Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2016-2017 annual averages

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2016-2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2016 2017 2016 2017

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

34,206 33,615 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,671 30,318 89.7 90.2

No parent employed

3,534 3,297 10.3 9.8

Married-couple families(1)

Total

23,125 22,855 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,379 22,158 96.8 96.9

Mother employed

15,377 15,389 66.5 67.3

Both parents employed

14,123 14,151 61.1 61.9

Mother employed, not father

1,254 1,238 5.4 5.4

Father employed, not mother

7,001 6,769 30.3 29.6

Neither parent employed

746 697 3.2 3.1

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

8,538 8,259 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

6,191 6,043 72.5 73.2

Mother not employed

2,347 2,216 27.5 26.8

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

2,544 2,500 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,102 2,117 82.6 84.7

Father not employed

442 383 17.4 15.3

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,774 19,621 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,814 17,742 90.1 90.4

No parent employed

1,960 1,879 9.9 9.6

Married-couple families(1)

Total

13,105 13,032 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,649 12,595 96.5 96.6

Mother employed

9,284 9,362 70.8 71.8

Both parents employed

8,483 8,553 64.7 65.6

Mother employed, not father

801 810 6.1 6.2

Father employed, not mother

3,365 3,233 25.7 24.8

Neither parent employed

456 437 3.5 3.4

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

5,189 5,093 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,955 3,890 76.2 76.4

Mother not employed

1,234 1,204 23.8 23.6

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,481 1,496 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,211 1,257 81.8 84.1

Father not employed

270 239 18.2 15.9

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,432 13,994 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,857 12,576 89.1 89.9

No parent employed

1,575 1,418 10.9 10.1

Married-couple families(1)

Total

10,020 9,823 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,730 9,562 97.1 97.3

Mother employed

6,093 6,027 60.8 61.4

Both parents employed

5,640 5,598 56.3 57.0

Mother employed, not father

453 428 4.5 4.4

Father employed, not mother

3,637 3,536 36.3 36.0

Neither parent employed

290 261 2.9 2.7

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

3,349 3,166 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,236 2,154 66.8 68.0

Mother not employed

1,113 1,013 33.2 32.0

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,063 1,005 100.0 100.0

Father employed

891 860 83.8 85.6

Father not employed

172 145 16.2 14.4

Footnotes
(1) Refers to opposite-sex married-couple families only.
(2) No opposite-sex spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 19, 2018