State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 16, 2018                  	USDL-18-1826

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in October in 6 states, higher in 2 states, and stable 
in 42 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Eighteen states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 32 states and 
the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from 
September at 3.7 percent but was 0.4 percentage point lower than in October 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states in October 2018 and was essentially 
unchanged in 41 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 36 states added 
nonfarm payroll jobs and 14 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

  ________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                |
 |                              Hurricane Michael                                 |
 |                                                                                |
 | Hurricane Michael made landfall in the Florida Panhandle on October 10, 2018,  |
 | during the reference periods for both the establishment and household surveys. |
 | Response rates for the two surveys were within normal ranges for the affected  |
 | areas.                                                                         |
 |________________________________________________________________________________|


Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.3 percent. The rates in Texas 
(3.7 percent) and Washington (4.3 percent) set new series lows. (All state series 
begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.4 percent. In total, 14 states 
had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.7 percent, 11 states and the 
District of Columbia had higher rates, and 25 states had rates that were not appreciably 
different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In October, six states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in North 
Carolina (-0.2 percentage point). Two states had over-the-month rate increases: Colorado 
and Hawaii (+0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 42 states and the District of 
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, 
though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant 
changes. (See table B.)

Eighteen states had unemployment rate changes from October 2017, all of which were 
decreases. The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.4 percentage points). 
(See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in nine states in October 2018. The largest job gains
occurred in California (+36,400), Texas (+32,300), and North Carolina (+27,900). In
percentage terms, the largest gains occurred in South Carolina (+0.9 percent), Alaska
(+0.7 percent), and New Hampshire and North Carolina (+0.6 percent each). (See tables D
and 3.)

Thirty-six states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in October.
The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+384,800), California (+308,700), and Florida
(+232,600). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by
Utah and Washington (+3.3 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled 
to be released on Thursday, November 29, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.4
Arizona .............................|           4.7
California ..........................|           4.1
Colorado ............................|           3.2
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.3
Idaho ...............................|           2.7
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Kentucky ............................|           4.5
Louisiana ...........................|           5.0
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           2.8
Mississippi .........................|           4.7
Missouri ............................|           3.1
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.4
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.8
Ohio ................................|           4.6
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
                                     |
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.3
West Virginia .......................|           5.2
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2018 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              | September |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     6.5   |     6.4   |      -0.1
Colorado .......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
Florida ........................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.2   |     2.3   |        .1
New York .......................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
North Carolina .................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Oklahoma .......................|     3.5   |     3.4   |       -.1
Vermont ........................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2017 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  October  |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.4   |      -0.8
California .....................|     4.5   |     4.1   |       -.4
Delaware .......................|     4.5   |     3.9   |       -.6
Florida ........................|     3.9   |     3.4   |       -.5
Georgia ........................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
Illinois .......................|     4.9   |     4.2   |       -.7
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     2.4   |       -.5
Michigan .......................|     4.7   |     3.9   |       -.8
Minnesota ......................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
New Jersey .....................|     4.7   |     4.1   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
New Mexico .....................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
Oklahoma .......................|     4.1   |     3.4   |       -.7
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.3   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     3.4   |     3.0   |       -.4
Virginia .......................|     3.6   |     2.9   |       -.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2018 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |  September  |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .......................|     327,200 |     329,500 |       2,300 |      0.7
California ...................|  17,200,200 |  17,236,600 |      36,400 |       .2
New Hampshire ................|     690,900 |     694,800 |       3,900 |       .6
New Jersey ...................|   4,195,900 |   4,213,300 |      17,400 |       .4
North Carolina ...............|   4,511,000 |   4,538,900 |      27,900 |       .6
Pennsylvania .................|   6,044,900 |   6,063,400 |      18,500 |       .3
South Carolina ...............|   2,115,100 |   2,134,100 |      19,000 |       .9
Texas ........................|  12,653,400 |  12,685,700 |      32,300 |       .3
Washington ...................|   3,448,300 |   3,460,700 |      12,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2017 to October 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   October   |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,018,500 |   2,052,100 |      33,600 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,793,600 |   2,880,300 |      86,700 |      3.1
California ...................|  16,927,900 |  17,236,600 |     308,700 |      1.8
Colorado .....................|   2,675,100 |   2,747,100 |      72,000 |      2.7
Connecticut ..................|   1,679,600 |   1,701,900 |      22,300 |      1.3
Florida ......................|   8,614,700 |   8,847,300 |     232,600 |      2.7
Georgia ......................|   4,482,200 |   4,575,800 |      93,600 |      2.1
Hawaii .......................|     653,800 |     664,700 |      10,900 |      1.7
Idaho ........................|     723,800 |     739,100 |      15,300 |      2.1
Illinois .....................|   6,074,800 |   6,134,100 |      59,300 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Iowa .........................|   1,573,500 |   1,595,300 |      21,800 |      1.4
Kansas .......................|   1,405,900 |   1,425,400 |      19,500 |      1.4
Maryland .....................|   2,723,100 |   2,761,600 |      38,500 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,619,100 |   3,683,500 |      64,400 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,379,700 |   4,441,500 |      61,800 |      1.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,942,500 |   2,978,100 |      35,600 |      1.2
Missouri .....................|   2,872,600 |   2,917,200 |      44,600 |      1.6
Nebraska .....................|   1,016,100 |   1,032,200 |      16,100 |      1.6
Nevada .......................|   1,352,100 |   1,397,900 |      45,800 |      3.4
New Hampshire ................|     679,500 |     694,800 |      15,300 |      2.3
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,144,800 |   4,213,300 |      68,500 |      1.7
New Mexico ...................|     832,900 |     855,200 |      22,300 |      2.7
New York .....................|   9,546,000 |   9,668,800 |     122,800 |      1.3
North Carolina ...............|   4,435,400 |   4,538,900 |     103,500 |      2.3
Ohio .........................|   5,531,800 |   5,647,200 |     115,400 |      2.1
Oklahoma .....................|   1,675,900 |   1,699,100 |      23,200 |      1.4
Oregon .......................|   1,885,100 |   1,931,600 |      46,500 |      2.5
Pennsylvania .................|   5,971,100 |   6,063,400 |      92,300 |      1.5
South Carolina ...............|   2,096,300 |   2,134,100 |      37,800 |      1.8
South Dakota .................|     436,500 |     443,800 |       7,300 |      1.7
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   3,025,100 |   3,084,400 |      59,300 |      2.0
Texas ........................|  12,300,900 |  12,685,700 |     384,800 |      3.1
Utah .........................|   1,480,000 |   1,528,600 |      48,600 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,956,300 |   4,027,700 |      71,400 |      1.8
Washington ...................|   3,351,100 |   3,460,700 |     109,600 |      3.3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,947,200 |   2,978,700 |      31,500 |      1.1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news
   release and published on the BLS website.
   
   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,164,470 2,203,282 2,208,177 2,212,724 81,877 91,183 90,818 89,754 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.1

Alaska

362,514 358,293 356,985 356,487 26,265 24,098 23,337 22,779 7.2 6.7 6.5 6.4

Arizona

3,340,425 3,374,642 3,384,701 3,401,010 156,837 156,162 157,347 158,154 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.7

Arkansas

1,357,679 1,346,866 1,345,675 1,346,556 50,504 48,135 47,230 47,441 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5

California

19,392,851 19,351,060 19,384,803 19,441,049 866,585 803,256 802,744 804,349 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,148,947 5,151,275 5,153,516 5,158,865 231,997 233,403 236,506 239,722 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6

Colorado

3,031,110 3,090,695 3,095,724 3,101,187 92,291 90,508 94,519 98,176 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2

Connecticut

1,912,024 1,899,242 1,903,469 1,909,250 86,071 80,869 80,049 79,992 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.2

Delaware

477,983 486,397 486,631 486,675 21,669 18,997 19,264 19,126 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.9

District of Columbia

401,373 408,116 406,600 405,232 23,784 23,033 23,021 22,866 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.6

Florida

10,139,339 10,243,298 10,240,585 10,245,720 395,836 375,331 358,608 345,083 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,387,395 1,393,640 1,387,076 1,378,667 64,982 57,958 54,803 52,413 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.8

Georgia

5,093,754 5,161,624 5,155,254 5,152,204 227,253 196,959 188,376 184,554 4.5 3.8 3.7 3.6

Hawaii

682,569 687,369 686,851 686,117 14,571 14,633 15,067 15,742 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3

Idaho

841,857 852,920 853,045 853,444 25,131 24,012 23,282 22,828 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7

Illinois

6,501,975 6,480,152 6,478,147 6,488,157 319,561 268,689 266,832 270,057 4.9 4.1 4.1 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,811,762 3,736,636 3,732,569 3,738,752 197,703 144,396 142,298 143,805 5.2 3.9 3.8 3.8

Indiana

3,322,852 3,392,408 3,397,226 3,402,529 115,058 117,759 117,344 119,755 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

Iowa

1,675,041 1,685,186 1,686,130 1,688,263 49,246 42,723 41,764 41,170 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.4

Kansas

1,478,910 1,479,442 1,481,564 1,484,916 52,289 49,115 48,444 48,443 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.3

Kentucky

2,055,308 2,071,442 2,073,661 2,075,251 93,683 91,024 92,597 93,994 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.5

Louisiana

2,115,366 2,130,849 2,122,778 2,117,019 99,134 106,806 106,412 105,971 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.0

Maine

700,529 706,530 706,160 705,463 22,306 22,434 23,189 23,831 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4

Maryland

3,223,061 3,233,747 3,229,082 3,227,761 130,227 136,102 134,095 131,469 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.1

Massachusetts

3,658,063 3,806,037 3,822,056 3,832,872 128,837 137,270 135,803 134,068 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5

Michigan

4,902,141 4,898,068 4,891,713 4,891,598 231,992 201,383 193,398 191,302 4.7 4.1 4.0 3.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,120,442 2,113,476 2,111,777 2,113,552 93,828 88,063 84,470 84,054 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.0

Minnesota

3,070,582 3,104,981 3,098,407 3,094,904 101,388 89,810 87,156 86,118 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.8

Mississippi

1,277,620 1,287,792 1,288,211 1,286,548 61,067 61,679 61,624 60,839 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7

Missouri

3,048,881 3,060,860 3,061,961 3,065,576 110,667 100,522 96,853 94,398 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.1

Montana

527,027 523,002 523,380 524,257 21,579 19,095 19,096 19,143 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.7

Nebraska

1,007,035 1,015,038 1,016,175 1,018,381 29,272 28,839 28,600 28,691 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,473,938 1,502,167 1,506,524 1,512,119 71,839 68,000 67,459 67,118 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.4

New Hampshire

746,893 760,558 761,794 762,467 19,498 20,512 20,246 19,727 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6

New Jersey

4,515,353 4,485,541 4,487,632 4,492,792 214,264 188,301 187,032 184,042 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.1

New Mexico

931,539 939,866 941,119 943,165 55,736 43,345 43,011 43,148 6.0 4.6 4.6 4.6

New York

9,715,583 9,690,939 9,709,285 9,735,860 456,122 408,920 397,637 387,713 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.0

New York City

4,229,615 4,228,902 4,227,055 4,230,223 187,964 172,850 170,846 168,476 4.4 4.1 4.0 4.0

North Carolina

4,968,481 5,002,552 4,993,059 4,992,392 221,322 196,916 187,346 181,435 4.5 3.9 3.8 3.6

North Dakota

413,648 405,865 404,220 403,098 10,923 10,727 10,948 11,103 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8

Ohio

5,785,775 5,789,423 5,775,488 5,770,624 282,447 267,764 265,755 265,827 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,028,655 1,034,016 1,035,184 1,037,477 56,043 53,121 53,050 53,033 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1

Oklahoma

1,842,332 1,864,493 1,863,224 1,861,601 76,070 68,324 65,294 62,609 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.4

Oregon

2,121,693 2,112,282 2,110,339 2,111,492 88,215 80,612 79,841 80,960 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,418,284 6,381,093 6,396,578 6,420,101 308,828 262,391 262,160 265,302 4.8 4.1 4.1 4.1

Rhode Island

556,339 562,187 561,911 561,169 25,071 22,567 22,072 21,325 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.8

South Carolina

2,319,409 2,306,520 2,304,338 2,307,247 97,934 78,758 76,741 76,220 4.2 3.4 3.3 3.3

South Dakota

456,331 458,770 458,661 458,803 15,605 13,957 13,677 13,599 3.4 3.0 3.0 3.0

Tennessee

3,220,679 3,255,943 3,253,703 3,253,393 105,961 116,202 117,337 119,019 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.7

Texas

13,592,091 13,821,915 13,816,243 13,833,511 534,702 535,928 525,550 516,731 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Utah

1,573,918 1,592,018 1,589,104 1,584,643 50,159 49,781 50,359 49,968 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2

Vermont

344,945 348,192 347,167 346,040 10,059 9,895 9,901 9,635 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8

Virginia

4,320,772 4,356,573 4,353,016 4,353,510 156,117 130,071 126,469 124,790 3.6 3.0 2.9 2.9

Washington

3,756,619 3,765,672 3,770,743 3,782,175 177,116 169,006 165,027 162,889 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,666,158 1,683,054 1,684,811 1,687,732 64,567 58,821 57,604 56,483 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.3

West Virginia

781,886 782,117 781,017 780,892 42,187 41,265 40,700 40,507 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2

Wisconsin

3,159,757 3,178,087 3,170,493 3,163,819 101,782 95,109 95,127 95,096 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0

Wyoming

292,348 285,694 285,315 285,519 12,159 11,253 11,593 11,725 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,090,766 1,103,638 1,099,876 1,092,360 116,954 96,905 92,504 87,305 10.7 8.8 8.4 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) September October September October
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,166,431 2,208,369 2,168,171 2,226,304 79,571 84,194 78,653 84,746 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.8

Alaska

363,815 355,369 359,848 354,834 24,193 19,801 24,543 20,510 6.6 5.6 6.8 5.8

Arizona

3,351,088 3,437,172 3,336,707 3,455,227 162,539 168,265 155,387 156,127 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.5

Arkansas

1,363,077 1,347,699 1,359,086 1,353,649 48,345 44,798 43,597 44,635 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3

California

19,462,033 19,549,346 19,374,412 19,627,398 841,531 767,720 816,310 780,472 4.3 3.9 4.2 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,171,660 5,167,470 5,146,520 5,179,859 237,000 248,024 224,494 242,739 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.7

Colorado

3,035,955 3,112,289 3,034,052 3,118,902 82,092 95,928 83,759 96,425 2.7 3.1 2.8 3.1

Connecticut

1,903,588 1,904,067 1,900,360 1,914,839 80,486 73,161 78,219 73,471 4.2 3.8 4.1 3.8

Delaware

474,481 481,487 476,851 484,392 21,221 19,801 20,735 17,177 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.5

District of Columbia

399,944 399,003 401,245 402,104 25,089 23,790 23,895 22,405 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.6

Florida

10,202,985 10,263,010 10,128,026 10,261,846 411,122 313,992 390,619 312,597 4.0 3.1 3.9 3.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,387,270 1,364,440 1,386,660 1,357,854 67,082 49,458 65,325 48,791 4.8 3.6 4.7 3.6

Georgia

5,099,501 5,119,499 5,082,865 5,137,434 227,050 165,304 223,205 185,183 4.5 3.2 4.4 3.6

Hawaii

679,436 681,272 678,823 679,733 15,297 17,069 13,948 17,189 2.3 2.5 2.1 2.5

Idaho

839,287 852,381 843,654 855,429 22,497 18,111 21,928 19,126 2.7 2.1 2.6 2.2

Illinois

6,496,827 6,462,858 6,483,672 6,527,645 299,985 245,989 294,392 273,133 4.6 3.8 4.5 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,797,676 3,702,559 3,788,939 3,751,182 184,964 133,726 183,508 148,095 4.9 3.6 4.8 3.9

Indiana

3,326,645 3,386,095 3,315,355 3,404,398 109,414 101,932 103,227 120,871 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.6

Iowa

1,677,793 1,683,405 1,675,691 1,697,159 46,234 35,881 39,065 31,932 2.8 2.1 2.3 1.9

Kansas

1,476,680 1,483,138 1,477,351 1,495,759 48,648 43,531 45,079 44,785 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0

Kentucky

2,056,757 2,069,558 2,038,572 2,063,185 88,035 88,257 81,100 86,744 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.2

Louisiana

2,120,750 2,099,174 2,117,409 2,107,987 105,383 104,744 91,126 98,627 5.0 5.0 4.3 4.7

Maine

702,255 702,804 702,650 704,726 19,418 21,006 19,379 22,292 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.2

Maryland

3,229,574 3,207,608 3,224,637 3,229,798 124,509 123,648 127,143 121,618 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8

Massachusetts

3,639,953 3,814,745 3,637,788 3,820,853 126,627 120,367 111,544 109,703 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9

Michigan

4,914,046 4,884,529 4,884,824 4,907,170 221,097 169,211 204,681 185,438 4.5 3.5 4.2 3.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,140,148 2,126,331 2,121,865 2,137,075 98,430 79,170 91,876 93,014 4.6 3.7 4.3 4.4

Minnesota

3,071,191 3,073,214 3,059,916 3,084,915 87,539 68,528 73,290 66,585 2.9 2.2 2.4 2.2

Mississippi

1,276,196 1,279,584 1,272,072 1,273,283 59,527 58,078 56,161 53,982 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2

Missouri

3,052,192 3,056,664 3,031,234 3,070,323 99,677 80,603 82,841 71,387 3.3 2.6 2.7 2.3

Montana

525,710 523,111 524,892 524,858 18,235 16,520 19,394 17,279 3.5 3.2 3.7 3.3

Nebraska

1,000,098 1,012,180 1,005,465 1,024,158 27,212 25,895 25,672 27,008 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6

Nevada

1,473,917 1,519,245 1,474,068 1,526,445 72,059 67,150 68,899 63,591 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.2

New Hampshire

743,350 758,780 744,206 758,608 18,490 17,479 17,199 15,562 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.1

New Jersey

4,505,265 4,457,867 4,498,988 4,486,971 210,108 182,302 198,549 160,343 4.7 4.1 4.4 3.6

New Mexico

930,215 943,589 933,360 951,378 55,508 43,462 53,585 42,945 6.0 4.6 5.7 4.5

New York

9,743,446 9,740,425 9,683,391 9,787,056 446,739 365,727 429,759 352,282 4.6 3.8 4.4 3.6

New York City

4,243,249 4,215,371 4,226,863 4,242,780 191,105 169,156 184,876 166,806 4.5 4.0 4.4 3.9

North Carolina

4,989,623 4,957,232 4,972,021 5,013,870 211,307 152,193 211,534 170,887 4.2 3.1 4.3 3.4

North Dakota

414,703 401,220 413,442 401,062 8,221 9,029 7,532 7,920 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.0

Ohio

5,800,421 5,728,075 5,780,912 5,784,462 270,887 233,676 252,102 247,409 4.7 4.1 4.4 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,037,329 1,039,724 1,022,335 1,039,643 53,335 46,123 48,185 46,414 5.1 4.4 4.7 4.5

Oklahoma

1,846,157 1,854,750 1,848,467 1,861,101 75,274 55,582 73,847 55,951 4.1 3.0 4.0 3.0

Oregon

2,134,310 2,122,489 2,130,000 2,128,399 85,082 78,804 84,155 85,675 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.0

Pennsylvania

6,421,837 6,423,332 6,383,896 6,455,032 283,990 250,856 274,047 252,191 4.4 3.9 4.3 3.9

Rhode Island

555,698 559,261 556,526 558,063 22,433 19,529 22,789 17,191 4.0 3.5 4.1 3.1

South Carolina

2,317,579 2,297,655 2,316,025 2,316,491 98,002 76,269 96,947 76,757 4.2 3.3 4.2 3.3

South Dakota

454,086 456,501 457,090 459,632 13,828 11,773 13,567 11,995 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.6

Tennessee

3,222,941 3,234,140 3,213,444 3,251,426 105,030 119,695 101,958 120,258 3.3 3.7 3.2 3.7

Texas

13,619,456 13,802,138 13,536,215 13,869,529 548,848 517,036 501,634 478,909 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.5

Utah

1,571,088 1,576,960 1,574,321 1,571,635 46,718 47,651 46,298 43,192 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7

Vermont

343,810 342,964 344,217 342,283 9,919 9,567 7,783 6,224 2.9 2.8 2.3 1.8

Virginia

4,327,531 4,323,618 4,302,973 4,345,779 155,426 118,444 146,155 119,863 3.6 2.7 3.4 2.8

Washington

3,761,882 3,792,019 3,757,972 3,823,627 168,840 147,755 163,671 152,043 4.5 3.9 4.4 4.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,669,438 1,696,604 1,656,221 1,684,471 67,548 58,721 64,004 55,166 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.3

West Virginia

785,351 782,682 783,319 785,538 35,865 34,947 36,014 36,147 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.6

Wisconsin

3,166,604 3,147,177 3,159,058 3,148,847 92,134 80,668 86,267 81,663 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6

Wyoming

292,678 285,812 292,185 287,291 10,386 10,605 10,771 10,094 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.5

Puerto Rico

1,091,617 1,088,594 1,055,201 1,082,287 120,527 93,171 120,289 89,486 11.0 8.6 11.4 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,018.5 2,039.8 2,046.2 2,052.1 85.2 86.2 87.1 87.3 263.0 270.9 271.7 273.2

Alaska

329.1 326.2 327.2 329.5 14.8 15.2 15.4 15.6 14.7 13.2 13.0 13.5

Arizona

2,793.6 2,869.8 2,875.3 2,880.3 148.4 162.1 163.9 166.4 166.8 173.1 174.6 175.3

Arkansas

1,243.9 1,250.5 1,253.5 1,252.3 51.2 51.8 52.1 52.2 157.9 160.0 160.5 160.1

California

16,927.9 17,189.7 17,200.2 17,236.6 828.2 855.9 855.2 858.2 1,313.8 1,311.9 1,311.3 1,317.9


Colorado

2,675.1 2,743.0 2,742.3 2,747.1 164.5 172.4 171.7 171.5 142.9 146.5 147.5 147.7

Connecticut

1,679.6 1,701.8 1,700.4 1,701.9 59.0 62.4 62.9 62.9 160.4 164.0 164.4 164.7

Delaware(2)

458.8 462.6 463.0 463.7 22.2 23.1 23.4 23.5 25.6 26.1 26.1 26.1

District of Columbia(2)

794.0 796.8 795.5 795.9 15.6 15.9 16.0 16.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Florida

8,614.7 8,825.5 8,829.5 8,847.3 509.3 548.4 549.7 552.7 365.6 379.5 377.3 377.4


Georgia

4,482.2 4,554.9 4,573.4 4,575.8 186.2 201.7 205.3 207.8 400.9 405.2 405.5 403.8

Hawaii(2)

653.8 667.1 664.4 664.7 36.8 36.3 36.1 36.5 13.9 13.7 13.5 13.7

Idaho

723.8 739.9 738.5 739.1 46.2 47.7 47.8 48.2 67.5 70.6 70.9 70.8

Illinois

6,074.8 6,122.1 6,123.8 6,134.1 219.2 226.7 227.9 229.0 581.5 590.5 593.0 594.3

Indiana

3,114.0 3,138.4 3,136.0 3,139.4 135.1 144.9 144.7 146.2 531.6 533.4 531.3 531.5


Iowa

1,573.5 1,593.5 1,591.4 1,595.3 75.3 79.8 80.0 81.6 218.8 226.5 226.7 227.8

Kansas

1,405.9 1,430.8 1,425.0 1,425.4 59.1 61.6 60.2 59.8 162.1 166.3 166.3 165.9

Kentucky

1,921.6 1,936.3 1,934.2 1,932.0 76.6 75.2 76.6 76.7 248.3 249.9 249.7 251.3

Louisiana

1,970.3 1,987.3 1,989.7 1,989.7 142.7 149.7 149.3 147.4 133.7 140.0 139.8 139.2

Maine

621.2 628.3 629.1 629.1 27.8 29.0 29.0 29.0 51.2 52.1 51.9 51.7


Maryland(2)

2,723.1 2,751.4 2,750.9 2,761.6 163.4 164.2 163.6 164.1 106.4 108.7 108.2 108.5

Massachusetts

3,619.1 3,683.6 3,679.1 3,683.5 155.1 163.1 162.9 163.4 244.2 248.4 247.6 247.7

Michigan

4,379.7 4,437.0 4,438.0 4,441.5 164.4 177.4 175.3 174.4 615.2 623.4 623.7 625.7

Minnesota

2,942.5 2,974.2 2,974.7 2,978.1 119.9 125.1 125.5 127.0 318.9 325.9 324.8 325.0

Mississippi

1,155.1 1,169.5 1,168.1 1,168.9 42.5 43.6 42.9 42.2 143.6 144.8 144.8 145.1


Missouri

2,872.6 2,907.5 2,913.2 2,917.2 123.5 122.2 123.5 123.3 265.5 268.8 271.1 271.9

Montana

473.0 479.3 479.6 480.1 27.2 29.3 29.3 28.9 19.9 20.5 20.4 20.5

Nebraska(2)

1,016.1 1,033.1 1,033.3 1,032.2 50.5 52.7 52.5 52.6 98.4 102.4 103.0 102.8

Nevada

1,352.1 1,391.3 1,392.8 1,397.9 83.4 92.3 92.3 92.9 50.0 55.2 56.2 56.9

New Hampshire

679.5 689.5 690.9 694.8 27.1 29.4 29.5 29.9 69.9 72.0 72.3 72.4


New Jersey

4,144.8 4,194.9 4,195.9 4,213.3 153.1 148.5 147.5 149.3 245.3 253.5 252.8 255.0

New Mexico

832.9 848.1 852.6 855.2 46.3 49.0 49.6 49.7 26.9 27.2 27.4 27.3

New York

9,546.0 9,634.2 9,646.8 9,668.8 383.9 396.5 397.0 399.5 442.8 443.2 444.0 443.1

North Carolina

4,435.4 4,526.6 4,511.0 4,538.9 209.6 220.0 219.6 220.2 467.0 474.2 474.0 474.4

North Dakota

429.8 435.5 435.0 434.9 25.8 27.6 27.4 27.6 24.7 25.3 25.2 25.4


Ohio

5,531.8 5,634.6 5,636.3 5,647.2 216.1 225.9 225.3 225.2 689.0 698.2 700.8 702.2

Oklahoma

1,675.9 1,698.1 1,699.7 1,699.1 78.1 77.6 78.5 77.6 129.5 130.9 130.8 130.5

Oregon

1,885.1 1,922.3 1,927.0 1,931.6 98.8 108.0 108.6 109.2 190.8 193.6 194.0 194.6

Pennsylvania

5,971.1 6,027.9 6,044.9 6,063.4 250.3 250.1 254.7 256.6 561.1 565.9 566.1 569.1

Rhode Island

496.8 502.1 502.6 503.1 18.3 19.0 19.1 19.4 40.5 41.1 41.6 41.3


South Carolina

2,096.3 2,127.5 2,115.1 2,134.1 100.7 99.0 99.2 99.0 239.7 244.2 244.3 245.3

South Dakota(2)

436.5 440.5 442.3 443.8 23.7 24.7 24.8 24.7 43.1 44.7 44.8 45.1

Tennessee(2)

3,025.1 3,072.2 3,078.4 3,084.4 124.6 126.1 127.5 129.4 349.1 353.6 355.1 355.1

Texas

12,300.9 12,622.9 12,653.4 12,685.7 721.4 766.7 769.8 771.3 852.6 880.2 883.0 882.5

Utah

1,480.0 1,525.3 1,524.8 1,528.6 99.6 101.2 102.4 103.0 129.0 134.7 134.5 135.2


Vermont

315.0 313.0 312.7 312.2 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.3 29.1 29.3 29.3 29.3

Virginia

3,956.3 4,019.6 4,025.0 4,027.7 194.9 202.2 202.9 203.6 233.6 242.1 243.1 243.0

Washington

3,351.1 3,440.0 3,448.3 3,460.7 203.8 211.6 211.6 214.1 281.9 288.6 290.1 291.1

West Virginia

746.6 752.0 752.0 753.5 33.4 34.0 34.0 34.5 46.9 46.9 47.2 47.5

Wisconsin

2,947.2 2,986.3 2,982.2 2,978.7 116.3 124.0 124.9 125.5 469.9 489.2 489.9 489.9

Wyoming

282.5 287.6 288.5 288.5 19.4 20.6 20.5 20.9 9.5 9.8 9.9 9.8


Puerto Rico(2)

836.2 852.9 853.5 853.2 20.1 20.5 20.1 20.2 70.0 70.1 70.5 70.7

Virgin Islands(3)

36.0 36.9 37.3 37.4 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)

Alabama

378.1 379.6 379.6 380.3 97.2 97.1 97.7 98.4 240.4 248.8 250.9 252.3

Alaska

63.6 63.4 63.7 63.1 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.4 27.7 27.6 27.9 28.8

Arizona

524.9 534.6 534.1 532.9 216.8 220.4 221.2 221.6 426.9 436.5 438.6 440.3

Arkansas

251.7 252.2 252.3 251.6 52.7 54.2 54.3 54.1 145.2 149.8 150.6 150.6

California

3,060.0 3,084.3 3,081.0 3,077.9 831.8 834.7 836.0 835.9 2,572.6 2,643.4 2,652.9 2,672.0


Colorado

462.7 470.3 470.8 471.8 168.3 170.2 169.2 168.9 417.3 431.6 431.3 435.1

Connecticut

297.4 297.1 296.2 295.8 127.6 127.7 128.8 129.7 217.7 222.8 222.3 223.0

Delaware

81.4 82.2 82.3 82.4 47.9 47.8 47.7 47.6 64.2 64.4 64.8 65.7

District of Columbia

33.8 33.8 34.0 34.2 30.1 31.4 31.5 31.6 167.0 167.8 168.5 167.2

Florida

1,749.2 1,772.3 1,770.9 1,774.5 567.8 582.8 581.5 584.5 1,337.4 1,358.7 1,363.2 1,367.5


Georgia

944.5 962.8 967.3 965.9 242.1 241.7 240.4 240.8 673.1 681.2 685.9 691.2

Hawaii

121.3 122.7 122.7 122.3 28.3 30.0 29.9 30.0 81.3 83.8 85.0 85.1

Idaho

140.9 141.6 142.0 141.6 35.7 36.4 36.5 36.2 90.9 94.0 94.0 94.4

Illinois

1,216.1 1,215.3 1,213.9 1,219.2 393.8 399.7 400.6 400.0 937.1 948.3 944.0 942.0

Indiana

598.7 608.2 610.7 612.0 138.1 139.8 140.1 140.2 340.7 343.3 343.7 344.1


Iowa

314.0 314.9 313.9 314.0 109.2 111.6 111.6 112.0 139.8 141.9 142.6 142.4

Kansas

268.4 272.4 272.4 273.7 78.0 79.8 80.0 80.3 179.0 181.8 182.6 183.3

Kentucky

406.3 413.1 413.7 413.7 92.6 94.3 94.4 95.0 215.2 217.7 217.4 215.1

Louisiana

380.1 382.8 382.7 381.6 92.3 92.6 92.5 93.7 214.1 212.5 211.5 210.7

Maine

119.2 119.8 120.3 120.4 31.5 31.8 31.8 31.8 66.6 66.6 66.8 66.9


Maryland

467.9 472.6 470.6 471.9 145.7 139.7 138.8 138.0 443.6 463.3 459.9 462.2

Massachusetts

579.9 580.8 582.2 582.3 222.1 222.9 222.9 222.5 568.4 595.2 596.0 597.6

Michigan

788.7 791.9 790.0 791.3 219.1 219.9 221.0 221.1 646.6 659.5 659.4 660.1

Minnesota

537.5 543.4 543.8 544.6 179.7 180.6 181.5 181.9 374.8 377.8 378.6 377.9

Mississippi

232.8 232.7 232.3 232.1 44.4 46.0 45.2 44.8 109.1 113.4 114.3 115.8


Missouri

545.0 548.0 547.9 546.9 173.6 177.3 176.0 175.8 386.4 396.0 397.6 399.0

Montana

94.6 93.6 93.5 94.0 24.4 24.4 24.5 24.5 41.3 42.6 43.0 43.1

Nebraska

203.0 202.7 201.4 200.7 74.0 75.5 75.6 75.7 117.3 120.8 121.2 122.1

Nevada

250.7 255.2 255.1 254.6 65.7 66.1 65.8 65.3 181.8 188.3 187.7 191.0

New Hampshire

141.3 142.5 142.6 143.4 35.5 35.5 35.9 36.0 81.5 82.4 81.1 81.8


New Jersey

892.6 905.3 905.3 910.3 248.5 247.1 247.7 247.0 665.0 678.6 686.4 690.8

New Mexico

135.8 138.6 138.1 138.7 34.2 35.7 35.6 35.3 104.4 108.8 109.5 109.7

New York

1,578.8 1,576.0 1,576.6 1,584.3 719.9 722.4 723.4 723.6 1,323.5 1,334.2 1,333.8 1,339.4

North Carolina

833.4 849.8 848.6 853.1 234.0 238.5 240.2 242.0 624.7 646.7 647.1 654.1

North Dakota

94.4 93.4 93.4 93.2 24.6 24.4 24.8 24.6 34.5 35.5 35.2 35.2


Ohio

1,023.5 1,044.1 1,044.6 1,046.8 307.1 312.2 311.8 311.0 720.8 725.4 725.2 728.8

Oklahoma

305.5 310.1 310.3 311.5 79.8 79.3 79.5 79.6 186.5 193.0 193.2 191.8

Oregon

351.2 358.4 357.0 358.7 100.4 102.4 102.3 101.4 245.2 245.5 247.4 248.9

Pennsylvania

1,127.3 1,130.5 1,130.2 1,130.7 321.5 324.4 325.4 326.8 807.1 814.7 826.2 831.2

Rhode Island

76.7 76.6 76.3 76.8 36.5 36.6 36.5 36.5 69.0 69.5 69.9 69.3


South Carolina

396.1 407.4 405.6 409.3 101.7 101.9 102.0 102.4 278.3 278.0 277.6 285.0

South Dakota

86.5 86.6 86.5 86.8 29.4 29.3 29.4 29.4 31.5 33.3 33.5 33.9

Tennessee

624.3 630.6 632.7 635.1 159.0 161.5 161.2 160.4 408.1 418.3 418.1 417.3

Texas

2,464.4 2,523.4 2,528.2 2,537.1 763.5 776.5 783.1 785.2 1,684.9 1,758.3 1,763.1 1,762.5

Utah

280.6 293.1 293.3 292.9 84.6 87.4 87.3 88.1 207.2 214.4 212.8 213.2


Vermont

55.0 54.2 54.0 53.8 12.1 12.5 12.5 12.3 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.2

Virginia

662.2 672.9 675.4 674.5 205.6 211.6 210.9 211.1 733.8 751.9 750.8 754.0

Washington

633.6 655.0 656.2 655.5 155.7 159.0 161.1 162.1 420.6 440.3 439.8 440.8

West Virginia

132.3 133.8 134.2 134.4 26.9 26.5 26.6 26.9 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.5

Wisconsin

537.3 544.1 540.2 536.4 152.4 149.8 149.6 151.1 325.3 322.2 323.2 322.9

Wyoming

52.3 52.7 52.9 53.0 10.8 11.4 11.3 11.2 18.9 18.8 18.8 18.5


Puerto Rico

159.6 168.7 169.9 169.6 41.9 42.2 42.0 42.2 111.3 111.7 111.9 111.8

Virgin Islands(1)

7.0 7.4 7.4 7.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)
Oct.
2017
Aug.
2018
Sept.
2018
Oct.
2018(p)

Alabama

243.4 242.3 243.3 243.9 202.2 204.3 203.0 204.1 384.5 385.4 387.5 386.5

Alaska

50.0 50.1 50.4 50.5 35.9 35.6 35.6 36.1 80.9 80.3 80.3 80.7

Arizona

430.4 441.8 444.0 443.8 322.2 331.4 332.8 334.6 412.1 422.5 417.8 416.2

Arkansas

187.3 188.2 189.8 190.0 118.8 116.3 116.7 116.9 211.5 211.6 211.4 211.5

California

2,661.4 2,733.8 2,731.1 2,730.0 1,962.6 2,006.1 2,007.9 2,009.5 2,570.5 2,593.2 2,601.4 2,607.0


Colorado

334.4 338.1 340.1 340.4 339.5 350.4 349.4 350.7 436.7 449.4 447.7 446.4

Connecticut

335.4 342.8 341.8 341.9 154.9 161.1 159.7 159.5 231.2 227.1 227.5 227.8

Delaware

78.4 78.7 78.9 79.3 49.3 50.5 49.6 48.8 66.5 66.6 66.9 67.1

District of Columbia

136.7 135.4 134.0 134.1 77.7 79.1 78.9 78.9 239.5 237.5 237.3 237.3

Florida

1,273.6 1,313.6 1,320.4 1,324.9 1,212.2 1,263.7 1,262.9 1,263.3 1,108.0 1,106.2 1,102.5 1,099.1


Georgia

574.2 588.7 592.4 591.8 481.2 491.5 495.2 492.2 691.2 695.1 693.1 692.7

Hawaii

85.2 86.6 86.6 86.9 125.0 129.0 128.3 127.8 125.4 127.8 125.2 125.1

Idaho

104.3 105.5 104.7 105.6 76.2 78.5 77.6 76.8 124.0 127.4 126.7 126.9

Illinois

927.3 928.0 929.7 930.4 612.9 618.9 619.5 620.3 831.9 843.2 845.4 846.7

Indiana

473.7 475.1 474.2 476.7 306.3 305.8 305.3 302.8 426.3 430.0 426.2 426.2


Iowa

230.0 233.1 233.2 232.9 144.6 143.0 143.3 145.4 259.9 263.6 260.0 259.0

Kansas

197.8 197.7 198.0 198.0 129.4 131.9 130.3 131.6 256.6 263.5 260.3 259.0

Kentucky

272.8 273.4 273.2 273.1 195.9 196.0 194.1 193.1 314.8 316.9 315.6 314.3

Louisiana

315.2 317.9 318.9 319.8 234.8 234.9 237.3 237.9 326.6 323.7 323.8 323.8

Maine

128.0 129.1 129.2 129.5 66.0 68.3 68.2 67.9 99.8 100.7 100.6 100.4


Maryland

467.1 474.4 474.9 476.4 275.8 279.2 282.1 283.2 503.0 499.0 501.7 503.4

Massachusetts

795.5 806.3 808.2 810.4 370.6 378.6 372.5 372.1 451.9 453.2 452.5 452.2

Michigan

669.1 678.6 679.2 677.0 435.3 443.1 443.3 444.6 609.5 606.2 610.8 612.4

Minnesota

537.8 540.6 540.7 540.8 272.1 276.5 275.9 278.4 427.9 430.8 431.7 431.2

Mississippi

145.0 146.5 145.9 146.0 135.9 139.5 138.8 139.0 243.1 244.2 245.3 244.8


Missouri

466.9 477.8 477.8 479.4 306.2 310.9 313.1 315.3 433.5 434.3 434.6 434.3

Montana

76.6 76.7 76.8 76.8 65.5 66.3 66.1 66.4 91.7 93.0 92.7 92.3

Nebraska

154.7 157.6 156.8 156.9 91.6 95.5 95.8 95.3 172.1 171.9 173.3 172.6

Nevada

135.1 140.3 141.0 141.2 351.4 353.7 354.7 357.0 163.8 167.5 167.3 166.3

New Hampshire

124.4 125.8 126.9 127.2 72.2 72.8 74.0 74.8 90.1 90.6 90.7 91.2


New Jersey

702.7 713.4 711.9 713.0 376.6 383.4 380.8 384.5 615.3 617.4 616.1 615.3

New Mexico

139.8 138.9 140.8 141.0 97.4 101.6 103.2 104.4 186.7 186.8 187.0 187.2

New York

2,018.0 2,051.3 2,064.9 2,071.4 941.1 961.5 960.0 957.4 1,448.4 1,450.7 1,450.6 1,450.0

North Carolina

600.4 610.4 610.5 614.3 496.0 503.8 492.5 504.0 734.4 742.7 740.5 738.2

North Dakota

63.3 64.1 64.4 64.2 39.3 40.4 40.3 40.4 82.2 81.0 80.5 80.6


Ohio

930.3 946.5 947.1 950.9 561.7 581.5 578.5 580.5 782.2 793.3 791.3 791.3

Oklahoma

235.9 237.8 237.3 236.8 171.4 173.5 174.4 175.3 351.2 351.8 352.3 352.0

Oregon

275.5 299.0 298.6 298.3 208.8 216.3 217.4 217.2 308.7 293.2 295.3 296.3

Pennsylvania

1,263.1 1,282.9 1,287.0 1,292.9 568.0 578.2 578.1 580.4 702.2 706.3 702.7 702.2

Rhode Island

107.4 108.8 109.0 108.9 58.2 59.7 59.4 59.4 60.9 60.5 60.5 60.6


South Carolina

248.1 255.6 254.9 253.5 254.9 261.3 252.4 261.3 367.0 368.6 368.7 368.7

South Dakota

72.7 72.1 72.9 73.0 47.2 46.8 47.1 47.5 79.6 79.9 80.1 80.2

Tennessee

434.8 440.0 441.0 440.8 332.7 347.3 348.4 350.3 432.8 434.1 433.9 433.9

Texas

1,671.3 1,711.4 1,713.2 1,718.3 1,347.1 1,370.9 1,375.0 1,383.7 1,939.7 1,940.5 1,939.7 1,940.3

Utah

200.0 207.4 207.4 207.7 146.1 151.0 150.1 150.6 244.8 248.3 249.8 250.6


Vermont

66.0 65.7 66.3 66.4 38.0 37.0 36.5 36.4 55.8 55.4 55.6 55.8

Virginia

531.5 542.4 545.9 546.8 400.8 411.1 414.2 415.6 715.8 703.3 699.9 697.0

Washington

479.1 489.1 491.4 491.8 333.1 339.3 337.8 339.2 589.6 594.1 595.5 599.1

West Virginia

130.4 131.5 132.1 132.0 73.8 75.1 74.4 74.7 153.6 155.2 155.3 155.5

Wisconsin

453.6 455.7 457.8 458.0 280.0 284.6 284.0 284.3 408.6 414.5 410.0 408.1

Wyoming

27.9 28.7 28.8 28.5 35.8 37.2 38.0 38.0 69.9 69.7 69.4 69.3


Puerto Rico

117.9 117.6 117.0 117.0 67.8 79.9 79.9 80.0 213.0 208.0 208.2 207.7

Virgin Islands

2.4 2.6 2.5 2.5 6.8 6.1 6.7 6.5 10.8 10.7 10.6 10.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
September October September October September October
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,021.2 2,050.5 2,028.2 2,062.7 9.9 10.1 9.8 10.1 86.0 88.4 87.2 89.4

Alaska

340.2 337.5 322.9 324.0 13.2 13.2 13.0 13.3 17.3 17.2 15.8 16.8

Arizona

2,794.5 2,878.3 2,813.8 2,901.6 11.9 11.9 11.8 12.0 148.7 165.0 149.8 168.7

Arkansas

1,248.3 1,259.7 1,254.1 1,263.3 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.5 52.2 53.9 52.6 53.7

California

16,857.9 17,187.9 17,008.5 17,324.2 23.0 22.7 22.9 22.9 837.8 873.8 839.7 869.4


Colorado

2,677.5 2,747.1 2,683.0 2,754.0 26.6 31.2 26.9 31.4 167.9 175.9 169.1 175.4

Connecticut

1,681.9 1,701.0 1,688.0 1,709.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 61.0 67.0 62.3 66.1

Delaware(1)

457.5 463.1 460.0 465.3 - - - - 22.2 23.6 22.5 23.8

District of Columbia(1)

792.7 794.5 797.5 799.5 - - - - 15.6 16.2 15.6 16.2

Florida

8,389.9 8,775.4 8,619.2 8,849.4 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.8 485.4 551.6 513.7 555.8


Georgia

4,453.9 4,565.5 4,500.8 4,594.8 9.3 9.6 9.4 9.4 184.0 206.1 188.6 210.3

Hawaii(1)

651.8 662.4 656.2 666.7 - - - - 36.0 35.9 36.9 36.7

Idaho

727.1 744.5 732.2 746.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0 47.5 49.6 47.6 49.6

Illinois

6,103.6 6,155.0 6,147.9 6,207.0 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9 235.1 242.5 234.2 243.9

Indiana

3,137.1 3,164.2 3,146.3 3,174.8 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.5 144.1 151.2 141.7 153.5


Iowa

1,577.8 1,593.4 1,588.7 1,611.2 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 79.8 84.6 80.0 87.1

Kansas

1,410.1 1,430.9 1,422.2 1,441.8 6.8 7.2 6.8 7.2 60.8 62.6 61.2 61.9

Kentucky

1,930.6 1,941.5 1,930.7 1,939.4 10.3 10.4 10.2 10.5 80.3 79.5 79.2 79.2

Louisiana

1,967.2 1,986.8 1,982.0 1,998.6 35.1 36.1 34.4 36.6 146.7 149.7 146.7 150.0

Maine

636.5 642.1 629.7 636.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 29.9 30.4 29.1 30.2


Maryland

2,733.0 2,755.0 2,736.9 2,776.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 164.6 164.8 164.8 165.5

Massachusetts

3,629.2 3,697.7 3,654.3 3,719.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 159.2 168.4 160.5 168.7

Michigan

4,401.9 4,459.8 4,423.6 4,483.5 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 173.0 184.0 175.1 184.3

Minnesota

2,953.3 2,992.0 2,966.5 3,003.1 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.4 129.8 135.1 127.1 135.4

Mississippi

1,152.9 1,169.2 1,161.2 1,174.9 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.6 44.0 43.8 43.5 42.9


Missouri

2,883.0 2,924.0 2,897.3 2,942.2 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 126.3 127.8 127.5 127.4

Montana

478.3 485.3 476.0 483.3 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.4 29.0 31.4 29.2 30.9

Nebraska

1,019.5 1,036.7 1,023.6 1,039.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 52.9 53.6 51.5 53.6

Nevada

1,354.5 1,400.5 1,362.2 1,409.1 14.4 14.6 14.3 14.5 85.2 94.2 85.6 95.2

New Hampshire

678.1 693.7 683.7 700.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 27.6 30.4 27.8 30.8


New Jersey

4,146.3 4,198.3 4,160.3 4,230.8 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 160.9 151.9 158.6 154.7

New Mexico

834.1 855.2 837.6 860.7 21.4 21.5 21.3 21.8 46.4 50.1 47.4 50.7

New York

9,534.9 9,646.7 9,624.5 9,747.7 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 399.1 413.5 398.6 413.9

North Carolina

4,433.5 4,517.8 4,465.4 4,571.5 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.4 211.3 220.8 212.3 222.9

North Dakota

435.7 439.9 436.4 442.0 18.9 21.5 18.5 21.5 29.7 30.8 28.5 30.4


Ohio

5,555.2 5,656.4 5,578.3 5,692.5 11.9 13.0 12.1 13.0 229.0 237.1 228.5 236.8

Oklahoma

1,673.0 1,703.1 1,687.1 1,710.6 49.4 55.7 49.7 56.5 79.1 79.5 79.3 78.7

Oregon

1,881.6 1,931.6 1,898.4 1,945.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.0 102.3 112.3 101.5 112.1

Pennsylvania

5,986.6 6,070.3 6,022.7 6,117.6 27.6 29.8 27.5 30.2 261.0 266.0 259.7 265.8

Rhode Island

499.5 507.8 502.6 509.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.3 20.2 19.2 20.4


South Carolina

2,085.1 2,114.4 2,102.1 2,140.1 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4 98.5 98.5 100.7 98.8

South Dakota

438.3 446.3 438.7 446.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 23.7 25.5 23.9 24.9

Tennessee

3,033.1 3,091.0 3,047.8 3,106.7 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.2 122.7 125.2 121.5 126.5

Texas

12,219.4 12,632.8 12,352.5 12,738.7 227.4 263.6 228.8 268.2 715.9 770.9 730.4 779.9

Utah

1,482.7 1,531.6 1,490.9 1,539.2 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.5 101.3 105.0 102.1 105.3


Vermont

315.8 313.3 318.6 315.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 16.3 16.7 16.3 16.5

Virginia

3,964.9 4,032.0 3,977.7 4,048.3 8.1 8.4 8.1 8.4 196.5 205.8 197.0 205.9

Washington

3,355.1 3,458.5 3,374.0 3,486.5 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 207.7 216.6 207.8 218.9

West Virginia

751.4 757.1 756.7 764.0 22.0 22.1 21.9 21.9 35.0 36.3 36.1 37.5

Wisconsin

2,957.0 2,996.9 2,979.5 3,011.0 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.8 124.1 132.2 122.2 131.5

Wyoming

287.9 294.1 284.4 290.8 20.1 21.3 20.2 21.4 20.9 21.9 20.8 22.5


Puerto Rico

867.0 849.6 836.3 853.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.5 19.8 19.7 19.7

Virgin Islands(1)

36.8 36.9 35.7 37.2 - - - - 1.7 2.5 1.9 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
September October September October September October
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

263.6 272.6 263.2 273.4 376.5 377.7 380.5 382.7 20.5 21.4 20.9 21.5

Alaska

14.3 13.8 10.9 10.3 67.1 66.1 62.6 61.9 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.7

Arizona

165.7 174.6 166.1 174.8 521.6 530.7 525.9 533.2 44.5 46.8 44.7 47.2

Arkansas

157.9 160.4 157.7 159.9 250.7 250.9 251.9 251.8 13.0 12.0 13.0 12.0

California

1,326.2 1,326.4 1,317.2 1,321.1 3,038.1 3,070.4 3,064.8 3,081.7 533.6 541.2 540.0 548.3


Colorado

144.4 147.4 143.5 148.0 460.5 468.7 461.5 470.6 71.1 75.7 72.8 75.1

Connecticut

159.0 164.5 159.9 164.3 296.7 293.9 298.1 296.2 31.3 30.4 31.0 30.4

Delaware

25.8 26.2 25.8 26.3 81.3 82.2 81.2 82.2 4.5 4.2 4.4 4.1

District of Columbia

1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 33.5 33.5 33.6 34.0 18.1 19.1 18.0 19.5

Florida

357.8 376.4 365.6 377.0 1,699.7 1,748.0 1,738.7 1,764.7 134.6 135.7 136.8 137.5


Georgia

397.7 404.9 399.5 402.1 936.8 961.7 945.0 965.4 115.1 117.7 118.5 120.9

Hawaii

14.2 13.6 14.0 13.8 121.5 122.2 121.5 122.5 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.2

Idaho

67.7 71.5 68.3 71.7 141.0 143.0 142.3 142.8 9.0 8.8 9.1 8.7

Illinois

577.5 591.6 581.2 594.1 1,210.0 1,208.4 1,222.8 1,226.0 94.9 92.1 95.4 94.3

Indiana

533.2 531.8 532.6 532.1 595.0 609.9 600.7 615.0 30.4 28.7 30.6 28.5


Iowa

217.0 225.7 218.1 227.3 312.5 311.7 314.6 314.6 21.7 21.6 21.7 21.7

Kansas

162.6 166.4 162.5 166.2 268.5 271.6 270.2 275.8 18.8 17.0 18.8 17.0

Kentucky

249.7 250.0 249.1 252.3 402.3 412.7 405.2 412.6 22.6 22.3 22.6 21.9

Louisiana

134.3 139.7 135.0 139.9 378.3 380.2 378.8 379.5 21.9 21.2 22.5 22.3

Maine

51.6 52.3 51.6 52.1 121.3 121.4 120.8 121.8 7.2 7.0 7.3 6.9


Maryland

106.7 108.1 106.3 108.4 465.5 469.1 467.2 470.9 37.1 35.6 36.4 35.9

Massachusetts

243.6 247.1 244.0 247.3 579.0 582.0 582.7 585.1 91.9 91.8 90.4 92.3

Michigan

614.8 624.8 615.1 625.8 788.0 788.6 790.6 792.8 56.3 55.4 55.8 55.0

Minnesota

320.5 327.0 320.5 326.3 534.6 542.8 539.3 546.2 50.0 49.9 50.4 50.1

Mississippi

143.7 144.6 143.8 145.3 230.4 230.3 232.6 231.7 11.3 11.1 11.3 11.1


Missouri

266.7 271.1 265.5 272.2 543.4 547.0 546.7 547.7 51.3 52.1 51.3 51.8

Montana

20.1 20.6 20.2 20.8 94.9 93.2 94.4 93.8 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4

Nebraska

98.1 103.1 98.4 102.7 201.2 199.8 203.5 200.9 17.9 16.9 18.1 17.0

Nevada

49.7 56.2 50.1 57.1 249.7 253.7 252.1 255.5 14.4 14.4 14.5 14.6

New Hampshire

69.1 72.7 70.0 72.5 139.3 141.1 141.2 143.2 12.5 12.1 12.5 12.2


New Jersey

245.4 252.9 245.9 255.7 887.2 902.9 893.3 911.8 70.2 69.8 69.5 68.7

New Mexico

26.8 27.6 27.1 27.6 135.8 138.0 136.0 138.9 11.6 11.2 11.6 11.3

New York

447.0 446.9 445.5 445.7 1,569.5 1,570.9 1,583.2 1,590.1 271.3 268.4 270.3 269.0

North Carolina

468.5 476.4 468.2 475.5 824.3 842.5 831.8 852.4 78.3 81.8 79.6 82.0

North Dakota

25.1 25.4 25.1 25.8 94.5 93.1 95.0 93.8 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.3


Ohio

685.7 698.6 687.5 700.5 1,018.7 1,036.9 1,028.2 1,049.9 71.3 70.8 71.3 71.1

Oklahoma

128.9 131.2 129.7 130.6 302.6 309.7 305.4 312.1 19.9 18.5 20.0 18.6

Oregon

191.8 196.1 191.6 195.6 351.9 357.4 352.5 359.6 34.4 33.6 34.6 33.5

Pennsylvania

561.7 566.5 561.5 569.6 1,123.7 1,126.2 1,132.7 1,136.2 82.2 80.6 81.0 79.7

Rhode Island

40.4 41.4 40.5 41.3 77.2 76.6 77.2 77.3 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.1


South Carolina

241.7 244.3 239.5 245.3 394.2 404.5 395.4 409.1 27.3 27.1 27.8 27.3

South Dakota

43.4 45.1 43.6 45.6 86.5 86.0 86.4 86.8 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.6

Tennessee

348.7 355.9 349.7 355.6 622.4 630.3 624.2 635.3 45.2 44.2 45.1 44.9

Texas

856.2 884.4 855.2 884.4 2,444.9 2,521.4 2,469.0 2,544.0 200.3 195.2 199.8 195.3

Utah

129.6 134.8 129.8 135.9 278.7 292.4 281.2 293.2 38.3 37.9 39.0 38.3


Vermont

29.4 29.5 29.4 29.7 54.7 53.6 55.1 53.8 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.1

Virginia

234.4 244.1 234.4 243.7 660.1 672.0 664.4 676.4 67.4 66.7 66.8 66.6

Washington

285.5 294.0 283.8 292.9 634.2 658.2 636.4 658.3 128.5 136.9 127.8 137.4

West Virginia

46.6 47.1 46.9 47.6 131.7 133.6 133.3 135.5 8.4 8.1 8.4 8.2

Wisconsin

469.1 490.6 470.3 490.5 539.9 540.1 542.3 540.5 47.0 46.8 47.3 47.5

Wyoming

9.6 9.9 9.8 10.1 52.6 53.1 52.1 52.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6


Puerto Rico

71.7 70.5 70.2 70.9 168.2 167.8 158.4 168.5 17.5 16.7 17.2 16.7

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 7.5 7.3 7.0 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
September October September October September October
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

97.7 97.7 97.3 98.7 241.4 252.5 242.2 254.7 242.6 243.9 245.2 246.0

Alaska

11.9 11.5 11.7 11.5 28.5 28.7 27.4 28.6 49.6 50.1 49.7 50.2

Arizona

215.7 220.1 216.2 221.2 421.7 437.1 430.3 444.7 431.0 442.9 433.4 446.7

Arkansas

52.9 54.3 53.0 54.4 145.2 152.4 147.7 153.2 189.5 190.7 189.0 192.2

California

830.7 835.3 832.4 836.8 2,583.9 2,657.1 2,591.9 2,692.4 2,644.8 2,719.4 2,679.0 2,746.9


Colorado

167.9 169.3 167.7 168.2 418.2 434.7 422.3 440.6 334.3 339.2 336.4 342.7

Connecticut

127.4 128.5 127.1 129.4 218.9 223.3 219.0 224.2 334.4 340.8 339.1 345.5

Delaware

48.1 48.0 48.0 47.7 61.3 63.5 64.2 66.1 78.3 78.4 78.6 79.5

District of Columbia

30.2 31.8 30.2 31.8 165.9 167.6 167.5 167.7 137.4 134.3 140.0 137.5

Florida

559.7 578.9 567.1 583.9 1,292.3 1,359.2 1,345.8 1,377.9 1,260.2 1,315.4 1,278.1 1,330.0


Georgia

243.4 239.9 244.1 242.6 669.4 684.7 678.0 698.6 571.1 593.5 578.8 596.5

Hawaii

28.5 29.9 28.3 30.0 82.0 85.3 81.7 85.6 85.3 86.6 85.5 87.1

Idaho

35.4 36.5 35.9 36.4 92.0 94.8 91.8 95.3 102.7 104.1 105.5 106.7

Illinois

391.5 399.3 394.1 399.7 952.8 957.6 958.6 963.0 922.4 926.3 936.6 939.5

Indiana

136.2 140.4 137.5 139.9 342.0 347.6 345.3 348.9 472.9 475.5 479.8 484.0


Iowa

109.0 111.2 109.0 111.7 140.3 142.6 141.7 143.9 231.1 233.0 233.3 236.1

Kansas

77.9 80.0 78.0 80.4 178.4 183.9 181.5 185.6 196.8 197.2 198.7 198.9

Kentucky

93.3 94.2 92.3 94.8 215.7 217.7 217.5 216.8 273.5 274.0 274.6 274.8

Louisiana

91.5 92.5 92.2 93.9 209.4 211.1 216.6 212.9 315.4 319.0 317.8 322.2

Maine

31.7 32.0 31.4 31.7 67.1 67.4 67.4 67.6 128.0 129.2 128.9 130.3


Maryland

147.2 138.9 146.3 138.3 447.4 462.9 447.1 466.0 463.5 472.2 471.2 481.3

Massachusetts

221.7 223.4 222.4 222.3 570.2 600.9 575.8 605.2 794.2 804.4 801.7 817.8

Michigan

218.1 221.2 218.5 220.5 648.1 656.9 656.3 668.8 670.9 677.7 675.4 683.0

Minnesota

180.1 181.7 179.6 182.0 374.7 378.9 380.1 383.8 535.7 538.0 538.6 541.4

Mississippi

44.1 45.0 44.8 45.1 106.9 114.9 109.7 116.8 146.1 146.2 146.2 146.8


Missouri

173.7 176.0 173.8 175.7 386.0 397.4 390.5 402.9 466.6 475.8 471.1 484.2

Montana

24.5 24.6 24.5 24.7 41.3 43.2 41.9 43.7 76.5 76.7 76.6 76.8

Nebraska

74.2 75.5 74.1 75.7 118.2 122.3 118.3 123.2 154.1 156.6 155.6 157.8

Nevada

65.6 65.5 66.2 65.7 182.4 189.2 184.3 194.5 134.8 141.6 135.0 141.3

New Hampshire

34.8 36.1 35.2 35.8 82.4 81.5 82.0 82.3 123.0 126.1 125.2 128.3


New Jersey

250.7 248.8 247.7 246.1 672.0 691.9 672.3 699.1 694.0 705.4 707.5 717.9

New Mexico

33.8 35.6 34.3 35.3 105.5 110.1 104.8 110.3 139.1 140.6 140.3 141.8

New York

716.7 722.5 719.4 723.0 1,328.9 1,337.6 1,331.2 1,347.1 1,995.3 2,046.1 2,046.8 2,101.8

North Carolina

234.7 241.3 234.2 242.5 618.9 647.4 630.4 661.8 598.8 611.5 605.4 620.1

North Dakota

24.4 24.6 24.5 24.5 34.8 35.9 35.0 35.8 63.3 64.2 63.7 64.6


Ohio

307.3 312.3 307.4 311.0 726.2 730.8 732.1 740.4 930.6 945.1 937.0 958.9

Oklahoma

79.6 79.1 79.9 79.6 188.4 194.7 188.0 193.3 236.1 237.8 237.3 238.1

Oregon

100.7 102.3 100.9 101.5 245.5 249.5 246.8 250.9 274.1 297.7 277.7 300.2

Pennsylvania

321.8 326.1 321.1 326.5 807.2 833.4 814.8 840.6 1,255.8 1,282.7 1,277.7 1,308.3

Rhode Island

36.2 36.4 36.6 36.6 68.4 70.6 70.0 70.1 106.8 108.6 109.5 111.2


South Carolina

102.4 102.0 102.0 102.7 275.5 276.5 280.5 287.4 246.0 255.8 250.6 256.1

South Dakota

29.3 29.4 29.2 29.2 31.2 33.7 31.4 34.0 72.2 72.6 72.8 73.2

Tennessee

158.8 161.5 159.7 160.9 409.5 420.6 412.4 421.1 434.4 442.7 439.4 445.5

Texas

763.3 784.0 766.6 789.5 1,683.2 1,767.1 1,697.1 1,772.8 1,667.8 1,712.6 1,681.3 1,727.4

Utah

84.1 87.3 84.8 88.4 210.1 214.8 210.0 215.7 201.6 208.8 203.2 211.0


Vermont

12.0 12.6 12.2 12.3 28.8 29.0 29.1 28.7 65.5 65.8 66.4 66.9

Virginia

206.6 211.3 206.0 211.8 732.5 752.1 737.9 758.9 531.6 547.6 537.6 553.7

Washington

154.9 161.5 155.4 162.1 422.0 445.4 424.7 445.3 478.3 488.1 483.0 495.8

West Virginia

27.0 26.7 27.2 27.2 67.2 66.0 66.4 65.9 131.0 133.4 132.2 133.6

Wisconsin

152.7 149.4 152.0 151.0 326.3 326.8 330.9 328.0 451.3 457.1 457.1 462.0

Wyoming

11.0 11.3 10.8 11.2 18.7 19.2 19.1 18.7 27.8 28.8 28.2 28.7


Puerto Rico

42.5 41.9 41.9 42.1 112.2 110.7 111.2 111.8 120.9 116.8 118.3 117.6

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1 3.6 3.1 3.7 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
September October September October September October
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

203.8 203.9 200.2 201.7 93.9 94.2 93.5 94.2 385.3 388.1 388.2 390.3

Alaska

39.7 39.3 32.9 33.1 11.2 10.9 11.2 10.9 81.5 81.0 81.9 81.7

Arizona

319.4 329.3 320.5 333.1 88.4 88.5 87.8 89.8 425.9 431.4 427.3 430.2

Arkansas

118.5 117.9 119.1 117.5 48.7 48.2 49.0 47.8 213.8 213.5 215.3 215.3

California

1,954.5 2,016.9 1,962.2 2,008.8 566.9 563.2 569.8 565.4 2,518.4 2,561.5 2,588.6 2,630.5


Colorado

334.7 346.7 327.4 338.1 109.3 107.9 109.9 109.3 442.6 450.4 445.5 454.6

Connecticut

158.7 161.1 153.7 158.1 65.3 65.8 63.8 65.0 228.6 225.1 233.4 229.9

Delaware

51.5 51.3 48.7 48.0 18.5 19.0 19.0 19.3 66.0 66.7 67.6 68.3

District of Columbia

77.3 79.1 78.2 79.5 74.2 74.8 74.4 75.2 239.2 236.7 238.7 236.7

Florida

1,142.7 1,238.1 1,192.7 1,241.6 338.7 357.0 348.2 359.8 1,113.3 1,109.3 1,126.9 1,115.4


Georgia

477.9 493.2 478.6 489.5 158.1 160.1 161.2 160.5 691.1 694.1 699.1 699.0

Hawaii

123.1 127.9 124.9 127.4 27.8 28.2 27.7 28.2 124.3 123.8 126.7 126.2

Idaho

78.4 79.7 75.1 75.6 25.1 26.1 25.5 26.2 124.5 126.5 127.3 129.9

Illinois

619.6 629.2 615.6 623.4 251.4 248.6 252.0 250.1 840.6 851.6 849.7 865.1

Indiana

311.6 310.3 307.1 303.9 126.0 124.2 126.9 124.7 439.5 438.2 438.0 437.8


Iowa

145.5 144.4 143.6 144.9 57.5 55.6 57.6 56.0 260.9 260.4 266.6 265.3

Kansas

129.7 130.5 129.5 131.8 50.7 50.8 50.7 50.2 259.1 263.7 264.3 266.8

Kentucky

199.2 197.3 197.1 193.4 65.8 66.7 66.0 66.9 317.9 316.7 316.9 316.2

Louisiana

234.2 236.6 233.6 236.7 73.6 76.3 73.9 77.1 326.8 324.4 330.5 327.5

Maine

74.3 75.8 66.4 68.0 21.7 22.4 21.6 22.6 101.3 101.8 102.8 103.1


Maryland

285.4 287.8 272.7 280.5 113.9 115.2 113.4 117.7 500.4 499.2 510.2 510.5

Massachusetts

378.8 385.6 374.3 375.4 137.0 140.4 139.4 141.8 452.4 452.5 461.9 462.3

Michigan

443.2 451.4 433.1 442.1 168.0 173.0 168.7 172.6 614.1 619.4 627.6 631.3

Minnesota

280.2 286.9 270.3 276.6 116.8 115.7 117.3 115.2 424.1 429.3 436.5 439.7

Mississippi

134.6 139.1 136.2 139.3 40.4 40.8 40.3 41.3 244.5 246.8 246.0 248.0


Missouri

309.5 318.8 306.4 316.5 116.5 115.3 116.2 115.0 438.7 438.5 444.0 444.5

Montana

67.6 69.4 63.7 64.6 18.6 19.7 18.3 19.9 92.3 92.7 93.7 94.3

Nebraska

92.9 97.7 90.8 94.6 36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5 172.3 173.5 175.7 176.1

Nevada

352.1 358.0 351.3 357.3 41.6 43.9 41.9 44.1 164.6 169.2 166.9 169.3

New Hampshire

73.0 76.0 71.4 74.2 24.1 24.8 24.2 25.1 91.3 91.9 93.2 94.6


New Jersey

388.7 395.0 368.3 377.0 172.5 175.3 172.1 175.6 603.3 603.1 623.7 622.9

New Mexico

97.3 102.9 96.1 103.5 28.2 28.4 28.1 28.4 188.2 189.2 190.6 191.1

New York

960.8 985.1 948.0 961.9 412.4 421.7 414.1 427.1 1,428.5 1,428.6 1,462.1 1,462.8

North Carolina

499.9 496.0 494.9 502.4 151.5 149.1 150.6 150.9 741.5 745.5 752.2 755.6

North Dakota

39.8 40.8 39.4 40.6 16.1 16.4 16.4 16.2 82.6 80.9 83.9 82.5


Ohio

572.7 588.7 560.9 580.6 214.9 226.2 217.2 226.3 786.9 796.9 796.1 804.0

Oklahoma

170.0 175.2 171.3 175.5 68.1 69.5 69.2 69.5 350.9 352.2 357.3 358.1

Oregon

212.4 223.7 208.0 216.2 63.8 65.7 64.5 67.2 297.6 286.3 313.2 301.5

Pennsylvania

576.0 586.9 569.9 583.0 259.7 262.8 260.8 261.9 709.9 709.3 716.0 715.8

Rhode Island

61.4 63.7 58.7 60.1 23.0 24.0 23.0 24.6 60.5 60.1 61.7 61.4


South Carolina

253.2 253.5 253.0 259.0 75.0 78.3 77.4 77.4 367.1 369.5 371.0 372.6

South Dakota

48.7 49.3 46.8 47.4 16.7 17.4 17.0 17.5 79.9 80.7 80.9 81.5

Tennessee

333.6 351.2 334.4 351.6 114.5 115.7 113.9 116.6 439.1 439.5 443.4 444.5

Texas

1,319.5 1,371.2 1,338.0 1,376.6 424.9 440.2 427.5 441.8 1,916.0 1,922.2 1,958.8 1,958.8

Utah

145.1 149.8 142.8 147.1 40.2 41.0 40.8 41.0 245.1 251.3 248.6 254.8


Vermont

36.9 35.2 36.1 34.3 10.2 9.9 10.2 9.8 56.8 56.1 58.6 58.7

Virginia

406.7 420.2 399.5 414.4 202.6 206.5 203.0 206.9 718.4 697.3 723.0 701.6

Washington

340.9 346.5 332.0 338.3 120.2 122.6 120.0 124.3 576.6 582.4 596.9 606.8

West Virginia

74.9 75.8 74.4 75.6 53.6 52.3 53.4 52.5 154.0 155.7 156.5 158.5

Wisconsin

286.5 292.0 280.5 284.5 150.6 150.8 152.3 151.1 404.8 406.3 419.9 419.6

Wyoming

39.3 41.2 34.4 36.8 14.1 13.9 14.3 14.4 70.1 69.8 71.1 70.6


Puerto Rico

80.3 79.4 67.4 79.8 17.5 17.2 17.4 17.3 215.2 208.3 214.1 208.6

Virgin Islands

6.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 11.1 10.5 10.7 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: November 16, 2018