State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 21, 2018                        USDL-18-1501

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in August in 13 states, higher in 3 states, and stable
in 34 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Eleven states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 39 states and
the District had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from
July at 3.9 percent but was 0.5 percentage point lower than in August 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 4 states in August 2018 and was essentially
unchanged in 46 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 35 states added
nonfarm payroll jobs and 15 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in August, 2.1 percent. The rates in Idaho
(2.8 percent), Oregon (3.8 percent), South Carolina (3.4 percent), and Washington (4.5
percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest
jobless rate, 6.7 percent. In total, 15 states had unemployment rates lower than the
U.S. figure of 3.9 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and
26 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See
tables A and 1.)

In August, 13 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which were in
Alaska, Michigan, North Carolina, and South Carolina (-0.2 percentage point each).
Three states had over-the-month rate increases: Maine (+0.2 percentage point) and 
Colorado and Wyoming (+0.1 point each). The remaining 34 states and the District of
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table B.)

Eleven states had unemployment rate changes from August 2017, all of which were
decreases. The largest decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.4 percentage points).
(See table C.)
 
Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Four states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in August 2018:
California (+44,800), Texas (+32,000), Arizona (+21,900), and Florida (+20,500). In
percentage terms, the largest increase occurred in Arizona (+0.8 percent), followed by
California and Texas (+0.3 percent each) and Florida (+0.2 percent). (See table 3.)

Thirty-five states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in August.
The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+394,500), California (+348,900), and Florida
(+220,200). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.5 percent), followed by
Nevada and Washington (+3.3 percent each). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, October 3, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment
and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled to be released on Friday,
October 19, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., August 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.9
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.7
Arizona .............................|           4.6
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           2.8
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Kansas ..............................|           3.3
Louisiana ...........................|           5.0
Maine ...............................|           3.2
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           2.9
Mississippi .........................|           4.8
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.5
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Mexico ..........................|           4.6
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.6
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           3.1
                                     |
Vermont .............................|           2.8
Virginia ............................|           3.0
Washington ..........................|           4.5
West Virginia .......................|           5.3
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from July 2018 to August 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |    July   |   August  |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |   2018(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     6.9   |     6.7   |      -0.2
Colorado .......................|     2.8   |     2.9   |        .1
Georgia ........................|     3.9   |     3.8   |       -.1
Idaho ..........................|     2.9   |     2.8   |       -.1
Iowa ...........................|     2.6   |     2.5   |       -.1
Maine ..........................|     3.0   |     3.2   |        .2
Michigan .......................|     4.3   |     4.1   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.0   |     2.9   |       -.1
New Mexico .....................|     4.7   |     4.6   |       -.1
New York .......................|     4.3   |     4.2   |       -.1
                                |           |           |
North Carolina .................|     4.1   |     3.9   |       -.2
Oklahoma .......................|     3.8   |     3.7   |       -.1
South Carolina .................|     3.6   |     3.4   |       -.2
South Dakota ...................|     3.1   |     3.0   |       -.1
Washington .....................|     4.6   |     4.5   |       -.1
Wyoming ........................|     3.8   |     3.9   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2017 to August 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   August  |   August  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2018(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.7   |      -0.5
California .....................|     4.6   |     4.2   |       -.4
Delaware .......................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Georgia ........................|     4.5   |     3.8   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     5.0   |     4.1   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.0   |     2.5   |       -.5
New Mexico .....................|     6.0   |     4.6   |      -1.4
New York .......................|     4.7   |     4.2   |       -.5
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.1   |       -.7
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.4   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     3.7   |     3.0   |       -.7
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from August 2017 to
August 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    August   |    August   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,017,900 |   2,040,500 |      22,600 |      1.1
Arizona ......................|   2,785,200 |   2,864,900 |      79,700 |      2.9
California ...................|  16,843,000 |  17,191,900 |     348,900 |      2.1
Colorado .....................|   2,668,300 |   2,740,500 |      72,200 |      2.7
Florida ......................|   8,602,000 |   8,822,200 |     220,200 |      2.6
Georgia ......................|   4,464,300 |   4,553,200 |      88,900 |      2.0
Hawaii .......................|     649,200 |     666,900 |      17,700 |      2.7
Idaho ........................|     717,500 |     739,500 |      22,000 |      3.1
Illinois .....................|   6,072,500 |   6,120,000 |      47,500 |       .8
Iowa .........................|   1,572,200 |   1,593,300 |      21,100 |      1.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Kansas .......................|   1,403,700 |   1,430,300 |      26,600 |      1.9
Massachusetts ................|   3,617,000 |   3,685,100 |      68,100 |      1.9
Michigan .....................|   4,378,200 |   4,434,500 |      56,300 |      1.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,932,100 |   2,976,500 |      44,400 |      1.5
Mississippi ..................|   1,151,000 |   1,169,500 |      18,500 |      1.6
Missouri .....................|   2,870,400 |   2,905,700 |      35,300 |      1.2
Nebraska .....................|   1,018,000 |   1,032,300 |      14,300 |      1.4
Nevada .......................|   1,344,600 |   1,389,400 |      44,800 |      3.3
New Hampshire ................|     677,400 |     689,300 |      11,900 |      1.8
New Jersey ...................|   4,134,200 |   4,195,700 |      61,500 |      1.5
                              |             |             |             |       
New Mexico ...................|     830,000 |     846,300 |      16,300 |      2.0
New York .....................|   9,541,600 |   9,631,800 |      90,200 |       .9
North Carolina ...............|   4,424,800 |   4,527,600 |     102,800 |      2.3
Ohio .........................|   5,535,500 |   5,625,700 |      90,200 |      1.6
Oklahoma .....................|   1,662,900 |   1,696,000 |      33,100 |      2.0
Oregon .......................|   1,876,300 |   1,920,800 |      44,500 |      2.4
Pennsylvania .................|   5,953,100 |   6,018,500 |      65,400 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,089,800 |   2,130,400 |      40,600 |      1.9
Tennessee ....................|   3,014,400 |   3,070,400 |      56,000 |      1.9
Texas ........................|  12,232,000 |  12,626,500 |     394,500 |      3.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Utah .........................|   1,471,400 |   1,523,300 |      51,900 |      3.5
Virginia .....................|   3,955,900 |   4,010,700 |      54,800 |      1.4
Washington ...................|   3,330,900 |   3,439,700 |     108,800 |      3.3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,943,500 |   2,987,700 |      44,200 |      1.5
Wyoming ......................|     282,400 |     288,900 |       6,500 |      2.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news

   release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,166,556 2,187,423 2,196,505 2,203,485 86,383 89,302 90,928 91,211 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Alaska

362,802 361,232 359,825 358,332 26,262 25,697 24,919 24,104 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7

Arizona

3,325,430 3,373,685 3,375,231 3,374,939 155,859 157,018 155,473 156,195 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6

Arkansas

1,357,615 1,349,266 1,348,451 1,346,758 50,387 50,856 49,550 48,131 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

California

19,357,883 19,341,314 19,348,114 19,351,010 895,107 814,209 807,518 803,076 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,140,322 5,145,669 5,150,289 5,150,706 236,491 230,539 230,939 233,037 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5

Colorado

3,012,679 3,074,507 3,084,859 3,090,778 88,202 84,057 85,492 90,531 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.9

Connecticut

1,914,331 1,896,528 1,898,520 1,899,238 87,032 83,943 82,750 80,898 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3

Delaware

477,907 484,465 485,735 486,361 21,848 19,029 18,882 18,993 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.9

District of Columbia

401,321 408,343 409,028 408,137 24,511 22,901 22,920 23,044 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.6

Florida

10,123,142 10,232,909 10,246,521 10,243,544 403,899 386,820 382,655 375,416 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,389,016 1,398,822 1,398,190 1,393,554 65,293 62,413 60,499 57,971 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2

Georgia

5,079,464 5,155,125 5,162,235 5,161,920 229,546 210,639 203,815 197,005 4.5 4.1 3.9 3.8

Hawaii

683,307 687,551 687,731 687,320 15,133 14,191 14,362 14,600 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

Idaho

836,994 851,628 852,790 852,878 25,530 24,515 24,602 24,014 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8

Illinois

6,493,549 6,487,019 6,486,738 6,480,458 323,177 275,721 272,201 268,734 5.0 4.3 4.2 4.1

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,800,969 3,746,065 3,739,927 3,736,684 196,981 156,644 150,307 144,413 5.2 4.2 4.0 3.9

Indiana

3,326,633 3,365,058 3,381,289 3,392,374 118,917 112,235 115,186 117,780 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.5

Iowa

1,677,745 1,680,041 1,684,237 1,685,211 51,078 44,905 43,958 42,750 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.5

Kansas

1,479,592 1,477,186 1,478,313 1,479,406 52,968 49,885 49,841 49,165 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3

Kentucky

2,059,316 2,063,526 2,068,903 2,071,098 100,206 87,082 89,996 90,995 4.9 4.2 4.3 4.4

Louisiana

2,111,175 2,137,617 2,136,087 2,130,791 102,968 101,351 105,019 106,825 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.0

Maine

701,481 704,181 705,870 706,564 23,824 20,390 21,496 22,430 3.4 2.9 3.0 3.2

Maryland

3,225,083 3,233,776 3,235,032 3,233,773 130,571 138,459 137,931 136,238 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.2

Massachusetts

3,660,376 3,758,872 3,785,804 3,806,078 133,381 133,409 135,777 137,259 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Michigan

4,889,985 4,910,977 4,909,849 4,897,991 224,390 218,516 211,949 201,416 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,113,691 2,118,455 2,118,114 2,113,556 89,177 92,880 91,806 88,077 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.2

Minnesota

3,068,539 3,110,795 3,111,750 3,105,150 102,981 95,344 93,107 89,787 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9

Mississippi

1,278,839 1,281,523 1,284,971 1,287,844 63,813 60,641 61,084 61,645 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.8

Missouri

3,050,689 3,053,048 3,060,739 3,061,008 110,472 106,230 104,091 100,673 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3

Montana

526,553 523,100 522,921 523,006 21,385 19,918 19,426 19,089 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Nebraska

1,006,930 1,013,967 1,014,634 1,015,022 29,182 28,967 29,001 28,844 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Nevada

1,468,711 1,495,032 1,498,383 1,501,990 72,585 70,051 68,442 67,958 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5

New Hampshire

747,101 756,000 758,519 760,516 19,840 20,185 20,407 20,516 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,520,146 4,475,465 4,480,352 4,485,738 211,792 191,754 189,661 188,282 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.2

New Mexico

929,744 939,292 939,864 939,742 56,001 46,042 44,284 43,333 6.0 4.9 4.7 4.6

New York

9,730,710 9,669,875 9,679,716 9,691,342 461,041 430,440 419,498 408,942 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2

New York City

4,237,234 4,228,355 4,229,037 4,229,131 195,532 177,475 175,700 172,858 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.1

North Carolina

4,956,805 4,997,161 5,004,054 5,002,614 218,199 209,577 203,428 196,936 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9

North Dakota

414,350 409,618 407,800 405,634 10,614 10,641 10,630 10,518 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Ohio

5,793,074 5,799,958 5,802,017 5,789,160 290,928 259,380 265,176 267,808 5.0 4.5 4.6 4.6

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,031,877 1,029,817 1,032,229 1,033,942 57,958 51,206 52,251 53,132 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.1

Oklahoma

1,838,382 1,859,187 1,862,880 1,864,333 76,605 72,180 70,403 68,309 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.7

Oregon

2,114,842 2,120,255 2,116,629 2,111,985 87,958 84,769 82,521 80,505 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8

Pennsylvania

6,418,186 6,363,114 6,370,918 6,380,493 307,194 275,252 267,322 262,388 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.1

Rhode Island

555,295 560,850 561,956 562,173 24,619 24,018 23,315 22,549 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0

South Carolina

2,315,916 2,313,069 2,309,889 2,306,283 97,377 87,096 82,339 78,416 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.4

South Dakota

455,739 459,512 459,201 458,713 15,477 14,825 14,368 13,957 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0

Tennessee

3,210,630 3,245,778 3,253,631 3,256,033 108,112 113,606 115,210 116,238 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6

Texas

13,557,380 13,813,349 13,824,491 13,822,243 545,573 557,779 547,739 535,929 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9

Utah

1,567,493 1,591,474 1,592,960 1,591,923 50,732 48,388 48,743 49,783 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1

Vermont

344,853 349,291 349,036 348,176 10,246 9,782 9,851 9,895 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8

Virginia

4,318,898 4,348,833 4,356,114 4,356,189 157,867 137,704 133,325 130,116 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.0

Washington

3,743,241 3,760,156 3,763,188 3,766,026 177,891 176,664 173,372 169,318 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,657,368 1,683,529 1,683,494 1,683,201 64,504 62,159 60,907 58,928 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5

West Virginia

779,200 785,039 784,220 782,125 40,545 41,983 42,142 41,269 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3

Wisconsin

3,160,064 3,183,045 3,183,097 3,178,156 105,003 91,069 93,064 94,966 3.3 2.9 2.9 3.0

Wyoming

292,617 287,889 286,745 285,748 11,974 10,788 10,980 11,254 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.9

Puerto Rico

1,090,506 1,097,548 1,104,709 1,103,638 113,358 101,781 100,600 96,905 10.4 9.3 9.1 8.8

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
July August Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) July August July August
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,173,759 2,217,339 2,158,653 2,204,787 100,246 97,615 93,099 91,950 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2

Alaska

373,884 366,761 368,916 360,804 24,848 21,143 23,546 19,390 6.6 5.8 6.4 5.4

Arizona

3,309,906 3,372,025 3,314,163 3,363,285 169,559 169,248 171,931 178,100 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3

Arkansas

1,373,322 1,364,018 1,360,376 1,344,473 57,080 51,940 51,805 45,168 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.4

California

19,413,562 19,469,829 19,376,487 19,368,137 995,611 857,023 959,037 825,595 5.1 4.4 4.9 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,152,986 5,179,812 5,137,893 5,138,451 273,428 263,162 262,503 260,291 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1

Colorado

3,019,606 3,126,122 3,018,153 3,101,394 84,207 95,289 83,673 106,094 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.4

Connecticut

1,951,246 1,944,408 1,920,059 1,905,326 94,974 86,499 89,647 77,120 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.0

Delaware

483,010 492,985 480,786 488,689 23,342 20,650 22,830 20,790 4.8 4.2 4.7 4.3

District of Columbia

407,291 414,707 400,601 401,407 26,933 24,791 25,560 24,622 6.6 6.0 6.4 6.1

Florida

10,164,624 10,319,333 10,105,593 10,191,327 444,483 409,001 439,388 383,417 4.4 4.0 4.3 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,402,620 1,396,346 1,377,698 1,361,811 68,949 60,045 69,890 55,867 4.9 4.3 5.1 4.1

Georgia

5,090,447 5,196,412 5,060,417 5,124,948 255,534 209,298 248,105 192,615 5.0 4.0 4.9 3.8

Hawaii

688,438 690,125 682,136 683,846 16,219 15,151 14,814 14,754 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2

Idaho

845,036 866,913 839,691 854,464 24,691 23,870 24,036 19,695 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.3

Illinois

6,567,081 6,561,454 6,504,014 6,460,016 335,872 280,091 344,193 269,055 5.1 4.3 5.3 4.2

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,844,615 3,795,206 3,806,199 3,742,782 204,102 154,295 213,637 143,531 5.3 4.1 5.6 3.8

Indiana

3,355,414 3,446,083 3,332,392 3,409,605 120,612 121,497 131,017 127,488 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.7

Iowa

1,698,474 1,713,981 1,679,665 1,681,661 51,144 41,736 52,490 40,416 3.0 2.4 3.1 2.4

Kansas

1,501,319 1,500,325 1,477,378 1,476,834 62,362 59,107 59,507 51,492 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.5

Kentucky

2,071,239 2,091,089 2,047,213 2,056,845 110,880 103,479 98,105 84,339 5.4 4.9 4.8 4.1

Louisiana

2,136,012 2,159,051 2,118,448 2,115,837 119,626 126,696 118,483 117,317 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5

Maine

720,418 728,259 718,153 722,902 23,499 23,890 20,058 20,718 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.9

Maryland

3,274,692 3,284,643 3,238,148 3,237,791 140,435 145,527 136,940 135,660 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.2

Massachusetts

3,713,111 3,892,173 3,693,503 3,866,987 148,026 153,070 134,706 136,763 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.5

Michigan

4,942,077 4,949,857 4,924,856 4,874,942 268,290 239,239 251,002 185,713 5.4 4.8 5.1 3.8

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,138,047 2,137,275 2,140,596 2,114,654 107,913 107,815 108,502 88,881 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.2

Minnesota

3,097,084 3,137,539 3,083,928 3,087,727 102,342 85,917 104,234 77,958 3.3 2.7 3.4 2.5

Mississippi

1,293,157 1,304,792 1,269,033 1,281,473 75,197 69,628 63,102 60,565 5.8 5.3 5.0 4.7

Missouri

3,087,860 3,111,773 3,049,843 3,041,588 128,665 117,084 129,606 105,619 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.5

Montana

535,948 533,560 532,953 530,353 19,530 17,231 19,171 16,769 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.2

Nebraska

1,022,611 1,031,535 1,010,044 1,018,192 32,315 31,639 29,345 27,829 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7

Nevada

1,470,436 1,511,980 1,467,506 1,511,103 75,576 67,875 72,887 70,162 5.1 4.5 5.0 4.6

New Hampshire

759,632 775,787 754,645 771,044 19,741 20,692 19,652 20,311 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6

New Jersey

4,586,978 4,579,780 4,545,577 4,527,351 234,116 217,846 226,022 199,547 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.4

New Mexico

932,069 943,529 927,597 935,881 62,198 47,534 58,085 44,958 6.7 5.0 6.3 4.8

New York

9,858,475 9,831,240 9,767,149 9,757,182 485,742 416,407 481,791 401,687 4.9 4.2 4.9 4.1

New York City

4,263,610 4,257,392 4,236,696 4,229,163 214,568 186,717 215,114 179,918 5.0 4.4 5.1 4.3

North Carolina

4,988,088 5,052,642 4,938,611 4,960,170 237,962 206,181 238,077 194,685 4.8 4.1 4.8 3.9

North Dakota

423,222 411,863 421,299 407,132 9,731 9,902 9,870 9,211 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3

Ohio

5,864,866 5,846,896 5,830,467 5,752,284 310,257 284,136 297,563 256,935 5.3 4.9 5.1 4.5

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,056,494 1,059,929 1,038,865 1,041,520 63,768 58,285 61,189 54,348 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.2

Oklahoma

1,839,879 1,873,194 1,830,593 1,855,540 79,646 68,218 78,942 64,315 4.3 3.6 4.3 3.5

Oregon

2,134,577 2,137,211 2,134,652 2,122,899 95,339 85,552 95,441 83,851 4.5 4.0 4.5 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,514,475 6,506,856 6,449,859 6,435,111 344,024 293,400 341,711 286,076 5.3 4.5 5.3 4.4

Rhode Island

561,995 571,665 560,123 565,648 26,292 23,447 25,123 21,650 4.7 4.1 4.5 3.8

South Carolina

2,342,714 2,336,359 2,330,276 2,312,891 104,779 82,240 111,007 83,578 4.5 3.5 4.8 3.6

South Dakota

463,056 466,365 459,844 461,548 14,479 12,357 15,202 12,855 3.1 2.6 3.3 2.8

Tennessee

3,230,978 3,296,841 3,201,982 3,240,320 125,904 132,827 118,047 123,911 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.8

Texas

13,571,881 13,840,761 13,522,840 13,751,850 604,241 556,604 601,021 539,409 4.5 4.0 4.4 3.9

Utah

1,570,778 1,601,286 1,569,268 1,586,516 52,995 51,881 53,051 55,299 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5

Vermont

350,175 352,270 348,728 348,360 10,730 10,275 10,244 9,760 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8

Virginia

4,367,600 4,417,724 4,318,478 4,340,469 169,970 129,930 170,341 133,149 3.9 2.9 3.9 3.1

Washington

3,756,579 3,798,238 3,738,990 3,771,608 174,245 159,775 178,199 155,329 4.6 4.2 4.8 4.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,654,880 1,694,069 1,658,270 1,687,111 67,175 61,074 68,610 55,366 4.1 3.6 4.1 3.3

West Virginia

785,049 788,629 781,215 777,064 39,644 42,725 41,517 37,915 5.0 5.4 5.3 4.9

Wisconsin

3,201,145 3,216,751 3,176,657 3,175,053 108,410 101,864 106,386 98,012 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.1

Wyoming

297,426 288,839 295,499 286,613 11,094 10,937 10,574 10,455 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.6

Puerto Rico

1,091,104 1,105,128 1,092,130 1,087,497 113,848 105,410 127,946 99,385 10.4 9.5 11.7 9.1

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,017.9 2,037.5 2,039.0 2,040.5 85.1 86.3 85.1 85.8 263.2 269.2 271.0 271.4

Alaska

329.4 327.2 326.3 326.3 15.1 15.2 15.1 15.1 13.5 13.6 13.6 13.6

Arizona

2,785.2 2,838.6 2,843.0 2,864.9 146.6 159.9 160.2 161.5 165.0 171.6 172.5 172.7

Arkansas

1,240.4 1,247.8 1,249.8 1,248.9 50.9 52.4 52.4 51.8 157.4 159.9 160.5 160.1

California

16,843.0 17,112.7 17,147.1 17,191.9 815.3 852.9 850.5 855.7 1,310.0 1,316.7 1,315.3 1,314.5


Colorado

2,668.3 2,734.5 2,739.0 2,740.5 163.8 170.1 170.3 171.7 144.2 147.1 147.3 146.4

Connecticut

1,680.8 1,698.0 1,698.5 1,699.6 58.3 61.0 61.5 62.0 159.3 163.7 163.6 163.5

Delaware(2)

455.6 460.1 461.9 462.3 21.6 22.6 23.0 23.0 25.7 26.0 26.3 26.2

District of Columbia(2)

790.5 793.6 796.6 796.3 15.4 15.9 16.0 15.9 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Florida

8,602.0 8,773.3 8,801.7 8,822.2 509.3 540.2 545.0 548.6 364.9 378.5 379.0 379.6


Georgia

4,464.3 4,531.2 4,541.2 4,553.2 182.2 199.4 199.6 201.1 398.3 402.5 403.9 404.7

Hawaii(2)

649.2 662.8 664.5 666.9 35.8 36.0 36.3 36.2 14.3 14.0 13.8 13.8

Idaho

717.5 738.4 741.0 739.5 45.1 47.4 47.4 47.6 67.1 69.6 70.2 70.5

Illinois

6,072.5 6,125.2 6,125.2 6,120.0 220.9 226.0 227.4 226.2 577.1 588.6 588.7 588.4

Indiana

3,109.3 3,120.9 3,130.4 3,136.3 137.7 142.0 143.5 145.1 530.9 537.3 536.2 534.2


Iowa

1,572.2 1,592.2 1,591.0 1,593.3 74.8 78.4 78.9 80.0 215.7 225.6 226.5 226.7

Kansas

1,403.7 1,424.4 1,426.7 1,430.3 59.9 60.4 60.5 61.3 161.1 166.0 166.7 166.7

Kentucky

1,921.6 1,930.0 1,932.6 1,930.1 77.5 76.3 76.3 74.9 249.5 249.8 248.1 245.8

Louisiana

1,970.2 1,988.0 1,986.2 1,986.1 147.3 150.4 149.7 149.2 134.5 138.8 139.3 139.9

Maine

623.2 629.6 628.6 628.3 28.2 29.3 29.3 29.1 51.0 52.3 52.2 52.2


Maryland(2)

2,729.4 2,738.6 2,745.1 2,749.7 163.6 165.4 164.6 165.2 106.6 107.7 108.3 108.6

Massachusetts

3,617.0 3,675.3 3,679.0 3,685.1 152.8 161.3 163.0 163.5 244.1 248.1 249.1 248.5

Michigan

4,378.2 4,429.7 4,429.1 4,434.5 164.4 176.1 177.7 179.0 615.3 621.3 622.7 623.0

Minnesota

2,932.1 2,965.6 2,976.7 2,976.5 119.6 123.3 123.8 125.5 318.5 325.7 327.0 326.1

Mississippi

1,151.0 1,166.9 1,165.5 1,169.5 43.3 45.2 44.0 43.9 144.1 145.0 144.6 144.6


Missouri

2,870.4 2,904.3 2,904.7 2,905.7 123.3 121.7 122.1 122.3 266.2 268.3 268.3 266.8

Montana

472.8 476.7 478.3 479.0 27.5 28.6 28.9 29.3 19.9 20.4 20.6 20.6

Nebraska(2)

1,018.0 1,031.3 1,032.5 1,032.3 51.9 52.5 52.0 52.5 98.0 101.8 102.4 102.5

Nevada

1,344.6 1,379.9 1,388.2 1,389.4 82.9 90.8 92.1 92.2 48.9 54.0 54.5 55.1

New Hampshire

677.4 688.0 688.2 689.3 26.6 28.4 29.2 29.6 69.0 71.0 71.9 71.4


New Jersey

4,134.2 4,187.5 4,194.1 4,195.7 155.8 150.1 149.0 149.2 245.2 252.9 254.3 253.8

New Mexico

830.0 842.7 843.8 846.3 45.8 48.5 49.1 48.8 26.2 27.2 27.2 27.2

New York

9,541.6 9,633.6 9,622.4 9,631.8 383.7 396.4 395.8 396.6 445.9 443.0 442.6 442.8

North Carolina

4,424.8 4,518.5 4,526.0 4,527.6 208.9 218.2 219.2 220.2 467.9 474.7 475.3 474.2

North Dakota

430.7 432.5 434.1 435.2 25.8 26.9 27.1 27.8 24.8 25.3 25.4 25.4


Ohio

5,535.5 5,608.5 5,611.8 5,625.7 219.6 223.9 226.2 226.5 686.2 699.0 696.3 694.5

Oklahoma

1,662.9 1,692.0 1,694.4 1,696.0 76.7 76.8 76.1 77.0 128.7 131.0 130.5 130.8

Oregon

1,876.3 1,916.5 1,919.9 1,920.8 98.9 105.5 107.2 108.0 189.8 194.6 194.6 194.2

Pennsylvania

5,953.1 6,018.4 6,023.4 6,018.5 249.7 253.5 251.6 249.7 561.5 567.4 566.2 565.6

Rhode Island

495.5 502.6 504.3 501.9 18.3 19.3 19.1 19.0 40.5 41.2 41.2 41.0


South Carolina

2,089.8 2,126.4 2,126.2 2,130.4 98.8 98.4 99.3 99.0 241.2 245.0 245.9 244.4

South Dakota(2)

434.2 439.8 439.8 440.5 23.0 24.2 24.7 24.6 43.3 44.4 44.5 44.7

Tennessee(2)

3,014.4 3,065.0 3,067.8 3,070.4 124.8 126.8 126.6 126.0 348.4 350.0 352.4 354.0

Texas

12,232.0 12,573.2 12,594.5 12,626.5 709.9 757.8 765.1 766.0 855.1 878.2 875.3 878.5

Utah

1,471.4 1,513.7 1,520.5 1,523.3 98.3 101.7 100.8 100.5 129.0 132.8 134.1 134.5


Vermont

314.7 315.6 313.7 312.9 15.0 15.3 15.3 15.4 29.5 29.3 29.2 29.4

Virginia

3,955.9 4,005.4 4,005.9 4,010.7 193.1 200.4 200.9 202.3 233.9 239.5 241.9 241.7

Washington

3,330.9 3,418.8 3,430.6 3,439.7 200.8 207.8 208.9 211.8 281.7 287.3 288.4 288.3

West Virginia

744.5 751.1 751.6 751.9 31.5 33.5 33.8 33.9 46.6 46.8 46.6 46.9

Wisconsin

2,943.5 2,976.3 2,984.7 2,987.7 117.4 123.0 123.0 122.9 467.1 485.8 488.1 489.6

Wyoming

282.4 286.4 287.2 288.9 19.2 20.4 20.6 20.7 9.5 9.7 9.8 9.8


Puerto Rico(2)

876.0 851.6 851.2 850.2 21.2 20.6 20.4 20.4 71.7 69.9 69.9 70.0

Virgin Islands(3)

38.3 36.1 36.4 36.9 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)

Alabama

378.5 379.8 380.5 379.9 96.9 97.0 97.4 97.0 240.9 246.8 247.6 249.3

Alaska

64.5 63.5 63.5 63.3 12.0 11.7 11.5 11.4 27.8 27.6 27.6 27.5

Arizona

526.6 530.4 532.2 534.5 215.3 218.1 218.8 220.6 420.6 429.8 428.5 433.9

Arkansas

251.4 249.1 249.9 250.8 53.2 53.4 53.9 54.2 143.8 150.0 151.0 149.9

California

3,045.1 3,072.9 3,079.8 3,084.5 830.3 833.1 833.2 835.0 2,574.1 2,619.7 2,633.1 2,640.8


Colorado

461.8 469.5 470.7 469.8 168.1 170.9 170.8 167.6 413.5 429.8 432.5 432.8

Connecticut

298.1 299.3 298.1 297.2 127.8 127.4 127.1 127.3 217.9 222.7 222.3 222.8

Delaware

80.9 81.5 82.1 82.4 48.1 48.0 47.8 47.9 62.2 63.8 63.8 64.2

District of Columbia

33.6 34.2 34.1 33.9 30.1 31.1 31.2 31.2 166.5 166.6 167.7 168.1

Florida

1,749.9 1,764.3 1,768.2 1,773.5 561.9 578.0 580.1 581.3 1,328.1 1,349.9 1,353.1 1,356.5


Georgia

944.5 961.8 961.9 961.2 243.1 243.1 241.3 241.9 669.5 671.0 677.6 680.1

Hawaii

122.1 121.9 122.4 122.5 28.4 29.2 29.9 30.0 82.4 84.3 84.0 83.7

Idaho

140.2 141.8 141.7 141.4 35.4 36.5 36.2 36.2 90.4 93.9 94.2 93.4

Illinois

1,212.3 1,214.0 1,214.7 1,215.1 391.8 399.0 399.6 400.0 944.1 945.3 947.2 948.1

Indiana

595.8 604.0 605.7 607.1 135.8 137.6 137.5 139.8 338.1 340.9 343.3 343.0


Iowa

314.4 314.4 312.8 314.4 109.3 111.7 111.9 111.5 139.3 142.2 141.7 141.8

Kansas

268.9 272.1 272.4 272.6 78.0 79.4 79.5 79.8 177.5 183.9 183.2 181.8

Kentucky

401.7 412.0 413.4 412.5 93.2 93.7 94.2 94.0 214.6 214.7 217.4 217.4

Louisiana

381.4 381.0 382.0 381.8 91.6 91.6 91.2 92.4 209.4 214.0 213.6 213.4

Maine

120.5 121.1 120.5 119.9 31.5 31.8 31.9 31.7 66.2 66.4 66.1 66.4


Maryland

467.5 470.1 470.5 472.6 147.1 141.2 140.7 139.4 444.2 457.3 459.5 461.9

Massachusetts

581.4 581.6 581.2 580.6 221.6 222.7 222.7 222.9 566.9 591.7 593.5 595.0

Michigan

789.7 793.1 791.2 792.7 217.5 220.8 219.5 219.7 648.6 658.8 658.1 657.8

Minnesota

536.5 541.7 544.0 543.4 180.4 180.5 180.5 180.3 372.1 376.7 378.5 378.3

Mississippi

232.0 232.6 231.3 232.7 44.0 45.4 46.2 45.9 106.9 113.1 112.8 113.4


Missouri

545.0 549.3 549.9 548.1 173.7 176.7 176.6 177.7 383.5 392.0 393.2 397.2

Montana

94.6 93.5 93.7 93.5 24.4 24.3 24.4 24.4 40.9 42.5 43.0 42.6

Nebraska

202.4 202.9 203.7 202.6 74.2 75.0 75.2 75.3 117.2 121.3 121.1 120.8

Nevada

249.5 253.6 254.8 254.7 65.6 66.6 66.5 66.0 181.8 185.4 186.2 187.7

New Hampshire

140.4 142.2 142.3 142.6 34.7 35.2 35.0 35.4 82.2 82.7 83.1 83.0


New Jersey

888.7 902.0 902.1 904.7 250.0 247.7 247.3 247.0 665.2 685.6 681.0 677.9

New Mexico

136.6 139.0 138.0 138.3 34.0 35.4 35.7 35.7 104.5 107.7 108.2 109.0

New York

1,573.3 1,580.1 1,580.1 1,575.0 717.8 722.0 721.7 722.9 1,321.8 1,336.0 1,334.7 1,334.9

North Carolina

828.6 847.0 848.2 850.0 233.7 238.2 237.5 237.8 616.5 638.4 642.2 647.1

North Dakota

94.8 93.6 93.4 93.0 24.5 24.2 24.5 24.4 34.4 35.6 35.5 35.4


Ohio

1,026.1 1,040.4 1,040.2 1,041.4 306.7 312.7 313.6 312.8 722.6 729.8 729.0 725.5

Oklahoma

303.2 308.0 308.3 309.2 79.2 79.9 79.7 79.5 186.7 193.1 195.0 192.6

Oregon

350.5 354.8 357.1 358.8 99.8 101.9 101.8 101.9 243.1 245.6 245.4 245.4

Pennsylvania

1,126.5 1,131.4 1,128.3 1,131.9 321.5 325.4 325.5 324.0 801.5 813.7 813.7 811.1

Rhode Island

76.9 76.5 76.5 76.6 36.2 37.1 36.5 36.6 67.8 69.1 69.0 69.6


South Carolina

396.9 407.2 407.9 408.5 102.4 102.0 101.7 101.8 276.9 277.1 274.7 278.7

South Dakota

86.9 86.4 86.7 86.7 29.3 29.5 29.3 29.3 31.2 32.7 33.2 33.2

Tennessee

623.2 630.3 630.1 630.6 158.6 161.9 161.9 161.6 407.3 418.2 419.4 416.4

Texas

2,459.4 2,511.8 2,516.9 2,525.6 759.2 773.9 775.0 775.2 1,669.3 1,751.4 1,751.4 1,761.7

Utah

278.8 288.9 292.1 292.9 84.2 86.9 87.2 87.3 207.6 213.7 213.3 214.1


Vermont

55.1 54.6 54.5 54.2 12.0 12.7 12.4 12.5 28.4 28.8 28.4 28.3

Virginia

662.9 670.3 670.4 671.0 206.2 211.0 211.2 211.3 731.7 740.7 746.5 750.5

Washington

629.5 650.7 654.4 654.1 153.4 157.7 158.7 158.9 415.6 434.3 438.0 441.3

West Virginia

131.5 132.8 133.1 133.6 26.9 26.6 26.7 26.5 66.6 66.9 66.8 66.3

Wisconsin

542.2 542.8 544.7 545.3 152.8 150.0 150.2 149.9 323.8 324.5 322.4 321.6

Wyoming

52.5 52.8 52.7 52.7 11.0 11.5 11.5 11.6 18.1 19.2 19.0 18.7


Puerto Rico

172.5 167.1 167.3 167.5 42.7 42.1 41.8 42.0 114.2 112.4 112.4 111.8

Virgin Islands(1)

8.0 7.3 7.4 7.4 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)
Aug.
2017
June
2018
July
2018
Aug.
2018(p)

Alabama

240.6 243.6 242.6 242.0 203.0 206.4 205.5 204.5 385.7 384.2 384.0 385.5

Alaska

50.0 50.4 50.0 50.1 35.5 35.5 35.6 35.7 80.9 80.3 80.1 80.3

Arizona

427.7 440.3 440.1 440.8 321.3 326.6 328.8 330.8 415.7 415.2 415.6 422.7

Arkansas

187.8 188.9 187.9 187.7 116.6 115.8 116.1 116.2 211.9 211.5 211.6 211.5

California

2,650.2 2,710.5 2,717.2 2,735.9 1,950.0 1,997.1 2,005.3 2,006.5 2,551.6 2,585.4 2,584.6 2,590.7


Colorado

334.7 338.7 340.4 338.7 332.9 351.3 349.8 351.3 443.0 446.2 447.4 448.9

Connecticut

333.8 340.8 341.4 342.4 156.9 158.3 160.6 161.3 231.8 228.0 227.5 226.7

Delaware

78.5 78.5 79.1 78.8 49.4 50.1 50.3 50.3 65.8 66.7 66.5 66.4

District of Columbia

134.1 133.9 133.7 134.2 76.5 78.1 80.1 79.5 240.6 237.6 237.5 237.9

Florida

1,282.4 1,303.2 1,312.2 1,311.7 1,209.4 1,253.0 1,257.8 1,264.0 1,104.2 1,104.7 1,106.3 1,106.8


Georgia

571.2 585.0 585.8 591.1 479.2 490.0 490.4 490.9 689.5 691.1 692.9 695.5

Hawaii

84.4 86.8 86.7 86.4 123.0 127.8 128.4 129.1 121.7 125.6 125.8 128.0

Idaho

102.7 105.9 106.0 105.8 76.1 78.5 79.6 78.6 123.0 126.6 127.6 127.7

Illinois

923.7 930.7 929.4 928.1 613.3 621.2 621.7 618.1 833.0 846.0 843.9 843.5

Indiana

470.4 473.1 473.1 474.7 307.2 303.5 304.9 305.5 430.3 422.7 427.4 429.7


Iowa

231.6 233.1 232.6 233.0 142.7 144.1 144.6 143.5 262.6 263.1 262.3 263.3

Kansas

197.0 197.0 197.3 197.4 128.3 131.3 131.9 132.4 256.7 257.6 259.0 262.3

Kentucky

272.5 272.7 272.0 273.4 197.0 196.0 195.6 195.2 316.8 314.7 315.5 316.9

Louisiana

313.8 318.6 317.8 317.2 234.4 236.8 235.7 235.1 326.5 324.6 324.0 323.7

Maine

127.5 128.8 129.4 129.0 67.1 68.1 68.2 68.6 100.2 100.7 100.6 100.7


Maryland

464.6 469.6 472.6 474.5 280.2 277.5 276.6 279.0 504.3 499.4 501.9 498.6

Massachusetts

797.1 801.7 804.4 806.9 368.2 379.7 377.8 379.5 453.9 454.4 453.3 453.4

Michigan

673.6 679.0 675.5 678.6 433.7 440.5 442.4 443.3 604.1 603.6 603.5 602.8

Minnesota

534.0 538.3 541.9 540.9 271.7 278.6 277.2 277.6 426.4 427.0 429.6 430.6

Mississippi

144.5 146.3 145.7 146.2 134.5 138.0 138.9 139.8 242.8 242.5 243.6 244.2


Missouri

466.7 477.4 478.4 478.8 302.9 308.6 308.1 309.2 437.1 436.2 435.5 433.8

Montana

76.9 76.6 76.4 76.6 65.1 66.3 65.9 66.2 91.4 92.2 92.8 92.9

Nebraska

153.8 156.3 157.5 157.8 92.0 94.5 94.2 95.3 173.8 172.5 172.6 171.8

Nevada

134.2 138.7 139.5 140.1 349.2 351.3 354.8 353.0 162.2 167.0 167.1 168.0

New Hampshire

123.7 125.8 124.9 125.7 70.7 74.2 73.4 72.6 92.3 90.1 90.1 90.3


New Jersey

692.4 708.4 712.9 714.0 376.6 378.4 385.1 384.2 615.6 616.5 616.6 617.5

New Mexico

139.0 137.5 137.1 138.8 96.2 100.9 102.0 100.9 185.9 185.6 185.6 186.0

New York

2,014.8 2,052.7 2,046.0 2,051.2 946.3 959.7 962.9 963.7 1,449.2 1,449.2 1,450.2 1,450.7

North Carolina

600.0 613.7 613.5 611.3 496.1 504.9 503.7 502.4 737.4 739.2 743.5 742.2

North Dakota

63.1 63.8 64.0 64.2 39.4 39.3 40.0 40.0 82.5 80.6 80.9 81.2


Ohio

930.4 934.1 938.4 946.2 561.8 575.7 577.2 580.7 782.9 787.0 786.3 790.8

Oklahoma

234.6 237.6 236.9 237.5 167.2 169.7 171.4 172.9 349.7 351.3 351.8 352.0

Oregon

273.8 297.8 298.5 298.6 206.7 217.0 217.0 215.9 308.8 293.7 292.6 292.0

Pennsylvania

1,246.5 1,272.8 1,276.2 1,279.2 566.9 577.8 580.9 579.5 707.5 701.3 705.0 703.3

Rhode Island

107.1 108.8 109.6 108.5 58.9 60.0 61.2 59.9 60.5 60.5 60.6 60.5


South Carolina

246.2 253.9 255.3 256.0 253.9 263.9 262.2 261.2 366.5 368.0 368.5 369.0

South Dakota

72.0 72.6 71.9 72.2 46.8 47.0 46.8 46.6 79.3 79.7 79.5 79.8

Tennessee

431.5 438.9 441.2 440.6 330.2 344.9 343.9 347.2 430.5 431.9 430.9 433.7

Texas

1,666.5 1,701.0 1,706.9 1,712.2 1,323.1 1,362.7 1,369.2 1,372.1 1,937.7 1,945.3 1,942.9 1,942.1

Utah

199.7 206.2 206.6 207.0 143.6 148.7 150.5 151.2 242.8 248.0 248.3 248.3


Vermont

65.9 66.3 65.7 65.6 37.6 37.4 37.3 37.1 56.0 55.8 55.9 55.4

Virginia

529.2 538.8 539.3 539.4 403.0 409.8 409.9 410.5 717.7 712.8 703.7 704.3

Washington

479.0 487.5 487.6 487.9 331.5 338.5 338.1 340.3 586.9 593.6 594.3 594.1

West Virginia

129.6 131.1 131.4 131.6 74.0 75.2 75.0 75.2 153.7 154.5 155.0 155.1

Wisconsin

450.9 452.0 455.5 456.4 280.3 285.4 287.1 285.5 406.4 410.0 411.2 414.3

Wyoming

27.5 28.2 28.5 28.8 36.5 36.7 36.7 37.2 70.3 68.8 69.6 70.2


Puerto Rico

122.2 116.3 116.7 116.4 81.2 79.2 80.1 80.3 215.1 209.6 208.2 207.4

Virgin Islands

2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 7.6 6.2 6.1 6.1 11.1 10.2 10.3 10.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
July August July August July August
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,007.6 2,030.4 2,016.7 2,040.0 9.7 10.2 9.8 10.1 84.5 85.6 84.9 87.2

Alaska

353.4 352.1 350.8 348.6 13.5 13.4 13.5 13.4 18.1 17.7 18.1 17.8

Arizona

2,702.6 2,775.6 2,757.1 2,839.9 12.0 11.9 12.0 11.9 147.7 162.6 148.4 163.5

Arkansas

1,223.2 1,237.9 1,230.9 1,238.9 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6 51.9 53.8 51.8 53.7

California

16,721.3 17,038.6 16,794.0 17,127.0 23.1 22.7 23.0 22.6 829.8 865.7 836.1 877.1


Colorado

2,669.8 2,752.7 2,676.8 2,749.9 26.3 30.1 26.5 30.6 168.3 175.1 168.8 176.2

Connecticut

1,676.9 1,703.0 1,672.5 1,695.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 61.5 66.0 61.6 66.9

Delaware(1)

460.1 468.9 457.6 465.1 - - - - 22.2 24.0 22.1 24.1

District of Columbia(1)

795.2 803.7 780.6 790.0 - - - - 15.9 16.4 15.7 16.4

Florida

8,455.9 8,676.0 8,547.1 8,769.4 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.8 507.8 548.1 511.0 550.3


Georgia

4,428.1 4,527.3 4,467.1 4,554.1 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.5 183.5 200.3 183.6 203.7

Hawaii(1)

643.6 655.7 642.9 658.3 - - - - 36.2 36.4 36.2 36.5

Idaho

722.1 747.7 721.1 744.3 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.0 47.8 50.3 48.1 50.9

Illinois

6,075.4 6,149.0 6,083.1 6,138.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 235.2 245.3 236.0 243.5

Indiana

3,063.8 3,109.2 3,110.9 3,151.9 6.1 6.5 6.1 6.4 144.6 152.7 143.9 153.0


Iowa

1,564.7 1,590.7 1,566.3 1,587.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 81.1 86.3 80.9 86.8

Kansas

1,385.9 1,411.0 1,389.0 1,418.9 6.8 7.2 6.8 7.3 62.4 63.3 61.9 64.0

Kentucky

1,911.0 1,926.4 1,921.6 1,931.6 10.4 10.5 10.4 10.5 80.2 79.4 80.1 78.3

Louisiana

1,954.2 1,977.6 1,961.6 1,978.2 35.5 34.8 35.2 35.5 148.7 150.8 148.8 148.4

Maine

640.0 649.7 638.6 647.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 30.2 31.7 30.2 31.3


Maryland

2,733.3 2,762.2 2,730.8 2,761.6 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 165.9 166.8 166.1 167.9

Massachusetts

3,643.0 3,720.0 3,629.5 3,705.9 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 160.5 172.7 161.1 171.5

Michigan

4,344.1 4,421.8 4,366.1 4,428.0 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.7 174.3 189.0 175.3 191.5

Minnesota

2,947.7 3,006.7 2,951.6 3,002.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 133.1 138.2 133.1 140.0

Mississippi

1,135.7 1,154.0 1,146.8 1,169.1 6.9 6.6 7.0 6.7 43.4 43.9 43.5 44.3


Missouri

2,849.3 2,884.2 2,859.3 2,893.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 127.5 127.3 127.3 127.8

Montana

479.1 487.0 480.0 488.5 7.1 7.4 7.2 7.4 30.1 31.4 29.9 32.0

Nebraska

1,013.9 1,032.9 1,017.1 1,032.7 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 53.8 54.4 53.5 54.4

Nevada

1,337.9 1,386.1 1,342.1 1,389.5 14.5 14.8 14.5 14.7 84.5 93.6 84.4 93.6

New Hampshire

678.6 694.7 678.7 695.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 27.8 31.1 27.8 31.3


New Jersey

4,141.5 4,227.8 4,128.3 4,210.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 161.2 154.4 162.1 154.6

New Mexico

818.6 837.8 829.2 845.2 21.3 21.1 21.0 21.7 46.2 50.1 46.3 48.6

New York

9,535.3 9,670.8 9,512.5 9,636.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 401.7 418.3 403.0 418.0

North Carolina

4,362.1 4,471.5 4,425.1 4,525.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 6.0 211.8 221.6 211.7 220.9

North Dakota

430.8 435.0 430.2 435.3 19.1 21.0 18.8 21.6 30.2 30.7 30.2 31.6


Ohio

5,542.7 5,643.2 5,556.2 5,650.4 11.7 13.0 11.9 13.1 232.4 240.3 232.3 241.4

Oklahoma

1,647.4 1,679.1 1,655.6 1,688.5 48.9 54.7 49.3 55.8 77.9 77.8 78.1 78.4

Oregon

1,866.9 1,918.0 1,871.3 1,920.9 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.2 101.8 110.9 103.4 112.9

Pennsylvania

5,918.9 6,023.5 5,921.1 5,997.8 27.3 29.4 27.5 29.7 263.5 267.9 263.6 264.8

Rhode Island

496.4 509.4 496.6 506.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.5 20.2 19.6 20.3


South Carolina

2,093.5 2,130.5 2,093.3 2,131.8 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.6 103.0 101.2 99.6 99.2

South Dakota

438.3 448.2 440.4 449.7 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 24.7 26.3 24.4 25.8

Tennessee

2,982.9 3,043.6 3,007.3 3,064.7 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 121.9 124.0 122.5 124.3

Texas

12,173.8 12,555.8 12,198.4 12,585.3 225.2 259.0 226.6 263.0 716.1 767.9 716.0 771.1

Utah

1,453.6 1,511.7 1,463.1 1,517.8 8.9 8.6 8.8 8.6 101.0 105.1 101.6 104.8


Vermont

310.2 309.5 311.8 309.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 16.6 16.7 16.6 17.1

Virginia

3,958.3 4,022.6 3,955.4 4,010.8 8.0 8.4 8.1 8.4 197.0 206.8 197.3 206.5

Washington

3,343.3 3,448.1 3,334.2 3,446.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 205.2 214.2 207.3 219.5

West Virginia

736.9 746.9 739.5 747.6 22.0 22.3 22.1 22.1 33.0 35.9 33.6 36.7

Wisconsin

2,965.6 3,009.8 2,961.3 3,004.3 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.9 127.4 135.0 126.9 133.6

Wyoming

288.3 296.0 288.7 297.1 19.9 21.1 20.0 21.8 21.0 22.0 20.9 22.5


Puerto Rico

861.6 841.2 861.9 844.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.2 19.7 20.2 19.9

Virgin Islands(1)

38.0 36.6 37.9 36.9 - - - - 1.7 2.4 1.7 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
July August July August July August
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

263.1 271.6 263.6 271.8 377.0 379.3 377.4 377.7 20.9 21.4 20.7 21.3

Alaska

24.0 25.2 20.8 21.6 69.5 68.8 69.4 68.4 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9

Arizona

165.1 173.5 165.3 173.3 519.7 526.9 521.2 530.7 45.4 46.0 45.3 46.1

Arkansas

157.5 160.9 157.8 159.7 250.4 250.6 251.5 250.5 13.2 12.3 13.1 12.1

California

1,323.1 1,327.7 1,329.8 1,335.5 3,025.9 3,059.9 3,042.3 3,071.8 526.7 543.2 531.4 546.5


Colorado

145.5 148.4 145.2 147.2 462.6 475.1 462.8 471.8 71.5 74.7 71.6 76.0

Connecticut

160.6 165.2 160.4 165.1 293.3 295.9 292.3 292.3 31.5 31.0 31.6 30.9

Delaware

25.9 26.4 25.8 26.4 80.3 82.5 81.2 82.5 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.2

District of Columbia

1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 33.4 34.0 33.3 33.7 18.1 18.8 18.1 19.0

Florida

364.7 377.8 365.3 378.2 1,728.6 1,750.9 1,733.3 1,757.2 137.6 135.7 137.8 137.1


Georgia

398.4 404.6 399.0 403.5 937.9 960.8 939.5 957.5 115.3 117.5 117.8 116.5

Hawaii

14.2 13.9 14.3 13.8 121.0 122.2 121.7 122.2 9.0 8.9 10.0 9.1

Idaho

67.4 70.8 67.7 71.4 140.6 142.9 141.3 143.1 9.1 9.1 9.0 9.0

Illinois

578.6 592.9 578.7 590.6 1,207.9 1,216.1 1,211.9 1,216.3 96.1 93.2 97.0 93.4

Indiana

533.7 540.2 533.1 536.0 595.7 609.3 596.0 608.0 31.4 29.3 31.0 29.1


Iowa

217.5 229.2 216.9 228.0 315.8 314.7 314.9 314.3 22.2 22.4 22.0 21.9

Kansas

161.7 167.2 160.9 166.2 266.7 271.7 269.0 273.0 19.2 18.4 19.0 17.8

Kentucky

250.1 246.5 250.0 245.5 399.5 414.3 401.2 411.1 22.9 22.6 22.7 22.5

Louisiana

134.9 140.2 135.0 140.5 379.2 382.8 380.4 381.1 22.1 23.1 22.3 22.1

Maine

51.7 53.0 52.0 53.3 123.9 124.2 123.9 123.3 7.4 7.1 7.3 7.1


Maryland

107.2 108.9 107.3 109.2 466.7 471.6 466.7 471.9 37.5 36.1 37.3 35.9

Massachusetts

245.3 250.9 245.5 250.5 583.8 586.4 583.2 584.2 93.0 92.7 93.6 93.5

Michigan

606.9 620.3 619.9 626.2 790.8 797.4 793.1 799.2 57.0 56.2 56.7 55.8

Minnesota

323.5 332.7 323.8 331.3 539.3 547.2 539.1 547.6 50.6 50.8 50.9 50.2

Mississippi

143.5 144.5 143.9 144.8 230.1 231.0 230.9 231.9 11.6 11.3 11.5 11.3


Missouri

267.1 268.4 267.1 269.0 544.6 549.6 545.0 546.7 51.8 52.1 51.5 51.1

Montana

20.1 20.8 20.1 20.9 95.3 95.0 95.6 94.8 6.5 6.4 6.6 6.4

Nebraska

98.1 102.8 98.3 103.0 201.9 203.5 202.3 202.1 18.1 17.1 18.0 17.0

Nevada

48.6 55.0 49.1 55.3 247.4 253.7 248.4 253.8 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.6

New Hampshire

69.7 72.3 69.5 72.1 141.1 143.9 141.0 144.1 12.9 12.2 12.8 12.2


New Jersey

246.8 255.2 246.4 255.1 883.7 900.1 884.1 900.8 70.4 70.1 70.5 69.5

New Mexico

26.6 27.3 26.8 27.5 136.5 138.3 136.8 138.2 12.4 11.5 12.6 11.7

New York

448.8 445.5 448.6 446.4 1,564.2 1,577.6 1,561.3 1,567.4 269.9 263.2 271.8 264.4

North Carolina

469.1 475.8 469.2 475.1 828.3 851.0 829.4 850.2 79.2 85.3 79.2 84.1

North Dakota

25.0 25.6 25.1 25.5 94.9 93.6 94.6 93.1 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.4


Ohio

686.5 697.8 690.0 695.9 1,024.5 1,044.0 1,025.9 1,040.6 72.1 71.3 72.0 71.4

Oklahoma

128.7 130.5 128.8 130.7 301.9 307.9 302.4 309.7 20.4 19.3 20.2 18.9

Oregon

193.1 198.9 193.6 198.7 350.3 358.0 352.0 360.0 34.0 34.2 34.4 34.1

Pennsylvania

565.8 570.6 564.8 568.4 1,113.5 1,119.0 1,115.0 1,118.1 84.1 81.8 84.3 81.1

Rhode Island

40.0 40.9 40.5 41.2 76.5 76.6 76.5 76.8 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.0


South Carolina

241.2 245.5 240.8 244.1 398.1 408.7 398.4 409.2 27.4 28.0 27.4 27.9

South Dakota

43.5 45.2 43.6 45.2 88.1 88.3 88.0 88.0 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.9

Tennessee

349.0 352.8 349.5 354.5 619.9 630.7 622.7 630.6 45.5 46.0 45.5 45.0

Texas

856.2 878.7 857.9 881.0 2,445.1 2,509.7 2,460.6 2,525.0 203.8 198.0 202.7 196.7

Utah

129.6 134.7 129.6 135.3 278.2 291.9 279.2 292.9 38.1 39.0 38.8 39.1


Vermont

29.7 29.7 29.7 29.8 55.1 54.7 55.2 54.2 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.2

Virginia

235.0 243.2 234.9 242.2 663.4 672.3 663.4 671.3 68.0 67.1 67.7 66.3

Washington

286.8 292.7 285.9 292.4 633.1 660.3 634.6 660.2 128.2 136.9 129.2 138.0

West Virginia

46.9 47.1 46.6 47.2 130.6 132.3 130.7 132.7 8.6 8.2 8.4 8.1

Wisconsin

476.0 495.1 475.4 495.3 543.3 547.6 544.1 548.8 48.0 46.4 47.9 46.3

Wyoming

9.5 9.9 9.6 9.9 53.5 53.9 53.6 54.2 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico

71.4 69.7 71.2 69.9 169.8 165.9 169.6 166.3 17.4 17.1 17.5 17.1

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 7.8 7.3 7.8 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
July August July August July August
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

97.1 97.7 97.2 97.6 239.6 246.4 242.6 252.1 238.1 239.5 239.9 240.8

Alaska

12.6 12.0 12.6 11.8 29.4 29.3 29.3 29.0 49.9 49.8 50.0 49.8

Arizona

214.1 217.9 215.0 220.6 414.6 425.6 417.6 431.9 416.9 432.6 426.3 438.5

Arkansas

53.5 54.4 53.5 54.3 141.3 149.1 142.2 148.2 184.2 185.3 185.9 186.2

California

836.6 836.0 835.3 839.3 2,578.4 2,639.5 2,588.8 2,655.2 2,608.1 2,682.5 2,621.1 2,705.6


Colorado

169.0 172.8 168.9 169.1 419.7 438.5 420.1 438.2 332.5 338.4 333.8 335.4

Connecticut

129.7 128.9 129.2 128.4 220.2 225.4 219.4 225.0 328.0 336.9 327.0 334.2

Delaware

48.6 48.4 48.6 48.3 62.7 64.7 62.2 63.9 78.0 78.8 78.0 78.5

District of Columbia

30.6 31.4 30.4 31.7 168.3 169.1 166.9 167.5 124.7 127.9 125.1 128.5

Florida

562.4 582.1 562.5 581.7 1,319.9 1,344.0 1,322.2 1,354.4 1,256.8 1,294.3 1,271.1 1,299.8


Georgia

243.8 241.1 243.6 241.6 668.4 680.7 674.2 680.2 562.4 578.8 570.1 591.9

Hawaii

28.5 30.0 28.5 30.2 82.5 83.8 82.4 84.0 84.0 86.0 83.5 85.4

Idaho

35.8 36.4 35.7 36.5 92.1 96.3 92.5 95.5 101.8 105.3 100.2 102.8

Illinois

396.0 404.3 395.8 403.3 951.1 959.1 955.4 962.6 910.0 913.2 912.2 916.2

Indiana

137.2 139.4 137.1 141.4 338.3 345.4 341.7 348.1 458.2 464.1 460.1 469.3


Iowa

110.2 113.3 109.9 112.1 141.6 143.9 141.7 143.5 223.4 225.6 224.1 226.4

Kansas

78.9 80.4 78.7 80.3 179.9 185.2 178.9 184.3 195.4 196.4 195.4 195.8

Kentucky

93.4 95.0 93.5 94.3 211.9 215.9 213.7 217.7 269.5 268.4 270.8 272.1

Louisiana

92.0 91.6 91.8 92.9 209.1 211.9 209.4 213.0 310.0 315.5 313.9 316.8

Maine

32.2 32.7 32.2 32.5 68.1 68.4 67.8 68.2 125.6 127.6 125.3 126.8


Maryland

148.8 141.6 148.7 139.6 449.0 468.1 450.8 470.0 461.9 469.3 459.7 469.1

Massachusetts

225.7 227.2 225.6 226.8 579.3 607.2 577.8 605.2 787.6 797.8 784.0 797.0

Michigan

221.2 224.0 220.6 222.9 637.9 648.6 641.6 648.2 665.1 668.6 666.7 670.0

Minnesota

183.2 183.0 182.7 182.4 378.3 384.2 378.8 384.4 527.1 538.5 528.3 536.3

Mississippi

44.2 46.3 44.1 45.9 104.8 111.5 106.2 114.6 140.7 141.0 143.4 144.9


Missouri

175.2 178.2 175.0 178.4 384.9 394.1 386.7 398.7 463.9 472.9 464.3 472.8

Montana

24.8 24.7 24.7 24.8 42.4 44.6 42.4 44.3 75.6 75.0 75.9 75.7

Nebraska

74.5 76.0 74.5 75.8 118.7 122.6 118.1 121.5 152.5 156.1 153.1 156.8

Nevada

65.6 66.5 65.6 65.6 181.0 185.5 181.0 189.0 132.1 139.6 133.9 140.9

New Hampshire

35.3 35.8 35.3 36.3 83.5 84.7 83.4 84.1 122.5 123.6 121.9 123.6


New Jersey

253.3 250.9 253.0 250.4 669.7 691.7 670.0 686.8 678.9 702.5 675.3 699.8

New Mexico

34.1 35.8 34.0 35.5 105.6 109.4 105.8 109.8 134.8 135.4 136.5 137.5

New York

727.9 732.7 727.9 731.8 1,339.4 1,355.4 1,336.2 1,348.7 1,942.1 1,991.8 1,939.0 1,989.4

North Carolina

236.6 241.2 236.5 241.0 620.1 645.1 621.7 651.6 593.2 604.9 597.6 606.1

North Dakota

24.6 24.8 24.6 24.7 35.5 37.0 35.5 36.4 62.6 64.0 62.7 63.9


Ohio

308.8 317.2 309.0 316.0 729.9 742.1 732.4 739.8 920.4 925.7 923.5 934.8

Oklahoma

79.5 80.0 79.5 79.6 187.4 196.3 188.3 194.5 233.5 234.7 234.4 237.0

Oregon

101.2 102.4 101.3 102.6 246.4 248.8 247.0 250.1 265.2 291.4 266.7 292.8

Pennsylvania

324.9 328.6 324.7 326.3 803.1 822.0 803.7 818.6 1,213.2 1,251.2 1,210.0 1,249.8

Rhode Island

36.1 37.1 36.3 36.6 68.7 70.4 68.8 71.1 103.2 105.8 102.8 104.1


South Carolina

103.3 103.5 103.5 103.0 277.6 274.5 277.5 279.7 243.4 251.6 245.6 254.4

South Dakota

29.5 29.7 29.5 29.5 31.6 34.0 31.6 34.2 71.4 71.1 71.6 71.7

Tennessee

159.1 162.3 159.4 162.0 406.1 415.0 407.6 416.5 424.4 434.2 427.8 435.2

Texas

761.0 779.5 762.3 778.7 1,668.8 1,760.1 1,675.7 1,775.2 1,652.9 1,696.2 1,667.3 1,706.0

Utah

84.2 87.7 84.7 88.2 208.9 215.8 210.3 216.9 191.5 199.5 194.3 201.5


Vermont

12.3 12.6 12.3 12.6 29.4 29.1 29.4 29.1 66.0 66.0 65.3 65.1

Virginia

208.4 213.4 208.1 213.0 735.7 756.5 736.8 757.3 521.3 532.1 524.6 532.6

Washington

154.8 161.2 155.5 161.3 419.5 443.7 421.7 447.7 468.2 479.0 471.1 480.3

West Virginia

26.9 26.8 27.0 26.4 67.2 67.4 67.4 66.5 126.2 128.8 126.9 129.3

Wisconsin

155.1 152.0 154.8 151.0 329.6 326.9 329.8 326.1 443.5 451.4 445.0 452.8

Wyoming

11.0 11.7 11.1 11.9 19.0 20.0 19.1 19.5 26.9 27.9 26.9 28.4


Puerto Rico

42.7 41.9 42.4 41.9 112.1 110.7 112.2 110.7 115.3 112.9 117.2 114.3

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.6 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
July August July August July August
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

207.3 212.3 207.5 209.8 93.8 94.6 93.7 93.9 376.5 371.8 379.4 377.7

Alaska

43.5 44.0 43.2 43.7 11.2 10.6 11.1 10.6 75.7 75.4 76.9 76.6

Arizona

312.6 323.1 316.8 326.9 88.6 89.2 88.3 88.9 365.9 366.3 400.9 407.6

Arkansas

118.5 119.4 119.4 118.9 49.1 49.0 48.8 49.0 197.6 197.5 201.0 200.7

California

1,986.5 2,045.6 1,983.4 2,035.1 565.8 566.2 565.5 564.9 2,417.3 2,449.6 2,437.3 2,473.4


Colorado

349.0 367.5 346.6 364.9 110.2 107.2 110.2 109.2 415.2 424.9 422.3 431.3

Connecticut

168.0 173.2 165.7 171.2 66.7 67.0 66.2 66.2 216.8 212.9 218.5 214.2

Delaware

55.3 56.9 54.6 56.0 19.0 19.1 19.0 19.2 63.5 63.8 61.5 62.0

District of Columbia

76.4 81.1 76.7 79.2 75.4 77.2 74.7 75.8 251.1 246.4 238.4 236.8

Florida

1,196.6 1,253.7 1,192.7 1,249.3 347.3 358.2 346.7 356.1 1,028.6 1,025.4 1,098.8 1,099.5


Georgia

487.0 501.6 487.5 497.7 161.2 164.2 159.6 161.0 660.8 668.2 682.8 691.0

Hawaii

123.4 128.7 123.9 129.9 27.7 28.1 27.8 28.1 117.1 117.7 114.6 119.1

Idaho

81.1 85.4 81.6 84.5 25.6 26.1 25.6 26.4 116.9 121.1 115.6 120.2

Illinois

634.2 650.6 638.0 645.7 255.1 255.1 254.6 254.7 803.3 811.3 795.6 803.8

Indiana

316.6 316.6 317.6 315.8 127.9 124.9 126.6 123.2 374.1 380.8 417.7 421.6


Iowa

150.0 155.0 150.0 152.0 58.5 56.2 58.0 54.9 241.9 241.5 245.4 245.0

Kansas

131.8 136.1 131.9 135.5 50.2 50.0 50.4 50.4 232.9 235.1 236.1 244.3

Kentucky

203.4 203.5 202.4 202.1 65.9 67.6 66.0 67.4 303.8 302.7 310.8 310.1

Louisiana

234.5 239.1 234.7 237.8 73.9 76.0 73.9 76.4 314.3 311.8 316.2 313.7

Maine

84.3 88.6 83.8 88.4 22.6 22.2 22.3 22.1 91.7 91.9 91.5 91.9


Maryland

299.8 304.2 298.2 303.1 115.8 116.5 114.8 115.0 479.4 477.9 479.9 478.7

Massachusetts

403.0 417.8 402.0 418.8 144.2 147.4 143.7 146.2 419.4 418.6 411.8 410.9

Michigan

458.0 475.1 460.3 472.6 169.8 177.0 169.9 175.7 555.6 558.0 554.5 558.2

Minnesota

289.5 304.5 291.0 302.8 117.8 117.3 117.9 116.9 398.5 403.5 399.2 404.1

Mississippi

136.9 142.0 137.4 143.3 40.4 40.6 40.3 40.5 233.2 235.3 238.6 240.9


Missouri

316.3 326.4 317.8 325.9 117.9 116.7 117.4 116.4 395.8 394.2 402.9 402.3

Montana

71.8 74.1 71.8 74.0 18.7 19.3 18.7 19.7 86.7 88.3 87.1 88.5

Nebraska

95.2 98.9 96.1 100.2 36.9 37.0 36.8 36.6 163.1 163.4 165.3 164.2

Nevada

353.8 360.0 352.6 357.7 41.9 43.9 41.6 43.6 153.9 158.8 156.2 160.7

New Hampshire

81.8 85.7 81.5 85.1 24.9 26.1 24.8 26.5 78.1 78.3 79.7 79.6


New Jersey

415.3 436.2 414.0 435.5 176.2 179.7 175.4 180.3 584.7 585.7 576.2 576.3

New Mexico

99.1 106.0 99.0 104.5 30.8 30.7 30.2 30.1 171.2 172.2 180.2 180.1

New York

998.7 1,031.9 996.7 1,026.0 415.9 426.8 413.7 429.3 1,421.3 1,422.2 1,408.9 1,409.8

North Carolina

516.1 533.3 516.1 526.5 153.7 154.3 152.7 153.8 648.2 652.9 705.2 710.0

North Dakota

40.3 41.3 40.3 41.0 16.4 16.0 16.2 16.2 75.7 74.6 75.7 74.9


Ohio

590.6 614.9 590.5 615.4 218.8 223.9 217.9 226.3 747.0 753.0 750.8 755.7

Oklahoma

170.2 174.9 170.8 175.5 68.5 71.0 68.0 70.5 330.5 332.0 335.8 337.9

Oregon

216.7 230.5 216.4 227.9 64.1 64.2 64.3 65.2 286.9 271.5 284.9 269.4

Pennsylvania

600.7 624.0 603.4 616.8 265.5 271.1 264.8 266.2 657.3 657.9 659.3 658.0

Rhode Island

64.7 69.2 64.9 68.3 24.0 25.6 23.9 25.0 57.4 57.4 57.0 57.0


South Carolina

266.6 278.8 265.3 271.7 75.5 78.6 75.3 79.6 353.1 355.6 355.6 358.4

South Dakota

50.7 52.9 52.6 54.6 17.2 18.3 17.1 17.8 74.7 75.6 75.2 76.0

Tennessee

338.2 356.0 339.0 360.1 115.2 117.6 114.6 116.0 399.4 400.8 414.5 416.3

Texas

1,349.1 1,398.7 1,346.5 1,391.4 433.3 442.1 430.0 439.8 1,862.3 1,865.9 1,852.8 1,857.4

Utah

146.8 154.0 147.5 154.6 41.5 41.9 41.1 41.6 224.9 233.5 227.2 234.3


Vermont

38.7 38.6 39.1 38.5 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.1 46.9 46.8 48.7 48.2

Virginia

425.3 435.1 423.0 433.9 206.0 210.8 204.3 206.2 690.2 676.9 687.2 673.1

Washington

344.6 351.6 344.9 354.5 121.7 123.7 121.6 123.6 574.9 578.5 556.1 562.9

West Virginia

76.8 78.6 76.9 78.0 53.8 52.9 53.8 52.7 144.9 146.6 146.1 147.9

Wisconsin

304.8 316.0 304.3 314.3 151.9 152.7 151.8 152.3 381.3 381.8 376.5 378.9

Wyoming

42.7 45.2 42.6 44.6 14.4 14.4 14.3 14.1 66.7 66.2 66.9 66.5


Puerto Rico

81.3 79.7 81.2 80.2 17.6 17.2 17.6 17.2 213.3 205.9 212.3 206.7

Virgin Islands

7.5 6.1 7.4 6.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 11.2 10.6 11.2 10.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: September 21, 2018