Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 9, 2015	USDL-15-1757

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2015

The number of job openings again rose to a series high of 5.8 million on the last business day of July, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The number of hires and separations edged down to 
5.0 million and 4.7 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was 1.9 percent for the fourth 
month in a row, and the layoffs and discharges rate declined to 1.1 percent. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

Job openings increased to a new series high in July, reaching 5.8 million. The prior series high was 5.4 
million in May 2015. The series began in December 2000. The job openings rate for July rose to 3.9 
percent after measuring 3.6 percent in the prior 3 months. The number of job openings rose in July for 
total private and was little changed for government. Several industries experienced a rise in openings in 
July:  professional and business services (+122,000), accommodation and food services (+82,000), retail 
trade (+77,000), and nondurable goods manufacturing (+27,000). In the regions, the number of openings 
rose in the Northeast (+154,000) and South (+141,000). (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in July for 
total nonfarm and total private. The number of job openings for government was little changed. Job 
openings rose over the year for many industries with the largest increases occurring in professional and 
business services (+452,000), health care and social assistance (+174,000), accommodation and food 
services (+141,000), and retail trade (+136,000). Job openings decreased over the year in mining and 
logging (-8,000). The number of job openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

The number of hires was 5.0 million in July, edging down from June. The hires rate was 3.5 percent. 
The number of hires edged down for total private and was little changed for government in July. There 
was little change in the number of hires in all industries and regions over the month. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for 
total nonfarm and total private, and rose for government. At the industry level, hires increased in 
accommodation and food services (+113,000) and in federal government (+13,000), but decreased in 
construction (-109,000) and in arts, entertainment, and recreation (-37,000). The number of hires was 
little changed in in all four regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.7 million total separations in July, edging down from June. The separations rate was 3.3 
percent. The number of total separations edged down for total private and was little changed for 
government. Total separations decreased in July in arts, entertainment, and recreation (-38,000) and in 
the West region (-184,000), but was little changed in the other industries and regions over the month. 
(See table 3.)

There were 2.7 million quits in July, little changed from June. Although the number of quits has been 
increasing overall since the end of the recession, the number has held between 2.7 million and 2.8 
million for the past 11 months. The quits rate was unchanged in July, measuring 1.9 percent for the 
fourth month in a row. The number of quits was little changed for total private and unchanged for 
government over the month. Quits fell in professional and business services (-57,000) and in the West 
region (-107,000), and was little changed in the other industries and regions in July. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in July for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, quits increased in accommodation and food 
services (+101,000), state and local government (+27,000), and educational services (+23,000). Quits 
decreased over the year in finance and insurance (-25,000) and in nondurable goods manufacturing
(-18,000). In the regions, quits increased in the South (+168,000) and Northeast (+67,000), but fell in the 
West (-85,000). (See table 10.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in July, edging down from June. The layoffs and 
discharges rate fell to 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges edged down over the month for 
total private and was little changed for government. The number was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual 
industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) edged down over the 12 months ending 
in July for total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. The number of layoffs 
and discharges rose over the year in mining and logging (+8,000) and in federal government (+5,000), 
but fell in construction (-90,000) and educational services (-23,000). The number of layoffs and 
discharges fell over the year in the Northeast region (-138,000) and was little changed in the other 
regions. (See table 11.)

In July, there were 413,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in June. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 341,000 and increased for 
government to 72,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) increased 
for total nonfarm (+64,000) and for government (+12,000), and edged up for total private (+52,000). 
Other separations increased over the year in several industries, with the largest changes occurring in 
construction (+17,000), health care and social assistance (+16,000), and accommodation and food 
services (+15,000). Other separations decreased over the year in nondurable goods manufacturing 
(-10,000). In the regions, other separations increased in the Midwest (+33,000) and was little changed in 
the other regions. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July 2015, hires totaled 60.6 million 
and separations totaled 57.8 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2015 are scheduled to be 
released on Friday, October 16, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total nonfarm

4,726 5,323 5,753 5,003 5,182 4,983 4,711 4,906 4,716

Total private(1)

4,256 4,859 5,266 4,718 4,854 4,653 4,440 4,596 4,401

Construction

138 137 137 385 325 300 350 333 273

Manufacturing

286 310 342 266 271 267 240 266 254

Durable goods

185 190 195 158 158 160 141 160 169

Nondurable goods

101 120 147 108 113 107 99 105 85

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

835 945 1,018 1,102 1,146 1,130 1,038 1,077 1,054

Retail trade

490 543 620 764 786 786 723 746 739

Professional and business services

911 1,209 1,331 1,000 1,054 948 944 991 891

Education and health services(3)

856 1,002 1,030 579 585 580 532 533 543

Health care and social assistance

776 910 928 507 499 498 461 450 464

Leisure and hospitality

646 701 770 872 923 935 864 882 895

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 77 64 151 136 119 154 136 98

Accommodation and food services

575 624 706 721 787 816 710 746 798

Government(4)

470 463 486 286 328 330 271 310 315

State and local

417 395 416 259 292 286 245 276 275

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total nonfarm

3.3 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3

Total private(1)

3.5 3.9 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7

Construction

2.2 2.1 2.1 6.3 5.1 4.7 5.7 5.2 4.3

Manufacturing

2.3 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1

Durable goods

2.3 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

2.2 2.6 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.3 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

3.1 3.4 3.6 4.2 4.3 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.9

Retail trade

3.1 3.3 3.8 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.7

Professional and business services

4.5 5.8 6.3 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.5

Education and health services(3)

3.8 4.4 4.5 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

4.1 4.7 4.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

4.2 4.4 4.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.2 3.5 2.9 7.2 6.3 5.5 7.3 6.3 4.5

Accommodation and food services

4.4 4.6 5.2 5.7 6.1 6.3 5.6 5.8 6.1

Government(4)

2.1 2.1 2.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.4

State and local

2.1 2.0 2.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

4,726 5,109 5,334 5,357 5,323 5,753 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,256 4,626 4,849 4,857 4,859 5,266 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.2

Construction

138 168 137 163 137 137 2.2 2.6 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.1

Manufacturing

286 333 335 333 310 342 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.7

Durable goods

185 211 215 194 190 195 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4

Nondurable goods

101 122 120 139 120 147 2.2 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.6 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

835 880 951 957 945 1,018 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6

Retail trade

490 515 530 537 543 620 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.8

Professional and business services

911 1,014 1,070 1,103 1,209 1,331 4.5 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.8 6.3

Education and health services(6)

856 903 992 968 1,002 1,030 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.5

Health care and social assistance

776 810 893 883 910 928 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

646 740 716 735 701 770 4.2 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 92 67 77 77 64 3.2 4.1 3.0 3.4 3.5 2.9

Accommodation and food services

575 649 649 658 624 706 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6 5.2

Government(7)

470 483 485 499 463 486 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

State and local

417 416 414 427 395 416 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

792 827 833 805 788 942 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.4

South

1,743 1,881 1,994 2,021 2,070 2,211 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1

Midwest

1,104 1,203 1,199 1,240 1,240 1,275 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8

West

1,087 1,198 1,308 1,290 1,224 1,324 3.3 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

5,003 5,088 5,034 5,060 5,182 4,983 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,718 4,759 4,698 4,732 4,854 4,653 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9

Construction

385 307 345 320 325 300 6.3 4.8 5.4 5.0 5.1 4.7

Manufacturing

266 257 252 245 271 267 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

158 152 144 141 158 160 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

108 105 109 104 113 107 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,102 1,105 1,039 1,107 1,146 1,130 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.2

Retail trade

764 756 722 782 786 786 5.0 4.9 4.6 5.0 5.0 5.0

Professional and business services

1,000 1,073 1,040 1,040 1,054 948 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3 4.8

Education and health services(6)

579 591 598 598 585 580 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

Health care and social assistance

507 518 517 515 499 498 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

872 928 907 932 923 935 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

151 152 130 154 136 119 7.2 7.1 6.0 7.1 6.3 5.5

Accommodation and food services

721 776 777 778 787 816 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3

Government(7)

286 329 336 328 328 330 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

State and local

259 294 300 286 292 286 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

748 784 770 803 766 773 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9

South

2,008 1,947 1,944 1,966 2,089 2,020 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.9

Midwest

1,124 1,215 1,214 1,150 1,158 1,068 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.3

West

1,124 1,142 1,107 1,141 1,168 1,122 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

4,711 5,065 4,895 4,799 4,906 4,716 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,440 4,735 4,574 4,480 4,596 4,401 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7

Construction

350 345 300 280 333 273 5.7 5.4 4.7 4.4 5.2 4.3

Manufacturing

240 264 262 238 266 254 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.1

Durable goods

141 152 153 141 160 169 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

99 112 109 97 105 85 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.3 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,038 1,120 1,028 1,071 1,077 1,054 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.9

Retail trade

723 768 713 745 746 739 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7

Professional and business services

944 1,019 1,005 961 991 891 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.5

Education and health services(6)

532 536 520 547 533 543 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

461 465 450 467 450 464 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

864 933 948 892 882 895 5.9 6.2 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

154 150 132 120 136 98 7.3 7.0 6.2 5.5 6.3 4.5

Accommodation and food services

710 783 816 772 746 798 5.6 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1

Government(7)

271 331 321 319 310 315 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

245 296 285 280 276 275 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

753 785 756 730 727 686 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6

South

1,845 1,942 1,952 1,909 1,877 1,943 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8

Midwest

1,005 1,193 1,138 1,087 1,145 1,115 3.2 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.5

West

1,109 1,145 1,049 1,073 1,157 973 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

2,542 2,769 2,709 2,730 2,738 2,695 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,405 2,611 2,562 2,579 2,576 2,534 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

Construction

106 122 120 115 107 109 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7

Manufacturing

132 129 141 122 138 127 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0

Durable goods

73 72 80 71 81 82 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0

Nondurable goods

59 56 62 51 57 45 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

580 649 611 624 618 600 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2

Retail trade

421 492 446 444 462 425 2.7 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7

Professional and business services

453 474 506 516 510 453 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3

Education and health services(6)

348 353 346 358 347 360 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

310 313 309 315 306 306 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

531 613 562 573 585 616 3.6 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 46 47 53 52 52 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.4

Accommodation and food services

483 567 515 520 533 563 3.8 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3

Government(7)

136 158 147 151 161 161 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

127 147 136 140 150 149 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

345 398 388 381 370 399 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5

South

1,030 1,128 1,125 1,123 1,129 1,178 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3

Midwest

581 629 603 632 616 603 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9

West

584 613 593 595 622 515 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

1,827 1,894 1,784 1,660 1,779 1,609 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,752 1,791 1,679 1,562 1,686 1,527 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

75 103 105 98 93 82 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

353 308 295 273 280 210 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.8

South

663 690 682 615 599 601 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Midwest

364 479 432 380 456 418 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3

West

447 418 374 392 445 379 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

343 403 402 409 389 413 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

283 333 333 340 333 341 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

59 70 70 69 56 72 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

5,062 5,308 6,197 3.5 3.6 4.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,538 4,807 5,657 3.7 3.8 4.5

Mining and logging

29 22 21 3.1 2.6 2.4

Construction

151 163 143 2.3 2.4 2.1

Manufacturing

319 302 393 2.5 2.4 3.1

Durable goods

212 191 223 2.7 2.4 2.8

Nondurable goods

107 111 170 2.3 2.4 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

907 920 1,100 3.3 3.3 3.9

Wholesale trade

188 159 234 3.1 2.6 3.8

Retail trade

526 539 662 3.3 3.3 4.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

193 223 204 3.6 4.0 3.7

Information

120 93 120 4.2 3.2 4.1

Financial activities

318 274 369 3.8 3.2 4.3

Finance and insurance

235 200 247 3.8 3.2 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

83 75 122 3.8 3.4 5.4

Professional and business services

896 1,205 1,348 4.5 5.7 6.3

Education and health services

939 953 1,137 4.2 4.2 5.0

Educational services

92 88 116 2.9 2.6 3.5

Health care and social assistance

847 865 1,021 4.5 4.5 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

700 708 833 4.3 4.3 5.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 70 56 2.6 2.8 2.2

Accommodation and food services

636 638 777 4.7 4.6 5.5

Other services

159 167 195 2.7 2.8 3.3

Government

524 501 540 2.5 2.2 2.5

Federal

51 62 65 1.8 2.2 2.3

State and local

473 439 475 2.6 2.2 2.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

845 798 1,007 3.2 2.9 3.7

South

1,857 2,055 2,382 3.6 3.8 4.4

Midwest

1,189 1,249 1,365 3.7 3.7 4.1

West

1,171 1,206 1,443 3.6 3.6 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

5,459 5,945 5,417 3.9 4.2 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,139 5,507 5,056 4.3 4.6 4.2

Mining and logging

37 30 34 4.1 3.6 4.0

Construction

465 412 356 7.2 6.3 5.3

Manufacturing

295 329 300 2.4 2.7 2.4

Durable goods

165 189 170 2.1 2.4 2.2

Nondurable goods

130 140 129 2.9 3.1 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,112 1,141 1,148 4.2 4.2 4.3

Wholesale trade

167 184 162 2.9 3.1 2.7

Retail trade

754 775 781 4.9 4.9 5.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

191 182 205 3.7 3.4 3.9

Information

85 92 78 3.1 3.3 2.8

Financial activities

224 238 203 2.8 2.9 2.5

Finance and insurance

152 162 136 2.6 2.7 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

72 76 67 3.4 3.6 3.1

Professional and business services

1,059 1,151 999 5.5 5.8 5.0

Education and health services

676 663 670 3.2 3.0 3.1

Educational services

96 98 105 3.1 3.0 3.3

Health care and social assistance

580 565 565 3.2 3.0 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

938 1,143 1,014 6.1 7.2 6.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

152 214 115 6.3 8.8 4.6

Accommodation and food services

786 928 899 6.1 7.0 6.7

Other services

248 308 255 4.4 5.4 4.5

Government

320 438 361 1.6 2.0 1.7

Federal

24 47 37 0.9 1.7 1.4

State and local

296 391 324 1.7 2.0 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

866 934 895 3.3 3.5 3.4

South

2,135 2,297 2,143 4.2 4.4 4.2

Midwest

1,182 1,338 1,108 3.8 4.2 3.5

West

1,276 1,376 1,271 4.1 4.3 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

5,029 5,112 5,069 3.6 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,692 4,603 4,694 4.0 3.8 3.9

Mining and logging

26 25 34 2.8 3.0 4.0

Construction

367 304 299 5.7 4.6 4.5

Manufacturing

262 275 273 2.1 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

150 161 182 1.9 2.1 2.3

Nondurable goods

112 114 91 2.5 2.5 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,066 1,018 1,094 4.0 3.8 4.1

Wholesale trade

167 158 168 2.9 2.6 2.8

Retail trade

727 710 750 4.7 4.5 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

172 151 176 3.3 2.8 3.3

Information

81 73 83 2.9 2.6 3.0

Financial activities

189 186 172 2.3 2.3 2.1

Finance and insurance

128 128 113 2.1 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

62 58 59 2.9 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

935 990 869 4.9 5.0 4.4

Education and health services

641 632 650 3.0 2.9 3.0

Educational services

108 154 112 3.5 4.7 3.5

Health care and social assistance

533 478 538 3.0 2.6 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

903 867 988 5.9 5.5 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

117 97 93 4.8 4.0 3.7

Accommodation and food services

786 770 895 6.0 5.8 6.7

Other services

222 233 232 3.9 4.1 4.1

Government

336 510 374 1.6 2.3 1.8

Federal

22 33 32 0.8 1.2 1.2

State and local

314 477 342 1.8 2.5 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

792 762 736 3.1 2.9 2.8

South

1,989 1,976 2,127 3.9 3.8 4.1

Midwest

1,020 1,164 1,113 3.3 3.6 3.5

West

1,227 1,211 1,092 3.9 3.7 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. .
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

2,915 2,931 3,085 2.1 2.1 2.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,752 2,685 2,891 2.3 2.2 2.4

Mining and logging

16 13 16 1.7 1.6 1.9

Construction

136 121 143 2.1 1.8 2.1

Manufacturing

153 150 148 1.3 1.2 1.2

Durable goods

84 85 96 1.1 1.1 1.2

Nondurable goods

70 65 52 1.5 1.4 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

620 624 638 2.3 2.3 2.4

Wholesale trade

79 76 89 1.3 1.3 1.5

Retail trade

445 463 445 2.9 3.0 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

96 85 104 1.9 1.6 2.0

Information

42 39 47 1.5 1.4 1.7

Financial activities

125 106 100 1.6 1.3 1.2

Finance and insurance

90 76 65 1.5 1.3 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 30 35 1.7 1.4 1.6

Professional and business services

513 529 498 2.7 2.7 2.5

Education and health services

416 377 434 2.0 1.7 2.0

Educational services

50 60 73 1.6 1.8 2.3

Health care and social assistance

366 317 361 2.0 1.7 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

621 613 727 4.0 3.9 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

64 58 69 2.6 2.4 2.8

Accommodation and food services

557 555 658 4.3 4.2 4.9

Other services

109 113 139 1.9 2.0 2.4

Government

163 246 194 0.8 1.1 0.9

Federal

9 12 12 0.3 0.4 0.5

State and local

154 233 181 0.9 1.2 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

380 389 447 1.5 1.5 1.7

South

1,165 1,211 1,333 2.3 2.3 2.6

Midwest

664 670 683 2.1 2.1 2.1

West

706 661 621 2.2 2.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

1,738 1,716 1,544 1.3 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,641 1,558 1,453 1.4 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging

8 9 16 0.8 1.1 1.9

Construction

225 168 135 3.5 2.6 2.0

Manufacturing

79 97 103 0.6 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

54 60 70 0.7 0.8 0.9

Nondurable goods

26 38 32 0.6 0.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

343 307 335 1.3 1.1 1.2

Wholesale trade

80 74 66 1.4 1.3 1.1

Retail trade

200 183 210 1.3 1.2 1.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

63 50 59 1.2 0.9 1.1

Information

31 27 23 1.1 1.0 0.8

Financial activities

42 53 54 0.5 0.7 0.7

Finance and insurance

22 31 33 0.4 0.5 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

20 23 20 1.0 1.1 0.9

Professional and business services

377 387 336 2.0 1.9 1.7

Education and health services

187 192 157 0.9 0.9 0.7

Educational services

52 88 29 1.7 2.7 0.9

Health care and social assistance

135 104 128 0.7 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

250 218 212 1.6 1.4 1.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 35 19 2.1 1.4 0.7

Accommodation and food services

200 184 193 1.5 1.4 1.4

Other services

99 98 84 1.8 1.7 1.5

Government

97 158 91 0.5 0.7 0.4

Federal

5 9 10 0.2 0.3 0.4

State and local

91 148 82 0.5 0.8 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

350 270 212 1.4 1.0 0.8

South

653 589 608 1.3 1.1 1.2

Midwest

295 409 337 0.9 1.3 1.1

West

439 448 388 1.4 1.4 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

376 465 440 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

299 359 351 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Construction

5 15 22 0.1 0.2 0.3

Manufacturing

30 28 22 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

12 17 15 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

17 11 7 0.4 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103 87 121 0.4 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

9 8 13 0.2 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

81 64 95 0.5 0.4 0.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

13 15 13 0.3 0.3 0.2

Information

8 7 13 0.3 0.2 0.5

Financial activities

22 26 18 0.3 0.3 0.2

Finance and insurance

15 21 14 0.3 0.3 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

6 5 4 0.3 0.2 0.2

Professional and business services

45 74 35 0.2 0.4 0.2

Education and health services

38 63 58 0.2 0.3 0.3

Educational services

6 6 10 0.2 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

33 56 49 0.2 0.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

32 35 50 0.2 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 4 6 0.1 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

29 31 44 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other services

14 21 10 0.2 0.4 0.2

Government

77 106 89 0.4 0.5 0.4

Federal

8 11 10 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

68 95 79 0.4 0.5 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

62 103 77 0.2 0.4 0.3

South

171 176 187 0.3 0.3 0.4

Midwest

61 84 94 0.2 0.3 0.3

West

82 102 82 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: September 09, 2015