Manufacturing: NAICS 31-33

About the Manufacturing sector

The manufacturing sector is part of the goods-producing industries supersector group.

The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products.

Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The manufacturing sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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12,154 12,157 (P) 12,166 (P) 12,181

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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8,554 8,553 (P) 8,550 (P) 8,560

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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5.2% 5.0% 4.5% 4.3%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

 

Job openings

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334 292 (P) 285  

Hires

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295 249 (P) 287  

Separations

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250 296 (P) 291  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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10.7% 10.5% 9.6% 10.1%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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11.6% 11.2% 10.5% 11.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

 

Gross job gains

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421 405 424 394

Gross job losses

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387 403 394 370

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Helpers--production workers

255,680

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

317,070

Machinists

316,050

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

97,210

Team assemblers

790,480

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in manufacturing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$24.84 $24.91 (P) $24.86 (P) $24.96

Average weekly hours

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40.9 40.9 (P) 40.8 (P) 40.8

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$19.60 $19.63 (P) $19.61 (P) $19.64

Average weekly hours

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42.0 42.0 (P) 42.1 (P) 42.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$767 $787 $797 $816

Members of unions

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$828 $836 $872 $841

Represented by unions

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$817 $835 $863 $831

Nonunion

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$759 $780 $786 $814

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Helpers--production workers

$11.83 $12.66 $24,610 $26,340

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

$17.03 $18.25 $35,410 $37,970

Machinists

$19.02 $19.72 $39,570 $41,010

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

$27.95 $29.55 $58,130 $61,460

Team assemblers

$14.52 $15.58 $30,200 $32,410

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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1.8% 2.1% 2.1% 2.2%

Wages and salaries

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2.1% 2.0% 2.1% 2.1%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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2nd quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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35.74 100.0

Wages and salaries

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23.29 65.2

Total benefits

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12.45 34.8

Insurance

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3.70 10.3

Retirement

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1.69 4.7

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

333 329 328 (P) 304

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

4.4 4.3 4.2  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.4 2.4 2.3  

Cases involving days away from work

1.1 1.1 1.1  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.3 1.2 1.3  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

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Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 197.4 (P) 197.3 (P) 196.8 (P) 195.0

Percent change from previous month

  (P) 0.1% (P) -0.1% (P) -0.3% (P) -0.9%

Import index

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116.5 (R) 116.5 116.1 115.7

Percent change from previous month

  -0.2% (R) 0.0% (R) -0.3% -0.3%

Export index

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121.0 120.6 (R) 120.3 119.4

Percent change from previous month

  0.3% -0.3% (R) -0.2% (R) -0.7%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity and costs, presented as indexes and changes in output per hour and unit labor costs.

Establishments

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2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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334,186 335,454 335,757 (P) 337,955

Local government

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42 42 46 (P) 43

State government

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23 23 23 (P) 23

Federal government

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35 35 35 (P) 35

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

 

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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95 92 94 92

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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88 91 88 90

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014

Output per hour index (seasonally adjusted)

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110.865 (R) 111.746 (R) 112.717 113.612

Percent change from previous quarter

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1.3 3.2 (R) 3.5 3.2

Hours index (seasonally adjusted)

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105.755 105.341 (R) 106.238 106.460

Percent change from previous quarter

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3.4 -1.6 (R) 3.4 0.8

Output index (seasonally adjusted)

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117.245 (R) 117.714 (R) 119.748 120.951

Percent change from previous quarter

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4.7 1.6 (R) 7.1 4.1

Unit labor costs (seasonally adjusted)

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95.516 (R) 96.802 (R) 96.354 96.186

Percent change from previous quarter

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-0.5 5.5 (R) -1.8 -0.7

Footnotes
(R) Revised

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See manufacturing and industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Monthly Labor Review

See manufacturing in the Index of the Monthly Labor Review Online (Current Issue).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: November 21, 2014