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Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2017-2018 annual averages

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2017-2018 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2017 2018 2017 2018

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

33,615 33,632 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,318 30,522 90.2 90.8

No parent employed

3,297 3,109 9.8 9.2

Married-couple families(1)

Total

22,855 22,883 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,158 22,296 96.9 97.4

Mother employed

15,389 15,545 67.3 67.9

Both parents employed

14,151 14,407 61.9 63.0

Mother employed, not father

1,238 1,138 5.4 5.0

Father employed, not mother

6,769 6,751 29.6 29.5

Neither parent employed

697 586 3.1 2.6

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

8,259 8,125 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

6,043 6,018 73.2 74.1

Mother not employed

2,216 2,108 26.8 25.9

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

2,500 2,624 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,117 2,209 84.7 84.2

Father not employed

383 416 15.3 15.8

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,621 19,377 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,742 17,627 90.4 91.0

No parent employed

1,879 1,751 9.6 9.0

Married-couple families(1)

Total

13,032 12,859 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,595 12,488 96.6 97.1

Mother employed

9,362 9,384 71.8 73.0

Both parents employed

8,553 8,643 65.6 67.2

Mother employed, not father

810 741 6.2 5.8

Father employed, not mother

3,233 3,104 24.8 24.1

Neither parent employed

437 370 3.4 2.9

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

5,093 5,028 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,890 3,887 76.4 77.3

Mother not employed

1,204 1,141 23.6 22.7

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,496 1,491 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,257 1,251 84.1 83.9

Father not employed

239 240 15.9 16.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

13,994 14,254 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,576 12,896 89.9 90.5

No parent employed

1,418 1,359 10.1 9.5

Married-couple families(1)

Total

9,823 10,024 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,562 9,808 97.3 97.8

Mother employed

6,027 6,161 61.4 61.5

Both parents employed

5,598 5,764 57.0 57.5

Mother employed, not father

428 396 4.4 4.0

Father employed, not mother

3,536 3,647 36.0 36.4

Neither parent employed

261 216 2.7 2.2

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

3,166 3,097 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,154 2,130 68.0 68.8

Mother not employed

1,013 967 32.0 31.2

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,005 1,133 100.0 100.0

Father employed

860 957 85.6 84.5

Father not employed

145 176 14.4 15.5

Footnotes
(1) Refers to opposite-sex married-couple families only.
(2) No opposite-sex spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 18, 2019