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Economic News Release

Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation News Release

Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press
under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that the
data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Standard Time.

                          Statement of
                      William J. Wiatrowski
                       Acting Commissioner
                   Bureau of Labor Statistics

                    Friday, December 8, 2017

      Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 228,000 in 
November, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.1 
percent. Employment continued to trend up in professional and 
business services, manufacturing, and health care. Employment 
growth has averaged 174,000 per month thus far this year, 
compared with an average monthly gain of 187,000 in 2016.
      Incorporating revisions for September and October, which 
increased nonfarm payroll employment by 3,000 on net, monthly 
job gains have averaged 170,000 over the past 3 months.
      In November, employment in professional and business 
services continued to trend up (+46,000). This is in line with 
the average monthly gain for the industry over the past 2 years. 
      Manufacturing added 31,000 jobs in November. Job gains 
occurred in machinery (+8,000), fabricated metal products 
(+7,000), computer and electronic products (+4,000), and 
plastics and rubber products (+4,000). Since a recent low in 
November 2016, manufacturing employment has expanded by 189,000.
      Health care employment rose by 30,000 in November. Most of 
the gain occurred in ambulatory health care services (+25,000), 
which includes offices of physicians and outpatient care 
centers. Monthly job gains in health care have averaged 24,000 
so far in 2017, compared with 32,000 in 2016.
      Within construction, specialty trade contractors added 
23,000 jobs over the month and 132,000 over the year. These 
gains were split about equally between residential and 
nonresidential contractors. 
      Employment in other major industries--mining, wholesale 
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, 
information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality, and 
government--showed little change over the month.
      Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls increased by 5 cents to $26.55 in November. Over the 
past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.5 
percent. From October 2016 to October 2017, the Consumer Price 
Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased by 2.0 percent 
(on a seasonally adjusted basis).
      The major labor market indicators from the survey of 
households showed little or no change in November. The 
unemployment rate, at 4.1 percent, was unchanged over the month, 
and the number of unemployed people, at 6.6 million, was about 
      Among the unemployed in November, 1.6 million had been 
searching for work for 27 weeks or longer. These long-term 
unemployed accounted for 23.8 percent of the total unemployed.
      The labor force participation rate remained at 62.7 percent 
in November and has shown no clear trend over the past year.
      The employment-population ratio was little changed at 60.1 
percent in November. This measure has shown little movement, on 
net, since early this year.
      In November, the number of people working part time for 
economic reasons, also referred to as involuntary part-time 
workers, remained at 4.8 million. Over the past 12 months, the 
number of involuntary part-time workers was down by 858,000.
      Among those neither working nor looking for work in 
November, 1.5 million people were marginally attached to the 
labor force, a decrease of 451,000 from a year earlier. 
Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who 
believe that no jobs are available for them, numbered 469,000 in 
November, down by 122,000 from a year earlier. (People who are 
marginally attached to the labor force had not looked for work 
in the 4 weeks prior to the survey but wanted a job, were 
available for work, and had looked for a job within the last 12 
      In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 228,000 
in November, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.1 

Last Modified Date: December 08, 2017