Work Experience of the Population (Annual) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 14, 2018                      USDL-18-1942

Technical information: (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        WORK EXPERIENCE OF THE POPULATION -- 2017


A total of 165.2 million persons worked at some point during 2017, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. The proportion of the civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over who worked at some time during 2017 was 64.2 percent,
little changed from 2016. The number of persons who experienced some unemployment
during 2017 declined by 1.1 million to 14.5 million.

These data are based on information collected in the Annual Social and Economic
Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly
survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The ASEC collects information on employment and unemployment experienced during the
prior calendar year. Additional information about the CPS and the ASEC, including 
concepts and definitions, is provided in the Technical Note.

Highlights from the 2017 data:

   --The proportion of workers who worked full time, year round in 2017 was 69.5
     percent, up 0.7 percentage point from the prior year. (See table 1.)

   --The "work-experience unemployment rate"--defined as the number of persons
     unemployed at some time during the year as a proportion of the number of
     persons who worked or looked for work during the year--declined by 0.8
     percentage point to 8.6 percent in 2017. (See table 3.)

   --About 2.4 million individuals looked for a job but did not work at all in 2017,
     down slightly from 2.6 million in 2016. (See table 3.)

Persons with Employment

Overall, 64.2 percent of the population worked in 2017, little different from 64.3
percent in 2016. The proportions of men and women who worked at some time during
2017 were 70.1 percent and 58.8 percent, respectively. These proportions showed 
little change from the prior year. (See table 1.)

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, the proportions of Whites (64.6 percent),
Blacks (61.9 percent), Asians (64.4 percent), and Hispanics (66.1 percent) who worked
at some time during 2017 showed little or no change from 2016. (See table 2.)

Among those with work experience in 2017, 80.4 percent usually worked full time, up
0.6 percentage point from a year earlier. The proportion of men who usually worked
full time increased 0.8 percentage point over the year to 86.6 percent in 2017. The
share of women who usually worked full time was little changed at 73.5 percent. Among
those who worked at some point in 2017, Asians (84.0 percent) were more likely to
work full time than Whites (80.0 percent), Blacks (81.8 percent), and Hispanics
(81.1 percent). (See tables 1 and 2.)

Of the total who worked during 2017, 80.1 percent were employed year round (working
50 to 52 weeks, either full or part time), up from 79.4 percent in 2016. The share
of women working year round increased by 1.2 percentage points to 78.0 percent in
2017, while the percentage of men working year round was little changed at 82.0
percent. (See table 1.)

Persons with Unemployment

Overall, 167.5 million persons worked or looked for work at some time in 2017, up by
1.3 million from the prior year. Of those, 14.5 million experienced some unemployment
during 2017, down by 1.1 million from 2016. (See table 3.)

The work-experience unemployment rate (those looking for work during the year as a
percent of those who worked or looked for work during the year) continued to decline.
In 2017, the work-experience unemployment rate declined 0.8 percentage point to 8.6
percent. Since reaching a recent peak of 16.4 percent in 2009, the rate has declined
by 7.8 percentage points. (See table 3.)

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, the work-experience unemployment rates for
Whites (8.0 percent) and Hispanics (9.9 percent) declined from 2016 to 2017, while
the rates for Blacks (12.3 percent) and Asians (7.0 percent) were little changed.
(See table 4.)

In 2017, men continued to have a higher work-experience unemployment rate than women,
9.0 percent compared with 8.3 percent. Among Whites, the rate for men was higher than the
rate for women, while among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics, the rates for men and
women were little different from each other. (See tables 3 and 4.)

Among those who experienced unemployment in 2017, the median number of weeks spent
looking for work was 13.4. The number of persons who looked for a job but did not
work at all in 2017 edged down by 208,000 over the year to 2.4 million. Of the
12.1 million individuals who both worked and experienced unemployment in 2017, 20.2
percent had two or more spells of unemployment, down 1.9 percentage points from the
share in 2016. (See table 3.)




Technical Note

   The data presented in this release were collected in the Annual Social and
Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a
monthly sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households, conducted by the U.S.
Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Data from the CPS
are used to obtain the monthly estimates of the nation's employment and unemployment
levels. The ASEC, conducted in the months of February through April, includes
questions about work activity during the prior calendar year. For instance, data
collected in 2018 refer to the 2017 calendar year. Because the reference period
is a full year, the number of persons with some employment or unemployment greatly
exceeds the average levels for any given month, which are based on a 1-week
reference period, and the corresponding annual average of the monthly estimates.
As shown below, for example, the number experiencing any unemployment was about
twice the number unemployed in an average month during the year.


                                      Employed     Unemployed
  2017 estimates (in thousands)
   Annual average of
    monthly estimates                  153,337        6,982
   Annual supplement data              165,163       14,461


   In addition, estimates from the supplement differ from those obtained in the
basic CPS because the questions used to classify workers as either employed or
unemployed are different. More important, perhaps, is that the supplement contains
fewer questions for categorizing respondents. In regard to unemployment in particular,
the supplement has no questions on the type of job search activity or on the respondent's
availability to work. Also, individuals can be counted as both employed and unemployed
in the work experience supplement data, whereas, for a specific monthly reference
week, each person is only counted in one category and employment activity takes
precedence over job search activity.

   The data presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for
earlier years due to the introduction of updated population controls used in
the CPS. The population controls are updated each year in January to reflect the
latest information about population change. Additional information is available at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The 
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as
sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level
of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to
obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and information on esti-
mating standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Concepts and definitions

   The principle concepts and definitions used in connection with the data in this
release are described briefly below.

   Persons who worked. In the 2018 supplement, persons are considered to have worked
if they responded "yes" to either the question "Did you work at a job or business at
any time during 2017?" or "Did you do any temporary, part-time, or seasonal work even
for a few days during 2017?"

   Unemployed persons. Persons who worked during the year but not in every week are
counted as unemployed if they also reported looking for work or being on layoff from a
job during the year. Those who reported no work activity during the year are considered
unemployed if they responded "yes" to the question "Even though you did not work in
2017, did you spend any time trying to find a job or on layoff?"

   Work-experience unemployment rate. The number of persons unemployed at some point
during the year as a proportion of the number of persons who worked or looked for work
during the year.

   Labor force participants. Persons who either worked or were unemployed during the
year.

   Usual full- and part-time employment. These data refer to the number of hours a
worker typically works during most weeks of the year. Workers are classified as full
time if they usually worked 35 hours or more in a week; part-time employment refers to
workers whose typical workweek was between 1 and 34 hours.

   Year-round and part-year employment. Workers are classified as year round if they
worked 50 to 52 weeks. Part-year employment refers to workers who worked fewer than
50 weeks.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Work experience of the population during the year by sex and extent of employment, 2016-2017 [Numbers in thousands]
Extent of employment Total Men Women
2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017

NUMBER OF EMPLOYED

Civilian noninstitutional population

254,413 257,097 122,944 124,331 131,469 132,766

Total who worked or looked for work

166,221 167,538 87,368 88,360 78,853 79,177

Percent of the population

65.3 65.2 71.1 71.1 60.0 59.6

Total who worked during the year(1)

163,638 165,163 86,063 87,147 77,574 78,016

Percent of the population

64.3 64.2 70.0 70.1 59.0 58.8

Full time(2)

130,560 132,784 73,881 75,471 56,679 57,312

50 to 52 weeks

112,554 114,845 64,299 65,625 48,255 49,221

48 to 49 weeks

1,948 2,180 1,157 1,231 791 949

40 to 47 weeks

5,057 4,899 2,501 2,581 2,556 2,318

27 to 39 weeks

3,821 3,946 2,049 2,227 1,772 1,718

14 to 26 weeks

4,248 4,127 2,293 2,220 1,955 1,907

1 to 13 weeks

2,932 2,787 1,582 1,587 1,350 1,200

Part time(3)

33,078 32,379 12,182 11,675 20,896 20,703

50 to 52 weeks

17,438 17,457 6,120 5,841 11,318 11,616

48 to 49 weeks

893 806 298 304 595 502

40 to 47 weeks

2,779 2,871 931 977 1,848 1,894

27 to 39 weeks

2,938 2,560 1,110 890 1,828 1,670

14 to 26 weeks

4,507 4,395 1,772 1,806 2,735 2,590

1 to 13 weeks

4,523 4,289 1,952 1,857 2,570 2,432

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Full time(2)

79.8 80.4 85.8 86.6 73.1 73.5

50 to 52 weeks

68.8 69.5 74.7 75.3 62.2 63.1

48 to 49 weeks

1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2

40 to 47 weeks

3.1 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.3 3.0

27 to 39 weeks

2.3 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.2

14 to 26 weeks

2.6 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4

1 to 13 weeks

1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5

Part time(3)

20.2 19.6 14.2 13.4 26.9 26.5

50 to 52 weeks

10.7 10.6 7.1 6.7 14.6 14.9

48 to 49 weeks

0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.6

40 to 47 weeks

1.7 1.7 1.1 1.1 2.4 2.4

27 to 39 weeks

1.8 1.6 1.3 1.0 2.4 2.1

14 to 26 weeks

2.8 2.7 2.1 2.1 3.5 3.3

1 to 13 weeks

2.8 2.6 2.3 2.1 3.3 3.1

(1) Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
(2) Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
(3) Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.

NOTE: Data refer to persons 16 years and over. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Work experience of the population during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2016-2017
[Numbers in thousands]
Extent of employment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Total Men Women
2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

198,597 200,003 97,043 97,879 101,554 102,123

Total who worked or looked for work

130,021 130,598 69,608 70,199 60,413 60,399

Percent of the population

65.5 65.3 71.7 71.7 59.5 59.1

Total who worked during the year(1)

128,370 129,141 68,796 69,456 59,574 59,685

Percent of the population

64.6 64.6 70.9 71.0 58.7 58.4

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Full time(2)

79.6 80.0 86.1 86.7 72.0 72.2

50 to 52 weeks

68.7 69.4 75.1 75.6 61.2 62.2

27 to 49 weeks

6.7 6.6 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.3

1 to 26 weeks

4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.8

Part time(3)

20.4 20.0 13.9 13.3 28.0 27.8

50 to 52 weeks

10.9 10.8 7.0 6.6 15.3 15.7

27 to 49 weeks

4.2 3.9 2.8 2.6 5.9 5.4

1 to 26 weeks

5.4 5.2 4.1 4.1 6.8 6.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,126 32,636 14,652 14,904 17,475 17,733

Total who worked or looked for work

20,534 20,877 9,573 9,775 10,962 11,102

Percent of the population

63.9 64.0 65.3 65.6 62.7 62.6

Total who worked during the year(1)

19,897 20,215 9,255 9,439 10,643 10,776

Percent of the population

61.9 61.9 63.2 63.3 60.9 60.8

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Full time(2)

80.7 81.8 84.4 85.6 77.6 78.5

50 to 52 weeks

68.9 69.9 71.7 73.0 66.5 67.2

27 to 49 weeks

6.2 7.1 6.4 7.5 6.0 6.7

1 to 26 weeks

5.6 4.8 6.2 5.1 5.1 4.6

Part time(3)

19.3 18.2 15.6 14.4 22.4 21.5

50 to 52 weeks

9.9 9.5 7.8 7.3 11.8 11.5

27 to 49 weeks

3.3 3.3 2.7 2.3 3.8 4.2

1 to 26 weeks

6.0 5.4 5.0 4.8 6.8 5.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,399 15,938 7,253 7,509 8,146 8,429

Total who worked or looked for work

10,135 10,382 5,343 5,511 4,792 4,871

Percent of the population

65.8 65.1 73.7 73.4 58.8 57.8

Total who worked during the year(1)

9,982 10,259 5,263 5,454 4,719 4,805

Percent of the population

64.8 64.4 72.6 72.6 57.9 57.0

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Full time(2)

83.0 84.0 88.4 89.8 77.0 77.4

50 to 52 weeks

73.6 73.6 79.5 79.6 67.1 66.8

27 to 49 weeks

5.3 6.3 5.1 6.1 5.4 6.5

1 to 26 weeks

4.1 4.1 3.8 4.1 4.4 4.2

Part time(3)

17.0 16.0 11.6 10.2 23.0 22.6

50 to 52 weeks

9.3 9.2 6.1 5.9 12.9 13.1

27 to 49 weeks

3.1 2.9 1.9 1.5 4.4 4.5

1 to 26 weeks

4.6 3.9 3.6 2.9 5.7 5.0

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

41,081 42,417 20,435 21,130 20,645 21,287

Total who worked or looked for work

27,623 28,480 15,472 16,040 12,151 12,440

Percent of the population

67.2 67.1 75.7 75.9 58.9 58.4

Total who worked during the year(1)

27,145 28,039 15,236 15,819 11,909 12,221

Percent of the population

66.1 66.1 74.6 74.9 57.7 57.4

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Full time(2)

81.0 81.1 87.5 87.4 72.6 72.9

50 to 52 weeks

69.1 69.0 75.4 74.6 61.0 61.7

27 to 49 weeks

7.2 7.4 7.9 8.1 6.3 6.6

1 to 26 weeks

4.7 4.7 4.2 4.7 5.3 4.6

Part time(3)

19.0 18.9 12.5 12.6 27.4 27.1

50 to 52 weeks

10.4 10.7 6.8 7.0 15.2 15.6

27 to 49 weeks

3.4 3.2 2.1 2.0 5.1 4.8

1 to 26 weeks

5.2 5.0 3.7 3.6 7.1 6.7

(1) Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
(2) Usually worked 35 hours or more per week.
(3) Usually worked 1 to 34 hours per week.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in table 1 because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Extent of unemployment during the year by sex, 2016-2017 [Numbers in thousands]
Extent of unemployment Total Men Women
2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total who worked or looked for work

166,221 167,538 87,368 88,360 78,853 79,177

Percent with unemployment

9.4 8.6 9.5 9.0 9.2 8.3

Total with unemployment

15,570 14,461 8,300 7,921 7,270 6,540

Did not work but looked for work

2,583 2,375 1,304 1,213 1,278 1,162

1 to 14 weeks

961 978 450 437 511 542

15 weeks or more

1,622 1,397 855 777 767 620

Worked during the year

12,987 12,086 6,995 6,708 5,992 5,379

Year-round workers(1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

480 426 280 265 199 160

Part-year workers(2) with unemployment

12,507 11,661 6,715 6,442 5,792 5,218

1 to 4 weeks

2,553 2,771 1,259 1,414 1,294 1,358

5 to 10 weeks

2,083 1,901 1,073 1,071 1,010 830

11 to 14 weeks

1,559 1,582 844 902 715 680

15 to 26 weeks

3,286 2,846 1,892 1,566 1,394 1,280

27 weeks or more

3,027 2,559 1,647 1,489 1,380 1,070

Median weeks of unemployment for all workers

14.5 13.4 15.3 13.7 13.8 13.0

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

2,871 2,438 1,634 1,482 1,237 956

2 spells

1,441 1,123 787 625 655 498

3 spells or more

1,430 1,315 847 857 583 458

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Did not work but looked for work

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1 to 14 weeks

37.2 41.2 34.5 36.0 40.0 46.6

15 weeks or more

62.8 58.8 65.5 64.0 60.0 53.4

Worked during the year

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Year-round workers(1) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

3.7 3.5 4.0 4.0 3.3 3.0

Part-year workers(2) with unemployment

96.3 96.5 96.0 96.0 96.7 97.0

1 to 4 weeks

19.7 22.9 18.0 21.1 21.6 25.2

5 to 10 weeks

16.0 15.7 15.3 16.0 16.9 15.4

11 to 14 weeks

12.0 13.1 12.1 13.5 11.9 12.6

15 to 26 weeks

25.3 23.5 27.0 23.4 23.3 23.8

27 weeks or more

23.3 21.2 23.5 22.2 23.0 19.9

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

22.1 20.2 23.4 22.1 20.7 17.8

2 spells

11.1 9.3 11.2 9.3 10.9 9.3

3 spells or more

11.0 10.9 12.1 12.8 9.7 8.5

(1) Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
(2) Worked less than 50 weeks.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Extent of unemployment during the year by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 2016-2017
[Numbers in thousands]
Extent of unemployment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Total Men Women
2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017

WHITE

Total who worked or looked for work

130,021 130,598 69,608 70,199 60,413 60,399

Percent with unemployment

8.8 8.0 8.8 8.5 8.7 7.5

Total with unemployment

11,379 10,469 6,148 5,952 5,231 4,517

Did not work but looked for work

1,651 1,457 811 743 839 714

Worked during the year

9,729 9,012 5,337 5,209 4,392 3,803

Median weeks of unemployment for all workers

13.9 12.6 14.6 13.0 13.1 11.9

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Year-round workers(2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

3.8 3.9 4.2 4.4 3.2 3.1

Part-year workers(3) with unemployment

96.2 96.1 95.8 95.6 96.8 96.9

1 to 4 weeks

20.7 24.1 18.7 21.6 23.0 27.5

5 to 14 weeks

28.9 30.1 28.4 30.7 29.6 29.2

15 weeks or more

46.7 42.0 48.7 43.3 44.2 40.2

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

22.5 20.3 23.2 22.4 21.5 17.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Total who worked or looked for work

20,534 20,877 9,573 9,775 10,962 11,102

Percent with unemployment

13.1 12.3 14.2 12.6 12.2 12.0

Total with unemployment

2,694 2,569 1,360 1,232 1,334 1,337

Did not work but looked for work

637 662 318 336 319 326

Worked during the year

2,057 1,907 1,041 896 1,015 1,012

Median weeks of unemployment for all workers

19.0 16.9 20.2 16.6 17.6 17.3

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Year-round workers(2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

3.7 2.5 3.0 2.8 4.5 2.2

Part-year workers(3) with unemployment

96.3 97.5 97.0 97.2 95.5 97.8

1 to 4 weeks

13.8 15.9 13.1 16.6 14.6 15.4

5 to 14 weeks

24.9 27.1 23.5 26.4 26.2 27.8

15 weeks or more

57.6 54.4 60.4 54.2 54.7 54.6

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

22.5 20.1 27.4 19.1 17.5 21.0

ASIAN

Total who worked or looked for work

10,135 10,382 5,343 5,511 4,792 4,871

Percent with unemployment

7.3 7.0 6.9 6.5 7.7 7.5

Total with unemployment

741 725 371 359 370 366

Did not work but looked for work

153 123 79 57 73 66

Worked during the year

588 602 292 302 296 300

Median weeks of unemployment for all workers

14.1 13.9 13.5 13.8 14.9 14.0

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Year-round workers(2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

3.2 2.8 3.0 1.9 3.3 3.6

Part-year workers(3) with unemployment

96.8 97.2 97.0 98.1 96.7 96.4

1 to 4 weeks

22.4 26.6 22.8 24.6 21.9 28.7

5 to 14 weeks

27.3 24.7 29.6 28.7 25.1 20.6

15 weeks or more

47.1 45.9 44.6 44.8 49.7 47.0

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

15.0 17.7 14.9 21.3 15.1 14.0

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Total who worked or looked for work

27,623 28,480 15,472 16,040 12,151 12,440

Percent with unemployment

11.1 9.9 11.1 10.1 11.0 9.6

Total with unemployment

3,057 2,813 1,724 1,616 1,334 1,196

Did not work but looked for work

478 441 236 222 243 219

Worked during the year

2,579 2,372 1,488 1,395 1,091 977

Median weeks of unemployment for all workers

14.8 13.3 14.6 13.7 15.0 12.7

Percent who worked during the year(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Year-round workers(2) with 1 or 2 weeks of unemployment

3.6 3.3 4.5 2.9 2.3 3.9

Part-year workers(3) with unemployment

96.4 96.7 95.5 97.1 97.7 96.1

1 to 4 weeks

21.3 22.7 20.2 21.0 22.9 25.1

5 to 14 weeks

25.8 29.4 26.5 30.6 24.8 27.6

15 weeks or more

49.4 44.6 48.8 45.5 50.0 43.3

With 2 spells or more of unemployment

22.1 23.3 23.7 27.3 19.9 17.6

(1) Time worked includes paid vacation and sick leave.
(2) Worked 50 or 51 weeks.
(3) Worked less than 50 weeks.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals shown in table 3 because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: December 14, 2018