State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 22, 2017			USDL-17-1668

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in November in 8 states, higher in 2 states, 
and stable in 40 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Twenty-three states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 25 states and the District
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from
October at 4.1 percent but was 0.5 percentage point lower than in November
2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 6 states in November 2017, decreased
in 2 states, and was essentially unchanged in 42 states and the District of
Columbia. Over the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 23 states
and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in November, 2.0 percent. The rates
in Alabama (3.5 percent), California (4.6 percent), Hawaii (2.0 percent),
Mississippi (4.8 percent), and Texas (3.8 percent) set new series lows. (All
state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 7.2 percent.
In total, 17 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 4.1
percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states
had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See
tables A and 1.)

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
| 											|
|     Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands	|
|											|
|  Response rates for the November 2017 establishment survey were slightly lower than	|
|  average in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation	|
|  process that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a		|
|  sufficient amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates	|
|  for October and preliminary estimates for November.					|
|											|
|  The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in	|
|  September, October, and November. It is unknown at this time when estimates of	|
|  employment, hours and earnings will be published for the U.S. Virgin Islands. 	|
| 											|
|  More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection	|
|  and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. 	|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


In November, eight states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which
were in California, Kentucky, Minnesota, and Ohio (-0.3 percentage point each).
The only over-the-month rate increases occurred in North Carolina (+0.2 percentage
point) and North Dakota (+0.1 point). The remaining 40 states and the District of
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-three states had unemployment rate decreases from November 2016. The largest
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.7 percentage points and -2.0 points,
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in Alaska and South Dakota
(+0.6 percentage point each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Six states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in November
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in Texas (+54,500),
followed by California (+47,400) and New York (+24,900). In percentage terms, the
largest increases occurred in Iowa, South Carolina, and Texas (+0.4 percent each).
Two states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in November:
Alaska (-3,000, or -0.9 percent) and North Dakota (-2,700, or -0.6 percent). (See
tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
November. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+330,600), California (+288,300),
and Florida (+195,000). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+2.8 percent),
followed by Nevada and Texas (+2.7 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November 2017
is scheduled to be released on Thursday, January 4, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled
to be released on Tuesday, January 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|          Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages	|
|  on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for	|
|  the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in	|
|  tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs,	|
|  new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census	|
|  division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally	|
|  adjusting the data will be implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data are	|
|  subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data will be revised	|
|  back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available at	|
|  www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.							|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|           										|
|            Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm	|
|  payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of	|
|  this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.  			|
|										        |
|  Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses	|
|  all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing	|
|  seasonal factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year	|
|  during the annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal	|
|  adjustment in the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm. |
|											|
|  Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data	|
|  beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted	|
|  series may be revised back to 1990. 						        |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|        Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System		|
|											|
|  With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the	|
|  2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for	|
|  all states and metropolitan areas. 							|
|											|
|  The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content	|	
|  and coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several		|
|  industry titles and descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, |
|  and combined industries due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due	|
|  to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on March 12, 2018.		|
|											|
|  For more information on 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.		|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|
											



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
California ..........................|           4.6
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           6.4
Florida .............................|           3.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.9
Iowa ................................|           2.9
Kansas ..............................|           3.5
                                     |
Maine ...............................|           3.3
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Missouri ............................|           3.4
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Jersey ..........................|           5.1
New Mexico ..........................|           6.1
New York ............................|           4.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
                                     |
Ohio ................................|           4.8
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.1
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           2.9
West Virginia .......................|           5.3
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.2
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.



Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2017 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  October  |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.9   |     4.6   |      -0.3
Hawaii .........................|     2.2   |     2.0   |       -.2
Kentucky .......................|     5.0   |     4.7   |       -.3
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     3.3   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.4   |     3.1   |       -.3
North Carolina .................|     4.1   |     4.3   |        .2
North Dakota ...................|     2.5   |     2.6   |        .1
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.8   |       -.3
Oklahoma .......................|     4.4   |     4.2   |       -.2
Wisconsin ......................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2016 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  November |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.2   |     3.5   |      -2.7
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.2   |        .6
California .....................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.6   |      -1.3
Georgia ........................|     5.5   |     4.3   |      -1.2
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.0   |       -.9
Idaho ..........................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     5.8   |     4.9   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.5   |     2.9   |       -.6
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.5   |       -.8
                                |           |           |
Louisiana ......................|     6.0   |     4.7   |      -1.3
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.1   |       -.9
Missouri .......................|     4.5   |     3.4   |      -1.1
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.7   |     6.1   |       -.6
North Carolina .................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.6   |       -.4
Oklahoma .......................|     4.9   |     4.2   |       -.7
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.5   |     4.6   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
                                |           |           |
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     3.1   |      -2.0
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.8   |      -1.0
Washington .....................|     5.2   |     4.5   |       -.7
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.2   |       -.9
Wyoming ........................|     4.9   |     4.3   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2017 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   October   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .......................|     330,400 |     327,400 |      -3,000 |     -0.9
California ...................|  16,874,000 |  16,921,400 |      47,400 |       .3
Iowa .........................|   1,586,600 |   1,592,900 |       6,300 |       .4
New York .....................|   9,527,700 |   9,552,600 |      24,900 |       .3
North Dakota .................|     438,500 |     435,800 |      -2,700 |      -.6
South Carolina ...............|   2,105,700 |   2,113,600 |       7,900 |       .4
Texas ........................|  12,390,700 |  12,445,200 |      54,500 |       .4
Washington ...................|   3,342,800 |   3,352,600 |       9,800 |       .3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2016 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  November   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |    2016     |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,500 |   2,016,900 |      33,400 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,728,200 |   2,769,500 |      41,300 |      1.5
Arkansas .....................|   1,233,500 |   1,254,100 |      20,600 |      1.7
California ...................|  16,633,100 |  16,921,400 |     288,300 |      1.7
Colorado .....................|   2,618,000 |   2,663,300 |      45,300 |      1.7
Florida ......................|   8,481,400 |   8,676,400 |     195,000 |      2.3
Georgia ......................|   4,428,100 |   4,513,300 |      85,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     705,200 |     721,400 |      16,200 |      2.3
Iowa .........................|   1,570,200 |   1,592,900 |      22,700 |      1.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,927,400 |   1,953,000 |      25,600 |      1.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,722,200 |   2,782,900 |      60,700 |      2.2
Massachusetts ................|   3,583,400 |   3,648,600 |      65,200 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,368,000 |   4,414,300 |      46,300 |      1.1
Minnesota ....................|   2,915,600 |   2,949,100 |      33,500 |      1.1
Missouri .....................|   2,864,200 |   2,894,400 |      30,200 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,318,800 |   1,353,900 |      35,100 |      2.7
New Jersey ...................|   4,094,800 |   4,136,700 |      41,900 |      1.0
New York .....................|   9,435,800 |   9,552,600 |     116,800 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,375,000 |   4,446,500 |      71,500 |      1.6
Oregon .......................|   1,849,300 |   1,885,600 |      36,300 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,913,400 |   5,976,000 |      62,600 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,068,800 |   2,113,600 |      44,800 |      2.2
Tennessee ....................|   2,990,600 |   3,026,800 |      36,200 |      1.2
Texas ........................|  12,114,600 |  12,445,200 |     330,600 |      2.7
Utah .........................|   1,446,300 |   1,487,500 |      41,200 |      2.8
Washington ...................|   3,283,500 |   3,352,600 |      69,100 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,933,800 |   2,974,400 |      40,600 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.




Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data for states and
selected substate areas from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program
(tables 1 and 2). Also presented are nonfarm payroll employment estimates by state
and industry supersector from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program
(tables 3 and 4). The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state cooperative
endeavors.

Civilian labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

Definitions. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is
conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The
LAUS program measures employed persons and unemployed persons on a place-of-residence
basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of
age and older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit
in the reference week (typically the week including the 12th of the month) or worked
15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who
had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such
reasons as bad weather, labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation.

Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based
on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period
ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment
rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for 48 states, the District of Columbia, the Los
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, New York City, and the balances
of California and New York state are produced using time-series models. This method,
which underwent substantial enhancement at the beginning of 2015, utilizes data from
several sources, including the CPS, the CES, and state unemployment insurance (UI)
programs. Estimates for the state of California are derived by summing the estimates
for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division and the balance of
California. Similarly, estimates for New York state are derived by summing the
estimates for New York City and the balance of New York state. Estimates for the 
five additional substate areas contained in this release (the Cleveland-Elyria and
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metropolitan areas and the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington
Heights, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metropolitan
divisions) and their respective balances of state are produced using a similar
model-based approach.

Each month, estimates for the nine census divisions first are modeled using inputs
from the CPS only and controlled to the national totals. State estimates then are
controlled to their respective census division totals. Substate and balance-of-state
estimates for the five areas noted above also are controlled to their respective 
state totals. This tiered process of controlling model-based estimates to the U.S.
totals is called real-time benchmarking. Estimates for Puerto Rico are derived from
a monthly household survey similar to the CPS. A more detailed description of the
estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Civilian labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect
adjustments made after the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated
population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources,
and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years
are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to the release of January
estimates. With the introduction of a new generation of times-series models in early
2015, historical data were re-estimated back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990,
or 1994.

Seasonal adjustment. The LAUS models decompose the estimates of employed and unemployed
persons into trend, seasonal, and irregular components. The trend component of each
measure is then smoothed using a Trend-Cycle Cascade Filter, which combines the Henderson
trend filter with a seasonal filter. This combined filter suppresses variability due to
real-time benchmarking while simultaneously removing any residual seasonality that may
be present in the series. The resulting smoothed-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate
estimates are analyzed in this news release and published on the BLS website. During
estimation for the current year, the smoothed-seasonally adjusted estimates for a given
month are created using an asymmetric filter that incorporates information from previous
observations only. For annual revisions, historical data are smoothed using a two-sided
filter. 

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations that were issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. 

Employment--from the CES program

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay
for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted
at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more
than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of
their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American
Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several
estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link
relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current month weighted employment
to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current
month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment
estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the
sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of
historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different
models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry
level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the
BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of
jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by
employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark
information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the
preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the
sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent
months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf.

Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted at the statewide
supersector level. In some states, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is
computed by aggregating the independently adjusted supersector series. In other states,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment total is independently adjusted. Revisions
to historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with
annual benchmark adjustments.

Caution on aggregating state data. State estimation procedures are designed to produce
accurate data for each individual state. BLS independently develops a national employment
series; state estimates are not forced to sum to national totals. Because each state
series is subject to larger sampling and nonsampling errors than the national series,
summing them cumulates individual state-level errors and can cause significant distortions
at an aggregate level. Due to these statistical limitations, BLS does not compile a
"sum-of-states" employment series, and cautions users that such a series is subject to a
relatively large and volatile error structure.

Reliability of the estimates

The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data,
and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error
is a measure of sampling variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a
sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to
nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and
processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to
additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used.

Use of error measures. Changes in state unemployment rates and state nonfarm payroll
employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined
to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Furthermore,
state unemployment rates for the current month generally are cited only if they have
been determined to be significantly different from the U.S. rate at the 90-percent
confidence level. The underlying model-based standard error measures for unemployment
rates and over-the-month and over-the-year changes in rates are available at
www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. The underlying standard error measures for over-the-
month and over-the-year changes in state payroll employment data at the total nonfarm
and supersector levels are available at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of
nonsampling error are not available.

Additional information

Estimates of civilian labor force and unemployment from the LAUS program, as well as
nonfarm payroll employment from the CES program, for metropolitan areas and metropolitan
divisions are available in the news release Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of civilian labor force, employed persons, unemployed persons, and unemployment
rates for approximately 7,500 subnational areas are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/.
Employment data from the CES program for states and metropolitan areas are available
online at www.bls.gov/sae/. Information in this release will be made available to
sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Number Percent of labor force
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Alabama

2,183,650 2,151,656 2,156,951 2,163,474 136,135 82,562 77,231 75,807 6.2 3.8 3.6 3.5

Alaska

359,745 364,072 363,246 363,111 23,691 26,235 26,156 26,160 6.6 7.2 7.2 7.2

Arizona

3,257,465 3,315,109 3,317,510 3,327,116 162,652 156,649 147,881 144,129 5.0 4.7 4.5 4.3

Arkansas

1,338,739 1,379,610 1,378,254 1,372,006 53,168 48,635 49,591 50,127 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.7

California

19,164,659 19,295,733 19,360,260 19,393,427 1,006,961 987,010 952,996 884,294 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,060,065 5,163,733 5,177,166 5,178,085 257,458 251,214 245,813 234,271 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5

Colorado

2,907,353 3,010,114 3,020,823 3,035,098 88,592 76,526 81,374 86,945 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.9

Connecticut

1,887,486 1,913,982 1,906,084 1,902,426 84,279 87,100 85,603 86,993 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.6

Delaware

470,434 478,982 478,069 476,891 20,388 23,423 22,735 22,235 4.3 4.9 4.8 4.7

District of Columbia

393,325 402,005 400,873 400,492 22,672 26,231 26,539 25,541 5.8 6.5 6.6 6.4

Florida

9,924,184 10,115,461 10,117,844 10,122,761 490,060 385,319 369,146 368,578 4.9 3.8 3.6 3.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,357,760 1,395,347 1,390,342 1,387,234 74,695 62,659 62,441 64,455 5.5 4.5 4.5 4.6

Georgia

4,973,933 5,070,396 5,085,111 5,093,395 272,252 225,171 219,548 221,447 5.5 4.4 4.3 4.3

Hawaii

690,799 688,776 686,589 684,340 19,992 17,007 15,172 14,023 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.0

Idaho

820,620 823,696 828,663 835,890 30,211 23,018 23,617 24,186 3.7 2.8 2.9 2.9

Illinois

6,504,520 6,424,858 6,425,364 6,445,125 374,409 321,617 317,137 313,769 5.8 5.0 4.9 4.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,790,951 3,765,208 3,766,002 3,775,364 223,532 190,466 192,571 194,328 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.1

Indiana

3,313,308 3,341,796 3,330,887 3,315,489 135,806 126,375 128,733 123,217 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.7

Iowa

1,695,296 1,686,979 1,686,580 1,686,744 59,844 54,680 50,974 49,133 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.9

Kansas

1,479,477 1,487,227 1,487,674 1,487,493 63,735 56,781 53,783 52,367 4.3 3.8 3.6 3.5

Kentucky

2,006,806 2,061,849 2,062,033 2,061,760 97,878 107,148 103,223 97,503 4.9 5.2 5.0 4.7

Louisiana

2,102,642 2,083,328 2,087,013 2,098,597 126,841 105,736 100,204 98,184 6.0 5.1 4.8 4.7

Maine

695,168 705,266 703,846 702,150 26,642 26,101 24,970 23,069 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.3

Maryland

3,180,866 3,251,906 3,251,304 3,245,507 133,638 122,395 122,106 126,327 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.9

Massachusetts

3,584,510 3,669,467 3,656,009 3,647,779 112,267 142,538 134,792 130,557 3.1 3.9 3.7 3.6

Michigan

4,858,145 4,851,275 4,858,302 4,874,774 245,422 208,573 217,830 223,808 5.1 4.3 4.5 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,082,619 2,087,118 2,090,114 2,100,234 116,857 75,905 82,155 89,771 5.6 3.6 3.9 4.3

Minnesota

3,002,955 3,069,062 3,074,081 3,079,420 121,208 112,150 103,060 96,674 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.1

Mississippi

1,283,179 1,277,975 1,272,309 1,272,532 71,833 66,040 62,561 60,782 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.8

Missouri

3,104,646 3,055,733 3,051,590 3,044,776 140,666 116,159 105,404 103,231 4.5 3.8 3.5 3.4

Montana

528,070 525,882 525,878 526,053 21,127 20,391 20,422 20,955 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0

Nebraska

1,011,893 1,010,354 1,010,893 1,011,386 33,313 27,832 27,061 27,189 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.7

Nevada

1,433,564 1,451,447 1,457,082 1,464,453 74,661 71,764 72,484 73,358 5.2 4.9 5.0 5.0

New Hampshire

751,229 750,028 748,044 746,299 20,698 20,063 20,137 20,015 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

New Jersey

4,509,982 4,524,302 4,521,272 4,515,788 215,405 212,993 220,958 230,340 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.1

New Mexico

928,535 930,322 931,378 932,930 62,676 57,652 57,130 56,508 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.1

New York

9,522,738 9,693,682 9,712,582 9,714,914 462,772 472,629 470,592 460,316 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7

New York City

4,119,693 4,243,870 4,247,213 4,236,330 207,853 214,579 213,803 197,043 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.7

North Carolina

4,912,477 4,931,077 4,946,506 4,952,898 254,665 200,222 203,783 213,437 5.2 4.1 4.1 4.3

North Dakota

417,400 417,976 418,560 418,181 12,614 9,924 10,324 10,767 3.0 2.4 2.5 2.6

Ohio

5,691,174 5,757,728 5,761,152 5,771,488 284,934 305,213 295,869 279,122 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.8

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,028,107 1,036,275 1,032,559 1,030,293 58,020 66,105 64,099 60,201 5.6 6.4 6.2 5.8

Oklahoma

1,823,846 1,827,368 1,835,578 1,841,642 89,161 81,726 80,430 77,177 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.2

Oregon

2,065,048 2,131,170 2,134,176 2,138,115 95,514 90,020 92,300 90,734 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.2

Pennsylvania

6,455,357 6,414,524 6,398,872 6,396,698 353,825 309,293 297,886 295,550 5.5 4.8 4.7 4.6

Rhode Island

551,140 555,203 554,791 554,721 27,785 23,242 23,290 24,003 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.3

South Carolina

2,298,141 2,324,112 2,326,122 2,325,319 99,867 91,342 91,092 92,740 4.3 3.9 3.9 4.0

South Dakota

454,081 458,775 459,164 459,491 13,125 15,758 15,986 16,091 2.9 3.4 3.5 3.5

Tennessee

3,166,396 3,183,060 3,208,049 3,222,215 161,072 95,648 94,946 98,415 5.1 3.0 3.0 3.1

Texas

13,347,755 13,408,314 13,427,830 13,480,561 636,048 541,098 517,228 512,121 4.8 4.0 3.9 3.8

Utah

1,526,504 1,575,177 1,575,812 1,577,986 48,845 53,852 51,577 50,308 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2

Vermont

345,154 344,734 345,184 345,628 10,954 10,166 10,031 9,951 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9

Virginia

4,264,458 4,340,173 4,338,624 4,327,189 174,905 159,586 157,562 159,126 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.7

Washington

3,674,364 3,754,537 3,767,779 3,772,950 191,280 171,901 170,572 168,159 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,636,867 1,650,213 1,654,423 1,658,756 61,738 62,189 62,569 62,792 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

West Virginia

782,915 780,337 779,618 780,033 45,629 39,837 39,861 41,510 5.8 5.1 5.1 5.3

Wisconsin

3,116,966 3,162,031 3,162,202 3,168,140 128,422 109,414 108,062 102,432 4.1 3.5 3.4 3.2

Wyoming

300,998 293,821 293,413 292,802 14,709 11,882 12,222 12,488 4.9 4.0 4.2 4.3

Puerto Rico

1,117,076 - 1,078,036 1,088,900 136,751 - 114,381 117,938 12.2 - 10.6 10.8

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, not seasonally adjusted
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
October November Number Percent of labor force
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

2,193,487 2,178,339 2,184,641 2,173,604 136,336 75,766 123,834 77,270 6.2 3.5 5.7 3.6

Alaska

357,474 359,601 356,778 359,172 22,232 24,097 23,006 25,520 6.2 6.7 6.4 7.1

Arizona

3,264,008 3,314,636 3,265,507 3,334,467 167,206 145,862 155,867 143,390 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.3

Arkansas

1,342,421 1,374,366 1,334,504 1,358,380 46,406 44,246 45,836 45,183 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3

California

19,201,496 19,357,850 19,157,621 19,344,423 1,007,701 838,586 963,869 775,534 5.2 4.3 5.0 4.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale(1)

5,071,969 5,165,721 5,067,615 5,152,795 259,901 225,617 243,819 212,583 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.1

Colorado

2,915,022 3,022,135 2,899,265 3,028,318 82,055 79,777 78,408 87,754 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.9

Connecticut

1,885,732 1,899,371 1,882,158 1,898,168 79,435 81,857 73,411 82,085 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.3

Delaware

470,204 474,369 470,281 474,209 19,814 20,733 18,029 19,527 4.2 4.4 3.8 4.1

District of Columbia

394,704 401,159 394,454 401,691 23,389 27,462 22,343 23,190 5.9 6.8 5.7 5.8

Florida

9,932,052 10,096,651 9,927,342 10,080,228 490,603 361,634 473,563 386,197 4.9 3.6 4.8 3.8

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall(1)

1,357,687 1,384,154 1,360,607 1,385,846 74,553 63,353 68,334 63,461 5.5 4.6 5.0 4.6

Georgia

4,972,208 5,074,106 4,975,427 5,075,968 276,234 221,354 251,828 220,636 5.6 4.4 5.1 4.3

Hawaii

687,426 681,699 692,102 683,547 20,269 12,925 19,950 13,786 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.0

Idaho

819,947 832,579 818,262 838,263 26,793 21,817 30,103 25,588 3.3 2.6 3.7 3.1

Illinois

6,520,067 6,434,065 6,493,487 6,467,818 363,282 301,844 340,691 302,474 5.6 4.7 5.2 4.7

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights(1)

3,783,546 3,754,154 3,761,186 3,776,395 216,835 183,860 198,080 181,611 5.7 4.9 5.3 4.8

Indiana

3,328,690 3,306,994 3,316,013 3,288,895 130,358 112,598 127,730 110,326 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.4

Iowa

1,702,903 1,685,910 1,691,617 1,680,021 54,397 39,708 50,922 42,682 3.2 2.4 3.0 2.5

Kansas

1,483,972 1,490,226 1,482,627 1,490,742 59,924 45,049 56,378 48,233 4.0 3.0 3.8 3.2

Kentucky

1,997,151 2,050,958 2,002,931 2,054,529 91,044 88,189 84,844 83,255 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.1

Louisiana

2,118,476 2,099,057 2,104,428 2,109,462 124,482 89,657 114,387 89,073 5.9 4.3 5.4 4.2

Maine

697,727 703,975 691,090 696,606 23,884 21,139 25,518 20,875 3.4 3.0 3.7 3.0

Maryland

3,187,678 3,242,273 3,180,574 3,231,517 133,706 122,365 126,573 130,005 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.0

Massachusetts

3,576,746 3,624,102 3,583,688 3,624,361 101,927 119,447 98,720 118,960 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.3

Michigan

4,868,988 4,862,005 4,845,978 4,869,727 234,794 206,364 203,410 192,643 4.8 4.2 4.2 4.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn(2)

2,088,594 2,097,497 2,067,175 2,095,142 118,523 89,144 97,931 77,678 5.7 4.3 4.7 3.7

Minnesota

3,003,265 3,059,481 2,997,906 3,066,990 103,221 72,773 102,107 80,545 3.4 2.4 3.4 2.6

Mississippi

1,287,090 1,269,576 1,281,867 1,276,553 73,056 56,169 64,314 57,351 5.7 4.4 5.0 4.5

Missouri

3,107,424 3,041,351 3,091,875 3,021,930 126,662 75,038 114,870 96,100 4.1 2.5 3.7 3.2

Montana

526,549 522,847 524,923 523,574 19,296 18,829 19,879 21,278 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1

Nebraska

1,011,427 1,007,622 1,010,228 1,008,349 30,561 23,591 27,976 23,919 3.0 2.3 2.8 2.4

Nevada

1,432,972 1,461,212 1,433,620 1,471,481 73,890 70,732 71,570 72,048 5.2 4.8 5.0 4.9

New Hampshire

748,222 743,251 749,293 743,037 18,430 17,943 19,573 18,542 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5

New Jersey

4,505,268 4,490,335 4,492,794 4,485,012 205,724 211,764 186,915 217,068 4.6 4.7 4.2 4.8

New Mexico

929,347 932,944 935,046 938,742 61,112 54,766 60,388 53,908 6.6 5.9 6.5 5.7

New York

9,548,033 9,711,454 9,496,305 9,644,829 455,099 448,961 428,310 431,628 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

New York City

4,138,355 4,251,205 4,116,024 4,205,559 217,199 208,141 194,867 169,054 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.0

North Carolina

4,928,025 4,955,702 4,921,006 4,944,492 251,212 203,745 241,445 222,035 5.1 4.1 4.9 4.5

North Dakota

417,255 418,732 413,729 413,804 9,260 7,301 10,765 9,373 2.2 1.7 2.6 2.3

Ohio

5,722,196 5,770,907 5,692,448 5,767,484 268,016 260,459 256,301 244,072 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria(2)

1,023,257 1,024,882 1,020,042 1,025,083 52,168 52,854 48,683 46,911 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6

Oklahoma

1,833,474 1,850,053 1,837,205 1,855,713 88,124 75,742 84,586 69,264 4.8 4.1 4.6 3.7

Oregon

2,076,489 2,149,135 2,070,415 2,146,652 94,169 88,338 89,684 82,782 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.9

Pennsylvania

6,461,574 6,372,892 6,439,865 6,379,536 339,080 265,311 312,670 273,749 5.2 4.2 4.9 4.3

Rhode Island

552,117 553,030 553,212 557,091 25,753 21,339 25,413 23,822 4.7 3.9 4.6 4.3

South Carolina

2,299,345 2,315,358 2,285,900 2,301,906 102,913 90,403 91,905 91,379 4.5 3.9 4.0 4.0

South Dakota

454,982 458,894 454,040 458,728 11,096 13,805 12,215 15,310 2.4 3.0 2.7 3.3

Tennessee

3,162,841 3,213,334 3,157,185 3,206,346 157,787 97,259 148,866 107,045 5.0 3.0 4.7 3.3

Texas

13,338,725 13,392,522 13,371,089 13,501,846 612,866 469,673 599,870 499,270 4.6 3.5 4.5 3.7

Utah

1,527,871 1,572,224 1,526,692 1,574,943 47,409 45,609 40,660 42,621 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7

Vermont

344,510 343,620 344,383 344,876 8,720 7,947 10,072 9,148 2.5 2.3 2.9 2.7

Virginia

4,258,096 4,291,931 4,249,068 4,270,565 170,163 150,667 159,490 155,171 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.6

Washington

3,681,300 3,760,589 3,671,129 3,755,995 184,152 157,929 188,004 167,580 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.5

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett(1)

1,631,040 1,642,460 1,627,247 1,649,879 62,494 62,290 63,900 65,752 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0

West Virginia

788,123 781,720 779,129 777,192 41,772 33,085 38,750 38,739 5.3 4.2 5.0 5.0

Wisconsin

3,127,427 3,165,425 3,116,760 3,172,610 114,870 89,083 113,945 85,694 3.7 2.8 3.7 2.7

Wyoming

300,979 292,305 300,414 291,505 13,436 11,103 13,967 12,172 4.5 3.8 4.6 4.2

Puerto Rico

1,102,730 1,061,157 1,111,068 1,114,967 137,831 121,137 121,705 115,427 12.5 11.4 11.0 10.4

Footnotes
(1) Metropolitan division.
(2) Metropolitan statistical area.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 15-01, dated July 15, 2015, and are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total(1) Construction Manufacturing
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Alabama

1,983.5 2,012.2 2,014.1 2,016.9 84.6 90.1 90.1 91.8 261.4 266.7 267.1 267.1

Alaska

329.9 331.1 330.4 327.4 15.7 16.1 15.7 16.4 12.5 11.6 11.5 10.0

Arizona

2,728.2 2,767.1 2,762.0 2,769.5 134.5 139.6 139.1 142.3 160.4 164.4 164.4 164.8

Arkansas

1,233.5 1,255.1 1,256.2 1,254.1 50.2 51.6 52.6 52.9 155.8 159.8 160.8 160.5

California

16,633.1 16,828.6 16,874.0 16,921.4 786.9 826.6 832.1 835.3 1,304.5 1,297.2 1,298.2 1,300.7


Colorado

2,618.0 2,657.6 2,661.5 2,663.3 155.0 155.5 158.4 161.0 140.9 142.0 141.4 142.0

Connecticut

1,678.2 1,687.2 1,681.0 1,677.5 58.1 56.5 58.4 57.1 156.0 156.7 157.3 157.2

Delaware(2)

453.8 457.1 455.6 454.1 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.9 25.8 25.8 26.0 25.9

District of Columbia(3)(2)

785.9 794.1 794.4 793.8 14.6 14.7 14.6 14.6 - - - -

Florida

8,481.4 8,529.8 8,663.3 8,676.4 482.8 492.5 518.4 524.6 358.5 367.5 372.5 372.6


Georgia

4,428.1 4,494.3 4,510.4 4,513.3 178.3 173.4 178.9 180.6 391.8 385.8 386.9 386.7

Hawaii(2)

651.6 658.4 657.8 656.5 37.5 37.4 38.1 38.9 13.9 13.7 13.6 13.8

Idaho

705.2 715.8 720.5 721.4 41.7 42.8 43.8 44.5 65.5 66.6 66.9 67.1

Illinois

6,019.3 6,037.0 6,046.3 6,045.2 212.7 212.5 211.2 213.3 570.5 571.3 573.0 575.2

Indiana

3,108.3 3,129.1 3,133.8 3,129.3 129.1 136.1 134.3 139.2 524.6 531.7 531.7 530.5


Iowa

1,570.2 1,586.7 1,586.6 1,592.9 80.8 74.8 75.1 74.7 210.1 215.3 217.6 219.3

Kansas

1,408.7 1,408.8 1,408.5 1,411.6 60.5 62.4 62.2 62.3 160.1 159.2 158.9 159.5

Kentucky

1,927.4 1,951.3 1,948.8 1,953.0 77.3 83.8 81.2 81.3 250.2 250.4 249.2 252.5

Louisiana

1,966.0 1,980.5 1,978.0 1,974.9 143.1 153.0 150.5 151.4 131.2 134.2 133.9 133.1

Maine

617.1 621.4 619.2 619.2 27.4 28.4 27.7 28.0 50.5 50.4 50.6 51.0


Maryland(2)

2,722.2 2,781.7 2,777.5 2,782.9 162.3 170.6 171.7 169.8 105.0 104.1 103.8 104.9

Massachusetts

3,583.4 3,638.7 3,641.9 3,648.6 146.1 152.1 152.0 154.8 244.0 244.8 245.0 246.6

Michigan

4,368.0 4,407.0 4,406.1 4,414.3 159.7 162.7 162.6 163.4 601.2 601.5 603.2 603.9

Minnesota

2,915.6 2,955.5 2,953.1 2,949.1 117.5 121.4 119.5 121.3 318.3 321.8 322.3 321.6

Mississippi

1,146.8 1,151.5 1,155.6 1,159.0 42.9 44.0 43.1 43.3 142.6 144.6 143.5 143.5


Missouri

2,864.2 2,890.0 2,891.9 2,894.4 122.5 115.2 115.0 116.0 262.2 267.4 267.7 267.4

Montana

472.1 474.1 476.3 476.0 28.2 26.8 27.8 27.2 19.6 19.6 19.7 19.9

Nebraska(2)

1,021.8 1,034.0 1,028.7 1,031.9 52.5 52.3 50.6 51.9 97.2 97.4 97.4 98.6

Nevada

1,318.8 1,349.1 1,352.1 1,353.9 78.8 86.7 88.1 89.7 44.1 45.5 45.8 45.8

New Hampshire

674.3 678.1 681.1 683.0 25.9 28.2 28.2 28.5 68.1 68.6 69.4 69.1


New Jersey

4,094.8 4,124.0 4,130.3 4,136.7 150.6 157.9 157.1 158.0 239.5 245.9 247.0 246.7

New Mexico

835.4 842.6 844.3 845.6 43.5 45.7 45.6 46.4 26.4 26.2 26.5 26.5

New York

9,435.8 9,538.0 9,527.7 9,552.6 368.3 371.0 375.6 380.9 446.2 433.2 432.0 433.7

North Carolina

4,375.0 4,427.9 4,443.6 4,446.5 203.7 200.5 200.4 200.6 465.8 466.1 465.5 466.4

North Dakota

434.2 440.2 438.5 435.8 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.4 24.2 24.1 23.8 24.0


Ohio

5,501.2 5,546.6 5,545.4 5,539.8 206.3 213.4 212.5 212.0 687.6 687.6 692.7 695.4

Oklahoma

1,649.2 1,668.0 1,672.1 1,668.3 76.8 82.1 83.2 81.8 126.9 130.1 130.6 130.9

Oregon

1,849.3 1,879.5 1,887.4 1,885.6 94.1 103.9 103.6 103.2 187.3 193.1 194.2 192.5

Pennsylvania

5,913.4 5,978.1 5,973.7 5,976.0 238.5 245.6 246.1 249.5 553.6 552.7 552.4 551.8

Rhode Island

492.2 496.0 497.1 497.7 18.5 20.7 20.4 20.9 40.0 41.1 41.1 41.5


South Carolina

2,068.8 2,092.4 2,105.7 2,113.6 99.8 97.7 97.8 98.8 240.4 249.4 247.6 251.4

South Dakota(2)

435.3 437.3 435.5 436.3 24.2 23.3 23.7 23.8 41.4 41.8 41.7 42.3

Tennessee(2)

2,990.6 3,025.7 3,025.0 3,026.8 120.9 126.7 125.0 127.0 344.0 344.4 345.7 347.3

Texas

12,114.6 12,323.4 12,390.7 12,445.2 705.5 715.9 721.2 729.4 841.3 877.7 876.7 879.4

Utah

1,446.3 1,479.9 1,482.3 1,487.5 93.2 96.5 95.8 97.7 127.3 128.9 128.9 129.6


Vermont

312.6 317.6 316.7 317.6 14.9 15.4 15.6 15.1 29.2 28.8 28.6 28.8

Virginia

3,932.8 3,978.9 3,972.2 3,966.5 189.0 192.0 192.3 193.2 232.6 233.9 232.7 233.6

Washington

3,283.5 3,336.5 3,342.8 3,352.6 191.2 197.9 200.7 201.9 286.8 284.1 283.6 284.5

West Virginia

754.4 746.9 749.1 748.1 30.2 30.6 31.7 32.5 46.5 45.5 45.7 46.0

Wisconsin

2,933.8 2,962.0 2,971.9 2,974.4 111.0 113.4 112.4 111.8 466.2 476.7 481.1 483.1

Wyoming

276.6 275.5 275.4 274.9 20.3 20.4 20.7 20.1 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.3


Puerto Rico(2)

890.9 873.6 840.4 850.5 23.0 20.8 20.4 20.6 73.3 70.8 69.7 70.2

Virgin Islands(3)(4)

38.2 - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, and other services (except public administration), not shown separately.
(2) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(3) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(4) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Alabama

379.4 375.2 377.0 376.8 98.0 99.8 99.4 98.3 234.6 241.4 239.9 241.3

Alaska

65.2 66.2 65.8 65.0 12.0 11.7 11.5 11.5 27.2 27.5 27.7 27.7

Arizona

520.1 521.2 519.7 519.5 206.4 210.8 210.3 210.3 419.3 423.5 425.3 426.3

Arkansas

252.3 256.0 256.0 255.0 51.1 51.4 50.8 51.2 145.2 147.5 148.1 148.3

California

3,013.8 3,031.8 3,038.5 3,034.5 832.3 833.7 835.5 838.2 2,557.8 2,553.4 2,552.7 2,566.4


Colorado

457.7 465.5 465.6 464.8 163.2 166.9 166.0 165.7 410.1 423.0 423.4 423.8

Connecticut

298.5 299.1 297.7 297.3 130.2 133.4 132.6 133.3 215.8 218.2 218.1 216.7

Delaware

82.0 79.9 80.4 80.0 46.9 47.9 48.0 47.9 61.1 61.0 62.1 62.0

District of Columbia

31.7 32.7 33.0 32.6 29.7 29.6 29.8 29.1 166.8 169.4 169.9 170.5

Florida

1,734.1 1,751.4 1,762.1 1,767.6 551.9 560.1 562.2 567.4 1,301.8 1,309.6 1,348.5 1,342.8


Georgia

929.6 945.3 943.5 944.7 241.5 248.3 246.3 246.4 668.8 685.6 689.9 691.4

Hawaii

121.1 123.7 123.1 122.9 28.6 27.8 27.5 27.7 83.4 86.8 86.4 86.2

Idaho

139.1 141.3 143.0 142.0 34.9 34.5 35.0 35.7 88.3 87.6 87.2 86.3

Illinois

1,205.5 1,201.8 1,206.1 1,204.1 382.8 396.1 398.6 396.4 944.6 947.1 947.8 954.1

Indiana

598.8 594.5 597.8 594.9 134.9 138.0 140.6 139.7 340.7 340.4 339.6 339.5


Iowa

316.6 321.0 319.2 319.7 109.6 112.6 112.5 114.0 139.1 141.4 140.5 143.0

Kansas

265.6 263.3 263.0 264.4 85.2 86.5 87.0 86.6 179.1 180.5 180.9 182.3

Kentucky

399.2 405.2 406.0 404.6 95.0 95.4 94.6 95.2 223.8 230.7 230.6 229.9

Louisiana

387.3 381.9 380.7 377.9 92.3 92.3 93.3 92.5 210.8 208.6 213.2 215.4

Maine

119.3 121.2 120.7 119.7 30.8 30.7 30.6 30.4 65.6 65.1 65.8 66.9


Maryland

465.7 471.1 470.4 472.0 149.8 150.3 148.6 150.2 445.0 465.3 462.2 465.5

Massachusetts

573.1 579.8 580.1 577.4 224.1 228.0 228.6 227.4 554.8 568.0 571.9 574.3

Michigan

783.3 783.5 783.8 784.0 215.7 218.6 219.0 218.1 662.7 671.4 672.5 677.2

Minnesota

534.9 540.8 539.7 542.0 177.0 176.3 175.8 176.3 374.2 379.0 379.2 381.0

Mississippi

230.2 232.9 233.5 232.2 43.3 43.5 44.2 44.8 105.6 102.4 105.4 108.2


Missouri

547.2 549.5 548.8 548.2 170.0 174.1 175.3 174.2 381.7 393.3 394.1 398.8

Montana

95.2 95.1 94.4 94.2 24.2 24.8 24.9 24.9 41.0 41.9 42.4 42.5

Nebraska

205.6 205.7 203.6 203.8 73.8 75.0 74.3 74.1 120.1 123.1 123.4 123.7

Nevada

243.4 243.5 242.9 243.4 62.9 62.5 63.3 63.5 180.5 189.8 190.5 190.2

New Hampshire

140.7 140.2 140.9 140.9 37.4 37.9 38.8 38.6 78.3 79.7 78.5 78.9


New Jersey

873.1 870.0 875.7 874.3 249.3 252.3 250.7 252.8 672.1 666.8 667.3 667.1

New Mexico

138.6 141.4 140.8 140.8 33.1 34.1 34.4 34.7 102.0 104.9 104.6 104.0

New York

1,576.9 1,567.1 1,573.5 1,572.7 709.4 710.6 716.5 714.3 1,314.8 1,345.7 1,339.9 1,348.4

North Carolina

818.8 823.4 828.7 828.3 228.8 229.9 229.9 228.3 617.8 640.2 647.8 652.4

North Dakota

94.3 95.1 94.8 94.3 24.4 24.7 24.8 24.5 35.4 37.0 36.9 36.5


Ohio

1,023.6 1,019.4 1,022.5 1,017.3 300.1 307.4 306.1 309.6 722.3 729.9 727.9 725.2

Oklahoma

308.0 304.7 303.7 301.4 78.9 80.7 80.9 81.0 179.8 182.7 181.3 181.0

Oregon

342.6 345.6 345.7 345.5 98.8 97.8 97.8 97.7 240.2 243.6 247.4 245.4

Pennsylvania

1,129.2 1,135.8 1,131.3 1,131.8 316.9 319.3 317.7 318.9 799.0 814.9 820.6 821.8

Rhode Island

76.3 77.4 77.5 77.1 33.0 32.7 33.4 33.2 66.7 64.9 66.1 65.3


South Carolina

397.4 403.6 403.7 405.4 99.6 100.7 100.3 100.8 269.4 275.6 279.1 282.7

South Dakota

88.6 89.1 87.5 87.3 29.6 29.7 29.7 30.0 31.7 31.3 31.7 31.1

Tennessee

620.3 631.6 630.6 628.3 154.6 154.9 155.3 155.2 413.7 415.1 411.8 407.4

Texas

2,438.7 2,448.2 2,460.2 2,468.4 738.9 762.2 765.2 768.3 1,644.1 1,679.6 1,685.9 1,700.6

Utah

275.6 282.7 281.5 282.2 82.9 83.1 83.0 83.3 206.9 215.0 214.5 212.6


Vermont

55.1 55.8 55.7 55.4 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.9 27.6 28.5 29.0 28.7

Virginia

663.7 663.9 661.3 656.6 201.0 206.9 206.4 206.6 717.5 734.1 730.5 729.2

Washington

617.7 625.3 628.4 630.9 151.9 157.8 158.3 158.2 406.9 409.3 414.8 418.6

West Virginia

132.0 129.8 129.3 128.8 27.2 28.0 27.7 27.4 64.5 65.3 64.4 64.0

Wisconsin

537.9 543.8 542.8 544.0 151.6 153.1 152.0 151.6 320.7 323.6 326.6 326.7

Wyoming

53.4 52.5 51.8 52.0 10.6 10.9 10.7 10.9 17.5 16.7 17.4 17.8


Puerto Rico

171.6 169.4 158.8 158.2 42.1 41.7 41.1 41.3 115.1 113.2 110.7 113.5

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

8.0 - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(2) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Alabama

234.9 238.9 240.7 239.8 199.6 205.9 205.5 205.9 380.4 381.8 382.7 383.7

Alaska

49.1 48.9 49.1 49.0 36.2 36.2 36.4 35.7 81.0 81.4 81.1 80.9

Arizona

414.8 427.5 426.0 427.5 317.1 324.5 323.6 325.8 411.8 414.3 412.1 412.3

Arkansas

184.3 189.4 188.8 189.7 116.1 119.5 119.4 117.5 211.1 210.6 210.5 210.3

California

2,564.5 2,629.5 2,635.9 2,652.6 1,916.6 1,940.4 1,957.6 1,973.0 2,539.0 2,574.1 2,580.4 2,580.6


Colorado

333.7 338.9 338.0 337.5 328.8 331.2 335.1 336.0 427.8 430.4 427.9 428.1

Connecticut

331.2 333.2 333.6 333.6 155.3 157.0 153.7 151.7 234.3 231.9 231.0 230.8

Delaware

77.9 80.2 79.5 79.6 51.2 52.5 50.7 50.2 65.1 66.2 65.1 64.9

District of Columbia

136.2 137.9 137.4 138.0 77.0 81.1 81.6 80.2 239.9 239.2 238.5 238.3

Florida

1,261.7 1,269.5 1,275.3 1,276.9 1,192.5 1,163.1 1,195.9 1,197.7 1,098.5 1,109.0 1,111.5 1,110.7


Georgia

568.5 580.9 584.0 584.9 479.5 493.3 492.8 493.4 692.1 697.8 701.8 701.2

Hawaii

83.3 86.0 85.4 85.1 119.2 120.8 121.9 122.0 128.2 125.8 125.3 123.8

Idaho

102.1 105.9 106.7 107.1 72.7 72.3 73.4 73.7 123.2 126.6 126.0 126.5

Illinois

920.3 927.9 929.4 927.7 596.8 596.6 597.0 595.0 831.6 825.1 826.4 823.6

Indiana

472.1 474.0 474.6 474.3 309.5 308.3 308.8 306.3 431.4 440.0 439.0 438.7


Iowa

227.8 234.0 232.4 233.5 143.8 145.9 147.6 148.1 257.9 257.5 258.7 258.3

Kansas

197.3 198.6 198.1 198.9 127.5 125.8 126.2 125.1 255.9 255.9 255.9 255.4

Kentucky

272.0 273.8 274.8 274.6 192.1 193.6 193.2 195.3 318.9 316.9 317.2 316.7

Louisiana

311.3 315.9 316.0 316.8 231.5 238.1 235.5 234.3 323.7 320.9 319.9 319.3

Maine

126.3 127.8 127.7 128.1 66.0 66.3 65.2 64.9 99.8 100.8 99.7 99.4


Maryland

463.8 476.4 478.0 477.8 273.2 278.0 276.8 275.4 505.8 512.5 513.4 515.0

Massachusetts

789.5 812.4 803.4 806.2 360.9 362.2 367.9 372.1 462.7 459.1 459.8 459.2

Michigan

666.5 674.6 671.6 672.9 434.0 434.5 437.8 441.3 609.2 618.7 614.9 612.4

Minnesota

529.0 541.2 539.6 540.1 262.4 266.9 267.7 260.2 428.7 430.6 431.1 430.5

Mississippi

141.0 145.5 144.7 145.4 136.8 135.0 137.8 138.0 245.2 245.3 244.6 244.9


Missouri

463.7 467.0 468.7 468.5 306.6 311.6 313.8 314.4 435.7 438.9 435.5 434.5

Montana

75.1 77.0 76.7 76.7 65.2 65.0 66.3 66.9 91.9 92.7 93.0 92.5

Nebraska

154.1 155.6 155.8 155.3 91.4 94.1 93.9 94.8 171.4 173.2 172.2 172.5

Nevada

131.2 135.7 134.6 135.5 348.9 351.8 352.8 350.3 159.2 164.2 163.9 164.8

New Hampshire

122.2 124.1 124.5 124.5 72.5 71.4 72.4 73.1 91.3 90.7 90.8 90.8


New Jersey

683.4 695.4 696.0 699.3 372.4 384.9 384.6 386.2 612.0 609.1 608.4 608.5

New Mexico

141.0 141.5 142.4 142.9 97.4 98.6 100.2 100.0 192.3 189.4 189.6 189.4

New York

1,970.0 2,025.3 2,012.8 2,023.9 914.2 937.4 937.4 940.0 1,451.0 1,458.0 1,455.3 1,454.2

North Carolina

586.8 604.4 605.0 605.1 486.6 489.0 492.1 490.6 730.9 740.8 740.1 740.0

North Dakota

62.6 63.3 63.4 63.0 39.5 38.7 38.6 37.6 83.3 83.3 83.5 83.4


Ohio

932.3 953.0 948.7 946.8 556.4 570.8 568.7 568.7 775.1 769.3 767.7 765.4

Oklahoma

234.9 239.8 240.0 239.2 164.5 167.3 169.8 169.3 353.3 354.1 354.8 354.3

Oregon

271.5 278.4 278.7 278.9 200.3 199.1 203.1 204.3 308.5 312.3 310.5 310.8

Pennsylvania

1,240.0 1,255.9 1,257.2 1,260.2 565.5 583.4 584.4 579.9 703.6 704.6 699.6 700.2

Rhode Island

106.9 106.7 107.2 107.8 58.9 60.3 59.6 60.2 60.8 60.8 60.7 60.5


South Carolina

244.3 249.2 251.3 251.2 247.3 244.8 249.7 248.0 365.1 368.7 369.8 369.2

South Dakota

71.0 71.7 71.6 72.2 47.7 47.3 46.9 46.7 79.2 80.6 80.3 80.5

Tennessee

428.8 433.2 434.9 438.0 323.5 328.9 329.3 331.8 428.9 433.8 436.1 433.4

Texas

1,651.8 1,680.5 1,684.0 1,692.2 1,310.1 1,310.9 1,340.5 1,348.5 1,937.5 1,963.6 1,971.0 1,973.5

Utah

196.0 199.7 200.8 201.4 140.2 144.2 146.6 150.0 240.1 245.0 244.8 244.9


Vermont

64.4 66.0 65.8 65.5 37.9 38.0 38.2 40.3 55.4 56.7 55.5 55.5

Virginia

539.4 554.7 554.9 555.0 399.5 403.7 406.6 404.3 714.5 715.6 713.2 712.3

Washington

470.4 482.2 478.1 481.0 331.1 335.7 335.5 334.1 578.7 591.1 590.4 587.1

West Virginia

130.8 133.3 133.9 134.5 74.7 75.1 75.9 75.9 164.7 154.3 155.6 154.9

Wisconsin

449.6 451.6 452.5 451.9 274.3 280.1 281.2 283.4 420.5 417.6 418.5 418.2

Wyoming

27.6 27.6 27.3 27.1 34.9 34.1 34.1 33.7 70.8 69.6 69.6 69.5


Puerto Rico

123.0 122.3 117.7 115.2 81.8 81.6 68.7 74.8 225.9 218.2 218.3 221.8

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

- - - - 7.5 - - - 10.9 - - -

Footnotes
(1) Missing series (denoted by '-') are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
(2) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted
[In thousands]
State Total Mining and logging Construction
October November October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

1,991.8 2,023.1 1,999.3 2,029.8 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.7 86.5 92.0 84.9 91.5

Alaska

324.6 324.3 317.3 316.0 13.6 13.5 13.2 13.3 16.8 16.8 14.8 15.4

Arizona

2,750.5 2,782.0 2,767.5 2,811.5 11.5 11.4 11.4 11.3 137.5 141.2 133.9 142.2

Arkansas

1,243.3 1,264.8 1,242.0 1,263.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.1 51.9 54.1 50.1 53.1

California

16,686.5 16,958.4 16,780.7 17,067.5 24.0 23.4 23.6 23.2 795.2 843.9 797.5 841.8


Colorado

2,628.2 2,668.9 2,623.2 2,674.2 22.5 21.8 22.3 21.9 160.1 163.4 156.6 162.9

Connecticut

1,691.1 1,692.6 1,698.0 1,699.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 61.8 61.6 59.6 59.0

Delaware(1)

455.1 456.7 457.6 458.3 - - - - 20.9 21.2 20.9 21.3

District of Columbia(1)

790.1 798.1 791.6 798.2 - - - - 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6

Florida

8,466.5 8,672.7 8,553.2 8,759.1 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.7 486.1 524.0 487.1 530.8


Georgia

4,439.0 4,527.3 4,468.5 4,549.5 9.6 10.4 9.7 10.5 181.0 181.7 179.4 181.4

Hawaii(1)

653.2 660.2 657.9 664.6 - - - - 37.8 38.3 37.5 38.9

Idaho

709.6 727.3 708.9 725.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7 43.6 45.1 42.6 45.3

Illinois

6,089.2 6,113.5 6,087.7 6,116.2 7.9 8.2 8.0 8.2 230.3 226.7 220.9 220.6

Indiana

3,134.2 3,167.2 3,144.8 3,167.9 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 139.0 142.7 134.3 142.4


Iowa

1,590.6 1,602.7 1,588.2 1,609.4 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 85.9 79.9 84.6 77.7

Kansas

1,428.2 1,424.4 1,424.9 1,429.0 6.8 7.1 6.9 7.3 62.9 64.8 61.8 63.9

Kentucky

1,928.4 1,956.7 1,947.4 1,970.7 10.1 9.5 10.1 9.5 79.4 84.2 79.7 83.3

Louisiana

1,982.8 1,992.3 1,982.4 1,997.2 36.5 35.7 35.6 36.0 147.6 155.9 145.0 154.8

Maine

625.7 628.9 620.6 623.1 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 28.7 29.2 28.5 29.2


Maryland

2,732.7 2,788.3 2,737.9 2,795.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 163.3 172.3 163.3 170.4

Massachusetts

3,608.3 3,675.5 3,608.7 3,675.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 151.7 158.2 149.6 158.5

Michigan

4,408.7 4,449.3 4,409.4 4,456.6 7.2 7.6 7.1 7.6 170.1 174.0 165.5 168.8

Minnesota

2,934.1 2,978.1 2,932.1 2,966.6 6.7 7.3 6.6 7.2 125.2 130.6 120.2 125.6

Mississippi

1,153.0 1,161.6 1,153.3 1,166.7 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.9 44.1 44.2 43.5 43.9


Missouri

2,883.7 2,915.2 2,887.6 2,917.4 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.4 124.2 119.1 125.0 118.0

Montana

473.8 480.4 470.9 475.3 7.1 7.5 7.0 7.4 28.6 30.1 28.6 27.9

Nebraska

1,025.5 1,036.8 1,030.6 1,038.7 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 52.8 51.7 52.5 51.2

Nevada

1,323.3 1,360.3 1,327.6 1,363.1 13.8 14.2 13.8 14.3 80.1 90.2 80.3 90.5

New Hampshire

678.7 685.9 677.8 685.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 26.7 29.1 27.0 29.3


New Jersey

4,112.8 4,147.2 4,132.3 4,164.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 156.6 162.5 155.6 160.2

New Mexico

835.4 848.8 841.9 851.5 18.8 18.4 19.0 18.4 44.3 47.2 44.6 47.6

New York

9,512.7 9,619.8 9,542.9 9,656.0 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.4 384.6 391.4 378.4 388.3

North Carolina

4,393.0 4,472.4 4,414.1 4,487.7 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.9 206.5 203.3 205.1 202.8

North Dakota

442.8 446.0 440.1 441.2 15.4 19.0 15.6 19.6 36.3 35.2 34.2 32.0


Ohio

5,539.2 5,593.7 5,542.4 5,586.9 11.4 11.2 11.1 11.2 215.4 225.8 213.1 219.2

Oklahoma

1,662.5 1,682.5 1,662.0 1,685.2 43.0 47.2 43.1 48.5 78.2 84.4 77.0 83.4

Oregon

1,860.5 1,903.5 1,863.3 1,901.1 7.8 8.1 7.7 8.1 95.6 106.8 94.7 103.8

Pennsylvania

5,963.1 6,028.9 5,972.8 6,043.0 24.4 23.9 23.7 23.9 247.9 255.8 243.0 253.1

Rhode Island

497.6 503.6 496.9 503.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 19.4 21.6 19.6 22.3


South Carolina

2,064.4 2,110.0 2,079.0 2,121.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 98.4 98.0 98.6 98.3

South Dakota

437.9 439.1 435.7 437.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 24.0 23.9 23.7 23.6

Tennessee

3,012.2 3,049.2 3,026.7 3,065.4 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.3 117.7 122.1 118.8 123.6

Texas

12,132.6 12,444.5 12,199.8 12,531.4 215.3 248.5 217.6 250.3 713.4 731.4 709.8 733.0

Utah

1,453.2 1,493.2 1,456.0 1,498.1 8.2 7.9 8.2 7.8 95.3 99.7 95.2 100.1


Vermont

317.1 320.0 315.6 320.4 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 16.3 16.7 15.7 16.1

Virginia

3,960.6 3,993.7 3,964.4 3,998.8 7.6 7.8 7.6 7.9 192.0 194.2 189.0 194.2

Washington

3,297.7 3,365.6 3,299.4 3,368.3 6.6 6.8 6.5 6.7 193.9 204.5 190.9 200.4

West Virginia

755.0 758.5 765.4 759.2 20.0 21.9 20.7 21.8 31.9 34.3 31.6 33.9

Wisconsin

2,961.6 3,003.7 2,961.2 3,001.1 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.1 117.5 119.1 114.8 115.6

Wyoming

280.0 278.5 274.1 273.1 18.1 20.2 18.3 20.5 21.8 22.3 21.1 20.9


Puerto Rico

893.7 841.5 899.6 859.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 22.3 20.0 22.4 20.9

Virgin Islands(1)(2)

37.8 - 38.3 - - - - - 1.4 - 1.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction.
(2) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Information
October November October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

261.6 267.4 262.2 267.8 382.2 378.2 386.4 384.4 20.3 19.7 20.4 19.9

Alaska

9.3 8.8 7.9 6.5 64.4 63.9 63.0 62.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.1

Arizona

159.4 164.1 160.7 164.8 520.6 519.9 534.1 535.2 45.4 42.5 45.0 42.5

Arkansas

155.0 160.7 156.0 160.8 252.7 254.9 254.7 257.0 13.5 13.1 13.5 13.1

California

1,305.4 1,301.6 1,299.9 1,295.8 3,008.9 3,041.5 3,092.8 3,120.5 529.0 540.0 532.5 540.4


Colorado

142.4 142.0 141.3 142.5 456.7 465.1 462.3 471.3 72.2 74.6 71.6 74.6

Connecticut

156.4 157.0 155.9 156.8 299.4 299.0 306.9 306.9 32.1 31.5 32.0 31.5

Delaware

25.9 26.0 25.8 26.0 82.5 80.4 83.7 81.9 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6

District of Columbia

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 32.4 32.8 32.5 33.1 16.9 16.6 16.9 16.7

Florida

359.6 372.0 359.6 373.9 1,717.7 1,752.6 1,761.3 1,797.0 136.3 139.6 139.0 140.9


Georgia

389.4 386.2 392.1 387.1 932.3 944.9 946.8 959.2 112.4 112.9 111.7 114.5

Hawaii

13.9 13.7 14.0 13.9 120.8 122.9 122.0 124.5 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.2

Idaho

65.5 67.7 65.5 67.7 139.0 143.5 141.4 144.6 9.0 9.3 9.2 9.4

Illinois

572.7 573.5 572.1 577.2 1,213.3 1,211.4 1,228.4 1,228.8 98.4 97.8 98.2 98.7

Indiana

523.9 532.8 523.9 531.6 599.8 599.1 607.7 607.3 31.9 30.3 31.9 29.8


Iowa

211.0 217.0 209.6 218.8 319.1 320.0 321.5 325.5 22.0 20.9 21.9 20.9

Kansas

160.6 159.1 160.9 160.3 268.5 264.6 268.7 268.2 20.6 18.9 20.4 19.5

Kentucky

250.7 250.6 251.3 253.2 397.3 404.4 406.0 411.8 22.8 24.1 23.3 24.2

Louisiana

135.3 135.4 132.7 134.1 386.2 379.3 391.4 383.8 22.6 21.5 23.2 21.6

Maine

51.0 51.0 51.4 52.0 122.0 122.5 122.6 122.9 7.7 7.4 7.7 7.4


Maryland

103.8 103.8 104.9 104.8 467.6 470.1 474.7 480.6 37.4 36.0 37.5 35.6

Massachusetts

244.2 245.0 244.1 246.3 575.6 582.4 581.1 587.6 89.1 88.6 89.2 88.0

Michigan

603.2 604.1 604.7 607.2 785.8 784.7 795.9 797.6 57.8 58.3 57.4 58.4

Minnesota

319.5 323.4 318.3 321.4 536.0 541.6 543.7 550.5 51.0 50.0 50.9 49.9

Mississippi

143.0 143.7 142.8 144.2 230.2 233.4 233.0 236.1 11.9 11.3 11.8 11.4


Missouri

262.7 267.5 262.0 267.1 550.0 551.4 555.8 558.5 52.9 50.8 52.9 51.2

Montana

19.6 20.0 19.8 20.2 95.6 94.4 96.1 94.9 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.3

Nebraska

97.0 97.7 97.3 98.8 205.8 204.8 209.5 207.1 18.7 18.7 19.0 18.7

Nevada

44.1 45.9 44.2 45.9 245.3 244.2 248.7 249.7 14.4 14.1 14.7 14.4

New Hampshire

68.2 69.4 67.9 69.0 141.0 140.7 143.1 143.4 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.4


New Jersey

241.0 248.0 240.9 247.4 872.2 875.0 889.6 889.9 72.7 71.4 72.1 72.1

New Mexico

27.0 26.9 26.4 26.4 139.2 140.9 141.2 143.5 12.9 12.7 13.2 13.0

New York

451.7 435.1 447.6 433.7 1,579.8 1,578.0 1,610.5 1,606.1 270.9 266.6 269.7 265.7

North Carolina

465.8 466.8 467.1 469.3 816.2 826.5 830.6 841.0 77.5 74.1 78.7 74.5

North Dakota

24.8 24.3 24.6 24.1 96.2 95.5 96.0 95.9 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7


Ohio

686.9 690.8 686.2 694.4 1,024.6 1,025.7 1,042.3 1,040.5 73.0 71.1 73.6 71.4

Oklahoma

127.5 130.8 126.5 131.6 307.2 302.9 312.6 305.8 21.2 20.9 21.3 21.2

Oregon

188.3 195.3 186.6 191.9 345.4 347.6 350.4 353.6 34.2 33.7 34.1 33.5

Pennsylvania

555.2 552.0 552.7 552.7 1,136.2 1,137.8 1,153.9 1,156.3 84.9 82.1 85.3 82.1

Rhode Island

40.1 41.2 40.0 41.7 76.6 77.9 77.8 78.6 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.8


South Carolina

238.6 247.1 240.7 251.4 395.1 402.6 402.3 410.0 26.7 26.2 27.3 26.3

South Dakota

42.1 42.2 41.4 42.5 89.1 87.4 88.7 87.7 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.0

Tennessee

344.8 346.5 344.3 347.9 619.2 629.9 630.0 640.1 45.6 45.2 46.2 46.6

Texas

842.5 878.3 842.5 880.9 2,432.0 2,463.9 2,473.8 2,504.7 200.6 189.8 202.6 189.4

Utah

127.1 129.3 127.2 129.7 275.9 281.9 280.3 286.8 36.8 36.3 36.6 36.6


Vermont

29.9 28.9 29.3 29.1 55.6 55.8 56.2 56.4 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.4

Virginia

233.1 233.9 232.9 234.0 666.2 663.1 679.9 673.4 67.8 64.5 66.6 64.5

Washington

288.6 286.6 286.1 284.4 618.5 630.9 627.4 641.3 122.3 126.0 122.0 126.7

West Virginia

46.4 45.7 46.5 45.7 134.2 130.2 136.3 133.4 9.8 9.4 9.8 9.4

Wisconsin

466.6 480.7 464.6 482.3 544.2 548.8 552.2 559.2 48.3 46.8 48.0 46.8

Wyoming

9.3 9.7 9.3 9.6 53.2 51.8 53.5 52.5 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6


Puerto Rico

73.8 70.0 73.5 70.4 171.8 158.0 174.9 162.2 17.7 17.5 17.6 17.5

Virgin Islands(1)

0.6 - 0.6 - 8.0 - 8.0 - 0.6 - 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services
October November October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

97.8 99.2 97.9 98.4 236.1 242.3 237.8 242.3 236.5 241.9 237.1 241.9

Alaska

12.1 11.6 12.0 11.5 27.2 27.5 26.2 27.0 48.7 48.8 48.9 48.8

Arizona

206.0 210.1 206.8 210.8 421.6 427.8 425.3 432.5 417.1 428.8 418.0 430.8

Arkansas

51.5 51.0 51.3 51.2 145.8 149.9 146.2 149.9 187.3 191.3 186.0 191.7

California

832.6 836.5 830.2 837.5 2,563.1 2,574.2 2,571.2 2,577.6 2,581.3 2,655.7 2,585.5 2,667.9


Colorado

164.6 165.7 162.9 165.9 414.3 427.4 410.1 424.7 334.1 339.7 336.0 341.2

Connecticut

129.9 132.1 130.0 133.0 218.3 219.7 217.8 219.2 334.5 337.4 336.3 338.4

Delaware

47.1 48.1 47.0 48.0 60.5 61.8 63.0 63.7 77.8 79.7 78.4 79.9

District of Columbia

30.2 29.8 29.9 29.3 167.4 170.7 168.7 171.0 139.9 140.9 140.1 141.8

Florida

551.0 561.5 552.6 567.2 1,308.8 1,355.3 1,314.1 1,362.0 1,265.4 1,282.0 1,273.5 1,286.1


Georgia

242.5 248.1 243.8 248.7 670.4 694.4 674.6 697.1 572.2 588.6 574.0 590.4

Hawaii

28.9 27.7 28.9 28.0 83.7 86.8 83.9 86.7 84.0 85.8 84.0 86.2

Idaho

34.8 35.2 34.9 35.5 88.2 88.1 88.1 86.5 103.3 107.8 103.1 108.3

Illinois

382.8 398.2 383.2 396.4 960.1 966.7 957.0 967.0 925.2 937.7 931.7 939.1

Indiana

133.9 139.6 135.0 139.1 342.6 344.2 348.3 344.2 476.9 482.3 477.8 482.8


Iowa

109.0 112.5 109.7 113.8 141.5 143.1 140.7 143.7 231.5 236.0 232.6 238.3

Kansas

85.7 86.8 85.3 86.4 182.5 183.3 181.1 183.8 198.0 199.0 198.4 200.1

Kentucky

93.6 94.3 94.8 94.9 220.9 231.8 231.1 236.5 273.0 275.6 272.8 274.5

Louisiana

92.2 93.3 92.2 92.7 213.4 216.1 212.7 218.2 314.7 318.8 313.0 319.4

Maine

30.5 30.5 30.7 30.4 66.0 66.7 65.7 66.8 127.1 129.1 128.0 129.8


Maryland

150.6 149.2 149.7 149.8 448.4 466.1 447.3 466.5 466.3 481.0 467.4 482.8

Massachusetts

223.2 228.6 224.0 228.0 558.5 578.2 559.2 578.3 794.6 810.3 798.9 815.5

Michigan

213.6 218.3 215.0 217.4 669.6 681.8 671.5 686.3 672.6 677.1 674.7 679.7

Minnesota

177.0 175.8 176.1 175.4 380.9 383.9 375.5 381.5 527.4 541.6 533.1 544.5

Mississippi

43.7 44.5 43.2 45.2 108.8 106.5 106.6 109.1 142.1 146.1 142.5 146.4


Missouri

169.3 175.1 169.7 173.9 387.6 398.0 384.7 401.5 467.9 472.7 467.8 473.2

Montana

24.1 25.0 24.2 25.1 41.9 43.3 40.6 42.1 75.3 76.8 75.5 77.1

Nebraska

73.9 74.4 74.0 74.1 119.5 124.1 120.7 124.0 154.3 156.3 155.1 156.3

Nevada

63.9 64.3 63.2 63.8 182.2 192.4 182.1 191.9 130.8 134.8 131.5 136.0

New Hampshire

36.9 38.5 37.0 38.2 79.1 79.1 78.7 79.3 123.0 125.5 123.5 125.9


New Jersey

249.0 250.5 249.4 252.0 676.3 675.9 682.5 678.4 686.7 699.5 688.6 701.3

New Mexico

33.5 34.5 33.4 35.0 101.3 104.6 101.9 103.9 141.2 143.0 141.9 143.5

New York

708.8 715.5 708.6 712.5 1,319.0 1,348.2 1,321.3 1,355.9 1,998.2 2,051.1 2,015.6 2,069.0

North Carolina

228.2 230.1 228.3 228.7 620.0 653.6 622.3 656.2 590.9 609.0 594.3 610.5

North Dakota

24.0 24.6 24.3 24.5 35.4 37.2 35.4 36.5 63.0 63.7 63.0 63.3


Ohio

301.2 307.5 301.2 308.8 735.4 740.6 730.7 731.4 938.9 955.4 941.6 958.0

Oklahoma

79.1 81.0 78.9 81.0 183.1 183.2 180.4 182.8 236.4 241.6 237.0 241.3

Oregon

98.3 98.3 98.4 97.7 240.5 249.0 240.4 245.6 273.1 281.1 274.9 282.5

Pennsylvania

316.2 317.8 316.5 319.3 803.2 827.7 805.5 826.3 1,252.7 1,275.1 1,262.7 1,283.6

Rhode Island

33.4 33.5 32.9 33.1 67.2 67.0 67.5 66.1 109.1 109.4 109.6 110.2


South Carolina

100.1 100.9 99.4 100.7 269.4 280.9 273.3 283.5 245.8 253.5 246.0 253.1

South Dakota

29.3 29.7 29.5 29.8 31.3 31.6 31.8 31.3 71.1 71.7 71.4 72.4

Tennessee

155.3 156.2 155.6 155.5 415.0 417.3 423.1 417.6 433.0 439.3 432.3 441.8

Texas

740.4 767.6 740.5 769.5 1,647.6 1,697.7 1,656.7 1,713.4 1,660.6 1,695.6 1,662.5 1,702.0

Utah

83.0 83.0 83.0 83.4 207.3 217.1 209.3 215.5 198.3 203.9 199.8 206.0


Vermont

12.0 11.9 11.9 11.9 27.9 29.5 27.7 28.8 65.0 66.1 65.1 66.1

Virginia

201.4 207.0 201.2 206.6 725.0 735.9 721.9 734.5 546.5 560.9 544.8 561.0

Washington

152.0 158.2 151.7 157.6 409.5 418.2 407.8 418.5 472.2 481.7 473.9 485.0

West Virginia

27.4 27.9 27.3 27.4 65.8 65.1 65.0 64.8 132.3 135.9 133.1 136.5

Wisconsin

151.6 151.9 151.3 151.8 326.4 332.0 324.0 330.0 451.9 455.8 453.9 455.9

Wyoming

10.7 10.8 10.6 10.9 17.9 17.6 17.1 17.3 28.0 27.7 27.9 27.4


Puerto Rico

42.4 41.1 42.3 41.6 115.1 110.8 116.3 114.6 124.1 118.9 125.3 118.2

Virgin Islands(1)

2.1 - 2.1 - 3.4 - 3.3 - 2.5 - 2.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and selected industry sector, not seasonally adjusted-Continued
[In thousands]
State Leisure and hospitality Other services Government
October November October November October November
2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p) 2016 2017 2016 2017(p)

Alabama

197.4 204.3 198.4 203.6 80.0 82.5 80.3 82.6 383.7 385.9 384.1 387.7

Alaska

33.0 33.3 31.8 31.2 11.2 12.0 11.3 11.8 81.9 82.0 81.9 81.8

Arizona

315.0 322.5 317.1 326.0 89.2 86.5 87.3 86.8 427.2 427.2 427.9 428.6

Arkansas

116.9 119.5 114.1 115.7 47.7 50.0 48.0 49.2 214.9 214.3 216.0 215.2

California

1,917.1 1,957.0 1,905.7 1,960.4 567.0 584.5 566.7 583.6 2,562.9 2,600.1 2,575.1 2,618.8


Colorado

318.0 322.8 315.3 322.5 107.2 109.6 106.3 107.8 436.1 436.8 438.5 438.9

Connecticut

155.0 153.3 153.3 149.5 65.9 66.1 65.5 67.2 237.2 234.3 240.1 237.1

Delaware

50.3 50.1 49.1 48.3 18.9 18.6 18.5 18.1 66.6 66.2 66.6 66.5

District of Columbia

76.9 81.9 76.7 80.3 72.2 72.1 72.0 72.8 238.3 237.4 239.0 237.4

Florida

1,165.8 1,180.4 1,183.3 1,190.7 352.7 369.7 357.5 372.0 1,117.4 1,130.0 1,119.5 1,132.8


Georgia

474.8 489.3 477.8 490.1 157.4 162.7 157.2 160.2 697.0 708.1 701.4 710.3

Hawaii

119.7 122.0 119.1 122.1 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.4 127.9 126.5 131.7 127.7

Idaho

71.6 72.3 70.1 70.9 24.5 25.3 24.4 25.3 126.1 129.1 125.6 128.7

Illinois

601.2 600.0 588.6 588.1 249.3 251.5 249.2 249.4 848.0 841.8 850.4 842.7

Indiana

309.5 309.6 305.4 301.6 127.9 130.4 128.6 129.8 442.5 449.8 445.6 452.9


Iowa

142.6 146.9 139.8 143.9 60.7 59.6 59.9 58.8 264.8 264.1 265.4 265.3

Kansas

127.9 126.7 126.5 124.7 51.0 51.0 50.9 51.0 263.7 263.1 264.0 263.8

Kentucky

194.1 194.6 190.5 193.1 65.2 68.2 65.4 69.4 321.3 319.4 322.4 320.3

Louisiana

230.2 234.4 230.7 234.4 75.9 77.8 75.7 76.4 328.2 324.1 330.2 325.8

Maine

65.1 65.7 58.7 58.1 21.9 21.3 21.4 20.8 103.3 102.9 103.5 103.1


Maryland

268.4 272.0 261.8 262.4 113.7 115.8 115.0 117.1 511.9 520.7 515.0 524.0

Massachusetts

364.8 370.8 348.9 357.3 135.9 142.3 136.1 141.2 469.6 469.9 476.5 473.3

Michigan

430.8 435.1 417.1 424.7 171.7 175.2 171.1 175.6 626.3 633.1 629.4 633.3

Minnesota

258.5 264.7 252.5 250.3 116.3 121.7 116.4 120.9 435.6 437.5 438.8 439.4

Mississippi

134.3 137.3 135.7 136.7 39.9 40.2 40.2 40.1 248.2 247.5 247.2 246.7


Missouri

303.8 314.3 301.8 307.6 115.8 117.2 117.2 116.7 445.3 444.7 446.5 445.3

Montana

62.9 64.7 61.0 62.7 18.3 17.4 18.2 17.6 94.0 94.9 93.4 94.0

Nebraska

90.5 93.6 89.4 92.7 37.0 38.8 37.2 38.9 175.0 175.6 174.9 175.8

Nevada

345.8 351.8 345.8 347.0 41.2 42.1 41.2 41.9 161.7 166.3 162.1 167.7

New Hampshire

71.3 71.7 67.1 67.4 24.2 24.2 24.3 24.8 94.9 94.3 95.8 94.6


New Jersey

365.5 376.8 358.5 370.1 169.1 168.0 167.4 168.3 622.3 618.3 626.3 623.2

New Mexico

94.6 99.0 95.0 97.6 28.4 28.9 28.6 28.9 194.2 192.7 196.7 193.7

New York

923.7 946.4 903.2 927.0 406.7 413.5 409.6 415.5 1,463.9 1,468.5 1,473.1 1,476.9

North Carolina

482.0 491.3 477.2 483.7 151.9 154.3 152.2 155.1 748.3 757.5 752.6 760.0

North Dakota

40.0 38.9 39.4 37.8 16.1 15.6 15.7 15.5 84.9 85.3 85.2 85.3


Ohio

549.9 566.7 537.1 550.8 212.0 215.2 211.3 214.4 790.5 783.7 794.2 786.8

Oklahoma

164.3 169.0 161.9 167.3 62.9 60.5 62.5 60.5 359.6 361.0 360.8 361.8

Oregon

199.6 202.5 195.5 199.7 64.3 65.1 64.4 66.2 313.4 316.0 316.2 318.5

Pennsylvania

565.3 585.5 547.5 567.5 258.3 257.5 258.6 257.8 718.8 713.7 723.4 720.4

Rhode Island

59.2 60.4 56.9 58.1 23.0 23.2 22.6 23.3 61.5 61.5 61.8 61.6


South Carolina

244.9 247.7 242.7 243.9 73.9 75.5 74.0 75.3 367.2 373.3 370.4 374.6

South Dakota

47.9 47.3 45.8 44.9 16.2 16.4 16.1 16.3 80.2 81.9 80.5 81.9

Tennessee

325.1 331.3 321.0 329.3 110.7 110.6 109.2 111.6 441.8 446.5 442.2 447.1

Texas

1,295.7 1,331.1 1,296.1 1,335.9 428.7 448.1 428.4 446.9 1,955.8 1,992.5 1,969.3 2,005.4

Utah

137.4 143.1 134.2 143.2 39.6 42.1 39.1 41.0 244.3 248.9 243.1 248.0


Vermont

35.8 36.2 35.3 37.4 10.7 11.1 10.6 11.0 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.3

Virginia

397.5 404.8 392.5 396.8 200.1 201.6 201.4 202.5 723.4 720.0 726.6 723.4

Washington

329.6 334.5 324.5 326.8 119.3 120.8 119.2 121.6 585.2 597.4 589.4 599.3

West Virginia

74.6 76.1 73.3 74.5 54.2 53.7 53.8 53.6 158.4 158.3 168.0 158.2

Wisconsin

274.9 281.5 263.5 271.8 149.9 153.7 150.4 152.6 426.4 429.2 434.6 431.0

Wyoming

34.1 33.1 30.2 29.3 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.9 72.1 70.7 71.5 70.2


Puerto Rico

81.4 68.3 82.0 75.3 17.6 17.5 17.6 17.6 227.0 218.9 227.2 221.1

Virgin Islands(1)

7.2 - 7.6 - 1.2 - 1.2 - 10.8 - 10.9 -

Footnotes
(1) Data not available for September, October, and November 2017. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September, October, and November 2017 estimates for the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates are currently estimated from 2016 benchmark levels. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmarks are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available.


Last Modified Date: December 22, 2017