State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 17, 2017                 USDL-17-1506

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in October in 12 states, higher in 1 state, and stable 
in 37 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Twenty-three states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 
2 states and the District had increases, and 25 states had little or no change. The 
national unemployment rate edged down to 4.1 percent in October and was
0.7 percentage point lower than a year earlier.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states in October 2017, decreased in 3 
states, and was essentially unchanged in 38 states and the District of Columbia. Over 
the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 23 states and the District were 
essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.2 percent, followed by North 
Dakota, 2.5 percent. The rates in Alabama (3.6 percent), Hawaii (2.2 percent), and 
Texas (3.9 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska 
had the highest jobless rate, 7.2 percent. In total, 14 states and the District of 
Columbia had unemployment rates higher than the U.S. figure of 4.1 percent, 13 
states had lower rates, and 23 states had rates that were not appreciably different 
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |               Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands                  |
   |                                                                                 |
   | The Puerto Rico household survey was conducted for the October 2017 reference   |
   | period. However, the response rate was below average, in part as a result of    |
   | difficulties accessing some remote areas that were significantly affected by    |
   | Hurricanes Irma and Maria. As more information becomes available, the October   |
   | not-seasonally-adjusted estimates for Puerto Rico published in table 2 of this  |
   | news release may be subject to special revision. Furthermore, BLS was not able  |
   | to seasonally adjust the October estimates because the household survey was not |
   | conducted in September. BLS is researching how best to resume the seasonal      |
   | adjustment process for Puerto Rico's household data.                            |
   |                                                                                 |
   | Response rates for the October 2017 establishment survey were lower than average|
   | in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation process  |
   | that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a sufficient  |
   | amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates for       |
   | September.                                                                      |
   |                                                                                 |
   | The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey     |
   | in September or October 2017.                                                   |
   |                                                                                 |
   | More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection |
   | and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


In October, 12 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in 
Minnesota (-0.4 percentage point). The only over-the-month rate increase occurred in 
North Dakota (+0.1 percentage point). The remaining 37 states and the District of 
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month 
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the 
significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-three states had unemployment rate decreases from October 2016. The largest 
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.5 percentage points and -2.0 points, 
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in the District of Columbia 
(+0.8 percentage point) and Alaska and South Dakota (+0.6 point each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nine states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in October 
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in Florida (+125,300), 
followed by Texas (+71,500) and California (+31,700). In percentage terms, the largest 
increase occurred in Florida (+1.5 percent), followed by Oregon and Texas (+0.6 percent 
each). Three states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
October: Connecticut (-6,600, or -0.4 percent), Nebraska (-6,600, or -0.6 percent),
and South Dakota (-2,400, or -0.5 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
October. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+316,100), California (+256,800), 
and Florida (+197,500). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+2.8 percent), 
followed by Utah (+2.7 percent) and Texas (+2.6 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled 
to be released on Thursday, November 30, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 22, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _____________________________________________________________________________________________
|											      |
|          Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System               |
|											      |
| With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment Statistics  |
| (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the 2012 North American |
| Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for all states and metropolitan    |
| areas. The conversion to NAICS 2017 will result in minor revisions reflecting content and   |
| coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several industry titles and |
| descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, and collapsed industries   |
| as a result of the NAICS 2017 update, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking     |
| process, will be available on March 12, 2018.                                               |
|  											      |
| For more information on NAICS 2017, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.                      |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
California ..........................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           2.7
Delaware ............................|           4.8
District of Columbia ................|           6.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.2
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.9
Iowa ................................|           3.0
Kentucky ............................|           5.0
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           4.8
Minnesota ...........................|           3.3
Mississippi .........................|           4.9
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Jersey ..........................|           4.9
New Mexico ..........................|           6.1
New York ............................|           4.8
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
                                     |
Ohio ................................|           5.1
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           3.3
Vermont .............................|           2.9
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.4
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2017 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              | September |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |      -0.2
Arizona ........................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
California .....................|     5.1   |     4.9   |       -.2
Florida ........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Hawaii .........................|     2.5   |     2.2   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
Kansas .........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.7   |     3.3   |       -.4
Missouri .......................|     3.8   |     3.5   |       -.3
North Dakota ...................|     2.4   |     2.5   |        .1
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.7   |       -.1
Texas ..........................|     4.0   |     3.9   |       -.1
Utah ...........................|     3.4   |     3.3   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2016 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  October  |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.1   |     3.6   |      -2.5
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.2   |        .6
California .....................|     5.3   |     4.9   |       -.4
District of Columbia ...........|     5.8   |     6.6   |        .8
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.6   |      -1.3
Georgia ........................|     5.4   |     4.3   |      -1.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.2   |       -.7
Idaho ..........................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     5.8   |     4.9   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.6   |     3.0   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.6   |       -.7
Louisiana ......................|     6.1   |     4.8   |      -1.3
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.3   |       -.7
Missouri .......................|     4.6   |     3.5   |      -1.1
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.8   |     6.1   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.5   |       -.5
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.5   |     4.7   |       -.8
Rhode Island ...................|     5.1   |     4.2   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
Tennessee ......................|     5.0   |     3.0   |      -2.0
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.9   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
Wisconsin ......................|     4.2   |     3.4   |       -.8
Wyoming ........................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2017 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |  September  |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |     2017(p) |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  16,828,600 |  16,860,300 |      31,700 |      0.2
Connecticut ..................|   1,687,200 |   1,680,600 |      -6,600 |      -.4
Florida ......................|   8,529,800 |   8,655,100 |     125,300 |      1.5
Georgia ......................|   4,494,300 |   4,510,100 |      15,800 |       .4
Idaho ........................|     715,800 |     719,400 |       3,600 |       .5
Nebraska .....................|   1,034,000 |   1,027,400 |      -6,600 |      -.6
North Carolina ...............|   4,427,900 |   4,439,300 |      11,400 |       .3
Oregon .......................|   1,879,500 |   1,891,100 |      11,600 |       .6
South Carolina ...............|   2,092,400 |   2,102,500 |      10,100 |       .5
South Dakota .................|     437,300 |     434,900 |      -2,400 |      -.5
Texas ........................|  12,323,400 |  12,394,900 |      71,500 |       .6
Wisconsin ....................|   2,962,000 |   2,972,500 |      10,500 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2016 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    October  |    October  |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |     2017(p) |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,000 |   2,012,200 |      29,200 |      1.5
Arizona ......................|   2,731,000 |   2,762,500 |      31,500 |      1.2
Arkansas .....................|   1,234,700 |   1,258,200 |      23,500 |      1.9
California ...................|  16,603,500 |  16,860,300 |     256,800 |      1.5
Colorado .....................|   2,621,200 |   2,659,000 |      37,800 |      1.4
Florida ......................|   8,457,600 |   8,655,100 |     197,500 |      2.3
Georgia ......................|   4,422,300 |   4,510,100 |      87,800 |      2.0
Idaho ........................|     702,700 |     719,400 |      16,700 |      2.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,920,800 |   1,949,400 |      28,600 |      1.5
Maryland .....................|   2,721,800 |   2,776,200 |      54,400 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,574,500 |   3,643,500 |      69,000 |      1.9
Michigan .....................|   4,364,900 |   4,410,000 |      45,100 |      1.0
Minnesota ....................|   2,908,400 |   2,951,000 |      42,600 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,860,300 |   2,891,000 |      30,700 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,315,300 |   1,351,900 |      36,600 |      2.8
New Mexico ...................|     830,800 |     844,000 |      13,200 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,420,800 |   9,523,400 |     102,600 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,364,100 |   4,439,300 |      75,200 |      1.7
Ohio .........................|   5,491,500 |   5,550,900 |      59,400 |      1.1
Oregon .......................|   1,844,800 |   1,891,100 |      46,300 |      2.5
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,908,000 |   5,973,800 |      65,800 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,060,000 |   2,102,500 |      42,500 |      2.1
Tennessee ....................|   2,988,600 |   3,023,400 |      34,800 |      1.2
Texas ........................|  12,078,800 |  12,394,900 |     316,100 |      2.6
Utah .........................|   1,442,700 |   1,481,700 |      39,000 |      2.7
Washington ...................|   3,274,900 |   3,343,400 |      68,500 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,930,100 |   2,972,500 |      42,400 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,180,736 2,148,116 2,151,656 2,156,934 133,875 90,756 82,562 77,358 6.1 4.2 3.8 3.6

Alaska

359,784 365,088 364,072 363,331 23,796 26,146 26,235 26,163 6.6 7.2 7.2 7.2

Arizona

3,253,295 3,303,219 3,315,109 3,317,898 163,462 164,825 156,649 147,946 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.5

Arkansas

1,340,169 1,378,157 1,379,610 1,378,419 53,565 47,729 48,635 49,314 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.6

California

19,159,462 19,169,290 19,295,733 19,358,025 1,014,757 972,953 987,010 952,152 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,058,837 5,132,182 5,163,733 5,176,447 258,979 245,244 251,214 245,523 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.7

Colorado

2,905,146 2,991,860 3,010,114 3,020,646 91,049 72,589 76,526 81,366 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.7

Connecticut

1,888,778 1,923,215 1,913,982 1,906,087 86,887 92,184 87,100 85,647 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.5

Delaware

470,912 478,011 478,982 478,257 20,408 23,511 23,423 22,731 4.3 4.9 4.9 4.8

District of Columbia

392,862 402,330 402,005 400,847 22,942 25,712 26,231 26,553 5.8 6.4 6.5 6.6

Florida

9,900,774 10,095,925 10,115,461 10,117,011 487,137 408,109 385,319 368,524 4.9 4.0 3.8 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,354,062 1,392,300 1,395,347 1,390,829 73,922 63,730 62,659 62,411 5.5 4.6 4.5 4.5

Georgia

4,962,078 5,046,000 5,070,396 5,085,519 269,621 235,690 225,171 219,660 5.4 4.7 4.4 4.3

Hawaii

689,772 690,397 688,776 686,615 20,164 18,038 17,007 15,144 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.2

Idaho

819,510 819,892 823,696 828,546 30,485 23,417 23,018 23,622 3.7 2.9 2.8 2.9

Illinois

6,507,953 6,425,845 6,424,858 6,424,376 375,351 323,009 321,617 317,157 5.8 5.0 5.0 4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,793,345 3,756,616 3,765,208 3,765,868 223,368 182,146 190,466 192,593 5.9 4.8 5.1 5.1

Indiana

3,318,151 3,336,497 3,341,796 3,330,102 138,972 116,707 126,375 128,726 4.2 3.5 3.8 3.9

Iowa

1,697,013 1,683,061 1,686,979 1,686,691 60,840 55,281 54,680 50,980 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.0

Kansas

1,480,104 1,483,721 1,487,227 1,487,690 63,818 57,217 56,781 53,861 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.6

Kentucky

2,005,474 2,060,365 2,061,849 2,061,944 98,662 112,443 107,148 102,836 4.9 5.5 5.2 5.0

Louisiana

2,105,475 2,082,352 2,083,328 2,086,965 127,783 107,474 105,736 100,275 6.1 5.2 5.1 4.8

Maine

695,060 705,160 705,266 704,153 27,153 26,770 26,101 24,975 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5

Maryland

3,178,220 3,242,268 3,251,906 3,251,538 133,973 127,133 122,395 122,335 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8

Massachusetts

3,585,359 3,680,507 3,669,467 3,656,098 115,209 154,238 142,538 134,795 3.2 4.2 3.9 3.7

Michigan

4,851,673 4,832,984 4,851,275 4,859,067 243,558 189,919 208,573 217,823 5.0 3.9 4.3 4.5

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,079,728 2,076,652 2,087,118 2,089,990 115,053 67,418 75,905 82,137 5.5 3.2 3.6 3.9

Minnesota

3,002,158 3,054,016 3,069,062 3,073,826 120,714 116,241 112,150 102,919 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.3

Mississippi

1,282,625 1,282,978 1,277,975 1,272,070 72,627 68,318 66,040 62,534 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.9

Missouri

3,105,710 3,042,669 3,055,733 3,051,938 143,475 120,183 116,159 105,479 4.6 3.9 3.8 3.5

Montana

527,716 524,996 525,882 525,681 21,275 20,255 20,391 20,389 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Nebraska

1,011,465 1,008,161 1,010,354 1,010,777 33,173 28,064 27,832 27,039 3.3 2.8 2.8 2.7

Nevada

1,432,366 1,445,620 1,451,447 1,457,092 75,872 70,610 71,764 72,465 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.0

New Hampshire

750,989 751,965 750,028 747,906 20,921 20,018 20,063 20,129 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,511,792 4,515,791 4,524,302 4,520,764 218,554 201,813 212,993 220,874 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.9

New Mexico

928,137 929,297 930,322 931,506 62,861 58,221 57,652 57,127 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.1

New York

9,530,003 9,657,374 9,693,682 9,712,825 467,406 466,141 472,629 470,688 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8

New York City

4,125,135 4,233,610 4,243,870 4,247,333 213,823 207,175 214,579 213,855 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.0

North Carolina

4,901,670 4,902,196 4,931,077 4,946,249 251,275 200,167 200,222 203,890 5.1 4.1 4.1 4.1

North Dakota

417,273 418,029 417,976 418,521 12,661 9,527 9,924 10,315 3.0 2.3 2.4 2.5

Ohio

5,694,926 5,751,074 5,757,728 5,762,217 284,596 310,559 305,213 295,949 5.0 5.4 5.3 5.1

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,028,650 1,037,668 1,036,275 1,033,182 57,380 65,714 66,105 64,121 5.6 6.3 6.4 6.2

Oklahoma

1,823,784 1,819,372 1,827,368 1,835,540 90,000 81,521 81,726 80,403 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.4

Oregon

2,064,709 2,128,660 2,131,170 2,135,010 97,952 86,405 90,020 92,354 4.7 4.1 4.2 4.3

Pennsylvania

6,455,269 6,429,009 6,414,524 6,399,091 355,679 317,632 309,293 297,851 5.5 4.9 4.8 4.7

Rhode Island

551,668 556,266 555,203 554,495 28,378 23,745 23,242 23,258 5.1 4.3 4.2 4.2

South Carolina

2,297,919 2,318,954 2,324,112 2,325,691 101,772 93,069 91,342 91,091 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.9

South Dakota

454,044 458,172 458,775 459,073 13,143 15,322 15,758 15,986 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.5

Tennessee

3,163,163 3,152,638 3,183,060 3,208,324 158,721 103,024 95,648 95,177 5.0 3.3 3.0 3.0

Texas

13,330,692 13,373,330 13,408,314 13,427,736 633,349 556,969 541,098 517,417 4.8 4.2 4.0 3.9

Utah

1,523,918 1,573,527 1,575,177 1,575,758 49,127 54,578 53,852 51,570 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.3

Vermont

345,202 344,342 344,734 345,212 11,030 10,447 10,166 10,011 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9

Virginia

4,258,723 4,320,613 4,340,173 4,339,212 174,951 162,184 159,586 157,695 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Washington

3,669,886 3,725,363 3,754,537 3,768,587 193,456 170,081 171,901 170,959 5.3 4.6 4.6 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,634,286 1,641,342 1,650,213 1,654,733 62,345 60,180 62,189 62,730 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

West Virginia

783,163 778,922 780,337 779,641 46,095 39,224 39,837 39,866 5.9 5.0 5.1 5.1

Wisconsin

3,118,631 3,158,412 3,162,031 3,162,138 129,826 106,270 109,414 107,940 4.2 3.4 3.5 3.4

Wyoming

301,210 294,375 293,821 293,421 14,982 11,721 11,882 12,216 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.2

Puerto Rico

1,116,212 1,094,563 - - 134,857 110,362 - - 12.1 10.1 - -

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,176,728 2,171,138 2,193,487 2,178,323 134,032 72,327 136,336 76,101 6.2 3.3 6.2 3.5

Alaska

360,761 363,078 357,474 359,815 21,892 23,919 22,232 24,116 6.1 6.6 6.2 6.7

Arizona

3,263,107 3,337,835 3,264,008 3,315,610 175,080 156,238 167,206 146,026 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.4

Arkansas

1,345,513 1,375,221 1,342,421 1,374,813 52,163 46,479 46,406 43,601 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.2

California

19,186,046 19,450,716 19,201,496 19,353,387 1,004,338 918,466 1,007,701 837,435 5.2 4.7 5.2 4.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,072,873 5,199,489 5,071,969 5,164,039 268,540 252,659 259,901 224,997 5.3 4.9 5.1 4.4

Colorado

2,911,124 3,023,493 2,915,022 3,021,697 84,799 68,704 82,055 79,763 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.6

Connecticut

1,883,920 1,896,424 1,885,732 1,899,380 86,819 76,205 79,435 81,970 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.3

Delaware

467,885 475,250 470,204 474,839 20,185 22,205 19,814 20,723 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.4

District of Columbia

390,933 399,623 394,704 401,102 24,088 27,986 23,389 27,497 6.2 7.0 5.9 6.9

Florida

9,946,538 10,190,863 9,932,052 10,094,694 508,834 373,013 490,603 360,126 5.1 3.7 4.9 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,345,375 1,390,750 1,357,687 1,385,367 76,973 65,231 74,553 63,285 5.7 4.7 5.5 4.6

Georgia

4,957,356 5,088,267 4,972,208 5,075,140 274,962 214,507 276,234 221,641 5.5 4.2 5.6 4.4

Hawaii

685,456 684,363 687,426 681,770 21,042 16,596 20,269 12,863 3.1 2.4 2.9 1.9

Idaho

817,802 827,472 819,947 832,290 27,770 20,654 26,793 21,829 3.4 2.5 3.3 2.6

Illinois

6,517,022 6,419,956 6,520,067 6,431,632 364,791 293,870 363,282 301,911 5.6 4.6 5.6 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,780,509 3,747,227 3,783,546 3,753,860 212,408 179,252 216,835 183,914 5.6 4.8 5.7 4.9

Indiana

3,325,272 3,338,417 3,328,690 3,305,053 134,378 119,137 130,358 112,589 4.0 3.6 3.9 3.4

Iowa

1,698,623 1,688,336 1,702,903 1,686,191 57,646 50,349 54,397 39,727 3.4 3.0 3.2 2.4

Kansas

1,478,192 1,486,519 1,483,972 1,490,265 60,371 50,985 59,924 45,235 4.1 3.4 4.0 3.0

Kentucky

2,000,277 2,064,324 1,997,151 2,050,783 96,448 89,043 91,044 87,272 4.8 4.3 4.6 4.3

Louisiana

2,118,949 2,090,122 2,118,476 2,098,942 134,882 110,115 124,482 89,835 6.4 5.3 5.9 4.3

Maine

695,467 705,304 697,727 704,739 23,693 21,341 23,884 21,150 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0

Maryland

3,177,815 3,243,578 3,187,678 3,242,860 132,464 113,145 133,706 122,939 4.2 3.5 4.2 3.8

Massachusetts

3,568,057 3,645,166 3,576,746 3,624,329 119,229 128,032 101,927 119,461 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.3

Michigan

4,860,874 4,900,400 4,868,988 4,863,876 233,070 218,734 234,794 206,388 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.2

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,095,472 2,116,422 2,088,594 2,097,185 118,095 93,633 118,523 89,105 5.6 4.4 5.7 4.2

Minnesota

3,001,492 3,071,418 3,003,265 3,058,874 108,951 89,217 103,221 72,447 3.6 2.9 3.4 2.4

Mississippi

1,282,108 1,276,800 1,287,090 1,269,054 72,753 59,839 73,056 56,152 5.7 4.7 5.7 4.4

Missouri

3,108,513 3,081,857 3,107,424 3,042,240 141,820 101,865 126,662 75,233 4.6 3.3 4.1 2.5

Montana

525,693 524,037 526,549 522,363 17,809 17,701 19,296 18,750 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.6

Nebraska

1,003,800 1,000,642 1,011,427 1,007,339 31,006 25,525 30,561 23,541 3.1 2.6 3.0 2.3

Nevada

1,432,348 1,457,856 1,432,972 1,461,238 77,259 72,336 73,890 70,685 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.8

New Hampshire

746,963 743,355 748,222 742,912 19,415 19,453 18,430 17,924 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4

New Jersey

4,500,021 4,502,188 4,505,268 4,489,080 220,483 216,281 205,724 211,561 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7

New Mexico

925,371 928,397 929,347 933,259 62,481 56,362 61,112 54,760 6.8 6.1 6.6 5.9

New York

9,554,863 9,738,498 9,548,033 9,712,111 471,384 460,959 455,099 449,212 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.6

New York City

4,141,323 4,258,079 4,138,355 4,251,519 222,170 212,745 217,199 208,276 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.9

North Carolina

4,902,908 4,966,385 4,928,025 4,955,159 243,039 196,033 251,212 204,020 5.0 3.9 5.1 4.1

North Dakota

417,632 417,181 417,255 418,634 10,058 7,839 9,260 7,277 2.4 1.9 2.2 1.7

Ohio

5,719,701 5,766,709 5,722,196 5,773,564 281,698 270,913 268,016 260,672 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.5

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,029,181 1,034,018 1,023,257 1,026,403 54,249 58,729 52,168 52,900 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2

Oklahoma

1,827,050 1,839,031 1,833,474 1,849,959 89,975 79,804 88,124 75,681 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.1

Oregon

2,075,688 2,139,304 2,076,489 2,151,230 95,099 88,695 94,169 88,502 4.6 4.1 4.5 4.1

Pennsylvania

6,474,896 6,405,318 6,461,574 6,373,489 345,629 282,534 339,080 265,262 5.3 4.4 5.2 4.2

Rhode Island

552,409 551,661 552,117 552,300 27,069 20,518 25,753 21,265 4.9 3.7 4.7 3.9

South Carolina

2,301,557 2,322,981 2,299,345 2,314,286 108,274 88,921 102,913 90,403 4.7 3.8 4.5 3.9

South Dakota

451,351 456,119 454,982 458,671 11,406 13,924 11,096 13,804 2.5 3.1 2.4 3.0

Tennessee

3,160,765 3,222,167 3,162,841 3,214,048 164,593 92,838 157,787 97,859 5.2 2.9 5.0 3.0

Texas

13,359,661 13,498,742 13,338,725 13,392,285 646,980 543,922 612,866 470,201 4.8 4.0 4.6 3.5

Utah

1,521,521 1,574,968 1,527,871 1,572,099 46,235 48,033 47,409 45,596 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9

Vermont

344,666 343,273 344,510 343,689 11,186 10,084 8,720 7,902 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.3

Virginia

4,251,219 4,335,900 4,258,096 4,293,410 177,096 155,475 170,163 151,002 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.5

Washington

3,666,453 3,772,310 3,681,300 3,762,673 185,885 164,255 184,152 158,960 5.1 4.4 5.0 4.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,636,498 1,666,034 1,631,040 1,643,223 66,044 66,506 62,494 62,692 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.8

West Virginia

787,174 784,270 788,123 781,779 42,749 34,521 41,772 33,096 5.4 4.4 5.3 4.2

Wisconsin

3,127,214 3,169,419 3,127,427 3,165,270 117,402 95,442 114,870 88,788 3.8 3.0 3.7 2.8

Wyoming

301,548 292,553 300,979 292,325 13,574 10,258 13,436 11,087 4.5 3.5 4.5 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,119,147 - 1,102,730 1,061,157 146,222 - 137,831 121,137 13.1 - 12.5 11.4

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,983.0 2,005.3 2,012.2 2,012.2 84.7 89.6 90.1 89.2 261.3 265.5 266.7 267.4

Alaska

330.6 332.0 331.1 330.9 15.7 15.7 16.1 15.6 12.2 13.2 11.6 11.2

Arizona

2,731.0 2,754.6 2,767.1 2,762.5 135.4 139.1 139.6 138.4 159.7 164.4 164.4 164.8

Arkansas

1,234.7 1,253.5 1,255.1 1,258.2 50.5 50.2 51.6 52.4 155.2 158.6 159.8 160.8

California

16,603.5 16,778.3 16,828.6 16,860.3 784.1 822.3 826.6 828.5 1,301.8 1,299.7 1,297.2 1,297.1


Colorado

2,621.2 2,652.2 2,657.6 2,659.0 155.2 154.4 155.5 158.7 141.8 141.6 142.0 141.5

Connecticut

1,679.2 1,686.9 1,687.2 1,680.6 58.6 57.7 56.5 58.7 156.6 157.0 156.7 156.8

Delaware(2)

453.9 456.9 457.1 457.1 20.4 20.9 20.6 20.7 25.9 26.0 25.8 26.0

District of Columbia(3)(2)

786.4 794.0 794.1 793.8 14.6 14.7 14.7 14.5 - - - -

Florida

8,457.6 8,646.5 8,529.8 8,655.1 480.7 514.4 492.5 516.3 360.1 368.8 367.5 372.3


Georgia

4,422.3 4,497.7 4,494.3 4,510.1 178.1 177.3 173.4 178.9 390.2 388.9 385.8 387.7

Hawaii(2)

650.8 655.8 658.4 657.9 37.6 37.3 37.4 38.2 13.8 13.7 13.7 13.6

Idaho

702.7 714.4 715.8 719.4 42.2 44.1 42.8 44.1 64.7 67.0 66.6 66.6

Illinois

6,022.6 6,044.9 6,037.0 6,040.4 214.9 214.1 212.5 211.4 572.2 570.9 571.3 572.9

Indiana

3,100.6 3,122.7 3,129.1 3,130.0 130.7 136.1 136.1 133.7 522.8 530.3 531.7 531.3


Iowa

1,573.2 1,590.6 1,586.7 1,586.7 80.6 75.2 74.8 75.3 211.5 214.8 215.3 217.5

Kansas

1,412.3 1,405.5 1,408.8 1,407.1 60.3 61.9 62.4 62.4 160.4 157.1 159.2 158.9

Kentucky

1,920.8 1,947.0 1,951.3 1,949.4 76.6 82.3 83.8 82.2 249.3 250.1 250.4 250.1

Louisiana

1,969.1 1,983.2 1,980.5 1,977.7 142.6 152.9 153.0 149.7 133.8 134.6 134.2 133.9

Maine

616.0 621.9 621.4 621.2 27.2 28.7 28.4 28.2 50.6 50.4 50.4 50.6


Maryland(2)

2,721.8 2,778.5 2,781.7 2,776.2 162.7 171.2 170.6 171.1 103.8 104.0 104.1 104.3

Massachusetts

3,574.5 3,628.4 3,638.7 3,643.5 145.4 149.2 152.1 152.3 244.3 244.4 244.8 245.3

Michigan

4,364.9 4,392.9 4,407.0 4,410.0 158.6 161.7 162.7 161.9 602.2 607.3 601.5 603.7

Minnesota

2,908.4 2,948.9 2,955.5 2,951.0 114.0 121.7 121.4 119.1 318.4 321.0 321.8 322.4

Mississippi

1,147.1 1,152.1 1,151.5 1,153.6 43.0 42.9 44.0 43.1 142.8 143.4 144.6 143.4


Missouri

2,860.3 2,899.4 2,890.0 2,891.0 120.1 117.5 115.2 114.3 262.9 269.2 267.4 269.8

Montana

469.6 474.6 474.1 475.4 26.2 27.1 26.8 27.7 19.3 19.4 19.6 19.7

Nebraska(2)

1,017.6 1,027.8 1,034.0 1,027.4 51.6 50.7 52.3 50.5 96.7 97.8 97.4 97.6

Nevada

1,315.3 1,347.8 1,349.1 1,351.9 78.2 87.1 86.7 88.8 44.0 45.4 45.5 45.7

New Hampshire

674.3 683.8 678.1 680.6 25.8 28.7 28.2 28.3 68.2 68.6 68.6 69.3


New Jersey

4,095.7 4,130.5 4,124.0 4,125.7 151.4 158.1 157.9 157.1 240.1 246.4 245.9 247.6

New Mexico

830.8 839.6 842.6 844.0 42.8 45.9 45.7 44.8 26.6 26.5 26.2 26.5

New York

9,420.8 9,553.7 9,538.0 9,523.4 368.6 373.8 371.0 376.7 448.7 432.9 433.2 431.5

North Carolina

4,364.1 4,420.0 4,427.9 4,439.3 203.7 199.0 200.5 200.4 464.5 462.3 466.1 465.9

North Dakota

435.4 441.0 440.2 438.0 33.0 32.4 32.4 31.7 24.3 23.9 24.1 23.9


Ohio

5,491.5 5,546.5 5,546.6 5,550.9 202.7 212.3 213.4 212.3 688.9 687.6 687.6 691.8

Oklahoma

1,652.0 1,668.8 1,668.0 1,672.2 77.0 81.9 82.1 82.8 127.3 130.3 130.1 130.8

Oregon

1,844.8 1,880.6 1,879.5 1,891.1 92.7 101.2 103.9 103.4 187.2 193.1 193.1 194.1

Pennsylvania

5,908.0 5,960.1 5,978.1 5,973.8 238.0 242.3 245.6 246.3 555.4 553.4 552.7 551.8

Rhode Island

491.2 498.8 496.0 495.8 18.3 21.2 20.7 20.5 40.0 41.2 41.1 41.1


South Carolina

2,060.0 2,095.9 2,092.4 2,102.5 98.1 95.2 97.7 97.9 239.1 248.0 249.4 247.2

South Dakota(2)

434.3 435.9 437.3 434.9 23.7 23.5 23.3 23.4 41.6 41.5 41.8 41.7

Tennessee(2)

2,988.6 3,025.8 3,025.7 3,023.4 120.3 126.2 126.7 125.4 343.9 346.1 344.4 345.0

Texas

12,078.8 12,328.4 12,323.4 12,394.9 703.2 711.3 715.9 720.4 841.0 878.0 877.7 876.8

Utah

1,442.7 1,472.3 1,479.9 1,481.7 91.6 97.6 96.5 95.7 126.7 128.9 128.9 128.8


Vermont

313.9 316.5 317.6 317.1 15.2 15.0 15.4 15.5 29.6 28.5 28.8 28.7

Virginia

3,939.4 3,978.0 3,978.9 3,973.1 190.1 191.2 192.0 192.4 231.9 233.6 233.9 233.4

Washington

3,274.9 3,325.2 3,336.5 3,343.4 190.1 197.5 197.9 200.6 285.5 284.5 284.1 283.9

West Virginia

745.5 745.9 746.9 748.7 29.2 30.5 30.6 31.6 46.4 45.2 45.5 45.8

Wisconsin

2,930.1 2,949.8 2,962.0 2,972.5 110.7 112.3 113.4 112.5 467.1 474.7 476.7 480.1

Wyoming

277.0 277.7 275.5 275.6 20.3 20.2 20.4 20.6 9.0 9.3 9.3 9.3


Puerto Rico(2)

892.8 877.5 873.6 842.0 22.7 20.4 20.8 20.3 73.5 70.9 70.8 69.6

Virgin Islands(3)(4)

38.2 38.9 - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(4) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)

Alabama

381.0 372.9 375.2 375.8 97.9 98.0 99.8 99.4 233.8 241.7 241.4 240.1

Alaska

66.1 64.9 66.2 65.9 12.0 11.8 11.7 11.5 27.4 28.2 27.5 28.1

Arizona

520.5 519.9 521.2 520.2 206.2 209.8 210.8 210.8 419.1 419.0 423.5 424.6

Arkansas

253.7 255.6 256.0 258.2 51.3 51.2 51.4 50.8 144.0 147.6 147.5 148.4

California

3,005.5 3,018.8 3,031.8 3,034.5 831.6 831.7 833.7 836.2 2,541.9 2,550.3 2,553.4 2,553.1


Colorado

457.3 467.3 465.5 464.3 164.9 168.5 166.9 166.3 410.7 416.0 423.0 423.8

Connecticut

298.1 298.0 299.1 297.7 130.4 132.1 133.4 132.4 216.6 216.5 218.2 217.8

Delaware

82.4 80.5 79.9 80.3 47.0 48.4 47.9 48.0 60.7 61.7 61.0 62.2

District of Columbia

32.6 33.0 32.7 33.1 30.2 29.8 29.6 29.6 166.7 169.3 169.4 169.9

Florida

1,727.1 1,761.3 1,751.4 1,765.4 551.6 559.0 560.1 562.5 1,302.2 1,336.7 1,309.6 1,341.1


Georgia

931.0 946.4 945.3 942.7 240.8 248.8 248.3 246.6 665.9 685.9 685.6 690.8

Hawaii

121.0 122.8 123.7 123.2 28.7 27.6 27.8 27.5 83.3 86.7 86.8 86.3

Idaho

138.5 141.0 141.3 142.5 34.6 34.4 34.5 35.0 87.3 87.4 87.6 87.1

Illinois

1,207.8 1,204.9 1,201.8 1,204.6 383.2 392.7 396.1 397.5 941.2 948.7 947.1 946.8

Indiana

598.2 591.0 594.5 596.6 134.9 137.6 138.0 141.4 338.0 341.6 340.4 337.4


Iowa

318.3 320.9 321.0 318.7 109.0 111.5 112.6 112.4 138.9 143.3 141.4 140.2

Kansas

267.0 266.3 263.3 261.9 85.9 86.4 86.5 86.8 180.2 178.8 180.5 180.8

Kentucky

398.9 404.7 405.2 404.8 93.9 95.6 95.4 94.6 219.7 229.3 230.7 230.3

Louisiana

387.6 380.7 381.9 380.5 92.2 93.3 92.3 93.2 210.7 211.0 208.6 213.5

Maine

120.2 119.8 121.2 120.9 30.6 30.4 30.7 30.4 65.0 65.1 65.1 66.1


Maryland

467.9 473.1 471.1 467.9 150.1 148.8 150.3 149.8 444.6 465.3 465.3 462.8

Massachusetts

573.2 578.0 579.8 578.6 223.1 229.4 228.0 228.6 552.3 567.3 568.0 572.8

Michigan

784.7 784.1 783.5 782.7 214.3 218.1 218.6 219.3 659.9 663.3 671.4 669.6

Minnesota

533.9 538.4 540.8 539.2 177.0 175.6 176.3 175.8 376.2 376.9 379.0 378.9

Mississippi

230.3 232.8 232.9 233.4 43.4 44.2 43.5 43.8 107.8 105.4 102.4 105.5


Missouri

547.6 547.3 549.5 548.1 169.4 173.7 174.1 175.1 383.8 390.3 393.3 393.9

Montana

95.6 95.8 95.1 94.0 24.0 24.9 24.8 24.6 41.0 41.8 41.9 42.3

Nebraska

204.7 204.9 205.7 203.2 73.8 74.9 75.0 74.2 118.9 122.4 123.1 123.2

Nevada

243.9 244.5 243.5 242.6 62.9 63.0 62.5 62.5 180.5 187.5 189.8 191.1

New Hampshire

141.4 140.2 140.2 141.0 37.2 38.1 37.9 38.9 78.6 80.1 79.7 78.2


New Jersey

872.8 870.7 870.0 873.1 249.1 252.9 252.3 250.3 667.9 667.0 666.8 665.7

New Mexico

139.2 139.7 141.4 140.9 33.4 33.5 34.1 34.5 101.2 105.5 104.9 104.8

New York

1,575.2 1,569.6 1,567.1 1,572.1 709.6 713.8 710.6 716.2 1,310.8 1,341.3 1,345.7 1,340.3

North Carolina

818.0 822.2 823.4 828.3 228.0 231.9 229.9 229.2 614.1 639.5 640.2 645.8

North Dakota

95.5 95.3 95.1 94.5 24.2 24.9 24.7 24.9 35.1 36.6 37.0 36.7


Ohio

1,021.4 1,015.9 1,019.4 1,021.7 299.8 309.9 307.4 306.2 722.9 730.6 729.9 728.6

Oklahoma

308.1 301.6 304.7 303.3 79.0 81.2 80.7 81.1 181.2 184.6 182.7 182.1

Oregon

343.5 345.3 345.6 345.4 97.8 97.4 97.8 98.2 238.9 246.2 243.6 248.9

Pennsylvania

1,129.9 1,127.7 1,135.8 1,130.9 315.9 316.2 319.3 317.7 796.4 817.3 814.9 820.9

Rhode Island

76.2 77.1 77.4 77.3 33.3 33.1 32.7 33.3 66.3 65.2 64.9 65.6


South Carolina

396.0 399.1 403.6 402.8 99.5 100.9 100.7 100.1 267.8 279.4 275.6 279.1

South Dakota

89.1 87.4 89.1 87.5 29.3 30.1 29.7 29.8 31.4 31.0 31.3 31.9

Tennessee

619.8 628.1 631.6 630.2 154.4 155.8 154.9 155.1 409.7 416.8 415.1 411.4

Texas

2,428.5 2,450.8 2,448.2 2,458.5 738.3 757.3 762.2 765.2 1,635.9 1,674.9 1,679.6 1,685.9

Utah

275.4 280.4 282.7 281.7 83.0 84.2 83.1 83.2 204.8 213.9 215.0 214.7


Vermont

55.5 56.0 55.8 55.4 12.0 12.0 11.9 12.1 27.4 28.2 28.5 29.0

Virginia

664.4 661.2 663.9 661.7 200.8 206.5 206.9 205.8 720.0 735.9 734.1 732.5

Washington

615.9 624.5 625.3 628.7 152.1 157.5 157.8 158.1 406.1 409.3 409.3 414.1

West Virginia

133.4 129.0 129.8 129.0 27.2 28.3 28.0 27.3 65.1 65.8 65.3 64.7

Wisconsin

538.2 541.0 543.8 542.5 151.8 152.8 153.1 151.6 321.1 321.2 323.6 327.9

Wyoming

53.2 52.6 52.5 52.2 10.7 11.0 10.9 10.7 17.7 17.1 16.7 17.4


Puerto Rico

172.7 170.7 169.4 161.7 42.4 42.3 41.7 41.4 115.1 112.7 113.2 110.9

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

8.0 8.0 - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(2) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)
Oct.
2016
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017(p)

Alabama

235.3 238.2 238.9 241.2 198.7 206.4 205.9 205.7 380.5 380.7 381.8 381.7

Alaska

49.0 49.5 48.9 49.2 36.0 35.4 36.2 36.7 81.0 81.5 81.4 81.0

Arizona

414.4 422.7 427.5 425.1 316.3 323.2 324.5 325.0 412.2 416.3 414.3 411.9

Arkansas

184.8 189.5 189.4 189.0 116.7 121.3 119.5 118.8 211.1 211.2 210.6 210.5

California

2,561.6 2,624.8 2,629.5 2,638.0 1,918.2 1,938.2 1,940.4 1,955.7 2,543.5 2,559.0 2,574.1 2,578.9


Colorado

332.4 334.3 338.9 337.5 330.0 331.5 331.2 333.1 427.1 433.3 430.4 427.5

Connecticut

330.7 333.3 333.2 333.7 155.3 158.8 157.0 154.0 233.9 232.8 231.9 230.9

Delaware

77.6 79.4 80.2 80.0 50.9 51.9 52.5 50.6 65.6 65.2 66.2 66.1

District of Columbia

136.4 139.4 137.9 137.0 76.6 80.4 81.1 81.5 239.4 237.8 239.2 238.5

Florida

1,258.9 1,278.8 1,269.5 1,276.5 1,181.1 1,203.1 1,163.1 1,196.6 1,099.2 1,108.8 1,109.0 1,106.9


Georgia

567.6 576.6 580.9 582.9 478.2 490.1 493.3 492.7 690.9 699.6 697.8 701.0

Hawaii

83.6 85.0 86.0 85.4 119.6 122.1 120.8 121.8 126.7 124.2 125.8 125.3

Idaho

102.2 104.2 105.9 106.5 72.7 72.8 72.3 73.0 123.0 125.6 126.6 126.2

Illinois

917.2 929.2 927.9 930.1 598.2 597.9 596.6 596.3 832.8 825.6 825.1 823.3

Indiana

469.4 476.1 474.0 474.6 308.6 306.5 308.3 309.1 431.6 437.2 440.0 438.4


Iowa

227.8 238.2 234.0 233.6 143.3 143.8 145.9 147.7 258.7 258.6 257.5 258.6

Kansas

197.0 196.7 198.6 197.4 127.4 125.2 125.8 126.7 256.4 256.9 255.9 255.9

Kentucky

272.2 272.5 273.8 275.2 192.9 193.3 193.6 192.8 319.0 317.8 316.9 317.2

Louisiana

311.9 316.8 315.9 316.3 231.3 237.2 238.1 235.9 323.9 321.4 320.9 319.9

Maine

125.7 128.5 127.8 127.8 64.6 67.2 66.3 66.3 100.2 101.6 100.8 99.7


Maryland

463.3 475.3 476.4 477.9 273.0 275.9 278.0 276.6 504.6 511.9 512.5 513.4

Massachusetts

787.7 806.9 812.4 804.5 361.9 360.9 362.2 367.6 459.4 458.3 459.1 459.8

Michigan

667.1 669.1 674.6 671.7 433.5 431.8 434.5 437.7 608.3 617.3 618.7 622.2

Minnesota

525.2 540.6 541.2 538.8 261.3 268.4 266.9 268.3 429.1 428.9 430.6 431.1

Mississippi

140.7 145.4 145.5 144.4 134.8 135.1 135.0 137.5 245.3 244.7 245.3 244.1


Missouri

463.8 469.5 467.0 468.4 303.2 309.3 311.6 313.7 436.1 449.2 438.9 435.4

Montana

75.2 76.6 77.0 76.9 64.5 65.5 65.0 66.4 92.1 92.6 92.7 93.0

Nebraska

153.8 155.3 155.6 155.8 90.8 93.3 94.1 93.3 171.6 171.0 173.2 172.1

Nevada

130.6 135.4 135.7 134.4 346.7 351.2 351.8 353.8 159.3 164.0 164.2 163.0

New Hampshire

122.0 124.0 124.1 124.1 72.0 72.5 71.4 72.3 91.5 93.4 90.7 90.8


New Jersey

683.3 689.1 695.4 696.8 372.8 390.3 384.9 383.4 612.3 613.0 609.1 608.2

New Mexico

140.6 140.4 141.5 142.6 95.7 99.4 98.6 99.7 191.0 188.9 189.4 190.3

New York

1,960.0 2,031.9 2,025.3 2,011.8 915.1 951.1 937.4 933.3 1,450.8 1,455.6 1,458.0 1,455.3

North Carolina

587.2 604.5 604.4 605.3 482.6 491.9 489.0 492.0 731.1 734.6 740.8 740.1

North Dakota

62.8 63.2 63.3 63.3 39.7 39.7 38.7 38.4 83.0 83.4 83.3 83.5


Ohio

932.4 946.5 953.0 950.3 551.6 568.3 570.8 569.1 774.4 776.3 769.3 772.6

Oklahoma

234.8 239.6 239.8 240.1 165.0 168.4 167.3 169.3 353.4 353.9 354.1 354.8

Oregon

270.7 279.1 278.4 278.5 200.2 202.7 199.1 202.9 308.0 309.4 312.3 313.1

Pennsylvania

1,235.1 1,246.8 1,255.9 1,258.0 564.3 583.3 583.4 581.9 704.5 705.8 704.6 701.7

Rhode Island

106.9 108.1 106.7 106.6 58.4 61.9 60.3 59.4 60.7 60.4 60.8 60.7


South Carolina

243.7 248.8 249.2 251.0 246.8 248.0 244.8 249.3 363.7 371.0 368.7 370.0

South Dakota

71.0 71.6 71.7 71.3 47.6 47.8 47.3 46.9 78.6 80.4 80.6 80.1

Tennessee

428.6 430.0 433.2 434.5 323.3 331.3 328.9 328.9 431.7 433.2 433.8 436.2

Texas

1,649.0 1,688.3 1,680.5 1,682.5 1,304.6 1,330.5 1,310.9 1,345.6 1,934.2 1,959.2 1,963.6 1,971.0

Utah

195.3 198.9 199.7 200.7 140.9 142.0 144.2 146.3 240.4 242.1 245.0 244.8


Vermont

64.7 66.0 66.0 65.8 37.8 38.4 38.0 38.7 55.5 56.2 56.7 55.5

Virginia

540.7 553.0 554.7 555.4 399.2 408.9 403.7 402.5 716.5 714.7 715.6 714.2

Washington

468.8 479.6 482.2 478.2 330.6 333.3 335.7 334.8 578.2 586.9 591.1 592.0

West Virginia

130.3 133.9 133.3 134.0 74.3 73.8 75.1 75.8 155.7 154.1 154.3 155.6

Wisconsin

448.8 451.0 451.6 452.7 274.6 282.1 280.1 281.7 415.6 412.5 417.6 418.6

Wyoming

27.6 27.6 27.6 27.4 35.1 34.8 34.1 34.0 70.9 69.9 69.6 69.6


Puerto Rico

122.9 124.9 122.3 118.9 81.8 82.5 81.6 65.8 226.4 217.5 218.2 218.5

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

- - - - 7.5 7.8 - - 10.9 11.2 - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(2) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
September October September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,983.2 2,014.7 1,991.8 2,021.2 9.4 9.7 9.7 9.6 84.6 90.8 86.5 91.1

Alaska

342.1 343.1 324.6 325.0 13.8 13.7 13.6 13.5 18.0 18.4 16.8 16.7

Arizona

2,726.3 2,763.8 2,750.5 2,782.5 11.5 11.4 11.5 11.4 137.4 140.5 137.5 140.5

Arkansas

1,237.4 1,258.8 1,243.3 1,266.8 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 51.3 53.7 51.9 53.9

California

16,549.2 16,805.3 16,686.5 16,944.7 24.4 23.5 24.0 23.4 796.1 842.5 795.2 840.3


Colorado

2,618.4 2,663.9 2,628.2 2,666.5 22.5 21.8 22.5 21.9 160.2 161.9 160.1 163.7

Connecticut

1,681.6 1,684.6 1,691.1 1,692.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 61.4 59.1 61.8 61.9

Delaware(1)

455.2 457.7 455.1 458.2 - - - - 21.4 21.1 20.9 21.2

District of Columbia(1)

784.0 793.3 790.1 797.5 - - - - 14.6 14.8 14.7 14.6

Florida

8,402.0 8,492.0 8,466.5 8,664.3 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.6 484.8 503.7 486.1 521.9


Georgia

4,405.4 4,482.3 4,439.0 4,527.0 9.5 10.3 9.6 10.4 181.4 177.0 181.0 181.7

Hawaii(1)

648.8 656.0 653.2 660.3 - - - - 37.8 37.5 37.8 38.4

Idaho

707.9 722.5 709.6 726.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 44.5 45.0 43.6 45.4

Illinois

6,057.0 6,072.1 6,089.2 6,107.4 7.9 8.2 7.9 8.2 231.2 227.9 230.3 226.9

Indiana

3,123.9 3,157.5 3,134.2 3,163.4 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 138.9 144.6 139.0 142.1


Iowa

1,579.4 1,592.3 1,590.6 1,602.8 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 86.7 79.7 85.9 80.1

Kansas

1,418.5 1,413.0 1,428.2 1,423.0 6.8 7.0 6.8 7.1 62.9 64.2 62.9 65.0

Kentucky

1,924.2 1,954.7 1,928.4 1,957.4 10.1 9.6 10.1 9.5 79.1 85.5 79.4 85.2

Louisiana

1,967.3 1,980.8 1,982.8 1,992.0 37.1 36.4 36.5 36.0 141.7 155.4 147.6 155.1

Maine

630.5 634.0 625.7 630.9 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 28.6 29.9 28.7 29.7


Maryland

2,725.4 2,783.8 2,732.7 2,787.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 164.2 171.9 163.3 171.7

Massachusetts

3,587.9 3,650.2 3,608.3 3,677.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 151.5 157.9 151.7 158.5

Michigan

4,365.5 4,428.3 4,408.7 4,453.3 7.2 7.7 7.2 7.6 164.9 172.2 170.1 173.3

Minnesota

2,923.2 2,964.8 2,934.1 2,976.0 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.3 127.0 133.4 125.2 130.2

Mississippi

1,149.6 1,153.8 1,153.0 1,159.6 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.8 44.4 44.6 44.1 44.2


Missouri

2,861.3 2,903.4 2,883.7 2,914.3 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.4 124.6 119.8 124.2 118.4

Montana

474.3 481.6 473.8 479.5 7.0 7.4 7.1 7.4 28.9 29.7 28.6 30.0

Nebraska

1,019.0 1,034.1 1,025.5 1,035.5 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 52.7 53.2 52.8 51.6

Nevada

1,316.5 1,353.7 1,323.3 1,360.2 13.8 14.2 13.8 14.1 78.2 89.5 80.1 91.0

New Hampshire

674.3 680.3 678.7 685.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 26.4 28.9 26.7 29.2


New Jersey

4,102.8 4,133.3 4,112.8 4,142.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 157.6 165.0 156.6 162.5

New Mexico

833.1 844.0 835.4 848.5 18.8 18.4 18.8 18.0 43.0 46.2 44.3 46.4

New York

9,420.0 9,527.5 9,512.7 9,615.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 390.3 392.8 384.6 392.5

North Carolina

4,370.7 4,437.3 4,393.0 4,468.1 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.9 204.6 202.5 206.5 203.3

North Dakota

439.7 444.4 442.8 445.5 14.9 19.4 15.4 19.0 36.3 36.2 36.3 35.1


Ohio

5,513.9 5,572.9 5,539.2 5,599.2 11.1 11.2 11.4 11.3 214.5 226.1 215.4 225.6

Oklahoma

1,651.7 1,669.0 1,662.5 1,682.6 43.0 46.8 43.0 47.2 79.3 83.4 78.2 84.0

Oregon

1,846.4 1,886.2 1,860.5 1,907.2 7.9 8.1 7.8 8.1 94.5 107.8 95.6 106.6

Pennsylvania

5,924.5 5,993.7 5,963.1 6,029.0 24.4 24.0 24.4 23.7 249.8 257.1 247.9 256.0

Rhode Island

494.7 499.9 497.6 502.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.3 21.8 19.4 21.7


South Carolina

2,065.7 2,094.4 2,064.4 2,106.8 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 96.0 95.9 98.4 98.1

South Dakota

436.6 439.3 437.9 438.5 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 24.7 23.8 24.0 23.6

Tennessee

2,994.7 3,036.4 3,012.2 3,047.5 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.3 117.9 123.1 117.7 122.5

Texas

12,051.0 12,309.5 12,132.6 12,448.6 215.0 247.7 215.3 251.6 707.9 718.9 713.4 730.6

Utah

1,446.0 1,485.3 1,453.2 1,492.6 8.4 7.9 8.2 7.9 94.4 99.0 95.3 99.6


Vermont

315.2 317.7 317.1 320.4 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 16.4 16.6 16.3 16.6

Virginia

3,939.0 3,981.1 3,960.6 3,994.8 7.8 7.8 7.6 7.8 191.2 194.2 192.0 194.3

Washington

3,280.7 3,345.9 3,297.7 3,366.3 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.7 195.5 204.6 193.9 204.4

West Virginia

749.2 751.3 755.0 758.1 19.1 22.0 20.0 21.9 31.9 33.1 31.9 34.2

Wisconsin

2,941.9 2,979.0 2,961.6 3,004.3 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.2 118.9 120.8 117.5 119.2

Wyoming

284.1 282.1 280.0 278.6 17.9 20.1 18.1 20.3 22.0 22.3 21.8 22.1


Puerto Rico

890.9 869.6 893.7 843.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.6 20.8 22.3 19.9

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

37.5 - 37.8 - - - - - 1.5 - 1.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(2) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
September October September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

261.7 267.5 261.6 267.7 379.0 373.7 382.2 377.0 20.4 19.6 20.3 19.8

Alaska

14.1 12.9 9.3 8.6 67.8 68.5 64.4 64.1 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.1

Arizona

159.8 163.8 159.4 164.5 514.4 516.0 520.6 520.4 44.6 42.2 45.4 42.7

Arkansas

155.5 160.1 155.0 160.7 252.2 253.9 252.7 257.1 13.4 13.1 13.5 13.2

California

1,318.8 1,311.4 1,305.4 1,300.5 2,990.3 3,015.7 3,008.9 3,037.5 523.0 534.5 529.0 534.5


Colorado

142.7 142.3 142.4 142.1 454.8 464.8 456.7 463.8 71.6 73.0 72.2 75.1

Connecticut

156.4 156.6 156.4 156.5 296.5 296.8 299.4 299.0 32.2 31.8 32.1 31.5

Delaware

25.8 25.9 25.9 26.0 82.7 80.2 82.5 80.3 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.7 32.7 32.4 32.9 16.9 16.7 16.9 16.6

Florida

357.3 365.8 359.6 371.8 1,710.2 1,732.3 1,717.7 1,755.8 135.2 137.2 136.3 139.6


Georgia

388.8 385.0 389.4 387.0 924.7 937.6 932.3 944.1 111.2 112.5 112.4 113.4

Hawaii

14.0 13.9 13.9 13.7 120.1 123.2 120.8 123.0 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.2

Idaho

64.9 67.3 65.5 67.4 139.4 142.2 139.0 143.0 9.0 9.3 9.0 9.3

Illinois

572.2 570.8 572.7 573.4 1,207.5 1,199.8 1,213.3 1,209.8 98.4 98.0 98.4 98.1

Indiana

522.2 533.0 523.9 532.4 595.6 592.7 599.8 597.9 32.2 30.0 31.9 30.3


Iowa

213.3 216.0 211.0 216.9 314.0 318.5 319.1 319.5 22.4 21.1 22.0 20.9

Kansas

160.1 159.1 160.6 159.1 267.0 263.0 268.5 263.5 20.3 18.8 20.6 18.9

Kentucky

250.0 251.2 250.7 251.5 397.1 402.9 397.3 403.3 22.9 23.9 22.8 24.3

Louisiana

134.8 134.2 135.3 135.4 384.6 378.9 386.2 379.1 22.0 21.3 22.6 21.5

Maine

51.1 50.9 51.0 51.0 121.9 122.3 122.0 122.7 7.7 7.4 7.7 7.4


Maryland

103.5 103.9 103.8 104.3 467.0 468.1 467.6 467.7 37.6 36.7 37.4 36.0

Massachusetts

244.6 244.8 244.2 245.3 573.5 579.2 575.6 580.9 89.7 89.5 89.1 88.9

Michigan

603.4 603.3 603.2 604.6 783.7 782.3 785.8 783.6 57.4 58.3 57.8 58.3

Minnesota

319.6 323.5 319.5 323.5 531.9 537.8 536.0 541.1 50.8 49.6 51.0 50.1

Mississippi

143.0 143.7 143.0 143.6 229.3 231.5 230.2 233.3 12.0 11.4 11.9 11.3


Missouri

263.8 267.4 262.7 269.6 543.6 548.7 550.0 550.7 52.8 50.8 52.9 50.3

Montana

19.6 19.9 19.6 20.0 95.2 95.0 95.6 94.0 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.2

Nebraska

96.6 97.4 97.0 97.9 203.1 203.4 205.8 204.4 18.5 18.5 18.7 18.7

Nevada

43.9 45.7 44.1 45.8 243.5 242.5 245.3 243.9 14.1 14.0 14.4 14.1

New Hampshire

68.1 68.7 68.2 69.3 139.5 138.8 141.0 140.8 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.3


New Jersey

243.1 247.8 241.0 248.6 868.2 868.5 872.2 872.4 73.6 71.8 72.7 71.3

New Mexico

27.1 26.8 27.0 26.9 138.3 140.8 139.2 141.0 13.0 12.8 12.9 12.6

New York

452.7 436.6 451.7 434.6 1,570.0 1,566.3 1,579.8 1,576.6 271.6 268.5 270.9 267.7

North Carolina

465.0 467.2 465.8 467.2 814.8 820.5 816.2 826.1 78.1 72.8 77.5 72.3

North Dakota

24.8 24.3 24.8 24.4 95.3 94.9 96.2 95.2 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.7


Ohio

684.8 687.3 686.9 689.9 1,016.9 1,014.9 1,024.6 1,024.9 71.9 71.1 73.0 70.9

Oklahoma

127.1 130.1 127.5 131.0 305.0 301.7 307.2 302.5 21.1 20.9 21.2 20.9

Oregon

189.7 195.9 188.3 195.2 344.6 347.4 345.4 347.3 34.3 34.3 34.2 33.6

Pennsylvania

556.0 552.0 555.2 551.4 1,124.7 1,130.0 1,136.2 1,137.4 84.3 83.2 84.9 83.0

Rhode Island

40.1 41.1 40.1 41.2 76.6 77.8 76.6 77.7 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.9


South Carolina

239.1 249.2 238.6 246.7 394.1 401.6 395.1 401.7 26.6 25.9 26.7 26.3

South Dakota

41.8 41.9 42.1 42.2 87.7 87.8 89.1 87.4 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.9

Tennessee

345.4 345.7 344.8 345.8 616.9 628.6 619.2 629.5 45.7 45.4 45.6 45.5

Texas

841.5 878.5 842.5 878.4 2,417.0 2,439.6 2,432.0 2,462.1 200.9 190.9 200.6 189.9

Utah

126.7 129.0 127.1 129.2 273.2 280.0 275.9 282.1 37.2 35.6 36.8 35.8


Vermont

29.9 29.0 29.9 29.0 55.5 55.3 55.6 55.5 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.5

Virginia

233.3 234.0 233.1 234.6 658.8 658.1 666.2 663.5 68.4 64.5 67.8 65.0

Washington

292.3 289.0 288.6 286.9 615.0 626.5 618.5 631.2 123.1 126.8 122.3 126.0

West Virginia

46.7 45.5 46.4 45.8 133.0 128.8 134.2 129.9 9.7 9.5 9.8 9.4

Wisconsin

465.4 476.8 466.6 479.7 539.6 544.3 544.2 548.5 48.6 46.7 48.3 46.9

Wyoming

9.2 9.4 9.3 9.6 53.3 52.6 53.2 52.2 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

73.7 70.9 73.8 69.9 171.2 166.6 171.8 160.9 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.5

Virgin Islands(1)

0.6 - 0.6 - 7.9 - 8.0 - 0.6 - 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
September October September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

96.7 99.3 97.8 99.2 234.3 241.3 236.1 242.5 235.7 239.7 236.5 242.4

Alaska

12.1 11.7 12.1 11.6 29.0 28.9 27.2 27.9 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.9

Arizona

204.2 209.7 206.0 210.6 417.5 421.1 421.6 427.1 415.1 426.1 417.1 427.9

Arkansas

51.2 51.3 51.5 51.0 144.2 148.5 145.8 150.2 185.3 190.9 187.3 191.5

California

825.8 833.1 832.6 837.2 2,556.8 2,568.2 2,563.1 2,574.6 2,544.6 2,617.8 2,581.3 2,657.8


Colorado

164.4 166.3 164.6 166.0 411.0 426.0 414.3 427.8 328.5 337.4 334.1 339.2

Connecticut

129.4 132.3 129.9 131.9 219.4 219.3 218.3 219.4 331.3 332.9 334.5 337.5

Delaware

46.9 48.0 47.1 48.1 60.4 60.4 60.5 61.9 77.3 79.7 77.8 80.2

District of Columbia

30.3 29.7 30.2 29.6 165.1 168.6 167.4 170.7 136.5 138.4 139.9 140.5

Florida

548.6 557.9 551.0 561.8 1,292.0 1,306.1 1,308.8 1,347.9 1,248.9 1,266.2 1,265.4 1,283.2


Georgia

239.3 247.4 242.5 248.4 660.0 684.6 670.4 695.3 565.4 579.3 572.2 587.5

Hawaii

28.5 27.7 28.9 27.7 83.6 86.8 83.7 86.7 84.3 85.7 84.0 85.8

Idaho

34.2 34.7 34.8 35.2 88.0 88.4 88.2 88.0 101.5 105.4 103.3 107.6

Illinois

383.7 395.4 382.8 397.1 947.5 960.0 960.1 965.7 912.6 923.2 925.2 938.4

Indiana

134.4 138.3 133.9 140.4 339.8 343.4 342.6 342.0 471.1 475.6 476.9 482.3


Iowa

108.4 112.7 109.0 112.4 139.7 141.6 141.5 142.8 228.9 234.2 231.5 237.2

Kansas

86.0 87.1 85.7 86.6 180.4 180.4 182.5 183.2 196.5 197.5 198.0 198.3

Kentucky

93.6 95.5 93.6 94.3 218.2 229.4 220.9 231.5 271.5 273.9 273.0 276.0

Louisiana

92.4 92.4 92.2 93.2 210.8 210.3 213.4 216.4 312.1 317.0 314.7 319.1

Maine

31.2 30.9 30.5 30.3 66.7 66.1 66.0 67.0 125.8 128.3 127.1 129.2


Maryland

149.8 150.6 150.6 150.4 445.9 466.1 448.4 466.7 458.0 474.0 466.3 481.0

Massachusetts

223.9 228.4 223.2 228.6 554.4 573.1 558.5 579.1 781.8 802.9 794.6 811.4

Michigan

213.2 218.1 213.6 218.6 653.1 670.7 669.6 678.9 665.9 672.1 672.6 677.2

Minnesota

176.2 176.6 177.0 175.8 377.3 378.6 380.9 383.6 523.8 538.0 527.4 540.8

Mississippi

43.9 43.6 43.7 44.1 107.2 103.9 108.8 106.6 141.5 146.0 142.1 145.8


Missouri

169.7 174.9 169.3 174.9 381.2 394.8 387.6 397.8 458.5 467.1 467.9 472.4

Montana

23.8 24.9 24.1 24.7 40.9 42.4 41.9 43.2 74.7 76.7 75.3 77.0

Nebraska

73.3 74.5 73.9 74.3 118.1 124.0 119.5 123.9 153.6 155.0 154.3 156.3

Nevada

63.0 63.0 63.9 63.5 179.8 190.5 182.2 193.0 129.0 134.6 130.8 134.6

New Hampshire

37.3 38.2 36.9 38.6 78.4 79.6 79.1 78.8 121.2 123.4 123.0 125.1


New Jersey

250.3 252.8 249.0 250.1 671.6 673.9 676.3 674.3 677.5 689.9 686.7 700.3

New Mexico

33.4 34.0 33.5 34.6 102.3 104.9 101.3 104.8 140.1 141.7 141.2 143.2

New York

711.3 712.1 708.8 715.2 1,305.6 1,344.0 1,319.0 1,348.6 1,942.6 1,996.6 1,998.2 2,050.1

North Carolina

228.7 230.4 228.2 229.4 613.2 641.2 620.0 651.6 587.1 603.3 590.9 609.3

North Dakota

24.0 24.5 24.0 24.7 35.1 36.9 35.4 37.0 62.6 63.1 63.0 63.6


Ohio

301.1 309.5 301.2 307.6 729.8 734.9 735.4 741.3 926.1 949.4 938.9 957.0

Oklahoma

78.4 80.6 79.1 81.2 181.7 183.9 183.1 184.0 234.5 239.9 236.4 241.7

Oregon

98.2 98.0 98.3 98.7 241.6 247.1 240.5 250.5 268.5 277.2 273.1 280.9

Pennsylvania

316.9 319.0 316.2 317.8 800.4 820.6 803.2 828.0 1,229.2 1,251.5 1,252.7 1,275.9

Rhode Island

33.5 33.0 33.4 33.4 66.6 65.8 67.2 66.5 106.0 105.7 109.1 108.8


South Carolina

100.5 101.5 100.1 100.7 270.6 277.4 269.4 280.9 244.4 248.6 245.8 253.2

South Dakota

29.4 29.9 29.3 29.8 31.3 31.4 31.3 31.8 70.8 71.1 71.1 71.4

Tennessee

154.1 155.1 155.3 156.0 408.9 414.8 415.0 416.9 428.4 434.4 433.0 438.9

Texas

735.5 762.3 740.4 767.6 1,640.7 1,686.4 1,647.6 1,697.7 1,647.8 1,682.1 1,660.6 1,694.1

Utah

82.3 83.4 83.0 83.2 205.2 216.2 207.3 217.3 196.0 201.1 198.3 203.8


Vermont

12.0 12.0 12.0 12.1 28.2 29.2 27.9 29.5 64.1 65.5 65.0 66.1

Virginia

201.2 207.2 201.4 206.4 719.2 733.5 725.0 737.9 538.6 554.6 546.5 561.4

Washington

152.7 157.9 152.0 158.0 411.5 415.6 409.5 417.5 464.7 479.1 472.2 481.8

West Virginia

27.6 27.7 27.4 27.5 65.4 65.7 65.8 65.4 131.3 134.3 132.3 136.0

Wisconsin

152.2 153.2 151.6 151.5 325.6 328.1 326.4 333.3 446.5 450.0 451.9 456.0

Wyoming

10.8 11.0 10.7 10.8 18.1 17.0 17.9 17.6 27.7 27.5 28.0 27.8


Puerto Rico

42.6 41.7 42.4 41.4 114.9 112.5 115.1 111.0 122.7 121.4 124.1 120.1

Virgin Islands(1)

2.1 - 2.1 - 3.3 - 3.4 - 2.5 - 2.5 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
September October September October September October
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

200.5 207.6 197.4 204.5 80.4 82.8 80.0 82.5 380.5 382.7 383.7 384.9

Alaska

39.5 40.2 33.0 33.6 11.1 11.9 11.2 12.1 81.7 82.1 81.9 81.9

Arizona

308.9 320.6 315.0 323.9 89.2 86.8 89.2 86.5 423.7 425.6 427.2 427.0

Arkansas

117.5 119.2 116.9 118.9 47.5 49.8 47.7 50.0 213.1 212.2 214.9 214.3

California

1,916.1 1,951.2 1,917.1 1,955.1 562.0 581.3 567.0 585.2 2,491.3 2,526.1 2,562.9 2,598.6


Colorado

327.3 329.1 318.0 320.9 106.8 109.2 107.2 109.6 428.6 432.1 436.1 436.4

Connecticut

157.0 158.1 155.0 153.6 64.7 67.9 65.9 66.1 232.7 229.2 237.2 234.2

Delaware

51.9 53.8 50.3 50.0 18.6 18.1 18.9 18.6 65.5 65.8 66.6 67.2

District of Columbia

76.3 81.1 76.9 81.8 72.4 72.2 72.2 72.2 238.0 237.9 238.3 237.4

Florida

1,159.2 1,141.6 1,165.8 1,181.1 349.7 359.3 352.7 370.3 1,110.4 1,116.3 1,117.4 1,125.3


Georgia

474.9 489.1 474.8 489.2 158.3 159.9 157.4 162.7 691.9 699.6 697.0 707.3

Hawaii

118.6 120.6 119.7 121.9 27.4 27.4 27.3 27.4 125.4 124.2 127.9 126.5

Idaho

75.0 75.3 71.6 71.9 24.5 24.9 24.5 25.2 122.8 126.0 126.1 129.3

Illinois

605.6 605.4 601.2 599.3 250.4 251.3 249.3 251.9 840.0 832.1 848.0 838.6

Indiana

313.0 312.9 309.5 309.9 126.7 129.1 127.9 130.5 443.7 451.5 442.5 449.2


Iowa

145.1 148.2 142.6 147.0 58.9 59.3 60.7 59.3 259.5 258.3 264.8 264.0

Kansas

128.5 127.0 127.9 127.2 50.7 51.0 51.0 51.0 259.3 257.9 263.7 263.1

Kentucky

196.8 196.5 194.1 194.2 65.3 67.9 65.2 68.2 319.6 318.4 321.3 319.4

Louisiana

230.0 236.0 230.2 234.8 75.0 77.2 75.9 77.3 326.8 321.7 328.2 324.1

Maine

72.1 73.2 65.1 66.8 21.8 21.1 21.9 21.3 101.2 101.3 103.3 102.9


Maryland

279.8 283.8 268.4 271.8 113.7 116.3 113.7 115.6 504.6 511.1 511.9 520.7

Massachusetts

374.5 374.6 364.8 370.5 135.1 140.3 135.9 142.8 457.8 458.3 469.6 469.9

Michigan

438.2 445.5 430.8 435.0 169.5 174.0 171.7 175.7 609.0 624.1 626.3 640.5

Minnesota

273.7 276.0 258.5 265.3 116.2 120.6 116.3 120.8 420.0 423.4 435.6 437.5

Mississippi

135.0 135.8 134.3 137.0 40.2 40.1 39.9 39.9 246.3 246.3 248.2 247.0


Missouri

306.5 317.3 303.8 314.2 116.3 117.8 115.8 117.0 440.2 440.4 445.3 444.6

Montana

67.6 68.8 62.9 64.8 18.6 17.7 18.3 17.3 91.7 92.7 94.0 94.9

Nebraska

92.8 96.0 90.5 93.0 36.7 38.8 37.0 38.8 172.6 172.2 175.0 175.5

Nevada

350.7 353.8 345.8 352.8 41.5 41.7 41.2 42.0 159.0 164.2 161.7 165.4

New Hampshire

73.1 73.2 71.3 71.6 24.5 24.2 24.2 24.3 92.4 91.9 94.9 94.3


New Jersey

386.1 397.1 365.5 375.6 170.2 168.3 169.1 168.0 603.2 596.9 622.3 618.1

New Mexico

96.7 98.8 94.6 98.6 28.1 29.1 28.4 29.0 192.3 190.5 194.2 193.4

New York

936.6 958.3 923.7 942.3 405.4 413.7 406.7 413.9 1,428.4 1,433.1 1,463.9 1,468.5

North Carolina

489.4 497.4 482.0 491.2 151.7 155.4 151.9 154.3 732.4 740.8 748.3 757.5

North Dakota

40.4 39.2 40.0 38.7 16.0 15.4 16.1 15.8 83.7 83.7 84.9 85.3


Ohio

563.6 580.3 549.9 567.1 212.7 213.0 212.0 215.0 781.4 775.2 790.5 788.6

Oklahoma

166.1 168.4 164.3 168.5 62.6 59.5 62.9 60.6 352.9 353.8 359.6 361.0

Oregon

206.0 206.1 199.6 202.3 64.4 64.6 64.3 65.4 296.7 299.7 313.4 318.6

Pennsylvania

569.8 591.4 565.3 583.0 257.6 256.3 258.3 257.0 711.4 708.6 718.8 715.8

Rhode Island

60.8 63.0 59.2 60.2 23.0 23.3 23.0 23.2 60.4 60.3 61.5 61.5


South Carolina

250.0 247.8 244.9 247.3 74.9 73.1 73.9 74.1 365.3 369.1 367.2 373.5

South Dakota

49.0 49.4 47.9 47.3 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 79.2 80.9 80.2 81.7

Tennessee

326.4 332.3 325.1 330.9 111.1 111.4 110.7 110.6 435.9 441.3 441.8 446.6

Texas

1,302.3 1,311.3 1,295.7 1,336.2 427.1 445.6 428.7 447.9 1,915.3 1,946.2 1,955.8 1,992.5

Utah

140.8 145.4 137.4 142.8 39.8 41.5 39.6 42.0 242.0 246.2 244.3 248.9


Vermont

36.4 36.9 35.8 36.7 10.4 11.2 10.7 11.1 56.8 56.7 58.4 58.4

Virginia

404.6 411.9 397.5 400.9 200.1 201.4 200.1 202.0 715.8 713.9 723.4 721.0

Washington

336.1 343.6 329.6 333.8 118.1 121.2 119.3 120.9 565.2 574.8 585.2 599.1

West Virginia

76.1 76.2 74.6 76.0 53.9 53.9 54.2 53.7 154.5 154.6 158.4 158.3

Wisconsin

283.6 289.8 274.9 282.0 149.5 152.0 149.9 153.7 408.2 413.2 426.4 429.3

Wyoming

38.8 37.9 34.1 33.0 11.2 10.8 11.1 10.9 71.4 69.9 72.1 70.7


Puerto Rico

80.8 81.2 81.4 65.5 17.5 17.4 17.6 17.4 226.7 218.8 227.0 219.2

Virgin Islands(1)

7.1 - 7.2 - 1.2 - 1.2 - 10.7 - 10.8 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September and October 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September and October 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: November 17, 2017