Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
BRS BRS Program Links

U.S. Business Response Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET), Wednesday, March 22, 2023                                  USDL-23-0539

Technical Information:	(202) 691-6567  *  *
Media Contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *


In August and September 2022, 27.5 percent of private-sector establishments (2.5 million) had 
employees teleworking some or all the time, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  
Industries with the highest percent of establishments employing teleworkers were information  
(67.4 percent), professional and business services (49.0 percent), educational services   
(46.0 percent), and wholesale trade (39.0 percent).

Data in this release are from the 2022 Business Response Survey (BRS). BRS data were collected 
from private-sector establishments from August 1, 2022, through September 30, 2022. The survey’s 
topics included telework at establishments both at the time of the survey and before the COVID-19 
pandemic, hiring by establishments in July 2022, and job vacancies at establishments at the time of 
the survey. Detailed tables by industry, state, and establishment size are available at
Telework at private-sector establishments
  • The percent of establishments with employees teleworking changed over the last year. In 
    August-September 2022, 72.5 percent of establishments had little or no telework, compared to 
    60.1 percent in July-September 2021.
  • The percent of establishments with some (but not all) employees teleworking was 16.4 percent 
    in 2022, compared to 29.8 percent in 2021. 
  • The percent of establishments with all their employees teleworking all the time was about the 
    same — 11.1 in August-September 2022, compared to 10.3 percent in July-September 2021.
  • In August-September 2022, 95.1 percent of establishments (including those that did and did not 
    have telework) expected the amount of telework at their establishment to remain the same over 
    the next 6 months.
Private-sector new hires in July 2022
  • Nationwide, 22.4 percent of establishments hired new employees in July 2022.
  • In July 2022, 7.3 percent of establishments increased starting pay, and 5.4 percent expanded 
    advertising to attract more applicants to newly filled positions. Among the other methods used
    by establishments to attract more applicants were: starting to use recruiters/talent agencies 
    (2.4 percent); offering hiring bonuses (1.9 percent); reducing the job’s qualifications, such 
    as education or experience (1.3 percent); expanding benefits (1.2 percent); offering more 
    hours (1.0 percent); and expanding telework or remote work (0.7 percent). 

  • In July 2022, 2.4 percent of establishments hired at least one employee who will telework all 
    the time. 
  • Nationally, 7.0 percent of establishments took more than 30 days to fill at least one open 
    position. The percentage of establishments with positions that took more than 30 days to fill 
    varied by industry. The industries most likely to take more than 30 days to fill positions
    were accommodation and food services (14.9 percent), health care and social assistance 
    (12.3 percent), and manufacturing (11.1 percent). The industries with the lowest percentage 
    of positions that had been filled after having been open for more than 30 days were natural 
    resources and mining (3.9 percent), information (4.1 percent), and financial activities 
    (4.4 percent).
Private-sector job vacancies in August-September 2022
  • Nationwide, 20.9 percent of establishments had vacancies they were attempting to fill when they
    were surveyed in August-September 2022, and 40.5 percent had vacancies within the 12 months 
    prior to the survey (August 2021-September 2022). 
  • In August-September 2022, 3.1 percent of establishments had at least one vacancy eligible for 
    telework all the time.
  • Nationwide, 12.3 percent of establishments had at least one vacancy open for more than 30 days.  
  • The percentage of establishments that had a vacancy open for more than 30 days varied by 
    industry, ranging from 6.9 percent in natural resources and mining to 20.2 percent in 
    accommodation and food services.
  • How establishments advertised their vacancies varied by the educational requirements of the 
    position. Nationwide, 13.4 percent of establishments used online job boards or hiring platforms
    to advertise positions requiring a bachelor’s degree or higher, while 24.1 percent did so for
    positions that did not require a bachelor’s degree or higher.

|                                                                                         |
|                  Additional Industry, State, and Establishment Size Data                |
|                         for the 2022 Business Response Survey                           |
|                                                                                         |
| Data tables by industry, state, and establishment size class are available at           |
|                                                       |
|                                                                                         |
| Charts and maps by industry and establishment size class are available at               |
|                                                       |
|                                                                                         |
|                                                                                         |

More Information 

  • Data were collected from private-sector establishments only; government establishments
    were excluded. As a result, the estimates of establishments and employment refer to
    private-sector establishments and employment. Total U.S. estimates include the 50 states,
    District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.

  • The 2022 Business Response Survey asked 21 questions about telework, hiring, and 
    vacancies. The questionnaire is available at
  • The 2021 Business Response Survey asked 22 questions about changes businesses made to their
    operations during the pandemic through September 2021. These data are available at
  • The full 2022 Business Response Survey on Telework, Hiring, and Vacancies Technical Note
    is available at Details about specific
    tabulations for hiring in July 2022, and vacancies during the reference period can be found
    the technical note.

Last Modified Date: March 22, 2023