For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 1, 2014 USDL-14-1795
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METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 322 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 44 areas, and unchanged in 6 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven areas had jobless rates of at least
10.0 percent and 84 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 306 metropolitan areas, decreased in 57 areas,
and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national unemployment rate in August was 6.3
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.3 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in August,
28.0 percent and 25.1 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest
unemployment rate, 2.2 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 2.4 percent. A
total of 202 areas had August unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 6.3
percent, 155 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of
the nation. (See table 1.)
Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August
(-3.1 percentage points). The next largest declines were in Flint, Mich., and
Muskegon-Norton Shores, Mich. (-2.9 percentage points each). Forty other areas
had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa,
had the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+0.9 percentage point).
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate in
August, 8.7 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest
jobless rate among the large areas, 3.8 percent. Forty-three of the large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while five had increases and one
had no change. The largest unemployment rate declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-
Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.7 percentage points), and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev.
(-2.3 points). No large area had a rate increase of more than 0.2 percentage point.
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
August, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest unemployment rate
among the divisions, 9.5 percent. San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif.,
had the lowest division rate, 4.5 percent, followed by Framingham, Mass., and
Nashua, N.H.-Mass., 4.7 percent each. (See table 2.)
Thirty-two of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases in August, while one had an increase and one had no change. The largest
of the declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (-2.9 percentage
points). The only unemployment rate increase was in Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+0.2 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In August, 306 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 57 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-the-
year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island,
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+156,500), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+107,400), and
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+101,500). The largest over-the-year
percentage gain in employment occurred in Lawrence, Kan. (+5.9 percent), followed
by Midland, Texas (+5.6 percent), and Kokomo, Ind. (+5.3 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-3,800), followed by Syracuse, N.Y. (-3,600), and Peoria, Ill.
(-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred
in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-2.7 percent), Fairbanks, Alaska (-2.4 percent),
and Danville, Va. (-2.3 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 38 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+3.9 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock-San
Marcos, Texas (+3.7 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.4 percent).
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Columbus, Ohio
(-0.1 percent), and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C., which declined
by less than 0.05 percent.
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within
a metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year
employment gains and 3 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.
(+117,500), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+74,900), and Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+69,100). The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred
in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-2,600), Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H.
(-600), and Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, Mass.-N.H. (-100). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.4 percent), followed by Miami-
Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.3
percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in
Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H. (-0.5 percent), Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn,
Mich. (-0.4 percent), and Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, Mass.-N.H. (-0.1
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 21, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 29, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).