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Economic News Release
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Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, April 19, 2018                                USDL-18-0591

Technical information: 	(202) 691-5606  •  productivity@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                                   PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY:
                                MANUFACTURING AND MINING INDUSTRIES, 2017
								
Labor productivity declines were widespread among manufacturing industries in 2017, with decreases in 54 of 
the 86 four-digit NAICS industries. Of the 51 industries in durable manufacturing, 34 experienced productivity 
decreases in 2017 led by a decline in the other transportation equipment industry of 11.5 percent. Nondurable 
manufacturing also experienced widespread declines in 2017 with productivity falling in 20 of 35 industries, led 
by the sugar and confectionery products industry with a decrease of 8.0 percent. Of the 4 industries in the mining 
sector, 3 had productivity gains in 2017 led by the oil and gas extraction industry with an increase of 32.6 
percent. 

Labor Productivity Trends in 3-Digit Industries, 2017

Manufacturing
  *	Labor productivity decreased in 15 of the 21 NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries in 2017, 
    as output declined in 15 industries and hours worked rose in 13.
  *	The beverage and tobacco products industry had the fastest productivity decline of 9.2 
    percent, as output fell 2.9 percent and hours worked increased 6.9 percent.
  *	The primary metals industry had the largest productivity gain of 3.6 percent, as output 
    increased and hours decreased.

Mining
  *	Labor productivity rose by 32.6 percent in the oil and gas extraction industry where a 
    significant decline in hours worked outpaced modest growth in output.
  *	The mining, except oil and gas industry had productivity gains of 2.9 percent, as output 
    increased and hours worked decreased.  

Trends in Unit Labor Costs in 2017  

Unit labor costs, which reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of output, rose in 73 of the 
86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries. Of the 51 industries in durable manufacturing, 45 
experienced rising unit labor costs led by the audio and video equipment manufacturing industry with an 
increase of 16.8 percent. Nondurable manufacturing also experienced widespread increases in unit labor 
costs with 28 of the 35 industries recording an increase, led by the apparel accessories and other apparel 
manufacturing industry with a rise of 13.0 percent. Of the 4 industries in the mining sector, 3 had 
decreases in unit labor costs led by the oil and gas extraction industry with a decline of 18.6 percent. 

Unit Labor Cost Trends in 3-Digit Industries, 2017

Manufacturing
  *	Employers experience increased unit labor costs when hourly compensation growth outpaces 
    productivity growth. Unit labor costs increased in 19 of the 21 manufacturing industries, as 
    hourly compensation growth outpaced that of productivity.
	
Mining
  *	Unit labor costs declined in the oil and gas extraction industry by 18.6 percent, as 
    productivity and hourly compensation increased by 32.6 percent and 7.9 percent respectively. 
  *	The mining, except oil and gas industry had an increase in unit labor costs, as hourly 
    compensation rose faster than productivity.
	
Long-Term Trends in Labor Productivity and Unit Labor Costs 

Labor Productivity
  *	Over the entire 1987-2017 period, labor productivity rose in 83 of the 90 manufacturing 
    and mining industries. This was associated with output rising in 58 industries, while hours 
    worked increased in only 15.
  *	During the more recent 2007-2017 period, which included the Great Recession, 
    productivity increased in only 43 industries. These increases are predominantly the result 
    of a decline in hours worked rather than an increase in output, as hours worked fell in 72 
    industries while output increased in only 15.

Unit Labor Costs
  *	During the 1987-2017 period, unit labor costs increased in 80 of the 90 manufacturing and 
    mining industries. Among the NAICS 4-digit industries, unit labor costs increased in 76 of the 86 
    manufacturing industries. All of the 4 mining industries saw an increase in unit labor costs.
  *	From 2007 to 2017, unit labor costs increased in 80 of the 86 manufacturing industries and in 3 
    of the 4 mining industries. The computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing industry was 
    the only industry with declines in both labor productivity and unit labor costs, as hourly 
    compensation fell faster than productivity. 
	
The computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing industry recorded the largest productivity gain as 
well as the largest unit labor cost decline during both the 1987-2017 and 1987-2007 periods. However, 
between 2007 and 2017, this industry saw the sharpest drop in unit labor costs while the oil and gas 
extraction industry posted the greatest productivity growth.	

Additional Information

Manufacturing industry output for 2017 is constructed with data on industrial production from the 
Federal Reserve and BLS price indexes. These measures also incorporate data from the Census Bureau’s 
2016 Annual Survey of Manufactures.

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Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the labor 
hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in the amount 
of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
in an industry to hours worked of all persons in that industry, they do not measure the specific 
contribution of labor to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, 
including: changes in technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the 
use of purchased services inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of 
production; the characteristics and effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Unit Labor Costs: Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of output. 
The unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of nominal industry labor compensation 
by an index of real industry output. Unit labor costs also describe the relationship between compensation 
per hour worked (hourly compensation) and real output per hour worked (labor productivity). When 
hourly compensation growth outpaces productivity, unit labor costs increase. Alternatively, when 
productivity growth exceeds hourly compensation, unit labor costs decrease. 

Output: Industry output is measured as an annual-weighted index of the changes in the various products 
(in real terms) provided for sale outside the industry. Real industry output is usually derived by deflating 
nominal sales or values of production using BLS price indexes, but for some industries it is measured by 
physical quantities of output. Industry output reflects sectoral value of production, derived by adjusting 
shipments for changes in inventories and removing intra-industry transactions. Industry output measures 
are constructed primarily using data from the economic censuses and annual surveys of the Census 
Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, together with data on price changes primarily from BLS. Data 
from the Bureau of Economic Analysis at the U.S. Department of Commerce is used in part to construct 
intra-industry transactions. Other data sources include the Energy Information Administration at the 
U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Geological Survey at the U.S. Department of the Interior. 
Manufacturing industry output for 2017 is constructed with data on industrial production from the 
Federal Reserve and BLS price indexes.

Labor Hours: Labor hours are measured as annual hours worked by all employed persons in an 
industry. Data on industry employment and hours come primarily from the BLS Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) survey and Current Population Survey (CPS). CES data on the number of total and 
production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments are supplemented 
with CPS data on self-employed and unpaid family workers to estimate industry employment. Hours 
worked estimates are derived using CES and CPS employment, CES data on the average weekly hours 
paid of production workers, CPS data on hours of nonproduction, self-employed, and unpaid family 
workers, and ratios of hours worked to hours paid based on data from the National Compensation 
Survey (NCS). For some industries, employment and hours data are supplemented or further 
disaggregated using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), the 
Census Bureau, or other sources. Hours worked are estimated separately for different types of workers 
and then are directly aggregated; no adjustments for labor composition are made.
Labor Compensation: Labor compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a 
measure of the cost to the employer of securing the services of labor. Payroll includes salaries, wages, 
commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind. 
Supplemental payments include both legally required expenditures and payments for voluntary 
programs. The legally required portion consists primarily of federal old age and survivors’ insurance, 
unemployment compensation, and workers’ compensation. Payments for voluntary programs include all 
programs not specifically required by legislation, such as the employer portion of private health 
insurance and pension plans. Industry compensation measures are constructed primarily using data from 
the BLS QCEW and the economic censuses of the Census Bureau at the U.S. Department of Commerce.









Table 1. Recent labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2017
Employment
(thousands)
Percent change, 2016-2017
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

640.9 2.4 -4.7 3.3 0.8 -1.6

Oil and gas extraction

211

146.7 32.6 -18.6 3.6 -21.9 -15.7

Oil and gas extraction

2111

146.7 32.6 -18.6 3.6 -21.9 -15.7

Mining, except oil and gas

212

185.6 2.9 0.5 2.5 -0.4 3.0

Coal mining

2121

51.9 0.0 -0.2 6.8 6.8 6.7

Metal ore mining

2122

38.7 6.2 1.3 -1.0 -6.8 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

95.0 3.6 -0.2 2.0 -1.5 1.9

Nondurable Manufacturing

Food

311

1,650.3 -2.8 5.9 0.4 3.4 6.4

Animal food

3111

60.2 4.8 5.2 2.8 -1.9 8.1

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

61.6 1.3 1.0 3.6 2.3 4.6

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

79.6 -8.0 7.5 -4.7 3.6 2.4

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

175.8 -4.5 -1.1 5.7 10.6 4.5

Dairy products

3115

145.1 -2.7 7.4 -1.1 1.6 6.2

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

517.0 -4.2 8.8 0.1 4.5 8.9

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

40.0 4.2 2.2 -0.6 -4.6 1.6

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

347.2 -2.3 6.9 -1.6 0.8 5.2

Other food products

3119

223.8 -4.3 8.3 -1.3 3.1 6.9

Beverages and tobacco products

312

272.8 -9.2 8.6 -2.9 6.9 5.5

Beverages

3121

259.9 -7.8 6.4 -0.6 7.8 5.7

Tobacco

3122

12.9 0.4 12.8 -9.0 -9.3 2.6

Textile mills

313

115.9 3.2 4.4 -1.9 -5.0 2.4

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

30.9 3.1 -0.5 4.5 1.4 4.0

Fabric mills

3132

54.0 4.0 6.8 -3.8 -7.5 2.8

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

31.0 2.8 4.6 -3.7 -6.4 0.6

Textile product mills

314

129.5 -3.9 4.9 -2.1 1.9 2.6

Textile furnishings mills

3141

55.6 -1.4 5.5 -3.4 -2.0 1.9

Other textile product mills

3149

73.9 -5.2 3.6 -0.3 5.1 3.3

Apparel

315

136.9 -2.5 7.4 -9.8 -7.4 -3.1

Apparel knitting mills

3151

11.2 10.5 -1.7 -1.1 -10.5 -2.8

Cut and sew apparel

3152

112.1 -4.0 7.8 -10.9 -7.2 -3.9

Accessories and other apparel

3159

13.6 -2.2 13.0 -8.4 -6.3 3.5

Leather and allied products

316

33.8 -1.7 1.6 -3.1 -1.4 -1.5

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

5.5 -6.2 3.0 -5.6 0.7 -2.7

Footwear

3162

13.5 4.9 -1.3 0.8 -4.0 -0.5

Other leather products

3169

14.8 -6.2 3.6 -5.4 0.9 -2.0

Paper

322

371.0 0.6 1.8 -0.8 -1.3 1.1

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

99.2 1.2 0.4 -0.3 -1.5 0.1

Converted paper products

3222

271.8 0.3 2.6 -1.0 -1.3 1.6

Printing and related support activities

323

463.5 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Printing and related support activities

3231

463.5 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

Petroleum and coal products

324

114.9 0.7 1.5 0.3 -0.4 1.8

Petroleum and coal products

3241

114.9 0.7 1.5 0.3 -0.4 1.8

Chemicals

325

837.7 -2.5 3.5 -0.9 1.6 2.6

Basic chemicals

3251

150.8 1.1 2.6 0.5 -0.6 3.1

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

95.9 -3.3 2.3 -0.4 3.1 2.0

Agricultural chemicals

3253

35.7 7.1 -10.1 14.8 7.2 3.2

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

295.8 -7.0 7.7 -5.2 1.9 2.1

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

61.7 -0.9 -0.4 4.5 5.4 4.1

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

113.0 -1.0 4.4 -2.0 -1.0 2.3

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

84.8 -3.0 6.2 -1.3 1.7 4.8

Plastics and rubber products

326

718.6 -3.9 6.7 -1.5 2.5 5.1

Plastics products

3261

581.3 -3.7 6.7 -1.0 2.7 5.6

Rubber products

3262

137.3 -4.9 7.3 -3.6 1.3 3.4

Durable Manufacturing

Wood products

321

425.1 -1.7 5.0 1.0 2.8 6.1

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

97.3 -1.6 4.4 0.5 2.1 4.9

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

78.0 1.3 8.3 -0.9 -2.1 7.3

Other wood products

3219

249.8 -2.5 3.8 2.3 4.8 6.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

430.5 -3.9 5.1 -0.5 3.6 4.6

Clay products and refractories

3271

47.2 -2.9 5.4 1.4 4.4 6.9

Glass and glass products

3272

90.0 2.2 0.4 0.5 -1.6 0.9

Cement and concrete products

3273

198.5 -6.7 7.7 -1.8 5.3 5.7

Lime and gypsum products

3274

14.8 -3.2 4.5 -0.2 3.1 4.2

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

80.0 -3.8 4.2 0.8 4.7 5.0

Primary metals

331

373.9 3.6 1.2 2.0 -1.5 3.3

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

83.8 3.2 2.2 5.2 1.9 7.6

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

56.6 3.2 -3.0 5.2 2.0 2.1

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

58.1 0.0 3.1 -1.3 -1.3 1.7

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

59.3 2.8 3.6 -2.4 -5.1 1.1

Foundries

3315

116.1 4.4 1.5 0.3 -3.9 1.8

Fabricated metal products

332

1,457.0 -1.4 3.9 -1.1 0.3 2.8

Forging and stamping

3321

100.7 0.5 2.8 0.3 -0.2 3.1

Cutlery and handtools

3322

40.0 9.4 -0.5 3.4 -5.5 2.9

Architectural and structural metals

3323

378.1 -3.3 8.7 -4.0 -0.7 4.3

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

91.7 -0.1 0.7 -1.0 -0.9 -0.2

Hardware

3325

25.0 -0.6 6.1 -2.4 -1.8 3.6

Spring and wire products

3326

43.8 -3.1 9.6 -2.3 0.8 7.1

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

363.0 -0.1 3.7 -0.6 -0.4 3.1

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

138.0 -2.2 2.0 0.3 2.6 2.4

Other fabricated metal products

3329

276.7 -2.4 0.5 0.6 3.1 1.1

Machinery

333

1,091.0 2.6 -1.2 4.6 1.9 3.3

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

210.4 10.4 -14.3 16.4 5.4 -0.2

Industrial machinery

3332

115.9 1.8 6.7 1.9 0.1 8.7

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

91.5 -1.0 4.9 0.1 1.1 5.0

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

130.7 0.6 3.8 0.5 -0.1 4.3

Metalworking machinery

3335

182.3 -1.3 3.9 -0.2 1.1 3.7

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

96.3 -0.3 -1.0 0.9 1.2 -0.1

Other general purpose machinery

3339

263.9 0.7 0.9 2.8 2.1 3.8

Computer and electronic products

334

1,049.2 -1.1 5.8 -2.0 -0.9 3.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

161.6 11.0 -10.9 14.4 3.1 1.9

Communications equipment

3342

86.7 -2.2 8.6 -5.0 -2.9 3.1

Audio and video equipment

3343

19.6 -0.4 16.8 -9.1 -8.7 6.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

363.6 -0.7 10.4 -5.0 -4.3 4.9

Electronic instruments

3345

403.0 -3.8 5.8 -1.9 1.9 3.8

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

14.7 7.4 12.9 -4.6 -11.2 7.7

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

395.4 -4.8 6.1 -1.3 3.7 4.7

Electric lighting equipment

3351

52.8 -9.2 2.1 0.4 10.6 2.5

Household appliances

3352

63.1 -3.0 6.5 -1.4 1.7 5.0

Electrical equipment

3353

140.9 -6.2 8.6 -5.9 0.3 2.3

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

138.6 -4.0 6.8 1.4 5.6 8.2

Transportation equipment

336

1,649.7 -4.4 7.3 -4.1 0.3 2.9

Motor vehicles

3361

212.4 -4.1 10.3 -6.7 -2.7 2.8

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

156.0 -1.8 6.6 -0.5 1.4 6.0

Motor vehicle parts

3363

591.7 -1.3 4.3 -1.3 0.1 2.9

Aerospace products and parts

3364

487.0 -3.1 6.6 -3.4 -0.2 3.0

Railroad rolling stock

3365

22.4 3.2 -6.7 -8.2 -11.0 -14.3

Ship and boat building

3366

141.0 -6.1 2.2 -0.2 6.3 2.0

Other transportation equipment

3369

39.2 -11.5 4.9 1.6 14.8 6.5

Furniture and related products

337

421.4 -4.0 6.9 -2.9 1.2 3.9

Household and institutional furniture

3371

271.1 -4.3 6.1 -1.3 3.1 4.7

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

112.2 -1.0 6.6 -3.4 -2.4 3.0

Other furniture related products

3379

38.1 -6.1 10.3 -7.7 -1.7 1.8

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

646.9 -1.5 8.1 -3.7 -2.2 4.1

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

315.4 1.3 9.2 -4.3 -5.5 4.5

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

331.5 -4.2 6.7 -2.9 1.4 3.6






Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2017
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 1987-2017
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compensation

Mining

Mining

21

640.9 1.2 2.6 1.1 -0.1 3.7

Oil and gas extraction

211

146.7 2.5 2.8 1.2 -1.3 4.0

Oil and gas extraction

2111

146.7 2.5 2.8 1.2 -1.3 4.0

Mining, except oil and gas

212

185.6 1.5 1.4 0.0 -1.4 1.4

Coal mining

2121

51.9 1.8 0.8 -1.4 -3.1 -0.6

Metal ore mining

2122

38.7 0.9 2.8 0.9 0.0 3.8

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

2123

95.0 1.2 2.0 0.8 -0.5 2.8

Support activities for mining(1)

213

278.9 0.3 4.1 1.6 1.3 5.8

Support activities for mining(1)

2131

278.9 0.3 4.1 1.6 1.3 5.8

Nondurable Manufacturing

Food

311

1,650.3 0.7 1.8 1.2 0.5 3.1

Animal food

3111

60.2 2.1 1.4 1.9 -0.2 3.3

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

61.6 1.7 1.0 1.2 -0.6 2.2

Sugar and confectionery products

3113

79.6 1.0 2.0 0.4 -0.6 2.4

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

175.8 1.0 1.6 1.1 0.1 2.8

Dairy products

3115

145.1 1.3 2.2 1.1 -0.2 3.3

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

517.0 0.4 1.9 1.6 1.2 3.5

Seafood product preparation and packaging

3117

40.0 1.2 2.2 0.5 -0.7 2.7

Bakeries and tortilla products

3118

347.2 0.2 1.8 0.4 0.1 2.2

Other food products

3119

223.8 0.0 2.3 2.1 2.0 4.4

Beverages and tobacco products

312

272.8 -0.4 2.4 -0.2 0.2 2.2

Beverages

3121

259.9 0.5 1.6 1.3 0.8 2.9

Tobacco

3122

12.9 1.7 2.1 -3.2 -4.7 -1.1

Textile mills

313

115.9 3.0 0.0 -2.3 -5.1 -2.3

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

30.9 3.3 -0.9 -1.3 -4.4 -2.2

Fabric mills

3132

54.0 2.9 0.5 -2.9 -5.6 -2.4

Textile and fabric finishing mills

3133

31.0 1.8 0.9 -3.0 -4.7 -2.1

Textile product mills

314

129.5 0.5 2.3 -1.5 -2.1 0.7

Textile furnishings mills

3141

55.6 0.5 2.2 -2.2 -2.7 -0.1

Other textile product mills

3149

73.9 1.1 2.1 -0.4 -1.5 1.7

Apparel

315

136.9 -0.6 1.8 -6.8 -6.2 -5.1

Apparel knitting mills

3151

11.2 -0.5 2.0 -7.7 -7.3 -5.9

Cut and sew apparel

3152

112.1 -0.4 1.7 -6.7 -6.3 -5.1

Accessories and other apparel

3159

13.6 -2.9 2.9 -6.5 -3.7 -3.8

Leather and allied products

316

33.8 0.8 1.9 -4.1 -4.9 -2.3

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

3161

5.5 0.7 0.7 -3.0 -3.7 -2.4

Footwear

3162

13.5 1.2 2.0 -4.8 -5.9 -2.9

Other leather products

3169

14.8 0.0 2.5 -3.8 -3.8 -1.4

Paper

322

371.0 1.7 1.3 -0.2 -1.9 1.1

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

99.2 2.6 0.8 -0.5 -3.0 0.3

Converted paper products

3222

271.8 1.4 1.6 0.1 -1.3 1.8

Printing and related support activities

323

463.5 1.2 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.6

Printing and related support activities

3231

463.5 1.2 1.2 -0.6 -1.8 0.6

Petroleum and coal products

324

114.9 2.3 2.4 1.2 -1.1 3.7

Petroleum and coal products

3241

114.9 2.3 2.4 1.2 -1.1 3.7

Chemicals

325

837.7 1.3 2.0 0.8 -0.5 2.9

Basic chemicals

3251

150.8 2.3 1.4 0.7 -1.5 2.2

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

3252

95.9 1.9 1.8 0.4 -1.5 2.3

Agricultural chemicals

3253

35.7 2.4 1.2 1.1 -1.2 2.3

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

295.8 -0.4 3.7 1.2 1.6 5.0

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

61.7 0.8 2.2 0.1 -0.7 2.3

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

3256

113.0 1.4 1.1 1.1 -0.3 2.2

Other chemical products and preparations

3259

84.8 1.8 1.2 -0.1 -1.8 1.2

Plastics and rubber products

326

718.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 -0.2 2.7

Plastics products

3261

581.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 0.1 3.1

Rubber products

3262

137.3 1.4 1.3 0.1 -1.3 1.4

Durable Manufacturing

Wood products

321

425.1 1.0 2.0 -0.1 -1.1 1.9

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

97.3 2.0 1.1 0.3 -1.6 1.4

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

78.0 0.8 1.8 0.0 -0.8 1.8

Other wood products

3219

249.8 0.7 2.4 -0.2 -0.9 2.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

430.5 0.8 1.8 0.1 -0.6 1.9

Clay products and refractories

3271

47.2 0.9 1.5 -1.5 -2.3 0.0

Glass and glass products

3272

90.0 2.2 0.7 0.5 -1.7 1.2

Cement and concrete products

3273

198.5 -0.2 2.3 0.1 0.3 2.4

Lime and gypsum products

3274

14.8 1.4 2.9 -0.4 -1.8 2.4

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

80.0 0.9 1.8 0.8 -0.1 2.6

Primary metals

331

373.9 2.5 0.4 0.5 -1.9 1.0

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

3311

83.8 3.6 -0.6 1.1 -2.4 0.5

Steel products from purchased steel

3312

56.6 0.4 2.0 -0.3 -0.6 1.8

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

58.1 2.3 0.9 0.3 -1.9 1.3

Other nonferrous metal production

3314

59.3 2.1 1.7 0.1 -1.9 1.8

Foundries

3315

116.1 1.8 1.1 -0.4 -2.1 0.7

Fabricated metal products

332

1,457.0 0.8 1.8 0.6 -0.2 2.4

Forging and stamping

3321

100.7 1.9 0.8 1.0 -0.9 1.8

Cutlery and handtools

3322

40.0 1.5 1.4 -0.9 -2.4 0.5

Architectural and structural metals

3323

378.1 0.5 2.3 0.7 0.3 3.0

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

3324

91.7 0.6 1.4 0.2 -0.4 1.6

Hardware

3325

25.0 0.6 1.5 -2.3 -2.9 -0.8

Spring and wire products

3326

43.8 1.7 1.6 -0.2 -1.9 1.4

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

363.0 1.4 1.4 2.0 0.6 3.5

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

138.0 1.7 1.1 1.8 0.1 2.9

Other fabricated metal products

3329

276.7 0.4 2.0 -0.1 -0.5 1.9

Machinery

333

1,091.0 1.7 1.0 1.0 -0.7 2.0

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

210.4 1.7 0.8 1.6 0.0 2.5

Industrial machinery

3332

115.9 1.3 1.3 0.6 -0.7 1.9

Commercial and service industry machinery

3333

91.5 1.6 0.9 -0.1 -1.7 0.8

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

130.7 1.6 1.1 0.9 -0.7 2.0

Metalworking machinery

3335

182.3 1.6 1.1 0.3 -1.2 1.4

Turbine and power transmission equipment

3336

96.3 1.3 0.5 1.0 -0.3 1.5

Other general purpose machinery

3339

263.9 1.8 1.6 1.2 -0.5 2.8

Computer and electronic products

334

1,049.2 8.4 -5.0 6.1 -2.1 0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

3341

161.6 14.9 -13.8 11.5 -3.0 -3.9

Communications equipment

3342

86.7 5.1 -0.7 1.6 -3.3 0.9

Audio and video equipment

3343

19.6 2.0 1.6 -1.8 -3.7 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

363.6 11.9 -7.9 10.1 -1.6 1.4

Electronic instruments

3345

403.0 2.8 0.6 1.2 -1.6 1.7

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

3346

14.7 1.2 1.1 -2.1 -3.3 -1.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

395.4 1.6 1.3 0.0 -1.6 1.3

Electric lighting equipment

3351

52.8 1.1 1.3 -0.2 -1.4 1.0

Household appliances

3352

63.1 2.8 -0.3 0.3 -2.4 0.1

Electrical equipment

3353

140.9 1.2 1.7 -0.7 -1.9 0.9

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

138.6 1.3 1.8 0.3 -1.1 2.1

Transportation equipment

336

1,649.7 2.3 0.1 1.6 -0.8 1.7

Motor vehicles

3361

212.4 2.9 -0.1 1.8 -1.0 1.7

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

3362

156.0 1.1 2.2 1.6 0.5 3.9

Motor vehicle parts

3363

591.7 2.8 -1.2 2.7 -0.1 1.5

Aerospace products and parts

3364

487.0 2.0 1.1 0.3 -1.7 1.3

Railroad rolling stock

3365

22.4 3.6 -1.0 3.7 0.1 2.7

Ship and boat building

3366

141.0 1.5 1.8 0.7 -0.8 2.5

Other transportation equipment

3369

39.2 3.1 -0.7 3.4 0.2 2.7

Furniture and related products

337

421.4 1.3 1.7 -0.1 -1.4 1.5

Household and institutional furniture

3371

271.1 1.1 1.8 -0.5 -1.6 1.3

Office furniture and fixtures

3372

112.2 1.3 1.8 0.1 -1.2 1.9

Other furniture related products

3379

38.1 1.9 0.9 1.0 -0.8 1.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

646.9 1.7 1.5 1.5 -0.2 3.0

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

315.4 2.1 1.2 3.1 0.9 4.3

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

3399

331.5 1.2 1.7 0.2 -1.0 1.9

Footnotes
(1) For NAICS industry 2131 average annual percent changes are for 1987-2016. Employment is for 2016.


Last Modified Date: April 19, 2018