State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 18, 2018                 				USDL-18-0788

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in April in 4 states and stable in 46 states and the District of Columbia,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twelve states had jobless rate decreases from a year 
earlier and 38 states and the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate edged down 
from March to 3.9 percent and was 0.5 percentage point lower than in April 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in April 2018 and was essentially unchanged in 47 states 
and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 28 states added nonfarm payroll jobs, 1 state lost jobs, and 
21 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.0 percent. The rates in California (4.2 percent), 
Hawaii (2.0 percent), and Wisconsin (2.8 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) 
Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 16 states had unemployment rates lower than 
the U.S. figure of 3.9 percent, 10 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states had 
rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In April, four states had unemployment rate decreases: Illinois, New Mexico, and South Carolina (-0.2 
percentage point each) and Delaware (-0.1 point). The remaining 46 states and the District of Columbia had 
jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that 
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Twelve states had unemployment rate changes from April 2017, all of which were decreases. The largest 
decline occurred in Kentucky (-1.2 percentage points), followed by Alabama (-1.0 point). (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Three states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in April 2018: Texas (+39,600, or 
+0.3 percent), California (+39,300, or +0.2 percent), and Louisiana (+9,200, or +0.5 percent). (See table 
3.)

Twenty-eight states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in April. The largest 
job gains occurred in California (+356,800), Texas (+332,300), and Florida (+178,400). The largest 
percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+3.4 percent), followed by Idaho and Utah (+3.3 percent each). North 
Dakota lost jobs over the year (-7,900, or -1.8 percent). (See table C.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, May 30, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment news 
release for May is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 15, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., April 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.9
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Arizona .............................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Indiana .............................|           3.2
Iowa ................................|           2.8
Kansas ..............................|           3.4
Maine ...............................|           2.7
                                     |
Michigan ............................|           4.7
Minnesota ...........................|           3.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Jersey ..........................|           4.5
New Mexico ..........................|           5.4
New York ............................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.3
Washington ..........................|           4.8
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2017 to April 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   April   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     4.8   |     3.8   |      -1.0
California .....................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
Georgia ........................|     4.9   |     4.3   |       -.6
Hawaii .........................|     2.5   |     2.0   |       -.5
Iowa ...........................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.0   |      -1.2
Louisiana ......................|     5.4   |     4.5   |       -.9
Maine ..........................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
Mississippi ....................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
New Mexico .....................|     6.3   |     5.4   |       -.9
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.3   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     3.8   |     3.3   |       -.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
April 2017 to April 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    April    |    April    |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,010,400 |   2,034,600 |      24,200 |      1.2
Arizona ......................|   2,761,700 |   2,823,400 |      61,700 |      2.2
California ...................|  16,740,900 |  17,097,700 |     356,800 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,647,300 |   2,717,000 |      69,700 |      2.6
Florida ......................|   8,552,000 |   8,730,400 |     178,400 |      2.1
Georgia ......................|   4,434,000 |   4,501,100 |      67,100 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     711,200 |     734,700 |      23,500 |      3.3
Illinois .....................|   6,049,400 |   6,102,400 |      53,000 |       .9
Indiana ......................|   3,095,900 |   3,126,500 |      30,600 |      1.0
Kansas .......................|   1,398,700 |   1,417,800 |      19,100 |      1.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,597,700 |   3,645,300 |      47,600 |      1.3
Michigan .....................|   4,367,900 |   4,413,500 |      45,600 |      1.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,149,600 |   1,164,500 |      14,900 |      1.3
Missouri .....................|   2,860,800 |   2,894,500 |      33,700 |      1.2
Nevada .......................|   1,330,700 |   1,376,000 |      45,300 |      3.4
New Jersey ...................|   4,115,700 |   4,174,300 |      58,600 |      1.4
New York .....................|   9,488,700 |   9,605,900 |     117,200 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,398,000 |   4,482,100 |      84,100 |      1.9
North Dakota .................|     433,500 |     425,600 |      -7,900 |     -1.8
Ohio .........................|   5,519,800 |   5,576,700 |      56,900 |      1.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Oklahoma .....................|   1,656,200 |   1,686,700 |      30,500 |      1.8
Oregon .......................|   1,867,300 |   1,904,500 |      37,200 |      2.0
Pennsylvania .................|   5,931,700 |   6,015,300 |      83,600 |      1.4
South Carolina ...............|   2,084,300 |   2,119,800 |      35,500 |      1.7
Tennessee ....................|   3,003,100 |   3,048,100 |      45,000 |      1.5
Texas ........................|  12,175,200 |  12,507,500 |     332,300 |      2.7
Utah .........................|   1,459,900 |   1,508,100 |      48,200 |      3.3
Virginia .....................|   3,947,400 |   3,993,700 |      46,300 |      1.2
Washington ...................|   3,307,900 |   3,401,900 |      94,000 |      2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
   

Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news

   release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,170,809 2,160,917 2,162,897 2,169,867 104,027 80,571 81,166 83,208 4.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

Alaska

362,984 362,659 362,922 362,894 25,730 26,394 26,412 26,442 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.3

Arizona

3,292,255 3,355,522 3,364,525 3,370,509 164,480 163,599 164,452 163,874 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9

Arkansas

1,352,265 1,353,767 1,353,076 1,351,983 48,992 50,803 51,351 51,656 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8

California

19,252,075 19,392,828 19,379,922 19,358,651 954,038 843,029 827,755 815,270 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,105,536 5,142,418 5,141,881 5,140,628 245,886 230,870 229,310 228,374 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.4

Colorado

2,963,090 3,041,965 3,049,371 3,056,122 77,162 92,492 90,578 88,059 2.6 3.0 3.0 2.9

Connecticut

1,924,999 1,908,154 1,904,716 1,900,994 92,726 86,908 86,339 85,758 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

Delaware

477,106 479,075 480,244 481,381 22,165 21,139 20,697 20,110 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2

District of Columbia

400,935 402,588 403,727 405,372 24,784 22,752 22,742 22,744 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6

Florida

10,078,857 10,176,274 10,193,386 10,204,375 434,359 398,218 400,410 397,587 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.9

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,384,828 1,388,181 1,390,293 1,391,834 67,670 66,584 67,223 66,341 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8

Georgia

5,039,010 5,115,288 5,128,566 5,137,697 247,817 227,528 226,022 222,270 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3

Hawaii

687,832 683,547 684,631 685,721 17,318 14,157 14,084 14,004 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.0

Idaho

827,201 846,451 848,131 849,373 27,065 24,991 24,670 24,562 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,481,451 6,491,773 6,492,969 6,489,296 317,927 305,305 297,639 287,167 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,772,461 3,800,949 3,790,889 3,774,241 181,602 192,996 186,293 175,443 4.8 5.1 4.9 4.6

Indiana

3,318,098 3,315,405 3,323,026 3,334,681 115,897 107,163 105,071 105,808 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.2

Iowa

1,680,914 1,673,516 1,673,572 1,674,210 54,683 47,919 47,332 46,974 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.8

Kansas

1,478,150 1,476,128 1,475,242 1,474,627 53,883 50,493 50,070 50,046 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4

Kentucky

2,051,757 2,048,993 2,050,194 2,053,872 105,754 84,840 83,030 82,975 5.2 4.1 4.0 4.0

Louisiana

2,109,702 2,128,050 2,133,758 2,138,220 114,861 95,077 94,761 95,725 5.4 4.5 4.4 4.5

Maine

699,959 699,733 700,190 701,260 23,441 20,009 19,187 19,172 3.3 2.9 2.7 2.7

Maryland

3,218,257 3,224,669 3,228,185 3,229,951 134,990 134,377 137,533 138,796 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3

Massachusetts

3,658,885 3,669,508 3,683,675 3,704,597 141,718 127,587 128,752 130,022 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Michigan

4,866,804 4,897,455 4,898,245 4,902,494 215,649 232,645 229,900 228,155 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,103,292 2,114,631 2,112,985 2,113,867 90,190 94,907 94,167 94,238 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.5

Minnesota

3,058,271 3,086,058 3,093,831 3,100,986 107,616 99,826 99,108 99,060 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.2

Mississippi

1,282,320 1,274,112 1,273,764 1,275,186 67,918 57,658 57,275 58,220 5.3 4.5 4.5 4.6

Missouri

3,051,259 3,040,806 3,039,505 3,039,762 115,682 111,063 109,994 109,417 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6

Montana

524,311 526,536 525,950 524,966 20,844 21,690 21,620 21,226 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0

Nebraska

1,006,949 1,009,377 1,011,002 1,012,252 29,563 28,393 28,215 28,493 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,455,078 1,480,396 1,484,904 1,488,829 74,799 72,495 73,000 73,088 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9

New Hampshire

746,313 747,307 748,688 750,722 20,238 19,225 19,259 19,644 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6

New Jersey

4,521,156 4,506,807 4,500,017 4,489,161 203,125 209,450 207,118 203,424 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5

New Mexico

928,084 935,022 936,511 937,582 58,025 53,909 52,432 50,574 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.4

New York

9,701,159 9,692,597 9,675,414 9,665,891 452,536 449,887 448,950 448,866 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6

New York City

4,222,592 4,228,280 4,227,756 4,227,666 193,522 179,583 178,239 179,902 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.3

North Carolina

4,922,244 4,974,340 4,977,843 4,981,843 224,728 222,388 222,517 219,559 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4

North Dakota

415,116 413,613 413,361 412,466 10,525 10,938 10,751 10,780 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,776,848 5,765,770 5,770,546 5,777,839 292,042 261,548 252,571 248,961 5.1 4.5 4.4 4.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,033,085 1,024,955 1,025,030 1,025,839 59,856 52,530 50,549 49,473 5.8 5.1 4.9 4.8

Oklahoma

1,827,979 1,845,063 1,848,315 1,851,325 80,193 75,153 74,541 74,677 4.4 4.1 4.0 4.0

Oregon

2,091,885 2,129,795 2,131,620 2,129,123 84,827 88,035 88,130 87,972 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,434,898 6,410,542 6,393,600 6,378,043 318,153 309,870 304,198 297,490 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7

Rhode Island

553,253 557,365 558,040 558,858 24,337 25,365 25,295 25,139 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.5

South Carolina

2,307,576 2,324,812 2,327,331 2,323,492 98,272 101,415 102,079 97,922 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.2

South Dakota

454,370 458,329 459,143 459,673 14,787 15,637 15,454 15,524 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4

Tennessee

3,181,251 3,221,992 3,224,893 3,231,708 126,285 108,451 110,141 110,972 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.4

Texas

13,501,719 13,656,938 13,702,943 13,750,299 609,087 544,114 552,348 558,516 4.5 4.0 4.0 4.1

Utah

1,552,001 1,579,114 1,582,790 1,586,314 51,104 48,615 48,503 48,583 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,587 345,923 346,963 348,039 10,636 9,720 9,587 9,601 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.8

Virginia

4,299,995 4,320,832 4,325,344 4,331,079 164,759 149,724 146,994 143,991 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3

Washington

3,701,218 3,759,978 3,761,537 3,760,750 176,125 178,064 178,449 178,920 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,640,488 1,681,926 1,686,820 1,688,068 61,275 65,587 64,726 63,901 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8

West Virginia

775,852 784,765 785,418 785,338 38,500 42,210 42,193 42,197 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.4

Wisconsin

3,146,688 3,161,193 3,168,552 3,175,588 103,310 92,833 90,514 89,494 3.3 2.9 2.9 2.8

Wyoming

293,812 291,482 291,076 290,331 12,180 11,552 11,221 10,967 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,112,982 1,089,676 1,087,732 1,089,484 121,171 115,438 112,177 107,782 10.9 10.6 10.3 9.9

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) March April March April
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,181,424 2,178,000 2,171,702 2,195,215 108,064 83,932 89,137 76,452 5.0 3.9 4.1 3.5

Alaska

359,544 360,043 358,437 357,700 27,664 28,340 26,236 26,865 7.7 7.9 7.3 7.5

Arizona

3,298,757 3,393,239 3,293,061 3,372,781 161,263 155,360 153,625 147,568 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.4

Arkansas

1,347,624 1,349,562 1,352,393 1,348,257 47,419 52,436 43,094 45,929 3.5 3.9 3.2 3.4

California

19,281,265 19,344,494 19,240,604 19,246,752 997,908 818,548 902,414 737,834 5.2 4.2 4.7 3.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,115,208 5,151,959 5,106,537 5,136,298 239,162 214,676 226,748 206,466 4.7 4.2 4.4 4.0

Colorado

2,948,935 3,060,916 2,955,181 3,058,418 82,956 89,391 76,319 79,377 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.6

Connecticut

1,925,933 1,892,881 1,921,392 1,885,090 97,735 88,050 89,980 80,507 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.3

Delaware

476,551 483,552 476,851 483,500 22,624 19,880 21,618 17,939 4.7 4.1 4.5 3.7

District of Columbia

399,738 406,302 399,234 408,712 23,776 23,031 22,272 20,545 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.0

Florida

10,079,800 10,228,266 10,091,093 10,201,847 419,457 387,276 398,973 347,578 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,361,315 1,379,957 1,396,688 1,401,126 68,030 68,472 65,840 59,412 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.2

Georgia

5,045,243 5,168,393 5,041,112 5,138,905 243,283 212,178 228,457 188,456 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.7

Hawaii

689,285 688,477 688,671 688,581 17,049 13,614 16,578 13,218 2.5 2.0 2.4 1.9

Idaho

821,069 845,997 822,734 845,845 30,884 27,008 26,478 23,970 3.8 3.2 3.2 2.8

Illinois

6,478,093 6,496,446 6,462,314 6,448,751 321,186 285,769 291,942 233,163 5.0 4.4 4.5 3.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,776,577 3,759,867 3,755,838 3,706,969 175,628 159,593 174,070 131,958 4.7 4.2 4.6 3.6

Indiana

3,309,822 3,350,749 3,317,416 3,370,041 122,032 110,249 99,519 99,132 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.9

Iowa

1,675,932 1,668,306 1,679,203 1,672,596 59,836 50,669 51,050 42,405 3.6 3.0 3.0 2.5

Kansas

1,474,306 1,467,999 1,472,812 1,467,165 54,849 50,450 50,296 47,228 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.2

Kentucky

2,059,377 2,067,760 2,059,556 2,071,630 113,203 91,685 98,936 80,329 5.5 4.4 4.8 3.9

Louisiana

2,105,323 2,137,519 2,109,716 2,141,089 111,357 92,660 106,015 92,204 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.3

Maine

690,824 693,556 692,797 697,360 26,494 21,674 24,305 21,499 3.8 3.1 3.5 3.1

Maryland

3,205,933 3,228,071 3,202,113 3,208,966 133,794 145,715 122,990 124,475 4.2 4.5 3.8 3.9

Massachusetts

3,657,658 3,726,752 3,646,782 3,750,967 149,623 142,833 130,569 123,201 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.3

Michigan

4,864,645 4,896,710 4,829,355 4,878,476 230,931 227,139 181,556 193,784 4.7 4.6 3.8 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,101,063 2,106,760 2,076,197 2,092,680 95,119 90,018 69,782 75,935 4.5 4.3 3.4 3.6

Minnesota

3,047,901 3,100,350 3,051,011 3,100,699 126,363 117,066 104,572 96,201 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.1

Mississippi

1,282,275 1,272,694 1,279,466 1,277,371 64,981 54,611 58,631 53,885 5.1 4.3 4.6 4.2

Missouri

3,050,596 3,037,210 3,061,521 3,050,213 126,045 114,859 108,193 101,452 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.3

Montana

521,103 521,189 522,610 519,753 24,208 24,485 20,324 18,905 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.6

Nebraska

1,003,042 1,011,148 1,007,564 1,013,446 30,273 29,459 28,336 28,837 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,451,513 1,494,417 1,452,558 1,493,455 74,613 74,228 74,195 71,487 5.1 5.0 5.1 4.8

New Hampshire

745,746 752,658 740,783 751,027 22,809 22,111 19,388 20,398 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.7

New Jersey

4,515,753 4,471,011 4,509,912 4,436,870 206,573 209,267 191,918 180,866 4.6 4.7 4.3 4.1

New Mexico

925,719 935,709 924,811 933,947 58,140 47,387 53,916 41,405 6.3 5.1 5.8 4.4

New York

9,711,006 9,632,114 9,687,025 9,621,092 452,962 458,140 421,390 419,199 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.4

New York City

4,240,501 4,244,525 4,217,219 4,212,930 187,971 177,789 175,946 172,110 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.1

North Carolina

4,933,462 4,995,214 4,924,665 4,985,299 221,850 215,419 203,092 185,478 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.7

North Dakota

411,605 408,592 413,430 406,678 13,708 13,093 10,998 11,699 3.3 3.2 2.7 2.9

Ohio

5,759,230 5,789,549 5,761,735 5,788,888 304,017 249,716 266,262 234,293 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.0

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,024,726 1,019,318 1,039,267 1,035,699 62,593 48,405 55,746 46,142 6.1 4.7 5.4 4.5

Oklahoma

1,826,509 1,856,568 1,822,182 1,850,574 79,598 71,566 72,604 69,698 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.8

Oregon

2,075,186 2,116,790 2,085,262 2,101,298 88,471 91,448 79,461 80,904 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,433,347 6,313,950 6,431,950 6,322,630 333,171 290,570 290,893 251,900 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.0

Rhode Island

549,211 555,469 548,149 555,718 26,644 26,672 22,297 22,366 4.9 4.8 4.1 4.0

South Carolina

2,299,337 2,322,555 2,304,377 2,296,251 91,254 94,327 84,561 64,108 4.0 4.1 3.7 2.8

South Dakota

451,562 457,681 452,900 457,791 16,418 16,333 14,570 15,741 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.4

Tennessee

3,184,423 3,234,655 3,182,553 3,250,358 129,301 111,204 107,501 92,804 4.1 3.4 3.4 2.9

Texas

13,517,746 13,836,504 13,527,232 13,860,323 613,327 569,424 559,386 520,158 4.5 4.1 4.1 3.8

Utah

1,545,451 1,589,417 1,545,898 1,586,671 53,757 52,683 49,594 48,299 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0

Vermont

344,221 349,467 340,810 346,356 12,023 10,637 10,986 10,313 3.5 3.0 3.2 3.0

Virginia

4,307,443 4,348,178 4,312,146 4,350,956 167,999 144,124 150,014 122,773 3.9 3.3 3.5 2.8

Washington

3,696,726 3,765,160 3,693,551 3,742,729 182,054 184,326 162,273 166,044 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,644,403 1,695,994 1,647,507 1,684,534 59,205 58,648 52,465 52,282 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1

West Virginia

771,485 778,759 778,528 783,660 43,322 46,504 38,533 42,229 5.6 6.0 4.9 5.4

Wisconsin

3,125,799 3,178,131 3,129,780 3,171,174 114,387 101,548 97,378 85,232 3.7 3.2 3.1 2.7

Wyoming

293,214 288,761 291,377 285,942 14,259 12,073 12,295 11,257 4.9 4.2 4.2 3.9

Puerto Rico

1,122,929 1,087,412 1,115,404 1,090,577 123,154 106,537 128,146 101,870 11.0 9.8 11.5 9.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.







ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,010.4 2,029.7 2,030.3 2,034.6 83.9 85.8 86.6 87.6 263.4 265.3 265.7 267.0

Alaska

329.5 329.0 329.0 328.8 15.1 15.1 15.6 15.8 13.1 14.1 14.1 13.8

Arizona

2,761.7 2,813.4 2,818.4 2,823.4 142.6 153.3 152.7 154.3 162.3 169.7 170.4 170.5

Arkansas

1,240.0 1,241.2 1,244.6 1,243.1 51.6 50.9 51.1 50.9 156.6 158.3 158.8 159.3

California

16,740.9 17,053.0 17,058.4 17,097.7 802.3 854.4 851.8 861.8 1,311.2 1,320.9 1,323.6 1,322.2


Colorado

2,647.3 2,702.4 2,709.8 2,717.0 161.7 172.7 172.4 171.6 144.0 145.6 145.9 146.1

Connecticut

1,678.4 1,692.0 1,688.5 1,687.1 58.0 58.9 59.4 59.2 158.4 162.8 162.6 162.9

Delaware(2)

455.5 457.9 459.5 459.5 22.1 23.0 23.0 22.6 26.0 26.0 25.9 26.0

District of Columbia(2)

789.4 794.3 793.4 794.8 15.6 15.8 15.8 15.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Florida

8,552.0 8,703.0 8,720.8 8,730.4 502.1 532.7 535.8 537.0 363.2 370.3 372.6 375.5


Georgia

4,434.0 4,508.7 4,503.9 4,501.1 182.1 193.6 193.9 196.0 396.0 401.6 398.9 398.6

Hawaii(2)

652.5 661.1 661.3 661.1 36.3 36.6 35.9 35.6 14.2 14.1 14.0 14.0

Idaho

711.2 732.6 733.8 734.7 44.3 48.0 47.9 47.8 66.2 68.6 68.8 68.8

Illinois

6,049.4 6,095.2 6,097.7 6,102.4 218.8 224.1 225.0 225.8 578.1 585.6 586.6 588.2

Indiana

3,095.9 3,125.0 3,132.2 3,126.5 137.8 144.0 146.1 143.8 529.7 533.9 534.7 535.1


Iowa

1,571.8 1,582.7 1,583.4 1,582.1 77.4 73.4 75.1 74.9 214.8 224.0 224.9 224.9

Kansas

1,398.7 1,414.2 1,415.6 1,417.8 60.0 59.0 59.1 59.5 160.6 162.6 163.0 163.7

Kentucky

1,919.9 1,926.6 1,927.7 1,927.6 77.0 75.7 76.7 77.8 250.8 251.4 250.8 247.3

Louisiana

1,973.2 1,978.3 1,983.9 1,993.1 147.4 146.8 147.5 149.7 135.0 136.5 136.7 137.5

Maine

622.3 626.7 628.1 627.7 27.9 27.6 28.4 28.5 51.0 51.8 51.8 51.8


Maryland(2)

2,720.1 2,729.9 2,733.6 2,729.3 163.1 165.3 165.2 164.7 106.8 108.5 108.4 107.4

Massachusetts

3,597.7 3,636.2 3,639.2 3,645.3 149.1 159.5 159.5 158.2 244.0 246.0 246.5 246.2

Michigan

4,367.9 4,414.3 4,423.6 4,413.5 161.1 170.9 172.0 170.9 616.2 617.4 618.1 617.1

Minnesota

2,923.5 2,948.4 2,948.8 2,945.6 117.7 121.8 120.3 119.9 317.8 319.9 321.5 322.4

Mississippi

1,149.6 1,164.2 1,165.6 1,164.5 43.2 44.9 45.2 45.2 143.8 144.7 145.3 144.7


Missouri

2,860.8 2,891.1 2,894.0 2,894.5 122.8 120.5 121.2 121.3 265.3 270.7 269.8 267.2

Montana

471.9 475.5 476.0 474.9 28.0 27.7 28.0 28.0 19.9 20.1 20.1 20.0

Nebraska(2)

1,017.7 1,022.9 1,025.8 1,026.1 52.0 50.5 50.8 50.9 97.7 100.4 100.9 101.1

Nevada

1,330.7 1,370.2 1,371.7 1,376.0 83.4 89.9 90.8 91.6 46.3 51.6 52.2 52.8

New Hampshire

673.6 683.5 681.8 682.9 26.4 27.8 27.6 28.0 68.8 70.4 70.4 70.3


New Jersey

4,115.7 4,175.2 4,181.5 4,174.3 155.4 155.5 154.2 154.9 243.7 248.4 249.6 250.7

New Mexico

829.8 839.2 839.9 841.0 45.1 48.5 48.3 48.4 26.2 27.1 27.1 27.0

New York

9,488.7 9,602.2 9,599.1 9,605.9 382.3 396.0 390.9 391.8 447.7 443.5 444.3 442.4

North Carolina

4,398.0 4,467.9 4,473.0 4,482.1 207.4 212.5 214.4 215.6 467.0 470.3 470.1 473.0

North Dakota

433.5 425.4 426.0 425.6 28.9 24.7 24.7 24.0 24.6 25.0 25.2 25.4


Ohio

5,519.8 5,568.4 5,577.7 5,576.7 216.4 218.0 219.8 220.0 683.5 695.8 695.8 694.0

Oklahoma

1,656.2 1,680.1 1,680.9 1,686.7 76.7 79.4 78.6 78.8 127.3 129.1 130.0 131.1

Oregon

1,867.3 1,902.4 1,907.4 1,904.5 96.0 101.3 101.5 102.0 189.0 191.3 192.5 192.9

Pennsylvania

5,931.7 6,001.9 6,006.2 6,015.3 245.2 255.8 255.9 255.2 562.0 565.4 564.8 565.4

Rhode Island

492.1 498.8 498.4 499.3 18.3 19.2 18.7 18.5 40.4 41.3 41.2 41.6


South Carolina

2,084.3 2,121.4 2,119.8 2,119.8 101.6 102.6 101.5 100.2 239.5 244.5 242.2 243.1

South Dakota(2)

434.8 440.0 439.3 437.8 23.9 23.9 23.4 23.1 42.6 44.6 44.7 44.8

Tennessee(2)

3,003.1 3,044.4 3,048.2 3,048.1 124.0 125.1 124.6 126.1 349.3 349.6 350.0 350.5

Texas

12,175.2 12,431.7 12,467.9 12,507.5 708.3 740.2 744.8 748.9 846.9 861.7 866.3 874.9

Utah

1,459.9 1,500.0 1,506.7 1,508.1 95.5 101.7 102.0 103.2 129.3 132.6 132.7 133.1


Vermont

314.2 314.0 314.5 314.9 15.6 15.3 15.3 15.5 29.6 29.1 29.1 29.0

Virginia

3,947.4 3,983.2 3,989.0 3,993.7 192.0 201.5 201.7 200.9 234.4 239.3 238.6 239.3

Washington

3,307.9 3,389.7 3,394.8 3,401.9 197.5 207.4 206.5 208.6 285.5 285.7 287.1 286.6

West Virginia

743.2 752.5 751.2 749.7 30.3 34.3 33.7 33.8 46.9 47.4 47.2 47.2

Wisconsin

2,944.6 2,967.1 2,973.5 2,972.5 117.0 119.7 121.7 119.7 466.6 478.1 479.8 480.3

Wyoming

281.0 285.4 284.7 286.5 19.9 19.8 19.8 20.0 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.6


Puerto Rico(2)

881.6 849.9 850.9 849.9 21.4 20.7 21.1 20.7 72.1 70.0 70.3 70.5

Virgin Islands(3)

38.2 35.5 35.6 35.7 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)

Alabama

379.2 380.7 380.4 379.7 96.3 96.5 96.3 95.8 237.3 240.6 240.1 243.9

Alaska

65.1 63.2 63.7 63.6 12.1 11.8 11.9 11.8 27.9 28.4 28.1 27.8

Arizona

523.9 530.3 531.8 530.9 212.5 218.1 217.6 217.8 418.6 424.4 427.0 426.9

Arkansas

250.7 250.5 251.1 249.9 53.2 53.7 53.8 53.6 144.1 144.6 146.0 147.6

California

3,036.0 3,073.4 3,073.4 3,080.3 830.4 835.9 834.1 836.8 2,548.9 2,602.4 2,606.2 2,614.7


Colorado

459.6 468.2 468.9 468.2 167.2 168.5 168.5 169.7 411.4 419.3 422.7 425.9

Connecticut

297.0 300.2 298.7 297.3 128.0 128.9 128.4 127.5 218.0 220.5 221.1 221.0

Delaware

80.9 82.0 82.3 82.3 47.6 48.0 48.2 48.1 62.0 62.7 62.6 63.6

District of Columbia

33.4 34.3 34.5 34.5 30.0 30.6 30.7 31.1 166.3 167.9 166.2 166.2

Florida

1,743.9 1,754.5 1,755.3 1,753.3 558.6 573.2 574.0 573.3 1,314.8 1,355.7 1,351.5 1,354.2


Georgia

938.0 952.1 954.6 954.4 241.5 242.0 242.3 242.4 666.0 674.6 673.8 664.3

Hawaii

121.4 121.2 121.6 121.3 28.7 28.5 28.7 28.9 81.5 84.1 83.9 84.2

Idaho

139.6 141.8 141.9 142.2 35.0 36.8 36.6 36.4 90.0 90.9 91.8 92.1

Illinois

1,211.5 1,218.3 1,218.0 1,217.7 390.4 396.9 398.3 398.3 938.7 939.7 938.4 941.1

Indiana

597.4 601.7 604.9 602.4 135.6 135.9 135.6 135.3 335.6 340.4 341.0 339.2


Iowa

315.1 314.6 313.1 311.9 108.8 111.1 111.5 111.7 139.7 141.5 141.9 141.7

Kansas

266.5 268.6 270.1 271.0 78.1 78.1 78.6 78.6 176.6 181.9 182.2 182.5

Kentucky

400.5 408.2 409.7 410.8 93.8 93.2 93.4 93.4 214.3 215.5 215.6 216.3

Louisiana

383.5 378.0 379.5 379.6 92.1 90.3 91.0 91.5 208.5 212.8 214.4 215.2

Maine

120.4 120.7 121.3 121.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 66.3 67.8 68.1 68.5


Maryland

467.4 469.6 470.4 471.4 145.9 144.2 143.5 142.8 443.9 444.9 447.7 447.1

Massachusetts

578.7 580.6 579.4 579.5 221.2 221.6 221.9 223.2 563.8 573.9 580.5 583.0

Michigan

790.3 791.4 794.5 794.3 217.9 219.1 219.4 219.9 647.1 657.0 661.2 657.8

Minnesota

536.7 542.6 544.1 542.1 180.2 178.5 179.1 180.3 374.0 373.0 373.2 372.5

Mississippi

231.2 232.3 232.6 231.8 44.0 45.6 45.4 45.0 107.7 112.8 113.2 114.6


Missouri

546.6 549.5 550.3 551.3 172.7 175.7 175.5 174.7 381.2 397.0 398.3 398.3

Montana

94.6 94.2 94.3 93.8 24.3 24.5 24.3 24.3 40.8 41.8 42.0 42.0

Nebraska

203.3 204.0 204.2 203.0 73.8 74.5 74.9 74.9 117.0 118.0 119.1 119.3

Nevada

247.0 252.8 252.6 252.2 64.6 66.2 66.0 65.8 178.7 183.6 183.6 185.1

New Hampshire

140.3 143.0 142.3 142.7 34.7 35.1 35.1 35.1 81.6 81.5 80.9 80.8


New Jersey

879.3 901.6 902.1 900.1 249.4 247.5 247.2 245.2 666.6 676.3 680.3 676.2

New Mexico

136.7 137.4 137.8 137.4 33.8 35.1 35.0 35.4 103.8 105.3 106.8 108.1

New York

1,569.3 1,580.9 1,581.9 1,582.0 714.6 723.6 723.0 722.6 1,311.8 1,335.8 1,336.0 1,335.3

North Carolina

824.2 837.9 838.8 838.2 231.6 237.5 238.2 238.7 613.3 632.3 630.5 633.3

North Dakota

95.3 94.4 94.2 93.5 24.4 24.2 24.5 24.5 34.7 34.1 34.0 34.1


Ohio

1,024.8 1,032.2 1,035.8 1,038.3 305.8 311.7 312.0 310.3 723.6 721.6 722.3 724.6

Oklahoma

302.7 304.8 304.9 305.3 78.9 79.5 80.1 80.2 184.4 186.4 185.6 187.4

Oregon

350.0 355.1 357.7 355.5 99.0 101.1 101.6 102.0 242.8 244.5 244.9 243.8

Pennsylvania

1,127.3 1,128.9 1,130.6 1,130.7 320.5 323.9 322.9 322.8 799.1 810.7 810.6 815.7

Rhode Island

76.9 76.7 77.0 76.7 35.8 36.5 36.4 36.8 66.8 69.3 69.5 69.6


South Carolina

396.8 402.5 403.2 403.8 101.5 102.1 101.3 101.1 275.9 279.7 280.3 280.2

South Dakota

87.2 87.0 87.0 86.3 29.3 29.7 29.9 29.8 31.3 32.4 32.3 32.2

Tennessee

620.6 625.3 626.7 625.9 157.7 160.7 160.3 160.3 405.4 410.8 411.8 413.0

Texas

2,446.9 2,489.8 2,499.4 2,502.3 751.0 769.5 770.9 768.4 1,657.4 1,720.7 1,728.1 1,735.6

Utah

276.4 284.0 286.3 287.1 83.6 85.1 85.9 85.7 205.4 210.3 212.5 213.6


Vermont

55.4 54.9 54.8 54.8 12.1 12.4 12.3 12.4 28.4 28.1 28.4 28.2

Virginia

663.2 662.3 664.7 665.7 204.3 205.5 206.5 207.0 726.6 737.1 737.7 738.7

Washington

622.6 641.9 643.7 643.6 152.3 157.9 157.3 157.0 412.4 426.1 427.0 428.8

West Virginia

131.2 132.9 133.0 132.9 26.8 26.9 26.9 26.6 66.3 66.1 66.5 66.5

Wisconsin

542.7 542.3 544.8 543.1 153.2 151.5 150.7 151.5 325.0 326.2 329.6 330.7

Wyoming

51.9 53.2 52.9 53.8 10.8 11.0 10.9 11.2 18.1 19.1 19.0 19.2


Puerto Rico

173.4 164.1 164.6 165.2 42.6 42.1 42.1 42.1 115.0 114.0 114.2 113.6

Virgin Islands(1)

7.9 7.3 7.3 7.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)
Apr.
2017
Feb.
2018
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018(p)

Alabama

240.8 244.3 243.3 242.1 201.1 206.4 206.3 207.0 384.6 385.3 386.1 386.5

Alaska

49.5 50.0 50.0 50.1 35.2 35.9 35.3 35.7 81.3 80.7 80.6 80.4

Arizona

424.5 436.7 437.9 439.1 318.7 323.8 324.1 326.0 413.0 412.0 411.6 412.0

Arkansas

188.0 188.3 188.6 188.1 116.6 116.7 117.8 115.7 211.2 211.2 211.2 211.3

California

2,618.2 2,693.7 2,697.0 2,701.7 1,945.7 1,987.2 1,990.4 1,991.3 2,545.0 2,570.4 2,568.5 2,569.5


Colorado

332.3 337.8 337.8 336.8 330.2 340.7 342.2 346.0 435.8 439.3 440.6 441.5

Connecticut

333.5 338.5 338.5 339.0 155.9 155.2 153.8 154.6 232.4 230.5 230.3 230.1

Delaware

78.0 78.1 78.2 77.9 49.4 49.2 49.7 49.1 66.2 65.6 66.3 66.6

District of Columbia

134.2 133.8 133.9 134.5 75.3 77.7 78.2 78.9 241.2 238.2 238.4 238.4

Florida

1,270.9 1,287.6 1,291.2 1,292.6 1,201.2 1,223.6 1,231.9 1,235.3 1,105.6 1,110.6 1,112.3 1,113.6


Georgia

566.5 583.7 585.9 585.8 474.5 488.7 485.6 488.4 685.7 689.9 690.7 692.2

Hawaii

83.5 86.4 86.6 86.7 122.5 127.3 128.1 128.1 127.4 125.8 125.5 125.2

Idaho

101.8 105.5 105.3 106.1 74.8 77.4 77.4 77.7 122.5 125.4 125.8 125.7

Illinois

921.6 925.3 925.6 924.8 606.5 615.6 615.8 617.1 826.1 837.2 837.7 835.8

Indiana

465.7 475.4 475.6 474.6 308.1 306.7 306.7 306.0 421.4 426.4 426.8 428.1


Iowa

231.4 232.8 232.3 231.6 142.9 145.4 145.2 145.5 259.7 260.0 259.7 260.1

Kansas

196.1 198.7 198.8 198.8 127.4 131.2 129.9 130.1 256.3 257.3 257.4 257.6

Kentucky

272.2 271.3 271.0 270.9 196.8 195.9 195.4 196.0 315.4 315.1 315.1 315.2

Louisiana

314.1 318.1 319.4 321.9 231.4 238.0 236.4 238.1 328.7 325.3 325.1 325.7

Maine

126.8 128.9 129.1 128.7 67.3 67.1 66.9 66.3 99.9 100.1 100.1 100.3


Maryland

457.2 469.6 469.2 468.3 279.9 274.8 276.4 275.9 504.4 503.6 503.4 501.1

Massachusetts

792.4 796.7 795.5 798.6 367.1 375.5 375.0 374.1 451.6 451.2 450.4 450.6

Michigan

670.9 675.6 674.4 675.0 431.5 442.1 441.6 437.2 601.4 607.3 608.9 609.2

Minnesota

531.5 538.6 538.4 538.2 270.8 274.3 273.6 270.0 421.0 428.5 428.2 428.4

Mississippi

143.5 145.8 146.1 146.4 134.7 136.9 136.3 135.6 242.3 242.7 243.0 242.8


Missouri

464.2 468.7 468.0 469.5 302.3 304.2 304.9 304.7 433.3 433.5 434.1 434.8

Montana

76.6 76.8 76.8 76.3 65.2 66.6 66.5 66.7 90.7 91.6 91.5 91.4

Nebraska

154.2 155.1 155.2 155.8 91.6 94.3 94.2 94.9 172.8 172.6 173.0 172.5

Nevada

132.5 138.3 137.9 137.5 349.7 352.4 353.5 355.6 159.1 164.8 163.9 164.0

New Hampshire

123.3 125.4 125.4 125.9 70.6 72.1 72.0 72.5 90.3 90.0 90.2 89.7


New Jersey

690.9 708.0 707.1 707.6 374.0 376.8 379.8 379.4 611.7 615.0 615.7 614.7

New Mexico

138.7 139.4 139.0 138.8 96.0 98.1 97.9 97.7 187.1 187.6 187.3 187.2

New York

1,995.4 2,028.4 2,031.3 2,039.2 934.7 953.4 951.5 954.1 1,448.0 1,449.9 1,450.1 1,450.2

North Carolina

597.4 602.9 604.8 605.8 490.9 499.7 500.4 500.0 730.3 735.7 736.1 737.2

North Dakota

63.1 63.5 63.5 63.6 39.4 37.8 37.6 37.2 82.8 80.8 80.7 80.7


Ohio

927.0 935.7 935.2 934.9 558.8 564.8 567.1 564.2 781.2 785.8 787.2 785.8

Oklahoma

234.2 236.6 235.8 238.5 167.1 172.3 173.0 172.3 349.6 351.2 351.5 351.3

Oregon

271.6 296.2 296.3 294.7 204.8 213.0 213.4 214.0 309.6 293.2 293.5 293.5

Pennsylvania

1,238.2 1,269.6 1,273.6 1,276.0 566.1 576.5 573.7 573.3 702.7 699.8 700.9 700.5

Rhode Island

106.5 107.3 106.9 107.4 57.6 58.3 58.0 58.2 60.4 60.6 60.8 60.5


South Carolina

245.2 249.9 251.0 251.6 252.2 261.9 262.0 260.8 364.6 367.6 367.6 367.8

South Dakota

71.7 72.5 72.6 72.3 47.4 47.3 46.8 46.2 79.0 80.0 80.1 80.3

Tennessee

430.5 437.8 437.3 436.2 326.8 342.8 344.4 342.6 429.7 431.1 431.6 432.1

Texas

1,664.0 1,683.9 1,686.7 1,692.9 1,309.4 1,352.1 1,352.5 1,356.2 1,942.6 1,944.3 1,945.7 1,947.4

Utah

197.7 202.5 203.4 203.0 141.8 149.3 148.6 148.0 243.0 247.1 247.2 247.1


Vermont

65.4 66.0 66.1 66.2 36.8 37.1 37.5 38.0 55.5 55.8 55.9 55.7

Virginia

528.3 533.8 536.0 538.6 403.8 405.1 406.4 407.1 716.7 716.2 715.9 715.3

Washington

471.4 485.2 486.2 488.1 330.8 335.6 336.7 337.9 584.8 592.2 592.5 593.1

West Virginia

129.9 131.4 131.2 130.2 74.0 75.1 75.4 74.5 154.1 154.2 154.3 153.5

Wisconsin

449.5 453.6 453.0 452.5 279.4 282.5 282.4 282.0 407.8 409.3 407.5 409.6

Wyoming

27.5 28.1 28.2 28.0 36.0 36.5 36.2 36.4 70.5 69.3 69.1 69.1


Puerto Rico

121.9 116.0 116.0 116.0 80.9 78.2 78.4 78.3 218.8 210.3 209.3 208.7

Virgin Islands

2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 7.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 10.9 10.4 10.4 10.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.







ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
March April March April March April
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,008.0 2,025.3 2,014.6 2,039.2 9.7 10.0 9.7 10.1 85.5 85.4 84.3 87.7

Alaska

318.3 317.3 322.2 320.5 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.0 13.3 13.9 14.4

Arizona

2,769.5 2,837.9 2,780.1 2,843.2 11.4 11.8 11.6 11.9 140.8 152.1 142.0 154.6

Arkansas

1,238.4 1,243.5 1,244.3 1,250.4 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 50.8 49.7 51.1 50.3

California

16,665.1 17,016.3 16,725.4 17,087.2 20.6 21.2 21.1 21.6 780.6 833.0 791.8 855.2


Colorado

2,631.5 2,700.6 2,640.6 2,709.8 24.4 28.1 24.7 28.6 156.7 167.2 159.7 168.2

Connecticut

1,661.9 1,670.0 1,676.3 1,686.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 53.2 53.7 57.1 58.7

Delaware(1)

450.1 453.1 453.8 458.2 - - - - 21.6 22.2 22.0 22.3

District of Columbia(1)

789.6 792.1 790.9 797.0 - - - - 14.9 15.6 15.4 15.7

Florida

8,590.8 8,774.8 8,598.7 8,776.8 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.7 499.4 531.2 499.7 532.5


Georgia

4,418.9 4,489.5 4,442.0 4,511.6 9.4 9.8 9.4 9.7 181.2 192.2 180.6 195.9

Hawaii(1)

655.6 664.1 652.0 661.4 - - - - 36.4 35.7 35.8 35.3

Idaho

703.5 725.4 708.4 730.7 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.1 41.9 44.6 43.8 46.5

Illinois

5,979.9 6,023.7 6,034.6 6,082.9 7.8 7.4 8.0 7.6 202.5 206.3 213.5 218.0

Indiana

3,080.6 3,101.2 3,099.9 3,123.8 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.3 129.6 134.7 136.4 141.2


Iowa

1,554.9 1,566.5 1,577.6 1,585.8 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 69.5 66.2 75.8 73.8

Kansas

1,401.0 1,410.9 1,402.1 1,422.2 6.7 6.9 6.7 7.0 59.9 55.9 59.4 58.4

Kentucky

1,905.5 1,911.4 1,919.4 1,928.9 10.4 10.3 10.5 10.5 74.9 73.3 76.2 76.3

Louisiana

1,970.3 1,979.3 1,974.3 1,997.1 34.7 34.3 34.7 34.7 146.1 146.3 146.0 150.1

Maine

604.8 608.3 611.0 615.2 2.3 2.3 1.7 1.7 25.2 25.9 26.6 27.3


Maryland

2,696.2 2,711.5 2,719.0 2,728.9 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 157.7 159.3 160.5 162.5

Massachusetts

3,540.1 3,578.2 3,590.4 3,636.5 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 137.1 147.8 145.5 153.3

Michigan

4,317.0 4,380.0 4,349.2 4,393.9 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.1 145.6 158.2 154.9 164.5

Minnesota

2,880.4 2,901.5 2,913.4 2,924.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2 104.2 104.6 113.7 112.1

Mississippi

1,150.7 1,165.1 1,154.9 1,168.6 7.0 6.6 6.9 6.6 43.4 44.9 43.5 45.2


Missouri

2,843.3 2,877.5 2,877.2 2,907.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 118.6 116.0 121.5 119.1

Montana

463.5 467.1 469.2 472.4 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.8 25.1 24.9 27.4 27.4

Nebraska

1,010.8 1,016.8 1,019.4 1,026.7 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 48.5 46.3 50.8 49.7

Nevada

1,329.5 1,363.7 1,330.4 1,373.4 13.9 14.3 13.9 14.3 81.5 87.8 82.3 90.2

New Hampshire

664.6 672.2 668.5 677.6 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 24.6 25.4 25.8 27.4


New Jersey

4,059.3 4,125.4 4,095.2 4,151.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 146.6 144.3 153.9 150.9

New Mexico

827.9 837.2 833.0 843.1 20.2 20.5 20.5 20.7 44.1 47.2 45.0 48.1

New York

9,398.5 9,501.2 9,470.2 9,577.8 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.9 358.3 363.5 374.9 383.4

North Carolina

4,376.8 4,459.3 4,402.3 4,485.5 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.8 204.2 212.8 206.9 214.8

North Dakota

424.2 420.3 431.3 423.0 16.3 18.4 17.0 19.3 23.8 20.6 26.7 22.2


Ohio

5,455.5 5,519.7 5,517.6 5,568.6 11.0 12.0 11.2 12.3 197.3 203.1 213.0 214.6

Oklahoma

1,650.6 1,678.6 1,657.9 1,690.4 45.7 51.5 46.3 51.7 75.8 77.2 75.1 77.3

Oregon

1,853.9 1,894.2 1,869.6 1,901.7 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.7 92.1 97.9 94.6 100.4

Pennsylvania

5,871.8 5,947.4 5,945.6 6,021.7 25.1 27.3 25.7 27.9 225.9 238.8 243.0 250.7

Rhode Island

482.9 489.6 491.0 498.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 16.3 16.7 17.9 18.1


South Carolina

2,079.7 2,113.2 2,089.4 2,122.4 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 100.3 101.2 100.7 100.0

South Dakota

425.6 430.7 431.7 434.3 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 19.6 20.3 21.7 21.4

Tennessee

2,987.0 3,039.1 3,009.0 3,055.6 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 117.4 118.9 119.2 121.0

Texas

12,142.4 12,433.7 12,170.9 12,519.3 214.2 240.1 216.7 244.5 707.0 739.5 705.4 747.9

Utah

1,453.8 1,502.2 1,461.4 1,510.8 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.3 92.9 98.2 94.2 101.3


Vermont

312.5 314.0 310.5 310.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 13.1 13.2 14.1 14.3

Virginia

3,917.6 3,961.1 3,951.3 3,993.6 8.0 8.2 7.9 8.3 187.8 197.6 191.6 200.4

Washington

3,277.5 3,371.6 3,300.1 3,391.3 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0 192.2 201.4 195.1 206.1

West Virginia

741.2 745.1 743.2 751.0 21.2 22.5 21.2 22.6 27.7 30.3 29.9 33.1

Wisconsin

2,903.0 2,930.4 2,934.8 2,958.7 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.5 104.6 109.2 113.1 115.6

Wyoming

274.9 278.5 275.2 280.4 18.9 20.7 19.1 20.7 17.7 18.0 19.3 19.4


Puerto Rico

887.0 850.9 880.2 849.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.6 20.4 20.4 19.8

Virgin Islands(1)

38.9 35.8 38.7 36.0 - - - - 1.7 2.1 1.7 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
March April March April March April
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

262.8 264.8 263.1 265.8 376.5 378.4 377.2 378.1 20.8 21.2 20.7 21.2

Alaska

12.9 12.6 11.6 11.4 61.0 59.9 63.0 61.2 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.8

Arizona

161.5 170.1 161.6 170.2 518.4 529.8 519.9 526.7 45.4 45.2 46.0 45.7

Arkansas

156.4 158.1 156.0 159.1 248.7 249.4 249.1 250.4 13.4 12.3 13.3 12.3

California

1,300.8 1,315.6 1,300.3 1,313.7 2,986.0 3,037.7 3,000.9 3,044.0 520.6 533.0 518.9 534.8


Colorado

143.0 145.3 143.4 145.5 453.4 464.0 454.7 463.2 71.4 74.2 70.9 74.3

Connecticut

157.4 161.6 157.7 162.5 292.7 294.4 293.3 293.5 31.7 30.6 31.7 30.5

Delaware

25.8 25.8 25.9 25.9 79.5 80.7 79.7 81.3 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.3

District of Columbia

1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 33.1 34.4 33.1 34.4 17.5 18.8 17.8 18.5

Florida

362.8 373.2 362.5 375.5 1,734.2 1,755.1 1,735.7 1,748.1 139.3 137.2 138.3 136.7


Georgia

395.8 400.0 395.5 399.1 930.2 950.6 932.7 952.7 114.9 108.6 115.9 109.8

Hawaii

14.2 13.9 14.1 14.0 120.6 121.2 120.1 120.4 9.2 9.0 9.1 8.9

Idaho

65.6 68.2 65.8 68.5 137.2 139.3 138.2 140.3 9.0 9.0 8.9 8.7

Illinois

566.7 584.3 575.6 586.0 1,196.5 1,199.7 1,199.0 1,206.2 98.6 93.8 97.3 94.0

Indiana

527.6 532.8 528.1 533.0 588.6 595.8 592.5 597.9 32.5 28.8 31.9 28.9


Iowa

212.8 223.9 214.3 224.2 310.6 308.4 314.1 310.3 21.9 21.9 22.0 21.9

Kansas

160.5 162.6 160.0 163.7 264.6 267.1 263.6 269.5 19.7 19.4 19.6 19.2

Kentucky

250.0 250.4 250.2 247.9 395.5 405.4 397.0 408.3 22.7 22.1 22.7 22.4

Louisiana

134.2 135.7 134.3 137.3 381.8 378.3 381.2 379.1 23.8 23.8 24.2 23.9

Maine

50.0 50.7 50.3 51.2 115.5 116.2 116.3 116.8 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3


Maryland

106.0 107.8 106.5 107.3 458.0 462.8 461.5 466.8 37.9 36.4 37.6 36.5

Massachusetts

242.7 245.1 242.6 245.4 564.9 566.0 570.3 571.0 90.6 90.7 90.9 90.4

Michigan

610.0 615.2 611.8 614.7 773.4 780.0 780.1 783.0 56.8 55.2 56.4 54.2

Minnesota

314.6 317.6 315.0 319.7 527.3 534.6 533.3 534.5 50.3 49.7 50.4 49.6

Mississippi

143.8 145.0 143.5 144.4 229.2 231.5 229.8 231.0 11.8 11.2 11.7 11.0


Missouri

264.2 269.4 264.9 267.3 540.8 544.1 544.4 548.7 51.2 52.0 51.4 51.8

Montana

19.6 19.7 19.6 19.7 92.9 92.6 93.8 93.2 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.5

Nebraska

97.5 100.8 97.6 100.7 200.4 201.8 202.0 201.6 18.3 17.3 18.5 17.3

Nevada

45.6 52.2 46.1 52.7 243.5 249.6 244.4 250.0 14.2 14.2 15.0 14.5

New Hampshire

68.6 69.9 68.5 69.8 136.9 138.8 138.0 140.1 12.4 12.2 12.4 12.2


New Jersey

241.8 248.4 242.4 249.9 862.6 889.6 867.0 888.8 71.4 70.0 70.6 69.5

New Mexico

25.8 26.9 25.8 26.8 135.4 135.9 135.8 136.5 12.3 11.3 13.1 11.7

New York

444.5 441.4 445.4 440.7 1,544.6 1,555.7 1,549.7 1,560.8 267.4 267.3 265.5 266.1

North Carolina

465.0 468.0 464.8 469.7 814.6 832.8 817.3 833.4 78.6 81.9 78.7 82.2

North Dakota

24.0 24.9 24.3 25.0 93.7 92.9 94.8 92.9 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.3


Ohio

682.3 695.6 681.3 692.0 1,008.9 1,021.7 1,015.0 1,030.8 71.1 69.6 71.5 71.1

Oklahoma

126.5 129.5 126.9 130.7 299.5 303.0 300.3 303.9 20.9 19.6 20.8 19.5

Oregon

186.2 190.5 187.6 191.8 344.1 351.4 345.7 350.6 33.8 33.4 34.8 34.0

Pennsylvania

558.1 561.8 560.1 564.2 1,110.0 1,114.8 1,117.7 1,123.5 82.8 81.0 83.2 81.3

Rhode Island

40.2 41.0 40.4 41.5 74.7 75.1 75.9 75.7 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.1


South Carolina

239.8 242.1 239.4 243.0 393.6 400.3 394.0 401.5 27.7 27.7 27.4 27.6

South Dakota

42.2 44.0 42.4 44.5 85.9 85.7 86.6 85.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6

Tennessee

347.9 349.6 348.7 350.3 612.8 620.9 616.1 622.9 45.3 46.2 45.2 46.6

Texas

844.1 863.0 844.6 873.6 2,418.7 2,479.3 2,424.4 2,488.5 202.9 197.8 202.6 197.5

Utah

128.4 132.2 128.7 132.3 273.2 284.2 274.5 286.1 38.3 38.9 38.1 38.6


Vermont

29.3 28.7 29.3 28.6 54.2 53.8 54.5 54.1 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.4

Virginia

232.9 238.4 233.9 237.8 651.5 654.9 655.8 658.7 68.3 67.1 67.8 67.3

Washington

282.9 284.7 283.5 284.8 610.1 633.9 614.2 635.4 124.2 129.7 123.9 129.9

West Virginia

46.6 47.0 46.8 47.3 129.1 130.8 129.5 131.6 8.9 7.2 8.7 8.2

Wisconsin

462.5 475.9 462.9 477.6 533.2 533.0 535.7 534.1 48.1 46.3 47.7 46.3

Wyoming

9.2 9.5 9.0 9.4 50.9 51.8 50.8 52.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

72.7 70.4 71.3 70.3 173.3 164.1 171.3 163.9 17.5 17.5 17.8 17.5

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 8.1 7.3 8.0 7.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
March April March April March April
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

96.0 95.9 96.1 95.8 237.0 239.5 237.8 245.5 240.2 243.0 241.4 242.5

Alaska

11.6 11.6 11.8 11.5 26.9 27.3 27.3 27.4 49.7 50.5 49.8 50.6

Arizona

211.6 218.2 212.0 218.0 416.1 426.1 418.1 426.2 425.6 439.8 426.1 440.5

Arkansas

52.8 53.4 53.0 53.4 144.8 146.1 145.4 149.5 187.1 189.0 188.5 188.4

California

824.0 831.1 827.2 834.3 2,538.1 2,592.3 2,535.5 2,602.9 2,628.0 2,714.6 2,632.8 2,713.2


Colorado

166.5 168.4 166.6 169.0 403.2 415.6 409.6 425.9 332.2 338.1 333.5 336.5

Connecticut

127.3 128.0 127.3 127.3 214.9 217.3 219.1 221.6 333.2 338.9 335.6 342.6

Delaware

47.5 47.7 47.4 47.6 60.2 61.4 61.1 63.4 77.6 78.3 78.2 78.1

District of Columbia

29.9 30.4 29.9 31.0 165.1 165.3 165.9 165.7 137.2 136.8 137.2 137.9

Florida

557.5 574.3 557.8 573.1 1,311.7 1,347.2 1,317.2 1,352.4 1,274.5 1,299.5 1,278.5 1,299.5


Georgia

240.5 241.0 240.7 241.8 662.7 668.5 665.2 663.7 567.2 587.9 568.3 586.3

Hawaii

28.7 28.7 28.6 28.9 82.1 84.2 81.5 84.4 84.2 87.1 83.8 86.9

Idaho

34.7 36.4 34.9 36.3 88.1 90.5 89.6 91.7 103.2 105.8 102.2 106.2

Illinois

386.8 396.7 388.7 396.4 918.8 913.1 932.0 934.5 926.7 930.5 927.7 931.5

Indiana

134.3 134.4 134.7 134.2 329.4 332.9 334.3 337.3 468.6 478.0 470.5 476.6


Iowa

108.0 110.5 108.4 111.3 135.6 139.1 140.2 142.1 235.7 235.3 235.8 234.4

Kansas

77.9 78.1 77.7 78.2 174.2 179.3 176.3 181.9 196.8 198.5 196.9 198.9

Kentucky

93.3 92.9 93.3 93.3 210.0 211.3 211.1 213.3 271.4 271.6 273.2 272.9

Louisiana

91.8 90.7 91.8 91.4 209.4 214.3 208.4 215.0 313.2 319.2 314.4 322.3

Maine

30.9 30.8 30.9 31.1 64.8 65.7 65.7 67.4 128.0 129.9 127.8 129.8


Maryland

144.6 142.1 144.9 142.0 437.2 444.3 442.9 447.7 457.2 471.4 458.8 470.5

Massachusetts

218.8 218.8 219.2 221.2 549.5 565.3 562.3 583.1 798.7 800.6 801.8 807.3

Michigan

215.1 216.9 216.5 218.2 643.2 656.8 647.0 657.7 671.3 676.6 671.5 676.7

Minnesota

178.8 177.9 179.0 179.9 366.1 364.9 371.5 370.2 531.2 539.9 535.1 541.1

Mississippi

43.9 45.2 43.9 45.0 108.1 112.4 108.4 114.7 143.8 147.7 145.0 148.0


Missouri

171.5 174.9 172.3 174.9 377.9 394.4 383.8 399.8 462.2 469.5 468.7 473.6

Montana

24.1 24.0 24.1 24.0 40.0 41.0 40.7 41.7 76.8 77.2 76.8 76.6

Nebraska

73.4 74.4 73.6 74.8 116.2 117.6 117.4 119.1 155.2 155.6 154.4 156.2

Nevada

64.1 65.8 64.3 65.4 182.0 181.9 179.4 184.7 131.8 137.5 132.5 137.7

New Hampshire

34.6 34.8 34.4 34.8 79.5 79.0 81.4 80.7 123.5 126.1 123.7 127.2


New Jersey

246.8 245.7 247.5 244.4 652.7 664.4 660.0 670.5 692.5 711.9 694.7 711.1

New Mexico

33.6 34.8 33.7 35.4 102.8 105.3 104.2 108.1 139.9 139.3 140.1 139.4

New York

708.6 718.1 708.9 717.5 1,287.9 1,315.9 1,304.3 1,324.7 2,019.7 2,054.4 2,030.0 2,069.8

North Carolina

228.6 236.5 230.3 237.3 609.1 625.3 611.9 632.9 596.0 607.2 598.5 606.6

North Dakota

24.2 24.3 24.3 24.3 33.5 33.4 34.4 33.5 63.0 63.6 63.2 63.8


Ohio

303.0 309.6 304.4 308.1 709.8 706.6 721.6 718.0 927.9 940.8 931.2 941.0

Oklahoma

78.3 79.9 78.5 79.9 182.6 183.3 184.2 188.1 233.2 236.1 234.5 239.0

Oregon

98.0 101.1 98.4 102.2 239.7 242.0 242.5 243.0 274.4 299.5 275.0 297.0

Pennsylvania

318.3 321.4 318.6 321.3 784.5 794.5 798.9 815.3 1,250.8 1,286.8 1,256.9 1,291.5

Rhode Island

35.6 36.0 35.7 36.5 64.9 67.6 66.9 69.7 108.2 109.3 108.3 109.9


South Carolina

101.2 100.8 101.4 100.7 274.5 277.7 275.0 277.4 245.7 252.2 245.9 252.6

South Dakota

29.0 29.7 29.1 29.6 30.9 31.7 31.2 32.1 71.4 73.0 71.9 72.7

Tennessee

156.6 160.0 157.3 160.0 399.9 408.0 403.6 411.8 431.5 439.9 432.2 438.8

Texas

745.8 766.3 747.9 765.3 1,650.4 1,716.9 1,652.4 1,735.5 1,661.2 1,684.4 1,664.7 1,695.9

Utah

82.9 85.1 83.1 85.0 201.1 208.6 203.5 212.6 199.4 206.5 200.6 206.0


Vermont

11.9 12.2 11.9 12.2 27.2 27.3 28.2 27.9 65.5 66.2 65.4 66.2

Virginia

202.3 205.7 203.4 205.5 717.3 728.2 724.5 736.8 531.8 539.0 533.7 543.2

Washington

151.4 156.4 151.2 155.9 406.8 422.0 410.1 427.0 474.1 489.3 474.5 489.7

West Virginia

26.7 26.8 26.7 26.5 65.8 66.1 66.1 66.7 130.7 131.6 130.6 130.8

Wisconsin

152.2 149.3 152.2 150.8 317.9 323.7 321.7 327.2 451.5 454.8 452.0 454.1

Wyoming

10.7 10.8 10.7 11.0 17.2 18.4 17.7 18.9 27.9 28.6 27.7 28.2


Puerto Rico

42.5 42.1 42.4 42.1 115.8 113.7 113.7 113.1 123.7 117.6 123.9 118.3

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
March April March April March April
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

200.1 203.8 204.0 208.7 93.3 94.0 93.4 93.9 386.1 389.3 386.9 389.9

Alaska

30.9 31.2 31.9 32.2 10.8 10.7 11.1 10.7 82.3 81.5 82.8 82.1

Arizona

324.0 331.3 327.1 333.8 88.6 89.0 89.0 89.1 426.1 424.5 426.7 426.5

Arkansas

115.3 116.7 118.2 117.5 48.5 47.9 48.6 48.4 214.8 215.4 215.3 215.6

California

1,922.0 1,969.7 1,947.3 1,988.6 560.0 556.1 563.8 562.8 2,584.4 2,612.0 2,585.8 2,616.1


Colorado

330.3 345.0 327.1 343.1 108.1 107.6 108.3 107.1 442.3 447.1 442.1 448.4

Connecticut

148.2 146.9 152.8 151.6 64.1 63.7 64.5 64.2 238.7 234.4 236.7 233.4

Delaware

46.9 46.0 48.2 48.1 18.6 18.8 18.8 18.9 67.8 67.9 67.9 68.3

District of Columbia

75.5 77.3 77.6 80.2 74.1 75.3 73.8 75.3 241.1 236.9 238.9 237.0

Florida

1,225.6 1,260.2 1,226.6 1,263.7 349.4 354.9 349.2 354.6 1,130.6 1,136.3 1,127.4 1,135.0


Georgia

469.5 477.3 482.4 495.7 157.2 157.5 158.8 160.4 690.3 696.1 692.5 696.5

Hawaii

123.0 128.0 122.3 127.3 27.8 28.1 27.7 28.1 129.4 128.2 129.0 127.2

Idaho

72.1 75.2 73.1 76.0 24.3 25.1 24.6 25.2 124.2 128.2 124.5 128.2

Illinois

588.4 595.0 605.0 611.4 250.6 248.9 251.4 250.4 836.5 848.0 836.4 846.9

Indiana

301.1 298.7 309.3 305.9 126.0 125.2 126.4 126.9 437.1 434.0 429.8 435.6


Iowa

138.0 139.1 142.9 144.2 57.2 55.4 57.3 55.2 263.4 264.5 264.4 266.0

Kansas

127.2 127.7 128.2 130.1 50.8 50.3 50.7 50.2 262.7 265.1 263.0 265.1

Kentucky

192.8 189.5 199.7 197.8 66.0 67.2 66.0 67.1 318.5 317.4 319.5 319.1

Louisiana

231.7 234.2 233.4 239.3 73.8 75.5 73.7 75.1 329.8 327.0 332.2 328.9

Maine

57.1 56.3 60.6 58.9 21.2 20.9 21.5 21.1 102.3 102.3 102.3 102.6


Maryland

268.3 262.0 277.3 272.1 113.1 112.0 113.7 113.2 514.9 512.2 514.0 509.1

Massachusetts

341.4 346.5 357.1 361.3 134.3 135.2 136.3 139.0 461.1 461.2 463.3 463.3

Michigan

413.2 421.8 422.1 426.5 165.7 170.0 166.3 169.9 616.1 622.3 615.6 621.4

Minnesota

257.9 256.9 265.0 261.7 115.7 114.3 116.3 115.9 428.0 434.9 427.8 434.0

Mississippi

132.8 134.4 136.5 137.0 40.4 40.8 40.4 40.9 246.5 245.4 245.3 244.8


Missouri

294.7 295.0 304.8 307.1 115.6 115.0 117.0 116.6 442.5 443.1 444.2 444.6

Montana

62.0 62.9 63.4 64.7 18.4 18.7 18.5 18.8 91.7 92.8 92.0 93.0

Nebraska

89.3 91.1 91.7 94.8 36.6 36.1 36.9 36.6 174.4 174.8 175.4 174.8

Nevada

349.7 351.0 350.9 355.5 40.2 42.0 40.9 42.7 163.0 167.4 160.7 165.7

New Hampshire

65.5 66.5 65.7 66.8 23.9 24.4 24.0 24.5 94.2 94.3 93.7 93.2


New Jersey

347.6 349.4 361.4 363.8 169.8 172.2 171.7 174.1 626.2 628.2 624.7 627.2

New Mexico

95.0 97.1 95.6 97.6 27.7 27.9 28.1 28.2 191.1 191.0 191.1 190.6

New York

894.5 903.9 912.8 930.0 407.4 414.7 410.9 415.9 1,461.1 1,461.7 1,463.0 1,464.0

North Carolina

478.4 484.7 489.8 497.6 150.3 151.0 151.1 150.8 746.3 753.3 747.4 754.4

North Dakota

38.5 37.2 38.9 36.9 16.3 16.3 16.6 16.5 84.4 82.3 84.6 82.3


Ohio

536.9 540.8 556.8 560.6 214.3 219.2 215.5 221.1 793.0 800.7 796.1 799.0

Oklahoma

165.1 171.2 168.7 173.1 67.3 70.2 67.4 70.2 355.7 357.1 355.2 357.0

Oregon

198.9 207.0 204.0 211.8 62.7 64.8 63.2 64.7 317.4 299.8 317.0 299.5

Pennsylvania

539.5 545.1 561.5 564.3 258.6 261.1 260.1 265.1 718.2 714.8 719.9 716.6

Rhode Island

53.0 52.8 55.7 55.5 22.4 23.4 22.7 23.5 61.2 61.5 61.1 61.3


South Carolina

248.2 257.4 256.7 264.9 75.4 78.5 75.5 78.8 369.0 370.9 369.1 371.5

South Dakota

43.9 42.7 45.7 44.1 16.4 16.5 16.6 17.1 79.7 80.6 79.9 81.0

Tennessee

320.1 335.9 329.4 343.2 112.9 115.2 113.9 115.6 438.6 440.5 439.3 441.3

Texas

1,304.8 1,341.7 1,318.6 1,364.6 422.5 430.5 427.2 436.1 1,970.8 1,974.2 1,966.4 1,969.9

Utah

143.2 150.5 142.4 149.3 39.8 39.6 40.0 39.4 246.2 250.1 247.8 251.9


Vermont

38.3 39.5 34.1 34.5 10.0 9.9 10.0 9.9 57.7 58.2 57.8 58.1

Virginia

391.8 393.4 403.7 405.4 200.9 205.0 201.6 204.1 725.0 723.6 727.4 726.1

Washington

321.3 328.6 329.0 334.3 118.4 119.9 118.8 120.9 590.2 599.8 593.8 601.3

West Virginia

72.3 72.8 73.4 74.1 53.5 52.7 53.6 53.2 158.7 157.3 156.7 156.9

Wisconsin

265.2 264.3 271.6 271.1 150.3 152.2 150.4 151.7 413.6 417.4 423.3 425.7

Wyoming

33.4 32.7 32.4 32.1 13.8 14.2 13.8 14.3 71.5 70.1 71.0 70.0


Puerto Rico

81.6 78.0 80.6 77.9 17.8 17.4 17.9 17.4 221.0 209.2 220.4 208.6

Virgin Islands

8.0 6.2 7.9 6.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 11.0 10.4 11.0 10.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: May 18, 2018