664,719 61,206 62,569 62,656 63,129 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8

West Virginia

782,578 779,618 780,013 783,036 45,151 39,861 41,513 43,129 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.5

Wisconsin

3,114,899 3,162,202 3,168,279 3,170,646 126,791 108,062 102,500 95,651 4.1 3.4 3.2 3.0

Wyoming

300,872 293,413 292,796 292,303 14,539 12,222 12,491 12,345 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.2

Puerto Rico

1,119,349 1,078,036 1,088,900 1,099,750 138,800 114,381 117,938 119,795 12.4 10.6 10.8 10.9

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
November December Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) November December November December
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,184,641 2,173,135 2,180,260 2,160,961 123,834 77,187 129,295 73,598 5.7 3.6 5.9 3.4

Alaska

356,778 359,189 355,793 358,213 23,006 25,504 23,311 26,146 6.4 7.1 6.6 7.3

Arizona

3,265,507 3,332,881 3,261,413 3,338,531 155,867 143,337 152,384 152,125 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.6

Arkansas

1,334,504 1,359,008 1,327,109 1,341,053 45,836 45,158 50,559 48,860 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6

California

19,157,621 19,344,853 19,098,452 19,286,476 963,869 776,409 957,110 804,575 5.0 4.0 5.0 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,067,615 5,155,294 5,047,898 5,126,155 243,819 214,816 237,504 214,019 4.8 4.2 4.7 4.2

Colorado

2,899,265 3,028,874 2,892,195 3,038,542 78,408 87,732 78,247 92,411 2.7 2.9 2.7 3.0

Connecticut

1,882,158 1,898,288 1,875,808 1,883,974 73,411 81,972 73,548 74,080 3.9 4.3 3.9 3.9

Delaware

470,281 474,126 470,318 473,668 18,029 19,531 18,141 19,378 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.1

District of Columbia

394,454 401,650 392,765 400,550 22,343 23,177 21,456 20,987 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.2

Florida

9,927,342 10,082,256 9,909,607 10,062,570 473,563 387,633 467,212 368,312 4.8 3.8 4.7 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,360,607 1,386,950 1,361,651 1,393,533 68,334 63,628 72,959 63,158 5.0 4.6 5.4 4.5

Georgia

4,975,427 5,075,713 4,981,511 5,082,349 251,828 220,442 258,411 219,844 5.1 4.3 5.2 4.3

Hawaii

692,102 683,687 691,469 680,357 19,950 13,852 17,691 11,816 2.9 2.0 2.6 1.7

Idaho

818,262 838,445 816,378 839,228 30,103 25,579 28,961 24,882 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.0

Illinois

6,493,487 6,468,408 6,481,471 6,448,635 340,691 302,387 363,140 303,789 5.2 4.7 5.6 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,761,186 3,777,175 3,758,619 3,765,435 198,080 181,538 205,362 181,083 5.3 4.8 5.5 4.8

Indiana

3,316,013 3,289,184 3,287,532 3,268,341 127,730 110,345 131,025 100,457 3.9 3.4 4.0 3.1

Iowa

1,691,617 1,679,905 1,684,529 1,669,980 50,922 42,644 60,330 47,555 3.0 2.5 3.6 2.8

Kansas

1,482,627 1,490,364 1,474,815 1,470,841 56,378 47,960 56,522 43,994 3.8 3.2 3.8 3.0

Kentucky

2,002,931 2,054,851 2,009,243 2,049,387 84,844 83,501 90,832 76,436 4.2 4.1 4.5 3.7

Louisiana

2,104,428 2,109,342 2,084,212 2,117,381 114,387 89,006 112,436 84,275 5.4 4.2 5.4 4.0

Maine

691,090 696,831 688,709 693,026 25,518 21,040 24,167 17,307 3.7 3.0 3.5 2.5

Maryland

3,180,574 3,230,586 3,172,633 3,202,685 126,573 129,352 122,921 122,956 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8

Massachusetts

3,583,688 3,623,587 3,575,041 3,621,182 98,720 118,848 98,949 111,662 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.1

Michigan

4,845,978 4,869,779 4,830,685 4,851,699 203,410 192,624 215,298 215,738 4.2 4.0 4.5 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,067,175 2,094,729 2,068,225 2,090,833 97,931 77,667 99,229 87,481 4.7 3.7 4.8 4.2

Minnesota

2,997,906 3,067,812 2,994,599 3,066,881 102,107 81,490 121,941 101,985 3.4 2.7 4.1 3.3

Mississippi

1,281,867 1,276,858 1,289,299 1,270,970 64,314 57,316 73,153 56,982 5.0 4.5 5.7 4.5

Missouri

3,091,875 3,021,468 3,081,307 2,985,425 114,870 95,470 121,063 100,406 3.7 3.2 3.9 3.4

Montana

524,923 523,614 522,823 522,053 19,879 21,302 22,261 22,166 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.2

Nebraska

1,010,228 1,008,567 1,007,426 1,004,603 27,976 23,909 31,903 27,983 2.8 2.4 3.2 2.8

Nevada

1,433,620 1,472,939 1,429,013 1,474,324 71,570 72,108 70,178 69,115 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7

New Hampshire

749,293 743,344 747,463 737,581 19,573 18,538 18,907 16,829 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.3

New Jersey

4,492,794 4,484,899 4,491,251 4,434,963 186,915 217,045 187,578 180,924 4.2 4.8 4.2 4.1

New Mexico

935,046 938,880 934,596 941,340 60,388 53,902 58,415 51,342 6.5 5.7 6.3 5.5

New York

9,496,305 9,644,018 9,437,309 9,550,946 428,310 431,485 420,764 419,359 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4

New York City

4,116,024 4,204,529 4,092,225 4,160,442 194,867 169,047 180,559 162,152 4.7 4.0 4.4 3.9

North Carolina

4,921,006 4,943,636 4,888,173 4,900,294 241,445 221,839 238,340 215,792 4.9 4.5 4.9 4.4

North Dakota

413,729 413,798 412,466 409,589 10,765 9,378 12,674 10,789 2.6 2.3 3.1 2.6

Ohio

5,692,448 5,766,217 5,663,487 5,724,031 256,301 243,994 269,865 257,647 4.5 4.2 4.8 4.5

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,020,042 1,025,431 1,012,466 1,010,359 48,683 46,889 53,394 47,296 4.8 4.6 5.3 4.7

Oklahoma

1,837,205 1,856,179 1,821,171 1,846,462 84,586 69,346 83,463 71,473 4.6 3.7 4.6 3.9

Oregon

2,070,415 2,147,040 2,052,822 2,134,356 89,684 82,712 85,717 80,639 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,439,865 6,380,459 6,395,720 6,340,056 312,670 273,914 306,757 279,210 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.4

Rhode Island

553,212 557,282 550,196 555,753 25,413 23,887 24,653 23,580 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.2

South Carolina

2,285,900 2,302,036 2,283,712 2,301,587 91,905 91,343 95,277 98,279 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.3

South Dakota

454,040 458,649 450,700 456,865 12,215 15,310 13,748 16,610 2.7 3.3 3.1 3.6

Tennessee

3,157,185 3,206,188 3,156,140 3,207,374 148,866 106,917 155,435 99,454 4.7 3.3 4.9 3.1

Texas

13,371,089 13,500,872 13,353,321 13,545,282 599,870 499,280 605,992 501,323 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.7

Utah

1,526,692 1,574,171 1,527,220 1,574,792 40,660 42,620 44,456 44,678 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.8

Vermont

344,383 344,807 343,751 343,761 10,072 9,146 9,760 8,518 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.5

Virginia

4,249,068 4,270,619 4,237,986 4,257,390 159,490 154,815 160,026 142,728 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.4

Washington

3,671,129 3,755,018 3,666,401 3,735,835 188,004 166,724 193,221 182,571 5.1 4.4 5.3 4.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,627,247 1,649,700 1,623,073 1,654,020 63,900 65,398 57,743 61,386 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.7

West Virginia

779,129 777,146 771,785 777,546 38,750 38,747 39,261 41,073 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.3

Wisconsin

3,116,760 3,172,944 3,098,335 3,150,289 113,945 85,858 114,831 84,051 3.7 2.7 3.7 2.7

Wyoming

300,414 291,490 299,114 289,691 13,967 12,180 14,866 11,439 4.6 4.2 5.0 3.9

Puerto Rico

1,111,068 1,114,967 1,138,998 1,120,810 121,705 115,427 136,773 110,542 11.0 10.4 12.0 9.9

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,983.7 2,014.1 2,015.7 2,017.8 82.5 90.1 91.6 89.8 263.5 267.1 267.2 269.2

Alaska

329.4 330.4 327.5 327.2 15.5 15.7 16.5 17.0 13.0 11.5 10.2 9.1

Arizona

2,735.4 2,762.0 2,767.9 2,770.4 136.4 139.1 142.0 143.4 161.4 164.4 164.8 167.1

Arkansas

1,237.3 1,256.2 1,255.1 1,248.6 50.0 52.6 53.1 52.6 156.1 160.8 161.1 160.8

California

16,637.9 16,874.0 16,927.7 16,980.4 783.9 832.1 832.9 839.9 1,304.3 1,298.2 1,299.3 1,302.3


Colorado

2,618.3 2,661.5 2,666.4 2,671.5 156.3 158.4 161.6 164.9 141.7 141.4 143.5 143.2

Connecticut

1,677.5 1,681.0 1,679.2 1,685.2 58.0 58.4 57.1 56.1 156.2 157.3 158.3 160.3

Delaware(2)

454.4 455.6 453.8 453.8 20.6 20.7 20.8 21.1 25.9 26.0 25.9 26.0

District of Columbia(3)(2)

787.6 794.4 793.7 795.6 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.7 - - - -

Florida

8,492.4 8,663.3 8,678.5 8,705.9 484.5 518.4 523.8 528.4 357.7 372.5 372.4 373.9


Georgia

4,435.7 4,510.4 4,513.3 4,518.9 178.0 178.9 180.4 183.5 390.9 386.9 386.2 387.1

Hawaii(2)

651.9 657.8 657.0 659.1 37.7 38.1 38.8 38.8 13.8 13.6 13.8 13.8

Idaho

707.9 720.5 722.0 722.6 43.1 43.8 44.2 44.2 66.0 66.9 67.2 67.7

Illinois

6,021.3 6,046.3 6,049.4 6,050.9 210.4 211.2 214.0 216.2 569.9 573.0 575.9 577.6

Indiana

3,108.6 3,133.8 3,130.5 3,136.2 128.8 134.3 139.0 139.7 526.9 531.7 529.8 534.5


Iowa

1,571.8 1,586.6 1,593.0 1,600.1 81.1 75.1 74.9 73.6 210.9 217.6 219.3 222.6

Kansas

1,410.5 1,408.5 1,411.5 1,416.8 60.9 62.2 62.3 63.9 160.2 158.9 159.6 158.6

Kentucky

1,931.3 1,948.8 1,952.1 1,952.5 76.5 81.2 81.3 80.9 250.1 249.2 251.7 252.2

Louisiana

1,969.0 1,978.0 1,974.9 1,974.5 142.9 150.5 151.7 153.0 132.9 133.9 133.2 134.3

Maine

617.6 619.2 619.7 622.6 28.1 27.7 28.0 27.9 50.3 50.6 50.7 50.9


Maryland(2)

2,730.8 2,777.5 2,782.4 2,762.2 162.6 171.7 169.3 168.3 104.3 103.8 105.0 104.4

Massachusetts

3,586.4 3,641.9 3,649.7 3,649.4 147.9 152.0 154.8 156.4 244.5 245.0 246.5 247.3

Michigan

4,368.9 4,406.1 4,415.9 4,426.0 157.5 162.6 162.8 164.9 601.8 603.2 605.0 607.1

Minnesota

2,921.4 2,953.1 2,949.8 2,958.7 118.9 119.5 121.6 127.3 317.9 322.3 321.8 321.2

Mississippi

1,145.0 1,155.6 1,159.9 1,162.8 42.3 43.1 43.5 44.1 141.7 143.5 143.3 144.5


Missouri

2,871.7 2,891.9 2,896.1 2,894.5 123.0 115.0 116.0 114.2 262.5 267.7 268.1 269.7

Montana

471.7 476.3 476.1 480.0 27.6 27.8 27.2 28.7 19.6 19.7 19.9 19.8

Nebraska(2)

1,021.9 1,028.7 1,032.8 1,032.8 52.1 50.6 51.9 51.5 97.0 97.4 98.9 98.4

Nevada

1,321.3 1,352.1 1,357.5 1,365.1 81.3 88.1 89.7 91.7 44.4 45.8 45.8 46.1

New Hampshire

673.6 681.1 683.6 678.9 26.3 28.2 28.4 27.7 68.5 69.4 69.2 69.3


New Jersey

4,103.7 4,130.3 4,138.0 4,126.6 150.9 157.1 158.6 154.3 239.9 247.0 246.6 248.5

New Mexico

836.4 844.3 846.4 846.8 43.7 45.6 46.6 46.7 26.5 26.5 26.6 26.4

New York

9,458.3 9,527.7 9,557.1 9,556.6 370.3 375.6 380.2 380.2 444.0 432.0 434.1 435.3

North Carolina

4,382.7 4,443.6 4,445.2 4,457.7 204.0 200.4 200.6 201.9 466.8 465.5 466.8 467.5

North Dakota

433.8 438.5 436.1 435.6 32.0 31.8 31.4 30.7 23.9 23.8 24.1 24.1


Ohio

5,503.7 5,545.4 5,539.7 5,542.2 203.4 212.5 211.9 210.2 688.7 692.7 695.4 698.9

Oklahoma

1,650.2 1,672.1 1,669.5 1,670.6 76.5 83.2 81.8 84.7 127.5 130.6 130.9 130.5

Oregon

1,852.5 1,887.4 1,887.1 1,901.8 94.8 103.6 103.2 104.8 187.3 194.2 192.9 195.3

Pennsylvania

5,916.3 5,973.7 5,980.1 5,994.7 240.9 246.1 249.2 254.0 557.5 552.4 552.1 553.0

Rhode Island

491.3 497.1 497.9 497.3 18.6 20.4 20.9 20.7 40.0 41.1 41.8 42.0


South Carolina

2,070.7 2,105.7 2,114.3 2,117.2 98.4 97.8 98.7 100.9 241.6 247.6 250.5 250.9

South Dakota(2)

435.4 435.5 436.3 439.4 23.9 23.7 23.8 24.0 41.5 41.7 42.3 42.9

Tennessee(2)

2,994.1 3,025.0 3,024.8 3,022.8 122.2 125.0 126.9 126.1 344.9 345.7 347.3 346.4

Texas

12,137.8 12,390.7 12,444.3 12,444.7 704.9 721.2 728.5 732.8 841.9 876.7 880.6 878.2

Utah

1,449.4 1,482.3 1,486.0 1,487.3 92.2 95.8 97.5 98.7 128.1 128.9 129.8 131.6


Vermont

313.9 316.7 317.4 316.4 15.4 15.6 15.1 15.3 29.3 28.6 28.6 28.7

Virginia

3,936.3 3,972.2 3,968.6 3,966.5 189.3 192.3 193.4 194.6 233.1 232.7 233.5 235.5

Washington

3,291.5 3,342.8 3,353.9 3,360.0 192.1 200.7 202.1 203.6 286.5 283.6 284.5 286.9

West Virginia

746.8 749.1 747.7 748.1 30.5 31.7 32.5 33.1 46.4 45.7 46.0 46.0

Wisconsin

2,934.3 2,971.9 2,976.2 2,974.5 112.8 112.4 111.7 112.9 468.4 481.1 482.8 479.9

Wyoming

276.8 275.4 274.8 277.9 20.4 20.7 20.2 20.8 9.1 9.4 9.3 9.4


Puerto Rico(2)

893.1 840.4 850.6 847.8 24.5 20.4 20.2 21.5 73.9 69.7 70.1 69.1

Virgin Islands(3)

38.2 36.1 35.9 35.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)

Alabama

379.0 377.0 376.9 373.9 98.1 99.4 98.3 97.8 235.3 239.9 240.8 240.5

Alaska

65.0 65.8 64.8 64.5 12.0 11.5 11.5 11.7 27.1 27.7 27.6 27.9

Arizona

520.1 519.7 518.0 514.6 205.9 210.3 210.7 210.6 420.3 425.3 427.1 427.5

Arkansas

254.2 256.0 254.7 251.1 51.2 50.8 51.2 51.5 144.6 148.1 148.7 147.0

California

3,023.1 3,038.5 3,040.8 3,037.0 831.5 835.5 838.3 844.9 2,543.7 2,552.7 2,568.7 2,577.4


Colorado

458.9 465.6 465.6 465.4 163.7 166.0 165.1 164.8 409.7 423.4 424.6 425.3

Connecticut

298.1 297.7 297.7 300.3 130.2 132.6 133.2 132.4 216.4 218.1 216.3 219.0

Delaware

82.2 80.4 80.0 79.7 47.0 48.0 47.9 48.0 61.1 62.1 61.8 60.6

District of Columbia

31.9 33.0 32.7 32.3 29.8 29.8 29.4 29.7 167.3 169.9 170.3 169.6

Florida

1,737.8 1,762.1 1,768.7 1,771.4 553.0 562.2 566.3 568.3 1,303.0 1,348.5 1,340.9 1,350.2


Georgia

933.9 943.5 944.3 942.3 240.1 246.3 245.3 244.8 671.1 689.9 692.8 691.6

Hawaii

121.9 123.1 122.9 121.8 28.5 27.5 27.8 28.1 84.3 86.4 86.2 86.6

Idaho

139.6 143.0 142.5 142.3 35.1 35.0 35.5 35.7 88.6 87.2 86.5 87.2

Illinois

1,209.5 1,206.1 1,206.8 1,206.6 385.1 398.6 396.4 393.8 945.8 947.8 954.6 951.5

Indiana

603.1 597.8 595.9 596.8 134.8 140.6 139.8 137.9 337.3 339.6 339.3 335.2


Iowa

317.0 319.2 319.3 320.7 110.0 112.5 113.9 114.6 139.2 140.5 143.0 142.5

Kansas

266.0 263.0 264.2 265.1 86.0 87.0 86.7 86.3 179.0 180.9 182.3 183.4

Kentucky

402.2 406.0 404.6 402.9 95.8 94.6 95.2 95.2 225.1 230.6 229.7 230.7

Louisiana

387.7 380.7 377.9 376.7 92.3 93.3 92.4 92.8 211.3 213.2 214.7 213.4

Maine

120.1 120.7 120.3 120.8 30.4 30.6 30.4 30.8 66.0 65.8 67.2 67.7


Maryland

468.9 470.4 471.8 468.9 149.1 148.6 150.1 149.1 447.7 462.2 464.7 458.7

Massachusetts

572.2 580.1 578.2 577.7 224.7 228.6 227.0 227.4 556.4 571.9 573.8 572.8

Michigan

782.4 783.8 783.7 783.3 216.6 219.0 218.4 219.0 662.1 672.5 676.6 677.3

Minnesota

535.6 539.7 540.4 542.2 177.5 175.8 176.3 176.1 375.8 379.2 381.4 380.0

Mississippi

230.9 233.5 232.7 233.8 43.3 44.2 44.6 44.6 105.6 105.4 108.0 110.2


Missouri

550.5 548.8 548.1 546.3 170.2 175.3 174.3 175.4 385.0 394.1 398.5 398.0

Montana

95.1 94.4 94.3 94.1 24.3 24.9 24.9 25.2 41.2 42.4 42.7 43.3

Nebraska

206.9 203.6 204.5 203.3 74.0 74.3 73.9 74.5 120.0 123.4 123.7 124.1

Nevada

243.2 242.9 245.9 248.8 62.6 63.3 63.5 63.7 180.1 190.5 190.6 191.3

New Hampshire

139.5 140.9 141.2 139.0 37.5 38.8 38.5 39.0 78.9 78.5 79.1 78.6


New Jersey

875.1 875.7 876.1 870.0 250.1 250.7 250.8 249.0 670.1 667.3 667.9 669.2

New Mexico

139.3 140.8 141.0 140.9 33.2 34.4 34.7 34.9 102.8 104.6 104.0 103.4

New York

1,578.6 1,573.5 1,575.8 1,574.3 713.0 716.5 715.1 715.8 1,320.8 1,339.9 1,346.7 1,348.5

North Carolina

820.9 828.7 827.4 829.0 229.2 229.9 228.1 230.9 619.0 647.8 651.6 655.2

North Dakota

95.4 94.8 94.5 95.2 24.6 24.8 24.5 24.6 34.9 36.9 36.4 36.1


Ohio

1,027.3 1,022.5 1,017.4 1,016.9 300.4 306.1 308.6 310.2 724.1 727.9 726.6 723.1

Oklahoma

307.6 303.7 302.1 302.5 79.5 80.9 80.9 80.7 179.8 181.3 180.8 180.4

Oregon

342.7 345.7 345.7 346.2 98.4 97.8 98.0 98.5 241.5 247.4 245.9 248.9

Pennsylvania

1,125.9 1,131.3 1,131.9 1,127.6 317.9 317.7 318.9 319.4 797.3 820.6 822.4 820.5

Rhode Island

76.6 77.5 77.1 76.2 32.8 33.4 33.2 33.6 66.4 66.1 65.3 65.6


South Carolina

399.8 403.7 407.4 404.0 99.7 100.3 100.8 100.7 268.2 279.1 282.3 280.0

South Dakota

89.1 87.5 87.0 87.4 29.6 29.7 30.0 30.1 31.6 31.7 31.1 31.8

Tennessee

621.2 630.6 628.3 623.2 155.0 155.3 155.2 155.6 410.7 411.8 407.4 412.2

Texas

2,446.7 2,460.2 2,470.5 2,460.0 739.1 765.2 767.3 765.2 1,647.2 1,685.9 1,700.1 1,699.8

Utah

276.6 281.5 282.2 280.2 82.5 83.0 83.4 82.6 207.8 214.5 212.0 211.8


Vermont

55.2 55.7 55.5 55.5 11.9 11.9 11.9 12.1 27.6 29.0 28.8 28.4

Virginia

666.5 661.3 656.4 659.2 202.1 206.4 206.8 207.1 718.6 730.5 729.9 725.3

Washington

619.2 628.4 630.7 627.7 152.0 158.3 158.3 158.9 406.8 414.8 418.6 415.3

West Virginia

132.2 129.3 129.0 128.2 27.2 27.7 27.4 27.5 64.6 64.4 63.8 64.6

Wisconsin

535.8 542.8 544.5 545.4 152.2 152.0 151.8 150.6 320.3 326.6 327.2 329.1

Wyoming

53.4 51.8 51.8 52.2 10.4 10.7 10.9 11.0 17.6 17.4 17.6 17.7


Puerto Rico

171.2 158.8 158.6 158.9 42.5 41.1 41.1 41.2 114.9 110.7 114.1 113.8

Virgin Islands(1)

7.9 6.9 6.9 7.2 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)
Dec.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017
Dec.
2017(p)

Alabama

235.9 240.7 240.2 240.7 199.1 205.5 205.5 208.3 379.8 382.7 383.0 384.7

Alaska

49.0 49.1 49.1 49.0 36.1 36.4 35.7 36.3 80.8 81.1 80.9 80.7

Arizona

417.2 426.0 427.6 424.7 318.3 323.6 324.4 327.2 411.7 412.1 412.3 413.1

Arkansas

185.1 188.8 189.9 190.4 116.3 119.4 117.3 116.5 211.2 210.5 210.3 210.2

California

2,570.5 2,635.9 2,649.2 2,650.5 1,922.6 1,957.6 1,975.2 1,985.3 2,545.6 2,580.4 2,583.6 2,593.9


Colorado

332.8 338.0 337.2 338.8 327.0 335.1 336.4 335.7 428.0 427.9 428.0 428.8

Connecticut

331.3 333.6 334.5 334.9 155.3 153.7 151.7 153.3 233.9 231.0 230.8 230.8

Delaware

78.1 79.5 79.8 79.7 51.0 50.7 49.8 50.3 65.0 65.1 65.0 65.3

District of Columbia

136.4 137.4 137.9 138.6 77.5 81.6 80.1 80.9 240.3 238.5 238.3 238.0

Florida

1,262.7 1,275.3 1,279.3 1,285.0 1,194.0 1,195.9 1,199.1 1,203.1 1,100.1 1,111.5 1,111.2 1,108.9


Georgia

569.7 584.0 584.8 589.3 481.6 492.8 494.1 495.9 691.1 701.8 701.1 698.1

Hawaii

83.3 85.4 85.1 86.1 120.1 121.9 122.3 122.4 126.2 125.3 123.8 125.2

Idaho

102.3 106.7 107.2 107.2 72.5 73.4 73.8 73.3 123.0 126.0 126.5 126.5

Illinois

918.1 929.4 927.0 924.7 596.9 597.0 595.7 595.5 831.6 826.4 823.4 827.5

Indiana

470.0 474.6 475.3 478.8 310.2 308.8 306.4 307.7 430.6 439.0 438.8 438.5


Iowa

228.2 232.4 233.6 235.1 142.7 147.6 148.3 149.3 258.5 258.7 258.2 259.5

Kansas

197.0 198.1 198.9 198.3 127.0 126.2 125.1 128.3 257.3 255.9 255.5 255.6

Kentucky

272.9 274.8 274.7 274.3 190.6 193.2 195.3 196.1 318.8 317.2 316.7 316.8

Louisiana

313.1 316.0 315.9 316.2 230.3 235.5 235.2 235.8 323.1 319.9 319.3 318.1

Maine

125.9 127.7 128.1 128.3 65.6 65.2 64.8 65.6 99.5 99.7 99.4 99.3


Maryland

464.8 478.0 477.7 475.6 273.8 276.8 276.3 273.4 506.1 513.4 514.8 512.6

Massachusetts

791.4 803.4 806.4 805.4 363.2 367.9 372.3 372.8 457.5 459.8 459.2 459.1

Michigan

667.6 671.6 673.5 674.6 434.4 437.8 441.7 443.1 609.9 614.9 613.2 615.1

Minnesota

531.2 539.6 540.6 543.1 261.6 267.7 261.1 262.9 429.7 431.1 430.5 430.7

Mississippi

141.1 144.7 145.8 145.7 136.5 137.8 138.5 137.5 244.9 244.6 244.7 243.8


Missouri

464.0 468.7 469.4 467.6 307.1 313.8 314.4 317.8 435.9 435.5 434.6 433.3

Montana

75.2 76.7 76.4 77.1 65.2 66.3 66.9 67.6 91.9 93.0 92.5 92.5

Nebraska

154.0 155.8 155.3 155.4 91.1 93.9 95.1 96.7 171.0 172.2 172.5 172.1

Nevada

131.1 134.6 135.9 136.6 349.7 352.8 350.5 350.9 159.0 163.9 164.8 165.7

New Hampshire

121.8 124.5 124.6 125.0 72.5 72.4 73.3 72.3 90.6 90.8 90.8 89.9


New Jersey

686.6 696.0 698.8 696.7 375.2 384.6 386.2 389.0 611.4 608.4 609.0 607.6

New Mexico

140.9 142.4 142.7 143.3 97.8 100.2 100.8 101.0 191.4 189.6 189.3 190.7

New York

1,969.7 2,012.8 2,025.7 2,019.4 926.5 937.4 939.9 943.6 1,451.2 1,455.3 1,454.2 1,453.9

North Carolina

589.0 605.0 606.1 605.4 485.6 492.1 490.2 492.8 732.4 740.1 740.0 739.7

North Dakota

62.5 63.4 63.1 63.3 39.5 38.6 37.6 37.0 83.4 83.5 83.4 83.6


Ohio

934.2 948.7 946.0 946.8 555.9 568.7 568.6 570.8 771.6 767.7 766.2 766.9

Oklahoma

234.6 240.0 238.6 240.1 166.2 169.8 170.3 168.8 353.5 354.8 354.3 353.9

Oregon

272.6 278.7 279.3 280.3 200.1 203.1 204.5 208.9 308.5 310.5 310.2 310.9

Pennsylvania

1,242.5 1,257.2 1,264.2 1,268.1 565.1 584.4 580.8 588.1 703.1 699.6 698.5 697.5

Rhode Island

106.8 107.2 107.7 108.1 58.6 59.6 60.2 59.2 60.7 60.7 60.5 60.5


South Carolina

245.4 251.3 251.9 252.5 247.5 249.7 248.0 253.8 365.1 369.8 368.6 368.4

South Dakota

71.1 71.6 72.3 72.3 47.8 46.9 46.9 48.2 79.0 80.3 80.5 80.7

Tennessee

430.4 434.9 436.3 435.6 325.5 329.3 332.1 333.1 428.3 436.1 433.4 433.3

Texas

1,658.6 1,684.0 1,689.8 1,689.3 1,312.6 1,340.5 1,348.2 1,355.0 1,940.4 1,971.0 1,973.5 1,977.8

Utah

195.6 200.8 200.8 201.7 140.7 146.6 149.5 149.3 240.7 244.8 244.9 245.7


Vermont

64.6 65.8 65.5 65.6 37.9 38.2 40.0 38.9 55.7 55.5 55.5 55.7

Virginia

538.1 554.9 555.4 552.5 398.4 406.6 405.2 401.8 715.1 713.2 712.0 713.1

Washington

471.2 478.1 481.5 482.1 334.0 335.5 334.8 338.7 580.3 590.4 587.3 591.4

West Virginia

131.2 133.9 134.5 134.2 74.6 75.9 75.7 75.6 155.8 155.6 154.9 154.5

Wisconsin

449.2 452.5 451.9 452.5 274.3 281.2 284.8 286.8 418.2 418.5 417.9 414.9

Wyoming

27.6 27.3 27.0 27.6 35.0 34.1 34.0 35.2 70.9 69.6 69.4 69.2


Puerto Rico

122.8 117.7 115.8 115.7 82.0 68.7 74.1 77.3 226.3 218.3 221.7 215.4

Virgin Islands(1)

- - - - 7.6 6.9 6.5 6.3 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.6

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
November December November December November December
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,999.3 2,028.6 1,992.6 2,025.1 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6 84.9 91.3 83.1 89.2

Alaska

317.3 316.0 315.0 314.6 13.2 13.2 13.1 13.0 14.8 15.5 13.9 15.3

Arizona

2,767.5 2,809.8 2,773.0 2,815.5 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.2 133.9 141.9 134.0 142.5

Arkansas

1,242.0 1,264.0 1,240.6 1,256.7 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 50.1 53.3 49.1 52.2

California

16,780.7 17,073.8 16,763.5 17,108.2 23.6 23.1 23.1 22.3 797.5 839.4 774.2 834.2


Colorado

2,623.2 2,677.2 2,631.0 2,689.2 22.3 21.8 22.2 21.7 156.6 163.5 153.5 162.9

Connecticut

1,698.0 1,700.9 1,693.8 1,701.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 59.6 59.0 56.9 55.2

Delaware(1)

457.6 458.0 457.4 457.2 - - - - 20.9 21.2 20.8 21.3

District of Columbia(1)

791.6 798.1 788.9 797.4 - - - - 14.6 14.6 14.3 14.5

Florida

8,553.2 8,761.2 8,581.4 8,801.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 487.1 530.0 487.2 531.7


Georgia

4,468.5 4,549.5 4,462.9 4,547.7 9.7 10.5 9.8 10.7 179.4 181.2 178.1 182.9

Hawaii(1)

657.9 665.1 659.6 668.2 - - - - 37.5 38.8 37.8 38.9

Idaho

708.9 726.5 707.2 721.8 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.6 42.6 45.0 42.3 43.5

Illinois

6,087.7 6,120.5 6,053.6 6,091.5 8.0 8.2 7.9 8.0 220.9 221.3 201.7 208.3

Indiana

3,144.8 3,169.2 3,123.4 3,152.7 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.4 134.3 142.2 125.7 137.3


Iowa

1,588.2 1,609.5 1,576.7 1,603.6 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.5 84.6 77.9 77.4 70.8

Kansas

1,424.9 1,429.0 1,418.3 1,428.3 6.9 7.2 6.7 7.3 61.8 63.9 58.7 62.6

Kentucky

1,947.4 1,969.8 1,952.4 1,971.2 10.1 9.5 10.1 9.5 79.7 83.3 76.7 81.0

Louisiana

1,982.4 1,997.2 1,980.1 1,989.9 35.6 36.4 34.8 35.6 145.0 155.1 142.7 153.5

Maine

620.6 623.6 615.5 621.3 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 28.5 29.2 27.8 27.6


Maryland

2,737.9 2,794.7 2,745.0 2,778.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 163.3 169.9 160.8 166.8

Massachusetts

3,608.7 3,676.3 3,602.0 3,667.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 149.6 158.5 146.9 154.8

Michigan

4,409.4 4,458.2 4,379.6 4,439.3 7.1 7.6 6.7 7.3 165.5 168.2 151.3 160.4

Minnesota

2,932.1 2,967.2 2,915.0 2,959.7 6.6 7.2 6.2 6.9 120.2 125.9 109.4 118.8

Mississippi

1,153.3 1,167.5 1,147.9 1,166.8 6.8 6.9 6.9 6.8 43.5 44.1 41.9 44.2


Missouri

2,887.6 2,919.1 2,881.0 2,909.4 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4 125.0 118.0 121.5 114.0

Montana

470.9 475.4 468.1 476.8 7.0 7.4 6.8 7.3 28.6 27.9 25.7 27.1

Nebraska

1,030.6 1,039.5 1,026.8 1,037.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 52.5 51.2 48.3 48.9

Nevada

1,327.6 1,366.8 1,325.9 1,369.3 13.8 14.3 13.6 14.2 80.3 90.5 80.6 91.9

New Hampshire

677.8 686.0 678.9 684.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 27.0 29.2 26.7 28.0


New Jersey

4,132.3 4,165.6 4,141.2 4,166.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 155.6 160.8 153.0 156.1

New Mexico

841.9 852.2 840.9 851.7 19.0 18.4 18.7 18.0 44.6 47.8 44.1 47.2

New York

9,542.9 9,660.5 9,542.2 9,655.8 5.3 5.4 4.9 5.1 378.4 387.6 362.6 374.9

North Carolina

4,414.1 4,486.5 4,410.8 4,493.3 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.9 205.1 202.8 203.2 202.8

North Dakota

440.1 441.5 435.2 436.3 15.6 19.5 15.4 19.1 34.2 32.0 29.4 28.3


Ohio

5,542.4 5,586.8 5,515.8 5,569.8 11.1 11.1 11.2 10.4 213.1 219.1 197.1 203.9

Oklahoma

1,662.0 1,686.4 1,661.9 1,681.9 43.1 48.7 42.6 48.9 77.0 83.4 76.0 83.9

Oregon

1,863.3 1,902.7 1,856.1 1,910.5 7.7 8.1 7.6 7.9 94.7 103.8 93.1 102.7

Pennsylvania

5,972.8 6,046.9 5,958.5 6,039.2 23.7 23.9 23.1 23.6 243.0 252.8 233.1 247.1

Rhode Island

496.9 503.2 493.4 499.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.6 22.3 19.1 21.2


South Carolina

2,079.0 2,122.1 2,081.4 2,120.7 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 98.6 98.2 97.4 99.6

South Dakota

435.7 437.4 433.2 436.3 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 23.7 23.6 21.5 21.8

Tennessee

3,026.7 3,063.5 3,027.1 3,060.6 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.3 118.8 123.5 118.6 122.4

Texas

12,199.8 12,530.6 12,224.9 12,534.3 217.6 250.0 218.4 249.4 709.8 732.1 701.8 730.6

Utah

1,456.0 1,496.6 1,458.8 1,497.6 8.2 7.8 8.1 7.6 95.2 99.9 90.9 97.2


Vermont

315.6 320.2 320.3 322.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 15.7 16.1 15.1 15.2

Virginia

3,964.4 4,000.8 3,953.8 3,991.0 7.6 7.9 7.7 7.9 189.0 194.4 186.3 192.9

Washington

3,299.4 3,369.7 3,285.9 3,362.0 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.6 190.9 200.6 186.8 198.6

West Virginia

765.4 758.8 753.6 756.2 20.7 21.6 20.7 21.9 31.6 33.9 29.5 32.2

Wisconsin

2,961.2 3,002.9 2,935.2 2,982.6 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.8 114.8 115.5 106.3 109.6

Wyoming

274.1 273.0 274.5 275.1 18.3 20.6 18.5 20.7 21.1 21.0 19.4 19.8


Puerto Rico

899.6 860.0 914.6 867.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.4 20.5 24.0 21.6

Virgin Islands(1)

38.3 36.0 38.4 36.1 - - - - 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
November December November December November December
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

262.2 267.9 263.8 269.6 386.4 384.5 387.7 382.9 20.4 19.9 20.5 20.2

Alaska

7.9 6.6 6.7 5.0 63.0 62.4 62.8 62.4 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1

Arizona

160.7 164.8 162.1 167.7 534.1 533.6 534.8 534.1 45.0 42.5 44.8 42.6

Arkansas

156.0 161.4 155.9 161.1 254.7 256.7 257.3 255.5 13.5 13.2 13.4 13.0

California

1,299.9 1,294.4 1,298.4 1,295.6 3,092.8 3,126.9 3,121.8 3,142.7 532.5 540.8 524.9 546.6


Colorado

141.3 144.0 141.8 143.8 462.3 472.1 470.1 476.0 71.6 74.6 71.4 75.2

Connecticut

155.9 157.9 155.8 160.0 306.9 307.3 311.3 311.8 32.0 31.4 31.7 31.0

Delaware

25.8 26.0 25.8 26.1 83.7 81.9 84.8 82.3 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.5 33.2 32.7 33.2 16.9 16.7 16.9 16.8

Florida

359.6 373.7 359.7 375.7 1,761.3 1,798.1 1,787.6 1,818.5 139.0 141.4 138.2 140.9


Georgia

392.1 386.6 390.8 388.0 946.8 958.8 956.9 964.5 111.7 114.5 112.3 113.6

Hawaii

14.0 13.9 13.9 13.9 122.0 124.5 124.2 124.6 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.2

Idaho

65.5 67.8 66.1 68.0 141.4 145.1 141.2 144.0 9.2 9.4 9.2 9.4

Illinois

572.1 577.9 572.6 579.9 1,228.4 1,231.6 1,242.9 1,242.3 98.2 98.6 98.8 98.9

Indiana

523.9 530.9 526.5 533.5 607.7 608.4 613.5 607.6 31.9 29.8 31.9 30.1


Iowa

209.6 218.8 210.1 222.0 321.5 325.1 322.3 326.3 21.9 20.9 21.7 21.0

Kansas

160.9 160.4 161.4 159.7 268.7 268.1 270.7 269.9 20.4 19.4 20.6 19.6

Kentucky

251.3 252.4 252.0 252.8 406.0 411.8 413.7 413.6 23.3 24.2 23.7 24.4

Louisiana

132.7 134.2 133.5 134.9 391.4 383.8 395.9 384.5 23.2 21.6 23.4 21.4

Maine

51.4 51.7 50.5 51.1 122.6 123.5 124.0 124.7 7.7 7.4 7.6 7.2


Maryland

104.9 104.9 104.4 104.4 474.7 480.4 482.8 484.4 37.5 36.1 38.2 36.6

Massachusetts

244.1 246.2 245.1 247.5 581.1 588.4 588.4 593.1 89.2 88.8 90.2 88.1

Michigan

604.7 608.4 603.6 608.3 795.9 797.3 797.2 800.0 57.4 58.4 57.5 58.3

Minnesota

318.3 321.6 316.6 320.5 543.7 548.8 546.2 553.2 50.9 49.9 50.7 50.0

Mississippi

142.8 144.0 142.2 144.9 233.0 236.6 236.1 238.8 11.8 11.4 11.8 11.3


Missouri

262.0 267.8 262.4 269.9 555.8 558.4 560.6 558.4 52.9 51.2 53.1 50.7

Montana

19.8 20.2 19.8 20.1 96.1 95.0 96.3 95.3 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.3

Nebraska

97.3 99.1 97.3 98.6 209.5 207.8 212.7 208.3 19.0 18.7 18.9 18.4

Nevada

44.2 45.9 44.5 46.1 248.7 252.3 249.8 255.3 14.7 14.4 14.4 14.1

New Hampshire

67.9 69.1 68.4 69.2 143.1 143.7 143.8 143.5 12.4 12.4 12.6 12.3


New Jersey

240.9 247.3 241.3 249.2 889.6 891.8 901.2 899.4 72.1 72.3 73.1 71.6

New Mexico

26.4 26.5 26.5 26.3 141.2 143.7 142.5 144.7 13.2 12.9 12.9 12.5

New York

447.6 434.1 442.8 434.5 1,610.5 1,609.2 1,630.9 1,626.4 269.7 266.6 270.3 265.9

North Carolina

467.1 469.7 467.6 469.1 830.6 840.1 840.1 849.0 78.7 74.3 78.5 74.5

North Dakota

24.6 24.2 24.0 24.2 96.0 96.1 97.2 96.6 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.7


Ohio

686.2 694.4 687.5 699.6 1,042.3 1,040.6 1,050.9 1,045.0 73.6 71.3 74.1 71.5

Oklahoma

126.5 131.6 127.6 131.1 312.6 306.5 314.3 308.3 21.3 21.2 21.4 21.1

Oregon

186.6 192.3 184.7 194.0 350.4 353.8 352.3 356.5 34.1 33.6 34.3 33.3

Pennsylvania

552.7 553.0 557.2 553.9 1,153.9 1,156.4 1,166.7 1,167.8 85.3 82.5 85.6 83.6

Rhode Island

40.0 42.0 40.1 42.2 77.8 78.6 78.8 78.5 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8


South Carolina

240.7 250.5 242.5 251.4 402.3 412.0 410.5 413.1 27.3 26.3 27.4 26.3

South Dakota

41.4 42.5 41.1 42.8 88.7 87.4 89.9 88.0 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.9

Tennessee

344.3 347.9 344.7 347.0 630.0 640.2 636.2 638.8 46.2 46.0 45.8 46.2

Texas

842.5 882.1 846.5 882.8 2,473.8 2,506.9 2,506.8 2,520.2 202.6 189.7 202.0 192.8

Utah

127.2 129.9 127.5 131.4 280.3 286.8 284.2 288.4 36.6 36.7 36.9 36.8


Vermont

29.3 28.9 29.5 28.8 56.2 56.5 57.0 57.3 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.4

Virginia

232.9 233.9 233.1 236.0 679.9 673.2 687.1 680.2 66.6 64.8 65.7 65.5

Washington

286.1 284.4 284.5 284.5 627.4 641.2 630.3 642.7 122.0 126.7 124.0 127.5

West Virginia

46.5 45.7 46.2 45.8 136.3 133.6 136.8 133.5 9.8 9.5 10.0 9.4

Wisconsin

464.6 482.0 465.7 478.7 552.2 559.7 551.2 559.9 48.0 46.8 48.0 47.2

Wyoming

9.3 9.6 9.3 9.6 53.5 52.3 53.8 52.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

73.5 70.3 74.5 70.3 174.9 162.6 180.9 166.4 17.6 17.5 17.7 17.4

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 8.0 6.9 8.0 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
November December November December November December
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

97.9 98.4 98.0 97.8 237.8 241.8 235.5 240.1 237.1 242.3 237.5 242.3

Alaska

12.0 11.5 11.7 11.6 26.2 26.9 26.4 26.9 48.9 48.9 49.1 49.1

Arizona

206.8 211.2 207.7 211.9 425.3 433.3 429.3 435.3 418.0 430.9 420.4 430.4

Arkansas

51.3 51.2 51.5 51.7 146.2 150.3 145.0 148.2 186.0 191.9 185.7 191.5

California

830.2 837.6 834.8 845.4 2,571.2 2,579.9 2,559.7 2,586.4 2,585.5 2,664.5 2,584.9 2,668.6


Colorado

162.9 165.3 165.3 167.4 410.1 425.5 408.2 424.3 336.0 340.9 331.9 339.5

Connecticut

130.0 132.9 130.4 132.3 217.8 218.8 216.1 219.7 336.3 339.3 334.2 339.0

Delaware

47.0 48.0 47.0 48.2 63.0 63.5 62.5 62.4 78.4 80.1 78.5 80.1

District of Columbia

29.9 29.6 29.8 29.8 168.7 170.8 168.4 170.2 140.1 141.7 137.8 140.2

Florida

552.6 566.1 556.3 569.8 1,314.1 1,360.1 1,311.6 1,368.3 1,273.5 1,288.5 1,273.8 1,293.3


Georgia

243.8 247.6 241.5 245.9 674.6 698.5 670.9 694.6 574.0 590.3 573.8 592.8

Hawaii

28.9 28.1 28.5 28.2 83.9 86.7 85.1 87.5 84.0 86.2 84.1 86.7

Idaho

34.9 35.3 35.2 35.6 88.1 86.7 87.4 86.2 103.1 108.4 103.4 108.1

Illinois

383.2 396.4 386.3 395.1 957.0 967.5 943.6 952.0 931.7 938.4 923.2 930.8

Indiana

135.0 139.2 134.7 138.2 348.3 344.0 340.9 338.5 477.8 483.8 472.8 481.8


Iowa

109.7 113.7 110.4 114.9 140.7 143.7 138.5 141.3 232.6 238.4 232.4 239.5

Kansas

85.3 86.5 85.8 86.3 181.1 183.8 179.5 183.3 198.4 200.1 197.3 199.7

Kentucky

94.8 94.9 95.8 95.5 231.1 236.3 234.4 239.6 272.8 274.6 273.7 275.5

Louisiana

92.2 92.6 92.1 92.7 212.7 217.5 211.6 215.5 313.0 318.5 314.3 317.6

Maine

30.7 30.4 30.3 30.5 65.7 67.1 65.0 66.7 128.0 129.8 126.4 129.5


Maryland

149.7 149.7 149.1 148.8 447.3 465.7 445.7 458.4 467.4 482.7 469.7 480.5

Massachusetts

224.0 227.6 225.3 228.2 559.2 577.8 552.7 571.3 798.9 815.7 799.1 814.1

Michigan

215.0 217.7 216.0 218.8 671.5 685.7 661.3 676.7 674.7 680.3 672.5 679.6

Minnesota

176.1 175.4 177.0 176.3 375.5 381.9 376.1 380.6 533.1 545.0 531.5 544.0

Mississippi

43.2 45.0 43.5 44.8 106.6 108.9 105.7 111.1 142.5 146.8 141.9 146.8


Missouri

169.7 174.0 169.7 174.9 384.7 401.2 385.2 399.5 467.8 474.1 465.3 470.3

Montana

24.2 25.1 24.5 25.4 40.6 42.3 40.2 42.2 75.5 76.8 75.5 77.4

Nebraska

74.0 73.9 74.1 74.6 120.7 124.0 120.4 123.9 155.1 156.3 154.7 156.5

Nevada

63.2 63.8 62.8 63.9 182.1 192.3 181.3 190.3 131.5 136.4 130.5 137.2

New Hampshire

37.0 38.1 37.1 38.8 78.7 79.5 78.3 78.6 123.5 126.0 122.5 125.4


New Jersey

249.4 250.0 251.4 249.1 682.5 679.2 677.8 676.1 688.6 700.8 693.4 705.0

New Mexico

33.4 35.0 33.5 35.2 101.9 103.9 103.0 103.6 141.9 143.3 141.3 143.6

New York

708.6 713.3 710.6 717.9 1,321.3 1,354.2 1,324.6 1,354.6 2,015.6 2,070.8 2,011.1 2,061.6

North Carolina

228.3 228.5 228.2 230.0 622.3 655.4 618.9 656.4 594.3 611.5 594.3 611.1

North Dakota

24.3 24.5 24.7 24.6 35.4 36.4 34.8 35.5 63.0 63.4 62.6 63.5


Ohio

301.2 307.8 302.2 309.6 730.7 732.8 724.9 725.6 941.6 957.2 940.6 954.8

Oklahoma

78.9 80.9 79.8 81.1 180.4 182.6 179.6 180.7 237.0 240.7 235.6 241.1

Oregon

98.4 98.0 98.3 98.6 240.4 246.1 241.2 248.3 274.9 282.9 274.4 283.4

Pennsylvania

316.5 319.3 317.3 320.0 805.5 827.0 798.1 819.2 1,262.7 1,287.5 1,257.1 1,281.5

Rhode Island

32.9 33.1 32.8 33.4 67.5 66.1 66.0 65.2 109.6 110.1 108.6 109.4


South Carolina

99.4 100.7 99.9 100.6 273.3 283.1 271.1 280.3 246.0 253.8 247.0 254.4

South Dakota

29.5 29.8 29.9 30.0 31.8 31.3 31.5 31.7 71.4 72.5 71.7 72.5

Tennessee

155.6 155.5 155.3 156.0 423.1 417.6 422.4 423.1 432.3 440.1 431.8 439.1

Texas

740.5 768.5 742.7 768.7 1,656.7 1,712.9 1,657.3 1,710.0 1,662.5 1,699.6 1,663.2 1,696.8

Utah

83.0 83.5 83.2 83.2 209.3 214.9 208.8 212.5 199.8 205.4 197.4 203.7


Vermont

11.9 11.9 11.9 12.1 27.7 28.9 27.3 28.0 65.1 66.1 64.9 66.1

Virginia

201.2 206.8 201.9 207.6 721.9 735.2 720.2 729.6 544.8 561.4 540.0 555.4

Washington

151.7 157.7 152.1 158.7 407.8 418.5 403.4 413.5 473.9 485.5 473.5 485.1

West Virginia

27.3 27.4 27.2 27.6 65.0 64.6 64.6 64.7 133.1 136.5 133.2 136.1

Wisconsin

151.3 152.0 151.9 150.7 324.0 330.5 317.8 327.5 453.9 455.9 452.4 455.0

Wyoming

10.6 10.9 10.4 11.0 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.1 27.9 27.3 27.7 27.7


Puerto Rico

42.3 41.4 42.7 41.6 116.3 115.2 119.0 117.2 125.3 118.8 126.4 119.5

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
November December November December November December
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

198.4 203.2 195.1 203.8 80.3 82.6 79.8 82.8 384.1 387.0 381.9 386.8

Alaska

31.8 31.2 32.1 32.0 11.3 11.9 11.4 11.7 81.9 81.8 81.6 81.5

Arizona

317.1 324.6 317.7 326.7 87.3 87.0 87.5 88.3 427.9 428.6 423.2 424.8

Arkansas

114.1 115.5 112.6 113.2 48.0 49.2 48.5 49.9 216.0 215.2 215.5 214.4

California

1,905.7 1,962.5 1,914.7 1,975.1 566.7 582.9 561.3 579.5 2,575.1 2,621.8 2,565.7 2,611.8


Colorado

315.3 322.8 326.7 335.9 106.3 107.9 106.2 108.0 438.5 438.8 433.7 434.5

Connecticut

153.3 149.5 152.7 150.4 65.5 67.1 65.7 66.5 240.1 237.1 238.4 235.3

Delaware

49.1 47.9 48.1 47.2 18.5 18.1 18.6 18.2 66.6 66.6 66.5 66.7

District of Columbia

76.7 80.2 76.7 80.8 72.0 72.7 71.4 73.5 239.0 237.4 239.7 237.2

Florida

1,183.3 1,192.1 1,188.0 1,199.3 357.5 372.2 358.2 372.8 1,119.5 1,133.3 1,115.1 1,125.9


Georgia

477.8 490.8 475.2 489.9 157.2 160.5 157.5 161.8 701.4 710.2 696.1 703.0

Hawaii

119.1 122.4 120.1 123.1 27.5 27.5 27.2 27.5 131.7 127.7 129.5 128.6

Idaho

70.1 71.0 70.1 70.6 24.4 25.4 24.3 25.0 125.6 128.7 124.2 127.8

Illinois

588.6 588.8 582.8 583.3 249.2 249.3 247.9 251.0 850.4 842.5 845.9 841.9

Indiana

305.4 301.7 300.6 299.8 128.6 129.8 127.9 129.0 445.6 453.0 442.7 450.5


Iowa

139.8 144.1 136.7 142.6 59.9 59.0 60.0 58.3 265.4 265.2 264.9 264.4

Kansas

126.5 124.7 124.3 126.1 50.9 51.0 50.5 51.1 264.0 263.9 262.8 262.7

Kentucky

190.5 193.1 184.3 189.8 65.4 69.4 65.8 69.5 322.4 320.3 322.2 320.0

Louisiana

230.7 235.3 227.8 234.7 75.7 76.4 76.6 76.8 330.2 325.8 327.4 322.7

Maine

58.7 58.0 57.1 57.6 21.4 20.8 21.4 21.1 103.5 103.1 103.0 102.7


Maryland

261.8 263.2 262.2 260.2 115.0 117.0 115.9 115.8 515.0 523.8 514.9 520.9

Massachusetts

348.9 357.5 344.7 354.7 136.1 141.3 135.4 140.5 476.5 473.3 473.2 473.8

Michigan

417.1 425.0 417.1 424.8 171.1 175.5 172.1 176.8 629.4 634.1 624.3 628.3

Minnesota

252.5 251.2 249.1 251.3 116.4 120.9 116.2 119.8 438.8 439.4 436.0 438.3

Mississippi

135.7 137.1 133.1 134.7 40.2 40.2 39.8 40.3 247.2 246.5 245.0 243.1


Missouri

301.8 307.6 296.0 306.6 117.2 117.0 116.7 117.1 446.5 445.4 446.3 443.6

Montana

61.0 62.7 62.0 64.4 18.2 17.7 18.0 17.9 93.4 94.0 92.8 93.4

Nebraska

89.4 92.9 88.5 93.6 37.2 38.7 37.1 38.9 174.9 175.8 173.8 174.5

Nevada

345.8 347.2 345.9 345.7 41.2 42.0 41.0 41.4 162.1 167.7 161.5 169.2

New Hampshire

67.1 67.6 68.3 67.7 24.3 24.8 24.2 24.6 95.8 94.6 96.1 94.9


New Jersey

358.5 370.0 356.9 369.8 167.4 168.3 168.7 168.5 626.3 623.7 623.0 620.3

New Mexico

95.0 98.3 96.1 99.2 28.6 28.8 28.5 28.3 196.7 193.6 193.8 193.1

New York

903.2 926.9 901.4 922.9 409.6 415.5 408.6 415.7 1,473.1 1,476.9 1,474.4 1,476.3

North Carolina

477.2 483.4 472.1 481.0 152.2 154.9 151.2 155.2 752.6 760.0 751.0 758.3

North Dakota

39.4 37.8 39.4 37.0 15.7 15.6 15.7 15.5 85.2 85.3 85.2 85.3


Ohio

537.1 550.7 536.0 551.1 211.3 214.2 208.6 216.1 794.2 787.6 782.7 782.2

Oklahoma

161.9 168.3 162.8 165.0 62.5 60.7 61.4 59.8 360.8 361.8 360.8 360.9

Oregon

195.5 200.0 192.7 201.9 64.4 66.2 64.2 66.9 316.2 317.9 313.3 317.0

Pennsylvania

547.5 568.2 544.1 568.7 258.6 257.6 257.3 259.9 723.4 718.7 718.9 713.9

Rhode Island

56.9 58.1 56.0 56.6 22.6 23.2 22.3 23.0 61.8 61.6 61.6 61.5


South Carolina

242.7 243.9 237.2 241.9 74.0 75.3 74.1 75.6 370.4 374.0 370.1 373.3

South Dakota

45.8 45.1 44.4 44.8 16.1 16.3 15.9 16.1 80.5 81.9 80.5 81.7

Tennessee

321.0 329.6 320.3 329.0 109.2 111.7 109.2 110.5 442.2 447.1 438.8 444.2

Texas

1,296.1 1,335.6 1,292.5 1,331.7 428.4 447.8 426.4 446.7 1,969.3 2,005.4 1,967.3 2,004.6

Utah

134.2 142.7 139.3 147.6 39.1 41.0 39.5 40.9 243.1 248.0 243.0 248.3


Vermont

35.3 37.1 40.1 41.1 10.6 11.1 11.0 11.1 58.4 58.3 58.1 58.0

Virginia

392.5 397.6 386.5 391.5 201.4 202.5 200.2 202.7 726.6 723.1 725.1 721.7

Washington

324.5 327.5 326.7 332.2 119.2 121.4 117.8 119.8 589.4 599.5 580.4 592.8

West Virginia

73.3 74.3 72.6 74.0 53.8 53.5 54.1 53.6 168.0 158.2 158.7 157.4

Wisconsin

263.5 273.2 259.3 272.1 150.4 152.5 151.6 152.4 434.6 430.7 427.4 425.7

Wyoming

30.2 29.6 32.0 32.0 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.0 71.5 70.1 71.7 70.0


Puerto Rico

82.0 74.6 83.2 78.4 17.6 17.6 18.0 17.9 227.2 221.0 227.7 217.1

Virgin Islands

7.6 6.6 7.7 6.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 10.9 10.7 10.8 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: January 23, 2018