News Release Information

16-1674-DAL
Monday, September 19, 2016

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Technical information:
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Houston Area Employment — July 2016

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,993,300 in July 2016, up 13,300, or 0.4 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.7 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that July 2016 marked a six-year period of over-the-year employment increases in the Houston metropolitan area. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality had the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, adding 22,400 jobs since July 2015. The 7.3-percent local rate of job growth in this supersector was more than double the national rate of 2.7 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.) The local industry’s gains were concentrated in food services and drinking places, which added 18,800 jobs during the period.

The education and health services supersector added 14,800 jobs, a 4.0-percent rise from July 2015; nationally, employment in this industry rose 2.8 percent. Locally, the hospital industry had the largest job gain, 4,800, an increase of 5.8 percent.

Government employment expanded by 7,900 jobs over the year, with local government accounting for nearly all of the increase, up 6,600. Three-fourths of the local government employment gain was in educational services, which added 5,000 jobs during the period. In the Houston area, total government employment increased 2.2 percent compared to a 0.8-percent gain nationally.

Trade, transportation, and utilities–the area’s largest supersector–added 4,900 jobs, up 0.8 percent from July 2015 to July 2016. The area’s retail trade industry gained 8,000 jobs, an increase of 2.7 percent; this local job gain was partially offset by declines in two local industries, wholesale trade and transportation and utilities. Nationally, the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector expanded 1.4 percent.

The financial activities supersector added 3,000 jobs from July 2015. Employment in financial activities rose at a 2.0-percent pace in both the Houston metropolitan area and nationwide.

Manufacturing had the largest job loss among Houston’s supersectors between July 2015 and July 2016, declining 14,000. Locally, manufacturing employment fell 5.7 percent compared to a 0.2-percent decline nationally.

Two other Houston area supersectors had job losses of 10,000 or more from the previous year – mining and logging (-13,400) and professional and business services (-10,000). Local mining and logging employment fell 13.4 percent from July 2015, compared to the national decrease of 16.2 percent. Houston’s professional and business services supersector declined 2.1 percent, in contrast to the national gain of 2.6 percent. In local professional and business services, the largest job loss was in architectural, engineering, and related services (-6,200).

Local employment in the information supersector lost 2,400 jobs from July 2015. The area’s 7.3-percent decline in this industry was its tenth consecutive month of over-the-year losses. Nationally, the information supersector increased 1.1 percent.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2016. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with 10 exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.2 percent. Houston (0.4 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (1.3 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York-Newark-Jersey City added the largest number of jobs over the year,199, 700, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+116,800) and Dallas (+109,900). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 13,300 jobs, followed by Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, which added 54,000 jobs.

Education and health services added the most jobs in Boston, Los Angeles, New York, and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale. Professional and business services gained the most jobs in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.

Manufacturing lost the most jobs over the year in 7 areas—Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, and Phoenix. New York was the only area to have no annual job loss in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for August 2016 are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 20, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated February 28, 2013. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information
More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jul.
2015
May
2016
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016(p)
Jul. 2015 to
Jul. 2016(p)
Net Change Percent Change

United States

 

Total nonfarm

141,774 144,555 145,199 144,200 2,426 1.7

Mining and logging

825 689 690 693 -132 -16.0

Construction

6,703 6,698 6,847 6,915 212 3.2

Manufacturing

12,407 12,253 12,372 12,370 -37 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,969 27,216 27,364 27,348 379 1.4

Information

2,767 2,740 2,797 2,790 23 0.8

Financial activities

8,210 8,250 8,338 8,378 168 2.0

Professional and business services

19,837 20,138 20,344 20,376 539 2.7

Education and health services

21,750 22,696 22,483 22,369 619 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

15,844 15,716 16,179 16,265 421 2.7

Other services

5,702 5,703 5,760 5,758 56 1.0

Government

20,760 22,456 22,025 20,938 178 0.9

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

2,980.0 2,993.2 3,001.9 2,993.3 13.3 0.4

Mining and logging

99.9 86.7 86.8 86.5 -13.4 -13.4

Construction

217.5 219.0 215.8 217.9 0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

245.3 230.4 231.5 231.3 -14.0 -5.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

611.9 612.7 615.3 616.8 4.9 0.8

Information

32.9 31.3 31.2 30.5 -2.4 -7.3

Financial activities

152.1 153.2 154.5 155.1 3.0 2.0

Professional and business services

473.7 456.2 458.6 463.7 -10.0 -2.1

Education and health services

366.8 383.7 383.4 381.6 14.8 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

305.8 318.9 327.8 328.2 22.4 7.3

Other services

108.6 107.0 109.2 108.3 -0.3 -0.3

Government

365.5 394.1 387.8 373.4 7.9 2.2

(p) preliminary

 

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jul.
2015
May
2016
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016(p)
Jul. 2015 to
Jul. 2016(p)
Net Change Percent Change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,581.4 2,664.1 2,656.7 2,656.2 74.8 2.9

Mining and logging

1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

109.0 115.1 116.1 116.8 7.8 7.2

Manufacturing

157.7 160.8 162.4 163.3 5.6 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

577.8 595.1 593.7 595.5 17.7 3.1

Information

94.5 87.9 88.3 88.8 -5.7 -6.0

Financial activities

163.0 164.6 165.0 166.3 3.3 2.0

Professional and business services

480.3 496.1 495.5 497.5 17.2 3.6

Education and health services

314.8 328.0 321.9 325.0 10.2 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

276.0 290.7 292.6 291.5 15.5 5.6

Other services

98.2 97.2 97.1 97.0 -1.2 -1.2

Government

308.7 327.1 322.7 313.1 4.4 1.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,667.9 2,699.1 2,732.5 2,721.9 54.0 2.0

Mining, logging, and construction

109.3 112.7 117.5 119.9 10.6 9.7

Manufacturing

193.2 188.7 190.9 190.8 -2.4 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

418.1 421.8 426.3 424.4 6.3 1.5

Information

78.9 74.8 78.8 79.6 0.7 0.9

Financial activities

185.5 185.7 188.9 191.3 5.8 3.1

Professional and business services

465.6 462.5 471.9 474.0 8.4 1.8

Education and health services

549.5 569.9 565.6 565.0 15.5 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

272.1 263.3 274.5 281.4 9.3 3.4

Other services

105.6 104.0 106.1 106.7 1.1 1.0

Government

290.1 315.7 312.0 288.8 -1.3 -0.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,620.8 4,675.7 4,701.8 4,681.8 61.0 1.3

Mining and logging

1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 0.1 6.7

Construction

174.6 173.4 181.6 185.1 10.5 6.0

Manufacturing

417.4 412.3 415.1 414.4 -3.0 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

932.4 938.1 942.5 943.2 10.8 1.2

Information

82.6 81.2 81.6 81.9 -0.7 -0.8

Financial activities

297.2 292.3 295.4 295.3 -1.9 -0.6

Professional and business services

821.8 822.1 831.5 831.0 9.2 1.1

Education and health services

688.1 712.9 702.1 695.6 7.5 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

471.1 480.9 492.0 488.6 17.5 3.7

Other services

196.3 195.9 198.4 200.9 4.6 2.3

Government

537.8 565.1 560.0 544.2 6.4 1.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,401.6 3,515.7 3,526.8 3,511.5 109.9 3.2

Mining, logging, and construction

202.0 199.8 202.0 203.0 1.0 0.5

Manufacturing

264.6 262.2 263.7 262.2 -2.4 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

724.1 752.4 756.8 757.9 33.8 4.7

Information

81.1 80.6 80.7 80.3 -0.8 -1.0

Financial activities

277.3 288.9 290.6 291.7 14.4 5.2

Professional and business services

563.8 579.4 578.9 583.1 19.3 3.4

Education and health services

416.2 431.5 430.0 430.0 13.8 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

357.9 374.3 381.4 378.5 20.6 5.8

Other services

121.5 120.1 121.1 120.5 -1.0 -0.8

Government

393.1 426.5 421.6 404.3 11.2 2.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,980.0 2,993.2 3,001.9 2,993.3 13.3 0.4

Mining and logging

99.9 86.7 86.8 86.5 -13.4 -13.4

Construction

217.5 219.0 215.8 217.9 0.4 0.2

Manufacturing

245.3 230.4 231.5 231.3 -14.0 -5.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

611.9 612.7 615.3 616.8 4.9 0.8

Information

32.9 31.3 31.2 30.5 -2.4 -7.3

Financial activities

152.1 153.2 154.5 155.1 3.0 2.0

Professional and business services

473.7 456.2 458.6 463.7 -10.0 -2.1

Education and health services

366.8 383.7 383.4 381.6 14.8 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

305.8 318.9 327.8 328.2 22.4 7.3

Other services

108.6 107.0 109.2 108.3 -0.3 -0.3

Government

365.5 394.1 387.8 373.4 7.9 2.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,780.7 5,956.7 5,963.8 5,897.5 116.8 2.0

Mining and logging

4.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 -0.6 -12.8

Construction

220.5 233.2 233.3 232.0 11.5 5.2

Manufacturing

520.2 510.8 513.2 514.8 -5.4 -1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,074.3 1,085.6 1,087.7 1,089.9 15.6 1.5

Information

223.9 237.1 235.4 228.6 4.7 2.1

Financial activities

334.0 335.7 338.4 337.4 3.4 1.0

Professional and business services

886.0 901.3 911.3 910.8 24.8 2.8

Education and health services

926.3 982.4 974.8 964.8 38.5 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

705.4 716.1 728.3 729.2 23.8 3.4

Other services

202.2 203.7 203.3 202.4 0.2 0.1

Government

683.2 746.7 734.0 683.5 0.3 0.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,465.1 2,569.4 2,541.5 2,539.8 74.7 3.0

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

112.5 119.8 119.6 122.6 10.1 9.0

Manufacturing

84.4 84.9 84.4 83.8 -0.6 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

579.6 593.4 594.4 592.9 13.3 2.3

Information

48.2 48.0 48.2 48.1 -0.1 -0.2

Financial activities

175.3 181.3 182.9 183.7 8.4 4.8

Professional and business services

403.3 415.0 415.7 421.0 17.7 4.4

Education and health services

361.8 375.0 373.3 371.3 9.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

299.8 319.2 316.7 313.4 13.6 4.5

Other services

120.3 123.9 122.5 121.2 0.9 0.7

Government

279.3 308.3 283.2 281.2 1.9 0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,373.9 9,527.4 9,607.7 9,573.6 199.7 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

384.1 391.2 396.2 400.6 16.5 4.3

Manufacturing

368.9 369.3 373.0 371.8 2.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,709.4 1,721.5 1,741.4 1,728.7 19.3 1.1

Information

287.4 277.1 291.7 293.7 6.3 2.2

Financial activities

776.4 765.9 773.4 781.8 5.4 0.7

Professional and business services

1,500.7 1,508.8 1,521.6 1,522.2 21.5 1.4

Education and health services

1,733.5 1,842.6 1,809.2 1,786.5 53.0 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

920.7 907.9 957.8 972.2 51.5 5.6

Other services

415.0 421.8 427.8 430.0 15.0 3.6

Government

1,277.8 1,321.3 1,315.6 1,286.1 8.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,804.5 2,897.5 2,912.3 2,870.2 65.7 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

114.7 115.0 117.2 117.3 2.6 2.3

Manufacturing

182.0 183.3 184.9 185.0 3.0 1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

516.0 527.4 529.6 524.3 8.3 1.6

Information

46.7 44.4 46.9 46.6 -0.1 -0.2

Financial activities

210.9 210.1 211.7 212.3 1.4 0.7

Professional and business services

449.4 471.0 475.1 472.5 23.1 5.1

Education and health services

590.7 616.1 608.6 604.4 13.7 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

265.2 267.0 277.9 275.5 10.3 3.9

Other services

119.3 119.8 120.3 119.4 0.1 0.1

Government

309.6 343.4 340.1 312.9 3.3 1.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,866.6 1,960.3 1,934.2 1,925.2 58.6 3.1

Mining and logging

3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 -0.3 -8.6

Construction

99.6 105.7 108.2 110.3 10.7 10.7

Manufacturing

120.6 119.9 120.9 120.1 -0.5 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

373.8 383.9 383.4 383.8 10.0 2.7

Information

36.8 38.8 39.2 38.4 1.6 4.3

Financial activities

167.0 174.7 175.2 175.2 8.2 4.9

Professional and business services

320.4 328.1 329.8 331.3 10.9 3.4

Education and health services

276.6 291.9 290.4 288.2 11.6 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

201.7 214.4 209.4 207.0 5.3 2.6

Other services

65.0 65.7 65.6 65.3 0.3 0.5

Government

201.6 233.9 208.8 202.4 0.8 0.4

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,266.4 2,314.0 2,325.7 2,327.0 60.6 2.7

Mining and logging

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 -0.1 -10.0

Construction

113.3 117.3 118.8 122.2 8.9 7.9

Manufacturing

127.6 127.0 128.3 129.2 1.6 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

366.1 368.9 371.5 373.8 7.7 2.1

Information

86.5 85.7 87.0 87.5 1.0 1.2

Financial activities

131.7 129.5 130.2 131.3 -0.4 -0.3

Professional and business services

467.9 473.3 477.0 483.3 15.4 3.3

Education and health services

326.0 343.0 339.7 338.8 12.8 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

262.1 266.5 271.6 271.0 8.9 3.4

Other services

84.6 84.6 85.6 85.2 0.6 0.7

Government

299.6 317.3 315.1 303.8 4.2 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,184.9 3,245.8 3,274.9 3,279.7 94.8 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

154.7 158.4 161.9 161.6 6.9 4.5

Manufacturing

53.0 53.2 53.7 54.3 1.3 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

404.6 413.4 417.5 415.6 11.0 2.7

Information

77.5 73.0 75.5 76.1 -1.4 -1.8

Financial activities

155.5 153.7 154.4 155.8 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

729.2 739.7 745.6 748.3 19.1 2.6

Education and health services

404.8 420.4 420.5 421.1 16.3 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

325.6 326.6 338.2 337.1 11.5 3.5

Other services

200.2 200.0 201.6 203.4 3.2 1.6

Government

679.8 707.4 706.0 706.4 26.6 3.9

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, September 19, 2016