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Economic News Release
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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, June 17, 2021				       USDL-21-1094

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov


			EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - MARCH 2021

Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $39.01 per hour worked in
March 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries cost employers
$26.84 while benefit costs were $12.18. Total compensation costs for civilian workers were $14.10
at the 10th wage percentile, $29.36 at the 50th (median) wage percentile, and $75.88 at the 90th
wage percentile. (See tables A and 1.)  

State and local government worker compensation costs for employers averaged $53.68 per hour worked
in March 2021. Wages and salaries averaged $33.20 and accounted for 61.9 percent of employer costs,
while benefit costs averaged $20.47 and accounted for 38.1 percent. Total compensation costs for
state and local government workers at the 50th (median) wage percentile were $50.21. (See tables A
and 1.)
  
Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $36.64 per hour worked.
Wages and salaries averaged $25.80 per hour worked and accounted for 70.4 percent of employer
costs. Benefit costs averaged $10.83 per hour worked and accounted for the remaining 29.6 percent.
Median (50th wage percentile) employer costs per employee hour worked were $26.88 for total 
compensation, $18.91 for wages and salaries, and $7.97 for benefits. (See tables A and 1.)

Total compensation costs for private industry workers ranged from $13.46 per hour worked at the
10th wage percentile to $71.99 at the 90th wage percentile. Wages and salaries were $10.94 per hour
worked at the 10th wage percentile and $48.92 at the 90th wage percentile. Total benefit costs
ranged from $2.52 per hour worked at the 10th wage percentile to $23.07 at the 90th wage
percentile. (See table A.)

For more information on average compensation costs within specified wage percentiles, 
see www.bls.gov/ect/compensation-percentile-estimates.htm.

Table A. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by wage percentiles [Mar. 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile

Total compensation(2)

14.10 29.36 75.88 13.46 26.88 71.99 22.69 50.21 91.14

Wages and salaries

11.26 19.90 50.67 10.94 18.91 48.92 14.13 29.70 57.17

Total benefits

2.85 9.46 25.21 2.52 7.97 23.07 8.56 20.51 33.97

Paid leave

0.43 1.97 6.15 0.35 1.68 6.17 1.37 4.46 6.70

Supplemental pay

0.19 0.88 2.06 0.16 0.89 2.55 0.25 0.71 0.82

Insurance

0.79 3.22 6.53 0.68 2.55 5.60 3.45 6.28 9.06

Health insurance

0.77 3.11 6.18 0.66 2.45 5.22 3.40 6.11 8.80

Retirement and savings

0.15 1.05 5.56 0.06 0.59 3.73 1.76 6.15 13.12

Legally required benefits

1.30 2.33 4.91 1.26 2.26 5.02 1.74 2.91 4.27

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.

Metropolitan area private industry compensation costs are published each March reference period for
the 15 largest Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSA) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA). Total
compensation costs in March 2021 for private industry workers ranged from $31.34 per hour worked in
the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA to $55.47 per hour worked in the San Jose-San 
Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA. (See table 8.)
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                                                    |
|                   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on March 2021 ECEC Data                   |
| The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) reference date was March 12, 2021. Response    |
| rates for March were comparable with prior releases, and no changes in estimation procedures were  |
| necessary. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/home.htm.                    |
|____________________________________________________________________________________________________|


					TECHNICAL NOTE

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per employee hour
worked. The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and
state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, agricultural
workers, and private household workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public
sector.

Total benefit costs consist of five major categories and include 18 benefit costs:
* Paid leave - vacation, holiday, sick, and personal leave; 
* Supplemental pay - overtime and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses; 
* Insurance - life, health, short-term and long-term disability; 
* Retirement and savings - defined benefit and defined contribution; and 
* Legally required benefits - Social Security (refers to Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
  Insurance (OASDI) program), Medicare, federal and state unemployment insurance, and Workers’ 
  Compensation.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access
or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between
employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the
percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans,
including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The “National Compensation Measures” provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time. (See www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.)
Additional ECEC estimates, including historical data, are available in the ECEC database query tool
at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 24,300
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,000 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to
ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with 
levels in private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation
in work activities and occupational structures.

Area definitions
Metropolitan area definitions are based on the Office of Management and Budget Bulletin
No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. For more information see 
www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html. 

Publication focus
Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:
* June 2021 - Health benefit costs in private industry
* September 2021 - Compensation costs in state and local government
* December 2021 - Supplemental pay costs in private industry

For 2021 ECEC release dates, see www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm.


Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Mar. 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

39.01 100.0 36.64 100.0 53.68 100.0

Wages and salaries

26.84 68.8 25.80 70.4 33.20 61.9

Total benefits

12.18 31.2 10.83 29.6 20.47 38.1

Paid leave

2.90 7.4 2.72 7.4 4.02 7.5

Vacation

1.41 3.6 1.39 3.8 1.51 2.8

Holiday

0.85 2.2 0.81 2.2 1.13 2.1

Sick

0.47 1.2 0.37 1.0 1.03 1.9

Personal

0.17 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.36 0.7

Supplemental pay

1.17 3.0 1.27 3.5 0.53 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.32 0.8 0.33 0.9 0.23 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.78 2.0 0.86 2.4 0.24 0.5

Insurance

3.31 8.5 2.83 7.7 6.27 11.7

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.15 8.1 2.67 7.3 6.12 11.4

Short-term disability

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

2.01 5.2 1.25 3.4 6.72 12.5

Defined benefit

1.23 3.2 0.42 1.1 6.26 11.7

Defined contribution

0.78 2.0 0.83 2.3 0.46 0.9

Legally Required benefits

2.79 7.1 2.77 7.6 2.93 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.19 5.6 2.17 5.9 2.30 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.74 4.5 1.74 4.8 1.75 3.3

Medicare

0.45 1.1 0.43 1.2 0.55 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 0.3 0.13 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.2 0.44 1.2 0.57 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

39.01 100.0 26.84 68.8 12.18 31.2 2.90 7.4 1.17 3.0 3.31 8.5 2.01 5.2 2.79 7.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.80 100.0 42.76 68.1 20.04 31.9 5.50 8.8 1.84 2.9 5.06 8.1 3.76 6.0 3.88 6.2

Management, business and financial

73.12 100.0 49.96 68.3 23.16 31.7 7.13 9.8 3.02 4.1 5.03 6.9 3.49 4.8 4.48 6.1

Professional and related

58.19 100.0 39.54 67.9 18.65 32.1 4.77 8.2 1.32 2.3 5.07 8.7 3.88 6.7 3.61 6.2

Teachers(3)

65.24 100.0 44.26 67.8 20.98 32.2 3.41 5.2 0.25 0.4 6.41 9.8 7.55 11.6 3.36 5.1

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

64.13 100.0 42.47 66.2 21.65 33.8 2.96 4.6 0.21 0.3 7.02 10.9 8.41 13.1 3.04 4.7

Registered nurses

59.86 100.0 38.97 65.1 20.89 34.9 6.14 10.3 2.25 3.8 5.47 9.1 3.04 5.1 3.99 6.7

Sales and office

28.99 100.0 20.51 70.8 8.48 29.2 1.95 6.7 0.78 2.7 2.66 9.2 1.02 3.5 2.08 7.2

Sales and related

28.53 100.0 21.79 76.4 6.74 23.6 1.60 5.6 0.85 3.0 1.56 5.5 0.61 2.1 2.11 7.4

Office and administrative support

29.29 100.0 19.69 67.2 9.60 32.8 2.17 7.4 0.73 2.5 3.36 11.5 1.28 4.4 2.07 7.1

Service

20.94 100.0 15.04 71.8 5.90 28.2 1.11 5.3 0.45 2.1 1.63 7.8 0.94 4.5 1.78 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.13 100.0 26.30 67.2 12.83 32.8 2.22 5.7 1.39 3.6 3.36 8.6 2.31 5.9 3.55 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

40.05 100.0 26.59 66.4 13.46 33.6 1.83 4.6 1.46 3.6 3.45 8.6 2.86 7.2 3.86 9.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.14 100.0 25.99 68.2 12.14 31.8 2.64 6.9 1.33 3.5 3.26 8.5 1.71 4.5 3.21 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.72 100.0 20.50 66.7 10.22 33.3 1.89 6.2 1.30 4.2 3.11 10.1 1.24 4.1 2.67 8.7

Production

29.24 100.0 19.54 66.8 9.71 33.2 1.81 6.2 1.43 4.9 3.13 10.7 0.91 3.1 2.44 8.3

Transportation and material moving

32.03 100.0 21.36 66.7 10.67 33.3 1.96 6.1 1.19 3.7 3.09 9.7 1.55 4.8 2.89 9.0

Industry group

Education and health services

43.91 100.0 29.73 67.7 14.17 32.3 3.39 7.7 0.68 1.5 4.26 9.7 3.09 7.0 2.75 6.3

Educational services

55.67 100.0 36.76 66.0 18.92 34.0 3.58 6.4 0.28 0.5 5.96 10.7 6.14 11.0 2.96 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

54.45 100.0 35.52 65.2 18.94 34.8 2.85 5.2 0.22 0.4 6.28 11.5 6.85 12.6 2.73 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.81 100.0 40.89 66.2 20.92 33.8 5.38 8.7 0.38 0.6 6.02 9.7 5.67 9.2 3.47 5.6

Health care and social assistance

37.04 100.0 25.63 69.2 11.41 30.8 3.28 8.8 0.91 2.5 3.27 8.8 1.32 3.6 2.63 7.1

Hospitals

52.01 100.0 33.76 64.9 18.25 35.1 5.13 9.9 1.84 3.5 5.31 10.2 2.64 5.1 3.34 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

53.68 100.0 33.20 61.9 20.47 38.1 4.02 7.5 0.53 1.0 6.27 11.7 6.72 12.5 2.93 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

64.22 100.0 41.11 64.0 23.12 36.0 4.52 7.0 0.41 0.6 6.86 10.7 8.05 12.5 3.29 5.1

Professional and related

62.41 100.0 40.25 64.5 22.16 35.5 4.01 6.4 0.39 0.6 6.82 10.9 7.76 12.4 3.18 5.1

Teachers(2)

70.67 100.0 46.84 66.3 23.83 33.7 3.49 4.9 0.27 0.4 7.36 10.4 9.35 13.2 3.36 4.8

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

70.38 100.0 46.03 65.4 24.35 34.6 3.15 4.5 0.24 0.3 7.88 11.2 9.90 14.1 3.18 4.5

Sales and office

37.33 100.0 21.38 57.3 15.94 42.7 3.29 8.8 0.33 0.9 5.89 15.8 4.23 11.3 2.20 5.9

Office and administrative support

37.49 100.0 21.43 57.2 16.06 42.8 3.30 8.8 0.34 0.9 5.96 15.9 4.26 11.4 2.20 5.9

Service

39.49 100.0 22.47 56.9 17.02 43.1 3.34 8.5 0.86 2.2 4.98 12.6 5.42 13.7 2.43 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

55.94 100.0 35.87 64.1 20.07 35.9 3.66 6.5 0.36 0.6 6.40 11.4 6.80 12.2 2.85 5.1

Educational services

57.42 100.0 37.05 64.5 20.37 35.5 3.49 6.1 0.26 0.5 6.52 11.4 7.25 12.6 2.85 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

55.85 100.0 36.07 64.6 19.78 35.4 2.88 5.1 0.23 0.4 6.60 11.8 7.37 13.2 2.71 4.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.90 100.0 39.83 64.4 22.07 35.6 5.30 8.6 0.34 0.6 6.28 10.1 6.88 11.1 3.26 5.3

Health care and social assistance

47.32 100.0 29.02 61.3 18.30 38.7 4.61 9.7 0.92 1.9 5.70 12.0 4.20 8.9 2.87 6.1

Hospitals

49.96 100.0 31.24 62.5 18.72 37.5 4.88 9.8 1.06 2.1 5.66 11.3 4.11 8.2 3.01 6.0

Public administration

51.73 100.0 29.67 57.4 22.06 42.6 4.88 9.4 0.81 1.6 6.24 12.1 7.03 13.6 3.10 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Mar. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

36.64 100.0 25.80 70.4 10.83 29.6 2.72 7.4 1.27 3.5 2.83 7.7 1.25 3.4 2.77 7.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.32 100.0 43.31 69.5 19.02 30.5 5.83 9.4 2.33 3.7 4.45 7.1 2.33 3.7 4.08 6.5

Management, business, and financial

72.88 100.0 50.46 69.2 22.42 30.8 7.09 9.7 3.35 4.6 4.76 6.5 2.67 3.7 4.55 6.2

Professional and related

56.29 100.0 39.22 69.7 17.07 30.3 5.11 9.1 1.74 3.1 4.28 7.6 2.13 3.8 3.81 6.8

Sales and office

28.25 100.0 20.44 72.3 7.81 27.7 1.83 6.5 0.81 2.9 2.37 8.4 0.73 2.6 2.07 7.3

Sales and related

28.51 100.0 21.80 76.5 6.71 23.5 1.60 5.6 0.85 3.0 1.55 5.4 0.59 2.1 2.11 7.4

Office and administrative support

28.06 100.0 19.43 69.2 8.63 30.8 2.00 7.1 0.79 2.8 2.97 10.6 0.83 3.0 2.05 7.3

Service

18.15 100.0 13.93 76.7 4.23 23.3 0.77 4.2 0.38 2.1 1.12 6.2 0.27 1.5 1.68 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

38.58 100.0 26.25 68.0 12.33 32.0 2.07 5.4 1.44 3.7 3.14 8.1 2.10 5.4 3.59 9.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

39.61 100.0 26.59 67.1 13.01 32.9 1.65 4.2 1.52 3.8 3.22 8.1 2.69 6.8 3.93 9.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

37.47 100.0 25.87 69.0 11.60 31.0 2.52 6.7 1.35 3.6 3.05 8.2 1.45 3.9 3.23 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.26 100.0 20.36 67.3 9.90 32.7 1.84 6.1 1.32 4.4 2.98 9.9 1.09 3.6 2.66 8.8

Production

28.94 100.0 19.40 67.0 9.54 33.0 1.78 6.1 1.43 4.9 3.07 10.6 0.83 2.9 2.43 8.4

Transportation and material moving

31.49 100.0 21.25 67.5 10.24 32.5 1.91 6.1 1.21 3.9 2.90 9.2 1.33 4.2 2.88 9.2

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.59 100.0 27.43 67.6 13.16 32.4 2.64 6.5 1.77 4.4 3.62 8.9 1.79 4.4 3.34 8.2

Construction

40.85 100.0 28.48 69.7 12.37 30.3 1.87 4.6 1.47 3.6 3.08 7.5 2.08 5.1 3.87 9.5

Manufacturing

40.38 100.0 26.82 66.4 13.56 33.6 3.06 7.6 1.90 4.7 3.92 9.7 1.64 4.1 3.03 7.5

Aircraft manufacturing

77.20 100.0 47.99 62.2 29.21 37.8 7.36 9.5 4.30 5.6 7.42 9.6 5.25 6.8 4.89 6.3

Service-providing(3)

35.83 100.0 25.47 71.1 10.36 28.9 2.74 7.6 1.17 3.3 2.67 7.4 1.14 3.2 2.65 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

31.03 100.0 22.02 70.9 9.02 29.1 2.05 6.6 0.96 3.1 2.40 7.7 1.13 3.6 2.48 8.0

Wholesale trade

42.26 100.0 29.87 70.7 12.39 29.3 3.27 7.7 1.58 3.7 3.06 7.3 1.36 3.2 3.11 7.4

Retail trade

21.95 100.0 16.69 76.0 5.26 24.0 1.11 5.0 0.55 2.5 1.35 6.1 0.42 1.9 1.83 8.3

Transportation and warehousing

40.01 100.0 26.42 66.0 13.59 34.0 2.91 7.3 1.30 3.2 3.99 10.0 2.12 5.3 3.27 8.2

Utilities

68.44 100.0 42.20 61.7 26.25 38.3 6.06 8.9 2.25 3.3 6.44 9.4 6.68 9.8 4.81 7.0

Information

57.53 100.0 38.16 66.3 19.36 33.7 5.37 9.3 2.86 5.0 4.95 8.6 2.44 4.2 3.75 6.5

Financial activities

52.58 100.0 35.42 67.4 17.15 32.6 4.60 8.8 3.08 5.9 4.45 8.5 1.77 3.4 3.26 6.2

Financial and insurance

58.76 100.0 39.21 66.7 19.54 33.3 5.28 9.0 3.74 6.4 4.92 8.4 2.12 3.6 3.48 5.9

Credit intermediation and related activities

51.29 100.0 34.02 66.3 17.27 33.7 4.76 9.3 2.87 5.6 4.73 9.2 1.77 3.4 3.15 6.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

52.19 100.0 34.53 66.2 17.66 33.8 4.66 8.9 2.85 5.5 4.77 9.1 2.09 4.0 3.30 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

32.38 100.0 23.03 71.1 9.35 28.9 2.39 7.4 0.91 2.8 2.89 8.9 0.61 1.9 2.55 7.9

Professional and business services

44.96 100.0 32.29 71.8 12.68 28.2 3.67 8.2 1.60 3.5 2.90 6.5 1.29 2.9 3.22 7.2

Professional and technical services

59.05 100.0 42.10 71.3 16.95 28.7 5.29 9.0 2.03 3.4 3.85 6.5 1.82 3.1 3.97 6.7

Administrative and waste services

24.13 100.0 18.39 76.2 5.74 23.8 1.18 4.9 0.64 2.7 1.40 5.8 0.34 1.4 2.17 9.0

Education and health services

37.82 100.0 26.63 70.4 11.19 29.6 3.25 8.6 0.84 2.2 3.18 8.4 1.22 3.2 2.70 7.1

Educational services

49.57 100.0 35.75 72.1 13.82 27.9 3.87 7.8 0.33 0.7 4.00 8.1 2.26 4.6 3.35 6.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

61.64 100.0 42.96 69.7 18.68 30.3 5.52 9.0 0.45 0.7 5.53 9.0 3.31 5.4 3.87 6.3

Health care and social assistance

36.17 100.0 25.35 70.1 10.82 29.9 3.16 8.7 0.91 2.5 3.07 8.5 1.07 3.0 2.61 7.2

Leisure and hospitality

15.97 100.0 12.88 80.6 3.10 19.4 0.47 2.9 0.22 1.4 0.68 4.3 0.16 1.0 1.57 9.8

Accommodation and food services

15.27 100.0 12.32 80.7 2.95 19.3 0.40 2.6 0.22 1.4 0.66 4.3 0.15 1.0 1.52 9.9

Other services

29.72 100.0 22.10 74.4 7.62 25.6 1.87 6.3 0.49 1.7 1.79 6.0 1.06 3.6 2.41 8.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Mar. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union

All workers

50.73 100.0 30.24 59.6 20.49 40.4 3.63 7.1 1.88 3.7 6.91 13.6 4.32 8.5 3.75 7.4

Goods-producing(2)

53.13 100.0 30.51 57.4 22.61 42.6 2.92 5.5 2.49 4.7 7.51 14.1 5.46 10.3 4.24 8.0

Service-providing(3)

49.63 100.0 30.11 60.7 19.52 39.3 3.95 8.0 1.60 3.2 6.64 13.4 3.79 7.6 3.53 7.1

Nonunion

All workers

35.46 100.0 25.43 71.7 10.03 28.3 2.65 7.5 1.22 3.4 2.49 7.0 0.99 2.8 2.68 7.6

Goods-producing(2)

38.50 100.0 26.91 69.9 11.59 30.1 2.59 6.7 1.65 4.3 2.98 7.7 1.18 3.1 3.19 8.3

Service-providing(3)

34.90 100.0 25.16 72.1 9.74 27.9 2.66 7.6 1.14 3.3 2.40 6.9 0.96 2.7 2.59 7.4

Full-time

All workers

42.52 100.0 29.37 69.1 13.15 30.9 3.40 8.0 1.59 3.7 3.52 8.3 1.56 3.7 3.08 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

64.81 100.0 44.71 69.0 20.10 31.0 6.18 9.5 2.50 3.9 4.77 7.4 2.48 3.8 4.17 6.4

Management, business, and financial

73.52 100.0 50.82 69.1 22.70 30.9 7.19 9.8 3.41 4.6 4.82 6.6 2.71 3.7 4.58 6.2

Professional and related

59.03 100.0 40.66 68.9 18.37 31.1 5.51 9.3 1.90 3.2 4.73 8.0 2.33 3.9 3.90 6.6

Sales and office

33.02 100.0 23.31 70.6 9.71 29.4 2.39 7.2 1.05 3.2 3.03 9.2 0.94 2.8 2.30 7.0

Sales and related

38.82 100.0 28.90 74.4 9.92 25.6 2.60 6.7 1.33 3.4 2.42 6.2 0.94 2.4 2.64 6.8

Office and administrative support

30.02 100.0 20.42 68.0 9.60 32.0 2.29 7.6 0.90 3.0 3.34 11.1 0.94 3.1 2.13 7.1

Service

21.96 100.0 15.91 72.4 6.05 27.6 1.26 5.7 0.60 2.8 1.91 8.7 0.44 2.0 1.84 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.24 100.0 26.59 67.8 12.65 32.2 2.14 5.4 1.48 3.8 3.26 8.3 2.14 5.5 3.63 9.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

39.99 100.0 26.81 67.0 13.18 33.0 1.69 4.2 1.54 3.9 3.30 8.3 2.69 6.7 3.96 9.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.41 100.0 26.35 68.6 12.07 31.4 2.63 6.8 1.41 3.7 3.22 8.4 1.54 4.0 3.27 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

32.25 100.0 21.39 66.3 10.86 33.7 2.10 6.5 1.47 4.6 3.34 10.4 1.21 3.8 2.73 8.5

Production

30.02 100.0 19.92 66.4 10.10 33.6 1.89 6.3 1.53 5.1 3.30 11.0 0.89 3.0 2.48 8.3

Transportation and material moving

34.81 100.0 23.08 66.3 11.73 33.7 2.35 6.7 1.40 4.0 3.39 9.7 1.58 4.5 3.02 8.7

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

41.08 100.0 27.69 67.4 13.39 32.6 2.70 6.6 1.80 4.4 3.71 9.0 1.82 4.4 3.36 8.2

Construction

41.38 100.0 28.76 69.5 12.63 30.5 1.92 4.6 1.50 3.6 3.17 7.7 2.14 5.2 3.90 9.4

Manufacturing

40.84 100.0 27.08 66.3 13.76 33.7 3.13 7.7 1.93 4.7 4.01 9.8 1.64 4.0 3.05 7.5

Service-providing(3)

42.93 100.0 29.84 69.5 13.09 30.5 3.60 8.4 1.53 3.6 3.47 8.1 1.49 3.5 3.00 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

37.78 100.0 26.15 69.2 11.63 30.8 2.83 7.5 1.28 3.4 3.13 8.3 1.51 4.0 2.87 7.6

Information

62.80 100.0 41.41 65.9 21.39 34.1 5.89 9.4 3.23 5.1 5.50 8.8 2.73 4.4 4.03 6.4

Financial activities

54.69 100.0 36.68 67.1 18.01 32.9 4.86 8.9 3.26 6.0 4.67 8.5 1.87 3.4 3.35 6.1

Professional and business services

49.43 100.0 35.15 71.1 14.28 28.9 4.22 8.5 1.81 3.7 3.33 6.7 1.50 3.0 3.42 6.9

Education and health services

40.81 100.0 28.14 69.0 12.67 31.0 3.74 9.2 0.91 2.2 3.81 9.3 1.42 3.5 2.79 6.8

Leisure and hospitality

21.81 100.0 16.55 75.9 5.25 24.1 1.09 5.0 0.46 2.1 1.46 6.7 0.36 1.6 1.88 8.6

Other services

34.65 100.0 24.90 71.8 9.76 28.2 2.54 7.3 0.63 1.8 2.47 7.1 1.48 4.3 2.64 7.6

Part-time

All workers

19.27 100.0 15.29 79.3 3.99 20.7 0.71 3.7 0.33 1.7 0.78 4.1 0.32 1.7 1.84 9.6

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.22 100.0 31.40 76.2 9.82 23.8 2.88 7.0 0.84 2.0 1.78 4.3 1.04 2.5 3.28 8.0

Professional and related

41.25 100.0 31.33 75.9 9.92 24.1 2.94 7.1 0.84 2.0 1.79 4.3 1.07 2.6 3.28 8.0

Sales and office

17.18 100.0 13.76 80.1 3.41 19.9 0.52 3.0 0.27 1.6 0.83 4.8 0.25 1.4 1.54 9.0

Sales and related

15.40 100.0 12.78 82.9 2.63 17.1 0.33 2.1 0.25 1.6 0.45 2.9 0.16 1.0 1.44 9.4

Office and administrative support

20.09 100.0 15.38 76.6 4.71 23.4 0.84 4.2 0.31 1.6 1.46 7.2 0.40 2.0 1.70 8.5

Service

14.65 100.0 12.10 82.6 2.54 17.4 0.32 2.2 0.18 1.2 0.40 2.7 0.11 0.8 1.53 10.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

20.58 100.0 15.33 74.5 5.25 25.5 0.57 2.8 0.58 2.8 1.25 6.1 0.50 2.4 2.34 11.4

Transportation and material moving

21.74 100.0 15.89 73.1 5.85 26.9 0.62 2.8 0.66 3.0 1.46 6.7 0.62 2.9 2.48 11.4

Industry group

Service-providing(3)

19.15 100.0 15.21 79.4 3.95 20.6 0.71 3.7 0.33 1.7 0.78 4.1 0.31 1.6 1.82 9.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.99 100.0 14.03 78.0 3.96 22.0 0.52 2.9 0.34 1.9 0.99 5.5 0.40 2.2 1.72 9.6

Professional and business services

20.76 100.0 16.80 80.9 3.96 19.1 0.69 3.3 0.42 2.0 0.58 2.8 0.13 0.6 2.14 10.3

Education and health services

29.12 100.0 22.23 76.3 6.89 23.7 1.84 6.3 0.62 2.1 1.35 4.6 0.65 2.2 2.43 8.3

Leisure and hospitality

13.06 100.0 11.04 84.6 2.02 15.4 0.15 1.2 0.09 0.7 0.29 2.2 0.06 0.5 1.41 10.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Mar. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

1-99 workers

30.30 100.0 22.45 74.1 7.85 25.9 1.90 6.3 0.75 2.5 1.97 6.5 0.75 2.5 2.48 8.2

1-49 workers

29.26 100.0 21.94 75.0 7.33 25.0 1.78 6.1 0.70 2.4 1.78 6.1 0.65 2.2 2.43 8.3

50-99 workers

34.20 100.0 24.37 71.3 9.83 28.7 2.38 7.0 0.98 2.9 2.69 7.9 1.12 3.3 2.66 7.8

100 workers or more

44.90 100.0 30.18 67.2 14.72 32.8 3.79 8.4 1.94 4.3 3.95 8.8 1.90 4.2 3.14 7.0

100-499 workers

37.68 100.0 26.23 69.6 11.45 30.4 2.89 7.7 1.33 3.5 3.15 8.4 1.27 3.4 2.81 7.5

500 workers or more

54.43 100.0 35.40 65.0 19.04 35.0 4.97 9.1 2.75 5.1 5.01 9.2 2.72 5.0 3.58 6.6

Goods-producing(2)

1-99 workers

34.95 100.0 24.79 70.9 10.16 29.1 1.80 5.1 1.22 3.5 2.62 7.5 1.32 3.8 3.19 9.1

1-49 workers

33.04 100.0 23.82 72.1 9.21 27.9 1.62 4.9 1.06 3.2 2.28 6.9 1.10 3.3 3.15 9.5

50-99 workers

40.15 100.0 27.43 68.3 12.72 31.7 2.28 5.7 1.66 4.1 3.57 8.9 1.92 4.8 3.30 8.2

100 workers or more

45.93 100.0 29.92 65.1 16.01 34.9 3.44 7.5 2.29 5.0 4.57 10.0 2.24 4.9 3.48 7.6

100-499 workers

42.05 100.0 27.87 66.3 14.18 33.7 2.89 6.9 1.92 4.6 4.10 9.7 1.90 4.5 3.37 8.0

500 workers or more

51.89 100.0 33.07 63.7 18.81 36.3 4.27 8.2 2.84 5.5 5.30 10.2 2.76 5.3 3.64 7.0

Service-providing(3)

1-99 workers

29.51 100.0 22.05 74.7 7.46 25.3 1.92 6.5 0.68 2.3 1.86 6.3 0.65 2.2 2.35 8.0

1-49 workers

28.68 100.0 21.64 75.5 7.03 24.5 1.80 6.3 0.64 2.2 1.70 5.9 0.58 2.0 2.31 8.1

50-99 workers

32.84 100.0 23.67 72.1 9.17 27.9 2.40 7.3 0.82 2.5 2.49 7.6 0.94 2.9 2.52 7.7

100 workers or more

44.64 100.0 30.24 67.7 14.40 32.3 3.87 8.7 1.86 4.2 3.80 8.5 1.81 4.1 3.06 6.9

100-499 workers

36.50 100.0 25.79 70.6 10.72 29.4 2.89 7.9 1.17 3.2 2.89 7.9 1.10 3.0 2.66 7.3

500 workers or more

55.00 100.0 35.92 65.3 19.09 34.7 5.12 9.3 2.73 5.0 4.95 9.0 2.72 4.9 3.57 6.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Mar. 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

41.17 100.0 28.36 68.9 12.80 31.1 3.23 7.8 1.50 3.6 3.35 8.1 1.57 3.8 3.16 7.7

New England

41.04 100.0 28.57 69.6 12.46 30.4 3.32 8.1 1.26 3.1 3.26 7.9 1.51 3.7 3.12 7.6

Middle Atlantic

41.22 100.0 28.29 68.6 12.93 31.4 3.19 7.7 1.59 3.9 3.38 8.2 1.59 3.9 3.17 7.7

South

32.69 100.0 23.68 72.4 9.01 27.6 2.36 7.2 1.09 3.3 2.19 6.7 0.97 3.0 2.41 7.4

South Atlantic

34.23 100.0 24.73 72.3 9.50 27.7 2.56 7.5 1.06 3.1 2.29 6.7 1.06 3.1 2.53 7.4

East South Central

29.79 100.0 21.59 72.5 8.20 27.5 2.09 7.0 0.87 2.9 2.17 7.3 0.89 3.0 2.18 7.3

West South Central

31.35 100.0 22.82 72.8 8.53 27.2 2.13 6.8 1.25 4.0 2.01 6.4 0.84 2.7 2.30 7.3

Midwest

35.10 100.0 24.24 69.0 10.86 31.0 2.51 7.1 1.34 3.8 3.08 8.8 1.32 3.8 2.61 7.4

East North Central

36.02 100.0 24.83 68.9 11.20 31.1 2.56 7.1 1.44 4.0 3.09 8.6 1.46 4.0 2.65 7.4

West North Central

33.20 100.0 23.02 69.3 10.18 30.7 2.40 7.2 1.14 3.4 3.07 9.2 1.05 3.1 2.53 7.6

West

40.60 100.0 28.59 70.4 12.01 29.6 3.09 7.6 1.29 3.2 3.14 7.7 1.34 3.3 3.16 7.8

Mountain

33.99 100.0 23.75 69.9 10.24 30.1 2.40 7.1 1.31 3.9 2.85 8.4 1.14 3.3 2.54 7.5

Pacific

43.30 100.0 30.57 70.6 12.73 29.4 3.37 7.8 1.28 3.0 3.25 7.5 1.42 3.3 3.41 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Table 8. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by metropolitan areas [Mar. 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast Region

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

43.70 100.0 30.27 69.3 13.42 30.7

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

47.40 100.0 32.26 68.1 15.14 31.9

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

35.70 100.0 25.24 70.7 10.46 29.3

South Region

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

35.93 100.0 25.50 71.0 10.43 29.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

32.66 100.0 23.03 70.5 9.63 29.5

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

39.50 100.0 28.53 72.2 10.97 27.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

31.34 100.0 23.32 74.4 8.01 25.6

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

46.32 100.0 33.10 71.5 13.22 28.5

Midwest Region

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

42.73 100.0 29.32 68.6 13.41 31.4

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

40.54 100.0 27.20 67.1 13.34 32.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

38.45 100.0 26.69 69.4 11.76 30.6

West Region

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

40.05 100.0 28.16 70.3 11.89 29.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

33.51 100.0 23.25 69.4 10.26 30.6

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

55.47 100.0 38.67 69.7 16.80 30.3

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

47.05 100.0 33.15 70.5 13.90 29.5

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the March 2019 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: June 17, 2021