Table 1. By ownership

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2019]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

36.61 100.0 34.44 100.0 50.78 100.0

Wages and salaries

25.12 68.6 24.14 70.1 31.58 62.2

Total benefits

11.48 31.4 10.30 29.9 19.20 37.8

Paid leave

2.64 7.2 2.47 7.2 3.80 7.5

Vacation

1.30 3.5 1.27 3.7 1.45 2.9

Holiday

0.78 2.1 0.74 2.1 1.08 2.1

Sick

0.41 1.1 0.32 0.9 0.97 1.9

Personal

0.16 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.30 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.03 2.8 1.11 3.2 0.51 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.29 0.8 0.30 0.9 0.22 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.67 1.8 0.74 2.1 0.24 0.5

Insurance

3.19 8.7 2.76 8.0 6.04 11.9

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.04 8.3 2.60 7.6 5.89 11.6

Short-term disability

0.06 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.04 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.94 5.3 1.31 3.8 6.04 11.9

Defined benefit

1.20 3.3 0.52 1.5 5.63 11.1

Defined contribution

0.74 2.0 0.79 2.3 0.41 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.68 7.3 2.66 7.7 2.81 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.05 5.6 2.03 5.9 2.19 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.64 4.5 1.63 4.7 1.67 3.3

Medicare

0.42 1.1 0.40 1.2 0.52 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.13 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.3 0.45 1.3 0.56 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.

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Last Modified Date: September 17, 2019