Construction: NAICS 23

About the Construction sector

The construction sector is part of the goods-producing industries supersector group.

The construction sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems). Establishments primarily engaged in the preparation of sites for new construction and establishments primarily engaged in subdividing land for sale as building sites also are included in this sector.

Construction work done may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs. Activities of these establishments generally are managed at a fixed place of business, but they usually perform construction activities at multiple project sites. Production responsibilities for establishments in this sector are usually specified in (1) contracts with the owners of construction projects (prime contracts) or (2) contracts with other construction establishments (subcontracts).

North American Industry Classification System

The construction sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in construction. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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5,876 5,927 (P) 5,945 (P) 5,964

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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4,444 4,486 (P) 4,499 (P) 4,516

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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11.4% 12.3% 12.8% 11.3%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

 

Job openings

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82 124 (P) 104  

Hires

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149 243 (P) 215  

Separations

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311 274 (P) 196  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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13.1% 14.0% 13.2% 14.1%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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13.7% 14.9% 13.7% 14.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
3rd quarter
2012
4th quarter
2012
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

 

Gross job gains

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648 667 674 661

Gross job losses

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614 604 600 616

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Carpenters

484,280

Construction laborers

667,680

Construction managers

169,660

Electricians

403,210

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

208,870

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for construction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in construction. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$26.35 $26.40 (P) $26.57 (P) $26.53

Average weekly hours

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38.7 38.6 (P) 38.1 (P) 39.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$24.35 $24.41 (P) $24.56 (P) $24.55

Average weekly hours

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39.0 38.9 (P) 38.4 (P) 39.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$735 $746 $768 $762

Members of unions

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$1,051 $1,059 $1,086 $1,096

Represented by unions

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$1,046 $1,037 $1,069 $1,081

Nonunion

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$692 $698 $722 $713

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Carpenters

$19.50 $21.69 $40,550 $45,120

Construction laborers

$14.77 $17.02 $30,720 $35,390

Construction managers

$39.89 $44.05 $82,960 $91,620

Electricians

$23.45 $25.46 $48,780 $52,950

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

$21.17 $23.69 $44,020 $49,270

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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2.1% 2.1% 2.1% 2.0%

Wages and salaries

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1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 1.6%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



Data series Back
data
4th quarter 2013
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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34.82 100.0

Wages and salaries

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24.03 69.0

Total benefits

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10.79 31.0

Insurance

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2.70 7.7

Retirement

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1.95 5.6

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in construction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

879 802 781 (P) 817

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

4.3 4.0 3.9 3.7

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0

Cases involving days away from work

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in construction.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2012
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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747,746 (P) 740,667 (P) 744,792 (P) 750,341

Local government

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4,574 (P) 4,596 (P) 4,596 (P) 4,601

State government

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1,677 (P) 1,677 (P) 1,677 (P) 1,675

Federal government

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2 (P) 2 (P) 2 (P) 2

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

 

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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187 182 182  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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172 176 172  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Monthly Labor Review

See industry studies in the Index of the Monthly Labor Review Online (Current Issue).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: April 18, 2014