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Economic News Release
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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, June 16, 2022			                    USDL-22-1176

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov


                       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - March 2022
                       
Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $40.90 per hour worked in
March 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries cost employers
$28.16 and accounted for 68.8 percent of total compensation, while benefits cost $12.74 and accounted 
for the remaining 31.2 percent. Total compensation costs for civilian workers were $15.60 at the 10th 
wage percentile, $31.39 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $78.58 at the 90th wage percentile. 
(See tables A and 1.)

Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $38.61 per hour worked in 
March 2022. Wage and salary costs averaged $27.19 and accounted for 70.4 percent of employer costs, 
while benefit costs were $11.42 and accounted for 29.6 percent. Total compensation costs for private 
industry workers were $14.97 at the 10th wage percentile, $28.60 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, 
and $74.46 at the 90th wage percentile. (See tables A, 1, and 4.)

State and local government employer costs averaged $55.47 per hour worked in March 2022. Wages and 
salaries averaged $34.32 per hour worked and represented 61.9 percent of total compensation costs, while
benefit costs averaged $21.15 and accounted for the remaining 38.1 percent. Total compensation costs 
for state and local government workers were $24.05 at the 10th wage percentile, $52.13 at the 50th 
(median) wage percentile, and $93.14 at the 90th wage percentile. (See tables A, 1, and 3.)

In March 2022, inflation-adjusted (constant dollar) private wages and salaries were $12.23 at the 10th 
wage percentile, $20.12 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $50.61 at the 90th wage percentile. 
In March 2013, inflation-adjusted (constant dollar) private wages and salaries were $10.11 at the 10th 
wage percentile, $19.01 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $47.96 at the 90th wage percentile. 
(See table A.)

For more information on average compensation costs within specified wage percentiles, see 
www.bls.gov/ect/compensation-percentile-estimates.htm.

Table A. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by wage percentiles [Mar. 2022]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile

Total compensation(2)

15.60 31.39 78.58 14.97 28.60 74.46 24.05 52.13 93.14

Wages and salaries

12.48 21.11 52.18 12.23 20.12 50.61 14.94 30.75 58.67

Total benefits

3.12 10.28 26.39 2.74 8.48 23.86 9.11 21.37 34.47

Paid leave

0.46 2.20 6.40 0.39 1.78 6.45 1.42 4.61 6.51

Supplemental pay

0.24 0.94 2.18 0.23 0.93 2.61 0.23 0.72 0.73

Insurance

0.81 3.43 6.67 0.64 2.71 5.72 3.87 6.47 9.36

Health insurance

0.79 3.29 6.30 0.62 2.59 5.33 3.81 6.30 9.08

Retirement and savings

0.18 1.24 6.05 0.07 0.67 3.90 1.94 6.48 13.38

Legally required benefits

1.43 2.48 5.09 1.40 2.40 5.18 1.65 3.09 4.49

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Metropolitan area private industry compensation costs are published each March reference period for the 
15 largest Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSA) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA). Total 
compensation costs in March 2022 for private industry workers ranged from $31.35 per hour worked in the 
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA to $60.65 in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA. 
(See table 8.)

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for June 2022 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
September 20, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


                                          
                                          TECHNICAL NOTE
                                          
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per hour
worked. The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and
state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, private household 
workers, and the agricultural sector. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

Total benefit costs consist of five major categories and include 18 benefit costs:
* Paid leave - vacation, holiday, sick, and personal leave; 
* Supplemental pay - overtime and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses; 
* Insurance - life, health, short-term and long-term disability; 
* Retirement and savings - defined benefit and defined contribution; and 
* Legally required benefits - Social Security (refers to Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
  Insurance (OASDI) program), Medicare, federal and state unemployment insurance, and Workers’
  Compensation.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access
or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between
employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the
percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans,
including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The National Compensation Measures provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time, see www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 29,800 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 7,400 private industry establishments 
and approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and 
local government establishments that provided data at the initial interview. Beginning December 2021, 
an additional (fourth) private industry sample is used in estimation to mitigate the impact 
of decreasing response rates.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to
ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels
in private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work
activities and occupational structures.

Classification systems
The National Compensation Survey publishes estimates of compensation costs and trends as well as
benefit coverage by ownership, industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas, see
www.bls.gov/ncs/national-compensation-survey-classification-systems-mapping-files.htm.

Additional information
Additional and historical ECEC estimates are available in the ECEC database query tool at 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm and in xlsx format at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/tables.htm. The 2022 ECEC 
release schedule is available at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Subscribe to receive 
the BLS Economic News Release email at public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Mar. 2022]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

40.90 100.0 38.61 100.0 55.47 100.0

Wages and salaries

28.16 68.8 27.19 70.4 34.32 61.9

Total benefits

12.74 31.2 11.42 29.6 21.15 38.1

Paid leave

3.04 7.4 2.88 7.5 4.08 7.4

Vacation

1.48 3.6 1.47 3.8 1.54 2.8

Holiday

0.90 2.2 0.86 2.2 1.15 2.1

Sick

0.48 1.2 0.39 1.0 1.06 1.9

Personal

0.18 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.33 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.25 3.1 1.37 3.5 0.54 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.34 0.8 0.36 0.9 0.24 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.84 2.1 0.93 2.4 0.25 0.5

Insurance

3.40 8.3 2.93 7.6 6.40 11.5

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.08 0.1

Health

3.23 7.9 2.76 7.1 6.24 11.3

Short-term disability

0.08 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

2.12 5.2 1.33 3.5 7.11 12.8

Defined benefit

1.28 3.1 0.44 1.2 6.62 11.9

Defined contribution

0.84 2.0 0.89 2.3 0.49 0.9

Legally Required benefits

2.93 7.2 2.91 7.5 3.02 5.4

Social Security and Medicare

2.30 5.6 2.29 5.9 2.37 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.83 4.5 1.84 4.8 1.80 3.3

Medicare

0.47 1.1 0.45 1.2 0.56 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.13 0.3 0.14 0.4 0.07 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.2 0.45 1.2 0.58 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

40.90 100.0 28.16 68.8 12.74 31.2 3.04 7.4 1.25 3.1 3.40 8.3 2.12 5.2 2.93 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

65.15 100.0 44.28 68.0 20.87 32.0 5.71 8.8 2.02 3.1 5.18 8.0 3.91 6.0 4.04 6.2

Management, business and financial

75.65 100.0 51.46 68.0 24.19 32.0 7.36 9.7 3.34 4.4 5.26 6.9 3.61 4.8 4.63 6.1

Professional and related

60.54 100.0 41.13 67.9 19.41 32.1 4.99 8.2 1.44 2.4 5.15 8.5 4.04 6.7 3.78 6.2

Teachers(3)

66.79 100.0 45.14 67.6 21.65 32.4 3.62 5.4 0.27 0.4 6.44 9.6 7.86 11.8 3.46 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

65.54 100.0 43.20 65.9 22.34 34.1 3.11 4.7 0.23 0.4 7.07 10.8 8.83 13.5 3.11 4.7

Registered nurses

62.76 100.0 41.38 65.9 21.38 34.1 6.42 10.2 2.31 3.7 5.38 8.6 3.00 4.8 4.27 6.8

Sales and office

29.85 100.0 21.21 71.0 8.64 29.0 2.00 6.7 0.77 2.6 2.64 8.9 1.04 3.5 2.18 7.3

Sales and related

28.88 100.0 22.13 76.6 6.75 23.4 1.62 5.6 0.79 2.7 1.51 5.2 0.63 2.2 2.20 7.6

Office and administrative support

30.48 100.0 20.62 67.7 9.86 32.3 2.25 7.4 0.75 2.5 3.37 11.1 1.31 4.3 2.18 7.1

Service

22.56 100.0 16.32 72.3 6.24 27.7 1.18 5.2 0.49 2.2 1.65 7.3 1.01 4.5 1.91 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

41.10 100.0 27.64 67.2 13.46 32.8 2.30 5.6 1.49 3.6 3.51 8.5 2.50 6.1 3.65 8.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

42.55 100.0 28.21 66.3 14.34 33.7 1.90 4.5 1.57 3.7 3.67 8.6 3.20 7.5 4.00 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

39.55 100.0 27.03 68.3 12.52 31.7 2.73 6.9 1.42 3.6 3.34 8.4 1.75 4.4 3.28 8.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

32.84 100.0 21.95 66.8 10.89 33.2 2.04 6.2 1.39 4.2 3.27 9.9 1.38 4.2 2.82 8.6

Production

31.04 100.0 20.71 66.7 10.33 33.3 1.92 6.2 1.56 5.0 3.30 10.6 1.00 3.2 2.55 8.2

Transportation and material moving

34.32 100.0 22.98 66.9 11.35 33.1 2.14 6.2 1.24 3.6 3.23 9.4 1.69 4.9 3.04 8.9

Industry group

Education and health services

46.57 100.0 31.56 67.8 15.01 32.2 3.61 7.8 0.70 1.5 4.40 9.4 3.34 7.2 2.95 6.3

Educational services

57.27 100.0 37.69 65.8 19.58 34.2 3.73 6.5 0.30 0.5 6.04 10.6 6.47 11.3 3.05 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

56.09 100.0 36.43 64.9 19.66 35.1 2.96 5.3 0.24 0.4 6.39 11.4 7.27 13.0 2.81 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

64.17 100.0 42.39 66.1 21.78 33.9 5.69 8.9 0.41 0.6 6.16 9.6 5.89 9.2 3.62 5.6

Health care and social assistance

40.04 100.0 27.82 69.5 12.22 30.5 3.54 8.8 0.95 2.4 3.40 8.5 1.44 3.6 2.89 7.2

Hospitals

54.28 100.0 35.48 65.4 18.80 34.6 5.31 9.8 1.90 3.5 5.34 9.8 2.67 4.9 3.58 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

55.47 100.0 34.32 61.9 21.15 38.1 4.08 7.4 0.54 1.0 6.40 11.5 7.11 12.8 3.02 5.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

66.13 100.0 42.29 64.0 23.84 36.0 4.54 6.9 0.42 0.6 6.98 10.6 8.53 12.9 3.37 5.1

Professional and related

64.26 100.0 41.37 64.4 22.89 35.6 4.04 6.3 0.40 0.6 6.95 10.8 8.25 12.8 3.25 5.1

Teachers(2)

72.56 100.0 47.94 66.1 24.62 33.9 3.53 4.9 0.29 0.4 7.48 10.3 9.90 13.6 3.43 4.7

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

72.14 100.0 46.94 65.1 25.20 34.9 3.19 4.4 0.27 0.4 7.98 11.1 10.52 14.6 3.23 4.5

Sales and office

38.47 100.0 22.04 57.3 16.43 42.7 3.33 8.7 0.34 0.9 6.04 15.7 4.43 11.5 2.28 5.9

Office and administrative support

38.63 100.0 22.07 57.1 16.56 42.9 3.35 8.7 0.34 0.9 6.12 15.8 4.47 11.6 2.28 5.9

Service

41.24 100.0 23.60 57.2 17.64 42.8 3.45 8.4 0.89 2.2 5.09 12.3 5.66 13.7 2.55 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

57.75 100.0 36.93 63.9 20.82 36.1 3.72 6.4 0.37 0.6 6.55 11.3 7.26 12.6 2.93 5.1

Educational services

59.11 100.0 38.01 64.3 21.11 35.7 3.56 6.0 0.28 0.5 6.65 11.3 7.70 13.0 2.92 4.9

Elementary and secondary schools

57.46 100.0 36.94 64.3 20.52 35.7 2.93 5.1 0.25 0.4 6.72 11.7 7.86 13.7 2.77 4.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

63.91 100.0 41.11 64.3 22.80 35.7 5.41 8.5 0.35 0.6 6.45 10.1 7.24 11.3 3.35 5.2

Health care and social assistance

49.37 100.0 30.30 61.4 19.07 38.6 4.71 9.5 0.96 2.0 5.90 12.0 4.53 9.2 2.96 6.0

Hospitals

52.30 100.0 32.73 62.6 19.57 37.4 4.97 9.5 1.11 2.1 5.88 11.2 4.48 8.6 3.12 6.0

Public administration

53.61 100.0 30.90 57.6 22.71 42.4 4.94 9.2 0.83 1.5 6.35 11.8 7.35 13.7 3.24 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

38.61 100.0 27.19 70.4 11.42 29.6 2.88 7.5 1.37 3.5 2.93 7.6 1.33 3.5 2.91 7.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

64.84 100.0 44.92 69.3 19.92 30.7 6.09 9.4 2.53 3.9 4.60 7.1 2.43 3.7 4.26 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.39 100.0 51.89 68.8 23.50 31.2 7.32 9.7 3.69 4.9 5.02 6.7 2.78 3.7 4.70 6.2

Professional and related occupations

58.93 100.0 41.02 69.6 17.91 30.4 5.40 9.2 1.89 3.2 4.37 7.4 2.23 3.8 4.01 6.8

Sales and office occupations

29.11 100.0 21.14 72.6 7.97 27.4 1.89 6.5 0.80 2.8 2.35 8.1 0.75 2.6 2.18 7.5

Sales and related occupations

28.85 100.0 22.14 76.7 6.71 23.3 1.62 5.6 0.79 2.8 1.50 5.2 0.61 2.1 2.20 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

29.30 100.0 20.41 69.6 8.89 30.4 2.09 7.1 0.81 2.8 2.98 10.2 0.86 2.9 2.16 7.4

Service occupations

19.80 100.0 15.25 77.0 4.55 23.0 0.84 4.3 0.43 2.2 1.14 5.8 0.32 1.6 1.82 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.56 100.0 27.60 68.0 12.96 32.0 2.15 5.3 1.54 3.8 3.29 8.1 2.28 5.6 3.70 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

42.13 100.0 28.24 67.0 13.89 33.0 1.71 4.1 1.64 3.9 3.44 8.2 3.03 7.2 4.08 9.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.91 100.0 26.92 69.2 11.98 30.8 2.61 6.7 1.44 3.7 3.14 8.1 1.49 3.8 3.30 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.42 100.0 21.83 67.3 10.59 32.7 2.00 6.2 1.41 4.3 3.15 9.7 1.22 3.8 2.81 8.7

Production occupations

30.74 100.0 20.58 66.9 10.17 33.1 1.89 6.1 1.57 5.1 3.25 10.6 0.92 3.0 2.54 8.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

33.87 100.0 22.91 67.6 10.96 32.4 2.10 6.2 1.27 3.7 3.06 9.0 1.49 4.4 3.05 9.0

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.36 100.0 28.58 67.5 13.78 32.5 2.73 6.5 1.93 4.5 3.73 8.8 1.94 4.6 3.45 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

72.15 100.0 49.40 68.5 22.76 31.5 6.46 9.0 3.04 4.2 5.14 7.1 3.34 4.6 4.77 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.00 100.0 53.16 69.9 22.85 30.1 6.78 8.9 3.07 4.0 4.98 6.6 3.01 4.0 5.00 6.6

Professional and related occupations

67.90 100.0 45.24 66.6 22.66 33.4 6.12 9.0 3.00 4.4 5.32 7.8 3.71 5.5 4.51 6.6

Sales and office occupations

35.25 100.0 25.11 71.2 10.14 28.8 2.28 6.5 1.23 3.5 3.04 8.6 0.92 2.6 2.67 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

31.19 100.0 22.05 70.7 9.14 29.3 1.94 6.2 1.05 3.4 2.97 9.5 0.76 2.4 2.42 7.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

42.14 100.0 28.33 67.2 13.82 32.8 1.86 4.4 1.77 4.2 3.44 8.2 2.73 6.5 4.02 9.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

42.58 100.0 28.52 67.0 14.05 33.0 1.66 3.9 1.70 4.0 3.43 8.1 3.09 7.3 4.17 9.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.71 100.0 27.67 68.0 13.04 32.0 2.53 6.2 1.98 4.9 3.49 8.6 1.51 3.7 3.52 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.38 100.0 21.27 65.7 11.11 34.3 2.00 6.2 1.78 5.5 3.59 11.1 1.05 3.2 2.69 8.3

Production occupations

32.45 100.0 21.26 65.5 11.18 34.5 2.06 6.4 1.80 5.5 3.70 11.4 0.99 3.1 2.63 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.09 100.0 21.31 66.4 10.78 33.6 1.73 5.4 1.71 5.3 3.06 9.5 1.32 4.1 2.96 9.2

Construction industry

42.88 100.0 29.83 69.6 13.05 30.4 1.96 4.6 1.60 3.7 3.17 7.4 2.32 5.4 4.00 9.3

Manufacturing industry

41.99 100.0 27.85 66.3 14.14 33.7 3.17 7.6 2.08 4.9 4.04 9.6 1.73 4.1 3.12 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

74.23 100.0 50.01 67.4 24.22 32.6 6.96 9.4 3.20 4.3 5.50 7.4 3.79 5.1 4.76 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

79.95 100.0 54.97 68.8 24.98 31.2 7.63 9.5 3.32 4.1 5.43 6.8 3.58 4.5 5.03 6.3

Professional and related occupations

69.45 100.0 45.86 66.0 23.59 34.0 6.41 9.2 3.11 4.5 5.57 8.0 3.97 5.7 4.53 6.5

Sales and office occupations

35.77 100.0 24.92 69.7 10.85 30.3 2.56 7.2 1.37 3.8 3.28 9.2 1.07 3.0 2.56 7.2

Office and administrative support occupations

31.63 100.0 21.80 68.9 9.83 31.1 2.15 6.8 1.13 3.6 3.35 10.6 0.91 2.9 2.29 7.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

46.14 100.0 28.77 62.3 17.38 37.7 3.10 6.7 2.68 5.8 4.82 10.5 3.14 6.8 3.63 7.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

44.68 100.0 28.94 64.8 15.74 35.2 3.24 7.2 2.55 5.7 4.55 10.2 1.87 4.2 3.53 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.02 100.0 20.96 65.5 11.06 34.5 2.05 6.4 1.76 5.5 3.64 11.4 0.99 3.1 2.62 8.2

Production occupations

32.28 100.0 21.10 65.4 11.18 34.6 2.08 6.5 1.79 5.6 3.72 11.5 0.97 3.0 2.61 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

30.46 100.0 20.09 66.0 10.36 34.0 1.83 6.0 1.60 5.3 3.12 10.2 1.13 3.7 2.68 8.8

Aircraft manufacturing industry

88.57 100.0 49.94 56.4 38.63 43.6 7.68 8.7 5.34 6.0 7.90 8.9 12.60 14.2 5.11 5.8

Service-providing industries(3)

37.87 100.0 26.91 71.1 10.96 28.9 2.91 7.7 1.26 3.3 2.77 7.3 1.21 3.2 2.81 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

64.02 100.0 44.42 69.4 19.60 30.6 6.05 9.5 2.48 3.9 4.54 7.1 2.33 3.6 4.20 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.29 100.0 51.68 68.6 23.61 31.4 7.42 9.9 3.79 5.0 5.02 6.7 2.74 3.6 4.64 6.2

Professional and related occupations

58.22 100.0 40.69 69.9 17.53 30.1 5.35 9.2 1.80 3.1 4.30 7.4 2.11 3.6 3.97 6.8

Sales and office occupations

28.68 100.0 20.86 72.7 7.82 27.3 1.86 6.5 0.77 2.7 2.30 8.0 0.74 2.6 2.14 7.5

Sales and related occupations

28.14 100.0 21.65 76.9 6.49 23.1 1.55 5.5 0.76 2.7 1.45 5.1 0.58 2.1 2.15 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

29.11 100.0 20.24 69.5 8.87 30.5 2.11 7.2 0.78 2.7 2.98 10.2 0.87 3.0 2.13 7.3

Service occupations

19.77 100.0 15.23 77.1 4.54 22.9 0.84 4.3 0.42 2.1 1.14 5.8 0.32 1.6 1.81 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

38.30 100.0 26.56 69.3 11.74 30.7 2.56 6.7 1.22 3.2 3.08 8.0 1.64 4.3 3.25 8.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.21 100.0 26.64 69.7 11.57 30.3 2.64 6.9 1.23 3.2 3.01 7.9 1.48 3.9 3.22 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.45 100.0 22.24 68.5 10.21 31.5 2.00 6.2 1.13 3.5 2.83 8.7 1.35 4.2 2.90 8.9

Production occupations

25.67 100.0 18.53 72.2 7.13 27.8 1.36 5.3 0.87 3.4 1.93 7.5 0.70 2.7 2.28 8.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

34.17 100.0 23.18 67.8 10.99 32.2 2.16 6.3 1.19 3.5 3.06 9.0 1.51 4.4 3.06 9.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.59 100.0 23.25 71.3 9.34 28.7 2.14 6.6 0.99 3.0 2.43 7.5 1.19 3.6 2.60 8.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.99 100.0 45.60 71.3 18.39 28.7 5.71 8.9 2.26 3.5 3.88 6.1 2.33 3.6 4.22 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

73.53 100.0 52.24 71.1 21.28 28.9 6.80 9.2 2.91 4.0 4.28 5.8 2.61 3.6 4.68 6.4

Professional and related occupations

50.82 100.0 36.43 71.7 14.39 28.3 4.21 8.3 1.36 2.7 3.32 6.5 1.93 3.8 3.57 7.0

Sales and office occupations

24.97 100.0 18.81 75.3 6.16 24.7 1.36 5.4 0.60 2.4 1.63 6.5 0.59 2.4 1.98 7.9

Sales and related occupations

23.93 100.0 18.68 78.1 5.25 21.9 1.15 4.8 0.58 2.4 1.14 4.8 0.46 1.9 1.92 8.0

Office and administrative support occupations

26.96 100.0 19.05 70.7 7.91 29.3 1.75 6.5 0.65 2.4 2.57 9.5 0.86 3.2 2.08 7.7

Service occupations

21.80 100.0 15.98 73.3 5.82 26.7 1.13 5.2 0.59 2.7 1.49 6.8 0.74 3.4 1.88 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

42.51 100.0 28.62 67.3 13.89 32.7 2.99 7.0 1.51 3.6 3.62 8.5 2.29 5.4 3.48 8.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

42.55 100.0 28.81 67.7 13.74 32.3 3.00 7.1 1.54 3.6 3.53 8.3 2.20 5.2 3.47 8.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

36.66 100.0 24.55 67.0 12.11 33.0 2.46 6.7 1.27 3.5 3.40 9.3 1.79 4.9 3.18 8.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

37.20 100.0 24.89 66.9 12.31 33.1 2.50 6.7 1.27 3.4 3.44 9.3 1.84 5.0 3.25 8.7

Wholesale trade industry

44.11 100.0 31.41 71.2 12.70 28.8 3.36 7.6 1.65 3.7 3.07 7.0 1.39 3.1 3.24 7.3

Sales and office occupations

42.61 100.0 31.28 73.4 11.33 26.6 3.03 7.1 1.14 2.7 2.90 6.8 1.27 3.0 3.00 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

29.49 100.0 20.82 70.6 8.67 29.4 2.04 6.9 1.02 3.4 2.67 9.1 0.72 2.4 2.23 7.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.22 100.0 20.67 68.4 9.55 31.6 1.88 6.2 1.33 4.4 2.66 8.8 0.94 3.1 2.73 9.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.96 100.0 20.56 68.6 9.39 31.4 1.82 6.1 1.29 4.3 2.54 8.5 0.97 3.3 2.76 9.2

Retail trade industry

23.11 100.0 17.71 76.6 5.41 23.4 1.16 5.0 0.57 2.4 1.32 5.7 0.43 1.9 1.93 8.4

Sales and office occupations

20.49 100.0 15.94 77.8 4.55 22.2 0.90 4.4 0.48 2.3 1.11 5.4 0.35 1.7 1.71 8.3

Sales and related occupations

19.83 100.0 15.70 79.2 4.13 20.8 0.79 4.0 0.49 2.5 0.89 4.5 0.28 1.4 1.69 8.5

Office and administrative support occupations

22.62 100.0 16.71 73.9 5.91 26.1 1.27 5.6 0.45 2.0 1.83 8.1 0.57 2.5 1.79 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.83 100.0 16.43 72.0 6.39 28.0 1.13 4.9 0.59 2.6 1.88 8.3 0.56 2.5 2.23 9.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.42 100.0 16.19 72.2 6.23 27.8 1.08 4.8 0.58 2.6 1.80 8.0 0.51 2.3 2.26 10.1

Transportation and warehousing industry

41.83 100.0 27.69 66.2 14.14 33.8 3.05 7.3 1.31 3.1 4.11 9.8 2.26 5.4 3.42 8.2

Utilities industry

73.33 100.0 45.05 61.4 28.28 38.6 6.61 9.0 2.50 3.4 6.93 9.5 7.21 9.8 5.03 6.9

Information industry

62.95 100.0 41.96 66.6 21.00 33.4 6.15 9.8 2.98 4.7 5.27 8.4 2.56 4.1 4.03 6.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

81.13 100.0 54.31 66.9 26.82 33.1 8.43 10.4 4.11 5.1 6.26 7.7 3.03 3.7 5.00 6.2

Professional and related occupations

74.97 100.0 49.97 66.7 25.00 33.3 7.58 10.1 3.57 4.8 6.12 8.2 3.00 4.0 4.73 6.3

Sales and office occupations

39.11 100.0 26.01 66.5 13.10 33.5 3.26 8.3 1.45 3.7 4.03 10.3 (4)1.72 4.4 2.63 6.7

Financial activities industry

53.21 100.0 35.48 66.7 17.74 33.3 4.71 8.9 3.27 6.1 4.53 8.5 1.87 3.5 3.35 6.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

78.61 100.0 51.23 65.2 27.38 34.8 7.68 9.8 6.04 7.7 5.86 7.5 3.10 3.9 4.69 6.0

Management, business, and financial occupations

78.87 100.0 51.22 64.9 27.65 35.1 7.63 9.7 6.57 8.3 5.79 7.3 3.03 3.8 4.64 5.9

Professional and related occupations

77.75 100.0 51.27 65.9 26.48 34.1 7.81 10.0 4.33 5.6 6.11 7.9 3.35 4.3 4.88 6.3

Sales and office occupations

38.20 100.0 26.19 68.6 12.01 31.4 2.96 7.7 1.59 4.2 3.83 10.0 1.18 3.1 2.45 6.4

Sales and related occupations

51.45 100.0 37.54 73.0 13.91 27.0 3.77 7.3 2.18 4.2 3.32 6.5 1.58 3.1 3.07 6.0

Office and administrative support occupations

33.38 100.0 22.06 66.1 11.32 33.9 2.67 8.0 1.38 4.1 4.02 12.0 1.04 3.1 2.22 6.7

Finance and insurance industry

60.01 100.0 39.47 65.8 20.54 34.2 5.48 9.1 4.04 6.7 5.11 8.5 2.31 3.8 3.60 6.0

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

52.93 100.0 35.05 66.2 17.89 33.8 4.99 9.4 2.95 5.6 4.73 8.9 1.97 3.7 3.26 6.2

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

54.86 100.0 36.16 65.9 18.70 34.1 4.86 8.9 3.04 5.5 5.10 9.3 2.25 4.1 3.47 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

33.28 100.0 23.76 71.4 9.52 28.6 2.47 7.4 1.02 3.1 2.82 8.5 0.60 1.8 2.61 7.8

Professional and business services industry

47.08 100.0 33.50 71.1 13.59 28.9 3.86 8.2 1.84 3.9 3.15 6.7 1.38 2.9 3.35 7.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

71.07 100.0 49.64 69.8 21.43 30.2 6.69 9.4 3.04 4.3 4.62 6.5 2.46 3.5 4.62 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

78.66 100.0 54.63 69.5 24.03 30.5 7.80 9.9 3.77 4.8 4.88 6.2 2.72 3.5 4.86 6.2

Professional and related occupations

65.86 100.0 46.22 70.2 19.65 29.8 5.93 9.0 2.55 3.9 4.44 6.7 2.29 3.5 4.45 6.8

Sales and office occupations

31.36 100.0 22.76 72.6 8.60 27.4 2.13 6.8 0.89 2.8 2.59 8.2 0.66 2.1 2.33 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

29.18 100.0 20.84 71.4 8.35 28.6 2.07 7.1 0.83 2.8 2.69 9.2 0.61 2.1 2.15 7.4

Service occupations

21.95 100.0 16.85 76.7 5.11 23.3 0.96 4.4 0.65 3.0 1.26 5.7 0.20 0.9 2.03 9.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

24.17 100.0 18.11 74.9 6.06 25.1 0.91 3.8 0.99 4.1 1.45 6.0 0.34 1.4 2.37 9.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

26.39 100.0 19.32 73.2 7.07 26.8 1.04 4.0 1.29 4.9 1.76 6.7 0.37 1.4 2.60 9.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services industry

62.75 100.0 44.20 70.4 18.55 29.6 5.67 9.0 2.52 4.0 4.21 6.7 1.98 3.2 4.17 6.6

Administrative and waste services industry

26.86 100.0 20.17 75.1 6.68 24.9 1.43 5.3 0.76 2.8 1.69 6.3 0.46 1.7 2.34 8.7

Education and health services industry

40.87 100.0 28.82 70.5 12.04 29.5 3.55 8.7 0.87 2.1 3.30 8.1 1.35 3.3 2.96 7.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

54.53 100.0 38.27 70.2 16.25 29.8 5.14 9.4 1.18 2.2 4.19 7.7 1.99 3.6 3.75 6.9

Management, business, and financial occupations

65.90 100.0 46.22 70.1 19.68 29.9 7.33 11.1 0.81 1.2 4.78 7.3 2.53 3.8 4.22 6.4

Professional and related occupations

53.39 100.0 37.48 70.2 15.91 29.8 4.92 9.2 1.22 2.3 4.13 7.7 1.93 3.6 3.71 6.9

Sales and office occupations

30.49 100.0 21.38 70.1 9.12 29.9 2.51 8.2 0.41 1.4 3.07 10.1 0.85 2.8 2.27 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

29.10 100.0 20.16 69.3 8.94 30.7 2.38 8.2 0.43 1.5 3.10 10.6 0.87 3.0 2.16 7.4

Service occupations

23.59 100.0 17.02 72.2 6.57 27.8 1.48 6.3 0.57 2.4 1.99 8.4 0.55 2.3 1.98 8.4

Educational services industry

51.22 100.0 36.65 71.6 14.56 28.4 4.28 8.4 0.35 0.7 4.04 7.9 2.41 4.7 3.47 6.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

56.20 100.0 40.58 72.2 15.62 27.8 4.70 8.4 0.37 0.7 4.18 7.4 2.61 4.6 3.77 6.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

70.57 100.0 49.31 69.9 21.26 30.1 7.76 11.0 (4)0.77 1.1 5.10 7.2 3.32 4.7 4.31 6.1

Professional and related occupations

53.28 100.0 38.80 72.8 14.48 27.2 4.08 7.7 0.28 0.5 3.99 7.5 2.47 4.6 3.66 6.9

Sales and office occupations

32.91 100.0 21.84 66.4 11.06 33.6 2.82 8.6 0.20 0.6 4.23 12.9 1.60 4.9 2.22 6.7

Office and administrative support occupations

32.61 100.0 21.51 66.0 11.10 34.0 2.77 8.5 0.20 0.6 4.31 13.2 1.63 5.0 2.18 6.7

Service occupations

26.58 100.0 18.28 68.8 8.29 31.2 2.05 7.7 0.34 1.3 2.42 9.1 1.34 5.0 2.14 8.1

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

64.63 100.0 44.64 69.1 19.99 30.9 6.18 9.6 0.52 0.8 5.65 8.7 3.53 5.5 4.10 6.4

Health care and social assistance industry

39.27 100.0 27.62 70.3 11.65 29.7 3.44 8.8 0.95 2.4 3.19 8.1 1.19 3.0 2.88 7.3

Registered nurse occupations

63.08 100.0 41.87 66.4 21.21 33.6 6.61 10.5 2.42 3.8 5.21 8.3 2.58 4.1 4.40 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

54.10 100.0 37.69 69.7 16.42 30.3 5.26 9.7 1.39 2.6 4.19 7.7 1.83 3.4 3.75 6.9

Professional and related occupations

53.41 100.0 37.17 69.6 16.24 30.4 5.12 9.6 1.43 2.7 4.16 7.8 1.81 3.4 3.72 7.0

Sales and office occupations

30.22 100.0 21.33 70.6 8.89 29.4 2.48 8.2 0.44 1.4 2.94 9.7 0.76 2.5 2.28 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

28.68 100.0 20.00 69.7 8.68 30.3 2.33 8.1 0.46 1.6 2.95 10.3 0.78 2.7 2.16 7.5

Service occupations

23.48 100.0 16.97 72.3 6.51 27.7 1.46 6.2 0.57 2.4 1.98 8.4 0.52 2.2 1.98 8.4

Hospitals industry

54.70 100.0 36.06 65.9 18.64 34.1 5.38 9.8 2.07 3.8 5.23 9.6 2.29 4.2 3.68 6.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

64.57 100.0 43.03 66.6 21.53 33.4 6.55 10.1 2.39 3.7 5.60 8.7 2.70 4.2 4.30 6.7

Registered nurse occupations

65.25 100.0 42.45 65.1 22.80 34.9 6.77 10.4 2.82 4.3 5.85 9.0 2.92 4.5 4.44 6.8

Service occupations

30.59 100.0 19.03 62.2 11.57 37.8 2.42 7.9 1.51 4.9 4.03 13.2 1.40 4.6 2.22 7.3

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

26.56 100.0 19.32 72.7 7.24 27.3 1.83 6.9 0.69 2.6 2.13 8.0 0.40 1.5 2.19 8.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

40.31 100.0 29.28 72.6 11.03 27.4 3.25 8.1 1.04 2.6 2.93 7.3 0.78 1.9 3.03 7.5

Service occupations

21.28 100.0 15.49 72.8 5.79 27.2 1.28 6.0 0.58 2.7 1.80 8.5 0.26 1.2 1.87 8.8

Nursing care facilities industry

28.80 100.0 20.82 72.3 7.98 27.7 2.00 6.9 0.82 2.9 2.38 8.3 0.46 1.6 2.32 8.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

43.52 100.0 31.96 73.4 11.56 26.6 3.36 7.7 1.19 2.7 3.00 6.9 0.73 1.7 3.27 7.5

Service occupations

21.91 100.0 15.60 71.2 6.30 28.8 1.34 6.1 0.68 3.1 2.07 9.4 0.34 1.5 1.88 8.6

Leisure and hospitality industry

17.70 100.0 14.29 80.8 3.41 19.2 0.53 3.0 0.27 1.5 0.71 4.0 0.19 1.1 1.71 9.7

Sales and office occupations

20.46 100.0 15.78 77.1 4.68 22.9 0.91 4.5 0.25 1.2 1.48 7.3 0.28 1.4 1.75 8.6

Service occupations

16.14 100.0 13.24 82.0 2.90 18.0 0.36 2.2 0.25 1.5 0.53 3.3 0.16 1.0 1.60 9.9

Accommodation and food services industry

16.78 100.0 13.62 81.1 3.17 18.9 0.44 2.6 0.27 1.6 0.64 3.8 0.17 1.0 1.65 9.8

Other services industry

33.51 100.0 24.97 74.5 8.54 25.5 2.21 6.6 0.45 1.4 2.09 6.3 1.15 3.4 2.62 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Mar. 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union workers

52.19 100.0 31.27 59.9 20.92 40.1 3.73 7.1 1.93 3.7 6.90 13.2 4.52 8.7 3.85 7.4

Goods-producing industries(2)

55.66 100.0 31.79 57.1 23.87 42.9 3.01 5.4 2.65 4.8 7.86 14.1 6.01 10.8 4.35 7.8

Manufacturing industry

47.08 100.0 26.54 56.4 20.54 43.6 3.35 7.1 2.97 6.3 7.35 15.6 3.47 7.4 3.40 7.2

Service-providing industries(3)

50.66 100.0 31.04 61.3 19.62 38.7 4.05 8.0 1.61 3.2 6.47 12.8 3.86 7.6 3.63 7.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

50.71 100.0 31.02 61.2 19.68 38.8 3.96 7.8 1.68 3.3 6.31 12.4 4.09 8.1 3.63 7.2

Retail trade industry

26.13 100.0 16.46 63.0 9.67 37.0 1.54 5.9 0.56 2.1 3.76 14.4 1.74 6.7 2.06 7.9

Transportation and warehousing industry

62.10 100.0 38.08 61.3 24.02 38.7 5.10 8.2 2.18 3.5 7.52 12.1 4.91 7.9 4.32 7.0

Education and health services industry

58.50 100.0 35.41 60.5 23.09 39.5 5.20 8.9 1.91 3.3 7.85 13.4 4.11 7.0 4.03 6.9

Health care and social assistance industry

57.96 100.0 34.87 60.2 23.09 39.8 5.18 8.9 2.06 3.6 7.76 13.4 4.06 7.0 4.02 6.9

Nonunion workers

37.38 100.0 26.82 71.7 10.56 28.3 2.80 7.5 1.32 3.5 2.57 6.9 1.05 2.8 2.83 7.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

39.95 100.0 28.00 70.1 11.95 29.9 2.68 6.7 1.80 4.5 2.98 7.5 1.21 3.0 3.29 8.2

Manufacturing industries

41.08 100.0 28.08 68.4 13.00 31.6 3.14 7.7 1.92 4.7 3.45 8.4 1.42 3.5 3.07 7.5

Service-providing industries(3)

36.92 100.0 26.61 72.1 10.32 27.9 2.82 7.6 1.23 3.3 2.50 6.8 1.02 2.8 2.75 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

29.87 100.0 22.08 73.9 7.79 26.1 1.86 6.2 0.89 3.0 1.85 6.2 0.75 2.5 2.44 8.2

Retail trade industries

22.88 100.0 17.80 77.8 5.08 22.2 1.13 4.9 0.57 2.5 1.13 5.0 0.33 1.4 1.92 8.4

Transportation and warehousing industries

32.70 100.0 23.01 70.4 9.69 29.6 2.12 6.5 0.92 2.8 2.57 7.9 1.06 3.2 3.01 9.2

Education and health services industries

39.69 100.0 28.38 71.5 11.30 28.5 3.44 8.7 0.80 2.0 3.00 7.6 1.16 2.9 2.89 7.3

Health care and social assistance industries

37.97 100.0 27.11 71.4 10.86 28.6 3.32 8.7 0.88 2.3 2.87 7.6 0.99 2.6 2.80 7.4

Full-time workers

44.58 100.0 30.74 69.0 13.84 31.0 3.57 8.0 1.71 3.8 3.66 8.2 1.67 3.7 3.23 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

67.01 100.0 46.05 68.7 20.96 31.3 6.39 9.5 2.72 4.1 4.94 7.4 2.58 3.9 4.33 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.99 100.0 52.22 68.7 23.77 31.3 7.42 9.8 3.74 4.9 5.08 6.7 2.81 3.7 4.72 6.2

Professional and related occupations

61.22 100.0 42.08 68.7 19.14 31.3 5.72 9.4 2.06 3.4 4.85 7.9 2.43 4.0 4.08 6.7

Sales and office occupations

34.02 100.0 23.99 70.5 10.02 29.5 2.50 7.3 1.05 3.1 3.09 9.1 0.98 2.9 2.41 7.1

Sales and related occupations

39.51 100.0 29.32 74.2 10.19 25.8 2.71 6.9 1.27 3.2 2.45 6.2 0.99 2.5 2.76 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

31.33 100.0 21.39 68.3 9.94 31.7 2.40 7.7 0.94 3.0 3.40 10.9 0.97 3.1 2.24 7.2

Service occupations

23.98 100.0 17.44 72.7 6.54 27.3 1.37 5.7 0.67 2.8 1.99 8.3 0.51 2.1 2.01 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

41.30 100.0 28.00 67.8 13.31 32.2 2.22 5.4 1.59 3.8 3.42 8.3 2.34 5.7 3.74 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

42.50 100.0 28.45 67.0 14.05 33.0 1.74 4.1 1.66 3.9 3.51 8.3 3.04 7.1 4.10 9.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.01 100.0 27.50 68.7 12.51 31.3 2.74 6.8 1.51 3.8 3.32 8.3 1.58 3.9 3.36 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

34.63 100.0 23.01 66.5 11.61 33.5 2.27 6.6 1.57 4.5 3.52 10.2 1.36 3.9 2.88 8.3

Production occupations

31.78 100.0 21.05 66.2 10.73 33.8 2.00 6.3 1.67 5.3 3.49 11.0 0.99 3.1 2.58 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

37.68 100.0 25.12 66.7 12.56 33.3 2.56 6.8 1.47 3.9 3.56 9.4 1.77 4.7 3.20 8.5

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.88 100.0 28.87 67.3 14.01 32.7 2.79 6.5 1.96 4.6 3.81 8.9 1.97 4.6 3.47 8.1

Construction industry

43.30 100.0 30.06 69.4 13.25 30.6 1.99 4.6 1.63 3.8 3.24 7.5 2.37 5.5 4.02 9.3

Manufacturing industry

42.55 100.0 28.16 66.2 14.39 33.8 3.25 7.6 2.11 5.0 4.13 9.7 1.75 4.1 3.15 7.4

Service-providing industries(3)

45.04 100.0 31.25 69.4 13.79 30.6 3.79 8.4 1.64 3.6 3.62 8.0 1.58 3.5 3.16 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

39.90 100.0 27.73 69.5 12.17 30.5 2.98 7.5 1.34 3.4 3.24 8.1 1.60 4.0 3.01 7.5

Information industry

67.87 100.0 44.98 66.3 22.89 33.7 6.64 9.8 3.31 4.9 5.80 8.6 2.83 4.2 4.30 6.3

Financial activities industry

55.33 100.0 36.70 66.3 18.63 33.7 4.97 9.0 3.47 6.3 4.76 8.6 1.98 3.6 3.45 6.2

Professional and business services industry

51.36 100.0 36.12 70.3 15.24 29.7 4.41 8.6 2.09 4.1 3.61 7.0 1.60 3.1 3.53 6.9

Education and health services industry

43.19 100.0 29.85 69.1 13.34 30.9 3.94 9.1 0.93 2.2 3.93 9.1 1.53 3.6 3.01 7.0

Leisure and hospitality industry

24.19 100.0 18.36 75.9 5.83 24.1 1.18 4.9 0.53 2.2 1.60 6.6 0.43 1.8 2.09 8.6

Other services industry

39.18 100.0 28.31 72.2 10.88 27.8 2.97 7.6 0.58 1.5 2.85 7.3 1.58 4.0 2.89 7.4

Part-time workers

20.84 100.0 16.62 79.7 4.22 20.3 0.81 3.9 0.35 1.7 0.73 3.5 0.35 1.7 1.98 9.5

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

46.02 100.0 35.12 76.3 10.91 23.7 3.51 7.6 0.95 2.1 1.72 3.7 1.09 2.4 3.63 7.9

Professional and related occupations

46.02 100.0 35.05 76.2 10.96 23.8 3.59 7.8 0.96 2.1 1.68 3.6 1.09 2.4 3.65 7.9

Sales and office occupations

18.11 100.0 14.73 81.3 3.38 18.7 0.52 2.9 0.26 1.4 0.69 3.8 0.25 1.4 1.65 9.1

Sales and related occupations

16.41 100.0 13.75 83.8 2.66 16.2 0.34 2.1 0.23 1.4 0.38 2.3 0.16 1.0 1.55 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

21.02 100.0 16.41 78.1 4.61 21.9 0.84 4.0 0.29 1.4 1.24 5.9 0.41 2.0 1.83 8.7

Service occupations

15.80 100.0 13.15 83.2 2.65 16.8 0.34 2.2 0.20 1.2 0.34 2.2 0.14 0.9 1.63 10.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.01 100.0 16.25 73.8 5.76 26.2 0.72 3.3 0.61 2.8 1.39 6.3 0.56 2.5 2.49 11.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.89 100.0 16.54 72.3 6.35 27.7 0.78 3.4 0.67 2.9 1.63 7.1 0.67 2.9 2.60 11.4

Industry group

Service-providing industries(3)

20.77 100.0 16.58 79.8 4.19 20.2 0.81 3.9 0.35 1.7 0.73 3.5 0.33 1.6 1.97 9.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

19.15 100.0 15.00 78.4 4.14 21.6 0.58 3.0 0.35 1.8 0.95 4.9 0.42 2.2 1.84 9.6

Professional and business services industry

22.97 100.0 18.69 81.4 4.28 18.6 0.76 3.3 0.45 2.0 0.58 2.5 0.17 0.7 2.32 10.1

Education and health services industry

33.49 100.0 25.58 76.4 7.91 23.6 2.34 7.0 0.69 2.0 1.33 4.0 0.76 2.3 2.80 8.3

Leisure and hospitality industry

14.18 100.0 12.09 85.2 2.09 14.8 0.17 1.2 0.13 0.9 0.22 1.6 0.07 0.5 1.50 10.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Mar. 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

38.61 100.0 27.19 70.4 11.42 29.6 2.88 7.5 1.37 3.5 2.93 7.6 1.33 3.5 2.91 7.5

1-99 workers

31.90 100.0 23.71 74.3 8.19 25.7 1.98 6.2 0.84 2.6 2.01 6.3 0.76 2.4 2.60 8.1

1-49 workers

30.91 100.0 23.20 75.1 7.70 24.9 1.85 6.0 0.79 2.5 1.85 6.0 0.67 2.2 2.55 8.2

50-99 workers

35.60 100.0 25.61 71.9 9.99 28.1 2.46 6.9 1.02 2.9 2.64 7.4 1.09 3.1 2.79 7.8

100 workers or more

47.08 100.0 31.58 67.1 15.50 32.9 4.01 8.5 2.04 4.3 4.08 8.7 2.06 4.4 3.31 7.0

100-499 workers

40.10 100.0 27.81 69.3 12.29 30.7 3.13 7.8 1.40 3.5 3.32 8.3 1.45 3.6 2.99 7.5

500 workers or more

55.86 100.0 36.32 65.0 19.54 35.0 5.12 9.2 2.84 5.1 5.04 9.0 2.83 5.1 3.72 6.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.36 100.0 28.58 67.5 13.78 32.5 2.73 6.5 1.93 4.5 3.73 8.8 1.94 4.6 3.45 8.1

1-99 workers

36.09 100.0 25.74 71.3 10.35 28.7 1.85 5.1 1.30 3.6 2.57 7.1 1.34 3.7 3.28 9.1

1-49 workers

34.66 100.0 25.11 72.5 9.54 27.5 1.67 4.8 1.16 3.3 2.26 6.5 1.18 3.4 3.27 9.4

50-99 workers

40.24 100.0 27.56 68.5 12.69 31.5 2.37 5.9 1.70 4.2 3.49 8.7 1.81 4.5 3.32 8.2

100 workers or more

48.15 100.0 31.21 64.8 16.94 35.2 3.55 7.4 2.51 5.2 4.79 9.9 2.50 5.2 3.60 7.5

100-499 workers

44.52 100.0 29.52 66.3 15.00 33.7 3.02 6.8 2.06 4.6 4.25 9.6 2.14 4.8 3.52 7.9

500 workers or more

53.60 100.0 33.74 63.0 19.86 37.0 4.35 8.1 3.17 5.9 5.59 10.4 3.03 5.7 3.72 6.9

Manufacturing industry

41.99 100.0 27.85 66.3 14.14 33.7 3.17 7.6 2.08 4.9 4.04 9.6 1.73 4.1 3.12 7.4

1-99 workers

33.01 100.0 23.53 71.3 9.48 28.7 2.08 6.3 1.20 3.6 2.61 7.9 0.90 2.7 2.70 8.2

1-49 workers

31.04 100.0 22.58 72.7 8.46 27.3 1.82 5.9 1.02 3.3 2.24 7.2 (3)0.77 (3)2.5 2.61 8.4

50-99 workers

36.86 100.0 25.38 68.8 11.48 31.2 2.58 7.0 1.56 4.2 3.32 9.0 1.15 3.1 2.86 7.8

100 workers or more

47.03 100.0 30.27 64.4 16.75 35.6 3.79 8.1 2.56 5.5 4.84 10.3 2.20 4.7 3.36 7.1

100-499 workers

41.22 100.0 27.44 66.6 13.78 33.4 3.20 7.8 1.92 4.7 4.09 9.9 1.47 3.6 3.11 7.6

500 workers or more

53.94 100.0 33.65 62.4 20.29 37.6 4.49 8.3 3.33 6.2 5.74 10.6 3.07 5.7 3.65 6.8

Service-providing industries(4)

37.87 100.0 26.91 71.1 10.96 28.9 2.91 7.7 1.26 3.3 2.77 7.3 1.21 3.2 2.81 7.4

1-99 workers

31.20 100.0 23.37 74.9 7.83 25.1 2.00 6.4 0.76 2.4 1.92 6.2 0.66 2.1 2.49 8.0

1-49 workers

30.33 100.0 22.91 75.5 7.42 24.5 1.88 6.2 0.73 2.4 1.78 5.9 0.59 2.0 2.44 8.0

50-99 workers

34.64 100.0 25.21 72.8 9.43 27.2 2.48 7.2 0.88 2.5 2.46 7.1 0.94 2.7 2.68 7.7

100 workers or more

46.82 100.0 31.67 67.6 15.16 32.4 4.12 8.8 1.92 4.1 3.91 8.4 1.96 4.2 3.24 6.9

100-499 workers

38.93 100.0 27.36 70.3 11.58 29.7 3.16 8.1 1.23 3.1 3.07 7.9 1.27 3.3 2.85 7.3

500 workers or more

56.35 100.0 36.87 65.4 19.47 34.6 5.28 9.4 2.76 4.9 4.92 8.7 2.78 4.9 3.72 6.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.59 100.0 23.25 71.3 9.34 28.7 2.14 6.6 0.99 3.0 2.43 7.5 1.19 3.6 2.60 8.0

1-99 workers

29.00 100.0 21.83 75.3 7.17 24.7 1.66 5.7 0.74 2.5 1.69 5.8 0.65 2.2 2.43 8.4

1-49 workers

28.66 100.0 21.77 76.0 6.89 24.0 1.61 5.6 0.72 2.5 1.56 5.4 0.58 2.0 2.42 8.4

50-99 workers

30.20 100.0 22.04 73.0 8.17 27.0 1.86 6.2 0.79 2.6 2.15 7.1 0.89 2.9 2.48 8.2

100 workers or more

37.11 100.0 25.03 67.4 12.08 32.6 2.74 7.4 1.31 3.5 3.37 9.1 1.86 5.0 2.81 7.6

100-499 workers

31.13 100.0 21.77 69.9 9.35 30.1 2.07 6.7 1.01 3.3 2.60 8.4 1.20 3.8 2.47 7.9

500 workers or more

49.59 100.0 31.81 64.1 17.78 35.9 4.12 8.3 1.92 3.9 4.96 10.0 3.25 6.6 3.52 7.1

Wholesale trade industry

44.11 100.0 31.41 71.2 12.70 28.8 3.36 7.6 1.65 3.7 3.07 7.0 1.39 3.1 3.24 7.3

1-99 workers

44.02 100.0 31.86 72.4 12.16 27.6 3.25 7.4 1.54 3.5 2.89 6.6 1.22 2.8 3.26 7.4

1-49 workers

44.62 100.0 32.38 72.6 12.25 27.4 3.26 7.3 1.56 3.5 2.86 6.4 1.26 2.8 3.31 7.4

100 workers or more

44.29 100.0 30.50 68.9 13.79 31.1 3.57 8.1 1.88 4.3 3.43 7.7 1.71 3.9 3.19 7.2

100-499 workers

45.00 100.0 31.35 69.7 13.65 30.3 3.59 8.0 1.74 3.9 3.39 7.5 1.70 3.8 3.23 7.2

Retail trade industry

23.11 100.0 17.71 76.6 5.41 23.4 1.16 5.0 0.57 2.4 1.32 5.7 0.43 1.9 1.93 8.4

1-99 workers

21.89 100.0 17.37 79.4 4.52 20.6 0.94 4.3 0.43 1.9 0.98 4.5 0.28 1.3 1.89 8.6

1-49 workers

21.56 100.0 17.27 80.1 4.29 19.9 0.90 4.2 0.42 1.9 0.86 4.0 0.23 1.1 1.88 8.7

50-99 workers

23.16 100.0 17.75 76.7 5.41 23.3 1.11 4.8 0.45 1.9 1.47 6.3 0.46 2.0 1.93 8.3

100 workers or more

24.98 100.0 18.22 72.9 6.76 27.1 1.49 6.0 0.78 3.1 1.83 7.3 0.66 2.7 2.00 8.0

100-499 workers

24.52 100.0 17.90 73.0 6.62 27.0 1.43 5.8 0.76 3.1 1.82 7.4 0.64 2.6 1.98 8.1

Transportation and warehousing industry

41.83 100.0 27.69 66.2 14.14 33.8 3.05 7.3 1.31 3.1 4.11 9.8 2.26 5.4 3.42 8.2

1-99 workers

30.50 100.0 22.30 73.1 8.20 26.9 1.69 5.5 0.59 1.9 2.17 7.1 0.71 2.3 3.04 10.0

1-49 workers

30.19 100.0 22.37 74.1 7.82 25.9 1.63 5.4 0.52 1.7 2.05 6.8 0.58 1.9 3.04 10.1

100 workers or more

48.69 100.0 30.96 63.6 17.73 36.4 3.87 7.9 1.75 3.6 5.28 10.8 3.19 6.5 3.65 7.5

100-499 workers

39.73 100.0 25.66 64.6 14.06 35.4 2.70 6.8 1.23 3.1 4.51 11.4 2.23 5.6 3.40 8.5

Information industry

62.95 100.0 41.96 66.6 21.00 33.4 6.15 9.8 2.98 4.7 5.27 8.4 2.56 4.1 4.03 6.4

1-99 workers

44.32 100.0 30.95 69.8 13.37 30.2 3.75 8.5 1.66 3.7 3.38 7.6 1.44 3.3 3.14 7.1

100 workers or more

75.69 100.0 49.48 65.4 26.21 34.6 7.80 10.3 3.89 5.1 6.56 8.7 3.32 4.4 4.65 6.1

100-499 workers

65.79 100.0 44.46 67.6 21.33 32.4 6.26 9.5 2.46 3.7 5.91 9.0 2.50 3.8 4.19 6.4

500 workers or more

85.63 100.0 54.52 63.7 31.11 36.3 9.34 10.9 5.32 6.2 7.21 8.4 4.14 4.8 5.10 6.0

Financial activities industry

53.21 100.0 35.48 66.7 17.74 33.3 4.71 8.9 3.27 6.1 4.53 8.5 1.87 3.5 3.35 6.3

1-99 workers

42.57 100.0 29.57 69.5 13.00 30.5 3.44 8.1 1.89 4.4 3.62 8.5 1.19 2.8 2.85 6.7

1-49 workers

41.64 100.0 28.99 69.6 12.65 30.4 3.31 8.0 1.90 4.6 3.49 8.4 1.12 2.7 2.81 6.8

100 workers or more

66.16 100.0 42.66 64.5 23.50 35.5 6.26 9.5 4.95 7.5 5.63 8.5 2.70 4.1 3.96 6.0

100-499 workers

61.98 100.0 41.28 66.6 20.70 33.4 5.82 9.4 3.44 5.6 5.32 8.6 2.31 3.7 3.81 6.1

500 workers or more

69.50 100.0 43.77 63.0 25.73 37.0 6.60 9.5 6.17 8.9 5.87 8.4 3.02 4.3 4.07 5.9

Professional and business services industry

47.08 100.0 33.50 71.1 13.59 28.9 3.86 8.2 1.84 3.9 3.15 6.7 1.38 2.9 3.35 7.1

1-99 workers

43.47 100.0 32.05 73.7 11.42 26.3 3.14 7.2 1.38 3.2 2.77 6.4 0.90 2.1 3.23 7.4

1-49 workers

40.86 100.0 30.29 74.1 10.57 25.9 2.83 6.9 1.29 3.2 2.59 6.3 0.77 1.9 3.10 7.6

50-99 workers

53.07 100.0 38.51 72.6 14.56 27.4 4.30 8.1 1.70 3.2 3.44 6.5 1.39 2.6 3.72 7.0

100 workers or more

50.73 100.0 34.96 68.9 15.77 31.1 4.59 9.0 2.31 4.5 3.54 7.0 1.87 3.7 3.47 6.8

100-499 workers

46.08 100.0 32.76 71.1 13.32 28.9 4.08 8.9 1.44 3.1 3.29 7.1 1.26 2.7 3.25 7.1

500 workers or more

55.69 100.0 37.31 67.0 18.39 33.0 5.13 9.2 3.23 5.8 3.81 6.8 2.52 4.5 3.70 6.6

Education and health services industry

40.87 100.0 28.82 70.5 12.04 29.5 3.55 8.7 0.87 2.1 3.30 8.1 1.35 3.3 2.96 7.2

1-99 workers

32.20 100.0 24.24 75.3 7.96 24.7 2.39 7.4 0.32 1.0 2.10 6.5 0.63 2.0 2.52 7.8

1-49 workers

32.32 100.0 24.63 76.2 7.69 23.8 2.38 7.4 0.28 0.9 1.90 5.9 0.60 1.9 2.52 7.8

50-99 workers

31.82 100.0 22.99 72.2 8.84 27.8 2.44 7.7 0.42 1.3 2.73 8.6 0.73 2.3 2.52 7.9

100 workers or more

48.59 100.0 32.91 67.7 15.68 32.3 4.59 9.4 1.37 2.8 4.38 9.0 1.99 4.1 3.35 6.9

100-499 workers

38.09 100.0 27.06 71.0 11.03 29.0 3.29 8.6 0.77 2.0 3.05 8.0 1.12 2.9 2.81 7.4

500 workers or more

56.86 100.0 37.52 66.0 19.34 34.0 5.61 9.9 1.84 3.2 5.43 9.5 2.67 4.7 3.78 6.7

Educational services industry

51.22 100.0 36.65 71.6 14.56 28.4 4.28 8.4 0.35 0.7 4.04 7.9 2.41 4.7 3.47 6.8

1-99 workers

35.39 100.0 27.49 77.7 7.90 22.3 2.02 5.7 0.11 0.3 1.97 5.6 1.00 2.8 2.79 7.9

100 workers or more

62.90 100.0 43.42 69.0 19.48 31.0 5.95 9.5 0.53 0.8 5.57 8.9 3.45 5.5 3.98 6.3

100-499 workers

52.40 100.0 37.33 71.2 15.07 28.8 4.67 8.9 (3)0.28 (3)0.5 4.49 8.6 2.10 4.0 3.54 6.7

500 workers or more

69.72 100.0 47.38 68.0 22.34 32.0 6.78 9.7 0.70 1.0 6.27 9.0 4.33 6.2 4.26 6.1

Health care and social assistance industry

39.27 100.0 27.62 70.3 11.65 29.7 3.44 8.8 0.95 2.4 3.19 8.1 1.19 3.0 2.88 7.3

1-99 workers

31.76 100.0 23.79 74.9 7.97 25.1 2.44 7.7 0.34 1.1 2.12 6.7 0.58 1.8 2.48 7.8

1-49 workers

32.41 100.0 24.57 75.8 7.84 24.2 2.47 7.6 0.30 0.9 1.96 6.1 0.60 1.8 2.51 7.7

50-99 workers

29.52 100.0 21.11 71.5 8.41 28.5 2.35 8.0 0.49 1.6 2.65 9.0 0.53 1.8 2.39 8.1

100 workers or more

46.16 100.0 31.13 67.4 15.03 32.6 4.36 9.4 1.51 3.3 4.18 9.0 1.74 3.8 3.25 7.0

100-499 workers

35.95 100.0 25.52 71.0 10.43 29.0 3.09 8.6 0.84 2.3 2.84 7.9 (3)0.97 2.7 2.70 7.5

500 workers or more

54.45 100.0 35.68 65.5 18.77 34.5 5.39 9.9 2.06 3.8 5.27 9.7 2.36 4.3 3.70 6.8

Leisure and hospitality industry

17.70 100.0 14.29 80.8 3.41 19.2 0.53 3.0 0.27 1.5 0.71 4.0 0.19 1.1 1.71 9.7

1-99 workers

16.75 100.0 13.80 82.4 2.95 17.6 0.40 2.4 0.23 1.4 0.55 3.3 0.11 0.7 1.66 9.9

1-49 workers

16.30 100.0 13.49 82.8 2.80 17.2 0.35 2.2 0.21 1.3 0.53 3.3 0.08 0.5 1.62 9.9

50-99 workers

18.88 100.0 15.22 80.6 3.66 19.4 0.62 3.3 0.32 1.7 0.64 3.4 0.24 1.3 1.82 9.7

100 workers or more

22.81 100.0 16.97 74.4 5.84 25.6 1.21 5.3 0.45 2.0 1.54 6.7 0.65 2.9 1.99 8.7

100-499 workers

21.92 100.0 16.71 76.2 5.21 23.8 1.07 4.9 0.47 2.2 1.19 5.4 0.46 2.1 2.02 9.2

500 workers or more

24.76 100.0 17.54 70.8 7.22 29.2 1.50 6.1 0.41 1.6 2.30 9.3 1.07 4.3 1.94 7.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Mar. 2022]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

42.83 100.0 29.54 69.0 13.29 31.0 3.35 7.8 1.60 3.7 3.41 8.0 1.63 3.8 3.29 7.7

New England

42.27 100.0 29.19 69.0 13.08 31.0 3.28 7.8 1.87 4.4 3.24 7.7 1.51 3.6 3.19 7.5

Middle Atlantic

43.04 100.0 29.68 69.0 13.36 31.0 3.38 7.9 1.50 3.5 3.48 8.1 1.67 3.9 3.33 7.7

South

34.45 100.0 24.95 72.4 9.51 27.6 2.50 7.3 1.16 3.4 2.28 6.6 1.02 3.0 2.54 7.4

South Atlantic

35.26 100.0 25.50 72.3 9.76 27.7 2.63 7.5 1.10 3.1 2.34 6.6 1.05 3.0 2.64 7.5

East South Central

31.70 100.0 22.80 71.9 8.90 28.1 2.22 7.0 1.04 3.3 2.35 7.4 0.97 3.1 2.31 7.3

West South Central

34.38 100.0 25.02 72.8 9.36 27.2 2.40 7.0 1.32 3.9 2.16 6.3 1.01 2.9 2.47 7.2

Midwest

37.46 100.0 25.87 69.1 11.59 30.9 2.70 7.2 1.47 3.9 3.23 8.6 1.43 3.8 2.76 7.4

East North Central

38.64 100.0 26.72 69.1 11.93 30.9 2.79 7.2 1.51 3.9 3.23 8.4 1.58 4.1 2.82 7.3

West North Central

34.86 100.0 24.00 68.8 10.86 31.2 2.51 7.2 1.38 4.0 3.23 9.3 1.11 3.2 2.63 7.6

West

42.35 100.0 29.86 70.5 12.49 29.5 3.22 7.6 1.37 3.2 3.15 7.4 1.45 3.4 3.31 7.8

Mountain

35.85 100.0 25.37 70.8 10.48 29.2 2.53 7.0 1.24 3.5 2.84 7.9 1.16 3.2 2.72 7.6

Pacific

45.21 100.0 31.83 70.4 13.38 29.6 3.53 7.8 1.42 3.1 3.29 7.3 1.57 3.5 3.57 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Table 8. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by metropolitan areas [Mar. 2022]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast Region

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

45.48 100.0 31.51 69.3 13.97 30.7

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

47.56 100.0 32.67 68.7 14.89 31.3

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

38.28 100.0 27.02 70.6 11.26 29.4

South Region

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

39.20 100.0 27.88 71.1 11.32 28.9

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

37.19 100.0 26.24 70.6 10.95 29.4

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

37.54 100.0 27.40 73.0 10.14 27.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

31.35 100.0 23.14 73.8 8.21 26.2

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

47.76 100.0 34.17 71.5 13.59 28.5

Midwest Region

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

46.64 100.0 32.02 68.7 14.62 31.3

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

43.77 100.0 29.03 66.3 14.74 33.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

41.21 100.0 28.04 68.0 13.17 32.0

West Region

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

41.21 100.0 29.07 70.5 12.14 29.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

35.44 100.0 25.03 70.6 10.41 29.4

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

60.65 100.0 41.94 69.2 18.71 30.8

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

50.16 100.0 34.89 69.6 15.27 30.4

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the March 2019 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: June 16, 2022