Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, March 17, 2016	USDL-16-0519

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JANUARY 2016

The number of job openings rose to 5.5 million on the last business day of January, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Hires declined to 5.0 million while separations edged down to 4.9 
million. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.0 percent, and the layoffs and discharges rate was 1.2 
percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations 
for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions. The release also includes 2015 
annual estimates for hires and separations. The annual number of hires and quits increased in 2015, 
while the annual number of layoffs and discharges edged up, and the annual number of other separations 
was essentially unchanged.

Job Openings

Job openings remain at historically high levels, rising to 5.5 million (+260,000) in January. The job 
openings rate was 3.7 percent. The number of job openings increased in January for total private 
(+289,000) and was little changed for government. Job openings increased in wholesale trade (+74,000) 
and construction (+61,000) but decreased in educational services (-40,000) and state and local 
government education (-16,000). In the regions, job openings increased in the Midwest over the month. 
(See table 1.)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                                   Revisions to the JOLTS Data                                          |
|Job openings, hires, and separations data have been revised from December 2000 forward to incorporate   |
|annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the Job Openings and Labor |
|Turnover Survey (JOLTS) seasonal adjustment factors. In addition, all data series are now available on  |
|a seasonally adjusted basis. See the revision section at the end of this release for more information.  |
|________________________________________________________________________________________________________|

Hires

The number of hires decreased to 5.0 million (-372,000) in January. The hires rate was 3.5 percent. The 
number of hires decreased for total private (-333,000) and government (-38,000) in January. The decline 
in hires was widespread across industries. There was a decline in hires in health care and social 
assistance (-49,000), educational services (-42,000), transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-34,000), 
and state and local government (-32,000). Hires also edged down in professional and business services
(-101,000), accommodation and food services (-67,000), state and local government, excluding 
education (-16,000), and federal government (-6,000). In the regions, hires decreased in the South. (See 
table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in January, edging down (-225,000) from December. The total 
separations rate in January was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations edged down for total private 
(-199,000) and government (-26,000). Total separations rose in information (+19,000) but fell in 
accommodation and food services (-122,000) and in state and local government, excluding education
(-19,000). In the regions, the number of total separations fell in the South. (See table 3.)

The number of quits fell to 2.8 million (-284,000) in January. The quits rate was 2.0 percent. The 
number of quits fell for total private (-286,000) and was little changed for government over the month. 
Quits fell in construction (-56,000), transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-34,000), professional and 
business services (-80,000), and health care and social assistance (-49,000). Quits decreased in 3 out of 
the 4 regions over the month:  Northeast, South, and West. (See table 4.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in January, little changed from December. The layoffs 
and discharges rate was 1.2 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the 
month for total private and edged down for government (-21,000). Seasonally adjusted estimates of 
layoffs and discharges are now available for individual industries, although for industries where no 
seasonal pattern was detected, the seasonally adjusted estimates are identical to the not seasonally 
adjusted estimates. In January, layoffs and discharges rose in transportation, warehousing, and utilities 
(+31,000) and federal government (+8,000) but fell in accommodation and food services (-72,000) and 
state and local government education (-16,000). The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed 
over the month in the regions. (See table 5.)

In January, other separations rose to 437,000 (+69,000). Over the month, the number of other 
separations rose for total private to 378,000 (+75,000) and was little changed for government at 58,000. 
Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are now available for individual industries and 
regions, although for industries and regions where no seasonal pattern was detected, the seasonally 
adjusted estimates are identical to the not seasonally adjusted estimates. In January, the number of other 
separations increased in health care and social assistance (+22,000), transportation, warehousing, and 
utilities (+19,000), real estate and rental and leasing (+9,000), and information (+8,000), and edged up in 
finance and insurance (+12,000). The number of other separations decreased in federal government
(-4,000). In the regions, the number of other separations rose in the South and West. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in January 2016, hires totaled 61.7 
million and separations totaled 59.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These 
totals include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

Annual Levels and Rates

This release contains the 2015 annual levels and rates for hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and 
discharges, and other separations. Note that annual figures for job openings are not calculated because 
job openings are measured on a stock, or point-in-time, basis rather than on a flow basis over a specified 
time period. The annual figures and additional tables are published with the release of January data each 
year. (See the Technical Note for additional information on these measures.)

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons across years. In 2015, annual levels 
for hires and quits rose for the sixth consecutive year. Hires reached 61.7 million (43.5 percent of 
employment) and quits reached 33.4 million (23.6 percent of employment). The layoffs and discharges 
annual level edged up in 2015 for the second year, reaching 20.9 million (14.8 percent of employment). 
The annual level for other separations was essentially flat in 2015 at 4.6 million (3.2 percent of 
employment) after rising the past three years. The annual level for total separations (the sum of quits, 
layoffs and discharges, and other separations) rose for the fifth consecutive year, reaching 58.9 million 
(41.5 percent of employment) in 2015. (See tables 13 through 22.)

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2016 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, April 5, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
           Category              | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                                 | 2015 | 2015 | 2016p| 2015 | 2015 | 2016p| 2015 | 2015 | 2016p
---------------------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
      LEVELS BY INDUSTRY         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
        (in thousands)           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total............................|4,972 |5,281 |5,541 |5,052 |5,401 |5,029 |4,883 |5,128 |4,903
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private...................|4,456 |4,786 |5,075 |4,723 |5,042 |4,709 |4,561 |4,774 |4,575
  Mining and logging(1)..........|   17 |   14 |   17 |   30 |   33 |   29 |   45 |   45 |   44
  Construction(1)................|  137 |  124 |  185 |  369 |  322 |  295 |  316 |  283 |  267
  Manufacturing..................|  306 |  317 |  336 |  255 |  274 |  277 |  249 |  263 |  258
   Durable goods(1)..............|  190 |  174 |  183 |  152 |  163 |  168 |  146 |  162 |  153
   Nondurable goods(1)...........|  116 |  143 |  153 |  103 |  112 |  110 |  102 |  101 |  106
  Trade, transportation,         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities.................|  845 |  822 |  967 |1,089 |1,087 |1,038 |1,091 |1,074 |1,057
   Wholesale trade(1)............|  166 |  137 |  211 |  131 |  128 |  134 |  142 |  133 |  138
   Retail trade..................|  469 |  538 |  586 |  770 |  760 |  739 |  764 |  762 |  725
   Transportation, warehousing,  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and utilities(1).............|  210 |  147 |  170 |  188 |  199 |  165 |  185 |  178 |  194
  Information(1).................|  121 |  101 |  100 |   79 |   72 |   83 |   74 |   61 |   80
  Financial activities...........|  302 |  390 |  360 |  206 |  217 |  224 |  190 |  203 |  204
   Finance and insurance.........|  239 |  319 |  291 |  133 |  142 |  159 |  118 |  142 |  144
   Real estate and               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    rental and leasing(1)........|   64 |   71 |   69 |   73 |   75 |   65 |   72 |   62 |   60
  Professional and business      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  890 |1,034 |1,089 |1,006 |1,175 |1,074 |  999 |1,095 |1,044
  Education and health           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  903 |1,075 |1,076 |  582 |  641 |  550 |  540 |  578 |  552
   Educational services(1).......|   95 |   93 |   53 |   61 |   84 |   42 |   71 |   74 |   82
   Health care and social        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    assistance...................|  808 |  982 |1,023 |  521 |  557 |  508 |  469 |  504 |  470
  Leisure and hospitality........|  756 |  710 |  744 |  907 |1,024 |  959 |  868 |1,003 |  891
   Arts, entertainment, and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation...................|   67 |   62 |   68 |  149 |  151 |  153 |  152 |  141 |  152
   Accommodation and food        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.....................|  689 |  648 |  676 |  758 |  873 |  806 |  716 |  862 |  740
  Other services(1)..............|  179 |  199 |  201 |  200 |  198 |  180 |  190 |  168 |  176
 Government......................|  516 |  495 |  466 |  329 |  359 |  321 |  321 |  354 |  328
  Federal(1).....................|   68 |   80 |   83 |   39 |   45 |   39 |   40 |   40 |   44
  State and local................|  447 |  415 |  383 |  290 |  314 |  282 |  281 |  314 |  284
   State and local education.....|  157 |  171 |  155 |  138 |  165 |  148 |  123 |  161 |  150
   State and local, excluding    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    education(1).................|  290 |  245 |  228 |  152 |  149 |  133 |  158 |  153 |  134
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     RATES BY INDUSTRY           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
         (percent)               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                                 |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total............................|  3.4 |  3.6 |  3.7 |  3.6 |  3.8 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  3.4
                                 |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private...................|  3.6 |  3.8 |  4.0 |  4.0 |  4.2 |  3.9 |  3.8 |  3.9 |  3.8
  Mining and logging(1)..........|  1.8 |  1.8 |  2.2 |  3.3 |  4.3 |  3.8 |  5.1 |  5.9 |  5.9
  Construction(1)................|  2.1 |  1.8 |  2.7 |  5.8 |  4.9 |  4.5 |  5.0 |  4.3 |  4.0
  Manufacturing..................|  2.4 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  2.1
   Durable goods(1)..............|  2.4 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  1.9 |  2.1 |  2.0
   Nondurable goods(1)...........|  2.5 |  3.0 |  3.2 |  2.3 |  2.4 |  2.4 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  2.3
  Trade, transportation,         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities.................|  3.1 |  2.9 |  3.4 |  4.1 |  4.0 |  3.8 |  4.1 |  4.0 |  3.9
   Wholesale trade(1)............|  2.8 |  2.3 |  3.4 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.4 |  2.3 |  2.3
   Retail trade..................|  2.9 |  3.3 |  3.6 |  5.0 |  4.8 |  4.7 |  4.9 |  4.8 |  4.6
   Transportation, warehousing,  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and utilities(1).............|  3.8 |  2.6 |  3.0 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  3.0 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.6
  Information(1).................|  4.2 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  2.9 |  2.6 |  3.0 |  2.7 |  2.2 |  2.9
  Financial activities...........|  3.6 |  4.5 |  4.2 |  2.6 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  2.5
   Finance and insurance.........|  3.8 |  5.0 |  4.5 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.6 |  2.0 |  2.3 |  2.4
   Real estate and rental        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and leasing(1)...............|  3.0 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  3.1 |  3.5 |  2.9 |  2.9
  Professional and business      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  4.4 |  4.9 |  5.2 |  5.2 |  5.9 |  5.4 |  5.2 |  5.5 |  5.2
  Education and health           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services......................|  4.0 |  4.6 |  4.6 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.5
   Educational services(1).......|  2.7 |  2.6 |  1.5 |  1.8 |  2.4 |  1.2 |  2.1 |  2.1 |  2.4
   Health care and social        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    assistance...................|  4.2 |  4.9 |  5.1 |  2.8 |  2.9 |  2.7 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  2.5
   Leisure and hospitality.......|  4.8 |  4.4 |  4.6 |  6.1 |  6.7 |  6.2 |  5.8 |  6.5 |  5.8
    Arts, entertainment, and     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     recreation..................|  3.1 |  2.7 |  3.0 |  7.0 |  6.9 |  7.0 |  7.1 |  6.5 |  6.9
    Accommodation and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     services....................|  5.1 |  4.7 |  4.9 |  5.9 |  6.6 |  6.1 |  5.6 |  6.6 |  5.6
   Other services(1).............|  3.1 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  3.6 |  3.5 |  3.2 |  3.4 |  3.0 |  3.1
 Government......................|  2.3 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.5
  Federal(1).....................|  2.4 |  2.8 |  2.9 |  1.4 |  1.6 |  1.4 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  1.6
  State and local................|  2.3 |  2.1 |  1.9 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.5
   State and local education.....|  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  1.6 |  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.6 |  1.5
   State and local, excluding    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    education(1).................|  3.1 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.8 |  1.7 |  1.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  (1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore,
the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
  (p) Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current 
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have 
been revised to reflect annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES), or establishment 
survey, employment estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not published) are ratio adjusted to the 
CES employment levels, and the resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. In most years, 
this annual benchmark process would result in the revision of 21 months of not seasonally adjusted data. 
However, this year the Current Employment Statistics program received corrected employment data for 
January 2000 through March 2015 for some establishments that provide in-home support services for the 
elderly and people with disabilities. (For more information on this year’s CES benchmark and the 
reclassification of jobs, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.) These updated data required a 
retabulation of the JOLTS series for that time period. Additionally, new seasonal factors have been 
developed based on the full revised JOLTS series and have been applied to the data from December 
2000 forward.

Beginning with this release, JOLTS is adding two new subseries for state and local government:  state 
and local education, and state and local, excluding education. Also, JOLTS now has seasonally adjusted 
data for all JOLTS series. Previously, not all industries were available on a seasonally adjusted basis; 
industry data for layoffs and discharges were not available; and industry and region data for other 
separations were not available.

Tables B through G below present revised total nonfarm data for January through December 2015. The 
December 2015 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the 
final December estimates. Tables presenting revisions to total nonfarm data for December 2000 through 
2014 will be available later today on the JOLTS website. The website also contains all revised 
seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data. The revision tables and data can be accessed 
through the JOLTS homepage at www.bls.gov/jlt/.


Table B. Revisions in job openings data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,965   |  4,972  |      7     |     3.4    |  3.4    |    0.0
February..|    5,144   |  5,131  |    -13     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
March.....|    5,109   |  5,180  |     71     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
April.....|    5,334   |  5,580  |    246     |     3.6    |  3.8    |     .2
May.......|    5,357   |  5,386  |     29     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
June......|    5,323   |  5,168  |   -155     |     3.6    |  3.5    |    -.1
July......|    5,668   |  5,788  |    120     |     3.8    |  3.9    |     .1
August....|    5,377   |  5,308  |    -69     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
September.|    5,534   |  5,360  |   -174     |     3.7    |  3.6    |    -.1
October...|    5,349   |  5,422  |     73     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
November..|    5,346   |  5,198  |   -148     |     3.6    |  3.5    |    -.1
December..|    5,607   |  5,281  |   -326     |     3.8    |  3.6    |    -.2
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table C. Revisions in hires data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,994   |  5,052  |     58     |     3.5    |  3.6    |    0.1
February..|    5,011   |  5,091  |     80     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
March.....|    5,088   |  5,110  |     22     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
April.....|    5,034   |  5,071  |     37     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
May.......|    5,060   |  5,111  |     51     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
June......|    5,182   |  5,147  |    -35     |     3.7    |  3.6    |    -.1
July......|    5,065   |  5,084  |     19     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
August....|    5,081   |  5,060  |    -21     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
September.|    5,080   |  5,131  |     51     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
October...|    5,168   |  5,212  |     44     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
November..|    5,256   |  5,253  |     -3     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
December..|    5,361   |  5,401  |     40     |     3.7    |  3.8    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table D. Revisions in total separations data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,834   |  4,883  |     49     |     3.4    |  3.5    |    0.1
February..|    4,793   |  4,740  |    -53     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
March.....|    5,065   |  4,985  |    -80     |     3.6    |  3.5    |    -.1
April.....|    4,895   |  4,887  |     -8     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
May.......|    4,799   |  4,869  |     70     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
June......|    4,906   |  4,937  |     31     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
July......|    4,796   |  4,794  |     -2     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
August....|    4,886   |  4,951  |     65     |     3.4    |  3.5    |     .1
September.|    4,886   |  4,956  |     70     |     3.4    |  3.5    |     .1
October...|    4,901   |  4,912  |     11     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
November..|    4,962   |  4,958  |     -4     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
December..|    5,072   |  5,128  |     56     |     3.5    |  3.6    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table E. Revisions in quits data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,779   |  2,770  |     -9     |     2.0    |  2.0    |    0.0
February..|    2,720   |  2,703  |    -17     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
March.....|    2,769   |  2,722  |    -47     |     2.0    |  1.9    |    -.1
April.....|    2,709   |  2,681  |    -28     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
May.......|    2,730   |  2,758  |     28     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
June......|    2,738   |  2,746  |      8     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
July......|    2,737   |  2,724  |    -13     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
August....|    2,771   |  2,855  |     84     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
September.|    2,727   |  2,748  |     21     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
October...|    2,784   |  2,797  |     13     |     2.0    |  2.0    |     .0
November..|    2,859   |  2,862  |      3     |     2.0    |  2.0    |     .0
December..|    3,055   |  3,088  |     33     |     2.1    |  2.2    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table F. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,722   |  1,756  |     34     |     1.2    |  1.2    |    0.0
February..|    1,688   |  1,683  |     -5     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
March.....|    1,894   |  1,907  |     13     |     1.3    |  1.4    |     .1
April.....|    1,784   |  1,798  |     14     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
May.......|    1,660   |  1,702  |     42     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
June......|    1,779   |  1,783  |      4     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
July......|    1,646   |  1,664  |     18     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
August....|    1,725   |  1,693  |    -32     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
September.|    1,786   |  1,842  |     56     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
October...|    1,703   |  1,721  |     18     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
November..|    1,686   |  1,718  |     32     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
December..|    1,607   |  1,672  |     65     |     1.1    |  1.2    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________

Table G. Revisions in other separations data January 2015 - December 2015,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2015   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      333   |    357  |     24     |     0.2    |  0.3    |    0.1
February..|      385   |    354  |    -31     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
March.....|      403   |    356  |    -47     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
April.....|      402   |    407  |      5     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
May.......|      409   |    410  |      1     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
June......|      389   |    407  |     18     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
July......|      413   |    405  |     -8     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
August....|      389   |    403  |     14     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
September.|      373   |    365  |     -8     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
October...|      414   |    394  |    -20     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
November..|      417   |    378  |    -39     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
December..|      411   |    368  |    -43     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

4,972 5,360 5,422 5,198 5,281 5,541 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,456 4,880 4,938 4,725 4,786 5,075 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0

Mining and logging(3)

17 17 19 15 14 17 1.8 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.8 2.2

Construction(3)

137 104 129 101 124 185 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.7

Manufacturing

306 312 311 238 317 336 2.4 2.5 2.5 1.9 2.5 2.6

Durable goods(3)

190 191 181 138 174 183 2.4 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.2 2.3

Nondurable goods(3)

116 120 130 100 143 153 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.1 3.0 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

845 954 931 861 822 967 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9 3.4

Wholesale trade(3)

166 163 183 128 137 211 2.8 2.7 3.0 2.1 2.3 3.4

Retail trade

469 623 563 527 538 586 2.9 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

210 169 185 205 147 170 3.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 2.6 3.0

Information(3)

121 110 114 68 101 100 4.2 3.8 4.0 2.4 3.5 3.5

Financial activities

302 313 308 356 390 360 3.6 3.7 3.6 4.2 4.5 4.2

Finance and insurance

239 269 242 312 319 291 3.8 4.2 3.8 4.9 5.0 4.5

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

64 44 67 44 71 69 3.0 2.1 3.1 2.0 3.3 3.2

Professional and business services

890 1,111 1,149 1,126 1,034 1,089 4.4 5.3 5.5 5.4 4.9 5.2

Education and health services

903 1,080 1,050 1,113 1,075 1,076 4.0 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.6

Educational services(3)

95 92 107 89 93 53 2.7 2.6 3.0 2.5 2.6 1.5

Health care and social assistance

808 989 942 1,023 982 1,023 4.2 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.1

Leisure and hospitality

756 706 737 732 710 744 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

67 50 62 64 62 68 3.1 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.7 3.0

Accommodation and food services

689 656 676 668 648 676 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9

Other services(3)

179 173 190 116 199 201 3.1 3.0 3.3 2.0 3.4 3.4

Government

516 480 484 473 495 466 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1

Federal(3)

68 55 61 72 80 83 2.4 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.8 2.9

State and local

447 424 423 401 415 383 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.9

State and local education

157 150 153 160 171 155 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education(3)

290 274 270 241 245 228 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

825 896 907 897 887 897 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3

South

1,856 2,015 2,057 2,071 1,981 2,075 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,131 1,218 1,293 1,121 1,100 1,268 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.8

West

1,160 1,232 1,166 1,109 1,313 1,301 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

5,052 5,131 5,212 5,253 5,401 5,029 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,723 4,806 4,856 4,904 5,042 4,709 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.9

Mining and logging

30 25 32 21 33 29 3.3 3.2 4.0 2.8 4.3 3.8

Construction

369 324 314 340 322 295 5.8 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.5

Manufacturing

255 279 264 278 274 277 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

152 175 144 153 163 168 2.0 2.3 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

103 104 120 126 112 110 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,089 1,060 1,057 1,085 1,087 1,038 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8

Wholesale trade

131 133 128 134 128 134 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

Retail trade

770 744 748 766 760 739 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

188 183 181 186 199 165 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.0

Information

79 83 87 71 72 83 2.9 3.0 3.1 2.6 2.6 3.0

Financial activities

206 188 205 208 217 224 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7

Finance and insurance

133 117 136 137 142 159 2.2 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

73 71 70 71 75 65 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.1

Professional and business services

1,006 1,058 1,058 1,056 1,175 1,074 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.4

Education and health services

582 610 644 661 641 550 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.5

Educational services

61 80 87 102 84 42 1.8 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.4 1.2

Health care and social assistance

521 529 558 559 557 508 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

907 961 991 992 1,024 959 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

149 141 171 131 151 153 7.0 6.5 7.8 5.9 6.9 7.0

Accommodation and food services

758 820 820 861 873 806 5.9 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.6 6.1

Other services

200 217 204 190 198 180 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.2

Government

329 325 356 349 359 321 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5

Federal

39 33 40 45 45 39 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4

State and local

290 292 316 304 314 282 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

138 139 152 157 165 148 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4

State and local, excluding education

152 153 165 148 149 133 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

735 814 846 851 827 794 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0

South

2,033 2,033 1,954 1,985 2,109 1,833 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.5

Midwest

1,165 1,122 1,192 1,197 1,249 1,242 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9

West

1,119 1,162 1,220 1,219 1,216 1,161 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

4,883 4,956 4,912 4,958 5,128 4,903 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,561 4,633 4,544 4,616 4,774 4,575 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8

Mining and logging

45 34 34 35 45 44 5.1 4.3 4.3 4.6 5.9 5.9

Construction

316 316 275 292 283 267 5.0 4.9 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0

Manufacturing

249 272 271 267 263 258 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

146 168 150 154 162 153 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0

Nondurable goods

102 103 120 113 101 106 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,091 1,022 1,003 1,040 1,074 1,057 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.9

Wholesale trade

142 124 121 127 133 138 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3

Retail trade

764 718 706 744 762 725 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

185 180 176 169 178 194 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.6

Information

74 81 81 79 61 80 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.2 2.9

Financial activities

190 186 192 190 203 204 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.5

Finance and insurance

118 114 123 136 142 144 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

72 73 69 54 62 60 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.6 2.9 2.9

Professional and business services

999 1,012 1,002 1,020 1,095 1,044 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.2

Education and health services

540 542 558 600 578 552 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5

Educational services

71 66 80 97 74 82 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.8 2.1 2.4

Health care and social assistance

469 476 479 503 504 470 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

868 938 935 939 1,003 891 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

152 139 168 130 141 152 7.1 6.4 7.7 5.9 6.5 6.9

Accommodation and food services

716 799 767 809 862 740 5.6 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.6

Other services

190 231 191 154 168 176 3.4 4.1 3.4 2.7 3.0 3.1

Government

321 323 369 342 354 328 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5

Federal

40 35 44 42 40 44 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6

State and local

281 288 325 300 314 284 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

123 151 166 160 161 150 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education

158 137 160 140 153 134 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

782 785 733 797 855 796 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.0

South

1,968 1,967 1,972 1,952 2,011 1,863 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.6

Midwest

1,048 1,061 1,091 1,112 1,105 1,091 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4

West

1,085 1,143 1,117 1,098 1,156 1,154 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

2,770 2,748 2,797 2,862 3,088 2,804 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,627 2,601 2,631 2,705 2,922 2,636 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.2

Mining and logging

12 15 14 18 16 18 1.4 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.3

Construction

115 133 87 129 137 81 1.8 2.1 1.3 2.0 2.1 1.2

Manufacturing

137 144 147 145 133 142 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

Durable goods

84 88 74 74 80 80 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Nondurable goods

53 57 73 71 54 62 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

614 620 646 627 719 644 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.4

Wholesale trade

77 83 68 72 81 85 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4

Retail trade

452 446 470 471 518 473 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

85 90 108 85 120 86 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.6 2.2 1.6

Information

37 43 43 42 35 41 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5

Financial activities

113 97 114 86 122 108 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.5 1.3

Finance and insurance

77 61 69 62 87 78 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

36 36 45 24 36 30 1.7 1.7 2.1 1.1 1.7 1.4

Professional and business services

560 486 531 522 614 534 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.6 3.1 2.7

Education and health services

363 342 364 408 385 336 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.5

Educational services

34 35 38 55 49 49 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

329 308 326 353 336 287 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

573 608 588 636 671 621 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

55 55 56 53 60 65 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.7 3.0

Accommodation and food services

518 552 532 583 611 556 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.2

Other services(3)

101 114 97 91 89 110 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.0

Government

143 147 166 157 166 168 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Federal

13 12 14 14 13 13 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

130 134 152 143 153 155 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

State and local education

61 72 77 72 75 81 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8

State and local, excluding education

69 62 75 71 78 74 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

389 393 382 400 445 396 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5

South

1,147 1,126 1,126 1,137 1,286 1,134 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.2

Midwest

610 621 648 687 656 652 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0

West

624 608 641 638 701 622 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

1,756 1,842 1,721 1,718 1,672 1,663 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,646 1,737 1,593 1,599 1,549 1,561 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

30 15 18 12 26 24 3.4 1.9 2.2 1.6 3.4 3.2

Construction

197 175 177 157 138 173 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.1 2.6

Manufacturing

90 108 102 101 104 94 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

50 67 61 64 65 59 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

40 41 41 37 39 35 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

375 301 273 302 266 305 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1

Wholesale trade(3)

61 25 46 45 39 46 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

228 204 176 189 177 178 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

86 72 51 69 50 81 1.6 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.5

Information

27 26 29 31 19 24 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.9

Financial activities

54 73 46 58 62 56 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7

Finance and insurance

26 40 27 32 38 37 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

28 33 19 26 24 19 1.4 1.6 0.9 1.2 1.1 0.9

Professional and business services

402 471 409 441 414 446 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

Education and health services

133 152 146 156 149 150 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Educational services

31 25 37 37 22 29 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.8

Health care and social assistance

103 128 109 119 127 121 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

262 303 314 280 298 231 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

91 80 109 72 80 84 4.3 3.6 5.0 3.3 3.6 3.8

Accommodation and food services

171 224 205 208 219 147 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.1

Other services

76 112 79 59 72 59 1.4 2.0 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.0

Government

110 106 129 119 123 102 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5

Federal

17 8 11 11 10 18 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6

State and local

93 98 118 108 113 84 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4

State and local education

38 50 61 62 61 45 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4

State and local, excluding education

55 48 57 46 52 39 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4

REGION(4)

Northeast

322 323 285 329 324 328 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

South

668 689 669 647 601 567 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1

Midwest

385 379 364 348 374 360 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1

West

380 451 404 393 372 408 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

357 365 394 378 368 437 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

288 295 320 311 303 378 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 2 5 3 2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3

Construction(3)

3 8 11 6 8 13 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

22 19 22 20 26 23 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

13 13 15 15 17 14 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

9 6 7 5 8 9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102 101 84 110 89 108 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

4 15 7 10 14 7 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

83 68 60 84 68 74 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

14 18 17 15 8 27 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.5

Information(3)

10 12 9 5 7 15 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5

Financial activities

23 17 32 46 19 40 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.5

Finance and insurance

15 13 27 42 17 29 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

7 4 5 4 2 11 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5

Professional and business services

37 55 63 56 66 64 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

44 47 48 36 44 66 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services(3)

7 7 4 5 4 4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance(3)

37 40 44 31 40 62 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

32 27 34 23 34 40 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

6 4 4 5 2 3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

27 23 30 18 32 37 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Other services(3)

12 5 15 4 7 7 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Government

68 70 74 66 65 58 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

11 15 19 17 17 13 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5

State and local

57 55 55 49 48 45 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local education

23 29 27 26 25 24 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

34 27 28 23 23 21 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

REGION(4)

Northeast

71 69 66 67 86 73 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

153 151 177 168 125 161 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Midwest

53 61 79 77 75 79 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

80 84 72 66 82 124 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

5,031 4,844 5,621 3.5 3.3 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,541 4,368 5,183 3.7 3.5 4.2

Mining and logging

17 14 17 1.9 1.8 2.2

Construction

137 124 185 2.2 1.9 2.9

Manufacturing

306 317 336 2.4 2.5 2.7

Durable goods

190 174 183 2.4 2.2 2.3

Nondurable goods

116 143 153 2.5 3.0 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

817 717 936 3.0 2.5 3.4

Wholesale trade

166 137 211 2.8 2.3 3.5

Retail trade

441 433 556 2.8 2.6 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

210 147 170 3.8 2.5 3.0

Information

121 101 100 4.3 3.5 3.6

Financial activities

328 350 394 3.9 4.1 4.6

Finance and insurance

264 279 325 4.2 4.4 5.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

64 71 69 3.0 3.3 3.2

Professional and business services

951 959 1,146 4.8 4.6 5.5

Education and health services

973 1,015 1,162 4.3 4.3 5.0

Educational services

95 93 53 2.8 2.5 1.6

Health care and social assistance

878 923 1,109 4.6 4.6 5.6

Leisure and hospitality

714 571 706 4.8 3.7 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 43 68 3.3 2.1 3.4

Accommodation and food services

649 529 638 5.0 3.9 4.8

Other services

179 199 201 3.1 3.4 3.5

Government

489 475 438 2.2 2.1 2.0

Federal

68 80 83 2.4 2.8 2.9

State and local

421 396 356 2.2 2.0 1.8

State and local education

131 151 128 1.3 1.4 1.2

State and local, excluding education

290 245 228 3.2 2.7 2.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

818 811 897 3.1 2.9 3.3

South

1,930 1,854 2,153 3.7 3.4 4.0

Midwest

1,086 1,016 1,229 3.4 3.1 3.7

West

1,197 1,161 1,342 3.7 3.4 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

4,794 3,919 4,784 3.5 2.7 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,504 3,697 4,500 3.9 3.0 3.8

Mining and logging

35 22 34 4.0 2.8 4.6

Construction

322 183 257 5.4 2.8 4.1

Manufacturing

268 183 291 2.2 1.5 2.4

Durable goods

165 109 182 2.1 1.4 2.4

Nondurable goods

103 74 109 2.3 1.6 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

913 874 865 3.4 3.1 3.2

Wholesale trade

144 94 146 2.5 1.6 2.5

Retail trade

599 577 570 3.9 3.5 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

171 203 149 3.2 3.6 2.8

Information

88 57 95 3.3 2.0 3.5

Financial activities

224 160 247 2.8 2.0 3.0

Finance and insurance

149 106 179 2.5 1.7 2.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

76 54 68 3.7 2.6 3.3

Professional and business services

1,090 894 1,164 5.7 4.5 5.9

Education and health services

612 469 577 2.8 2.1 2.6

Educational services

61 42 42 1.8 1.2 1.2

Health care and social assistance

552 427 535 3.0 2.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

763 722 803 5.4 4.8 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113 103 117 6.0 5.1 6.1

Accommodation and food services

650 619 686 5.3 4.8 5.4

Other services

187 133 166 3.4 2.4 3.0

Government

291 222 284 1.3 1.0 1.3

Federal

33 37 33 1.2 1.3 1.2

State and local

258 184 251 1.3 0.9 1.3

State and local education

128 86 138 1.2 0.8 1.3

State and local, excluding education

129 99 113 1.5 1.1 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

663 609 719 2.6 2.3 2.7

South

2,063 1,524 1,873 4.1 2.9 3.6

Midwest

1,056 900 1,139 3.4 2.8 3.6

West

1,012 886 1,052 3.2 2.7 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

5,382 4,822 5,386 3.9 3.3 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,076 4,511 5,076 4.4 3.7 4.3

Mining and logging

46 41 46 5.3 5.4 6.1

Construction

364 304 312 6.1 4.7 5.0

Manufacturing

250 234 262 2.1 1.9 2.1

Durable goods

153 141 163 2.0 1.8 2.1

Nondurable goods

98 93 99 2.2 2.0 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,442 1,102 1,367 5.4 4.0 5.1

Wholesale trade

151 109 150 2.6 1.9 2.6

Retail trade

1,016 780 934 6.6 4.8 5.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

275 212 283 5.2 3.8 5.2

Information

94 53 100 3.5 1.9 3.7

Financial activities

219 189 241 2.7 2.3 3.0

Finance and insurance

135 131 173 2.3 2.2 2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

84 58 68 4.1 2.8 3.3

Professional and business services

1,081 1,064 1,150 5.7 5.3 5.9

Education and health services

558 504 570 2.6 2.2 2.6

Educational services

64 55 75 1.9 1.5 2.2

Health care and social assistance

494 448 495 2.7 2.4 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

837 867 856 5.9 5.8 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

128 109 129 6.8 5.4 6.7

Accommodation and food services

710 758 727 5.7 5.8 5.7

Other services

184 154 171 3.3 2.7 3.1

Government

305 311 310 1.4 1.4 1.4

Federal

64 37 72 2.3 1.3 2.6

State and local

241 275 238 1.3 1.4 1.2

State and local education

95 134 116 0.9 1.3 1.1

State and local, excluding education

146 141 122 1.7 1.6 1.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

896 842 916 3.5 3.2 3.5

South

2,163 1,828 2,028 4.3 3.5 4.0

Midwest

1,142 1,100 1,183 3.7 3.4 3.7

West

1,180 1,052 1,258 3.7 3.2 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

2,763 2,604 2,805 2.0 1.8 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,638 2,476 2,660 2.3 2.0 2.2

Mining and logging

12 12 17 1.3 1.6 2.3

Construction

102 106 72 1.7 1.6 1.2

Manufacturing

124 97 130 1.0 0.8 1.1

Durable goods

79 58 77 1.0 0.7 1.0

Nondurable goods

46 39 54 1.0 0.9 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

649 654 684 2.4 2.3 2.5

Wholesale trade

83 58 93 1.4 1.0 1.6

Retail trade

484 471 508 3.1 2.9 3.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

83 125 83 1.6 2.2 1.5

Information

44 28 49 1.6 1.0 1.8

Financial activities

114 107 111 1.4 1.3 1.4

Finance and insurance

78 71 81 1.3 1.2 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

36 36 30 1.8 1.7 1.5

Professional and business services

561 527 539 2.9 2.6 2.7

Education and health services

381 317 352 1.8 1.4 1.6

Educational services

32 34 47 1.0 0.9 1.4

Health care and social assistance

349 283 305 1.9 1.5 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

551 539 596 3.9 3.6 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

46 43 54 2.4 2.1 2.8

Accommodation and food services

505 496 541 4.1 3.8 4.3

Other services

101 89 110 1.8 1.6 2.0

Government

125 129 146 0.6 0.6 0.7

Federal

14 11 14 0.5 0.4 0.5

State and local

111 118 132 0.6 0.6 0.7

State and local education

50 54 65 0.5 0.5 0.6

State and local, excluding education

61 64 66 0.7 0.7 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

413 365 420 1.6 1.4 1.6

South

1,162 1,080 1,150 2.3 2.1 2.2

Midwest

571 558 614 1.8 1.7 1.9

West

617 601 621 2.0 1.8 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

2,175 1,844 2,041 1.6 1.3 1.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,074 1,727 1,944 1.8 1.4 1.6

Mining and logging

30 26 24 3.5 3.4 3.3

Construction

259 190 228 4.4 2.9 3.7

Manufacturing

99 112 104 0.8 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

57 67 68 0.7 0.9 0.9

Nondurable goods

43 45 36 0.9 1.0 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

651 369 538 2.5 1.3 2.0

Wholesale trade

61 39 46 1.0 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

412 250 320 2.7 1.5 2.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

178 80 172 3.3 1.4 3.2

Information

40 18 37 1.5 0.6 1.3

Financial activities

75 60 77 0.9 0.7 0.9

Finance and insurance

35 40 50 0.6 0.7 0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

40 20 27 2.0 1.0 1.3

Professional and business services

462 458 509 2.4 2.3 2.6

Education and health services

133 142 153 0.6 0.6 0.7

Educational services

25 18 25 0.8 0.5 0.7

Health care and social assistance

108 125 128 0.6 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

254 294 220 1.8 2.0 1.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

76 65 72 4.0 3.2 3.7

Accommodation and food services

178 230 149 1.4 1.8 1.2

Other services

70 58 53 1.3 1.0 1.0

Government

101 116 97 0.5 0.5 0.4

Federal

32 7 36 1.2 0.3 1.3

State and local

69 109 61 0.4 0.6 0.3

State and local education

26 62 30 0.2 0.6 0.3

State and local, excluding education

43 47 31 0.5 0.5 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

393 396 405 1.5 1.5 1.5

South

818 609 687 1.6 1.2 1.3

Midwest

493 470 453 1.6 1.5 1.4

West

471 368 496 1.5 1.1 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)

Total

444 375 540 0.3 0.3 0.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

364 308 472 0.3 0.3 0.4

Mining and logging

4 3 4 0.5 0.4 0.6

Construction

3 8 13 0.1 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

27 25 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

17 17 18 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 8 9 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

142 80 145 0.5 0.3 0.5

Wholesale trade

7 13 12 0.1 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

120 59 106 0.8 0.4 0.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

14 8 27 0.3 0.1 0.5

Information

10 7 15 0.4 0.3 0.5

Financial activities

30 22 54 0.4 0.3 0.7

Finance and insurance

23 20 42 0.4 0.3 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 2 11 0.4 0.1 0.5

Professional and business services

59 78 101 0.3 0.4 0.5

Education and health services

44 44 66 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services

7 4 4 0.2 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

37 40 62 0.2 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

32 34 40 0.2 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6 2 3 0.3 0.1 0.2

Accommodation and food services

27 32 37 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other services

12 7 7 0.2 0.1 0.1

Government

79 66 68 0.4 0.3 0.3

Federal

18 18 22 0.7 0.7 0.8

State and local

61 48 45 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local education

19 18 20 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

42 30 25 0.5 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

90 80 91 0.4 0.3 0.3

South

184 140 192 0.4 0.3 0.4

Midwest

79 72 115 0.3 0.2 0.4

West

91 83 142 0.3 0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.
NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 13. Annual hires levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [in thousands]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

50,253 52,354 54,318 58,632 61,680

INDUSTRY

Total private

47,166 48,914 50,879 54,980 57,557

Mining and logging

339 378 356 397 312

Construction

4,175 3,996 3,866 3,751 3,909

Manufacturing

3,052 2,983 2,894 3,126 3,163

Durable goods

1,779 1,796 1,742 1,829 1,852

Nondurable goods

1,275 1,187 1,150 1,297 1,312

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,009 10,481 11,153 12,811 13,013

Wholesale trade

1,518 1,576 1,428 1,749 1,675

Retail trade

6,801 6,999 7,804 8,850 9,085

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

1,690 1,907 1,920 2,216 2,256

Information

736 749 845 892 946

Financial activities

1,884 2,198 2,414 2,315 2,369

Finance and insurance

1,196 1,421 1,585 1,511 1,590

Real estate and rental and leasing

688 779 828 803 780

Professional and business services

10,385 10,614 11,048 12,054 12,573

Education and health services

5,850 6,196 6,429 6,871 7,335

Educational services

947 884 901 988 980

Health care and social assistance

4,900 5,310 5,526 5,886 6,358

Leisure and hospitality

8,520 9,101 9,631 10,523 11,453

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,449 1,555 1,571 1,770 1,774

Accommodation and food services

7,072 7,547 8,058 8,752 9,680

Other services

2,219 2,220 2,249 2,238 2,477

Government

3,084 3,439 3,440 3,653 4,126

Federal

332 372 371 390 479

State and local

2,754 3,067 3,069 3,262 3,645

State and local education

1,409 1,532 1,575 1,555 1,797

State and local, excluding education

1,342 1,533 1,494 1,706 1,849

REGION(2)

Northeast

8,450 8,405 8,511 8,871 9,690

South

19,158 20,659 21,602 23,223 24,164

Midwest

11,603 11,720 11,887 13,089 13,837

West

11,043 11,572 12,319 13,449 13,992

Footnotes
(1) The annual hires level is the total number of hires during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 14. Annual hires rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

38.1 39.0 39.8 42.2 43.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

42.9 43.6 44.4 47.0 48.0

Mining and logging

43.0 44.6 41.3 44.6 38.0

Construction

75.5 70.8 66.0 61.0 60.6

Manufacturing

26.0 25.0 24.1 25.7 25.7

Durable goods

24.5 24.0 23.1 23.8 23.9

Nondurable goods

28.6 26.6 25.7 28.7 28.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

39.9 41.1 43.1 48.6 48.3

Wholesale trade

27.4 27.8 24.9 30.1 28.5

Retail trade

46.4 47.2 51.8 57.6 58.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

34.8 38.4 38.0 42.5 41.7

Information

27.5 28.0 31.2 32.7 34.4

Financial activities

24.5 28.2 30.6 29.0 29.2

Finance and insurance

20.7 24.4 26.9 25.5 26.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

35.7 39.8 41.4 39.2 37.4

Professional and business services

59.9 59.2 59.7 63.2 63.9

Education and health services

28.8 29.8 30.5 32.0 33.3

Educational services

29.1 26.5 26.9 28.9 28.3

Health care and social assistance

28.7 30.5 31.2 32.7 34.2

Leisure and hospitality

63.8 66.1 67.6 71.6 75.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

75.5 79.0 77.4 84.2 81.9

Accommodation and food services

61.9 64.0 65.9 69.5 74.7

Other services

41.4 40.9 41.0 40.2 44.0

Government

14.0 15.7 15.7 16.7 18.7

Federal

11.6 13.2 13.4 14.3 17.4

State and local

14.3 16.1 16.1 17.0 18.9

State and local education

13.8 15.1 15.5 15.2 17.5

State and local, excluding education

14.9 17.2 16.8 19.1 20.6

REGION(2)

Northeast

33.7 33.3 33.4 34.4 36.9

South

39.9 42.4 43.6 45.9 46.8

Midwest

38.7 38.6 38.7 42.1 43.7

West

38.2 38.7 40.1 42.6 43.4

Footnotes
(1) The annual hires rate is the number of hires during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 15. Annual total separations levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [in thousands]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

48,214 50,143 51,951 55,625 58,943

INDUSTRY

Total private

44,760 46,638 48,443 52,098 54,957

Mining and logging

242 357 334 363 448

Construction

3,967 3,886 3,639 3,433 3,618

Manufacturing

2,838 2,810 2,775 2,927 3,142

Durable goods

1,546 1,654 1,651 1,672 1,873

Nondurable goods

1,292 1,155 1,125 1,256 1,270

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,503 10,082 10,578 12,196 12,536

Wholesale trade

1,391 1,477 1,369 1,666 1,607

Retail trade

6,495 6,844 7,397 8,556 8,798

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

1,618 1,760 1,811 1,973 2,132

Information

738 758 804 883 920

Financial activities

1,851 2,104 2,331 2,203 2,218

Finance and insurance

1,162 1,361 1,545 1,457 1,477

Real estate and rental and leasing

687 741 789 746 742

Professional and business services

9,805 10,011 10,504 11,439 11,972

Education and health services

5,441 5,802 6,164 6,358 6,648

Educational services

821 867 863 896 929

Health care and social assistance

4,620 4,934 5,302 5,462 5,718

Leisure and hospitality

8,211 8,652 9,147 10,118 11,046

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,477 1,470 1,502 1,720 1,705

Accommodation and food services

6,736 7,180 7,647 8,399 9,343

Other services

2,164 2,178 2,161 2,179 2,413

Government

3,451 3,504 3,509 3,526 3,984

Federal

372 395 440 382 462

State and local

3,080 3,108 3,070 3,144 3,524

State and local education

1,625 1,539 1,567 1,481 1,735

State and local, excluding education

1,456 1,570 1,501 1,665 1,789

REGION(2)

Northeast

8,125 8,291 8,473 8,738 9,207

South

18,515 19,728 20,353 21,945 23,354

Midwest

11,077 11,342 11,161 12,253 12,972

West

10,494 10,783 11,965 12,690 13,408

Footnotes
(1) The annual total separations level is the total number of total separations during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 16. Annual total separations rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

36.5 37.4 38.1 40.0 41.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

40.7 41.5 42.3 44.5 45.9

Mining and logging

30.7 42.1 38.7 40.7 54.6

Construction

71.7 68.8 62.1 55.8 56.1

Manufacturing

24.2 23.6 23.1 24.0 25.5

Durable goods

21.3 22.1 21.9 21.8 24.1

Nondurable goods

29.0 25.9 25.2 27.8 27.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

37.9 39.6 40.9 46.2 46.6

Wholesale trade

25.1 26.1 23.9 28.7 27.4

Retail trade

44.3 46.1 49.1 55.7 56.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

33.3 35.4 35.9 37.9 39.5

Information

27.6 28.3 29.7 32.4 33.5

Financial activities

24.0 27.0 29.6 27.6 27.3

Finance and insurance

20.1 23.4 26.2 24.6 24.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

35.7 37.9 39.5 36.5 35.6

Professional and business services

56.6 55.8 56.7 60.0 60.9

Education and health services

26.8 27.9 29.2 29.7 30.1

Educational services

25.3 26.0 25.7 26.2 26.8

Health care and social assistance

27.1 28.3 29.9 30.3 30.8

Leisure and hospitality

61.5 62.8 64.2 68.8 73.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77.0 74.7 74.0 81.8 78.7

Accommodation and food services

58.9 60.8 62.6 66.7 72.1

Other services

40.4 40.1 39.4 39.1 42.9

Government

15.6 16.0 16.1 16.1 18.1

Federal

13.0 14.0 15.9 14.0 16.8

State and local

16.0 16.3 16.1 16.4 18.3

State and local education

15.9 15.1 15.4 14.5 16.9

State and local, excluding education

16.2 17.6 16.8 18.6 19.9

REGION(2)

Northeast

32.4 32.8 33.3 33.9 35.1

South

38.6 40.5 41.1 43.4 45.2

Midwest

36.9 37.4 36.4 39.4 40.9

West

36.3 36.1 38.9 40.2 41.5

Footnotes
(1) The annual total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 17. Annual quits levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [in thousands]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

23,581 25,144 27,718 30,597 33,415

INDUSTRY

Total private

22,181 23,600 26,145 28,912 31,529

Mining and logging

138 197 170 183 172

Construction

941 983 1,190 1,309 1,384

Manufacturing

1,254 1,293 1,318 1,449 1,642

Durable goods

641 718 744 802 937

Nondurable goods

612 574 574 648 706

Trade, transportation, and utilities

5,230 5,617 6,047 7,018 7,504

Wholesale trade

619 690 713 907 920

Retail trade

3,872 4,053 4,458 5,151 5,470

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

737 873 874 962 1,115

Information

406 438 427 488 507

Financial activities

988 1,097 1,183 1,159 1,206

Finance and insurance

654 710 795 747 818

Real estate and rental and leasing

331 387 387 411 391

Professional and business services

4,461 4,390 5,279 5,618 6,195

Education and health services

3,012 3,307 3,655 3,853 4,391

Educational services

379 402 396 450 497

Health care and social assistance

2,631 2,906 3,258 3,405 3,897

Leisure and hospitality

4,781 5,194 5,712 6,560 7,179

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

517 515 575 622 663

Accommodation and food services

4,264 4,679 5,134 5,938 6,514

Other services

976 1,079 1,166 1,269 1,348

Government

1,399 1,545 1,575 1,686 1,885

Federal

112 131 136 124 151

State and local

1,289 1,417 1,439 1,564 1,738

State and local education

704 768 745 752 879

State and local, excluding education

586 647 694 812 859

REGION(2)

Northeast

3,405 3,675 3,868 4,168 4,708

South

9,545 10,596 11,533 12,762 13,843

Midwest

5,487 5,653 6,234 6,824 7,425

West

5,145 5,219 6,090 6,844 7,439

Footnotes
(1) The annual quits level is the total number of quits during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 18. Annual quits rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

17.9 18.7 20.3 22.0 23.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

20.2 21.0 22.8 24.7 26.3

Mining and logging

17.5 23.2 19.7 20.5 21.0

Construction

17.0 17.4 20.3 21.3 21.5

Manufacturing

10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9 13.3

Durable goods

8.8 9.6 9.9 10.5 12.1

Nondurable goods

13.7 12.9 12.8 14.4 15.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.9 22.0 23.4 26.6 27.9

Wholesale trade

11.2 12.2 12.4 15.6 15.7

Retail trade

26.4 27.3 29.6 33.5 35.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15.2 17.6 17.3 18.5 20.6

Information

15.2 16.4 15.8 17.9 18.4

Financial activities

12.8 14.1 15.0 14.5 14.8

Finance and insurance

11.3 12.2 13.5 12.6 13.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

17.2 19.8 19.4 20.1 18.7

Professional and business services

25.7 24.5 28.5 29.5 31.5

Education and health services

14.8 15.9 17.3 18.0 19.9

Educational services

11.7 12.0 11.8 13.2 14.3

Health care and social assistance

15.4 16.7 18.4 18.9 21.0

Leisure and hospitality

35.8 37.7 40.1 44.6 47.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

26.9 26.2 28.3 29.6 30.6

Accommodation and food services

37.3 39.7 42.0 47.2 50.3

Other services

18.2 19.9 21.3 22.8 24.0

Government

6.3 7.0 7.2 7.7 8.6

Federal

3.9 4.6 4.9 4.5 5.5

State and local

6.7 7.4 7.5 8.2 9.0

State and local education

6.9 7.6 7.3 7.4 8.6

State and local, excluding education

6.5 7.2 7.8 9.1 9.6

REGION(2)

Northeast

13.6 14.6 15.2 16.2 17.9

South

19.9 21.7 23.3 25.2 26.8

Midwest

18.3 18.6 20.3 21.9 23.4

West

17.8 17.5 19.8 21.7 23.1

Footnotes
(1) The annual quits rate is the number of quits during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 19. Annual layoffs and discharges levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [in thousands]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

20,756 20,952 19,903 20,420 20,942

INDUSTRY

Total private

19,431 19,758 18,748 19,350 19,624

Mining and logging

83 140 139 142 240

Construction

2,880 2,791 2,321 1,980 2,065

Manufacturing

1,337 1,261 1,185 1,176 1,229

Durable goods

747 774 739 693 764

Nondurable goods

588 487 445 480 466

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3,405 3,554 3,556 3,902 3,824

Wholesale trade

592 659 525 620 564

Retail trade

2,140 2,213 2,316 2,467 2,429

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

674 681 716 813 832

Information

279 259 302 308 300

Financial activities

656 628 720 673 710

Finance and insurance

354 344 405 403 415

Real estate and rental and leasing

305 283 317 271 295

Professional and business services

4,725 5,026 4,678 5,182 5,078

Education and health services

1,876 1,992 1,940 2,006 1,706

Educational services

369 402 407 385 366

Health care and social assistance

1,506 1,591 1,533 1,621 1,341

Leisure and hospitality

3,130 3,115 3,042 3,211 3,523

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

928 929 885 1,060 996

Accommodation and food services

2,203 2,186 2,155 2,152 2,529

Other services

1,057 989 866 770 944

Government

1,326 1,195 1,154 1,070 1,317

Federal

137 141 148 128 144

State and local

1,189 1,057 1,008 941 1,172

State and local education

631 472 503 452 571

State and local, excluding education

559 585 504 487 602

REGION(2)

Northeast

4,011 3,799 3,773 3,728 3,633

South

7,591 7,691 7,225 7,371 7,666

Midwest

4,667 4,741 4,039 4,465 4,646

West

4,490 4,723 4,865 4,854 4,998

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges level is the total number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

15.7 15.6 14.6 14.7 14.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

17.7 17.6 16.4 16.5 16.4

Mining and logging

10.5 16.5 16.1 15.9 29.3

Construction

52.1 49.4 39.6 32.2 32.0

Manufacturing

11.4 10.6 9.9 9.7 10.0

Durable goods

10.3 10.4 9.8 9.0 9.9

Nondurable goods

13.2 10.9 10.0 10.6 10.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

13.6 13.9 13.7 14.8 14.2

Wholesale trade

10.7 11.6 9.2 10.7 9.6

Retail trade

14.6 14.9 15.4 16.1 15.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

13.9 13.7 14.2 15.6 15.4

Information

10.4 9.7 11.2 11.3 10.9

Financial activities

8.5 8.1 9.1 8.4 8.7

Finance and insurance

6.1 5.9 6.9 6.8 6.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

15.8 14.5 15.9 13.2 14.1

Professional and business services

27.3 28.0 25.3 27.2 25.8

Education and health services

9.2 9.6 9.2 9.4 7.7

Educational services

11.4 12.0 12.1 11.3 10.6

Health care and social assistance

8.8 9.1 8.6 9.0 7.2

Leisure and hospitality

23.4 22.6 21.3 21.8 23.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48.4 47.2 43.6 50.4 46.0

Accommodation and food services

19.3 18.5 17.6 17.1 19.5

Other services

19.7 18.2 15.8 13.8 16.8

Government

6.0 5.5 5.3 4.9 6.0

Federal

4.8 5.0 5.3 4.7 5.2

State and local

6.2 5.5 5.3 4.9 6.1

State and local education

6.2 4.6 4.9 4.4 5.6

State and local, excluding education

6.2 6.5 5.7 5.4 6.7

REGION(2)

Northeast

16.0 15.0 14.8 14.5 13.8

South

15.8 15.8 14.6 14.6 14.8

Midwest

15.6 15.6 13.2 14.4 14.7

West

15.5 15.8 15.8 15.4 15.5

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 21. Annual other separations levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [in thousands]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

3,877 4,044 4,331 4,606 4,587

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,149 3,285 3,550 3,835 3,805

Mining and logging

20 19 27 37 31

Construction

149 109 129 144 169

Manufacturing

247 255 271 303 271

Durable goods

158 162 167 175 171

Nondurable goods

91 96 106 126 98

Trade, transportation, and utilities

868 911 976 1,273 1,208

Wholesale trade

182 129 131 137 122

Retail trade

483 578 620 938 899

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

205 206 224 197 188

Information

52 60 74 89 110

Financial activities

207 376 428 370 302

Finance and insurance

156 306 345 307 246

Real estate and rental and leasing

50 70 83 64 57

Professional and business services

617 592 549 639 697

Education and health services

554 502 569 498 546

Educational services

72 64 59 60 67

Health care and social assistance

484 440 510 439 480

Leisure and hospitality

302 342 395 347 345

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

30 27 37 36 45

Accommodation and food services

270 315 355 310 301

Other services

131 109 128 138 120

Government

727 762 780 771 780

Federal

121 125 154 130 166

State and local

603 637 625 642 614

State and local education

290 298 320 277 288

State and local, excluding education

313 338 305 363 329

REGION(2)

Northeast

710 816 833 839 871

South

1,387 1,443 1,599 1,812 1,847

Midwest

922 944 892 962 900

West

857 841 1,008 992 972

Footnotes
(1) The annual other separations level is the total number of other separations during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 22. Annual other separations rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Total

2.9 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

2.9 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.2

Mining and logging

2.5 2.2 3.1 4.2 3.8

Construction

2.7 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.6

Manufacturing

2.1 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.2

Durable goods

2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2

Nondurable goods

2.0 2.2 2.4 2.8 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.5 3.6 3.8 4.8 4.5

Wholesale trade

3.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.1

Retail trade

3.3 3.9 4.1 6.1 5.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

4.2 4.1 4.4 3.8 3.5

Information

1.9 2.2 2.7 3.3 4.0

Financial activities

2.7 4.8 5.4 4.6 3.7

Finance and insurance

2.7 5.3 5.9 5.2 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2.6 3.6 4.2 3.1 2.7

Professional and business services

3.6 3.3 3.0 3.4 3.5

Education and health services

2.7 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.5

Educational services

2.2 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9

Health care and social assistance

2.8 2.5 2.9 2.4 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

2.3 2.5 2.8 2.4 2.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1.6 1.4 1.8 1.7 2.1

Accommodation and food services

2.4 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.3

Other services

2.4 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.1

Government

3.3 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5

Federal

4.2 4.4 5.6 4.8 6.0

State and local

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.2

State and local education

2.8 2.9 3.1 2.7 2.8

State and local, excluding education

3.5 3.8 3.4 4.1 3.7

REGION(2)

Northeast

2.8 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

South

2.9 3.0 3.2 3.6 3.6

Midwest

3.1 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.8

West

3.0 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.0

Footnotes
(1) The annual other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Last Modified Date: March 17, 2016