Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 7, 2019	USDL-19-0774

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                              JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2019

The number of job openings rose to 7.5 million on the last business day of March, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 5.7 million 
and 5.4 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 2.3 percent and the 
layoffs and discharges rate was little changed at 1.1 percent. This release includes estimates of the 
number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four 
geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of March, the job openings level rose to 7.5 million (+346,000). The job 
openings rate was 4.7 percent. The number of job openings increased for total private (+363,000) and 
was little changed for government. Job openings increased in a number of industries, with the largest 
increases in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+87,000), construction (+73,000), and real estate 
and rental and leasing (+57,000). Job openings decreased in federal government (-15,000). The number 
of job openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.7 million in March. The hires rate was 3.8 percent. The 
hires level was little changed for total private and for government. The number of hires was little 
changed in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.4 million in March. The total separations rate 
was 3.6 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private but decreased for 
government (-37,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all industries and in all four 
regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in March at 3.4 million. The quits rate was 2.3 percent. The 
quits level was little changed for total private and for government. Quits increased in real estate and 
rental and leasing (+15,000) but decreased in construction (-38,000). The number of quits increased in 
the Northeast region but decreased in the South region. (See table 4.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in March at 1.7 million. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed for total private but 
decreased for government (-29,000). The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in state and local 
government education (-18,000). The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in March. The other separations level was little 
changed for total private and for government. Other separations increased in construction (+11,000). The 
number of other separations fell in the Northeast region. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March, hires totaled 69.3 million and 
separations totaled 66.6 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2019 are scheduled to be released 
on Monday, June 10, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

6,894 7,142 7,488 5,625 5,695 5,660 5,446 5,576 5,434

Total private

6,236 6,437 6,800 5,282 5,333 5,315 5,108 5,206 5,102

Mining and logging(1)

26 27 23 37 35 40 30 37 37

Construction(1)

234 287 360 362 367 361 358 364 353

Manufacturing

426 480 476 364 351 355 351 347 366

Durable goods(1)

250 305 318 214 192 187 200 192 203

Nondurable goods(1)

176 175 158 149 159 168 151 154 163

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,399 1,340 1,432 1,106 1,143 1,100 1,087 1,114 1,119

Wholesale trade

187 220 226 133 147 139 131 141 144

Retail trade

900 861 860 742 744 718 753 720 729

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

311 258 345 231 252 242 203 253 246

Information(1)

130 133 169 98 85 95 86 89 89

Financial activities

396 334 368 184 197 181 175 182 161

Finance and insurance

308 268 247 117 133 124 113 140 109

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

88 65 122 68 64 57 62 42 51

Professional and business services

1,213 1,424 1,435 1,175 1,175 1,168 1,139 1,122 1,123

Education and health services

1,253 1,212 1,296 701 715 715 675 710 652

Educational services(1)

103 100 109 85 99 102 94 110 96

Health care and social assistance

1,150 1,112 1,187 616 617 613 581 600 556

Leisure and hospitality

935 988 1,023 1,040 1,079 1,099 999 1,044 1,017

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

94 106 111 192 178 169 184 166 134

Accommodation and food services

840 882 912 848 901 930 816 878 883

Other services

225 214 217 215 186 202 207 197 185

Government

659 705 688 344 362 345 338 370 333

Federal(1)

112 130 115 32 36 37 33 36 37

State and local

547 575 573 312 326 308 306 335 296

State and local education

193 224 231 153 169 165 150 172 152

State and local, excluding education(1)

354 350 342 159 157 143 156 162 143





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

4.4 4.5 4.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6

Total private

4.7 4.8 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

Mining and logging(1)

3.4 3.5 3.0 5.1 4.6 5.2 4.2 4.9 4.9

Construction(1)

3.2 3.7 4.6 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.7

Manufacturing

3.3 3.6 3.6 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9

Durable goods(1)

3.1 3.6 3.8 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5

Nondurable goods(1)

3.6 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

4.8 4.6 4.9 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

Wholesale trade

3.1 3.6 3.7 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.4

Retail trade

5.4 5.2 5.2 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

5.0 4.1 5.4 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.4 4.2 4.0

Information(1)

4.4 4.5 5.7 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1

Financial activities

4.4 3.7 4.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.9

Finance and insurance

4.7 4.1 3.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.8 2.2 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

3.8 2.8 5.0 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.8 1.8 2.2

Professional and business services

5.5 6.3 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3

Education and health services

5.1 4.8 5.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.7

Educational services(1)

2.7 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.9 2.5

Health care and social assistance

5.5 5.2 5.5 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

5.4 5.6 5.8 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.8 4.1 4.3 8.1 7.2 6.8 7.7 6.7 5.4

Accommodation and food services

5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.5 5.9 6.2 6.2

Other services

3.7 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.1

Government

2.9 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5

Federal(1)

3.9 4.5 3.9 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3

State and local

2.7 2.8 2.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5

State and local education

1.8 2.1 2.2 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.7 3.7 3.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

6,894 7,626 7,479 7,625 7,142 7,488 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

6,236 6,962 6,860 6,929 6,437 6,800 4.7 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.8 5.0

Mining and logging(3)

26 35 29 38 27 23 3.4 4.4 3.8 4.8 3.5 3.0

Construction(3)

234 279 299 313 287 360 3.2 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.6

Manufacturing

426 501 435 458 480 476 3.3 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6

Durable goods(3)

250 315 298 295 305 318 3.1 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.8

Nondurable goods(3)

176 185 137 163 175 158 3.6 3.7 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,399 1,642 1,482 1,454 1,340 1,432 4.8 5.6 5.1 5.0 4.6 4.9

Wholesale trade

187 217 178 264 220 226 3.1 3.6 2.9 4.3 3.6 3.7

Retail trade

900 1,103 986 881 861 860 5.4 6.5 5.9 5.3 5.2 5.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

311 322 318 309 258 345 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.1 5.4

Information(3)

130 124 123 136 133 169 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.6 4.5 5.7

Financial activities

396 412 380 433 334 368 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.8 3.7 4.1

Finance and insurance

308 324 317 291 268 247 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.4 4.1 3.7

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

88 88 63 142 65 122 3.8 3.7 2.7 5.8 2.8 5.0

Professional and business services

1,213 1,313 1,391 1,472 1,424 1,435 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3 6.3

Education and health services

1,253 1,324 1,348 1,372 1,212 1,296 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.1

Educational services(3)

103 96 91 117 100 109 2.7 2.5 2.4 3.0 2.6 2.8

Health care and social assistance

1,150 1,228 1,258 1,254 1,112 1,187 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

935 1,050 1,102 1,077 988 1,023 5.4 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

94 102 154 109 106 111 3.8 4.0 5.9 4.2 4.1 4.3

Accommodation and food services

840 948 948 969 882 912 5.7 6.3 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.0

Other services

225 282 271 175 214 217 3.7 4.6 4.4 2.9 3.5 3.5

Government

659 665 619 696 705 688 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0

Federal(3)

112 110 87 121 130 115 3.9 3.8 3.0 4.1 4.5 3.9

State and local

547 554 532 576 575 573 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8

State and local education

193 230 229 226 224 231 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2

State and local, excluding education(3)

354 325 304 350 350 342 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.6

REGION(4)

Northeast

1,233 1,284 1,230 1,281 1,201 1,241 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.3

South

2,456 2,878 2,848 2,836 2,698 2,808 4.3 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.9

Midwest

1,643 1,805 1,767 1,827 1,641 1,735 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.7 5.0

West

1,563 1,660 1,634 1,681 1,602 1,704 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

5,625 5,821 5,717 5,829 5,695 5,660 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,282 5,447 5,353 5,434 5,333 5,315 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1

Mining and logging

37 32 39 35 35 40 5.1 4.2 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.2

Construction

362 393 399 433 367 361 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.8 4.9 4.9

Manufacturing

364 368 351 377 351 355 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.8

Durable goods

214 202 186 190 192 187 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

Nondurable goods

149 166 165 187 159 168 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.3 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,106 1,183 1,176 1,127 1,143 1,100 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.0

Wholesale trade

133 186 151 138 147 139 2.3 3.2 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.3

Retail trade

742 744 802 748 744 718 4.7 4.7 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

231 253 224 241 252 242 3.9 4.2 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0

Information

98 97 80 82 85 95 3.5 3.4 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.4

Financial activities

184 213 201 192 197 181 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1

Finance and insurance

117 135 133 112 133 124 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

68 79 67 80 64 57 3.0 3.4 2.9 3.5 2.8 2.5

Professional and business services

1,175 1,136 1,144 1,120 1,175 1,168 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.5

Education and health services

701 692 717 724 715 715 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

Educational services

85 106 124 113 99 102 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

616 586 593 611 617 613 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,040 1,085 1,037 1,116 1,079 1,099 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.7 6.5 6.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

192 180 154 181 178 169 8.1 7.4 6.3 7.3 7.2 6.8

Accommodation and food services

848 905 883 935 901 930 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.4 6.5

Other services

215 249 209 228 186 202 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.2 3.4

Government

344 375 364 395 362 345 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.5

Federal

32 44 36 35 36 37 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

312 331 328 360 326 308 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6

State and local education

153 178 176 184 169 165 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education

159 153 152 176 157 143 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

860 924 871 879 884 910 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3

South

2,215 2,268 2,204 2,334 2,360 2,308 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.2

Midwest

1,257 1,312 1,324 1,300 1,258 1,170 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.5

West

1,294 1,318 1,318 1,316 1,193 1,272 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

5,446 5,597 5,469 5,532 5,576 5,434 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,108 5,230 5,122 5,146 5,206 5,102 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0

Mining and logging

30 35 34 31 37 37 4.2 4.6 4.5 4.1 4.9 4.9

Construction

358 380 369 387 364 353 5.0 5.2 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.7

Manufacturing

351 361 342 355 347 366 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.9

Durable goods

200 203 175 174 192 203 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5

Nondurable goods

151 157 167 180 154 163 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.8 3.2 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,087 1,141 1,134 1,098 1,114 1,119 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.0

Wholesale trade

131 165 143 141 141 144 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

Retail trade

753 741 765 735 720 729 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

203 235 226 222 253 246 3.4 3.9 3.7 3.6 4.2 4.0

Information

86 88 87 93 89 89 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.1

Financial activities

175 195 180 184 182 161 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9

Finance and insurance

113 132 131 113 140 109 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.2 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

62 63 49 71 42 51 2.8 2.8 2.1 3.1 1.8 2.2

Professional and business services

1,139 1,092 1,116 1,085 1,122 1,123 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.3

Education and health services

675 651 652 662 710 652 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.7

Educational services

94 101 101 87 110 96 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.9 2.5

Health care and social assistance

581 549 551 575 600 556 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.0 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

999 1,056 1,007 1,043 1,044 1,017 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

184 177 153 151 166 134 7.7 7.3 6.3 6.1 6.7 5.4

Accommodation and food services

816 879 853 892 878 883 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.2

Other services

207 233 201 208 197 185 3.6 4.0 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.1

Government

338 367 347 386 370 333 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5

Federal

33 35 44 32 36 37 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.3

State and local

306 332 304 353 335 296 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.5

State and local education

150 184 163 182 172 152 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education

156 147 141 172 162 143 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

855 790 820 770 779 851 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.1

South

2,150 2,253 2,197 2,280 2,378 2,243 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.1

Midwest

1,150 1,347 1,231 1,224 1,203 1,169 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5

West

1,291 1,206 1,221 1,258 1,216 1,171 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

3,300 3,379 3,391 3,483 3,447 3,409 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,131 3,184 3,205 3,282 3,259 3,229 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5

Mining and logging

19 20 22 19 21 21 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.8

Construction

156 174 185 185 184 146 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.0

Manufacturing

217 226 211 212 211 221 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7

Durable goods

130 126 111 110 118 115 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4

Nondurable goods

88 100 100 101 93 106 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

674 706 715 727 729 736 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Wholesale trade

87 95 89 87 88 105 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.8

Retail trade

463 480 493 512 494 490 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

123 131 133 128 147 141 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.3

Information

46 56 43 51 48 52 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.8

Financial activities

109 101 106 102 97 103 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2

Finance and insurance

71 64 76 64 75 66 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

37 37 31 38 22 37 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.7 0.9 1.6

Professional and business services

644 625 649 664 645 655 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1

Education and health services

414 451 448 433 461 440 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8

Educational services

48 52 52 39 58 50 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.6 1.3

Health care and social assistance

366 400 397 394 403 390 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

692 686 706 753 748 725 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

78 70 56 74 80 78 3.3 2.9 2.3 3.0 3.2 3.1

Accommodation and food services

614 615 650 679 668 647 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.6

Other services

161 139 120 137 114 131 2.8 2.4 2.0 2.3 1.9 2.2

Government

168 195 186 201 188 180 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

Federal

13 18 20 14 17 19 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7

State and local

155 178 166 187 171 161 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8

State and local education

78 96 89 105 96 92 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9

State and local, excluding education

77 81 77 82 75 69 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

439 412 464 441 425 513 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.9

South

1,354 1,391 1,423 1,448 1,489 1,361 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.5

Midwest

726 817 744 797 754 754 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3

West

780 759 760 797 779 781 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

1,771 1,889 1,751 1,695 1,784 1,700 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,663 1,780 1,653 1,562 1,664 1,609 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging

10 13 10 11 14 15 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.8 2.0

Construction

182 192 164 181 169 185 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.5

Manufacturing

111 109 111 123 118 126 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

Durable goods

55 60 51 52 61 77 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0

Nondurable goods

55 49 60 70 56 49 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

313 366 360 305 324 329 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2

Wholesale trade(3)

28 50 45 43 42 33 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6

Retail trade

216 221 230 179 190 206 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

70 94 85 82 92 90 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5

Information

35 24 38 32 30 24 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.9

Financial activities

41 64 58 57 48 30 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.4

Finance and insurance

23 44 44 33 31 21 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

17 20 14 24 17 10 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.4

Professional and business services

426 426 406 358 423 412 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.9

Education and health services

224 166 155 175 193 166 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7

Educational services

40 45 42 42 46 41 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1

Health care and social assistance

184 121 112 133 147 125 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

287 329 279 263 274 275 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

100 100 96 74 84 53 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.0 3.4 2.2

Accommodation and food services

186 230 183 189 189 222 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6

Other services

35 89 73 59 72 46 0.6 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2 0.8

Government

108 110 98 132 120 91 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4

Federal

8 5 9 10 6 6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local

100 104 89 122 114 85 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4

State and local education

49 63 51 53 53 35 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3

State and local, excluding education

51 42 38 70 61 50 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

351 318 303 280 282 290 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0

South

645 720 649 676 750 746 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.4

Midwest

352 464 407 365 385 348 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0

West

423 387 392 374 368 316 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

375 328 327 355 346 325 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

314 266 263 302 284 264 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

2 1 2 1 3 1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Construction(3)

20 14 21 21 11 22 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing

23 25 19 21 18 19 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Durable goods

15 17 13 12 13 12 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods(3)

8 8 6 9 5 8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100 69 59 66 61 54 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

16 20 8 11 10 6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

74 40 41 43 36 34 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

10 10 9 12 14 14 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Information(3)

5 7 6 11 11 13 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

26 30 15 25 37 27 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

19 24 11 16 34 23 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

7 5 4 9 3 5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Professional and business services

69 41 61 63 55 56 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

37 33 49 54 55 46 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

6 5 7 6 6 6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Health care and social assistance(3)

32 29 42 48 49 40 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

21 41 22 28 22 17 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

6 7 1 3 1 3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

15 34 21 25 21 14 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other services(3)

11 4 9 13 10 8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

62 62 64 53 62 61 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Federal

11 12 15 8 13 12 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local

51 50 49 44 49 49 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

23 26 23 24 23 25 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

28 24 25 20 26 24 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

64 61 53 49 72 47 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

South

151 142 125 157 139 136 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Midwest

72 66 80 62 64 67 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

88 60 70 87 70 75 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

6,812 6,791 7,343 4.4 4.4 4.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

6,170 6,122 6,671 4.7 4.6 5.0

Mining and logging

26 27 23 3.5 3.5 3.1

Construction

234 287 360 3.3 3.9 4.8

Manufacturing

426 480 476 3.3 3.6 3.6

Durable goods

250 305 318 3.1 3.7 3.8

Nondurable goods

176 175 158 3.6 3.6 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,343 1,179 1,323 4.7 4.1 4.6

Wholesale trade

185 213 223 3.1 3.5 3.7

Retail trade

847 708 755 5.1 4.4 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

311 258 345 5.0 4.1 5.4

Information

130 133 169 4.4 4.5 5.7

Financial activities

389 302 351 4.4 3.4 3.9

Finance and insurance

301 237 229 4.6 3.6 3.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

88 65 122 3.8 2.8 5.1

Professional and business services

1,169 1,357 1,420 5.4 6.1 6.3

Education and health services

1,219 1,181 1,255 4.9 4.7 4.9

Educational services

103 100 109 2.6 2.5 2.7

Health care and social assistance

1,116 1,082 1,146 5.3 5.1 5.3

Leisure and hospitality

982 970 1,052 5.8 5.7 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

110 112 129 4.8 4.8 5.3

Accommodation and food services

873 858 924 6.0 5.9 6.2

Other services

253 206 241 4.2 3.4 3.9

Government

642 669 672 2.7 2.9 2.9

Federal

112 130 115 3.9 4.5 4.0

State and local

530 538 557 2.6 2.6 2.7

State and local education

176 188 216 1.6 1.7 1.9

State and local, excluding education

354 350 342 3.8 3.7 3.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

1,215 1,131 1,210 4.3 4.0 4.2

South

2,417 2,574 2,747 4.3 4.5 4.8

Midwest

1,652 1,576 1,723 4.9 4.6 5.0

West

1,528 1,509 1,663 4.3 4.2 4.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

5,300 4,718 5,278 3.6 3.2 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,041 4,449 5,032 4.0 3.5 4.0

Mining and logging

34 29 38 4.9 3.9 5.1

Construction

359 308 355 5.2 4.4 5.0

Manufacturing

348 311 334 2.8 2.4 2.6

Durable goods

209 172 179 2.7 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

139 139 156 3.0 2.9 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,058 875 1,025 3.9 3.2 3.7

Wholesale trade

141 129 142 2.4 2.2 2.4

Retail trade

729 568 689 4.7 3.7 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

188 177 194 3.2 2.9 3.2

Information

88 71 87 3.1 2.5 3.1

Financial activities

173 160 163 2.0 1.9 1.9

Finance and insurance

108 116 112 1.7 1.8 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

65 44 52 3.0 1.9 2.3

Professional and business services

1,109 1,063 1,107 5.4 5.1 5.2

Education and health services

644 613 657 2.7 2.5 2.7

Educational services

58 77 68 1.5 2.0 1.7

Health care and social assistance

586 536 589 3.0 2.6 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,035 873 1,090 6.5 5.5 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

187 116 160 8.5 5.2 7.0

Accommodation and food services

848 757 930 6.2 5.5 6.7

Other services

192 147 176 3.3 2.5 3.0

Government

259 269 246 1.1 1.2 1.1

Federal

30 29 34 1.1 1.1 1.2

State and local

230 240 213 1.1 1.2 1.1

State and local education

88 126 91 0.8 1.2 0.8

State and local, excluding education

142 113 122 1.6 1.2 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

785 660 836 2.9 2.4 3.0

South

2,097 2,084 2,164 3.9 3.8 4.0

Midwest

1,218 998 1,118 3.8 3.0 3.4

West

1,200 976 1,160 3.5 2.8 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

4,801 4,499 4,789 3.3 3.0 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,570 4,266 4,565 3.7 3.4 3.6

Mining and logging

29 39 36 4.0 5.3 4.9

Construction

321 311 319 4.6 4.4 4.4

Manufacturing

329 295 347 2.6 2.3 2.7

Durable goods

187 163 193 2.4 2.0 2.4

Nondurable goods

142 132 154 3.0 2.8 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

962 918 991 3.5 3.3 3.6

Wholesale trade

128 119 144 2.2 2.0 2.4

Retail trade

660 608 640 4.2 3.9 4.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 192 207 3.0 3.2 3.4

Information

75 75 78 2.7 2.7 2.8

Financial activities

164 155 148 1.9 1.8 1.7

Finance and insurance

107 117 100 1.7 1.9 1.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

58 37 49 2.6 1.7 2.1

Professional and business services

1,053 969 1,045 5.1 4.6 5.0

Education and health services

608 564 586 2.6 2.3 2.4

Educational services

58 64 58 1.5 1.6 1.5

Health care and social assistance

550 500 527 2.8 2.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

842 793 853 5.3 5.0 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

137 84 100 6.3 3.8 4.4

Accommodation and food services

705 709 752 5.2 5.1 5.4

Other services

187 147 164 3.2 2.5 2.8

Government

231 232 224 1.0 1.0 1.0

Federal

29 30 34 1.1 1.1 1.2

State and local

202 203 189 1.0 1.0 0.9

State and local education

81 95 81 0.7 0.9 0.7

State and local, excluding education

121 108 109 1.3 1.2 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

698 568 706 2.6 2.1 2.6

South

1,920 1,974 2,009 3.6 3.6 3.7

Midwest

1,012 948 1,016 3.1 2.9 3.1

West

1,171 1,009 1,058 3.4 2.9 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

3,003 2,833 3,097 2.0 1.9 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,871 2,706 2,962 2.3 2.1 2.3

Mining and logging

17 19 20 2.5 2.6 2.6

Construction

143 160 131 2.1 2.3 1.8

Manufacturing

208 181 213 1.7 1.4 1.7

Durable goods

122 101 108 1.6 1.3 1.3

Nondurable goods

86 80 105 1.8 1.7 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

626 608 688 2.3 2.2 2.5

Wholesale trade

85 69 105 1.5 1.2 1.8

Retail trade

425 415 448 2.7 2.7 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

117 124 135 2.0 2.1 2.2

Information

39 40 46 1.4 1.4 1.6

Financial activities

104 85 98 1.2 1.0 1.1

Finance and insurance

66 64 61 1.1 1.0 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

37 22 37 1.7 1.0 1.6

Professional and business services

599 543 613 2.9 2.6 2.9

Education and health services

382 378 403 1.6 1.6 1.7

Educational services

35 39 35 0.9 1.0 0.9

Health care and social assistance

347 339 368 1.8 1.7 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

606 609 629 3.8 3.8 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

60 53 61 2.8 2.4 2.7

Accommodation and food services

546 556 568 4.0 4.0 4.1

Other services

148 84 121 2.6 1.4 2.1

Government

132 127 135 0.6 0.6 0.6

Federal

12 14 18 0.4 0.5 0.7

State and local

120 113 117 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local education

49 56 55 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local, excluding education

71 57 62 0.8 0.6 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

370 325 446 1.4 1.2 1.6

South

1,249 1,256 1,254 2.3 2.3 2.3

Midwest

661 599 678 2.0 1.8 2.1

West

724 652 719 2.1 1.9 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

1,457 1,364 1,397 1.0 0.9 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,404 1,302 1,354 1.1 1.0 1.1

Mining and logging

10 18 15 1.4 2.5 2.1

Construction

158 140 166 2.3 2.0 2.3

Manufacturing

98 99 115 0.8 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

50 53 74 0.6 0.7 0.9

Nondurable goods

48 47 41 1.0 1.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

248 254 255 0.9 0.9 0.9

Wholesale trade

28 42 33 0.5 0.7 0.6

Retail trade

173 158 165 1.1 1.0 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

47 53 57 0.8 0.9 1.0

Information

31 24 19 1.1 0.9 0.7

Financial activities

39 38 27 0.5 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

26 26 20 0.4 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

13 13 7 0.6 0.6 0.3

Professional and business services

386 381 377 1.9 1.8 1.8

Education and health services

191 133 139 0.8 0.5 0.6

Educational services

20 21 20 0.5 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

171 112 119 0.9 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

215 162 206 1.4 1.0 1.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 30 36 3.2 1.4 1.6

Accommodation and food services

144 132 171 1.1 1.0 1.2

Other services

27 53 34 0.5 0.9 0.6

Government

53 62 43 0.2 0.3 0.2

Federal

8 5 5 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local

45 58 37 0.2 0.3 0.2

State and local education

20 27 13 0.2 0.3 0.1

State and local, excluding education

25 30 24 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

266 178 217 1.0 0.7 0.8

South

539 593 635 1.0 1.1 1.2

Midwest

289 299 280 0.9 0.9 0.8

West

362 294 266 1.1 0.9 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)
Mar.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019(p)

Total

341 302 295 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

294 259 249 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

2 2 1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Construction

20 11 22 0.3 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing

23 16 19 0.2 0.1 0.1

Durable goods

15 10 11 0.2 0.1 0.1

Nondurable goods

8 5 8 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

88 56 47 0.3 0.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

16 8 6 0.3 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

62 34 26 0.4 0.2 0.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

10 14 14 0.2 0.2 0.2

Information

5 11 13 0.2 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

22 31 24 0.3 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

15 28 19 0.2 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 3 5 0.3 0.1 0.2

Professional and business services

68 45 54 0.3 0.2 0.3

Education and health services

35 54 43 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services

3 5 3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

32 49 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

21 22 17 0.1 0.1 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6 1 3 0.3 0.0 0.1

Accommodation and food services

15 21 14 0.1 0.2 0.1

Other services

11 10 8 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

47 43 46 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

9 11 11 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

38 32 35 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

11 11 13 0.1 0.1 0.1

State and local, excluding education

26 21 23 0.3 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

62 64 43 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

131 125 121 0.2 0.2 0.2

Midwest

62 50 58 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

86 63 73 0.3 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: May 07, 2019