State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, October 20, 2017                   USDL-17-1403

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- SEPTEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in September in 11 states, higher in 4 states, and 
stable in 35 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Twenty-two states had jobless rate decreases from a 
year earlier, 1 state had an increase, and 27 states and the District had little 
or no change. The national unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point from 
August to 4.2 percent and was 0.7 point lower than in September 2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 6 states in September 2017, increased in 
5 states, and was essentially unchanged in 39 states and the District of Columbia. 
Over the year, 28 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 22 states and the District 
were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

North Dakota had the lowest unemployment rate in September, 2.4 percent, closely 
followed by Colorado and Hawaii, 2.5 percent each. The rates in Idaho (2.8 percent)
and Tennessee (3.0 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin 
in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 7.2 percent. In total, 15 states 
had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 4.2 percent, 13 states and 
the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 22 states had rates that were not 
appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)


    __________________________________________________________________________________ 
   |                                                                                  |
   |                      Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria                          |
   |                                                                                  |
   |  Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Texas prior to the September 2017 reference   |
   |  period for both the establishment and household surveys. Hurricane Irma made    |
   |  landfall in Florida during the reference period for both surveys. However, for  |
   |  both surveys, data collection rates generally were within normal ranges, both   |
   |  nationally and in the affected states. Therefore, no changes were made to the   |
   |  estimation procedures for September.                                            |
   |                                                                                  |
   |  In the establishment survey, employees who are not paid for the pay period that |
   |  includes the 12th of the month are not counted as employed. In the household    |
   |  survey, persons with a job are counted as employed even if they miss work for   |
   |  the entire survey reference week (the week including the 12th of the month),    |
   |  regardless of whether or not they are paid. For a general discussion of how     |
   |  unusually severe weather can affect the estimates, see the Frequently Asked     |
   |  Questions section of the Employment Situation news release at                   |
   |  www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.faq.htm.                                        |
   |                                                                                  |
   |  Due to Hurricanes Irma and Maria, Puerto Rico was not able to conduct normal    |
   |  data collection for either its household or establishment surveys for           |
   |  September. Likewise, the U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its     |
   |  establishment survey for September. National estimates do not include Puerto    |
   |  Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands.                                                |
   |                                                                                  |
   |  More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection |
   |  and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. |
   |__________________________________________________________________________________|


In September, 11 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in 
Alabama (-0.4 percentage point), closely followed by Arizona, Kentucky, Massachusetts, 
and Tennessee (-0.3 point each). Four states had notable rate increases, the largest 
of which were in Michigan (+0.4 percentage point) and Indiana (+0.3 point). The 
remaining 35 states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not 
notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were 
at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-two states had unemployment rate decreases from September 2016. The largest 
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.2 percentage points and -1.9 points, 
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increase was in South Dakota (+0.5 
percentage point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Six states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in September 
2017. The largest decrease in employment over the month occurred in Florida 
(-127,400), followed by New York (-34,100) and Missouri (-10,500). In percentage 
terms, the largest decreases occurred in Florida (-1.5 percent), Wyoming (-0.9 
percent), and New Hampshire and Rhode Island (-0.7 percent each). Five states had 
over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in September. The largest
increase in employment occurred in California (+52,200), followed by Washington
(+13,800) and Indiana (+11,400). In percentage terms, the largest increase
occurred in Nebraska (+0.5 percent), followed by Arizona, Indiana, and Washington
(+0.4 percent each). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-eight states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
September. The largest job gains occurred in California (+280,300), Texas (+256,100), 
and New York (+93,100). The largest percentage gains occurred in Nevada and Utah 
(+2.5 percent each), followed by Maryland (+2.4 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 1, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, November 17, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., September 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.2
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
Arkansas ............................|           3.5
California ..........................|           5.1
Colorado ............................|           2.5
Delaware ............................|           4.9
District of Columbia ................|           6.5
Hawaii ..............................|           2.5
Idaho ...............................|           2.8
Illinois ............................|           5.0
Iowa ................................|           3.2
                                     |
Kentucky ............................|           5.2
Louisiana ...........................|           5.1
Minnesota ...........................|           3.7
Mississippi .........................|           5.2
Nebraska ............................|           2.8
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Mexico ..........................|           6.2
New York ............................|           4.9
North Dakota ........................|           2.4
                                     |
Ohio ................................|           5.3
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.8
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
Tennessee ...........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           3.4
Vermont .............................|           2.9
Virginia ............................|           3.7
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.5
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2017 to September 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   August  | September |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     4.2   |     3.8   |      -0.4
Arizona ........................|     5.0   |     4.7   |       -.3
Connecticut ....................|     4.8   |     4.6   |       -.2
Florida ........................|     4.0   |     3.8   |       -.2
Georgia ........................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
Hawaii .........................|     2.6   |     2.5   |       -.1
Indiana ........................|     3.5   |     3.8   |        .3
Kentucky .......................|     5.5   |     5.2   |       -.3
Massachusetts ..................|     4.2   |     3.9   |       -.3
Michigan .......................|     3.9   |     4.3   |        .4
                                |           |           |
Minnesota ......................|     3.8   |     3.7   |       -.1
New Jersey .....................|     4.5   |     4.7   |        .2
North Dakota ...................|     2.3   |     2.4   |        .1
Tennessee ......................|     3.3   |     3.0   |       -.3
Vermont ........................|     3.0   |     2.9   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2016 to September 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              | September | September |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |   2017(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.0   |     3.8   |      -2.2
California .....................|     5.3   |     5.1   |       -.2
Colorado .......................|     3.2   |     2.5   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.8   |      -1.1
Georgia ........................|     5.4   |     4.5   |       -.9
Hawaii .........................|     3.0   |     2.5   |       -.5
Idaho ..........................|     3.8   |     2.8   |      -1.0
Illinois .......................|     5.8   |     5.0   |       -.8
Louisiana ......................|     6.1   |     5.1   |      -1.0
Missouri .......................|     4.7   |     3.8   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.8   |       -.5
New Mexico .....................|     6.8   |     6.2   |       -.6
North Carolina .................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
North Dakota ...................|     3.1   |     2.4   |       -.7
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.5   |     4.8   |       -.7
Rhode Island ...................|     5.3   |     4.2   |      -1.1
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.4   |        .5
Tennessee ......................|     4.9   |     3.0   |      -1.9
Texas ..........................|     4.7   |     4.0   |       -.7
Washington .....................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
                                |           |           |
West Virginia ..................|     5.9   |     5.1   |       -.8
Wisconsin ......................|     4.2   |     3.5   |       -.7
Wyoming ........................|     5.1   |     4.0   |      -1.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
August 2017 to September 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)  
           State              |   August    |  September  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |     2017(p) |    Level    |   Percent   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,754,600 |   2,765,500 |      10,900 |      0.4
California ...................|  16,778,300 |  16,830,500 |      52,200 |       .3
Florida ......................|   8,646,500 |   8,519,100 |    -127,400 |     -1.5
Indiana ......................|   3,122,700 |   3,134,100 |      11,400 |       .4
Missouri .....................|   2,899,400 |   2,888,900 |     -10,500 |      -.4
Nebraska .....................|   1,027,800 |   1,033,200 |       5,400 |       .5
New Hampshire ................|     683,800 |     678,900 |      -4,900 |      -.7
New York .....................|   9,553,700 |   9,519,600 |     -34,100 |      -.4
Rhode Island .................|     498,800 |     495,100 |      -3,700 |      -.7
Washington ...................|   3,325,200 |   3,339,000 |      13,800 |       .4    
Wyoming ......................|     277,700 |     275,200 |      -2,500 |      -.9    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2016 to September 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  September  |   September |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |     2017(p) |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,979,200 |   2,009,100 |      29,900 |      1.5
Arizona ......................|   2,730,800 |   2,765,500 |      34,700 |      1.3
Arkansas .....................|   1,230,200 |   1,254,600 |      24,400 |      2.0
California ...................|  16,550,200 |  16,830,500 |     280,300 |      1.7
Colorado .....................|   2,614,900 |   2,656,200 |      41,300 |      1.6
Georgia ......................|   4,413,100 |   4,497,200 |      84,100 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     700,000 |     715,000 |      15,000 |      2.1
Indiana ......................|   3,101,600 |   3,134,100 |      32,500 |      1.0
Kentucky .....................|   1,919,900 |   1,950,100 |      30,200 |      1.6
Maryland .....................|   2,716,800 |   2,780,900 |      64,100 |      2.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,575,400 |   3,637,700 |      62,300 |      1.7
Michigan .....................|   4,340,800 |   4,402,800 |      62,000 |      1.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,903,100 |   2,955,300 |      52,200 |      1.8
Missouri .....................|   2,850,600 |   2,888,900 |      38,300 |      1.3
Nebraska .....................|   1,017,800 |   1,033,200 |      15,400 |      1.5
Nevada .......................|   1,315,700 |   1,348,000 |      32,300 |      2.5
New York .....................|   9,426,500 |   9,519,600 |      93,100 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,361,100 |   4,422,500 |      61,400 |      1.4
Ohio .........................|   5,495,400 |   5,557,000 |      61,600 |      1.1
Oregon .......................|   1,841,900 |   1,876,800 |      34,900 |      1.9
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,903,800 |   5,970,400 |      66,600 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,063,300 |   2,091,400 |      28,100 |      1.4
Tennessee ....................|   2,982,400 |   3,026,600 |      44,200 |      1.5
Texas ........................|  12,065,000 |  12,321,100 |     256,100 |      2.1
Utah .........................|   1,439,300 |   1,475,700 |      36,400 |      2.5
Virginia .....................|   3,928,700 |   3,971,100 |      42,400 |      1.1
Washington ...................|   3,267,700 |   3,339,000 |      71,300 |      2.2
Wisconsin ....................|   2,923,800 |   2,958,400 |      34,600 |      1.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,176,963 2,160,058 2,148,116 2,151,272 131,201 96,158 90,756 82,678 6.0 4.5 4.2 3.8

Alaska

359,858 366,310 365,088 364,007 23,898 25,741 26,146 26,242 6.6 7.0 7.2 7.2

Arizona

3,248,039 3,307,813 3,303,219 3,316,042 164,542 169,447 164,825 156,685 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.7

Arkansas

1,341,482 1,374,438 1,378,157 1,379,592 53,944 46,497 47,729 48,667 4.0 3.4 3.5 3.5

California

19,149,374 19,136,914 19,169,290 19,295,227 1,023,023 926,050 972,953 986,163 5.3 4.8 5.1 5.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,056,184 5,123,987 5,132,182 5,162,868 260,419 231,836 245,244 250,733 5.2 4.5 4.8 4.9

Colorado

2,901,806 2,982,566 2,991,860 3,010,607 93,477 70,776 72,589 76,552 3.2 2.4 2.4 2.5

Connecticut

1,890,126 1,933,117 1,923,215 1,913,839 89,899 96,491 92,184 87,152 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.6

Delaware

471,467 477,376 478,011 478,998 20,448 22,942 23,511 23,430 4.3 4.8 4.9 4.9

District of Columbia

392,410 403,242 402,330 401,783 23,232 25,706 25,712 26,258 5.9 6.4 6.4 6.5

Florida

9,874,004 10,114,482 10,095,925 10,112,796 483,992 411,923 408,109 382,764 4.9 4.1 4.0 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,349,672 1,391,446 1,392,300 1,393,626 73,046 65,372 63,730 62,138 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.5

Georgia

4,948,008 5,038,076 5,046,000 5,071,761 266,361 236,705 235,690 225,802 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.5

Hawaii

688,516 693,272 690,397 688,761 20,371 18,668 18,038 16,945 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.5

Idaho

818,190 818,046 819,892 823,653 30,748 24,595 23,417 23,024 3.8 3.0 2.9 2.8

Illinois

6,511,253 6,438,011 6,425,845 6,424,249 376,079 308,183 323,009 321,695 5.8 4.8 5.0 5.0

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,795,387 3,747,059 3,756,616 3,763,660 222,792 167,440 182,146 190,506 5.9 4.5 4.8 5.1

Indiana

3,322,398 3,332,529 3,336,497 3,342,602 142,247 104,088 116,707 126,395 4.3 3.1 3.5 3.8

Iowa

1,698,596 1,682,557 1,683,061 1,686,914 61,930 54,500 55,281 54,574 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.2

Kansas

1,480,592 1,482,835 1,483,721 1,487,403 63,778 55,535 57,217 56,772 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.8

Kentucky

2,003,566 2,067,179 2,060,365 2,061,437 99,287 110,737 112,443 106,790 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.2

Louisiana

2,108,789 2,092,130 2,082,352 2,083,447 128,828 109,930 107,474 105,829 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.1

Maine

694,721 704,650 705,160 705,242 27,571 26,216 26,770 26,107 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.7

Maryland

3,175,008 3,236,987 3,242,268 3,252,526 134,272 129,147 127,133 122,930 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8

Massachusetts

3,586,139 3,697,674 3,680,507 3,669,704 118,764 160,699 154,238 142,540 3.3 4.3 4.2 3.9

Michigan

4,843,279 4,839,530 4,832,984 4,850,273 240,948 180,006 189,919 208,599 5.0 3.7 3.9 4.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,075,997 2,078,026 2,076,652 2,087,103 112,800 68,291 67,418 75,912 5.4 3.3 3.2 3.6

Minnesota

3,000,839 3,045,413 3,054,016 3,069,155 119,967 112,421 116,241 112,207 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.7

Mississippi

1,281,777 1,288,999 1,282,978 1,278,219 73,479 67,429 68,318 65,994 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.2

Missouri

3,106,194 3,043,881 3,042,669 3,055,726 146,002 117,061 120,183 116,240 4.7 3.8 3.9 3.8

Montana

527,304 524,912 524,996 525,968 21,459 20,442 20,255 20,357 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9

Nebraska

1,010,991 1,006,422 1,008,161 1,010,241 33,002 28,113 28,064 27,800 3.3 2.8 2.8 2.8

Nevada

1,430,839 1,442,795 1,445,620 1,451,418 77,220 69,293 70,610 71,735 5.4 4.8 4.9 4.9

New Hampshire

750,594 752,897 751,965 750,188 21,162 20,804 20,018 20,061 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,513,234 4,514,605 4,515,791 4,524,752 221,938 189,872 201,813 212,855 4.9 4.2 4.5 4.7

New Mexico

927,700 931,430 929,297 929,449 62,997 58,876 58,221 57,653 6.8 6.3 6.3 6.2

New York

9,534,988 9,680,247 9,657,374 9,693,446 470,597 452,949 466,141 472,720 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9

New York City

4,129,119 4,248,481 4,233,610 4,243,804 218,803 197,677 207,175 214,627 5.3 4.7 4.9 5.1

North Carolina

4,889,148 4,900,264 4,902,196 4,931,333 247,318 200,547 200,167 200,905 5.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

North Dakota

417,084 418,624 418,029 417,948 12,748 9,425 9,527 9,917 3.1 2.3 2.3 2.4

Ohio

5,697,876 5,767,976 5,751,074 5,759,293 283,617 300,108 310,559 305,173 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.3

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,005 1,040,065 1,037,668 1,036,532 56,561 62,138 65,714 66,097 5.5 6.0 6.3 6.4

Oklahoma

1,823,655 1,817,149 1,819,372 1,827,099 90,835 79,202 81,521 81,706 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.5

Oregon

2,063,973 2,126,643 2,128,660 2,130,543 100,449 81,603 86,405 90,116 4.9 3.8 4.1 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,453,623 6,457,527 6,429,009 6,414,162 357,009 324,048 317,632 309,318 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.8

Rhode Island

552,168 557,010 556,266 554,995 28,990 24,179 23,745 23,206 5.3 4.3 4.3 4.2

South Carolina

2,297,637 2,319,425 2,318,954 2,324,223 104,025 91,607 93,069 91,428 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.9

South Dakota

453,953 457,604 458,172 458,694 13,154 14,382 15,322 15,756 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.4

Tennessee

3,158,461 3,146,212 3,152,638 3,183,553 155,955 107,881 103,024 95,877 4.9 3.4 3.3 3.0

Texas

13,311,404 13,401,892 13,373,330 13,408,415 630,583 574,464 556,969 540,949 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.0

Utah

1,520,866 1,575,096 1,573,527 1,574,559 49,522 54,474 54,578 53,849 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4

Vermont

345,244 343,837 344,342 344,687 11,121 10,638 10,447 10,129 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9

Virginia

4,251,449 4,320,245 4,320,613 4,340,369 174,613 162,046 162,184 160,000 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.7

Washington

3,664,039 3,708,947 3,725,363 3,755,344 195,780 167,333 170,081 172,287 5.3 4.5 4.6 4.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,630,976 1,636,213 1,641,342 1,651,100 63,043 57,047 60,180 62,346 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.8

West Virginia

783,243 778,835 778,922 780,399 46,472 36,883 39,224 39,862 5.9 4.7 5.0 5.1

Wisconsin

3,119,731 3,159,594 3,158,412 3,161,220 130,907 100,360 106,270 109,289 4.2 3.2 3.4 3.5

Wyoming

301,488 295,187 294,375 293,820 15,343 11,720 11,721 11,876 5.1 4.0 4.0 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,116,160 1,096,860 1,094,563 - 132,795 107,696 110,362 - 11.9 9.8 10.1 -

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
August September Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) August September August September
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,168,460 2,162,979 2,176,728 2,170,209 134,754 92,424 134,032 72,631 6.2 4.3 6.2 3.3

Alaska

366,325 369,931 360,761 362,917 21,301 23,408 21,892 23,937 5.8 6.3 6.1 6.6

Arizona

3,243,683 3,305,023 3,263,107 3,340,182 186,548 169,533 175,080 156,330 5.8 5.1 5.4 4.7

Arkansas

1,345,036 1,372,881 1,345,513 1,375,186 52,969 48,625 52,163 46,565 3.9 3.5 3.9 3.4

California

19,178,340 19,294,073 19,186,046 19,450,352 1,069,094 1,043,156 1,004,338 917,296 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,059,261 5,152,265 5,072,873 5,197,445 284,289 278,974 268,540 251,574 5.6 5.4 5.3 4.8

Colorado

2,910,544 3,008,385 2,911,124 3,024,730 93,703 66,546 84,799 68,772 3.2 2.2 2.9 2.3

Connecticut

1,907,030 1,919,400 1,883,920 1,896,089 98,951 87,292 86,819 76,340 5.2 4.5 4.6 4.0

Delaware

474,958 481,409 467,885 475,292 21,262 24,790 20,185 22,223 4.5 5.1 4.3 4.7

District of Columbia

391,268 397,156 390,933 399,120 24,968 26,206 24,088 28,053 6.4 6.6 6.2 7.0

Florida

9,867,355 10,129,925 9,946,538 10,184,523 509,388 431,261 508,834 366,862 5.2 4.3 5.1 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,340,860 1,380,257 1,345,375 1,386,576 77,390 67,669 76,973 64,004 5.8 4.9 5.7 4.6

Georgia

4,920,833 5,055,130 4,957,356 5,091,718 273,846 242,495 274,962 216,127 5.6 4.8 5.5 4.2

Hawaii

686,674 687,161 685,456 684,329 19,978 16,527 21,042 16,447 2.9 2.4 3.1 2.4

Idaho

821,604 828,008 817,802 827,366 30,223 21,293 27,770 20,668 3.7 2.6 3.4 2.5

Illinois

6,542,874 6,460,449 6,517,022 6,418,454 380,780 335,463 364,791 294,081 5.8 5.2 5.6 4.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,804,720 3,772,175 3,780,509 3,743,527 223,786 204,388 212,408 179,348 5.9 5.4 5.6 4.8

Indiana

3,334,171 3,354,159 3,325,272 3,340,423 147,078 135,450 134,378 119,196 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.6

Iowa

1,702,436 1,688,288 1,698,623 1,688,189 62,720 55,174 57,646 50,097 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.0

Kansas

1,477,686 1,482,048 1,478,192 1,486,961 67,296 61,407 60,371 50,971 4.6 4.1 4.1 3.4

Kentucky

1,990,054 2,055,408 2,000,277 2,063,363 95,780 107,284 96,448 88,206 4.8 5.2 4.8 4.3

Louisiana

2,118,794 2,090,299 2,118,949 2,090,429 138,745 117,869 134,882 110,356 6.5 5.6 6.4 5.3

Maine

710,951 721,879 695,467 705,244 23,400 22,156 23,693 21,357 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0

Maryland

3,191,365 3,264,665 3,177,815 3,245,132 139,987 130,838 132,464 114,486 4.4 4.0 4.2 3.5

Massachusetts

3,622,631 3,712,378 3,568,057 3,645,775 123,037 139,164 119,229 128,050 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.5

Michigan

4,874,284 4,883,648 4,860,874 4,898,001 254,249 226,281 233,070 218,842 5.2 4.6 4.8 4.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,095,235 2,107,495 2,095,472 2,116,392 127,250 93,032 118,095 93,658 6.1 4.4 5.6 4.4

Minnesota

3,016,796 3,082,486 3,001,492 3,071,661 113,799 109,837 108,951 89,367 3.8 3.6 3.6 2.9

Mississippi

1,272,765 1,275,891 1,282,108 1,277,442 71,743 64,775 72,753 59,780 5.6 5.1 5.7 4.7

Missouri

3,107,753 3,068,354 3,108,513 3,081,861 160,287 128,881 141,820 102,076 5.2 4.2 4.6 3.3

Montana

534,042 532,642 525,693 524,252 19,672 17,937 17,809 17,618 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.4

Nebraska

1,013,673 1,010,698 1,003,800 1,000,367 32,821 28,061 31,006 25,451 3.2 2.8 3.1 2.5

Nevada

1,429,173 1,449,756 1,432,348 1,457,790 79,024 72,289 77,259 72,263 5.5 5.0 5.4 5.0

New Hampshire

758,169 757,359 746,963 743,752 20,933 19,423 19,415 19,449 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6

New Jersey

4,545,123 4,553,612 4,500,021 4,503,328 229,302 218,851 220,483 215,945 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.8

New Mexico

928,217 924,767 925,371 926,280 66,051 59,647 62,481 56,364 7.1 6.4 6.8 6.1

New York

9,627,104 9,728,580 9,554,863 9,738,070 474,278 472,617 471,384 461,203 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.7

New York City

4,147,743 4,236,476 4,141,323 4,257,955 229,669 216,645 222,170 212,875 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.0

North Carolina

4,867,507 4,904,148 4,902,908 4,967,185 255,587 218,565 243,039 197,787 5.3 4.5 5.0 4.0

North Dakota

424,003 422,679 417,632 417,114 12,150 9,092 10,058 7,822 2.9 2.2 2.4 1.9

Ohio

5,754,445 5,791,363 5,719,701 5,770,613 278,828 307,839 281,698 270,835 4.8 5.3 4.9 4.7

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,039,216 1,041,091 1,029,181 1,034,646 55,690 70,310 54,249 58,707 5.4 6.8 5.3 5.7

Oklahoma

1,820,146 1,821,384 1,827,050 1,838,387 92,321 86,298 89,975 79,762 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.3

Oregon

2,085,823 2,142,837 2,075,688 2,137,787 107,054 96,579 95,099 88,962 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,509,403 6,444,680 6,474,896 6,404,607 381,313 329,298 345,629 282,627 5.9 5.1 5.3 4.4

Rhode Island

558,556 560,138 552,409 551,156 30,925 23,791 27,069 20,438 5.5 4.2 4.9 3.7

South Carolina

2,316,553 2,340,124 2,301,557 2,323,275 117,129 104,662 108,274 89,151 5.1 4.5 4.7 3.8

South Dakota

458,179 462,308 451,351 455,919 12,510 15,635 11,406 13,919 2.7 3.4 2.5 3.1

Tennessee

3,149,600 3,193,004 3,160,765 3,223,416 163,305 114,558 164,593 93,431 5.2 3.6 5.2 2.9

Texas

13,295,171 13,406,493 13,359,661 13,499,113 656,216 604,778 646,980 543,637 4.9 4.5 4.8 4.0

Utah

1,521,514 1,575,870 1,521,521 1,573,459 51,814 55,242 46,235 48,027 3.4 3.5 3.0 3.1

Vermont

348,711 349,208 344,666 343,168 10,916 10,478 11,186 10,000 3.1 3.0 3.2 2.9

Virginia

4,250,825 4,331,902 4,251,219 4,336,446 183,143 165,044 177,096 156,536 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.6

Washington

3,658,770 3,742,152 3,666,453 3,774,386 193,627 168,196 185,885 165,289 5.3 4.5 5.1 4.4

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,629,635 1,655,041 1,636,498 1,668,102 64,757 65,246 66,044 66,919 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

West Virginia

787,513 782,355 787,174 784,426 46,854 42,019 42,749 34,582 5.9 5.4 5.4 4.4

Wisconsin

3,144,447 3,186,928 3,127,214 3,167,409 125,875 107,806 117,402 95,141 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.0

Wyoming

304,511 296,742 301,548 292,551 14,322 10,264 13,574 10,244 4.7 3.5 4.5 3.5

Puerto Rico

1,106,765 1,096,951 1,119,147 - 133,047 128,054 146,222 - 12.0 11.7 13.1 -

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,979.2 2,007.7 2,005.3 2,009.1 83.6 88.2 89.6 90.2 261.4 267.7 265.5 267.0

Alaska

329.9 331.7 332.0 330.6 15.7 15.7 15.7 16.0 13.1 13.4 13.2 11.5

Arizona

2,730.8 2,743.9 2,754.6 2,765.5 137.5 137.3 139.1 139.7 160.0 162.7 164.4 164.8

Arkansas

1,230.2 1,259.1 1,253.5 1,254.6 49.9 51.9 50.2 51.3 155.0 158.4 158.6 159.9

California

16,550.2 16,786.0 16,778.3 16,830.5 780.2 823.5 822.3 824.8 1,301.4 1,293.5 1,299.7 1,298.4


Colorado

2,614.9 2,650.9 2,652.2 2,656.2 156.5 155.2 154.4 154.9 142.5 141.6 141.6 141.5

Connecticut

1,681.4 1,691.1 1,686.9 1,684.9 58.7 58.7 57.7 56.2 156.4 156.4 157.0 157.2

Delaware(2)

454.2 456.3 456.9 457.0 21.0 21.2 20.9 20.6 25.7 25.8 26.0 25.8

District of Columbia(3)(2)

783.4 796.5 794.0 790.3 14.4 14.7 14.7 14.7 - - - -

Florida

8,456.7 8,629.8 8,646.5 8,519.1 480.7 511.1 514.4 493.4 357.3 368.9 368.8 367.7


Georgia

4,413.1 4,490.4 4,497.7 4,497.2 179.9 176.1 177.3 173.7 389.4 385.2 388.9 386.1

Hawaii(2)

650.8 658.2 655.8 658.9 37.5 37.0 37.3 37.4 14.0 14.0 13.7 13.7

Idaho

700.0 711.7 714.4 715.0 42.8 43.4 44.1 42.8 64.7 66.8 67.0 66.6

Illinois

6,030.4 6,047.5 6,044.9 6,034.1 218.0 212.8 214.1 212.2 574.6 574.0 570.9 572.0

Indiana

3,101.6 3,126.6 3,122.7 3,134.1 133.3 137.0 136.1 136.1 523.0 529.8 530.3 530.5


Iowa

1,572.4 1,587.8 1,590.6 1,586.6 81.4 76.3 75.2 74.8 213.0 214.9 214.8 215.4

Kansas

1,415.6 1,401.1 1,405.5 1,410.5 61.4 61.9 61.9 62.5 159.9 158.6 157.1 159.6

Kentucky

1,919.9 1,939.0 1,947.0 1,950.1 76.6 80.2 82.3 83.4 249.2 247.8 250.1 250.0

Louisiana

1,965.7 1,981.8 1,983.2 1,980.4 138.4 154.0 152.9 153.1 134.4 134.1 134.6 134.3

Maine

617.8 624.5 621.9 621.2 26.8 29.0 28.7 28.5 50.7 50.1 50.4 50.5


Maryland(2)

2,716.8 2,764.1 2,778.5 2,780.9 162.8 166.9 171.2 170.4 103.2 102.7 104.0 103.8

Massachusetts

3,575.4 3,620.4 3,628.4 3,637.7 145.7 148.4 149.2 151.9 245.3 244.4 244.4 244.6

Michigan

4,340.8 4,391.1 4,392.9 4,402.8 155.4 160.5 161.7 163.0 600.6 604.4 607.3 602.4

Minnesota

2,903.1 2,954.7 2,948.9 2,955.3 116.1 122.1 121.7 121.3 317.6 320.1 321.0 321.0

Mississippi

1,147.0 1,153.5 1,152.1 1,153.5 43.5 42.2 42.9 44.1 143.3 142.9 143.4 144.6


Missouri

2,850.6 2,900.4 2,899.4 2,888.9 121.4 119.9 117.5 115.0 263.7 264.9 269.2 267.8

Montana

468.7 473.2 474.6 474.5 27.2 27.0 27.1 26.9 19.5 19.4 19.4 19.6

Nebraska(2)

1,017.8 1,029.6 1,027.8 1,033.2 52.0 51.1 50.7 52.5 96.6 97.6 97.8 97.7

Nevada

1,315.7 1,345.2 1,347.8 1,348.0 76.8 85.8 87.1 86.5 43.9 45.3 45.4 45.4

New Hampshire

670.0 680.4 683.8 678.9 25.6 28.5 28.7 28.2 68.1 69.0 68.6 68.6


New Jersey

4,095.7 4,129.2 4,130.5 4,124.2 152.8 157.9 158.1 157.7 242.5 245.3 246.4 246.2

New Mexico

830.6 833.5 839.6 838.5 42.8 44.6 45.9 45.5 26.4 26.3 26.5 26.2

New York

9,426.5 9,547.8 9,553.7 9,519.6 374.7 375.9 373.8 370.9 451.3 432.3 432.9 433.6

North Carolina

4,361.1 4,414.6 4,420.0 4,422.5 202.1 198.6 199.0 200.3 464.0 464.0 462.3 463.9

North Dakota

434.2 441.3 441.0 440.1 33.0 33.2 32.4 32.3 24.4 24.1 23.9 24.0


Ohio

5,495.4 5,540.0 5,546.5 5,557.0 203.7 209.4 212.3 212.8 686.4 685.9 687.6 690.2

Oklahoma

1,648.5 1,665.1 1,668.8 1,666.2 78.2 81.2 81.9 82.2 127.3 130.5 130.3 130.8

Oregon

1,841.9 1,887.6 1,880.6 1,876.8 90.6 101.8 101.2 104.1 187.1 193.2 193.1 193.6

Pennsylvania

5,903.8 5,961.7 5,960.1 5,970.4 237.6 240.6 242.3 246.3 555.7 554.5 553.4 552.5

Rhode Island

490.6 499.7 498.8 495.1 18.3 20.3 21.2 20.8 40.0 41.8 41.2 41.1


South Carolina

2,063.3 2,088.7 2,095.9 2,091.4 96.3 98.1 95.2 97.5 239.4 247.9 248.0 249.3

South Dakota(2)

433.8 435.7 435.9 437.0 24.3 23.2 23.5 23.4 41.8 41.3 41.5 41.8

Tennessee(2)

2,982.4 3,019.4 3,025.8 3,026.6 120.0 124.0 126.2 126.2 345.3 347.0 346.1 344.4

Texas

12,065.0 12,328.4 12,328.4 12,321.1 701.1 712.2 711.3 715.4 841.0 875.2 878.0 878.2

Utah

1,439.3 1,468.4 1,472.3 1,475.7 92.2 97.5 97.6 96.6 126.4 128.7 128.9 128.8


Vermont

314.3 316.6 316.5 317.6 15.2 14.9 15.0 15.4 29.9 28.8 28.5 28.8

Virginia

3,928.7 3,979.0 3,978.0 3,971.1 187.9 191.8 191.2 191.6 232.6 232.7 233.6 233.6

Washington

3,267.7 3,322.1 3,325.2 3,339.0 190.4 195.0 197.5 197.9 287.3 284.6 284.5 284.1

West Virginia

743.8 747.3 745.9 746.8 29.5 30.9 30.5 30.4 46.7 45.4 45.2 45.6

Wisconsin

2,923.8 2,956.9 2,949.8 2,958.4 112.1 112.7 112.3 113.5 463.3 474.3 474.7 475.9

Wyoming

278.3 277.0 277.7 275.2 20.4 20.2 20.2 20.3 9.1 9.3 9.3 9.3


Puerto Rico(2)(4)

896.7 879.9 877.5 - 23.6 21.1 20.4 - 73.5 71.5 70.9 -

Virgin Islands(3)(4)

38.1 38.6 38.9 - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(4) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)

Alabama

380.6 373.5 372.9 376.1 97.0 98.7 98.0 99.9 233.2 241.5 241.7 241.0

Alaska

65.1 65.3 64.9 66.1 12.0 11.8 11.8 11.7 28.2 28.2 28.2 27.3

Arizona

521.5 521.4 519.9 520.7 204.3 208.1 209.8 210.5 420.4 414.7 419.0 421.4

Arkansas

252.6 257.4 255.6 255.6 51.5 51.6 51.2 51.3 143.3 149.1 147.6 147.9

California

3,001.6 3,014.3 3,018.8 3,031.8 825.5 831.9 831.7 832.1 2,550.2 2,560.4 2,550.3 2,546.8


Colorado

457.7 467.3 467.3 464.8 164.9 168.3 168.5 167.5 407.8 412.8 416.0 424.3

Connecticut

299.3 299.9 298.0 297.7 129.7 133.0 132.1 133.0 218.9 216.4 216.5 217.6

Delaware

83.1 81.0 80.5 80.4 46.7 47.9 48.4 47.9 61.6 60.6 61.7 61.0

District of Columbia

33.0 32.6 33.0 32.5 30.5 29.7 29.8 29.6 165.6 169.9 169.3 168.0

Florida

1,736.1 1,757.0 1,761.3 1,750.0 548.4 558.6 559.0 559.6 1,300.8 1,327.7 1,336.7 1,304.2


Georgia

934.6 944.5 946.4 945.0 240.1 247.6 248.8 248.3 658.7 680.8 685.9 686.9

Hawaii

121.0 123.9 122.8 123.2 28.5 27.9 27.6 27.8 83.7 86.1 86.7 86.9

Idaho

138.7 139.8 141.0 140.9 34.2 34.0 34.4 34.6 86.3 86.4 87.4 87.6

Illinois

1,211.4 1,199.3 1,204.9 1,200.7 384.3 393.7 392.7 396.3 939.2 953.1 948.7 947.2

Indiana

598.7 589.9 591.0 595.3 134.5 137.1 137.6 138.2 337.9 341.7 341.6 342.6


Iowa

316.5 320.2 320.9 320.4 108.5 112.9 111.5 112.7 139.2 141.5 143.3 141.8

Kansas

269.0 265.1 266.3 263.2 86.2 85.9 86.4 86.3 180.1 177.9 178.8 180.9

Kentucky

400.6 404.9 404.7 405.3 93.3 95.2 95.6 95.3 217.7 225.8 229.3 230.4

Louisiana

386.9 381.8 380.7 381.6 92.2 92.3 93.3 92.3 209.9 211.6 211.0 207.7

Maine

121.3 121.2 119.8 121.1 31.1 30.1 30.4 30.7 65.7 65.3 65.1 65.2


Maryland

470.2 471.5 473.1 470.8 149.7 148.3 148.8 150.5 444.0 462.9 465.3 465.9

Massachusetts

576.6 579.0 578.0 579.6 223.9 229.9 229.4 228.5 551.8 561.4 567.3 566.6

Michigan

787.4 783.5 784.1 782.5 213.1 218.6 218.1 218.3 653.0 664.0 663.3 671.4

Minnesota

533.1 535.8 538.4 539.0 176.4 175.3 175.6 176.3 373.2 375.4 376.9 380.5

Mississippi

231.3 233.5 232.8 232.8 43.9 44.6 44.2 43.5 106.8 106.1 105.4 102.3


Missouri

546.1 550.9 547.3 549.6 169.8 173.1 173.7 174.0 381.1 393.2 390.3 392.9

Montana

95.2 95.3 95.8 95.1 23.8 24.7 24.9 24.9 40.3 41.7 41.8 41.8

Nebraska

204.7 206.0 204.9 205.1 73.4 75.2 74.9 74.9 117.2 122.4 122.4 123.4

Nevada

245.2 244.8 244.5 244.1 63.2 63.3 63.0 62.5 181.2 188.9 187.5 188.7

New Hampshire

140.8 139.3 140.2 140.4 37.1 38.0 38.1 37.7 78.4 80.0 80.1 80.0


New Jersey

872.1 871.4 870.7 868.3 249.1 253.4 252.9 252.1 667.2 670.6 667.0 667.8

New Mexico

139.0 140.3 139.7 141.3 33.6 33.9 33.5 34.2 101.5 103.8 105.5 104.2

New York

1,573.2 1,573.6 1,569.6 1,564.9 713.3 715.3 713.8 709.2 1,297.8 1,335.0 1,341.3 1,341.3

North Carolina

819.8 819.1 822.2 823.8 227.8 229.8 231.9 229.3 607.9 637.6 639.5 640.4

North Dakota

95.8 95.3 95.3 95.1 24.0 24.6 24.9 24.7 34.4 35.8 36.6 36.9


Ohio

1,025.4 1,017.6 1,015.9 1,022.1 301.2 309.8 309.9 307.5 725.1 732.0 730.6 729.9

Oklahoma

306.9 299.2 301.6 303.6 78.4 81.1 81.2 80.8 180.4 185.3 184.6 181.9

Oregon

343.4 345.9 345.3 345.1 97.6 98.4 97.4 97.9 239.2 245.7 246.2 243.1

Pennsylvania

1,130.9 1,128.1 1,127.7 1,135.0 317.3 316.9 316.2 319.1 798.3 816.8 817.3 814.6

Rhode Island

76.4 77.2 77.1 77.2 33.6 33.1 33.1 32.6 66.0 65.4 65.2 64.6


South Carolina

396.2 398.7 399.1 403.4 100.3 101.3 100.9 100.4 269.7 272.3 279.4 275.1

South Dakota

88.4 87.8 87.4 88.6 29.4 30.2 30.1 29.6 31.4 31.0 31.0 31.1

Tennessee

620.9 626.2 628.1 632.0 154.0 156.4 155.8 155.3 408.4 416.4 416.8 415.3

Texas

2,427.0 2,443.4 2,450.8 2,447.5 736.0 758.2 757.3 762.3 1,639.1 1,680.3 1,674.9 1,680.8

Utah

274.2 278.9 280.4 282.3 82.5 83.4 84.2 82.9 204.2 212.7 213.9 212.8


Vermont

55.9 55.9 56.0 56.0 12.0 11.8 12.0 11.8 27.7 28.7 28.2 28.9

Virginia

662.9 664.9 661.2 662.3 201.1 205.6 206.5 206.6 719.8 741.3 735.9 733.5

Washington

614.1 621.1 624.5 625.3 151.7 157.0 157.5 157.8 406.0 408.4 409.3 409.5

West Virginia

133.8 130.3 129.0 129.8 27.7 27.8 28.3 27.9 65.2 66.3 65.8 65.3

Wisconsin

541.4 541.6 541.0 546.1 151.8 151.7 152.8 153.3 322.3 324.8 321.2 322.9

Wyoming

53.0 52.2 52.6 52.2 10.8 10.7 11.0 10.9 17.6 16.9 17.1 16.8


Puerto Rico(1)

174.2 171.7 170.7 - 42.8 42.3 42.3 - 114.6 112.4 112.7 -

Virgin Islands(2)(1)

8.1 8.0 8.0 - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(2) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)
Sept.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017(p)

Alabama

234.4 238.3 238.2 238.3 199.1 208.0 206.4 206.2 379.8 378.4 380.7 378.0

Alaska

48.9 49.6 49.5 49.0 35.4 35.9 35.4 36.1 80.7 80.8 81.5 81.4

Arizona

414.4 420.6 422.7 427.4 312.5 324.2 323.2 324.9 413.4 414.2 416.3 414.6

Arkansas

183.3 188.9 189.5 189.1 116.0 121.9 121.3 119.5 211.7 211.5 211.2 210.7

California

2,551.6 2,620.9 2,624.8 2,626.9 1,903.3 1,950.1 1,938.2 1,940.8 2,528.4 2,562.9 2,559.0 2,586.0


Colorado

329.4 335.8 334.3 339.0 325.5 333.7 331.5 330.6 429.5 430.2 433.3 429.2

Connecticut

330.7 333.4 333.3 332.7 154.6 159.1 158.8 157.6 235.5 232.9 232.8 231.9

Delaware

77.5 79.2 79.4 80.0 49.8 52.0 51.9 53.1 65.5 65.5 65.2 65.4

District of Columbia

134.9 138.5 139.4 136.1 75.8 82.6 80.4 80.6 238.7 238.7 237.8 239.2

Florida

1,252.2 1,278.1 1,278.8 1,267.2 1,183.1 1,205.9 1,203.1 1,161.8 1,104.0 1,111.0 1,108.8 1,108.9


Georgia

566.2 577.2 576.6 580.8 473.7 492.0 490.1 492.9 690.3 700.7 699.6 698.0

Hawaii

84.3 86.0 85.0 86.1 118.5 123.0 122.1 121.5 126.8 123.5 124.2 125.8

Idaho

101.4 105.1 104.2 105.6 72.3 73.6 72.8 72.1 122.2 125.2 125.6 126.7

Illinois

916.2 922.2 929.2 925.8 595.4 606.2 597.9 594.6 832.9 824.9 825.6 825.8

Indiana

467.5 476.1 476.1 476.4 308.7 310.4 306.5 308.3 432.8 438.1 437.2 440.4


Iowa

228.8 236.6 238.2 233.7 141.9 144.9 143.8 145.9 259.0 256.8 258.6 257.7

Kansas

196.9 195.4 196.7 199.3 127.6 124.8 125.2 125.8 256.5 256.2 256.9 256.4

Kentucky

270.7 270.2 272.5 273.5 194.7 195.5 193.3 194.0 318.7 317.9 317.8 316.9

Louisiana

310.4 317.3 316.8 316.3 231.3 235.7 237.2 238.1 326.8 320.6 321.4 320.9

Maine

125.1 127.9 128.5 127.5 65.2 68.2 67.2 66.3 100.3 101.9 101.6 100.8


Maryland

459.1 474.8 475.3 476.3 272.4 276.4 275.9 276.7 504.3 507.2 511.9 512.5

Massachusetts

786.4 807.2 806.9 812.9 362.8 363.8 360.9 363.5 456.1 457.4 458.3 459.0

Michigan

667.6 671.5 669.1 673.5 426.3 433.3 431.8 435.3 603.3 615.5 617.3 615.6

Minnesota

523.6 546.2 540.6 542.6 264.1 274.0 268.4 266.7 425.6 428.1 428.9 430.6

Mississippi

140.5 143.9 145.4 145.2 134.0 134.6 135.1 135.1 244.6 247.6 244.7 247.7


Missouri

458.8 466.9 469.5 466.3 299.9 308.7 309.3 311.8 436.6 451.2 449.2 439.0

Montana

74.8 75.6 76.6 77.0 64.6 66.2 65.5 65.4 91.6 92.3 92.6 92.7

Nebraska

153.8 155.3 155.3 155.5 91.2 92.9 93.3 93.6 173.7 171.4 171.0 173.1

Nevada

129.0 133.5 135.4 135.3 347.9 350.4 351.2 351.8 159.0 162.4 164.0 164.2

New Hampshire

121.4 123.6 124.0 124.1 69.9 71.6 72.5 71.3 90.8 91.4 93.4 91.3


New Jersey

679.8 686.5 689.1 693.3 371.3 388.1 390.3 384.8 615.3 611.9 613.0 612.6

New Mexico

139.7 139.2 140.4 141.4 96.5 99.5 99.4 98.2 190.9 185.8 188.9 187.8

New York

1,968.1 2,029.9 2,031.9 2,025.7 916.5 943.6 951.1 932.5 1,449.1 1,455.0 1,455.6 1,458.0

North Carolina

588.0 599.7 604.5 603.5 483.0 492.3 491.9 487.3 732.4 739.6 734.6 740.5

North Dakota

62.6 63.1 63.2 63.3 39.4 40.8 39.7 38.9 83.3 83.1 83.4 83.3


Ohio

926.3 943.1 946.5 951.1 551.9 563.8 568.3 571.2 779.4 781.7 776.3 776.3

Oklahoma

233.7 239.0 239.6 239.2 163.6 166.6 168.4 166.9 353.6 354.5 353.9 354.3

Oregon

268.9 278.1 279.1 278.1 200.2 206.2 202.7 199.0 309.5 312.8 309.4 310.8

Pennsylvania

1,226.9 1,250.3 1,246.8 1,247.3 558.2 580.4 583.3 584.3 711.7 705.7 705.8 706.4

Rhode Island

106.2 107.8 108.1 106.7 57.6 61.6 61.9 60.1 61.0 60.9 60.4 60.8


South Carolina

243.3 247.8 248.8 249.3 248.0 250.1 248.0 244.8 364.0 368.5 371.0 368.8

South Dakota

70.9 71.1 71.6 71.9 46.8 47.9 47.8 47.1 79.0 80.5 80.4 80.9

Tennessee

427.0 427.4 430.0 432.5 322.6 329.9 331.3 330.1 427.5 434.3 433.2 433.5

Texas

1,643.8 1,688.8 1,688.3 1,682.3 1,296.4 1,327.3 1,330.5 1,309.2 1,934.3 1,958.1 1,959.2 1,960.1

Utah

194.3 197.8 198.9 198.9 139.9 142.0 142.0 143.9 240.1 243.1 242.1 244.9


Vermont

64.4 66.2 66.0 65.8 37.3 38.4 38.4 37.7 56.1 55.9 56.2 56.7

Virginia

535.0 548.6 553.0 552.6 399.2 406.5 408.9 403.3 713.9 714.6 714.7 714.9

Washington

467.2 478.8 479.6 480.2 325.4 333.5 333.3 336.7 579.4 591.5 586.9 594.7

West Virginia

129.8 133.5 133.9 133.2 74.7 73.6 73.8 75.1 154.2 153.5 154.1 154.3

Wisconsin

447.0 449.8 451.0 451.3 274.6 282.3 282.1 278.4 409.4 417.1 412.5 415.2

Wyoming

27.6 27.6 27.6 27.5 35.8 34.9 34.8 34.0 71.2 69.8 69.9 69.6


Puerto Rico(1)

123.0 124.5 124.9 - 80.8 82.8 82.5 - 228.6 217.7 217.5 -

Virgin Islands(2)(1)

- - - - 7.7 7.9 7.8 - 10.6 10.9 11.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(2) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
August September August September August September
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,975.7 2,004.5 1,983.2 2,011.6 9.2 9.6 9.4 9.7 83.3 89.7 84.6 90.9

Alaska

352.8 353.4 342.1 342.6 14.1 13.9 13.8 13.7 19.1 18.7 18.0 18.3

Arizona

2,686.1 2,725.8 2,726.3 2,762.2 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.4 138.1 139.0 137.4 140.6

Arkansas

1,218.7 1,242.8 1,237.4 1,258.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 50.9 52.3 51.3 53.4

California

16,462.4 16,721.6 16,549.2 16,807.1 24.6 23.6 24.4 23.5 797.9 842.9 796.1 840.6


Colorado

2,618.3 2,663.8 2,618.4 2,662.5 23.0 22.1 22.5 21.9 160.7 161.4 160.2 161.3

Connecticut

1,671.7 1,680.7 1,681.6 1,682.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 62.5 61.9 61.4 58.7

Delaware(1)

455.9 458.7 455.2 457.6 - - - - 21.6 21.9 21.4 21.1

District of Columbia(1)

771.9 786.5 784.0 789.5 - - - - 14.7 15.1 14.6 14.8

Florida

8,371.2 8,589.3 8,402.0 8,481.3 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.6 480.3 520.0 484.8 504.6


Georgia

4,390.5 4,493.3 4,405.4 4,485.2 9.5 10.3 9.5 10.3 180.1 180.3 181.4 177.3

Hawaii(1)

643.3 646.9 648.8 656.5 - - - - 38.3 37.9 37.8 37.5

Idaho

702.1 717.8 707.9 721.7 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.0 44.7 46.7 44.5 45.0

Illinois

6,029.8 6,055.2 6,057.0 6,069.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2 232.8 231.4 231.2 227.6

Indiana

3,086.7 3,131.1 3,123.9 3,162.4 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 138.2 144.3 138.9 144.6


Iowa

1,566.3 1,583.1 1,579.4 1,592.2 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 87.9 82.5 86.7 79.7

Kansas

1,396.0 1,392.2 1,418.5 1,414.7 6.9 7.2 6.8 7.0 63.2 65.2 62.9 64.3

Kentucky

1,916.9 1,949.0 1,924.2 1,953.5 10.1 9.6 10.1 9.6 79.2 85.3 79.1 85.1

Louisiana

1,950.6 1,973.4 1,967.3 1,980.7 37.4 36.9 37.1 36.9 139.1 153.3 141.7 155.5

Maine

634.5 640.1 630.5 633.7 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 29.1 30.9 28.6 30.0


Maryland

2,718.0 2,782.6 2,725.4 2,782.9 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 164.9 172.5 164.2 171.7

Massachusetts

3,583.7 3,651.3 3,587.9 3,649.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 153.7 159.5 151.5 157.7

Michigan

4,316.7 4,390.9 4,365.5 4,424.3 7.4 7.7 7.2 7.7 166.1 175.1 164.9 172.5

Minnesota

2,924.6 2,975.2 2,923.2 2,964.6 6.7 7.4 6.7 7.3 129.7 137.0 127.0 133.3

Mississippi

1,140.9 1,151.4 1,149.6 1,155.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 7.0 43.9 43.4 44.4 44.7


Missouri

2,834.9 2,886.7 2,861.3 2,902.3 4.1 4.4 4.1 4.4 125.1 122.1 124.6 119.6

Montana

474.9 483.8 474.3 482.0 7.1 7.5 7.0 7.4 29.7 30.2 28.9 29.8

Nebraska

1,013.5 1,029.5 1,019.0 1,033.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 53.4 52.7 52.7 53.4

Nevada

1,303.8 1,346.5 1,316.5 1,352.6 14.0 14.4 13.8 14.2 77.6 89.1 78.2 89.3

New Hampshire

671.2 685.9 674.3 681.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 26.7 30.0 26.4 28.9


New Jersey

4,087.0 4,146.2 4,102.8 4,133.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 159.5 165.0 157.6 164.8

New Mexico

828.9 837.9 833.1 839.9 19.1 18.6 18.8 18.4 43.1 46.1 43.0 46.0

New York

9,394.6 9,545.5 9,420.0 9,509.1 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.6 394.9 399.3 390.3 392.7

North Carolina

4,347.9 4,417.9 4,370.7 4,431.8 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.8 204.3 201.6 204.6 202.3

North Dakota

433.8 440.3 439.7 444.3 14.6 19.4 14.9 19.4 37.1 36.9 36.3 36.1


Ohio

5,510.2 5,571.0 5,513.9 5,583.3 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.2 216.6 227.8 214.5 225.4

Oklahoma

1,640.2 1,659.4 1,651.7 1,667.2 43.0 46.3 43.0 46.8 78.8 83.3 79.3 83.5

Oregon

1,832.5 1,881.6 1,846.4 1,883.5 8.0 8.1 7.9 8.1 95.0 106.7 94.5 108.0

Pennsylvania

5,855.2 5,939.4 5,924.5 5,986.2 24.4 24.1 24.4 24.1 251.6 259.4 249.8 257.8

Rhode Island

490.7 501.3 494.7 499.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.5 22.6 19.3 21.9


South Carolina

2,061.4 2,095.2 2,065.7 2,093.5 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.3 96.2 95.3 96.0 95.7

South Dakota

439.6 444.3 436.6 439.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 25.7 24.6 24.7 23.9

Tennessee

2,966.8 3,017.7 2,994.7 3,037.3 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.3 116.8 123.6 117.9 122.6

Texas

12,001.2 12,282.0 12,051.0 12,307.2 216.0 243.5 215.0 248.6 705.6 716.3 707.9 718.4

Utah

1,425.2 1,465.4 1,446.0 1,481.1 8.7 8.0 8.4 7.9 95.1 101.1 94.4 99.1


Vermont

310.9 313.4 315.2 317.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 16.8 16.8 16.4 16.6

Virginia

3,921.2 3,972.4 3,939.0 3,973.2 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.8 191.0 195.0 191.2 193.8

Washington

3,256.7 3,332.3 3,280.7 3,348.4 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.8 195.0 206.2 195.5 204.6

West Virginia

739.0 742.1 749.2 751.2 19.2 21.8 19.1 22.1 31.6 33.2 31.9 32.9

Wisconsin

2,946.4 2,977.5 2,941.9 2,975.5 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.1 121.6 123.7 118.9 120.9

Wyoming

285.5 285.2 284.1 281.8 18.0 20.3 17.9 20.2 22.6 22.4 22.0 22.2


Puerto Rico(2)

878.6 868.0 890.9 - 0.5 0.5 0.5 - 22.4 20.5 22.6 -

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

38.0 38.6 37.5 - - - - - 1.5 1.4 1.5 -

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(2) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
August September August September August September
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

261.1 266.8 261.7 267.8 379.4 371.8 379.0 374.6 20.6 19.6 20.4 19.6

Alaska

20.3 20.5 14.1 12.8 70.1 70.3 67.8 68.4 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.1

Arizona

159.9 164.9 159.8 164.2 513.6 515.3 514.4 515.5 45.0 42.2 44.6 42.2

Arkansas

155.1 158.9 155.5 160.2 252.4 255.5 252.2 253.5 13.5 13.3 13.4 13.1

California

1,323.9 1,318.8 1,318.8 1,312.6 2,996.5 3,010.1 2,990.3 3,015.8 527.0 534.8 523.0 534.2


Colorado

143.4 142.3 142.7 141.8 457.3 469.9 454.8 464.1 72.6 73.4 71.6 73.1

Connecticut

157.4 158.0 156.4 157.1 293.2 294.5 296.5 295.4 33.0 31.9 32.2 31.8

Delaware

26.0 26.0 25.8 25.9 82.9 81.2 82.7 80.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.5 32.7 32.7 32.5 17.1 16.8 16.9 16.7

Florida

357.1 368.1 357.3 366.0 1,710.8 1,745.3 1,710.2 1,730.9 137.3 137.6 135.2 137.2


Georgia

389.2 387.5 388.8 385.3 923.8 941.1 924.7 937.3 110.1 112.7 111.2 113.4

Hawaii

14.2 13.8 14.0 13.9 119.8 122.7 120.1 122.7 9.6 9.1 9.1 9.1

Idaho

65.4 67.4 64.9 67.3 139.3 142.6 139.4 141.8 9.2 9.4 9.0 9.2

Illinois

574.7 571.6 572.2 571.5 1,212.6 1,206.3 1,207.5 1,198.7 99.9 99.8 98.4 98.7

Indiana

525.1 532.4 522.2 531.8 596.0 593.8 595.6 593.4 32.6 30.6 32.2 30.0


Iowa

214.9 216.3 213.3 216.1 317.0 321.1 314.0 317.9 22.7 21.4 22.4 21.1

Kansas

160.2 156.9 160.1 159.5 268.2 266.3 267.0 262.9 20.6 19.0 20.3 18.9

Kentucky

250.1 250.8 250.0 250.8 398.5 403.8 397.1 403.0 23.0 24.3 22.9 24.0

Louisiana

134.9 134.9 134.8 134.3 385.5 379.5 384.6 378.6 23.6 21.9 22.0 21.4

Maine

51.8 51.5 51.1 51.0 124.3 124.0 121.9 122.2 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.4


Maryland

104.1 104.5 103.5 103.6 467.6 471.8 467.0 467.8 37.8 37.0 37.6 37.0

Massachusetts

246.8 246.1 244.6 244.6 578.6 583.2 573.5 579.0 90.7 90.4 89.7 88.4

Michigan

603.0 610.1 603.4 604.2 788.5 790.4 783.7 781.3 57.9 58.4 57.4 58.2

Minnesota

322.9 326.1 319.6 322.7 536.8 541.9 531.9 536.0 52.0 51.3 50.8 49.5

Mississippi

142.9 143.5 143.0 143.7 229.1 232.5 229.3 231.4 12.2 11.4 12.0 11.4


Missouri

264.3 271.0 263.8 267.8 545.8 548.6 543.6 548.8 53.1 50.4 52.8 50.5

Montana

19.7 19.6 19.6 19.9 96.0 96.5 95.2 95.0 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3

Nebraska

97.0 98.1 96.6 97.7 204.2 204.8 203.1 202.8 18.5 18.7 18.5 18.4

Nevada

43.9 45.6 43.9 45.6 242.7 243.1 243.5 243.1 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1

New Hampshire

68.7 69.1 68.1 68.7 140.9 141.8 139.5 139.0 12.6 12.4 12.4 12.4


New Jersey

244.4 248.3 243.1 248.1 865.7 867.7 868.2 866.8 74.2 72.2 73.6 71.4

New Mexico

27.0 26.8 27.1 26.8 139.0 139.8 138.3 140.7 13.3 13.1 13.0 12.6

New York

454.8 436.7 452.7 437.0 1,560.9 1,564.5 1,570.0 1,564.1 272.9 269.9 271.6 264.7

North Carolina

465.4 464.2 465.0 465.0 818.1 822.9 814.8 820.9 79.1 73.5 78.1 72.5

North Dakota

24.9 24.2 24.8 24.2 95.7 95.6 95.3 94.9 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.7


Ohio

688.1 691.8 684.8 689.9 1,022.9 1,019.0 1,016.9 1,017.7 72.4 72.6 71.9 71.2

Oklahoma

127.3 130.2 127.1 130.8 306.4 301.2 305.0 300.6 21.3 21.0 21.1 20.9

Oregon

191.7 197.8 189.7 196.4 345.1 347.4 344.6 346.9 33.4 34.3 34.3 33.9

Pennsylvania

561.0 554.9 556.0 551.8 1,119.4 1,118.1 1,124.7 1,129.2 85.7 83.5 84.3 81.4

Rhode Island

40.4 41.2 40.1 41.1 76.0 77.8 76.6 77.6 8.1 7.7 8.2 7.7


South Carolina

237.9 247.9 239.1 249.1 396.2 400.3 394.1 401.4 26.8 26.3 26.6 25.9

South Dakota

42.3 41.9 41.8 41.9 89.7 89.1 87.7 87.3 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.9

Tennessee

345.7 346.6 345.4 345.7 618.9 627.5 616.9 629.0 45.5 45.5 45.7 45.4

Texas

843.7 879.5 841.5 879.0 2,426.6 2,446.3 2,417.0 2,438.9 202.9 192.2 200.9 190.1

Utah

126.5 129.6 126.7 128.9 273.3 280.1 273.2 279.6 38.1 36.2 37.2 35.5


Vermont

30.0 29.0 29.9 29.0 55.7 56.1 55.5 55.5 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.4

Virginia

233.4 234.5 233.3 233.7 663.2 661.1 658.8 656.5 68.8 65.1 68.4 64.1

Washington

293.2 288.7 292.3 289.1 616.5 630.2 615.0 626.5 123.8 127.1 123.1 126.4

West Virginia

46.6 45.3 46.7 45.6 132.2 128.4 133.0 128.8 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.6

Wisconsin

471.8 481.6 465.4 476.0 543.4 545.7 539.6 546.6 49.7 46.7 48.6 46.3

Wyoming

9.3 9.4 9.2 9.4 54.4 53.9 53.3 52.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7


Puerto Rico(1)

73.3 70.6 73.7 - 171.5 168.3 171.2 - 17.3 17.8 17.7 -

Virgin Islands(1)

0.6 0.6 0.6 - 7.9 7.9 7.9 - 0.6 0.7 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
August September August September August September
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

96.7 98.2 96.7 99.4 234.7 242.0 234.3 240.9 233.3 238.3 235.7 239.1

Alaska

12.8 12.1 12.1 11.7 29.8 29.3 29.0 28.7 48.9 49.1 48.7 48.8

Arizona

203.4 209.1 204.2 209.4 413.7 417.6 417.5 419.0 411.0 420.8 415.1 426.0

Arkansas

51.5 51.3 51.2 51.2 141.3 146.0 144.2 148.9 180.3 187.5 185.3 190.6

California

829.2 835.9 825.8 831.5 2,550.8 2,561.6 2,556.8 2,561.5 2,513.3 2,588.3 2,544.6 2,615.2


Colorado

165.4 169.1 164.4 166.9 413.3 422.4 411.0 427.3 327.3 332.8 328.5 337.5

Connecticut

131.1 132.8 129.4 131.9 220.1 218.9 219.4 218.7 323.3 327.0 331.3 332.4

Delaware

47.7 48.5 46.9 48.0 61.4 60.9 60.4 60.4 76.6 78.9 77.3 79.5

District of Columbia

30.5 29.9 30.3 29.7 165.7 168.9 165.1 167.2 125.8 132.4 136.5 136.6

Florida

548.2 558.5 548.6 557.4 1,289.7 1,329.2 1,292.0 1,300.7 1,237.2 1,263.8 1,248.9 1,263.9


Georgia

239.8 247.8 239.3 247.4 656.6 688.1 660.0 685.9 562.3 576.1 565.4 579.2

Hawaii

28.6 27.7 28.5 27.7 83.5 86.6 83.6 86.9 82.9 84.8 84.3 85.8

Idaho

34.5 34.8 34.2 34.8 88.6 89.7 88.0 88.4 98.6 101.4 101.5 105.1

Illinois

387.6 395.8 383.7 395.6 946.3 963.7 947.5 960.1 905.0 912.9 912.6 921.2

Indiana

135.4 139.7 134.4 138.5 339.0 345.2 339.8 345.6 454.7 467.4 471.1 478.0


Iowa

108.9 113.2 108.4 112.8 140.7 145.3 139.7 142.0 221.7 228.6 228.9 233.9

Kansas

86.7 87.1 86.0 86.9 179.3 181.7 180.4 180.8 194.6 195.8 196.5 198.2

Kentucky

93.8 95.9 93.6 95.4 215.9 228.6 218.2 229.1 267.9 270.6 271.5 273.6

Louisiana

92.2 93.5 92.4 92.4 207.7 211.3 210.8 209.4 310.5 316.4 312.1 317.4

Maine

31.7 31.1 31.2 30.9 67.4 67.3 66.7 66.2 123.3 126.3 125.8 127.9


Maryland

150.5 149.9 149.8 150.8 450.0 469.5 445.9 466.7 453.9 468.8 458.0 473.9

Massachusetts

228.2 232.3 223.9 228.9 562.1 577.5 554.4 571.7 770.7 794.9 781.8 803.4

Michigan

216.6 221.8 213.2 217.8 642.9 655.4 653.1 670.7 660.0 661.3 665.9 671.0

Minnesota

178.4 178.1 176.2 176.6 379.1 384.0 377.3 380.1 519.9 537.0 523.8 539.4

Mississippi

44.1 44.4 43.9 43.6 106.9 106.2 107.2 103.8 139.7 143.5 141.5 145.7


Missouri

170.5 175.2 169.7 174.8 381.8 392.1 381.2 394.4 455.6 464.3 458.5 466.4

Montana

24.1 25.2 23.8 25.0 41.9 43.6 40.9 42.3 73.5 75.9 74.7 76.7

Nebraska

73.9 75.2 73.3 74.4 118.5 123.6 118.1 124.3 152.3 153.8 153.6 154.9

Nevada

62.9 62.9 63.0 63.0 177.1 188.9 179.8 189.4 128.2 134.9 129.0 134.2

New Hampshire

37.8 38.9 37.3 38.0 79.1 81.1 78.4 79.9 119.6 121.6 121.2 123.4


New Jersey

252.5 255.7 250.3 252.6 668.8 680.0 671.6 674.9 661.3 675.5 677.5 687.8

New Mexico

33.5 33.6 33.4 34.1 102.6 105.8 102.3 104.2 136.8 138.9 140.1 141.6

New York

724.6 722.2 711.3 710.7 1,313.1 1,355.6 1,305.6 1,339.6 1,889.1 1,956.6 1,942.6 1,997.0

North Carolina

230.4 234.5 228.7 229.8 612.1 643.5 613.2 641.4 585.8 598.3 587.1 602.4

North Dakota

24.1 24.9 24.0 24.5 35.7 37.2 35.1 36.8 62.2 63.0 62.6 63.1


Ohio

302.9 312.8 301.1 309.6 732.5 739.4 729.8 734.9 917.5 931.7 926.1 947.5

Oklahoma

78.8 81.7 78.4 80.7 181.2 185.7 181.7 183.1 233.1 238.3 234.5 239.3

Oregon

98.8 98.5 98.2 98.1 243.0 249.9 241.6 246.6 261.0 272.7 268.5 276.9

Pennsylvania

319.9 319.8 316.9 318.8 796.6 824.4 800.4 820.3 1,184.7 1,216.7 1,229.2 1,243.0

Rhode Island

33.6 33.5 33.5 32.9 66.7 66.8 66.6 65.5 101.5 103.0 106.0 105.7


South Carolina

101.4 102.4 100.5 101.2 269.3 279.2 270.6 276.9 242.0 247.0 244.4 248.7

South Dakota

29.5 30.3 29.4 29.8 31.7 31.9 31.3 31.2 70.1 70.8 70.8 71.3

Tennessee

153.9 156.2 154.1 155.5 407.1 416.1 408.9 415.0 422.6 425.8 428.4 433.7

Texas

737.0 760.5 735.5 762.4 1,638.2 1,687.4 1,640.7 1,687.6 1,640.4 1,681.9 1,647.8 1,683.9

Utah

82.8 84.6 82.3 83.2 206.5 216.6 205.2 214.0 187.5 193.2 196.0 200.3


Vermont

12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9 28.9 29.3 28.2 29.6 64.0 65.3 64.1 65.3

Virginia

203.0 207.5 201.2 206.8 721.6 740.8 719.2 732.9 527.8 545.1 538.6 552.5

Washington

153.5 158.9 152.7 157.9 409.3 415.9 411.5 415.8 457.4 471.8 464.7 477.1

West Virginia

27.6 27.8 27.6 27.6 66.0 66.1 65.4 65.7 127.5 131.8 131.3 134.2

Wisconsin

154.0 154.5 152.2 153.4 328.1 330.2 325.6 327.4 440.1 446.1 446.5 449.8

Wyoming

10.9 11.1 10.8 11.0 18.7 17.8 18.1 17.1 27.0 27.1 27.7 27.4


Puerto Rico(1)

42.2 42.2 42.6 - 111.8 111.8 114.9 - 117.4 120.3 122.7 -

Virgin Islands(1)

2.1 2.1 2.1 - 3.4 3.3 3.3 - 2.4 2.5 2.5 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
August September August September August September
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

202.8 212.1 200.5 207.9 80.3 83.4 80.4 82.8 374.3 373.0 380.5 378.9

Alaska

43.1 43.5 39.5 40.1 11.1 12.2 11.1 11.9 77.1 77.6 81.7 82.1

Arizona

306.1 319.3 308.9 321.0 88.8 86.3 89.2 87.0 395.0 399.8 423.7 425.9

Arkansas

118.6 123.2 117.5 119.2 47.5 48.8 47.5 49.8 201.4 199.9 213.1 212.3

California

1,931.8 1,975.6 1,916.1 1,951.6 559.8 577.7 562.0 582.6 2,407.6 2,452.3 2,491.3 2,538.0


Colorado

339.3 345.6 327.3 328.5 107.5 111.5 106.8 109.2 408.5 413.3 428.6 430.9

Connecticut

163.1 167.2 157.0 158.7 65.9 69.7 64.7 67.7 221.5 218.2 232.7 229.2

Delaware

54.7 57.2 51.9 54.4 18.9 18.4 18.6 18.0 61.4 61.0 65.5 65.0

District of Columbia

75.0 80.2 76.3 80.6 72.8 72.2 72.4 72.3 236.6 237.1 238.0 237.9

Florida

1,160.8 1,190.1 1,159.2 1,140.3 347.9 366.7 349.7 358.5 1,096.3 1,104.3 1,110.4 1,116.2


Georgia

478.4 497.2 474.9 488.7 159.3 161.2 158.3 160.6 681.4 691.0 691.9 699.8

Hawaii

119.4 122.5 118.6 121.3 27.2 27.2 27.4 27.4 119.8 114.6 125.4 124.2

Idaho

78.1 78.7 75.0 75.1 25.0 25.3 24.5 24.9 114.5 117.8 122.8 126.1

Illinois

618.9 625.9 605.6 603.4 253.1 253.7 250.4 251.5 790.7 785.7 840.0 832.8

Indiana

318.4 317.2 313.0 312.9 127.0 131.1 126.7 129.3 414.0 423.0 443.7 451.9


Iowa

150.0 153.0 145.1 148.2 59.3 60.2 58.9 59.3 240.7 238.8 259.5 258.5

Kansas

131.1 128.4 128.5 127.0 50.4 49.4 50.7 50.8 234.8 235.2 259.3 258.4

Kentucky

199.8 200.2 196.8 196.9 65.6 68.1 65.3 67.6 313.0 311.8 319.6 318.4

Louisiana

230.7 237.2 230.0 236.0 75.2 77.2 75.0 77.1 313.8 311.3 326.8 321.7

Maine

82.5 86.0 72.1 73.2 22.4 21.2 21.8 21.0 91.8 91.7 101.2 101.3


Maryland

290.3 300.1 279.8 282.4 114.4 117.0 113.7 116.6 483.2 490.2 504.6 511.1

Massachusetts

395.9 403.4 374.5 376.0 142.2 147.7 135.1 140.2 413.7 415.1 457.8 458.2

Michigan

451.8 464.4 438.2 446.4 171.3 175.6 169.5 173.5 551.2 570.7 609.0 621.0

Minnesota

284.1 290.6 273.7 275.8 117.1 119.9 116.2 120.5 397.9 401.9 420.0 423.4

Mississippi

135.9 137.5 135.0 135.9 40.1 40.3 40.2 39.9 239.3 241.8 246.3 248.7


Missouri

314.1 324.9 306.5 317.5 117.3 118.6 116.3 117.6 403.2 415.1 440.2 440.5

Montana

71.1 73.4 67.6 69.2 18.5 17.6 18.6 17.7 87.0 88.0 91.7 92.7

Nebraska

94.5 98.4 92.8 95.5 36.7 38.9 36.7 38.7 163.5 164.2 172.6 172.1

Nevada

350.7 355.1 350.7 353.8 40.9 42.0 41.5 41.7 151.7 156.4 159.0 164.2

New Hampshire

80.5 84.8 73.1 73.1 25.0 25.2 24.5 24.1 79.2 79.9 92.4 92.5


New Jersey

407.3 435.3 386.1 397.1 173.5 174.6 170.2 168.4 578.4 570.6 603.2 600.4

New Mexico

98.8 102.8 96.7 98.4 30.3 30.1 28.1 28.2 185.4 182.3 192.3 188.9

New York

965.4 1,008.1 936.6 953.4 406.7 414.3 405.4 411.2 1,406.7 1,412.7 1,428.4 1,433.1

North Carolina

500.6 515.6 489.4 495.6 152.6 156.6 151.7 155.6 693.8 701.3 732.4 740.5

North Dakota

40.2 40.1 40.4 39.4 16.0 15.4 16.0 15.5 76.7 76.8 83.7 83.7


Ohio

581.2 601.5 563.6 580.7 214.8 216.0 212.7 213.0 750.1 747.1 781.4 782.2

Oklahoma

167.6 171.3 166.1 168.0 62.8 60.4 62.6 59.5 339.9 340.0 352.9 354.0

Oregon

208.9 214.1 206.0 206.0 64.5 64.9 64.4 64.4 283.1 287.2 296.7 298.2

Pennsylvania

593.4 618.2 569.8 592.3 261.4 262.5 257.6 257.1 657.1 657.8 711.4 710.4

Rhode Island

63.5 67.8 60.8 62.8 24.0 23.9 23.0 23.3 57.2 56.8 60.4 60.3


South Carolina

259.0 259.6 250.0 247.9 74.9 74.7 74.9 73.2 353.5 358.1 365.3 369.2

South Dakota

52.7 55.2 49.0 49.2 16.4 16.9 16.0 16.2 74.7 76.4 79.2 81.2

Tennessee

329.7 342.2 326.4 333.5 110.9 113.0 111.1 111.6 411.7 416.9 435.9 441.0

Texas

1,314.9 1,353.4 1,302.3 1,309.6 430.1 445.2 427.1 446.0 1,845.8 1,875.8 1,915.3 1,942.7

Utah

143.1 146.4 140.8 145.1 40.5 42.0 39.8 41.4 223.1 227.6 242.0 246.1


Vermont

38.1 39.8 36.4 36.5 10.7 11.0 10.4 11.2 49.0 48.7 56.8 56.7

Virginia

418.4 429.7 404.6 411.5 201.7 202.2 200.1 200.4 684.5 683.7 715.8 713.2

Washington

339.2 348.0 336.1 344.6 119.6 123.5 118.1 121.3 542.7 555.2 565.2 578.3

West Virginia

77.2 76.9 76.1 76.2 54.1 54.2 53.9 53.9 147.3 147.1 154.5 154.6

Wisconsin

299.1 311.4 283.6 288.1 150.6 153.5 149.5 152.1 384.1 379.9 408.2 410.8

Wyoming

41.9 41.8 38.8 37.8 11.2 11.3 11.2 10.8 67.7 66.4 71.4 69.9


Puerto Rico(1)

80.7 82.1 80.8 - 17.3 17.6 17.5 - 224.2 216.3 226.7 -

Virgin Islands(1)

7.6 7.7 7.1 - 1.1 1.2 1.2 - 10.8 11.2 10.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: October 20, 2017