Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release

Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this statement is embargoed until 
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, May 6, 2022.

                            Statement of

                          William W. Beach
                     Bureau of Labor Statistics

                        Friday, May 6, 2022

      Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 428,000 in April, 
and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.6 percent. Job 
growth was widespread, led by gains in leisure and hospitality, 
in manufacturing, and in transportation and warehousing.
      Nonfarm employment is down by 1.2 million, or 0.8 percent, 
from its February 2020 level before the onset of the coronavirus 
(COVID-19) pandemic.
      In April, employment growth continued in leisure and 
hospitality (+78,000), with gains in food services and drinking 
places (+44,000) and accommodation (+22,000). Employment in 
leisure and hospitality is down by 1.4 million, or 8.5 percent, 
from its February 2020 level.
      Manufacturing employment increased by 55,000 in April. 
Employment rose by 31,000 in durable goods, with gains in 
transportation equipment (+14,000) and machinery (+7,000). 
Nondurable goods added 24,000 jobs, including gains in food 
manufacturing (+8,000) and plastics and rubber products 
(+6,000). Employment in durable goods is 105,000 below its 
February 2020 level, while employment in nondurable goods is 
49,000 above its February 2020 level. Overall, manufacturing 
employment is down by 56,000 since February 2020.
      In April, transportation and warehousing added 52,000 jobs. 
Employment increased in warehousing and storage (+17,000), 
couriers and messengers (+15,000), truck transportation 
(+13,000), and air transportation (+4,000). Employment in 
transportation and warehousing is 674,000 above its February 
2020 level, with particularly strong growth in warehousing and 
storage (+467,000) and in couriers and messengers (+259,000).
      Employment in professional and business services continued 
to trend up in April (+41,000) and is up by 738,000 since 
February 2020.
      In April, employment rose by 35,000 in financial 
activities. Job gains occurred in insurance carriers and related 
activities (+20,000); in nondepository credit intermediation 
(+6,000); and in securities, commodity contracts, and 
investments (+5,000). Employment in financial activities is 
71,000 higher than in February 2020.
      Health care added 34,000 jobs in April, with most of the 
gain occurring in ambulatory health care services (+28,000). 
Health care employment is 250,000 below its February 2020 level.
      Employment in retail trade increased by 29,000 in April. 
Job gains in food and beverage stores (+24,000) and in general 
merchandise stores (+12,000) were partially offset by losses in 
building material and garden supply stores (-16,000) and health 
and personal care stores (-9,000). Retail trade employment is 
284,000 higher than in February 2020.
      Employment growth continued in wholesale trade, with the 
addition of 22,000 jobs in April. Employment in the industry is 
down by 57,000 since February 2020.
      Employment in mining increased by 9,000 in April, with a 
gain in oil and gas extraction (+5,000). Since a recent low in 
February 2021, mining employment has grown by 73,000.
      Employment showed little change over the month in other 
major industries, including construction, information, other 
services, and government.
      The average workweek for all private sector workers was 
unchanged at 34.6 hours in April. The average workweek for 
manufacturing fell by 0.2 hour to 40.5 hours.
      Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls increased by 10 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $31.85 in 
April. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have 
increased by 5.5 percent.
      Turning to the labor market indicators from the household 
survey, the unemployment rate held at 3.6 percent in April, and 
the number of unemployed people was essentially unchanged at 5.9 
million. Both measures are little different than their February 
2020 levels (3.5 percent and 5.7 million, respectively).
      In April, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.5 
percent), adult women (3.2 percent), teenagers (10.2 percent), 
Whites (3.2 percent), Blacks (5.9 percent), Asians (3.1 
percent), and Hispanics (4.1 percent) showed little or no 
      Among the unemployed, the number of permanent job losers 
remained at 1.4 million in April. This measure is little 
different from its February 2020 level. The number of people on 
temporary layoff changed little at 853,000 in April and is also 
little different from its February 2020 level.
      In April, the number of people unemployed for 27 weeks or 
more (often referred to as the long-term unemployed) was little 
changed at 1.5 million. This measure is 362,000 above its 
February 2020 level. The long-term unemployed accounted for 25.2 
percent of the total unemployed in April.
      The labor force participation rate, at 62.2 percent, and 
the employment-population ratio, at 60.0 percent, changed little 
in April. Both measures are up over the year but are 1.2 
percentage points below their February 2020 levels.
      In April, 4.0 million people were working part time for 
economic reasons, little changed from the previous month. The 
number of people affected by this type of underemployment is 
below its February 2020 level of 4.4 million.
      The number of people not in the labor force who currently 
want a job was little changed at 5.9 million in April. This 
measure remains above its February 2020 level of 5.0 million.
      Among those who were not in the labor force but wanted a 
job, the number of people marginally attached to the labor force 
increased by 262,000 to 1.6 million in April. (People who are 
marginally attached to the labor force had not actively looked 
for work in the 4 weeks prior to the survey but wanted a job, 
were available for work, and had looked for a job within the 
last 12 months.) The number of discouraged workers, a subset of 
the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available 
for them, changed little at 456,000 in April.
      Looking at supplemental pandemic-related measures from the 
household survey (these supplemental data are not seasonally 
adjusted), the share of employed people who teleworked because 
of the pandemic declined to 7.7 percent in April. These data 
refer only to employed people who teleworked or worked from home 
for pay at some point in the last 4 weeks specifically because 
of the pandemic; they do not include all instances of telework.
      In April, the number of people who reported that they had 
been unable to work because their employer closed or lost 
business due to the pandemic fell to 1.7 million. (These 
individuals did not work at all or worked fewer hours at some 
point in the last 4 weeks due to the pandemic.) Among those who 
reported in April that they were unable to work because of 
pandemic-related closures or lost business, 19.0 percent 
received at least some pay from their employer for the hours not 
worked, little changed from the prior month.
      Among those not in the labor force in April, 586,000 people 
were prevented from looking for work due to the pandemic, down 
from March. (To be counted as unemployed, by definition, 
individuals must either be actively searching for work or on 
temporary layoff.)
      In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 428,000 
in April, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.6 

Last Modified Date: May 06, 2022