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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 17, 2019				USDL-19-1649

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


		       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION – JUNE 2019

Employer costs for employee compensation averaged $36.61 per hour worked in June 2019, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries averaged $25.12 per hour worked and
accounted for 68.6 percent of these costs, while benefit costs averaged $11.48 and accounted for the
remaining 31.4 percent. (See table 1.)

Highlights of employer benefit costs for civilian workers (See table 1.)
• Paid leave averaged $2.64 per hour worked or 7.2 percent of total compensation. Average costs
for paid leave components include $1.30 per hour for vacation (3.5 percent of total
compensation), $0.78 for holiday (2.1 percent), $0.41 for sick leave (1.1 percent), and $0.16 for
personal leave (0.4 percent).
• Supplemental pay averaged $1.03 per hour worked or 2.8 percent of total compensation.
Average costs for supplemental pay components include $0.67 per hour for nonproduction
bonuses (1.8 percent), $0.29 for overtime and premium (0.8 percent), and $0.07 for shift
differentials (0.2 percent).
• Insurance benefits averaged $3.19 per hour worked or 8.7 percent of total compensation.
Average costs for insurance components include $0.05 per hour for life insurance (0.1 percent),
$3.04 for health insurance (8.3 percent), $0.06 for short-term disability (0.2 percent), and
$0.04 for long-term disability (0.1 percent).
• Retirement and savings averaged $1.94 per hour worked or 5.3 percent of total compensation.
Average costs for retirement and savings components include $1.20 per hour for defined benefit
(3.3 percent) and $0.74 for defined contribution (2.0 percent).
• Legally required benefits averaged $2.68 per hour worked or 7.3 percent of total compensation.


Highlights of retirement and savings costs in private industry
• Employer costs for retirement and savings averaged $1.31 per hour worked or 3.8 percent of
total compensation. Retirement and savings include $0.52 per hour for defined benefit (1.5
percent) and $0.79 for defined contribution (2.3 percent). (See table 1 and the database
query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)
• Employer retirement and savings costs by occupational group ranged from $0.30 per hour
worked for service workers (1.7 percent of total compensation) to $2.54 for management,
professional, and related workers (4.2 percent). (See table 4.)
• Employer costs for nonunion workers retirement and savings were $1.03 per hour worked (3.1
percent of total compensation) and $4.19 (8.8 percent) for union workers. Defined benefit costs
were significantly lower for nonunion workers at $0.28 (0.8 percent) compared with $3.01 (6.3
percent) for union workers. (See table 5 and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)
• Among major industry groups, retirement and savings benefit costs ranged from $0.26 per
hour worked for leisure and hospitality workers (1.6 percent of total compensation) to $2.25 for
information workers (3.9 percent). (See table 4.)
• Employer costs among census regions averaged $1.11 per hour worked in the South (3.6 percent
of total compensation), $1.21 in the Midwest (3.8 percent), $1.53 in the West (4.0 percent), and
$1.54 in the Northeast (4.0 percent). (See table 7.)
• Employer costs varied by establishment size. The smallest establishments (fewer than 50
workers) averaged $0.68 per hour worked (2.4 percent of total compensation) for retirement and
savings benefits; those with 50-99 workers averaged $0.95 (3.1 percent); those with 100-499
employees averaged $1.42 (4.0 percent); and those with 500 or more employees averaged $2.77
(5.6 percent). (See table 6.)
• Employer costs by work status averaged $0.37 per hour worked for part-time workers (2.0
percent of total compensation) and $1.63 per hour worked for full-time workers (4.1 percent).
Costs for part-time workers in service occupations averaged $0.14 (1.0 percent), compared with
$0.45 (2.2 percent) for full-time workers. (See table 5.)



					    TECHNICAL NOTE

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average cost to employers for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour worked.

The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local
government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural workers, and private
household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access or do not
participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between employers and employees,
plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the percentage of workers with access to
and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans, including health care and retirement and savings
plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The "National Compensation Measures," of the BLS Handbook of Methods, www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm, 
provides additional details on the sample design, calculation methodology, and resources explaining changes 
over time.

Additional ECEC estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size
Data for the June 2019 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately
26,500 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,400 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors are available at www.bls.gov/web/ecec.supp.toc.htm and database query tools at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparing estimates across economic sectors
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in
private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities
and occupational structures. Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private
industry work activities but are rare in state and local government. Professional and administrative
support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of the state and local government
workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.

Quarterly publication focus
This quarter's release focuses on retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry. Topics of news
releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:
• September 2019—compensation costs in state and local government
• December 2019—supplemental pay costs in private industry

For 2019 ECEC release dates, see www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm.

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2019]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

36.61 100.0 34.44 100.0 50.78 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.12 68.6 24.14 70.1 31.58 62.2

Total benefits

11.48 31.4 10.30 29.9 19.20 37.8

Paid leave

2.64 7.2 2.47 7.2 3.80 7.5

Vacation

1.30 3.5 1.27 3.7 1.45 2.9

Holiday

0.78 2.1 0.74 2.1 1.08 2.1

Sick

0.41 1.1 0.32 0.9 0.97 1.9

Personal

0.16 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.30 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.03 2.8 1.11 3.2 0.51 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.29 0.8 0.30 0.9 0.22 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.67 1.8 0.74 2.1 0.24 0.5

Insurance

3.19 8.7 2.76 8.0 6.04 11.9

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.04 8.3 2.60 7.6 5.89 11.6

Short-term disability

0.06 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.04 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.94 5.3 1.31 3.8 6.04 11.9

Defined benefit

1.20 3.3 0.52 1.5 5.63 11.1

Defined contribution

0.74 2.0 0.79 2.3 0.41 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.68 7.3 2.66 7.7 2.81 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.05 5.6 2.03 5.9 2.19 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.64 4.5 1.63 4.7 1.67 3.3

Medicare

0.42 1.1 0.40 1.2 0.52 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.13 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.3 0.45 1.3 0.56 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [June 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

36.61 100.0 25.12 68.6 11.48 31.4 2.64 7.2 1.03 2.8 3.19 8.7 1.94 5.3 2.68 7.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.48 100.0 41.35 68.4 19.13 31.6 5.13 8.5 1.68 2.8 4.86 8.0 3.69 6.1 3.77 6.2

Management, business and financial

67.35 100.0 46.06 68.4 21.29 31.6 6.28 9.3 2.57 3.8 4.71 7.0 3.48 5.2 4.25 6.3

Professional and related

57.37 100.0 39.21 68.4 18.15 31.6 4.60 8.0 1.27 2.2 4.93 8.6 3.79 6.6 3.56 6.2

Teachers(3)

62.48 100.0 42.54 68.1 19.94 31.9 3.22 5.1 0.23 0.4 6.33 10.1 6.94 11.1 3.22 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

62.78 100.0 41.74 66.5 21.05 33.5 2.97 4.7 0.21 0.3 6.94 11.1 7.91 12.6 3.01 4.8

Registered nurses

56.69 100.0 37.10 65.4 19.59 34.6 5.41 9.5 2.08 3.7 5.28 9.3 3.05 5.4 3.77 6.6

Sales and office

27.05 100.0 18.95 70.1 8.10 29.9 1.84 6.8 0.68 2.5 2.59 9.6 1.01 3.7 1.98 7.3

Sales and related

25.35 100.0 19.07 75.2 6.29 24.8 1.49 5.9 0.63 2.5 1.59 6.3 0.64 2.5 1.94 7.7

Office and administrative support

28.07 100.0 18.89 67.3 9.18 32.7 2.04 7.3 0.71 2.5 3.19 11.4 1.23 4.4 2.01 7.2

Service

19.65 100.0 14.04 71.4 5.61 28.6 1.02 5.2 0.40 2.0 1.63 8.3 0.86 4.4 1.70 8.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

36.43 100.0 24.44 67.1 11.98 32.9 1.93 5.3 1.19 3.3 3.32 9.1 2.10 5.8 3.45 9.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

37.37 100.0 24.81 66.4 12.56 33.6 1.55 4.1 1.22 3.3 3.35 9.0 2.61 7.0 3.82 10.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.39 100.0 24.04 67.9 11.35 32.1 2.34 6.6 1.16 3.3 3.28 9.3 1.54 4.4 3.03 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

29.33 100.0 19.26 65.6 10.08 34.4 1.76 6.0 1.19 4.0 3.11 10.6 1.39 4.7 2.64 9.0

Production

28.19 100.0 18.63 66.1 9.56 33.9 1.73 6.1 1.38 4.9 3.06 10.9 0.98 3.5 2.41 8.6

Transportation and material moving

30.39 100.0 19.84 65.3 10.55 34.7 1.79 5.9 1.00 3.3 3.15 10.4 1.76 5.8 2.85 9.4

Industry group

Education and health services

42.39 100.0 28.76 67.9 13.62 32.1 3.20 7.6 0.65 1.5 4.20 9.9 2.92 6.9 2.65 6.3

Educational services

52.62 100.0 34.88 66.3 17.74 33.7 3.35 6.4 0.24 0.5 5.79 11.0 5.54 10.5 2.82 5.4

Elementary and secondary schools

51.87 100.0 33.96 65.5 17.91 34.5 2.80 5.4 0.20 0.4 6.05 11.7 6.24 12.0 2.61 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

59.17 100.0 39.42 66.6 19.75 33.4 5.15 8.7 0.37 0.6 6.00 10.1 4.83 8.2 3.40 5.7

Health care and social assistance

36.66 100.0 25.34 69.1 11.32 30.9 3.12 8.5 0.88 2.4 3.31 9.0 1.45 3.9 2.56 7.0

Hospitals

50.11 100.0 32.34 64.5 17.77 35.5 4.86 9.7 1.77 3.5 5.26 10.5 2.66 5.3 3.22 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [June 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

50.78 100.0 31.58 62.2 19.20 37.8 3.80 7.5 0.51 1.0 6.04 11.9 6.04 11.9 2.81 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

61.10 100.0 39.35 64.4 21.76 35.6 4.28 7.0 0.41 0.7 6.64 10.9 7.26 11.9 3.16 5.2

Professional and related

59.26 100.0 38.44 64.9 20.82 35.1 3.80 6.4 0.37 0.6 6.62 11.2 6.99 11.8 3.04 5.1

Teachers(2)

67.04 100.0 44.68 66.6 22.36 33.4 3.31 4.9 0.25 0.4 7.22 10.8 8.37 12.5 3.21 4.8

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

67.13 100.0 44.15 65.8 22.98 34.2 3.08 4.6 0.23 0.3 7.64 11.4 8.95 13.3 3.08 4.6

Sales and office

35.37 100.0 20.42 57.7 14.95 42.3 3.08 8.7 0.31 0.9 5.66 16.0 3.77 10.6 2.13 6.0

Office and administrative support

35.54 100.0 20.47 57.6 15.07 42.4 3.10 8.7 0.32 0.9 5.73 16.1 3.80 10.7 2.12 6.0

Service

37.62 100.0 21.61 57.4 16.01 42.6 3.18 8.5 0.81 2.1 4.77 12.7 4.93 13.1 2.32 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

53.17 100.0 34.28 64.5 18.89 35.5 3.47 6.5 0.35 0.6 6.25 11.7 6.09 11.5 2.73 5.1

Educational services

54.62 100.0 35.46 64.9 19.16 35.1 3.32 6.1 0.25 0.5 6.38 11.7 6.49 11.9 2.73 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

53.18 100.0 34.51 64.9 18.67 35.1 2.79 5.2 0.21 0.4 6.36 12.0 6.71 12.6 2.60 4.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

59.22 100.0 38.55 65.1 20.67 34.9 5.10 8.6 0.35 0.6 6.32 10.7 5.73 9.7 3.18 5.4

Health care and social assistance

45.11 100.0 27.75 61.5 17.36 38.5 4.32 9.6 0.88 2.0 5.53 12.3 3.91 8.7 2.72 6.0

Hospitals

47.84 100.0 29.96 62.6 17.88 37.4 4.59 9.6 1.06 2.2 5.52 11.5 3.82 8.0 2.88 6.0

Public administration

49.13 100.0 28.51 58.0 20.62 42.0 4.55 9.3 0.78 1.6 5.94 12.1 6.37 13.0 2.98 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [June 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

34.44 100.0 24.14 70.1 10.30 29.9 2.47 7.2 1.11 3.2 2.76 8.0 1.31 3.8 2.66 7.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.28 100.0 41.99 69.7 18.29 30.3 5.40 9.0 2.09 3.5 4.29 7.1 2.54 4.2 3.97 6.6

Management, business, and financial

66.78 100.0 46.26 69.3 20.53 30.7 6.18 9.2 2.83 4.2 4.45 6.7 2.77 4.1 4.30 6.4

Professional and related

56.55 100.0 39.55 69.9 17.00 30.1 4.95 8.8 1.66 2.9 4.20 7.4 2.41 4.3 3.78 6.7

Sales and office

26.33 100.0 18.83 71.5 7.50 28.5 1.73 6.6 0.71 2.7 2.32 8.8 0.77 2.9 1.97 7.5

Sales and related

25.32 100.0 19.07 75.3 6.25 24.7 1.48 5.9 0.63 2.5 1.57 6.2 0.63 2.5 1.94 7.7

Office and administrative support

27.02 100.0 18.66 69.1 8.35 30.9 1.89 7.0 0.77 2.8 2.83 10.5 0.87 3.2 1.99 7.4

Service

17.17 100.0 12.99 75.7 4.18 24.3 0.72 4.2 0.35 2.0 1.20 7.0 0.30 1.7 1.61 9.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

35.86 100.0 24.36 67.9 11.50 32.1 1.77 4.9 1.23 3.4 3.11 8.7 1.91 5.3 3.49 9.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

36.91 100.0 24.79 67.2 12.12 32.8 1.37 3.7 1.27 3.4 3.13 8.5 2.45 6.6 3.90 10.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

34.72 100.0 23.89 68.8 10.83 31.2 2.22 6.4 1.18 3.4 3.08 8.9 1.32 3.8 3.04 8.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

28.93 100.0 19.12 66.1 9.81 33.9 1.72 5.9 1.20 4.2 3.00 10.4 1.26 4.4 2.63 9.1

Production

27.94 100.0 18.51 66.3 9.43 33.7 1.70 6.1 1.39 5.0 3.02 10.8 0.92 3.3 2.41 8.6

Transportation and material moving

29.89 100.0 19.71 65.9 10.18 34.1 1.74 5.8 1.02 3.4 2.98 10.0 1.60 5.3 2.85 9.5

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.16 100.0 26.82 66.8 13.34 33.2 2.59 6.4 1.72 4.3 3.71 9.2 1.94 4.8 3.37 8.4

Construction

39.92 100.0 27.66 69.3 12.26 30.7 1.75 4.4 1.30 3.2 3.23 8.1 2.05 5.1 3.93 9.9

Manufacturing

39.72 100.0 26.00 65.5 13.72 34.5 3.01 7.6 1.96 4.9 3.96 10.0 1.77 4.5 3.03 7.6

Aircraft manufacturing

71.60 100.0 43.42 60.6 28.18 39.4 6.40 8.9 4.99 7.0 6.95 9.7 5.30 7.4 4.54 6.3

Service-providing(3)

33.26 100.0 23.58 70.9 9.68 29.1 2.44 7.3 0.99 3.0 2.56 7.7 1.18 3.5 2.51 7.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

28.79 100.0 20.20 70.2 8.59 29.8 1.81 6.3 0.82 2.8 2.39 8.3 1.21 4.2 2.37 8.2

Wholesale trade

37.62 100.0 26.54 70.6 11.08 29.4 2.76 7.3 1.20 3.2 2.91 7.7 1.34 3.6 2.87 7.6

Retail trade

20.49 100.0 15.43 75.3 5.06 24.7 0.99 4.8 0.46 2.2 1.41 6.9 0.47 2.3 1.73 8.5

Transportation and warehousing

39.66 100.0 25.44 64.2 14.22 35.8 2.78 7.0 1.29 3.2 4.19 10.6 2.55 6.4 3.41 8.6

Utilities

63.73 100.0 38.46 60.3 25.27 39.7 5.43 8.5 2.28 3.6 6.30 9.9 6.80 10.7 4.46 7.0

Information

57.77 100.0 38.73 67.0 19.04 33.0 5.33 9.2 2.62 4.5 5.07 8.8 2.25 3.9 3.77 6.5

Financial activities

47.60 100.0 31.99 67.2 15.61 32.8 4.10 8.6 2.58 5.4 4.12 8.7 1.74 3.7 3.07 6.5

Financial and insurance

53.26 100.0 35.25 66.2 18.01 33.8 4.80 9.0 3.19 6.0 4.63 8.7 2.12 4.0 3.26 6.1

Credit intermediation and related activities

45.10 100.0 30.11 66.8 14.98 33.2 4.08 9.0 2.20 4.9 4.21 9.3 1.62 3.6 2.88 6.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

51.90 100.0 34.00 65.5 17.90 34.5 4.60 8.9 3.02 5.8 4.67 9.0 2.36 4.5 3.24 6.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

32.17 100.0 23.11 71.8 9.06 28.2 2.17 6.7 0.92 2.9 2.74 8.5 0.69 2.1 2.55 7.9

Professional and business services

41.35 100.0 29.72 71.9 11.62 28.1 3.29 8.0 1.33 3.2 2.62 6.3 1.34 3.3 3.04 7.4

Professional and technical services

54.32 100.0 38.88 71.6 15.43 28.4 4.76 8.8 1.73 3.2 3.44 6.3 1.79 3.3 3.70 6.8

Administrative and waste services

23.77 100.0 17.99 75.7 5.78 24.3 1.17 4.9 0.64 2.7 1.41 5.9 0.38 1.6 2.17 9.1

Education and health services

37.08 100.0 26.05 70.3 11.03 29.7 3.07 8.3 0.80 2.2 3.19 8.6 1.35 3.6 2.61 7.0

Educational services

45.58 100.0 32.84 72.0 12.74 28.0 3.46 7.6 0.23 0.5 3.74 8.2 2.20 4.8 3.11 6.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

59.07 100.0 41.07 69.5 18.00 30.5 5.26 8.9 0.41 0.7 5.40 9.1 3.12 5.3 3.81 6.4

Health care and social assistance

35.94 100.0 25.14 70.0 10.80 30.0 3.02 8.4 0.88 2.4 3.12 8.7 1.24 3.4 2.54 7.1

Leisure and hospitality

15.86 100.0 12.44 78.4 3.42 21.6 0.52 3.3 0.22 1.4 0.87 5.5 0.26 1.6 1.55 9.8

Accommodation and food services

14.62 100.0 11.47 78.5 3.14 21.5 0.46 3.1 0.21 1.4 0.78 5.4 0.24 1.6 1.45 9.9

Other services

29.25 100.0 21.42 73.2 7.83 26.8 1.73 5.9 0.41 1.4 2.13 7.3 1.22 4.2 2.34 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [June 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union

All workers

47.52 100.0 28.13 59.2 19.39 40.8 3.34 7.0 1.57 3.3 6.66 14.0 4.19 8.8 3.62 7.6

Goods-producing(2)

52.22 100.0 29.99 57.4 22.22 42.6 2.78 5.3 2.33 4.5 7.57 14.5 5.24 10.0 4.30 8.2

Service-providing(3)

45.62 100.0 27.38 60.0 18.24 40.0 3.57 7.8 1.26 2.8 6.29 13.8 3.77 8.3 3.35 7.3

Nonunion

All workers

33.18 100.0 23.75 71.6 9.43 28.4 2.38 7.2 1.07 3.2 2.38 7.2 1.03 3.1 2.56 7.7

Goods-producing(2)

38.06 100.0 26.27 69.0 11.79 31.0 2.56 6.7 1.62 4.3 3.04 8.0 1.37 3.6 3.21 8.4

Service-providing(3)

32.25 100.0 23.27 72.2 8.98 27.8 2.35 7.3 0.97 3.0 2.25 7.0 0.96 3.0 2.44 7.6

Full-time

All workers

39.86 100.0 27.40 68.7 12.46 31.3 3.10 7.8 1.39 3.5 3.40 8.5 1.63 4.1 2.95 7.4

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

62.56 100.0 43.19 69.0 19.37 31.0 5.76 9.2 2.23 3.6 4.60 7.4 2.72 4.4 4.05 6.5

Management, business, and financial

67.74 100.0 46.77 69.0 20.97 31.0 6.33 9.3 2.88 4.3 4.57 6.7 2.85 4.2 4.34 6.4

Professional and related

59.18 100.0 40.85 69.0 18.32 31.0 5.39 9.1 1.81 3.1 4.62 7.8 2.64 4.5 3.86 6.5

Sales and office

30.91 100.0 21.54 69.7 9.37 30.3 2.30 7.4 0.92 3.0 2.95 9.6 0.99 3.2 2.21 7.1

Sales and related

34.54 100.0 25.22 73.0 9.32 27.0 2.50 7.2 0.99 2.9 2.38 6.9 1.00 2.9 2.44 7.1

Office and administrative support

29.24 100.0 19.85 67.9 9.39 32.1 2.21 7.5 0.89 3.0 3.22 11.0 0.98 3.4 2.10 7.2

Service

20.06 100.0 14.39 71.7 5.67 28.3 1.14 5.7 0.49 2.5 1.88 9.4 0.45 2.2 1.71 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

36.91 100.0 24.92 67.5 11.99 32.5 1.87 5.1 1.29 3.5 3.28 8.9 2.00 5.4 3.55 9.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

37.81 100.0 25.27 66.8 12.54 33.2 1.43 3.8 1.34 3.5 3.27 8.7 2.55 6.7 3.95 10.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.93 100.0 24.55 68.3 11.38 31.7 2.35 6.5 1.23 3.4 3.29 9.1 1.40 3.9 3.11 8.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.01 100.0 20.30 65.5 10.71 34.5 1.95 6.3 1.37 4.4 3.31 10.7 1.35 4.3 2.73 8.8

Production

29.10 100.0 19.10 65.6 10.00 34.4 1.82 6.3 1.49 5.1 3.24 11.1 0.99 3.4 2.46 8.5

Transportation and material moving

33.26 100.0 21.73 65.3 11.54 34.7 2.11 6.4 1.22 3.7 3.38 10.2 1.77 5.3 3.05 9.2

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.69 100.0 27.11 66.6 13.58 33.4 2.65 6.5 1.76 4.3 3.80 9.3 1.99 4.9 3.38 8.3

Construction

40.63 100.0 28.04 69.0 12.59 31.0 1.81 4.5 1.33 3.3 3.36 8.3 2.13 5.2 3.96 9.8

Manufacturing

40.14 100.0 26.24 65.4 13.90 34.6 3.06 7.6 1.98 4.9 4.01 10.0 1.80 4.5 3.04 7.6

Service-providing(3)

39.62 100.0 27.48 69.3 12.15 30.7 3.23 8.1 1.28 3.2 3.29 8.3 1.52 3.8 2.83 7.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

35.25 100.0 24.23 68.7 11.03 31.3 2.53 7.2 1.11 3.1 3.04 8.6 1.57 4.4 2.78 7.9

Information

62.10 100.0 41.44 66.7 20.65 33.3 5.82 9.4 2.86 4.6 5.50 8.9 2.47 4.0 4.01 6.5

Financial activities

50.65 100.0 33.84 66.8 16.81 33.2 4.48 8.8 2.79 5.5 4.46 8.8 1.87 3.7 3.21 6.3

Professional and business services

45.09 100.0 31.99 70.9 13.11 29.1 3.79 8.4 1.51 3.4 3.02 6.7 1.57 3.5 3.22 7.1

Education and health services

40.13 100.0 27.66 68.9 12.47 31.1 3.57 8.9 0.88 2.2 3.75 9.3 1.59 4.0 2.69 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

20.08 100.0 14.80 73.7 5.28 26.3 1.05 5.2 0.37 1.9 1.66 8.3 0.48 2.4 1.72 8.6

Other services

34.72 100.0 24.52 70.6 10.20 29.4 2.43 7.0 0.51 1.5 3.02 8.7 1.65 4.8 2.59 7.5

Part-time

All workers

18.40 100.0 14.49 78.8 3.91 21.2 0.60 3.3 0.31 1.7 0.85 4.6 0.37 2.0 1.79 9.7

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.44 100.0 32.08 77.4 9.36 22.6 2.39 5.8 0.88 2.1 1.74 4.2 1.04 2.5 3.31 8.0

Professional and related

41.88 100.0 32.26 77.0 9.62 23.0 2.50 6.0 0.83 2.0 1.86 4.4 1.12 2.7 3.32 7.9

Sales and office

15.98 100.0 12.69 79.4 3.29 20.6 0.44 2.7 0.24 1.5 0.91 5.7 0.28 1.7 1.44 9.0

Sales and related

14.51 100.0 11.85 81.6 2.67 18.4 0.29 2.0 0.21 1.4 0.63 4.3 0.19 1.3 1.34 9.3

Office and administrative support

18.25 100.0 13.99 76.6 4.27 23.4 0.66 3.6 0.28 1.5 1.33 7.3 0.41 2.3 1.58 8.7

Service

14.12 100.0 11.52 81.6 2.60 18.4 0.28 2.0 0.19 1.4 0.47 3.3 0.14 1.0 1.52 10.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

18.44 100.0 13.15 71.3 5.29 28.7 0.52 2.8 0.37 2.0 1.44 7.8 0.83 4.5 2.13 11.5

Transportation and material moving

19.50 100.0 13.49 69.2 6.01 30.8 0.58 3.0 0.41 2.1 1.74 8.9 1.06 5.5 2.23 11.4

Industry group

Service-providing(3)

18.31 100.0 14.43 78.8 3.88 21.2 0.60 3.3 0.30 1.6 0.85 4.7 0.37 2.0 1.76 9.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.72 100.0 12.68 75.8 4.04 24.2 0.46 2.7 0.28 1.6 1.18 7.0 0.54 3.2 1.59 9.5

Professional and business services

21.78 100.0 17.92 82.3 3.87 17.7 0.68 3.1 0.39 1.8 0.50 2.3 (4)0.17 (4)0.8 2.13 9.8

Education and health services

28.21 100.0 21.36 75.7 6.85 24.3 1.63 5.8 0.58 2.1 1.59 5.6 0.66 2.3 2.39 8.5

Leisure and hospitality

12.48 100.0 10.54 84.5 1.93 15.5 0.10 0.8 0.10 0.8 0.24 1.9 0.08 0.6 1.41 11.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is greater than 30 percent.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [June 2019]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

1-99 workers

28.45 100.0 21.03 73.9 7.42 26.1 1.73 6.1 0.69 2.4 1.88 6.6 0.74 2.6 2.38 8.4

1-49 workers

27.87 100.0 20.79 74.6 7.08 25.4 1.65 5.9 0.66 2.4 1.74 6.2 0.68 2.4 2.34 8.4

50-99 workers

30.33 100.0 21.81 71.9 8.52 28.1 1.96 6.5 0.77 2.5 2.35 7.8 0.95 3.1 2.49 8.2

100 workers or more

41.66 100.0 27.88 66.9 13.78 33.1 3.36 8.1 1.63 3.9 3.81 9.1 1.99 4.8 2.99 7.2

100-499 workers

35.64 100.0 24.60 69.0 11.04 31.0 2.62 7.4 1.16 3.3 3.12 8.8 1.42 4.0 2.72 7.6

500 workers or more

49.90 100.0 32.37 64.9 17.52 35.1 4.37 8.8 2.27 4.5 4.75 9.5 2.77 5.6 3.37 6.7

Goods-producing(2)

1-99 workers

33.24 100.0 23.51 70.7 9.73 29.3 1.66 5.0 1.09 3.3 2.62 7.9 1.16 3.5 3.20 9.6

1-49 workers

32.12 100.0 23.16 72.1 8.96 27.9 1.52 4.7 1.04 3.2 2.21 6.9 1.01 3.1 3.19 9.9

50-99 workers

36.03 100.0 24.38 67.7 11.65 32.3 2.02 5.6 1.24 3.4 3.63 10.1 1.53 4.2 3.23 9.0

100 workers or more

46.14 100.0 29.69 64.3 16.45 35.7 3.39 7.4 2.27 4.9 4.66 10.1 2.62 5.7 3.51 7.6

100-499 workers

40.99 100.0 27.20 66.4 13.79 33.6 2.78 6.8 1.69 4.1 4.03 9.8 1.92 4.7 3.36 8.2

500 workers or more

53.68 100.0 33.34 62.1 20.34 37.9 4.28 8.0 3.11 5.8 5.57 10.4 3.64 6.8 3.74 7.0

Service-providing(3)

1-99 workers

27.64 100.0 20.61 74.6 7.03 25.4 1.74 6.3 0.62 2.2 1.76 6.4 0.67 2.4 2.24 8.1

1-49 workers

27.20 100.0 20.42 75.1 6.79 24.9 1.67 6.2 0.61 2.2 1.67 6.1 0.63 2.3 2.21 8.1

50-99 workers

29.12 100.0 21.26 73.0 7.86 27.0 1.95 6.7 0.67 2.3 2.08 7.1 0.83 2.8 2.33 8.0

100 workers or more

40.53 100.0 27.43 67.7 13.11 32.3 3.35 8.3 1.46 3.6 3.59 8.9 1.83 4.5 2.86 7.1

100-499 workers

34.24 100.0 23.92 69.9 10.32 30.1 2.58 7.5 1.02 3.0 2.88 8.4 1.29 3.8 2.55 7.5

500 workers or more

48.99 100.0 32.14 65.6 16.84 34.4 4.39 9.0 2.06 4.2 4.55 9.3 2.57 5.2 3.28 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [June 2019]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

38.97 100.0 26.69 68.5 12.28 31.5 3.06 7.9 1.30 3.3 3.33 8.5 1.54 4.0 3.05 7.8

New England

41.07 100.0 28.12 68.5 12.95 31.5 3.24 7.9 1.32 3.2 3.39 8.3 1.97 4.8 3.03 7.4

Middle Atlantic

38.24 100.0 26.19 68.5 12.05 31.5 3.00 7.8 1.29 3.4 3.31 8.6 1.40 3.7 3.06 8.0

South

31.20 100.0 22.26 71.3 8.95 28.7 2.15 6.9 1.07 3.4 2.27 7.3 1.11 3.6 2.34 7.5

South Atlantic

31.64 100.0 22.50 71.1 9.14 28.9 2.21 7.0 1.02 3.2 2.36 7.4 1.18 3.7 2.38 7.5

East South Central

27.54 100.0 19.33 70.2 8.20 29.8 1.88 6.8 0.96 3.5 2.26 8.2 1.02 3.7 2.07 7.5

West South Central

32.21 100.0 23.24 72.1 8.97 27.9 2.18 6.8 1.23 3.8 2.12 6.6 1.04 3.2 2.40 7.4

Midwest

31.73 100.0 22.01 69.4 9.72 30.6 2.16 6.8 1.09 3.4 2.78 8.8 1.21 3.8 2.49 7.8

East North Central

31.90 100.0 22.06 69.2 9.84 30.8 2.15 6.8 1.12 3.5 2.81 8.8 1.25 3.9 2.50 7.8

West North Central

31.37 100.0 21.90 69.8 9.47 30.2 2.17 6.9 1.02 3.2 2.71 8.6 1.11 3.5 2.47 7.9

West

38.64 100.0 27.22 70.5 11.42 29.5 2.80 7.2 1.05 2.7 3.03 7.8 1.53 4.0 3.01 7.8

Mountain

33.47 100.0 23.85 71.2 9.63 28.8 2.35 7.0 0.96 2.9 2.51 7.5 1.30 3.9 2.52 7.5

Pacific

40.93 100.0 28.72 70.2 12.21 29.8 3.00 7.3 1.09 2.7 3.26 8.0 1.63 4.0 3.24 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: September 17, 2019