State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 16, 2017                                 USDL-17-0819

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in May in 9 states, higher in 3 states, and stable in
38 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Twenty-two states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 28 states
and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate, 4.3 percent,
was little changed from April but was 0.4 percentage point lower than in May 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states and the District of Columbia in
May 2017, decreased in 4, and was essentially unchanged in 37 states. Over the year,
28 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 22 states and the District were essentially
unchanged.

Unemployment

Colorado had the lowest unemployment rate in May, 2.3 percent, followed by North
Dakota, 2.5 percent. The rates in Arkansas (3.4 percent), Mississippi (4.9 percent),
Oregon (3.6 percent), and Washington (4.5 percent) set new series lows. (All state
series begin in 1976.) Alaska and New Mexico had the highest jobless rates, 6.7
percent and 6.6 percent, respectively. In total, 17 states had unemployment rates
lower than the U.S. figure of 4.3 percent, 8 states and the District of Columbia had
higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that
of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In May, nine states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in
Tennessee (-0.7 percentage point). Three states had notable rate increases, the
largest of which was in Massachusetts (+0.3 percentage point). The remaining 38
states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different
from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large
numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-two states had unemployment rate changes from May 2016, all of which were
decreases. The largest of these declines occurred in West Virginia and Wyoming
(-1.5 percentage points each), closely followed by Indiana and Oregon (-1.4 points
each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nine states and the District of Columbia had over-the-month increases in nonfarm
payroll employment and four states had decreases in May 2017. The largest increase
in employment over the month occurred in Florida (+29,600), followed by New York
(+27,700) and North Carolina (+18,800). In percentage terms, the largest increase
occurred in the District of Columbia (+0.8 percent), followed by Alaska (+0.7 percent)
and Alabama and Louisiana (+0.5 percent each). The decreases in employment occurred
in New Jersey (-13,100), Nevada (-6,500), West Virginia (-4,100), and New Hampshire
(-3,800). In percentage terms, the largest decrease occurred in New Hampshire (-0.6
percent), followed by Nevada and West Virginia (-0.5 percent each) and New Jersey
(-0.3 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-eight states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
May. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+266,600), California (+242,600), and
Florida (+228,000). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.3 percent),
followed by Florida and Nevada (+2.7 percent each) and Colorado, Georgia, Idaho,
Oregon, and Washington (+2.4 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for May is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, June 28, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment
and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Friday,
July 21, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., May 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.3
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.7
Arizona .............................|           5.1
Arkansas ............................|           3.4
Colorado ............................|           2.3
District of Columbia ................|           6.0
Georgia .............................|           4.9
Hawaii ..............................|           2.7
Idaho ...............................|           3.2
Indiana .............................|           3.2
Iowa ................................|           3.1
                                     |
Kansas ..............................|           3.7
Louisiana ...........................|           5.7
Maine ...............................|           3.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.9
New Mexico ..........................|           6.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
Ohio ................................|           4.9
Oregon ..............................|           3.6
Pennsylvania ........................|           5.0
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Texas ...............................|           4.8
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           3.1
Virginia ............................|           3.8
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.1
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2017 to May 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   April   |    May    |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.4   |     4.9   |      -0.5
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     6.7   |        .1
California .....................|     4.8   |     4.7   |       -.1
Florida ........................|     4.5   |     4.3   |       -.2
Indiana ........................|     3.6   |     3.2   |       -.4
Maine ..........................|     3.0   |     3.2   |        .2
Massachusetts ..................|     3.9   |     4.2   |        .3
Michigan .......................|     4.7   |     4.2   |       -.5
North Carolina .................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
North Dakota ...................|     2.7   |     2.5   |       -.2
Tennessee ......................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
Wyoming ........................|     4.3   |     4.1   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from May 2016 to May 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |    May    |    May    |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.8   |     4.9   |      -0.9
California .....................|     5.5   |     4.7   |       -.8
Colorado .......................|     3.4   |     2.3   |      -1.1
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     4.3   |       -.6
Idaho ..........................|     3.8   |     3.2   |       -.6
Illinois .......................|     5.9   |     4.6   |      -1.3
Indiana ........................|     4.6   |     3.2   |      -1.4
Iowa ...........................|     3.8   |     3.1   |       -.7
Maine ..........................|     3.9   |     3.2   |       -.7
Mississippi ....................|     5.9   |     4.9   |      -1.0
                                |           |           |
Nevada .........................|     5.8   |     4.7   |      -1.1
New Jersey .....................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
New York .......................|     4.8   |     4.4   |       -.4
North Dakota ...................|     3.3   |     2.5   |       -.8
Oklahoma .......................|     5.0   |     4.3   |       -.7
Oregon .........................|     5.0   |     3.6   |      -1.4
Rhode Island ...................|     5.4   |     4.1   |      -1.3
South Carolina .................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
Washington .....................|     5.6   |     4.5   |      -1.1
West Virginia ..................|     6.0   |     4.5   |      -1.5
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.1   |      -1.0
Wyoming ........................|     5.6   |     4.1   |      -1.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table D.  States with statistically significant employment changes from April 2017 to
May 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
            State             |    April    |     May     |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,997,600 |   2,007,200 |       9,600 |      0.5
Alaska .......................|     328,400 |     330,700 |       2,300 |       .7
Colorado .....................|   2,635,000 |   2,645,600 |      10,600 |       .4
Connecticut ..................|   1,681,600 |   1,688,300 |       6,700 |       .4
District of Columbia .........|     786,700 |     792,800 |       6,100 |       .8
Florida ......................|   8,552,400 |   8,582,000 |      29,600 |       .3
Louisiana ....................|   1,972,700 |   1,983,200 |      10,500 |       .5
Nevada .......................|   1,333,600 |   1,327,100 |      -6,500 |      -.5
New Hampshire ................|     678,500 |     674,700 |      -3,800 |      -.6
New Jersey ...................|   4,116,700 |   4,103,600 |     -13,100 |      -.3
                              |             |             |             |       
New York .....................|   9,485,000 |   9,512,700 |      27,700 |       .3
North Carolina ...............|   4,379,100 |   4,397,900 |      18,800 |       .4
South Carolina ...............|   2,073,300 |   2,080,900 |       7,600 |       .4
West Virginia ................|     747,100 |     743,000 |      -4,100 |      -.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table E.  States with statistically significant employment changes from May 2016 to
May 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |     May     |     May     |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,971,400 |   2,007,200 |      35,800 |      1.8
Arizona ......................|   2,695,300 |   2,744,600 |      49,300 |      1.8
Arkansas .....................|   1,224,700 |   1,246,700 |      22,000 |      1.8
California ...................|  16,454,900 |  16,697,500 |     242,600 |      1.5
Colorado .....................|   2,583,600 |   2,645,600 |      62,000 |      2.4
Florida ......................|   8,354,000 |   8,582,000 |     228,000 |      2.7
Georgia ......................|   4,362,200 |   4,465,300 |     103,100 |      2.4
Idaho ........................|     692,000 |     708,800 |      16,800 |      2.4
Indiana ......................|   3,072,900 |   3,114,600 |      41,700 |      1.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,911,100 |   1,937,500 |      26,400 |      1.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,700,900 |   2,744,000 |      43,100 |      1.6
Massachusetts ................|   3,549,600 |   3,607,900 |      58,300 |      1.6
Michigan .....................|   4,308,200 |   4,382,600 |      74,400 |      1.7
Minnesota ....................|   2,890,800 |   2,938,500 |      47,700 |      1.7
Missouri .....................|   2,830,800 |   2,877,800 |      47,000 |      1.7
Nevada .......................|   1,292,100 |   1,327,100 |      35,000 |      2.7
New Jersey ...................|   4,060,500 |   4,103,600 |      43,100 |      1.1
New York .....................|   9,363,600 |   9,512,700 |     149,100 |      1.6
North Carolina ...............|   4,328,700 |   4,397,900 |      69,200 |      1.6
Oregon .......................|   1,828,500 |   1,871,800 |      43,300 |      2.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,867,700 |   5,921,700 |      54,000 |       .9
South Carolina ...............|   2,048,200 |   2,080,900 |      32,700 |      1.6
Tennessee ....................|   2,953,700 |   3,011,200 |      57,500 |      1.9
Texas ........................|  11,994,900 |  12,261,500 |     266,600 |      2.2
Utah .........................|   1,421,800 |   1,468,400 |      46,600 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,907,100 |   3,951,500 |      44,400 |      1.1
Washington ...................|   3,235,000 |   3,311,200 |      76,200 |      2.4
Wisconsin ....................|   2,916,700 |   2,957,100 |      40,400 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)

Alabama

2,164,065 2,208,910 2,207,877 2,196,581 125,153 128,610 119,113 107,364 5.8 5.8 5.4 4.9

Alaska

360,617 364,703 366,453 367,047 23,949 23,434 24,023 24,642 6.6 6.4 6.6 6.7

Arizona

3,225,626 3,324,038 3,331,153 3,327,456 172,375 166,934 165,225 168,319 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.1

Arkansas

1,344,508 1,341,152 1,348,129 1,355,668 54,476 48,608 47,698 46,633 4.1 3.6 3.5 3.4

California

19,058,447 19,170,311 19,178,980 19,156,032 1,050,211 943,382 924,372 897,832 5.5 4.9 4.8 4.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,033,798 5,083,716 5,104,345 5,114,807 265,183 235,518 231,966 225,990 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.4

Colorado

2,881,156 2,933,137 2,945,526 2,959,703 97,037 75,666 68,317 67,383 3.4 2.6 2.3 2.3

Connecticut

1,892,487 1,911,680 1,922,519 1,929,333 100,645 91,736 93,646 95,147 5.3 4.8 4.9 4.9

Delaware

473,885 474,409 476,039 476,793 20,763 21,521 21,977 22,187 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7

District of Columbia

392,432 398,131 399,420 401,949 23,921 23,028 23,686 24,280 6.1 5.8 5.9 6.0

Florida

9,780,043 10,109,008 10,143,867 10,147,162 477,648 484,646 461,518 435,127 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,333,427 1,357,712 1,367,366 1,375,160 70,662 72,521 71,520 68,561 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0

Georgia

4,893,254 5,020,597 5,031,311 5,034,975 260,587 257,273 252,369 246,348 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9

Hawaii

682,713 696,854 698,014 697,427 21,111 19,154 18,940 19,147 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.7

Idaho

812,040 825,274 822,858 820,678 31,122 29,087 27,569 26,632 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.2

Illinois

6,539,452 6,523,342 6,505,269 6,482,654 386,863 322,300 306,872 298,140 5.9 4.9 4.7 4.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,806,955 3,754,543 3,739,496 3,735,139 224,591 172,364 162,331 158,373 5.9 4.6 4.3 4.2

Indiana

3,328,875 3,331,994 3,337,683 3,335,621 153,345 130,238 118,671 107,663 4.6 3.9 3.6 3.2

Iowa

1,700,430 1,692,245 1,691,964 1,689,309 64,100 52,052 52,199 52,923 3.8 3.1 3.1 3.1

Kansas

1,481,995 1,484,611 1,487,318 1,485,263 61,317 55,867 54,724 54,537 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.7

Kentucky

1,989,763 2,065,194 2,082,822 2,085,238 99,219 102,966 105,781 103,933 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.0

Louisiana

2,127,498 2,113,797 2,121,129 2,118,719 132,706 120,199 122,972 121,173 6.2 5.7 5.8 5.7

Maine

689,389 700,586 702,788 703,216 26,588 20,923 20,912 22,588 3.9 3.0 3.0 3.2

Maryland

3,162,106 3,218,843 3,228,240 3,229,004 136,209 136,753 137,239 135,076 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.2

Massachusetts

3,587,500 3,661,248 3,694,227 3,711,336 138,068 131,331 143,169 155,348 3.8 3.6 3.9 4.2

Michigan

4,810,684 4,913,671 4,915,609 4,894,579 232,219 247,829 231,455 207,333 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,060,780 2,097,278 2,104,192 2,100,077 107,328 117,639 110,839 96,217 5.2 5.6 5.3 4.6

Minnesota

2,993,164 3,018,513 3,027,400 3,030,584 115,280 115,586 114,155 112,798 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7

Mississippi

1,279,378 1,302,684 1,306,320 1,303,140 75,860 65,811 64,759 64,141 5.9 5.1 5.0 4.9

Missouri

3,100,388 3,101,249 3,093,137 3,076,309 143,414 121,566 119,087 120,377 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.9

Montana

525,754 525,951 525,198 524,985 22,084 19,908 19,973 20,432 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.9

Nebraska

1,009,895 1,008,374 1,006,408 1,005,342 32,185 30,997 30,031 29,371 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9

Nevada

1,422,869 1,439,242 1,440,247 1,440,166 82,919 68,529 67,416 67,855 5.8 4.8 4.7 4.7

New Hampshire

747,467 752,164 752,955 753,288 21,401 21,010 21,419 21,923 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9

New Jersey

4,515,095 4,522,999 4,528,605 4,526,328 231,749 190,809 185,218 184,904 5.1 4.2 4.1 4.1

New Mexico

926,005 934,546 935,768 934,867 61,932 63,041 62,744 61,626 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6

New York

9,534,647 9,604,253 9,664,061 9,691,754 461,165 409,018 416,764 428,461 4.8 4.3 4.3 4.4

New York City

4,119,873 4,178,844 4,218,724 4,243,475 216,008 168,848 172,852 181,873 5.2 4.0 4.1 4.3

North Carolina

4,848,368 4,950,774 4,945,288 4,928,477 240,150 243,698 234,535 222,989 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5

North Dakota

415,595 420,977 421,685 420,525 13,581 11,975 11,406 10,399 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.5

Ohio

5,707,852 5,766,989 5,787,413 5,788,902 281,629 293,270 288,362 286,229 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.9

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,155 1,028,405 1,031,678 1,035,112 53,433 64,452 63,776 62,763 5.2 6.3 6.2 6.1

Oklahoma

1,826,357 1,836,595 1,835,764 1,830,935 91,196 79,720 78,362 78,982 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.3

Oregon

2,054,122 2,078,112 2,090,230 2,104,855 103,512 78,695 76,691 75,334 5.0 3.8 3.7 3.6

Pennsylvania

6,440,700 6,442,011 6,464,270 6,475,102 354,389 310,836 314,763 322,885 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.0

Rhode Island

552,600 554,123 555,508 555,523 30,051 23,986 23,941 22,858 5.4 4.3 4.3 4.1

South Carolina

2,297,039 2,332,821 2,334,139 2,328,694 116,513 103,639 101,458 96,526 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.1

South Dakota

452,409 456,752 457,274 457,425 12,621 12,805 13,010 13,270 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9

Tennessee

3,127,256 3,202,889 3,199,738 3,181,884 144,283 164,283 151,091 128,210 4.6 5.1 4.7 4.0

Texas

13,231,311 13,520,071 13,548,834 13,526,420 615,608 677,495 676,328 655,958 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.8

Utah

1,505,700 1,553,670 1,563,458 1,570,448 52,447 47,716 49,234 50,817 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2

Vermont

344,801 347,514 347,311 346,339 11,353 10,580 10,688 10,903 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1

Virginia

4,219,870 4,290,500 4,301,411 4,306,169 168,594 161,071 161,678 161,874 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8

Washington

3,630,880 3,687,153 3,690,122 3,690,022 201,580 173,927 170,404 167,218 5.6 4.7 4.6 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,614,686 1,649,325 1,648,427 1,645,260 67,052 54,644 54,182 54,496 4.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

West Virginia

782,160 780,578 780,334 779,317 47,275 38,120 37,158 35,194 6.0 4.9 4.8 4.5

Wisconsin

3,115,633 3,136,885 3,147,122 3,155,314 128,613 107,090 100,537 96,283 4.1 3.4 3.2 3.1

Wyoming

303,047 303,601 302,212 300,046 17,062 13,763 12,877 12,235 5.6 4.5 4.3 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,125,705 1,130,127 1,130,411 1,119,881 129,443 130,352 130,297 123,122 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
April May Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,154,477 2,179,071 2,159,095 2,172,302 113,556 95,572 116,430 90,976 5.3 4.4 5.4 4.2

Alaska

356,340 363,136 361,669 367,626 24,232 25,377 23,829 25,010 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8

Arizona

3,220,117 3,307,527 3,220,802 3,300,420 167,967 149,486 163,739 165,545 5.2 4.5 5.1 5.0

Arkansas

1,343,967 1,353,749 1,348,027 1,365,434 48,474 41,350 52,655 45,698 3.6 3.1 3.9 3.3

California

19,030,030 19,085,797 19,021,893 19,061,296 1,019,131 864,015 941,445 805,572 5.4 4.5 4.9 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,027,660 5,108,719 5,022,855 5,100,780 249,033 212,278 242,896 205,843 5.0 4.2 4.8 4.0

Colorado

2,871,961 2,945,374 2,871,881 2,959,849 101,832 63,885 93,353 71,933 3.5 2.2 3.3 2.4

Connecticut

1,881,896 1,910,485 1,895,569 1,930,771 99,967 89,159 97,111 92,850 5.3 4.7 5.1 4.8

Delaware

473,738 475,503 471,888 474,571 20,229 21,643 19,240 20,776 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.4

District of Columbia

391,221 397,998 388,784 400,850 21,130 21,589 21,042 21,975 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5

Florida

9,766,559 10,095,521 9,819,355 10,129,616 450,261 409,041 445,147 404,500 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,334,630 1,387,407 1,333,460 1,386,709 71,833 70,407 69,007 64,843 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.7

Georgia

4,880,700 5,013,470 4,898,019 5,033,406 245,777 233,838 241,857 237,421 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.7

Hawaii

681,793 696,236 681,018 692,108 20,394 18,204 20,261 19,002 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.7

Idaho

807,610 815,215 812,838 821,236 31,401 24,662 27,316 22,586 3.9 3.0 3.4 2.8

Illinois

6,537,340 6,418,403 6,516,889 6,435,332 380,480 280,434 342,972 275,090 5.8 4.4 5.3 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,805,743 3,706,449 3,787,318 3,741,100 229,416 157,299 203,515 153,913 6.0 4.2 5.4 4.1

Indiana

3,331,392 3,317,169 3,342,323 3,335,278 148,441 89,785 140,717 93,470 4.5 2.7 4.2 2.8

Iowa

1,699,546 1,686,689 1,697,251 1,680,871 58,931 49,133 56,466 48,497 3.5 2.9 3.3 2.9

Kansas

1,479,812 1,478,194 1,475,236 1,468,555 56,154 51,599 57,046 54,682 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.7

Kentucky

1,979,563 2,082,112 1,991,254 2,077,060 91,540 101,438 96,565 97,409 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7

Louisiana

2,127,276 2,116,619 2,126,138 2,103,477 121,287 118,583 124,825 116,001 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5

Maine

680,347 693,767 685,895 696,346 27,289 23,302 25,865 24,545 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.5

Maryland

3,143,001 3,201,457 3,151,996 3,204,290 126,511 124,258 125,543 126,540 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Massachusetts

3,571,623 3,684,286 3,569,607 3,686,676 136,232 140,628 131,194 152,551 3.8 3.8 3.7 4.1

Michigan

4,786,552 4,844,764 4,834,360 4,869,326 217,050 179,807 218,781 179,817 4.5 3.7 4.5 3.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,029,683 2,077,780 2,053,841 2,089,660 93,864 82,502 97,170 75,331 4.6 4.0 4.7 3.6

Minnesota

2,991,122 3,020,462 2,995,353 3,026,785 111,721 112,337 98,186 102,046 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.4

Mississippi

1,268,078 1,289,551 1,279,090 1,296,628 65,405 54,982 75,602 68,984 5.2 4.3 5.9 5.3

Missouri

3,117,499 3,064,062 3,119,644 3,059,676 133,954 113,421 130,546 124,198 4.3 3.7 4.2 4.1

Montana

524,095 522,272 526,760 523,993 21,382 19,687 19,465 18,695 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Nebraska

1,011,041 1,006,026 1,013,004 1,008,258 31,031 28,297 29,932 28,201 3.1 2.8 3.0 2.8

Nevada

1,420,601 1,436,610 1,423,834 1,438,876 83,327 66,755 80,669 66,784 5.9 4.6 5.7 4.6

New Hampshire

741,348 747,732 743,011 748,109 20,652 20,738 20,206 20,475 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,522,552 4,508,103 4,524,636 4,506,181 228,488 174,559 224,726 188,285 5.1 3.9 5.0 4.2

New Mexico

921,721 931,908 919,658 927,079 57,581 57,984 58,612 56,813 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.1

New York

9,576,980 9,618,458 9,566,693 9,618,997 439,358 405,338 414,684 410,710 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.3

New York City

4,133,635 4,208,814 4,114,497 4,202,764 200,091 165,304 189,985 178,300 4.8 3.9 4.6 4.2

North Carolina

4,855,395 4,913,141 4,872,058 4,922,633 228,678 208,564 227,259 212,911 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.3

North Dakota

413,236 418,889 417,037 417,622 14,068 11,401 12,292 8,261 3.4 2.7 2.9 2.0

Ohio

5,706,644 5,750,014 5,713,907 5,771,461 272,309 252,874 250,260 266,220 4.8 4.4 4.4 4.6

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,030,670 1,033,868 1,023,975 1,038,711 51,949 55,950 50,038 60,293 5.0 5.4 4.9 5.8

Oklahoma

1,824,356 1,818,129 1,822,419 1,813,338 82,586 72,218 89,887 83,740 4.5 4.0 4.9 4.6

Oregon

2,037,794 2,086,147 2,043,391 2,105,948 98,075 73,432 94,466 69,494 4.8 3.5 4.6 3.3

Pennsylvania

6,459,383 6,450,613 6,484,977 6,476,898 334,738 302,450 343,548 336,285 5.2 4.7 5.3 5.2

Rhode Island

547,325 550,831 548,407 550,225 27,892 22,609 28,907 20,063 5.1 4.1 5.3 3.6

South Carolina

2,295,233 2,317,289 2,301,982 2,318,855 107,506 83,817 103,766 83,648 4.7 3.6 4.5 3.6

South Dakota

450,583 455,688 453,250 456,615 12,268 13,419 11,951 13,173 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.9

Tennessee

3,106,445 3,164,071 3,119,543 3,152,400 130,382 115,651 130,525 91,268 4.2 3.7 4.2 2.9

Texas

13,236,855 13,506,876 13,245,519 13,449,184 564,001 611,747 566,379 591,954 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.4

Utah

1,495,938 1,559,101 1,504,567 1,569,094 52,210 49,716 50,903 51,018 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3

Vermont

340,472 341,898 342,550 341,983 11,567 11,076 10,313 9,961 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9

Virginia

4,226,469 4,304,904 4,240,815 4,321,604 152,750 154,066 158,991 164,390 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8

Washington

3,613,072 3,672,339 3,625,231 3,675,875 190,589 156,243 190,151 159,882 5.3 4.3 5.2 4.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,617,598 1,646,824 1,618,175 1,645,922 59,669 47,249 62,389 52,911 3.7 2.9 3.9 3.2

West Virginia

782,789 781,038 785,503 780,676 47,580 38,737 45,348 32,230 6.1 5.0 5.8 4.1

Wisconsin

3,098,029 3,121,316 3,106,700 3,136,701 127,379 93,499 119,416 87,686 4.1 3.0 3.8 2.8

Wyoming

301,994 297,399 302,387 296,629 17,953 12,747 17,102 12,257 5.9 4.3 5.7 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,127,448 1,119,900 1,130,852 1,103,366 127,927 128,469 127,305 113,284 11.3 11.5 11.3 10.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)

Alabama

1,971.4 1,997.7 1,997.6 2,007.2 84.3 84.8 85.3 87.8 259.9 266.0 265.9 266.9

Alaska

333.6 328.4 328.4 330.7 16.5 15.6 15.6 15.6 13.1 12.1 11.8 10.9

Arizona

2,695.3 2,736.1 2,742.6 2,744.6 133.6 137.2 140.0 138.1 159.8 161.6 162.8 161.7

Arkansas

1,224.7 1,240.1 1,243.8 1,246.7 50.4 49.9 50.7 51.5 154.0 157.1 157.9 156.9

California

16,454.9 16,697.5 16,679.9 16,697.5 771.6 803.6 810.2 810.5 1,308.3 1,301.5 1,299.3 1,299.4


Colorado

2,583.6 2,634.1 2,635.0 2,645.6 153.9 157.6 156.3 157.7 142.3 142.1 142.5 140.6

Connecticut

1,677.3 1,684.7 1,681.6 1,688.3 59.1 59.1 61.7 61.1 156.1 156.6 156.7 155.8

Delaware(2)

451.7 456.1 455.7 455.7 20.3 21.9 21.7 21.5 25.7 25.7 25.8 25.9

District of Columbia(3)(2)

781.6 788.7 786.7 792.8 15.8 14.7 14.7 14.6 - - - -

Florida

8,354.0 8,541.6 8,552.4 8,582.0 470.2 499.6 500.7 501.2 354.1 365.1 365.2 364.7


Georgia

4,362.2 4,469.5 4,469.1 4,465.3 175.3 183.9 181.3 182.7 386.5 387.6 390.1 388.1

Hawaii(2)

646.0 650.1 653.1 654.1 38.1 36.9 37.4 37.5 14.1 13.7 13.8 14.0

Idaho

692.0 708.7 710.0 708.8 41.3 43.6 43.3 42.9 64.2 65.5 66.6 65.4

Illinois

5,996.9 6,036.5 6,029.2 6,031.6 217.9 216.4 212.2 216.2 574.9 570.4 572.6 573.1

Indiana

3,072.9 3,117.8 3,111.0 3,114.6 130.2 134.1 133.9 136.0 521.9 530.3 528.3 525.8


Iowa

1,567.9 1,580.2 1,577.6 1,583.1 80.1 81.3 79.2 79.0 214.1 211.1 210.2 212.5

Kansas

1,408.3 1,413.6 1,409.6 1,404.6 60.6 62.9 61.2 60.5 159.9 159.4 159.1 157.8

Kentucky

1,911.1 1,938.9 1,939.5 1,937.5 76.9 79.7 81.2 79.8 247.9 255.0 252.0 251.6

Louisiana

1,973.8 1,973.9 1,972.7 1,983.2 139.1 147.2 146.7 151.7 136.5 135.1 134.7 135.0

Maine

616.1 622.9 621.9 619.5 27.2 29.9 29.7 28.9 50.9 50.2 50.8 50.0


Maryland(2)

2,700.9 2,745.6 2,745.6 2,744.0 161.6 161.3 160.4 165.2 104.1 103.2 103.5 102.0

Massachusetts

3,549.6 3,605.8 3,605.0 3,607.9 145.1 150.4 149.6 149.9 245.8 243.7 244.1 243.9

Michigan

4,308.2 4,378.5 4,390.5 4,382.6 154.9 163.9 164.1 163.8 598.5 600.6 608.5 608.3

Minnesota

2,890.8 2,929.3 2,945.7 2,938.5 116.8 121.2 124.2 121.6 317.9 318.5 319.1 319.9

Mississippi

1,141.9 1,145.3 1,145.1 1,144.5 43.5 41.2 41.1 41.3 142.5 142.5 142.2 142.0


Missouri

2,830.8 2,865.9 2,869.5 2,877.8 119.7 121.5 119.5 115.6 262.3 263.5 263.8 265.6

Montana

467.5 476.7 475.5 474.9 27.1 28.9 27.8 27.8 19.6 20.1 19.8 20.0

Nebraska(2)

1,013.6 1,022.8 1,024.2 1,025.3 51.6 51.9 52.4 51.7 96.7 97.4 96.8 97.1

Nevada

1,292.1 1,325.7 1,333.6 1,327.1 74.3 81.8 84.0 82.4 43.4 45.0 45.1 45.0

New Hampshire

665.2 675.3 678.5 674.7 25.3 27.1 28.1 27.7 67.9 68.3 68.2 68.1


New Jersey

4,060.5 4,116.0 4,116.7 4,103.6 152.9 154.0 153.0 153.1 241.8 246.3 245.8 246.3

New Mexico

829.5 837.3 840.0 836.9 43.0 46.1 47.0 46.2 27.2 26.2 26.3 26.4

New York

9,363.6 9,480.6 9,485.0 9,512.7 374.5 381.4 378.8 379.5 452.7 442.1 440.1 436.4

North Carolina

4,328.7 4,387.5 4,379.1 4,397.9 199.1 202.8 199.7 203.0 464.1 464.0 462.8 464.7

North Dakota

433.9 434.6 437.0 438.7 32.2 32.4 32.9 33.3 24.5 24.4 24.2 24.2


Ohio

5,474.3 5,518.5 5,509.1 5,515.4 206.2 219.0 213.2 211.1 683.7 692.9 686.9 683.3

Oklahoma

1,650.2 1,655.4 1,651.9 1,652.6 77.3 79.1 77.7 77.7 129.0 129.4 129.7 130.5

Oregon

1,828.5 1,862.1 1,868.9 1,871.8 89.5 97.0 97.7 99.3 188.3 189.6 190.7 191.6

Pennsylvania

5,867.7 5,929.8 5,925.7 5,921.7 238.2 245.9 245.1 240.8 559.3 554.4 550.6 547.8

Rhode Island

488.3 494.8 494.8 495.4 17.9 19.8 19.9 20.2 40.5 40.3 41.2 41.1


South Carolina

2,048.2 2,074.4 2,073.3 2,080.9 93.6 95.3 96.2 98.0 237.3 245.0 245.1 244.7

South Dakota(2)

431.7 438.2 438.9 437.1 23.5 24.6 24.7 23.7 42.2 41.6 41.5 41.0

Tennessee(2)

2,953.7 3,016.4 3,011.4 3,011.2 117.4 125.9 125.9 125.3 343.2 347.1 348.0 348.8

Texas

11,994.9 12,217.7 12,246.7 12,261.5 700.7 716.2 707.9 711.3 847.4 858.6 864.7 866.5

Utah

1,421.8 1,459.5 1,464.2 1,468.4 91.5 95.7 96.2 97.1 125.1 130.0 128.2 128.6


Vermont

312.0 315.0 315.0 313.7 15.3 16.0 15.8 15.4 29.9 28.9 29.1 28.5

Virginia

3,907.1 3,955.3 3,953.6 3,951.5 187.3 188.1 189.1 188.2 232.0 233.9 233.2 234.1

Washington

3,235.0 3,306.6 3,309.2 3,311.2 184.5 194.9 195.6 195.2 292.6 285.8 285.4 285.5

West Virginia

750.3 746.3 747.1 743.0 29.3 31.7 30.7 30.6 46.9 45.5 45.5 45.3

Wisconsin

2,916.7 2,947.1 2,960.2 2,957.1 111.6 114.1 115.5 114.0 464.8 467.9 472.1 471.8

Wyoming

281.8 278.3 279.4 277.9 21.4 21.2 21.5 20.4 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.2


Puerto Rico(2)

891.4 881.1 879.5 879.4 23.4 21.2 20.9 21.5 73.9 71.9 71.9 71.4

Virgin Islands(3)

38.2 38.5 38.4 38.5 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)

Alabama

380.3 378.3 377.0 377.1 95.8 97.4 97.5 98.1 234.3 239.1 239.6 239.5

Alaska

65.7 64.6 64.6 65.5 12.0 11.8 11.9 11.9 28.8 27.1 26.8 26.7

Arizona

516.2 518.3 518.0 517.8 200.5 209.3 209.6 210.1 411.2 416.5 414.0 415.5

Arkansas

252.4 252.8 252.3 251.5 51.1 51.3 51.7 52.1 141.9 147.7 148.4 150.7

California

2,987.7 3,015.8 3,005.5 3,008.6 821.1 828.3 826.3 828.0 2,527.7 2,553.7 2,537.8 2,536.1


Colorado

453.5 461.5 462.2 468.4 163.0 165.9 165.3 166.5 403.4 412.3 415.0 411.5

Connecticut

298.4 299.3 296.8 297.1 129.8 131.2 131.8 132.6 217.7 218.7 215.5 217.1

Delaware

82.7 83.0 83.0 80.9 46.8 46.9 47.3 47.1 61.4 59.1 58.8 60.8

District of Columbia

32.7 32.6 32.7 32.6 29.9 29.2 28.9 29.1 165.1 168.2 167.4 167.8

Florida

1,716.3 1,745.6 1,744.6 1,747.2 545.2 553.9 555.5 554.8 1,276.2 1,311.3 1,316.8 1,329.1


Georgia

924.8 942.9 941.2 944.6 237.8 247.1 247.4 247.7 648.2 676.5 675.7 671.3

Hawaii

119.6 120.3 121.5 122.2 28.2 28.2 28.3 28.1 83.3 84.0 84.4 83.6

Idaho

137.0 139.7 139.1 138.7 33.6 35.1 35.2 34.9 86.1 87.4 85.8 86.8

Illinois

1,208.7 1,211.8 1,204.7 1,201.0 382.7 391.7 392.3 392.2 926.3 939.7 940.4 939.7

Indiana

593.8 600.8 598.6 594.5 133.5 136.2 137.0 138.1 332.6 334.9 335.0 337.2


Iowa

315.3 318.5 320.0 322.4 108.2 110.7 111.1 111.7 138.4 142.5 141.5 142.4

Kansas

267.3 268.3 268.1 266.3 85.8 85.7 85.8 85.6 177.7 178.7 177.8 177.7

Kentucky

396.7 401.9 400.7 401.2 93.6 95.4 95.9 96.1 217.4 224.6 224.3 223.9

Louisiana

388.6 384.9 383.4 383.6 92.5 91.7 92.7 92.5 211.2 213.6 212.0 214.0

Maine

120.7 122.8 121.8 120.7 31.1 30.8 30.6 30.6 65.3 65.5 64.2 64.5


Maryland

467.1 469.7 468.7 470.3 148.7 149.0 149.6 147.9 440.0 456.0 456.3 456.7

Massachusetts

573.3 577.1 578.0 577.2 223.2 229.4 228.6 228.0 545.9 558.0 562.1 562.6

Michigan

782.1 784.1 780.6 777.8 212.1 217.3 216.3 217.0 645.4 660.5 662.6 663.8

Minnesota

531.4 538.6 536.7 534.8 175.2 178.0 177.6 177.1 371.4 374.2 378.8 376.7

Mississippi

229.2 230.3 231.1 231.3 44.0 43.8 44.2 43.9 106.8 105.9 106.0 105.6


Missouri

544.7 552.4 551.9 552.6 168.8 170.5 172.2 171.5 376.7 385.2 390.8 394.5

Montana

95.5 96.7 96.0 94.6 23.7 24.1 24.4 24.9 40.7 42.2 41.7 42.1

Nebraska

204.8 206.4 206.7 206.7 73.2 74.3 74.5 75.2 117.7 120.2 120.3 121.5

Nevada

241.4 242.2 241.9 241.9 62.6 63.8 64.1 64.0 174.3 181.4 184.9 185.1

New Hampshire

140.0 139.6 139.9 139.8 36.8 36.8 36.6 36.8 77.6 78.4 78.5 79.1


New Jersey

864.1 875.7 871.0 868.6 247.4 251.9 253.4 252.0 659.2 674.2 677.9 668.9

New Mexico

138.8 139.0 139.7 139.5 33.5 33.6 33.6 33.0 100.9 100.9 101.3 100.9

New York

1,572.9 1,578.7 1,572.8 1,578.4 714.2 713.0 714.8 715.5 1,288.6 1,318.6 1,323.2 1,330.8

North Carolina

813.5 818.2 816.1 817.6 225.4 230.8 229.7 231.0 604.3 621.6 624.8 634.4

North Dakota

96.4 95.0 95.0 94.7 23.9 24.5 24.6 24.4 34.8 34.0 35.6 36.3


Ohio

1,020.4 1,024.8 1,021.2 1,015.3 299.2 303.5 303.6 305.5 721.5 721.2 725.8 732.8

Oklahoma

306.9 301.0 299.9 297.6 78.6 80.6 80.2 80.4 180.3 179.7 181.1 182.1

Oregon

340.7 343.5 344.4 344.5 96.4 98.2 99.4 99.0 237.8 245.6 245.9 246.6

Pennsylvania

1,127.1 1,129.9 1,129.0 1,127.1 316.2 318.5 317.3 316.0 792.0 800.7 805.3 806.4

Rhode Island

76.6 77.2 77.9 77.6 33.4 33.0 33.5 33.3 65.1 66.7 65.9 65.2


South Carolina

393.2 401.7 401.5 402.6 100.1 100.2 100.8 100.0 268.2 272.5 268.2 271.0

South Dakota

88.4 89.0 88.9 88.7 29.3 30.1 30.0 30.0 31.2 31.8 32.0 31.6

Tennessee

616.1 625.5 627.4 624.2 151.9 154.4 154.9 156.2 402.8 414.7 412.8 413.9

Texas

2,414.0 2,444.0 2,444.2 2,443.2 731.0 745.9 748.9 752.1 1,620.8 1,669.3 1,673.7 1,671.3

Utah

270.7 278.8 280.4 279.8 81.6 82.0 82.0 83.0 201.8 208.9 211.4 212.2


Vermont

55.7 55.3 55.5 55.6 12.0 11.7 11.5 11.7 27.7 27.9 28.0 28.0

Virginia

662.0 666.1 660.7 659.2 200.5 204.5 204.0 206.5 714.1 730.6 734.4 734.6

Washington

605.4 621.2 624.2 621.6 150.0 155.2 154.4 155.3 402.5 410.0 408.8 409.2

West Virginia

133.7 130.6 130.7 129.9 27.7 27.1 27.6 27.6 65.8 65.2 65.7 65.1

Wisconsin

539.9 543.7 543.2 544.8 151.5 153.7 153.7 152.7 321.8 326.3 324.6 328.3

Wyoming

53.9 52.4 52.8 52.2 10.8 10.5 10.4 10.8 17.7 17.2 17.1 16.7


Puerto Rico

173.2 171.2 171.8 171.1 42.3 42.9 42.5 42.6 113.5 113.3 112.9 112.4

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)
May
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017(p)

Alabama

232.2 238.2 239.1 237.8 197.0 201.3 201.6 205.6 377.6 380.9 380.0 381.5

Alaska

48.5 48.6 49.3 49.4 35.4 35.5 35.6 36.9 81.1 81.6 81.2 82.2

Arizona

409.9 418.9 421.7 421.6 307.4 323.0 324.3 325.2 410.0 408.9 409.1 412.0

Arkansas

179.9 186.4 186.9 186.6 115.3 115.7 116.9 117.8 212.6 211.9 211.5 211.2

California

2,536.4 2,593.6 2,600.5 2,601.0 1,888.7 1,933.6 1,942.4 1,932.7 2,507.4 2,548.9 2,542.0 2,554.3


Colorado

325.3 333.0 329.2 334.1 321.3 329.2 332.0 334.1 420.1 430.1 428.7 427.8

Connecticut

327.3 330.8 330.2 333.4 153.3 156.0 156.4 158.0 238.2 233.7 233.2 233.9

Delaware

76.8 79.3 79.3 79.6 49.5 51.4 50.9 51.8 65.4 65.3 65.5 65.6

District of Columbia

134.3 136.0 135.4 139.2 74.1 78.5 78.9 80.2 239.6 240.9 239.0 239.2

Florida

1,237.7 1,271.1 1,271.7 1,272.1 1,170.5 1,194.3 1,199.2 1,205.4 1,093.3 1,101.0 1,097.3 1,105.0


Georgia

559.4 573.7 572.4 572.5 466.2 486.0 483.8 481.6 685.8 691.9 693.1 695.5

Hawaii

83.2 82.9 83.8 84.3 117.5 121.4 121.0 122.0 125.8 126.4 126.5 126.5

Idaho

100.2 103.7 104.8 105.0 71.7 72.5 73.5 73.3 120.7 123.4 123.9 123.9

Illinois

912.4 925.2 927.9 931.6 592.0 598.8 595.6 595.4 824.3 824.8 825.4 822.9

Indiana

460.8 473.6 471.4 474.5 306.7 307.5 307.8 307.7 428.2 432.3 432.7 433.8


Iowa

228.5 232.1 233.7 233.6 142.4 142.5 142.3 141.1 257.2 256.8 255.7 255.2

Kansas

195.8 198.3 198.2 197.6 127.3 128.6 127.8 127.2 255.4 255.0 255.4 255.7

Kentucky

267.9 269.7 271.2 272.3 193.2 193.8 195.3 194.4 318.6 318.2 317.7 317.5

Louisiana

309.6 315.4 316.4 316.6 232.6 229.7 230.3 232.2 327.3 323.2 322.7 324.1

Maine

124.9 127.6 127.8 127.5 64.6 65.0 65.2 66.2 99.8 99.8 100.3 99.9


Maryland

457.3 468.6 468.3 465.4 270.5 273.5 273.4 271.2 503.6 510.7 512.3 512.0

Massachusetts

779.9 796.3 796.5 799.0 360.4 362.8 358.9 360.2 453.3 459.7 458.7 458.7

Michigan

665.1 671.2 670.2 669.3 423.6 435.8 439.6 435.7 592.5 608.4 609.6 605.9

Minnesota

519.7 534.5 539.5 539.4 263.5 264.2 265.6 265.6 423.2 424.6 427.6 425.0

Mississippi

140.2 142.6 142.4 143.9 132.5 134.1 133.5 132.2 244.1 245.8 245.5 245.0


Missouri

454.9 460.8 466.1 467.8 299.0 309.5 305.4 309.6 431.1 432.6 431.1 430.4

Montana

73.5 75.8 76.1 76.1 64.4 64.9 65.9 65.7 91.4 91.9 92.1 92.3

Nebraska

152.5 154.0 153.3 154.3 90.0 90.5 91.4 91.2 172.1 171.3 171.1 170.6

Nevada

126.7 131.4 131.7 131.5 344.4 351.2 354.5 348.5 157.1 159.8 158.2 159.1

New Hampshire

120.7 122.2 123.4 123.0 69.2 75.1 75.9 72.1 90.1 90.7 90.9 90.3


New Jersey

671.3 686.1 688.1 687.3 368.2 372.9 375.8 375.4 614.4 610.7 608.5 609.4

New Mexico

138.2 141.0 141.0 141.1 95.2 97.8 97.9 98.5 191.3 191.4 191.1 189.2

New York

1,946.0 1,989.0 1,994.0 1,998.8 908.1 921.5 924.6 937.6 1,440.3 1,453.0 1,453.9 1,449.5

North Carolina

583.8 592.0 593.2 593.8 479.6 489.0 487.3 487.4 724.0 733.0 729.2 728.7

North Dakota

61.8 62.7 62.7 62.5 39.2 39.3 39.1 39.5 83.5 83.6 83.7 83.8


Ohio

921.7 938.1 938.0 944.5 550.1 553.4 558.6 552.6 775.7 769.0 766.9 773.6

Oklahoma

233.2 236.8 235.3 236.6 163.7 165.2 164.2 165.9 352.8 354.6 354.2 353.6

Oregon

264.9 272.7 273.2 273.8 199.0 199.6 200.9 201.6 306.9 309.7 309.3 309.7

Pennsylvania

1,215.7 1,250.6 1,245.9 1,248.4 555.2 563.6 566.3 569.4 700.7 700.8 700.1 701.1

Rhode Island

106.4 107.6 106.7 107.3 57.5 58.6 58.4 58.8 60.1 60.5 60.6 60.6


South Carolina

241.0 245.8 244.7 245.8 246.7 244.9 247.0 249.3 362.5 365.1 365.8 365.4

South Dakota

70.3 71.1 71.1 71.4 46.5 47.9 48.7 48.7 78.6 79.9 79.9 79.9

Tennessee

422.9 427.8 430.3 428.5 317.8 328.1 325.2 324.1 426.2 434.9 429.5 433.1

Texas

1,624.9 1,668.1 1,678.6 1,674.6 1,285.5 1,313.0 1,320.7 1,322.7 1,919.8 1,947.0 1,949.5 1,953.2

Utah

190.8 195.1 195.8 196.0 138.2 141.9 142.8 142.6 237.4 241.7 242.5 244.1


Vermont

64.4 64.8 64.9 65.2 36.1 37.9 38.3 37.5 55.0 56.1 55.6 55.8

Virginia

528.2 541.6 544.0 544.5 396.2 403.2 400.8 399.4 713.9 714.0 715.3 715.4

Washington

462.4 476.3 475.9 477.7 322.4 332.5 332.1 334.6 571.2 580.3 582.1 581.5

West Virginia

129.3 132.7 133.0 132.6 75.1 74.4 74.8 73.5 158.6 154.5 154.6 153.5

Wisconsin

443.0 450.1 450.2 447.9 274.7 275.9 277.6 279.3 407.5 411.5 418.6 417.2

Wyoming

27.6 28.0 27.8 27.5 35.8 35.5 35.6 35.4 71.7 70.7 70.5 70.4


Puerto Rico

121.4 121.2 121.8 122.4 80.4 82.4 81.5 81.8 228.0 221.7 221.2 220.9

Virgin Islands(1)

- - - - 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7 10.8 11.0 11.0 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
April May April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,979.4 2,001.5 1,981.6 2,014.6 9.4 9.7 9.3 9.6 85.6 85.5 84.6 88.6

Alaska

328.7 322.0 339.0 334.6 15.1 13.4 15.0 13.5 15.4 14.2 17.2 15.8

Arizona

2,712.9 2,761.7 2,698.8 2,747.0 11.5 11.3 11.5 11.4 133.3 139.3 133.7 138.3

Arkansas

1,231.9 1,252.2 1,233.1 1,255.9 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0 50.3 50.1 50.5 50.9

California

16,440.0 16,679.4 16,491.7 16,748.9 24.3 22.5 24.5 22.7 762.9 800.1 768.7 810.3


Colorado

2,585.2 2,626.3 2,579.5 2,641.9 23.7 22.0 23.3 22.2 152.0 153.4 154.2 157.2

Connecticut

1,676.0 1,682.4 1,691.6 1,700.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 58.5 60.1 60.5 62.9

Delaware(1)

451.8 454.9 455.0 459.0 - - - - 20.5 21.3 20.6 21.6

District of Columbia(1)

785.8 789.6 784.4 791.2 - - - - 15.7 14.6 15.8 14.8

Florida

8,396.2 8,609.8 8,385.5 8,621.6 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 466.6 496.4 470.3 503.7


Georgia

4,365.2 4,482.0 4,379.2 4,488.0 9.4 10.1 9.3 10.2 173.8 180.0 175.1 182.6

Hawaii(1)

645.4 653.1 647.6 655.8 - - - - 37.6 37.2 37.8 37.4

Idaho

689.4 706.4 696.3 714.1 3.4 3.1 3.9 3.5 40.7 42.4 42.0 43.8

Illinois

6,006.4 6,011.7 6,036.8 6,061.6 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.2 215.3 205.1 222.1 220.1

Indiana

3,082.8 3,114.9 3,095.8 3,139.5 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.6 129.6 131.6 132.7 138.7


Iowa

1,578.6 1,583.6 1,584.3 1,602.9 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.6 81.0 77.7 82.6 82.3

Kansas

1,419.2 1,412.8 1,419.6 1,413.4 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.7 61.1 60.0 61.6 61.1

Kentucky

1,911.7 1,941.9 1,922.1 1,948.9 10.5 9.8 10.4 9.7 76.8 79.2 77.9 80.6

Louisiana

1,979.4 1,974.8 1,980.8 1,987.1 38.7 34.5 38.0 33.9 137.4 146.4 137.7 149.8

Maine

606.7 609.1 619.1 620.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 26.2 27.7 27.9 29.4


Maryland

2,706.2 2,750.3 2,722.6 2,766.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 159.4 160.5 160.8 164.6

Massachusetts

3,548.5 3,594.4 3,574.4 3,629.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 142.5 144.5 147.9 152.6

Michigan

4,304.3 4,366.6 4,345.8 4,419.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.6 149.1 156.0 159.4 167.8

Minnesota

2,885.9 2,921.8 2,912.5 2,960.2 5.7 6.5 6.3 6.9 112.4 114.8 121.2 125.6

Mississippi

1,150.4 1,149.9 1,148.7 1,149.6 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.9 44.8 41.4 44.4 41.4


Missouri

2,853.0 2,885.1 2,861.1 2,905.0 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.3 120.4 117.5 121.0 117.1

Montana

465.0 471.5 471.1 478.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.1 26.6 26.9 28.0 28.6

Nebraska

1,013.8 1,024.4 1,023.0 1,034.9 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 50.3 50.9 51.9 51.8

Nevada

1,293.8 1,332.4 1,297.1 1,334.9 13.7 13.9 13.7 14.0 73.8 82.7 74.2 82.4

New Hampshire

662.0 673.5 668.2 679.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 25.0 27.2 25.8 28.1


New Jersey

4,052.4 4,095.2 4,088.9 4,133.9 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 152.3 150.0 155.5 155.7

New Mexico

833.8 841.1 834.3 841.8 19.9 19.3 19.5 19.2 43.2 45.8 42.8 46.0

New York

9,390.9 9,466.6 9,415.8 9,564.5 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 367.9 369.2 379.7 386.4

North Carolina

4,339.3 4,392.1 4,363.1 4,429.1 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.7 199.0 199.9 200.3 203.2

North Dakota

432.9 434.6 437.5 441.2 14.9 16.5 14.6 17.2 29.6 30.7 32.6 33.6


Ohio

5,477.7 5,506.8 5,523.2 5,562.3 11.3 11.1 11.3 11.3 203.3 206.8 211.3 216.1

Oklahoma

1,659.2 1,657.3 1,657.8 1,663.9 44.3 45.6 43.4 45.8 76.1 76.9 76.5 78.3

Oregon

1,828.4 1,866.7 1,837.9 1,882.3 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.7 87.8 96.4 89.5 99.0

Pennsylvania

5,896.7 5,936.3 5,913.8 5,965.6 25.1 23.2 24.9 23.4 237.6 240.0 243.5 244.6

Rhode Island

488.7 493.4 493.6 500.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 17.5 19.5 18.4 20.5


South Carolina

2,057.2 2,080.0 2,067.5 2,098.0 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.4 93.1 97.0 94.1 98.9

South Dakota

429.4 434.2 436.7 441.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 21.6 22.7 23.3 23.5

Tennessee

2,963.2 3,020.3 2,963.2 3,023.2 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.3 113.5 120.2 114.0 121.7

Texas

11,995.4 12,248.0 12,026.4 12,294.5 223.3 227.5 219.2 232.7 701.6 707.0 701.7 710.4

Utah

1,422.0 1,467.0 1,423.4 1,470.5 8.7 7.9 8.6 7.9 90.9 93.9 92.5 97.7


Vermont

308.9 310.2 311.0 312.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 14.5 14.2 15.8 15.5

Virginia

3,921.7 3,954.7 3,925.0 3,969.0 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.9 187.5 188.4 189.0 191.0

Washington

3,223.2 3,298.6 3,248.7 3,326.7 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5 181.8 192.7 184.9 196.7

West Virginia

751.0 748.6 761.1 751.6 20.8 20.6 19.9 20.6 30.6 30.0 30.4 31.9

Wisconsin

2,919.1 2,939.8 2,933.2 2,969.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1 109.4 110.2 114.7 116.5

Wyoming

278.2 272.2 283.2 279.0 19.0 19.0 18.2 19.6 21.4 20.5 22.2 20.9


Puerto Rico

891.5 881.5 891.3 882.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.4 20.2 22.5 20.7

Virgin Islands(1)

38.7 38.7 38.3 38.6 - - - - 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
April May April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

259.8 264.6 259.8 266.1 379.4 375.5 379.8 376.0 20.7 20.0 20.9 20.3

Alaska

12.5 10.7 10.7 8.9 64.0 62.6 67.9 67.7 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.1

Arizona

159.4 162.0 159.5 162.0 512.6 514.5 512.7 514.6 45.6 45.4 46.0 46.1

Arkansas

153.7 157.6 153.9 157.3 251.3 253.4 252.2 252.9 13.6 13.2 13.6 13.1

California

1,300.1 1,291.5 1,303.8 1,296.0 2,954.9 2,974.9 2,962.0 2,982.1 524.6 521.3 528.7 528.2


Colorado

141.8 141.5 142.0 140.1 448.4 457.8 450.1 464.1 71.4 71.5 71.5 72.7

Connecticut

155.5 156.2 155.8 155.9 294.8 294.0 298.7 297.0 32.2 31.5 32.3 31.1

Delaware

25.6 25.8 25.7 25.9 82.0 81.7 82.3 81.0 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.6

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.6 32.4 32.6 32.5 17.0 16.8 16.7 16.7

Florida

353.2 364.5 354.2 365.6 1,706.8 1,743.4 1,708.7 1,744.8 136.5 137.0 137.0 137.2


Georgia

387.3 390.0 387.1 388.5 918.5 940.1 922.4 943.5 112.7 115.9 112.2 114.8

Hawaii

14.0 13.6 14.0 13.8 118.4 120.6 118.5 121.5 8.5 9.1 9.0 8.8

Idaho

64.0 66.0 64.2 65.0 136.2 137.7 136.6 139.1 9.0 9.3 9.0 9.3

Illinois

574.0 569.1 574.9 571.7 1,202.6 1,193.5 1,207.4 1,198.6 98.6 99.9 99.5 101.1

Indiana

520.2 526.7 521.4 526.0 589.8 593.6 593.8 597.5 32.7 30.9 33.0 30.9


Iowa

213.8 209.8 214.3 212.8 314.9 318.9 316.0 322.6 22.7 21.0 22.7 21.5

Kansas

160.3 158.6 160.2 157.7 266.3 266.1 267.1 265.2 20.8 19.8 20.8 19.9

Kentucky

247.1 252.8 247.9 250.7 393.8 398.9 396.2 402.1 22.7 24.1 22.8 24.4

Louisiana

136.5 133.8 136.4 134.7 387.8 383.0 387.7 383.1 24.0 23.0 23.8 22.9

Maine

50.1 49.9 50.8 49.9 116.7 117.0 119.2 118.6 7.7 7.4 7.8 7.5


Maryland

103.5 103.4 104.0 102.1 462.5 464.7 465.7 469.7 38.4 36.4 35.5 36.4

Massachusetts

245.0 243.1 245.5 243.6 566.0 569.0 571.8 576.1 88.8 89.2 85.4 90.0

Michigan

598.2 603.2 598.8 606.4 773.3 769.2 784.3 780.0 57.1 57.9 57.6 58.4

Minnesota

316.1 315.9 316.7 319.4 528.5 529.3 533.5 535.9 50.2 51.2 50.3 51.0

Mississippi

143.1 142.1 142.7 141.9 228.5 230.6 228.9 231.0 12.1 11.4 12.2 11.4


Missouri

262.8 264.4 262.8 265.7 543.4 548.9 545.9 552.2 53.3 50.3 53.7 50.4

Montana

19.2 19.5 19.4 19.8 94.7 95.1 95.8 95.8 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.5

Nebraska

96.5 96.3 96.7 97.1 203.7 205.2 205.0 207.3 18.4 19.2 18.3 19.0

Nevada

43.1 44.9 43.3 45.0 239.1 240.1 239.9 241.1 14.9 14.4 14.7 14.3

New Hampshire

67.7 68.0 67.9 68.2 137.9 137.6 139.6 139.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.4


New Jersey

240.3 244.2 241.8 245.7 853.9 860.3 862.6 868.9 73.8 72.2 69.6 72.0

New Mexico

26.9 26.1 27.0 26.3 138.6 138.8 138.6 139.3 13.3 13.1 12.9 13.2

New York

451.5 437.7 452.2 436.5 1,558.8 1,553.3 1,566.5 1,572.2 266.5 267.7 254.9 266.1

North Carolina

463.2 459.8 463.5 461.7 807.9 814.0 812.4 817.6 78.6 74.1 79.4 74.3

North Dakota

24.6 23.8 24.5 24.1 96.8 94.6 96.8 94.6 6.6 6.9 6.6 6.9


Ohio

683.6 684.8 684.9 686.1 1,011.1 1,014.2 1,019.7 1,016.7 71.4 73.6 71.7 73.0

Oklahoma

129.2 129.2 128.7 130.1 306.1 299.1 306.3 298.0 21.3 21.0 21.5 21.2

Oregon

186.8 189.3 187.7 191.2 336.5 339.3 338.2 342.6 33.1 33.7 33.4 33.5

Pennsylvania

557.6 549.7 559.3 549.7 1,118.6 1,121.9 1,127.6 1,127.6 85.0 83.0 81.2 83.7

Rhode Island

40.6 40.9 40.5 41.2 75.6 76.6 76.4 77.3 8.2 7.6 7.4 7.7


South Carolina

237.3 245.3 237.7 245.2 391.3 398.5 393.8 402.2 27.8 26.2 27.3 26.1

South Dakota

42.1 41.3 42.2 41.3 87.8 87.8 89.0 89.1 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9

Tennessee

341.9 347.4 343.5 348.9 613.6 624.0 614.4 623.1 45.5 45.8 45.2 45.4

Texas

847.1 860.8 845.2 862.3 2,398.5 2,429.3 2,400.8 2,433.8 202.1 193.4 202.6 192.7

Utah

124.8 128.1 125.1 128.5 268.1 278.5 269.7 279.1 36.3 35.8 36.6 37.2


Vermont

29.8 28.6 29.9 28.7 55.0 54.6 55.4 55.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.6

Virginia

231.2 231.9 231.6 233.5 655.8 654.0 660.4 656.8 68.8 64.9 66.5 64.5

Washington

290.2 283.3 291.0 284.0 595.4 615.0 601.7 619.0 118.1 123.2 118.9 123.0

West Virginia

46.7 45.5 46.9 45.6 133.0 129.6 133.0 129.5 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.7

Wisconsin

461.0 468.2 462.4 470.1 534.4 534.5 539.7 541.4 49.0 46.9 48.9 46.6

Wyoming

9.0 9.1 9.0 9.0 53.0 51.4 53.5 52.1 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico

73.4 71.6 73.6 71.4 172.1 169.7 172.0 170.3 17.7 17.6 17.5 17.7

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
April May April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

95.9 97.9 96.1 98.5 235.5 240.3 234.9 240.7 232.2 239.3 232.0 238.0

Alaska

11.8 11.6 12.0 11.7 28.6 26.4 29.3 27.2 48.6 49.7 48.7 49.7

Arizona

200.1 209.4 200.1 209.8 410.2 413.8 407.7 411.7 411.5 422.4 410.0 421.2

Arkansas

51.2 51.5 51.2 52.1 143.9 149.8 143.0 152.0 180.4 187.3 180.5 186.7

California

819.4 825.0 821.1 827.2 2,515.2 2,530.1 2,509.7 2,532.9 2,546.5 2,612.1 2,547.8 2,613.4


Colorado

162.1 164.4 161.9 164.9 403.0 412.2 403.2 413.6 326.3 331.3 325.9 335.3

Connecticut

129.4 131.8 129.4 132.8 219.4 216.3 219.0 218.8 329.8 333.9 328.9 333.8

Delaware

47.1 47.0 46.7 47.0 60.5 59.0 61.1 60.5 77.0 79.6 77.0 80.0

District of Columbia

29.9 28.8 29.8 29.0 165.1 167.4 164.9 167.7 137.5 139.0 136.2 137.0

Florida

544.4 555.5 545.4 556.6 1,281.3 1,319.2 1,278.2 1,328.3 1,243.7 1,278.7 1,242.9 1,275.8


Georgia

236.9 246.3 238.1 247.2 647.2 677.3 648.9 676.4 559.9 574.3 560.8 574.1

Hawaii

28.2 28.1 28.2 28.2 83.6 84.5 82.9 83.3 84.2 83.8 83.5 84.4

Idaho

33.5 35.0 33.6 35.0 86.0 85.5 86.5 87.2 100.3 104.9 100.7 105.4

Illinois

382.3 390.0 382.5 391.1 927.2 935.7 926.2 941.9 916.9 933.3 918.6 935.2

Indiana

132.8 136.2 133.5 137.6 334.1 335.1 332.9 338.0 466.3 475.3 465.0 475.0


Iowa

107.7 110.6 108.1 111.1 139.5 141.6 138.6 142.4 232.6 236.6 230.0 236.1

Kansas

85.6 85.2 85.7 85.7 178.4 177.5 177.3 177.7 197.1 198.0 196.8 198.2

Kentucky

92.9 95.9 93.5 96.1 214.6 221.7 215.7 222.7 268.0 273.6 267.8 272.0

Louisiana

92.2 92.4 92.3 92.3 213.8 211.8 212.1 213.4 310.0 316.2 310.2 316.7

Maine

30.8 30.4 31.2 30.7 65.0 63.6 66.0 65.2 125.8 128.8 125.2 127.9


Maryland

148.1 149.0 148.6 148.1 440.0 457.5 440.8 457.9 458.5 471.8 458.8 468.9

Massachusetts

221.5 226.3 222.5 226.6 545.9 559.7 547.9 564.5 787.9 805.5 784.8 799.6

Michigan

210.2 215.1 212.7 217.5 648.1 662.9 654.8 674.7 664.4 672.4 667.4 671.7

Minnesota

174.4 176.7 175.1 176.6 370.5 375.2 371.4 377.6 522.9 542.7 521.5 541.7

Mississippi

44.0 44.2 44.1 44.0 108.0 105.6 106.6 105.0 141.0 144.0 140.9 144.1


Missouri

168.5 171.8 169.1 172.0 380.3 391.5 378.2 395.8 457.9 469.3 455.4 467.4

Montana

23.4 24.2 23.5 24.7 40.7 41.5 41.0 42.3 73.7 76.5 73.7 76.6

Nebraska

72.9 74.5 73.1 75.3 117.9 120.4 118.2 121.5 151.7 154.0 152.8 154.9

Nevada

62.5 63.5 62.9 63.9 175.3 184.0 174.0 184.6 126.3 132.2 126.7 132.3

New Hampshire

36.6 36.4 36.7 36.9 77.5 78.9 77.8 79.4 120.9 124.6 121.0 123.3


New Jersey

245.8 251.9 247.1 251.4 656.6 670.2 660.5 673.1 675.1 691.9 676.3 693.2

New Mexico

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.0 100.5 101.1 100.5 100.9 139.4 141.7 139.4 141.9

New York

708.7 710.3 710.6 712.2 1,287.8 1,316.1 1,290.0 1,334.0 1,978.3 2,026.9 1,960.5 2,013.1

North Carolina

223.8 228.9 225.3 230.9 605.1 626.1 604.7 634.1 584.7 594.5 585.9 595.0

North Dakota

23.9 24.5 23.9 24.4 34.4 34.9 34.7 36.1 61.9 62.9 61.8 62.5


Ohio

298.2 301.6 299.8 305.4 722.1 720.3 723.0 732.7 924.7 945.9 926.9 948.4

Oklahoma

78.5 80.0 78.6 80.1 180.8 181.9 180.2 182.8 233.7 236.2 233.0 236.2

Oregon

95.7 98.9 96.3 98.9 237.8 245.5 237.4 246.5 268.3 276.5 265.7 274.5

Pennsylvania

314.9 315.8 316.1 315.5 795.0 804.8 795.2 810.5 1,234.2 1,262.7 1,219.3 1,249.1

Rhode Island

33.5 33.0 33.4 33.3 65.6 65.9 65.9 65.9 108.2 109.4 108.0 109.0


South Carolina

100.1 100.4 100.6 100.0 269.3 267.1 269.2 273.5 241.2 246.7 242.0 246.7

South Dakota

29.1 29.8 29.3 30.1 31.2 31.4 31.5 31.7 70.3 71.5 70.7 71.7

Tennessee

151.5 154.6 152.2 156.1 401.5 411.6 401.4 411.6 423.7 432.8 422.1 428.2

Texas

726.7 746.7 729.4 750.7 1,619.5 1,666.9 1,613.1 1,665.8 1,623.3 1,679.9 1,628.7 1,677.6

Utah

80.7 81.9 81.2 82.5 200.2 209.9 201.3 213.1 192.1 199.1 188.0 193.5


Vermont

11.9 11.4 12.0 11.7 27.4 27.7 27.9 28.4 64.7 65.0 64.4 65.0

Virginia

199.3 203.2 200.6 205.9 715.4 732.0 714.7 736.9 531.5 547.9 524.5 541.8

Washington

148.9 153.7 149.9 155.7 400.5 407.0 401.9 409.2 465.0 477.8 465.3 480.8

West Virginia

27.8 27.6 27.9 27.8 66.0 65.8 65.6 65.3 130.1 133.6 130.3 133.2

Wisconsin

150.6 152.8 151.3 152.5 321.0 320.5 320.9 326.3 446.3 452.2 444.7 448.7

Wyoming

10.7 10.3 10.7 10.7 17.5 16.8 17.9 16.9 28.1 28.0 27.9 27.8


Puerto Rico

42.2 42.4 42.2 42.4 113.5 112.7 112.4 112.3 123.4 125.0 124.1 125.4

Virgin Islands

2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
April May April May April May
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

199.5 203.4 202.0 209.5 80.6 82.1 80.2 83.0 380.8 383.2 382.0 384.3

Alaska

32.0 32.4 37.5 38.3 11.1 11.8 11.3 12.0 83.2 83.0 83.0 83.7

Arizona

314.6 331.3 312.6 329.7 89.6 86.7 90.4 85.8 424.5 425.6 414.6 416.4

Arkansas

116.7 119.3 118.9 121.0 47.0 48.4 47.1 49.3 217.5 215.6 216.0 214.6

California

1,893.1 1,935.2 1,908.1 1,947.6 554.9 573.5 556.5 577.9 2,544.1 2,593.2 2,560.8 2,610.6


Colorado

317.7 327.7 311.5 322.8 104.4 108.8 104.6 109.2 434.4 435.7 431.3 439.8

Connecticut

150.0 153.6 157.7 161.1 64.2 67.0 64.6 67.4 241.6 237.4 244.1 239.5

Delaware

48.6 50.2 51.3 53.2 18.8 18.6 18.9 18.0 67.1 67.1 67.1 67.2

District of Columbia

76.9 80.3 76.2 82.1 72.0 71.3 72.0 71.7 237.9 237.8 239.0 238.5

Florida

1,195.3 1,225.4 1,185.7 1,221.0 349.6 361.3 349.3 362.2 1,113.0 1,122.7 1,108.0 1,120.6


Georgia

473.5 490.7 478.9 494.7 157.5 158.5 158.4 157.8 688.5 698.8 688.0 698.2

Hawaii

117.1 120.3 117.4 121.6 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2 126.6 128.7 129.1 129.6

Idaho

70.0 71.4 72.0 73.2 23.9 24.8 24.2 25.2 122.4 126.3 123.6 127.4

Illinois

591.9 591.2 608.2 608.2 251.0 248.8 252.0 251.0 838.5 837.0 837.3 834.5

Indiana

307.9 308.5 316.6 318.6 126.0 128.9 126.9 130.8 437.1 441.6 433.7 439.8


Iowa

143.1 141.8 147.4 147.1 58.7 60.2 59.0 61.9 262.3 262.9 263.2 262.5

Kansas

128.1 127.8 130.4 129.3 51.0 50.3 50.7 49.7 263.8 262.9 262.2 262.2

Kentucky

197.0 196.8 200.8 201.7 65.7 67.2 66.1 66.9 322.6 321.9 323.0 322.0

Louisiana

234.9 232.0 236.9 236.2 75.5 76.3 75.4 77.5 328.6 325.4 330.3 326.6

Maine

59.1 58.7 65.8 66.1 21.4 21.2 21.6 21.3 102.2 102.6 101.9 102.4


Maryland

269.1 269.3 280.4 280.1 112.9 115.8 113.2 117.0 512.5 520.6 513.5 520.5

Massachusetts

351.0 348.0 367.1 366.8 134.9 136.9 136.1 137.8 463.9 471.2 464.3 470.5

Michigan

415.1 426.9 436.4 450.1 167.9 172.8 169.8 175.4 613.8 623.0 597.3 609.5

Minnesota

259.7 258.2 271.1 272.4 114.9 118.2 115.5 120.4 430.6 433.1 429.9 432.7

Mississippi

134.1 135.5 135.3 135.9 40.2 41.0 40.2 41.4 247.8 247.3 246.6 246.6


Missouri

303.5 308.3 309.8 320.1 116.5 114.4 116.8 116.2 442.3 444.4 444.3 443.8

Montana

62.8 63.1 64.1 64.8 18.2 17.9 18.3 17.9 92.5 93.5 94.0 94.8

Nebraska

90.2 91.0 92.5 94.0 36.7 38.2 36.8 38.1 174.5 173.6 176.7 174.8

Nevada

346.5 354.2 348.1 353.3 39.6 40.9 40.0 41.8 159.0 161.6 159.6 162.2

New Hampshire

64.7 69.3 68.7 71.8 24.0 23.7 24.1 24.6 94.3 94.4 93.1 93.8


New Jersey

357.5 361.9 378.4 383.2 170.0 169.1 171.5 170.3 625.8 622.1 624.2 619.1

New Mexico

94.4 98.1 96.6 100.1 27.8 28.8 28.2 29.2 196.3 194.7 195.2 192.7

New York

901.8 903.8 930.0 953.2 405.7 409.7 408.2 416.9 1,458.9 1,466.8 1,458.0 1,468.6

North Carolina

481.0 485.2 493.8 499.5 149.5 154.4 150.8 156.9 740.9 749.4 741.4 750.2

North Dakota

39.1 38.7 39.8 39.9 16.1 15.6 16.1 15.4 85.0 85.5 86.1 86.5


Ohio

548.3 554.7 572.0 574.6 213.2 211.4 214.5 215.5 790.5 782.4 788.1 782.5

Oklahoma

166.7 165.7 167.0 169.5 62.7 61.7 62.8 60.8 359.8 360.0 359.8 361.1

Oregon

197.8 198.5 201.3 204.0 63.6 65.0 64.1 65.1 313.5 316.0 316.5 319.3

Pennsylvania

552.2 560.0 575.1 589.0 256.4 258.4 258.3 259.3 720.1 716.8 713.3 713.2

Rhode Island

55.5 56.2 58.8 59.8 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.3 60.9 61.3 61.4 62.0


South Carolina

251.0 251.0 257.0 257.4 74.7 73.7 74.8 74.2 367.3 369.8 366.8 369.4

South Dakota

45.1 46.2 47.6 49.7 16.0 16.0 16.1 16.3 79.5 80.6 80.2 81.5

Tennessee

321.4 326.8 325.3 331.8 110.6 112.0 111.1 112.8 436.0 440.8 430.0 439.3

Texas

1,293.8 1,328.4 1,311.1 1,347.8 422.4 435.4 428.4 439.3 1,937.1 1,972.7 1,946.2 1,981.4

Utah

139.1 144.0 137.0 141.3 39.1 40.5 39.3 40.1 242.0 247.4 244.1 249.6


Vermont

31.9 34.4 32.8 33.9 10.4 10.9 10.5 10.7 57.9 58.1 56.9 57.3

Virginia

398.8 399.1 409.9 409.7 199.0 198.4 199.7 199.1 726.6 727.0 720.3 721.9

Washington

320.5 328.7 326.4 337.2 117.4 120.2 118.7 120.2 579.3 590.7 583.7 594.4

West Virginia

74.6 74.3 76.5 75.2 54.1 54.0 54.1 54.8 157.8 158.0 166.9 158.0

Wisconsin

268.3 267.0 282.6 286.9 148.5 152.4 148.9 150.7 426.9 431.3 415.2 425.7

Wyoming

32.0 31.2 35.0 34.8 11.4 11.0 11.4 11.3 72.4 71.2 73.7 72.2


Puerto Rico

80.3 81.8 80.4 82.2 17.4 17.7 17.4 17.7 228.6 222.3 228.7 221.9

Virgin Islands

7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.2 10.8 11.1 10.8 11.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: June 16, 2017