Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until             USDL-15-1515
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 7, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378    cpsinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555    cesinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:      (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 215,000 in July, and the unemployment
rate was unchanged at 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Job gains occurred in retail trade, health care, professional and technical
services, and financial activities.

Household Survey Data

In July, both the unemployment rate (5.3 percent) and the number of unemployed
persons (8.3 million) were unchanged. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the
number of unemployed persons were down by 0.9 percentage point and 1.4 million,
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers declined to 16.2
percent in July. The rates for adult men (4.8 percent), adult women (4.9 percent),
whites (4.6 percent), blacks (9.1 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics
(6.8 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of new entrants decreased by 107,000 in July. New
entrants are unemployed persons who never previously worked. (See table A-11.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
little changed at 2.2 million. These individuals accounted for 26.9 percent of the
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by
986,000. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was unchanged at 62.6 percent in July,
after declining by 0.3 percentage point in June. The employment-population ratio, at
59.3 percent, was also unchanged in July and has shown little movement thus far this
year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July at 6.3 million.
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a
full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down
by 251,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 668,000 discouraged workers in July,
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 215,000 in July, compared with an average
monthly gain of 246,000 over the prior 12 months. In July, job gains occurred in
retail trade, health care, professional and technical services, and financial
activities.

Employment in retail trade increased by 36,000 in July and has risen by 322,000
over the year. In July, motor vehicle and parts dealers added 13,000 jobs, and
employment continued to trend up in general merchandise stores (+6,000).

Health care added 28,000 jobs in July and has added 436,000 jobs over the year. In
July, employment rose in hospitals (+16,000).

Professional and technical services added 27,000 jobs in July, with gains in
computer systems design and related services (+9,000) and architectural and
engineering services (+6,000). Over the past 12 months, professional and technical
services has added 301,000 jobs. Management of companies and enterprises added
14,000 jobs over the month.

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in July and has risen by 156,000
over the past 12 months. Insurance carriers and related activities accounted for
more than half of the gain in July (+10,000) and over the year (+85,000).

In July, manufacturing employment edged up (+15,000).  Employment in nondurable
goods rose by 23,000 over the month, including gains in food manufacturing (+9,000)
and in plastics and rubber products (+6,000).

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in July
(+29,000) and has increased by 376,000 over the year.

Employment in transportation and warehousing also continued to trend up in July
(+14,000) and has risen by 146,000 over the year. Employment in couriers and
messengers rose by 3,000 over the month.

Mining employment continued to trend down in July (-5,000). Since a recent high
in December 2014, employment in the industry has declined by 78,000, with losses
concentrated in support activities for mining.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, wholesale trade,
information, and government, showed little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by
0.1 hour to 34.6 hours in July. The manufacturing workweek for all employees also
edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours.
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm
payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 5 cents to $24.99. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1
percent. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 3 cents to $21.01 in July. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +254,000
to +260,000, and the change for June was revised from +223,000 to +231,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 14,000 higher
than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 235,000
per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday,
September 4, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



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Last Modified Date: August 07, 2015