State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 21, 2017			USDL-17-0446

Technical information:
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


	    STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MARCH 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in March in 17 states and stable in 33 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Eighteen states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, and
32 states and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment
rate declined by 0.2 percentage point from February to 4.5 percent and was
0.5 point lower than in March 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 4 states in March 2017, increased
in 3, and was essentially unchanged in 43 states and the District of Columbia.
Over the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs, 2 states lost jobs, and
21 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Colorado had the lowest unemployment rate in March, 2.6 percent, closely
followed by Hawaii, 2.7 percent, and New Hampshire, North Dakota, and South
Dakota, 2.8 percent each. The rates in Arkansas (3.6 percent), Colorado (2.6
percent), Maine (3.0 percent), and Oregon (3.8 percent) set new series lows.
(All state series begin in 1976.) New Mexico had the highest jobless rate,
6.7 percent. In total, 19 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S.
figure of 4.5 percent, 7 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates,
and 24 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the
nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In March, 17 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was
in Illinois (-0.5 percentage point). The remaining 33 states and the District
of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a
month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically
as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Eighteen states had unemployment rate changes from March 2016, all of which
were decreases. The largest of these declines occurred in West Virginia (-1.3
percentage points) and Illinois and Nevada (-1.2 points each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Four states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in March
2017, and three states had increases. The largest decrease in employment over
the month occurred in New Jersey (-17,500), followed by Pennsylvania (-16,100),
Missouri (-13,400), and Louisiana (-8,500). In percentage terms, the largest
decrease occurred in Missouri (-0.5 percent), followed by Louisiana and New
Jersey (-0.4 percent each) and Pennsylvania (-0.3 percent). The increases in
employment over the month occurred in Washington (+10,700), Tennessee (+8,600),
and Maine (+3,000). The largest percentage increase occurred in Maine (+0.5
percent), followed by Tennessee and Washington (+0.3 percent each). 
(See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
in March. The largest job gains occurred in California (+346,400), Texas (+249,000),
and Florida (+246,100). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.2 percent),
followed by Florida, Georgia, and Nevada (+3.0 percent each). Two states had over-
the-year declines in employment, Alaska (-6,900, or -2.1 percent) and Wyoming
(-6,100, or -2.1 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 3, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled
to be released on Friday, May 19, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., March 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.5
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           5.8
Alaska ..............................|           6.4
Arkansas ............................|           3.6
California ..........................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           2.6
District of Columbia ................|           5.8
Georgia .............................|           5.1
Hawaii ..............................|           2.7
Idaho ...............................|           3.5
Iowa ................................|           3.1
                                     |
Kansas ..............................|           3.8
Louisiana ...........................|           5.7
Maine ...............................|           3.0
Massachusetts .......................|           3.6
Minnesota ...........................|           3.8
Montana .............................|           3.8
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
New Hampshire .......................|           2.8
New Mexico ..........................|           6.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.8
                                     |
Oregon ..............................|           3.8
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Texas ...............................|           5.0
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           3.0
Virginia ............................|           3.8
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.4
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.



Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from February 2017 to March 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  February |   March   |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.2   |     5.8   |      -0.4
California .....................|     5.0   |     4.9   |       -.1
Colorado .......................|     2.9   |     2.6   |       -.3
Florida ........................|     5.0   |     4.8   |       -.2
Georgia ........................|     5.3   |     5.1   |       -.2
Illinois .......................|     5.4   |     4.9   |       -.5
Kansas .........................|     4.0   |     3.8   |       -.2
Maine ..........................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.8   |       -.2
Nebraska .......................|     3.2   |     3.1   |       -.1
                                |           |           |
New Jersey .....................|     4.5   |     4.2   |       -.3
New York .......................|     4.4   |     4.3   |       -.1
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.8   |       -.2
Washington .....................|     4.9   |     4.7   |       -.2
West Virginia ..................|     5.2   |     4.9   |       -.3
Wisconsin ......................|     3.7   |     3.4   |       -.3
Wyoming ........................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2016 to March 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   March   |    March  |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     5.6   |     4.9   |      -0.7
Colorado .......................|     3.3   |     2.6   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     6.1   |     4.9   |      -1.2
Indiana ........................|     4.7   |     3.9   |       -.8
Iowa ...........................|     3.8   |     3.1   |       -.7
Maine ..........................|     3.7   |     3.0   |       -.7
Mississippi ....................|     6.0   |     5.0   |      -1.0
Nevada .........................|     6.0   |     4.8   |      -1.2
New Jersey .....................|     5.1   |     4.2   |       -.9
New York .......................|     4.8   |     4.3   |       -.5
                                |           |           |
North Dakota ...................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
Oregon .........................|     4.9   |     3.8   |      -1.1
Rhode Island ...................|     5.4   |     4.3   |      -1.1
South Carolina .................|     5.3   |     4.4   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.6   |     4.7   |       -.9
West Virginia ..................|     6.2   |     4.9   |      -1.3
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.4   |       -.7
Wyoming ........................|     5.5   |     4.5   |      -1.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table D.  States with statistically significant employment changes from
February 2017 to March 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   February  |     March   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Louisiana ....................|   1,983,600 |   1,975,100 |      -8,500 |     -0.4
Maine ........................|     620,000 |     623,000 |       3,000 |       .5
Missouri .....................|   2,880,600 |   2,867,200 |     -13,400 |      -.5
New Jersey ...................|   4,128,500 |   4,111,000 |     -17,500 |      -.4
Pennsylvania .................|   5,950,300 |   5,934,200 |     -16,100 |      -.3
Tennessee ....................|   3,006,100 |   3,014,700 |       8,600 |       .3
Washington ...................|   3,294,900 |   3,305,600 |      10,700 |       .3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table E.  States with statistically significant employment changes from
March 2016 to March 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    March    |     March   |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,967,700 |   1,996,200 |      28,500 |      1.4
Alaska .......................|     335,300 |     328,400 |      -6,900 |     -2.1
Arizona ......................|   2,685,000 |   2,738,000 |      53,000 |      2.0
California ...................|  16,347,600 |  16,694,000 |     346,400 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,585,300 |   2,634,400 |      49,100 |      1.9
Florida ......................|   8,307,900 |   8,554,000 |     246,100 |      3.0
Georgia ......................|   4,335,100 |   4,466,100 |     131,000 |      3.0
Idaho ........................|     690,400 |     709,100 |      18,700 |      2.7
Indiana ......................|   3,074,200 |   3,119,300 |      45,100 |      1.5
Kentucky .....................|   1,908,600 |   1,937,500 |      28,900 |      1.5
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,702,100 |   2,746,300 |      44,200 |      1.6
Massachusetts ................|   3,555,900 |   3,604,900 |      49,000 |      1.4
Michigan .....................|   4,298,700 |   4,378,500 |      79,800 |      1.9
Minnesota ....................|   2,884,700 |   2,929,000 |      44,300 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,828,700 |   2,867,200 |      38,500 |      1.4
Montana ......................|     466,400 |     476,400 |      10,000 |      2.1
Nevada .......................|   1,285,500 |   1,323,800 |      38,300 |      3.0
New Jersey ...................|   4,061,300 |   4,111,000 |      49,700 |      1.2
New York .....................|   9,379,500 |   9,493,800 |     114,300 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,317,900 |   4,387,600 |      69,700 |      1.6
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,823,700 |   1,863,200 |      39,500 |      2.2
Pennsylvania .................|   5,873,600 |   5,934,200 |      60,600 |      1.0
South Carolina ...............|   2,041,900 |   2,077,700 |      35,800 |      1.8
Tennessee ....................|   2,951,200 |   3,014,700 |      63,500 |      2.2
Texas ........................|  11,966,100 |  12,215,100 |     249,000 |      2.1
Utah .........................|   1,415,100 |   1,460,400 |      45,300 |      3.2
Virginia .....................|   3,909,500 |   3,955,300 |      45,800 |      1.2
Washington ...................|   3,213,200 |   3,305,600 |      92,400 |      2.9
Wyoming ......................|     284,600 |     278,500 |      -6,100 |     -2.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,165,848 2,195,054 2,204,019 2,208,896 128,478 141,217 136,667 128,757 5.9 6.4 6.2 5.8

Alaska

361,012 360,734 362,762 364,710 23,766 23,401 23,288 23,444 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4

Arizona

3,218,744 3,277,760 3,302,094 3,324,270 175,602 163,599 167,982 166,962 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.0

Arkansas

1,345,488 1,336,446 1,337,995 1,341,183 54,963 50,693 49,849 48,609 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

California

19,020,569 19,163,938 19,156,763 19,168,870 1,061,251 988,024 967,171 942,144 5.6 5.2 5.0 4.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,024,001 5,059,977 5,067,038 5,082,164 271,212 249,386 243,824 234,829 5.4 4.9 4.8 4.6

Colorado

2,874,039 2,912,170 2,922,824 2,933,275 95,988 84,682 84,694 75,689 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.6

Connecticut

1,891,730 1,892,209 1,901,386 1,911,815 102,882 85,003 89,404 91,772 5.4 4.5 4.7 4.8

Delaware

474,368 470,574 472,501 474,544 21,023 20,597 21,159 21,523 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5

District of Columbia

392,344 395,599 397,009 398,058 24,207 22,376 22,640 23,042 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.8

Florida

9,765,165 9,995,786 10,058,584 10,108,431 481,922 504,082 501,350 483,203 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,331,407 1,359,453 1,358,864 1,357,697 71,850 74,599 73,843 72,293 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.3

Georgia

4,877,682 4,998,333 5,010,705 5,020,332 266,585 276,071 267,114 257,648 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1

Hawaii

681,149 693,611 695,103 696,797 21,066 19,735 19,594 19,095 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7

Idaho

809,275 824,013 825,894 825,307 31,326 29,783 29,641 29,094 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.5

Illinois

6,562,380 6,522,220 6,526,938 6,523,618 398,918 374,615 352,271 322,778 6.1 5.7 5.4 4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,815,527 3,781,775 3,768,508 3,754,964 230,515 213,657 194,757 172,595 6.0 5.6 5.2 4.6

Indiana

3,327,500 3,315,768 3,324,840 3,330,933 155,917 133,588 135,172 128,943 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.9

Iowa

1,701,355 1,693,918 1,693,567 1,692,058 64,038 56,891 53,844 51,854 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.1

Kansas

1,485,747 1,479,412 1,481,849 1,484,688 60,613 61,227 58,945 55,956 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8

Kentucky

1,985,594 2,025,137 2,044,816 2,064,787 101,572 101,140 101,548 102,567 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0

Louisiana

2,136,657 2,099,633 2,106,952 2,114,052 133,242 123,110 121,847 120,235 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.7

Maine

685,423 696,193 698,100 700,614 25,506 24,351 22,359 20,976 3.7 3.5 3.2 3.0

Maryland

3,161,109 3,192,006 3,205,394 3,219,297 139,757 133,607 135,183 137,217 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Massachusetts

3,587,261 3,599,258 3,626,754 3,661,256 146,980 113,753 123,412 131,277 4.1 3.2 3.4 3.6

Michigan

4,806,723 4,884,583 4,907,517 4,913,961 235,902 252,331 258,926 248,179 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,057,066 2,088,544 2,095,092 2,097,685 110,204 120,976 123,121 117,808 5.4 5.8 5.9 5.6

Minnesota

2,992,961 3,007,272 3,013,067 3,018,295 115,599 121,070 120,345 115,530 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8

Mississippi

1,282,985 1,291,287 1,297,927 1,302,711 76,903 71,452 68,039 65,727 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.0

Missouri

3,101,120 3,104,253 3,107,268 3,101,571 138,837 131,707 128,247 121,780 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.9

Montana

525,059 527,459 526,547 525,855 22,102 20,733 20,276 19,862 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8

Nebraska

1,010,136 1,012,238 1,011,217 1,008,430 32,057 33,223 32,537 30,977 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1

Nevada

1,421,092 1,435,616 1,438,666 1,438,919 85,430 71,197 70,654 68,531 6.0 5.0 4.9 4.8

New Hampshire

745,974 751,876 752,012 752,099 20,939 20,229 20,629 21,000 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8

New Jersey

4,516,737 4,514,340 4,523,342 4,522,023 229,136 205,778 201,815 190,689 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.2

New Mexico

925,411 930,678 932,421 934,422 60,924 62,756 63,180 63,035 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.7

New York

9,551,992 9,523,041 9,552,905 9,604,845 461,327 435,652 423,525 409,073 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.3

New York City

4,118,537 4,118,997 4,139,937 4,178,564 215,438 186,485 176,230 168,874 5.2 4.5 4.3 4.0

North Carolina

4,844,441 4,934,997 4,943,673 4,950,855 248,757 260,064 252,209 244,060 5.1 5.3 5.1 4.9

North Dakota

414,815 418,490 419,532 420,903 13,713 12,610 12,461 11,904 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8

Ohio

5,715,634 5,704,154 5,739,198 5,767,157 284,670 286,933 293,937 293,558 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,021 1,025,502 1,025,910 1,028,188 52,241 59,673 62,708 64,518 5.1 5.8 6.1 6.3

Oklahoma

1,831,859 1,827,615 1,831,799 1,836,643 88,786 85,329 81,975 79,682 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.3

Oregon

2,043,036 2,067,837 2,071,126 2,078,468 101,024 89,619 82,289 78,803 4.9 4.3 4.0 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,439,970 6,440,304 6,435,475 6,442,464 349,106 333,016 320,423 310,888 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8

Rhode Island

552,299 551,042 552,336 554,048 29,835 26,192 25,054 23,949 5.4 4.8 4.5 4.3

South Carolina

2,296,452 2,310,643 2,323,423 2,333,186 122,223 101,455 103,363 103,587 5.3 4.4 4.4 4.4

South Dakota

451,619 455,118 456,193 456,741 12,281 13,012 12,934 12,803 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.8

Tennessee

3,116,856 3,184,662 3,195,607 3,203,209 143,964 171,448 169,409 164,555 4.6 5.4 5.3 5.1

Texas

13,201,461 13,400,291 13,461,621 13,519,716 604,585 642,499 662,593 677,475 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0

Utah

1,497,080 1,533,758 1,542,973 1,553,789 53,170 47,761 47,490 47,712 3.6 3.1 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,335 346,072 346,791 347,466 11,320 10,633 10,514 10,579 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0

Virginia

4,217,093 4,273,689 4,281,149 4,290,397 167,795 171,454 165,556 161,274 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8

Washington

3,614,526 3,684,288 3,686,187 3,687,691 201,931 187,274 180,116 174,520 5.6 5.1 4.9 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,607,669 1,643,808 1,646,930 1,649,419 69,300 60,798 57,852 54,812 4.3 3.7 3.5 3.3

West Virginia

783,051 782,599 781,734 780,534 48,654 43,551 40,370 38,118 6.2 5.6 5.2 4.9

Wisconsin

3,113,330 3,120,442 3,130,910 3,137,075 128,422 121,607 117,377 107,131 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.4

Wyoming

303,286 302,196 303,084 303,615 16,717 14,583 14,330 13,752 5.5 4.8 4.7 4.5

Puerto Rico

1,126,132 1,118,027 1,128,371 1,130,127 130,403 136,710 135,313 130,352 11.6 12.2 12.0 11.5

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
February March Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) February March February March
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,152,446 2,180,410 2,160,907 2,186,599 135,407 132,066 129,417 117,187 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.4

Alaska

357,339 360,469 357,230 362,198 26,762 26,770 25,741 26,169 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2

Arizona

3,214,959 3,313,683 3,223,314 3,325,614 171,147 164,441 171,025 154,227 5.3 5.0 5.3 4.6

Arkansas

1,337,682 1,336,804 1,343,609 1,343,083 61,266 57,418 54,291 47,839 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.6

California

19,041,291 19,121,796 19,085,020 19,167,882 1,096,284 1,001,804 1,104,679 974,363 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,033,790 5,081,781 5,031,990 5,102,360 271,399 245,135 264,153 220,928 5.4 4.8 5.2 4.3

Colorado

2,870,746 2,931,099 2,874,045 2,931,037 110,856 98,991 111,638 72,492 3.9 3.4 3.9 2.5

Connecticut

1,880,764 1,896,116 1,890,541 1,909,487 113,325 104,739 110,688 97,996 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.1

Delaware

471,486 472,172 474,004 475,296 22,590 23,425 21,451 22,071 4.8 5.0 4.5 4.6

District of Columbia

392,467 399,576 391,324 396,909 25,650 24,487 23,501 22,581 6.5 6.1 6.0 5.7

Florida

9,734,040 10,046,858 9,790,964 10,084,858 460,727 473,430 466,631 435,339 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,334,342 1,359,544 1,327,319 1,348,803 68,071 69,392 73,544 72,080 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.3

Georgia

4,867,137 5,003,393 4,894,135 5,014,429 264,387 255,817 260,822 241,849 5.4 5.1 5.3 4.8

Hawaii

679,931 693,970 681,602 696,813 20,426 19,262 20,494 18,025 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.6

Idaho

802,960 820,389 806,071 817,810 36,623 34,403 35,407 31,748 4.6 4.2 4.4 3.9

Illinois

6,555,515 6,469,999 6,568,081 6,464,446 434,443 356,526 419,163 305,536 6.6 5.5 6.4 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,817,712 3,751,450 3,823,236 3,742,290 248,856 192,846 240,745 158,852 6.5 5.1 6.3 4.2

Indiana

3,310,569 3,305,619 3,327,600 3,306,054 169,356 153,936 170,289 126,423 5.1 4.7 5.1 3.8

Iowa

1,700,054 1,686,390 1,698,856 1,685,079 73,843 60,595 67,435 56,872 4.3 3.6 4.0 3.4

Kansas

1,486,195 1,478,915 1,484,973 1,480,135 62,245 60,567 62,200 54,810 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.7

Kentucky

1,970,941 2,043,943 1,983,653 2,069,995 116,114 114,038 108,376 111,762 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.4

Louisiana

2,110,065 2,091,740 2,127,347 2,112,302 121,977 113,477 128,087 114,866 5.8 5.4 6.0 5.4

Maine

674,135 689,277 677,706 692,193 31,502 26,624 30,469 24,847 4.7 3.9 4.5 3.6

Maryland

3,138,625 3,195,826 3,151,868 3,211,130 147,351 144,626 139,770 139,428 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

Massachusetts

3,578,493 3,634,380 3,584,456 3,670,786 165,935 152,135 157,457 142,733 4.6 4.2 4.4 3.9

Michigan

4,794,016 4,886,568 4,825,198 4,868,888 242,852 276,530 256,851 233,346 5.1 5.7 5.3 4.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,039,164 2,088,934 2,057,356 2,090,672 105,925 122,334 113,903 105,915 5.2 5.9 5.5 5.1

Minnesota

2,987,047 2,999,620 2,997,397 3,011,401 135,154 142,467 138,515 131,434 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.4

Mississippi

1,274,871 1,287,141 1,273,091 1,287,262 75,774 59,097 71,300 59,570 5.9 4.6 5.6 4.6

Missouri

3,104,593 3,079,601 3,118,733 3,058,587 151,362 148,622 151,038 127,737 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.2

Montana

519,664 521,221 522,197 522,430 26,156 23,414 25,582 22,687 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.3

Nebraska

1,004,058 1,004,926 1,008,495 1,004,492 33,976 33,577 33,719 30,825 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1

Nevada

1,422,269 1,439,690 1,422,063 1,434,815 88,608 72,958 86,979 67,574 6.2 5.1 6.1 4.7

New Hampshire

743,674 749,213 744,820 750,297 24,367 25,227 23,501 23,844 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.2

New Jersey

4,523,008 4,517,965 4,539,380 4,504,654 241,938 222,067 245,237 193,817 5.3 4.9 5.4 4.3

New Mexico

926,499 933,311 922,098 931,268 62,267 64,637 60,404 61,671 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.6

New York

9,638,879 9,557,962 9,650,167 9,616,642 511,796 481,678 488,592 420,378 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.4

New York City

4,174,635 4,184,039 4,175,756 4,223,691 234,543 198,800 224,473 173,303 5.6 4.8 5.4 4.1

North Carolina

4,837,668 4,915,580 4,871,358 4,944,504 255,584 246,599 245,221 231,828 5.3 5.0 5.0 4.7

North Dakota

409,691 416,603 411,486 419,122 16,456 15,058 16,909 14,091 4.0 3.6 4.1 3.4

Ohio

5,688,315 5,720,387 5,713,377 5,738,468 311,702 339,994 304,346 301,950 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,443 1,027,166 1,026,672 1,024,648 60,215 77,528 55,962 66,985 5.8 7.5 5.5 6.5

Oklahoma

1,828,032 1,825,976 1,832,534 1,835,887 90,386 82,418 87,435 77,037 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.2

Oregon

2,022,510 2,057,047 2,034,388 2,069,452 106,865 81,512 106,457 84,791 5.3 4.0 5.2 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,444,353 6,397,696 6,474,709 6,419,818 361,565 342,541 369,891 326,529 5.6 5.4 5.7 5.1

Rhode Island

549,472 549,897 548,781 551,167 34,090 27,875 32,590 25,812 6.2 5.1 5.9 4.7

South Carolina

2,278,246 2,314,634 2,289,595 2,323,409 124,139 106,908 117,246 93,884 5.4 4.6 5.1 4.0

South Dakota

446,985 453,285 449,225 454,623 14,734 15,242 14,162 14,580 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.2

Tennessee

3,089,586 3,166,482 3,105,299 3,178,209 141,482 155,541 139,548 147,406 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.6

Texas

13,185,966 13,471,275 13,239,718 13,513,734 581,318 693,488 590,841 675,604 4.4 5.1 4.5 5.0

Utah

1,489,692 1,547,936 1,494,937 1,558,549 59,836 53,530 57,383 52,446 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.4

Vermont

342,735 345,958 343,344 347,076 12,454 11,621 12,458 11,984 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.5

Virginia

4,211,047 4,267,816 4,237,899 4,293,589 174,579 169,101 170,973 162,641 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8

Washington

3,608,103 3,682,989 3,624,428 3,685,830 221,553 193,055 210,755 179,129 6.1 5.2 5.8 4.9

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,611,120 1,654,196 1,615,595 1,652,645 71,593 55,720 70,159 52,554 4.4 3.4 4.3 3.2

West Virginia

780,879 776,080 776,928 770,882 58,854 46,438 53,243 42,821 7.5 6.0 6.9 5.6

Wisconsin

3,106,527 3,121,116 3,103,663 3,111,053 152,272 141,218 146,817 115,252 4.9 4.5 4.7 3.7

Wyoming

299,963 300,869 301,721 301,965 17,593 15,229 18,172 14,539 5.9 5.1 6.0 4.8

Puerto Rico

1,133,795 1,147,020 1,126,982 1,127,107 131,565 129,665 137,705 123,479 11.6 11.3 12.2 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,967.7 1,995.0 1,997.3 1,996.2 84.5 85.9 85.8 84.6 259.3 264.7 265.8 266.3

Alaska

335.3 328.2 330.1 328.4 16.7 15.2 16.4 15.6 14.1 10.7 12.3 12.0

Arizona

2,685.0 2,731.2 2,739.9 2,738.0 133.9 135.7 135.2 136.8 160.0 161.9 163.0 161.5

Arkansas

1,226.5 1,234.9 1,240.6 1,240.5 50.6 50.3 51.0 50.2 154.2 156.7 157.2 157.3

California

16,347.6 16,653.2 16,674.7 16,694.0 761.7 778.0 785.0 803.9 1,307.7 1,303.7 1,299.5 1,301.2


Colorado

2,585.3 2,629.5 2,634.4 2,634.4 153.9 155.0 160.5 157.2 142.6 140.8 142.5 142.1

Connecticut

1,683.8 1,684.0 1,684.1 1,685.4 60.8 58.0 59.3 59.0 156.3 156.1 155.7 156.5

Delaware(2)

453.3 455.8 456.5 457.0 21.7 21.1 22.0 21.9 25.6 26.0 25.9 25.7

District of Columbia(3)(2)

781.2 787.5 788.3 787.6 16.2 14.9 14.9 14.7 - - - -

Florida

8,307.9 8,548.0 8,547.8 8,554.0 463.8 495.1 498.4 500.3 352.7 361.7 363.2 365.8


Georgia

4,335.1 4,440.2 4,456.6 4,466.1 173.2 179.0 179.7 184.4 386.4 391.8 388.8 388.0

Hawaii(2)

645.6 650.0 650.3 650.1 38.4 37.8 37.4 37.2 14.1 13.8 13.9 13.9

Idaho

690.4 712.9 711.3 709.1 40.7 44.1 44.5 43.7 64.4 65.6 65.2 65.6

Illinois

6,009.8 6,029.4 6,044.2 6,035.3 221.2 216.3 223.4 216.3 575.6 567.8 569.8 569.1

Indiana

3,074.2 3,111.3 3,119.5 3,119.3 130.1 134.8 135.6 134.2 521.9 527.1 530.9 530.7


Iowa

1,572.5 1,577.4 1,581.1 1,580.6 83.5 78.8 80.4 81.5 214.8 211.2 211.0 211.2

Kansas

1,410.4 1,407.0 1,412.6 1,414.0 62.0 60.7 62.0 62.7 160.7 158.6 160.1 159.5

Kentucky

1,908.6 1,934.3 1,936.2 1,937.5 77.2 79.5 82.1 80.1 246.9 252.7 251.8 254.6

Louisiana

1,977.0 1,975.7 1,983.6 1,975.1 139.8 150.8 153.9 147.2 138.1 134.9 137.2 134.7

Maine

617.7 621.9 620.0 623.0 27.8 28.4 29.3 29.9 51.0 50.2 50.5 50.2


Maryland(2)

2,702.1 2,744.0 2,753.5 2,746.3 162.4 164.6 165.8 161.3 104.0 103.2 103.6 103.0

Massachusetts

3,555.9 3,593.5 3,604.7 3,604.9 146.2 149.6 149.9 150.3 246.7 244.4 244.5 243.6

Michigan

4,298.7 4,378.6 4,376.0 4,378.5 153.8 162.1 164.3 163.8 597.6 604.2 599.1 600.9

Minnesota

2,884.7 2,917.5 2,923.7 2,929.0 115.8 117.6 122.2 121.3 318.1 317.0 318.2 318.9

Mississippi

1,146.0 1,146.6 1,146.2 1,146.1 46.1 43.5 41.9 41.3 143.3 141.9 142.8 142.6


Missouri

2,828.7 2,877.0 2,880.6 2,867.2 119.5 122.6 124.8 121.2 262.8 263.4 261.3 263.2

Montana

466.4 474.3 477.0 476.4 27.1 28.0 28.9 28.9 19.6 19.6 20.0 20.3

Nebraska(2)

1,014.0 1,018.8 1,025.0 1,023.5 51.9 50.9 52.5 52.7 97.1 97.2 97.2 97.4

Nevada

1,285.5 1,321.5 1,325.9 1,323.8 75.1 81.7 80.1 81.3 43.2 44.8 45.1 45.0

New Hampshire

665.2 680.4 678.0 674.8 25.5 27.0 27.6 27.1 67.9 68.5 68.3 68.3


New Jersey

4,061.3 4,117.6 4,128.5 4,111.0 154.9 155.1 156.7 153.9 242.1 243.1 245.6 245.9

New Mexico

829.6 833.5 837.0 836.7 44.2 44.3 44.5 46.0 27.2 26.4 26.5 26.2

New York

9,379.5 9,484.5 9,498.0 9,493.8 376.3 379.1 385.4 383.4 454.8 440.4 444.6 441.9

North Carolina

4,317.9 4,377.0 4,387.1 4,387.6 198.3 205.2 206.4 202.7 464.7 461.2 461.2 463.8

North Dakota

435.8 435.3 434.2 434.6 31.4 32.2 32.2 32.2 24.9 23.9 24.2 24.4


Ohio

5,482.2 5,506.8 5,522.8 5,518.7 211.0 211.6 217.9 218.9 686.6 691.8 693.0 693.1

Oklahoma

1,657.7 1,652.7 1,656.0 1,655.8 76.9 80.4 80.6 79.0 130.6 127.6 129.3 129.5

Oregon

1,823.7 1,853.2 1,860.8 1,863.2 88.7 97.3 97.1 96.9 189.0 187.1 188.7 189.7

Pennsylvania

5,873.6 5,929.1 5,950.3 5,934.2 239.9 247.1 248.3 246.6 561.2 554.6 556.5 554.4

Rhode Island

490.6 493.0 495.3 494.6 18.3 19.5 19.9 19.8 40.8 40.1 40.1 40.3


South Carolina

2,041.9 2,076.1 2,076.3 2,077.7 92.6 98.5 96.1 95.4 236.7 241.7 244.0 245.2

South Dakota(2)

431.0 434.8 436.8 438.0 23.4 23.8 24.8 24.6 42.4 40.7 42.0 41.6

Tennessee(2)

2,951.2 3,002.6 3,006.1 3,014.7 118.5 124.0 127.3 126.2 341.6 346.1 348.5 347.2

Texas

11,966.1 12,191.5 12,205.6 12,215.1 695.4 710.0 710.3 714.3 853.5 849.9 856.3 858.0

Utah

1,415.1 1,451.7 1,456.4 1,460.4 91.1 93.8 95.3 95.8 125.3 128.6 129.1 130.1


Vermont

311.9 315.9 315.5 314.6 15.5 15.6 16.1 16.0 30.0 29.1 28.9 28.9

Virginia

3,909.5 3,946.3 3,960.3 3,955.3 187.8 189.3 186.0 188.1 233.0 232.1 231.8 233.3

Washington

3,213.2 3,288.4 3,294.9 3,305.6 182.3 191.5 193.6 194.5 292.1 286.6 286.5 286.3

West Virginia

751.8 746.6 747.9 745.7 31.6 30.7 31.3 31.6 47.0 45.5 45.7 45.6

Wisconsin

2,923.0 2,939.7 2,950.8 2,948.1 113.4 114.6 113.8 113.8 465.6 468.1 469.1 468.6

Wyoming

284.6 277.9 277.7 278.5 21.9 21.3 21.5 21.2 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.3


Puerto Rico(2)

893.3 883.4 882.2 880.8 23.4 22.3 21.3 21.1 73.8 72.7 72.0 71.9

Virgin Islands(3)

38.2 38.4 38.6 38.6 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Alabama

380.5 380.3 378.1 378.1 95.9 98.5 97.6 97.3 233.4 236.9 237.6 238.7

Alaska

65.7 65.0 64.8 64.7 12.1 11.8 11.7 11.8 28.7 27.3 27.4 27.0

Arizona

513.6 519.6 520.2 517.8 198.9 207.5 208.8 209.6 408.7 416.7 418.9 417.8

Arkansas

252.7 252.8 252.9 253.3 51.1 51.6 51.2 51.3 142.1 143.9 146.6 147.8

California

2,973.6 3,009.8 3,020.6 3,016.4 816.5 832.8 831.3 828.4 2,512.1 2,558.7 2,555.8 2,554.5


Colorado

452.8 459.9 461.3 461.8 162.1 166.6 165.1 166.5 402.8 412.0 414.4 412.3

Connecticut

299.3 302.4 300.6 299.1 130.3 131.6 131.1 131.5 218.7 217.4 218.6 218.3

Delaware

83.1 83.5 83.3 83.0 47.3 47.1 47.1 47.0 61.1 59.9 57.8 59.1

District of Columbia

32.7 32.0 32.4 32.6 29.7 29.8 29.7 29.2 164.5 168.6 168.9 167.4

Florida

1,707.4 1,746.5 1,746.9 1,747.7 542.3 553.5 553.3 555.0 1,269.5 1,314.4 1,310.0 1,313.0


Georgia

922.7 939.2 939.8 941.6 236.6 244.0 245.4 246.3 645.0 662.4 671.7 674.3

Hawaii

119.5 120.5 120.8 120.4 28.4 28.6 28.2 28.1 83.3 83.8 83.6 83.4

Idaho

137.2 141.0 138.8 140.0 33.7 35.4 35.6 35.1 85.6 89.6 89.3 87.6

Illinois

1,209.5 1,214.3 1,211.5 1,212.4 382.8 389.8 392.1 391.7 932.3 944.3 942.8 939.2

Indiana

595.6 595.6 598.3 600.7 133.1 136.4 135.9 136.3 332.2 339.7 338.0 333.6


Iowa

315.8 318.1 319.0 318.8 107.7 110.5 110.6 110.8 138.1 141.4 142.6 142.5

Kansas

267.1 267.1 267.1 268.6 85.3 85.7 86.1 85.7 177.5 178.9 179.0 178.5

Kentucky

395.6 402.3 401.1 402.7 93.2 95.2 94.8 95.3 217.3 222.9 225.4 224.1

Louisiana

389.9 388.5 384.0 385.5 92.3 92.3 92.3 91.7 210.1 208.8 213.5 214.2

Maine

120.9 122.3 121.8 122.8 31.1 30.7 30.9 30.8 65.2 66.1 65.6 65.5


Maryland

467.8 472.2 469.4 469.0 148.4 150.1 150.4 149.0 437.9 449.5 455.6 457.6

Massachusetts

574.7 579.0 579.4 577.1 223.1 227.2 227.0 229.5 545.7 553.4 556.6 557.4

Michigan

779.8 781.6 778.1 783.5 211.2 217.6 216.9 217.3 642.4 659.3 659.6 660.9

Minnesota

530.8 534.6 540.3 537.8 174.6 177.3 177.0 178.1 368.2 371.9 369.7 374.6

Mississippi

228.6 232.8 232.2 229.9 44.0 44.0 43.7 43.9 108.7 103.6 105.2 106.1


Missouri

545.6 557.7 556.2 552.6 168.6 170.7 169.6 170.5 376.1 385.5 388.1 386.8

Montana

95.6 95.7 96.6 96.5 23.7 24.3 24.3 24.1 40.8 42.5 42.4 42.1

Nebraska

205.2 205.5 206.5 206.5 73.1 73.5 73.8 74.4 117.1 120.3 121.1 120.1

Nevada

240.2 242.4 242.1 241.3 62.3 63.3 64.0 63.7 172.9 180.1 181.3 181.3

New Hampshire

139.8 142.5 140.9 139.6 36.8 37.3 37.2 36.8 77.4 78.9 78.3 78.4


New Jersey

862.1 876.5 879.9 875.6 246.2 250.6 252.2 251.9 656.6 675.3 675.8 670.8

New Mexico

138.9 138.6 138.9 138.7 33.4 33.7 33.3 33.7 100.5 101.9 102.1 100.7

New York

1,576.3 1,584.7 1,581.3 1,579.2 713.4 712.4 713.9 713.2 1,287.9 1,328.0 1,322.1 1,320.5

North Carolina

810.2 822.6 821.8 818.8 224.8 230.5 230.3 230.8 602.7 618.8 620.6 621.5

North Dakota

97.9 96.0 95.5 95.2 24.1 24.4 24.4 24.5 34.6 34.5 34.2 34.1


Ohio

1,021.5 1,029.6 1,031.9 1,025.9 298.4 305.0 304.3 303.6 721.8 722.5 723.6 719.8

Oklahoma

307.3 306.2 302.7 301.2 78.7 80.1 80.6 81.3 180.3 180.1 180.1 179.5

Oregon

340.6 345.8 344.1 343.9 95.8 99.1 99.3 98.0 237.3 242.8 244.3 246.0

Pennsylvania

1,127.3 1,132.2 1,134.9 1,128.9 316.4 317.5 317.7 318.5 791.4 803.2 798.5 802.1

Rhode Island

76.8 76.2 77.3 77.4 33.5 33.3 33.2 32.9 65.7 67.0 67.2 66.6


South Carolina

392.2 398.5 401.0 403.2 100.0 102.4 101.4 100.3 266.5 272.7 274.6 272.9

South Dakota

88.3 89.3 88.9 89.2 29.3 29.9 29.8 30.2 31.0 31.6 31.5 31.6

Tennessee

615.0 625.6 625.3 625.7 150.9 154.1 154.8 154.5 402.1 414.0 408.2 413.9

Texas

2,414.2 2,456.5 2,447.2 2,441.7 726.8 746.6 742.9 745.7 1,613.7 1,661.8 1,659.0 1,672.2

Utah

270.6 277.6 279.3 278.4 81.0 81.8 82.4 82.6 200.5 208.3 209.3 209.3


Vermont

55.7 55.8 55.2 55.2 12.0 11.7 11.7 11.7 27.6 28.1 27.8 27.9

Virginia

661.8 668.6 671.4 665.6 199.8 203.5 204.4 204.4 712.1 727.5 728.7 731.6

Washington

600.0 620.2 619.5 620.9 149.0 153.4 154.3 155.0 400.3 407.2 407.1 409.4

West Virginia

134.7 131.9 131.4 130.4 28.0 27.0 27.4 27.1 66.1 64.9 65.2 64.9

Wisconsin

539.8 541.8 544.2 543.4 151.4 154.0 153.2 153.6 322.6 321.8 323.1 326.3

Wyoming

54.6 52.9 52.9 52.4 10.9 10.4 10.3 10.5 17.8 17.2 16.8 17.3


Puerto Rico

174.4 169.3 171.3 171.1 42.5 42.0 42.2 42.6 113.8 114.8 113.4 113.3

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Alabama

230.8 236.5 237.7 237.8 196.3 202.7 203.0 201.0 377.0 379.3 380.0 380.6

Alaska

48.4 48.6 49.0 48.5 35.0 36.7 35.8 35.7 81.5 81.2 81.4 81.6

Arizona

408.1 417.3 419.5 418.1 305.2 319.2 321.0 325.3 410.5 410.6 410.7 408.7

Arkansas

179.0 185.3 187.5 185.5 115.4 114.8 115.4 115.9 213.7 211.3 211.3 211.9

California

2,506.8 2,590.3 2,590.9 2,595.2 1,880.7 1,923.0 1,927.4 1,932.1 2,498.5 2,539.7 2,543.6 2,549.9


Colorado

323.1 332.8 331.5 332.8 320.5 327.8 326.8 329.0 426.4 433.1 430.3 430.2

Connecticut

329.4 327.9 331.8 331.1 153.3 158.4 155.6 156.7 238.0 233.7 233.6 233.7

Delaware

76.6 78.5 79.3 79.1 49.3 51.2 52.2 51.4 65.3 65.0 65.5 66.4

District of Columbia

134.3 134.9 135.8 136.0 74.3 77.5 78.4 78.2 239.3 240.5 238.9 240.9

Florida

1,229.0 1,270.4 1,268.6 1,273.3 1,165.8 1,199.4 1,206.4 1,197.0 1,088.8 1,103.3 1,096.6 1,101.1


Georgia

556.4 569.1 573.1 573.7 460.8 485.4 485.4 486.6 676.8 693.1 693.5 691.7

Hawaii

83.0 83.1 83.5 83.2 117.2 120.0 120.0 121.1 126.3 125.9 126.7 126.4

Idaho

100.0 102.7 103.6 103.3 71.6 72.4 73.0 72.6 120.5 124.1 123.1 123.4

Illinois

909.0 919.2 926.5 924.9 592.3 594.0 595.2 599.4 828.8 829.5 826.9 825.0

Indiana

460.2 470.5 472.0 473.5 306.6 308.9 305.7 306.9 429.2 430.9 433.7 435.0


Iowa

228.8 228.9 231.6 232.3 142.8 145.3 144.5 142.5 257.1 258.3 256.9 256.4

Kansas

196.1 196.8 198.8 198.2 127.4 126.9 128.6 129.1 256.0 255.1 254.1 255.0

Kentucky

267.2 270.4 271.4 269.4 192.8 193.3 193.4 192.9 319.3 318.6 316.3 318.1

Louisiana

308.9 314.0 314.7 315.7 232.0 229.5 229.4 229.9 326.0 324.3 323.6 323.2

Maine

125.0 127.9 126.1 127.6 65.2 65.6 64.8 65.0 99.8 99.4 99.8 99.8


Maryland

455.1 463.5 468.1 468.5 272.4 279.1 276.0 273.3 503.5 509.4 511.3 511.6

Massachusetts

777.3 789.6 798.8 797.0 359.3 362.4 362.1 361.7 456.7 460.4 458.8 459.7

Michigan

660.2 668.9 671.0 671.4 423.4 437.3 441.1 435.9 597.7 609.5 608.9 608.7

Minnesota

518.2 533.5 535.0 533.6 264.1 264.6 262.0 264.5 422.9 427.0 424.6 424.6

Mississippi

139.6 141.8 142.2 143.3 132.1 134.9 134.0 134.2 244.2 245.3 245.4 245.8


Missouri

452.8 462.9 463.6 460.4 299.6 307.1 312.4 309.3 430.0 435.2 432.8 432.6

Montana

73.4 75.8 75.6 75.8 63.9 65.1 65.5 64.8 90.7 91.5 91.7 91.9

Nebraska

152.1 153.7 154.7 154.0 90.2 90.1 91.8 90.6 172.2 171.2 170.9 171.3

Nevada

125.2 129.3 131.4 130.2 342.7 351.1 351.9 351.0 156.9 159.6 159.9 161.0

New Hampshire

119.9 122.3 122.9 121.9 69.5 75.6 75.3 74.9 90.6 91.1 91.0 90.7


New Jersey

670.2 685.9 686.0 686.2 368.8 377.8 378.1 371.8 615.1 609.4 609.1 610.7

New Mexico

137.4 140.2 140.5 140.9 95.0 98.2 98.4 97.9 191.5 189.5 191.6 191.3

New York

1,934.7 1,984.8 1,990.3 1,995.3 915.9 922.4 923.5 922.5 1,444.5 1,451.4 1,451.7 1,453.0

North Carolina

581.3 589.4 591.7 592.0 477.5 484.4 489.2 489.1 725.7 727.2 728.1 733.0

North Dakota

61.4 63.3 62.9 62.7 39.6 38.9 38.8 39.2 83.4 84.4 84.3 83.6


Ohio

918.2 926.5 931.3 937.6 550.8 551.3 556.1 553.3 777.0 772.7 769.5 769.3

Oklahoma

234.0 234.7 237.4 236.9 165.6 164.1 164.5 165.5 354.3 354.4 354.6 354.6

Oregon

264.5 270.3 272.9 272.7 198.1 199.7 199.1 199.5 305.4 305.1 308.7 310.3

Pennsylvania

1,210.2 1,239.9 1,252.5 1,251.0 557.2 565.7 572.3 564.1 702.8 700.4 701.8 702.9

Rhode Island

106.3 106.8 106.6 107.4 57.5 58.9 59.2 58.6 60.3 60.5 60.6 60.5


South Carolina

239.8 245.9 244.7 246.1 246.1 245.8 244.8 245.6 362.7 364.7 364.2 365.1

South Dakota

70.0 70.6 70.6 71.0 46.6 46.9 47.5 47.8 78.1 79.7 79.8 79.9

Tennessee

421.1 421.9 427.0 426.7 317.1 328.1 328.6 328.5 430.0 432.5 429.9 433.9

Texas

1,618.2 1,657.2 1,668.9 1,666.5 1,280.3 1,321.1 1,325.5 1,313.2 1,908.5 1,944.2 1,944.5 1,947.0

Utah

188.8 195.1 194.6 195.2 137.0 141.8 140.2 142.4 236.3 239.9 240.9 241.7


Vermont

64.0 65.5 65.1 64.8 35.5 38.3 38.9 37.6 55.7 55.7 55.5 56.1

Virginia

526.3 534.2 540.0 541.5 399.3 402.8 405.5 403.4 714.3 713.4 717.8 713.9

Washington

459.8 474.0 474.4 476.9 319.8 328.8 329.8 332.5 568.1 578.0 580.1 579.4

West Virginia

129.3 132.4 132.7 132.8 74.9 73.5 73.9 74.2 154.8 155.6 155.6 154.5

Wisconsin

442.6 450.6 448.7 449.5 275.5 273.0 278.1 276.0 409.8 413.2 416.0 412.8

Wyoming

27.8 27.8 27.9 27.9 35.7 35.8 35.4 35.6 71.7 70.4 70.4 70.7


Puerto Rico

121.8 123.2 122.5 121.4 80.5 80.8 81.4 82.5 227.4 223.6 223.0 221.7

Virgin Islands(1)

- - - - 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.7 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
February March February March February March
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,951.0 1,981.5 1,961.5 1,990.0 9.5 9.7 9.5 9.7 82.8 84.0 84.6 83.9

Alaska

322.1 316.8 323.5 317.4 15.6 13.0 15.6 13.3 14.2 13.8 14.3 13.4

Arizona

2,692.4 2,747.8 2,700.6 2,756.6 12.0 11.4 11.5 11.4 130.9 132.8 132.6 136.3

Arkansas

1,216.4 1,233.4 1,224.3 1,240.9 6.8 6.0 6.6 6.0 48.6 49.2 49.2 49.1

California

16,270.5 16,572.1 16,292.2 16,660.7 25.1 22.2 24.4 22.1 748.3 768.8 744.3 787.7


Colorado

2,558.6 2,609.9 2,570.4 2,621.2 25.4 22.1 24.6 22.4 145.2 150.1 148.0 150.5

Connecticut

1,652.9 1,655.9 1,663.0 1,665.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 53.3 52.1 54.9 53.2

Delaware(1)

441.3 446.8 446.1 450.5 - - - - 19.9 20.4 20.8 20.7

District of Columbia(1)

776.7 785.3 779.7 785.9 - - - - 15.5 14.4 15.9 14.5

Florida

8,311.7 8,556.9 8,357.4 8,608.9 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 456.6 490.1 460.6 493.2


Georgia

4,302.1 4,423.2 4,314.7 4,449.7 9.3 10.1 9.4 10.0 169.5 175.7 171.1 181.7

Hawaii(1)

645.9 650.8 648.2 653.0 - - - - 37.7 37.0 38.0 37.1

Idaho

676.5 697.8 683.4 701.0 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.2 37.2 40.4 38.7 40.6

Illinois

5,903.5 5,934.6 5,935.2 5,962.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.9 192.2 193.0 202.1 196.7

Indiana

3,031.7 3,071.0 3,052.9 3,090.2 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 116.5 118.6 121.0 123.4


Iowa

1,542.8 1,554.2 1,554.4 1,562.6 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.2 67.9 67.7 73.4 70.7

Kansas

1,398.5 1,399.5 1,404.5 1,406.7 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.7 57.2 56.7 59.8 59.4

Kentucky

1,877.9 1,909.5 1,889.4 1,921.2 11.1 9.7 11.0 9.8 70.7 75.3 73.2 76.5

Louisiana

1,968.6 1,970.1 1,973.6 1,969.8 41.1 34.4 40.1 34.7 137.1 149.4 139.2 146.5

Maine

595.2 598.7 597.6 602.7 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 24.3 26.1 24.5 26.9


Maryland

2,648.5 2,707.5 2,674.6 2,723.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 152.0 156.3 155.7 155.7

Massachusetts

3,471.5 3,527.1 3,497.2 3,545.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 130.6 134.7 134.0 136.8

Michigan

4,233.1 4,307.8 4,250.4 4,327.1 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.8 135.4 143.4 138.9 146.1

Minnesota

2,828.1 2,870.0 2,832.1 2,880.2 5.4 6.3 5.7 6.6 96.4 102.7 98.6 104.3

Mississippi

1,143.3 1,140.1 1,146.1 1,144.7 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.9 44.8 41.0 45.7 41.2


Missouri

2,784.7 2,843.8 2,808.0 2,854.6 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 110.1 115.8 114.5 116.1

Montana

454.6 463.9 458.1 466.3 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.7 23.3 24.4 24.3 25.3

Nebraska

995.8 1,009.4 1,005.7 1,014.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 45.3 46.1 47.7 48.1

Nevada

1,271.4 1,312.7 1,280.0 1,317.0 13.3 13.8 13.3 13.8 72.5 77.5 72.9 78.8

New Hampshire

656.1 666.7 655.7 666.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 23.0 24.9 23.3 24.9


New Jersey

3,971.3 4,037.4 4,008.5 4,053.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 140.3 143.2 145.3 144.1

New Mexico

828.6 831.9 827.5 834.3 21.2 19.1 20.5 19.1 43.3 43.4 43.1 44.5

New York

9,223.0 9,354.7 9,283.0 9,402.6 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.6 340.3 345.3 350.9 354.2

North Carolina

4,265.1 4,346.0 4,297.2 4,375.6 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.8 191.6 200.5 195.0 200.5

North Dakota

428.5 427.4 427.7 428.2 16.6 15.5 15.5 16.0 25.4 26.9 25.9 27.2


Ohio

5,375.9 5,422.2 5,408.1 5,452.9 11.2 10.8 11.3 11.0 184.5 192.1 191.9 198.4

Oklahoma

1,652.2 1,646.4 1,653.6 1,652.3 46.5 44.0 45.2 45.5 76.0 77.4 75.8 77.4

Oregon

1,801.9 1,839.9 1,811.7 1,851.6 7.6 7.4 7.5 7.4 84.5 91.6 85.5 93.3

Pennsylvania

5,784.6 5,859.0 5,826.3 5,877.2 26.2 23.0 25.8 23.1 213.2 222.2 223.3 228.0

Rhode Island

477.7 482.7 481.5 486.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 15.5 16.8 16.1 17.5


South Carolina

2,014.5 2,052.3 2,032.7 2,072.0 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.3 90.7 95.3 92.3 95.5

South Dakota

419.9 425.4 422.8 428.2 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 18.8 20.1 19.8 20.9

Tennessee

2,914.5 2,976.9 2,937.8 2,999.6 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.1 109.6 117.8 112.1 119.9

Texas

11,918.1 12,144.3 11,933.2 12,185.1 235.9 222.6 229.9 226.3 692.0 704.6 691.0 707.9

Utah

1,399.3 1,444.5 1,409.9 1,455.6 8.8 7.9 8.8 7.9 85.4 89.2 88.0 92.1


Vermont

312.3 315.7 310.8 314.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 13.0 13.4 13.2 13.5

Virginia

3,851.0 3,910.0 3,876.7 3,925.7 8.0 7.8 8.0 7.8 179.0 180.1 182.4 183.6

Washington

3,169.9 3,255.4 3,188.6 3,280.8 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.4 174.6 184.2 177.6 189.8

West Virginia

736.7 734.0 745.0 739.2 21.4 20.2 21.2 20.4 26.2 26.4 28.7 28.1

Wisconsin

2,868.7 2,897.6 2,878.5 2,902.9 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 98.1 99.2 101.0 100.3

Wyoming

277.5 270.0 278.3 272.0 20.5 18.6 19.8 18.7 19.3 18.6 19.8 19.1


Puerto Rico

888.9 881.0 894.5 882.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.1 20.7 22.7 20.4

Virgin Islands(1)

38.5 38.8 38.7 38.8 - - - - 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
February March February March February March
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

258.9 264.8 258.7 265.4 375.9 373.6 377.5 375.3 20.7 20.0 20.6 19.9

Alaska

13.4 11.0 13.7 10.9 61.7 60.8 61.8 61.1 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2

Arizona

160.2 162.6 159.7 161.3 510.0 515.8 510.6 515.3 45.7 44.8 45.1 45.0

Arkansas

154.3 156.5 154.0 156.6 249.0 249.7 250.4 252.0 13.6 13.1 13.6 13.1

California

1,297.8 1,287.9 1,297.5 1,292.6 2,937.1 2,980.9 2,933.4 2,981.1 516.8 527.7 515.7 524.4


Colorado

141.6 141.6 141.7 141.4 446.5 455.3 447.0 456.3 71.4 71.0 71.4 71.0

Connecticut

155.7 154.7 155.7 155.4 293.5 294.4 294.7 294.4 32.4 31.3 32.2 31.6

Delaware

25.6 25.7 25.4 25.7 80.7 81.0 81.4 80.8 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.6

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.3 32.1 32.3 32.3 17.1 16.8 17.0 16.7

Florida

350.8 363.5 352.4 365.5 1,700.3 1,741.9 1,703.1 1,747.6 137.2 137.5 136.7 136.3


Georgia

385.8 389.1 386.4 389.0 911.1 931.1 914.1 935.3 111.1 112.4 109.4 113.4

Hawaii

14.1 13.7 14.1 13.7 119.1 120.4 119.0 120.2 8.6 9.1 8.4 9.1

Idaho

63.5 64.6 63.9 65.1 134.5 136.0 135.2 137.2 8.9 9.2 8.9 9.3

Illinois

574.4 567.7 574.2 567.6 1,186.6 1,185.1 1,190.0 1,192.2 97.8 98.5 98.1 98.8

Indiana

519.5 527.5 520.4 528.1 584.6 585.4 587.2 590.5 32.8 31.8 32.8 32.3


Iowa

213.2 209.3 214.0 209.8 310.2 313.3 311.0 314.2 23.0 21.4 22.8 21.3

Kansas

160.9 159.1 160.3 159.0 263.6 264.3 263.7 264.8 21.0 20.0 20.8 20.0

Kentucky

245.3 251.8 246.2 252.8 389.0 395.1 391.2 398.3 22.7 23.6 22.7 23.9

Louisiana

137.7 134.8 137.1 133.2 386.6 382.1 387.8 383.9 24.6 22.7 24.5 22.7

Maine

49.5 48.9 49.7 49.1 115.7 117.3 115.5 117.1 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.4


Maryland

102.9 102.7 103.1 102.4 456.7 459.5 459.3 461.2 37.9 36.6 37.7 36.7

Massachusetts

244.8 242.9 245.4 242.0 560.3 563.3 561.4 563.9 88.6 89.6 88.1 89.7

Michigan

592.3 596.8 591.2 598.7 762.3 762.1 764.3 766.6 56.5 57.6 56.7 58.3

Minnesota

314.0 313.3 314.4 314.9 518.5 527.2 519.2 526.7 50.2 50.4 50.2 50.8

Mississippi

143.5 142.7 143.4 142.4 226.5 229.7 226.5 228.4 12.3 11.5 12.1 11.5


Missouri

261.6 260.0 262.1 262.5 535.5 546.4 538.0 546.7 53.3 51.5 53.4 51.1

Montana

19.2 19.6 19.1 19.9 93.2 94.2 93.7 94.4 6.4 6.5 6.3 6.5

Nebraska

96.6 96.8 97.0 97.0 201.9 203.2 202.4 203.8 18.5 18.9 18.4 18.8

Nevada

43.0 44.6 43.0 44.8 236.8 239.3 237.3 238.7 14.4 14.5 13.8 14.2

New Hampshire

67.5 67.8 67.4 67.9 136.7 136.7 136.7 136.2 12.5 12.4 12.5 12.6


New Jersey

239.7 242.8 240.8 243.9 843.9 861.2 847.3 861.6 73.1 72.5 72.9 73.4

New Mexico

26.9 26.0 26.7 25.9 137.3 136.8 137.2 136.7 12.8 12.8 12.3 12.8

New York

450.2 438.6 451.4 437.9 1,544.5 1,550.5 1,547.0 1,550.9 261.8 266.5 263.5 269.0

North Carolina

464.2 460.6 463.5 461.8 796.4 809.4 800.8 812.6 78.5 76.8 77.7 75.2

North Dakota

24.4 23.9 24.5 24.0 97.5 94.3 96.5 93.8 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.9


Ohio

682.9 688.4 682.9 689.7 1,002.5 1,008.4 1,005.4 1,009.5 71.5 72.2 71.5 73.2

Oklahoma

132.3 129.6 130.6 129.0 303.2 299.3 304.2 299.4 21.4 21.2 21.3 21.0

Oregon

186.0 186.5 186.7 187.8 333.6 336.9 334.5 337.5 33.2 34.2 33.3 33.9

Pennsylvania

556.7 550.7 557.9 551.5 1,108.3 1,114.7 1,112.5 1,112.1 83.6 82.7 83.8 82.8

Rhode Island

40.5 40.1 40.6 40.3 75.0 75.4 75.1 75.6 8.2 7.7 8.0 7.7


South Carolina

236.8 243.1 236.8 245.2 386.1 394.9 387.6 399.2 26.9 26.8 27.0 26.6

South Dakota

42.0 41.2 42.1 41.0 86.5 87.2 86.7 87.5 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.8

Tennessee

339.3 346.6 341.2 346.7 605.7 617.3 608.0 618.6 45.4 45.7 44.6 46.3

Texas

856.1 855.6 851.6 856.0 2,390.4 2,424.9 2,390.6 2,421.5 200.6 196.0 199.8 196.0

Utah

124.7 128.4 124.8 129.6 265.3 276.6 267.3 276.0 36.6 35.9 36.2 35.6


Vermont

30.1 28.4 29.7 28.4 54.6 54.5 54.6 54.4 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.6

Virginia

231.6 230.5 231.7 232.5 647.7 657.6 650.5 655.0 68.8 66.1 67.9 65.4

Washington

289.3 282.9 289.0 283.3 585.7 607.4 589.2 610.2 117.2 122.2 117.7 122.6

West Virginia

46.6 45.3 46.8 45.4 131.4 128.4 132.2 128.3 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.8

Wisconsin

460.0 463.6 461.0 465.1 526.8 530.7 528.5 530.0 49.1 47.6 48.9 47.2

Wyoming

9.2 9.1 9.1 9.0 53.7 51.8 53.5 51.5 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico

73.3 72.6 73.7 72.1 172.3 169.9 173.3 170.5 18.7 17.5 18.4 17.4

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.1 8.0 8.2 7.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
February March February March February March
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

95.3 97.1 95.5 97.0 230.7 235.5 231.9 237.9 230.2 238.2 229.7 237.6

Alaska

11.6 11.5 11.7 11.5 27.7 26.5 27.7 26.0 48.3 49.2 48.5 49.0

Arizona

198.5 208.6 198.7 209.6 406.0 417.4 406.5 416.3 408.6 420.1 409.3 420.0

Arkansas

50.8 50.7 50.8 50.9 141.2 146.1 142.3 148.1 178.7 187.1 178.8 185.8

California

811.9 827.4 811.3 826.3 2,507.8 2,534.8 2,493.3 2,540.8 2,516.2 2,599.9 2,522.3 2,612.8


Colorado

161.6 164.7 161.8 166.2 394.9 406.2 395.7 405.2 322.1 331.8 323.3 332.3

Connecticut

128.9 130.4 129.4 131.1 213.3 212.1 214.7 213.3 328.7 333.3 329.3 331.6

Delaware

46.9 46.8 47.0 46.8 59.2 57.1 59.3 58.4 76.5 79.1 76.6 79.1

District of Columbia

29.5 29.4 29.7 29.0 163.3 167.2 163.6 166.4 136.2 139.5 136.4 139.6

Florida

540.4 551.0 541.6 555.2 1,262.4 1,301.0 1,270.5 1,313.5 1,229.6 1,275.3 1,232.3 1,280.3


Georgia

235.2 244.3 235.5 244.8 638.5 661.7 641.3 667.7 555.9 574.2 556.6 574.3

Hawaii

28.2 28.1 28.3 28.0 83.4 83.4 83.4 83.6 82.9 83.5 83.7 83.7

Idaho

33.1 35.0 33.4 34.8 82.2 86.2 83.8 86.1 100.0 104.0 100.5 104.1

Illinois

379.1 390.0 379.4 389.3 910.7 914.9 912.2 917.8 910.6 930.0 912.3 929.6

Indiana

131.8 134.7 132.0 135.2 321.6 328.9 324.8 326.5 464.4 474.0 464.6 475.5


Iowa

107.0 109.9 107.2 109.9 135.2 139.0 135.1 139.0 230.8 233.8 232.2 235.6

Kansas

84.5 85.5 84.8 85.1 174.8 175.0 175.0 175.4 195.9 197.9 195.5 197.6

Kentucky

92.6 94.6 92.5 95.0 213.6 220.2 211.5 220.3 267.5 272.1 267.2 271.0

Louisiana

92.0 92.3 91.9 91.5 209.8 211.6 209.7 212.9 307.6 314.2 308.0 315.6

Maine

30.5 30.4 30.6 30.3 63.4 63.2 63.2 63.1 125.0 127.0 125.7 128.0


Maryland

147.2 149.4 147.1 147.8 427.7 447.5 431.3 453.5 453.8 468.9 456.0 470.1

Massachusetts

220.8 225.0 220.4 226.3 529.4 541.5 531.5 543.0 778.1 800.9 781.8 803.7

Michigan

208.4 214.1 208.6 214.7 634.7 652.2 636.1 655.6 660.8 671.8 662.2 673.3

Minnesota

173.0 176.3 173.0 176.9 362.9 363.5 360.0 366.5 518.7 535.9 518.5 535.9

Mississippi

43.9 43.3 43.8 43.6 109.4 104.1 109.1 105.3 140.1 143.6 140.2 144.7


Missouri

167.0 168.4 167.2 170.0 369.8 381.1 372.6 383.1 452.1 465.7 451.0 462.8

Montana

23.4 24.0 23.4 23.9 39.2 41.0 39.7 40.8 73.6 75.7 73.7 76.0

Nebraska

72.6 73.4 72.7 73.9 114.5 119.4 115.6 118.7 151.1 154.7 152.7 154.5

Nevada

61.7 63.2 62.0 63.2 170.4 179.6 172.2 180.5 124.8 130.9 125.1 129.9

New Hampshire

36.5 36.9 36.4 36.6 75.6 77.0 75.4 76.9 120.0 123.4 120.5 123.1


New Jersey

244.1 249.7 244.1 250.1 637.4 650.8 644.8 653.8 668.4 687.0 673.7 690.1

New Mexico

33.6 33.1 33.4 33.5 99.5 101.1 99.3 100.1 138.4 141.0 138.0 141.2

New York

706.6 707.0 707.7 708.5 1,257.4 1,296.2 1,266.2 1,301.6 1,950.9 2,013.0 1,962.5 2,023.5

North Carolina

222.2 227.2 222.6 228.6 591.6 611.0 596.2 617.3 579.2 594.0 581.1 594.8

North Dakota

24.0 24.4 23.9 24.3 33.8 33.8 33.5 33.7 61.4 62.6 61.5 62.8


Ohio

295.7 300.6 296.0 300.5 701.8 705.6 706.3 706.6 916.1 937.6 918.8 942.8

Oklahoma

78.6 80.5 78.3 81.0 179.3 177.5 178.7 178.3 233.5 237.5 233.6 236.7

Oregon

94.3 98.5 94.2 97.6 232.7 239.9 234.3 242.8 266.6 275.5 267.2 276.3

Pennsylvania

314.3 314.6 314.2 316.2 773.5 782.6 778.9 788.1 1,220.4 1,263.8 1,223.0 1,263.1

Rhode Island

33.4 32.9 33.5 32.7 63.1 64.4 63.7 64.4 106.8 108.3 107.8 109.9


South Carolina

98.2 99.8 99.0 99.9 262.9 269.1 263.7 270.0 238.9 246.2 240.1 247.5

South Dakota

29.0 29.6 29.0 29.9 30.4 30.7 30.4 30.7 69.6 70.8 70.0 71.5

Tennessee

149.8 153.7 150.1 154.1 393.9 403.5 396.4 408.8 421.3 428.1 422.8 428.9

Texas

724.1 738.4 723.4 741.8 1,607.0 1,641.6 1,605.5 1,657.0 1,612.8 1,667.3 1,615.0 1,667.4

Utah

80.5 82.2 80.5 82.1 195.4 203.9 197.2 205.4 190.8 197.3 191.2 198.0


Vermont

11.9 11.6 11.8 11.6 26.5 26.8 26.6 26.8 64.1 65.0 64.2 65.1

Virginia

197.5 203.0 198.1 203.5 702.7 720.5 705.0 723.2 526.2 544.3 527.8 544.0

Washington

147.5 152.7 148.0 153.8 392.3 400.1 395.7 404.0 461.3 477.4 462.7 479.6

West Virginia

27.7 27.2 27.8 27.2 64.7 64.4 65.2 64.4 128.7 132.6 129.4 133.0

Wisconsin

149.8 152.4 150.0 152.2 315.7 315.9 315.4 318.6 443.3 450.1 444.7 451.5

Wyoming

10.9 10.3 10.8 10.4 16.9 16.4 16.9 16.7 27.7 28.1 28.0 28.1


Puerto Rico

42.4 42.2 42.5 42.4 112.1 113.6 113.3 112.6 121.9 122.8 123.7 124.0

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
February March February March February March
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

190.0 195.6 194.6 198.8 79.2 81.2 79.8 81.5 377.8 381.8 379.1 383.0

Alaska

30.3 31.1 30.8 31.8 10.8 11.6 10.9 11.8 82.2 82.0 82.3 82.4

Arizona

307.3 322.5 312.4 331.9 89.5 86.5 89.9 86.6 423.7 425.3 424.3 422.9

Arkansas

110.8 112.5 113.8 115.3 46.5 48.0 46.9 48.2 216.1 214.5 217.9 215.8

California

1,847.6 1,892.4 1,860.6 1,910.8 548.9 563.5 548.6 566.4 2,513.0 2,566.6 2,540.8 2,595.7


Colorado

317.4 326.0 320.8 331.5 103.9 107.6 104.1 108.3 428.6 433.5 432.0 436.1

Connecticut

142.6 145.7 145.8 149.9 63.3 65.0 64.0 66.7 240.7 236.4 241.8 237.4

Delaware

44.6 47.1 45.8 47.8 18.4 18.4 18.5 18.6 64.9 66.4 66.7 68.0

District of Columbia

72.1 76.1 73.7 77.4 71.4 70.6 71.7 70.4 238.1 238.0 238.2 238.4

Florida

1,174.7 1,210.3 1,194.6 1,224.3 345.7 360.0 348.3 361.1 1,108.2 1,120.6 1,111.5 1,126.1


Georgia

445.2 470.0 453.7 479.3 155.2 156.1 155.6 155.2 685.3 698.5 681.6 699.0

Hawaii

116.9 119.7 117.2 121.0 27.0 27.1 27.1 27.4 128.0 128.8 129.0 129.2

Idaho

68.3 69.8 69.2 70.4 23.5 24.4 23.7 24.3 121.7 124.6 122.8 125.9

Illinois

561.5 565.0 571.0 578.7 249.4 247.7 250.3 248.7 833.2 835.0 837.7 835.5

Indiana

291.7 291.8 298.3 299.0 125.0 129.5 125.6 129.0 437.5 442.6 440.0 444.4


Iowa

134.6 135.7 137.3 137.1 58.5 60.4 58.6 60.9 260.7 261.7 260.9 261.9

Kansas

122.8 123.1 124.7 126.0 50.0 49.7 50.3 49.8 260.9 261.5 262.8 262.9

Kentucky

182.0 183.6 187.3 187.3 64.4 65.7 65.0 66.0 319.0 317.8 321.6 320.3

Louisiana

228.4 225.9 232.1 228.8 74.8 76.7 75.3 75.3 328.9 326.0 327.9 324.7

Maine

54.2 53.6 55.0 54.9 21.2 20.7 21.3 21.0 101.2 101.5 102.1 102.5


Maryland

251.7 254.2 258.7 259.1 111.5 115.6 112.2 115.4 505.8 515.6 512.2 520.4

Massachusetts

327.4 328.8 334.4 333.9 131.2 132.8 133.2 134.7 459.3 466.7 466.0 470.3

Michigan

399.2 411.1 404.7 414.0 166.3 169.9 166.7 169.4 610.2 622.0 614.0 623.6

Minnesota

248.1 246.4 250.4 249.1 113.8 117.3 114.5 117.9 427.1 430.7 427.6 430.6

Mississippi

129.0 130.0 131.0 132.3 40.1 40.2 40.2 40.5 246.6 247.2 247.2 247.9


Missouri

278.5 292.6 288.4 299.0 114.6 115.9 115.4 115.3 438.3 442.5 441.4 444.0

Montana

60.5 61.4 61.0 61.4 17.9 18.1 18.0 18.1 90.9 92.3 92.1 93.3

Nebraska

85.3 86.4 87.8 88.1 36.4 37.3 36.5 37.5 172.7 172.3 173.9 172.7

Nevada

338.0 346.0 341.2 348.7 38.3 41.0 39.1 40.4 158.2 162.3 160.1 164.0

New Hampshire

64.8 69.0 64.5 69.0 23.9 22.8 23.8 23.2 94.7 94.9 94.3 95.0


New Jersey

334.6 342.6 343.6 345.3 166.9 166.7 168.1 167.5 621.6 619.6 626.6 622.2

New Mexico

93.0 96.0 93.5 97.2 27.6 28.3 27.6 28.3 195.0 194.3 195.9 195.0

New York

857.7 869.2 871.4 879.7 400.3 405.1 401.5 408.0 1,448.8 1,458.8 1,456.2 1,464.7

North Carolina

452.1 462.8 462.8 472.7 147.3 152.7 148.1 153.8 736.5 745.3 743.8 752.5

North Dakota

37.9 38.1 38.6 38.6 16.1 15.5 16.1 15.6 84.7 85.6 85.0 85.3


Ohio

514.6 519.5 526.8 527.5 210.5 208.8 211.9 211.7 784.6 778.2 785.3 782.0

Oklahoma

160.4 160.0 163.5 163.4 62.7 60.5 62.7 60.7 358.3 358.9 359.7 359.9

Oregon

190.2 190.8 193.2 193.8 62.5 64.0 62.9 64.0 310.7 314.6 312.4 317.2

Pennsylvania

519.5 531.9 533.1 538.3 252.9 257.5 255.0 256.8 716.0 715.3 718.8 717.2

Rhode Island

51.6 53.2 52.7 53.9 22.5 22.5 22.7 22.8 60.9 61.2 61.1 61.4


South Carolina

231.3 231.1 241.1 241.2 73.6 74.1 74.3 73.2 365.0 367.6 366.7 369.4

South Dakota

42.8 42.9 43.5 43.5 15.7 15.9 15.8 16.0 78.5 80.1 78.9 80.5

Tennessee

301.9 312.3 309.8 318.8 108.8 109.5 109.8 111.4 434.5 438.3 439.0 442.0

Texas

1,252.1 1,293.7 1,272.5 1,305.1 416.5 429.7 417.1 430.6 1,930.6 1,969.9 1,936.8 1,975.5

Utah

135.2 139.5 137.5 144.0 38.7 40.3 38.9 40.1 237.9 243.3 239.5 244.8


Vermont

38.7 42.0 37.1 39.8 10.3 10.8 10.3 10.8 57.8 57.9 57.9 58.4

Virginia

374.3 379.1 384.8 389.0 195.9 197.7 197.4 198.7 719.3 723.3 723.1 723.0

Washington

307.1 318.3 311.2 324.2 114.9 117.9 115.9 119.4 573.8 585.9 575.6 587.5

West Virginia

71.6 70.1 72.9 71.5 53.7 53.9 54.2 53.9 155.1 155.8 157.0 157.2

Wisconsin

256.4 256.3 259.2 258.8 146.9 151.1 148.0 151.4 419.1 427.2 418.2 424.2

Wyoming

32.6 32.0 32.9 32.1 11.0 10.6 11.1 11.0 71.9 70.8 72.7 71.7


Puerto Rico

79.7 81.3 80.5 82.2 17.3 17.5 17.4 17.7 228.6 222.4 228.5 222.4

Virgin Islands

8.0 7.7 8.0 7.8 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 10.7 11.0 10.7 11.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: April 21, 2017