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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, April 19, 2023	USDL-23-0724
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870    JoltsInfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

			STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER  FEBRUARY 2023

Job openings rates decreased in 20 states and increased in 2 states on the last business day of February, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires rates decreased in 4 states and increased in 1 
state. Total separations rates decreased in 4 states and increased in 3 states. Nationally, the job openings 
rate decreased in February, while the hires and total separations rates showed little change.

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector and for all states and the District of Columbia. 

Job Openings

In February, job openings rates decreased in 20 states, increased in 2 states, and were little changed in 
28 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in job openings rates occurred in West 
Virginia (-1.9 percentage points), Wisconsin (-1.8 points), and Washington (-1.4 points). The increases 
occurred in Maine (+0.9 point) and Colorado (+0.5 point). Over the month, the national job openings 
rate decreased (-0.4 point). (See table A.)

The number of job openings decreased in 21 states and the District of Columbia, increased in 2 states, 
and was little changed in 27 states in February. The largest decreases in the job openings level occurred 
in Florida (-75,000), Wisconsin (-61,000), and California (-57,000). The increases occurred in Colorado 
(+18,000) and Maine (+7,000). Nationally, the number of job openings decreased over the month  
(-632,000). (See table A.)

Hires

In February, hires rates decreased in 4 states, increased in 1 state, and were little changed in 45 states 
and the District of Columbia. The decreases in the hires rates occurred in Arizona and Georgia 
(-0.7 percentage point each), as well as in Pennsylvania and Washington (-0.6 point each). The increase 
occurred in Colorado (+0.7 point). The national hires rate was little changed over the month.  
(See table B.)

The number of hires decreased in 4 states, increased in 2 states, and was little changed in 44 states and 
the District of Columbia in February. The largest decreases in the hires level occurred in Pennsylvania  
(-35,000), Georgia (-33,000), and Washington (-21,000). The increases occurred in Colorado (+22,000) 
and Nebraska (+7,000). Nationally, the number of hires was little changed over the month. (See table B.)

Total Separations

In February, total separations rates decreased in 4 states, increased in 3 states, and were little changed 
in 43 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in total separations rates occurred in 
New Jersey (-1.3 percentage points), New Hampshire (-1.0 point), and South Carolina (-0.7 point). The 
increases occurred in South Dakota (+1.1 points), Maryland (+0.8 point), and Indiana (+0.5 point). Over 
the month, the national total separations rate was little changed. (See table C.)

In February, the number of total separations decreased in 3 states, increased in 2 states, and was little 
changed in 45 states and the District of Columbia. The decreases in the total separations level occurred 
in New Jersey (-57,000), South Carolina (-15,000), and New Hampshire (-7,000). The increases 
occurred in Maryland (+20,000) and South Dakota (+5,000). Nationally, the number of total separations 
was little changed over the month. (See table C.)
 
Quits

In February, quits rates increased in 8 states and the District of Columbia, decreased in 1 state, and 
were little changed in 41 states. The largest increases in quits rates occurred in the District of Columbia 
(+0.8 percentage point), Georgia and Maryland (+0.7 point each), and Maine (+0.6 point). The decrease 
occurred in Pennsylvania (-0.3 point). Over the month, the national quits rate was little changed. (See 
table D.)

The number of quits increased in 7 states and the District of Columbia, decreased in 1 state, and was 
little changed in 42 states in February. The largest increases in the quits level occurred in Texas 
(+45,000), Georgia (+34,000), and Virginia (+20,000). The decrease occurred in Pennsylvania 
(-18,000). Nationally, the number of quits edged up over the month. (See table D.)
 
Layoffs and Discharges 

In February, layoffs and discharges rates decreased in 11 states, increased in 1 state, and were little 
changed in 38 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in layoffs and discharges rates 
occurred in New Jersey (-1.4 percentage points) and New Hampshire (-0.9 point), as well as in North 
Carolina, Rhode Island, and South Carolina (-0.6 point each). The increase occurred in South Dakota 
(+0.6 point). Over the month, the national layoffs and discharges rate was little changed. (See table E.)

The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in 10 states, increased in 1 state, and was little 
changed in 39 states and the District of Columbia in February. The largest decreases in the layoffs and 
discharges levels occurred in New Jersey (-57,000), Texas (-49,000), and North Carolina (-28,000). The 
increase occurred in South Dakota (+3,000). Nationally, the number of layoffs and discharges decreased 
over the month (-215,000). (See table E.)

For more information, please see the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) interactive 
charts at www.bls.gov/charts/state-job-openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  
	
_____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey State estimates for March 2023 are scheduled to 
be released on Wednesday, May 17, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
|		Upcoming Changes to State Estimates from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover			|
|						Survey 								|
|														|
|Effective with the release of May 2023 data on July 26, 2023, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover 		|
|Survey (JOLTS) state estimates will be benchmarked, or revised, to incorporate the annual updates to		| 
|the Current Employment Statistics state employment estimates, Quarterly Census of Employment and 		|
|Wages (QCEW) updates through fourth quarter 2022, revised JOLTS national data and revised JOLTS 		|
|seasonal adjustment factors. This represents a change from 2022 when estimates were published in June 		|
|for release of April data. This change in release date from 2022 is being made to incorporate QCEW 		|
|data through the fourth quarter of 2022. Not seasonally adjusted data and seasonally adjusted data from 	|
|January 2018 forward are subject to revision. Additional historical data may also be revised due to 		|
|benchmarking. 													|
|														|
|JOLTS will introduce several changes to the monthly news release tables beginning with the May 2023 		|
|news release. Significance tables A through E will be removed from the news release and provided as 		|
|supplemental tables on the JOLTS website. JOLTS will also introduce over-the-month change columns 		|
|for levels and rates to tables 1 through 5. Also, two tables will be added to present annual average job 	|
|openings levels and rates. (Annual estimates of levels and rates are published each year with the annual 	|
|processing.) 													|
|														|
|Also effective with the release of May 2023 data, JOLTS will modify its estimation methodology to 		|
|reduce variance. State data from January 2018 forward is subject to revision. 					|
|														|
|Additional information about these changes is available at www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts-2023-changes.htm.		|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________|
 

Technical Note

This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The JOLTS 
program provides information on labor demand and turnover. Additional information about the JOLTS program can 
be found at www.bls.gov/jlt/. State estimates are published for job openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and 
total separations. The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well as civilian federal, state, 
and local government entities in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Starting with data for January 2023, 
industries are classified in accordance with the 2022 North American Industry Classification System.

Definitions

Employment. Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or received pay for the pay period that 
includes the 12th day of the reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, seasonal, salaried, and 
hourly employees are included, as are employees on paid vacation or other paid leave. Proprietors or partners of 
unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or employees on strike for the entire pay period, and employees 
on leave without pay for the entire pay period are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies, 
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by 
the establishment where they are working. JOLTS does not publish employment estimates but uses the reported 
employment for validation of the other reported data elements.

Job Openings. Job openings include all positions that are open on the last business day of the reference month. 
A job is open only if it meets all three of these conditions: 
* A specific position exists and there is work available for that position. The position can be full-time or part-
time, and it can be permanent, short-term, or seasonal. 
* The job could start within 30 days, whether or not the employer can find a suitable candidate during that time. 
* The employer is actively recruiting workers from outside the establishment to fill the position. Active recruiting 
means that the establishment is taking steps to fill a position. It may include advertising in newspapers, on 
television, or on the radio; posting internet notices, posting "help wanted" signs, networking, or making "word-
of-mouth" announcements; accepting applications; interviewing candidates; contacting employment agencies; 
or soliciting employees at job fairs, state or local employment offices, or similar sources.

Excluded are positions open only to internal transfers, promotions or demotions, or recall from layoffs. Also 
excluded are openings for positions with start dates more than 30 days in the future; positions for which employees 
have been hired but the employees have not yet reported for work; and positions to be filled by employees of 
temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is 
computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that 
quotient by 100.

Hires. Hires include all additions to the payroll during the entire reference month, including newly hired and 
rehired employees; full-time and part-time employees; permanent, short-term, and seasonal employees; employees 
who were recalled to a job at the location following a layoff (formal suspension from pay status) lasting more than 7 
days; on-call or intermittent employees who returned to work after having been formally separated; workers who 
were hired and separated during the month, and transfers from other locations. Excluded are transfers or promotions 
within the reporting location, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help agencies, employee 
leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of hires by 
employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Separations. Separations include all separations from the payroll during the entire reference month and is 
reported by type of separation:  quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Quits include employees who 
left voluntarily, with the exception of retirements or transfers to other locations. Layoffs and discharges includes 
involuntary separations initiated by the employer, such as layoffs with no intent to rehire; layoffs (formal 
suspensions from pay status) lasting or expected to last more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, 
downsizing, or closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or short-term employees; 
and terminations of seasonal employees (whether or not they are expected to return the next season). Other 
separations include retirements, transfers to other locations, separations due to employee disability; and deaths. 
Other separations comprise less than 8 percent of total separations. Other separations rates are generally very low, 
and other separations variance estimates are relatively high. Consequently, the other separations component is not 
published for states. 

Excluded from separations are transfers within the same location; employees on strike; employees of temporary help 
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The separations rate is computed by 
dividing the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100. The quits and layoffs and 
discharges rates are computed similarly.

State Estimation Method

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of approximately 21,000 nonfarm business and 
government establishments. The sample is stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment size 
class. The JOLTS sample of 21,000 establishments does not directly support the production of sample-based state 
estimates. However, state estimates have been produced by combining the available sample with model-based 
estimates.

The state estimates consist of four major estimating models; the Composite Regional model (an unpublished 
intermediate model), the Synthetic model (an unpublished intermediate model), the Composite Synthetic model 
(published historical series through the most current benchmark year), and the Extended Composite Synthetic model 
(published current-year monthly series). The Composite Regional model uses JOLTS microdata, JOLTS regional 
published estimates, and Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment data. The Composite Synthetic model 
uses JOLTS microdata and Synthetic model estimates derived from monthly employment changes in microdata from 
the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), and JOLTS published regional data. The Extended 
Composite Synthetic model extends the Composite Synthetic estimates by ratio-adjusting the Composite Synthetic 
model by the ratio of the current Composite Regional model estimate to the Composite Regional model estimate 
from the previous year.

The Extended Composite Synthetic model (and its major component-the Composite Regional model) is used 
to extend the Composite Synthetic estimates because all of the inputs required by this model are available at the time 
monthly estimate are produced. In contrast, the Composite Synthetic model (and its major component-the 
Synthetic model) can only be produced when the latest QCEW data are available. The Extended Composite 
Synthetic model estimates are used to extend the Composite Synthetic model estimates during the annual JOLTS
retabulation process. The extension of the Composite Synthetic model using current data-based Composite Regional 
model estimates ensures that the Composite Synthetic model estimates reflect current economic trends.

The Composite Regional approach calculates state-level JOLTS estimates from JOLTS microdata using sample 
weights and the adjustments for non-response. The Composite Regional estimate is then benchmarked to CES state-
supersector employment to produce state-supersector estimates. The JOLTS sample, by itself, cannot ensure a 
reasonably sized sample for each state-supersector cell. The small JOLTS sample results in several state-supersector 
cells that lack enough data to produce a reasonable estimate. To overcome this issue, the state-level estimates 
derived directly from the JOLTS sample are augmented using JOLTS regional estimates when the number of 
respondents is low (that is, less than 30). This approach is known as a composite estimate, which leverages the small 
JOLTS sample to the greatest extent possible and supplements that with a model-based estimate. Previous research 
has found that regional industry estimates are a good proxy at finer levels of geographical detail. That is, one can 
make a reliable prediction of JOLTS estimates at the regional-level using only national industry-level JOLTS rates. 
The assumption in this approach is that one can make a good prediction of JOLTS estimates at the state-level using 
only regional industry-level JOLTS rates.)

In this approach, the JOLTS microdata-based estimate is used, without model augmentation, in all state-
supersector cells that have 30 or more respondents. The JOLTS regional estimate will be used, without a sample-
based component, in all state-supersector cells that have fewer than five respondents. In all state-supersector cells 
with 5 to 30 respondents, an estimate is calculated that is a composition of a weighted estimate of the microdata-
based estimate and a weighted estimate of the JOLTS regional estimate. The weight assigned to the JOLTS data in 
those cells is proportional the number of JOLTS respondents in the cell (weight=n/30, where n is the number of 
respondents). The sum of state estimates within a region is made equal to the aligned regional JOLTS published 
regional estimates.

Seasonal adjustment. BLS uses the seasonal adjustment program (X-13ARIMA-SEATS) to seasonally adjust 
the JOLTS series. Each month, a concurrent seasonal adjustment methodology uses all relevant data, up to and 
including the current month, to calculate new seasonal adjustment factors. Moving averages are used as seasonal 
filters in seasonal adjustment. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and multiplicative models, as well 
as regression with autocorrelated errors (REGARIMA) modeling, to improve the seasonal adjustment factors at the 
beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for outliers in the series. 

Annual estimates and benchmarking. The JOLTS state estimates utilize and leverage data from three BLS 
programs; JOLTS, CES, and QCEW. These state estimates are published as a historical series made up of a 
historical annually revised benchmark component of the Composite Synthetic model and a current component of the 
Extended Composite Synthetic model that provides monthly "real-time" estimates between lagged benchmarks.

The JOLTS employment levels are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels, and the resulting ratios are 
applied to all JOLTS data elements.

The seasonally adjusted estimates are recalculated for the most recent 5 years to reflect updated seasonal 
adjustment factors. These annual updates result in revisions to both the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally 
adjusted JOLTS data series for the period since the last benchmark was established.

Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of the 
12 published monthly levels. 

Annual average levels for job openings are calculated by dividing the sum of the 12 published monthly levels 
by 12. 

Annual average rates for hires, total separations quits, and layoffs and discharges are calculated by dividing the 
sum of the 12 monthly JOLTS published levels for each data element by the sum of the 12 monthly CES published 
employment levels, and multiplying that quotient by 100. 

Annual average rates for job openings are calculated by dividing the sum of the 12 monthly JOLTS published 
levels by the sum of the 12 monthly CES published employment levels plus the sum of the 12 monthly job openings 
levels, and multiplying that quotient by 100.)

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to two types of error:  sampling error and nonsampling error.

Sampling error can result when a sample, rather than an entire population, is surveyed. There is a chance that 
the sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling 
error, varies with the sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS 
analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence. This means that there is a 90-percent chance 
that the true population mean will fall into the interval created by the sample mean plus or minus 1.65 standard 
errors. Estimates of median standard errors are released monthly as part of the significant change tables on the 
JOLTS webpage. Standard errors are updated annually with the most recent 5 years of data. For sampling error 
estimates, see www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to include a segment of the population, the 
inability to obtain data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide data on a 
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors from 
the employment benchmark data used in estimation. The JOLTS program uses quality control procedures to reduce 
nonsampling error in the survey's design. 

The JOLTS state variance estimates account for both sampling error and the error attributable to modeling. A 
small area domain model uses a Bayesian approach to develop estimates of JOLTS state variance. The small area 
model uses QCEW-based JOLTS synthetic model data to generate a Bayesian prior distribution, then updates the 
prior distribution using JOLTS microdata and sample-based variance estimates at the state and US Census regional 
level to generate a Bayesian posterior distribution. Once the Bayesian posterior distribution has been generated, 
estimates of JOLTS state variances are made by drawing 2,500 estimates from the Bayesian posterior distribution. 
This Bayesian approach thus indirectly accounts for sampling error and directly for model error.

Other information

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications 
relay services.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

11,601 10,746 11,234 10,563 9,931 7.1 6.5 6.8 6.4 6.0


Alabama

152 154 161 155 148 6.9 6.8 7.1 6.8 6.5

Alaska

34 29 31 29 27 9.7 8.2 8.7 8.2 7.6

Arizona

237 214 214 211 181 7.2 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.4

Arkansas

89 95 103 105 106 6.4 6.7 7.2 7.2 7.3

California

1,299 1,239 1,219 1,021 964 7.0 6.5 6.4 5.4 5.1

Colorado

203 215 213 200 218 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.5 7.0

Connecticut

112 100 110 92 100 6.4 5.7 6.2 5.2 5.6

Delaware

33 37 38 34 36 6.8 7.4 7.6 6.6 7.0

District of Columbia

43 46 55 46 40 5.3 5.6 6.6 5.6 4.9

Florida

688 637 647 686 611 6.9 6.2 6.3 6.6 5.9

Georgia

432 392 388 420 421 8.4 7.5 7.4 7.9 7.9

Hawaii

47 34 39 39 37 7.3 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.5

Idaho

67 60 65 55 53 7.6 6.8 7.3 6.1 5.9

Illinois

472 416 474 461 407 7.3 6.4 7.2 7.0 6.2

Indiana

231 209 221 202 175 6.8 6.1 6.4 5.9 5.1

Iowa

115 117 135 103 102 6.8 6.9 7.8 6.1 6.0

Kansas

98 90 100 97 92 6.6 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.0

Kentucky

158 155 153 151 135 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.3

Louisiana

146 180 181 172 158 7.1 8.5 8.5 8.1 7.5

Maine

50 43 48 39 46 7.3 6.2 6.9 5.7 6.6

Maryland

201 198 203 212 212 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.2 7.2

Massachusetts

313 239 281 276 258 7.9 6.0 7.0 6.9 6.5

Michigan

355 286 369 291 258 7.6 6.1 7.8 6.2 5.5

Minnesota

231 185 231 203 187 7.4 5.9 7.2 6.4 5.9

Mississippi

88 86 88 88 85 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.7

Missouri

215 197 220 207 196 6.9 6.3 7.0 6.5 6.2

Montana

47 41 44 40 37 8.5 7.5 8.0 7.2 6.7

Nebraska

70 59 73 74 65 6.4 5.4 6.5 6.6 5.9

Nevada

123 104 114 108 105 7.9 6.6 7.2 6.6 6.4

New Hampshire

62 47 51 53 44 8.4 6.4 6.8 7.0 5.9

New Jersey

278 203 266 268 268 6.3 4.5 5.9 5.8 5.8

New Mexico

70 68 70 58 59 7.7 7.4 7.6 6.3 6.4

New York

605 442 473 451 421 6.1 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.2

North Carolina

374 363 367 340 360 7.4 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.9

North Dakota

32 28 35 28 27 7.0 6.1 7.5 6.1 5.9

Ohio

405 345 409 375 336 6.9 5.9 6.9 6.3 5.7

Oklahoma

118 132 135 136 123 6.6 7.2 7.3 7.3 6.6

Oregon

156 140 153 133 121 7.5 6.6 7.1 6.3 5.7

Pennsylvania

426 428 458 441 458 6.7 6.6 7.0 6.8 7.0

Rhode Island

39 33 37 36 34 7.4 6.2 6.9 6.7 6.4

South Carolina

184 182 188 177 175 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.2 7.1

South Dakota

34 30 33 37 33 7.1 6.2 6.7 7.5 6.7

Tennessee

261 259 263 236 246 7.6 7.3 7.4 6.7 6.9

Texas

929 886 1,033 943 888 6.6 6.1 7.0 6.4 6.0

Utah

120 111 112 106 98 6.8 6.2 6.3 5.9 5.4

Vermont

25 20 22 24 20 7.7 6.2 6.7 7.3 6.1

Virginia

305 320 344 337 321 7.1 7.2 7.7 7.5 7.2

Washington

253 214 242 241 188 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.3 4.9

West Virginia

61 66 69 72 57 8.0 8.4 8.9 9.4 7.5

Wisconsin

229 243 236 235 174 7.3 7.6 7.4 7.3 5.5

Wyoming

26 22 22 20 18 8.3 7.1 7.1 6.5 5.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,800 6,253 6,251 6,327 6,163 4.5 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0


Alabama

109 98 103 98 97 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.5

Alaska

20 20 22 21 19 6.3 6.2 6.8 6.4 5.8

Arizona

151 130 135 156 136 5.0 4.2 4.3 5.0 4.3

Arkansas

61 62 67 64 65 4.7 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.8

California

689 585 542 665 632 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.7 3.5

Colorado

148 118 116 115 137 5.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.7

Connecticut

61 56 58 55 53 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.1

Delaware

26 24 24 22 25 5.7 5.2 5.2 4.6 5.2

District of Columbia

26 27 28 23 24 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.0 3.1

Florida

428 357 371 372 367 4.6 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.8

Georgia

315 228 248 258 225 6.7 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.6

Hawaii

31 20 24 26 27 5.2 3.2 3.9 4.1 4.3

Idaho

49 35 37 42 38 6.0 4.2 4.5 5.0 4.5

Illinois

261 241 257 254 253 4.4 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.1

Indiana

142 142 149 141 154 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.8

Iowa

57 67 64 62 63 3.6 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.0

Kansas

45 56 59 57 60 3.2 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.1

Kentucky

106 94 96 96 102 5.5 4.8 4.9 4.8 5.1

Louisiana

98 92 102 100 105 5.1 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.4

Maine

29 30 28 25 23 4.6 4.6 4.3 3.9 3.6

Maryland

116 113 113 116 113 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.1

Massachusetts

147 123 126 133 126 4.0 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.4

Michigan

187 166 175 173 164 4.3 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.7

Minnesota

110 107 126 98 103 3.8 3.6 4.3 3.3 3.5

Mississippi

57 53 58 59 57 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.0 4.8

Missouri

92 108 147 109 108 3.2 3.7 5.0 3.7 3.6

Montana

31 28 29 29 30 6.1 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.8

Nebraska

38 38 40 41 48 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.6

Nevada

72 73 74 75 65 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.2

New Hampshire

32 27 30 28 28 4.7 3.9 4.4 4.0 4.0

New Jersey

169 135 141 141 155 4.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.6

New Mexico

42 35 40 37 37 5.0 4.1 4.7 4.3 4.3

New York

338 282 323 299 299 3.6 2.9 3.4 3.1 3.1

North Carolina

271 223 239 210 211 5.8 4.6 4.9 4.3 4.3

North Dakota

18 19 19 15 18 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5 4.1

Ohio

211 211 195 220 202 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.6

Oklahoma

91 82 85 85 83 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8

Oregon

92 78 85 88 83 4.8 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.2

Pennsylvania

242 192 183 211 176 4.1 3.2 3.0 3.5 2.9

Rhode Island

24 19 22 20 20 4.9 3.8 4.4 4.0 4.0

South Carolina

120 109 113 110 109 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.8

South Dakota

19 21 20 24 21 4.3 4.6 4.4 5.2 4.6

Tennessee

164 162 161 160 150 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.5

Texas

663 609 608 589 592 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3

Utah

84 66 79 78 69 5.1 3.9 4.7 4.6 4.0

Vermont

15 12 12 14 12 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.6 3.9

Virginia

194 174 177 176 184 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.5

Washington

158 132 138 157 136 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.4 3.8

West Virginia

40 36 37 39 35 5.7 5.0 5.2 5.6 5.0

Wisconsin

125 106 112 124 110 4.3 3.6 3.8 4.1 3.7

Wyoming

18 16 16 16 16 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

6,071 5,945 5,906 5,900 5,820 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7


Alabama

91 96 99 100 96 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.5

Alaska

23 23 18 21 19 7.3 7.1 5.6 6.4 5.8

Arizona

137 145 125 122 124 4.5 4.7 4.0 3.9 3.9

Arkansas

63 65 55 65 62 4.8 4.9 4.2 4.8 4.6

California

682 592 598 579 588 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3

Colorado

137 152 128 117 126 4.8 5.2 4.4 4.1 4.4

Connecticut

60 55 56 52 48 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.1 2.8

Delaware

20 22 21 22 23 4.4 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.8

District of Columbia

24 23 24 22 28 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.6

Florida

409 351 373 397 415 4.4 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.3

Georgia

245 238 220 248 255 5.2 4.9 4.5 5.1 5.2

Hawaii

23 24 23 20 21 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.3

Idaho

38 39 47 39 39 4.7 4.7 5.7 4.6 4.6

Illinois

234 256 210 218 212 3.9 4.2 3.4 3.6 3.5

Indiana

146 134 154 126 142 4.6 4.2 4.8 3.9 4.4

Iowa

60 70 67 55 59 3.8 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.7

Kansas

55 55 59 52 53 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.6 3.7

Kentucky

97 89 93 97 92 5.0 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.6

Louisiana

80 97 100 104 103 4.2 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.3

Maine

24 24 29 25 28 3.8 3.7 4.5 3.9 4.3

Maryland

105 102 90 105 125 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.6

Massachusetts

111 104 109 108 106 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8

Michigan

141 158 160 157 138 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.1

Minnesota

95 100 89 106 96 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.6 3.2

Mississippi

69 55 53 53 53 5.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.5

Missouri

113 100 124 106 103 3.9 3.4 4.2 3.6 3.5

Montana

28 28 28 27 25 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.8

Nebraska

40 38 38 39 34 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.3

Nevada

65 70 69 70 64 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.2

New Hampshire

34 29 32 31 24 5.0 4.2 4.6 4.4 3.4

New Jersey

165 130 141 183 126 4.0 3.0 3.3 4.2 2.9

New Mexico

33 39 37 36 37 3.9 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.3

New York

297 233 280 267 256 3.2 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.6

North Carolina

229 196 175 213 196 4.9 4.0 3.6 4.4 4.0

North Dakota

18 17 18 16 17 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.9

Ohio

237 198 209 198 205 4.3 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.7

Oklahoma

77 74 75 74 80 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.6

Oregon

81 92 81 80 78 4.2 4.6 4.1 4.0 3.9

Pennsylvania

179 169 200 189 172 3.0 2.8 3.3 3.1 2.8

Rhode Island

20 17 22 22 19 4.1 3.4 4.4 4.4 3.8

South Carolina

105 97 111 113 98 4.8 4.3 4.9 5.0 4.3

South Dakota

17 18 18 17 22 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.8

Tennessee

154 168 150 144 155 4.8 5.1 4.6 4.4 4.7

Texas

514 514 573 567 561 3.9 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.1

Utah

67 77 82 70 66 4.1 4.6 4.9 4.1 3.9

Vermont

14 12 12 13 12 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.2 3.9

Virginia

142 154 153 149 157 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8

Washington

125 148 126 123 120 3.6 4.2 3.5 3.4 3.3

West Virginia

29 33 34 34 34 4.2 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.9

Wisconsin

113 95 102 97 96 3.9 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.2

Wyoming

17 16 17 15 15 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

4,313 4,148 4,091 3,878 4,024 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6


Alabama

66 71 70 64 72 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.4

Alaska

18 13 13 13 12 5.7 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.7

Arizona

103 96 94 87 87 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.8

Arkansas

45 45 40 45 47 3.4 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.5

California

499 437 399 404 384 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.1

Colorado

96 89 93 81 87 3.4 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0

Connecticut

39 35 35 33 31 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8

Delaware

14 15 15 14 16 3.1 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.3

District of Columbia

17 15 16 14 20 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.8 2.6

Florida

316 266 287 265 288 3.4 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.0

Georgia

186 174 162 166 200 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.4 4.1

Hawaii

18 16 16 14 13 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.1

Idaho

28 25 34 28 25 3.4 3.0 4.1 3.3 3.0

Illinois

162 142 141 136 130 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1

Indiana

117 102 99 84 97 3.7 3.2 3.1 2.6 3.0

Iowa

45 50 43 38 39 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.5

Kansas

37 38 38 34 35 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.4

Kentucky

72 65 69 70 69 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5

Louisiana

55 70 66 68 77 2.9 3.6 3.4 3.5 4.0

Maine

17 16 17 14 18 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.8

Maryland

61 73 55 69 87 2.3 2.7 2.0 2.5 3.2

Massachusetts

81 74 65 59 68 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.8

Michigan

110 108 111 96 90 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0

Minnesota

72 74 60 70 63 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.4 2.1

Mississippi

39 39 37 36 40 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.4

Missouri

80 77 76 74 69 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.3

Montana

19 18 20 18 16 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.1

Nebraska

29 26 26 23 22 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.1

Nevada

49 46 49 48 44 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9

New Hampshire

21 17 17 16 15 3.1 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.1

New Jersey

112 81 77 76 80 2.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9

New Mexico

24 22 26 24 24 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.8

New York

187 155 183 162 164 2.0 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.7

North Carolina

158 137 127 129 138 3.4 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8

North Dakota

13 11 12 11 11 3.1 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5

Ohio

181 143 148 135 131 3.3 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.3

Oklahoma

54 55 49 49 55 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.8 3.2

Oregon

58 57 62 55 51 3.0 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.6

Pennsylvania

123 115 124 121 103 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.7

Rhode Island

13 11 12 12 12 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4

South Carolina

80 71 79 75 75 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.3

South Dakota

13 13 13 12 13 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.8

Tennessee

108 122 105 103 112 3.4 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.4

Texas

396 408 440 394 439 3.0 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.2

Utah

48 52 63 50 48 2.9 3.1 3.8 2.9 2.8

Vermont

9 8 7 8 8 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.6

Virginia

97 108 109 95 115 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.8

Washington

83 99 89 87 82 2.4 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3

West Virginia

20 24 23 23 24 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

Wisconsin

83 68 67 66 65 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2

Wyoming

12 10 12 10 10 4.2 3.5 4.2 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Nov.
2022
Dec.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,423 1,485 1,475 1,719 1,504 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0


Alabama

20 21 23 23 19 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.9

Alaska

4 9 4 6 6 1.3 2.8 1.2 1.8 1.8

Arizona

27 40 22 28 31 0.9 1.3 0.7 0.9 1.0

Arkansas

14 17 13 17 12 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.9

California

149 116 163 152 173 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.0

Colorado

34 55 23 28 32 1.2 1.9 0.8 1.0 1.1

Connecticut

17 17 17 14 15 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9

Delaware

5 6 5 7 5 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.0

District of Columbia

6 6 5 6 6 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8

Florida

68 69 68 117 108 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.1

Georgia

45 53 47 69 45 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.4 0.9

Hawaii

4 7 5 4 5 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.8

Idaho

8 11 10 8 11 1.0 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.3

Illinois

63 108 61 73 70 1.1 1.8 1.0 1.2 1.1

Indiana

26 29 49 36 38 0.8 0.9 1.5 1.1 1.2

Iowa

13 13 19 15 16 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.0

Kansas

14 14 17 14 14 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0

Kentucky

20 21 19 23 19 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0

Louisiana

20 25 21 32 22 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.1

Maine

5 6 9 9 7 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.1

Maryland

37 24 29 29 30 1.4 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1

Massachusetts

26 24 37 39 31 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.8

Michigan

26 44 43 49 40 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Minnesota

20 20 24 30 28 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9

Mississippi

22 14 13 14 11 1.9 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.9

Missouri

28 17 42 27 30 1.0 0.6 1.4 0.9 1.0

Montana

7 8 7 6 7 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.4

Nebraska

9 9 10 13 10 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.0

Nevada

13 20 15 18 16 0.9 1.4 1.0 1.2 1.0

New Hampshire

7 10 13 13 7 1.0 1.4 1.9 1.9 1.0

New Jersey

38 41 58 98 41 0.9 1.0 1.4 2.3 0.9

New Mexico

7 14 8 8 10 0.8 1.6 0.9 0.9 1.2

New York

91 68 74 89 81 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8

North Carolina

59 47 42 76 48 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.0

North Dakota

4 5 5 5 5 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

Ohio

38 42 52 57 64 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1

Oklahoma

18 15 20 21 19 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1

Oregon

19 26 13 18 21 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.9 1.1

Pennsylvania

42 36 60 60 64 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.1

Rhode Island

6 5 8 9 6 1.2 1.0 1.6 1.8 1.2

South Carolina

20 21 24 33 18 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.8

South Dakota

3 4 5 5 8 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.7

Tennessee

38 40 35 35 32 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0

Texas

96 90 114 154 105 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.8

Utah

15 19 15 16 14 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8

Vermont

3 3 4 4 4 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.3

Virginia

37 38 35 45 31 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.8

Washington

31 37 30 26 32 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.9

West Virginia

6 7 7 9 7 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.0

Wisconsin

25 21 30 26 25 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8

Wyoming

3 4 4 4 4 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Job openings levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

11,202 10,586 9,509 7.0 6.5 5.8


Alabama

146 150 141 6.6 6.6 6.2

Alaska

31 26 25 9.4 7.8 7.2

Arizona

231 245 180 7.0 7.2 5.4

Arkansas

78 106 96 5.6 7.3 6.6

California

1,213 1,004 918 6.6 5.4 4.9

Colorado

204 203 225 6.7 6.7 7.3

Connecticut

109 96 98 6.3 5.5 5.6

Delaware

27 36 29 5.6 7.1 5.8

District of Columbia

42 48 39 5.3 6.0 4.8

Florida

684 684 604 6.9 6.7 5.9

Georgia

422 429 413 8.2 8.1 7.8

Hawaii

45 38 35 7.0 5.8 5.3

Idaho

65 54 51 7.5 6.2 5.7

Illinois

448 452 383 7.1 7.0 6.0

Indiana

220 195 165 6.6 5.8 4.9

Iowa

105 98 93 6.4 5.9 5.6

Kansas

93 99 88 6.3 6.5 5.8

Kentucky

155 151 125 7.5 7.1 5.9

Louisiana

142 180 150 6.9 8.6 7.2

Maine

47 41 44 7.0 6.1 6.5

Maryland

186 217 200 6.5 7.5 6.9

Massachusetts

305 272 255 7.9 6.9 6.5

Michigan

332 277 243 7.2 6.0 5.3

Minnesota

219 208 176 7.2 6.6 5.7

Mississippi

83 83 80 6.7 6.6 6.4

Missouri

206 204 186 6.7 6.5 6.0

Montana

38 37 31 7.2 6.8 5.7

Nebraska

66 79 60 6.1 7.1 5.5

Nevada

110 105 98 7.2 6.5 6.0

New Hampshire

60 57 45 8.2 7.6 6.0

New Jersey

268 276 266 6.2 6.1 5.9

New Mexico

63 66 55 7.0 7.2 6.0

New York

626 448 431 6.4 4.5 4.3

North Carolina

361 336 349 7.2 6.5 6.7

North Dakota

30 28 25 6.7 6.2 5.6

Ohio

401 368 326 6.9 6.3 5.6

Oklahoma

107 141 108 6.0 7.6 5.9

Oregon

149 140 120 7.2 6.7 5.8

Pennsylvania

402 456 444 6.5 7.1 6.9

Rhode Island

41 35 36 7.9 6.7 6.9

South Carolina

177 191 167 7.5 7.9 6.9

South Dakota

30 31 29 6.4 6.5 6.0

Tennessee

246 245 233 7.2 7.0 6.6

Texas

879 907 812 6.3 6.2 5.6

Utah

115 121 94 6.5 6.7 5.3

Vermont

24 25 19 7.5 7.7 5.8

Virginia

289 333 296 6.7 7.5 6.7

Washington

236 241 182 6.4 6.4 4.8

West Virginia

55 66 52 7.4 8.8 7.0

Wisconsin

223 242 174 7.2 7.6 5.6

Wyoming

21 18 15 7.1 5.9 5.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 7. Hires levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

5,732 6,152 5,060 3.8 4.0 3.3


Alabama

92 95 82 4.5 4.5 3.8

Alaska

16 18 15 5.2 5.7 4.7

Arizona

133 166 116 4.4 5.3 3.7

Arkansas

52 63 56 4.0 4.7 4.2

California

585 636 546 3.4 3.6 3.1

Colorado

116 113 112 4.1 4.0 3.9

Connecticut

49 52 41 3.0 3.1 2.5

Delaware

18 23 18 4.0 4.8 3.7

District of Columbia

23 22 21 3.0 2.9 2.8

Florida

400 406 338 4.3 4.2 3.5

Georgia

279 254 190 5.9 5.2 3.9

Hawaii

23 26 21 3.8 4.1 3.3

Idaho

42 40 31 5.2 4.8 3.7

Illinois

211 238 208 3.6 4.0 3.5

Indiana

110 126 126 3.5 3.9 3.9

Iowa

42 53 46 2.7 3.4 2.9

Kansas

36 56 50 2.6 3.9 3.5

Kentucky

81 89 80 4.2 4.5 4.1

Louisiana

85 108 92 4.5 5.6 4.8

Maine

21 24 17 3.4 3.8 2.6

Maryland

92 114 91 3.5 4.3 3.4

Massachusetts

108 124 89 3.0 3.4 2.4

Michigan

164 165 139 3.9 3.8 3.2

Minnesota

80 88 74 2.8 3.0 2.5

Mississippi

46 56 46 4.0 4.8 4.0

Missouri

77 105 89 2.7 3.6 3.0

Montana

21 25 20 4.2 4.9 4.0

Nebraska

29 42 39 2.9 4.1 3.8

Nevada

66 76 55 4.6 5.0 3.6

New Hampshire

25 29 21 3.7 4.2 3.0

New Jersey

140 131 130 3.4 3.1 3.1

New Mexico

34 37 30 4.0 4.4 3.5

New York

265 271 230 2.9 2.9 2.4

North Carolina

224 198 177 4.8 4.1 3.6

North Dakota

14 14 14 3.3 3.3 3.3

Ohio

168 202 152 3.1 3.7 2.8

Oklahoma

70 88 65 4.2 5.2 3.8

Oregon

77 87 68 4.0 4.4 3.4

Pennsylvania

201 190 133 3.5 3.2 2.2

Rhode Island

20 18 17 4.2 3.8 3.5

South Carolina

105 111 95 4.8 5.0 4.2

South Dakota

13 18 15 3.1 4.0 3.3

Tennessee

142 159 129 4.5 4.9 3.9

Texas

566 623 499 4.3 4.6 3.6

Utah

68 85 57 4.2 5.0 3.4

Vermont

11 14 9 3.6 4.6 2.8

Virginia

145 167 143 3.6 4.1 3.5

Washington

127 153 106 3.7 4.3 3.0

West Virginia

29 35 25 4.3 5.1 3.7

Wisconsin

97 108 88 3.4 3.7 3.0

Wyoming

12 12 9 4.2 4.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Total separations levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

5,009 6,415 4,737 3.3 4.2 3.1


Alabama

74 108 75 3.6 5.1 3.5

Alaska

12 16 10 3.9 5.2 3.2

Arizona

109 135 100 3.6 4.3 3.2

Arkansas

53 67 53 4.1 5.0 3.9

California

533 627 486 3.1 3.5 2.7

Colorado

101 106 100 3.6 3.7 3.5

Connecticut

47 61 35 2.9 3.7 2.1

Delaware

16 26 18 3.5 5.6 3.9

District of Columbia

20 27 24 2.6 3.6 3.1

Florida

349 454 356 3.8 4.7 3.7

Georgia

211 257 212 4.5 5.3 4.4

Hawaii

19 24 17 3.2 3.9 2.7

Idaho

27 37 28 3.3 4.5 3.4

Illinois

197 243 177 3.3 4.1 2.9

Indiana

105 134 110 3.3 4.2 3.4

Iowa

48 56 47 3.1 3.6 3.0

Kansas

45 55 45 3.2 3.8 3.1

Kentucky

84 108 76 4.4 5.5 3.9

Louisiana

70 107 91 3.7 5.6 4.7

Maine

17 25 19 2.7 4.0 3.1

Maryland

87 133 106 3.3 5.0 3.9

Massachusetts

87 111 79 2.4 3.0 2.2

Michigan

110 169 107 2.6 3.9 2.4

Minnesota

74 112 74 2.6 3.8 2.5

Mississippi

60 55 44 5.2 4.7 3.8

Missouri

94 111 87 3.3 3.8 3.0

Montana

21 27 19 4.3 5.3 3.7

Nebraska

33 50 28 3.3 4.9 2.7

Nevada

54 74 52 3.8 4.9 3.4

New Hampshire

28 32 18 4.1 4.6 2.5

New Jersey

127 222 94 3.1 5.3 2.2

New Mexico

24 35 28 2.9 4.1 3.3

New York

227 303 194 2.5 3.2 2.0

North Carolina

210 223 176 4.5 4.6 3.6

North Dakota

14 17 13 3.4 4.0 3.1

Ohio

186 213 168 3.5 3.9 3.1

Oklahoma

70 82 73 4.2 4.8 4.2

Oregon

62 80 63 3.2 4.1 3.2

Pennsylvania

143 220 131 2.5 3.7 2.2

Rhode Island

15 23 13 3.2 4.9 2.8

South Carolina

83 123 76 3.8 5.5 3.4

South Dakota

12 18 17 2.9 4.1 3.8

Tennessee

129 177 128 4.1 5.4 3.9

Texas

431 598 465 3.3 4.4 3.4

Utah

51 76 49 3.1 4.5 2.9

Vermont

9 12 8 3.1 3.9 2.6

Virginia

116 148 125 2.9 3.6 3.1

Washington

100 135 101 2.9 3.8 2.8

West Virginia

26 38 30 3.7 5.5 4.3

Wisconsin

93 111 79 3.2 3.8 2.7

Wyoming

12 14 11 4.2 5.2 4.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Quits levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

3,514 3,758 3,207 2.3 2.5 2.1


Alabama

52 60 55 2.5 2.8 2.6

Alaska

9 9 6 3.0 2.9 2.0

Arizona

80 89 67 2.6 2.8 2.1

Arkansas

38 42 39 2.9 3.1 2.9

California

373 386 299 2.2 2.2 1.7

Colorado

70 69 67 2.5 2.4 2.4

Connecticut

32 33 24 2.0 2.0 1.4

Delaware

11 15 13 2.4 3.2 2.7

District of Columbia

13 17 16 1.7 2.2 2.1

Florida

265 259 238 2.9 2.7 2.5

Georgia

156 161 165 3.3 3.3 3.4

Hawaii

14 16 11 2.4 2.6 1.8

Idaho

19 23 18 2.4 2.8 2.1

Illinois

134 130 109 2.3 2.2 1.8

Indiana

81 80 75 2.6 2.5 2.3

Iowa

36 33 31 2.3 2.1 2.0

Kansas

30 33 29 2.1 2.3 2.0

Kentucky

61 72 56 3.2 3.7 2.8

Louisiana

47 64 68 2.5 3.3 3.5

Maine

12 13 13 1.9 2.0 2.0

Maryland

51 75 71 1.9 2.8 2.7

Massachusetts

68 57 54 1.9 1.6 1.5

Michigan

82 90 66 1.9 2.1 1.5

Minnesota

59 69 51 2.1 2.4 1.7

Mississippi

33 34 33 2.9 2.9 2.8

Missouri

67 73 57 2.3 2.5 1.9

Montana

15 17 12 3.1 3.3 2.3

Nebraska

24 24 18 2.4 2.3 1.7

Nevada

39 49 34 2.7 3.2 2.2

New Hampshire

18 15 12 2.6 2.1 1.7

New Jersey

87 75 62 2.1 1.8 1.5

New Mexico

17 22 18 2.1 2.6 2.1

New York

151 163 129 1.6 1.7 1.3

North Carolina

146 122 121 3.1 2.5 2.5

North Dakota

10 9 8 2.4 2.2 2.0

Ohio

142 127 105 2.6 2.3 1.9

Oklahoma

48 50 48 2.9 2.9 2.8

Oregon

45 50 40 2.4 2.5 2.0

Pennsylvania

103 124 77 1.8 2.1 1.3

Rhode Island

10 12 9 2.2 2.4 1.8

South Carolina

62 78 57 2.9 3.5 2.5

South Dakota

9 11 10 2.1 2.4 2.2

Tennessee

90 110 90 2.8 3.4 2.7

Texas

323 382 351 2.5 2.8 2.5

Utah

35 47 34 2.1 2.8 2.0

Vermont

6 6 5 2.1 2.0 1.7

Virginia

78 86 88 2.0 2.1 2.2

Washington

66 88 66 1.9 2.5 1.8

West Virginia

18 22 21 2.6 3.3 3.0

Wisconsin

68 63 54 2.4 2.1 1.8

Wyoming

8 8 7 3.0 2.9 2.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates for total nonfarm by state, not seasonally adjusted
State Levels (in thousands) Rates
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)
Feb.
2022
Jan.
2023
Feb.
2023(p)

TOTAL U.S.

1,197 2,299 1,270 0.8 1.5 0.8


Alabama

17 29 15 0.8 1.4 0.7

Alaska

2 6 3 0.7 1.9 0.9

Arizona

23 36 28 0.8 1.1 0.9

Arkansas

12 21 11 0.9 1.6 0.8

California

133 220 161 0.8 1.2 0.9

Colorado

25 29 26 0.9 1.0 0.9

Connecticut

11 23 10 0.7 1.4 0.6

Delaware

4 10 5 0.9 2.1 1.0

District of Columbia

6 7 5 0.7 0.9 0.7

Florida

54 181 96 0.6 1.9 1.0

Georgia

42 76 37 0.9 1.6 0.8

Hawaii

4 7 4 0.6 1.1 0.7

Idaho

6 10 9 0.8 1.2 1.0

Illinois

58 104 60 1.0 1.7 1.0

Indiana

20 47 29 0.7 1.5 0.9

Iowa

10 20 13 0.7 1.3 0.8

Kansas

13 19 13 0.9 1.3 0.9

Kentucky

17 31 16 0.9 1.6 0.8

Louisiana

17 39 19 0.9 2.0 1.0

Maine

3 10 4 0.5 1.6 0.7

Maryland

29 47 25 1.1 1.8 0.9

Massachusetts

15 43 20 0.4 1.2 0.5

Michigan

24 67 35 0.6 1.5 0.8

Minnesota

14 38 19 0.5 1.3 0.6

Mississippi

20 19 9 1.7 1.6 0.8

Missouri

24 34 27 0.8 1.2 0.9

Montana

5 8 5 1.0 1.5 1.1

Nebraska

8 24 8 0.8 2.3 0.8

Nevada

12 21 15 0.9 1.4 1.0

New Hampshire

5 15 5 0.7 2.1 0.7

New Jersey

26 133 28 0.6 3.2 0.7

New Mexico

5 10 8 0.6 1.2 0.9

New York

60 124 56 0.7 1.3 0.6

North Carolina

54 90 46 1.2 1.9 1.0

North Dakota

4 7 4 0.9 1.6 1.0

Ohio

30 81 55 0.6 1.5 1.0

Oklahoma

17 27 20 1.0 1.6 1.1

Oregon

13 23 18 0.7 1.2 0.9

Pennsylvania

29 88 50 0.5 1.5 0.8

Rhode Island

4 10 4 0.8 2.1 0.8

South Carolina

16 38 15 0.7 1.7 0.7

South Dakota

3 7 6 0.6 1.5 1.4

Tennessee

31 60 27 1.0 1.8 0.8

Texas

91 191 101 0.7 1.4 0.7

Utah

12 22 12 0.7 1.3 0.7

Vermont

2 5 2 0.7 1.5 0.7

Virginia

30 52 26 0.8 1.3 0.6

Washington

25 33 28 0.7 0.9 0.8

West Virginia

5 13 7 0.7 1.9 1.0

Wisconsin

22 43 20 0.8 1.5 0.7

Wyoming

3 5 3 0.9 1.9 1.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: April 19, 2023