Transportation and Warehousing: NAICS 48-49

About the Transportation and Warehousing sector

The transportation and warehousing sector is part of the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector.

The Transportation and Warehousing sector includes industries providing transportation of passengers and cargo, warehousing and storage for goods, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and support activities related to modes of transportation. Establishments in these industries use transportation equipment or transportation related facilities as a productive asset. The type of equipment depends on the mode of transportation. The modes of transportation are air, rail, water, road, and pipeline.

North American Industry Classification System

The transportation and warehousing sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in transportation and warehousing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

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data
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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4,748.2 4,761.4 (P) 4,775.2 (P) 4,789.6

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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4,108.0 4,118.8 (P) 4,131.6 (P) 4,140.8

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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4.5% 4.5% 4.8% 5.7%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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20.4% 19.9% 19.6% 19.6%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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21.4% 21.0% 20.8% 20.7%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014
4th quarter
2014

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

 

Gross job gains

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232 244 248 329

Gross job losses

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244 206 212 203

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2014

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

70,640

Bus drivers, school

196,640

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

39,910

Sailors and marine oilers

20,490

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

945,800

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for transportation and warehousing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in transportation and warehousing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$22.82 $22.79 (P) $22.72 (P) $22.80

Average weekly hours

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38.9 38.9 (P) 38.7 (P) 38.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015

Average hourly earnings

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$20.69 $20.69 (P) $20.66 (P) $20.77

Average weekly hours

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38.6 38.7 (P) 38.5 (P) 38.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2011 2012 2013 2014

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$763 $778 $777 $780

Members of unions

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$941 $948 $975 $947

Represented by unions

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$939 $934 $970 $947

Nonunion

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$726 $746 $732 $748

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2014
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

(1) $- (1) $- $120,810 $134,060

Bus drivers, school

$14.71 $15.11 $30,590 $31,420

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

$26.06 $26.78 $54,190 $55,690

Sailors and marine oilers

$18.28 $19.54 $38,030 $40,650

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

$19.76 $20.62 $41,110 $42,890

Footnotes
(1) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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3rd quarter
2014
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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2.6% 2.3% 2.3% 2.4%

Wages and salaries

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2.9% 2.5% 2.3% 2.3%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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data
1st quarter 2015
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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38.69 100.0

Wages and salaries

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24.66 63.7

Total benefits

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14.02 36.3

Insurance

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4.26 11.0

Retirement

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2.26 5.8

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in transportation and warehousing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

689 778 783 772

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

5.2 4.9 4.9 4.7

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

3.6 3.3 3.4 3.3

Cases involving days away from work

2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Apr.
2015
May
2015
Jun.
2015
Jul.
2015

Producer price index

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(P) 127.2 (P) 126.8 (P) 127.8 (P) 128.0

Percent change from previous month

  (P) -0.4% (P) -0.3% (P) 0.8% (P) 0.2%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in transportation and warehousing.

Establishments

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1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014
4th quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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(P) 227,367 (P) 229,795 (P) 231,531 (P) 233,053

Local government

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(P) 2,804 (P) 2,815 (P) 2,814 (P) 2,810

State government

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(P) 531 (P) 534 (P) 536 (P) 535

Federal government

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(P) 29,492 (P) 29,433 (P) 29,392 (P) 29,335

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

 

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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54 56 56 58

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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52 51 51 51

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: August 21, 2015