Labor force participation of mothers and fathers
June 10, 2005
The labor force participation rate for mothers with children under 18 was 70.4 percent in 2004, down by 0.7 percentage point from the prior year.The labor force participation rate for mothers with children under 18 has been declining since 2000.
In 2004, most of the over-the-year decline in the labor force participation rate of mothers with children under 18 occurred among mothers with children under 6; their rate declined by 1.0 percentage point to 61.8 percent.
The participation rate of mothers whose youngest child was 6 through 17 declined slightly.
In contrast, the labor force participation rate of fathers showed no change in 2004, whatever the age of their youngest child.
These data are from the Current Population Survey program. To learn more about employment and unemployment in families, see Employment Characteristics of Families in 2004 (PDF) (TXT), news release USDL 05-876. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent of the population. The labor force comprises all persons classified as employed or unemployed.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor force participation of mothers and fathers on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2005/jun/wk1/art05.htm (visited December 07, 2016).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
Workplace injuries and illnesses and employer costs for workers’ compensation
Workplace injury and illness data and the costs to employers for workers’ compensation in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.
A look at the future of the U.S. labor force to 2060
Projected long-term trends in the growth, size, and composition of the labor force.
Union membership in the United States
Historical trends in union membership among employed wage and salary workers; union membership by a variety of demographic characteristics.
A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
Spending on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.
Self-employment in the United States
Trends in self-employment by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, including both the unincorporated and the incorporated self-employed, as well as data on paid employees who work for the self-employed.