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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, September 17, 2020				       USDL-20-1736

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov


			EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION – JUNE 2020
			
Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $38.20 per hour worked in June 2020,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries cost employers $26.17 while benefit
costs were $12.04. The average cost for health insurance benefits was $3.18 per hour worked. (See table 1.)

Private industry worker compensation costs for employers averaged $35.96 per hour worked in June 2020.
Wages and salaries averaged $25.18 and accounted for 70.0 percent of employer costs, while benefit costs
averaged $10.79 and accounted for 30.0 percent. The average cost of health insurance benefits was $2.73 per
hour worked and accounted for 7.6 percent of total compensation in June 2020. (See table 1.) 

State and local government worker compensation costs for employers averaged $52.36 per hour worked in June
2020. Wages and salaries averaged $32.43 and accounted for 61.9 percent of employer costs, while benefit
costs averaged $19.93 and accounted for 38.1 percent. The average cost of health insurance benefits was
$6.01 per hour worked and accounted for 11.5 percent of total compensation in June 2020. (See table 1.)


Health insurance costs in private industry highlights:

* Among occupational groups, health insurance costs ranged between $1.25 per hour worked (7.0 percent of
  total compensation) for service occupations and $4.13 (6.7 percent of total compensation) for management,
  professional, and related occupations.

* Health insurance cost employers $2.38 (6.8 percent of total compensation) for nonunion workers and $6.58
  per hour worked (13.3 percent) for union workers. 

* Among major industry groups, health insurance costs ranged between $0.78 per hour worked (4.9 percent of
  total compensation) in leisure and hospitality and $4.63 (8.1 percent) in information.

* Health insurance costs by establishment employment size ranged between $1.69 per employee hour worked (5.9
  percent of total compensation) in the smallest establishments (1-49 workers) and $4.70 (9.0 percent) in
  the largest establishments (500 workers or more).

* Among census divisions, health insurance costs ranged between $1.96 (6.2 percent of total compensation) in
  West South Central and $3.32 per employee hour worked (7.7 percent) in the Pacific.

Other insurance benefit costs in private industry were $0.04 per employee hour worked (0.1 percent of total
compensation) for life insurance, $0.05 (0.1 percent) for long-term disability, and $0.08 (0.2 percent)
for short-term disability.

Note: Highlighted health insurance estimates are available through the database query tool at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.
 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
|		   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 ECEC Data                                   |
|The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) reference date was June 12, 2020. Response rates for June were|
|comparable with prior releases, and no changes in estimation procedures were necessary. Additional information    |
|is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/employer-costs-for-employee-compensation-covid19-effects-june-2020.htm.       |
|__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________|

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for September 2020 is scheduled to be released on Thursday,
December 17, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


                                        TECHNICAL NOTE

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey, provides
the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour worked. The ECEC
covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local
government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural workers, and private
household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access or
do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between employers and
employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the percentage of workers
with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans, including health care and
retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The “National Compensation Measures” provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time. (See www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.)
 
Additional ECEC estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool
at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 25,500
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,300 private industry establishments
and approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to ensure
that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in
private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work
activities and occupational structures.

Area definitions
Metropolitan area definitions have been updated based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No.
13-01, dated February 28, 2013. For more information see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.

Publication focus
Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:
•	September 2020 - Compensation costs in state and local government
•	December 2020 - Supplemental pay costs in private industry
•	March 2021 - Compensation costs by wage percentile and 15 metropolitan areas

The 2020 ECEC release dates are available at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm.


Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2020]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

38.20 100.0 35.96 100.0 52.36 100.0

Wages and salaries

26.17 68.5 25.18 70.0 32.43 61.9

Total benefits

12.04 31.5 10.79 30.0 19.93 38.1

Paid leave

2.81 7.4 2.63 7.3 3.92 7.5

Vacation

1.37 3.6 1.35 3.8 1.50 2.9

Holiday

0.83 2.2 0.79 2.2 1.11 2.1

Sick

0.45 1.2 0.36 1.0 1.00 1.9

Personal

0.16 0.4 0.13 0.4 0.31 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.14 3.0 1.23 3.4 0.54 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.32 0.8 0.33 0.9 0.24 0.4

Shift differentials

0.08 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.74 1.9 0.82 2.3 0.25 0.5

Insurance

3.34 8.7 2.89 8.0 6.16 11.8

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.18 8.3 2.73 7.6 6.01 11.5

Short-term disability

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.99 5.2 1.29 3.6 6.41 12.2

Defined benefit

1.21 3.2 0.46 1.3 5.99 11.4

Defined contribution

0.78 2.0 0.83 2.3 0.43 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.76 7.2 2.74 7.6 2.90 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.14 5.6 2.12 5.9 2.25 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.70 4.5 1.70 4.7 1.72 3.3

Medicare

0.43 1.1 0.42 1.2 0.53 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.02 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 0.3 0.13 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.2 0.46 1.3 0.59 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [June 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

38.20 100.0 26.17 68.5 12.04 31.5 2.81 7.4 1.14 3.0 3.34 8.7 1.99 5.2 2.76 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.05 100.0 42.33 68.2 19.72 31.8 5.34 8.6 1.80 2.9 5.01 8.1 3.73 6.0 3.85 6.2

Management, business and financial

70.86 100.0 48.41 68.3 22.44 31.7 6.75 9.5 2.92 4.1 4.89 6.9 3.48 4.9 4.40 6.2

Professional and related

58.04 100.0 39.56 68.2 18.49 31.8 4.70 8.1 1.30 2.2 5.06 8.7 3.84 6.6 3.60 6.2

Teachers(3)

65.16 100.0 44.21 67.8 20.95 32.2 3.37 5.2 0.24 0.4 6.51 10.0 7.48 11.5 3.35 5.1

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

65.16 100.0 43.29 66.4 21.87 33.6 2.99 4.6 0.22 0.3 7.16 11.0 8.39 12.9 3.11 4.8

Registered nurses

59.60 100.0 38.60 64.8 21.01 35.2 5.82 9.8 2.30 3.9 5.78 9.7 3.19 5.4 3.92 6.6

Sales and office

27.93 100.0 19.61 70.2 8.33 29.8 1.89 6.8 0.72 2.6 2.68 9.6 1.01 3.6 2.03 7.3

Sales and related

26.33 100.0 20.02 76.0 6.31 24.0 1.48 5.6 0.69 2.6 1.55 5.9 0.59 2.3 2.00 7.6

Office and administrative support

28.90 100.0 19.35 67.0 9.55 33.0 2.14 7.4 0.74 2.6 3.37 11.7 1.26 4.3 2.04 7.1

Service

20.77 100.0 14.67 70.6 6.10 29.4 1.13 5.5 0.46 2.2 1.79 8.6 0.98 4.7 1.74 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

37.81 100.0 25.36 67.1 12.45 32.9 2.05 5.4 1.34 3.5 3.38 8.9 2.14 5.7 3.55 9.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

38.47 100.0 25.43 66.1 13.03 33.9 1.64 4.3 1.40 3.6 3.46 9.0 2.67 6.9 3.87 10.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

37.08 100.0 25.28 68.2 11.80 31.8 2.51 6.8 1.27 3.4 3.29 8.9 1.54 4.2 3.18 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.16 100.0 19.90 66.0 10.26 34.0 1.85 6.1 1.29 4.3 3.15 10.4 1.30 4.3 2.67 8.8

Production

28.70 100.0 19.00 66.2 9.70 33.8 1.79 6.2 1.42 5.0 3.17 11.1 0.87 3.0 2.45 8.5

Transportation and material moving

31.50 100.0 20.72 65.8 10.78 34.2 1.91 6.1 1.17 3.7 3.13 9.9 1.70 5.4 2.87 9.1

Industry group

Education and health services

42.80 100.0 28.93 67.6 13.87 32.4 3.25 7.6 0.66 1.6 4.31 10.1 2.98 7.0 2.66 6.2

Educational services

54.07 100.0 35.72 66.1 18.35 33.9 3.44 6.4 0.25 0.5 5.89 10.9 5.87 10.9 2.89 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

53.24 100.0 34.87 65.5 18.37 34.5 2.83 5.3 0.21 0.4 6.15 11.5 6.48 12.2 2.70 5.1

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

60.43 100.0 40.02 66.2 20.41 33.8 5.27 8.7 0.37 0.6 5.98 9.9 5.35 8.9 3.44 5.7

Health care and social assistance

36.72 100.0 25.26 68.8 11.46 31.2 3.15 8.6 0.88 2.4 3.45 9.4 1.43 3.9 2.54 6.9

Hospitals

51.04 100.0 32.70 64.1 18.34 35.9 4.91 9.6 1.91 3.7 5.53 10.8 2.75 5.4 3.24 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [June 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

52.36 100.0 32.43 61.9 19.93 38.1 3.92 7.5 0.54 1.0 6.16 11.8 6.41 12.2 2.90 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.86 100.0 40.35 64.2 22.51 35.8 4.41 7.0 0.42 0.7 6.73 10.7 7.68 12.2 3.27 5.2

Professional and related

60.99 100.0 39.45 64.7 21.54 35.3 3.91 6.4 0.39 0.6 6.70 11.0 7.39 12.1 3.15 5.2

Teachers(2)

68.91 100.0 45.90 66.6 23.02 33.4 3.37 4.9 0.25 0.4 7.23 10.5 8.86 12.9 3.31 4.8

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

69.03 100.0 45.41 65.8 23.62 34.2 3.10 4.5 0.24 0.3 7.72 11.2 9.39 13.6 3.18 4.6

Sales and office

36.58 100.0 21.00 57.4 15.57 42.6 3.18 8.7 0.34 0.9 5.81 15.9 4.05 11.1 2.19 6.0

Office and administrative support

36.74 100.0 21.04 57.3 15.70 42.7 3.19 8.7 0.34 0.9 5.90 16.1 4.08 11.1 2.18 5.9

Service

39.04 100.0 22.29 57.1 16.75 42.9 3.28 8.4 0.86 2.2 4.92 12.6 5.30 13.6 2.39 6.1

Industry group

Education and health services

54.67 100.0 35.18 64.3 19.49 35.7 3.55 6.5 0.36 0.7 6.31 11.5 6.45 11.8 2.82 5.2

Educational services

56.19 100.0 36.42 64.8 19.77 35.2 3.37 6.0 0.25 0.5 6.44 11.5 6.88 12.2 2.82 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

54.77 100.0 35.54 64.9 19.23 35.1 2.83 5.2 0.22 0.4 6.48 11.8 7.00 12.8 2.69 4.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

60.81 100.0 39.29 64.6 21.51 35.4 5.22 8.6 0.34 0.6 6.24 10.3 6.47 10.6 3.24 5.3

Health care and social assistance

46.72 100.0 28.68 61.4 18.05 38.6 4.48 9.6 0.92 2.0 5.66 12.1 4.15 8.9 2.83 6.1

Hospitals

49.31 100.0 30.86 62.6 18.45 37.4 4.73 9.6 1.06 2.2 5.63 11.4 4.05 8.2 2.97 6.0

Public administration

50.81 100.0 29.30 57.7 21.51 42.3 4.69 9.2 0.80 1.6 6.14 12.1 6.82 13.4 3.06 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [June 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

35.96 100.0 25.18 70.0 10.79 30.0 2.63 7.3 1.23 3.4 2.89 8.0 1.29 3.6 2.74 7.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

61.78 100.0 42.97 69.5 18.82 30.5 5.64 9.1 2.25 3.6 4.45 7.2 2.44 4.0 4.04 6.5

Management, business, and financial

70.50 100.0 48.80 69.2 21.70 30.8 6.68 9.5 3.23 4.6 4.63 6.6 2.71 3.8 4.46 6.3

Professional and related

56.76 100.0 39.61 69.8 17.16 30.2 5.04 8.9 1.69 3.0 4.34 7.7 2.29 4.0 3.79 6.7

Sales and office

27.17 100.0 19.48 71.7 7.69 28.3 1.78 6.5 0.76 2.8 2.41 8.9 0.74 2.7 2.01 7.4

Sales and related

26.30 100.0 20.02 76.1 6.27 23.9 1.47 5.6 0.70 2.7 1.54 5.8 0.58 2.2 2.00 7.6

Office and administrative support

27.78 100.0 19.11 68.8 8.66 31.2 1.99 7.2 0.80 2.9 3.01 10.8 0.85 3.1 2.02 7.3

Service

17.90 100.0 13.47 75.3 4.43 24.7 0.80 4.4 0.40 2.2 1.29 7.2 0.31 1.7 1.64 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

37.25 100.0 25.28 67.9 11.97 32.1 1.90 5.1 1.38 3.7 3.16 8.5 1.93 5.2 3.59 9.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

38.00 100.0 25.40 66.8 12.60 33.2 1.47 3.9 1.46 3.8 3.23 8.5 2.50 6.6 3.94 10.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

36.41 100.0 25.14 69.1 11.27 30.9 2.39 6.6 1.29 3.5 3.09 8.5 1.30 3.6 3.20 8.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

29.73 100.0 19.75 66.4 9.97 33.6 1.81 6.1 1.31 4.4 3.03 10.2 1.16 3.9 2.66 8.9

Production

28.43 100.0 18.87 66.4 9.55 33.6 1.76 6.2 1.43 5.0 3.13 11.0 0.80 2.8 2.45 8.6

Transportation and material moving

30.99 100.0 20.61 66.5 10.38 33.5 1.86 6.0 1.19 3.9 2.95 9.5 1.51 4.9 2.87 9.3

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.44 100.0 27.22 67.3 13.22 32.7 2.59 6.4 1.71 4.2 3.72 9.2 1.81 4.5 3.38 8.4

Construction

40.38 100.0 27.86 69.0 12.52 31.0 1.76 4.4 1.38 3.4 3.30 8.2 2.18 5.4 3.90 9.7

Manufacturing

39.86 100.0 26.48 66.4 13.38 33.6 3.02 7.6 1.88 4.7 3.93 9.9 1.50 3.8 3.05 7.7

Aircraft manufacturing

72.00 100.0 44.53 61.8 27.48 38.2 6.67 9.3 3.85 5.3 7.21 10.0 5.14 7.1 4.61 6.4

Service-providing(3)

35.00 100.0 24.74 70.7 10.26 29.3 2.64 7.6 1.13 3.2 2.72 7.8 1.18 3.4 2.60 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

29.77 100.0 20.95 70.4 8.82 29.6 1.91 6.4 0.89 3.0 2.42 8.1 1.19 4.0 2.42 8.1

Wholesale trade

38.41 100.0 27.09 70.5 11.31 29.5 2.83 7.4 1.28 3.3 2.96 7.7 1.33 3.5 2.91 7.6

Retail trade

20.94 100.0 15.83 75.6 5.11 24.4 1.01 4.8 0.49 2.3 1.39 6.6 0.44 2.1 1.78 8.5

Transportation and warehousing

41.57 100.0 26.84 64.6 14.74 35.4 3.04 7.3 1.47 3.5 4.28 10.3 2.52 6.1 3.43 8.2

Utilities

66.63 100.0 41.08 61.7 25.55 38.3 5.92 8.9 2.19 3.3 6.34 9.5 6.36 9.5 4.75 7.1

Information

56.79 100.0 38.09 67.1 18.70 32.9 5.13 9.0 2.64 4.6 5.00 8.8 2.21 3.9 3.71 6.5

Financial activities

50.20 100.0 33.68 67.1 16.52 32.9 4.42 8.8 2.82 5.6 4.36 8.7 1.73 3.5 3.19 6.3

Financial and insurance

55.40 100.0 36.64 66.1 18.75 33.9 5.03 9.1 3.44 6.2 4.85 8.8 2.08 3.8 3.36 6.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

48.33 100.0 32.09 66.4 16.24 33.6 4.46 9.2 2.55 5.3 4.53 9.4 1.69 3.5 3.02 6.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

52.21 100.0 34.07 65.3 18.13 34.7 4.63 8.9 3.18 6.1 4.85 9.3 2.20 4.2 3.29 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

34.66 100.0 24.81 71.6 9.84 28.4 2.62 7.6 0.96 2.8 2.88 8.3 0.71 2.0 2.68 7.7

Professional and business services

44.02 100.0 31.51 71.6 12.51 28.4 3.59 8.2 1.61 3.7 2.83 6.4 1.32 3.0 3.16 7.2

Professional and technical services

57.18 100.0 40.98 71.7 16.20 28.3 5.09 8.9 1.94 3.4 3.59 6.3 1.71 3.0 3.86 6.7

Administrative and waste services

24.06 100.0 18.11 75.3 5.95 24.7 1.19 4.9 0.71 3.0 1.53 6.4 0.35 1.4 2.17 9.0

Education and health services

37.06 100.0 25.91 69.9 11.16 30.1 3.11 8.4 0.81 2.2 3.34 9.0 1.31 3.5 2.58 7.0

Educational services

46.52 100.0 33.22 71.4 13.30 28.6 3.68 7.9 0.26 0.5 3.96 8.5 2.28 4.9 3.13 6.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

59.74 100.0 41.38 69.3 18.36 30.7 5.36 9.0 0.42 0.7 5.50 9.2 3.25 5.4 3.82 6.4

Health care and social assistance

35.85 100.0 24.96 69.6 10.88 30.4 3.04 8.5 0.88 2.5 3.26 9.1 1.19 3.3 2.51 7.0

Leisure and hospitality

16.11 100.0 12.73 79.0 3.38 21.0 0.52 3.2 0.24 1.5 0.81 5.0 0.23 1.4 1.58 9.8

Accommodation and food services

15.46 100.0 12.22 79.0 3.24 21.0 0.48 3.1 0.25 1.6 0.76 4.9 0.22 1.5 1.53 9.9

Other services

28.01 100.0 20.96 74.8 7.05 25.2 1.65 5.9 0.44 1.6 1.77 6.3 0.83 3.0 2.36 8.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [June 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union

All workers

49.40 100.0 29.29 59.3 20.11 40.7 3.50 7.1 1.79 3.6 6.94 14.0 4.16 8.4 3.72 7.5

Goods-producing(2)

53.35 100.0 30.45 57.1 22.90 42.9 2.91 5.5 2.44 4.6 7.81 14.6 5.33 10.0 4.40 8.3

Service-providing(3)

47.65 100.0 28.78 60.4 18.87 39.6 3.76 7.9 1.50 3.1 6.55 13.7 3.64 7.6 3.42 7.2

Nonunion

All workers

34.73 100.0 24.80 71.4 9.93 28.6 2.56 7.4 1.18 3.4 2.52 7.3 1.03 3.0 2.64 7.6

Goods-producing(2)

38.24 100.0 26.67 69.7 11.57 30.3 2.54 6.6 1.59 4.2 3.03 7.9 1.21 3.2 3.21 8.4

Service-providing(3)

34.04 100.0 24.43 71.8 9.61 28.2 2.56 7.5 1.10 3.2 2.42 7.1 0.99 2.9 2.53 7.4

Full-time

All workers

41.40 100.0 28.47 68.8 12.93 31.2 3.26 7.9 1.51 3.7 3.53 8.5 1.59 3.8 3.03 7.3

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

64.13 100.0 44.28 69.0 19.85 31.0 6.00 9.4 2.40 3.7 4.72 7.4 2.60 4.1 4.13 6.4

Management, business, and financial

71.41 100.0 49.29 69.0 22.11 31.0 6.83 9.6 3.27 4.6 4.74 6.6 2.78 3.9 4.49 6.3

Professional and related

59.37 100.0 41.00 69.1 18.37 30.9 5.45 9.2 1.83 3.1 4.71 7.9 2.49 4.2 3.89 6.6

Sales and office

31.65 100.0 22.14 69.9 9.51 30.1 2.31 7.3 0.97 3.1 3.06 9.7 0.93 2.9 2.24 7.1

Sales and related

35.79 100.0 26.52 74.1 9.28 25.9 2.41 6.7 1.09 3.1 2.38 6.6 0.89 2.5 2.50 7.0

Office and administrative support

29.74 100.0 20.12 67.6 9.62 32.4 2.27 7.6 0.91 3.1 3.38 11.4 0.95 3.2 2.11 7.1

Service

21.32 100.0 15.22 71.4 6.10 28.6 1.23 5.8 0.57 2.7 2.05 9.6 0.46 2.2 1.78 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

38.20 100.0 25.78 67.5 12.42 32.5 1.99 5.2 1.44 3.8 3.32 8.7 2.03 5.3 3.65 9.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

38.80 100.0 25.82 66.5 12.98 33.5 1.53 3.9 1.51 3.9 3.35 8.6 2.60 6.7 3.99 10.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

37.51 100.0 25.73 68.6 11.78 31.4 2.51 6.7 1.35 3.6 3.28 8.7 1.38 3.7 3.26 8.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.76 100.0 20.87 65.7 10.89 34.3 2.05 6.5 1.47 4.6 3.34 10.5 1.28 4.0 2.74 8.6

Production

29.52 100.0 19.42 65.8 10.10 34.2 1.87 6.3 1.53 5.2 3.35 11.3 0.86 2.9 2.50 8.5

Transportation and material moving

34.38 100.0 22.58 65.7 11.81 34.3 2.27 6.6 1.40 4.1 3.34 9.7 1.77 5.2 3.03 8.8

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.92 100.0 27.48 67.1 13.45 32.9 2.65 6.5 1.74 4.3 3.80 9.3 1.85 4.5 3.40 8.3

Construction

40.91 100.0 28.11 68.7 12.80 31.3 1.81 4.4 1.42 3.5 3.41 8.3 2.24 5.5 3.93 9.6

Manufacturing

40.30 100.0 26.74 66.3 13.57 33.7 3.07 7.6 1.91 4.7 3.99 9.9 1.53 3.8 3.07 7.6

Service-providing(3)

41.54 100.0 28.76 69.2 12.78 30.8 3.44 8.3 1.45 3.5 3.45 8.3 1.51 3.6 2.92 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

36.24 100.0 24.92 68.8 11.32 31.2 2.65 7.3 1.19 3.3 3.10 8.6 1.57 4.3 2.81 7.8

Information

62.46 100.0 41.62 66.6 20.84 33.4 5.78 9.2 2.96 4.7 5.57 8.9 2.51 4.0 4.02 6.4

Financial activities

52.61 100.0 35.09 66.7 17.51 33.3 4.73 9.0 3.00 5.7 4.63 8.8 1.86 3.5 3.30 6.3

Professional and business services

48.12 100.0 34.07 70.8 14.05 29.2 4.10 8.5 1.82 3.8 3.24 6.7 1.54 3.2 3.36 7.0

Education and health services

40.21 100.0 27.64 68.7 12.57 31.3 3.60 9.0 0.87 2.2 3.89 9.7 1.52 3.8 2.69 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

21.13 100.0 15.68 74.2 5.45 25.8 1.08 5.1 0.43 2.0 1.66 7.9 0.47 2.2 1.81 8.6

Other services

32.93 100.0 23.76 72.2 9.17 27.8 2.29 7.0 0.53 1.6 2.55 7.8 1.22 3.7 2.57 7.8

Part-time

All workers

18.92 100.0 14.85 78.5 4.07 21.5 0.67 3.6 0.35 1.9 0.90 4.8 0.34 1.8 1.80 9.5

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.57 100.0 31.63 76.1 9.94 23.9 2.53 6.1 0.99 2.4 2.10 5.1 1.07 2.6 3.25 7.8

Professional and related

41.64 100.0 31.50 75.7 10.14 24.3 2.61 6.3 0.90 2.2 2.25 5.4 1.14 2.7 3.23 7.8

Sales and office

16.46 100.0 13.13 79.8 3.33 20.2 0.49 3.0 0.25 1.5 0.83 5.1 0.28 1.7 1.47 9.0

Sales and related

14.84 100.0 12.19 82.1 2.65 17.9 0.33 2.2 0.22 1.5 0.52 3.5 0.20 1.3 1.39 9.3

Office and administrative support

19.17 100.0 14.71 76.8 4.45 23.2 0.76 4.0 0.29 1.5 1.36 7.1 0.42 2.2 1.62 8.5

Service

14.33 100.0 11.65 81.3 2.68 18.7 0.34 2.4 0.21 1.5 0.50 3.5 0.14 1.0 1.49 10.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

19.49 100.0 14.12 72.5 5.37 27.5 0.57 2.9 0.52 2.6 1.46 7.5 0.57 2.9 2.24 11.5

Transportation and material moving

20.58 100.0 14.57 70.8 6.01 29.2 0.62 3.0 0.58 2.8 1.73 8.4 0.72 3.5 2.36 11.5

Industry group

Service-providing(3)

18.84 100.0 14.79 78.5 4.05 21.5 0.68 3.6 0.35 1.8 0.90 4.8 0.34 1.8 1.78 9.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.40 100.0 13.36 76.8 4.05 23.2 0.51 2.9 0.30 1.7 1.11 6.4 0.46 2.7 1.66 9.5

Professional and business services

20.82 100.0 17.03 81.8 3.80 18.2 0.70 3.3 0.44 2.1 0.51 2.4 (4)0.10 (4)0.5 2.05 9.8

Education and health services

28.06 100.0 20.94 74.6 7.12 25.4 1.70 6.1 0.64 2.3 1.78 6.3 0.72 2.6 2.28 8.1

Leisure and hospitality

12.61 100.0 10.67 84.6 1.94 15.4 0.12 1.0 0.12 0.9 0.22 1.8 0.07 0.5 1.41 11.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is greater than 30 percent.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [June 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

1-99 workers

29.96 100.0 22.12 73.8 7.84 26.2 1.86 6.2 0.76 2.5 2.00 6.7 0.74 2.5 2.46 8.2

1-49 workers

28.91 100.0 21.63 74.8 7.28 25.2 1.74 6.0 0.71 2.5 1.78 6.2 0.63 2.2 2.41 8.3

50-99 workers

33.64 100.0 23.87 71.0 9.77 29.0 2.29 6.8 0.94 2.8 2.76 8.2 1.14 3.4 2.65 7.9

100 workers or more

42.96 100.0 28.73 66.9 14.23 33.1 3.53 8.2 1.78 4.1 3.94 9.2 1.93 4.5 3.05 7.1

100-499 workers

36.10 100.0 24.98 69.2 11.12 30.8 2.67 7.4 1.20 3.3 3.13 8.7 1.37 3.8 2.75 7.6

500 workers or more

51.96 100.0 33.65 64.8 18.31 35.2 4.66 9.0 2.55 4.9 4.99 9.6 2.66 5.1 3.45 6.6

Goods-producing(2)

1-99 workers

34.65 100.0 24.63 71.1 10.02 28.9 1.73 5.0 1.18 3.4 2.67 7.7 1.22 3.5 3.23 9.3

1-49 workers

32.82 100.0 23.79 72.5 9.03 27.5 1.54 4.7 1.07 3.3 2.27 6.9 0.96 2.9 3.19 9.7

50-99 workers

39.18 100.0 26.71 68.2 12.47 31.8 2.22 5.7 1.44 3.7 3.66 9.3 1.85 4.7 3.31 8.4

100 workers or more

45.62 100.0 29.53 64.7 16.09 35.3 3.36 7.4 2.20 4.8 4.67 10.2 2.34 5.1 3.53 7.7

100-499 workers

42.55 100.0 28.16 66.2 14.39 33.8 2.91 6.8 1.74 4.1 4.21 9.9 2.08 4.9 3.45 8.1

500 workers or more

50.32 100.0 31.63 62.9 18.69 37.1 4.05 8.0 2.89 5.7 5.37 10.7 2.73 5.4 3.64 7.2

Service-providing(3)

1-99 workers

29.10 100.0 21.66 74.5 7.43 25.5 1.89 6.5 0.69 2.4 1.88 6.5 0.66 2.3 2.32 8.0

1-49 workers

28.26 100.0 21.27 75.3 6.99 24.7 1.78 6.3 0.65 2.3 1.70 6.0 0.57 2.0 2.28 8.1

50-99 workers

32.25 100.0 23.16 71.8 9.09 28.2 2.30 7.1 0.81 2.5 2.53 7.8 0.97 3.0 2.48 7.7

100 workers or more

42.28 100.0 28.53 67.5 13.75 32.5 3.58 8.5 1.68 4.0 3.75 8.9 1.82 4.3 2.93 6.9

100-499 workers

34.33 100.0 24.11 70.2 10.22 29.8 2.61 7.6 1.05 3.1 2.84 8.3 1.17 3.4 2.55 7.4

500 workers or more

52.34 100.0 34.12 65.2 18.22 34.8 4.80 9.2 2.47 4.7 4.91 9.4 2.64 5.0 3.41 6.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [June 2020]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

40.58 100.0 27.78 68.5 12.80 31.5 3.22 7.9 1.41 3.5 3.47 8.5 1.57 3.9 3.13 7.7

New England

41.70 100.0 28.62 68.6 13.08 31.4 3.32 8.0 1.38 3.3 3.47 8.3 1.80 4.3 3.10 7.4

Middle Atlantic

40.19 100.0 27.49 68.4 12.70 31.6 3.19 7.9 1.42 3.5 3.47 8.6 1.49 3.7 3.14 7.8

South

31.66 100.0 22.71 71.7 8.95 28.3 2.20 6.9 1.13 3.6 2.25 7.1 1.02 3.2 2.35 7.4

South Atlantic

32.49 100.0 23.27 71.6 9.21 28.4 2.29 7.0 1.10 3.4 2.34 7.2 1.05 3.2 2.44 7.5

East South Central

28.93 100.0 20.61 71.2 8.33 28.8 1.97 6.8 0.97 3.4 2.27 7.9 0.97 3.3 2.14 7.4

West South Central

31.46 100.0 22.68 72.1 8.79 27.9 2.15 6.8 1.26 4.0 2.08 6.6 1.01 3.2 2.29 7.3

Midwest

34.20 100.0 23.58 69.0 10.62 31.0 2.41 7.1 1.30 3.8 3.05 8.9 1.26 3.7 2.59 7.6

East North Central

34.91 100.0 23.97 68.6 10.95 31.4 2.45 7.0 1.39 4.0 3.11 8.9 1.36 3.9 2.63 7.5

West North Central

32.62 100.0 22.73 69.7 9.89 30.3 2.32 7.1 1.10 3.4 2.93 9.0 1.03 3.2 2.50 7.7

West

40.69 100.0 28.54 70.1 12.15 29.9 3.06 7.5 1.17 2.9 3.26 8.0 1.50 3.7 3.15 7.7

Mountain

34.48 100.0 24.26 70.4 10.22 29.6 2.45 7.1 1.18 3.4 2.78 8.1 1.25 3.6 2.55 7.4

Pacific

43.35 100.0 30.38 70.1 12.98 29.9 3.32 7.7 1.17 2.7 3.47 8.0 1.60 3.7 3.41 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: September 17, 2020