Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
PPI PPI Program Links

Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 22-0262
8:30 a.m. (ET), Tuesday, February 15, 2022

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov   


                           PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - JANUARY 2022

Note: The Producer Price Index news release for January 2022, initially issued on February 15, 2022,
contained incorrect data in table 2 for residential natural gas for the months of September 2021 
through November 2021. BLS reissued the news release on February 16, 2022, with a corrected table 2.

The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 1.0 percent in January, seasonally adjusted, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This rise followed advances of 0.4 percent in 
December 2021 and 0.9 percent in November. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, final 
demand prices moved up 9.7 percent for the 12 months ended January 2022. 

In January, the index for final demand services rose 0.7 percent, and prices for final demand 
goods moved up 1.3 percent.

Prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services increased 0.9 percent in January 
2022, the largest increase since rising 1.0 percent in January 2021. For the 12 months ended 
January 2022, the index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 6.9 
percent. 

Final Demand

Final demand services: Prices for final demand services advanced 0.7 percent in January, the same 
as in December. Three-fourths of the rise in January can be traced to a 0.9-percent increase in the 
index for final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. Likewise, margins for 
final demand trade services moved up 0.6 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins 
received by wholesalers and retailers.) Prices for final demand transportation and warehousing 
services were unchanged.  

Product detail: A major factor in the January increase in the index for final demand services was 
hospital outpatient care prices, which rose 1.6 percent. The indexes for machinery and vehicle 
wholesaling; apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing; traveler accommodation services; 
portfolio management; and truck transportation of freight also moved higher. Conversely, margins 
for fuels and lubricants retailing fell 9.7 percent. The indexes for transportation of passengers 
(partial) and for physician care also decreased. (See table 2.)

Final demand goods: Prices for final demand goods advanced 1.3 percent in January after declining 
0.1 percent in December. Over 40 percent of the broad-based increase can be traced to a 0.8-percent 
rise in the index for final demand goods less foods and energy. Prices for final demand energy and 
for final demand foods also moved higher, 2.5 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively. 

Product detail: Within the final demand goods category in January, the index for motor vehicles and 
equipment rose 0.7 percent. Prices for diesel fuel, gasoline, beef and veal, dairy products, and jet fuel 
also increased. In contrast, the index for iron and steel scrap decreased 10.7 percent. Prices for 
unprocessed finfish and for natural gas also moved lower.

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2021

Jan.

1.2 1.0 1.5 1.7 4.6 0.8 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.9

Feb.

0.7 0.4 1.4 1.2 5.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 1.2 0.2 3.0 2.3

Mar.

0.7 0.6 1.3 0.6 3.8 0.9 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.5 4.1 3.1

Apr.

1.0 0.8 0.8 1.4 -0.3 1.0 1.1 2.1 3.1 0.3 6.5 4.8

May

1.0 0.5 1.4 2.5 1.5 1.1 0.7 1.8 0.2 0.2 7.0 5.3

June

0.8 0.6 1.3 0.8 2.9 1.0 0.6 0.8 1.4 0.4 7.6 5.6

July

0.9 0.7 0.8 -0.9 2.2 0.8 1.0 1.7 2.5 0.5 8.0 6.0

Aug.

0.9 0.4 1.0 2.1 1.3 0.6 0.8 2.1 0.8 0.2 8.7 6.2

Sept.(1)

0.5 0.3 1.2 2.1 2.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 -1.0 0.3 8.8 6.1

Oct.(1)

0.7 0.4 1.3 -0.1 5.0 0.7 0.2 0.6 1.1 -0.1 8.9 6.2

Nov.(1)

0.9 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 2.6 0.6 9.8 7.0

Dec.(1)

0.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.3 -1.7 0.4 0.7 1.5 1.6 0.2 9.8 7.0

2022

Jan.

1.0 0.9 1.3 1.6 2.5 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.9 9.7 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2021. In addition, indexes for September 2021 through December 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to monthly revisions up to 4 months after original publication.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in January, prices for processed goods increased 1.7 percent, the index 
for unprocessed goods fell 2.0 percent, and prices for services advanced 0.4 percent. (See tables B 
and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand rose 1.7 percent in January after declining 0.1 percent in December. Over half of the broad-
based increase in January can be traced to prices for processed materials less foods and energy, 
which advanced 1.2 percent. The indexes for processed energy goods and for processed foods and 
feeds climbed 3.4 percent and 2.4 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in January, prices 
for processed goods for intermediate demand jumped 24.1 percent.

Product detail: In January, a 25.4-percent increase in the index for softwood lumber was a major 
contributor to the rise in prices for processed goods for intermediate demand. The indexes for diesel 
fuel, nonferrous metals, electric power, metal containers, and dairy products also moved higher. In 
contrast, prices for hot rolled steel sheet and strip decreased 6.4 percent. The indexes for natural gas 
to electric utilities and for pork also fell.

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand declined 2.0 percent in January after falling 4.8 percent in December. Most of the January 
decrease is attributable to prices for unprocessed energy materials, which dropped 4.7 percent. The 
index for unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs moved down 0.7 percent. In contrast, prices for 
unprocessed nonfood materials less energy edged up 0.1 percent. For the 12 months ended in 
January, the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand increased 29.7 percent.

Product detail: Leading the January decline in the index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand, natural gas prices dropped 26.1 percent. The indexes for iron and steel scrap, raw milk, 
slaughter hogs, unprocessed finfish, and slaughter cattle also moved lower. Conversely, prices for 
nonferrous metal ores rose 6.5 percent. The indexes for crude petroleum and for hay, hayseeds, and 
oilseeds also increased. 

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2021

Jan.

1.8 0.9 2.1 1.8 3.4 5.8 4.0 5.4 8.6 7.9

Feb.

2.7 2.2 6.1 1.9 7.1 11.8 2.2 33.7 -0.7 29.2

Mar.

3.4 1.4 7.3 2.7 12.4 -4.0 1.8 -13.4 1.9 34.8

Apr.

2.1 2.4 -1.8 3.0 18.7 0.8 5.6 -4.9 1.9 59.2

May

2.8 2.6 3.3 2.7 22.3 7.9 6.8 8.3 8.8 57.8

June

1.7 1.6 0.8 2.0 23.0 2.1 -0.5 5.6 1.0 52.9

July

1.6 -0.6 3.4 1.4 23.1 3.2 -1.0 9.7 0.6 56.0

Aug.

1.0 1.5 0.0 1.1 23.0 1.4 3.0 0.2 1.4 52.5

Sept.(1)

1.2 1.5 2.1 0.9 23.8 2.8 0.8 8.0 -1.8 48.5

Oct.(1)

2.4 -0.4 6.7 1.6 25.7 6.0 -2.2 17.7 -1.5 55.5

Nov.(1)

1.5 0.1 2.5 1.4 26.6 2.3 1.2 2.4 3.4 49.5

Dec.(1)

-0.1 0.0 -2.9 0.6 24.3 -4.8 3.7 -12.0 -1.8 40.0

2022

Jan.

1.7 2.4 3.4 1.2 24.1 -2.0 -0.7 -4.7 0.1 29.7

Footnotes
(1) Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2021. In addition, indexes for September 2021 through December 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to monthly revisions up to 4 months after original publication.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand moved up 0.4 
percent in January, the third consecutive increase. Most of the rise in January can be attributed to a 
0.6-percent advance in prices for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate 
demand. The index for transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand moved up 
0.3 percent, while margins for trade services for intermediate demand were unchanged. For the 12 
months ended in January, the index for services for intermediate demand advanced 7.3 percent.

Product detail: Over a fifth of the January rise in the index for services for intermediate demand can 
be traced to a 2.7-percent advance in prices for architectural and engineering services. The indexes 
for hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing; gross rents for retail properties; portfolio 
management; legal services; and warehousing, storage, and related services also increased. In 
contrast, margins for chemicals and allied products wholesaling fell 4.1 percent. The indexes for 
arrangement of freight and cargo transportation and for radio advertising time sales also declined.

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2021

Jan.

1.2 1.3 0.7 1.3 3.0

Feb.

0.3 0.1 1.3 0.2 3.6

Mar.

0.6 1.2 0.9 0.5 4.3

Apr.

1.3 2.5 2.2 0.6 7.3

May

0.6 2.2 0.8 0.1 8.4

June

1.2 2.5 2.0 0.6 9.3

July

0.6 1.1 0.7 0.4 9.5

Aug.

0.4 1.9 0.8 -0.2 9.0

Sept.(1)

0.3 -1.2 2.5 0.4 8.2

Oct.(1)

0.0 0.5 0.5 -0.3 7.4

Nov.(1)

0.6 -0.5 0.9 0.9 8.1

Dec.(1)

0.7 0.8 1.6 0.5 8.1

2022

Jan.

0.4 0.0 0.3 0.6 7.3

Footnotes
(1) Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2021. In addition, indexes for September 2021 through December 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to monthly revisions up to 4 months after original publication.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: The index for stage 4 intermediate demand rose 1.1 percent in 
January after moving up 0.5 percent in December. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 4 
intermediate demand advanced 1.7 percent, and the index for total services inputs climbed 0.6 
percent. (See table D.) Increases in prices for metal containers, architectural and engineering 
services, softwood lumber, portfolio management, gross rents for retail properties, and diesel fuel 
outweighed decreases in the indexes for chemicals and allied products wholesaling, hot rolled steel 
sheet and strip, and unprocessed finfish. For the 12 months ended in January, prices for stage 4 
intermediate demand rose 12.2 percent.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: The index for stage 3 intermediate demand moved up 0.8 percent in 
January after rising 0.7 percent in December. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 3 
intermediate demand increased 1.0 percent, and the index for total services inputs advanced 0.4 
percent. Rising prices for diesel fuel, jet fuel, nonferrous metals, softwood lumber, architectural and 
engineering services, and slaughter poultry outweighed declines in the indexes for hot rolled steel 
sheet and strip, raw milk, and arrangement of freight and cargo transportation. For the 12 months 
ended in January, prices for stage 3 intermediate demand jumped 19.0 percent.

Stage 2 intermediate demand: The index for stage 2 intermediate demand declined 0.5 percent in 
January after decreasing 2.2 percent in December. In January, prices for total goods inputs to stage 2 
intermediate demand fell 1.3 percent. Conversely, the index for total services inputs advanced 0.1 
percent. Decreases in the indexes for natural gas, iron and steel scrap, ethanol, fuels and lubricants 
retailing, arrangement of freight and cargo transportation, and radio advertising time sales 
outweighed increases in prices for legal services, crude petroleum, and nonferrous metals. For the 12 
months ended in January, prices for stage 2 intermediate demand rose 17.9 percent. 

Stage 1 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 1 intermediate demand moved up 1.0 percent in 
January following a 0.3-percent advance in December. In January, the index for total goods inputs to 
stage 1 intermediate demand rose 1.3 percent, and prices for total services inputs increased 0.5 
percent. Advances in the indexes for diesel fuel; hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing; 
traveler accommodation services; architectural and engineering services; general purpose machinery 
and equipment; and paints and allied products outweighed decreases in the indexes for iron and steel 
scrap, hot rolled steel sheet and strip, and chemicals and allied products wholesaling. For the 12 
months ended in January, prices for stage 1 intermediate demand jumped 16.7 percent.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2021

Jan.

1.3 1.5 1.3 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.5 4.8 0.9 1.8 2.4 1.3

Feb.

0.8 1.5 0.2 2.1 4.0 0.5 5.5 12.4 0.2 1.5 2.8 0.2

Mar.

1.4 1.9 0.7 2.4 4.4 0.6 -1.5 -3.9 0.6 2.2 3.7 0.9

Apr.

1.4 1.7 1.2 2.7 4.3 1.3 0.4 -0.5 1.2 1.7 1.9 1.6

May

1.2 2.2 0.5 2.4 3.8 0.9 3.0 6.3 0.3 2.6 3.9 1.3

June

1.3 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8 1.3 2.1 3.1 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.5

July

1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.6 0.4 2.3 4.3 0.6 1.4 2.1 0.8

Aug.

0.7 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.5

Sept.(1)

0.4 0.8 0.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 2.2 3.6 0.9 0.2 0.7 -0.3

Oct.(1)

0.6 1.3 0.0 1.0 1.9 0.2 3.7 7.8 -0.1 1.1 2.5 -0.3

Nov.(1)

1.1 1.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.4 1.2 1.7 0.7 1.2 2.0 0.4

Dec.(1)

0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.9 -2.2 -5.5 1.1 0.3 -0.1 0.7

2022

Jan.

1.1 1.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.4 -0.5 -1.3 0.1 1.0 1.3 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2021. In addition, indexes for September 2021 through December 2021 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to monthly revisions up to 4 months after original publication.

________________
The Producer Price Index for February 2022 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, March 15, 2022 at 
8:30 a.m. (ET).

                                                   *****
                                 Recalculation of Seasonal Adjustment Factors

Effective with this release, seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect price-movement 
patterns during 2021 for the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand (FD-ID) system and commodity-
grouping indexes. This routine annual recalculation may affect previously published seasonally adjusted 
indexes and percent changes for January 2017 through December 2021. 

Revised seasonally adjusted data for this period, as well as seasonal adjustment factors for directly 
adjusted commodity indexes to be used through December 2022, were released February 11, 2022. To 
obtain this information, contact the Producer Price Index Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705, or visit the Producer Price Index homepage at 
www.bls.gov/ppi.

Tables E and F below provide monthly seasonally adjusted percent changes for major FD-ID system 
indexes in 2021, based on former and recalculated seasonal factors. These percent changes include final 
price data through August 2021 and may differ from values shown in tables A through D of this release, 
which include final price data through September 2021 and revised interim data for October through 
December.

Table E.  Over-the-month percent changes in major final demand indexes, seasonally adjusted, using former
and recalculated seasonal factors for 2021

               Final           Final demand       Final demand    Final demand less foods,
               demand             goods             services     energy, and trade services
Month      Former  Recalc.    Former  Recalc.    Former  Recalc.      Former    Recalc.
January      1.2     1.2        1.6     1.5        1.0     1.0          1.0       1.0
February      .7      .7        1.6     1.4         .3      .3           .4        .4
March         .8      .7        1.5     1.3         .3      .4           .6        .6
April        1.0     1.0         .7      .8        1.2     1.1           .8        .8
May           .9     1.0        1.5     1.4         .6      .7           .5        .5
June          .9      .8        1.2     1.3         .6      .6           .6        .6
July          .9      .9         .7      .8        1.0     1.0           .8        .7
August        .9      .9         .9     1.0         .9      .8           .4        .4
September     .4      .5        1.1     1.2         .1      .2           .3        .3
October       .6      .7        1.3     1.3         .2      .2           .3        .4
November     1.0      .9        1.1      .9         .9      .8           .8        .8
December      .2      .3        -.4     -.1         .5      .6           .4        .3


Table F.  Over-the-month percent changes in major intermediate demand indexes, 
seasonally adjusted, using former and recalculated seasonal factors for 2021

            Processed goods for       Unprocessed goods for          Services for
            intermediate demand        intermediate demand        intermediate demand
Month      Former   Recalculated      Former   Recalculated      Former   Recalculated
January      1.8        1.8             5.3        5.8             1.1        1.2          
February     2.9        2.7            11.9       11.8              .3         .3          
March        3.5        3.4            -4.2       -4.0              .6         .6          
April        1.9        2.1             2.0         .8             1.3        1.3          
May          2.9        2.8             7.2        7.9              .6         .6          
June         1.8        1.7             1.8        2.1             1.2        1.2          
July         1.6        1.6             2.9        3.2              .6         .6          
August        .9        1.0             1.9        1.4              .4         .4          
September    1.1        1.2             2.7        2.8              .4         .4          
October      2.4        2.4             5.8        6.1              .0         .0          
November     1.6        1.4             2.1        2.0              .3         .3          
December     -.3         .0            -5.6       -6.0              .8         .7          




                                          Technical Note


Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

   The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a family of 
indexes that measures the average change over time in prices received (price changes) by 
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and construction.  PPIs measure 
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures, 
such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser's 
perspective.  

   More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each 
month. PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and 
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been introduced for products of 
industries in the services and construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January 
2018, the PPI covered 71 percent of services as measured by 2012 Census revenue, and 
31 percent of construction.

   More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three sets of PPIs: 
(1) Final demand-Intermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and (3) 
indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The FD-ID structure 
organizes products by class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of 
production.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of end use or 
product type.  The entire output of various industries is sampled to derive price indexes 
for the net output of industries and their products. 


Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Indexes

   The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for goods, services, and construction 
sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-
of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data 
for January 2014. The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP system through 
the addition of services, construction, exports, and government purchases.  

   Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the PPI for final demand goods 
includes nearly a 50 percent expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the 
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall final demand, expansion to 
include final demand services represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December 
2017, final demand goods were about 33 percent of overall final demand, final demand 
services were roughly 65.5 percent, and final demand construction was about 1.5 percent 
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of services for intermediate demand 
resulted in about a 45 percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand portion of 
the economy. 

   FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based producer output price indexes.  
Commodities are allocated to aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer.  The 
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the "Use of commodities by 
industries, before redefinition," table from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the 
U.S. In many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different types of buyers.  As a 
result, commodities are often included in several FD-ID indexes.  For example, regular 
gasoline is purchased for personal consumption, export, government use, and business use. 
The PPI program publishes only one commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104), 
reflecting sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all aggregations 
regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for personal consumption, as an export, to 
government, or to businesses.  Proportions based on BEA "Use of Commodities" data are 
used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight of gasoline to each use 
category.  In cases when buyer type is an important price determining characteristic, 
indexes are created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the PPI category 
for loan services, separate indexes for consumer loans and business loans were 
constructed. For more information relating to the FD-ID structure, see "A new, 
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program" in the February 2011 Monthly Labor 
Review.   

Final Demand:  The final demand portion of the FD-ID structure measures price change for 
commodities sold for personal consumption, capital investment, government, and export.  
The system is composed of six main price indexes: final demand goods; final demand trade 
services; final demand transportation and warehousing services; final demand services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final demand construction; and overall final 
demand. 

   The final demand goods index measures price change for both unprocessed and processed 
goods sold to final demand.  Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for 
capital investment are examples of transactions included in the final demand goods price 
index. The final demand trade services index measures price change for the retailing and 
wholesaling of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without transformation. (Trade 
indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final 
demand transportation and warehousing services index tracks price change for 
transportation of passengers, as well as, transportation of cargo sold to final demand, 
and also includes prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final demand.  The 
final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index measures price 
change for all services other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.  
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of these services.  The final 
demand construction index tracks price change for new construction, as well as 
maintenance and repair construction sold to final demand.  Construction of office 
buildings is an example of a commodity that would be included in the final demand 
construction index.  Lastly, the overall final demand index tracks price change for all 
types of commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final demand component 
indexes described above.

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of the FD-ID system tracks price 
change for goods, services, and construction products sold to businesses as inputs to 
production, excluding capital investment. The system includes two parallel treatments of 
intermediate demand. The first treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by 
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities into production stages, with 
the explicit goal of developing a forward-flow model of production and price change. 

   The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of the system organizes commodities 
by similarity of product.  The system is composed of six main price indexes: unprocessed 
goods for intermediate demand; processed goods for intermediate demand; intermediate 
demand trade services; intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services; 
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; and 
intermediate demand construction.   

   The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price index measures price change for 
goods sold to businesses as inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication. 
Crude petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed good sold to 
intermediate demand.  The processed goods for intermediate demand index tracks price 
change for fabricated goods sold as business inputs.  Examples include car parts sold to 
car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.  The index for trade services 
for intermediate demand measures price change for the services of retailing and 
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to production. The intermediate 
demand transportation and warehousing services index measures price change for business 
travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of cargo sold to intermediate demand.  
The intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index 
measures price change for services other than trade, transportation, and warehousing sold 
as inputs to production.  Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are 
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade, transportation, and 
warehousing.  Finally, the construction for intermediate demand index measures price 
change for construction purchased by firms as inputs to production.  The index for 
construction for intermediate demand tracks price change for maintenance and repair 
construction purchased by firms.  

   The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is a stage-based system of price 
indexes. These indexes can be used to study price transmission across stages of 
production and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that maximizes 
forward flow of production between stages, while minimizing back-flow of production. The 
production flow treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand stage 1, 
intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand stage 3, and intermediate demand stage 
4.   

   Indexes for the four stages were developed by first assigning each industry in the 
economy to one of four stages of production, where industries assigned to the fourth 
stage primarily produce output consumed as final demand, industries in the third stage 
primarily produce output consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the 
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3 industries, and industries 
assigned to the first stage produce output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries.  The 
four indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by industries in each of the 
four stages of production.  The stage 4 intermediate demand index, for example, tracks 
price change for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included in the fourth 
stage of production.  Hence, the index tracks price change in inputs to industries that 
primarily produce final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily produce 
commodities sold to final demand).  

   Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries in stage 4 include the 
manufacture of light trucks and utility vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals.  
Retail trade, food service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of heavily 
weighted service industries included in stage 4.  Stage 4 also includes all new 
construction industries.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor 
vehicle parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction products, biological 
products, and beef and veal.  Engineering services, machinery and equipment wholesaling, 
long distance motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of services consumed 
by stage 4 industries.

   Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries included in stage 3 are motor 
vehicle parts manufacturing, animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and 
semiconductor manufacturing.  Services industries classified in stage 3 include wholesale 
trade; insurance carriers; architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels 
and motels.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries include slaughter steers 
and heifers, industrial electric power, and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural 
shapes.  Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include commissions from sales 
of property and casualty insurance, business loans, temporary help services, and 
administrative and general management consulting services.

   Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission, and distribution; natural 
gas distribution; cattle ranching and farming; and plastic materials and resin 
manufacturing are among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.  Services 
industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include management of companies and 
enterprises; non-depository credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and 
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly purchased by stage 2 industries 
include crude oil, natural gas, formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals. 
Services that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2 index are legal 
services, business loans, and cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication.

   Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas extraction, paper mills, and 
grain farming.  Real estate, legal services, and advertising services are examples of 
highly weighted services industries included in stage 1.  Examples of goods consumed by 
stage 1 industries are commercial and industrial electric power and gasoline. Services 
commonly consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection, chemicals and 
allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or unit rental.  It should be noted that all 
inputs purchased by stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within stage 1 
or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less useful for price transmission 
analysis. For additional information on industry stage assignments, see www.bls.gov/ppi/
fd-id/ppi-intermediate-demand-by-production-flow-industry-stage-assignments.htm.


Comparing the PPI with CPI

   Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential indicator of the Consumer 
Price Index (CPI), there are many reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope 
of the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all marketable output sold by 
domestic producers for households. The scope of the CPI includes goods and services 
provided by business or government, where explicit user charges are paid by consumers. 
For example, the most heavily weighted item in the CPI, owners' equivalent rent, is 
excluded from the PPI. The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes imports. 
The CPI only includes components of personal consumption directly paid for by the 
consumers, while the PPI includes components of personal consumption that may not be paid 
for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical services paid for by third 
parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes, 
since they do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other taxes paid by 
consumers are part of household expenditure and are included in the CPI. Additional 
technical differences between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see "Comparing 
new final demand producer price indexes with other Government price indexes," Monthly 
Labor Review, January 2014, at https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.


Commodity Indexes

   The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods, services, and construction by 
similarity of product or end use, disregarding industry of origin. With the release of 
data for July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include indexes for services 
and construction products. Prior to this date, the PPI commodity structure only included 
products from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major groupings, 
subgroups, product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.


Industry Net-Output Price Indexes

   PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped according to the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Prior to the release of January 
2004, industry-based PPIs were published according to the Standard Industrial 
Classification (SIC) system.  Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic 
time series organized by industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  
Table 11 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry 
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-digit codes), 
products (9-digit codes), more detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some 
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.

   Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every industry has 
primary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments classified 
in the industry for products made primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, by that 
industry. The industry classification of an establishment is determined by which products 
make up a plurality of its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have 
secondary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments for 
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries have miscellaneous receipts 
indexes that track price changes for other sources of revenue received by establishments 
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products; for example, 
resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots owned by a manufacturing 
plant.


Data Collection

   PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes, 
selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection proportionate to
size. Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by probability proportionate 
to size. BLS strongly encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction 
prices at the time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices. Prices submitted 
by survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the 13th day 
of the month. The survey is conducted online via the BLS Internet Data Collection 
Facility (IDCF).

   Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only sworn BLS 
employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.  BLS publishes price 
indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject to monthly revisions up to 4 
months after original publication to reflect the availability of late reports and 
corrections by respondents. 

   BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to better reflect 
current conditions when the structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an 
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  
Information on these resampling efforts are noted in the PPI News Release and PPI 
Detailed Report in the months they occur.   

   As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the economy other than 
mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of service and construction sector 
industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following list of industries 
introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which an article describing 
the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers...444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007


Weights

   Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as well as, weights for 
commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID 
indexes, currently reflect 2012 values of shipments as reported in the Census of 
Manufactures and other sources. From January 2012 to December 2017, PPI weights were 
derived from 2007 shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under the 2017 
NAICS structure utilizing 2012 value of shipment weights and 2007 net output ratios. 
The periodic update of the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more 
accurately reflect changes in production and marketing patterns in the economy.

   Net output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes. Net output 
values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers 
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes are based on gross shipment 
values, including values of shipments between establishments within the same industry. As 
a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is 
composed of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple 
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to 
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by commodity 
type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes, final demand 
FD-ID indexes, and intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes consistently 
correct for this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are 
more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price trends.


Price Index Reference Base

   Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI series (including 
most commodity groups and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 
100.  From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was 1967 = 
100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter 
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI series. (See "Calculating Index 
Changes," below.)  The 1982 reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base 
later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.  The FD-
ID indexes typically have a reference base of November 2009 = 100.

   For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of the Producer 
Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in the BLS Handbook of Methods.  This 
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.  


Calculating Index Changes

   Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals 100.0.  An 
increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index, 
for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change also can be expressed in dollars, as 
follows:  prices received by domestic producers of a sample of final demand goods have 
risen from $100 in November 2009 to $105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would 
indicate that prices received by producers of final demand goods are 10 percent lower 
than they were in November 2009.

   Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes, rather than as changes in index points.  Index point changes are affected by the 
level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The 
following example shows the computation of index point and percent changes.

   Index point change
      Final Demand Goods Price Index     107.5
      Less previous index                104.0
      Equals index point change            3.5

   Index percent change
      Index point change                   3.5
      Divided by the previous index      104.0
      Equals                             0.034
      Result multiplied by 100           0.034 x 100
      Equals percent change                3.4


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

   Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, BLS publishes 
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each month.  Seasonally adjusted data are 
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the economy because these data eliminate 
the effect of changes that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same 
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather patterns, 
regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts, and 
holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data more clearly reveal underlying 
trends.  Unadjusted data are of primary interest to users who need information that can 
be related to actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this 
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts, 
contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the unadjusted data that are 
generally cited when escalating long-term contracts such as purchasing agreements or real 
estate leases.  For more information, see Price Adjustment Guide for Contracting Parties, 
on the Web at www.bls.gov/ppi/publications/price-adjustment-guide-for-contracting-
parties.htm.   

   Seasonal adjustment is accomplished using X-13 ARIMA, a software package published by 
the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is 
reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior. Industry net output indexes are not
seasonally adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new 
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from the prior 5 years.  
Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the most recent 5 years of seasonal data. 

   Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an aggregative 
method. Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal 
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of seasonal movements than does 
the aggregative method.  However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield 
figures that possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a broad 
category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent with all seasonally 
adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal movements for FD-ID indexes are derived 
indirectly through an aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of 
subproduct class (six-digit) series.

   Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously stable and 
predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern persists, the seasonal 
adjustment method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, 
seasonally adjusted data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs 
relatively infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often affected 
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

   Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods 
to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With this technique, outlier values that 
may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from the data prior to applying the standard 
seasonal factor estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large 
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian Gulf War.  In 
this case, intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of seasonally adjusted 
data.  On the whole, very few series have required intervention.  Out of almost 400 
seasonally adjusted series, only 42 were subject to intervention in 2018.

   For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see "Summary of Changes 
to the PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of Producer Price 
Indexes, and "PPI and CPI Seasonal Adjustment: an Update" in the July 2010 Monthly Labor 
Review.


Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

   In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and technical information to 
both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the 
years following the introduction of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed 
more traditional methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed 
Report. There were more than 4 million instances of PPI data and tables being downloaded 
from the BLS website during the 12 months ended December 31, 2017.


Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

   PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under 
the tab labeled "Featured PPI databases" links provide the following methods of data 
retrieval:

   Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry Data and Commodity Data that 
allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level 
aggregate and other commonly requested time series, including the All Commodities Index 
and the FD-ID indexes (for example, Final Demand).  Within each list, any one-or all-of 
the time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

   One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query applications 
for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with the PPI 
coding structure.  These applications guide a user through the PPI classification by 
listing index titles and do not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data 
retrieved are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists 
provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's 
browser capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a single 
screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The second option is a 
multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI 
coding structure and select multiple series.  Users can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

   Series Report is a form-based application that allows users to input multiple, 
formatted PPI time series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in 
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This 
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar with the format 
of PPI time series identifiers.  There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique 
PPI time series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access to a 
different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted) or an "s" 
(seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of data 
needed. Examples are provided below.

   For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers combine a "wpu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wps141101        Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101        Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpufd4           Final demand, not seasonally adjusted
wpsid63          Services for intermediate demand, seasonally adjusted

   For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wds019           Other farm products, seasonally adjusted 
wdu0635          Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally adjusted
wdusi138011      Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted

   Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series identifiers 
that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit 
industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying 
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series        Provides data for:
pcu325---325---             Chemical manufacturing 
pcu336110336110             Automobile and light duty motor vehicle manufacturing
pcu621111621111411          Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and 
                            single-specialty group practices, general/family practice

   Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu" prefix and "#" 
between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.  Series identifiers for the 
discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC 
industry group code of fewer than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized 
by SIC were discontinued with the introduction of NAICS in 2004.)

Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series     Provides data for:
pdu28_ _#                   Chemicals and allied products
pdu331_#                    Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and finishing mills
pdu3711#111                 Passenger cars

   Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to NAICS have 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the prefix, there are 12 numeric 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric 
characters that identify product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-
level group codes.

Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series   Provides data for
ndu212231212231             Lead and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312            Lead, zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214          Lead  concentrates

   Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to either a large volume of time 
series data or other PPI-related documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and 
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed at https://download.bls.gov/ or 
directly from links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage. Data and 
documentation available for download include the following:

                                       Directory:
Industry Data                          /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued 
                  (NAICS basis)        /pub/time.series/nd
                  (SIC basis)          /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)           /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data - Discontinued          /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                       /pub/special.requests/ppi


Additional information

   The PPI homepage (https://www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information regarding PPI 
data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage provides PPI news releases, both 
current and archived, as well as general PPI information.  The "PPI Tables" section found 
beneath the statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.  
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to PPI 
methodology and applications.

   For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification, methodology, or data 
availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov. If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have 
a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally adjusted [January 2022]
Grouping Commodity code Relative
Importance
Dec.
2021(1)
Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(2)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(2)
Group
code
Item
code
Jan. 2021
to
Jan. 2022(p)
Aug. to
Sept.
Sept. to
Oct.(p)
Oct. to
Nov.(p)
Nov. to
Dec.(p)
Dec. to
Jan.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

100.000 9.7 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 1.0

Final demand goods

FD

41

33.284 13.1 1.2 1.3 0.9 -0.1 1.3

Final demand foods

FD

411

5.743 12.8 2.1 -0.1 1.2 -0.3 1.6

Finished consumer foods(3)

FD

4111

4.430 12.7 2.5 0.3 1.3 -0.3 1.4

Finished consumer foods, crude

FD

41113

0.461 13.2 10.3 7.7 9.8 -3.9 -5.1

Finished consumer foods, processed

FD

41112

3.969 12.6 1.8 -0.4 0.3 0.1 2.2

Government purchased foods

FD

4112

0.406 15.5 2.2 -1.2 0.5 -0.2 2.1

Foods for export

FD

4113

0.907 12.2 0.2 -1.6 1.2 -0.2 2.1

Final demand energy

FD

412

5.998 28.8 2.5 5.0 0.9 -1.7 2.5

Finished consumer energy goods(3)

FD

4121

4.795 26.6 2.6 4.5 0.9 -1.2 1.7

Government purchased energy

FD

4122

0.838 36.6 2.1 7.1 0.9 -3.4 5.1

Energy for export

FD

4123

0.365 43.0 2.8 8.1 1.1 -4.0 6.4

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

21.543 9.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.8

Finished goods less foods and energy(3)

FD

4131

12.154 7.2 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.0

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

41311

6.483 7.1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9

Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

413111

4.078 6.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8

Durable consumer goods

FD

413112

2.405 7.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.0

Private capital equipment

FD

41312

5.671 7.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.1

Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries

FD

413121

1.263 10.1 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.5

Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries

FD

413122

4.408 6.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0

Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy

FD

4132

2.280 9.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9

Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital equipment

FD

41321

1.357 13.6 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.6 1.2

Government purchased capital equipment

FD

41322

0.923 4.1 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6

Goods for export, excluding foods and energy

FD

4133

7.109 13.3 0.4 0.9 1.2 0.0 0.5

Final demand services

FD

42

64.964 7.7 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.7

Final demand trade services(4)

FD

423

20.219 13.3 0.0 0.6 1.1 1.5 0.6

Trade of finished goods(3)

FD

4231

17.344 13.5 0.2 0.5 1.2 1.7 0.6

Trade of personal consumption goods

FD

42311

14.139 12.3 0.1 -0.1 1.1 1.8 0.2

Trade of private capital equipment

FD

42312

3.205 18.9 0.6 2.9 1.5 1.2 2.0

Trade of government purchased goods

FD

4232

0.758 13.2 -1.4 1.6 1.1 0.3 1.2

Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment

FD

42321

0.476 10.5 -2.4 0.8 0.8 -0.2 0.1

Trade of government purchased capital equipment

FD

42322

0.282 18.0 0.4 3.1 1.7 1.1 2.9

Trade of exports

FD

4233

2.117 12.4 -1.2 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.4

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

4.383 15.7 -1.0 1.1 2.6 1.6 0.0

Transportation of passengers for final demand

FD

4221

1.096 14.4 -7.7 -1.2 4.8 4.1 -4.2

Transportation of private passengers

FD

42211

0.740 14.3 -7.7 -1.2 4.8 4.1 -4.1

Transportation of government passengers

FD

42212

0.089 14.1 -7.6 -1.2 4.8 4.0 -4.1

Transportation of passengers for export

FD

42213

0.267 14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand

FD

4222

3.287 16.0 1.4 1.9 1.9 0.8 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of finished goods(3)

FD

42221

2.162 16.4 1.4 1.9 2.0 0.8 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods

FD

422211

1.735 16.2 1.5 1.9 2.0 0.8 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment

FD

422212

0.427 17.1 1.3 2.0 2.1 0.9 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods

FD

42222

0.198 15.3 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.0 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of exports

FD

42223

0.927 15.3 1.2 1.8 1.9 0.7 1.6

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

40.362 4.4 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.2 0.9

Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(3)

FD

4211

35.383 4.4 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.2 0.9

Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42111

31.725 4.1 0.3 -0.1 0.7 0.2 0.8

Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42112

3.658 7.4 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.5 1.3

Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4212

2.491 3.7 0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.3 0.7

Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, excl. capital investment

FD

42121

2.385 3.8 0.3 -0.2 0.6 0.3 0.8

Government purchased capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42122

0.106 1.8 -0.1 0.8 -0.2 0.3 -0.2

Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4213

2.488 4.7 0.4 -0.5 1.1 0.0 0.9

Final demand construction

FD

43

1.749 16.1 0.2 5.9 0.4 0.3 3.6

Construction for private capital investment

FD

431

1.139 17.7 0.2 6.8 0.4 0.4 4.1

Construction for government

FD

432

0.610 13.2 0.4 4.3 0.3 0.1 2.8

Special Groupings of Final Demand

Final demand less exports

FD

49101

85.820 9.2 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 1.0

Final demand less government

FD

49102

92.330 9.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.9

Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(5)

FD

49103

87.753 8.4 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.8

Final demand less foods and energy(5)

FD

49104

88.259 8.3 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.8

Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(5)

FD

49105

93.751 9.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9

Final demand less foods(5)

FD

49106

94.257 9.4 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9

Final demand less energy

FD

49107

94.002 8.5 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.9

Final demand less trade services

FD

49108

79.781 8.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.2 1.0

Final demand less distributive services(6)

FD

49109

76.494 8.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.1 1.0

Final demand goods less energy

FD

49111

27.286 10.1 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.2 1.0

Final demand goods less foods

FD

49112

27.541 13.2 1.0 1.6 0.8 -0.1 1.2

Final demand services less trade services

FD

49113

44.745 5.4 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.8

Final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49114

23.506 13.8 0.1 0.8 1.2 1.4 0.7

Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49115

56.790 13.4 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.5 1.0

Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services(5)

FD

49116

68.040 6.9 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.9

Private and government purchased capital equipment

FD

49117

6.594 6.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.1

Private and government purchased capital investment services

FD

49118

7.678 12.8 0.5 1.6 0.8 0.8 1.7

Total private and government purchased capital investment

FD

49119

14.272 10.6 0.5 1.6 0.7 0.7 1.6

Total finished(3)

FD

49201

78.147 9.0 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.9

Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(3)(5)

FD

49202

68.421 7.8 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.8

Total finished less foods and energy(3)(5)

FD

49203

68.922 7.7 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.8

Total finished less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(3)(5)

FD

49204

73.216 8.9 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9

Total finished less foods(3)(5)

FD

49205

73.717 8.8 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9

Total finished less energy(3)

FD

49206

73.352 8.1 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.7 0.9

Finished goods(3)

FD

49207

21.379 12.2 1.5 1.4 0.8 0.0 1.3

Finished goods less energy(3)

FD

49208

16.584 8.6 1.1 0.5 0.8 0.3 1.1

Finished goods, excluding foods(3)(5)

FD

49209

16.949 12.1 1.2 1.6 0.7 0.0 1.2

Finished services(3)

FD

49210

55.629 7.7 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.7

Private capital investment services

FD

49211

7.290 12.8 0.5 1.6 0.8 0.8 1.6

Finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49212

19.506 13.8 0.3 0.6 1.3 1.6 0.6

Finished services less trade services(3)

FD

49213

38.285 5.2 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.8

Finished services less distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49214

36.123 4.6 0.1 -0.1 0.7 0.3 0.8

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

FD

49215

14.100 11.0 0.5 1.6 0.7 0.7 1.6

Finished goods plus finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49216

40.885 13.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.7 1.0

Total exports

FD

49301

14.180 12.2 0.1 0.8 1.2 0.1 0.8

Goods for export

FD

49302

8.381 14.3 0.5 0.9 1.2 -0.2 0.9

Services for export

FD

49303

5.799 9.5 -0.5 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.6

Total government purchases

FD

49401

7.670 11.2 0.4 1.4 0.8 0.0 1.5

Government purchased goods

FD

49402

3.524 15.9 1.2 1.9 0.8 -0.5 2.1

Government purchased services

FD

49403

3.536 6.5 -0.2 0.3 0.9 0.4 0.7

Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction)

FD

49404

1.921 8.6 0.5 2.0 0.5 0.4 1.6

Personal consumption

FD

49501

64.047 8.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.8

Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods)

FD

49502

15.708 14.1 1.8 1.7 0.9 -0.2 1.3

Personal consumption goods less energy

FD

49503

10.913 9.3 1.4 0.4 0.9 0.2 1.1

Personal consumption goods less foods

FD

49504

11.278 14.7 1.5 2.2 0.7 -0.2 1.2

Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods

FD

49508

8.873 16.6 1.7 2.7 0.8 -0.4 1.3

Personal consumption services

FD

49505

48.339 6.9 0.2 0.0 0.9 0.8 0.6

Personal consumption less trade services

FD

49506

49.908 7.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.9

Personal consumption less distributive services(6)

FD

49507

48.173 7.3 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.9

Personal consumption less foods and energy

FD

49510

54.822 6.9 0.2 0.0 0.9 0.7 0.6

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services(4)

FD

49511

40.683 5.2 0.3 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.8

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services(6)

FD

49512

38.948 4.7 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.7

Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services(6)

FD

49509

31.582 13.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

100.000 24.1 1.2 2.4 1.5 -0.1 1.7

Materials and components for manufacturing

ID6

11

46.096 25.8 1.1 1.7 1.2 0.2 0.8

Materials for manufacturing

ID6

111

30.586 34.6 1.3 1.9 1.4 -0.1 0.6

Materials for food manufacturing

ID6

1111

4.053 17.8 1.7 -0.4 0.2 0.0 2.4

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1112

13.367 26.3 -0.2 1.5 1.4 -0.7 -0.3

Materials for durable manufacturing

ID6

1113

13.166 51.0 2.6 3.1 1.8 0.5 1.0

Components for manufacturing

ID6

112

15.510 11.7 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.2

Components for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1121

0.806 21.4 1.4 2.4 1.6 1.3 1.5

Components for durable manufacturing

ID6

1122

14.704 11.2 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.2

Materials and components for construction

ID6

12

9.003 23.6 0.4 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.9

Materials for construction

ID6

121

3.829 16.9 -0.8 1.0 1.5 2.2 4.5

Components for construction

ID6

122

5.174 29.2 1.4 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.6

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

ID6

13

18.697 34.9 2.1 6.7 2.5 -2.9 3.4

Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries

ID6

131

4.640 28.3 1.7 4.5 0.0 -1.3 4.2

Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

132

14.057 37.3 2.2 7.4 3.4 -3.4 3.1

Containers for intermediate demand

ID6

14

2.781 20.5 1.4 2.6 1.0 0.9 4.1

Supplies for intermediate demand

ID6

15

23.422 14.4 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.6 1.4

Supplies to manufacturing industries

ID6

151

3.215 16.8 1.0 1.6 1.3 0.3 1.3

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

152

20.207 14.0 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.5

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds

ID6

1521

1.713 12.7 0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 2.8

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds

ID6

1522

18.494 14.1 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.8 1.3

Unprocessed goods

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

100.000 29.7 2.8 6.0 2.3 -4.8 -2.0

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

32.314 23.1 0.8 -2.2 1.2 3.7 -0.7

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

67.685 34.0 3.9 10.2 2.7 -8.4 -2.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

ID6

221

44.356 31.3 0.7 4.9 2.2 -6.6 6.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2211

42.325 32.7 0.7 5.2 2.3 -6.9 6.7

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2212

2.031 7.3 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.1 3.2

Unprocessed fuel

ID6

222

23.329 41.7 11.4 21.4 3.5 -11.8 -20.4

Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2221

1.185 27.0 5.6 6.2 2.2 -5.6 2.8

Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2222

22.144 42.8 11.8 22.2 3.6 -12.1 -21.6

Services

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

100.000 7.3 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.4

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

ID6

33

22.363 11.6 -1.2 0.5 -0.5 0.8 0.0

Trade services for manufacturing industries

ID6

331

11.460 12.5 -1.0 0.6 -0.3 0.7 -0.4

Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

332

10.903 10.7 -1.5 0.3 -0.6 0.9 0.4

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

13.287 15.5 2.5 0.5 0.9 1.6 0.3

Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand

ID6

321

0.978 14.2 -7.6 -1.2 4.8 4.0 -4.1

Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries

ID6

3211

0.115 14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3212

0.863 14.1 -7.5 -1.2 4.7 4.0 -4.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand

ID6

322

12.309 15.6 3.4 0.7 0.6 1.4 0.6

Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries

ID6

3221

2.502 13.7 1.0 1.6 1.5 0.9 1.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3222

9.807 16.1 4.0 0.4 0.4 1.6 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

64.350 4.4 0.4 -0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing industries

ID6

311

2.044 5.1 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

312

62.306 4.3 0.4 -0.4 0.9 0.5 0.6

Construction

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

100.000 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

92.172 24.9 1.1 2.7 1.6 -0.1 1.7

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

7.828 15.6 1.5 -0.4 0.1 0.0 2.4

Processed energy goods

ID6

9113

18.697 34.9 2.1 6.7 2.5 -2.9 3.4

Processed materials less energy

ID6

9118

81.303 21.9 1.0 1.4 1.2 0.5 1.3

Processed materials less foods and energy

ID6

9115

73.475 22.6 0.9 1.6 1.4 0.6 1.2

Intermediate distributive services(7)

ID6

9116

34.672 13.0 0.4 0.5 -0.1 1.0 0.2

Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services

ID6

9117

- 20.7 0.9 1.9 1.0 0.2 1.3

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

ID6

9211

62.579 35.3 5.1 11.5 2.5 -9.1 -3.4

Unprocessed energy materials(8)

ID6

9212

42.184 50.9 8.0 17.7 2.4 -12.0 -4.7

Unprocessed materials less energy

ID6

9213

57.816 19.1 -0.3 -1.7 2.2 1.3 -0.5

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy(9)

ID6

9216

25.502 13.4 -1.8 -1.5 3.4 -1.8 0.1

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 Intermediate Demand

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

100.000 12.2 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.5 1.1

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

ID5

41

32.889 15.2 0.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 1.1

Goods

ID5

411

23.198 17.2 0.8 1.2 1.3 0.4 1.5

Foods

ID5

4111

3.174 16.7 -1.0 -0.5 2.3 -0.1 1.4

Energy

ID5

4112

0.190 28.6 2.5 4.5 3.6 4.2 0.4

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4113

19.834 17.2 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.5 1.5

Services

ID5

412

9.691 10.7 -0.7 1.1 0.8 0.3 0.0

Trade services

ID5

4123

7.740 11.8 -0.9 1.1 0.8 0.2 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4122

0.474 11.9 -0.4 1.0 1.8 1.2 0.5

Transportation of passengers

ID5

41221

0.065 14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

41222

0.409 11.6 0.8 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4121

1.477 5.3 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.2

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

ID5

42

52.465 8.3 0.5 0.1 1.1 0.4 0.8

Goods

ID5

421

13.952 14.4 0.9 1.2 1.4 0.2 1.3

Foods

ID5

4211

2.324 15.9 1.8 -0.9 0.0 0.1 0.8

Energy

ID5

4212

3.769 18.8 1.1 3.3 2.9 -1.7 1.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4213

7.859 11.9 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.2

Services

ID5

422

38.427 6.2 0.4 -0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7

Trade services

ID5

4223

4.502 10.8 -1.3 1.1 0.6 0.4 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4222

3.234 14.2 1.9 0.8 0.7 1.8 0.9

Transportation of passengers

ID5

42221

0.413 14.4 -7.7 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

42222

2.821 14.2 3.4 1.1 0.1 1.5 1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4221

30.691 4.8 0.5 -0.7 1.1 0.3 0.8

Construction

ID5

423

0.086 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

ID5

43

14.643 20.5 0.4 1.4 1.1 1.2 2.4

Goods

ID5

431

10.507 24.4 0.7 1.8 1.9 1.4 2.8

Energy

ID5

4312

0.846 50.8 3.7 7.3 2.0 -1.4 2.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4313

9.661 22.6 0.5 1.3 1.9 1.7 2.8

Services

ID5

432

4.136 11.3 -0.5 0.6 -1.0 0.6 1.5

Trade services

ID5

4323

2.037 15.9 -1.3 0.5 -2.7 1.0 1.2

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4322

0.611 16.0 0.9 1.8 2.1 0.9 1.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

43221

0.013 14.5 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

43222

0.598 16.1 1.1 1.9 2.1 0.8 1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4321

1.488 4.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 1.9

Stage 3 Intermediate Demand

Stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

3

100.000 19.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

ID5

31

49.671 27.4 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.1

Goods

ID5

311

40.111 30.8 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.4 0.0

Foods

ID5

3111

10.917 25.8 0.8 -2.5 0.5 5.4 -1.2

Energy

ID5

3112

1.560 45.2 2.8 7.3 6.6 0.6 -1.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3113

27.634 32.7 1.2 2.2 1.3 -0.1 0.6

Services

ID5

312

9.560 14.3 0.0 0.7 -0.7 1.2 0.3

Trade services

ID5

3123

5.718 15.9 -0.3 0.2 -2.1 1.4 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3122

2.547 15.3 0.7 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

31221

0.118 14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

31222

2.429 15.3 1.1 1.7 1.6 0.9 1.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3121

1.295 6.0 0.2 1.2 0.4 0.5 0.8

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

ID5

32

48.940 11.7 1.3 1.2 0.7 0.1 1.4

Goods

ID5

321

10.345 32.2 1.5 5.8 0.7 -2.7 4.8

Foods

ID5

3211

0.089 8.5 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.8 2.6

Energy

ID5

3212

6.121 47.8 2.3 9.0 0.1 -4.6 7.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3213

4.135 14.1 0.3 1.1 1.5 0.3 1.0

Services

ID5

322

37.680 6.9 1.3 0.0 0.8 0.8 0.4

Trade services

ID5

3223

2.608 12.8 -2.5 -0.2 0.6 -0.2 0.8

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3222

8.849 16.3 4.6 -0.3 0.1 1.7 -0.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

32221

0.022 1.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

32222

8.827 16.3 4.7 -0.3 0.1 1.7 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3221

26.223 3.6 0.5 0.1 1.0 0.6 0.6

Construction

ID5

323

0.915 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

ID5

33

1.388 14.6 -0.8 0.9 -1.6 1.7 3.4

Goods

ID5

331

0.580 23.7 -0.2 1.8 1.7 2.0 4.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3313

0.580 23.7 -0.2 1.8 1.7 2.0 4.2

Services

ID5

332

0.808 8.9 -1.3 0.4 -3.8 1.4 2.9

Trade services

ID5

3323

0.766 9.0 -1.4 0.4 -4.0 1.4 3.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3322

0.015 11.4 1.0 1.4 0.7 1.2 1.4

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

33222

0.015 11.4 1.0 1.4 0.7 1.2 1.4

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3321

0.027 6.1 0.4 1.9 0.8 0.7 -1.0

Stage 2 Intermediate Demand

Stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

2

100.000 17.9 2.2 3.7 1.2 -2.2 -0.5

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

ID5

21

54.815 26.5 3.0 6.9 1.3 -4.7 -1.2

Goods

ID5

211

42.661 32.8 3.9 8.6 1.7 -6.2 -1.5

Foods

ID5

2111

3.184 9.8 -0.3 -2.3 -0.7 0.2 4.5

Energy

ID5

2112

19.750 51.5 8.3 17.6 1.8 -12.3 -4.1

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2113

19.727 22.2 0.5 1.4 1.9 -0.3 0.0

Services

ID5

212

11.685 8.2 0.0 0.9 0.0 1.1 -0.2

Trade services

ID5

2123

5.350 8.9 -0.8 1.0 -0.7 1.3 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2122

3.353 9.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.3 0.5

Transportation of passengers

ID5

21221

0.154 13.5 -7.3 -1.1 4.5 3.9 -3.9

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

21222

3.199 9.6 1.2 1.0 0.4 1.2 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2121

2.982 5.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.0

Construction

ID5

213

0.469 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

ID5

22

45.184 8.9 1.1 -0.1 1.0 1.0 0.3

Goods

ID5

221

5.823 20.5 1.0 1.8 1.9 0.5 0.9

Foods

ID5

2211

0.032 17.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.7 2.7

Energy

ID5

2212

0.396 63.2 3.0 11.7 8.9 -4.5 1.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2213

5.395 18.2 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.9

Services

ID5

222

37.793 7.3 1.1 -0.4 0.9 1.1 0.1

Trade services

ID5

2223

2.550 11.0 -0.3 -2.1 3.5 3.6 -3.4

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2222

3.079 32.4 7.9 -1.5 0.3 3.7 -2.8

Transportation of passengers

ID5

22221

0.352 14.4 -7.7 -1.2 4.8 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

22222

2.727 35.1 10.1 -1.6 -0.3 3.6 -2.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2221

32.164 5.0 0.6 -0.2 0.8 0.6 0.7

Construction

ID5

223

1.568 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Stage 1 Intermediate Demand

Stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

1

100.000 16.7 0.2 1.1 1.2 0.3 1.0

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

ID5

11

35.393 25.9 0.1 1.8 1.8 0.2 0.0

Goods

ID5

111

26.061 32.1 0.4 2.4 3.0 -0.2 0.0

Foods

ID5

1111

3.173 17.9 -3.4 -2.3 2.0 1.3 1.3

Energy

ID5

1112

3.734 40.8 2.0 8.4 7.7 -2.2 0.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1113

19.154 33.2 0.8 2.1 2.2 -0.1 -0.2

Services

ID5

112

9.331 11.3 -0.8 0.2 -1.2 1.3 -0.1

Trade services

ID5

1123

6.049 13.8 -1.3 0.1 -2.3 1.7 -0.9

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1122

0.488 15.3 0.2 1.9 1.3 2.8 -0.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

11221

0.084 14.7 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

11222

0.404 15.4 1.9 2.5 0.6 2.6 0.7

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1121

2.794 5.7 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.2 1.6

Construction

ID5

113

0.001 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

ID5

12

51.748 11.0 0.3 0.6 1.2 0.3 1.2

Goods

ID5

121

17.248 20.2 1.1 2.9 1.1 -0.2 2.7

Foods

ID5

1211

0.051 11.5 1.9 0.9 1.9 0.3 2.2

Energy

ID5

1212

5.794 34.8 1.5 6.5 0.7 -2.2 4.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1213

11.403 13.9 0.8 1.1 1.3 0.8 1.7

Services

ID5

122

34.495 6.8 -0.1 -0.5 1.3 0.5 0.5

Trade services

ID5

1223

3.803 12.8 -1.7 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1222

3.609 13.1 -0.4 0.6 2.0 1.7 -0.6

Transportation of passengers

ID5

12221

1.091 14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

12222

2.518 12.4 3.1 1.3 0.9 0.6 1.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1221

27.083 5.2 0.2 -0.8 1.3 0.4 0.6

Construction

ID5

123

0.005 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

ID5

13

12.858 17.9 0.1 1.4 -0.3 0.9 2.7

Goods

ID5

131

8.466 22.3 0.7 2.0 1.0 0.8 2.8

Energy

ID5

1312

0.829 53.5 1.7 9.5 -2.6 -2.6 8.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1313

7.637 19.6 0.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 2.2

Services

ID5

132

4.392 10.4 -1.0 0.3 -2.7 1.1 2.4

Trade services

ID5

1323

3.727 9.3 -1.3 0.0 -3.5 1.1 2.6

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1322

0.609 18.2 1.4 2.2 2.3 0.9 1.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

13222

0.609 18.2 1.4 2.2 2.3 0.9 1.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1321

0.056 3.3 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9411

47.657 17.9 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.6 1.7

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9412

52.254 7.4 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.6

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9413

0.086 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9414

5.498 16.4 0.2 -0.7 1.3 0.0 1.1

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9415

4.805 23.9 1.6 4.1 2.8 -1.4 1.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9416

37.354 17.4 0.8 1.3 1.3 0.9 1.8

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9311

51.036 31.1 1.2 1.9 1.2 0.5 1.0

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9312

48.048 8.4 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9313

0.915 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9314

11.006 25.7 0.8 -2.5 0.5 5.4 -1.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9315

7.681 47.3 2.4 8.7 1.4 -3.6 5.6

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9316

32.349 29.8 1.1 2.0 1.4 -0.1 0.7

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9211

48.484 31.3 3.6 7.8 1.7 -5.5 -1.3

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9212

49.478 7.4 0.9 -0.1 0.7 1.1 0.1

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9213

2.037 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9214

3.216 9.9 -0.3 -2.2 -0.7 0.2 4.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9215

20.146 51.7 8.2 17.5 1.9 -12.1 -4.0

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9216

25.122 21.4 0.6 1.4 1.8 0.0 0.2

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9111

51.775 26.4 0.7 2.5 2.0 -0.1 1.3

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9112

48.218 8.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9117

0.006 11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9114

3.224 17.8 -3.3 -2.3 2.0 1.3 1.3

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9115

10.357 38.3 1.7 7.4 2.8 -2.3 3.4

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9116

38.194 24.0 0.8 1.6 1.8 0.4 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(2) All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
(3) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(5) The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
(6) Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.
(7) Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
(8) Includes crude petroleum.
(9) Excludes crude petroleum.
(p) Preliminary

"-" Data not available.


Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final Demand-Intermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted [January 2022]
Grouping Commodity code Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(1)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(1)
Group
code
Item
code
Jan. 2021
to
Jan. 2022(p)
Aug. to
Sept.
Sept. to
Oct.(p)
Oct. to
Nov.(p)
Nov. to
Dec.(p)
Dec. to
Jan.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

9.7 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 1.0

Final demand goods

FD

41

13.1 1.2 1.3 0.9 -0.1 1.3

Final demand foods

FD

411

12.8 2.1 -0.1 1.2 -0.3 1.6

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01

11

9.1 -0.3 0.1 20.1 -5.5 3.9

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01

13

8.0 19.8 17.2 11.5 -14.6 -3.4

Grains

01

2

22.0 -8.0 -4.5 4.5 3.2 0.4

Eggs for fresh use(2)

01

7107

40.9 21.2 -12.1 -5.5 46.9 -17.6

Oilseeds

01

8301

-0.5 -2.1 -5.9 -1.6 0.4 8.7

Bakery products(2)

02

11

7.1 1.1 0.2 1.1 0.7 2.1

Milled rice(2)

02

13

7.6 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.4

Pasta products(2)

02

1402

16.2 0.5 0.5 1.9 5.3 3.0

Beef and veal

02

2101

43.9 8.3 -10.3 1.5 -4.6 6.5

Pork

02

2104

3.3 -0.5 -4.1 -1.3 -2.0 -3.3

Processed young chickens

02

2203

27.5 5.7 -1.4 -0.6 0.6 -0.3

Processed turkeys

02

2206

48.5 1.2 0.7 2.2 2.2 4.1

Finfish and shellfish

02

23

9.5 -1.7 7.5 0.9 1.2 -13.7

Dairy products

02

3

12.3 -0.2 1.1 0.9 2.3 4.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

5.2 1.0 0.9 -0.1 0.6 1.0

Confectionery end products(2)

02

55

7.6 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.1 2.2

Soft drinks(2)

02

62

9.9 3.1 1.2 0.3 0.4 3.3

Roasted coffee(2)

02

6301

3.9 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.2

Shortening and cooking oils(2)

02

78

36.4 -0.7 4.2 0.9 -4.2 4.7

Frozen specialty food(2)

02

85

5.4 -0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.9

Final demand energy

FD

412

28.8 2.5 5.0 0.9 -1.7 2.5

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

50.9 15.0 14.6 -10.0 -19.4 14.1

Residential electric power

05

41

6.5 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5

Residential natural gas

05

51

25.1 2.1 3.7 0.6 0.2 0.5

Gasoline

05

71

53.3 4.5 6.8 2.9 -2.0 1.9

Home heating oil and distillates

05

7302

47.4 3.8 12.3 -3.0 -3.5 7.3

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

56.5 1.3 11.6 -3.2 -3.1 9.4

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

9.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.8

Alcoholic beverages

02

61

1.5 -0.1 0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Pet food(2)

02

9402

9.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 2.2

Women's, girls', and infants' apparel(2)

03

8106

2.1 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.2

Men's and boys' apparel(2)

03

8107

3.6 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03

82

5.1 -0.1 1.1 0.4 0.0 1.4

Footwear

04

3

6.8 0.0 1.0 2.2 0.7 0.1

Industrial chemicals

06

1

30.8 -0.8 1.7 2.2 -1.5 -1.6

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

1.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Soaps and detergents(2)

06

71

6.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.7

Cleaning and polishing products(2)

06

72

5.6 0.5 0.1 1.6 0.3 1.0

Cosmetics and other toiletries(2)

06

75

3.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 1.5

Tires(2)

07

1201

12.0 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.4 4.6

Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.(2)

07

2B

26.2 2.7 1.2 4.3 3.7 0.2

Sanitary paper products(2)

09

1501

5.2 1.4 0.0 1.1 0.1 0.7

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10

12

0.6 -4.5 -0.4 8.8 -1.8 -10.7

Agricultural machinery and equipment

11

1

15.0 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.8 0.5

Construction machinery and equipment(2)

11

2

11.4 0.4 3.0 0.4 0.9 3.0

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11

37

4.9 0.1 0.7 0.0 1.1 0.8

Metal forming machine tools

11

38

3.7 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4 -0.4

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds(2)

11

39

7.4 0.2 1.1 0.5 0.7 1.1

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11

41

9.1 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.8

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11

44

14.1 1.6 1.2 1.7 1.2 1.2

Electronic computers and computer equipment(2)

11

5

5.3 -0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 2.2

Textile machinery and equipment(2)

11

62

6.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 5.5

Paper industries machinery(2)

11

64

6.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.6

Printing trades machinery and equipment(2)

11

65

6.5 -0.1 0.1 0.8 2.7 0.2

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11

74

35.5 3.1 3.0 5.5 2.5 0.6

Communication and related equipment

11

76

5.4 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

2.9 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.7

X-ray and electromedical equipment(2)

11

7905

0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3

Oil field and gas field machinery(2)

11

91

6.0 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.0 2.9

Mining machinery and equipment(2)

11

92

12.4 0.2 0.2 4.1 0.0 0.2

Office and store machines and equipment(2)

11

93

2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.0

Household furniture(2)

12

1

13.6 1.8 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.8

Commercial furniture(2)

12

2

13.5 1.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.5

Floor coverings(2)

12

3

7.3 0.7 1.5 0.9 0.0 0.5

Household appliances(2)

12

4

8.2 1.3 0.7 0.3 0.9 1.4

Home electronic equipment(2)

12

5

10.7 0.0 1.0 1.1 0.1 1.7

Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors(2)

12

66

5.4 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.0 0.9

Passenger cars

14

1101

1.8 -0.2 -0.7 0.4 -0.3 0.1

Light motor trucks

14

1105

3.1 0.3 -0.8 0.1 0.0 0.6

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14

1106

1.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.6

Motor vehicles parts(2)

14

12

5.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.6

Truck trailers(2)

14

14

29.6 0.9 6.9 1.7 3.9 3.1

Travel trailers and campers(2)

14

16

24.8 2.7 3.5 3.0 0.7 2.3

Aircraft

14

21

1.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4

Ships(2)

14

31

5.7 1.1 0.3 0.1 1.2 1.4

Railroad equipment(2)

14

4

2.8 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.6

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15

11

6.3 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.0 2.8

Sporting and athletic goods

15

12

16.8 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.1 3.3

Cigarettes(2)

15

21

10.2 1.6 1.2 0.2 1.8 0.9

Mobile homes(2)

15

5

32.0 0.0 1.6 0.1 4.1 3.1

Medical, surgical & personal aid devices

15

6

2.7 -0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1 1.2

Jewelry, platinum and karat gold(2)

15

9402

0.0 0.4 0.0 1.4 -0.8 0.8

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15

9404

1.8 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0

Final demand services

FD

42

7.7 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.7

Final demand trade services(3)

FD

423

13.3 0.0 0.6 1.1 1.5 0.6

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

10.5 -1.5 1.3 3.0 -0.6 -0.5

Machinery and vehicle wholesaling(2)

57

1103

22.9 0.1 4.1 2.0 2.2 4.3

Professional and commercial equipment wholesaling(2)

57

1104

3.4 1.9 0.9 1.3 -2.7 -1.1

Furnishings wholesaling(2)

57

2

29.8 1.2 3.5 -3.5 9.7 1.6

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

4.5 -3.2 0.5 -2.5 3.0 -4.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

22.6 3.1 2.1 3.5 -2.4 2.4

Apparel wholesaling(2)

57

7

-5.2 2.7 -2.0 1.6 -2.4 0.4

Food and alcohol wholesaling(2)

57

8

5.0 1.7 3.0 -2.1 1.5 0.1

Food and alcohol retailing

58

1

6.7 1.1 0.5 1.5 1.3 -0.4

Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing(2)

58

2

5.1 -0.1 0.0 0.8 2.9 0.9

Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing

58

3

22.1 1.5 -3.2 4.7 1.1 4.2

Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing(2)

58

4

-2.3 0.9 2.5 -0.9 0.4 -2.4

TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing(2)

58

5

22.7 -6.2 -8.5 -8.8 -0.6 5.9

Automobiles retailing (partial)

58

6101

126.1 7.2 5.4 2.3 7.5 -2.0

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

8.9 2.2 1.7 0.1 1.1 -0.4

RVs, trailers, and campers retailing(2)

58

8

56.0 -7.5 16.0 -3.6 5.2 0.6

Sporting goods, including boats, retailing

58

9

5.8 -1.2 -0.1 3.1 -0.5 -1.9

Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing(2)

58

A

15.7 1.4 3.4 3.4 1.0 -0.3

Furniture retailing(2)

58

B

17.4 0.8 0.0 1.7 4.0 1.4

Flooring and floor coverings retailing(2)

58

C

33.6 -1.9 7.2 -1.8 2.9 17.1

Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing

58

D

5.7 -2.1 0.1 -6.5 2.1 4.7

Major household appliances retailing

58

E

1.7 -0.6 -4.4 0.4 1.7 1.9

Fuels and lubricants retailing

58

F

12.2 4.4 -6.5 7.1 12.3 -9.7

Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing(2)

58

G

34.9 4.6 -5.2 5.8 -1.5 3.8

Book retailing(2)

58

H

-5.2 1.1 0.1 0.2 -6.9 0.6

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

15.7 -1.0 1.1 2.6 1.6 0.0

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

9.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 1.6

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

18.3 1.3 2.1 2.4 0.8 1.3

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

10.8 1.7 3.0 2.5 3.2 -0.1

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

8.9 2.7 1.1 0.6 0.1 1.3

Rail transportation of passengers

30

21

0.8 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Airline passenger services

30

22

14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

4.4 0.3 -0.1 0.6 0.2 0.9

Sales of books(2)

33

11

-0.2 0.6 -0.3 0.5 1.2 -3.3

Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers

33

12

4.0 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.3

Application software publishing(2)

34

2

2.3 -0.7 1.4 -0.3 -0.1 1.1

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists(2)

36

1

1.2 -0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.4

Residential wired telecommunication services

37

11

2.2 0.0 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.1

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

3.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.7

Internet access services(2)

37

4

-1.4 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(2)

37

5

4.0 -0.9 1.1 -1.5 0.8 0.2

Consumer loans (partial)

39

12

3.6 -0.2 -1.1 1.8 1.2 -0.2

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-2.2 -0.4 0.7 0.1 -4.1 1.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

-2.8 -0.1 -0.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.4

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

6.7 -0.2 -6.7 8.2 -1.3 -0.5

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.2 1.2 -1.3 2.5 -0.2 1.9

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

1.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Disability insurance, including accidental death(2)

41

1102

-0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

1.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.5

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

0.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions

43

21

10.3 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.7

Passenger car rental

44

1

30.2 -4.1 4.1 0.5 0.5 -4.6

Legal services

45

1

5.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.3

Tax preparation and planning

45

2102

-6.7 0.5 -0.2 0.1 -1.3 -1.4

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

4.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.7

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

3.5 0.2 0.8 -0.3 0.4 1.3

Arrangement of flights (partial)

47

1

-1.5 1.2 -1.0 0.2 -0.2 0.8

Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging(2)

47

2

13.3 -1.4 -5.0 0.7 1.0 1.8

Arrangement of cruises and tours(2)

47

3

6.6 3.7 -3.5 -3.6 -6.7 1.7

Physician care

51

1101

1.9 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.3

Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care(2)

51

1102

-0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Home health and hospice care

51

1103

2.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Hospital outpatient care(2)

51

1104

3.6 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.6

Dental care

51

1105

3.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.8

Hospital inpatient care

51

2101

3.5 0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9

Nursing home care

51

2102

1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.1 0.0

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

25.8 0.5 -0.4 4.2 3.9 5.4

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)(2)

54

1

8.3 0.1 -0.1 0.5 0.8 0.2

Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial)

55

2

2.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.1

Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees (partial)(2)

56

1

4.4 -0.4 1.4 0.9 1.1 0.1

Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)(2)

56

2

-1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Gaming receipts (partial)(2)

56

3

4.1 0.4 1.3 2.3 -3.8 2.1

Mining services(2)

60

1

10.6 0.4 0.9 0.1 1.1 3.0

Final demand construction

FD

43

16.1 0.2 5.9 0.4 0.3 3.6

New warehouse building construction(2)

80

1101

27.8 0.0 13.0 -0.3 0.1 6.3

New school building construction(2)

80

1102

12.3 0.1 5.3 0.1 0.0 2.9

New office building construction(2)

80

1103

17.0 0.1 5.6 0.3 0.7 4.1

New industrial building construction(2)

80

1104

18.2 0.2 7.7 0.5 0.4 4.3

New health care building construction(2)

80

1105

14.6 0.3 4.9 0.9 0.1 2.9

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

24.1 1.2 2.4 1.5 -0.1 1.7

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

15.6 1.5 -0.4 0.1 0.0 2.4

Meats

02

21

24.2 4.6 -5.9 0.1 -2.8 2.2

Processed poultry

02

22

26.6 4.0 -0.2 -1.6 2.2 2.4

Dairy products

02

3

12.3 -0.2 1.1 0.9 2.3 4.5

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

5.2 1.0 0.9 -0.1 0.6 1.0

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02

53

3.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.3 -0.5

Fats and oils(2)

02

7

41.9 0.3 2.5 1.8 -2.4 3.8

Prepared animal feeds(2)

02

9

11.9 -0.4 -0.5 0.2 0.4 3.4

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

24.9 1.1 2.7 1.6 -0.1 1.7

Synthetic fibers(2)

03

1

17.7 1.1 1.7 -1.1 -1.7 0.1

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03

2

29.3 1.7 3.7 3.7 0.2 2.1

Finished fabrics(2)

03

4

14.6 1.4 1.5 0.9 0.6 1.3

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

50.9 15.0 14.6 -10.0 -19.4 14.1

Commercial electric power

05

42

7.1 0.9 0.1 2.0 -1.1 0.8

Industrial electric power

05

43

11.4 0.1 2.1 1.2 -0.8 2.6

Commercial natural gas

05

52

30.9 2.8 6.5 0.6 -1.3 0.3

Industrial natural gas

05

53

46.2 1.1 10.4 2.2 -2.6 -2.9

Natural gas to electric utilities

05

54

90.3 3.3 19.0 27.5 -7.9 -4.3

Gasoline

05

71

53.3 4.5 6.8 2.9 -2.0 1.9

Jet fuel(2)

05

7203

59.4 3.4 12.4 3.8 -11.1 11.8

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

56.5 1.3 11.6 -3.2 -3.1 9.4

Residual fuels(2)

05

74

35.1 -1.5 9.4 4.3 -0.9 -6.2

Finished lubricants(2)

05

76

14.6 0.2 3.4 0.0 0.2 0.7

Lubricating oil base stocks(2)

05

78

77.8 6.8 0.6 -5.3 -3.9 12.5

Asphalt

05

8102

46.7 3.8 5.3 11.0 2.0 -8.5

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06

13

15.7 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.8 3.6

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

33.5 -1.0 1.9 2.3 -1.8 -2.3

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

22.9 1.7 1.1 0.8 1.0 6.6

Paint materials(2)

06

22

10.9 -2.7 0.9 4.2 -1.3 1.8

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

2.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2 2.2

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

5.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 2.8 0.0

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06

4

37.4 -6.1 -0.5 0.2 -6.7 0.1

Nitrogenates

06

5201

113.0 3.0 12.6 11.4 11.4 5.0

Phosphates

06

5202

- 3.9 3.3 5.3 4.8 -

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06

53

12.0 1.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 4.6

Plastic resins and materials

06

6

27.6 0.2 -0.5 0.0 -1.3 -3.1

Industrial gases(2)

06

7903

16.7 -0.3 -2.0 12.2 2.1 0.2

Adhesives and sealants(2)

06

7904

14.2 2.1 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.4

Synthetic rubber(2)

07

1102

19.0 2.5 0.3 -1.5 -3.2 0.6

Tires(2)

07

1201

12.0 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.4 4.6

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

35.0 1.2 2.9 1.3 1.2 1.8

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes(2)

07

22

25.1 2.1 2.7 1.9 1.0 0.4

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

17.0 1.8 1.1 0.7 1.9 1.2

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

26.6 1.0 2.1 2.3 0.4 1.2

Softwood lumber

08

11

20.1 -2.9 7.0 6.9 21.3 25.4

Hardwood lumber(2)

08

12

30.8 0.3 1.8 -0.1 0.6 0.2

Millwork

08

2

21.4 0.4 -0.1 0.9 2.2 4.9

Plywood(2)

08

3

14.1 -20.2 4.4 4.0 2.6 8.4

Paper(2)

09

13

17.7 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.2 1.2

Paperboard(2)

09

14

19.9 1.2 3.9 0.3 0.9 0.1

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

16.2 1.4 3.3 1.1 0.3 2.0

Building paper and board(2)

09

2

14.1 -5.8 2.8 2.3 2.3 5.0

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

9.4 0.5 0.6 3.5 0.6 0.6

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10

15

13.4 0.2 1.3 0.8 1.2 1.9

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

112.7 4.9 4.1 3.0 0.2 -1.6

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10

22

31.5 2.7 5.4 -4.0 1.6 4.4

Secondary nonferrous metals(2)

10

24

11.0 -1.2 0.2 0.7 0.5 2.5

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10

2501

32.7 3.2 4.3 1.9 -5.9 5.6

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10

2502

24.8 -0.7 0.1 1.5 -3.3 4.1

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

25.8 0.3 2.8 1.5 -1.7 0.1

Nonferrous foundry shop products

10

28

12.9 0.8 0.5 1.2 0.8 1.3

Metal containers(2)

10

3

35.4 0.3 2.7 1.4 2.8 13.0

Hardware(2)

10

4

16.9 1.0 5.0 1.2 0.3 0.6

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10

5

7.3 -0.1 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.8

Heating equipment(2)

10

6

22.1 0.3 0.9 1.1 3.1 1.8

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

42.5 2.8 2.5 3.2 2.2 0.8

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(2)

10

81

16.5 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.8 0.7

Lighting fixtures(2)

10

83

9.1 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.1

Fabricated ferrous wire products(2)

10

88

29.7 4.7 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

13.2 0.8 1.6 0.8 1.5 0.9

Fluid power equipment

11

43

10.9 0.3 1.4 0.5 0.9 2.6

Mechanical power transmission equipment(2)

11

45

11.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 3.1

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11

48

18.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.4 3.7

Metal valves, except fluid power

11

4902

6.9 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 1.6

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11

4905

7.1 0.7 0.0 0.6 -0.5 0.6

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

29.1 2.1 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.9

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11

73

14.9 2.6 1.9 3.0 0.3 3.3

Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.(2)

11

75

12.5 2.5 0.1 0.3 1.8 2.9

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

2.9 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.7

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

4.7 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 2.8

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

4.7 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.8 0.2

Flat glass(2)

13

11

9.0 0.4 1.4 0.6 1.0 1.9

Cement

13

22

8.9 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 4.5

Concrete products

13

3

9.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.5

Asphalt felts and coatings(2)

13

6

18.4 0.6 -0.1 2.8 1.2 1.1

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

8.9 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.3 2.4

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

5.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.6

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.3

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

2.1 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.5

Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices

15

6

2.7 -0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1 1.2

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

29.7 2.8 6.0 2.3 -4.8 -2.0

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

23.1 0.8 -2.2 1.2 3.7 -0.7

Wheat(2)

01

21

38.9 -0.7 2.9 6.6 3.1 -3.2

Corn

01

2202

17.7 -10.5 -7.1 3.8 3.2 1.6

Slaughter cattle

01

31

22.8 1.2 -0.8 1.6 2.9 -1.4

Slaughter hogs

01

32

8.9 1.3 -10.3 -3.5 -0.1 -7.0

Slaughter chickens

01

4102

76.6 8.9 -4.8 -3.2 11.8 1.6

Slaughter turkeys

01

42

19.3 5.8 -3.6 -4.9 4.1 3.4

Raw milk

01

6

12.6 1.4 2.9 2.5 7.4 -4.3

Alfalfa hay(2)

01

81

44.9 6.5 -4.2 1.4 -0.4 8.4

Oilseeds

01

8301

-0.5 -2.1 -5.9 -1.6 0.4 8.7

Raw cane sugar and byproducts(2)

02

5201

6.1 -0.1 5.0 0.7 1.5 -3.1

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

34.0 3.9 10.2 2.7 -8.4 -2.6

Raw cotton(2)

01

51

48.6 2.6 13.8 12.9 -9.3 8.0

Hides and skins

04

1

-8.3 -3.9 -11.7 -11.7 -7.1 -4.9

Coal

05

1

17.4 1.8 -1.8 0.6 -0.2 15.2

Natural gas(2)

05

31

47.4 13.1 25.4 3.8 -13.2 -26.1

Crude petroleum(2)

05

61

62.9 4.5 13.8 1.0 -12.6 15.5

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips(2)

08

5

5.4 -0.7 -0.2 -0.5 0.5 2.3

Recyclable paper(2)

09

12

60.5 4.8 6.3 -4.2 -8.0 -6.6

Iron ores

10

11

21.7 2.4 0.7 1.6 -0.4 0.3

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10

12

0.6 -4.5 -0.4 8.8 -1.8 -10.7

Nonferrous metal ores(2)

10

21

16.7 6.4 -6.4 3.6 -3.4 6.5

Copper base scrap(2)

10

2301

23.4 -0.2 2.9 0.2 -0.6 2.2

Aluminum base scrap

10

2302

39.0 -0.4 0.4 1.0 -1.2 0.1

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13

21

7.6 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.1 3.3

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

7.3 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.4

Trade services for intermediate demand(3)

ID6

33

11.6 -1.2 0.5 -0.5 0.8 0.0

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

10.5 -1.5 1.3 3.0 -0.6 -0.5

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling

57

3

25.7 0.4 6.7 -3.0 -0.3 1.7

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(2)

57

4

21.2 -0.6 -4.5 -6.3 4.0 -0.9

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

4.5 -3.2 0.5 -2.5 3.0 -4.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

22.6 3.1 2.1 3.5 -2.4 2.4

Food wholesaling(2)

57

8101

4.4 1.8 3.9 -3.0 1.6 0.0

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

8.9 2.2 1.7 0.1 1.1 -0.4

Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing

58

D

5.7 -2.1 0.1 -6.5 2.1 4.7

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

15.5 2.5 0.5 0.9 1.6 0.3

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

9.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 1.6

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

18.3 1.3 2.1 2.4 0.8 1.3

Water transportation of freight(2)

30

13

20.9 2.4 2.7 -0.2 2.7 1.3

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

10.8 1.7 3.0 2.5 3.2 -0.1

Pipeline transportation of petroleum products

30

1501

1.6 -0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 -0.1

U.S. Postal Service

30

1601

7.6 5.6 1.1 0.0 0.2 -0.6

Courier and messenger services, except air mail

30

1602

8.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.3 2.3

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30

1603

12.8 0.5 1.5 1.6 -0.6 3.5

Transportation of passengers (partial)

30

2

14.3 -7.7 -1.2 4.8 4.1 -4.1

Services related to water transportation

31

1

4.7 -0.1 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.4

Arrangement of freight and cargo(2)

31

31

83.6 21.5 -2.4 -1.5 6.2 -5.2

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

17.4 1.3 2.0 -1.2 3.4 6.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

4.4 0.4 -0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6

Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio(2)

35

-

6.2 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

1.5 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.7

Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists(2)

36

12

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36

2

-5.2 2.0 -2.3 5.1 3.1 1.5

Radio advertising time sales

36

3

7.2 2.2 -4.2 9.5 -0.1 -9.6

Internet advertising space sales, excluding Internet ads sold by print publishers(2)

36

5

5.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.9 1.0 0.9

Business wired telecommunication services(2)

37

12

0.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

3.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.7

Bundled wired telecommunication access services(2)

37

5

4.0 -0.9 1.1 -1.5 0.8 0.2

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

-0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 -1.3

Business loans (partial)

39

11

11.7 4.4 1.0 0.3 2.0 -0.6

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-2.2 -0.4 0.7 0.1 -4.1 1.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

-2.8 -0.1 -0.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.4

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

6.7 -0.2 -6.7 8.2 -1.3 -0.5

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.2 1.2 -1.3 2.5 -0.2 1.9

Investment banking(2)

40

3

17.5 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

1.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.7

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

1.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 -0.5

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

0.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Commissions from sales of insurance(2)

42

1

0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

3.4 0.4 -1.3 0.2 0.9 1.1

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

8.6 0.5 1.2 0.1 0.8 1.5

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

5.7 0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.2 0.0

Passenger car rental

44

1

30.2 -4.1 4.1 0.5 0.5 -4.6

Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing(2)

44

2

-0.9 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 -5.0

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

1.9 0.2 0.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.2

Legal services

45

1

5.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.3

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

0.6 0.4 -0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

4.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.7

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

3.5 0.2 0.8 -0.3 0.4 1.3

Advertising and related services (partial)(2)

45

5

6.3 0.0 -2.8 5.1 2.0 2.1

Permanent placement services(2)

46

1

7.4 0.7 -2.0 0.3 2.4 0.1

Executive search services(2)

46

2

-4.4 -2.5 -0.6 1.8 -0.1 -5.2

Staffing services

46

3

5.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 0.6

Security guard services(2)

48

1

6.1 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.5 1.1

Janitorial services(2)

49

1

7.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 2.6 1.9

Waste collection

50

1

4.0 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.2

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

25.8 0.5 -0.4 4.2 3.9 5.4

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance

55

1

5.3 0.0 1.1 0.4 0.2 1.0

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55

4

4.4 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.9

Metal treatment services(2)

59

1

8.1 0.5 2.7 0.8 1.1 -1.3

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

11.3 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)(2)

80

2

11.4 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.2

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

12.2 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.5 1.1

Stage 4 intermediate demand goods

ID5

9411

17.9 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.6 1.7

Grains

01

2

22.0 -8.0 -4.5 4.5 3.2 0.4

Meats

02

21

24.2 4.6 -5.9 0.1 -2.8 2.2

Unprocessed and packaged fish

02

23

9.5 -1.7 7.5 0.9 1.2 -13.7

Dairy products

02

3

12.3 -0.2 1.1 0.9 2.3 4.5

Commercial electric power

05

42

7.1 0.9 0.1 2.0 -1.1 0.8

Industrial electric power

05

43

11.4 0.1 2.1 1.2 -0.8 2.6

Gasoline

05

71

53.3 4.5 6.8 2.9 -2.0 1.9

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

56.5 1.3 11.6 -3.2 -3.1 9.4

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

33.5 -1.0 1.9 2.3 -1.8 -2.3

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

22.9 1.7 1.1 0.8 1.0 6.6

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

2.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2 2.2

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

5.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 2.8 0.0

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

1.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

35.0 1.2 2.9 1.3 1.2 1.8

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(2)

07

22

25.1 2.1 2.7 1.9 1.0 0.4

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

17.0 1.8 1.1 0.7 1.9 1.2

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

26.6 1.0 2.1 2.3 0.4 1.2

Lumber

08

1

22.7 -1.7 5.0 4.4 14.1 17.6

Millwork

08

2

21.4 0.4 -0.1 0.9 2.2 4.9

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

16.2 1.4 3.3 1.1 0.3 2.0

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

9.4 0.5 0.6 3.5 0.6 0.6

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

112.7 4.9 4.1 3.0 0.2 -1.6

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

25.8 0.3 2.8 1.5 -1.7 0.1

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

42.5 2.8 2.5 3.2 2.2 0.8

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

13.2 0.8 1.6 0.8 1.5 0.9

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11

48

18.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.4 3.7

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

29.1 2.1 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.9

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

2.9 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.7

Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment(2)

11

79

5.9 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.1 1.6

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

4.7 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 2.8

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

4.7 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.8 0.2

Concrete ingredients and related products

13

2

7.9 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 3.6

Concrete products

13

3

9.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.5

Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products(2)

13

61

19.5 0.7 -0.1 3.2 1.3 0.8

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

8.9 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.3 2.4

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

5.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.6

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.3

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

2.1 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.5

Medical, surgical and personal aid devices

15

6

2.7 -0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1 1.2

Stage 4 intermediate demand services

ID5

9412

7.4 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.6

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

18.3 1.3 2.1 2.4 0.8 1.3

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

8.9 2.7 1.1 0.6 0.1 1.3

Airline passenger services

30

22

14.6 -7.8 -1.2 4.9 4.1 -4.2

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

17.4 1.3 2.0 -1.2 3.4 6.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

1.5 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1 1.7

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

-0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 -1.3

Business loans (partial)

39

11

11.7 4.4 1.0 0.3 2.0 -0.6

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-2.2 -0.4 0.7 0.1 -4.1 1.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

6.7 -0.2 -6.7 8.2 -1.3 -0.5

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

8.2 1.2 -1.3 2.5 -0.2 1.9

Investment banking(2)

40

3

17.5 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3

Insurance

41

11

1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

3.4 0.4 -1.3 0.2 0.9 1.1

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

8.6 0.5 1.2 0.1 0.8 1.5

Nonresidential property management fees(2)

43

13

-0.5 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

5.7 0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.2 0.0

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

1.9 0.2 0.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.2

Legal services

45

1

5.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.3

Advertising agency services(2)

45

51

6.3 0.0 -2.8 5.1 2.0 2.1

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

0.6 0.4 -0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

4.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.7

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

3.5 0.2 0.8 -0.3 0.4 1.3

Staffing services

46

3

5.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 0.6

Janitorial services(2)

49

1

7.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 2.6 1.9

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance

55

1

5.3 0.0 1.1 0.4 0.2 1.0

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

10.5 -1.5 1.3 3.0 -0.6 -0.5

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling

57

3

25.7 0.4 6.7 -3.0 -0.3 1.7

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(2)

57

4

21.2 -0.6 -4.5 -6.3 4.0 -0.9

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

4.5 -3.2 0.5 -2.5 3.0 -4.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

22.6 3.1