Gender gap in unionization closing

January 19, 2001

Union membership continued to be higher among men (15.2 percent) than women (11.5 percent) in 2000. The gap in unionization rates between the sexes, however, fell from 4.7 percentage points in 1999 to 3.7 percentage points in 2000.

Unionization rates by sex, 1983 and 2000
[Chart data—TXT]

The gender gap in unionization rates has been closing over a long time. In 1983, the rate for men was 24.7 percent and the rate for women was 14.6 percent, a difference of 10.1 percentage points.

These data are a product of the Current Population Survey. The union membership data are tabulated from one-quarter of the CPS monthly sample and are limited to wage and salary workers. Excluded are all self-employed workers. Read news release USDL 01-21, Union Members in 2000, for more details.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Gender gap in unionization closing on the Internet at (visited September 28, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.