Paper Manufacturing: NAICS 322

About the Paper Manufacturing subsector

The paper manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Paper Manufacturing subsector make pulp, paper, or converted paper products. The manufacturing of these products is grouped together because they constitute a series of vertically connected processes. More than one is often carried out in a single establishment. There are essentially three activities. The manufacturing of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibers from other impurities in wood or used paper. The manufacturing of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet. Converted paper products are made from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques and include coating and laminating activities.

North American Industry Classification System

The paper manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills: NAICS 3221
  • Converted Paper Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3222

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in paper manufacturing. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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372.9 372.7 (P) 371.1 (P) 371.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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277.5 276.3 (P) 274.9 (P) 275.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

13,640

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

14,380

Industrial production managers

4,870

Industrial truck and tractor operators

12,380

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

81,130

Printing machine operators

 

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for paper manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in paper manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$24.75 $24.68 (P) $24.61 (P) $25.00

Average weekly hours

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42.7 42.6 (P) 42.4 (P) 42.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$20.45 $20.23 (P) $20.35 (P) $20.44

Average weekly hours

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43.6 43.7 (P) 43.8 (P) 43.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

$16.92 $17.13 $35,200 $35,640

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$28.48 $29.55 $59,230 $61,470

Industrial production managers

$44.79 $48.45 $93,160 $100,780

Industrial truck and tractor operators

$16.31 $16.59 $33,930 $34,510

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

$17.09 $17.60 $35,550 $36,610

Printing machine operators

       

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in paper manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

12 9 11 (P) 10

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

3.4 3.4 3.0  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.0 1.9 1.7  

Cases involving days away from work

1.0 1.0 0.8  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.0 0.9 0.9  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 136.7 (P) 136.6 (P) 136.8 (P) 136.6

Percent change from previous month

  (P) -0.1% (P) -0.1% (P) 0.1% (P) -0.1%

Import index

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(R) 111.1 (R) 111.4 (R) 111.1 110.9

Percent change from previous month

  (R) 0.3% (R) 0.3% (R) -0.3% (R) -0.2%

Export index

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125.1 126.2 125.3 125.8

Percent change from previous month

  0.9% 0.9% -0.7% 0.4%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in paper manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
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2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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5,538 5,540 5,507 (P) 5,504

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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113.982 116.793 117.461  

Percent change from previous year

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2.8 2.5 0.6  

Labor index, total labor hours

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75.243 73.540 71.369 71.850

Percent change from previous year

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-0.2 -2.3 -3.0 0.7

Output index

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85.764 85.889 83.830  

Percent change from previous year

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2.6 0.1 -2.4  

Unit labor costs index

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108.461 108.807 111.944  

Percent change from previous year

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-0.4 0.3 2.9  

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: November 21, 2014