State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 19, 2017                      USDL-17-0620

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


             STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in April in 10 states, higher in 1 state,
and stable in 39 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Nineteen states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, and 31 states and the District had little or no change.
The national unemployment rate, 4.4 percent, was little changed from March
but was 0.6 percentage point lower than in April 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states in April 2017, decreased
in 1, and was essentially unchanged in 40 states and the District of Columbia.
Over the year, 28 states added nonfarm payroll jobs, 1 state lost jobs, and
21 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Colorado had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.3 percent, followed
by Hawaii and North Dakota, 2.7 percent each. The rates in Arkansas (3.5
percent), Colorado (2.3 percent), and Oregon (3.7 percent) set new series
lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) New Mexico and Alaska had the highest
jobless rates, 6.7 percent and 6.6 percent, respectively. In total, 19 states
had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 4.4 percent, 7 states and
the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states had rates that were
not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In April, 10 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which
were in Alabama and Tennessee (-0.4 percentage point each). Massachusetts
had the only rate increase (+0.3 percentage point). The remaining 39 states 
and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different
from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as
large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Nineteen states had unemployment rate changes from April 2016, all of which
were decreases. The largest of these declines occurred in Illinois, Oregon,
West Virginia, and Wyoming (-1.3 percentage points each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nine states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment and
one state had a decrease in April 2017. The largest increase in employment
over the month occurred in Texas (+30,400), followed by Minnesota (+15,100)
and Wisconsin (+14,800). In percentage terms, the largest increase occurred
in Nevada (+0.9 percent), followed by Hawaii and North Dakota (+0.6 percent
each). Indiana had the only over-the-month job loss (-11,300, or -0.4 percent).
(See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-eight states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
in April. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+258,900), California
(+236,700), and Florida (+215,400). The largest percentage gain occurred in
Nevada (+3.6 percent), followed by Utah (+3.3 percent) and Florida, Georgia,
and Idaho (+2.6 percent each). Alaska had the only over-the-year decline in
employment (-7,200, or -2.1 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, May 31, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for May is scheduled to
be released on Friday, June 16, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., April 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.4
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           5.4
Alaska ..............................|           6.6
Arkansas ............................|           3.5
California ..........................|           4.8
Colorado ............................|           2.3
District of Columbia ................|           5.9
Georgia .............................|           5.0
Hawaii ..............................|           2.7
Idaho ...............................|           3.4
Indiana .............................|           3.6
                                     |
Iowa ................................|           3.1
Kansas ..............................|           3.7
Louisiana ...........................|           5.8
Maine ...............................|           3.0
Minnesota ...........................|           3.8
Montana .............................|           3.8
Nebraska ............................|           3.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.8
New Mexico ..........................|           6.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.7
                                     |
Oregon ..............................|           3.7
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Texas ...............................|           5.0
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           3.1
Virginia ............................|           3.8
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.2
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) Preliminary


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2017 to April 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   March   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.8   |     5.4   |      -0.4
Colorado .......................|     2.6   |     2.3   |       -.3
Florida ........................|     4.8   |     4.5   |       -.3
Idaho ..........................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
Indiana ........................|     3.9   |     3.6   |       -.3
Massachusetts ..................|     3.6   |     3.9   |        .3
Michigan .......................|     5.0   |     4.7   |       -.3
North Dakota ...................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     4.7   |       -.4
Wisconsin ......................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
Wyoming ........................|     4.5   |     4.3   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) Preliminary


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2016 to April 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   April   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     5.5   |     4.8   |      -0.7
Colorado .......................|     3.3   |     2.3   |      -1.0
Idaho ..........................|     3.8   |     3.4   |       -.4
Illinois .......................|     6.0   |     4.7   |      -1.3
Indiana ........................|     4.7   |     3.6   |      -1.1
Iowa ...........................|     3.8   |     3.1   |       -.7
Maine ..........................|     3.8   |     3.0   |       -.8
Mississippi ....................|     6.0   |     5.0   |      -1.0
Nevada .........................|     5.9   |     4.7   |      -1.2
New Jersey .....................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
                                |           |           | 
New York .......................|     4.8   |     4.3   |       -.5
North Dakota ...................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
Oregon .........................|     5.0   |     3.7   |      -1.3
Rhode Island ...................|     5.4   |     4.3   |      -1.1
South Carolina .................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.6   |     4.6   |      -1.0
West Virginia ..................|     6.1   |     4.8   |      -1.3
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.2   |       -.9
Wyoming ........................|     5.6   |     4.3   |      -1.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) Preliminary


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from March 2017 to
April 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |    March    |    April    |---------------------------
                              |    2017     |   2017(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,736,100 |   2,745,800 |       9,700 |      0.4
Hawaii .......................|     650,100 |     653,700 |       3,600 |       .6
Indiana ......................|   3,117,800 |   3,106,500 |     -11,300 |      -.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,929,300 |   2,944,400 |      15,100 |       .5
Nevada .......................|   1,325,700 |   1,337,000 |      11,300 |       .9
North Dakota .................|     434,600 |     437,200 |       2,600 |       .6
Oregon .......................|   1,862,100 |   1,868,700 |       6,600 |       .4
Texas ........................|  12,217,700 |  12,248,100 |      30,400 |       .2
Utah .........................|   1,459,500 |   1,465,900 |       6,400 |       .4
Wisconsin ....................|   2,947,100 |   2,961,900 |      14,800 |       .5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) Preliminary


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from April 2016 to
April 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    April    |     April   |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,972,000 |   1,997,900 |      25,900 |      1.3
Alaska .......................|     335,100 |     327,900 |      -7,200 |     -2.1
Arizona ......................|   2,692,600 |   2,745,800 |      53,200 |      2.0
Arkansas .....................|   1,225,300 |   1,243,200 |      17,900 |      1.5
California ...................|  16,444,500 |  16,681,200 |     236,700 |      1.4
Colorado .....................|   2,590,200 |   2,635,900 |      45,700 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,337,100 |   8,552,500 |     215,400 |      2.6
Georgia ......................|   4,353,100 |   4,466,700 |     113,600 |      2.6
Idaho ........................|     691,600 |     709,900 |      18,300 |      2.6
Kentucky .....................|   1,908,300 |   1,939,500 |      31,200 |      1.6
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,704,100 |   2,749,100 |      45,000 |      1.7
Massachusetts ................|   3,551,100 |   3,609,700 |      58,600 |      1.7
Michigan .....................|   4,315,800 |   4,389,400 |      73,600 |      1.7
Minnesota ....................|   2,895,100 |   2,944,400 |      49,300 |      1.7
Missouri .....................|   2,832,500 |   2,869,200 |      36,700 |      1.3
Nevada .......................|   1,290,800 |   1,337,000 |      46,200 |      3.6
New Hampshire ................|     666,500 |     678,500 |      12,000 |      1.8
New Jersey ...................|   4,064,100 |   4,115,700 |      51,600 |      1.3
New York .....................|   9,388,400 |   9,486,200 |      97,800 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,327,200 |   4,380,500 |      53,300 |      1.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,826,700 |   1,868,700 |      42,000 |      2.3
South Carolina ...............|   2,047,500 |   2,076,100 |      28,600 |      1.4
South Dakota .................|     431,600 |     439,500 |       7,900 |      1.8
Tennessee ....................|   2,953,500 |   3,010,500 |      57,000 |      1.9
Texas ........................|  11,989,200 |  12,248,100 |     258,900 |      2.2
Utah .........................|   1,419,200 |   1,465,900 |      46,700 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,910,900 |   3,955,300 |      44,400 |      1.1
Washington ...................|   3,226,100 |   3,307,800 |      81,700 |      2.5
Wisconsin ....................|   2,924,300 |   2,961,900 |      37,600 |      1.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) Preliminary
   
   
   

Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,164,533 2,204,019 2,208,910 2,208,140 126,490 136,667 128,610 119,256 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.4

Alaska

360,827 362,762 364,703 366,419 23,851 23,288 23,434 24,033 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.6

Arizona

3,222,149 3,302,094 3,324,038 3,330,926 174,193 167,982 166,934 165,320 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.0

Arkansas

1,345,119 1,337,995 1,341,152 1,347,934 54,596 49,849 48,608 47,697 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.5

California

19,037,198 19,156,763 19,170,311 19,177,926 1,055,112 967,171 943,382 923,233 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,028,662 5,067,038 5,083,716 5,103,026 267,600 243,824 235,518 231,259 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.5

Colorado

2,877,388 2,922,824 2,933,137 2,945,275 96,377 84,694 75,666 68,344 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.3

Connecticut

1,892,172 1,901,386 1,911,680 1,922,578 101,950 89,404 91,736 93,653 5.4 4.7 4.8 4.9

Delaware

474,232 472,501 474,409 476,056 20,870 21,159 21,521 21,973 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6

District of Columbia

392,540 397,009 398,131 399,442 24,031 22,640 23,028 23,695 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.9

Florida

9,771,123 10,058,584 10,109,008 10,142,157 479,242 501,350 484,646 460,290 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,332,093 1,358,864 1,357,712 1,366,828 71,014 73,843 72,521 71,248 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.2

Georgia

4,885,159 5,010,705 5,020,597 5,031,142 263,356 267,114 257,273 252,639 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0

Hawaii

681,808 695,103 696,854 698,011 21,110 19,594 19,154 18,866 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.7

Idaho

810,646 825,894 825,274 822,820 31,175 29,641 29,087 27,579 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4

Illinois

6,551,915 6,526,938 6,523,342 6,505,468 392,875 352,271 322,300 307,031 6.0 5.4 4.9 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,811,919 3,768,508 3,754,543 3,739,138 227,499 194,757 172,364 162,320 6.0 5.2 4.6 4.3

Indiana

3,328,921 3,324,840 3,331,994 3,336,799 154,982 135,172 130,238 118,635 4.7 4.1 3.9 3.6

Iowa

1,700,736 1,693,567 1,692,245 1,692,112 64,026 53,844 52,052 52,093 3.8 3.2 3.1 3.1

Kansas

1,483,619 1,481,849 1,484,611 1,487,345 60,784 58,945 55,867 54,841 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7

Kentucky

1,987,104 2,044,816 2,065,194 2,082,476 99,969 101,548 102,966 105,416 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1

Louisiana

2,132,522 2,106,952 2,113,797 2,121,473 133,143 121,847 120,199 123,020 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8

Maine

687,372 698,100 700,586 702,775 25,943 22,359 20,923 20,937 3.8 3.2 3.0 3.0

Maryland

3,161,132 3,205,394 3,218,843 3,229,113 137,706 135,183 136,753 137,659 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Massachusetts

3,587,543 3,626,754 3,661,248 3,694,237 142,754 123,412 131,331 143,095 4.0 3.4 3.6 3.9

Michigan

4,808,318 4,907,517 4,913,671 4,915,411 233,497 258,926 247,829 231,457 4.9 5.3 5.0 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,058,852 2,095,092 2,097,278 2,104,283 108,507 123,121 117,639 110,857 5.3 5.9 5.6 5.3

Minnesota

2,992,907 3,013,067 3,018,513 3,026,804 115,179 120,345 115,586 113,745 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8

Mississippi

1,280,872 1,297,927 1,302,684 1,306,196 76,241 68,039 65,811 64,687 6.0 5.2 5.1 5.0

Missouri

3,100,140 3,107,268 3,101,249 3,093,417 140,576 128,247 121,566 119,466 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.9

Montana

525,410 526,547 525,951 525,124 22,111 20,276 19,908 19,919 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8

Nebraska

1,009,993 1,011,217 1,008,374 1,006,368 32,079 32,537 30,997 30,045 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0

Nevada

1,421,651 1,438,666 1,439,242 1,440,662 84,199 70,654 68,529 67,344 5.9 4.9 4.8 4.7

New Hampshire

746,665 752,012 752,164 752,943 21,145 20,629 21,010 21,409 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8

New Jersey

4,515,717 4,523,342 4,522,999 4,528,372 230,814 201,815 190,809 185,086 5.1 4.5 4.2 4.1

New Mexico

925,723 932,421 934,546 935,736 61,376 63,180 63,041 62,742 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.7

New York

9,541,650 9,552,905 9,604,253 9,664,413 459,684 423,525 409,018 416,851 4.8 4.4 4.3 4.3

New York City

4,118,012 4,139,937 4,178,844 4,218,923 214,603 176,230 168,848 172,890 5.2 4.3 4.0 4.1

North Carolina

4,845,962 4,943,673 4,950,774 4,945,565 243,752 252,209 243,698 234,768 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7

North Dakota

415,197 419,532 420,977 421,636 13,729 12,461 11,975 11,345 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.7

Ohio

5,712,346 5,739,198 5,766,989 5,788,054 283,152 293,937 293,270 288,275 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.0

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,269 1,025,910 1,028,405 1,032,183 52,876 62,708 64,452 63,762 5.1 6.1 6.3 6.2

Oklahoma

1,828,980 1,831,799 1,836,595 1,835,667 90,116 81,975 79,720 78,312 4.9 4.5 4.3 4.3

Oregon

2,049,093 2,071,126 2,078,112 2,090,239 102,134 82,289 78,695 76,706 5.0 4.0 3.8 3.7

Pennsylvania

6,440,367 6,435,475 6,442,011 6,464,119 352,022 320,423 310,836 314,785 5.5 5.0 4.8 4.9

Rhode Island

552,430 552,336 554,123 555,484 29,922 25,054 23,986 23,925 5.4 4.5 4.3 4.3

South Carolina

2,296,940 2,323,423 2,332,821 2,334,673 119,636 103,363 103,639 101,513 5.2 4.4 4.4 4.3

South Dakota

451,951 456,193 456,752 457,439 12,409 12,934 12,805 13,010 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8

Tennessee

3,121,208 3,195,607 3,202,889 3,199,883 143,287 169,409 164,283 151,324 4.6 5.3 5.1 4.7

Texas

13,215,617 13,461,621 13,520,071 13,548,771 609,603 662,593 677,495 676,307 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.0

Utah

1,501,420 1,542,973 1,553,670 1,563,694 52,952 47,490 47,716 49,229 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,552 346,791 347,514 347,292 11,336 10,514 10,580 10,747 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1

Virginia

4,217,342 4,281,149 4,290,500 4,301,554 167,689 165,556 161,071 161,855 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8

Washington

3,622,687 3,686,187 3,687,153 3,690,616 201,761 180,116 173,927 170,998 5.6 4.9 4.7 4.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,611,195 1,646,930 1,649,325 1,648,691 68,190 57,852 54,644 54,400 4.2 3.5 3.3 3.3

West Virginia

782,460 781,734 780,578 780,316 47,896 40,370 38,120 37,166 6.1 5.2 4.9 4.8

Wisconsin

3,114,344 3,130,910 3,136,885 3,147,322 127,975 117,377 107,090 100,464 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.2

Wyoming

303,236 303,084 303,601 302,194 17,035 14,330 13,763 12,865 5.6 4.7 4.5 4.3

Puerto Rico

1,126,254 1,128,371 1,130,127 1,130,411 129,640 135,313 130,352 130,297 11.5 12.0 11.5 11.5

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) March April March April
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,160,907 2,186,598 2,154,477 2,179,742 129,417 116,795 113,556 95,948 6.0 5.3 5.3 4.4

Alaska

357,230 362,177 356,340 363,052 25,741 26,141 24,232 25,403 7.2 7.2 6.8 7.0

Arizona

3,223,314 3,325,030 3,220,117 3,306,951 171,025 154,153 167,967 149,731 5.3 4.6 5.2 4.5

Arkansas

1,343,609 1,343,003 1,343,967 1,353,270 54,291 47,833 48,474 41,351 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.1

California

19,085,020 19,170,133 19,030,030 19,084,489 1,104,679 976,128 1,019,131 862,514 5.8 5.1 5.4 4.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,031,990 5,106,080 5,027,660 5,105,585 264,153 222,499 249,033 210,668 5.2 4.4 5.0 4.1

Colorado

2,874,045 2,930,687 2,871,961 2,944,747 111,638 72,430 101,832 63,962 3.9 2.5 3.5 2.2

Connecticut

1,890,541 1,909,144 1,881,896 1,910,623 110,688 97,900 99,967 89,186 5.9 5.1 5.3 4.7

Delaware

474,004 474,960 473,738 475,546 21,451 22,066 20,229 21,635 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.5

District of Columbia

391,324 397,076 391,221 398,051 23,501 22,549 21,130 21,611 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.4

Florida

9,790,964 10,086,302 9,766,559 10,091,311 466,631 438,840 450,261 406,061 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,327,319 1,348,841 1,334,630 1,386,084 73,544 72,636 71,833 69,742 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.0

Georgia

4,894,135 5,015,061 4,880,700 5,013,074 260,822 240,887 245,777 234,534 5.3 4.8 5.0 4.7

Hawaii

681,602 696,951 681,793 696,235 20,494 18,168 20,394 18,026 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.6

Idaho

806,071 817,729 807,610 815,117 35,407 31,732 31,401 24,687 4.4 3.9 3.9 3.0

Illinois

6,568,081 6,463,692 6,537,340 6,418,910 419,163 304,280 380,480 280,843 6.4 4.7 5.8 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,823,236 3,741,208 3,805,743 3,705,628 240,745 158,222 229,416 157,304 6.3 4.2 6.0 4.2

Indiana

3,327,600 3,308,595 3,331,392 3,314,986 170,289 129,544 148,441 89,706 5.1 3.9 4.5 2.7

Iowa

1,698,856 1,685,521 1,699,546 1,687,084 67,435 57,342 58,931 48,896 4.0 3.4 3.5 2.9

Kansas

1,484,973 1,479,944 1,479,812 1,478,278 62,200 54,586 56,154 51,905 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.5

Kentucky

1,983,653 2,070,951 1,979,563 2,081,294 108,376 112,711 91,540 100,574 5.5 5.4 4.6 4.8

Louisiana

2,127,347 2,111,671 2,127,276 2,117,468 128,087 114,770 121,287 118,711 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.6

Maine

677,706 692,123 680,347 693,734 30,469 24,715 27,289 23,364 4.5 3.6 4.0 3.4

Maryland

3,151,868 3,209,986 3,143,001 3,203,638 139,770 138,257 126,511 125,308 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.9

Massachusetts

3,584,456 3,670,747 3,571,623 3,684,313 157,457 142,851 136,232 140,459 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.8

Michigan

4,825,198 4,868,082 4,786,552 4,844,325 256,851 232,391 217,050 179,848 5.3 4.8 4.5 3.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,057,356 2,089,644 2,029,683 2,077,987 113,903 105,462 93,864 82,528 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.0

Minnesota

2,997,397 3,011,903 2,991,122 3,019,047 138,515 131,532 111,721 111,388 4.6 4.4 3.7 3.7

Mississippi

1,273,091 1,287,135 1,268,078 1,289,309 71,300 59,716 65,405 54,865 5.6 4.6 5.2 4.3

Missouri

3,118,733 3,057,769 3,117,499 3,064,806 151,038 127,174 133,954 114,407 4.8 4.2 4.3 3.7

Montana

522,197 522,667 524,095 522,092 25,582 22,799 21,382 19,556 4.9 4.4 4.1 3.7

Nebraska

1,008,495 1,004,345 1,011,041 1,005,932 33,719 30,866 31,031 28,338 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.8

Nevada

1,422,063 1,435,620 1,420,601 1,437,641 86,979 67,567 83,327 66,577 6.1 4.7 5.9 4.6

New Hampshire

744,820 750,456 741,348 747,700 23,501 23,868 20,652 20,714 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.8

New Jersey

4,539,380 4,507,083 4,522,552 4,507,535 245,237 194,110 228,488 174,241 5.4 4.3 5.1 3.9

New Mexico

922,098 931,569 921,721 931,826 60,404 61,684 57,581 57,982 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.2

New York

9,650,167 9,615,267 9,576,980 9,619,346 488,592 420,231 439,358 405,569 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.2

New York City

4,175,756 4,224,392 4,133,635 4,209,316 224,473 173,232 200,091 165,406 5.4 4.1 4.8 3.9

North Carolina

4,871,358 4,944,301 4,855,395 4,913,814 245,221 230,898 228,678 209,165 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.3

North Dakota

411,486 419,304 413,236 418,769 16,909 14,264 14,068 11,253 4.1 3.4 3.4 2.7

Ohio

5,713,377 5,737,980 5,706,644 5,751,625 304,346 301,164 272,309 252,679 5.3 5.2 4.8 4.4

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,026,672 1,025,161 1,030,670 1,035,109 55,962 66,802 51,949 55,916 5.5 6.5 5.0 5.4

Oklahoma

1,832,534 1,835,770 1,824,356 1,817,894 87,435 77,129 82,586 72,098 4.8 4.2 4.5 4.0

Oregon

2,034,388 2,068,526 2,037,794 2,086,215 106,457 84,481 98,075 73,513 5.2 4.1 4.8 3.5

Pennsylvania

6,474,709 6,418,764 6,459,383 6,450,292 369,891 326,383 334,738 302,537 5.7 5.1 5.2 4.7

Rhode Island

548,781 551,344 547,325 550,775 32,590 25,896 27,892 22,573 5.9 4.7 5.1 4.1

South Carolina

2,289,595 2,322,491 2,295,233 2,318,629 117,246 94,003 107,506 83,960 5.1 4.0 4.7 3.6

South Dakota

449,225 454,651 450,583 456,094 14,162 14,585 12,268 13,422 3.2 3.2 2.7 2.9

Tennessee

3,105,299 3,177,380 3,106,445 3,164,460 139,548 146,702 130,382 116,256 4.5 4.6 4.2 3.7

Texas

13,239,718 13,514,563 13,236,855 13,506,742 590,841 675,615 564,001 611,739 4.5 5.0 4.3 4.5

Utah

1,494,937 1,558,253 1,495,938 1,559,678 57,383 52,453 52,210 49,709 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.2

Vermont

343,344 347,191 340,472 341,852 12,458 11,987 11,567 11,215 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3

Virginia

4,237,899 4,293,840 4,226,469 4,305,264 170,973 162,118 152,750 154,521 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6

Washington

3,624,428 3,684,389 3,613,072 3,673,663 210,755 177,559 190,589 157,813 5.8 4.8 5.3 4.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,615,595 1,652,355 1,617,598 1,647,393 70,159 52,107 59,669 47,710 4.3 3.2 3.7 2.9

West Virginia

776,928 770,989 782,789 780,996 53,243 42,824 47,580 38,759 6.9 5.6 6.1 5.0

Wisconsin

3,103,663 3,110,559 3,098,029 3,121,819 146,817 115,128 127,379 93,323 4.7 3.7 4.1 3.0

Wyoming

301,721 301,932 301,994 297,353 18,172 14,566 17,953 12,718 6.0 4.8 5.9 4.3

Puerto Rico

1,126,982 1,127,107 1,127,448 1,119,900 137,705 123,479 127,927 128,469 12.2 11.0 11.3 11.5

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,972.0 1,997.3 1,997.7 1,997.9 85.3 85.8 84.8 85.1 259.7 265.8 266.0 265.3

Alaska

335.1 330.1 328.4 327.9 16.6 16.4 15.6 15.5 13.9 12.3 12.1 11.6

Arizona

2,692.6 2,739.9 2,736.1 2,745.8 133.2 135.2 137.2 139.7 159.9 163.0 161.6 162.4

Arkansas

1,225.3 1,240.6 1,240.1 1,243.2 50.5 51.0 49.9 50.7 154.0 157.2 157.1 157.5

California

16,444.5 16,674.7 16,697.5 16,681.2 772.8 785.0 803.6 810.8 1,309.3 1,299.5 1,301.5 1,297.9


Colorado

2,590.2 2,634.4 2,634.1 2,635.9 153.9 160.5 157.6 156.4 142.4 142.5 142.1 142.4

Connecticut

1,677.7 1,684.1 1,684.7 1,683.2 59.4 59.3 59.1 61.9 156.2 155.7 156.6 156.0

Delaware(2)

453.0 456.5 456.1 455.7 20.6 22.0 21.9 21.7 25.7 25.9 25.7 25.8

District of Columbia(3)(2)

782.7 788.3 788.7 786.7 15.9 14.9 14.7 14.7 - - - -

Florida

8,337.1 8,547.8 8,541.6 8,552.5 467.6 498.4 499.6 502.0 353.5 363.2 365.1 364.6


Georgia

4,353.1 4,456.6 4,469.5 4,466.7 174.3 179.7 183.9 180.9 387.4 388.8 387.6 389.8

Hawaii(2)

644.6 650.3 650.1 653.7 38.0 37.4 36.9 37.7 14.1 13.9 13.7 13.8

Idaho

691.6 711.3 708.7 709.9 41.6 44.5 43.6 43.4 64.3 65.2 65.5 66.7

Illinois

6,007.2 6,044.2 6,036.5 6,029.3 218.5 223.4 216.4 211.9 575.9 569.8 570.4 572.3

Indiana

3,075.4 3,119.5 3,117.8 3,106.5 130.9 135.6 134.1 133.8 522.3 530.9 530.3 527.1


Iowa

1,571.7 1,581.1 1,580.2 1,579.7 81.1 80.4 81.3 79.8 214.5 211.0 211.1 210.4

Kansas

1,411.3 1,412.6 1,413.6 1,408.8 60.9 62.0 62.9 61.3 160.5 160.1 159.4 159.0

Kentucky

1,908.3 1,936.2 1,938.9 1,939.5 77.2 82.1 79.7 81.2 247.9 251.8 255.0 252.1

Louisiana

1,975.7 1,983.6 1,973.9 1,974.4 139.2 153.9 147.2 147.0 137.1 137.2 135.1 134.7

Maine

618.0 620.0 622.9 621.9 27.7 29.3 29.9 29.6 50.8 50.5 50.2 50.9


Maryland(2)

2,704.1 2,753.5 2,745.6 2,749.1 162.0 165.8 161.3 160.6 103.9 103.6 103.2 103.4

Massachusetts

3,551.1 3,604.7 3,605.8 3,609.7 145.5 149.9 150.4 149.3 245.9 244.5 243.7 243.9

Michigan

4,315.8 4,376.0 4,378.5 4,389.4 155.6 164.3 163.9 163.8 601.7 599.1 600.6 608.5

Minnesota

2,895.1 2,923.7 2,929.3 2,944.4 119.4 122.2 121.2 124.8 318.7 318.2 318.5 319.6

Mississippi

1,144.2 1,146.2 1,145.3 1,144.9 44.4 41.9 41.2 40.8 143.0 142.8 142.5 142.0


Missouri

2,832.5 2,880.6 2,865.9 2,869.2 119.9 124.8 121.5 120.4 263.0 261.3 263.5 263.3

Montana

467.5 477.0 476.7 475.6 27.2 28.9 28.9 27.8 19.5 20.0 20.1 19.8

Nebraska(2)

1,012.0 1,025.0 1,022.8 1,023.6 51.4 52.5 51.9 52.6 96.7 97.2 97.4 96.8

Nevada

1,290.8 1,325.9 1,325.7 1,337.0 74.8 80.1 81.8 84.5 43.3 45.1 45.0 45.1

New Hampshire

666.5 678.0 675.3 678.5 25.5 27.6 27.1 28.1 67.9 68.3 68.3 67.9


New Jersey

4,064.1 4,128.5 4,116.0 4,115.7 153.5 156.7 154.0 153.0 241.7 245.6 246.3 245.9

New Mexico

830.5 837.0 837.3 840.1 43.4 44.5 46.1 47.0 27.2 26.5 26.2 26.2

New York

9,388.4 9,498.0 9,480.6 9,486.2 376.0 385.4 381.4 379.4 453.8 444.6 442.1 439.0

North Carolina

4,327.2 4,387.1 4,387.5 4,380.5 199.2 206.4 202.8 199.2 464.6 461.2 464.0 463.3

North Dakota

435.5 434.2 434.6 437.2 32.1 32.2 32.4 32.7 24.8 24.2 24.4 24.3


Ohio

5,476.9 5,522.8 5,518.5 5,512.8 207.6 217.9 219.0 211.6 685.3 693.0 692.9 687.1

Oklahoma

1,654.6 1,656.0 1,655.4 1,652.1 77.2 80.6 79.1 77.4 129.7 129.3 129.4 129.8

Oregon

1,826.7 1,860.8 1,862.1 1,868.7 89.2 97.1 97.0 97.2 188.4 188.7 189.6 190.6

Pennsylvania

5,879.1 5,950.3 5,929.8 5,924.4 240.7 248.3 245.9 245.0 559.7 556.5 554.4 550.8

Rhode Island

489.6 495.3 494.8 494.6 18.0 19.9 19.8 19.8 40.7 40.1 40.3 41.2


South Carolina

2,047.5 2,076.3 2,074.4 2,076.1 93.2 96.1 95.3 96.0 237.0 244.0 245.0 244.4

South Dakota(2)

431.6 436.8 438.2 439.5 23.3 24.8 24.6 24.7 42.4 42.0 41.6 41.5

Tennessee(2)

2,953.5 3,006.1 3,016.4 3,010.5 117.9 127.3 125.9 125.7 342.4 348.5 347.1 347.9

Texas

11,989.2 12,205.6 12,217.7 12,248.1 702.9 710.3 716.2 705.9 850.1 856.3 858.6 866.7

Utah

1,419.2 1,456.4 1,459.5 1,465.9 91.7 95.3 95.7 96.0 125.2 129.1 130.0 128.6


Vermont

311.8 315.5 315.0 314.4 15.7 16.1 16.0 15.8 30.0 28.9 28.9 29.1

Virginia

3,910.9 3,960.3 3,955.3 3,955.3 187.3 186.0 188.1 189.3 232.2 231.8 233.9 231.7

Washington

3,226.1 3,294.9 3,306.6 3,307.8 183.7 193.6 194.9 194.9 292.9 286.5 285.8 285.0

West Virginia

749.5 747.9 746.3 746.7 30.8 31.3 31.7 30.8 46.9 45.7 45.5 45.6

Wisconsin

2,924.3 2,950.8 2,947.1 2,961.9 112.4 113.8 114.1 115.6 465.5 469.1 467.9 473.0

Wyoming

283.1 277.7 278.3 279.0 21.8 21.5 21.2 21.4 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.2


Puerto Rico(2)

892.3 882.2 881.1 879.4 23.5 21.3 21.2 20.7 73.8 72.0 71.9 72.0

Virgin Islands(3)

38.4 38.6 38.5 38.4 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)

Alabama

380.6 378.1 378.3 377.3 95.9 97.6 97.4 97.6 234.1 237.6 239.1 239.2

Alaska

66.0 64.8 64.6 64.5 12.0 11.7 11.8 11.8 29.0 27.4 27.1 26.6

Arizona

515.3 520.2 518.3 519.7 200.9 208.8 209.3 210.1 410.5 418.9 416.5 414.5

Arkansas

252.3 252.9 252.8 252.6 51.3 51.2 51.3 51.6 142.4 146.6 147.7 148.2

California

2,990.2 3,020.6 3,015.8 3,009.9 820.5 831.3 828.3 827.0 2,526.7 2,555.8 2,553.7 2,536.2


Colorado

453.0 461.3 461.5 462.9 162.5 165.1 165.9 165.6 404.6 414.4 412.3 413.3

Connecticut

298.7 300.6 299.3 297.9 130.2 131.1 131.2 131.2 217.9 218.6 218.7 215.7

Delaware

82.9 83.3 83.0 83.3 47.3 47.1 46.9 47.3 61.5 57.8 59.1 58.5

District of Columbia

32.8 32.4 32.6 32.9 30.0 29.7 29.2 28.8 164.9 168.9 168.2 167.5

Florida

1,712.1 1,746.9 1,745.6 1,748.7 544.5 553.3 553.9 556.2 1,275.2 1,310.0 1,311.3 1,314.7


Georgia

923.3 939.8 942.9 940.3 237.2 245.4 247.1 247.1 646.4 671.7 676.5 675.3

Hawaii

119.4 120.8 120.3 121.4 28.3 28.2 28.2 28.4 83.4 83.6 84.0 84.4

Idaho

137.3 138.8 139.7 139.4 33.7 35.6 35.1 34.9 86.3 89.3 87.4 85.7

Illinois

1,211.2 1,211.5 1,211.8 1,204.7 383.4 392.1 391.7 392.1 929.3 942.8 939.7 940.9

Indiana

594.8 598.3 600.8 598.9 133.6 135.9 136.2 137.0 333.2 338.0 334.9 333.9


Iowa

315.9 319.0 318.5 318.2 108.0 110.6 110.7 111.5 139.0 142.6 142.5 142.9

Kansas

267.6 267.1 268.3 268.1 86.0 86.1 85.7 85.8 177.9 179.0 178.7 178.0

Kentucky

396.2 401.1 401.9 400.6 93.3 94.8 95.4 95.9 216.3 225.4 224.6 224.2

Louisiana

388.8 384.0 384.9 385.3 92.6 92.3 91.7 92.7 212.2 213.5 213.6 211.7

Maine

120.8 121.8 122.8 121.8 31.2 30.9 30.8 30.7 65.8 65.6 65.5 64.4


Maryland

467.0 469.4 469.7 468.8 148.6 150.4 149.0 150.2 439.7 455.6 456.0 457.8

Massachusetts

573.9 579.4 577.1 578.1 223.3 227.0 229.4 228.6 546.0 556.6 558.0 564.1

Michigan

782.1 778.1 784.1 780.9 211.6 216.9 217.3 216.7 645.8 659.6 660.5 663.9

Minnesota

531.5 540.3 538.6 537.9 175.1 177.0 178.0 177.5 371.8 369.7 374.2 376.9

Mississippi

229.1 232.2 230.3 231.2 44.1 43.7 43.8 44.2 107.2 105.2 105.9 106.5


Missouri

545.1 556.2 552.4 551.1 168.7 169.6 170.5 172.0 377.3 388.1 385.2 391.3

Montana

95.4 96.6 96.7 96.1 23.7 24.3 24.1 24.4 40.6 42.4 42.2 41.9

Nebraska

205.0 206.5 206.4 206.4 73.1 73.8 74.3 74.5 117.4 121.1 120.2 120.3

Nevada

241.2 242.1 242.2 243.3 62.5 64.0 63.8 63.9 174.3 181.3 181.4 184.5

New Hampshire

140.0 140.9 139.6 139.8 36.9 37.2 36.8 37.2 77.6 78.3 78.4 78.5


New Jersey

863.9 879.9 875.7 871.1 247.4 252.2 251.9 253.2 658.5 675.8 674.2 676.8

New Mexico

139.2 138.9 139.0 139.8 33.5 33.3 33.6 33.5 100.6 102.1 100.9 102.0

New York

1,579.7 1,581.3 1,578.7 1,574.8 713.8 713.9 713.0 715.3 1,287.7 1,322.1 1,318.6 1,322.6

North Carolina

812.9 821.8 818.2 816.2 225.3 230.3 230.8 229.4 604.5 620.6 621.6 623.6

North Dakota

97.3 95.5 95.0 95.2 23.9 24.4 24.5 24.5 34.9 34.2 34.0 35.6


Ohio

1,020.7 1,031.9 1,024.8 1,024.1 299.1 304.3 303.5 304.6 721.6 723.6 721.2 727.3

Oklahoma

307.6 302.7 301.0 299.7 78.7 80.6 80.6 80.4 180.4 180.1 179.7 181.1

Oregon

340.5 344.1 343.5 345.0 96.2 99.3 98.2 99.2 237.8 244.3 245.6 246.6

Pennsylvania

1,127.7 1,134.9 1,129.9 1,129.0 316.7 317.7 318.5 317.4 793.3 798.5 800.7 804.1

Rhode Island

76.6 77.3 77.2 77.8 33.6 33.2 33.0 33.5 65.3 67.2 66.7 65.9


South Carolina

392.9 401.0 401.7 402.1 100.2 101.4 100.2 100.7 268.7 274.6 272.5 271.1

South Dakota

88.4 88.9 89.0 88.9 29.3 29.8 30.1 30.1 31.1 31.5 31.8 32.1

Tennessee

615.8 625.3 625.5 628.1 151.6 154.8 154.4 154.9 403.6 408.2 414.7 412.4

Texas

2,416.1 2,447.2 2,444.0 2,445.9 729.4 742.9 745.9 746.5 1,621.2 1,659.0 1,669.3 1,676.7

Utah

270.3 279.3 278.8 280.7 81.2 82.4 82.0 82.1 201.6 209.3 208.9 210.9


Vermont

56.0 55.2 55.3 55.6 12.0 11.7 11.7 11.5 27.7 27.8 27.9 28.1

Virginia

662.0 671.4 666.1 663.1 200.1 204.4 204.5 203.8 713.5 728.7 730.6 734.7

Washington

603.5 619.5 621.2 625.0 149.4 154.3 155.2 154.2 401.4 407.1 410.0 409.1

West Virginia

134.2 131.4 130.6 131.0 27.8 27.4 27.1 27.4 65.8 65.2 65.2 65.4

Wisconsin

541.0 544.2 543.7 543.8 151.4 153.2 153.7 153.8 322.9 323.1 326.3 324.7

Wyoming

54.0 52.9 52.4 52.8 10.8 10.3 10.5 10.4 17.8 16.8 17.2 17.1


Puerto Rico

173.9 171.3 171.2 171.2 42.2 42.2 42.9 42.7 114.0 113.4 113.3 113.5

Virgin Islands(1)

8.1 7.9 7.9 7.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)
Apr.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017(p)

Alabama

231.5 237.7 238.2 238.6 196.8 203.0 201.3 202.1 377.7 380.0 380.9 381.5

Alaska

48.3 49.0 48.6 49.5 35.3 35.8 35.5 35.6 81.3 81.4 81.6 81.2

Arizona

409.5 419.5 418.9 421.9 306.5 321.0 323.0 324.8 410.3 410.7 408.9 409.2

Arkansas

179.7 187.5 186.4 187.0 115.2 115.4 115.7 116.8 212.9 211.3 211.9 211.5

California

2,530.7 2,590.9 2,593.6 2,600.4 1,890.0 1,927.4 1,933.6 1,941.0 2,499.9 2,543.6 2,548.9 2,544.3


Colorado

324.8 331.5 333.0 329.4 320.6 326.8 329.2 334.0 427.4 430.3 430.1 428.3

Connecticut

327.6 331.8 330.8 330.1 152.6 155.6 156.0 158.0 237.6 233.6 233.7 233.2

Delaware

76.8 79.3 79.3 79.5 49.6 52.2 51.4 50.9 65.2 65.5 65.3 65.3

District of Columbia

134.4 135.8 136.0 135.7 74.7 78.4 78.5 78.9 239.6 238.9 240.9 239.0

Florida

1,236.5 1,268.6 1,271.1 1,269.2 1,167.7 1,206.4 1,194.3 1,198.2 1,090.6 1,096.6 1,101.0 1,096.9


Georgia

558.2 573.1 573.7 573.1 464.1 485.4 486.0 483.6 684.1 693.5 691.9 693.2

Hawaii

83.7 83.5 82.9 83.6 117.4 120.0 121.4 121.4 124.6 126.7 126.4 126.5

Idaho

99.6 103.6 103.7 104.7 71.5 73.0 72.5 73.9 120.3 123.1 123.4 123.4

Illinois

911.6 926.5 925.2 927.8 592.9 595.2 598.8 596.4 826.4 826.9 824.8 825.2

Indiana

460.6 472.0 473.6 470.3 307.0 305.7 307.5 308.3 427.9 433.7 432.3 430.3


Iowa

228.6 231.6 232.1 233.9 143.3 144.5 142.5 142.8 257.6 256.9 256.8 256.3

Kansas

196.0 198.8 198.3 197.9 127.7 128.6 128.6 127.2 256.2 254.1 255.0 255.2

Kentucky

267.2 271.4 269.7 271.2 193.1 193.4 193.8 195.4 318.1 316.3 318.2 317.7

Louisiana

309.2 314.7 315.4 316.7 232.9 229.4 229.7 229.9 325.8 323.6 323.2 322.7

Maine

124.7 126.1 127.6 127.6 65.4 64.8 65.0 65.1 99.9 99.8 99.8 100.3


Maryland

456.4 468.1 468.6 467.9 272.4 276.0 273.5 274.2 503.0 511.3 510.7 512.3

Massachusetts

779.1 798.8 796.3 797.4 359.9 362.1 362.8 360.4 451.0 458.8 459.7 458.7

Michigan

664.1 671.0 671.2 669.6 424.6 441.1 435.8 439.6 596.4 608.9 608.4 607.4

Minnesota

519.5 535.0 534.5 538.8 264.5 262.0 264.2 264.7 423.0 424.6 424.6 427.6

Mississippi

139.9 142.2 142.6 142.6 132.3 134.0 134.1 132.1 245.0 245.4 245.8 246.3


Missouri

454.4 463.6 460.8 466.1 301.0 312.4 309.5 305.0 429.5 432.8 432.6 432.1

Montana

73.5 75.6 75.8 75.9 64.7 65.5 64.9 65.8 91.0 91.7 91.9 92.1

Nebraska

151.4 154.7 154.0 153.2 90.0 91.8 90.5 91.2 171.9 170.9 171.3 171.1

Nevada

126.0 131.4 131.4 132.5 344.2 351.9 351.2 355.2 156.5 159.9 159.8 158.6

New Hampshire

120.4 122.9 122.2 123.4 69.6 75.3 75.1 75.7 90.9 91.0 90.7 90.9


New Jersey

671.5 686.0 686.1 686.9 368.5 378.1 372.9 376.0 612.8 609.1 610.7 608.5

New Mexico

138.0 140.5 141.0 140.8 94.9 98.4 97.8 97.5 191.7 191.6 191.4 191.1

New York

1,942.3 1,990.3 1,989.0 1,992.0 914.1 923.5 921.5 925.5 1,443.4 1,451.7 1,453.0 1,453.9

North Carolina

583.3 591.7 592.0 593.3 480.0 489.2 489.0 488.9 722.8 728.1 733.0 729.2

North Dakota

61.9 62.9 62.7 62.6 39.4 38.8 39.3 39.4 83.2 84.3 83.6 83.7


Ohio

919.9 931.3 938.1 938.0 550.3 556.1 553.4 558.4 776.3 769.5 769.0 767.1

Oklahoma

233.3 237.4 236.8 235.3 164.5 164.5 165.2 164.5 354.0 354.6 354.6 354.2

Oregon

264.8 272.9 272.7 273.7 199.1 199.1 199.6 200.4 306.3 308.7 309.7 309.0

Pennsylvania

1,214.8 1,252.5 1,250.6 1,246.0 557.2 572.3 563.6 565.3 700.9 701.8 700.8 699.9

Rhode Island

106.1 106.6 107.6 107.1 57.4 59.2 58.6 57.9 60.3 60.6 60.5 60.6


South Carolina

240.4 244.7 245.8 244.7 246.2 244.8 244.9 246.9 362.6 364.2 365.1 366.0

South Dakota

70.1 70.6 71.1 71.2 46.9 47.5 47.9 49.0 78.2 79.8 79.9 79.8

Tennessee

421.8 427.0 427.8 430.2 318.0 328.6 328.1 325.3 426.5 429.9 434.9 429.2

Texas

1,620.5 1,668.9 1,668.1 1,678.5 1,284.0 1,325.5 1,313.0 1,319.1 1,914.9 1,944.5 1,947.0 1,949.5

Utah

190.1 194.6 195.1 196.3 137.6 140.2 141.9 143.7 236.8 240.9 241.7 242.5


Vermont

64.3 65.1 64.8 64.6 34.7 38.9 37.9 37.8 55.6 55.5 56.1 55.6

Virginia

527.0 540.0 541.6 544.5 398.3 405.5 403.2 400.2 714.9 717.8 714.0 715.4

Washington

461.3 474.4 476.3 475.1 321.8 329.8 332.5 331.6 568.8 580.1 580.3 582.2

West Virginia

129.3 132.7 132.7 133.1 74.9 73.9 74.4 74.7 155.1 155.6 154.5 154.6

Wisconsin

443.4 448.7 450.1 450.0 275.0 278.1 275.9 277.4 410.5 416.0 411.5 418.8

Wyoming

27.7 27.9 28.0 27.8 35.5 35.4 35.5 35.5 71.7 70.4 70.7 70.4


Puerto Rico

121.4 122.5 121.2 121.9 80.4 81.4 82.4 81.6 227.6 223.0 221.7 220.8

Virgin Islands(1)

- - - - 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6 10.8 11.0 11.0 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
March April March April March April
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,961.5 1,991.4 1,979.4 2,001.8 9.5 9.7 9.4 9.8 84.6 84.1 85.6 85.3

Alaska

323.5 317.4 328.7 321.5 15.6 13.3 15.1 13.3 14.3 13.4 15.4 14.1

Arizona

2,700.6 2,754.7 2,712.9 2,764.8 11.5 11.4 11.5 11.3 132.6 136.7 133.3 139.0

Arkansas

1,224.3 1,240.6 1,231.9 1,251.6 6.6 6.0 6.3 6.0 49.2 48.8 50.3 50.1

California

16,292.2 16,664.2 16,440.0 16,680.6 24.4 22.1 24.3 22.5 744.3 787.4 762.9 800.7


Colorado

2,570.4 2,620.9 2,585.2 2,627.2 24.6 22.4 23.7 22.0 148.0 150.8 152.0 153.5

Connecticut

1,663.0 1,664.4 1,676.0 1,684.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 54.9 53.3 58.5 60.3

Delaware(1)

446.1 449.6 451.8 454.9 - - - - 20.8 20.7 20.5 21.3

District of Columbia(1)

779.7 787.0 785.8 789.6 - - - - 15.9 14.5 15.7 14.6

Florida

8,357.4 8,596.6 8,396.2 8,609.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 460.6 492.6 466.6 497.7


Georgia

4,314.7 4,453.2 4,365.2 4,479.6 9.4 10.0 9.4 10.1 171.1 181.2 173.8 179.6

Hawaii(1)

648.2 653.0 645.4 653.7 - - - - 38.0 36.8 37.6 37.5

Idaho

683.4 700.6 689.4 706.3 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.1 38.7 40.5 40.7 42.5

Illinois

5,935.2 5,964.0 6,006.4 6,011.8 7.9 7.9 8.1 8.1 202.1 196.8 215.3 204.8

Indiana

3,052.9 3,088.7 3,082.8 3,110.4 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.5 121.0 123.3 129.6 131.5


Iowa

1,554.4 1,562.2 1,578.6 1,585.7 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.5 73.4 70.5 81.0 78.3

Kansas

1,404.5 1,406.5 1,419.2 1,412.0 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 59.8 59.6 61.1 60.1

Kentucky

1,889.4 1,922.6 1,911.7 1,941.9 11.0 9.8 10.5 9.7 73.2 76.1 76.8 79.2

Louisiana

1,973.6 1,968.6 1,979.4 1,976.5 40.1 34.7 38.7 34.7 139.2 146.5 137.4 146.7

Maine

597.6 602.6 606.7 609.1 2.3 2.4 1.7 1.8 24.5 26.9 26.2 27.6


Maryland

2,674.6 2,723.0 2,706.2 2,753.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 155.7 155.7 159.4 160.7

Massachusetts

3,497.2 3,546.0 3,548.5 3,599.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 134.0 136.9 142.5 144.2

Michigan

4,250.4 4,327.1 4,304.3 4,365.5 7.0 6.8 7.1 7.2 138.9 146.2 149.1 155.7

Minnesota

2,832.1 2,880.4 2,885.9 2,920.5 5.7 6.6 5.7 6.5 98.6 104.2 112.4 115.4

Mississippi

1,146.1 1,143.9 1,150.4 1,149.7 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 45.7 41.1 44.8 41.1


Missouri

2,808.0 2,853.3 2,853.0 2,884.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 114.5 116.4 120.4 118.4

Montana

458.1 466.6 465.0 471.6 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.9 24.3 25.3 26.6 26.9

Nebraska

1,005.7 1,013.4 1,013.8 1,023.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 47.7 47.3 50.3 51.1

Nevada

1,280.0 1,318.9 1,293.8 1,335.9 13.3 13.8 13.7 14.0 72.9 79.3 73.8 83.2

New Hampshire

655.7 666.8 662.0 673.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 23.3 24.9 25.0 27.2


New Jersey

4,008.5 4,058.1 4,052.4 4,094.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 145.3 144.2 152.3 150.0

New Mexico

827.5 834.9 833.8 841.2 20.5 19.1 19.9 19.4 43.1 44.6 43.2 45.8

New York

9,283.0 9,389.5 9,390.9 9,467.7 4.7 4.6 5.0 5.1 350.9 352.2 367.9 369.8

North Carolina

4,297.2 4,375.5 4,339.3 4,393.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.8 195.0 200.6 199.0 199.4

North Dakota

427.7 428.2 432.9 434.8 15.5 16.0 14.9 16.4 25.9 27.4 29.6 30.5


Ohio

5,408.1 5,452.7 5,477.7 5,510.5 11.3 10.9 11.3 11.1 191.9 198.5 203.3 205.3

Oklahoma

1,653.6 1,651.9 1,659.2 1,657.5 45.2 46.1 44.3 45.6 75.8 77.5 76.1 76.6

Oregon

1,811.7 1,850.5 1,828.4 1,866.6 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5 85.5 93.4 87.8 95.9

Pennsylvania

5,826.3 5,872.7 5,896.7 5,935.0 25.8 22.9 25.1 23.1 223.3 227.3 237.6 239.9

Rhode Island

481.5 486.7 488.7 493.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 16.1 17.5 17.5 19.4


South Carolina

2,032.7 2,068.8 2,057.2 2,082.8 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.3 92.3 95.4 93.1 96.8

South Dakota

422.8 428.4 429.4 434.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 19.8 20.9 21.6 22.7

Tennessee

2,937.8 3,001.3 2,963.2 3,019.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.3 112.1 119.6 113.5 120.0

Texas

11,933.2 12,187.7 11,995.4 12,249.4 229.9 225.8 223.3 228.1 691.0 709.8 701.6 705.0

Utah

1,409.9 1,454.7 1,422.0 1,468.7 8.8 7.9 8.7 7.9 88.0 92.0 90.9 93.7


Vermont

310.8 314.6 308.9 309.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 13.2 13.5 14.5 14.2

Virginia

3,876.7 3,925.5 3,921.7 3,956.4 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.9 182.4 183.6 187.5 188.6

Washington

3,188.6 3,281.8 3,223.2 3,297.2 6.0 6.4 6.1 6.4 177.6 190.2 181.8 192.0

West Virginia

745.0 739.7 751.0 748.2 21.2 20.3 20.8 20.2 28.7 28.2 30.6 30.1

Wisconsin

2,878.5 2,901.9 2,919.1 2,941.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.8 101.0 100.6 109.4 110.3

Wyoming

278.3 271.8 278.2 271.8 19.8 18.6 19.0 19.0 19.8 19.1 21.4 20.4


Puerto Rico

894.5 882.5 891.5 881.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.7 20.5 22.4 20.0

Virgin Islands(1)

38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7 - - - - 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
March April March April March April
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

258.7 265.1 259.8 264.0 377.5 375.4 379.4 375.8 20.6 19.9 20.7 19.8

Alaska

13.7 11.0 12.5 10.5 61.8 61.0 64.0 62.5 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.2

Arizona

159.7 161.4 159.4 161.6 510.6 515.8 512.6 516.1 45.1 44.9 45.6 45.3

Arkansas

154.0 156.5 153.7 157.2 250.4 251.5 251.3 253.7 13.6 13.1 13.6 13.1

California

1,297.5 1,292.9 1,300.1 1,290.1 2,933.4 2,980.5 2,954.9 2,979.2 515.7 525.0 524.6 519.5


Colorado

141.7 141.4 141.8 141.4 447.0 456.0 448.4 458.5 71.4 70.9 71.4 71.0

Connecticut

155.7 155.5 155.5 155.5 294.7 294.6 294.8 295.1 32.2 31.5 32.2 31.2

Delaware

25.4 25.7 25.6 25.8 81.4 80.8 82.0 82.0 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.3 32.3 32.6 32.6 17.0 16.7 17.0 16.7

Florida

352.4 364.8 353.2 363.9 1,703.1 1,745.5 1,706.8 1,747.4 136.7 136.1 136.5 137.1


Georgia

386.4 388.6 387.3 389.7 914.1 936.6 918.5 939.2 109.4 113.1 112.7 115.5

Hawaii

14.1 13.5 14.0 13.6 119.0 120.1 118.4 120.5 8.4 9.1 8.5 9.1

Idaho

63.9 65.0 64.0 66.1 135.2 136.9 136.2 138.0 8.9 9.3 9.0 9.3

Illinois

574.2 568.9 574.0 568.8 1,190.0 1,191.6 1,202.6 1,193.5 98.1 98.8 98.6 99.8

Indiana

520.4 527.7 520.2 525.5 587.2 590.6 589.8 593.9 32.8 32.3 32.7 31.1


Iowa

214.0 209.7 213.8 210.0 311.0 313.9 314.9 317.1 22.8 21.3 22.7 21.0

Kansas

160.3 158.9 160.3 158.5 263.7 264.6 266.3 266.1 20.8 20.0 20.8 19.8

Kentucky

246.2 253.2 247.1 252.9 391.2 397.5 393.8 398.8 22.7 23.9 22.7 24.1

Louisiana

137.1 133.6 136.5 133.8 387.8 383.3 387.8 384.9 24.5 22.7 24.0 22.7

Maine

49.7 49.1 50.1 50.0 115.5 117.1 116.7 117.0 7.7 7.4 7.7 7.4


Maryland

103.1 102.6 103.5 103.3 459.3 461.9 462.5 464.8 37.7 36.8 38.4 37.3

Massachusetts

245.4 242.1 245.0 242.9 561.4 563.9 566.0 569.1 88.1 89.6 88.8 90.1

Michigan

591.2 598.4 598.2 603.2 764.3 767.2 773.3 769.5 56.7 58.3 57.1 57.9

Minnesota

314.4 314.5 316.1 316.4 519.2 527.4 528.5 530.5 50.2 51.3 50.2 51.3

Mississippi

143.4 142.3 143.1 141.9 226.5 228.8 228.5 230.7 12.1 11.5 12.1 11.3


Missouri

262.1 262.8 262.8 263.9 538.0 546.5 543.4 548.1 53.4 51.0 53.3 49.9

Montana

19.1 19.7 19.2 19.5 93.7 94.6 94.7 95.2 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.4

Nebraska

97.0 97.0 96.5 96.3 202.4 203.7 203.7 204.9 18.4 19.1 18.4 19.4

Nevada

43.0 44.8 43.1 44.9 237.3 239.6 239.1 241.5 13.8 14.2 14.9 14.5

New Hampshire

67.4 67.9 67.7 67.7 136.7 136.2 137.9 137.5 12.5 12.6 12.5 12.5


New Jersey

240.8 244.3 240.3 244.3 847.3 861.7 853.9 860.4 72.9 73.3 73.8 73.3

New Mexico

26.7 25.9 26.9 26.0 137.2 137.0 138.6 138.9 12.3 12.8 13.3 13.1

New York

451.4 438.1 451.5 436.6 1,547.0 1,550.5 1,558.8 1,555.2 263.5 268.1 266.5 268.5

North Carolina

463.5 462.0 463.2 460.3 800.8 812.0 807.9 814.1 77.7 75.2 78.6 75.4

North Dakota

24.5 24.0 24.6 23.9 96.5 93.6 96.8 94.8 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.9


Ohio

682.9 689.5 683.6 685.0 1,005.4 1,008.4 1,011.1 1,017.1 71.5 73.1 71.4 73.6

Oklahoma

130.6 128.9 129.2 129.3 304.2 299.2 306.1 298.9 21.3 21.0 21.3 21.0

Oregon

186.7 187.7 186.8 189.2 334.5 337.1 336.5 340.0 33.3 33.6 33.1 33.5

Pennsylvania

557.9 551.5 557.6 549.9 1,112.5 1,113.0 1,118.6 1,121.9 83.8 83.0 85.0 83.3

Rhode Island

40.6 40.3 40.6 40.9 75.1 75.4 75.6 76.5 8.0 7.7 8.2 7.7


South Carolina

236.8 245.0 237.3 244.6 387.6 397.7 391.3 399.1 27.0 26.6 27.8 26.6

South Dakota

42.1 41.0 42.1 41.3 86.7 87.3 87.8 87.8 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9

Tennessee

341.2 346.6 341.9 347.3 608.0 618.4 613.6 624.7 44.6 46.2 45.5 45.7

Texas

851.6 856.6 847.1 862.8 2,390.6 2,423.8 2,398.5 2,431.0 199.8 195.7 202.1 192.8

Utah

124.8 129.5 124.8 128.5 267.3 276.4 268.1 278.8 36.2 36.1 36.3 36.0


Vermont

29.7 28.4 29.8 28.6 54.6 54.5 55.0 54.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5

Virginia

231.7 233.1 231.2 230.4 650.5 655.4 655.8 656.4 67.9 65.5 68.8 65.7

Washington

289.0 282.8 290.2 282.9 589.2 610.5 595.4 615.8 117.7 122.6 118.1 123.2

West Virginia

46.8 45.3 46.7 45.6 132.2 128.5 133.0 129.9 9.6 9.8 9.5 9.6

Wisconsin

461.0 464.4 461.0 469.1 528.5 530.3 534.4 535.1 48.9 47.3 49.0 46.9

Wyoming

9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 53.5 51.5 53.0 51.4 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico

73.7 72.1 73.4 71.7 173.3 170.6 172.1 169.1 18.4 17.5 17.7 17.6

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.2 7.9 8.1 7.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
March April March April March April
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

95.5 97.1 95.9 98.0 231.9 238.3 235.5 239.9 229.7 238.0 232.2 238.8

Alaska

11.7 11.5 11.8 11.5 27.7 26.1 28.6 26.2 48.5 49.1 48.6 49.9

Arizona

198.7 209.3 200.1 209.9 406.5 415.0 410.2 414.3 409.3 420.8 411.5 422.6

Arkansas

50.8 50.9 51.2 51.4 142.3 148.0 143.9 149.6 178.8 186.7 180.4 187.4

California

811.3 826.2 819.4 825.7 2,493.3 2,540.0 2,515.2 2,528.5 2,522.3 2,611.2 2,546.5 2,612.0


Colorado

161.8 165.7 162.1 164.7 395.7 405.2 403.0 410.5 323.3 332.5 326.3 331.5

Connecticut

129.4 130.8 129.4 131.3 214.7 213.7 219.4 216.5 329.3 331.3 329.8 333.8

Delaware

47.0 46.7 47.1 47.0 59.3 58.4 60.5 58.7 76.6 79.3 77.0 79.8

District of Columbia

29.7 29.0 29.9 28.7 163.6 167.2 165.1 167.5 136.4 139.6 137.5 139.3

Florida

541.6 554.1 544.4 556.2 1,270.5 1,311.8 1,281.3 1,317.1 1,232.3 1,278.1 1,243.7 1,276.2


Georgia

235.5 245.6 236.9 246.0 641.3 669.9 647.2 676.9 556.6 574.3 559.9 575.0

Hawaii

28.3 28.1 28.2 28.2 83.4 84.2 83.6 84.5 83.7 83.4 84.2 83.6

Idaho

33.4 34.8 33.5 34.7 83.8 85.9 86.0 85.4 100.5 104.5 100.3 104.8

Illinois

379.4 389.3 382.3 389.8 912.2 918.3 927.2 936.2 912.3 929.9 916.9 933.2

Indiana

132.0 135.1 132.8 136.2 324.8 327.8 334.1 334.0 464.6 475.6 466.3 474.2


Iowa

107.2 109.8 107.7 111.0 135.1 139.0 139.5 143.0 232.2 235.4 232.6 236.8

Kansas

84.8 85.1 85.6 85.2 175.0 175.6 178.4 177.7 195.5 197.7 197.1 197.7

Kentucky

92.5 95.1 92.9 95.9 211.5 220.8 214.6 221.6 267.2 271.3 268.0 273.6

Louisiana

91.9 91.5 92.2 92.4 209.7 212.3 213.8 211.5 308.0 315.3 310.0 316.5

Maine

30.6 30.3 30.8 30.5 63.2 63.1 65.0 63.8 125.7 128.0 125.8 128.6


Maryland

147.1 147.8 148.1 149.6 431.3 452.0 440.0 459.0 456.0 470.2 458.5 471.4

Massachusetts

220.4 226.2 221.5 226.3 531.5 543.6 545.9 561.7 781.8 803.0 787.9 806.4

Michigan

208.6 214.7 210.2 215.5 636.1 655.2 648.1 664.2 662.2 673.1 664.4 671.8

Minnesota

173.0 176.8 174.4 176.6 360.0 366.1 370.5 373.3 518.5 536.8 522.9 542.0

Mississippi

43.8 43.5 44.0 44.2 109.1 105.1 108.0 106.1 140.2 144.0 141.0 144.2


Missouri

167.2 170.0 168.5 171.6 372.6 381.5 380.3 392.0 451.0 463.2 457.9 469.3

Montana

23.4 23.9 23.4 24.2 39.7 40.9 40.7 41.7 73.7 76.0 73.7 76.3

Nebraska

72.7 73.8 72.9 74.5 115.6 118.8 117.9 120.4 152.7 154.5 151.7 153.9

Nevada

62.0 63.3 62.5 63.3 172.2 180.6 175.3 183.7 125.1 131.1 126.3 133.0

New Hampshire

36.4 36.6 36.6 37.0 75.4 76.9 77.5 78.9 120.5 123.4 120.9 124.6


New Jersey

244.1 250.1 245.8 251.7 644.8 657.1 656.6 669.1 673.7 690.0 675.1 690.7

New Mexico

33.4 33.4 33.5 33.5 99.3 100.3 100.5 101.8 138.0 141.3 139.4 141.5

New York

707.7 708.3 708.7 710.8 1,266.2 1,299.7 1,287.8 1,315.5 1,962.5 2,017.2 1,978.3 2,024.9

North Carolina

222.6 228.6 223.8 228.6 596.2 617.4 605.1 624.9 581.1 594.8 584.7 594.6

North Dakota

23.9 24.3 23.9 24.4 33.5 33.6 34.4 34.9 61.5 62.8 61.9 62.8


Ohio

296.0 300.4 298.2 302.5 706.3 708.0 722.1 721.8 918.8 943.3 924.7 945.9

Oklahoma

78.3 80.3 78.5 80.2 178.7 178.5 180.8 181.9 233.6 236.6 233.7 236.2

Oregon

94.2 97.8 95.7 98.7 234.3 242.4 237.8 246.2 267.2 276.3 268.3 277.0

Pennsylvania

314.2 316.2 314.9 315.9 778.9 786.7 795.0 803.6 1,223.0 1,262.7 1,234.2 1,262.8

Rhode Island

33.5 32.8 33.5 33.0 63.7 64.5 65.6 65.9 107.8 110.2 108.2 109.8


South Carolina

99.0 99.8 100.1 100.3 263.7 269.6 269.3 270.0 240.1 247.2 241.2 246.7

South Dakota

29.0 29.8 29.1 29.9 30.4 30.9 31.2 31.5 70.0 71.6 70.3 71.6

Tennessee

150.1 154.0 151.5 154.6 396.4 409.6 401.5 411.2 422.8 430.0 423.7 432.7

Texas

723.4 742.0 726.7 744.3 1,605.5 1,654.1 1,619.5 1,669.9 1,615.0 1,669.0 1,623.3 1,679.8

Utah

80.5 81.5 80.7 82.0 197.2 205.0 200.2 209.4 191.2 197.9 192.1 199.6


Vermont

11.8 11.6 11.9 11.4 26.6 26.8 27.4 27.8 64.2 65.1 64.7 64.7

Virginia

198.1 203.6 199.3 203.0 705.0 722.2 715.4 732.3 527.8 544.1 531.5 548.4

Washington

148.0 154.0 148.9 153.5 395.7 404.6 400.5 407.3 462.7 479.0 465.0 477.0

West Virginia

27.8 27.2 27.8 27.4 65.2 64.7 66.0 65.5 129.4 132.9 130.1 133.7

Wisconsin

150.0 152.3 150.6 152.9 315.4 318.6 321.0 320.6 444.7 452.1 446.3 452.0

Wyoming

10.8 10.4 10.7 10.3 16.9 16.6 17.5 16.8 28.0 28.2 28.1 28.0


Puerto Rico

42.5 42.7 42.2 42.6 113.3 112.6 113.5 113.3 123.7 123.8 123.4 125.1

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
March April March April March April
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

194.6 199.1 199.5 203.9 79.8 81.4 80.6 81.8 379.1 383.3 380.8 384.7

Alaska

30.8 31.6 32.0 32.4 10.9 11.8 11.1 11.9 82.3 82.4 83.2 83.0

Arizona

312.4 329.6 314.6 331.8 89.9 86.7 89.6 87.2 424.3 423.1 424.5 425.7

Arkansas

113.8 115.1 116.7 119.2 46.9 48.2 47.0 48.3 217.9 215.8 217.5 215.6

California

1,860.6 1,912.3 1,893.1 1,933.8 548.6 571.9 554.9 573.1 2,540.8 2,594.7 2,544.1 2,595.5


Colorado

320.8 331.7 317.7 329.7 104.1 108.3 104.4 109.1 432.0 436.0 434.4 435.3

Connecticut

145.8 149.2 150.0 155.1 64.0 66.6 64.2 67.2 241.8 237.4 241.6 237.4

Delaware

45.8 47.8 48.6 50.2 18.5 18.6 18.8 18.5 66.7 66.9 67.1 66.9

District of Columbia

73.7 77.7 76.9 80.3 71.7 70.4 72.0 70.9 238.2 238.4 237.9 237.8

Florida

1,194.6 1,221.6 1,195.3 1,224.4 348.3 360.2 349.6 361.8 1,111.5 1,126.0 1,113.0 1,122.3


Georgia

453.7 478.8 473.5 490.5 155.6 155.9 157.5 158.2 681.6 699.2 688.5 698.9

Hawaii

117.2 121.3 117.1 120.7 27.1 27.3 27.2 27.3 129.0 129.2 126.6 128.7

Idaho

69.2 70.3 70.0 71.8 23.7 24.3 23.9 24.8 122.8 125.9 122.4 125.8

Illinois

571.0 578.1 591.9 592.0 250.3 249.1 251.0 248.8 837.7 835.3 838.5 836.8

Indiana

298.3 299.6 307.9 309.0 125.6 128.7 126.0 129.3 440.0 441.7 437.1 439.2


Iowa

137.3 137.1 143.1 142.3 58.6 61.0 58.7 60.2 260.9 262.3 262.3 263.5

Kansas

124.7 125.6 128.1 127.2 50.3 49.8 51.0 50.4 262.8 262.9 263.8 262.7

Kentucky

187.3 188.2 197.0 196.9 65.0 66.3 65.7 67.3 321.6 320.4 322.6 321.9

Louisiana

232.1 228.6 234.9 231.6 75.3 75.4 75.5 76.3 327.9 324.7 328.6 325.4

Maine

55.0 54.9 59.1 58.6 21.3 20.9 21.4 21.2 102.1 102.5 102.2 102.6


Maryland

258.7 259.3 269.1 270.1 112.2 115.9 112.9 115.7 512.2 519.5 512.5 520.6

Massachusetts

334.4 334.8 351.0 349.4 133.2 134.6 134.9 136.7 466.0 470.3 463.9 471.2

Michigan

404.7 413.9 415.1 426.9 166.7 170.0 167.9 172.8 614.0 623.3 613.8 620.8

Minnesota

250.4 248.8 259.7 257.3 114.5 117.3 114.9 118.1 427.6 430.6 430.6 433.1

Mississippi

131.0 132.2 134.1 134.1 40.2 40.6 40.2 41.2 247.2 247.9 247.8 248.1


Missouri

288.4 299.2 303.5 307.9 115.4 114.7 116.5 114.2 441.4 444.0 442.3 445.4

Montana

61.0 61.5 62.8 63.0 18.0 18.2 18.2 18.0 92.1 93.3 92.5 93.5

Nebraska

87.8 88.0 90.2 90.8 36.5 37.5 36.7 37.8 173.9 172.7 174.5 173.6

Nevada

341.2 348.9 346.5 354.9 39.1 40.5 39.6 40.9 160.1 162.8 159.0 162.0

New Hampshire

64.5 69.2 64.7 69.1 23.8 23.2 24.0 23.7 94.3 95.0 94.3 94.4


New Jersey

343.6 346.3 357.5 362.1 168.1 167.6 170.0 169.1 626.6 622.2 625.8 622.1

New Mexico

93.5 97.1 94.4 97.7 27.6 28.3 27.8 28.8 195.9 195.1 196.3 194.7

New York

871.4 878.7 901.8 904.7 401.5 407.4 405.7 409.8 1,456.2 1,464.7 1,458.9 1,466.8

North Carolina

462.8 472.6 481.0 486.8 148.1 154.0 149.5 154.2 743.8 752.5 740.9 749.4

North Dakota

38.6 38.7 39.1 39.0 16.1 15.6 16.1 15.7 85.0 85.3 85.0 85.5


Ohio

526.8 527.6 548.3 554.5 211.9 211.3 213.2 211.1 785.3 781.7 790.5 782.6

Oklahoma

163.5 163.1 166.7 166.0 62.7 60.8 62.7 61.8 359.7 359.9 359.8 360.0

Oregon

193.2 193.9 197.8 198.0 62.9 64.3 63.6 64.9 312.4 316.6 313.5 315.7

Pennsylvania

533.1 537.8 552.2 559.0 255.0 256.5 256.4 259.0 718.8 715.1 720.1 716.6

Rhode Island

52.7 53.9 55.5 55.7 22.7 22.8 22.9 22.8 61.1 61.4 60.9 61.3


South Carolina

241.1 240.6 251.0 250.9 74.3 73.2 74.7 73.5 366.7 369.4 367.3 370.0

South Dakota

43.5 43.6 45.1 46.5 15.8 16.0 16.0 16.1 78.9 80.5 79.5 80.5

Tennessee

309.8 318.4 321.4 326.9 109.8 111.4 110.6 111.5 439.0 443.0 436.0 440.4

Texas

1,272.5 1,304.9 1,293.8 1,326.8 417.1 430.5 422.4 436.2 1,936.8 1,975.5 1,937.1 1,972.7

Utah

137.5 143.5 139.1 144.9 38.9 40.1 39.1 40.5 239.5 244.8 242.0 247.4


Vermont

37.1 40.1 31.9 33.9 10.3 10.9 10.4 10.9 57.9 58.4 57.9 58.1

Virginia

384.8 388.7 398.8 398.5 197.4 198.4 199.0 198.1 723.1 723.1 726.6 727.1

Washington

311.2 324.2 320.5 328.2 115.9 119.1 117.4 120.1 575.6 588.4 579.3 590.8

West Virginia

72.9 71.6 74.6 74.2 54.2 54.0 54.1 54.0 157.0 157.2 157.8 158.0

Wisconsin

259.2 258.7 268.3 266.8 148.0 151.1 148.5 152.5 418.2 422.9 426.9 431.5

Wyoming

32.9 32.0 32.0 31.1 11.1 11.0 11.4 11.0 72.7 71.7 72.4 71.1


Puerto Rico

80.5 82.1 80.3 81.9 17.4 17.7 17.4 17.7 228.5 222.4 228.6 221.9

Virgin Islands

8.0 7.7 7.8 7.7 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 10.7 11.0 10.8 11.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: May 19, 2017