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Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 6, 2019	USDL-19-1431

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                            JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2019

The number of job openings was little changed at 7.3 million on the last business day of June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 
5.7 million and 5.5 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 2.3 
percent, and the layoffs and discharges rate was little changed at 1.1 percent. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of June, the job openings level was little changed at 7.3 million. The job 
openings rate was 4.6 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and for 
government. The job openings level increased in real estate and rental and leasing (+38,000) as well as 
state and local government education (+20,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all 
four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.7 million in June. The hires rate was 3.8 percent. The 
number of hires was little changed for total private and for government.  Hires increased in 
accommodation and food services (+76,000). The number of hires was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.5 million in June. The total separations rate was 
3.6 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for government. The 
total separations level increased in accommodation and food services (+101,000). The number of total 
separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in June at 3.4 million. The quits rate was 2.3 percent. The quits 
level was little changed for total private and decreased for government (-19,000). Quits decreased in 
transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-35,000) and state and local government, excluding education 
(-14,000), but increased in construction (+34,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 4.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in June at 1.7 million. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed for total private and 
for government. The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in professional and business services 
(-89,000) as well as arts, entertainment, and recreation (-38,000), but increased in accommodation and 
food services (+74,000). The layoffs and discharges level decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 
5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in June. The other separations level edged up for 
total private (+43,000) and was little changed for government. Other separations increased in other 
services (+18,000), accommodation and food services (+14,000), and information (+6,000). The number 
of other separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 69.4 million and 
separations totaled 66.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for July 2019 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, September 10, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

7,393 7,384 7,348 5,833 5,760 5,702 5,565 5,557 5,481

Total private

6,752 6,680 6,629 5,460 5,398 5,351 5,210 5,208 5,146

Mining and logging(1)

28 30 31 43 27 21 35 24 23

Construction(1)

323 376 347 378 387 414 370 390 410

Manufacturing

475 503 503 370 340 324 342 334 318

Durable goods(1)

296 320 319 212 193 195 182 188 183

Nondurable goods(1)

178 183 183 157 147 128 160 147 135

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,505 1,352 1,408 1,140 1,161 1,166 1,127 1,134 1,097

Wholesale trade

210 220 214 135 164 156 130 148 153

Retail trade

1,003 815 888 765 770 795 779 768 760

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

292 317 306 239 227 216 219 219 183

Information(1)

130 107 105 92 99 87 97 91 93

Financial activities

381 352 375 238 217 213 229 211 213

Finance and insurance

280 266 251 163 139 125 157 134 123

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

101 86 124 75 78 88 72 78 89

Professional and business services

1,271 1,313 1,329 1,212 1,172 1,100 1,151 1,139 1,055

Education and health services

1,321 1,329 1,342 695 675 680 641 622 613

Educational services(1)

145 122 125 98 98 98 68 95 91

Health care and social assistance

1,176 1,207 1,217 598 577 582 573 527 522

Leisure and hospitality

1,071 1,027 934 1,078 1,100 1,142 1,018 1,047 1,115

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

161 110 99 190 167 133 195 173 141

Accommodation and food services

910 916 835 888 933 1,009 823 874 975

Other services

246 292 256 215 220 204 200 215 209

Government

641 704 719 373 361 351 355 349 335

Federal(1)

115 110 105 33 32 33 31 34 34

State and local

526 595 613 341 329 318 323 315 301

State and local education

190 212 232 175 171 171 161 178 175

State and local, excluding education(1)

336 383 382 166 158 147 163 137 126





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

4.7 4.7 4.6 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6

Total private

5.1 4.9 4.9 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0

Mining and logging(1)

3.7 3.8 4.0 5.9 3.5 2.8 4.8 3.2 3.0

Construction(1)

4.2 4.8 4.4 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.5

Manufacturing

3.6 3.8 3.8 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5

Durable goods(1)

3.6 3.8 3.8 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods(1)

3.6 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.1 2.7 3.4 3.1 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

5.2 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9

Wholesale trade

3.5 3.6 3.5 2.3 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.6

Retail trade

6.0 4.9 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

4.7 4.9 4.8 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.0

Information(1)

4.4 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.3

Financial activities

4.3 3.9 4.2 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.5

Finance and insurance

4.2 4.0 3.8 2.6 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

4.3 3.6 5.1 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.2 3.4 3.9

Professional and business services

5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.5 5.3 4.9

Education and health services

5.3 5.2 5.2 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5

Educational services(1)

3.7 3.1 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 1.8 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

5.6 5.6 5.6 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

6.1 5.8 5.3 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.2 6.3 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6.3 4.3 3.9 8.0 6.8 5.4 8.2 7.0 5.7

Accommodation and food services

6.1 6.0 5.5 6.4 6.6 7.1 5.9 6.1 6.8

Other services

4.0 4.7 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.5

Government

2.8 3.0 3.1 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5

Federal(1)

3.9 3.8 3.6 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

State and local

2.6 2.9 3.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

1.8 2.0 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.5 4.0 3.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.4

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

7,393 7,142 7,474 7,372 7,384 7,348 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

6,752 6,437 6,772 6,635 6,680 6,629 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9

Mining and logging(3)

28 27 28 32 30 31 3.7 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.8 4.0

Construction(3)

323 287 364 434 376 347 4.2 3.7 4.7 5.5 4.8 4.4

Manufacturing

475 480 461 496 503 503 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8

Durable goods(3)

296 305 304 318 320 319 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8

Nondurable goods(3)

178 175 158 179 183 183 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,505 1,340 1,385 1,435 1,352 1,408 5.2 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.8

Wholesale trade

210 220 220 262 220 214 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.2 3.6 3.5

Retail trade

1,003 861 825 818 815 888 6.0 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

292 258 340 355 317 306 4.7 4.1 5.3 5.5 4.9 4.8

Information(3)

130 133 137 130 107 105 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.4 3.7 3.6

Financial activities

381 334 356 354 352 375 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.2

Finance and insurance

280 268 234 224 266 251 4.2 4.1 3.6 3.4 4.0 3.8

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

101 65 122 130 86 124 4.3 2.8 5.0 5.3 3.6 5.1

Professional and business services

1,271 1,424 1,413 1,260 1,313 1,329 5.7 6.3 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8

Education and health services

1,321 1,212 1,355 1,254 1,329 1,342 5.3 4.8 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.2

Educational services(3)

145 100 111 147 122 125 3.7 2.6 2.9 3.7 3.1 3.2

Health care and social assistance

1,176 1,112 1,244 1,107 1,207 1,217 5.6 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,071 988 1,035 1,022 1,027 934 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

161 106 106 105 110 99 6.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 3.9

Accommodation and food services

910 882 929 917 916 835 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.5

Other services

246 214 238 217 292 256 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.5 4.7 4.1

Government

641 705 702 737 704 719 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1

Federal(3)

115 130 117 151 110 105 3.9 4.5 4.0 5.1 3.8 3.6

State and local

526 575 585 587 595 613 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0

State and local education

190 224 228 215 212 232 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2

State and local, excluding education(3)

336 350 357 372 383 382 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

1,262 1,201 1,224 1,065 1,271 1,250 4.4 4.2 4.2 3.7 4.4 4.3

South

2,696 2,698 2,846 2,827 2,754 2,703 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7

Midwest

1,776 1,641 1,729 1,796 1,697 1,716 5.1 4.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.9

West

1,658 1,602 1,675 1,684 1,662 1,679 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

5,833 5,695 5,697 5,991 5,760 5,702 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,460 5,333 5,345 5,613 5,398 5,351 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.2

Mining and logging

43 35 39 28 27 21 5.9 4.6 5.2 3.7 3.5 2.8

Construction

378 367 364 420 387 414 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.6 5.2 5.5

Manufacturing

370 351 357 367 340 324 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.5

Durable goods

212 192 190 212 193 195 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.4

Nondurable goods

157 159 167 155 147 128 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,140 1,143 1,094 1,146 1,161 1,166 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.2

Wholesale trade

135 147 134 156 164 156 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.6

Retail trade

765 744 725 756 770 795 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

239 252 235 234 227 216 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5

Information

92 85 95 87 99 87 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.1

Financial activities

238 197 191 235 217 213 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.5

Finance and insurance

163 133 131 144 139 125 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

75 64 60 91 78 88 3.3 2.8 2.6 3.9 3.4 3.8

Professional and business services

1,212 1,175 1,173 1,253 1,172 1,100 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.1

Education and health services

695 715 720 726 675 680 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8

Educational services

98 99 93 108 98 98 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.6

Health care and social assistance

598 617 627 618 577 582 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,078 1,079 1,106 1,129 1,100 1,142 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

190 178 171 161 167 133 8.0 7.2 6.9 6.5 6.8 5.4

Accommodation and food services

888 901 935 968 933 1,009 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.6 7.1

Other services

215 186 205 223 220 204 3.7 3.2 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.4

Government

373 362 352 379 361 351 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6

Federal

33 36 39 38 32 33 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.2

State and local

341 326 313 340 329 318 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6

State and local education

175 169 170 171 171 171 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education

166 157 144 170 158 147 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

942 884 895 944 957 894 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2

South

2,310 2,360 2,342 2,368 2,261 2,266 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.1

Midwest

1,307 1,258 1,195 1,304 1,233 1,274 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.8

West

1,273 1,193 1,265 1,374 1,308 1,268 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

5,565 5,576 5,508 5,687 5,557 5,481 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,210 5,206 5,171 5,335 5,208 5,146 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.0

Mining and logging

35 37 38 31 24 23 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.1 3.2 3.0

Construction

370 364 350 405 390 410 5.1 4.9 4.7 5.4 5.2 5.5

Manufacturing

342 347 364 357 334 318 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.5

Durable goods

182 192 204 205 188 183 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods

160 154 161 152 147 135 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,127 1,114 1,115 1,137 1,134 1,097 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.9

Wholesale trade

130 141 138 136 148 153 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.6

Retail trade

779 720 738 781 768 760 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

219 253 239 219 219 183 3.7 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.0

Information

97 89 91 105 91 93 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.8 3.2 3.3

Financial activities

229 182 172 225 211 213 2.7 2.1 2.0 2.6 2.4 2.5

Finance and insurance

157 140 120 135 134 123 2.5 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

72 42 51 90 78 89 3.2 1.8 2.2 3.9 3.4 3.9

Professional and business services

1,151 1,122 1,150 1,174 1,139 1,055 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.3 4.9

Education and health services

641 710 683 637 622 613 2.7 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5

Educational services

68 110 91 91 95 91 1.8 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

573 600 592 546 527 522 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,018 1,044 1,014 1,067 1,047 1,115 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

195 166 132 147 173 141 8.2 6.7 5.3 6.0 7.0 5.7

Accommodation and food services

823 878 882 919 874 975 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.8

Other services

200 197 193 197 215 209 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.5

Government

355 370 337 353 349 335 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5

Federal

31 36 41 32 34 34 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2

State and local

323 335 297 321 315 301 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

161 172 156 165 178 175 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7

State and local, excluding education

163 162 140 156 137 126 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

895 779 856 816 924 864 3.3 2.8 3.1 2.9 3.3 3.1

South

2,161 2,378 2,315 2,344 2,078 2,141 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.2 3.8 3.9

Midwest

1,237 1,203 1,160 1,236 1,216 1,228 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.7

West

1,272 1,216 1,177 1,292 1,339 1,247 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

3,354 3,447 3,461 3,516 3,478 3,433 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,160 3,259 3,278 3,327 3,277 3,251 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5

Mining and logging

20 21 23 19 15 12 2.7 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.6

Construction

177 184 149 145 168 202 2.4 2.5 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.7

Manufacturing

205 211 222 224 203 195 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5

Durable goods

110 118 118 130 114 115 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4

Nondurable goods

95 93 104 93 89 80 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

746 729 738 744 784 729 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.6

Wholesale trade

77 88 102 93 105 91 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.5

Retail trade

544 494 500 524 543 538 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

125 147 137 126 136 101 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 1.6

Information

50 48 52 58 57 55 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.9

Financial activities

118 97 104 145 118 125 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.4 1.4

Finance and insurance

72 75 67 82 73 70 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

46 22 37 64 45 54 2.0 0.9 1.6 2.7 2.0 2.3

Professional and business services

658 645 656 647 619 615 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9

Education and health services

413 461 467 425 406 411 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7

Educational services

34 58 47 50 51 54 0.9 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

379 403 420 375 355 357 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

691 748 735 773 761 781 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 80 82 83 73 80 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.3

Accommodation and food services

614 668 653 691 688 701 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.9

Other services

83 114 132 147 144 127 1.4 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.1

Government

194 188 184 190 202 183 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Federal

14 17 22 15 16 15 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5

State and local

180 171 162 175 186 168 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9

State and local education

92 96 94 90 103 100 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0

State and local, excluding education

89 75 68 85 82 68 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7

REGION(4)

Northeast

478 425 513 448 496 497 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.8

South

1,329 1,489 1,425 1,478 1,381 1,385 2.4 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.5

Midwest

771 754 757 791 802 769 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

West

775 779 767 799 799 782 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

1,843 1,784 1,693 1,830 1,773 1,702 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,746 1,664 1,601 1,726 1,683 1,605 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging

14 14 15 11 8 8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.1 1.0

Construction

179 169 181 240 211 197 2.5 2.3 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.6

Manufacturing

117 118 122 111 112 103 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

60 61 76 64 61 58 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

57 56 46 47 51 45 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

308 324 326 351 297 314 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1

Wholesale trade(3)

37 42 30 36 34 54 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9

Retail trade

195 190 207 234 194 191 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

76 92 88 80 70 69 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1

Information

39 30 24 33 28 27 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.0

Financial activities

74 48 32 54 65 60 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7

Finance and insurance

52 31 22 31 35 28 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

22 17 10 23 30 32 1.0 0.7 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.4

Professional and business services

432 423 422 451 469 380 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 1.8

Education and health services

183 193 164 170 170 165 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Educational services

30 46 38 35 36 31 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8

Health care and social assistance

153 147 126 135 134 133 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

300 274 262 263 257 292 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

114 84 48 63 97 59 4.8 3.4 1.9 2.5 4.0 2.4

Accommodation and food services

186 189 214 201 160 234 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.6

Other services

101 72 54 43 65 59 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.0

Government

97 120 92 104 90 98 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Federal

7 6 7 6 7 8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

State and local

90 114 86 97 83 90 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5

State and local education

44 53 38 52 50 52 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local, excluding education

46 61 48 46 33 37 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

REGION(4)

Northeast

348 282 291 325 371 293 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.1

South

710 750 748 727 579 620 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.1

Midwest

377 385 331 379 349 402 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2

West

408 368 322 398 474 388 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

368 346 354 341 306 345 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

304 284 293 282 248 291 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

2 3 1 1 1 3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3

Construction(3)

14 11 21 21 10 12 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

20 18 21 22 19 20 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

13 13 10 10 13 11 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods(3)

7 5 11 12 6 9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

74 61 51 42 53 54 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

16 10 6 7 9 8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

39 36 30 24 31 32 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

19 14 15 12 13 13 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Information(3)

8 11 15 15 5 11 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

38 37 35 26 28 28 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Finance and insurance

33 34 31 23 26 25 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

4 3 5 4 2 3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

62 55 72 75 51 61 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3

Education and health services

45 55 52 43 46 38 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

4 6 5 6 8 6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Health care and social assistance(3)

41 49 46 37 39 32 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 22 18 30 29 42 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

3 1 3 2 3 2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

24 21 14 28 26 40 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other services(3)

17 10 7 7 5 23 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4

Government

64 62 61 60 58 55 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Federal

11 13 12 10 11 11 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

53 49 49 49 46 44 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

25 23 25 23 24 23 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

28 26 24 26 22 21 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

REGION(4)

Northeast

69 72 53 42 58 74 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

South

122 139 142 138 118 136 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Midwest

88 64 72 67 64 58 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

89 70 87 94 66 77 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

7,286 7,277 7,225 4.6 4.6 4.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

6,613 6,581 6,473 4.9 4.9 4.7

Mining and logging

28 30 31 3.7 3.9 3.9

Construction

323 376 347 4.1 4.7 4.3

Manufacturing

475 503 503 3.6 3.8 3.7

Durable goods

296 320 319 3.6 3.8 3.8

Nondurable goods

178 183 183 3.6 3.7 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,489 1,276 1,389 5.1 4.4 4.8

Wholesale trade

216 218 217 3.6 3.5 3.5

Retail trade

981 742 866 5.8 4.5 5.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

292 317 306 4.7 5.0 4.8

Information

130 107 105 4.4 3.7 3.6

Financial activities

365 335 357 4.1 3.7 3.9

Finance and insurance

264 249 232 4.0 3.8 3.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

101 86 124 4.2 3.6 5.0

Professional and business services

1,244 1,302 1,291 5.6 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

1,271 1,277 1,289 5.1 5.0 5.1

Educational services

145 122 125 4.0 3.1 3.4

Health care and social assistance

1,126 1,155 1,164 5.4 5.4 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,070 1,086 930 5.9 6.0 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

146 138 93 5.1 5.1 3.3

Accommodation and food services

924 948 837 6.1 6.2 5.4

Other services

217 290 232 3.5 4.6 3.7

Government

673 696 753 2.9 3.0 3.2

Federal

115 110 105 3.9 3.8 3.6

State and local

558 586 647 2.8 2.8 3.2

State and local education

222 203 266 2.2 1.9 2.5

State and local, excluding education

336 383 382 3.4 4.0 3.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

1,213 1,270 1,207 4.2 4.4 4.1

South

2,691 2,692 2,672 4.7 4.6 4.6

Midwest

1,742 1,701 1,681 5.0 4.9 4.8

West

1,640 1,614 1,665 4.5 4.4 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

6,669 6,368 6,477 4.4 4.2 4.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

6,210 5,986 6,043 4.9 4.6 4.7

Mining and logging

48 29 24 6.5 3.9 3.2

Construction

447 499 491 6.0 6.6 6.4

Manufacturing

451 373 395 3.5 2.9 3.1

Durable goods

252 216 235 3.2 2.7 2.9

Nondurable goods

199 156 159 4.2 3.3 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,148 1,202 1,190 4.1 4.3 4.3

Wholesale trade

154 164 176 2.6 2.8 3.0

Retail trade

770 833 818 4.9 5.3 5.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

224 206 196 3.8 3.4 3.2

Information

102 105 96 3.6 3.7 3.4

Financial activities

282 248 255 3.3 2.9 2.9

Finance and insurance

192 155 148 3.0 2.4 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

89 93 107 3.9 4.0 4.5

Professional and business services

1,326 1,245 1,210 6.3 5.8 5.6

Education and health services

767 625 719 3.3 2.6 3.0

Educational services

108 76 107 3.1 2.0 3.0

Health care and social assistance

659 549 611 3.3 2.7 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,349 1,366 1,389 7.9 8.0 8.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

324 272 220 12.0 10.7 8.0

Accommodation and food services

1,025 1,093 1,169 7.1 7.6 8.0

Other services

291 295 274 4.9 4.9 4.6

Government

459 382 434 2.1 1.7 1.9

Federal

39 37 38 1.4 1.3 1.4

State and local

420 345 395 2.1 1.7 2.0

State and local education

144 110 141 1.4 1.0 1.4

State and local, excluding education

276 234 255 2.9 2.5 2.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

1,160 1,127 1,093 4.2 4.1 3.9

South

2,507 2,382 2,441 4.6 4.3 4.4

Midwest

1,531 1,453 1,497 4.6 4.4 4.5

West

1,472 1,405 1,445 4.2 4.0 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

5,855 5,615 5,795 3.9 3.7 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,300 5,190 5,251 4.2 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging

33 24 20 4.4 3.2 2.6

Construction

335 371 376 4.5 4.9 4.9

Manufacturing

352 340 322 2.8 2.7 2.5

Durable goods

189 189 187 2.4 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods

163 151 135 3.4 3.2 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,100 1,110 1,070 4.0 4.0 3.8

Wholesale trade

132 143 156 2.3 2.4 2.6

Retail trade

757 777 749 4.8 4.9 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

211 191 166 3.5 3.1 2.7

Information

98 91 94 3.4 3.2 3.3

Financial activities

234 211 225 2.7 2.4 2.6

Finance and insurance

161 135 129 2.5 2.1 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

73 76 96 3.2 3.3 4.1

Professional and business services

1,175 1,173 1,061 5.6 5.5 4.9

Education and health services

758 649 736 3.2 2.7 3.1

Educational services

131 122 165 3.7 3.2 4.6

Health care and social assistance

627 526 571 3.1 2.6 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,004 1,007 1,133 5.9 5.9 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

159 132 125 5.9 5.2 4.5

Accommodation and food services

844 875 1,008 5.9 6.1 6.9

Other services

212 214 213 3.6 3.6 3.5

Government

555 425 544 2.5 1.9 2.4

Federal

30 29 31 1.1 1.0 1.1

State and local

525 396 513 2.7 2.0 2.6

State and local education

360 264 388 3.6 2.4 3.8

State and local, excluding education

165 133 125 1.7 1.4 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

915 856 907 3.3 3.1 3.2

South

2,304 2,175 2,274 4.2 3.9 4.1

Midwest

1,278 1,212 1,287 3.9 3.6 3.8

West

1,358 1,373 1,327 3.9 3.9 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

3,627 3,588 3,722 2.4 2.4 2.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,324 3,332 3,420 2.6 2.6 2.6

Mining and logging

20 15 12 2.7 1.9 1.5

Construction

180 162 206 2.4 2.2 2.7

Manufacturing

217 212 204 1.7 1.7 1.6

Durable goods

115 118 118 1.4 1.5 1.5

Nondurable goods

102 94 86 2.1 2.0 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

758 807 751 2.7 2.9 2.7

Wholesale trade

79 103 92 1.4 1.7 1.5

Retail trade

555 580 561 3.5 3.7 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

123 124 98 2.1 2.1 1.6

Information

48 59 53 1.7 2.1 1.9

Financial activities

125 119 130 1.4 1.4 1.5

Finance and insurance

79 74 75 1.2 1.2 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

46 45 54 2.0 2.0 2.3

Professional and business services

698 624 644 3.3 2.9 3.0

Education and health services

461 407 468 2.0 1.7 1.9

Educational services

55 54 88 1.5 1.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

406 353 380 2.0 1.7 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

726 780 822 4.3 4.6 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

85 67 88 3.2 2.6 3.2

Accommodation and food services

640 713 735 4.5 4.9 5.0

Other services

92 146 130 1.5 2.5 2.2

Government

302 256 303 1.4 1.1 1.3

Federal

15 14 14 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

288 242 288 1.5 1.2 1.5

State and local education

192 148 215 1.9 1.4 2.1

State and local, excluding education

96 94 73 1.0 1.0 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

499 509 535 1.8 1.8 1.9

South

1,452 1,422 1,503 2.6 2.6 2.7

Midwest

833 841 834 2.5 2.5 2.5

West

842 816 850 2.4 2.3 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

1,804 1,715 1,673 1.2 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,673 1,609 1,538 1.3 1.2 1.2

Mining and logging

11 9 5 1.4 1.1 0.7

Construction

141 199 159 1.9 2.6 2.1

Manufacturing

114 109 98 0.9 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

60 58 57 0.8 0.7 0.7

Nondurable goods

54 51 41 1.1 1.1 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

272 247 268 1.0 0.9 1.0

Wholesale trade

37 34 54 0.6 0.6 0.9

Retail trade

166 160 159 1.1 1.0 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

69 53 55 1.2 0.9 0.9

Information

41 26 30 1.4 0.9 1.1

Financial activities

69 61 63 0.8 0.7 0.7

Finance and insurance

46 33 25 0.7 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 28 38 1.0 1.2 1.6

Professional and business services

422 504 362 2.0 2.4 1.7

Education and health services

249 194 225 1.1 0.8 0.9

Educational services

69 59 66 2.0 1.6 1.8

Health care and social assistance

180 135 159 0.9 0.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

251 198 268 1.5 1.2 1.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 62 35 2.6 2.4 1.3

Accommodation and food services

181 135 234 1.3 0.9 1.6

Other services

104 63 59 1.7 1.1 1.0

Government

131 106 135 0.6 0.5 0.6

Federal

5 4 6 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local

126 101 129 0.6 0.5 0.7

State and local education

89 83 100 0.9 0.8 1.0

State and local, excluding education

37 18 29 0.4 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

335 296 285 1.2 1.1 1.0

South

709 624 613 1.3 1.1 1.1

Midwest

349 302 390 1.1 0.9 1.2

West

411 493 386 1.2 1.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)
June
2018
May
2019
June
2019(p)

Total

424 313 399 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

303 249 293 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

2 1 3 0.3 0.1 0.4

Construction

14 10 12 0.2 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

21 19 21 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

14 12 12 0.2 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

7 6 9 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

70 56 51 0.3 0.2 0.2

Wholesale trade

16 6 10 0.3 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

35 37 28 0.2 0.2 0.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

19 13 13 0.3 0.2 0.2

Information

8 5 11 0.3 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

40 30 32 0.5 0.3 0.4

Finance and insurance

36 28 28 0.6 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

4 2 3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Professional and business services

56 45 55 0.3 0.2 0.3

Education and health services

48 48 43 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

7 9 12 0.2 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

41 39 32 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 29 42 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 3 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

24 26 40 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other services

17 5 23 0.3 0.1 0.4

Government

122 64 106 0.5 0.3 0.5

Federal

11 10 10 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

111 54 96 0.6 0.3 0.5

State and local education

80 33 73 0.8 0.3 0.7

State and local, excluding education

31 21 23 0.3 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

80 51 86 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

143 129 158 0.3 0.2 0.3

Midwest

97 68 64 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

105 64 91 0.3 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: August 06, 2019