Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation News Release
Last Modified Date: May 04, 2012
Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press
under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that the
data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.
John M. Galvin
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Friday, May 4, 2012
Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 115,000 in April, and the
unemployment rate was little changed at 8.1 percent. The April
job gain followed an increase of 154,000 in March. For December
through February, employment growth averaged 252,000 per month.
In April, employment rose in professional and business services,
retail trade, and health care but declined in transportation and
Professional and business services added 62,000 jobs over
the month. Employment rose in architectural and engineering
services and in computer systems design. Temporary help services
employment edged up over the month.
Retail trade added 29,000 jobs in April. Employment rose in
general merchandise stores but has shown no definitive trend in
recent months. Building material and garden supply stores
continued to add jobs over the month.
Health care employment rose by 19,000 in April, led by gains
in ambulatory health care services, which includes home health
care services and doctorsí offices. Health care had added an
average of 28,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.
In April, employment continued to trend up in food services
and drinking places (+20,000). The industry has added 576,000
jobs since a recent employment low point in February 2010.
Employment in manufacturing continued to grow (+16,000) in
April. Fabricated metal products and machinery continued to add
jobs. Manufacturing employment has risen by 489,000 since a
recent low in January 2010, with the growth largely occurring in
durable goods industries.
Employment decreased by 17,000 in transportation and
warehousing in April, with losses in transit and ground passenger
transportation and in couriers and messengers.
Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls increased by 1 cent in April to $23.38. Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 1.8 percent.
From March 2011 to March 2012, the Consumer Price Index for All
Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased by 2.6 percent.
Turning now to our survey of households, both the
unemployment rate, at 8.1 percent, and the number of unemployed
persons, at 12.5 million, were little changed in April. Among
the unemployed, 41.3 percent had been looking for work for 27
weeks or more.
The labor force participation rate--the share of the
population that was working or looking for work--declined to 63.6
percent in April. The employment-population ratio, at 58.4
percent, changed little.
In summary, nonfarm payroll employment grew by 115,000 in
April, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 8.1