Food Services and Drinking Places: NAICS 722

About the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector

The food services and drinking places subsector is part of the accommodation and food services sector.

Industries in the Food Services and Drinking Places subsector prepare meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption. There is a wide range of establishments in these industries. Some provide food and drink only; while others provide various combinations of seating space, waiter/waitress services and incidental amenities, such as limited entertainment. The industries in the subsector are grouped based on the type and level of services provided. The industry groups are full-service restaurants; limited-service eating places; special food services, such as food service contractors, caterers, and mobile food services; and drinking places.

North American Industry Classification System

The food services and drinking places subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Full-Service Restaurants: NAICS 7221
  • Limited-Service Eating Places: NAICS 7222
  • Special Food Services: NAICS 7223
  • Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages): NAICS 7224

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in food services and drinking places. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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10,696.7 10,729.3 (P) 10,769.5 (P) 10,796.0

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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9,760.1 9,637.0 (P) 9,597.3  

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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8.1% 8.0% 9.1% 8.5%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.1% 1.2% 1.2% 1.3%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.3% 1.5% 1.5% 1.8%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

2,537,970

Cooks, fast food

489,060

Cooks, restaurant

941,520

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

654,700

Waiters and waitresses

2,099,400

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for food services and drinking places.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in food services and drinking places.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$12.39 $12.48 $12.53 (P) $12.60

Average weekly hours

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25.7 25.9 25.4 (P) 25.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$11.07 $11.17 $11.17 (P) $11.24

Average weekly hours

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24.8 25.0 24.3 (P) 24.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$417 $427 $421 $432

Members of unions

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$517 $585 $536 $530

Represented by unions

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$509 $592 $534 $535

Nonunion

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$416 $424 $419 $430

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

$8.73 $8.79 $18,170 $18,290

Cooks, fast food

$8.87 $9.05 $18,460 $18,830

Cooks, restaurant

$10.51 $11.07 $21,850 $23,010

First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers

$13.62 $14.93 $28,340 $31,040

Waiters and waitresses

$8.91 $9.90 $18,540 $20,600

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in food services and drinking places. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

122 105 120 (P) 112

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

3.3 3.6 3.4 3.3

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Cases involving days away from work

0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in food services and drinking places. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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583,066 587,390 588,822 (P) 591,789

Local government

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597 594 591 (P) 590

State government

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2 2 4 (P) 4

Federal government

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201 199 198 (P) 203

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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105.419 105.326 103.716 101.264

Percent change from previous year

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2.2 -0.1 -1.5 -2.4

Labor index, total labor hours

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105.736 109.616 115.052 118.532

Percent change from previous year

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-0.4 3.7 5.0 3.0

Output index

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111.465 115.454 119.328 120.029

Percent change from previous year

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1.8 3.6 3.4 0.6

Unit labor costs index

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123.378 125.389 129.629 134.171

Percent change from previous year

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1.6 1.6 3.4 3.5

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See food services and drinking places in the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: December 17, 2014