State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, January 18, 2019	                                      USDL-19-0078

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2018


Unemployment rates were higher in December in 4 states, lower in 3 states, and stable in 43 states and the 
District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fourteen states had jobless rate 
decreases from a year earlier and 36 states and the District had little or no change. The national 
unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point from November to 3.9 percent but was 0.2 point lower than 
in December 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 8 states in December 2018 and was essentially unchanged in 42 
states and the District of Columbia. Over the year, 40 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 10 states and 
the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Iowa had the lowest unemployment rate in December, 2.4 percent. Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 6.3 
percent. In total, 16 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.9 percent, 8 states 
and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 26 states had rates that were not appreciably different 
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In December, four states had unemployment rate increases: Colorado and Oregon (+0.2 percentage point each) 
and Arizona and New Mexico (+0.1 point each). Three states had over-the-month rate decreases: Delaware, 
Maryland, and North Dakota (-0.1 percentage point each). The remaining 43 states and the District of 
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had 
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.

Fourteen states had unemployment rate changes from December 2017, all of which were decreases. The largest 
decline occurred in New Mexico (-1.3 percentage points). (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in eight states in December 2018. The largest job gains occurred in Texas 
(+38,000), Florida (+22,800), and Georgia (+16,700). In percentage terms, the largest increase occurred in 
South Carolina (+0.5 percent), followed by Alabama, Colorado, Georgia, and Indiana (+0.4 percent each). 
(See tables C and 3.)

Forty states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in December. The largest job gains 
occurred in Texas (+391,800), California (+284,300), and Florida (+231,200). The largest percentage gain 
occurred in Nevada (+3.9 percent), followed by Arizona (+3.4 percent) and Texas (+3.2 percent). (See table 
D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2018 is scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, January 30, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional and State Unemployment 2018 
Annual Averages news release is scheduled to be released on Thursday, February 28, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. 
(EST). The State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2019 is scheduled to be released on 
Monday, March 11, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

 ______________________________________________________________________________________________
|											       |
|                    Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data 	       |
|											       |
| Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2018 Annual Averages on	       |
| Thursday, February 28, 2019, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for the	       |
| states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in tables 1       |
| and 2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs, new population     |
| controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census division and national control |
| totals. Data in table 1 will be re-seasonally adjusted as well. Both not seasonally adjusted |
| and seasonally adjusted data are subject to revision back to 2014.			       |
|______________________________________________________________________________________________|

 ______________________________________________________________________________________________
|											       |
|                     Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data		       |
|											       |
| Effective with the release of January 2019 estimates on March 11, 2019, all nonfarm payroll  |
| employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release   |
| will be adjusted to 2018 benchmark levels.						       |
|											       |
| Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2017 and seasonally adjusted data beginning|
| with January 2014 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted series may be revised    |
| back to 1990.										       |
|______________________________________________________________________________________________|



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., December 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.9
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           6.3
Arizona .............................|           4.8
District of Columbia ................|           5.5
Florida .............................|           3.3
Hawaii ..............................|           2.5
Idaho ...............................|           2.6
Iowa ................................|           2.4
Kansas ..............................|           3.3
Louisiana ...........................|           4.9
Minnesota ...........................|           2.8
                                     |
Mississippi .........................|           4.7
Missouri ............................|           3.1
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
New Mexico ..........................|           4.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.7
Ohio ................................|           4.6
Oklahoma ............................|           3.2
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Utah ................................|           3.2
                                     |
Vermont .............................|           2.7
Virginia ............................|           2.8
Washington ..........................|           4.3
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from December 2017 to December 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  December |  December |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.3   |      -0.9
California .....................|     4.5   |     4.2   |       -.3
Delaware .......................|     4.5   |     3.7   |       -.8
Florida ........................|     3.9   |     3.3   |       -.6
Georgia ........................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     2.4   |       -.5
New Jersey .....................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
New Mexico .....................|     6.0   |     4.7   |      -1.3
New York .......................|     4.7   |     3.9   |       -.8
North Carolina .................|     4.5   |     3.6   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
Oklahoma .......................|     4.1   |     3.2   |       -.9
South Carolina .................|     4.2   |     3.3   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     3.4   |     2.9   |       -.5
Virginia .......................|     3.6   |     2.8   |       -.8
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2018 to December 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   November  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2018    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,055,700 |   2,063,800 |       8,100 |      0.4
Colorado .....................|   2,752,400 |   2,762,200 |       9,800 |       .4
Florida ......................|   8,868,400 |   8,891,200 |      22,800 |       .3
Georgia ......................|   4,584,300 |   4,601,000 |      16,700 |       .4
Indiana ......................|   3,146,200 |   3,159,400 |      13,200 |       .4
South Carolina ...............|   2,140,400 |   2,151,200 |      10,800 |       .5
Texas ........................|  12,706,100 |  12,744,100 |      38,000 |       .3
Washington ...................|   3,463,300 |   3,474,700 |      11,400 |       .3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
December 2017 to December 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   December  |   December  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2018(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,020,200 |   2,063,800 |      43,600 |      2.2
Arizona ......................|   2,795,100 |   2,889,200 |      94,100 |      3.4
Arkansas .....................|   1,239,000 |   1,256,100 |      17,100 |      1.4
California ...................|  17,002,900 |  17,287,200 |     284,300 |      1.7
Colorado .....................|   2,686,800 |   2,762,200 |      75,400 |      2.8
Connecticut ..................|   1,685,600 |   1,705,500 |      19,900 |      1.2
Delaware .....................|     455,500 |     465,700 |      10,200 |      2.2
Florida ......................|   8,660,000 |   8,891,200 |     231,200 |      2.7
Georgia ......................|   4,487,200 |   4,601,000 |     113,800 |      2.5
Idaho ........................|     728,100 |     742,600 |      14,500 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Illinois .....................|   6,081,200 |   6,152,200 |      71,000 |      1.2
Indiana ......................|   3,114,900 |   3,159,400 |      44,500 |      1.4
Kansas .......................|   1,411,300 |   1,431,400 |      20,100 |      1.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,924,000 |   1,945,300 |      21,300 |      1.1
Maryland .....................|   2,716,100 |   2,767,000 |      50,900 |      1.9
Massachusetts ................|   3,628,600 |   3,694,400 |      65,800 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,394,800 |   4,449,800 |      55,000 |      1.3
Minnesota ....................|   2,943,700 |   2,975,900 |      32,200 |      1.1
Missouri .....................|   2,880,600 |   2,919,600 |      39,000 |      1.4
Nebraska .....................|   1,021,100 |   1,033,800 |      12,700 |      1.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Nevada .......................|   1,359,800 |   1,412,200 |      52,400 |      3.9
New Hampshire ................|     677,900 |     696,000 |      18,100 |      2.7
New Jersey ...................|   4,146,800 |   4,208,700 |      61,900 |      1.5
New Mexico ...................|     835,800 |     855,700 |      19,900 |      2.4
New York .....................|   9,573,000 |   9,694,900 |     121,900 |      1.3
North Carolina ...............|   4,449,200 |   4,536,400 |      87,200 |      2.0
North Dakota .................|     426,200 |     435,200 |       9,000 |      2.1
Ohio .........................|   5,534,300 |   5,650,800 |     116,500 |      2.1
Oklahoma .....................|   1,677,900 |   1,703,400 |      25,500 |      1.5
Oregon .......................|   1,896,800 |   1,931,900 |      35,100 |      1.9
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,993,600 |   6,068,400 |      74,800 |      1.2
South Carolina ...............|   2,110,000 |   2,151,200 |      41,200 |      2.0
South Dakota .................|     438,200 |     447,000 |       8,800 |      2.0
Tennessee ....................|   3,027,000 |   3,086,100 |      59,100 |      2.0
Texas ........................|  12,352,300 |  12,744,100 |     391,800 |      3.2
Utah .........................|   1,490,300 |   1,536,700 |      46,400 |      3.1
Virginia .....................|   3,954,100 |   4,031,100 |      77,000 |      1.9
Washington ...................|   3,370,700 |   3,474,700 |     104,000 |      3.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,953,300 |   3,001,600 |      48,300 |      1.6
Wyoming ......................|     283,300 |     291,300 |       8,000 |      2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

  
   This news release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states
   and selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
   program (tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates
   by state and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
   program (tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
   endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
   concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
   from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
   conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.
   The LAUS program measures employed people and unemployed people on a place-of-
   residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population
   16 years of age and older. Employed people are those who did any work at all for
   pay or profit in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the
   month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus
   those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether
   or not paid, for such reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness,
   or vacation. 
     
   Unemployed people are those who were not employed during the reference week
   (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the
   4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for
   work; people on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted 
   as unemployed. The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed people.
   The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor
   force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
   Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
   of California and New York State are produced using time-series models. This method,
   which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
   several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI) 
   programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
   for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
   California. Similarly, estimates for New York State are derived by summing the estimates
   for New York City and the balance of New York State. Estimates for the five additional
   substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and Detroit-Warren-
   Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Miami-
   Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan divisions) and their
   respective balances of state are produced using a similar model-based approach.
    
   Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
   from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
   controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
   estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective state
   totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S. totals is 
   called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly
   household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the estimation
   procedures is available from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
   adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
   population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
   and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
   are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
   estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
   2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
   or 1994.

   Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
   people into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Prior to 2018, the benchmarked
   trend component of each measure had been smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter.
   With changes implemented in early 2018, the benchmarked signals of employed and 
   unemployed people first are adjusted using an X-11 type of seasonal adjustment filter.
   The adjusted data then are smoothed using a Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS)
   filter. The smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates of employed and unemployed people
   are summed to derive the civilian labor force, and the unemployment rate then is
   calculated as the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force. The resulting
   smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimates are analyzed in this news
   release and published on the BLS website.
   
   During estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates
   for a given month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information
   from previous observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed
   using a two-sided filter.
   
   In early 2018, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in
   1976, 1990, or 1994 to incorporate the changes to the seasonal adjustment and smoothing
   procedures described above.

   Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
   delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15,
   2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive
   pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are
   counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing
   on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on
   the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North 
   American Industry Classification System. 

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
   estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
   relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
   to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
   establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current 
   month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment
   estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where
   the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. 

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
   variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
   use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
   historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different 
   models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
   level being estimated.For more detailed information about each model, refer to
   the BLS Handbook of Methods.
    
   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count
   of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted
   by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The
   benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new
   benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
   for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the
   level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month
   changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark
   revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the
   statewide expanded supersector level. In some cases, the seasonally adjusted
   payroll employment total is computed by aggregating the independently adjusted
   supersector series. In other cases, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment
   total is independently adjusted. Revisions to historical data for the most recent
   five years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.
     
   Beginning with the release of January 2018 preliminary estimates, payroll employment
   data are seasonally adjusted concurrently, using all available estimates including
   those for the current month, to develop sample-based seasonal factors. Concurrent
   sample-based factors are created every month for the current month's preliminary
   estimate as well as the previous month's final estimate in order to incorporate
   real-time estimates. Previously, the sample-based seasonal factors were forecasted
   once annually at the beginning of the year and applied to the sample-based estimates
   for the 12 months of the year. 

   Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to
   produce accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a
   national employment series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national
   totals. Because each state series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling
   errors than the national series, summing them cumulates individual state-level 
   errors and can cause significant distortions at an aggregate level. Due to
   these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a "sum-of-states" employment
   series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a relatively large
   and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative
   data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors.
   Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs
   by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey
   data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
   into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived
   from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific
   estimation processes used.

   Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
   employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
   to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore, state
   unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have been
   determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent confidence
   level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment rates
   and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
   www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-month
   and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm and
   supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of 
   nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

   Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well
   as nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and
   metropolitan divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment
   and Unemployment. Estimates of civilian labor force, employed people, unemployed
   people, and unemployment rates for approximately 7,000 subnational areas are
   available online at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program for
   states and metropolitan areas are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information
   in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.
   Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,163,554 2,212,672 2,215,688 2,216,217 82,378 89,745 87,754 86,023 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.9

Alaska

362,473 356,349 355,986 355,543 26,220 22,777 22,469 22,390 7.2 6.4 6.3 6.3

Arizona

3,339,431 3,400,870 3,423,764 3,446,535 157,747 158,128 159,915 165,508 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.8

Arkansas

1,356,940 1,346,590 1,348,197 1,350,399 50,413 47,447 48,185 49,111 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6

California

19,386,465 19,441,591 19,517,174 19,593,041 866,372 804,301 806,649 813,858 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,145,895 5,159,362 5,169,058 5,178,725 231,986 239,824 243,239 247,045 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8

Colorado

3,029,796 3,101,129 3,108,593 3,118,212 91,834 98,159 102,398 107,888 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.5

Connecticut

1,912,551 1,909,333 1,916,633 1,923,569 86,384 79,978 77,672 76,220 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.0

Delaware

477,882 486,709 486,610 487,141 21,694 19,128 18,678 18,175 4.5 3.9 3.8 3.7

District of Columbia

401,428 405,221 404,505 404,563 23,740 22,857 22,641 22,280 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.5

Florida

10,138,193 10,246,102 10,255,943 10,277,514 397,032 345,107 335,035 334,552 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,387,964 1,378,646 1,372,136 1,373,206 65,218 52,417 50,560 49,639 4.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

Georgia

5,091,491 5,152,449 5,148,033 5,147,244 228,219 184,567 182,363 184,632 4.5 3.6 3.5 3.6

Hawaii

682,852 686,178 685,088 683,405 14,670 15,751 16,361 16,900 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.5

Idaho

841,774 853,478 854,324 856,337 25,163 22,825 22,391 22,581 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6

Illinois

6,500,446 6,488,104 6,499,383 6,500,922 318,122 270,067 273,823 277,518 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.3

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,809,750 3,738,728 3,746,841 3,748,469 196,375 143,812 144,905 144,619 5.2 3.8 3.9 3.9

Indiana

3,320,260 3,402,196 3,404,512 3,406,055 113,473 119,668 121,782 121,865 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6

Iowa

1,674,894 1,688,173 1,689,650 1,691,947 49,267 41,165 40,611 40,631 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.4

Kansas

1,478,476 1,485,048 1,487,086 1,489,906 52,249 48,455 48,286 48,972 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3

Kentucky

2,053,713 2,075,387 2,075,651 2,074,067 93,188 94,029 92,616 90,987 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4

Louisiana

2,115,536 2,117,244 2,113,704 2,112,783 99,639 105,949 105,212 104,350 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9

Maine

700,192 705,416 704,588 703,363 22,048 23,831 23,959 24,017 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.4

Maryland

3,221,685 3,227,308 3,226,008 3,226,938 130,611 131,380 127,911 125,219 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9

Massachusetts

3,657,291 3,832,804 3,836,955 3,842,000 128,878 134,070 130,014 126,215 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3

Michigan

4,900,207 4,891,985 4,893,073 4,898,032 230,939 191,347 191,773 195,680 4.7 3.9 3.9 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,119,694 2,113,557 2,114,520 2,119,152 93,642 84,083 84,785 87,233 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.1

Minnesota

3,069,832 3,095,093 3,092,089 3,093,361 101,630 86,131 85,326 86,683 3.3 2.8 2.8 2.8

Mississippi

1,277,573 1,286,545 1,284,184 1,281,089 60,933 60,832 60,052 60,121 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7

Missouri

3,048,394 3,065,464 3,065,748 3,066,573 111,386 94,361 93,427 95,242 3.7 3.1 3.0 3.1

Montana

526,944 524,250 525,538 526,793 21,531 19,151 19,282 19,425 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.7

Nebraska

1,007,050 1,018,320 1,020,898 1,024,189 29,309 28,706 28,646 28,472 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,473,704 1,512,276 1,518,759 1,524,835 71,981 67,145 67,098 67,457 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.4

New Hampshire

746,676 762,411 763,003 763,896 19,431 19,724 19,175 18,719 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5

New Jersey

4,513,664 4,492,649 4,495,138 4,501,043 213,490 183,999 178,614 178,097 4.7 4.1 4.0 4.0

New Mexico

931,571 943,172 945,752 949,047 55,772 43,154 43,675 44,851 6.0 4.6 4.6 4.7

New York

9,708,580 9,736,073 9,757,146 9,781,522 454,939 387,542 379,379 378,512 4.7 4.0 3.9 3.9

New York City

4,226,764 4,230,397 4,229,536 4,230,278 186,749 168,390 167,105 169,090 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.0

North Carolina

4,966,113 4,992,207 4,991,418 4,996,890 221,849 181,524 177,263 178,436 4.5 3.6 3.6 3.6

North Dakota

413,573 403,110 402,429 402,143 10,905 11,103 11,073 10,827 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.7

Ohio

5,782,017 5,770,527 5,765,675 5,766,953 281,000 265,842 263,179 264,830 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,028,091 1,037,393 1,038,509 1,039,495 55,740 53,035 53,034 53,081 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1

Oklahoma

1,841,801 1,861,846 1,856,839 1,849,452 76,235 62,669 60,382 59,073 4.1 3.4 3.3 3.2

Oregon

2,120,955 2,111,671 2,113,776 2,116,656 87,979 81,126 83,014 85,905 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,418,025 6,420,029 6,440,509 6,461,982 309,542 265,515 268,903 273,620 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.2

Rhode Island

556,267 561,241 560,942 561,039 25,118 21,340 21,322 21,662 4.5 3.8 3.8 3.9

South Carolina

2,318,724 2,307,307 2,312,108 2,319,627 97,879 76,220 76,710 77,087 4.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

South Dakota

456,271 458,734 459,213 459,958 15,555 13,602 13,578 13,525 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.9

Tennessee

3,218,569 3,253,312 3,256,234 3,259,991 106,726 119,000 118,641 116,136 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.6

Texas

13,591,013 13,833,006 13,859,710 13,902,459 537,688 516,686 511,818 515,093 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.7

Utah

1,573,889 1,584,648 1,581,453 1,579,468 50,150 49,973 50,030 49,946 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2

Vermont

344,870 346,058 345,113 344,405 10,050 9,636 9,380 9,182 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7

Virginia

4,318,483 4,353,411 4,355,029 4,359,242 156,280 124,756 123,920 123,180 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.8

Washington

3,754,871 3,781,532 3,795,986 3,812,295 176,864 162,764 163,149 165,727 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,666,021 1,687,653 1,692,080 1,696,630 64,373 56,436 56,090 56,687 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.3

West Virginia

781,852 780,919 780,996 781,846 42,251 40,511 40,254 40,104 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1

Wisconsin

3,158,257 3,163,914 3,156,373 3,149,038 100,861 95,113 94,355 93,384 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0

Wyoming

292,305 285,523 286,248 286,749 12,105 11,726 11,759 11,619 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

Puerto Rico

1,095,052 1,092,360 1,081,694 1,079,796 119,918 87,305 83,828 89,429 11.0 8.0 7.7 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
November December Number Percent of labor force
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) November December November December
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,161,741 2,219,313 2,150,786 2,202,871 74,457 75,448 73,328 77,573 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

Alaska

359,192 352,679 357,686 349,408 25,753 22,044 25,985 22,508 7.2 6.3 7.3 6.4

Arizona

3,349,772 3,490,916 3,347,605 3,486,647 151,672 154,906 153,192 177,077 4.5 4.4 4.6 5.1

Arkansas

1,352,672 1,349,752 1,342,354 1,344,817 44,046 45,047 48,463 49,184 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.7

California

19,383,662 19,715,588 19,318,482 19,681,627 812,588 777,582 803,663 810,996 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,151,157 5,203,614 5,129,929 5,188,681 221,228 240,434 211,073 239,883 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.6

Colorado

3,032,759 3,123,449 3,031,829 3,130,637 87,030 105,579 89,514 120,048 2.9 3.4 3.0 3.8

Connecticut

1,902,380 1,926,113 1,895,645 1,923,181 77,595 58,372 75,196 62,295 4.1 3.0 4.0 3.2

Delaware

477,363 484,731 477,137 488,154 19,340 14,419 19,425 14,782 4.1 3.0 4.1 3.0

District of Columbia

401,397 404,198 400,171 404,346 22,642 21,182 21,616 19,597 5.6 5.2 5.4 4.8

Florida

10,116,131 10,250,163 10,091,645 10,278,909 389,257 313,079 371,952 340,753 3.8 3.1 3.7 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,391,504 1,364,861 1,397,491 1,400,132 62,595 44,197 65,241 50,142 4.5 3.2 4.7 3.6

Georgia

5,088,573 5,122,164 5,090,476 5,137,448 215,282 171,378 218,200 192,827 4.2 3.3 4.3 3.8

Hawaii

683,241 681,820 682,638 676,807 14,520 17,757 12,014 15,500 2.1 2.6 1.8 2.3

Idaho

843,194 855,275 840,982 858,219 25,158 22,056 24,269 24,198 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.8

Illinois

6,494,157 6,521,202 6,464,968 6,448,956 296,032 270,283 302,301 284,267 4.6 4.1 4.7 4.4

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,795,425 3,754,003 3,782,099 3,718,381 181,316 135,820 184,399 135,476 4.8 3.6 4.9 3.6

Indiana

3,310,187 3,392,898 3,280,820 3,372,001 105,283 123,819 100,908 114,342 3.2 3.6 3.1 3.4

Iowa

1,671,857 1,690,339 1,664,423 1,689,853 41,027 31,757 47,974 41,986 2.5 1.9 2.9 2.5

Kansas

1,480,776 1,492,877 1,471,948 1,491,587 46,579 43,478 44,738 45,768 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.1

Kentucky

2,043,061 2,064,521 2,038,066 2,054,677 78,663 72,812 77,872 77,857 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.8

Louisiana

2,118,485 2,106,892 2,103,197 2,095,299 89,197 94,401 84,742 90,463 4.2 4.5 4.0 4.3

Maine

695,326 697,637 692,068 692,987 20,619 22,654 18,043 22,190 3.0 3.2 2.6 3.2

Maryland

3,217,600 3,219,386 3,198,599 3,214,609 128,111 112,921 122,544 110,801 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.4

Massachusetts

3,644,703 3,812,500 3,636,531 3,821,903 110,579 98,370 111,847 103,552 3.0 2.6 3.1 2.7

Michigan

4,886,970 4,890,837 4,875,550 4,884,472 199,719 174,172 216,550 197,257 4.1 3.6 4.4 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,113,382 2,113,575 2,111,754 2,125,407 82,264 80,959 86,219 88,601 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.2

Minnesota

3,065,061 3,076,659 3,061,445 3,089,811 85,587 67,860 103,858 97,928 2.8 2.2 3.4 3.2

Mississippi

1,275,900 1,275,304 1,277,300 1,273,890 54,914 52,874 56,337 60,490 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.7

Missouri

3,031,261 3,045,837 3,020,519 3,043,803 94,198 76,535 99,395 92,824 3.1 2.5 3.3 3.0

Montana

524,065 526,398 522,394 525,272 21,236 18,724 22,008 20,489 4.1 3.6 4.2 3.9

Nebraska

1,005,855 1,024,819 1,001,779 1,025,742 25,431 24,694 28,001 26,645 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.6

Nevada

1,476,492 1,533,697 1,476,211 1,531,376 68,989 63,660 69,474 65,897 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.3

New Hampshire

744,516 760,662 740,737 760,795 17,953 16,511 16,849 15,837 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.1

New Jersey

4,493,166 4,474,591 4,479,374 4,500,526 194,923 138,563 186,168 162,678 4.3 3.1 4.2 3.6

New Mexico

938,165 957,307 937,403 960,717 53,171 43,833 51,696 46,131 5.7 4.6 5.5 4.8

New York

9,636,664 9,733,303 9,586,148 9,744,236 427,162 338,977 424,725 366,717 4.4 3.5 4.4 3.8

New York City

4,205,495 4,202,669 4,189,865 4,201,778 171,135 156,408 165,902 165,882 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.9

North Carolina

4,966,393 4,994,533 4,927,249 4,979,245 222,302 172,558 213,913 187,253 4.5 3.5 4.3 3.8

North Dakota

408,808 397,181 406,978 396,398 9,368 8,790 10,669 9,563 2.3 2.2 2.6 2.4

Ohio

5,766,426 5,756,717 5,732,467 5,741,917 251,694 237,120 259,783 272,863 4.4 4.1 4.5 4.8

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,020,176 1,033,690 1,005,220 1,020,599 46,137 45,850 48,039 49,869 4.5 4.4 4.8 4.9

Oklahoma

1,854,292 1,848,439 1,840,707 1,821,813 71,883 52,727 72,319 54,941 3.9 2.9 3.9 3.0

Oregon

2,127,353 2,122,967 2,111,916 2,106,593 83,663 84,990 81,190 86,547 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,392,642 6,457,129 6,358,094 6,456,636 280,809 245,004 278,310 255,096 4.4 3.8 4.4 4.0

Rhode Island

559,063 562,607 556,897 562,008 23,787 20,885 23,412 21,388 4.3 3.7 4.2 3.8

South Carolina

2,304,383 2,309,103 2,300,845 2,321,824 92,499 72,593 96,152 75,871 4.0 3.1 4.2 3.3

South Dakota

456,151 459,971 453,465 458,303 14,904 12,968 15,962 13,708 3.3 2.8 3.5 3.0

Tennessee

3,210,614 3,261,890 3,202,657 3,253,151 101,299 107,695 98,979 98,458 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0

Texas

13,613,780 13,937,051 13,598,061 13,976,348 515,473 482,539 501,845 504,658 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.6

Utah

1,579,016 1,576,366 1,577,752 1,574,895 43,482 43,520 44,924 45,411 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9

Vermont

344,178 342,116 342,891 340,965 9,085 7,848 8,556 7,681 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.3

Virginia

4,290,731 4,336,348 4,274,412 4,332,814 146,405 116,953 142,929 113,181 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.6

Washington

3,755,206 3,831,119 3,748,141 3,836,549 174,366 169,253 182,468 181,399 4.6 4.4 4.9 4.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,662,530 1,692,697 1,663,045 1,691,608 67,597 60,851 60,936 56,864 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.4

West Virginia

778,514 777,767 773,775 774,292 38,899 36,022 40,372 37,262 5.0 4.6 5.2 4.8

Wisconsin

3,154,455 3,131,102 3,132,675 3,105,642 87,480 81,845 84,035 81,710 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

Wyoming

291,608 288,404 289,592 285,511 11,649 11,008 11,632 11,048 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.9

Puerto Rico

1,106,581 1,074,567 1,110,787 1,093,175 114,449 81,206 109,768 93,029 10.3 7.6 9.9 8.5

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)

Alabama

2,020.2 2,053.0 2,055.7 2,063.8 85.1 87.2 87.8 88.9 265.0 273.8 274.0 276.3

Alaska

326.5 327.4 325.8 326.1 15.8 15.5 15.4 15.4 12.5 13.3 12.0 12.5

Arizona

2,795.1 2,884.9 2,891.5 2,889.2 151.3 166.5 168.6 170.2 169.1 175.8 176.8 176.6

Arkansas

1,239.0 1,252.3 1,254.3 1,256.1 51.3 52.4 52.9 53.2 157.9 160.2 160.2 161.7

California

17,002.9 17,237.0 17,262.7 17,287.2 836.7 857.8 859.7 858.4 1,316.4 1,318.2 1,320.8 1,322.2


Colorado

2,686.8 2,748.0 2,752.4 2,762.2 169.7 170.6 169.3 169.5 144.2 147.5 148.0 149.8

Connecticut

1,685.6 1,703.4 1,704.4 1,705.5 57.3 63.7 64.9 67.0 163.8 164.7 164.4 164.1

Delaware(2)

455.5 464.2 464.5 465.7 22.5 23.7 23.8 24.1 25.8 26.1 26.2 26.2

District of Columbia(2)

794.0 795.2 794.2 796.3 15.7 16.1 16.2 16.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Florida

8,660.0 8,849.4 8,868.4 8,891.2 519.1 550.8 547.9 554.0 366.8 377.3 378.0 379.5


Georgia

4,487.2 4,576.7 4,584.3 4,601.0 189.6 207.0 208.4 211.1 399.8 403.7 402.4 404.4

Hawaii(2)

657.0 665.2 665.4 666.5 37.3 36.8 34.9 35.5 14.0 13.7 13.7 13.9

Idaho

728.1 738.9 740.3 742.6 47.3 48.1 47.9 47.9 68.2 70.8 71.1 70.4

Illinois

6,081.2 6,130.6 6,138.6 6,152.2 222.7 228.5 227.7 227.1 586.0 594.4 591.5 591.5

Indiana

3,114.9 3,138.1 3,146.2 3,159.4 138.7 146.2 148.7 152.6 532.7 531.9 535.2 535.8


Iowa

1,582.6 1,593.8 1,594.2 1,598.1 73.5 81.4 80.5 78.6 223.0 227.9 229.4 230.6

Kansas

1,411.3 1,427.1 1,430.3 1,431.4 60.1 59.8 60.7 60.9 162.5 165.9 166.3 167.0

Kentucky

1,924.0 1,935.0 1,940.8 1,945.3 75.8 76.6 76.2 77.8 249.7 251.4 252.6 253.5

Louisiana

1,970.3 1,992.2 1,991.5 1,992.2 144.4 147.3 147.0 147.5 134.2 139.2 138.9 139.3

Maine

623.8 628.0 629.1 628.1 28.0 28.6 28.0 27.4 51.3 51.9 52.3 52.9


Maryland(2)

2,716.1 2,755.9 2,762.1 2,767.0 161.5 163.6 163.5 164.1 107.6 108.4 107.6 108.5

Massachusetts

3,628.6 3,681.9 3,688.8 3,694.4 157.2 162.6 161.4 160.1 246.3 247.1 247.1 247.5

Michigan

4,394.8 4,442.1 4,442.3 4,449.8 167.6 175.1 176.7 179.2 617.8 625.4 624.2 625.3

Minnesota

2,943.7 2,977.2 2,975.4 2,975.9 122.5 126.8 127.5 128.6 317.9 324.6 324.8 325.3

Mississippi

1,162.0 1,170.0 1,172.6 1,173.0 43.0 42.4 42.7 43.0 144.9 145.2 145.9 146.9


Missouri

2,880.6 2,913.1 2,915.5 2,919.6 121.6 123.0 120.2 120.4 269.4 272.2 274.1 273.7

Montana

476.7 479.5 481.1 481.4 27.8 29.1 29.1 28.8 20.1 20.5 20.3 20.2

Nebraska(2)

1,021.1 1,030.9 1,033.1 1,033.8 51.5 52.6 53.2 54.3 99.4 102.7 102.8 102.9

Nevada

1,359.8 1,400.0 1,405.9 1,412.2 86.5 93.5 94.8 97.1 50.6 57.0 57.6 58.2

New Hampshire

677.9 694.4 695.1 696.0 26.9 29.7 29.4 29.4 69.8 72.7 72.8 72.7


New Jersey

4,146.8 4,213.2 4,211.3 4,208.7 151.5 149.3 151.2 151.6 246.5 254.7 255.3 255.7

New Mexico

835.8 855.4 854.4 855.7 47.2 49.6 49.7 49.8 27.0 27.4 27.2 27.0

New York

9,573.0 9,676.0 9,683.1 9,694.9 386.9 399.6 400.0 401.5 444.1 443.5 444.5 445.8

North Carolina

4,449.2 4,534.5 4,535.2 4,536.4 210.5 218.2 216.7 216.9 468.1 473.8 473.4 475.6

North Dakota

426.2 434.8 433.5 435.2 24.9 27.7 28.1 27.8 24.9 25.5 25.2 25.2


Ohio

5,534.3 5,643.7 5,647.9 5,650.8 213.5 225.4 225.4 228.0 695.3 701.9 703.4 705.7

Oklahoma

1,677.9 1,702.0 1,702.8 1,703.4 79.3 77.6 79.2 79.9 129.1 130.8 131.3 131.6

Oregon

1,896.8 1,931.3 1,931.6 1,931.9 99.7 108.5 108.2 108.0 191.7 195.0 195.0 195.2

Pennsylvania

5,993.6 6,060.9 6,055.2 6,068.4 256.2 256.4 258.3 257.1 562.6 567.6 564.5 566.2

Rhode Island

497.9 503.6 502.8 505.0 18.7 19.4 18.8 19.6 41.5 41.2 41.0 40.9


South Carolina

2,110.0 2,134.6 2,140.4 2,151.2 102.8 98.6 98.4 97.7 242.8 244.9 245.6 246.7

South Dakota(2)

438.2 443.2 445.7 447.0 23.6 24.6 24.6 25.8 44.1 45.0 45.1 45.4

Tennessee(2)

3,027.0 3,085.6 3,091.9 3,086.1 124.4 129.3 128.9 129.0 349.5 354.5 356.4 355.6

Texas

12,352.3 12,689.4 12,706.1 12,744.1 731.8 771.5 774.1 778.6 858.1 884.1 893.6 896.7

Utah

1,490.3 1,528.0 1,530.6 1,536.7 101.6 102.4 102.3 102.8 130.6 135.5 135.5 135.1


Vermont

313.5 312.7 313.5 313.3 14.9 15.2 15.3 15.2 29.2 29.4 29.7 30.1

Virginia

3,954.1 4,025.1 4,031.2 4,031.1 197.3 203.6 204.8 205.5 236.4 243.3 245.5 248.1

Washington

3,370.7 3,456.0 3,463.3 3,474.7 207.5 214.1 214.3 216.7 284.5 291.9 294.7 296.5

West Virginia

748.6 753.9 753.0 753.3 34.3 34.4 35.2 35.4 47.2 47.4 47.5 47.2

Wisconsin

2,953.3 2,979.4 2,992.5 3,001.6 117.3 125.3 125.1 125.8 472.6 490.1 490.5 490.4

Wyoming

283.3 289.2 290.3 291.3 19.5 21.0 22.0 22.4 9.6 9.8 9.8 10.0


Puerto Rico(2)

846.4 853.7 850.7 853.1 21.1 20.1 19.8 20.8 69.8 70.7 71.1 71.2

Virgin Islands(3)

35.3 37.2 37.6 37.6 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)

Alabama

375.7 379.9 378.8 380.0 96.3 98.4 98.1 97.6 240.6 251.6 252.2 253.0

Alaska

63.3 62.7 63.0 62.6 11.7 11.5 11.2 11.1 27.8 27.9 27.3 27.6

Arizona

523.3 534.2 534.8 533.6 215.5 221.6 219.7 219.1 422.0 440.7 443.7 439.8

Arkansas

249.6 251.8 252.1 252.2 53.4 54.0 54.4 54.1 144.9 150.2 149.2 149.7

California

3,064.5 3,079.6 3,074.9 3,075.8 835.5 837.2 838.4 839.9 2,591.8 2,665.8 2,672.5 2,674.3


Colorado

464.2 472.4 476.2 475.6 166.6 168.9 168.2 168.5 418.1 435.4 437.9 439.9

Connecticut

299.6 295.4 294.6 295.0 127.8 129.9 130.3 130.4 219.3 223.3 222.6 220.8

Delaware

80.6 82.0 81.9 81.7 47.8 47.9 47.9 47.9 61.7 65.5 64.6 64.3

District of Columbia

33.2 34.1 33.6 33.4 30.1 31.7 31.8 31.6 166.9 167.3 166.2 168.1

Florida

1,758.4 1,773.9 1,777.8 1,779.9 572.5 586.2 589.7 591.8 1,339.5 1,370.4 1,378.8 1,378.8


Georgia

945.0 967.5 971.9 973.6 239.7 240.7 240.2 240.8 675.5 691.7 695.2 700.2

Hawaii

120.7 121.9 121.6 121.6 28.4 30.0 30.2 30.2 82.0 85.3 85.5 85.3

Idaho

141.5 141.4 141.5 142.3 36.2 36.2 36.3 36.4 90.2 94.8 95.4 95.6

Illinois

1,215.1 1,217.2 1,221.0 1,223.8 392.1 400.6 400.5 399.8 941.5 939.9 944.4 944.2

Indiana

598.1 611.1 608.9 609.0 135.8 140.0 140.1 140.3 337.7 344.5 345.3 346.5


Iowa

315.5 313.8 315.5 315.7 111.3 111.8 111.9 111.8 140.7 142.4 142.7 143.0

Kansas

268.9 274.2 274.4 273.2 77.8 80.4 80.6 80.3 179.5 183.4 184.6 186.5

Kentucky

406.4 413.8 415.9 416.7 93.0 94.9 94.0 94.0 213.7 215.5 217.8 220.0

Louisiana

376.4 381.7 380.8 380.5 91.4 93.1 93.6 94.4 215.9 212.2 211.9 212.3

Maine

119.9 120.2 120.6 120.8 31.5 31.9 32.0 32.1 67.5 66.8 67.4 66.9


Maryland

465.7 468.6 470.0 470.3 146.0 138.2 137.6 136.4 442.3 460.9 464.5 466.4

Massachusetts

577.7 582.4 586.0 585.6 221.9 222.9 222.1 222.5 571.8 596.4 598.8 602.5

Michigan

788.2 790.8 791.2 792.6 218.8 221.5 223.1 223.3 649.8 659.6 658.5 659.6

Minnesota

540.1 544.9 545.1 545.3 179.4 182.0 182.3 181.4 376.1 378.2 378.9 376.3

Mississippi

233.3 232.3 232.7 231.2 44.9 44.8 44.7 44.8 112.4 116.1 117.4 117.7


Missouri

545.4 547.0 548.0 546.4 174.2 175.5 176.1 176.1 390.8 397.2 397.2 398.4

Montana

94.9 93.7 93.8 93.7 24.7 24.5 24.6 24.9 41.8 42.8 43.5 43.5

Nebraska

203.4 200.5 201.2 199.7 74.4 75.4 75.1 75.8 117.9 122.1 122.4 122.3

Nevada

255.2 255.1 254.8 257.7 65.5 65.4 66.2 66.9 182.5 191.3 192.3 192.3

New Hampshire

140.4 142.9 143.1 142.7 35.1 36.1 36.3 36.0 81.5 81.9 80.9 81.5


New Jersey

891.1 909.7 910.4 908.0 246.4 247.6 247.0 247.5 667.3 690.7 687.0 686.8

New Mexico

136.2 138.1 137.7 137.1 34.6 35.4 35.6 35.8 104.4 109.4 108.3 108.2

New York

1,578.8 1,584.0 1,587.5 1,585.1 719.7 723.7 721.3 718.8 1,329.9 1,338.6 1,339.1 1,342.6

North Carolina

833.7 852.2 857.2 856.5 235.0 242.2 242.7 242.5 631.7 652.2 648.9 646.0

North Dakota

94.2 93.2 92.8 93.2 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.6 34.1 35.3 35.4 35.7


Ohio

1,021.2 1,046.3 1,045.6 1,043.8 310.7 311.1 311.0 311.9 714.2 728.0 730.8 727.1

Oklahoma

306.1 311.8 311.8 310.4 79.6 79.6 79.6 79.0 186.0 194.0 192.8 191.2

Oregon

352.0 358.2 356.1 354.7 101.2 101.3 101.6 101.1 245.8 248.9 251.0 249.1

Pennsylvania

1,128.2 1,131.7 1,132.9 1,129.6 322.5 328.0 327.7 327.2 809.5 831.9 829.8 829.2

Rhode Island

75.9 76.9 77.5 77.4 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7 68.9 69.5 69.7 70.3


South Carolina

398.7 409.8 412.9 414.4 101.6 101.9 102.7 102.1 278.7 283.9 283.7 286.8

South Dakota

86.2 86.4 88.4 87.7 29.6 29.4 29.5 29.6 31.8 34.0 34.4 34.9

Tennessee

620.5 635.2 638.1 635.3 159.4 160.4 161.4 161.6 409.6 418.8 419.2 419.0

Texas

2,470.4 2,539.2 2,548.9 2,553.1 764.5 784.8 784.0 784.4 1,691.9 1,766.0 1,767.4 1,767.5

Utah

281.4 293.7 294.9 296.0 84.9 87.6 87.3 87.8 206.8 211.7 212.0 212.5


Vermont

54.8 53.9 53.7 53.6 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.2 28.1 28.3 28.6 29.0

Virginia

662.0 673.8 673.6 670.9 206.2 210.9 211.0 210.2 730.0 753.1 753.5 750.6

Washington

633.8 655.0 656.2 658.8 156.4 162.3 162.0 162.5 423.3 440.6 440.5 440.0

West Virginia

131.9 134.3 133.6 133.0 26.8 26.8 26.9 26.8 66.6 65.8 65.7 65.2

Wisconsin

539.6 537.2 540.1 542.2 150.8 150.7 150.4 151.2 327.9 322.1 322.1 321.7

Wyoming

52.4 52.9 52.9 53.3 10.9 11.2 11.3 11.4 19.1 18.6 19.1 19.2


Puerto Rico

161.0 169.3 169.0 169.2 41.9 42.4 42.5 42.6 113.1 112.2 111.0 111.2

Virgin Islands(1)

7.2 7.3 7.4 7.3 - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)
Dec.
2017
Oct.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018(p)

Alabama

243.0 244.6 246.0 246.3 204.9 204.9 204.9 205.7 384.4 386.6 387.6 389.1

Alaska

49.7 50.4 50.8 50.6 35.5 35.9 36.1 36.4 80.4 80.6 80.6 80.2

Arizona

431.7 445.2 446.8 447.5 323.9 335.2 334.0 334.8 412.7 416.5 416.7 417.0

Arkansas

188.0 189.8 189.9 189.9 115.7 116.9 118.4 118.3 211.3 211.6 211.5 211.4

California

2,675.6 2,731.3 2,735.6 2,743.5 1,979.6 2,012.7 2,026.4 2,035.9 2,579.1 2,603.4 2,607.5 2,609.4


Colorado

334.5 341.9 338.5 341.4 340.4 350.8 351.4 352.4 440.0 445.5 446.3 447.0

Connecticut

336.1 342.1 342.0 343.1 154.6 159.4 160.0 160.5 231.1 227.9 228.0 227.5

Delaware

78.3 79.2 79.6 80.1 49.0 49.0 49.6 50.5 66.4 67.4 67.1 67.2

District of Columbia

137.2 134.1 134.9 135.6 76.9 78.9 78.9 79.0 238.5 237.0 236.9 237.0

Florida

1,279.8 1,324.6 1,327.1 1,333.8 1,221.7 1,264.1 1,264.9 1,267.5 1,111.4 1,099.0 1,100.7 1,101.6


Georgia

579.0 591.5 592.5 594.6 485.6 494.1 494.0 498.9 686.4 692.4 694.3 693.7

Hawaii

86.1 87.0 86.9 87.3 126.1 128.2 127.5 128.8 125.5 125.0 127.5 126.1

Idaho

104.8 105.3 106.1 106.1 76.4 76.8 76.8 77.3 125.1 127.0 127.0 127.8

Illinois

923.7 931.3 933.7 934.9 613.9 621.1 619.5 624.1 830.8 845.5 849.2 855.5

Indiana

476.7 476.1 478.8 483.0 306.6 302.4 303.3 304.8 426.0 426.1 426.8 427.8


Iowa

232.2 233.1 232.7 234.2 146.4 143.6 142.2 143.5 259.2 259.6 259.7 260.3

Kansas

198.5 198.7 198.5 198.6 131.2 131.3 131.5 131.3 256.8 259.4 259.5 259.7

Kentucky

273.0 274.0 275.3 276.0 197.6 194.7 194.5 193.2 314.6 314.3 314.4 313.9

Louisiana

315.6 320.4 321.7 321.2 236.3 238.4 238.6 238.7 325.6 323.7 324.1 323.7

Maine

128.5 129.3 129.4 129.0 66.1 67.5 67.7 67.6 99.8 100.3 100.2 100.0


Maryland

467.4 477.0 479.0 480.9 273.0 281.4 284.0 284.1 503.4 503.6 502.6 503.3

Massachusetts

795.6 809.9 810.5 811.2 375.6 373.8 375.2 375.6 452.8 452.0 452.5 452.6

Michigan

671.7 677.7 677.5 679.7 437.9 444.4 443.9 443.4 610.0 612.5 612.8 612.2

Minnesota

540.3 540.8 537.2 536.5 269.2 277.7 279.3 281.4 427.0 430.6 429.9 429.8

Mississippi

145.7 146.1 146.4 146.0 136.4 139.1 138.9 140.0 243.1 244.8 245.1 244.5


Missouri

467.1 478.7 477.9 479.3 307.8 314.5 317.4 320.0 432.3 434.2 434.2 434.5

Montana

77.0 76.9 77.0 77.1 66.5 66.0 66.6 66.4 91.7 92.3 92.6 92.9

Nebraska

154.9 156.7 156.6 156.2 93.5 95.6 96.3 96.5 172.0 172.3 172.9 173.2

Nevada

136.8 141.1 140.7 141.0 349.1 357.3 358.6 357.7 163.2 166.7 168.3 168.7

New Hampshire

124.7 127.1 127.2 127.5 71.7 75.2 75.8 76.4 89.8 90.6 91.0 91.0


New Jersey

704.5 712.6 714.6 713.1 380.8 384.7 383.3 383.1 614.0 615.3 614.3 614.0

New Mexico

140.1 141.2 141.3 141.7 97.8 105.2 105.0 105.8 187.2 187.3 187.6 188.0

New York

2,026.2 2,071.5 2,075.2 2,086.6 947.5 964.7 964.8 964.4 1,449.1 1,450.1 1,451.0 1,451.2

North Carolina

602.7 615.7 615.0 615.9 496.7 503.5 504.7 506.6 734.5 738.0 738.5 739.0

North Dakota

63.1 64.3 64.6 65.1 37.7 40.1 39.2 39.0 81.6 80.6 80.6 81.0


Ohio

929.7 949.2 951.2 951.2 566.1 580.7 580.3 580.0 782.0 790.9 790.3 793.7

Oklahoma

236.1 237.2 237.9 238.0 171.6 175.2 174.8 176.1 351.0 352.0 352.0 352.2

Oregon

276.8 297.9 298.0 299.0 213.5 218.2 218.6 220.2 309.9 296.0 297.1 298.0

Pennsylvania

1,270.0 1,292.0 1,288.3 1,295.2 572.9 578.6 580.6 589.4 699.7 701.5 700.7 701.8

Rhode Island

108.0 108.9 109.3 109.6 57.7 59.4 58.5 58.6 60.9 60.6 60.7 60.8


South Carolina

248.7 254.1 254.2 254.8 259.6 262.6 263.7 268.9 366.8 368.9 369.6 369.8

South Dakota

73.1 72.5 72.4 72.8 47.5 47.7 47.9 47.8 79.7 80.3 80.4 80.3

Tennessee

436.5 441.1 439.2 438.3 335.5 350.4 352.8 352.1 430.9 433.7 434.1 434.1

Texas

1,674.3 1,716.3 1,715.8 1,723.7 1,359.7 1,384.2 1,375.0 1,385.2 1,942.7 1,940.5 1,943.1 1,945.7

Utah

201.3 207.3 206.9 207.3 149.8 151.4 152.2 153.8 245.7 250.7 250.9 251.3


Vermont

65.9 66.6 66.4 66.8 37.2 36.5 36.6 36.0 55.9 55.8 55.9 55.8

Virginia

528.9 546.0 547.1 548.5 397.9 415.2 415.7 415.9 716.1 697.6 699.2 700.2

Washington

482.1 491.0 492.6 493.4 336.0 340.2 341.7 342.2 590.7 594.0 595.0 596.6

West Virginia

130.9 132.5 132.4 133.1 74.0 74.8 74.9 74.9 153.6 155.4 155.4 155.7

Wisconsin

453.0 458.5 459.9 461.4 283.3 284.8 290.5 295.2 406.3 407.4 409.7 409.7

Wyoming

27.9 28.6 28.5 28.6 36.2 38.3 38.6 38.4 69.4 69.5 69.4 69.3


Puerto Rico

116.4 117.3 117.0 116.6 77.0 79.9 79.2 79.3 211.6 207.8 207.0 207.7

Virgin Islands

2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.5 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
November December November December November December
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

2,034.4 2,068.6 2,028.3 2,072.6 9.9 10.1 9.8 10.0 86.7 88.1 84.3 88.0

Alaska

314.1 312.4 312.3 311.2 12.7 12.9 12.6 13.2 14.6 14.7 14.4 14.3

Arizona

2,834.4 2,938.0 2,838.2 2,932.1 11.8 11.9 11.6 11.8 150.4 169.6 151.1 170.3

Arkansas

1,252.3 1,264.9 1,244.9 1,261.4 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.3 52.2 53.4 50.9 53.0

California

17,119.2 17,421.4 17,140.0 17,435.1 22.6 22.2 21.9 22.1 835.1 863.7 827.0 847.0


Colorado

2,692.0 2,760.3 2,704.7 2,780.0 27.3 31.4 27.5 32.2 169.4 170.6 168.7 168.6

Connecticut

1,696.9 1,720.9 1,700.2 1,720.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 59.7 66.3 56.0 66.0

Delaware(1)

460.7 468.0 458.7 468.7 - - - - 22.6 24.1 22.7 24.4

District of Columbia(1)

798.4 797.7 797.1 799.1 - - - - 15.6 16.1 15.5 16.0

Florida

8,711.5 8,948.5 8,754.5 8,986.9 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.8 520.7 552.6 521.1 555.0


Georgia

4,524.6 4,623.8 4,515.4 4,634.6 9.4 9.4 9.6 9.4 190.3 209.2 189.9 211.4

Hawaii(1)

661.4 672.3 665.5 675.1 - - - - 37.4 35.0 37.5 35.8

Idaho

731.1 744.5 726.9 741.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 47.6 48.6 45.9 46.6

Illinois

6,156.3 6,211.2 6,117.4 6,189.4 7.7 7.8 7.5 7.5 229.1 233.8 215.7 219.2

Indiana

3,150.0 3,181.5 3,133.9 3,181.8 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.3 141.5 152.0 136.3 150.7


Iowa

1,595.1 1,612.6 1,586.0 1,602.1 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 78.1 84.7 70.5 75.1

Kansas

1,427.7 1,448.4 1,424.6 1,444.5 6.9 7.2 6.9 7.2 60.6 61.8 59.2 60.3

Kentucky

1,943.2 1,960.5 1,943.1 1,965.1 10.3 10.5 10.3 10.5 78.1 77.4 75.3 77.0

Louisiana

1,986.7 2,008.0 1,982.9 2,002.0 35.2 35.4 34.2 34.8 145.2 148.1 144.2 146.7

Maine

623.9 629.8 622.1 624.9 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 29.2 28.8 27.5 26.6


Maryland

2,744.6 2,780.6 2,726.1 2,778.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 162.4 162.9 159.6 162.1

Massachusetts

3,653.4 3,715.8 3,645.6 3,711.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 160.8 166.2 156.6 159.0

Michigan

4,433.2 4,484.1 4,410.2 4,463.1 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.9 169.2 179.1 161.1 172.9

Minnesota

2,956.6 2,990.1 2,941.5 2,972.9 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.0 122.5 129.4 114.6 122.3

Mississippi

1,167.9 1,183.3 1,167.5 1,179.0 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.5 43.1 42.9 43.1 43.0


Missouri

2,905.1 2,938.1 2,894.8 2,934.2 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.2 126.1 121.7 122.0 120.6

Montana

471.7 479.8 473.5 479.2 7.0 7.3 6.9 7.2 27.3 29.5 26.5 27.5

Nebraska

1,027.0 1,041.2 1,024.8 1,037.5 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 51.0 53.0 48.5 51.6

Nevada

1,362.4 1,415.0 1,365.9 1,418.4 14.4 14.5 14.3 14.4 85.5 95.3 86.5 97.6

New Hampshire

683.6 698.9 681.6 699.4 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 28.0 30.1 26.8 29.3


New Jersey

4,182.3 4,246.8 4,186.1 4,246.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 156.9 155.2 151.7 152.5

New Mexico

842.8 860.9 840.9 861.3 21.3 21.4 21.1 22.1 47.9 50.6 47.3 49.9

New York

9,666.6 9,784.0 9,660.9 9,784.0 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 395.3 408.3 381.1 395.6

North Carolina

4,480.5 4,580.4 4,484.6 4,569.1 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.5 211.9 217.9 211.5 216.8

North Dakota

431.7 438.0 427.6 435.9 19.0 21.1 18.7 21.7 25.9 28.7 22.8 25.6


Ohio

5,576.4 5,691.9 5,560.6 5,673.7 12.0 12.8 11.5 12.7 220.2 229.4 206.5 221.1

Oklahoma

1,693.9 1,720.7 1,691.0 1,715.7 51.1 55.9 50.7 57.0 78.2 79.6 79.0 80.0

Oregon

1,898.1 1,942.4 1,904.0 1,939.3 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 98.3 108.2 97.8 105.6

Pennsylvania

6,039.7 6,117.5 6,037.8 6,116.0 27.8 30.5 27.6 30.6 256.9 262.5 250.9 252.9

Rhode Island

502.4 507.4 499.0 506.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 20.0 19.9 18.9 19.8


South Carolina

2,114.3 2,149.8 2,114.5 2,157.7 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.5 100.9 97.8 102.4 97.4

South Dakota

436.5 445.6 435.4 444.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 23.3 24.3 21.4 23.7

Tennessee

3,066.3 3,130.6 3,061.3 3,117.4 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 122.6 126.1 120.3 124.8

Texas

12,432.0 12,793.1 12,435.6 12,818.5 230.2 267.7 231.2 271.7 731.6 778.1 729.7 776.3

Utah

1,499.6 1,543.3 1,500.4 1,547.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 102.0 103.4 99.4 100.7


Vermont

317.5 315.9 319.5 318.4 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 15.8 15.9 14.8 14.8

Virginia

3,986.5 4,060.4 3,976.6 4,049.6 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.4 196.9 205.6 195.3 203.5

Washington

3,381.2 3,482.2 3,370.8 3,477.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 204.0 212.9 201.7 212.7

West Virginia

758.4 764.9 756.7 762.4 21.6 21.3 21.8 21.7 35.4 37.0 34.0 35.4

Wisconsin

2,975.4 3,018.2 2,957.8 3,007.8 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.4 118.5 126.6 112.9 121.0

Wyoming

278.9 287.2 280.4 288.6 20.5 21.2 20.6 21.2 19.5 22.5 18.5 21.3


Puerto Rico

854.0 861.5 866.8 874.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 20.5 19.8 21.6 21.5

Virgin Islands(1)

35.8 37.6 35.4 37.7 - - - - 2.0 2.5 1.9 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
November December November December November December
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

263.8 273.9 265.6 276.9 387.2 387.6 384.8 388.9 21.1 21.4 21.3 21.5

Alaska

7.9 7.4 6.7 6.3 61.4 60.7 61.4 60.5 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7

Arizona

166.8 176.9 169.9 177.6 540.8 551.7 540.9 550.1 44.8 49.0 44.9 49.5

Arkansas

158.5 160.5 158.0 161.9 253.6 254.9 253.5 255.3 13.0 12.1 12.8 12.1

California

1,310.3 1,316.0 1,310.2 1,316.1 3,149.5 3,161.2 3,171.7 3,183.6 540.1 547.7 537.9 545.7


Colorado

145.1 148.4 144.7 150.1 468.5 482.3 473.9 485.6 72.8 75.7 73.6 75.2

Connecticut

161.4 164.1 164.1 164.4 306.2 302.8 310.8 306.2 31.0 31.0 30.6 31.2

Delaware

25.9 26.4 26.0 26.4 83.1 83.6 83.4 84.2 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.2

District of Columbia

1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 34.1 33.8 34.0 34.0 18.5 19.5 18.5 19.6

Florida

366.6 378.2 368.5 380.8 1,786.6 1,812.7 1,809.5 1,831.9 138.6 140.1 137.9 140.0


Georgia

400.6 402.3 402.0 405.9 959.7 986.8 964.7 993.5 119.4 118.7 117.0 115.8

Hawaii

14.2 13.7 14.1 13.9 123.0 123.4 123.4 123.8 9.2 9.6 9.1 9.6

Idaho

68.4 71.8 68.5 70.6 143.7 144.3 143.3 144.5 9.1 8.5 9.2 8.6

Illinois

585.7 593.9 588.0 593.3 1,243.3 1,248.4 1,249.7 1,260.6 96.5 93.3 96.5 92.7

Indiana

530.7 534.5 533.4 536.1 611.6 623.0 609.8 621.1 30.2 29.0 30.3 28.8


Iowa

220.0 229.0 222.8 230.8 319.6 321.2 320.5 320.8 21.9 21.2 22.0 21.3

Kansas

164.2 167.3 163.5 167.8 273.9 279.7 274.6 278.4 19.3 17.4 19.5 17.3

Kentucky

250.6 253.9 250.5 255.0 412.5 423.0 416.5 427.0 22.6 22.3 22.7 22.1

Louisiana

133.6 138.9 134.3 139.1 383.3 386.6 384.4 387.6 22.0 22.4 21.7 22.4

Maine

52.2 53.2 51.8 53.3 121.9 123.0 123.1 124.1 7.2 6.8 7.1 6.7


Maryland

108.2 108.0 107.7 108.8 477.7 479.2 480.9 485.5 36.5 37.6 36.5 37.8

Massachusetts

245.0 246.5 246.8 248.2 588.3 596.0 593.0 599.9 90.8 93.7 89.8 93.4

Michigan

619.1 626.7 619.1 626.7 803.9 806.3 805.3 809.0 55.9 55.5 55.9 55.4

Minnesota

318.3 324.0 316.7 323.7 546.7 554.3 551.5 556.4 50.5 50.8 50.3 51.4

Mississippi

144.2 146.2 145.3 147.3 236.2 237.1 239.2 237.0 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.2


Missouri

267.7 273.9 269.9 274.8 554.6 557.3 555.7 555.9 51.7 51.9 51.5 51.9

Montana

20.4 20.7 20.4 20.4 94.9 94.3 95.9 95.0 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.4

Nebraska

99.6 103.1 99.6 103.0 207.0 205.0 208.2 204.4 18.0 16.8 17.9 16.9

Nevada

50.2 57.5 50.5 58.1 260.3 262.2 263.2 266.2 14.5 14.7 14.4 14.5

New Hampshire

69.8 72.9 70.0 72.8 144.0 146.1 144.6 146.7 12.5 12.2 12.5 12.2


New Jersey

245.1 255.2 247.2 255.8 910.9 928.8 919.8 936.0 70.4 69.4 69.9 68.8

New Mexico

26.9 27.2 27.0 27.0 138.8 140.3 139.5 139.8 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.4

New York

443.9 443.5 443.5 445.3 1,616.7 1,627.5 1,629.6 1,635.7 271.4 269.7 270.3 267.3

North Carolina

470.6 476.0 469.9 477.1 846.0 872.8 855.3 878.3 80.0 83.0 80.7 82.6

North Dakota

25.0 25.4 25.1 25.3 95.5 94.1 95.8 94.8 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.2


Ohio

691.8 703.0 696.5 708.0 1,045.7 1,069.9 1,051.2 1,071.8 71.4 70.0 71.7 69.4

Oklahoma

130.5 132.3 129.4 131.9 311.0 317.9 312.6 317.1 20.1 18.4 20.1 18.4

Oregon

188.7 193.8 190.4 193.9 359.3 363.9 362.4 364.0 34.4 34.2 34.0 34.3

Pennsylvania

561.9 565.2 564.2 567.8 1,151.5 1,160.0 1,166.7 1,167.7 81.2 79.6 82.1 79.3

Rhode Island

41.2 41.1 41.7 41.1 77.9 78.9 78.1 79.5 6.1 6.3 6.1 6.2


South Carolina

242.5 246.2 243.6 247.6 405.1 419.9 407.1 423.5 27.9 27.4 28.0 27.9

South Dakota

43.9 45.4 44.2 45.6 86.3 88.5 86.8 88.1 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6

Tennessee

350.9 356.7 349.6 355.6 634.8 652.1 635.5 650.2 46.2 45.6 45.7 45.1

Texas

856.9 893.1 859.7 897.9 2,514.6 2,597.0 2,530.9 2,612.8 199.9 198.0 201.3 197.1

Utah

130.4 136.2 131.2 135.6 286.6 300.0 288.6 303.6 39.4 39.0 39.4 39.9


Vermont

29.5 30.0 29.3 30.3 55.7 54.4 56.4 55.0 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.2

Virginia

234.7 245.7 236.6 248.7 674.8 687.5 682.9 691.1 67.0 65.8 67.8 65.9

Washington

281.6 294.2 282.0 294.4 647.4 668.3 646.6 671.1 128.5 137.1 129.3 137.4

West Virginia

46.9 47.6 47.2 47.2 137.1 138.3 137.3 138.5 8.4 8.1 8.3 8.2

Wisconsin

471.7 490.5 471.8 489.3 553.0 553.4 553.3 555.7 47.0 47.7 47.4 48.0

Wyoming

9.8 10.1 9.8 10.2 52.7 53.2 52.9 53.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6


Puerto Rico

70.8 71.8 70.9 72.6 164.2 172.3 168.3 176.5 17.1 16.7 17.0 17.2

Virgin Islands

0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
November December November December November December
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

96.4 98.2 96.4 97.6 241.8 253.3 239.4 252.0 245.1 248.1 245.2 249.0

Alaska

11.7 11.1 11.6 11.0 26.9 26.1 26.7 26.4 49.7 50.7 49.9 50.7

Arizona

218.1 220.1 217.1 220.7 428.8 451.5 430.3 448.4 435.4 451.1 436.1 451.9

Arkansas

53.1 54.4 53.5 54.3 147.5 151.2 145.8 150.0 189.3 191.7 188.6 190.8

California

833.7 838.7 837.5 842.9 2,598.9 2,692.3 2,607.4 2,689.3 2,687.0 2,748.5 2,690.4 2,758.9


Colorado

167.3 167.0 168.9 169.7 419.4 439.7 417.3 439.1 337.5 341.7 335.4 342.6

Connecticut

128.0 130.5 127.4 130.2 218.0 224.1 220.0 221.2 340.7 346.4 340.4 347.4

Delaware

48.0 47.9 48.0 48.0 64.5 66.7 63.4 65.9 78.9 79.9 78.6 80.7

District of Columbia

29.9 31.8 30.2 31.6 167.5 167.0 167.6 169.0 141.1 138.7 139.0 138.2

Florida

571.9 591.2 574.9 595.4 1,349.8 1,393.5 1,354.3 1,394.2 1,283.6 1,334.4 1,288.4 1,342.3


Georgia

243.2 241.9 241.3 242.5 681.4 704.7 678.0 706.7 581.1 597.8 583.1 598.8

Hawaii

28.5 30.5 28.6 30.4 81.8 85.9 82.6 85.9 86.3 87.6 86.8 88.1

Idaho

36.0 36.3 36.3 36.5 90.3 95.5 89.7 94.7 105.6 107.0 105.5 106.7

Illinois

392.4 399.6 391.8 398.7 958.4 962.6 942.5 946.0 936.8 945.1 928.8 939.3

Indiana

137.0 140.0 135.7 140.1 345.4 350.4 340.5 349.0 481.6 485.2 479.6 487.8


Iowa

110.1 112.0 111.7 112.1 142.0 143.9 139.9 141.8 235.4 236.8 235.1 237.3

Kansas

77.7 80.6 77.9 80.3 181.9 186.4 179.8 186.9 199.4 199.8 199.9 200.1

Kentucky

92.8 94.1 93.3 94.1 220.9 224.0 222.9 229.6 274.1 276.7 275.0 278.8

Louisiana

91.6 93.6 91.4 94.6 218.3 213.6 217.3 213.6 317.2 324.0 316.5 322.0

Maine

31.1 31.8 31.3 31.8 67.3 67.8 67.0 66.6 129.4 130.4 129.6 129.7


Maryland

146.3 137.9 145.8 136.2 446.7 466.2 439.2 463.8 473.6 486.2 470.2 485.2

Massachusetts

221.4 221.5 222.3 222.6 575.4 602.5 569.4 599.9 806.7 820.9 804.3 819.4

Michigan

218.0 222.7 218.6 223.3 659.5 668.3 651.5 660.2 679.2 685.3 676.4 684.2

Minnesota

179.1 182.0 179.5 181.3 378.0 381.9 377.0 377.4 542.9 540.9 541.5 536.9

Mississippi

45.4 45.0 45.1 44.9 112.1 119.2 113.9 119.5 146.8 147.5 146.7 146.8


Missouri

172.6 175.1 173.5 175.3 395.4 400.0 392.5 399.8 472.7 482.4 468.8 481.7

Montana

24.6 24.8 25.0 25.3 40.8 43.0 40.8 42.5 76.6 77.1 77.2 77.4

Nebraska

74.1 75.1 74.5 76.0 117.6 122.9 117.9 122.1 155.7 157.8 155.9 156.9

Nevada

65.9 66.4 65.8 67.3 180.9 194.7 181.8 191.8 136.6 141.1 137.5 141.6

New Hampshire

34.9 36.0 35.0 35.9 82.4 81.2 81.4 81.4 125.7 128.4 125.1 128.1


New Jersey

247.2 245.7 246.8 247.7 676.8 698.5 673.4 692.8 709.1 720.0 713.7 722.2

New Mexico

34.7 35.8 34.9 36.1 105.7 108.5 104.7 108.1 140.7 142.2 140.3 142.4

New York

717.5 719.6 721.9 720.2 1,336.3 1,347.1 1,335.7 1,349.5 2,066.7 2,115.5 2,059.2 2,121.8

North Carolina

232.6 241.7 233.6 241.5 632.0 655.9 633.1 646.9 607.8 621.6 608.5 621.9

North Dakota

24.4 24.8 24.5 24.6 34.3 35.4 33.6 35.1 63.3 64.8 63.4 65.3


Ohio

308.0 310.3 310.4 311.9 724.9 737.4 717.4 727.6 939.3 962.3 937.3 958.4

Oklahoma

79.9 79.8 80.0 79.3 187.7 194.5 187.0 191.3 236.9 239.5 237.1 238.9

Oregon

100.7 101.5 101.3 101.3 244.2 251.1 245.2 248.8 279.7 301.2 279.7 302.1

Pennsylvania

322.4 328.4 323.3 328.0 814.2 836.1 809.6 829.2 1,287.9 1,308.8 1,282.4 1,309.6

Rhode Island

36.3 36.6 36.5 36.5 69.3 70.3 68.6 70.2 110.2 111.9 109.6 111.7


South Carolina

101.7 102.6 101.0 101.4 282.5 286.6 279.8 288.5 250.7 256.3 250.4 256.3

South Dakota

29.2 29.3 29.5 29.5 31.1 34.4 31.6 34.9 73.8 72.7 73.5 73.4

Tennessee

159.2 161.1 159.6 161.8 414.0 426.6 419.2 427.6 441.7 443.9 440.2 441.8

Texas

767.4 785.8 766.8 786.6 1,705.7 1,779.3 1,702.3 1,769.4 1,683.7 1,722.7 1,680.9 1,729.4

Utah

85.4 87.8 85.3 88.1 210.2 214.1 207.2 212.6 205.2 211.6 204.0 209.9


Vermont

12.1 12.2 12.3 12.2 28.5 28.6 27.7 28.6 66.3 66.8 66.3 67.1

Virginia

205.9 211.0 206.5 210.4 736.9 759.7 733.7 753.4 538.6 553.6 530.5 548.2

Washington

156.2 161.5 155.9 161.8 424.6 442.5 421.5 437.9 487.1 498.0 486.3 497.3

West Virginia

26.7 26.8 26.9 26.9 66.2 66.2 66.6 65.1 132.5 134.2 132.3 134.9

Wisconsin

152.0 150.4 150.6 151.1 329.4 324.7 326.5 319.7 456.3 464.4 455.6 464.7

Wyoming

10.9 11.2 11.0 11.4 18.6 18.8 18.7 18.9 27.7 28.5 27.9 28.6


Puerto Rico

42.2 42.7 42.3 43.0 115.2 112.8 116.9 114.9 117.5 119.0 119.9 119.9

Virgin Islands

2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1 3.7 3.1 3.7 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
November December November December November December
2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p) 2017 2018 2017 2018(p)

Alabama

199.5 201.6 200.5 201.1 93.7 94.7 93.7 95.3 389.2 391.6 387.3 392.3

Alaska

30.9 31.4 31.3 32.2 11.1 10.6 10.9 10.4 81.4 81.2 80.9 80.5

Arizona

320.3 333.7 322.9 333.7 88.5 89.8 88.9 89.4 428.7 432.7 424.5 428.7

Arkansas

114.9 116.7 112.0 114.7 48.2 48.1 48.6 48.4 216.2 216.4 215.4 215.6

California

1,965.6 2,018.3 1,971.7 2,030.7 566.2 563.9 562.1 558.9 2,610.2 2,648.9 2,602.2 2,639.9


Colorado

327.0 338.1 341.1 353.2 107.9 108.9 107.8 110.6 449.8 456.5 445.8 453.1

Connecticut

150.3 156.3 151.1 157.1 64.8 65.9 64.4 64.8 236.2 233.0 234.9 231.4

Delaware

46.7 46.9 45.6 47.0 18.5 19.6 18.8 19.4 68.0 68.7 67.7 68.5

District of Columbia

76.7 78.5 76.6 78.4 74.9 74.8 75.8 74.1 238.8 236.1 238.6 236.8

Florida

1,207.1 1,258.0 1,216.2 1,261.6 350.4 361.4 350.3 361.3 1,130.6 1,120.6 1,127.8 1,118.6


Georgia

479.7 491.6 479.3 493.5 158.7 158.5 160.1 158.3 701.1 702.9 690.4 698.8

Hawaii

125.0 126.8 126.6 129.2 27.8 28.4 27.9 28.4 128.2 131.4 128.9 130.0

Idaho

74.1 73.9 73.5 74.2 25.6 26.0 25.3 26.5 127.1 129.0 126.2 128.9

Illinois

605.4 610.7 599.6 610.3 250.1 249.2 251.1 251.1 850.9 866.8 846.2 870.7

Indiana

298.7 296.9 298.6 297.6 126.3 123.4 125.3 123.7 440.9 440.7 438.4 440.6


Iowa

141.0 138.1 140.0 137.6 57.0 55.7 56.0 56.2 267.5 267.5 265.2 266.7

Kansas

127.8 129.9 129.0 129.3 50.8 50.3 50.4 49.9 265.2 268.0 263.9 267.0

Kentucky

195.6 193.2 191.4 186.3 67.3 67.6 67.3 67.7 318.4 317.8 317.9 317.0

Louisiana

234.2 238.0 235.3 237.6 73.7 77.3 74.2 76.7 332.4 330.1 329.4 326.9

Maine

58.3 59.6 57.7 58.7 21.4 22.4 21.5 22.3 103.6 103.7 103.2 102.8


Maryland

264.0 272.5 260.3 270.8 114.6 117.1 113.2 115.7 513.3 511.8 511.5 511.1

Massachusetts

360.5 361.7 358.7 359.8 138.4 139.9 137.7 141.2 464.9 465.7 465.9 466.6

Michigan

422.9 428.0 421.5 425.9 169.2 171.4 170.2 172.2 629.0 633.7 623.6 626.4

Minnesota

256.8 265.0 254.7 266.5 116.5 114.7 115.6 114.7 438.6 440.8 433.8 436.3

Mississippi

136.3 138.9 134.1 138.3 40.3 41.1 39.7 40.8 245.2 247.6 242.2 243.7


Missouri

299.2 312.1 296.8 310.2 116.1 114.1 116.4 114.8 444.7 445.4 443.4 445.0

Montana

61.8 62.6 63.2 63.3 18.6 20.1 18.7 20.2 93.2 94.1 92.5 94.0

Nebraska

90.3 94.1 90.4 93.6 36.7 36.0 36.4 36.1 175.9 176.3 174.5 175.8

Nevada

345.7 354.1 343.5 351.5 41.5 43.5 41.2 43.1 166.9 171.0 167.2 172.3

New Hampshire

66.9 70.6 67.0 71.4 24.8 25.6 24.2 25.5 93.6 94.8 94.1 95.2


New Jersey

361.7 368.0 363.3 366.4 172.6 176.1 172.6 177.8 630.2 628.6 626.4 625.1

New Mexico

95.4 102.6 96.3 104.7 28.0 28.2 27.8 27.9 191.6 192.4 190.5 191.9

New York

928.7 948.3 926.5 942.0 415.6 427.7 417.1 428.2 1,469.3 1,471.6 1,471.1 1,473.6

North Carolina

487.1 497.0 483.9 493.6 150.6 148.9 150.8 148.7 756.1 760.1 751.6 756.2

North Dakota

38.2 39.0 37.6 38.5 16.4 16.1 16.3 15.9 83.3 82.3 83.3 82.9


Ohio

546.2 563.4 548.6 564.0 216.2 225.8 217.3 225.9 800.7 807.6 792.2 802.9

Oklahoma

170.6 173.4 168.2 173.0 69.4 70.1 69.0 69.7 358.5 359.3 357.9 359.1

Oregon

205.3 212.8 206.8 213.7 65.4 65.2 65.5 65.9 315.0 303.5 314.0 303.0

Pennsylvania

554.0 565.1 553.7 571.9 260.7 261.9 262.6 262.6 721.2 719.4 714.7 716.4

Rhode Island

56.4 56.5 54.7 55.2 23.0 24.0 22.8 24.3 61.8 61.7 61.8 61.8


South Carolina

249.4 255.9 248.3 258.4 77.4 76.9 77.8 77.2 371.9 375.7 371.9 375.0

South Dakota

44.3 45.5 44.2 44.8 16.9 17.2 16.7 16.7 81.0 81.7 80.9 81.5

Tennessee

332.9 351.0 331.6 347.4 114.6 116.3 114.2 114.8 445.3 447.0 441.3 444.2

Texas

1,342.7 1,361.6 1,337.3 1,364.6 429.6 438.5 426.8 439.4 1,969.7 1,971.3 1,968.7 1,973.3

Utah

143.5 147.2 148.9 153.4 39.7 41.1 39.8 41.5 248.7 254.5 248.3 254.0


Vermont

35.7 34.3 39.2 37.7 10.1 10.0 10.2 9.7 58.7 58.7 58.2 58.1

Virginia

391.9 406.8 386.3 403.7 204.1 207.0 202.9 206.8 727.4 709.3 725.9 709.5

Washington

324.7 334.1 329.5 336.2 120.7 122.9 119.7 123.4 600.3 604.6 592.3 598.8

West Virginia

73.0 74.0 72.5 73.4 53.2 52.2 53.3 52.4 157.4 159.2 156.5 158.7

Wisconsin

270.5 279.2 267.9 280.2 151.1 152.0 151.1 152.2 421.2 424.6 416.4 421.5

Wyoming

30.9 33.6 32.9 35.3 14.4 14.2 14.3 14.0 70.3 70.3 70.2 70.2


Puerto Rico

73.6 79.9 78.5 80.9 17.4 17.4 17.8 17.7 215.0 208.6 213.1 209.4

Virgin Islands

6.4 6.6 6.2 6.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.7

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2017 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019