Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 18, 2019				USDL-19-1002

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


		       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION – MARCH 2019

Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $36.77 per hour worked in March 
2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries cost employers $25.22 while 
benefit costs were $11.55. Total compensation costs for civilian workers were $12.71 at the 10th wage 
percentile, $27.87 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $72.62 at the 90th wage percentile. 
(See tables A and 1.) 

State and local government worker compensation costs for employers averaged $50.89 per hour worked in 
March 2019. Wages and salaries averaged $31.75 and accounted for 62.4 percent of employer costs, while 
benefit costs averaged $19.14 and accounted for 37.6 percent. Total compensation costs at the 50th (median) 
wage percentile were $47.99. (See tables A and 1.)

Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $34.49 per hour worked ($25.21 
at the 50th or median wage percentile). Wages and salaries averaged $24.17 per hour worked and accounted 
for 70.1 percent of employer costs. Benefit costs averaged $10.33 per hour worked and accounted for the 
remaining 29.9 percent. Median employer costs per employee hour worked were $17.64 for wages and salaries 
and $7.57 for benefits. (See table 1.) 

Total compensation costs for private industry workers ranged from $12.37 at the 10th wage percentile to 
$68.60 at the 90th wage percentile. Wages and salaries were $10.06 at the 10th wage percentile and $46.64 at 
the 90th wage percentile. Total benefits ranged from $2.31 at the 10th wage percentile to $21.96 at the 90th 
wage percentile. (See table A.)

				News Release Tables and Wage Percentiles
				
Changes in the content and format of news release tables were made to highlight data characteristics and 
incorporate compensation costs by wage percentile. Details can be found at 
www.bls.gov/ect/updated-ecec-tables-crosswalk-march-2019.htm. For more information on average compensation 
costs within specified wage percentiles, see www.bls.gov/ect/compensation-percentile-estimates.htm.

Table A. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by wage percentiles [Mar. 2019]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile

Total compensation(2)

12.71 27.87 72.62 12.37 25.21 68.60 21.49 47.99 85.41

Wages and salaries

10.28 18.73 48.42 10.06 17.64 46.64 13.32 28.42 54.84

Total benefits

2.43 9.14 24.20 2.31 7.57 21.96 8.17 19.57 30.57

Paid leave

0.30 1.76 5.88 0.28 1.44 5.72 1.31 4.27 5.75

Supplemental pay

0.17 0.84 1.95 0.17 0.81 2.34 0.17 0.68 0.76

Insurance

0.59 3.18 6.14 0.55 2.56 5.22 3.62 6.23 8.42

Health insurance

0.57 3.06 5.80 0.54 2.45 4.85 3.57 6.07 8.20

Retirement and savings

0.11 1.11 5.49 0.06 0.60 3.81 1.56 5.55 11.36

Legally required benefits

1.27 2.27 4.75 1.25 2.16 4.87 1.52 2.85 4.28

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Private industry employer costs for paid leave averaged $2.48 per hour worked or 7.2 percent of total 
compensation; supplemental pay averaged $1.10 or 3.2 percent, insurance benefits averaged $2.75 or 8.0 percent, 
retirement and savings averaged $1.33 or 3.9 percent, and legally required benefits averaged $2.66 per hour 
worked or 7.7 percent. (See table 1.)  

The average cost for private industry health insurance benefits was $2.60 per hour worked (7.5 percent of 
total compensation) in March 2019. Health insurance costs were 54 cents at the 10th wage percentile, $2.45 
at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $4.85 at the 90th wage percentile. (See tables A and 1.)

Metropolitan area private industry compensation costs are published each March reference period for the 
15 largest Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSA) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA). Total compensation 
costs in March 2019 for private industry workers ranged from $28.48 per hour worked in the 
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA to $53.65 per hour worked in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, 
CA CSA. As a percent of total compensation, wages and salaries accounted for 71.3 percent ($20.31) in the 
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA and 69.8 percent ($37.46) in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, 
CA CSA. (See table 8.)

						Area Definitions
Metropolitan area definitions have been updated based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, 
dated February 28, 2013. For more information see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.

					    TECHNICAL NOTE

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average cost to employers for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour worked.
The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local
government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural workers, and private
household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access or do not
participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between employers and employees,
plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the percentage of workers with access to
and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans, including health care and retirement and savings
plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The “National Compensation Measures,” of the BLS Handbook of Methods, www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm, 
provides additional details on the sample design, calculation methodology, and resources explaining changes 
over time.

Metropolitan area estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size
Data for the March 2019 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately
26,500 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,500 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors are available at www.bls.gov/web/ecec.supp.toc.htm and database query tools at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparing estimates across economic sectors
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in
private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities
and occupational structures. Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private
industry work activities but are rare in state and local government. Professional and administrative
support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of the state and local government
workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.

Quarterly publication focus
This quarter’s release focuses on compensation costs in metropolitan areas and health insurance benefit
costs in private industry. Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:
• June 2019—retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry
• September 2019—compensation costs in state and local government
• December 2019—supplemental pay costs in private industry

For 2019 ECEC release dates, see www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm.

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Mar. 2019]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

36.77 100.0 34.49 100.0 50.89 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.22 68.6 24.17 70.1 31.75 62.4

Total benefits

11.55 31.4 10.33 29.9 19.14 37.6

Paid leave

2.66 7.2 2.48 7.2 3.80 7.5

Vacation

1.30 3.5 1.28 3.7 1.43 2.8

Holiday

0.79 2.1 0.74 2.1 1.08 2.1

Sick

0.42 1.1 0.32 0.9 0.98 1.9

Personal

0.16 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.31 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.02 2.8 1.10 3.2 0.50 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.28 0.8 0.30 0.9 0.21 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.66 1.8 0.73 2.1 0.24 0.5

Insurance

3.21 8.7 2.75 8.0 6.05 11.9

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.06 8.3 2.60 7.5 5.90 11.6

Short-term disability

0.06 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.04 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.98 5.4 1.33 3.9 6.00 11.8

Defined benefit

1.24 3.4 0.54 1.6 5.57 11.0

Defined contribution

0.74 2.0 0.79 2.3 0.42 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.68 7.3 2.66 7.7 2.80 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.06 5.6 2.04 5.9 2.19 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.64 4.5 1.64 4.7 1.67 3.3

Medicare

0.42 1.1 0.40 1.2 0.52 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.13 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.3 0.45 1.3 0.54 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

36.77 100.0 25.22 68.6 11.55 31.4 2.66 7.2 1.02 2.8 3.21 8.7 1.98 5.4 2.68 7.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.30 100.0 41.21 68.3 19.09 31.7 5.09 8.4 1.63 2.7 4.87 8.1 3.74 6.2 3.75 6.2

Management, business and financial

67.17 100.0 45.92 68.4 21.24 31.6 6.28 9.4 2.52 3.7 4.69 7.0 3.51 5.2 4.25 6.3

Professional and related

57.27 100.0 39.14 68.3 18.13 31.7 4.56 8.0 1.25 2.2 4.95 8.6 3.84 6.7 3.54 6.2

Teachers(3)

62.85 100.0 42.83 68.1 20.02 31.9 3.28 5.2 0.24 0.4 6.35 10.1 6.90 11.0 3.25 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

62.59 100.0 41.61 66.5 20.98 33.5 2.97 4.7 0.22 0.3 6.92 11.1 7.88 12.6 3.00 4.8

Registered nurses

56.36 100.0 36.93 65.5 19.42 34.5 5.32 9.4 2.06 3.6 5.27 9.4 3.04 5.4 3.74 6.6

Sales and office

26.92 100.0 18.87 70.1 8.05 29.9 1.82 6.8 0.65 2.4 2.57 9.5 1.03 3.8 1.97 7.3

Sales and related

25.23 100.0 19.03 75.4 6.20 24.6 1.47 5.8 0.61 2.4 1.54 6.1 0.64 2.6 1.93 7.7

Office and administrative support

27.94 100.0 18.78 67.2 9.16 32.8 2.04 7.3 0.68 2.4 3.18 11.4 1.27 4.5 2.00 7.1

Service

19.56 100.0 13.94 71.2 5.62 28.8 1.03 5.3 0.40 2.1 1.65 8.4 0.86 4.4 1.68 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

36.24 100.0 24.24 66.9 12.00 33.1 1.95 5.4 1.18 3.3 3.30 9.1 2.16 6.0 3.41 9.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

37.08 100.0 24.57 66.3 12.50 33.7 1.56 4.2 1.20 3.2 3.34 9.0 2.61 7.0 3.79 10.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.36 100.0 23.89 67.6 11.47 32.4 2.35 6.6 1.16 3.3 3.26 9.2 1.70 4.8 3.00 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

29.29 100.0 19.24 65.7 10.05 34.3 1.77 6.0 1.17 4.0 3.08 10.5 1.38 4.7 2.64 9.0

Production

28.09 100.0 18.55 66.0 9.54 34.0 1.73 6.2 1.36 4.8 3.05 10.9 0.98 3.5 2.41 8.6

Transportation and material moving

30.40 100.0 19.87 65.4 10.53 34.6 1.80 5.9 1.00 3.3 3.11 10.2 1.76 5.8 2.86 9.4

Industry group

Education and health services

42.69 100.0 28.96 67.8 13.73 32.2 3.22 7.5 0.63 1.5 4.25 9.9 2.98 7.0 2.65 6.2

Educational services

52.72 100.0 34.96 66.3 17.76 33.7 3.42 6.5 0.25 0.5 5.78 11.0 5.48 10.4 2.82 5.4

Elementary and secondary schools

51.64 100.0 33.82 65.5 17.82 34.5 2.79 5.4 0.20 0.4 6.02 11.7 6.20 12.0 2.60 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

58.88 100.0 39.24 66.6 19.65 33.4 5.15 8.8 0.37 0.6 5.97 10.1 4.77 8.1 3.38 5.7

Health care and social assistance

36.47 100.0 25.24 69.2 11.23 30.8 3.09 8.5 0.87 2.4 3.30 9.0 1.43 3.9 2.55 7.0

Hospitals

49.77 100.0 32.13 64.6 17.64 35.4 4.79 9.6 1.75 3.5 5.24 10.5 2.65 5.3 3.20 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

50.89 100.0 31.75 62.4 19.14 37.6 3.80 7.5 0.50 1.0 6.05 11.9 6.00 11.8 2.80 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.98 100.0 39.35 64.5 21.63 35.5 4.27 7.0 0.40 0.7 6.62 10.9 7.19 11.8 3.15 5.2

Professional and related

59.23 100.0 38.50 65.0 20.73 35.0 3.80 6.4 0.37 0.6 6.60 11.1 6.93 11.7 3.03 5.1

Teachers(2)

66.93 100.0 44.66 66.7 22.27 33.3 3.36 5.0 0.25 0.4 7.19 10.7 8.26 12.3 3.22 4.8

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

66.72 100.0 43.89 65.8 22.82 34.2 3.07 4.6 0.23 0.3 7.59 11.4 8.87 13.3 3.06 4.6

Sales and office

35.10 100.0 20.29 57.8 14.81 42.2 3.07 8.7 0.31 0.9 5.63 16.1 3.70 10.5 2.11 6.0

Office and administrative support

35.25 100.0 20.34 57.7 14.92 42.3 3.08 8.7 0.31 0.9 5.70 16.2 3.73 10.6 2.10 6.0

Service

37.26 100.0 21.43 57.5 15.83 42.5 3.15 8.4 0.79 2.1 4.78 12.8 4.83 13.0 2.28 6.1

Industry group

Education and health services

53.12 100.0 34.29 64.6 18.83 35.4 3.49 6.6 0.34 0.6 6.22 11.7 6.05 11.4 2.72 5.1

Educational services

54.45 100.0 35.37 65.0 19.08 35.0 3.36 6.2 0.25 0.5 6.34 11.6 6.40 11.8 2.73 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

52.88 100.0 34.34 64.9 18.54 35.1 2.77 5.2 0.22 0.4 6.32 12.0 6.65 12.6 2.58 4.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

58.86 100.0 38.31 65.1 20.55 34.9 5.10 8.7 0.35 0.6 6.29 10.7 5.65 9.6 3.16 5.4

Health care and social assistance

44.98 100.0 27.68 61.5 17.30 38.5 4.31 9.6 0.88 2.0 5.52 12.3 3.89 8.7 2.70 6.0

Hospitals

47.65 100.0 29.88 62.7 17.77 37.3 4.57 9.6 1.06 2.2 5.49 11.5 3.80 8.0 2.86 6.0

Public administration

49.00 100.0 28.44 58.0 20.56 42.0 4.55 9.3 0.77 1.6 5.95 12.1 6.30 12.9 2.98 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

34.49 100.0 24.17 70.1 10.33 29.9 2.48 7.2 1.10 3.2 2.75 8.0 1.33 3.9 2.66 7.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.06 100.0 41.85 69.7 18.21 30.3 5.37 8.9 2.06 3.4 4.27 7.1 2.56 4.3 3.96 6.6

Management, business, and financial

66.61 100.0 46.15 69.3 20.46 30.7 6.18 9.3 2.78 4.2 4.41 6.6 2.79 4.2 4.31 6.5

Professional and related

56.37 100.0 39.43 69.9 16.95 30.1 4.91 8.7 1.65 2.9 4.19 7.4 2.43 4.3 3.77 6.7

Sales and office

26.18 100.0 18.74 71.6 7.44 28.4 1.71 6.5 0.69 2.6 2.29 8.7 0.79 3.0 1.96 7.5

Sales and related

25.19 100.0 19.03 75.5 6.16 24.5 1.46 5.8 0.62 2.4 1.53 6.1 0.63 2.5 1.93 7.7

Office and administrative support

26.86 100.0 18.55 69.1 8.31 30.9 1.88 7.0 0.73 2.7 2.81 10.5 0.91 3.4 1.98 7.4

Service

17.01 100.0 12.86 75.6 4.15 24.4 0.73 4.3 0.35 2.0 1.20 7.0 0.29 1.7 1.60 9.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

35.65 100.0 24.13 67.7 11.52 32.3 1.79 5.0 1.21 3.4 3.09 8.7 1.98 5.5 3.45 9.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

36.57 100.0 24.52 67.0 12.05 33.0 1.38 3.8 1.25 3.4 3.12 8.5 2.45 6.7 3.87 10.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

34.68 100.0 23.73 68.4 10.96 31.6 2.22 6.4 1.18 3.4 3.05 8.8 1.49 4.3 3.02 8.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

28.89 100.0 19.10 66.1 9.79 33.9 1.73 6.0 1.19 4.1 2.98 10.3 1.26 4.4 2.64 9.1

Production

27.85 100.0 18.44 66.2 9.41 33.8 1.70 6.1 1.37 4.9 3.01 10.8 0.92 3.3 2.41 8.7

Transportation and material moving

29.92 100.0 19.75 66.0 10.17 34.0 1.76 5.9 1.01 3.4 2.94 9.8 1.60 5.3 2.86 9.6

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

39.90 100.0 26.61 66.7 13.29 33.3 2.60 6.5 1.71 4.3 3.70 9.3 1.94 4.9 3.35 8.4

Construction

39.55 100.0 27.38 69.2 12.16 30.8 1.74 4.4 1.26 3.2 3.20 8.1 2.04 5.2 3.91 9.9

Manufacturing

39.53 100.0 25.86 65.4 13.67 34.6 3.00 7.6 1.94 4.9 3.94 10.0 1.77 4.5 3.02 7.6

Aircraft manufacturing

71.17 100.0 43.15 60.6 28.01 39.4 6.37 8.9 5.00 7.0 6.89 9.7 5.24 7.4 4.51 6.3

Service-providing(3)

33.39 100.0 23.67 70.9 9.72 29.1 2.46 7.4 0.98 2.9 2.56 7.7 1.21 3.6 2.52 7.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

28.65 100.0 20.13 70.3 8.52 29.7 1.80 6.3 0.80 2.8 2.35 8.2 1.21 4.2 2.36 8.2

Wholesale trade

37.89 100.0 26.83 70.8 11.05 29.2 2.77 7.3 1.18 3.1 2.89 7.6 1.34 3.5 2.87 7.6

Retail trade

20.19 100.0 15.22 75.4 4.97 24.6 0.97 4.8 0.44 2.2 1.37 6.8 0.47 2.3 1.72 8.5

Transportation and warehousing

39.47 100.0 25.41 64.4 14.07 35.6 2.78 7.0 1.27 3.2 4.09 10.4 2.51 6.4 3.42 8.7

Utilities

63.25 100.0 38.13 60.3 25.12 39.7 5.38 8.5 2.28 3.6 6.23 9.9 6.79 10.7 4.43 7.0

Information

58.23 100.0 38.67 66.4 19.56 33.6 5.28 9.1 2.58 4.4 4.97 8.5 2.98 5.1 3.75 6.4

Financial activities

47.30 100.0 31.83 67.3 15.47 32.7 4.07 8.6 2.55 5.4 4.03 8.5 1.75 3.7 3.06 6.5

Financial and insurance

52.75 100.0 34.95 66.3 17.79 33.7 4.76 9.0 3.14 6.0 4.52 8.6 2.13 4.0 3.25 6.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

44.77 100.0 29.97 66.9 14.81 33.1 4.07 9.1 2.16 4.8 4.08 9.1 1.63 3.6 2.87 6.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

51.41 100.0 33.72 65.6 17.68 34.4 4.53 8.8 3.00 5.8 4.56 8.9 2.37 4.6 3.23 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

32.07 100.0 23.12 72.1 8.96 27.9 2.16 6.7 0.91 2.8 2.67 8.3 0.68 2.1 2.52 7.9

Professional and business services

41.48 100.0 29.85 72.0 11.63 28.0 3.30 8.0 1.30 3.1 2.63 6.3 1.36 3.3 3.05 7.3

Professional and technical services

53.90 100.0 38.62 71.7 15.28 28.3 4.71 8.7 1.68 3.1 3.44 6.4 1.77 3.3 3.68 6.8

Administrative and waste services

23.59 100.0 17.84 75.6 5.75 24.4 1.16 4.9 0.63 2.7 1.42 6.0 0.39 1.6 2.15 9.1

Education and health services

37.18 100.0 26.14 70.3 11.03 29.7 3.07 8.3 0.79 2.1 3.20 8.6 1.35 3.6 2.61 7.0

Educational services

46.71 100.0 33.56 71.8 13.15 28.2 3.61 7.7 0.25 0.5 3.86 8.3 2.28 4.9 3.16 6.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

58.92 100.0 40.96 69.5 17.96 30.5 5.25 8.9 0.41 0.7 5.38 9.1 3.13 5.3 3.79 6.4

Health care and social assistance

35.75 100.0 25.03 70.0 10.71 30.0 2.99 8.4 0.87 2.4 3.11 8.7 1.22 3.4 2.53 7.1

Leisure and hospitality

15.52 100.0 12.19 78.5 3.33 21.5 0.50 3.2 0.22 1.4 0.84 5.4 0.24 1.5 1.53 9.9

Accommodation and food services

14.37 100.0 11.29 78.6 3.07 21.4 0.45 3.1 0.21 1.5 0.76 5.3 0.22 1.5 1.44 10.0

Other services

29.17 100.0 21.30 73.0 7.87 27.0 1.74 6.0 0.45 1.5 2.13 7.3 1.22 4.2 2.33 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Mar. 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union

All workers

47.27 100.0 27.90 59.0 19.37 41.0 3.34 7.1 1.55 3.3 6.58 13.9 4.30 9.1 3.59 7.6

Goods-producing(2)

51.40 100.0 29.52 57.4 21.88 42.6 2.80 5.5 2.28 4.4 7.43 14.5 5.13 10.0 4.23 8.2

Service-providing(3)

45.58 100.0 27.23 59.7 18.35 40.3 3.57 7.8 1.26 2.8 6.23 13.7 3.96 8.7 3.33 7.3

Nonunion

All workers

33.26 100.0 23.81 71.6 9.46 28.4 2.40 7.2 1.06 3.2 2.38 7.2 1.05 3.1 2.57 7.7

Goods-producing(2)

37.87 100.0 26.09 68.9 11.78 31.1 2.56 6.8 1.61 4.3 3.04 8.0 1.37 3.6 3.19 8.4

Service-providing(3)

32.40 100.0 23.38 72.2 9.02 27.8 2.37 7.3 0.96 3.0 2.26 7.0 0.99 3.0 2.45 7.6

Full-time

All workers

39.92 100.0 27.43 68.7 12.49 31.3 3.11 7.8 1.37 3.4 3.39 8.5 1.66 4.2 2.95 7.4

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

62.33 100.0 43.04 69.1 19.29 30.9 5.73 9.2 2.20 3.5 4.58 7.3 2.74 4.4 4.04 6.5

Management, business, and financial

67.53 100.0 46.64 69.1 20.89 30.9 6.33 9.4 2.83 4.2 4.53 6.7 2.86 4.2 4.34 6.4

Professional and related

58.98 100.0 40.72 69.0 18.26 31.0 5.34 9.1 1.79 3.0 4.61 7.8 2.66 4.5 3.85 6.5

Sales and office

30.78 100.0 21.48 69.8 9.29 30.2 2.27 7.4 0.89 2.9 2.92 9.5 1.02 3.3 2.20 7.1

Sales and related

34.49 100.0 25.30 73.3 9.20 26.7 2.45 7.1 0.97 2.8 2.33 6.8 1.00 2.9 2.44 7.1

Office and administrative support

29.06 100.0 19.72 67.9 9.34 32.1 2.19 7.5 0.85 2.9 3.19 11.0 1.03 3.5 2.08 7.2

Service

19.97 100.0 14.29 71.6 5.68 28.4 1.15 5.7 0.50 2.5 1.90 9.5 0.45 2.3 1.69 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

36.70 100.0 24.70 67.3 12.00 32.7 1.88 5.1 1.27 3.5 3.26 8.9 2.08 5.7 3.51 9.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

37.47 100.0 25.00 66.7 12.47 33.3 1.44 3.8 1.31 3.5 3.26 8.7 2.54 6.8 3.92 10.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.88 100.0 24.38 67.9 11.51 32.1 2.35 6.5 1.23 3.4 3.26 9.1 1.58 4.4 3.08 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.00 100.0 20.31 65.5 10.69 34.5 1.97 6.3 1.35 4.4 3.29 10.6 1.35 4.4 2.73 8.8

Production

28.98 100.0 19.02 65.6 9.97 34.4 1.82 6.3 1.46 5.0 3.23 11.2 0.99 3.4 2.46 8.5

Transportation and material moving

33.39 100.0 21.85 65.4 11.54 34.6 2.14 6.4 1.21 3.6 3.35 10.0 1.77 5.3 3.06 9.2

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.43 100.0 26.89 66.5 13.53 33.5 2.66 6.6 1.74 4.3 3.78 9.4 1.99 4.9 3.36 8.3

Construction

40.25 100.0 27.76 69.0 12.49 31.0 1.80 4.5 1.29 3.2 3.34 8.3 2.13 5.3 3.94 9.8

Manufacturing

39.96 100.0 26.11 65.3 13.85 34.7 3.05 7.6 1.97 4.9 3.99 10.0 1.80 4.5 3.04 7.6

Service-providing(3)

39.78 100.0 27.59 69.4 12.19 30.6 3.24 8.1 1.27 3.2 3.28 8.3 1.57 3.9 2.83 7.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

35.20 100.0 24.23 68.8 10.97 31.2 2.52 7.2 1.08 3.1 3.01 8.6 1.57 4.5 2.78 7.9

Information

62.53 100.0 41.33 66.1 21.20 33.9 5.74 9.2 2.81 4.5 5.39 8.6 3.27 5.2 3.98 6.4

Financial activities

50.23 100.0 33.59 66.9 16.64 33.1 4.45 8.9 2.76 5.5 4.36 8.7 1.88 3.7 3.19 6.3

Professional and business services

45.24 100.0 32.13 71.0 13.10 29.0 3.80 8.4 1.47 3.3 3.02 6.7 1.58 3.5 3.22 7.1

Education and health services

40.29 100.0 27.79 69.0 12.49 31.0 3.57 8.9 0.87 2.2 3.77 9.4 1.60 4.0 2.69 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

19.72 100.0 14.56 73.8 5.17 26.2 1.02 5.2 0.37 1.9 1.61 8.2 0.46 2.3 1.70 8.6

Other services

34.62 100.0 24.39 70.5 10.22 29.5 2.43 7.0 0.56 1.6 3.01 8.7 1.64 4.8 2.58 7.4

Part-time

All workers

18.30 100.0 14.41 78.8 3.89 21.2 0.60 3.3 0.30 1.7 0.84 4.6 0.36 2.0 1.78 9.7

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.38 100.0 32.05 77.4 9.33 22.6 2.36 5.7 0.87 2.1 1.74 4.2 1.05 2.5 3.32 8.0

Professional and related

41.71 100.0 32.13 77.0 9.58 23.0 2.47 5.9 0.82 2.0 1.85 4.4 1.12 2.7 3.31 7.9

Sales and office

15.79 100.0 12.55 79.5 3.25 20.5 0.44 2.8 0.23 1.5 0.87 5.5 0.28 1.8 1.43 9.0

Sales and related

14.31 100.0 11.70 81.8 2.61 18.2 0.29 2.1 0.20 1.4 0.58 4.1 0.20 1.4 1.33 9.3

Office and administrative support

18.13 100.0 13.89 76.6 4.24 23.4 0.66 3.7 0.27 1.5 1.31 7.2 0.42 2.3 1.57 8.7

Service

13.91 100.0 11.35 81.6 2.55 18.4 0.28 2.0 0.19 1.3 0.46 3.3 0.12 0.9 1.50 10.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

18.19 100.0 12.96 71.2 5.23 28.8 0.51 2.8 0.37 2.0 1.40 7.7 0.82 4.5 2.14 11.8

Transportation and material moving

19.20 100.0 13.28 69.2 5.91 30.8 0.55 2.9 0.39 2.1 1.68 8.7 1.05 5.4 2.24 11.7

Industry group

Service-providing(3)

18.21 100.0 14.35 78.8 3.86 21.2 0.60 3.3 0.30 1.6 0.84 4.6 0.36 2.0 1.76 9.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.40 100.0 12.46 76.0 3.94 24.0 0.45 2.7 0.27 1.6 1.11 6.8 0.53 3.2 1.58 9.6

Professional and business services

21.78 100.0 17.86 82.0 3.91 18.0 0.68 3.1 0.39 1.8 0.54 2.5 (4)0.18 (4)0.8 2.13 9.8

Education and health services

28.07 100.0 21.32 75.9 6.75 24.1 1.62 5.8 0.56 2.0 1.55 5.5 0.64 2.3 2.38 8.5

Leisure and hospitality

12.24 100.0 10.34 84.5 1.90 15.5 0.10 0.8 0.10 0.8 0.24 2.0 0.06 0.5 1.40 11.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is greater than 30 percent.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Mar. 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

1-99 workers

28.49 100.0 21.06 73.9 7.43 26.1 1.74 6.1 0.68 2.4 1.89 6.6 0.75 2.6 2.38 8.3

1-49 workers

27.85 100.0 20.79 74.7 7.06 25.3 1.65 5.9 0.65 2.3 1.74 6.2 0.67 2.4 2.34 8.4

50-99 workers

30.59 100.0 21.93 71.7 8.66 28.3 2.01 6.6 0.78 2.6 2.37 7.8 1.01 3.3 2.48 8.1

100 workers or more

41.73 100.0 27.91 66.9 13.82 33.1 3.38 8.1 1.61 3.9 3.80 9.1 2.03 4.9 3.00 7.2

100-499 workers

35.48 100.0 24.50 69.0 10.99 31.0 2.61 7.4 1.13 3.2 3.08 8.7 1.45 4.1 2.71 7.6

500 workers or more

50.20 100.0 32.54 64.8 17.66 35.2 4.42 8.8 2.26 4.5 4.77 9.5 2.83 5.6 3.38 6.7

Goods-producing(2)

1-99 workers

33.06 100.0 23.34 70.6 9.71 29.4 1.68 5.1 1.08 3.3 2.62 7.9 1.15 3.5 3.18 9.6

1-49 workers

31.97 100.0 22.95 71.8 9.01 28.2 1.52 4.8 1.02 3.2 2.25 7.0 1.04 3.3 3.19 10.0

50-99 workers

35.76 100.0 24.32 68.0 11.44 32.0 2.05 5.7 1.23 3.4 3.55 9.9 1.43 4.0 3.18 8.9

100 workers or more

45.68 100.0 29.36 64.3 16.32 35.7 3.37 7.4 2.24 4.9 4.61 10.1 2.60 5.7 3.49 7.6

100-499 workers

40.45 100.0 26.77 66.2 13.68 33.8 2.75 6.8 1.67 4.1 4.00 9.9 1.93 4.8 3.33 8.2

500 workers or more

53.44 100.0 33.21 62.2 20.23 37.8 4.30 8.0 3.09 5.8 5.52 10.3 3.60 6.7 3.73 7.0

Service-providing(3)

1-99 workers

27.74 100.0 20.68 74.6 7.06 25.4 1.75 6.3 0.62 2.2 1.76 6.4 0.69 2.5 2.24 8.1

1-49 workers

27.22 100.0 20.46 75.2 6.76 24.8 1.67 6.1 0.60 2.2 1.66 6.1 0.62 2.3 2.21 8.1

50-99 workers

29.49 100.0 21.43 72.6 8.07 27.4 2.00 6.8 0.69 2.3 2.12 7.2 0.92 3.1 2.33 7.9

100 workers or more

40.72 100.0 27.54 67.6 13.18 32.4 3.38 8.3 1.45 3.6 3.59 8.8 1.89 4.6 2.87 7.0

100-499 workers

34.16 100.0 23.89 69.9 10.27 30.1 2.57 7.5 0.99 2.9 2.84 8.3 1.32 3.9 2.55 7.5

500 workers or more

49.43 100.0 32.38 65.5 17.05 34.5 4.45 9.0 2.06 4.2 4.59 9.3 2.64 5.4 3.30 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Mar. 2019]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

39.07 100.0 26.70 68.3 12.37 31.7 3.09 7.9 1.30 3.3 3.34 8.6 1.60 4.1 3.05 7.8

New England

41.13 100.0 28.19 68.5 12.94 31.5 3.28 8.0 1.31 3.2 3.40 8.3 1.91 4.6 3.04 7.4

Middle Atlantic

38.35 100.0 26.18 68.3 12.17 31.7 3.02 7.9 1.29 3.4 3.32 8.7 1.49 3.9 3.05 7.9

South

31.15 100.0 22.20 71.3 8.95 28.7 2.16 6.9 1.05 3.4 2.26 7.3 1.14 3.7 2.34 7.5

South Atlantic

31.66 100.0 22.46 70.9 9.20 29.1 2.23 7.0 1.02 3.2 2.36 7.5 1.21 3.8 2.38 7.5

East South Central

27.57 100.0 19.33 70.1 8.24 29.9 1.88 6.8 0.95 3.4 2.29 8.3 1.06 3.8 2.07 7.5

West South Central

32.01 100.0 23.14 72.3 8.87 27.7 2.17 6.8 1.16 3.6 2.09 6.5 1.06 3.3 2.39 7.5

Midwest

31.82 100.0 22.07 69.4 9.75 30.6 2.18 6.9 1.09 3.4 2.77 8.7 1.22 3.8 2.49 7.8

East North Central

32.06 100.0 22.18 69.2 9.88 30.8 2.18 6.8 1.13 3.5 2.80 8.7 1.26 3.9 2.50 7.8

West North Central

31.29 100.0 21.82 69.8 9.46 30.2 2.17 6.9 1.02 3.2 2.69 8.6 1.12 3.6 2.46 7.9

West

38.78 100.0 27.36 70.5 11.42 29.5 2.81 7.2 1.05 2.7 3.02 7.8 1.53 3.9 3.02 7.8

Mountain

33.22 100.0 23.68 71.3 9.54 28.7 2.33 7.0 0.95 2.9 2.46 7.4 1.30 3.9 2.50 7.5

Pacific

41.27 100.0 29.01 70.3 12.27 29.7 3.03 7.3 1.09 2.6 3.27 7.9 1.64 4.0 3.25 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Table 8. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by metropolitan areas [Mar. 2019]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast Region

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

(3)41.49 (3)100.0 (3)28.46 (3)68.6 (3)13.03 (3)31.4

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

(3)43.39 (3)100.0 (3)29.81 (3)68.7 (3)13.58 (3)31.3

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

(3)36.33 (3)100.0 (3)24.88 (3)68.5 (3)11.46 (3)31.5

South Region

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

(3)35.82 (3)100.0 (3)25.03 (3)69.9 (3)10.79 (3)30.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

(3)34.47 (3)100.0 (3)24.73 (3)71.7 (3)9.74 (3)28.3

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

(3)39.41 (3)100.0 (3)28.37 (3)72.0 (3)11.04 (3)28.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

(3)28.48 (3)100.0 (3)20.31 (3)71.3 (3)8.17 (3)28.7

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

(3)37.41 (3)100.0 (3)26.66 (3)71.3 (3)10.74 (3)28.7

Midwest Region

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

(3)35.42 (3)100.0 (3)24.68 (3)69.7 (3)10.74 (3)30.3

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

(3)35.60 (3)100.0 (3)24.04 (3)67.5 (3)11.56 (3)32.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

(3)37.98 (3)100.0 (3)26.68 (3)70.3 (3)11.30 (3)29.7

West Region

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

(3)39.36 (3)100.0 (3)28.26 (3)71.8 (3)11.10 (3)28.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

(3)36.51 (3)100.0 (3)25.56 (3)70.0 (3)10.95 (3)30.0

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

(3)53.65 (3)100.0 (3)37.46 (3)69.8 (3)16.20 (3)30.2

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

(3)42.57 (3)100.0 (3)29.67 (3)69.7 (3)12.90 (3)30.3

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the March 2019 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) See Footnote 6 on http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/mapnote.htm


Last Modified Date: June 18, 2019