Social Assistance: NAICS 624

About the Social Assistance subsector

The social assistance subsector is part of the health care and social assistance sector.

Industries in the Social Assistance subsector provide a wide variety of social assistance services directly to their clients. These services do not include residential or accommodation services, except on a short stay basis.

North American Industry Classification System

The social assistance subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Individual and Family Services: NAICS 6241
  • Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other Relief Services: NAICS 6242
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Services: NAICS 6243
  • Child Day Care Services: NAICS 6244

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in social assistance. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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3,414.0 3,424.8 (P) 3,431.5 (P) 3,439.2

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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3,032.3 3,022.7 (P) 3,033.1  

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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5.9% 7.2% 5.7% 4.9%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2014

Child care workers

316,000

Child, family, and school social workers

81,050

Personal and home care aides

550,310

Social and community service managers

45,940

Social and human service assistants

138,150

Note: These employment estimates include employment in both the private-sector and government.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for social assistance.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in social assistance.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$15.45 $15.45 $15.50 (P) $15.59

Average weekly hours

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30.3 29.5 29.4 (P) 29.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$13.59 $13.61 $13.65 (P) $13.70

Average weekly hours

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29.2 28.6 28.4 (P) 28.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2014
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Child care workers

9.19 9.83 19,120 20,440

Child, family, and school social workers

17.50 18.64 36,390 38,760

Personal and home care aides

9.98 10.19 20,760 21,190

Social and community service managers

27.85 29.93 57,930 62,260

Social and human service assistants

13.65 14.36 28,400 29,870

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in social assistance. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

37 30 26 26

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

Cases involving days away from work

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in social assistance.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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728,766 (P) 729,491 (P) 711,273 (P) 722,963

Local government

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2,704 (P) 2,713 (P) 2,709 (P) 2,720

State government

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2,662 (P) 2,607 (P) 2,607 (P) 2,607

Federal government

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264 (P) 288 (P) 293 (P) 291

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See child day care services and social assistance, except child day care in the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: April 22, 2015