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Economic News Release
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Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL 22-1989
8:30 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, October 12, 2022

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov   


                             PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - SEPTEMBER 2022


The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 0.4 percent in September, seasonally 
adjusted, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices declined 0.2 
percent in August and 0.4 percent in July. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the index for 
final demand advanced 8.5 percent for the 12 months ended in September.

In September, two-thirds of the increase in the index for final demand can be traced to a 0.4-
percent rise in prices for final demand services. The index for final demand goods also advanced 
0.4 percent.

Prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services advanced 0.4 percent in September, 
the largest rise since increasing 0.5 percent in May. For the 12 months ended in September, the 
index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 5.6 percent.

Final Demand

Final demand services: Prices for final demand services advanced 0.4 percent in September after 
climbing 0.3 percent in August. Most of the September increase is attributable to a 0.6-percent rise in 
the index for final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing. Margins for final 
demand trade services edged up 0.1 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by 
wholesalers and retailers.) Conversely, prices for final demand transportation and warehousing 
services fell 0.2 percent.

Product detail: Over a quarter of the September increase in the index for final demand services can 
be traced to a 6.4-percent advance in prices for traveler accommodation services. The indexes for 
food and alcohol retailing, portfolio management, machinery and vehicle wholesaling, oil and gas 
well drilling services, and hospital inpatient care also rose. In contrast, prices for long-distance motor 
carrying fell 0.4 percent. The indexes for fuels and lubricants retailing and for consumer loans 
(partial) also decreased. (See table 2.)
 
Final demand goods: Prices for final demand goods moved up 0.4 percent in September after 
decreasing 1.1 percent in August. Sixty percent of the advance is attributable to a 1.2-percent 
increase in the index for final demand foods. Prices for final demand energy rose 0.7 percent. The 
index for final demand goods less foods and energy was unchanged. 

Product detail: A major factor in the September increase in prices for final demand goods was a 
15.7-percent advance in the index for fresh and dry vegetables. Prices for diesel fuel, residential 
natural gas, chicken eggs, home heating oil, and pork also moved higher. Conversely, the index for 
gasoline fell 2.0 percent. Prices for prepared poultry and for steel mill products also declined.

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected final demand price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Total
final
demand
Final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
Final demand goods Final demand services Change
in final
demand
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Change
in final
demand
less
foods,
energy,
and
trade
from 12
mo. ago
(unadj.)
Total Foods Energy Less
foods
and
energy
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other

2021

Sept.

0.5 0.3 1.2 2.1 2.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 -1.0 0.3 8.8 6.1

Oct.

0.7 0.4 1.3 -0.1 5.0 0.7 0.2 0.5 1.1 -0.1 8.9 6.2

Nov.

1.0 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.3 2.8 0.6 9.9 7.0

Dec.

0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 -1.4 0.4 0.9 1.9 1.6 0.3 10.0 7.0

2022

Jan.

1.2 0.8 1.6 1.8 4.1 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.0 0.8 10.1 6.9

Feb.

1.1 0.2 2.2 1.9 7.2 0.8 0.5 1.7 2.0 -0.3 10.4 6.7

Mar.

1.7 1.0 2.4 2.4 6.6 1.1 1.3 2.3 5.6 0.4 11.7 7.1

Apr.

0.5 0.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.1 0.0 0.1 2.1 -0.2 11.2 6.8

May(1)

0.8 0.5 1.5 0.4 4.8 0.7 0.4 0.6 2.5 0.1 11.1 6.8

June(1)

1.0 0.3 2.2 -0.1 8.9 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.2 11.3 6.4

July(1)

-0.4 0.1 -1.8 1.3 -9.1 0.2 0.2 0.8 -0.7 0.0 9.8 5.8

Aug.(1)

-0.2 0.2 -1.1 -0.1 -5.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.9 0.4 8.7 5.6

Sept.

0.4 0.4 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.6 8.5 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for May 2022 through August 2022 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Within intermediate demand in September, prices for processed goods edged up 0.1 percent, the 
index for unprocessed goods rose 0.3 percent, and prices for services advanced 0.3 percent. (See 
tables B and C.)

Processed goods for intermediate demand: The index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand rose 0.1 percent in September after decreasing 1.5 percent in August. The increase can be 
traced to a 2.6-percent advance in prices for processed energy goods. In contrast, the indexes for 
processed materials less foods and energy and for processed foods and feeds moved lower, 0.6 
percent and 0.5 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in September, prices for processed 
goods for intermediate demand increased 13.1 percent. 

Product detail: Leading the September rise in the index for processed goods for intermediate 
demand, prices for diesel fuel advanced 9.1 percent. The indexes for electric power, jet fuel, pork, 
and ready-mix concrete also increased. Conversely, prices for steel mill products fell 6.7 percent. The 
indexes for primary basic organic chemicals, liquefied petroleum gas, and prepared poultry also 
declined.

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand: The index for unprocessed goods for intermediate 
demand rose 0.3 percent in September following a 5.3-percent advance in August. Leading the 
broad-based increase in September, prices for unprocessed energy materials moved up 0.5 percent. 
The indexes for unprocessed nonfood materials less energy and for unprocessed foodstuffs and 
feedstuffs also rose, 0.6 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively. For the 12 months ended in September, 
prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand advanced 34.2 percent. 

Product detail: Leading the September rise in prices for unprocessed goods for intermediate demand, 
the index for natural gas increased 3.1 percent. Prices for corn; hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds; wheat; 
fresh vegetables, except potatoes; and construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone also moved 
higher. In contrast, the crude petroleum index fell 3.4 percent. Prices for raw milk and for recyclable 
paper also declined.

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for goods by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Processed goods for intermediate demand Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand
Total Foods
and
feeds
Energy
goods
Less
foods
and
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)
Total Foodstuffs
and
feedstuffs
Energy
materials
Nonfood
materials
less
energy
Total,
change
from 12
months
ago
(unadj.)

2021

Sept.

1.2 1.5 2.1 0.9 23.8 2.8 0.8 8.0 -1.8 48.5

Oct.

2.4 -0.4 6.7 1.6 25.7 6.0 -2.2 17.7 -1.5 55.5

Nov.

1.5 0.1 2.5 1.4 26.6 2.3 1.3 2.3 3.4 49.6

Dec.

-0.1 0.1 -2.7 0.6 24.4 -4.8 3.8 -12.1 -1.8 40.0

2022

Jan.

2.2 2.6 4.7 1.5 24.8 3.1 2.9 4.2 1.1 36.4

Feb.

1.5 2.1 5.8 0.4 23.3 9.8 5.4 18.2 1.5 33.5

Mar.

2.3 2.1 7.3 0.9 22.1 2.9 7.7 -4.3 9.7 43.3

Apr.

2.0 3.2 4.4 1.2 22.0 5.5 4.2 9.3 1.3 50.1

May(1)

2.3 1.1 4.5 1.8 21.6 5.4 0.2 14.6 -4.2 46.4

June(1)

2.0 0.0 8.8 0.0 21.9 4.7 -0.3 11.0 -2.0 50.1

July(1)

-2.2 0.2 -8.8 -0.2 17.3 -9.4 -1.7 -14.6 -7.2 32.1

Aug.(1)

-1.5 0.0 -4.6 -0.7 14.3 5.3 -1.3 12.1 0.7 37.4

Sept.

0.1 -0.5 2.6 -0.6 13.1 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.6 34.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for May 2022 through August 2022 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services for intermediate demand: The index for services for intermediate demand increased 0.3 
percent in September, the third consecutive rise. Leading the September advance, prices for services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand climbed 0.5 percent. Margins for 
trade services for intermediate demand moved up 0.3 percent. Conversely, the index for 
transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand declined 0.7 percent. For the 12 
months ended in September, prices for services for intermediate demand increased 6.2 percent.

Product detail: In September, a 5.6-percent rise in the index for investment banking was a major 
factor in the advance in prices for services for intermediate demand. The indexes for paper and 
plastics products wholesaling, gross rents for retail properties, portfolio management, traveler 
accommodation services, and pipeline transportation of natural gas also moved higher. In contrast, 
prices for arrangement of freight and cargo transportation fell 12.7 percent. The indexes for metals, 
minerals, and ores wholesaling and for securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related 
services also decreased. 

Table C. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes for services by commodity type, seasonally adjusted
Month Services for intermediate demand
Total Trade Transportation
and
warehousing
Other Total, change
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2021

Sept.

0.3 -1.2 2.5 0.4 8.2

Oct.

0.0 0.6 0.5 -0.3 7.4

Nov.

0.6 -0.6 1.0 0.9 8.1

Dec.

0.8 1.5 1.6 0.5 8.3

2022

Jan.

0.8 1.4 0.6 0.6 7.9

Feb.

0.2 1.4 0.4 -0.2 7.8

Mar.

1.3 4.4 2.1 0.0 8.4

Apr.

0.9 1.0 1.7 0.6 8.0

May(1)

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 7.9

June(1)

-0.4 -0.8 0.1 -0.3 6.2

July(1)

0.3 -0.1 1.0 0.3 5.9

Aug.(1)

0.8 -0.6 -0.2 1.5 6.2

Sept.

0.3 0.3 -0.7 0.5 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for May 2022 through August 2022 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 4 intermediate demand rose 0.3 percent in 
September following a 0.4-percent advance in August. In September, the index for total services 
inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand moved up 0.5 percent. Prices for total goods inputs were 
unchanged. (See table D.) Increases in the indexes for paper and plastics products wholesaling, corn, 
diesel fuel, portfolio management, gross rents for retail properties, and investment banking 
outweighed declines in the indexes for steel mill products; securities brokerage, dealing, investment 
advice, and related services; and metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling. For the 12 months ended in 
September, prices for stage 4 intermediate demand rose 8.4 percent.

Stage 3 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 3 intermediate demand inched down 0.1 percent in 
September, the third consecutive decline. In September, the index for total goods inputs to stage 3 
intermediate demand fell 0.2 percent. Prices for total services inputs were unchanged. Decreases in 
the indexes for steel mill products; raw milk; arrangement of freight and cargo transportation; 
slaughter hogs; and metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling outweighed increases in the indexes for 
diesel fuel, corn, paper and plastics products wholesaling, and jet fuel. For the 12 months ended in 
September, prices for stage 3 intermediate demand advanced 10.8 percent. 

Stage 2 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 2 intermediate demand edged down 0.1 percent in 
September following a 3.5-percent rise in August. In September, the index for total goods inputs to 
stage 2 intermediate demand declined 0.1 percent. Prices for total services inputs were unchanged. 
Decreases in the indexes for crude petroleum, arrangement of freight and cargo transportation, 
liquefied petroleum gas, fuels and lubricants retailing, and steel mill products outweighed increasing 
prices for natural gas, oilseeds, deposit services (partial), and traveler accommodation services. For 
the 12 months ended in September, the index for stage 2 intermediate demand jumped 18.6 percent.

Stage 1 intermediate demand: Prices for stage 1 intermediate demand rose 0.5 percent in 
September after falling 0.5 percent in August. In September, the index for total goods inputs to stage 
1 intermediate demand advanced 0.6 percent, and prices for total services inputs moved up 0.4 
percent. Increases in the indexes for diesel fuel, corn, traveler accommodation services, investment 
banking, paper and plastics products wholesaling, and gross rents for retail properties outweighed 
declines in the indexes for steel mill products; metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling; and securities 
brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services. For the 12 months ended in September, 
prices for stage 1 intermediate demand rose 10.8 percent.

Table D. Monthly percent changes in selected intermediate demand price indexes by production flow, seasonally adjusted
Month Stage 4 intermediate
demand
Stage 3 intermediate
demand
Stage 2 intermediate
demand
Stage 1 intermediate
demand
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs
Total Goods
inputs
Services
inputs

2021

Sept.

0.4 0.8 0.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 2.2 3.6 0.9 0.2 0.7 -0.3

Oct.

0.6 1.3 0.0 1.0 1.9 0.2 3.7 7.9 -0.1 1.1 2.5 -0.3

Nov.

1.1 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.4 1.2 1.7 0.7 1.3 2.0 0.5

Dec.

0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 -2.2 -5.6 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.8

2022

Jan.

1.5 2.1 1.0 1.6 2.6 0.7 1.4 2.7 0.1 1.4 1.8 1.0

Feb.

0.6 1.2 0.0 1.4 2.6 0.1 4.3 8.4 0.3 1.0 1.6 0.2

Mar.

1.2 1.6 0.8 3.1 4.5 1.6 0.8 0.3 1.3 2.8 3.3 2.2

Apr.

1.0 1.2 0.7 2.5 3.7 1.3 2.8 4.7 0.7 1.7 2.4 0.9

May(1)

0.9 1.4 0.4 1.7 2.6 0.6 3.6 6.8 0.3 1.5 2.3 0.7

June(1)

0.3 1.1 -0.4 0.5 1.4 -0.5 2.9 5.4 0.0 1.0 2.4 -0.7

July(1)

-0.4 -0.9 0.0 -1.4 -2.9 0.4 -4.3 -8.6 1.0 -1.8 -3.0 -0.3

Aug.(1)

0.4 -0.1 0.9 -1.6 -3.2 0.2 3.5 5.4 1.5 -0.5 -1.5 0.7

Sept.

0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for May 2022 through August 2022 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

________________
The Producer Price Index for October 2022 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, November 15, 2022, 
at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

                                                   *****

                      PPI Weights to be Updated to Reflect 2017 Census Shipment Values

With the release of January 2023 Producer Price Index (PPI) data in February 2023, the Bureau 
of Labor Statistics will update PPI value weights to more accurately reflect recent production and 
marketing patterns. The updated weights will be constructed using 2017 value of shipments data 
from the Census of Manufactures, the Census of Mining, the Census of Services, and the Census 
of Agriculture. These data were collected in accordance with the North American Product 
Classification System (NAPCS). From January 2018 through December 2022, PPI weights have 
been based on 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) shipment values.

All PPIs will be affected by this weight update, including all industry net output indexes, as well 
as indexes for traditional commodity groupings. In addition, weights will be updated from the 
2012 to the 2017 Economic Census for all Final Demand-Intermediate Demand (FD-ID) indexes, 
special commodity-grouping indexes, and inputs to industry indexes. This weight revision will 
not result in changes to the reference base for indexes, the dates when PPIs are set to 100.

It is important to note that the basic structures of the PPI commodity and FD-ID classification 
systems will not change as a result of the weight revision. However, PPIs classified according to 
the NAICS will be updated to reflect 2022 NAICS definitions established by the U.S. Census 
Bureau. The weight update also will result in shifting relative importance values. These shifts 
will impact aggregate indexes in a manner commensurate with the relative gains and losses in 
value weights from 2012 to 2017.

In addition, PPI sample updates normally occurring with the release of October 2022 and 
February 2023 data will be combined and released in conjunction with the release of January 
2023 PPI data in February 2023. 

Commodity and FD-ID relative importance figures for December 2022 will be released two 
business days prior to the release of January 2023 PPI data. This information will be available on 
the PPI website at www.bls.gov/ppi/tables/. Following the January 2023 PPI data release, a 
concordance between Census product codes and PPI commodity codes will be available upon 
request by contacting the PPI Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at ppi-
info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.




                                          Technical Note


Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

   The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a family of 
indexes that measures the average change over time in prices received (price changes) by 
producers for domestically produced goods, services, and construction.  PPIs measure 
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other measures, 
such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price change from the purchaser's 
perspective.  

   More than 10,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products are released each 
month. PPIs are available for the products of virtually every industry in the mining and 
manufacturing sectors. Over time, new PPIs have been introduced for products of 
industries in the services and construction sectors of the U.S. economy. As of January 
2022, the PPI covered 71 percent of services as measured by 2012 Census revenue, and 
31 percent of construction.

   More than 64,000 price quotations per month are organized into three sets of PPIs: 
(1) Final demand-Intermediate demand (FD-ID) indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and (3) 
indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The FD-ID structure 
organizes products by class of buyer and degree of fabrication as well as by stage of 
production.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of end use or 
product type.  The entire output of various industries is sampled to derive price indexes 
for the net output of industries and their products. 


Final Demand-Intermediate Demand Indexes

   The PPI FD-ID structure measures price change for goods, services, and construction 
sold to final demand and to intermediate demand. The FD-ID system replaced the PPI stage-
of-processing (SOP) system as PPI's primary aggregation model with the release of data 
for January 2014. The FD-ID model expands coverage beyond that of the SOP system through 
the addition of services, construction, exports, and government purchases.  

   Compared with finished goods under the SOP system, the PPI for final demand goods 
includes nearly a 50 percent expansion of coverage. This increase can be traced to the 
addition of government purchases and exports. For overall final demand, expansion to 
include final demand services represents an even larger increase in coverage. In December 
2021, final demand goods were about 33 percent of overall final demand, final demand 
services were roughly 65.1 percent, and final demand construction was about 1.7 percent 
of final demand. Within intermediate demand, coverage of services for intermediate demand 
resulted in about a 45 percent increase in coverage of the intermediate demand portion of 
the economy. 

   FD-ID indexes are constructed from commodity-based producer output price indexes.  
Commodities are allocated to aggregate indexes primarily based on the type of buyer.  The 
main source of data used to determine the type of buyer is the "Use of commodities by 
industries, before redefinition," table from the Benchmark Input-Output Accounts of the 
U.S. In many cases, the same commodity is purchased by different types of buyers.  As a 
result, commodities are often included in several FD-ID indexes.  For example, regular 
gasoline is purchased for personal consumption, export, government use, and business use. 
The PPI program publishes only one commodity index for regular gasoline (wpu057104), 
reflecting sales to all types of buyers, and this index is used in all aggregations 
regardless of whether the gasoline is sold for personal consumption, as an export, to 
government, or to businesses.  Proportions based on BEA "Use of Commodities" data are 
used to allocate the correct portion of the total weight of gasoline to each use 
category.  In cases when buyer type is an important price determining characteristic, 
indexes are created based on specific buyer type. For example, within the PPI category 
for loan services, separate indexes for consumer loans and business loans were 
constructed. For more information relating to the FD-ID structure, see "A new, 
experimental system of indexes from the PPI program" in the February 2011 Monthly Labor 
Review.   

Final Demand:  The final demand portion of the FD-ID structure measures price change for 
commodities sold for personal consumption, capital investment, government, and export.  
The system is composed of six main price indexes: final demand goods; final demand trade 
services; final demand transportation and warehousing services; final demand services 
less trade, transportation, and warehousing; final demand construction; and overall final 
demand. 

   The final demand goods index measures price change for both unprocessed and processed 
goods sold to final demand.  Fresh fruits sold to consumers and computers sold for 
capital investment are examples of transactions included in the final demand goods price 
index. The final demand trade services index measures price change for the retailing and 
wholesaling of merchandise sold to final demand, generally without transformation. (Trade 
indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) The final 
demand transportation and warehousing services index tracks price change for 
transportation of passengers, as well as, transportation of cargo sold to final demand, 
and also includes prices for warehousing and storage of goods sold to final demand.  The 
final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index measures price 
change for all services other than trade and transportation sold to final demand.  
Publishing, banking, lodging, and health care are examples of these services.  The final 
demand construction index tracks price change for new construction, as well as 
maintenance and repair construction sold to final demand.  Construction of office 
buildings is an example of a commodity that would be included in the final demand 
construction index.  Lastly, the overall final demand index tracks price change for all 
types of commodities sold to final demand by combining the five final demand component 
indexes described above.

Intermediate Demand: The intermediate demand portion of the FD-ID system tracks price 
change for goods, services, and construction products sold to businesses as inputs to 
production, excluding capital investment. The system includes two parallel treatments of 
intermediate demand. The first treatment organizes intermediate demand commodities by 
type. The second organizes intermediate demand commodities into production stages, with 
the explicit goal of developing a forward-flow model of production and price change. 

   The intermediate demand by commodity type portion of the system organizes commodities 
by similarity of product.  The system is composed of six main price indexes: unprocessed 
goods for intermediate demand; processed goods for intermediate demand; intermediate 
demand trade services; intermediate demand transportation and warehousing services; 
intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing; and 
intermediate demand construction.   

   The unprocessed goods for intermediate demand price index measures price change for 
goods sold to businesses as inputs to production that have undergone no fabrication. 
Crude petroleum sold to refineries is an example of an unprocessed good sold to 
intermediate demand.  The processed goods for intermediate demand index tracks price 
change for fabricated goods sold as business inputs.  Examples include car parts sold to 
car manufacturers and gasoline sold to trucking companies.  The index for trade services 
for intermediate demand measures price change for the services of retailing and 
wholesaling goods purchased by businesses as inputs to production. The intermediate 
demand transportation and warehousing services index measures price change for business 
travel, as well as, transportation and warehousing of cargo sold to intermediate demand.  
The intermediate demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing index 
measures price change for services other than trade, transportation, and warehousing sold 
as inputs to production.  Legal and accounting services purchased by businesses are 
examples of intermediate demand services excluding trade, transportation, and 
warehousing.  Finally, the construction for intermediate demand index measures price 
change for construction purchased by firms as inputs to production.  The index for 
construction for intermediate demand tracks price change for maintenance and repair 
construction purchased by firms.  

   The production flow treatment of intermediate demand is a stage-based system of price 
indexes. These indexes can be used to study price transmission across stages of 
production and final demand. This system is constructed in a manner that maximizes 
forward flow of production between stages, while minimizing back-flow of production. The 
production flow treatment contains four main indexes: intermediate demand stage 1, 
intermediate demand stage 2, intermediate demand stage 3, and intermediate demand stage 
4.   

   Indexes for the four stages were developed by first assigning each industry in the 
economy to one of four stages of production, where industries assigned to the fourth 
stage primarily produce output consumed as final demand, industries in the third stage 
primarily produce output consumed by stage 4 industries, industries assigned to the 
second stage primarily produce output consumed by stage 3 industries, and industries 
assigned to the first stage produce output primarily consumed by stage 2 industries.  The 
four indexes then track prices for the net inputs consumed by industries in each of the 
four stages of production.  The stage 4 intermediate demand index, for example, tracks 
price change for inputs consumed, but not produced, by industries included in the fourth 
stage of production.  Hence, the index tracks price change in inputs to industries that 
primarily produce final demand commodities (stage 4 producers primarily produce 
commodities sold to final demand).  

   Examples of heavily weighted goods-producing industries in stage 4 include the 
manufacture of light trucks and utility vehicles, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals.  
Retail trade, food service and drinking places, and hospitals are examples of heavily 
weighted service industries included in stage 4.  Stage 4 also includes all new 
construction industries.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 4 industries include motor 
vehicle parts, commercial electric power, plastic construction products, biological 
products, and beef and veal.  Engineering services, machinery and equipment wholesaling, 
long distance motor carrying, and legal services constitute examples of services consumed 
by stage 4 industries.

   Examples of highly weighted goods-producing industries included in stage 3 are motor 
vehicle parts manufacturing, animal (except poultry) slaughtering and processing, and 
semiconductor manufacturing.  Services industries classified in stage 3 include wholesale 
trade; insurance carriers; architecture, engineering, and related services; and hotels 
and motels.  Examples of goods consumed by stage 3 industries include slaughter steers 
and heifers, industrial electric power, and hot rolled steel bars, plates, and structural 
shapes.  Services commonly consumed by stage 3 industries include commissions from sales 
of property and casualty insurance, business loans, temporary help services, and 
administrative and general management consulting services.

   Petroleum refineries; electricity generation, transmission, and distribution; natural 
gas distribution; cattle ranching and farming; and plastic materials and resin 
manufacturing are among the goods-based industries assigned to stage 2.  Services 
industries that are heavily weighted in stage 2 include management of companies and 
enterprises; non-depository credit intermediation; insurance agencies and brokerages; and 
services to buildings and dwellings. Goods commonly purchased by stage 2 industries 
include crude oil, natural gas, formula feeds, and primary basic organic chemicals. 
Services that are heavily weighted in the intermediate demand stage 2 index are legal 
services, business loans, and cellular phone and other wireless telecommunication.

   Goods producing industries in stage 1 include oil and gas extraction, paper mills, and 
grain farming.  Real estate, legal services, and advertising services are examples of 
highly weighted services industries included in stage 1.  Examples of goods consumed by 
stage 1 industries are commercial and industrial electric power and gasoline. Services 
commonly consumed by stage 1 industries include solid waste collection, chemicals and 
allied products wholesaling, and guestroom or unit rental.  It should be noted that all 
inputs purchased by stage 1 industries are by definition produced either within stage 1 
or by latter stages of processing, leaving stage 1 less useful for price transmission 
analysis. For additional information on industry stage assignments, see www.bls.gov/ppi/
fd-id/ppi-intermediate-demand-by-production-flow-industry-stage-assignments.htm.


Comparing the PPI with CPI

   Although some data users utilize the PPI as a potential indicator of the Consumer 
Price Index (CPI), there are many reasons why the PPI and the CPI may diverge. The scope 
of the personal consumption portion of the PPI includes all marketable output sold by 
domestic producers for households. The scope of the CPI includes goods and services 
provided by business or government, where explicit user charges are paid by consumers. 
For example, the most heavily weighted item in the CPI, owners' equivalent rent, is 
excluded from the PPI. The scope of the CPI includes imports. The PPI excludes imports. 
The CPI only includes components of personal consumption directly paid for by the 
consumers, while the PPI includes components of personal consumption that may not be paid 
for by consumers. For example, the PPI includes medical services paid for by third 
parties. In contrast to CPI, PPI does not completely cover services. PPIs exclude taxes, 
since they do not represent producer revenue. Conversely, sales and other taxes paid by 
consumers are part of household expenditure and are included in the CPI. Additional 
technical differences between PPI and CPI also exist. For more information see "Comparing 
new final demand producer price indexes with other Government price indexes," Monthly 
Labor Review, January 2014, at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/.


Commodity Indexes

   The commodity classification of the PPI organizes goods, services, and construction by 
similarity of product or end use, disregarding industry of origin. With the release of 
data for July 2009, PPI expanded its commodity structure to include indexes for services 
and construction products. Prior to this date, the PPI commodity structure only included 
products from goods producing sectors. Table 9 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major groupings, 
subgroups, product classes, sub-product classes, and individual items.


Industry Net-Output Price Indexes

   PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped according to the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  Prior to the release of January 
2004, industry-based PPIs were published according to the Standard Industrial 
Classification (SIC) system.  Industry price indexes are compatible with other economic 
time series organized by industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  
Table 11 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry 
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-digit codes), 
products (9-digit codes), more detailed sub-products (11-digit codes), and, for some 
industries, indexes for other sources of revenue.

   Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every industry has 
primary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments classified 
in the industry for products made primarily, but not necessarily exclusively, by that 
industry. The industry classification of an establishment is determined by which products 
make up a plurality of its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have 
secondary product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments for 
products chiefly made in some other industry. Some industries have miscellaneous receipts 
indexes that track price changes for other sources of revenue received by establishments 
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products; for example, 
resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots owned by a manufacturing 
plant.


Data Collection

   PPIs are constructed using selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes, 
selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection proportionate to
size. Individual items and transaction terms also are chosen by probability proportionate 
to size. BLS strongly encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction 
prices at the time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices. Prices submitted 
by survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the 13th day 
of the month. The survey is conducted online via the BLS Internet Data Collection 
Facility (IDCF).) Data provided by survey respondents are supplemented with data from 
other sources for some areas.

   Price data are provided by survey respondents on a voluntary and confidential basis; 
only sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.  BLS 
publishes price indexes, not actual prices.  All PPIs are subject to monthly revisions 
up to 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability of late reports and
corrections by respondents. 

   BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to better reflect 
current conditions when the structure, membership, technology, or product mix of an 
industry shifts significantly and to spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  
Information on these resampling efforts are noted in the PPI News Release and PPI 
Detailed Report in the months they occur.   

   As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the economy other than 
mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of service and construction sector 
industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following list of industries 
introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which an article describing 
the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers...444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Pipeline transportation of natural gas........................486210  June 2022
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007


Weights

   Weights for most commodity groupings of the PPI, as well as, weights for 
commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated from commodity groupings, such as FD-ID 
indexes, currently reflect 2012 values of shipments as reported in the Census of 
Manufactures and other sources. From January 2012 to December 2017, PPI weights were 
derived from 2007 shipment values. Industry indexes now are calculated under the 2017 
NAICS structure utilizing 2012 value of shipment weights and 2007 net output ratios. 
The periodic update of the value weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more 
accurately reflect changes in production and marketing patterns in the economy.

   Net output values of shipments are used as weights for industry indexes. Net output 
values refer to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers 
outside the industry. However, weights for commodity indexes are based on gross shipment 
values, including values of shipments between establishments within the same industry. As 
a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is 
composed of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple 
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to 
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation. The intermediate demand by commodity 
type FD-ID indexes partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes, final demand 
FD-ID indexes, and intermediate demand by production flow FD-ID indexes consistently 
correct for this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and FD-ID indexes are 
more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for analysis of general price trends.


Price Index Reference Base

   Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI series (including 
most commodity groups and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 
100.  From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was 1967 = 
100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new reference base did not alter 
any previously published percent changes for affected PPI series. (See "Calculating Index 
Changes," below.)  The 1982 reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base 
later than December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.  The FD-
ID indexes typically have a reference base of November 2009 = 100.

   For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of the Producer 
Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in the BLS Handbook of Methods.  This 
chapter can be downloaded from the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm.  


Calculating Index Changes

   Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals 100.0.  An 
increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the Final Demand Goods Price Index, 
for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change also can be expressed in dollars, as 
follows:  prices received by domestic producers of a sample of final demand goods have 
risen from $100 in November 2009 to $105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would 
indicate that prices received by producers of final demand goods are 10 percent lower 
than they were in November 2009.

   Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent 
changes, rather than as changes in index points.  Index point changes are affected by the 
level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The 
following example shows the computation of index point and percent changes.

   Index point change
      Final Demand Goods Price Index     107.5
      Less previous index                104.0
      Equals index point change            3.5

   Index percent change
      Index point change                   3.5
      Divided by the previous index      104.0
      Equals                             0.034
      Result multiplied by 100           0.034 x 100
      Equals percent change                3.4


Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

   Because price data are used for different purposes by different groups, BLS publishes 
seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each month.  Seasonally adjusted data are 
preferred for analyzing general price trends in the economy because these data eliminate 
the effect of changes that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same 
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather patterns, 
regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers, seasonal discounts, and 
holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted data more clearly reveal underlying 
trends.  Unadjusted data are of primary interest to users who need information that can 
be related to actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this 
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and cost analysts, 
contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the unadjusted data that are 
generally cited when escalating long-term contracts such as purchasing agreements or real 
estate leases.  For more information, see Price Adjustment Guide for Contracting Parties, 
on the Web at www.bls.gov/ppi/publications/price-adjustment-guide-for-contracting-
parties.htm.   

   Seasonal adjustment is accomplished using X-13 ARIMA, a software package published by 
the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is 
reevaluated to reflect more recent price behavior. Industry net output indexes are not
seasonally adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new 
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data from the prior 5 years.  
Updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the most recent 5 years of seasonal data. 

   Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an aggregative 
method. Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted using direct seasonal 
adjustment, which produces a more complete elimination of seasonal movements than does 
the aggregative method.  However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield 
figures that possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a broad 
category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent with all seasonally 
adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal movements for FD-ID indexes are derived 
indirectly through an aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of 
subproduct class (six-digit) series.

   Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously stable and 
predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern persists, the seasonal 
adjustment method will eventually reflect it; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, 
seasonally adjusted data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs 
relatively infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often affected 
manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment methods 
to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With this technique, outlier values that 
may distort the seasonal pattern are removed from the data prior to applying the standard 
seasonal factor estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large 
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the COVID-19 pandemic. In 
this case, intervention techniques allowed for better estimates of seasonally adjusted 
data. On the whole, very few series have required intervention.  Out of over 400 seasonally
adjusted commodity series, 76 were subject to intervention in 2022. 

   For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see “PPI and CPI Seasonal 
Adjustment: an Update” in the July 2010 Monthly Labor Review, and “PPI and CPI Seasonal 
Adjustment During the COVID-19 Pandemic” in the May 2022 Monthly Labor Review.


Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

   In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and technical information to 
the internet. There were more than 9 million instances of PPI data being downloaded from 
the BLS website during 2021.


Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site

   PPI data can be obtained online (www.bls.gov/ppi). On this page, under the tab labeled 
"Featured PPI databases" links provide the following methods of data retrieval:

   Top Picks is a form-based application for both Industry Data and Commodity Data that 
allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data by selecting the high-level 
aggregate and other commonly requested time series, including the All Commodities Index 
and the FD-ID indexes (for example, Final Demand).  Within each list, any one-or all-of 
the time series shown can be selected.  A user can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

   One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query applications 
for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users unfamiliar with the PPI 
coding structure.  These applications guide a user through the PPI classification by 
listing index titles and do not require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data 
retrieved are based on a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists 
provided.  Two options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's 
browser capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a single 
screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The second option is a 
multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods allow a user to browse the PPI 
coding structure and select multiple series.  Users can modify the date range and output 
options after executing the query using the reformat button above the data output table.

   Series Report is a form-based application that allows users to input multiple, 
formatted PPI time series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as inputs in 
extracting data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This 
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar with the format 
of PPI time series identifiers.  There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique 
PPI time series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access to a 
different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted) or an "s" 
(seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further specifies the type of data 
needed. Examples are provided below.

   For commodity and FD-ID indexes, series identifiers combine a "wpu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wps141101        Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101        Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpufd4           Final demand, not seasonally adjusted
wpsid63          Services for intermediate demand, seasonally adjusted

   For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu" prefix (not 
seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.  

Commodity code   Provides data for:
wds019           Other farm products, seasonally adjusted 
wdu0635          Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally adjusted
wdusi138011      Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted

   Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series identifiers 
that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 digits (the 6-digit 
industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 alphanumeric characters identifying 
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series        Provides data for:
pcu325---325---             Chemical manufacturing 
pcu336110336110             Automobile and light duty motor vehicle manufacturing
pcu621111621111411          Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and 
                            single-specialty group practices, general/family practice

   Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu" prefix and "#" 
between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.  Series identifiers for the 
discontinued dataset use underscores as placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC 
industry group code of fewer than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized 
by SIC were discontinued with the introduction of NAICS in 2004.)

Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series     Provides data for:
pdu28_ _#                   Chemicals and allied products
pdu331_#                    Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and finishing mills
pdu3711#111                 Passenger cars

   Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to NAICS have 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the prefix, there are 12 numeric 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric 
characters that identify product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-
level group codes.

Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series   Provides data for
ndu212231212231             Lead and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312            Lead, zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214          Lead  concentrates

   Text Files are best suited for users requiring access to either a large volume of time 
series data or other PPI-related documentation, such as seasonal factor tables and 
relative importance tables. The text files can be accessed at download.bls.gov/ or 
directly from links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage. Data and 
documentation available for download include the following:

                                       Directory:
Industry Data                          /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued 
                  (NAICS basis)        /pub/time.series/nd
                  (SIC basis)          /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data (incl. FD-ID)           /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data - Discontinued          /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                       /pub/special.requests/ppi


Additional information

   The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information regarding PPI 
data and methodology. The "PPI Publications" section of the homepage provides PPI news 
releases, both current and archived, as well as general PPI information.  The “PPI Tables”
section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.  The remaining sections 
offer special notices and publications pertaining to PPI methodology and applications.  

   For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification, methodology, or data 
availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-info@bls.gov. If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or 
have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Producer price index percentage changes and weights for Final Demand-Intermediate Demand groupings, seasonally adjusted [September 2022]
Grouping Commodity code Relative
Importance
Dec.
2021(1)
Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(2)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(2)
Group
code
Item
code
Sept. 2021
to
Sept. 2022(p)
Apr. to
May
May to
June(p)
June to
July(p)
July to
Aug.(p)
Aug. to
Sept.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

100.000 8.5 0.8 1.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.4

Final demand goods

FD

41

33.128 11.3 1.5 2.2 -1.8 -1.1 0.4

Final demand foods

FD

411

5.743 11.9 0.4 -0.1 1.3 -0.1 1.2

Finished consumer foods(3)

FD

4111

4.425 12.1 0.6 -0.4 2.3 -0.4 1.1

Finished consumer foods, crude

FD

41113

0.460 37.0 -0.5 -7.8 14.1 -7.7 11.6

Finished consumer foods, processed

FD

41112

3.965 9.6 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.6 -0.1

Government purchased foods

FD

4112

0.407 7.6 -0.5 0.2 1.6 0.2 -0.2

Foods for export

FD

4113

0.911 12.9 0.0 0.9 -3.4 1.2 2.5

Final demand energy

FD

412

5.972 24.2 4.8 8.9 -9.1 -5.6 0.7

Finished consumer energy goods(3)

FD

4121

4.773 18.6 4.7 9.3 -9.4 -5.1 -0.1

Government purchased energy

FD

4122

0.834 43.9 4.7 7.5 -8.3 -7.1 3.6

Energy for export

FD

4123

0.365 53.8 5.5 7.1 -7.7 -7.2 2.3

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

21.412 7.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.0

Finished goods less foods and energy(3)

FD

4131

12.084 8.4 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.2

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

41311

6.448 8.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.2

Nondurable consumer goods less foods and energy

FD

413111

4.061 8.4 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.3

Durable consumer goods

FD

413112

2.387 7.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.1

Private capital equipment

FD

41312

5.636 8.8 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.3

Private capital equipment for manufacturing industries

FD

413121

1.256 10.6 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3

Private capital equipment for nonmanufacturing industries

FD

413122

4.380 8.3 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.2

Government purchased goods, excluding foods and energy

FD

4132

2.255 8.9 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.0

Government purchased goods excluding foods, energy, and capital equipment

FD

41321

1.338 11.7 1.5 0.7 0.8 -0.1 0.0

Government purchased capital equipment

FD

41322

0.917 4.8 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Goods for export, excluding foods and energy

FD

4133

7.073 5.6 0.4 0.0 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3

Final demand services

FD

42

65.132 6.8 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Final demand trade services(4)

FD

423

20.434 12.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.1

Trade of finished goods(3)

FD

4231

17.549 12.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.0

Trade of personal consumption goods

FD

42311

14.295 11.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.5 -0.1

Trade of private capital equipment

FD

42312

3.254 16.0 -0.7 0.8 1.0 -2.6 0.5

Trade of government purchased goods

FD

4232

0.761 15.5 0.4 0.7 1.3 -1.3 0.9

Trade of government purchased goods, excluding capital equipment

FD

42321

0.474 14.1 1.7 0.8 0.9 0.1 1.0

Trade of government purchased capital equipment

FD

42322

0.287 17.9 -1.7 0.6 1.9 -3.7 0.7

Trade of exports

FD

4233

2.124 12.6 0.5 0.2 1.0 -1.2 0.6

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

4.396 17.8 2.5 0.8 -0.7 -0.9 -0.2

Transportation of passengers for final demand

FD

4221

1.113 26.0 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation of private passengers

FD

42211

0.752 25.9 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation of government passengers

FD

42212

0.090 25.6 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation of passengers for export

FD

42213

0.271 26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods for final demand

FD

4222

3.283 15.2 2.1 -0.3 0.1 -1.4 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing of finished goods(3)

FD

42221

2.160 15.3 2.1 -0.3 0.0 -1.5 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of personal consumption goods

FD

422211

1.734 15.1 2.1 -0.3 0.1 -1.5 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing of private capital equipment

FD

422212

0.426 16.0 2.3 -0.3 -0.2 -1.6 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing of government purchased goods

FD

42222

0.198 14.1 1.6 0.1 0.7 -1.4 0.0

Transportation and warehousing of exports

FD

42223

0.925 15.0 2.1 -0.3 0.0 -1.3 0.0

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

40.301 2.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.6

Finished services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(3)

FD

4211

35.337 2.8 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.6

Finished consumer services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42111

31.663 2.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.6

Private capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42112

3.674 7.7 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.8

Government purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4212

2.482 2.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.7 0.5

Gov. purchased services less trade, transportation, and warehousing, excl. capital investment

FD

42121

2.376 2.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.8 0.5

Government purchased capital investment services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

42122

0.106 1.0 0.6 0.1 0.3 -0.5 0.5

Services for export less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

4213

2.482 1.8 0.5 -0.7 -0.4 1.6 0.6

Final demand construction

FD

43

1.740 23.1 0.4 0.5 5.0 0.3 0.4

Construction for private capital investment

FD

431

1.133 25.4 0.4 0.6 5.3 0.3 0.4

Construction for government

FD

432

0.606 18.9 0.5 0.5 4.3 0.2 0.4

Special Groupings of Final Demand

Final demand less exports

FD

49101

85.849 8.5 0.8 1.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.4

Final demand less government

FD

49102

92.367 8.2 0.8 1.0 -0.4 -0.1 0.4

Final demand less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(5)

FD

49103

87.780 7.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Final demand less foods and energy(5)

FD

49104

88.285 7.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Final demand less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(5)

FD

49105

93.752 8.5 0.8 1.1 -0.6 -0.2 0.3

Final demand less foods(5)

FD

49106

94.257 8.3 0.8 1.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Final demand less energy

FD

49107

94.028 7.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4

Final demand less trade services

FD

49108

79.566 7.5 0.9 1.1 -0.7 -0.3 0.5

Final demand less distributive services(6)

FD

49109

76.283 7.2 0.8 1.2 -0.8 -0.3 0.5

Final demand goods less energy

FD

49111

27.155 8.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Final demand goods less foods

FD

49112

27.384 11.2 1.7 2.7 -2.4 -1.3 0.2

Final demand services less trade services

FD

49113

44.697 4.1 0.4 0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.5

Final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49114

23.717 13.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.1

Final demand goods plus final demand distributive services(6)

FD

49115

56.844 12.0 1.2 1.6 -0.8 -0.6 0.2

Final demand less foods, energy, and trade services(5)

FD

49116

67.851 5.6 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4

Private and government purchased capital equipment

FD

49117

6.553 8.3 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.2

Private and government purchased capital investment services

FD

49118

7.747 11.8 0.2 0.7 0.6 -1.1 0.6

Total private and government purchased capital investment

FD

49119

14.300 11.5 0.4 0.7 1.0 -0.3 0.4

Total finished(3)

FD

49201

78.213 8.2 0.8 1.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.4

Total finished less foods, food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption, and energy(3)(5)

FD

49202

68.515 7.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Total finished less foods and energy(3)(5)

FD

49203

69.015 7.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Total finished less foods and food and nonalcoholic beverages for immediate consumption(3)(5)

FD

49204

73.288 8.1 0.8 1.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.3

Total finished less foods(3)(5)

FD

49205

73.788 8.0 0.8 1.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.3

Total finished less energy(3)

FD

49206

73.440 7.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4

Finished goods(3)

FD

49207

21.282 11.5 1.7 2.7 -1.8 -1.1 0.3

Finished goods less energy(3)

FD

49208

16.509 9.4 0.8 0.4 1.0 0.3 0.5

Finished goods, excluding foods(3)(5)

FD

49209

16.857 11.3 2.0 3.5 -2.9 -1.3 0.1

Finished services(3)

FD

49210

55.798 6.6 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4

Private capital investment services

FD

49211

7.354 11.7 0.3 0.7 0.5 -1.0 0.6

Finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49212

19.709 12.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.0

Finished services less trade services(3)

FD

49213

38.249 3.9 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.6

Finished services less distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49214

36.089 3.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.6

Total private capital investment (goods, services, and construction)

FD

49215

14.123 11.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 -0.3 0.4

Finished goods plus finished distributive services(3)(6)

FD

49216

40.991 12.1 1.3 1.8 -0.7 -0.4 0.2

Total exports

FD

49301

14.151 8.6 0.8 0.3 -0.9 -0.3 0.3

Goods for export

FD

49302

8.349 8.4 0.7 0.6 -1.5 -0.6 0.1

Services for export

FD

49303

5.802 8.8 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4

Total government purchases

FD

49401

7.633 12.1 1.1 1.4 -0.7 -0.9 0.7

Government purchased goods

FD

49402

3.496 17.0 2.0 2.7 -2.1 -2.1 1.0

Government purchased services

FD

49403

3.531 6.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.5

Total government purchased capital investment (goods, services, construction)

FD

49404

1.916 10.9 0.2 0.5 1.9 -0.4 0.2

Government purchases, defense

FD

49405

2.357 10.9 1.1 0.9 -0.8 -1.8 0.7

Government purchases, non-defense

FD

49406

5.276 12.8 1.2 1.7 -0.7 -0.6 0.7

Personal consumption

FD

49501

64.090 7.4 0.9 1.2 -0.6 0.0 0.4

Personal consumption goods (finished consumer goods)

FD

49502

15.646 12.4 2.1 3.4 -2.6 -1.6 0.4

Personal consumption goods less energy

FD

49503

10.873 9.6 0.8 0.2 1.3 0.2 0.6

Personal consumption goods less foods

FD

49504

11.221 12.6 2.7 4.8 -4.4 -2.1 0.1

Personal consumption nondurable goods less foods

FD

49508

8.834 14.0 3.2 5.8 -5.5 -2.7 0.1

Personal consumption services

FD

49505

48.444 5.8 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4

Personal consumption less trade services

FD

49506

49.795 6.2 0.8 1.3 -0.9 -0.5 0.5

Personal consumption less distributive services(6)

FD

49507

48.061 5.9 0.8 1.4 -1.0 -0.4 0.5

Personal consumption less foods and energy

FD

49510

54.892 6.1 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.3

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and trade services(4)

FD

49511

40.597 4.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5

Personal consumption less foods, energy, and distributive services(6)

FD

49512

38.863 3.6 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5

Personal consumption goods plus personal consumption distributive services(6)

FD

49509

31.675 12.3 1.6 2.1 -1.1 -0.2 0.1

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

100.000 13.1 2.3 2.0 -2.2 -1.5 0.1

Materials and components for manufacturing

ID6

11

45.927 5.1 2.2 -0.2 -0.6 -1.5 -1.0

Materials for manufacturing

ID6

111

30.390 3.1 2.8 -0.6 -1.2 -2.5 -1.7

Materials for food manufacturing

ID6

1111

4.084 9.8 1.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.8 -1.1

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1112

13.045 7.9 2.4 0.5 0.2 -3.0 -0.4

Materials for durable manufacturing

ID6

1113

13.261 -4.0 3.8 -1.9 -2.8 -2.6 -3.4

Components for manufacturing

ID6

112

15.537 9.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2

Components for nondurable manufacturing

ID6

1121

0.800 12.6 0.9 1.3 0.7 0.8 -0.4

Components for durable manufacturing

ID6

1122

14.737 8.9 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2

Materials and components for construction

ID6

12

9.074 14.3 0.9 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.4

Materials for construction

ID6

121

3.869 13.1 0.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.5 -0.4

Components for construction

ID6

122

5.205 15.2 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.3 -0.3

Processed fuels and lubricants for intermediate demand

ID6

13

18.757 33.8 4.5 8.8 -8.8 -4.6 2.6

Processed fuels and lubricants to manufacturing industries

ID6

131

4.683 29.4 3.7 5.0 -3.9 -2.2 2.0

Processed fuels and lubricants to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

132

14.074 35.4 4.8 10.0 -10.3 -5.3 2.8

Containers for intermediate demand

ID6

14

2.795 18.0 1.7 1.0 0.2 1.3 0.2

Supplies for intermediate demand

ID6

15

23.448 11.1 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.0

Supplies to manufacturing industries

ID6

151

3.227 9.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

152

20.221 11.3 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.0

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, feeds

ID6

1521

1.743 16.3 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.8 1.0

Supplies to nonmanufacturing industries, other than feeds

ID6

1522

18.478 10.8 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 -0.2

Unprocessed goods

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

100.000 34.2 5.4 4.7 -9.4 5.3 0.3

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

32.603 21.3 0.2 -0.3 -1.7 -1.3 0.1

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

67.398 40.2 7.8 7.0 -12.6 8.3 0.4

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel

ID6

221

44.822 12.2 -1.2 5.3 -11.7 -2.5 -1.5

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2211

42.852 12.2 -1.3 5.4 -12.2 -2.7 -1.6

Unprocessed nonfood materials except fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2212

1.970 11.9 0.7 2.2 1.0 0.8 0.7

Unprocessed fuel

ID6

222

22.576 100.0 27.2 9.8 -14.1 26.2 2.9

Unprocessed fuel to manufacturing industries

ID6

2221

1.143 75.6 10.5 8.2 -2.9 7.0 2.0

Unprocessed fuel to nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

2222

21.433 101.4 28.3 9.9 -14.7 27.3 2.9

Services

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

100.000 6.2 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.8 0.3

Trade services for intermediate demand(4)

ID6

33

22.377 9.2 0.6 -0.8 -0.1 -0.6 0.3

Trade services for manufacturing industries

ID6

331

11.472 7.9 1.5 -1.0 0.0 -0.8 0.3

Trade services for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

332

10.905 10.6 -0.3 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

13.264 8.9 0.6 0.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.7

Transportation of passengers for intermediate demand

ID6

321

0.984 25.6 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation of passengers for manufacturing industries

ID6

3211

0.116 26.3 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation of passengers for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3212

0.868 25.5 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods for intermediate demand

ID6

322

12.280 7.6 0.3 -0.2 1.3 -0.2 -0.8

Transportation and warehousing of goods for manufacturing industries

ID6

3221

2.498 14.8 2.4 0.0 0.5 -0.9 0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

3222

9.782 5.8 -0.3 -0.3 1.5 -0.1 -1.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

64.359 4.5 0.4 -0.3 0.3 1.5 0.5

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for manufacturing industries

ID6

311

2.040 6.2 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for nonmanufacturing industries

ID6

312

62.318 4.5 0.4 -0.3 0.2 1.5 0.5

Construction

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

100.000 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

92.100 13.3 2.4 2.2 -2.5 -1.7 0.1

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

7.900 10.8 1.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Processed energy goods

ID6

9113

18.757 33.9 4.5 8.8 -8.8 -4.6 2.6

Processed materials less energy

ID6

9118

81.243 8.3 1.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6

Processed materials less foods and energy

ID6

9115

73.343 8.0 1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6

Intermediate distributive services(7)

ID6

9116

34.657 8.7 0.5 -0.6 0.4 -0.5 -0.1

Processed goods plus intermediate distributive services

ID6

9117

- 11.8 1.8 1.2 -1.5 -1.2 0.0

Unprocessed materials less agricultural products

ID6

9211

62.340 42.1 8.8 7.4 -12.7 9.1 -0.1

Unprocessed energy materials(8)

ID6

9212

42.130 66.6 14.6 11.0 -14.6 12.1 0.5

Unprocessed materials less energy

ID6

9213

57.870 12.2 -1.7 -0.9 -4.0 -0.6 0.3

Unprocessed nonfood materials less energy(9)

ID6

9216

25.267 -0.1 -4.2 -2.0 -7.2 0.7 0.6

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 Intermediate Demand

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

100.000 8.4 0.9 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Inputs to stage 4 goods producers

ID5

41

32.865 9.3 1.3 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.1

Goods

ID5

411

23.183 9.3 1.5 0.3 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Foods

ID5

4111

3.188 15.2 1.4 -0.1 -2.8 0.6 1.8

Energy

ID5

4112

0.189 27.7 4.2 6.3 -8.0 -3.4 0.3

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4113

19.806 8.2 1.5 0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.3

Services

ID5

412

9.682 9.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 -1.0 0.4

Trade services

ID5

4123

7.732 9.6 0.9 -0.2 0.4 -1.3 0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4122

0.475 13.8 2.1 0.8 -0.1 -0.7 0.0

Transportation of passengers

ID5

41221

0.066 26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

41222

0.409 11.9 1.8 0.3 0.4 -1.0 0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4121

1.475 5.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2

Inputs to stage 4 services producers

ID5

42

52.483 6.8 0.5 0.3 -0.2 1.2 0.5

Goods

ID5

421

13.894 12.5 1.1 2.1 -0.7 0.1 0.3

Foods

ID5

4211

2.353 5.6 -0.3 0.3 1.2 -0.4 -1.4

Energy

ID5

4212

3.737 22.0 2.1 6.1 -3.4 -0.4 1.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4213

7.804 9.9 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.1

Services

ID5

422

38.503 4.8 0.3 -0.4 0.0 1.6 0.6

Trade services

ID5

4223

4.524 13.0 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4222

3.277 8.9 -0.5 1.1 1.7 -0.8 -0.6

Transportation of passengers

ID5

42221

0.421 26.1 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

42222

2.856 6.5 -1.1 0.6 2.4 -1.0 -0.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4221

30.702 3.2 0.2 -0.7 -0.2 2.1 0.6

Construction

ID5

423

0.086 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Inputs to stage 4 construction producers

ID5

43

14.650 12.4 1.2 0.6 -1.5 -0.9 -0.2

Goods

ID5

431

10.502 15.0 1.4 1.2 -1.7 -0.7 -0.2

Energy

ID5

4312

0.844 30.8 7.1 13.9 -14.7 -10.3 0.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

4313

9.658 13.6 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.3

Services

ID5

432

4.148 5.9 0.8 -1.2 -0.9 -1.4 -0.1

Trade services

ID5

4323

2.051 3.3 0.6 -2.8 -1.9 -2.8 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

4322

0.612 15.3 2.0 -0.1 -0.2 -1.5 -0.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

43221

0.013 26.3 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

43222

0.599 15.0 2.0 -0.2 -0.1 -1.6 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

4321

1.485 5.9 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.1

Stage 3 Intermediate Demand

Stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

3

100.000 10.8 1.7 0.5 -1.4 -1.6 -0.1

Inputs to stage 3 goods producers

ID5

31

49.802 9.8 2.1 -0.3 -1.2 -2.1 -1.0

Goods

ID5

311

40.208 10.4 2.2 0.0 -1.4 -2.3 -1.2

Foods

ID5

3111

11.423 23.1 0.2 -0.6 -1.2 -2.0 -1.2

Energy

ID5

3112

1.551 44.0 8.3 6.7 -9.0 -5.0 -0.5

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3113

27.234 3.5 2.7 -0.3 -0.9 -2.3 -1.3

Services

ID5

312

9.594 7.7 2.0 -1.4 -0.4 -0.9 0.0

Trade services

ID5

3123

5.774 4.2 2.0 -2.6 -0.9 -1.1 0.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3122

2.538 15.6 2.6 0.1 0.0 -1.0 -0.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

31221

0.120 26.3 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

31222

2.418 15.1 2.5 -0.1 0.1 -1.1 -0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3121

1.282 8.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.1

Inputs to stage 3 services producers

ID5

32

48.823 11.8 1.2 1.5 -1.5 -1.1 0.8

Goods

ID5

321

10.251 35.6 3.9 6.0 -7.3 -6.0 3.2

Foods

ID5

3211

0.088 15.1 -0.5 0.5 1.3 2.8 1.4

Energy

ID5

3212

6.099 52.2 5.2 8.5 -10.5 -8.8 4.8

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3213

4.064 11.0 1.3 0.6 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Services

ID5

322

37.657 5.5 0.3 -0.2 0.7 0.6 0.0

Trade services

ID5

3223

2.600 15.6 2.4 0.4 0.8 0.3 1.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3222

8.909 2.9 -0.8 -0.6 1.6 0.5 -1.6

Transportation of passengers

ID5

32221

0.022 2.9 0.2 1.8 0.0 0.2 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

32222

8.887 2.9 -0.8 -0.6 1.6 0.5 -1.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3221

26.148 5.3 0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.7 0.4

Construction

ID5

323

0.915 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Inputs to stage 3 construction producers

ID5

33

1.376 7.5 -1.4 -2.5 -2.6 -1.8 -0.1

Goods

ID5

331

0.574 12.9 0.3 -1.6 -0.8 0.4 -0.6

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

3313

0.574 12.9 0.3 -1.6 -0.8 0.4 -0.6

Services

ID5

332

0.802 3.9 -2.5 -3.2 -3.8 -3.3 0.3

Trade services

ID5

3323

0.760 3.5 -2.7 -3.3 -4.0 -3.5 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

3322

0.015 14.2 3.4 0.8 1.1 0.1 0.1

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

33222

0.015 14.2 3.4 0.8 1.1 0.1 0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

3321

0.027 10.1 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.0

Stage 2 Intermediate Demand

Stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

2

100.000 18.6 3.6 2.9 -4.3 3.5 -0.1

Inputs to stage 2 goods producers

ID5

21

55.017 28.2 6.0 4.7 -7.5 5.1 -0.1

Goods

ID5

211

42.903 33.3 7.3 5.7 -9.3 6.0 -0.1

Foods

ID5

2111

3.172 17.6 0.7 1.9 -4.8 3.0 2.8

Energy

ID5

2112

20.215 63.3 14.2 10.6 -14.6 11.5 0.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2113

19.516 5.3 -0.2 -0.7 -1.5 -1.2 -1.2

Services

ID5

212

11.646 10.4 0.9 0.3 1.3 1.1 0.1

Trade services

ID5

2123

5.347 11.1 0.3 0.0 1.4 1.3 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2122

3.332 11.2 1.9 0.4 1.2 0.3 1.1

Transportation of passengers

ID5

21221

0.156 24.6 3.6 3.8 -2.7 0.6 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

21222

3.176 10.7 1.8 0.1 1.4 0.2 1.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2121

2.967 8.4 0.7 0.6 1.2 1.5 0.4

Construction

ID5

213

0.468 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Inputs to stage 2 services producers

ID5

22

44.982 7.1 0.4 0.2 0.6 1.3 -0.1

Goods

ID5

221

5.753 12.8 2.0 1.7 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1

Foods

ID5

2211

0.032 14.5 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.0

Energy

ID5

2212

0.393 42.8 10.3 13.8 -15.1 -4.2 2.7

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

2213

5.328 10.9 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 -0.3

Services

ID5

222

37.664 6.1 0.1 -0.1 0.9 1.6 -0.1

Trade services

ID5

2223

2.497 18.6 -6.0 0.6 3.8 4.5 -2.1

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

2222

3.167 -2.2 -1.6 -1.8 0.5 2.1 -4.9

Transportation of passengers

ID5

22221

0.356 26.1 3.8 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

22222

2.811 -5.5 -2.3 -2.6 1.0 2.3 -5.6

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

2221

32.000 6.0 0.8 0.1 0.7 1.3 0.6

Construction

ID5

223

1.565 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Stage 1 Intermediate Demand

Stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

1

100.000 10.8 1.5 1.0 -1.8 -0.5 0.5

Inputs to stage 1 goods producers

ID5

11

35.307 8.4 2.6 0.5 -2.6 -1.1 -0.2

Goods

ID5

111

25.965 9.9 2.8 1.2 -3.3 -1.5 -0.1

Foods

ID5

1111

3.181 19.1 0.4 0.9 -5.4 1.9 5.2

Energy

ID5

1112

3.712 34.8 7.5 9.5 -9.9 -1.3 2.0

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1113

19.072 3.9 2.3 -0.6 -1.4 -2.1 -1.6

Services

ID5

112

9.341 4.4 1.8 -1.4 -0.7 0.0 -0.3

Trade services

ID5

1123

6.053 3.4 2.0 -2.4 -0.6 -0.6 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1122

0.488 21.8 5.4 1.5 0.5 1.0 -0.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

11221

0.084 26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

11222

0.404 20.6 5.7 1.1 1.0 1.1 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1121

2.800 3.5 0.7 0.2 -1.2 1.0 0.2

Construction

ID5

113

0.001 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Inputs to stage 1 services producers

ID5

12

51.790 11.6 1.1 1.4 -1.1 0.2 1.0

Goods

ID5

121

17.196 21.8 2.0 4.2 -3.3 -1.9 1.6

Foods

ID5

1211

0.051 74.2 7.8 -9.1 -2.9 -3.4 -5.7

Energy

ID5

1212

5.758 38.2 3.0 9.7 -9.1 -5.8 4.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1213

11.387 13.1 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.1

Services

ID5

122

34.589 6.6 0.7 -0.2 0.2 1.3 0.6

Trade services

ID5

1223

3.797 14.3 1.3 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.0

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1222

3.611 14.6 1.9 1.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.2

Transportation of passengers

ID5

12221

1.098 26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

12222

2.513 9.8 1.0 -0.1 1.9 -0.6 -0.1

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1221

27.181 4.5 0.4 -0.5 0.1 1.8 0.7

Construction

ID5

123

0.005 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Inputs to stage 1 construction producers

ID5

13

12.903 13.7 0.2 0.6 -2.2 -1.5 0.7

Goods

ID5

131

8.482 18.5 1.2 2.3 -1.6 -0.8 0.9

Energy

ID5

1312

0.827 59.2 3.0 11.9 -12.5 -9.2 7.2

Goods excluding foods and energy

ID5

1313

7.655 14.0 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.1

Services

ID5

132

4.421 5.1 -1.4 -2.7 -3.2 -2.9 0.2

Trade services

ID5

1323

3.756 3.4 -2.0 -3.1 -3.7 -3.2 0.3

Transportation and warehousing services

ID5

1322

0.609 16.6 2.3 -0.4 -0.4 -1.7 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing of goods

ID5

13222

0.609 16.6 2.3 -0.4 -0.4 -1.7 -0.3

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

ID5

1321

0.056 9.5 1.1 1.2 0.0 3.0 0.1

Special Groupings of Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Total goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9411

47.579 11.5 1.4 1.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.0

Total services inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9412

52.333 5.7 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.9 0.5

Total construction inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9413

0.086 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Total foods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9414

5.541 11.0 0.7 0.1 -1.2 0.2 0.5

Total energy goods inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9415

4.770 23.7 3.3 7.8 -6.1 -2.5 1.4

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

9416

37.268 9.9 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Total goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9311

51.033 15.6 2.6 1.4 -2.9 -3.2 -0.2

Total services inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9312

48.053 5.9 0.6 -0.5 0.4 0.2 0.0

Total construction inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9313

0.915 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Total foods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9314

11.511 23.0 0.2 -0.5 -1.1 -2.0 -1.2

Total energy goods inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9315

7.650 50.6 5.7 8.1 -10.2 -8.1 3.8

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 3 intermediate demand

ID5

9316

31.872 4.7 2.5 -0.2 -0.8 -2.0 -1.1

Total goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9211

48.656 31.1 6.8 5.4 -8.6 5.4 -0.1

Total services inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9212

49.310 7.1 0.3 0.0 1.0 1.5 0.0

Total construction inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9213

2.033 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Total foods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9214

3.204 17.6 0.7 1.9 -4.8 3.0 2.8

Total energy goods inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9215

20.608 62.9 14.1 10.6 -14.7 11.2 0.2

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 2 intermediate demand

ID5

9216

24.844 6.5 0.1 -0.4 -1.1 -0.9 -1.0

Total goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9111

51.643 15.2 2.3 2.4 -3.0 -1.5 0.6

Total services inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9112

48.351 6.0 0.7 -0.7 -0.3 0.7 0.4

Total construction inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9117

0.006 11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Total foods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9114

3.232 20.0 0.6 0.6 -5.4 1.8 5.0

Total energy goods inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9115

10.297 38.8 4.4 9.9 -9.7 -4.7 3.7

Total goods less foods and energy inputs to stage 1 intermediate demand

ID5

9116

38.114 8.7 1.7 0.1 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(2) All indexes are subject to revision for 4 months after their originally scheduled publication to incorporate late reports and corrections by survey respondents. In addition, seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change for up to 5 years due to the recalculation of seasonal factors published each January.
(3) PPI defines Total finished as including only the personal consumption and private capital investment portions of final demand.
(4) Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.
(5) The PPI definition of foods does not include food and beverages for immediate consumption. PPI defines food and beverages for immediate consumption as the service of preparing meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption.
(6) Distributive services include transportation, warehousing, and trade of goods.
(7) Includes intermediate trade, transportation, and warehousing services.
(8) Includes crude petroleum.
(9) Excludes crude petroleum.
(p) Preliminary

"-" Data not available.


Table 2. Producer price index percentage changes for selected commodity groupings by Final Demand-Intermediate Demand category, seasonally adjusted [September 2022]
Grouping Commodity code Unadjusted
12-month
percent
change(1)
Seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change(1)
Group
code
Item
code
Sept. 2021
to
Sept. 2022(p)
Apr. to
May
May to
June(p)
June to
July(p)
July to
Aug.(p)
Aug. to
Sept.(p)

Final Demand

Final demand

FD

4

8.5 0.8 1.0 -0.4 -0.2 0.4

Final demand goods

FD

41

11.3 1.5 2.2 -1.8 -1.1 0.4

Final demand foods

FD

411

11.9 0.4 -0.1 1.3 -0.1 1.2

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01

11

20.7 -1.1 -1.6 2.0 0.2 -1.2

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01

13

40.2 3.5 0.0 12.7 1.7 15.7

Grains

01

2

30.4 0.7 1.9 -11.8 3.1 10.7

Eggs for fresh use(2)

01

7107

97.3 -0.3 -23.8 44.2 -25.0 16.7

Oilseeds

01

8301

17.9 -0.6 4.8 -13.6 5.1 5.4

Bakery products(2)

02

11

14.0 0.9 0.4 1.9 1.5 0.8

Milled rice(2)

02

13

20.4 1.9 1.1 3.6 1.5 2.3

Pasta products(2)

02

1402

34.1 3.9 0.0 4.7 0.0 1.1

Beef and veal

02

2101

-23.0 -9.5 1.7 9.5 -0.4 -4.6

Pork

02

2104

-2.0 -7.3 -2.4 -0.3 1.9 5.5

Processed young chickens

02

2203

4.6 7.1 1.8 -0.7 -2.1 -3.7

Processed turkeys

02

2206

38.2 5.2 -2.0 1.9 1.7 0.5

Finfish and shellfish

02

23

2.9 -2.2 -0.3 1.4 -1.5 2.5

Dairy products

02

3

18.2 0.9 0.5 -0.5 -2.0 -1.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

16.0 3.1 0.5 2.3 0.7 2.6

Confectionery end products(2)

02

55

7.5 0.6 0.2 1.7 0.6 0.2

Soft drinks(2)

02

62

15.8 -0.8 0.7 0.8 5.5 1.9

Roasted coffee(2)

02

6301

9.8 0.1 2.1 -2.1 2.2 -4.0

Shortening and cooking oils(2)

02

78

12.4 4.6 -0.2 -9.6 -1.4 -1.9

Frozen specialty food(2)

02

85

16.1 1.5 0.4 1.2 0.4 1.4

Final demand energy

FD

412

24.2 4.8 8.9 -9.1 -5.6 0.7

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

1.3 4.1 0.9 -11.4 -2.5 -8.7

Residential electric power

05

41

12.7 0.7 1.3 0.6 1.7 0.1

Residential natural gas

05

51

25.5 5.6 6.3 -2.7 0.9 2.6

Gasoline

05

71

18.1 8.7 17.3 -17.5 -12.4 -2.0

Home heating oil and distillates

05

7302

73.2 3.8 3.6 -11.3 -10.5 10.7

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

65.9 2.4 13.0 -14.9 -10.8 9.1

Final demand goods less foods and energy

FD

413

7.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.0

Alcoholic beverages

02

61

5.1 0.4 0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.1

Pet food(2)

02

9402

14.1 3.2 4.5 0.5 1.0 0.2

Women's, girls', and infants' apparel(2)

03

8106

1.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Men's and boys' apparel(2)

03

8107

11.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.0 1.4

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03

82

3.3 -0.1 0.2 1.0 -0.9 0.3

Footwear

04

3

9.9 1.3 0.2 1.5 1.4 0.0

Industrial chemicals

06

1

9.7 4.6 0.8 2.3 -5.4 -0.8

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

2.2 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.3

Soaps and detergents(2)

06

71

10.8 2.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.9

Cleaning and polishing products(2)

06

72

8.0 0.6 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.5

Cosmetics and other toiletries(2)

06

75

6.3 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.0

Tires(2)

07

1201

14.6 0.7 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.5

Consumer, institutional, and commercial products, n.e.c.(2)

07

2B

22.0 2.7 1.7 1.0 0.4 -0.8

Sanitary paper products(2)

09

1501

12.3 2.4 1.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10

12

-23.8 -11.9 -10.2 -12.6 -7.6 -3.6

Agricultural machinery and equipment

11

1

16.2 0.7 1.7 0.1 0.8 0.8

Construction machinery and equipment(2)

11

2

13.2 0.3 1.0 0.4 2.6 0.2

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11

37

4.2 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.0

Metal forming machine tools

11

38

6.0 2.6 0.6 0.3 1.4 0.1

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and industrial molds(2)

11

39

8.7 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11

41

16.1 2.1 1.1 1.1 0.5 1.4

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11

44

12.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.1

Electronic computers and computer equipment(2)

11

5

5.8 0.6 -0.2 0.5 -0.2 -0.5

Textile machinery and equipment(2)

11

62

6.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Paper industries machinery(2)

11

64

11.4 1.3 1.8 0.0 1.2 1.4

Printing trades machinery and equipment(2)

11

65

5.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11

74

30.7 1.1 4.0 1.0 0.4 0.1

Communication and related equipment

11

76

4.9 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.1 0.1

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

3.8 0.4 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

X-ray and electromedical equipment(2)

11

7905

4.3 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.0 0.1

Oil field and gas field machinery(2)

11

91

5.0 1.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0

Mining machinery and equipment(2)

11

92

16.0 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.9

Office and store machines and equipment(2)

11

93

2.2 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Household furniture(2)

12

1

10.0 1.3 0.4 2.0 0.4 0.2

Commercial furniture(2)

12

2

11.9 0.8 2.2 -0.1 0.7 0.4

Floor coverings(2)

12

3

2.4 -0.6 0.5 0.6 1.7 0.4

Household appliances(2)

12

4

11.8 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.7 -0.1

Home electronic equipment(2)

12

5

9.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.0 1.7

Lawn and garden equipment excl. garden tractors(2)

12

66

10.2 1.2 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.0

Passenger cars

14

1101

3.1 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.0

Light motor trucks

14

1105

4.7 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.1

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14

1106

2.4 1.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Motor vehicles parts(2)

14

12

5.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2

Truck trailers(2)

14

14

32.0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.2

Travel trailers and campers(2)

14

16

14.6 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.2

Aircraft

14

21

4.8 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1

Ships(2)

14

31

3.7 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Railroad equipment(2)

14

4

3.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15

11

3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Sporting and athletic goods

15

12

14.8 2.5 4.8 0.1 -0.1 -1.9

Cigarettes(2)

15

21

11.6 2.4 0.0 0.8 2.0 0.8

Mobile homes(2)

15

5

15.0 0.6 1.4 0.0 -1.4 -1.1

Medical, surgical & personal aid devices

15

6

3.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Jewelry, platinum and karat gold(2)

15

9402

7.9 1.4 -0.1 -2.8 1.6 -1.5

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15

9404

6.5 -1.1 -0.4 1.1 0.0 0.0

Final demand services

FD

42

6.8 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4

Final demand trade services(3)

FD

423

12.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.1

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

11.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 -2.0 0.6

Machinery and vehicle wholesaling(2)

57

1103

26.0 -2.3 0.7 2.6 -4.0 1.5

Professional and commercial equipment wholesaling(2)

57

1104

-5.1 -0.3 1.0 -0.4 -3.0 -2.4

Furnishings wholesaling(2)

57

2

17.9 1.4 -2.9 3.5 1.5 0.9

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

11.1 4.0 -0.4 0.2 6.6 1.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

27.8 2.5 0.7 -1.6 -0.5 6.2

Apparel wholesaling(2)

57

7

2.2 -4.3 2.8 0.7 1.5 1.5

Food and alcohol wholesaling(2)

57

8

12.0 -0.5 0.8 2.4 1.3 -1.5

Food and alcohol retailing

58

1

20.0 1.7 4.6 1.5 1.0 2.6

Health, beauty, and optical goods retailing(2)

58

2

6.4 6.3 -3.0 1.7 1.0 -0.9

Apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing

58

3

-2.7 2.8 -0.2 -5.4 2.7 -2.1

Computer hardware, software, and supplies retailing(2)

58

4

6.4 -3.0 7.0 -2.6 -5.1 4.1

TV, video, and photographic equipment and supplies retailing(2)

58

5

-31.6 -4.9 12.6 -5.2 -12.2 1.6

Automobiles retailing (partial)

58

6101

15.7 5.7 -2.1 -1.5 -2.1 0.3

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

19.7 1.5 3.1 2.9 0.4 2.3

RVs, trailers, and campers retailing(2)

58

8

-13.7 -0.7 -15.7 -4.3 -1.7 -0.1

Sporting goods, including boats, retailing

58

9

-1.4 0.1 -2.2 0.5 2.4 1.4

Lawn, garden, and farm equipment and supplies retailing(2)

58

A

33.4 5.0 4.5 0.1 8.1 0.1

Furniture retailing(2)

58

B

15.6 4.6 2.3 -1.5 -3.5 -1.4

Flooring and floor coverings retailing(2)

58

C

19.3 -1.9 0.7 -1.6 -1.9 -4.1

Hardware, building materials, and supplies retailing

58

D

-1.4 -5.3 -5.6 -7.1 -5.8 0.2

Major household appliances retailing

58

E

5.6 -1.0 -0.8 0.8 -3.9 1.8

Fuels and lubricants retailing

58

F

29.1 -17.7 0.0 9.6 13.9 -6.8

Cleaning supplies and paper products retailing(2)

58

G

17.4 0.5 1.2 10.1 -0.7 -1.0

Book retailing(2)

58

H

4.8 -1.7 0.7 2.0 2.4 0.3

Final demand transportation and warehousing services

FD

422

17.8 2.5 0.8 -0.7 -0.9 -0.2

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

10.7 2.0 0.5 1.2 -0.4 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

16.3 2.1 -0.5 -0.4 -1.9 -0.3

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

10.9 -0.2 2.7 -0.7 -1.5 0.2

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

9.0 1.2 -0.1 2.2 -0.3 0.4

Rail transportation of passengers

30

21

2.1 0.1 1.7 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Airline passenger services

30

22

26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing

FD

421

2.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.6

Sales of books(2)

33

11

6.3 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.1 -0.6

Sales and subscriptions of periodicals and newspapers

33

12

6.5 0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.4 6.0

Application software publishing(2)

34

2

2.3 1.1 0.3 0.1 -1.5 1.8

Advertising space sales in periodicals, newspapers, directories, and mailing lists(2)

36

1

0.1 0.5 0.3 -0.7 0.2 -0.6

Residential wired telecommunication services

37

11

4.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.9 2.7

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.0

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

6.2 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.8

Internet access services(2)

37

4

-0.9 -0.3 -0.5 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Bundled wired telecommunications access services(2)

37

5

5.1 0.0 -0.5 2.7 0.4 1.6

Consumer loans (partial)

39

12

5.5 -1.1 0.4 1.1 5.0 -1.9

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-5.0 -0.2 1.8 0.2 -1.3 3.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

-5.0 -1.0 0.3 0.2 -4.8 0.4

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

4.1 5.3 -4.5 0.1 9.6 -1.8

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

-11.4 -2.2 -2.6 -7.2 2.6 2.1

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

3.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Disability insurance, including accidental death(2)

41

1102

-0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

2.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

2.3 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.1

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Residential property sales and leases, brokerage fees and commissions

43

21

9.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.1

Passenger car rental

44

1

4.5 -5.3 -3.8 -2.5 3.7 -0.9

Legal services

45

1

5.2 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.8

Tax preparation and planning

45

2102

4.8 0.3 2.7 1.5 0.9 0.0

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

5.6 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Arrangement of flights (partial)

47

1

8.2 0.1 0.6 1.7 -0.4 0.4

Arrangement of vehicle rentals and lodging(2)

47

2

3.6 -0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -0.6 -0.2

Arrangement of cruises and tours(2)

47

3

-7.1 4.4 5.7 1.5 0.1 -5.3

Physician care

51

1101

0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Medical laboratory and diagnostic imaging care(2)

51

1102

-0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Home health and hospice care

51

1103

1.7 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Hospital outpatient care(2)

51

1104

3.0 0.0 0.8 0.7 -0.7 -0.2

Dental care

51

1105

2.9 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Hospital inpatient care

51

2101

3.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 -0.2 0.4

Nursing home care

51

2102

3.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

17.7 -2.5 5.6 -0.6 -3.4 6.4

Food and beverages for immediate consumption services (partial)(2)

54

1

-2.1 1.6 0.3 0.7 0.1 -0.9

Motor vehicle repair and maintenance (partial)

55

2

4.2 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.0

Membership dues and admissions and recreation facility use fees (partial)(2)

56

1

4.6 -1.9 0.2 0.6 -0.3 0.1

Recreational activity instruction fees (partial)(2)

56

2

1.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Gaming receipts (partial)(2)

56

3

4.5 2.6 -1.3 2.2 -2.3 5.4

Mining services(2)

60

1

13.2 2.2 1.0 -0.9 0.9 2.1

Final demand construction

FD

43

23.1 0.4 0.5 5.0 0.3 0.4

New warehouse building construction(2)

80

1101

33.4 -0.1 -0.2 5.6 0.0 0.2

New school building construction(2)

80

1102

19.9 0.0 0.2 5.2 0.1 0.3

New office building construction(2)

80

1103

24.4 0.5 1.0 4.5 0.5 0.2

New industrial building construction(2)

80

1104

28.0 0.7 0.7 6.0 0.3 0.4

New health care building construction(2)

80

1105

21.4 0.1 0.2 5.9 0.2 0.6

Intermediate Demand by Commodity Type

Processed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

1

13.1 2.3 2.0 -2.2 -1.5 0.1

Processed foods and feeds

ID6

9112

10.8 1.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Meats

02

21

-10.8 -5.9 -0.9 4.3 0.9 -0.3

Processed poultry

02

22

10.0 6.4 2.1 -0.9 -2.0 -6.9

Dairy products

02

3

18.2 0.9 0.5 -0.5 -2.0 -1.6

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

02

4

16.0 3.1 0.5 2.3 0.7 2.6

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02

53

6.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.2

Fats and oils(2)

02

7

12.5 3.8 -0.6 -7.3 -1.6 -0.7

Prepared animal feeds(2)

02

9

15.8 1.6 1.2 0.0 1.1 0.1

Processed materials less foods and feeds

ID6

9111

13.3 2.4 2.2 -2.5 -1.7 0.1

Synthetic fibers(2)

03

1

5.8 -0.1 0.4 1.7 -0.2 0.9

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03

2

26.9 1.7 0.4 1.2 0.5 -0.4

Finished fabrics(2)

03

4

12.3 1.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05

32

1.3 4.1 0.9 -11.4 -2.5 -8.7

Commercial electric power

05

42

15.1 -1.4 4.8 1.8 2.3 0.3

Industrial electric power

05

43

14.8 1.1 -0.2 2.6 1.1 2.3

Commercial natural gas

05

52

37.5 9.1 8.2 -2.4 3.7 2.3

Industrial natural gas

05

53

45.1 15.7 11.1 -9.8 9.8 1.1

Natural gas to electric utilities

05

54

41.6 23.3 15.8 -19.1 7.0 0.5

Gasoline

05

71

18.1 8.7 17.3 -17.5 -12.4 -2.0

Jet fuel(2)

05

7203

73.9 10.0 -0.8 -6.3 -12.8 3.4

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

65.9 2.4 13.0 -14.9 -10.8 9.1

Residual fuels(2)

05

74

24.8 0.7 6.3 -4.2 -16.7 -2.1

Finished lubricants(2)

05

76

25.3 -0.1 6.0 3.1 0.8 2.7

Lubricating oil base stocks(2)

05

78

36.0 9.1 11.2 2.9 -0.5 -3.8

Asphalt

05

8102

43.3 13.1 1.7 -5.0 -6.1 -7.6

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06

13

28.8 4.6 1.4 4.4 0.3 0.7

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

7.0 4.6 0.7 1.9 -6.3 -1.0

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

23.3 0.7 1.4 2.0 0.4 0.7

Paint materials(2)

06

22

19.1 2.0 0.8 1.9 1.2 0.9

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

1.2 -1.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

4.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06

4

8.0 3.3 2.2 -7.7 1.1 -1.2

Nitrogenates

06

5201

50.9 -0.7 -3.9 -8.7 1.9 -0.4

Phosphates

06

5202

11.2 -2.4 -5.6 -2.0 -0.4 0.3

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06

53

40.7 -1.7 2.8 0.7 0.3 1.1

Plastic resins and materials

06

6

-5.7 1.2 1.1 -2.8 -4.6 0.4

Industrial gases(2)

06

7903

19.2 1.3 0.6 1.2 -0.8 0.8

Adhesives and sealants(2)

06

7904

19.8 0.6 3.1 0.4 1.6 0.7

Synthetic rubber(2)

07

1102

6.0 0.6 2.0 4.0 0.1 -1.1

Tires(2)

07

1201

14.6 0.7 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.5

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

17.9 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.6 -0.6

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, other shapes(2)

07

22

11.4 0.9 2.0 0.8 1.1 -1.2

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

9.3 0.6 1.6 0.4 0.3 0.2

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

12.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.0

Softwood lumber

08

11

14.5 -0.1 -23.5 2.0 -5.1 -2.9

Hardwood lumber(2)

08

12

-6.9 4.0 -3.4 0.5 -4.5 -6.0

Millwork

08

2

13.2 0.7 -0.7 -0.2 1.8 -1.2

Plywood(2)

08

3

19.6 -4.0 -2.2 -6.6 -2.6 -1.2

Paper(2)

09

13

10.3 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.1

Paperboard(2)

09

14

15.9 1.1 2.9 1.0 -0.1 0.0

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

19.0 2.6 0.4 0.5 2.4 0.2

Building paper and board(2)

09

2

0.7 -12.6 -13.7 -13.6 6.6 -2.3

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

19.1 3.0 1.0 0.0 1.3 0.6

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10

15

16.7 2.1 0.1 0.9 -1.5 -0.1

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

-14.3 10.5 -1.7 -3.9 -4.9 -6.7

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10

22

-12.1 -10.6 -2.0 -9.6 2.5 -4.8

Secondary nonferrous metals(2)

10

24

-0.2 -3.2 -2.7 -5.6 2.1 -4.4

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10

2501

-3.4 -3.1 -5.9 -4.3 -4.8 -1.6

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10

2502

-6.9 -4.1 0.1 -10.7 0.1 1.1

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

4.6 -0.3 -1.3 -2.9 -0.7 -0.4

Nonferrous foundry shop products

10

28

12.7 0.7 0.2 0.6 -0.1 1.1

Metal containers(2)

10

3

27.1 0.8 1.3 -1.4 0.2 0.3

Hardware(2)

10

4

11.9 0.3 0.2 1.2 0.6 0.0

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10

5

11.6 0.3 0.3 0.5 -0.2 1.1

Heating equipment(2)

10

6

14.0 2.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.1

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

14.0 1.0 0.4 -0.7 0.1 -0.2

Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers(2)

10

81

15.5 4.1 0.3 1.1 -0.2 0.4

Lighting fixtures(2)

10

83

7.5 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2

Fabricated ferrous wire products(2)

10

88

15.7 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.3 -0.5

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

9.3 1.1 0.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Fluid power equipment

11

43

14.2 0.3 1.2 1.5 0.4 0.6

Mechanical power transmission equipment(2)

11

45

14.0 1.7 0.5 0.9 1.6 1.6

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11

48

23.4 1.3 2.2 1.4 -0.5 0.5

Metal valves, except fluid power

11

4902

13.9 3.1 0.1 0.3 2.2 0.1

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11

4905

7.8 0.7 2.6 1.8 0.0 -1.3

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

16.0 0.6 3.0 -0.6 1.0 -0.1

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11

73

17.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.0

Switchgear, switchboard, and industrial controls equip.(2)

11

75

19.3 0.6 3.0 0.9 1.9 0.2

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

3.8 0.4 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

7.5 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.1

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

6.4 1.5 0.8 0.0 1.1 0.1

Flat glass(2)

13

11

10.3 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.6 0.2

Cement

13

22

10.9 0.1 0.4 2.7 0.8 1.1

Concrete products

13

3

14.3 1.2 1.6 1.8 1.2 1.0

Asphalt felts and coatings(2)

13

6

14.6 1.4 1.5 -0.2 0.5 0.7

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

22.4 3.9 2.5 2.9 0.7 0.2

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

5.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

4.7 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.5

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

2.8 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.3

Medical, surgical, and personal aid devices

15

6

3.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Unprocessed goods for intermediate demand

ID6

2

34.2 5.4 4.7 -9.4 5.3 0.3

Unprocessed foodstuffs and feedstuffs

ID6

21

21.3 0.2 -0.3 -1.7 -1.3 0.1

Wheat(2)

01

21

14.6 1.1 -4.1 -22.7 -2.8 9.4

Corn

01

2202

36.5 0.5 3.8 -8.5 4.7 11.8

Slaughter cattle

01

31

15.8 1.6 5.0 -1.5 4.0 -0.4

Slaughter hogs

01

32

5.3 -9.4 -4.0 23.2 6.2 -12.3

Slaughter chickens

01

4102

20.1 -0.5 2.0 -1.9 -9.0 0.4

Slaughter turkeys

01

42

20.5 1.5 5.3 6.7 1.7 -0.1

Raw milk

01

6

27.5 2.2 -1.2 -4.2 -5.2 -8.3

Hay and hayseeds(2)

01

81

19.6 10.1 0.3 7.4 -8.7 5.1

Oilseeds

01

8301

17.9 -0.6 4.8 -13.6 5.1 5.4

Raw cane sugar and byproducts(2)

02

5201

18.9 0.9 -0.6 1.2 3.3 0.0

Unprocessed nonfood materials

ID6

22

40.2 7.8 7.0 -12.6 8.3 0.4

Raw cotton(2)

01

51

21.0 3.7 -0.1 -23.8 4.7 -0.2

Hides and skins

04

1

-35.0 -5.9 1.9 -0.9 -3.1 -1.5

Coal

05

1

53.8 0.9 6.3 3.3 -2.5 0.7

Natural gas(2)

05

31

106.5 32.1 10.2 -16.8 31.6 3.1

Crude petroleum(2)

05

61

29.1 2.1 12.7 -15.6 -5.7 -3.4

Logs, bolts, timber, pulpwood, and woodchips(2)

08

5

4.5 1.1 0.8 0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Recyclable paper(2)

09

12

-31.2 -5.6 0.4 3.1 -6.1 -20.2

Iron ores

10

11

13.0 -3.0 6.6 4.1 0.9 0.8

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10

12

-23.8 -11.9 -10.2 -12.6 -7.6 -3.6

Nonferrous metal ores(2)

10

21

-6.7 -3.7 -1.6 -9.7 3.7 -1.5

Copper base scrap(2)

10

2301

-12.2 -7.4 -2.7 -15.2 3.1 1.4

Aluminum base scrap

10

2302

-14.1 -8.4 -0.7 -24.7 9.4 -2.7

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13

21

12.0 0.7 2.4 0.8 0.8 0.7

Services for intermediate demand

ID6

3

6.2 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.8 0.3

Trade services for intermediate demand(3)

ID6

33

9.2 0.6 -0.8 -0.1 -0.6 0.3

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

11.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 -2.0 0.6

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling

57

3

9.6 -0.8 0.6 0.0 -2.6 -0.9

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(2)

57

4

-20.7 4.3 -10.3 -4.5 -7.0 -3.8

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

11.1 4.0 -0.4 0.2 6.6 1.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

27.8 2.5 0.7 -1.6 -0.5 6.2

Food wholesaling(2)

57

8101

12.0 -1.2 0.7 2.7 1.5 -1.8

Automotive parts, including tires, retailing(2)

58

6102

19.7 1.5 3.1 2.9 0.4 2.3

Hardware, building material, and supplies retailing

58

D

-1.4 -5.3 -5.6 -7.1 -5.8 0.2

Transportation and warehousing services for intermediate demand

ID6

32

8.9 0.6 0.1 1.0 -0.2 -0.7

Rail transportation of freight and mail(2)

30

11

10.7 2.0 0.5 1.2 -0.4 0.4

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

16.3 2.1 -0.5 -0.4 -1.9 -0.3

Water transportation of freight(2)

30

13

27.9 9.5 0.9 1.4 2.5 -1.1

Air transportation of freight(2)

30

14

10.9 -0.2 2.7 -0.7 -1.5 0.2

U.S. Postal Service

30

1601

5.0 0.3 0.1 5.0 0.2 0.1

Courier and messenger services, except air mail

30

1602

10.2 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.4

Air mail and package delivery services, excluding by USPS

30

1603

16.9 3.7 -2.2 0.2 -2.0 1.0

Pipline transportation(2)

30

17

- - -0.1 2.9 0.0 3.2

Transportation of passengers (partial)

30

2

25.9 3.7 3.9 -2.8 0.7 -0.5

Services related to water transportation

31

1

4.8 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Arrangement of freight and cargo(2)

31

31

-16.7 -5.5 -5.1 2.2 4.5 -12.7

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

7.9 -6.0 4.1 3.3 -3.9 0.2

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing for intermediate demand

ID6

31

4.5 0.4 -0.3 0.3 1.5 0.5

Network compensation from broadcast TV, cable TV, radio(2)

35

-

4.2 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

0.1 0.6 0.4 -0.9 0.2 -0.7

Advertising space sales in directories and mail lists(2)

36

12

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Television advertising time sales

36

2

-1.5 3.0 -7.3 0.2 -4.9 -1.6

Radio advertising time sales

36

3

-0.2 8.8 -3.1 -7.2 -2.1 5.5

Internet advertising space sales, excluding Internet ads sold by print publishers(2)

36

5

19.0 1.5 3.3 1.7 1.1 0.5

Business wired telecommunication services(2)

37

12

1.7 0.0 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.0

Wireless telecommunication services

37

2

0.4 0.6 0.2 0.0 -0.8 0.0

Cable and satellite subscriber services

37

3

6.2 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.8

Bundled wired telecommunication access services(2)

37

5

5.1 0.0 -0.5 2.7 0.4 1.6

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

-1.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Business loans (partial)

39

11

37.9 3.8 3.2 9.1 10.5 0.3

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-5.0 -0.2 1.8 0.2 -1.3 3.2

Other credit intermediation, incl. trust services (partial)(2)

39

3

-5.0 -1.0 0.3 0.2 -4.8 0.4

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

4.1 5.3 -4.5 0.1 9.6 -1.8

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

-11.4 -2.2 -2.6 -7.2 2.6 2.1

Investment banking(2)

40

3

-3.3 -0.7 -6.1 0.0 -0.3 5.6

Life insurance(2)

41

1101

3.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0

Health and medical insurance

41

1103

2.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Property and casualty insurance(2)

41

1104

2.3 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.1

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Commissions from sales of insurance(2)

42

1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

5.8 -1.4 -1.4 0.6 5.0 1.1

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

5.7 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.1

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

3.2 -0.9 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5

Passenger car rental

44

1

4.5 -5.3 -3.8 -2.5 3.7 -0.9

Truck, utility trailer, and RV rental and leasing(2)

44

2

3.9 -1.7 2.3 -0.1 1.7 -1.0

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

8.2 1.7 1.5 -0.3 3.6 0.2

Legal services

45

1

5.2 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.8

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

5.0 -0.2 0.7 -0.1 1.9 0.4

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

5.6 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Advertising and related services (partial)(2)

45

5

8.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Permanent placement services(2)

46

1

4.3 -0.4 0.6 1.2 -0.3 0.3

Executive search services(2)

46

2

-1.1 3.5 -0.1 -1.4 -0.8 -1.4

Staffing services

46

3

5.3 0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4

Security guard services(2)

48

1

8.3 0.1 2.4 0.1 -0.1 2.4

Janitorial services(2)

49

1

7.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Waste collection

50

1

9.7 0.7 0.8 2.6 0.6 0.5

Traveler accommodation services

53

11

17.7 -2.5 5.6 -0.6 -3.4 6.4

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance

55

1

11.7 0.0 0.8 0.4 2.3 0.0

Aircraft repair and maintenance

55

4

2.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1

Metal treatment services(2)

59

1

10.9 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.3 -0.1

Construction for intermediate demand

ID6

4

11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Maintenance and repair of non-residential buildings (partial)(2)

80

2

11.0 1.9 1.0 1.2 0.1 0.4

Intermediate Demand by Production Flow

Stage 4 intermediate demand

ID5

4

8.4 0.9 0.3 -0.4 0.4 0.3

Stage 4 intermediate demand goods

ID5

9411

11.5 1.4 1.1 -0.9 -0.1 0.0

Grains

01

2

30.4 0.7 1.9 -11.8 3.1 10.7

Meats

02

21

-10.8 -5.9 -0.9 4.3 0.9 -0.3

Unprocessed and packaged fish

02

23

2.9 -2.2 -0.3 1.4 -1.5 2.5

Dairy products

02

3

18.2 0.9 0.5 -0.5 -2.0 -1.6

Commercial electric power

05

42

15.1 -1.4 4.8 1.8 2.3 0.3

Industrial electric power

05

43

14.8 1.1 -0.2 2.6 1.1 2.3

Gasoline

05

71

18.1 8.7 17.3 -17.5 -12.4 -2.0

No. 2 diesel fuel

05

7303

65.9 2.4 13.0 -14.9 -10.8 9.1

Basic organic chemicals

06

14

7.0 4.6 0.7 1.9 -6.3 -1.0

Prepared paint(2)

06

21

23.3 0.7 1.4 2.0 0.4 0.7

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06

31

1.2 -1.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Biological products, including diagnostics

06

37

4.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Pharmaceutical preparations

06

38

2.2 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.3

Plastic construction products(2)

07

21

17.9 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.6 -0.6

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, and other shapes(2)

07

22

11.4 0.9 2.0 0.8 1.1 -1.2

Parts for manufacturing from plastics(2)

07

26

9.3 0.6 1.6 0.4 0.3 0.2

Plastic packaging products(2)

07

2A

12.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.0

Lumber

08

1

6.4 1.0 -17.7 1.5 -4.9 -3.9

Millwork

08

2

13.2 0.7 -0.7 -0.2 1.8 -1.2

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09

1503

19.0 2.6 0.4 0.5 2.4 0.2

Commercial printing(2)

09

47

19.1 3.0 1.0 0.0 1.3 0.6

Steel mill products(2)

10

17

-14.3 10.5 -1.7 -3.9 -4.9 -6.7

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10

26

4.6 -0.3 -1.3 -2.9 -0.7 -0.4

Fabricated structural metal products

10

7

14.0 1.0 0.4 -0.7 0.1 -0.2

Other miscellaneous metal products(2)

10

89

9.3 1.1 0.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11

48

23.4 1.3 2.2 1.4 -0.5 0.5

Wiring devices(2)

11

71

16.0 0.6 3.0 -0.6 1.0 -0.1

Electronic components and accessories

11

78

3.8 0.4 0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous electrical machinery and equipment(2)

11

79

7.7 1.0 0.3 1.4 0.7 0.4

Internal combustion engines(2)

11

94

7.5 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.1

Machine shop products(2)

11

95

6.4 1.5 0.8 0.0 1.1 0.1

Concrete ingredients and related products

13

2

11.7 0.6 1.9 1.3 0.8 0.8

Concrete products

13

3

14.3 1.2 1.6 1.8 1.2 1.0

Prepared asphalt, tar roofing and siding products(2)

13

61

15.3 2.2 1.5 -0.4 0.2 0.8

Paving mixtures and blocks

13

94

22.4 3.9 2.5 2.9 0.7 0.2

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14

12

5.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2

Aircraft engines and engine parts

14

23

4.7 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.5

Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c.

14

25

2.8 -0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.3

Medical, surgical and personal aid devices

15

6

3.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Stage 4 intermediate demand services

ID5

9412

5.7 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.9 0.5

Truck transportation of freight(2)

30

12

16.3 2.1 -0.5 -0.4 -1.9 -0.3

Courier, messenger, and U.S. postal services

30

16

9.0 1.2 -0.1 2.2 -0.3 0.4

Airline passenger services

30

22

26.4 3.8 3.9 -2.9 0.7 -0.5

Warehousing, storage, and related services(2)

32

1

7.9 -6.0 4.1 3.3 -3.9 0.2

Advertising space sales in periodicals and newspapers(2)

36

11

0.1 0.6 0.4 -0.9 0.2 -0.7

Data processing and related services(2)

38

1

-1.3 0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Business loans (partial)

39

11

37.9 3.8 3.2 9.1 10.5 0.3

Deposit services (partial)(2)

39

2

-5.0 -0.2 1.8 0.2 -1.3 3.2

Securities brokerage, dealing, investment advice, and related services(2)

40

1

4.1 5.3 -4.5 0.1 9.6 -1.8

Portfolio management(2)

40

2

-11.4 -2.2 -2.6 -7.2 2.6 2.1

Investment banking(2)

40

3

-3.3 -0.7 -6.1 0.0 -0.3 5.6

Insurance

41

11

2.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1

Annuities(2)

41

2

-1.7 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Nonresidential real estate rents(2)

43

11

5.8 -1.4 -1.4 0.6 5.0 1.1

Nonresidential property sales and leases(2)

43

12

5.7 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.1

Nonresidential property management fees(2)

43

13

4.2 0.5 0.8 1.2 -2.0 0.2

Residential property management fees(2)

43

22

3.2 -0.9 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing(2)

44

3

8.2 1.7 1.5 -0.3 3.6 0.2

Legal services

45

1

5.2 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.8

Advertising agency services(2)

45

51

8.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0

Accounting services (partial)

45

2

5.0 -0.2 0.7 -0.1 1.9 0.4

Architectural and engineering services

45

3

5.6 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services

45

4

0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Staffing services

46

3

5.3 0.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.4

Janitorial services(2)

49

1

7.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance

55

1

11.7 0.0 0.8 0.4 2.3 0.0

Machinery and equipment parts and supplies wholesaling(2)

57

1102

11.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 -2.0 0.6

Building materials, paint, and hardware wholesaling

57

3

9.6 -0.8 0.6 0.0 -2.6 -0.9

Metals, minerals, and ores wholesaling(2)

57

4

-20.7 4.3 -10.3 -4.5 -7.0 -3.8

Chemicals and allied products wholesaling(2)

57

5

11.1 4.0 -0.4 0.2 6.6 1.1

Paper and plastics products wholesaling(2)

57

6

27.8 2.5 0.7 -1.6