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THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2015
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 223,000 in June, and the unemployment
rate declined to 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, retail trade,
financial activities, and in transportation and warehousing.
Household Survey Data
The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 5.3 percent in June, and
the number of unemployed persons declined by 375,000 to 8.3 million. (See table A-1.)
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.8 percent),
adult women (4.8 percent), and blacks (9.5 percent) edged down in June, while the rates
for teenagers (18.1 percent), whites (4.6 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics
(6.6 percent) showed little change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)
The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by
381,000 to 2.1 million in June. These individuals accounted for 25.8 percent of the
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined
by 955,000. (See table A-12.)
The civilian labor force declined by 432,000 in June, following an increase of similar
magnitude in May. The labor force participation rate declined by 0.3 percentage point
to 62.6 percent in June. The employment-population ratio, at 59.3 percent, was
essentially unchanged in June and has shown little movement thus far this year.
(See table A-1.)
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers), at 6.5 million, changed little in June. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time
because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time
job. (See table A-8.)
In June, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little
changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for
a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)
Among the marginally attached, there were 653,000 discouraged workers in June,
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally
attached to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 223,000 in June, compared with an average
monthly gain of 250,000 over the prior 12 months. In June, job gains occurred in
professional and business services, health care, retail trade, financial activities,
and in transportation and warehousing. (See table B-1.)
Employment in professional and business services increased by 64,000 in June, about
in line with the average monthly gain of 57,000 over the prior 12 months. In June,
employment continued to trend up in temporary help services (+20,000), in architectural
and engineering services (+4,000), and in computer systems design and related services
Health care added 40,000 jobs in June. Job gains were distributed among the three
component industries--ambulatory care services (+23,000), hospitals (+11,000), and
nursing and residential care facilities (+7,000). Employment in health care had grown
by an average of 34,000 per month over the prior 12 months.
Employment in retail trade increased by 33,000 in June and has risen by 300,000 over
the year. In June, general merchandise stores added 10,000 jobs.
In June, employment in financial activities increased by 20,000, with most of the
increase in insurance carriers and related activities (+9,000) and in securities,
commodity contracts, and investments (+7,000). Commercial banking employment
declined by 6,000. Employment in financial activities has grown by 159,000 over
the year, with insurance accounting for about half of the gain.
Transportation and warehousing added 17,000 jobs in June. Employment in truck
transportation continued to trend up over the month (+7,000) and has increased by
19,000 over the past 3 months.
Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in June
(+30,000) and has increased by 355,000 over the year.
Employment in mining continued to trend down in June (-4,000). Since a recent
high in December 2014, employment in mining has declined by 71,000, with losses
concentrated in support activities for mining.
Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing,
wholesale trade, information, and government, showed little or no change over
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.5 hours
in June for the fourth month in a row. The manufacturing workweek for all employees
edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to
3.4 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private
nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)
In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls were
unchanged at $24.95. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0 percent.
Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees
edged up by 2 cents to $20.99 in June. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +221,000
to +187,000, and the change for May was revised from +280,000 to +254,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 60,000 lower than
previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 221,000 per month.
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 7, 2015,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).