State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 17, 2019	               USDL-19-0813

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in April in 10 states and stable in 40 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Four states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 1 state
had an increase, and 45 states and the District had little or no change.
The national unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point from March
to 3.6 percent and was 0.3 point lower than in April 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 10 states in April 2019, decreased
in 1 state, and was essentially unchanged in 39 states and the District of
Columbia. Over the year, 29 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 21 states
and the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian
labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of
households. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The
employment data come from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm 
employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on
payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information
about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs,
see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.2 percent. The rates in
Pennsylvania (3.8 percent), Vermont (2.2 percent), and Wisconsin (2.8 percent)
set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest
jobless rate, 6.5 percent. In total, 12 states had unemployment rates lower
than the U.S. figure of 3.6 percent, 11 states and the District of Columbia
had higher rates, and 27 states had rates that were not appreciably different
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In April, 10 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were
in Louisiana, Nevada, New Jersey, and West Virginia (-0.2 percentage point
each). The remaining 40 states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates
that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.
(See table B.)

Four states had unemployment rate decreases from April 2018. The largest
decline was in Delaware (-0.7 percentage point), followed by Vermont (-0.5
point), New York (-0.4 point), and North Dakota (-0.3 point). The only
unemployment rate increase over the year occurred in Hawaii (+0.5 percentage
point).

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 10 states in April 2019. The largest
job gains occurred in California (+46,000), Texas (+28,900), and New York
(+26,300). The largest percentage gains in employment occurred in Rhode Island
(+0.8 percent), Kansas (+0.5 percent), and Arizona, Missouri, and Washington
(+0.4 percent each). Employment decreased in Georgia over the month (-14,900,
or -0.3 percent). (See tables C and 3.)

Twenty-nine states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
in April. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+294,200), California
(+271,600), and Florida (+206,100). The largest percentage gain occurred in
Nevada (+3.6 percent), followed by Utah (+3.0 percent) and Arizona (+2.8
percent). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 29, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for May is scheduled to
be released on Friday, June 21, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., April 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.6
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.5
Arizona .............................|           4.9
California ..........................|           4.3
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.8
Illinois ............................|           4.4
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Louisiana ...........................|           4.5
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
                                     |
Mississippi .........................|           4.9
Nebraska ............................|           2.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.4
New Mexico ..........................|           5.0
North Dakota ........................|           2.3
Ohio ................................|           4.3
Oregon ..............................|           4.3
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Utah ................................|           2.9
Vermont .............................|           2.2
                                     |
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.7
West Virginia .......................|           4.9
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2019 to April 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   March   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Colorado .......................|     3.5   |     3.4   |      -0.1
Louisiana ......................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
Nevada .........................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
New Jersey .....................|     4.1   |     3.9   |       -.2
Ohio ...........................|     4.4   |     4.3   |       -.1
Pennsylvania ...................|     3.9   |     3.8   |       -.1
Texas ..........................|     3.8   |     3.7   |       -.1
Vermont ........................|     2.3   |     2.2   |       -.1
West Virginia ..................|     5.1   |     4.9   |       -.2
Wyoming ........................|     3.7   |     3.6   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2019 to April 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |    March    |    April    |---------------------------
                              |    2019     |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,902,900 |   2,914,200 |      11,300 |      0.4
California ...................|  17,357,500 |  17,403,500 |      46,000 |       .3
Georgia ......................|   4,601,900 |   4,587,000 |     -14,900 |      -.3
Illinois .....................|   6,158,100 |   6,179,000 |      20,900 |       .3
Kansas .......................|   1,417,700 |   1,424,600 |       6,900 |       .5
Missouri .....................|   2,901,400 |   2,913,200 |      11,800 |       .4
New York .....................|   9,764,600 |   9,790,900 |      26,300 |       .3
North Carolina ...............|   4,542,000 |   4,555,200 |      13,200 |       .3
Rhode Island .................|     496,100 |     500,300 |       4,200 |       .8
Texas ........................|  12,698,700 |  12,727,600 |      28,900 |       .2
Washington ...................|   3,467,900 |   3,481,400 |      13,500 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
April 2018 to April 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    April    |    April    |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,036,100 |   2,070,100 |      34,000 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,836,200 |   2,914,200 |      78,000 |      2.8
California ...................|  17,131,900 |  17,403,500 |     271,600 |      1.6
Colorado .....................|   2,716,100 |   2,765,200 |      49,100 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,736,600 |   8,942,700 |     206,100 |      2.4
Georgia ......................|   4,517,300 |   4,587,000 |      69,700 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     733,900 |     752,600 |      18,700 |      2.5
Illinois .....................|   6,095,500 |   6,179,000 |      83,500 |      1.4
Indiana ......................|   3,134,600 |   3,173,300 |      38,700 |      1.2
Massachusetts ................|   3,637,500 |   3,674,600 |      37,100 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Michigan .....................|   4,410,600 |   4,447,900 |      37,300 |       .8
Missouri .....................|   2,883,200 |   2,913,200 |      30,000 |      1.0
Nevada .......................|   1,376,200 |   1,425,800 |      49,600 |      3.6
New Hampshire ................|     679,200 |     689,100 |       9,900 |      1.5
New Jersey ...................|   4,148,000 |   4,204,300 |      56,300 |      1.4
New Mexico ...................|     840,100 |     853,200 |      13,100 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,655,700 |   9,790,900 |     135,200 |      1.4
North Carolina ...............|   4,485,400 |   4,555,200 |      69,800 |      1.6
Ohio .........................|   5,552,300 |   5,596,700 |      44,400 |       .8
Oregon .......................|   1,904,000 |   1,942,300 |      38,300 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,997,800 |   6,056,100 |      58,300 |      1.0
South Carolina ...............|   2,136,200 |   2,178,500 |      42,300 |      2.0
South Dakota .................|     434,900 |     446,100 |      11,200 |      2.6
Tennessee ....................|   3,046,800 |   3,098,400 |      51,600 |      1.7
Texas ........................|  12,433,400 |  12,727,600 |     294,200 |      2.4
Utah .........................|   1,506,200 |   1,551,800 |      45,600 |      3.0
Virginia .....................|   3,998,000 |   4,041,100 |      43,100 |      1.1
Washington ...................|   3,389,900 |   3,481,400 |      91,500 |      2.7
West Virginia ................|     722,100 |     735,300 |      13,200 |      1.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. With changes implemented in early
   2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and unemployed people first are adjusted using
   an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter. The adjusted data then are smoothed using a
   Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted
   estimates of employed and unemployed people are summed to derive the civilian labor force,
   and the unemployment rate then is calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian
   labor force. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are

   analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10,
   2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment—from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available 
   estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal
   factors. Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current 
   month's preliminary estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order
   to incorporate real-time estimates.

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,196,553 2,209,923 2,214,959 2,222,944 89,509 82,247 82,319 83,565 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.8

Alaska

357,198 355,271 354,772 353,953 23,792 23,084 23,121 22,894 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.5

Arizona

3,405,518 3,509,812 3,511,167 3,508,300 162,385 177,930 176,361 172,607 4.8 5.1 5.0 4.9

Arkansas

1,350,620 1,357,826 1,359,465 1,360,466 50,487 51,208 50,739 49,633 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

California

19,324,076 19,582,909 19,580,233 19,527,961 826,994 824,179 838,348 835,475 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,121,101 5,158,522 5,149,128 5,128,972 238,632 240,163 238,945 235,073 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6

Colorado

3,073,369 3,138,883 3,139,638 3,138,837 91,742 115,229 110,611 105,166 3.0 3.7 3.5 3.4

Connecticut

1,892,836 1,923,591 1,920,914 1,915,547 81,806 73,864 74,085 72,508 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.8

Delaware

482,074 485,184 486,221 487,314 18,742 16,435 16,086 15,823 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.2

District of Columbia

406,170 404,742 406,051 407,852 23,288 22,405 22,719 23,010 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.6

Florida

10,199,404 10,343,192 10,345,472 10,334,517 382,255 357,166 359,656 356,508 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,380,554 1,407,896 1,415,671 1,418,806 52,838 50,336 49,999 48,927 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4

Georgia

5,104,735 5,123,105 5,119,332 5,109,085 208,821 198,426 198,973 195,608 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8

Hawaii

679,775 674,750 672,815 670,453 15,694 18,292 18,675 18,980 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.8

Idaho

853,321 866,526 868,200 869,968 24,788 24,777 24,917 24,683 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Illinois

6,471,806 6,477,805 6,479,770 6,486,116 279,073 281,299 284,395 286,690 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,732,248 3,742,469 3,743,351 3,747,682 148,884 139,120 140,323 142,223 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.8

Indiana

3,378,028 3,407,620 3,414,174 3,415,523 116,414 120,687 123,317 123,346 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6

Iowa

1,684,687 1,700,244 1,706,078 1,710,571 44,593 40,020 40,494 40,369 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4

Kansas

1,479,296 1,487,948 1,486,522 1,483,590 50,019 51,167 51,930 51,599 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5

Kentucky

2,062,259 2,063,277 2,064,784 2,065,210 89,728 83,703 82,932 82,880 4.4 4.1 4.0 4.0

Louisiana

2,107,927 2,102,701 2,102,026 2,099,698 103,726 102,264 99,037 94,772 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.5

Maine

699,366 698,242 697,637 696,531 22,783 24,106 23,563 23,095 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.3

Maryland

3,201,039 3,202,958 3,207,534 3,211,160 130,937 119,602 120,801 121,353 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8

Massachusetts

3,787,988 3,843,576 3,843,475 3,840,310 133,058 115,421 113,778 112,228 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.9

Michigan

4,906,536 4,926,097 4,937,139 4,947,619 209,407 195,301 198,303 201,746 4.3 4.0 4.0 4.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,121,952 2,144,662 2,150,163 2,154,931 85,821 86,501 88,438 91,752 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3

Minnesota

3,066,398 3,086,454 3,090,766 3,093,241 90,876 94,597 98,635 100,533 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

Mississippi

1,277,440 1,270,266 1,267,686 1,266,590 61,913 60,613 61,511 62,663 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.9

Missouri

3,053,455 3,057,762 3,055,965 3,050,776 100,672 98,742 101,679 101,701 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Montana

526,993 530,465 530,562 530,371 19,534 19,932 19,710 19,287 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

Nebraska

1,018,827 1,027,150 1,029,766 1,031,964 28,931 28,562 29,319 29,874 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9

Nevada

1,490,278 1,520,667 1,521,516 1,522,460 69,082 65,923 63,670 61,393 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.0

New Hampshire

760,646 765,821 766,534 767,493 20,005 18,263 18,318 18,527 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4

New Jersey

4,420,992 4,444,312 4,451,699 4,449,479 190,903 179,312 180,572 174,749 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9

New Mexico

936,859 951,996 953,841 955,271 45,701 48,744 48,374 47,931 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.0

New York

9,551,098 9,620,096 9,614,587 9,603,983 411,497 377,240 379,593 378,557 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.9

New York City

4,120,021 4,120,523 4,117,580 4,113,225 175,491 173,583 175,699 175,531 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

North Carolina

4,982,919 5,012,480 5,026,270 5,040,152 201,718 194,763 199,901 202,412 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

North Dakota

405,281 404,282 405,077 405,555 10,717 9,648 9,420 9,342 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3

Ohio

5,756,505 5,787,304 5,800,845 5,808,612 262,001 264,895 258,060 246,869 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,035,369 1,036,225 1,037,868 1,038,631 52,211 50,130 48,463 46,549 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5

Oklahoma

1,846,844 1,833,045 1,830,795 1,828,485 66,567 59,658 60,132 59,687 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3

Oregon

2,099,473 2,119,553 2,121,779 2,121,521 85,493 92,558 92,476 91,239 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,403,883 6,469,333 6,474,509 6,470,871 277,411 260,718 255,511 248,439 4.3 4.0 3.9 3.8

Rhode Island

555,597 555,380 554,124 553,043 22,948 21,901 21,180 20,418 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7

South Carolina

2,318,285 2,341,865 2,350,615 2,360,091 81,888 74,506 76,316 79,088 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.4

South Dakota

458,346 463,267 464,159 464,735 14,137 13,301 13,190 13,155 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.8

Tennessee

3,239,822 3,274,382 3,288,951 3,304,362 118,079 105,171 105,848 106,611 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2

Texas

13,805,601 13,988,761 14,010,322 14,015,329 550,154 530,004 526,088 513,167 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7

Utah

1,566,708 1,583,689 1,585,267 1,586,547 48,168 48,255 47,201 46,061 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9

Vermont

346,430 345,821 345,844 346,339 9,362 8,436 7,973 7,565 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2

Virginia

4,328,109 4,354,938 4,360,284 4,362,921 133,694 124,587 126,647 127,275 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9

Washington

3,771,802 3,849,126 3,861,998 3,870,062 171,307 174,508 178,819 181,146 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,679,572 1,707,310 1,712,870 1,714,299 57,412 58,265 60,171 60,437 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5

West Virginia

782,872 788,174 789,328 789,609 42,053 40,611 39,991 38,609 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9

Wisconsin

3,141,835 3,127,027 3,128,205 3,127,229 94,943 90,987 89,562 88,051 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8

Wyoming

289,672 289,724 289,805 289,549 11,451 11,184 10,738 10,290 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,088,101 1,070,643 1,068,820 1,070,081 105,596 91,430 93,600 92,773 9.7 8.5 8.8 8.7

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,199,359 2,235,701 2,195,860 2,247,355 88,824 83,865 75,763 75,476 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4

Alaska

354,154 350,049 352,637 346,993 25,937 25,221 24,373 22,264 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.4

Arizona

3,410,192 3,507,158 3,399,739 3,485,577 158,452 159,901 152,324 148,595 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.3

Arkansas

1,348,676 1,357,713 1,349,698 1,359,450 51,025 46,681 45,257 39,179 3.8 3.4 3.4 2.9

California

19,328,608 19,511,569 19,271,108 19,241,327 859,783 900,522 775,890 741,851 4.4 4.6 4.0 3.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,134,679 5,119,992 5,114,672 5,055,932 230,219 227,826 218,071 202,961 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.0

Colorado

3,056,824 3,123,249 3,060,983 3,119,568 94,901 93,926 88,754 85,699 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.7

Connecticut

1,887,096 1,904,314 1,883,037 1,888,171 88,048 79,422 77,951 61,738 4.7 4.2 4.1 3.3

Delaware

481,405 488,474 481,894 489,417 19,505 15,850 18,052 14,849 4.1 3.2 3.7 3.0

District of Columbia

406,065 410,240 405,784 412,711 23,191 22,797 20,934 20,964 5.7 5.6 5.2 5.1

Florida

10,202,284 10,313,367 10,189,508 10,266,145 373,111 338,212 349,665 300,642 3.7 3.3 3.4 2.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,370,087 1,409,294 1,392,345 1,421,837 58,407 47,992 54,885 43,040 4.3 3.4 3.9 3.0

Georgia

5,121,497 5,110,809 5,095,818 5,064,366 207,451 188,277 189,471 158,978 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.1

Hawaii

681,464 668,996 680,601 665,534 15,063 19,192 14,689 18,734 2.2 2.9 2.2 2.8

Idaho

848,084 867,630 849,330 869,139 30,213 29,620 25,634 23,724 3.6 3.4 3.0 2.7

Illinois

6,467,723 6,470,215 6,436,374 6,479,752 281,008 289,793 245,015 259,434 4.3 4.5 3.8 4.0

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,732,796 3,737,507 3,704,494 3,739,042 143,752 133,370 131,518 132,928 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Indiana

3,365,497 3,418,659 3,378,799 3,406,916 118,892 134,395 104,620 103,976 3.5 3.9 3.1 3.1

Iowa

1,677,530 1,714,665 1,682,952 1,715,701 50,720 47,543 42,946 36,516 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.1

Kansas

1,473,071 1,472,488 1,473,239 1,466,206 51,611 53,815 46,233 44,919 3.5 3.7 3.1 3.1

Kentucky

2,068,027 2,078,153 2,066,323 2,068,545 97,165 93,117 83,845 79,721 4.7 4.5 4.1 3.9

Louisiana

2,104,316 2,090,703 2,106,197 2,088,589 96,908 80,404 94,368 72,754 4.6 3.8 4.5 3.5

Maine

691,740 687,474 693,112 686,235 27,137 26,282 24,502 23,813 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.5

Maryland

3,191,821 3,206,056 3,179,675 3,195,219 132,160 124,008 117,152 107,642 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4

Massachusetts

3,775,360 3,833,122 3,777,446 3,813,819 141,652 119,552 123,249 99,503 3.8 3.1 3.3 2.6

Michigan

4,899,905 4,950,462 4,865,880 4,928,273 222,478 219,358 180,285 183,646 4.5 4.4 3.7 3.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,123,735 2,155,752 2,100,974 2,133,913 93,515 95,799 73,832 83,850 4.4 4.4 3.5 3.9

Minnesota

3,056,957 3,089,665 3,060,343 3,086,223 111,160 127,457 92,774 98,830 3.6 4.1 3.0 3.2

Mississippi

1,276,084 1,260,142 1,275,083 1,265,933 59,249 60,860 55,168 58,812 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.6

Missouri

3,055,283 3,041,341 3,058,829 3,037,557 113,538 117,837 90,686 88,564 3.7 3.9 3.0 2.9

Montana

523,623 526,999 524,335 526,638 23,092 21,890 18,878 16,910 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.2

Nebraska

1,014,563 1,031,710 1,018,547 1,035,241 30,993 33,498 28,192 30,373 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.9

Nevada

1,485,939 1,516,791 1,486,528 1,519,312 70,413 55,819 67,491 54,355 4.7 3.7 4.5 3.6

New Hampshire

759,912 766,652 754,612 763,997 23,363 21,794 19,665 18,911 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5

New Jersey

4,413,614 4,450,721 4,398,322 4,401,385 202,742 182,249 174,898 129,476 4.6 4.1 4.0 2.9

New Mexico

932,495 950,027 931,907 950,986 44,916 43,670 41,284 41,167 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3

New York

9,554,320 9,591,302 9,514,505 9,543,460 436,236 393,420 383,604 340,281 4.6 4.1 4.0 3.6

New York City

4,144,082 4,127,613 4,109,610 4,093,806 179,472 173,552 160,375 152,094 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.7

North Carolina

4,987,008 5,065,791 4,975,010 5,064,845 201,085 206,458 180,237 179,910 4.0 4.1 3.6 3.6

North Dakota

402,467 403,356 403,296 403,573 13,573 12,074 11,728 10,151 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.5

Ohio

5,739,578 5,809,996 5,738,955 5,793,216 269,295 241,000 244,928 192,283 4.7 4.1 4.3 3.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,025,785 1,035,755 1,039,978 1,044,152 53,346 45,864 49,424 39,540 5.2 4.4 4.8 3.8

Oklahoma

1,847,864 1,824,859 1,839,219 1,816,659 68,196 59,106 60,882 49,873 3.7 3.2 3.3 2.7

Oregon

2,092,084 2,113,625 2,089,666 2,106,225 94,516 97,225 83,001 83,058 4.5 4.6 4.0 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,376,939 6,452,006 6,378,250 6,420,621 288,596 250,935 252,656 204,638 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2

Rhode Island

551,741 545,702 550,675 545,577 25,465 20,386 21,010 16,304 4.6 3.7 3.8 3.0

South Carolina

2,312,170 2,367,678 2,305,243 2,373,651 79,655 79,010 62,275 70,179 3.4 3.3 2.7 3.0

South Dakota

456,469 463,142 455,905 462,823 15,809 14,523 14,821 13,461 3.5 3.1 3.3 2.9

Tennessee

3,236,419 3,330,614 3,234,211 3,336,603 115,544 110,395 99,827 91,841 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8

Texas

13,818,674 14,058,831 13,817,292 14,000,988 556,082 494,672 507,416 415,823 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.0

Utah

1,562,912 1,585,433 1,560,360 1,582,451 51,270 47,628 47,198 42,364 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.7

Vermont

346,762 345,261 342,835 344,431 10,833 8,097 10,047 7,451 3.1 2.3 2.9 2.2

Virginia

4,336,468 4,373,809 4,331,542 4,365,139 138,404 132,984 118,817 109,209 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5

Washington

3,770,820 3,892,959 3,759,638 3,865,825 181,793 202,012 160,358 172,740 4.8 5.2 4.3 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,689,893 1,733,740 1,685,120 1,712,200 59,255 64,618 51,298 49,319 3.5 3.7 3.0 2.9

West Virginia

776,686 783,668 783,014 787,773 47,142 41,366 42,290 33,306 6.1 5.3 5.4 4.2

Wisconsin

3,135,185 3,121,546 3,124,037 3,105,167 111,906 102,808 92,716 82,523 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.7

Wyoming

288,281 287,758 287,157 285,303 12,764 10,927 11,619 9,497 4.4 3.8 4.0 3.3

Puerto Rico

1,080,951 1,066,612 1,084,415 1,076,027 105,882 98,451 101,395 83,816 9.8 9.2 9.4 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,036.1 2,065.8 2,069.0 2,070.1 88.2 91.7 93.4 93.6 265.5 270.6 270.9 271.1

Alaska

327.0 330.5 331.5 332.1 15.4 17.2 17.3 17.3 12.7 13.7 13.6 13.4

Arizona

2,836.2 2,901.9 2,902.9 2,914.2 155.5 170.8 172.3 175.3 168.7 174.1 174.7 175.4

Arkansas

1,259.9 1,273.2 1,273.1 1,273.3 50.4 50.8 52.2 53.6 160.0 165.0 164.9 163.7

California

17,131.9 17,329.0 17,357.5 17,403.5 856.0 859.5 872.6 875.0 1,325.7 1,331.7 1,335.6 1,335.9


Colorado

2,716.1 2,749.2 2,755.7 2,765.2 172.1 174.0 174.0 174.2 147.3 148.1 148.5 149.4

Connecticut

1,683.7 1,694.7 1,695.0 1,695.3 58.1 61.6 62.3 60.0 160.1 161.5 161.3 160.8

Delaware(2)

461.1 465.8 464.8 465.1 22.0 22.8 23.1 23.2 27.0 27.5 27.5 27.5

District of Columbia(2)

792.3 794.9 796.7 796.2 16.0 15.5 15.5 15.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

Florida

8,736.6 8,920.8 8,926.0 8,942.7 537.1 554.6 557.7 559.7 369.6 377.5 380.3 379.9


Georgia

4,517.3 4,602.6 4,601.9 4,587.0 194.3 205.8 204.5 202.9 406.7 409.5 410.1 409.6

Hawaii(2)

655.9 658.9 658.5 659.7 36.0 35.8 36.7 37.2 14.5 13.8 13.8 13.9

Idaho

733.9 749.2 750.7 752.6 48.1 49.1 49.9 50.4 68.1 69.5 70.0 69.9

Illinois

6,095.5 6,164.2 6,158.1 6,179.0 224.0 224.6 223.3 230.8 587.7 593.6 593.5 592.0

Indiana

3,134.6 3,173.8 3,176.8 3,173.3 139.8 147.6 148.4 149.5 540.9 543.6 543.6 543.2


Iowa

1,578.3 1,587.3 1,584.5 1,589.2 75.4 76.3 74.8 77.4 221.0 228.5 227.8 228.7

Kansas

1,412.2 1,419.3 1,417.7 1,424.6 60.5 60.7 61.1 62.7 164.1 167.6 167.3 167.1

Kentucky

1,931.8 1,949.5 1,947.3 1,951.3 78.0 81.0 79.4 79.8 251.5 254.2 254.8 255.3

Louisiana

1,982.3 1,981.3 1,984.5 1,983.4 152.3 145.0 144.7 143.9 135.1 137.0 137.6 136.7

Maine

629.7 633.7 633.0 632.8 29.3 27.7 27.7 28.1 52.0 53.4 53.1 53.2


Maryland

2,742.8 2,758.6 2,760.9 2,762.1 162.8 161.8 161.8 162.1 107.9 107.5 108.3 108.2

Massachusetts

3,637.5 3,669.2 3,670.5 3,674.6 157.6 156.7 157.9 160.3 244.4 242.2 243.7 243.2

Michigan

4,410.6 4,445.4 4,445.8 4,447.9 167.2 172.8 173.0 173.7 628.3 638.4 637.3 634.8

Minnesota

2,939.0 2,956.7 2,958.2 2,961.8 115.1 125.2 128.3 128.2 321.2 320.6 319.8 321.4

Mississippi

1,153.0 1,160.6 1,161.2 1,164.2 44.9 42.3 42.8 43.1 144.5 146.3 146.2 147.2


Missouri

2,883.2 2,892.7 2,901.4 2,913.2 123.1 119.3 120.0 123.4 270.8 278.7 277.6 277.3

Montana

475.7 480.0 479.7 479.6 28.4 27.5 27.6 27.9 20.3 20.2 20.1 20.0

Nebraska

1,021.5 1,025.9 1,024.1 1,024.7 52.0 53.0 52.1 52.7 99.6 99.0 98.7 99.2

Nevada

1,376.2 1,419.0 1,423.0 1,425.8 88.8 97.5 99.4 101.8 53.8 58.7 58.8 59.2

New Hampshire

679.2 687.7 687.3 689.1 26.8 27.8 27.8 27.5 70.1 70.2 70.2 70.3


New Jersey

4,148.0 4,186.2 4,192.5 4,204.3 157.2 162.5 163.7 163.3 247.3 249.8 249.9 251.0

New Mexico

840.1 848.1 851.9 853.2 47.5 49.0 49.5 50.0 27.1 26.8 27.1 27.2

New York

9,655.7 9,745.1 9,764.6 9,790.9 396.5 410.4 411.2 410.5 443.7 444.1 444.3 443.5

North Carolina

4,485.4 4,534.6 4,542.0 4,555.2 218.7 222.6 222.1 221.4 474.0 475.3 474.6 476.0

North Dakota

431.5 434.0 433.8 434.4 25.2 26.8 26.9 26.8 25.8 26.3 26.4 26.4


Ohio

5,552.3 5,593.2 5,595.3 5,596.7 217.2 220.2 222.2 222.7 698.2 703.7 701.6 701.1

Oklahoma

1,680.3 1,691.5 1,692.9 1,697.3 79.8 82.7 83.5 84.5 137.4 135.8 136.6 136.3

Oregon

1,904.0 1,932.5 1,939.0 1,942.3 103.8 107.8 108.5 109.0 194.1 199.7 199.8 200.5

Pennsylvania

5,997.8 6,040.5 6,046.7 6,056.1 254.5 264.6 262.3 261.0 567.7 567.0 565.7 566.4

Rhode Island

495.3 495.2 496.1 500.3 19.1 19.5 19.7 19.8 40.6 39.7 39.9 39.5


South Carolina

2,136.2 2,172.1 2,171.8 2,178.5 103.7 100.4 100.0 100.1 247.0 254.4 254.9 255.1

South Dakota

434.9 446.2 446.1 446.1 22.3 23.5 23.1 23.1 43.9 46.0 46.2 46.0

Tennessee

3,046.8 3,097.0 3,093.4 3,098.4 123.2 125.2 126.6 127.4 349.2 357.1 355.8 353.9

Texas

12,433.4 12,671.1 12,698.7 12,727.6 734.0 754.4 760.7 766.5 872.9 901.2 904.2 904.5

Utah

1,506.2 1,547.9 1,550.1 1,551.8 103.8 105.3 106.5 105.8 132.1 136.0 137.4 138.0


Vermont

314.3 317.1 316.9 318.4 15.3 14.5 14.2 14.2 29.8 30.8 30.7 30.8

Virginia

3,998.0 4,025.6 4,033.0 4,041.1 197.7 199.0 198.7 199.4 238.9 246.2 246.0 248.1

Washington

3,389.9 3,440.2 3,467.9 3,481.4 211.4 209.1 222.7 221.6 285.6 294.9 295.5 296.5

West Virginia

722.1 737.0 737.5 735.3 36.2 50.6 50.5 48.4 47.0 48.3 48.1 47.7

Wisconsin

2,962.6 2,984.9 2,980.8 2,977.7 120.4 125.8 124.5 122.1 473.5 476.2 476.1 475.6

Wyoming

285.0 289.3 289.5 289.1 19.5 21.9 22.0 21.8 9.7 10.4 10.3 10.2


Puerto Rico

854.9 873.4 873.0 873.1 24.4 27.2 27.0 27.3 71.5 72.6 72.6 72.5

Virgin Islands(3)

32.6 34.3 34.5 34.5 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)

Alabama

380.4 384.3 383.4 381.8 95.9 96.7 97.2 97.7 243.6 248.9 249.6 249.3

Alaska

64.5 64.9 64.8 65.0 11.8 11.5 11.4 11.4 26.9 26.4 27.0 27.1

Arizona

531.8 540.7 539.7 541.9 220.3 220.7 219.9 219.5 426.7 435.7 439.0 440.9

Arkansas

251.3 253.4 252.4 251.7 60.2 60.9 60.7 60.8 146.8 146.9 146.6 146.8

California

3,048.5 3,058.7 3,051.0 3,052.7 837.7 833.6 834.2 835.0 2,655.3 2,710.2 2,715.4 2,722.2


Colorado

468.2 474.1 475.3 474.3 170.9 167.5 167.1 168.1 422.0 434.0 438.6 441.5

Connecticut

294.9 294.1 294.9 295.6 125.8 126.7 127.1 127.0 219.7 217.8 217.1 218.7

Delaware

81.1 79.8 79.0 79.0 47.9 47.6 47.7 47.7 63.5 63.4 63.5 64.0

District of Columbia

33.2 32.7 32.9 33.1 29.7 29.4 29.7 29.8 167.2 169.7 169.0 167.6

Florida

1,773.9 1,800.5 1,795.4 1,798.5 572.7 589.0 590.3 591.5 1,356.0 1,400.4 1,397.4 1,398.7


Georgia

940.9 957.3 953.9 950.2 247.5 250.7 249.8 248.3 689.0 710.3 707.0 703.7

Hawaii

123.2 122.0 121.4 120.7 28.9 29.3 29.2 28.8 82.4 82.3 82.7 82.9

Idaho

142.1 144.6 144.7 144.2 36.4 37.1 37.2 37.6 93.7 97.5 98.0 98.1

Illinois

1,214.0 1,227.6 1,224.7 1,223.9 400.3 402.8 404.4 404.8 942.3 964.3 957.7 964.8

Indiana

595.5 601.0 599.5 595.9 138.9 137.4 138.1 137.5 343.1 349.7 350.6 350.2


Iowa

312.4 312.1 310.7 311.9 108.7 109.3 109.1 108.6 140.3 142.0 141.5 142.4

Kansas

269.0 268.8 266.7 266.6 77.2 76.4 76.8 76.9 179.8 180.6 180.6 183.5

Kentucky

404.0 407.7 405.9 407.0 93.1 94.0 94.1 93.8 219.4 217.4 217.1 219.0

Louisiana

380.4 380.3 379.7 378.1 91.1 91.3 91.0 90.7 212.8 210.0 211.8 215.1

Maine

120.0 121.2 120.8 120.8 31.9 32.2 32.4 32.4 68.9 69.9 69.7 69.8


Maryland

469.1 467.6 466.6 464.9 145.8 141.4 143.8 142.7 450.6 457.1 455.0 458.6

Massachusetts

579.4 584.5 584.1 581.6 222.3 221.6 222.1 222.5 581.4 589.7 590.2 592.5

Michigan

789.2 796.8 796.2 796.5 218.6 222.3 222.3 222.1 659.5 661.5 660.1 660.9

Minnesota

535.5 535.2 535.3 536.8 184.2 186.0 185.3 185.0 376.8 377.8 377.1 377.6

Mississippi

231.4 231.4 232.2 233.7 44.5 44.2 44.3 44.5 108.6 111.2 110.6 110.0


Missouri

543.8 541.6 543.2 546.0 173.5 173.1 173.2 173.1 385.7 387.1 388.9 390.2

Montana

94.4 95.6 95.2 94.7 24.7 25.8 25.8 25.9 42.2 43.2 43.2 43.6

Nebraska

201.5 200.4 200.6 199.9 73.9 75.0 75.1 74.7 118.7 119.4 119.6 121.1

Nevada

253.7 259.3 258.7 259.1 67.9 69.9 70.9 70.9 187.0 199.4 199.8 200.3

New Hampshire

139.5 141.3 141.0 141.5 34.7 33.8 33.8 33.7 82.3 83.9 84.0 84.3


New Jersey

887.1 889.6 889.2 889.7 251.6 245.7 245.8 243.5 673.6 677.6 680.2 684.7

New Mexico

137.7 136.5 136.9 136.6 34.1 34.0 34.1 34.1 105.9 107.9 108.0 107.5

New York

1,564.2 1,571.0 1,571.4 1,574.2 719.6 714.6 714.5 716.6 1,337.5 1,342.6 1,351.2 1,359.6

North Carolina

832.7 843.5 845.6 849.1 239.2 242.9 243.0 242.5 633.4 641.7 643.8 648.3

North Dakota

94.1 92.8 92.9 93.0 24.5 24.2 24.1 24.0 34.3 35.0 35.4 36.1


Ohio

1,023.1 1,029.0 1,026.0 1,023.6 308.1 308.7 309.5 311.5 731.2 735.1 736.2 736.3

Oklahoma

298.4 302.0 301.8 303.7 79.1 79.5 79.7 79.7 189.0 188.0 188.7 189.1

Oregon

351.2 354.8 355.2 355.1 102.1 102.9 102.4 102.5 248.6 251.5 252.8 251.8

Pennsylvania

1,126.8 1,126.0 1,126.6 1,127.5 324.4 328.0 328.0 327.4 805.7 804.0 808.0 812.7

Rhode Island

77.2 77.5 78.0 78.5 35.5 35.7 35.8 36.2 68.1 67.2 66.1 67.7


South Carolina

404.0 411.9 412.3 412.7 102.8 104.6 103.9 104.2 291.3 296.6 295.0 298.3

South Dakota

86.0 87.9 88.3 89.5 29.3 29.1 29.0 29.1 32.0 34.2 34.3 33.6

Tennessee

624.2 635.4 632.7 631.8 161.7 165.8 166.7 167.3 416.2 418.1 416.6 419.2

Texas

2,475.8 2,510.8 2,510.0 2,510.8 772.5 787.9 790.0 793.4 1,721.0 1,760.1 1,758.5 1,766.9

Utah

283.1 291.4 291.0 289.9 87.3 89.7 90.3 90.7 215.1 219.2 218.9 219.7


Vermont

54.4 54.2 54.2 54.8 12.1 11.6 11.5 11.5 28.7 29.3 29.4 29.4

Virginia

660.7 658.4 658.7 659.8 207.5 206.7 205.6 208.2 747.9 754.9 759.1 762.8

Washington

635.6 643.8 645.6 647.1 157.5 161.5 162.3 164.2 422.7 428.7 431.7 434.5

West Virginia

130.6 130.7 131.2 131.0 29.1 29.1 29.3 29.6 69.0 68.6 68.3 68.7

Wisconsin

544.0 549.3 548.8 547.1 152.5 153.4 153.8 153.9 328.2 325.6 325.3 325.2

Wyoming

52.0 53.1 53.3 53.6 11.1 11.0 10.9 11.0 18.5 19.3 19.0 19.2


Puerto Rico

165.6 171.0 170.7 170.3 41.3 42.8 42.7 43.1 122.1 124.2 124.9 124.5

Virgin Islands(1)

6.6 7.0 7.1 7.1 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019(p)

Alabama

244.4 246.3 247.0 247.6 204.5 211.6 212.4 212.4 385.8 385.2 385.4 386.5

Alaska

50.2 50.4 50.5 50.5 35.5 36.3 36.6 36.6 80.7 80.5 80.4 80.5

Arizona

442.8 458.8 459.9 460.5 325.2 331.4 328.3 329.8 413.2 415.3 415.9 416.5

Arkansas

190.9 192.4 192.5 192.8 117.8 120.1 120.4 119.7 211.9 213.2 213.0 213.2

California

2,711.6 2,766.3 2,773.1 2,790.4 1,984.3 2,013.9 2,014.7 2,026.8 2,585.5 2,608.5 2,609.6 2,613.1


Colorado

339.6 344.7 346.3 346.5 339.2 344.4 342.8 346.1 443.7 445.6 445.7 446.9

Connecticut

334.6 337.1 337.6 338.2 156.5 161.2 160.3 160.7 235.8 237.1 236.8 236.6

Delaware

79.7 81.6 81.7 81.6 51.5 53.7 52.8 52.4 65.8 66.9 67.1 67.3

District of Columbia

131.4 131.3 131.5 132.0 79.2 80.7 82.3 81.5 239.0 238.2 238.4 238.6

Florida

1,296.3 1,334.4 1,336.6 1,343.1 1,221.7 1,245.9 1,249.2 1,253.7 1,111.2 1,113.5 1,113.3 1,114.0


Georgia

580.6 595.3 595.8 599.5 486.4 503.0 506.0 499.9 690.2 693.7 695.0 696.3

Hawaii

85.6 86.2 86.1 86.3 123.8 125.1 124.4 125.5 124.6 126.8 126.5 126.8

Idaho

105.2 107.4 107.1 107.9 78.3 79.2 79.3 79.7 124.5 126.5 126.0 126.5

Illinois

931.6 944.6 946.1 946.4 614.6 623.8 624.3 631.6 825.2 826.9 827.4 827.9

Indiana

472.0 487.8 487.8 487.5 308.9 310.3 311.6 313.2 427.8 428.7 429.7 429.8


Iowa

234.6 234.5 235.2 235.6 143.3 143.9 144.3 143.4 260.5 259.3 259.7 259.5

Kansas

198.3 201.7 201.5 200.8 129.1 129.4 130.1 131.4 257.5 258.4 258.1 259.4

Kentucky

277.4 284.5 285.1 284.7 196.8 199.6 199.2 199.9 313.7 313.1 313.0 312.6

Louisiana

314.0 321.1 322.0 323.1 234.9 237.5 239.2 239.1 328.3 327.0 327.2 326.6

Maine

126.9 127.4 127.6 127.2 68.7 69.8 69.8 69.1 100.2 100.5 100.4 100.5


Maryland

469.3 477.9 480.5 481.0 281.1 285.5 284.2 282.7 504.2 505.7 505.9 506.2

Massachusetts

795.9 806.3 807.2 808.8 373.7 377.1 374.6 374.3 451.9 457.9 456.7 456.8

Michigan

680.5 676.5 676.1 676.2 431.7 439.6 440.6 440.7 606.1 605.9 606.7 607.9

Minnesota

542.1 539.0 538.7 539.8 269.4 280.2 280.4 278.7 425.8 425.3 425.4 426.1

Mississippi

144.4 145.1 145.1 145.2 134.7 139.3 139.4 139.5 240.8 242.0 241.9 242.5


Missouri

478.1 483.6 486.0 486.7 303.5 308.3 309.0 310.8 433.9 433.7 435.2 436.4

Montana

77.5 77.8 78.0 78.1 65.8 66.7 66.4 66.0 90.1 90.7 90.6 90.7

Nebraska

155.6 156.0 156.6 156.0 91.7 93.7 92.8 91.1 173.0 174.3 173.8 174.2

Nevada

139.3 142.8 142.6 142.8 352.8 357.1 357.5 357.2 161.0 162.9 163.1 161.5

New Hampshire

125.1 128.0 127.9 127.8 71.8 73.9 73.6 75.0 90.3 89.2 89.4 89.3


New Jersey

706.9 717.6 721.1 722.9 384.0 401.0 399.8 403.9 598.2 601.1 600.7 601.6

New Mexico

139.1 141.0 141.8 142.4 97.5 100.8 102.0 102.8 186.6 185.6 185.5 185.3

New York

2,054.7 2,106.5 2,114.2 2,122.2 960.6 966.4 970.5 974.1 1,484.7 1,489.1 1,488.7 1,490.4

North Carolina

611.2 616.6 619.9 623.2 502.9 520.9 520.5 521.6 733.3 730.8 731.7 732.2

North Dakota

63.5 64.7 64.7 64.8 40.2 39.0 39.2 39.2 82.2 82.6 82.1 82.1


Ohio

932.3 946.1 947.1 949.2 564.2 574.6 576.1 575.8 781.4 778.6 779.5 780.9

Oklahoma

235.7 236.6 237.1 238.3 170.5 172.9 173.1 173.9 346.9 347.2 346.5 346.5

Oregon

294.0 300.0 301.0 302.4 210.2 213.8 214.7 215.7 294.3 296.9 298.0 298.6

Pennsylvania

1,268.5 1,291.4 1,293.4 1,295.4 571.0 580.4 583.2 584.7 702.7 702.8 703.5 703.5

Rhode Island

106.2 107.6 107.7 108.8 58.9 57.3 57.6 58.4 60.7 61.1 61.4 61.5


South Carolina

251.4 257.0 257.8 257.9 258.4 267.2 266.7 267.1 367.9 371.7 372.3 373.2

South Dakota

72.3 74.0 73.8 73.6 46.8 47.7 47.6 47.4 79.1 80.0 80.0 80.0

Tennessee

435.0 437.3 436.7 437.1 335.2 350.8 350.6 353.0 434.6 438.4 439.0 439.3

Texas

1,687.6 1,718.7 1,725.6 1,729.9 1,346.2 1,380.7 1,388.5 1,391.7 1,947.5 1,956.9 1,958.5 1,958.7

Utah

203.3 209.3 209.1 210.3 146.3 154.8 154.9 154.3 247.0 251.2 251.3 251.9


Vermont

66.0 67.0 67.0 67.2 36.7 38.3 38.1 38.5 55.8 56.5 56.7 57.0

Virginia

540.0 544.6 547.2 545.7 407.6 417.4 419.9 420.1 721.0 723.6 723.7 723.9

Washington

489.0 503.7 508.5 510.8 340.9 350.4 352.1 353.7 588.2 582.0 581.6 583.3

West Virginia

128.0 128.9 129.4 129.9 74.2 74.1 74.0 73.3 152.4 151.4 151.4 151.4

Wisconsin

454.8 456.6 455.1 458.4 278.9 290.0 286.2 283.9 406.7 401.7 404.0 404.8

Wyoming

28.2 27.9 27.6 27.7 36.5 35.7 36.0 35.3 69.0 68.8 69.1 68.8


Puerto Rico

113.9 119.2 118.8 118.7 73.0 78.2 78.1 78.0 209.0 202.5 202.4 203.0

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 4.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
March April March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,029.9 2,064.7 2,039.9 2,075.5 9.9 9.9 9.8 10.0 88.2 92.3 88.5 94.6

Alaska

316.3 320.0 319.3 324.9 12.5 13.3 12.4 13.7 13.5 15.1 14.1 15.9

Arizona

2,850.6 2,918.9 2,852.5 2,931.4 12.7 13.5 13.0 13.4 154.5 171.2 154.9 175.1

Arkansas

1,260.2 1,270.3 1,264.7 1,279.0 5.9 5.7 5.9 5.7 49.5 50.4 49.9 52.7

California

17,059.7 17,313.8 17,119.0 17,400.1 21.9 22.4 22.1 22.5 830.2 854.7 846.8 874.7


Colorado

2,696.4 2,745.7 2,709.3 2,757.7 28.0 28.6 28.0 28.6 166.9 169.5 170.0 171.2

Connecticut

1,667.4 1,675.5 1,681.1 1,691.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 53.2 56.7 56.7 59.0

Delaware(1)

454.2 458.7 459.9 464.0 - - - - 21.4 22.4 22.0 22.9

District of Columbia(1)

791.2 794.1 793.3 797.4 - - - - 15.8 15.3 16.0 15.5

Florida

8,776.2 8,978.8 8,779.3 8,991.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 534.7 554.4 536.5 556.2


Georgia

4,504.2 4,589.2 4,521.0 4,591.6 9.6 9.3 9.5 9.3 192.5 203.8 193.5 202.9

Hawaii(1)

659.4 660.8 656.1 660.4 - - - - 35.6 36.2 35.6 37.1

Idaho

725.1 742.1 731.2 749.0 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 45.7 46.7 47.3 49.3

Illinois

6,046.8 6,083.9 6,078.5 6,159.1 7.5 7.4 7.7 7.6 210.6 204.3 219.3 223.2

Indiana

3,120.7 3,153.2 3,137.8 3,173.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.4 132.8 138.9 138.1 147.6


Iowa

1,563.8 1,568.1 1,583.3 1,591.9 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.5 68.7 65.5 74.8 76.0

Kansas

1,405.4 1,411.5 1,416.2 1,428.5 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.9 58.7 57.6 59.9 61.6

Kentucky

1,914.5 1,931.4 1,931.4 1,954.1 9.5 10.2 10.0 10.3 74.8 76.0 77.1 79.0

Louisiana

1,982.8 1,982.1 1,984.7 1,987.4 35.5 35.1 35.7 34.6 153.0 143.4 151.4 143.4

Maine

610.3 613.1 618.5 620.1 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.8 26.8 24.9 28.1 26.7


Maryland

2,721.7 2,737.4 2,741.6 2,761.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 159.5 156.8 161.4 160.5

Massachusetts

3,586.0 3,607.2 3,628.9 3,659.3 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1 146.0 145.2 154.3 155.7

Michigan

4,375.2 4,399.6 4,391.9 4,427.1 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.1 153.4 158.7 160.6 165.6

Minnesota

2,900.6 2,907.8 2,924.7 2,939.0 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.5 103.6 112.3 109.1 120.7

Mississippi

1,151.8 1,160.5 1,157.0 1,169.0 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.7 43.7 42.6 45.4 43.2


Missouri

2,866.4 2,884.7 2,897.3 2,928.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 119.1 114.5 121.7 121.6

Montana

467.7 470.6 472.7 475.3 6.9 7.2 6.8 7.1 25.3 24.2 28.0 26.9

Nebraska

1,013.8 1,013.7 1,022.0 1,025.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 48.7 48.3 51.8 52.4

Nevada

1,368.7 1,415.2 1,374.2 1,426.0 14.2 14.1 14.3 14.3 85.3 97.4 87.7 101.3

New Hampshire

671.1 677.4 673.7 683.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 24.9 25.8 26.2 26.7


New Jersey

4,087.5 4,136.2 4,126.0 4,182.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 150.3 154.8 155.5 160.8

New Mexico

838.0 849.2 842.8 855.8 23.8 26.3 24.1 27.1 47.0 48.7 47.6 50.1

New York

9,567.0 9,667.8 9,634.6 9,765.3 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.3 374.3 386.5 388.7 401.9

North Carolina

4,459.1 4,525.6 4,489.8 4,556.6 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.6 215.1 220.3 218.0 219.3

North Dakota

425.4 426.7 428.4 430.8 19.4 20.7 20.1 20.6 21.4 22.8 22.6 25.0


Ohio

5,494.6 5,533.6 5,543.4 5,581.4 12.2 12.4 12.0 12.4 202.6 205.8 212.6 216.4

Oklahoma

1,681.1 1,689.2 1,681.2 1,700.7 51.7 54.1 51.7 53.4 78.4 82.2 78.4 83.6

Oregon

1,895.1 1,925.9 1,903.8 1,938.8 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.3 100.9 104.3 102.3 106.8

Pennsylvania

5,946.2 5,989.2 6,008.8 6,062.3 27.6 28.6 28.2 29.0 239.5 246.3 251.8 257.4

Rhode Island

486.9 486.9 494.2 499.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 17.4 17.7 18.7 19.2


South Carolina

2,131.3 2,164.3 2,142.2 2,181.7 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5 103.9 99.6 103.2 100.0

South Dakota

429.8 437.8 431.8 442.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 20.2 20.9 21.5 21.8

Tennessee

3,034.7 3,084.6 3,052.2 3,105.6 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 120.9 125.2 122.5 126.4

Texas

12,400.5 12,668.6 12,427.6 12,739.7 238.9 253.1 240.3 255.6 729.3 755.4 732.3 766.3

Utah

1,501.2 1,547.2 1,506.8 1,555.4 9.2 9.5 9.3 9.6 101.1 103.4 102.6 104.6


Vermont

313.8 316.5 310.1 314.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 13.4 12.1 14.2 12.9

Virginia

3,971.1 4,006.5 4,001.4 4,042.6 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 193.3 194.8 196.4 198.3

Washington

3,365.1 3,445.2 3,382.9 3,473.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1 205.7 218.3 209.1 219.1

West Virginia

713.6 730.5 721.0 735.4 22.1 23.1 22.5 23.4 32.1 46.2 35.3 47.7

Wisconsin

2,935.8 2,942.0 2,953.8 2,960.6 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 111.5 112.7 117.0 117.0

Wyoming

278.2 283.6 279.4 283.5 20.6 20.8 20.3 20.8 17.7 20.3 19.0 21.3


Puerto Rico

855.8 873.2 854.7 872.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 24.4 26.8 23.9 26.9

Virgin Islands(1)

33.2 34.6 32.9 34.7 - - - - 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
March April March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

265.3 269.9 265.1 269.9 377.8 382.0 378.4 380.2 21.1 21.5 21.6 21.5

Alaska

11.8 12.5 11.5 11.7 60.7 60.9 62.2 62.7 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.5

Arizona

168.7 174.3 168.1 174.9 527.6 537.1 527.4 537.9 47.2 47.6 47.4 48.4

Arkansas

160.1 163.9 159.4 163.1 249.6 250.8 249.8 251.6 11.2 10.9 11.1 11.0

California

1,313.0 1,330.8 1,316.0 1,330.0 3,008.9 3,015.8 3,010.9 3,015.6 544.9 553.1 531.4 552.8


Colorado

146.0 148.0 146.8 148.9 462.5 470.4 462.7 469.1 74.3 74.2 74.7 73.8

Connecticut

159.1 160.4 159.3 160.2 292.2 290.4 291.1 291.6 31.6 32.7 31.7 32.7

Delaware

26.9 27.4 26.9 27.4 79.3 77.6 80.0 78.3 4.2 3.9 4.1 3.9

District of Columbia

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 33.1 32.8 33.0 33.2 18.7 19.9 18.9 20.1

Florida

369.0 381.1 369.1 380.2 1,767.0 1,792.8 1,765.4 1,790.9 139.5 138.2 138.5 136.6


Georgia

407.3 410.2 406.2 409.7 931.7 949.9 935.9 946.4 115.4 110.1 113.6 108.8

Hawaii

14.4 13.7 14.4 13.9 122.1 120.7 121.9 119.3 9.0 9.4 8.9 9.2

Idaho

67.7 69.4 67.7 69.4 139.5 142.3 140.6 142.4 8.9 8.4 8.9 8.2

Illinois

583.6 592.0 585.6 589.8 1,199.9 1,208.0 1,202.2 1,213.2 94.7 91.2 94.5 90.5

Indiana

539.6 541.8 539.1 541.4 589.1 592.5 590.0 590.1 29.8 28.4 29.7 27.9


Iowa

219.1 226.5 220.5 228.0 307.7 306.2 310.9 309.8 22.1 21.4 22.1 21.1

Kansas

163.2 166.8 163.7 166.6 265.2 263.6 266.3 265.0 18.8 18.3 18.9 18.6

Kentucky

251.3 254.3 251.0 255.9 399.2 401.2 400.2 404.0 22.0 22.0 22.1 21.9

Louisiana

134.6 137.0 134.4 136.1 379.5 378.6 378.6 377.4 24.4 22.3 24.0 22.0

Maine

50.8 52.0 51.3 52.5 115.2 116.2 116.2 116.5 7.4 6.7 7.4 6.8


Maryland

106.9 107.8 107.6 107.9 461.2 459.1 463.1 460.6 36.5 36.6 36.6 36.7

Massachusetts

243.1 242.2 243.0 241.7 568.1 571.6 571.1 572.5 90.4 91.7 90.3 91.9

Michigan

624.7 634.2 626.0 631.4 775.1 780.3 778.5 785.9 55.4 56.9 55.2 57.1

Minnesota

316.6 315.6 318.2 318.3 528.1 525.4 531.0 529.4 49.2 47.5 49.1 47.4

Mississippi

144.4 146.0 144.2 147.4 229.4 230.8 229.6 233.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9


Missouri

270.1 277.1 270.4 277.1 537.4 537.5 541.5 545.3 50.6 49.8 50.7 50.3

Montana

20.1 19.8 20.0 19.6 93.1 93.8 93.4 93.7 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.0

Nebraska

99.3 98.3 99.3 98.6 199.8 198.3 200.3 198.7 17.7 17.1 17.7 17.2

Nevada

52.7 58.5 53.7 58.9 250.2 255.1 250.6 256.2 15.2 15.2 16.3 15.7

New Hampshire

69.6 69.6 69.8 69.7 136.6 137.7 137.2 139.2 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.1


New Jersey

245.2 248.6 245.9 250.3 873.2 876.6 874.4 877.6 70.0 67.1 69.6 67.1

New Mexico

26.5 26.7 26.7 27.0 136.3 135.2 136.7 135.4 11.9 11.4 11.7 11.5

New York

440.2 442.0 440.9 441.5 1,539.5 1,547.0 1,543.4 1,555.0 275.5 276.5 270.8 277.0

North Carolina

471.8 472.2 472.0 472.4 823.5 839.0 825.3 844.9 79.5 79.3 79.6 79.7

North Dakota

25.3 26.0 25.5 26.0 93.1 91.8 93.6 92.2 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.1


Ohio

694.8 701.4 695.1 698.4 1,008.4 1,012.0 1,012.6 1,015.1 70.8 69.1 70.9 69.8

Oklahoma

136.9 136.1 137.0 136.0 295.5 298.9 295.8 301.9 19.9 19.2 19.9 18.9

Oregon

191.7 197.8 192.3 199.5 345.4 349.1 346.7 350.2 34.4 33.6 34.2 34.0

Pennsylvania

565.2 563.1 566.1 564.1 1,112.5 1,111.3 1,117.1 1,120.2 85.3 84.3 86.4 85.1

Rhode Island

40.9 39.8 40.6 39.6 75.7 76.1 76.1 77.7 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0


South Carolina

246.0 255.0 246.9 255.3 399.7 409.2 401.2 409.9 28.2 27.7 28.3 27.5

South Dakota

43.7 45.9 43.7 46.0 85.1 86.8 85.1 88.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5

Tennessee

348.0 355.1 349.1 354.2 618.9 626.8 619.8 628.4 45.3 45.1 45.7 45.7

Texas

869.0 901.5 870.5 903.3 2,448.7 2,490.6 2,454.0 2,496.4 203.0 201.3 203.5 200.9

Utah

131.6 137.4 131.6 137.7 279.9 288.6 280.4 288.3 37.1 39.6 37.3 39.6


Vermont

29.4 30.3 29.5 30.4 53.6 53.3 53.7 54.2 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.2

Virginia

237.2 245.7 238.2 247.2 651.7 648.0 653.7 652.2 67.5 64.7 67.9 63.8

Washington

283.2 293.6 283.4 294.4 626.5 636.3 627.1 639.0 129.4 136.7 130.2 137.6

West Virginia

46.8 48.1 46.9 47.8 128.5 128.9 128.5 129.2 7.4 7.9 8.3 7.9

Wisconsin

469.5 471.5 469.8 471.3 536.3 538.8 537.3 538.5 46.8 47.3 46.7 47.6

Wyoming

9.4 10.1 9.4 10.0 50.6 52.3 50.9 52.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5


Puerto Rico

71.0 72.7 71.0 72.2 162.9 169.7 163.2 168.9 16.8 17.6 16.5 17.7

Virgin Islands

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 7.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
March April March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

95.6 96.8 95.5 97.4 242.7 248.4 244.4 250.1 243.0 247.0 245.1 248.5

Alaska

11.5 11.2 11.6 11.2 26.7 26.2 26.2 26.8 50.6 51.0 50.4 51.0

Arizona

219.5 220.5 219.8 219.6 425.7 437.8 425.5 439.3 443.9 462.5 444.8 462.8

Arkansas

59.7 60.2 60.0 60.6 147.3 146.4 148.4 148.5 191.3 192.9 191.6 193.2

California

832.8 830.6 835.5 833.1 2,629.4 2,701.0 2,641.7 2,708.9 2,722.9 2,789.4 2,726.6 2,804.6


Colorado

170.2 166.6 170.4 167.5 413.1 431.9 420.4 441.5 339.7 347.2 340.7 346.3

Connecticut

125.3 126.8 125.0 126.7 216.5 213.0 220.0 219.1 334.0 337.9 337.3 341.2

Delaware

47.6 47.5 47.6 47.5 61.8 61.8 63.2 63.6 79.6 81.9 79.9 81.8

District of Columbia

29.6 29.5 29.5 29.7 166.7 167.9 166.7 166.9 133.0 133.8 133.1 134.3

Florida

571.0 590.3 572.3 590.8 1,349.5 1,395.8 1,355.2 1,399.6 1,300.8 1,343.8 1,303.1 1,349.7


Georgia

246.2 249.8 246.5 247.9 685.5 701.0 686.6 701.4 578.9 597.5 581.8 600.8

Hawaii

28.8 29.2 28.8 28.6 82.7 82.9 82.1 83.1 86.4 86.4 86.1 86.6

Idaho

35.8 37.0 36.1 37.5 91.7 96.7 93.6 97.9 105.9 107.7 105.7 108.4

Illinois

396.9 403.0 398.2 403.0 930.2 931.3 935.1 957.9 938.1 951.2 937.2 954.0

Indiana

137.5 136.6 138.0 135.5 338.7 343.2 342.1 349.7 475.7 491.5 476.2 489.6


Iowa

108.2 108.2 108.3 108.0 137.7 138.5 140.5 142.8 238.7 238.6 238.6 238.4

Kansas

76.5 76.2 76.9 76.2 176.8 177.8 179.8 183.4 198.0 201.8 199.0 200.9

Kentucky

92.1 93.6 92.5 93.7 213.7 212.6 216.7 216.3 275.9 285.8 278.6 285.8

Louisiana

90.7 90.5 90.8 90.4 212.8 211.7 213.6 215.4 313.2 322.6 314.2 324.0

Maine

31.3 32.0 31.5 32.1 67.3 67.9 68.2 68.9 127.6 128.2 127.9 128.2


Maryland

144.7 142.6 145.1 142.3 444.8 450.6 449.2 457.8 469.3 482.5 471.0 483.1

Massachusetts

220.0 219.4 220.4 220.8 568.1 574.5 579.9 590.4 801.5 812.3 805.0 816.1

Michigan

216.3 220.0 217.0 220.4 657.4 654.8 659.6 661.0 682.3 677.8 682.0 677.7

Minnesota

182.1 184.3 183.1 184.5 368.3 368.2 374.7 374.7 543.2 539.6 545.8 543.4

Mississippi

44.3 44.2 44.3 44.7 108.3 110.1 109.3 109.8 144.5 146.4 145.6 146.9


Missouri

172.3 172.5 173.0 172.7 382.7 385.9 388.3 392.9 476.0 487.2 482.1 490.7

Montana

24.4 25.5 24.5 25.6 40.9 42.1 42.0 43.1 77.9 78.6 77.7 78.4

Nebraska

73.2 74.7 73.7 74.7 117.5 117.9 118.8 121.0 155.9 156.9 155.9 155.9

Nevada

67.6 70.9 67.7 70.9 186.6 198.2 186.7 199.8 139.1 141.9 139.4 142.6

New Hampshire

34.3 33.3 34.4 33.3 81.6 81.7 82.0 83.9 125.0 128.9 125.7 129.2


New Jersey

249.2 244.1 250.0 242.3 658.0 665.5 668.3 679.9 709.1 725.7 711.0 726.4

New Mexico

34.1 33.9 34.1 34.1 104.7 106.6 105.9 107.1 139.3 142.5 140.3 143.4

New York

711.9 708.9 712.2 712.7 1,315.5 1,330.2 1,329.4 1,350.8 2,081.6 2,139.3 2,091.9 2,152.5

North Carolina

236.3 241.8 237.8 241.1 623.8 636.8 632.5 647.6 610.2 622.0 613.5 624.2

North Dakota

24.2 23.9 24.4 23.8 33.6 34.3 33.9 35.5 63.7 64.6 63.8 64.8


Ohio

305.8 306.5 306.8 309.5 717.6 720.0 728.5 730.2 933.1 952.5 935.8 955.2

Oklahoma

78.8 79.5 78.8 79.5 189.3 186.2 188.6 189.4 236.8 237.0 235.9 239.3

Oregon

100.9 102.0 101.5 102.4 247.5 250.3 248.3 250.9 297.8 304.5 297.4 304.9

Pennsylvania

321.5 326.4 322.5 325.7 791.9 790.8 805.9 813.3 1,280.9 1,307.8 1,287.3 1,311.0

Rhode Island

35.3 35.3 35.4 36.0 66.3 63.9 68.3 67.5 107.4 110.0 108.2 111.5


South Carolina

103.3 103.0 102.8 103.2 291.1 292.0 291.8 295.8 251.5 259.3 251.9 258.8

South Dakota

29.1 28.8 29.2 29.0 31.7 33.7 31.9 33.5 72.7 74.3 72.5 73.8

Tennessee

160.8 166.2 161.3 166.8 410.9 412.6 414.3 417.3 437.2 438.2 436.2 438.8

Texas

769.7 784.7 768.9 789.5 1,710.4 1,746.3 1,715.9 1,765.9 1,684.1 1,723.2 1,687.6 1,733.8

Utah

86.6 89.5 86.7 89.8 211.9 215.3 213.2 219.2 206.0 211.7 206.4 213.3


Vermont

11.9 11.4 11.9 11.4 27.8 28.3 28.4 29.1 66.2 67.2 66.0 67.3

Virginia

205.8 204.2 206.5 206.6 739.2 750.0 746.7 762.0 543.5 549.6 545.2 550.4

Washington

156.4 161.1 156.6 163.2 419.7 426.4 421.0 432.8 491.6 512.0 491.9 513.3

West Virginia

29.1 29.2 29.0 29.6 68.1 67.7 68.8 69.1 128.4 129.5 128.1 130.3

Wisconsin

151.2 152.7 151.5 153.5 324.1 321.2 326.6 323.6 457.4 456.7 456.8 459.9

Wyoming

10.9 10.8 11.0 10.8 17.5 18.3 18.1 18.9 28.6 27.9 28.4 27.8


Puerto Rico

41.3 42.7 41.0 43.1 121.8 124.8 121.5 124.0 116.0 120.3 116.0 120.6

Virgin Islands

1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.5 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
March April March April March April
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

203.1 210.1 207.1 214.4 96.3 97.9 96.5 98.8 386.9 388.9 387.9 390.1

Alaska

31.0 32.3 32.0 33.1 10.8 10.7 11.1 11.0 81.5 81.3 82.1 82.3

Arizona

333.5 334.7 332.9 337.1 91.5 92.4 92.8 93.4 425.8 427.3 425.9 429.5

Arkansas

117.1 119.5 119.4 121.5 53.0 53.3 53.3 53.9 215.5 216.3 215.9 217.2

California

1,962.2 1,992.5 1,984.9 2,025.5 566.6 572.4 572.4 577.5 2,626.9 2,651.1 2,630.7 2,654.9


Colorado

338.0 344.0 336.4 342.4 109.1 113.9 109.4 114.9 448.6 451.4 449.8 453.5

Connecticut

148.2 151.9 153.4 156.4 64.4 63.1 65.4 63.7 242.4 242.2 240.7 240.5

Delaware

47.9 49.1 50.1 51.2 18.3 18.3 18.6 18.4 67.2 68.8 67.5 69.0

District of Columbia

79.4 81.5 81.2 82.9 76.1 75.4 76.2 76.3 237.5 236.7 237.4 237.1

Florida

1,249.2 1,275.1 1,246.6 1,279.8 354.5 363.5 354.7 362.2 1,135.3 1,137.8 1,132.2 1,139.8


Georgia

483.5 498.9 493.3 505.1 157.7 158.3 158.6 158.3 695.9 700.4 695.5 701.0

Hawaii

124.5 124.3 123.5 125.0 28.1 28.4 27.9 28.4 127.8 129.6 126.9 129.2

Idaho

75.5 76.6 76.9 77.8 24.9 26.2 25.0 26.3 126.5 128.1 126.6 128.9

Illinois

596.7 602.9 611.7 625.9 253.0 255.8 253.0 257.3 835.6 836.8 834.0 836.7

Indiana

303.4 303.7 309.6 313.8 131.0 132.5 131.7 132.3 437.1 438.0 437.1 438.8


Iowa

138.4 138.3 142.9 141.7 57.1 57.4 57.2 57.7 263.7 265.2 265.0 265.9

Kansas

126.9 127.2 129.3 131.1 50.9 50.4 51.2 51.2 263.7 265.1 264.4 267.0

Kentucky

192.8 193.1 199.2 202.9 65.5 66.2 66.0 67.4 317.7 316.4 318.0 316.9

Louisiana

236.2 237.5 236.9 240.6 73.5 73.8 73.7 73.5 329.4 329.6 331.4 330.0

Maine

58.0 58.7 61.6 61.3 21.6 22.0 21.8 22.3 102.0 102.3 102.6 103.0


Maryland

268.6 269.4 278.0 277.7 113.5 115.7 114.0 117.3 515.4 515.0 514.3 515.9

Massachusetts

351.9 345.4 363.5 360.0 135.8 137.5 137.7 140.2 460.1 466.5 462.6 468.9

Michigan

416.7 420.7 420.8 429.7 164.7 168.1 165.4 170.3 622.3 621.3 619.8 620.9

Minnesota

259.1 264.4 263.5 268.6 112.6 113.2 113.0 113.9 431.3 430.8 431.0 431.6

Mississippi

133.8 137.4 136.4 141.2 41.2 41.1 41.3 40.8 244.3 244.2 243.0 244.4


Missouri

296.3 299.0 305.5 312.2 115.1 113.0 115.8 114.6 442.5 443.9 444.0 446.5

Montana

63.0 62.8 63.9 63.6 18.7 19.0 18.8 19.3 90.9 91.5 91.3 92.0

Nebraska

89.7 89.7 91.6 91.2 36.6 36.4 36.8 37.8 174.4 175.1 175.0 176.4

Nevada

352.5 355.9 354.3 360.0 41.2 41.9 41.7 43.2 164.1 166.1 161.8 163.1

New Hampshire

67.1 67.8 66.8 69.8 24.9 25.9 24.9 26.3 93.9 93.5 93.5 92.6


New Jersey

356.2 369.1 370.6 388.3 167.4 171.2 169.9 174.6 607.6 612.2 609.4 613.7

New Mexico

95.8 100.4 97.2 101.8 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.7 190.5 189.4 190.4 189.6

New York

918.8 920.3 941.4 948.9 410.3 412.7 413.3 415.1 1,494.6 1,499.5 1,497.4 1,504.6

North Carolina

489.8 504.7 501.4 518.2 153.2 155.3 153.7 154.6 750.0 748.7 750.2 749.0

North Dakota

39.2 38.1 39.5 38.1 15.2 14.7 15.2 14.9 84.0 83.8 83.6 83.8


Ohio

543.6 548.6 560.4 568.0 212.0 213.8 213.3 212.4 793.7 791.5 795.4 794.0

Oklahoma

169.6 171.2 172.3 174.4 71.2 72.4 71.2 72.5 353.0 352.4 351.6 351.8

Oregon

204.8 208.0 208.8 213.4 63.9 64.9 64.3 65.1 300.7 304.2 300.9 304.3

Pennsylvania

547.0 554.0 565.7 575.5 257.8 259.1 260.1 262.5 717.0 717.5 717.7 718.5

Rhode Island

53.9 52.1 56.8 55.6 22.5 23.5 22.7 23.6 61.4 62.3 61.4 62.2


South Carolina

255.0 261.8 262.4 271.4 77.0 76.7 77.4 78.1 371.2 375.5 371.9 377.2

South Dakota

44.1 43.4 44.9 45.2 16.5 17.0 16.6 17.3 80.2 80.6 80.0 80.7

Tennessee

328.4 343.7 337.2 354.6 116.9 118.8 117.6 119.9 443.1 448.6 444.1 449.2

Texas

1,339.9 1,379.1 1,353.7 1,399.3 426.2 443.3 430.4 446.3 1,981.3 1,990.1 1,970.5 1,982.4

Utah

147.6 157.5 146.7 155.7 40.4 40.4 40.7 40.9 249.8 254.3 251.9 256.7


Vermont

38.8 40.4 33.7 35.3 10.1 10.0 10.2 10.0 57.5 58.6 57.4 58.9

Virginia

395.7 408.7 407.1 417.3 199.7 200.5 200.3 199.6 729.5 732.4 731.5 737.3

Washington

331.3 344.0 339.2 350.8 120.1 122.1 120.5 124.4 595.1 588.5 597.7 592.3

West Virginia

72.5 71.6 73.7 72.6 24.5 24.1 24.7 23.9 154.1 154.2 155.2 153.9

Wisconsin

268.6 267.4 270.5 271.5 151.1 154.6 151.2 153.9 414.7 414.6 421.8 419.1

Wyoming

33.5 32.8 32.9 31.2 16.2 16.8 16.2 16.9 69.6 70.0 69.6 69.7


Puerto Rico

74.3 77.9 73.1 77.7 17.0 17.6 17.1 17.6 209.8 202.5 210.9 203.2

Virgin Islands

4.3 4.6 4.2 4.6 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 10.5 10.6 10.5 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: May 17, 2019