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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2019-2020 annual averages

Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2019 2020 2019 2020

TOTAL MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES(1)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

2,400 5,292 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

1,973 4,031 82.2 76.2

No family member employed

427 1,261 17.8 23.8

Unemployment of family members

At least one spouse unemployed(2)

1,525 3,920 63.6 74.1

One spouse employed

1,137 2,632 47.4 49.7

Other family member(s) unemployed

875 1,371 36.4 25.9

Opposite-sex married-couple families

With at least one family member unemployed, total

2,380 5,237 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

1,956 3,990 82.2 76.2

No family member employed

425 1,247 17.8 23.8

Unemployment of family members

Husband unemployed(3)

788 2,041 33.1 39.0

Wife employed

510 1,096 21.4 20.9

Wife unemployed, husband employed or not in labor force

721 1,835 30.3 35.0

Husband employed

613 1,506 25.7 28.8

Other family member(s) unemployed

872 1,361 36.6 26.0

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(4)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

1,168 1,890 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

625 943 53.5 49.9

No family member employed

543 947 46.5 50.1

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

516 942 44.1 49.8

Other member(s) employed

152 266 13.0 14.1

Other family member(s) unemployed

653 948 55.9 50.2

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(4)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

543 942 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

331 518 61.1 55.0

No family member employed

211 424 38.9 45.0

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

287 559 52.9 59.4

Other member(s) employed

138 218 25.4 23.2

Other family member(s) unemployed

255 383 47.1 40.6

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for 2019, includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married-couple families. Prior to 2019, included opposite-sex married-couple families only.
(2) Includes families with both spouses unemployed.
(3) Total opposite-sex married couple families with unemployed husbands, including those with unemployed wives.
(4) Beginning with data for 2019, includes families with no spouse of either sex present. Prior to 2019, included only families with no opposite-sex spouse present.

NOTE: In families maintained by women or men with no spouse present, householder refers to the woman or man maintaining the family. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Family estimates reflect a change in the classification of marital status. Data for 2019 and 2020 incorporate this change into the definition of families, which expands the definition of married-couple families to include same-sex married couples. As a result, data under the new definition are not strictly comparable with data for previous years. Data for 2019 in this news release incorporate the new definition; therefore, 2019 estimates shown here do not match those published in the "Employment Characteristics of Families--2019" news release and in the BLS online database.

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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2021