Hours: Two surveys compared
January 06, 2005
The Current Population Survey (CPS) measure of hours worked is, on average, fairly close to the American Time-Use Survey (ATUS) time-diary estimates of hours when the diary day is in the CPS reference week.
However, the CPS measure of actual hours in the reference week is about 5 percent higher than the hours data collected in ATUS for the other 3 weeks of each month. The fact that the CPS reference week was selected, in part, to avoid holidays both explains some of the difference and simplifies the task of tracking trends in work hours using CPS data.
Analysts must keep in mind, however, that a measure of monthly hours worked constructed from CPS weekly hours data would overstate actual hours worked during the month.
The data used here are from the Current Population Survey and the American Time-Use Survey. To learn more about their concepts, definitions, and data on working hours, see Harley Frazis and Jay Stewart, "What can time-use data tell us about hours at work?" in Monthly Labor Review, December 2004.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Hours: Two surveys compared on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2005/jan/wk1/art04.htm (visited July 04, 2015).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
New estimates of personal taxes in Consumer Expenditure Survey
In 2013, the Consumer Expenditure Survey improved its personal tax data.
Trends in long-term unemployment
Long-term unemployment reached historically high levels following the recession of 2007–2009.
Housing: before, during, and after the Great Recession
looks at consumer expenditures on household items, employment in residential construction, prices for household items, and injuries in occupations involved in building and maintaining our homes.