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Economic News Release
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State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 18, 2019						USDL-19-1819

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov   *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2019


Unemployment rates were lower in September in 7 states, higher in 4 states, and stable in 39 states
and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seven states had 
jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 41 states and the District 
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point from August
to 3.5 percent, but was little changed from September 2018.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in September 2019, decreased in 2, and was essentially
unchanged in 45 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs
and 23 states and the District were essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and unemployment
data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where they
reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours,
and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two 
programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Vermont had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.2 percent. The rates in Alabama (3.0 percent), 
California (4.0 percent), Illinois (3.9 percent), New Jersey (3.1 percent), and South Carolina (2.9 percent)
set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.2 percent. In 
total, 15 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.5 percent, 14 states and the 
District of Columbia had higher rates, and 21 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that 
of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

South Carolina had the largest over-the-month unemployment rate decrease (-0.3 percentage point) in 
September, while Mississippi had the largest rate increase (+0.2 point). Thirty-nine states and the District 
of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had 
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Alabama, Colorado, and New Jersey had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decreases (-0.8 percentage 
point each). The only rate increases from September 2018 occurred in Mississippi (+0.7 percentage point) and 
Nebraska (+0.4 point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in three states in September 2019. The job gains occurred in Kentucky 
(+8,200, or +0.4 percent), Idaho (+4,600, or +0.6 percent), and Hawaii (+4,500, or +0.7 percent). Employment 
decreased in September in Virginia (-14,700, or -0.4 percent) and New Hampshire (-3,500, or -0.5 percent).
(See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in September. The largest job
gains occurred in California (+320,000), Texas (+300,000), and Florida (+224,700). The largest percentage
gains occurred in Nevada (+3.2 percent), Idaho (+3.1 percent), and Utah (+3.0 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, October 30, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment and Unemployment news release for 
October is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 19, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.5
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           3.0
Alaska ..............................|           6.2
Arizona .............................|           4.9
California ..........................|           4.0
Colorado ............................|           2.7
District of Columbia ................|           5.4
Hawaii ..............................|           2.7
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Iowa ................................|           2.5
Kentucky ............................|           4.4
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           4.3
Maine ...............................|           2.9
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
Michigan ............................|           4.2
Mississippi .........................|           5.4
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
New Mexico ..........................|           4.9
New York ............................|           3.9
North Carolina ......................|           4.1
                                     |
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
Ohio ................................|           4.2
Oregon ..............................|           4.1
South Carolina ......................|           2.9
South Dakota ........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           2.7
Vermont .............................|           2.2
Virginia ............................|           2.7
Washington ..........................|           4.6
West Virginia .......................|           4.7
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2019 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   August  | September |    change(p)
                                |    2019   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.1   |     3.0   |      -0.1
California .....................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
Colorado .......................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Delaware .......................|     3.4   |     3.5   |        .1
Georgia ........................|     3.6   |     3.5   |       -.1
Mississippi ....................|     5.2   |     5.4   |        .2
South Carolina .................|     3.2   |     2.9   |       -.3
Utah ...........................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Vermont ........................|     2.1   |     2.2   |        .1
Virginia .......................|     2.8   |     2.7   |       -.1
Wisconsin ......................|     3.1   |     3.2   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2018 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              | September | September |    change(p)
                                |    2018   |  2019(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.8   |     3.0   |      -0.8
California .....................|     4.1   |     4.0   |       -.1
Colorado .......................|     3.5   |     2.7   |       -.8
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     2.9   |       -.6
Mississippi ....................|     4.7   |     5.4   |        .7
Nebraska .......................|     2.7   |     3.1   |        .4
New Jersey .....................|     3.9   |     3.1   |       -.8
Utah ...........................|     3.1   |     2.7   |       -.4
Vermont ........................|     2.6   |     2.2   |       -.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
August 2019 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |    August   |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2019    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hawaii .......................|     658,600 |     663,100 |       4,500 |      0.7
Idaho ........................|     758,000 |     762,600 |       4,600 |       .6
Kentucky .....................|   1,951,800 |   1,960,000 |       8,200 |       .4
New Hampshire ................|     693,200 |     689,700 |      -3,500 |      -.5
Virginia .....................|   4,040,500 |   4,025,800 |     -14,700 |      -.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2018 to September 2019, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  September  |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2019(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,045,700 |   2,090,600 |      44,900 |      2.2
Arizona ......................|   2,875,600 |   2,942,100 |      66,500 |      2.3
Arkansas .....................|   1,263,300 |   1,280,000 |      16,700 |      1.3
California ...................|  17,218,500 |  17,538,500 |     320,000 |      1.9
Colorado .....................|   2,732,200 |   2,789,100 |      56,900 |      2.1
Delaware .....................|     460,900 |     469,100 |       8,200 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,828,000 |   9,052,700 |     224,700 |      2.5
Georgia ......................|   4,558,200 |   4,635,600 |      77,400 |      1.7
Idaho ........................|     740,000 |     762,600 |      22,600 |      3.1
Illinois .....................|   6,120,100 |   6,186,700 |      66,600 |      1.1
                              |             |             |             |       
Kansas .......................|   1,417,300 |   1,438,100 |      20,800 |      1.5
Kentucky .....................|   1,933,800 |   1,960,000 |      26,200 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,646,100 |   3,681,400 |      35,300 |      1.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,153,600 |   1,170,500 |      16,900 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,890,900 |   2,923,000 |      32,100 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,395,000 |   1,440,200 |      45,200 |      3.2
New Jersey ...................|   4,152,600 |   4,197,200 |      44,600 |      1.1
New Mexico ...................|     844,000 |     862,800 |      18,800 |      2.2
New York .....................|   9,691,300 |   9,797,300 |     106,000 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,475,300 |   4,578,000 |     102,700 |      2.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,913,400 |   1,943,500 |      30,100 |      1.6
South Carolina ...............|   2,135,900 |   2,179,300 |      43,400 |      2.0
South Dakota .................|     439,900 |     447,900 |       8,000 |      1.8
Tennessee ....................|   3,074,700 |   3,122,900 |      48,200 |      1.6
Texas ........................|  12,560,000 |  12,860,000 |     300,000 |      2.4
Utah .........................|   1,526,600 |   1,573,100 |      46,500 |      3.0
Washington ...................|   3,416,600 |   3,507,800 |      91,200 |      2.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
   

Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. With changes implemented in early
   2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and unemployed people first are adjusted using
   an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter. The adjusted data then are smoothed using a
   Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted
   estimates of employed and unemployed people are summed to derive the civilian labor force,
   and the unemployment rate then is calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian
   labor force. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are

   analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. 

   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10,
   2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment—from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available 
   estimates including those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal
   factors. Concurrent sample-based factors are created every month for the current 
   month's preliminary estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order
   to incorporate real-time estimates.

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,203,300 2,246,855 2,255,088 2,261,077 84,568 75,101 70,608 66,919 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.0

Alaska

356,358 351,414 350,689 350,125 23,189 22,054 21,808 21,703 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2

Arizona

3,473,093 3,534,147 3,552,043 3,566,930 167,862 174,131 177,808 175,812 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9

Arkansas

1,351,706 1,363,387 1,362,512 1,362,193 49,281 46,906 46,869 47,102 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5

California

19,463,226 19,387,851 19,380,103 19,400,754 796,927 804,042 791,357 773,987 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,147,163 5,099,327 5,099,073 5,104,889 239,057 227,598 225,714 225,142 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4

Colorado

3,120,833 3,149,312 3,155,105 3,160,240 110,751 90,535 88,343 85,287 3.5 2.9 2.8 2.7

Connecticut

1,916,531 1,905,725 1,907,301 1,911,029 74,212 69,034 68,094 68,274 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6

Delaware

483,143 489,054 489,167 489,256 17,377 15,979 16,624 17,207 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.5

District of Columbia

403,368 412,091 412,006 411,897 21,694 22,991 22,541 22,158 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.4

Florida

10,266,517 10,354,282 10,386,745 10,420,952 343,299 343,996 341,797 335,980 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,381,303 1,418,748 1,422,441 1,427,282 49,197 46,363 45,925 45,132 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.2

Georgia

5,108,300 5,102,295 5,107,560 5,111,915 190,948 185,257 182,066 177,249 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5

Hawaii

677,745 662,841 661,065 660,402 17,523 18,353 17,995 17,749 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.7

Idaho

861,524 876,405 879,308 882,214 23,628 25,059 25,490 25,626 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,463,131 6,496,450 6,504,503 6,505,941 273,598 272,576 262,464 255,924 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,734,397 3,748,716 3,754,657 3,753,434 137,801 143,526 139,816 136,226 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

Indiana

3,389,372 3,388,229 3,386,363 3,383,641 117,172 116,624 112,364 109,430 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2

Iowa

1,688,953 1,723,228 1,730,041 1,738,435 39,963 42,782 43,770 44,223 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5

Kansas

1,484,669 1,478,848 1,480,417 1,483,942 48,882 48,746 47,722 46,892 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2

Kentucky

2,062,889 2,068,200 2,071,338 2,073,147 89,660 88,243 90,564 90,421 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4

Louisiana

2,099,159 2,095,844 2,094,179 2,094,226 102,815 90,248 90,154 90,952 4.9 4.3 4.3 4.3

Maine

698,269 692,626 691,780 691,020 24,335 20,923 20,114 19,697 3.5 3.0 2.9 2.9

Maryland

3,193,191 3,233,000 3,245,247 3,255,578 119,795 121,955 121,940 120,956 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7

Massachusetts

3,829,454 3,834,110 3,837,444 3,839,898 121,814 111,186 110,690 111,479 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9

Michigan

4,895,817 4,961,242 4,963,440 4,960,806 191,622 212,287 210,604 207,671 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,130,088 2,160,695 2,161,434 2,162,609 86,102 99,639 97,593 95,078 4.0 4.6 4.5 4.4

Minnesota

3,072,787 3,107,128 3,112,506 3,118,213 86,169 104,584 103,476 101,249 2.8 3.4 3.3 3.2

Mississippi

1,273,816 1,276,328 1,282,318 1,287,413 59,311 64,851 66,877 69,317 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.4

Missouri

3,048,216 3,062,090 3,075,373 3,091,786 91,277 100,306 98,189 95,090 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.1

Montana

529,622 531,984 532,702 533,047 19,672 17,868 17,669 17,776 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.3

Nebraska

1,021,903 1,037,870 1,039,103 1,040,641 27,941 31,833 32,094 32,209 2.7 3.1 3.1 3.1

Nevada

1,511,071 1,534,339 1,539,817 1,545,559 67,327 62,236 63,327 63,201 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.1

New Hampshire

763,246 770,541 771,678 772,757 18,495 19,084 19,327 19,562 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5

New Jersey

4,419,916 4,445,721 4,456,892 4,475,911 172,434 146,945 141,858 140,754 3.9 3.3 3.2 3.1

New Mexico

943,302 961,668 963,765 965,447 46,334 47,567 47,519 46,925 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

New York

9,591,147 9,535,585 9,520,731 9,519,306 368,668 377,300 377,563 375,979 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.9

New York City

4,115,997 4,095,970 4,091,232 4,087,430 162,342 175,122 171,470 167,163 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.1

North Carolina

4,982,275 5,097,523 5,111,917 5,119,950 184,967 212,095 212,216 208,399 3.7 4.2 4.2 4.1

North Dakota

403,027 404,918 404,311 403,938 10,438 9,687 9,769 9,910 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5

Ohio

5,752,130 5,816,185 5,825,387 5,828,508 263,008 235,196 237,808 242,886 4.6 4.0 4.1 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,035,605 1,040,870 1,041,413 1,041,100 52,228 44,583 44,073 44,538 5.0 4.3 4.2 4.3

Oklahoma

1,837,174 1,838,330 1,845,520 1,850,869 56,987 58,522 58,978 59,564 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Oregon

2,106,849 2,115,332 2,116,118 2,116,036 87,395 84,275 84,875 86,052 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,439,525 6,470,268 6,479,546 6,491,646 269,863 250,187 254,881 260,232 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.0

Rhode Island

555,981 553,078 554,449 555,268 21,880 19,588 19,857 19,997 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.6

South Carolina

2,326,126 2,379,328 2,382,215 2,380,658 75,079 81,770 77,309 69,179 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.9

South Dakota

460,311 466,511 467,132 467,957 13,563 13,590 13,768 13,960 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0

Tennessee

3,251,716 3,350,085 3,358,260 3,361,001 109,926 117,041 117,046 115,816 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4

Texas

13,888,924 14,018,764 14,032,289 14,055,717 513,741 475,791 471,861 471,089 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.4

Utah

1,576,879 1,595,978 1,601,441 1,605,994 49,630 45,453 45,083 43,366 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7

Vermont

345,719 347,799 347,131 345,888 9,051 7,268 7,413 7,583 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.2

Virginia

4,333,453 4,390,288 4,404,389 4,414,521 121,571 126,144 122,574 119,019 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7

Washington

3,813,325 3,884,675 3,895,830 3,907,708 168,459 179,247 179,681 179,439 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,692,478 1,717,944 1,722,204 1,728,008 55,872 55,038 53,371 52,295 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0

West Virginia

783,496 793,407 795,713 798,077 40,151 36,997 36,836 37,132 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.7

Wisconsin

3,124,776 3,118,477 3,121,000 3,121,216 93,550 93,087 96,805 100,667 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2

Wyoming

289,332 288,445 288,559 289,257 12,069 10,390 10,696 10,908 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,083,057 1,085,951 1,086,722 1,083,923 90,784 88,234 83,402 82,009 8.4 8.1 7.7 7.6

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
August September Number Percent of labor force
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) August September August September
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,189,229 2,263,576 2,192,040 2,264,712 90,385 63,655 80,600 57,115 4.1 2.8 3.7 2.5

Alaska

362,321 354,793 357,350 349,876 20,467 18,730 21,107 19,683 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.6

Arizona

3,431,669 3,578,207 3,477,406 3,598,050 176,800 198,577 171,484 160,161 5.2 5.5 4.9 4.5

Arkansas

1,352,630 1,359,599 1,353,432 1,363,963 48,951 48,750 46,919 45,693 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4

California

19,378,108 19,425,066 19,478,378 19,564,887 836,713 810,292 756,608 688,584 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,122,058 5,100,309 5,151,806 5,140,572 257,546 242,781 240,751 228,772 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5

Colorado

3,114,611 3,173,865 3,124,018 3,177,653 105,339 85,327 101,808 70,068 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.2

Connecticut

1,913,198 1,921,604 1,903,862 1,913,866 77,488 68,928 69,691 65,757 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.4

Delaware

485,125 491,379 478,645 484,936 18,779 19,954 17,069 18,200 3.9 4.1 3.6 3.8

District of Columbia

401,594 407,033 400,542 408,084 23,151 22,084 22,194 21,726 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.3

Florida

10,184,034 10,454,907 10,280,409 10,530,871 372,814 368,469 342,076 317,379 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,364,261 1,427,194 1,376,079 1,433,823 54,245 49,372 52,205 44,753 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.1

Georgia

5,068,005 5,099,799 5,090,466 5,112,188 204,365 188,486 182,202 156,331 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.1

Hawaii

677,025 656,896 673,932 657,846 16,642 16,802 18,180 18,166 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8

Idaho

861,882 888,346 858,931 886,486 20,331 23,338 18,905 20,312 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.3

Illinois

6,442,739 6,527,270 6,435,664 6,481,611 278,285 245,998 248,531 230,367 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,732,627 3,785,022 3,705,981 3,720,717 145,780 137,073 128,020 120,780 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.2

Indiana

3,379,958 3,399,531 3,370,504 3,368,659 122,735 109,117 104,423 95,416 3.6 3.2 3.1 2.8

Iowa

1,684,312 1,750,210 1,684,670 1,758,641 40,262 45,560 34,932 38,690 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.2

Kansas

1,477,155 1,484,513 1,478,994 1,491,792 51,783 50,401 44,157 41,152 3.5 3.4 3.0 2.8

Kentucky

2,045,596 2,068,539 2,054,993 2,069,724 84,537 90,176 84,562 77,802 4.1 4.4 4.1 3.8

Louisiana

2,099,916 2,089,949 2,093,336 2,095,296 114,224 102,387 102,970 95,226 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.5

Maine

713,770 706,577 697,191 688,413 20,139 14,701 19,790 15,503 2.8 2.1 2.8 2.3

Maryland

3,200,076 3,286,650 3,185,520 3,269,236 126,916 126,420 113,462 109,895 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4

Massachusetts

3,847,405 3,886,911 3,795,770 3,816,383 124,140 110,145 115,381 110,521 3.2 2.8 3.0 2.9

Michigan

4,902,292 4,984,864 4,882,449 4,942,862 199,158 208,276 172,631 184,748 4.1 4.2 3.5 3.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,141,916 2,179,641 2,139,652 2,178,072 97,180 98,049 84,818 89,582 4.5 4.5 4.0 4.1

Minnesota

3,073,160 3,130,150 3,062,746 3,122,656 80,327 93,948 70,277 77,052 2.6 3.0 2.3 2.5

Mississippi

1,262,141 1,285,260 1,265,313 1,289,763 58,183 72,513 54,900 71,705 4.6 5.6 4.3 5.6

Missouri

3,028,933 3,105,304 3,034,664 3,125,603 100,958 104,774 78,485 73,949 3.3 3.4 2.6 2.4

Montana

535,854 540,798 528,163 531,372 17,426 15,899 16,612 15,732 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0

Nebraska

1,023,665 1,043,554 1,013,831 1,036,039 27,538 32,003 25,238 29,693 2.7 3.1 2.5 2.9

Nevada

1,505,454 1,551,881 1,511,305 1,559,227 67,878 65,324 67,608 59,097 4.5 4.2 4.5 3.8

New Hampshire

770,239 781,778 757,972 770,239 18,539 19,753 16,354 18,096 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.3

New Jersey

4,432,697 4,526,095 4,383,803 4,510,317 186,029 155,535 164,888 145,038 4.2 3.4 3.8 3.2

New Mexico

937,988 964,708 939,873 964,575 47,020 48,789 46,039 43,600 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.5

New York

9,579,389 9,537,116 9,547,754 9,543,235 385,791 397,978 347,563 354,193 4.0 4.2 3.6 3.7

New York City

4,102,611 4,079,389 4,098,363 4,078,242 176,804 176,129 157,237 153,354 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.8

North Carolina

4,949,551 5,106,654 4,965,574 5,120,338 198,759 220,748 172,031 178,221 4.0 4.3 3.5 3.5

North Dakota

409,703 409,346 403,172 403,519 9,782 9,029 8,020 7,823 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9

Ohio

5,762,009 5,879,181 5,730,788 5,810,893 254,959 248,247 238,820 240,319 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,040,848 1,048,726 1,037,428 1,042,652 52,808 42,986 46,577 42,204 5.1 4.1 4.5 4.0

Oklahoma

1,828,471 1,855,215 1,834,606 1,857,824 57,711 61,914 53,843 57,829 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1

Oregon

2,115,832 2,139,838 2,112,722 2,123,310 87,668 94,534 77,800 82,548 4.1 4.4 3.7 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,443,881 6,539,968 6,414,056 6,516,799 295,479 294,784 249,244 254,595 4.6 4.5 3.9 3.9

Rhode Island

560,074 562,876 556,243 555,577 22,413 21,711 19,927 18,169 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.3

South Carolina

2,329,822 2,393,115 2,316,250 2,362,207 85,385 70,229 75,024 42,424 3.7 2.9 3.2 1.8

South Dakota

462,612 471,393 457,620 467,110 13,207 13,904 11,976 12,793 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7

Tennessee

3,228,446 3,351,613 3,238,611 3,348,795 118,715 112,963 108,475 105,102 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.1

Texas

13,768,541 14,015,597 13,849,870 14,112,718 546,121 506,768 512,839 471,617 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.3

Utah

1,573,609 1,615,662 1,575,536 1,612,173 52,341 45,474 46,039 32,746 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.0

Vermont

349,489 346,731 343,991 339,639 8,779 7,591 8,567 7,527 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.2

Virginia

4,316,700 4,432,630 4,315,374 4,416,423 133,643 121,896 118,118 108,269 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.5

Washington

3,793,102 3,930,463 3,805,427 3,939,241 161,104 177,991 151,394 163,840 4.2 4.5 4.0 4.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,688,760 1,738,014 1,695,957 1,748,208 58,923 53,201 59,706 54,384 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.1

West Virginia

781,977 802,889 785,466 806,057 39,171 36,565 35,285 33,516 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.2

Wisconsin

3,134,631 3,146,641 3,112,050 3,109,119 91,338 105,290 73,637 91,323 2.9 3.3 2.4 2.9

Wyoming

292,187 292,452 289,631 292,419 10,687 10,138 10,693 9,716 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.3

Puerto Rico

1,078,694 1,073,450 1,080,804 1,062,293 98,857 75,597 93,881 87,206 9.2 7.0 8.7 8.2

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 18-03, dated April 10, 2018, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)

Alabama

2,045.7 2,084.5 2,087.5 2,090.6 90.3 94.6 94.2 94.6 267.8 269.2 270.3 270.9

Alaska

327.7 331.5 330.7 331.1 15.9 16.7 16.9 17.0 12.7 13.6 13.5 13.8

Arizona

2,875.6 2,930.1 2,940.3 2,942.1 161.0 175.2 175.3 177.5 171.3 179.0 180.0 180.0

Arkansas

1,263.3 1,275.5 1,278.4 1,280.0 50.6 53.0 52.9 53.7 160.7 162.6 163.9 162.6

California

17,218.5 17,485.2 17,517.2 17,538.5 870.0 902.2 899.7 900.4 1,325.8 1,335.1 1,335.6 1,339.7


Colorado

2,732.2 2,790.6 2,791.0 2,789.1 174.7 174.2 174.0 173.7 147.9 149.2 149.7 150.6

Connecticut

1,690.4 1,694.4 1,695.6 1,699.2 58.7 57.1 57.3 56.9 160.6 161.1 161.0 161.6

Delaware(2)

460.9 464.5 466.7 469.1 22.3 23.0 23.0 23.2 27.1 27.6 27.6 27.6

District of Columbia(2)

792.9 801.3 803.4 801.1 15.4 15.7 15.7 15.7 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Florida

8,828.0 9,010.6 9,041.6 9,052.7 551.5 563.6 566.2 567.7 373.6 384.3 383.5 381.3


Georgia

4,558.2 4,616.7 4,637.7 4,635.6 197.9 208.1 207.9 207.6 410.4 412.4 412.7 413.4

Hawaii(2)

656.2 658.7 658.6 663.1 36.1 36.9 37.4 38.4 13.9 13.9 13.9 14.0

Idaho

740.0 759.0 758.0 762.6 50.2 50.0 50.3 51.4 68.5 71.1 70.9 71.4

Illinois

6,120.1 6,187.7 6,181.9 6,186.7 226.7 226.8 226.4 226.6 588.9 593.0 593.5 592.5

Indiana

3,147.1 3,172.0 3,166.7 3,168.2 140.8 148.4 148.9 150.6 543.4 541.2 540.4 539.4


Iowa

1,582.5 1,594.9 1,595.6 1,595.2 77.7 79.2 80.2 81.0 223.7 229.4 228.7 228.5

Kansas

1,417.3 1,431.2 1,440.6 1,438.1 62.1 62.8 62.8 62.4 165.5 167.2 167.9 167.2

Kentucky

1,933.8 1,955.0 1,951.8 1,960.0 78.2 79.3 79.2 78.5 250.9 256.7 254.3 257.3

Louisiana

1,985.5 1,981.8 1,986.6 1,991.7 151.5 141.2 141.6 140.9 135.5 136.5 136.7 139.5

Maine

628.9 634.2 634.3 632.1 29.0 29.7 29.8 29.9 52.0 52.9 53.0 53.2


Maryland

2,741.9 2,748.8 2,757.8 2,767.9 163.1 161.3 162.7 163.6 108.7 108.1 107.7 108.0

Massachusetts

3,646.1 3,678.9 3,682.4 3,681.4 157.8 154.4 156.1 156.6 243.7 243.0 242.8 243.0

Michigan

4,419.0 4,441.3 4,449.5 4,443.8 169.0 172.2 171.7 172.8 632.5 634.6 631.9 628.0

Minnesota

2,958.1 2,962.6 2,963.0 2,963.1 123.5 130.5 130.4 130.1 322.6 321.0 320.1 320.8

Mississippi

1,153.6 1,171.1 1,169.8 1,170.5 43.7 44.6 43.6 43.4 144.3 146.6 145.9 146.1


Missouri

2,890.9 2,927.5 2,926.9 2,923.0 123.3 122.7 124.5 123.4 273.8 275.9 276.3 277.3

Montana

478.7 485.1 484.8 483.5 29.4 28.8 28.5 28.4 20.9 20.3 20.4 20.3

Nebraska

1,024.3 1,031.9 1,032.9 1,032.7 52.4 53.9 54.7 55.0 100.3 100.6 100.5 100.3

Nevada

1,395.0 1,428.2 1,434.2 1,440.2 90.2 97.8 99.7 101.3 57.3 60.5 60.8 60.9

New Hampshire

680.8 694.3 693.2 689.7 26.9 28.0 28.6 29.0 71.0 70.1 69.8 69.5


New Jersey

4,152.6 4,199.3 4,197.4 4,197.2 156.5 165.4 165.5 166.0 246.7 252.1 251.7 252.2

New Mexico

844.0 861.5 861.4 862.8 47.3 50.6 51.2 51.4 27.1 27.5 27.6 27.7

New York

9,691.3 9,771.9 9,790.1 9,797.3 399.8 405.9 408.1 407.7 442.9 441.6 439.7 437.3

North Carolina

4,475.3 4,569.3 4,570.0 4,578.0 221.1 220.6 220.6 219.9 475.3 472.8 471.1 466.9

North Dakota

434.5 435.7 436.8 435.7 25.9 28.6 28.5 27.6 26.0 26.2 26.4 26.3


Ohio

5,568.1 5,588.0 5,592.7 5,591.2 220.9 216.9 215.0 213.3 699.0 704.3 702.2 700.8

Oklahoma

1,692.7 1,704.0 1,695.9 1,695.8 81.2 85.1 84.5 83.9 138.2 136.0 135.7 135.7

Oregon

1,913.4 1,944.2 1,943.3 1,943.5 106.2 109.8 109.6 109.5 195.2 202.0 201.9 202.3

Pennsylvania

6,014.3 6,035.2 6,049.5 6,044.5 255.5 261.9 261.5 260.0 570.3 561.6 561.9 561.7

Rhode Island

496.4 503.4 504.0 503.6 19.3 20.0 19.8 19.6 40.2 39.0 39.0 39.0


South Carolina

2,135.9 2,177.9 2,180.1 2,179.3 101.0 99.9 101.5 101.3 248.1 257.0 256.0 256.8

South Dakota

439.9 447.4 446.2 447.9 23.0 23.5 23.8 23.9 44.8 46.2 45.9 46.3

Tennessee

3,074.7 3,114.7 3,119.2 3,122.9 126.1 127.0 125.0 124.8 352.9 359.2 358.8 359.1

Texas

12,560.0 12,837.9 12,852.4 12,860.0 743.6 785.2 788.4 795.6 886.9 910.6 912.4 913.4

Utah

1,526.6 1,567.3 1,568.0 1,573.1 104.9 109.4 108.9 109.2 133.8 139.3 139.3 139.6


Vermont

314.3 318.6 317.9 318.0 15.1 14.3 14.1 14.2 29.8 30.2 30.2 30.2

Virginia

3,999.9 4,040.7 4,040.5 4,025.8 197.0 202.4 202.3 199.1 241.1 246.3 246.7 245.9

Washington

3,416.6 3,502.1 3,510.9 3,507.8 215.0 223.0 223.1 223.8 288.4 298.7 298.6 299.0

West Virginia

727.7 735.3 735.5 733.2 44.2 47.8 47.1 47.2 47.0 47.5 47.4 47.7

Wisconsin

2,970.3 2,981.6 2,978.7 2,981.7 123.2 125.1 125.7 127.4 477.8 472.8 473.2 471.0

Wyoming

285.5 290.2 289.0 288.8 20.0 22.4 21.6 21.3 9.9 10.1 10.1 10.1


Puerto Rico

869.3 873.7 874.3 876.0 26.6 27.1 26.8 26.7 72.4 73.5 73.4 73.4

Virgin Islands(3)

33.6 34.7 35.0 35.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)

Alabama

380.5 384.5 386.4 385.1 96.4 98.3 97.6 97.8 245.0 254.0 254.4 254.9

Alaska

64.4 64.7 64.5 65.0 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.5 27.3 27.9 27.6 27.1

Arizona

538.4 544.9 544.9 545.2 222.6 222.2 222.9 225.1 434.8 440.9 439.2 441.5

Arkansas

251.2 253.9 253.6 253.8 61.0 62.3 63.3 63.1 146.7 145.2 145.7 145.5

California

3,055.1 3,058.9 3,055.7 3,058.4 835.3 842.7 840.2 840.5 2,678.7 2,744.2 2,749.7 2,762.4


Colorado

471.0 472.7 473.7 473.4 171.7 169.3 170.6 169.9 426.1 453.5 453.7 454.7

Connecticut

296.2 293.8 294.1 294.1 125.3 127.9 128.0 127.9 221.5 219.6 219.9 219.5

Delaware

79.9 78.7 79.3 78.9 47.1 47.9 48.0 48.1 64.3 61.8 62.6 63.5

District of Columbia

33.2 33.6 33.1 32.9 29.9 30.0 29.8 29.6 168.2 169.6 171.4 170.8

Florida

1,790.4 1,807.9 1,808.4 1,810.8 577.7 595.2 595.6 596.8 1,373.3 1,412.6 1,421.9 1,422.5


Georgia

948.9 952.9 953.3 954.9 249.7 251.1 252.4 251.1 691.3 703.6 707.3 705.8

Hawaii

122.8 119.4 119.1 119.2 28.6 28.3 28.4 28.8 82.7 83.1 83.5 83.8

Idaho

143.2 145.0 144.6 145.0 36.7 38.1 38.3 38.8 94.2 100.8 100.5 101.9

Illinois

1,210.0 1,223.4 1,224.2 1,227.9 403.0 405.9 406.2 406.9 958.1 963.9 961.5 962.3

Indiana

598.2 596.0 595.5 594.7 138.9 138.3 139.1 139.5 342.6 349.8 351.0 350.5


Iowa

312.0 312.0 311.5 312.0 109.2 107.7 108.6 109.5 140.4 141.9 142.0 141.6

Kansas

268.8 267.2 268.1 268.4 77.0 76.2 77.2 77.3 180.0 184.3 184.8 185.3

Kentucky

403.8 407.3 409.1 410.6 93.2 93.7 94.2 95.5 218.5 220.1 216.6 216.9

Louisiana

380.0 380.6 381.4 381.3 90.8 90.1 89.9 90.6 214.2 215.5 214.8 216.1

Maine

118.6 119.7 120.4 120.4 32.2 32.6 32.3 32.0 69.4 69.6 70.0 69.4


Maryland

467.0 462.9 461.8 463.0 143.8 143.1 143.6 140.9 451.5 453.5 454.1 455.9

Massachusetts

576.2 579.3 578.7 578.3 221.9 223.4 223.8 224.0 586.3 589.9 593.7 593.9

Michigan

792.5 789.4 788.6 791.8 219.0 222.0 224.0 223.9 659.2 664.0 668.1 665.1

Minnesota

537.1 532.8 532.6 535.3 184.6 185.5 186.4 187.7 377.2 377.7 375.5 374.6

Mississippi

230.6 233.5 235.2 235.8 44.5 45.5 45.7 45.9 111.1 112.1 111.4 110.7


Missouri

545.1 545.7 544.5 542.8 173.4 173.7 174.8 176.2 388.0 392.8 392.1 392.4

Montana

94.8 95.0 95.5 96.2 24.8 26.3 26.4 26.1 42.9 44.9 45.1 45.0

Nebraska

200.2 200.6 200.4 200.3 74.1 74.7 74.9 74.9 119.4 120.7 120.9 120.6

Nevada

256.5 257.2 258.2 259.5 68.4 71.4 72.2 72.4 193.1 201.7 201.1 201.5

New Hampshire

138.6 141.5 140.9 141.6 34.0 33.9 33.7 33.7 83.0 85.2 85.3 85.5


New Jersey

884.3 887.9 885.2 884.1 251.4 245.6 246.0 247.0 670.8 676.9 676.8 672.7

New Mexico

137.8 135.7 136.3 136.3 34.3 35.2 35.5 34.9 107.6 109.2 109.5 109.0

New York

1,556.3 1,571.7 1,572.1 1,578.7 721.7 719.9 718.0 714.6 1,345.8 1,345.3 1,351.1 1,357.4

North Carolina

828.7 856.8 856.8 860.7 239.9 247.7 247.7 248.1 635.6 646.6 650.0 652.1

North Dakota

94.3 92.9 92.4 92.4 24.3 23.4 23.9 24.2 34.5 35.9 36.1 35.9


Ohio

1,025.1 1,021.0 1,022.4 1,024.3 308.5 308.4 308.7 309.5 731.9 734.0 736.4 735.8

Oklahoma

300.7 303.9 303.8 304.7 79.4 79.9 79.9 78.9 192.2 191.7 189.6 189.9

Oregon

353.2 354.8 353.7 354.6 102.3 102.7 102.4 101.9 248.8 255.8 254.7 254.2

Pennsylvania

1,126.9 1,129.6 1,129.9 1,132.7 326.1 329.6 330.6 330.2 805.9 808.6 809.6 810.3

Rhode Island

77.1 78.9 79.1 78.9 35.3 36.0 36.2 36.8 68.9 67.4 67.9 69.0


South Carolina

406.1 414.5 414.2 413.8 104.7 105.0 104.5 104.6 289.9 290.7 291.3 292.7

South Dakota

86.6 89.7 89.2 89.6 29.1 28.8 28.9 28.9 32.9 33.8 33.6 33.6

Tennessee

627.9 633.5 633.3 633.7 164.2 168.0 168.4 169.0 418.2 422.7 425.6 426.4

Texas

2,495.0 2,533.6 2,531.9 2,524.5 780.8 805.1 807.9 809.1 1,746.7 1,778.5 1,775.4 1,785.0

Utah

289.0 288.8 290.5 292.6 88.0 90.2 90.2 90.9 216.6 225.6 224.6 224.5


Vermont

54.5 54.6 54.6 54.2 12.2 12.1 11.9 11.8 28.9 29.6 29.7 29.9

Virginia

658.3 652.4 651.8 652.0 208.2 209.3 208.9 208.5 749.6 760.5 759.7 754.4

Washington

639.0 645.6 645.9 648.9 158.1 164.5 164.9 165.8 428.6 438.9 439.7 438.8

West Virginia

129.1 131.3 130.8 130.4 29.2 29.7 29.8 29.3 69.6 67.9 67.9 67.9

Wisconsin

543.0 547.2 547.9 549.6 152.8 154.3 153.8 152.3 324.3 321.6 322.8 322.7

Wyoming

52.0 54.1 53.7 53.9 11.1 10.9 10.9 11.0 18.9 18.7 18.5 18.7


Puerto Rico

171.1 168.9 168.3 167.9 41.8 43.1 43.1 43.4 124.1 124.8 124.9 124.5

Virgin Islands(1)

7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)
Sept.
2018
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Sept.
2019(p)

Alabama

245.3 252.0 252.0 251.8 205.5 212.3 212.8 215.5 387.0 388.2 388.8 388.7

Alaska

50.5 50.6 50.2 50.1 35.5 35.7 35.5 35.7 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.5

Arizona

448.8 466.5 467.1 467.5 327.3 330.9 331.6 332.2 416.9 416.0 422.7 416.1

Arkansas

191.8 192.2 193.1 194.4 118.5 123.3 122.7 123.4 212.1 212.8 213.2 213.6

California

2,742.9 2,812.9 2,822.1 2,826.2 1,986.2 2,025.0 2,031.8 2,032.6 2,583.2 2,610.1 2,624.9 2,624.2


Colorado

341.1 349.7 348.3 347.6 339.1 348.8 350.0 349.4 446.2 455.2 454.7 453.5

Connecticut

334.9 341.3 340.4 344.7 158.1 160.0 160.9 161.0 237.2 235.7 235.7 235.5

Delaware

80.1 82.5 82.7 83.2 51.1 52.3 52.6 53.7 66.5 68.4 68.6 68.7

District of Columbia

131.6 133.4 133.4 132.6 79.8 81.8 82.9 82.4 237.9 237.5 237.3 237.9

Florida

1,313.3 1,368.8 1,372.3 1,372.9 1,235.1 1,253.2 1,264.1 1,265.4 1,117.4 1,119.1 1,124.7 1,127.1


Georgia

589.0 602.1 605.7 609.4 491.9 505.2 508.1 507.8 693.8 698.1 702.5 702.4

Hawaii

85.6 86.3 87.1 86.9 123.7 126.0 126.1 126.5 125.2 126.9 125.1 127.5

Idaho

104.7 109.7 109.1 109.5 79.7 79.4 78.8 79.0 125.0 126.9 127.7 128.2

Illinois

933.2 950.8 949.0 948.1 616.9 638.0 632.9 633.6 826.6 832.0 833.3 833.2

Indiana

474.8 493.9 494.3 493.3 310.0 307.6 307.3 305.3 430.9 430.9 425.6 430.5


Iowa

234.8 236.3 234.9 235.1 143.0 143.9 143.8 143.1 259.9 261.8 263.2 262.0

Kansas

199.9 200.7 200.7 200.3 129.2 134.5 136.2 136.1 258.4 259.5 264.6 263.0

Kentucky

279.0 287.8 288.0 290.2 198.7 200.8 201.2 200.8 313.9 311.4 310.9 311.8

Louisiana

315.9 323.6 326.4 328.4 237.6 236.0 236.4 236.5 327.7 326.0 326.8 326.0

Maine

127.4 127.6 126.9 126.7 68.4 70.4 70.2 68.8 100.2 100.0 100.2 100.3


Maryland

471.1 479.7 482.5 486.9 281.9 280.6 282.2 284.0 503.8 506.2 509.1 511.5

Massachusetts

800.0 815.5 815.9 818.4 372.5 377.8 374.4 371.0 456.8 460.1 460.5 460.1

Michigan

676.8 669.1 670.9 670.6 432.2 442.5 441.9 443.4 608.4 611.7 616.7 613.7

Minnesota

545.2 543.6 543.2 540.8 273.6 277.7 280.0 280.7 425.3 426.3 426.3 425.9

Mississippi

145.0 147.9 147.0 146.3 134.7 140.1 138.8 140.6 240.9 241.7 243.0 242.9


Missouri

478.9 490.6 494.5 491.4 305.6 313.7 312.6 315.1 433.1 440.4 436.7 434.9

Montana

76.9 78.7 78.3 77.8 66.0 66.9 66.6 66.2 90.5 91.1 91.3 91.4

Nebraska

155.6 156.8 157.2 156.9 92.4 92.9 93.0 93.3 174.1 175.9 175.8 175.6

Nevada

142.0 143.3 143.6 143.9 353.4 361.0 361.2 360.6 161.6 163.3 164.7 166.8

New Hampshire

126.2 130.1 130.5 130.6 71.9 74.0 73.5 72.7 90.7 92.3 92.0 88.2


New Jersey

708.3 720.6 720.8 720.4 389.7 404.9 402.4 404.6 602.2 602.9 604.5 603.4

New Mexico

139.9 141.6 141.4 142.5 97.9 103.1 103.0 105.6 186.4 191.6 190.1 188.4

New York

2,078.8 2,120.7 2,124.0 2,128.0 957.0 969.7 976.4 970.8 1,493.8 1,500.1 1,503.7 1,504.6

North Carolina

610.5 624.0 625.1 626.8 492.0 517.3 516.6 520.4 733.5 737.1 736.5 736.3

North Dakota

63.7 66.2 66.4 66.1 40.2 38.6 39.1 39.0 82.6 82.2 82.5 82.6


Ohio

937.3 947.0 950.6 949.6 566.7 579.2 578.4 580.8 781.8 781.9 782.2 779.3

Oklahoma

235.9 240.2 237.4 239.3 171.5 172.1 171.1 169.6 348.3 348.7 348.6 347.9

Oregon

296.2 304.7 304.5 306.7 210.1 212.2 213.5 213.7 296.3 297.5 298.3 296.2

Pennsylvania

1,279.7 1,284.3 1,291.6 1,288.7 569.6 574.3 575.0 573.3 704.5 705.0 709.2 708.2

Rhode Island

106.2 111.2 111.4 110.6 59.1 59.6 59.1 58.0 61.0 61.5 61.5 61.4


South Carolina

255.3 257.9 258.9 258.1 251.4 269.4 268.7 267.0 369.8 373.1 375.0 375.1

South Dakota

73.0 74.1 74.3 74.1 47.3 48.1 47.2 47.5 79.8 79.7 79.8 80.1

Tennessee

436.9 438.4 441.4 440.6 341.3 356.3 354.3 355.9 438.4 440.7 442.5 442.6

Texas

1,704.7 1,744.2 1,751.7 1,753.5 1,354.7 1,407.3 1,409.3 1,407.1 1,955.3 1,962.3 1,965.9 1,964.8

Utah

205.2 215.5 215.1 214.4 150.3 155.1 156.0 156.7 248.9 250.5 251.3 253.1


Vermont

66.1 66.3 66.3 66.7 36.9 40.2 39.8 39.8 55.6 56.1 56.1 56.1

Virginia

542.9 553.1 554.1 556.0 403.8 417.5 417.6 412.5 723.8 724.1 724.7 724.1

Washington

493.6 512.4 516.1 516.9 342.4 353.5 353.0 353.3 586.9 589.6 593.9 587.0

West Virginia

127.9 130.7 131.6 129.9 73.6 75.2 74.9 75.3 151.8 150.6 151.8 151.8

Wisconsin

457.1 458.1 458.2 459.3 281.4 287.3 284.8 285.4 406.8 407.6 404.8 405.9

Wyoming

28.2 27.8 27.4 27.5 36.0 35.8 36.2 36.5 68.8 69.4 70.0 69.3


Puerto Rico

116.6 119.2 120.6 121.9 76.8 78.8 78.9 79.4 204.7 202.2 202.2 202.5

Virgin Islands

2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.6 10.4 10.6 10.6 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
August September August September August September
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

2,045.3 2,083.2 2,047.2 2,093.8 10.1 9.9 10.1 9.9 90.3 94.8 90.7 95.8

Alaska

349.1 353.2 338.7 343.1 13.0 14.3 12.9 14.0 18.7 19.6 18.1 19.0

Arizona

2,845.9 2,920.1 2,877.0 2,942.0 13.5 13.9 13.4 13.8 160.5 176.0 161.0 177.8

Arkansas

1,254.9 1,269.6 1,270.3 1,286.2 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.8 51.6 54.2 51.9 55.4

California

17,151.8 17,456.8 17,191.5 17,519.3 23.6 23.7 23.7 23.8 885.9 923.1 883.3 916.9


Colorado

2,751.7 2,803.2 2,734.8 2,793.7 28.7 29.0 28.5 29.1 178.6 178.3 177.2 176.9

Connecticut

1,678.4 1,687.7 1,695.0 1,702.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 62.0 61.2 61.6 59.8

Delaware(1)

463.4 468.9 461.9 469.9 - - - - 22.8 23.9 22.7 23.4

District of Columbia(1)

787.6 799.0 791.4 799.8 - - - - 15.7 16.1 15.6 15.9

Florida

8,767.4 8,997.5 8,774.5 8,998.9 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9 547.1 570.0 548.0 569.7


Georgia

4,560.2 4,634.5 4,557.2 4,629.0 9.5 9.4 9.5 9.4 198.5 208.0 198.8 207.3

Hawaii(1)

651.0 651.8 654.0 661.4 - - - - 36.5 37.7 36.4 38.2

Idaho

745.5 763.0 746.5 768.5 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 52.6 53.6 51.8 53.7

Illinois

6,142.2 6,200.1 6,158.9 6,219.7 8.1 7.5 8.0 7.5 241.0 243.1 239.9 241.3

Indiana

3,149.9 3,184.4 3,169.0 3,191.6 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4 147.1 154.9 146.3 154.3


Iowa

1,579.2 1,592.0 1,588.4 1,597.5 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 84.3 87.3 82.9 86.3

Kansas

1,409.2 1,431.6 1,423.4 1,444.1 6.9 7.1 6.9 7.1 63.8 65.9 63.5 64.7

Kentucky

1,931.2 1,948.7 1,939.9 1,967.7 10.3 9.7 10.3 9.7 80.8 82.1 80.9 81.4

Louisiana

1,978.7 1,979.3 1,980.2 1,989.4 36.5 36.2 36.4 35.8 153.9 141.9 152.0 141.7

Maine

644.9 653.0 640.5 645.1 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 30.9 32.4 30.3 31.6


Maryland

2,747.8 2,763.7 2,744.5 2,773.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 167.4 167.2 165.8 167.0

Massachusetts

3,655.9 3,706.5 3,659.0 3,700.4 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 165.2 164.0 163.3 162.4

Michigan

4,423.3 4,445.3 4,445.4 4,466.9 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 182.2 183.9 178.4 181.2

Minnesota

2,980.9 2,992.2 2,972.8 2,977.7 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.0 137.1 144.5 133.8 139.4

Mississippi

1,152.1 1,168.7 1,158.3 1,172.6 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.7 43.8 44.1 44.1 44.2


Missouri

2,883.3 2,916.2 2,901.0 2,933.8 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 127.3 130.6 126.5 128.3

Montana

486.1 494.6 483.6 489.0 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4 31.5 31.4 30.9 30.6

Nebraska

1,025.2 1,034.6 1,027.3 1,035.7 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 55.4 57.9 54.2 57.2

Nevada

1,391.8 1,433.3 1,400.2 1,445.3 14.9 14.4 14.7 14.1 92.1 100.2 92.1 101.9

New Hampshire

684.8 699.9 682.9 691.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 28.3 30.2 27.8 30.1


New Jersey

4,154.5 4,213.0 4,162.9 4,198.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 162.1 171.6 160.9 170.1

New Mexico

843.8 860.5 845.3 865.4 24.9 26.8 24.7 26.7 47.1 50.5 47.0 51.7

New York

9,666.0 9,789.1 9,668.0 9,791.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9 417.4 428.7 413.6 421.8

North Carolina

4,508.2 4,573.4 4,483.3 4,582.6 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 224.5 222.3 222.9 221.1

North Dakota

433.9 438.6 439.7 441.5 21.6 21.3 21.6 21.4 29.6 32.5 29.5 30.8


Ohio

5,591.6 5,628.1 5,583.0 5,613.0 12.6 12.8 12.4 12.7 234.3 230.3 231.6 223.6

Oklahoma

1,685.5 1,689.9 1,698.6 1,699.4 54.3 52.4 54.1 52.8 82.2 85.8 82.9 85.0

Oregon

1,906.7 1,943.5 1,919.2 1,947.7 7.4 7.8 7.3 7.5 110.3 114.9 108.9 113.1

Pennsylvania

5,984.8 6,028.3 6,041.8 6,069.0 29.2 30.3 29.1 30.0 268.7 274.4 266.8 270.5

Rhode Island

498.2 507.7 501.3 508.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 20.3 21.0 20.3 20.5


South Carolina

2,148.9 2,180.8 2,131.9 2,175.2 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.7 102.0 102.4 101.0 100.8

South Dakota

445.5 454.4 443.4 451.6 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 25.2 25.8 24.5 25.4

Tennessee

3,063.9 3,110.9 3,087.3 3,133.8 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5 127.6 126.3 128.6 125.7

Texas

12,524.9 12,817.2 12,531.6 12,832.9 251.4 257.5 252.4 254.4 749.3 793.3 745.4 797.4

Utah

1,516.6 1,562.7 1,533.5 1,578.9 9.6 10.0 9.6 10.0 107.7 113.0 106.6 111.6


Vermont

316.5 315.7 316.7 317.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 16.6 15.7 16.3 15.4

Virginia

4,008.6 4,047.0 4,005.1 4,030.7 7.9 8.4 7.9 8.3 203.0 206.7 199.9 201.6

Washington

3,422.8 3,517.0 3,428.1 3,515.3 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 222.1 231.0 220.6 228.4

West Virginia

727.9 733.8 733.6 737.3 22.9 22.7 22.9 22.2 46.9 50.2 48.0 49.7

Wisconsin

2,993.0 2,996.6 2,981.1 2,988.0 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 132.2 136.0 129.2 135.1

Wyoming

292.5 296.8 291.4 294.1 21.0 19.8 20.9 19.7 22.1 23.2 21.5 22.3


Puerto Rico

852.9 867.2 864.3 872.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 26.0 26.9 26.3 26.9

Virgin Islands(1)

33.3 34.9 33.1 35.1 - - - - 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
August September August September August September
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

267.9 270.4 267.9 271.7 379.9 383.9 378.9 382.5 20.9 21.4 20.9 21.1

Alaska

19.3 21.4 13.4 15.6 69.5 70.1 67.1 68.0 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5

Arizona

171.0 180.5 171.2 180.1 531.7 540.4 533.8 541.3 47.0 46.8 46.4 46.8

Arkansas

160.8 163.8 161.1 162.4 251.6 253.1 251.1 252.3 11.1 11.0 11.0 11.0

California

1,343.8 1,354.1 1,341.5 1,354.0 3,050.7 3,044.8 3,045.0 3,048.4 545.7 565.2 544.6 559.7


Colorado

148.8 150.4 148.1 150.7 472.2 475.9 469.1 470.9 75.4 74.3 74.8 74.1

Connecticut

161.8 162.3 160.3 161.8 291.2 289.9 294.4 291.8 31.9 32.9 31.6 32.8

Delaware

27.2 27.7 27.1 27.6 80.1 79.6 79.8 79.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9

District of Columbia

1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 32.9 33.1 33.1 32.5 19.4 20.2 19.4 20.3

Florida

373.9 384.7 373.5 379.9 1,766.4 1,793.6 1,767.7 1,788.1 139.7 135.3 137.7 135.7


Georgia

409.5 413.4 410.3 413.5 941.5 947.1 942.8 948.8 114.6 117.1 115.0 113.2

Hawaii

14.0 13.9 13.9 14.1 122.8 118.9 122.2 119.0 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.5

Idaho

68.9 71.7 68.7 72.0 144.8 145.6 143.9 145.8 8.9 8.3 8.8 8.1

Illinois

591.9 595.2 589.6 591.8 1,213.1 1,223.0 1,206.0 1,221.1 96.0 91.8 93.7 90.9

Indiana

544.5 542.4 542.5 538.1 597.9 595.5 597.5 594.2 29.1 28.0 28.8 27.4


Iowa

223.9 230.2 223.7 227.3 312.6 311.7 310.0 309.8 22.1 20.9 21.9 20.6

Kansas

166.1 168.1 166.0 167.2 268.2 268.7 267.6 267.2 18.5 18.5 18.4 18.1

Kentucky

252.3 253.9 250.7 257.5 403.9 407.4 402.0 410.0 22.0 21.9 22.0 21.9

Louisiana

135.8 137.7 135.4 139.7 379.6 381.2 377.4 378.9 21.6 21.4 21.4 21.1

Maine

53.1 54.1 52.3 53.4 121.5 123.8 119.6 121.3 7.5 7.1 7.3 7.2


Maryland

109.6 108.4 108.8 107.9 466.6 461.9 465.3 462.2 36.4 37.2 35.5 36.6

Massachusetts

245.3 245.1 243.8 242.8 580.0 581.3 574.8 577.3 93.1 95.8 91.3 94.0

Michigan

634.6 635.8 633.7 627.4 797.9 794.4 791.8 791.4 56.5 57.7 55.6 57.1

Minnesota

327.7 325.0 324.8 322.8 539.3 536.3 534.2 534.9 49.8 47.3 48.7 46.3

Mississippi

144.0 145.7 144.4 145.7 230.0 234.5 229.4 234.4 11.0 10.9 10.8 10.9


Missouri

274.9 278.0 274.3 277.7 545.4 543.8 542.7 541.3 50.1 49.9 49.8 50.0

Montana

20.9 20.8 20.9 20.5 95.9 96.7 94.9 96.1 6.3 5.9 6.3 5.9

Nebraska

100.6 100.9 100.3 100.3 201.5 200.2 199.1 198.8 17.6 17.1 17.5 17.1

Nevada

56.7 61.0 57.5 61.2 255.6 257.0 255.8 257.8 15.4 15.7 15.0 15.4

New Hampshire

71.4 70.4 70.8 69.7 139.7 142.3 138.1 140.2 12.6 12.4 12.3 12.3


New Jersey

248.4 253.1 246.8 252.4 881.7 881.7 882.0 880.0 70.7 66.6 69.2 65.7

New Mexico

27.7 28.0 27.7 28.0 138.4 136.5 137.3 136.4 12.2 11.6 11.8 11.3

New York

446.7 442.4 444.4 439.0 1,545.5 1,561.4 1,552.0 1,573.4 279.4 280.8 277.0 282.1

North Carolina

477.4 472.6 476.1 468.8 834.9 856.5 824.7 854.5 79.7 81.8 79.3 81.3

North Dakota

26.2 26.6 26.2 26.5 94.2 92.6 93.9 92.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0


Ohio

702.6 704.5 699.4 698.3 1,024.5 1,021.9 1,017.6 1,017.7 71.0 69.9 70.1 69.4

Oklahoma

137.9 135.5 138.2 136.1 299.2 304.4 299.7 304.8 19.9 18.6 19.7 18.8

Oregon

198.7 206.2 197.4 204.5 354.0 355.3 354.9 355.4 34.3 33.7 34.0 33.4

Pennsylvania

573.8 564.3 570.8 561.5 1,116.5 1,116.3 1,122.5 1,128.8 85.9 88.6 85.6 88.0

Rhode Island

40.3 39.1 40.2 39.1 77.0 79.1 77.3 79.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1


South Carolina

247.8 255.2 248.2 256.5 407.6 414.5 403.3 412.2 28.6 27.5 27.7 27.0

South Dakota

44.7 46.1 44.8 46.5 87.6 90.6 86.4 89.1 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5

Tennessee

353.0 359.5 353.0 359.3 626.8 631.4 626.2 630.9 44.7 46.8 44.7 46.7

Texas

888.1 914.2 887.3 913.9 2,487.3 2,532.7 2,482.0 2,514.9 204.2 202.1 202.7 200.5

Utah

133.8 140.0 133.7 139.2 287.8 290.0 288.4 291.9 39.6 40.9 38.8 40.7


Vermont

30.2 30.4 29.8 30.4 54.8 54.8 54.3 53.8 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2

Virginia

241.6 247.3 241.8 246.4 659.6 650.7 654.9 648.6 67.4 63.8 66.1 63.4

Washington

291.5 301.5 292.1 302.0 644.4 650.6 641.3 650.2 137.8 146.0 137.0 144.4

West Virginia

47.2 47.4 47.1 47.6 128.8 129.9 129.2 130.0 8.1 7.6 8.1 7.7

Wisconsin

484.5 478.9 478.3 470.6 546.8 551.1 540.3 548.3 47.5 48.8 47.0 48.6

Wyoming

9.8 10.2 10.0 10.1 53.1 55.1 52.3 54.1 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5


Puerto Rico

71.9 73.1 72.5 73.4 167.9 166.8 168.6 165.9 17.5 18.2 17.4 18.1

Virgin Islands

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 6.7 7.0 6.8 7.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
August September August September August September
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

96.8 98.2 96.7 98.1 246.1 256.2 245.0 256.9 245.1 249.8 246.6 252.0

Alaska

12.3 12.1 11.7 11.6 28.7 29.2 28.2 28.2 50.3 49.8 50.1 49.6

Arizona

221.8 222.8 221.9 224.5 432.3 436.4 433.2 440.0 445.4 464.6 449.6 465.9

Arkansas

61.2 63.6 60.8 63.3 145.7 144.7 147.7 146.9 189.6 191.5 192.7 195.6

California

840.3 845.3 832.6 839.9 2,689.1 2,762.5 2,683.6 2,770.9 2,713.2 2,797.2 2,729.5 2,814.4


Colorado

172.3 173.4 170.9 170.7 433.6 459.4 428.7 457.4 340.7 344.5 340.0 347.2

Connecticut

126.5 128.4 125.1 127.5 223.4 222.3 222.1 220.8 326.8 331.8 334.7 344.3

Delaware

47.4 48.2 46.9 48.1 64.1 62.0 63.6 62.5 79.3 82.1 79.8 83.0

District of Columbia

30.1 30.2 29.8 29.8 167.9 170.3 167.4 170.1 126.6 129.9 131.3 132.6

Florida

577.0 595.8 575.8 594.2 1,372.1 1,417.6 1,368.0 1,414.8 1,301.6 1,361.1 1,309.6 1,367.5


Georgia

249.3 253.4 249.1 250.9 697.0 705.5 693.8 703.6 587.9 604.9 589.0 611.7

Hawaii

28.6 28.5 28.6 28.8 82.9 83.6 82.4 83.8 84.9 86.3 85.9 87.0

Idaho

37.1 38.6 36.7 38.9 96.7 102.3 95.1 102.7 104.1 106.0 104.5 108.7

Illinois

407.5 408.8 403.4 405.7 970.0 978.7 968.6 972.7 920.2 936.1 930.4 943.5

Indiana

140.6 140.8 139.2 140.2 347.1 355.9 345.0 353.7 465.4 489.5 477.5 494.4


Iowa

109.9 109.2 108.9 109.2 142.7 143.8 141.6 141.3 227.1 227.6 234.0 234.5

Kansas

77.6 77.7 76.8 77.4 181.6 186.2 180.9 186.4 197.8 199.1 199.6 199.3

Kentucky

93.8 94.5 93.5 95.4 218.2 216.4 218.7 216.7 276.6 285.8 279.6 290.9

Louisiana

91.3 90.3 90.8 90.6 213.2 214.4 212.3 215.8 316.3 326.0 316.3 327.9

Maine

32.6 33.0 32.3 32.2 70.9 71.4 70.0 69.9 125.1 124.8 127.7 126.8


Maryland

145.1 144.7 143.7 140.8 458.7 460.7 453.4 457.8 466.9 476.0 469.2 484.7

Massachusetts

225.3 228.0 221.5 224.2 598.2 604.7 589.0 598.7 784.5 805.7 796.7 816.4

Michigan

222.2 227.4 218.9 223.7 655.0 659.2 659.1 664.5 672.6 661.3 675.4 668.7

Minnesota

186.8 188.0 184.5 188.1 384.2 381.3 379.3 374.5 539.6 540.8 544.5 538.3

Mississippi

44.6 46.1 44.5 45.9 109.5 111.8 111.2 110.8 145.1 146.0 146.2 146.5


Missouri

175.0 175.6 173.3 176.6 390.9 393.4 388.8 392.5 476.5 490.7 477.1 489.1

Montana

25.2 26.8 24.9 26.1 44.1 46.8 43.3 45.3 76.4 77.5 76.7 77.6

Nebraska

74.4 75.5 74.0 74.9 119.6 122.1 120.2 121.5 155.0 156.5 155.7 156.8

Nevada

68.5 72.2 68.2 72.0 193.6 202.3 192.6 202.3 141.4 144.0 142.0 144.6

New Hampshire

34.8 34.4 34.1 33.7 84.6 87.1 83.4 85.8 124.3 128.2 125.5 129.8


New Jersey

254.1 249.4 251.8 248.7 677.2 683.3 679.3 675.9 688.6 707.5 705.5 715.6

New Mexico

34.4 35.5 34.1 34.8 107.9 110.7 107.8 110.2 137.8 139.9 140.3 142.0

New York

732.0 727.8 720.0 713.1 1,363.5 1,365.1 1,347.6 1,363.0 2,001.8 2,058.4 2,050.4 2,110.7

North Carolina

242.8 251.3 240.4 248.9 645.5 655.6 638.3 653.6 611.8 619.7 608.7 625.8

North Dakota

24.3 24.1 24.2 24.1 35.6 37.4 35.3 36.6 63.0 66.3 63.6 65.9


Ohio

311.4 312.1 307.9 310.0 741.4 750.1 735.1 739.6 930.1 941.1 936.5 948.3

Oklahoma

79.6 80.4 79.3 78.5 193.3 191.5 193.3 191.2 235.7 237.2 236.9 240.2

Oregon

103.7 103.4 102.7 102.0 252.5 259.2 251.1 256.4 289.0 299.4 295.6 306.0

Pennsylvania

329.0 332.9 325.9 330.4 809.0 814.7 809.2 817.7 1,241.6 1,260.4 1,281.8 1,284.6

Rhode Island

35.3 36.1 35.2 36.8 70.0 69.1 69.7 70.4 102.2 107.2 106.4 109.8


South Carolina

105.6 105.8 104.4 104.6 292.8 291.2 289.3 291.0 253.5 257.7 255.2 258.9

South Dakota

29.3 29.0 29.1 28.8 33.3 34.3 32.8 33.6 72.5 73.9 72.8 73.9

Tennessee

164.2 168.7 164.3 169.1 418.3 427.0 419.9 429.0 433.9 436.5 439.1 442.8

Texas

783.6 810.8 780.8 811.1 1,757.8 1,787.6 1,748.9 1,789.2 1,705.1 1,750.2 1,706.1 1,752.6

Utah

88.8 91.2 87.9 91.0 218.8 228.7 218.2 226.6 199.7 210.1 206.7 216.1


Vermont

12.4 12.2 12.3 11.9 30.1 30.5 29.3 30.5 65.5 65.3 65.9 66.1

Virginia

209.8 211.8 207.9 209.2 757.7 769.4 748.8 755.0 535.5 550.5 544.3 558.5

Washington

160.0 166.6 158.7 166.6 435.0 446.5 433.3 444.0 485.5 508.8 491.2 513.4

West Virginia

29.2 29.7 29.2 29.5 70.2 68.4 69.9 68.3 127.6 130.7 128.5 130.2

Wisconsin

154.7 155.3 152.8 151.8 331.0 326.9 326.6 325.5 450.7 453.3 456.5 458.9

Wyoming

11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 19.7 19.1 19.4 18.9 27.5 27.0 28.3 27.5


Puerto Rico

41.5 43.0 41.7 43.3 120.2 123.3 122.8 122.8 111.3 118.3 116.6 122.0

Virgin Islands

1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 3.3 3.6 3.3 3.8 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
August September August September August September
2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p) 2018 2019 2018 2019(p)

Alabama

211.7 217.9 206.9 216.3 96.8 99.6 96.8 100.3 379.7 381.1 386.7 389.2

Alaska

43.8 43.3 39.7 39.5 11.2 10.9 11.1 11.1 76.7 76.9 80.9 81.0

Arizona

322.2 328.1 324.3 328.7 92.6 95.3 93.2 95.7 407.9 415.3 429.0 427.4

Arkansas

122.1 125.4 119.9 124.6 53.8 53.7 53.9 53.1 201.4 202.8 214.2 215.8

California

2,019.1 2,057.4 1,992.5 2,033.8 576.8 576.6 573.9 572.8 2,463.6 2,506.9 2,541.3 2,584.7


Colorado

353.6 363.8 339.0 346.7 111.7 115.1 110.9 113.2 436.1 439.1 447.6 456.8

Connecticut

166.9 172.7 160.2 162.6 66.8 66.3 65.6 64.5 220.5 219.4 238.8 236.4

Delaware

57.2 58.6 53.1 55.7 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.2 62.5 64.4 66.5 68.5

District of Columbia

79.3 82.7 80.3 82.7 76.5 79.1 76.0 77.4 237.8 236.0 237.2 237.1

Florida

1,220.6 1,252.8 1,210.9 1,242.1 353.3 360.9 353.2 364.3 1,109.9 1,119.7 1,124.3 1,136.7


Georgia

500.1 515.0 491.8 506.4 161.1 162.6 160.4 159.9 691.2 698.1 696.7 704.3

Hawaii

124.4 127.5 123.3 126.3 27.9 28.5 28.1 28.5 119.2 117.5 123.9 126.2

Idaho

84.6 85.7 81.8 81.0 26.3 26.7 25.6 25.9 117.6 120.6 125.8 127.9

Illinois

646.9 659.3 626.3 642.1 256.6 259.3 253.2 256.4 790.9 797.3 839.8 846.7

Indiana

321.3 318.6 314.0 310.2 132.7 130.4 131.7 130.0 417.9 422.0 440.1 442.7


Iowa

150.6 152.8 145.2 144.3 57.7 59.7 57.2 58.8 245.6 246.2 260.3 262.8

Kansas

132.5 140.4 130.2 136.9 51.1 52.5 50.9 53.1 245.1 247.4 262.6 266.7

Kentucky

204.5 208.7 200.8 203.2 65.8 66.9 65.3 66.7 303.0 301.4 316.1 314.3

Louisiana

237.9 238.0 236.3 235.7 73.8 75.6 73.8 75.5 318.8 316.6 328.1 326.7

Maine

87.0 90.4 75.2 76.5 22.8 22.9 22.2 22.2 91.2 90.8 101.2 101.7


Maryland

302.1 304.6 287.2 290.2 115.3 116.5 113.9 115.7 478.4 485.2 500.4 509.2

Massachusetts

407.2 416.4 382.5 383.6 144.4 146.4 137.2 139.3 411.6 417.9 457.8 460.5

Michigan

462.1 471.5 442.8 452.4 169.1 172.9 166.5 169.4 563.6 573.7 615.7 623.6

Minnesota

293.8 306.1 282.0 291.4 115.7 115.0 113.5 113.9 399.8 400.7 420.5 421.1

Mississippi

138.3 141.6 135.9 140.8 41.2 41.4 41.2 41.0 237.7 239.8 243.7 245.7


Missouri

320.7 327.2 311.1 319.8 116.4 117.9 115.4 115.3 401.6 404.7 437.6 438.8

Montana

73.0 74.3 68.6 69.0 19.1 19.7 18.9 18.9 86.2 87.2 90.8 91.6

Nebraska

96.4 97.5 94.0 94.9 37.0 37.2 37.1 37.4 166.5 168.5 174.1 175.7

Nevada

356.5 365.0 355.5 363.1 42.9 43.0 43.1 44.0 154.2 158.5 163.7 168.9

New Hampshire

82.1 85.4 73.3 74.0 25.9 26.6 25.2 25.2 80.0 81.8 91.4 89.2


New Jersey

431.6 454.0 405.3 419.3 174.2 179.2 171.2 178.9 564.5 565.2 589.5 590.2

New Mexico

101.0 105.2 98.1 105.3 30.3 30.1 28.7 28.8 182.1 185.7 187.8 190.2

New York

1,008.4 1,039.7 975.1 991.5 413.8 416.1 411.1 409.2 1,451.7 1,462.8 1,471.0 1,481.8

North Carolina

525.3 541.9 496.4 523.1 156.3 160.0 153.1 158.8 704.1 706.0 737.7 741.0

North Dakota

41.4 40.9 40.9 40.1 15.3 14.8 15.4 14.9 76.5 76.0 82.9 82.9


Ohio

598.2 613.2 577.7 595.0 215.9 217.1 213.5 214.4 749.6 755.1 781.2 784.0

Oklahoma

175.4 173.7 173.7 170.0 71.8 75.0 71.9 74.1 336.2 335.4 348.9 347.9

Oregon

221.4 224.6 216.0 219.0 64.9 63.2 64.3 63.2 270.5 275.8 287.0 287.2

Pennsylvania

606.4 613.4 578.4 580.7 264.6 265.5 260.4 260.4 660.1 667.5 711.3 716.4

Rhode Island

65.8 67.3 62.2 61.7 24.0 24.6 23.1 23.9 57.1 57.9 60.7 61.0


South Carolina

269.9 278.4 251.6 265.6 77.8 78.5 76.9 77.9 358.7 364.9 369.9 376.0

South Dakota

53.4 55.0 49.2 49.6 17.1 17.2 16.8 17.3 75.6 75.8 80.4 80.8

Tennessee

350.4 366.0 343.6 357.3 119.0 118.6 119.1 119.2 421.6 425.6 444.4 449.3

Texas

1,386.5 1,430.9 1,360.1 1,403.0 438.0 455.4 434.4 451.9 1,873.6 1,882.5 1,931.5 1,944.0

Utah

154.7 159.5 151.3 154.9 42.2 43.5 41.4 41.7 233.9 235.8 250.9 255.2


Vermont

39.0 41.4 36.7 38.4 10.5 10.3 10.3 10.2 52.3 50.0 56.8 55.9

Virginia

428.9 439.2 408.4 417.7 203.4 204.6 200.6 200.4 693.8 694.6 724.5 721.6

Washington

358.2 366.6 351.1 361.1 124.3 128.6 122.5 124.5 557.5 564.3 573.8 574.2

West Virginia

76.1 77.7 74.9 76.7 24.5 23.9 24.3 23.6 146.4 145.6 151.5 151.8

Wisconsin

305.8 312.9 289.1 291.8 153.2 155.1 152.1 153.8 381.5 373.3 404.3 398.8

Wyoming

42.0 43.1 38.8 39.8 16.5 17.7 16.3 17.3 66.0 66.8 69.3 69.8


Puerto Rico

75.7 78.7 76.5 79.1 17.3 17.4 17.4 17.4 203.1 201.0 204.0 202.9

Virgin Islands

4.1 4.5 4.1 4.5 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 10.8 10.7 10.5 10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2018 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: October 18, 2019