Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-14-1243
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, July 3, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2014

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 288,000 in June, and the unemployment 
rate declined to 6.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Job gains were widespread, led by employment growth in professional and business
services, retail trade, food services and drinking places, and health care.

Household Survey Data

In June, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 6.1 percent. The 
number of unemployed persons decreased by 325,000 to 9.5 million. Over the year, the 
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.4 percentage 
points and 2.3 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (5.3 percent) 
and blacks (10.7 percent) declined in June, and the rate increased for teenagers 
(21.0 percent). The rates for adult men (5.7 percent), whites (5.3 percent), and 
Hispanics (7.8 percent) showed little change. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.1 
percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables 
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by 
293,000 in June to 3.1 million; these individuals accounted for 32.8 percent of the 
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has decreased 
by 1.2 million. (See table A-12.)

In June, the civilian labor force participation rate was 62.8 percent for the third 
consecutive month. The employment-population ratio, at 59.0 percent, showed little 
change over the month but is up by 0.3 percentage point over the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 275,000 in June to 7.5 million. 
The number of involuntary part-time workers is down over the year but has shown no 
clear trend in recent months. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See 
table A-8.)

In June, 2.0 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 
554,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals 
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for 
a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because 
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 676,000 discouraged workers in June, a 
decrease of 351,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached 
to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 288,000 in June. Over the past 3 months, 
job growth has averaged 272,000 per month. In June, employment growth was widespread, 
led by gains in professional and business services, retail trade, food services and 
drinking places, and health care. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services rose by 67,000 in June and had 
averaged 53,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In June, employment within the 
industry increased in management and technical consulting services (+8,000), 
architectural and engineering services (+7,000), and computer systems design and 
related services (+7,000). Employment continued to trend up in temporary help 

Retail trade employment increased by 40,000 in June. Over the prior 12 months, 
employment in this industry had grown by an average of 26,000 per month. In June, 
job growth in the industry occurred in motor vehicle and parts dealers (+12,000), 
building material and garden supply stores (+8,000), and electronics and appliance 
stores (+7,000). 

Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 33,000 in June and has 
increased by 314,000 over the past year.

Health care employment increased by 21,000 in June, about in line with the prior 12-
month average gain of 18,000 per month. Within health care, employment continued to 
trend up in ambulatory health care services (+13,000) and in nursing and residential 
care facilities (+6,000).
Transportation and warehousing employment increased by 17,000 in June. Over the prior 
12 months, this industry had added an average of 11,000 jobs per month. In June, 
couriers and messengers added 6,000 jobs.

Financial activities added 17,000 jobs in June, with a gain of 9,000 in insurance 
carriers and related activities. Employment in real estate and rental and leasing 
continued to trend up in June (+9,000). Financial activities had added an average of 
5,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months. 

Manufacturing added 16,000 jobs in June, with all of the increase in durable goods 
manufacturing. Within durable goods, employment increased in motor vehicles and parts 
(+6,000) and in computer and peripheral equipment (+3,000).

Wholesale trade added 15,000 jobs over the month and has added 140,000 jobs over the 

Employment changed little over the month in other major industries, including mining 
and logging, construction, information, and government.

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.5 
hours for the fourth straight month. Both the manufacturing workweek, at 41.1 hours, 
and factory overtime, at 3.5 hours, were unchanged in June. The average workweek for 
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours 
for the fourth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose 
by 6 cents to $24.45, following a 6-cent increase in May. Over the past 12 months, 
average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0 percent. In June, average hourly earnings 
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to 
$20.58. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +282,000 
to +304,000, and the change for May was revised from +217,000 to +224,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in April and May were 29,000 higher than previously 

The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 1, 
2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

        |                                                                      |
        |          Upcoming Changes to the Establishment Survey Data           |
        |                                                                      |
        | Effective with the release of July 2014 data on August 1, 2014, the  |
        | establishment survey will implement new sample units into production |
        | on a quarterly basis, replacing the current practice of implementing |
        | new sample units annually. There is no change to the establishment   |
        | survey sample design. More information about the quarterly sample    |
        | implementation is available at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm.           |
        |                                                                      |

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Last Modified Date: July 03, 2014