Health Care and Social Assistance: NAICS 62

About the Health Care and Social Assistance sector

The health care and social assistance sector is part of the education and health services supersector.

The Health Care and Social Assistance sector comprises establishments providing health care and social assistance for individuals. The sector includes both health care and social assistance because it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the boundaries of these two activities. The industries in this sector are arranged on a continuum starting with those establishments providing medical care exclusively, continuing with those providing health care and social assistance, and finally finishing with those providing only social assistance. The services provided by establishments in this sector are delivered by trained professionals. All industries in the sector share this commonality of process, namely, labor inputs of health practitioners or social workers with the requisite expertise. Many of the industries in the sector are defined based on the educational degree held by the practitioners included in the industry.

North American Industry Classification System

The health care and social assistance sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in health care and social assistance. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

Data series Back
data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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18,031.2 18,064.9 (P) 18,105.0 (P) 18,147.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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15,928.8 15,923.4 (P) 15,916.0  

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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3.7% 3.9% 4.0% 4.2%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

 

Job openings

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732 708 (P) 779  

Hires

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471 530 (P) 538  

Separations

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408 485 (P) 513  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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6.9% 7.5% 7.0% 7.2%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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7.9% 8.6% 8.0% 8.1%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Home health aides

765,030

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

602,960

Medical and health services managers

244,550

Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants

 

Registered nurses

 

Note: These employment estimates include employment in both the private-sector and government.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for health care and social assistance.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in health care and social assistance. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$24.89 $24.81 $24.84 (P) $24.96

Average weekly hours

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32.7 32.7 33.0 (P) 32.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$21.86 $21.81 $21.84 (P) $21.95

Average weekly hours

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32.0 32.0 32.4 (P) 32.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$698 $706 $720 $741

Members of unions

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$817 $801 $835 $823

Represented by unions

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$823 $809 $824 $837

Nonunion

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$686 $697 $711 $732

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Home health aides

$10.07 $10.54 $20,950 $21,920

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

$20.12 $20.64 $41,850 $42,940

Medical and health services managers

$43.14 $48.10 $89,740 $100,040

Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants

       

Registered nurses

       

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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1.7% 1.9% 1.7% 1.8%

Wages and salaries

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1.7% 1.8% 1.7% 1.8%

12-month percent change: State and local government

 

Total compensation

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2.2% 2.3% 1.5% 1.6%

Wages and salaries

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1.3% 1.4% 0.9% 1.1%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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data
2nd quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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30.73 100.0

Wages and salaries

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21.65 70.4

Total benefits

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9.08 29.6

Insurance

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2.61 8.5

Retirement

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1.06 3.4

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in health care and social assistance. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

155 138 122 (P) 119

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

5.2 5.0 4.8  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.4 2.3 2.3  

Cases involving days away from work

1.4 1.4 1.3  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.0 1.0 1.0  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 117.9 (P) 117.9 (P) 117.9 (P) 118.0

Percent change from previous month

  (P) 0.1% (P) 0.0% (P) 0.0% (P) 0.1%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in health care and social assistance.

Establishments

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data
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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1,337,070 1,362,835 1,377,889 (P) 1,383,127

Local government

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6,769 6,789 6,779 (P) 6,816

State government

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5,736 5,829 5,766 (P) 6,358

Federal government

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1,140 1,128 1,115 (P) 1,135

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Monthly Labor Review

See health care in the Index of the Monthly Labor Review Online (Current Issue).

Career Guide to Industries

See health care in the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: September 19, 2014