Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-14-1642
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 5, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2014

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in August, and the 
unemployment rate was little changed at 6.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in professional and business 
services and in health care.

Household Survey Data

In August, both the unemployment rate (6.1 percent) and the number of unemployed 
persons (9.6 million) changed little. Over the year, the unemployment rate and 
the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, 
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates in August showed little or 
no change for adult men (5.7 percent), adult women (5.7 percent), teenagers (19.6 
percent), whites (5.3 percent), blacks (11.4 percent), and Hispanics (7.5 percent). 
The jobless rate for Asians was 4.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little 
changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined 
by 192,000 to 3.0 million in August. These individuals accounted for 31.2 percent 
of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has 
declined by 1.3 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in 
August and has been essentially unchanged since April. In August, the employment-
population ratio was 59.0 percent for the third consecutive month but is up by 0.4 
percentage point from a year earlier. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in August at 7.3 million. 
These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or 
because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In August, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down 
by 201,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 775,000 discouraged workers in August, 
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work 
for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See 
table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 142,000 in August, compared with 
an average monthly gain of 212,000 over the prior 12 months. In August, job 
growth occurred in professional and business services and in health care. (See 
table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 47,000 jobs in August and has added 
639,000 over the past year. In August, management of companies and enterprises 
gained 8,000 jobs. Employment continued to trend up over the month in administrative 
and support services (+23,000), architectural and engineering services (+3,000), 
and in management and technical consulting services (+3,000). 

Employment in health care increased by 34,000 in August. Within the industry, 
offices of physicians and hospitals added 8,000 jobs and 7,000 jobs, respectively. 
Social assistance employment continued to trend up over the month (+9,000) and has 
expanded by 104,000 over the year. 

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places 
continued to trend up in August (+22,000) and is up by 289,000 over the year.

Construction employment continued to trend up in August (+20,000). This is in line 
with its average monthly job gain of 18,000 over the prior 12 months. In August, 
employment trended up in specialty trade contractors (+12,000) and construction of 
buildings (+7,000).

Manufacturing employment was unchanged in August, following an increase of 28,000 
in July. Motor vehicles and parts lost 5,000 jobs in August, after adding 13,000 
jobs in July. Auto manufacturers laid off fewer workers than usual for factory 
retooling in July, and fewer workers than usual were recalled in August. Elsewhere 
in manufacturing, there were job gains in August in computer and peripheral 
equipment (+3,000) and in nonmetallic mineral products (+3,000), and job losses in 
electronic instruments (-2,000).
In August, retail trade employment was little changed (-8,000). Food and beverage 
stores lost 17,000 jobs; this industry was impacted by employment disruptions at a 
grocery store chain in New England. Elsewhere in retail trade, automobile dealers 
added 5,000 jobs. 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale trade, 
transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, and government, 
showed little change over the month.

In August, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 
34.5 hours for the sixth consecutive month. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 
0.1 hour to 41.0 hours, and overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
was 33.7 hours for the sixth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 
cents in August to $24.53. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 
2.1 percent. In August, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees rose by 6 cents to $20.68. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised from +298,000 
to +267,000, and the change for July was revised from +209,000 to +212,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in June and July combined were 28,000 less than 
previously reported.

The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
October 3, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

   |                                                                            |
   |            2014 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision to be released          |
   |                          on September 18, 2014                             |
   |                                                                            |
   | Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey estimates are    |
   | benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly       |
   | Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the month of March. These counts |
   | are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax records that nearly |
   | all employers are required to file. On September 18, 2014, at 10:00 a.m.   |
   | (EDT), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary   |
   | estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the establishment    |
   | survey employment series. This is the same day the First Quarter 2014 data |
   | from the QCEW will be issued. Preliminary benchmark revisions for all      |
   | major industry sectors, as well as total nonfarm and total private levels, |
   | will be available on the BLS website at                                    |
   | www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesprelbmk.htm.                                     |
   |                                                                            |
   | The final benchmark revision will be issued with the publication of the    |
   | January 2015 Employment Situation news release in February.                |
   |                                                                            |

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Last Modified Date: September 05, 2014