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Economic News Release
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Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2020-2021 annual averages

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2020 2021 2020 2021

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

33,047 32,756 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

29,259 29,198 88.5 89.1

No parent employed

3,788 3,558 11.5 10.9

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

22,921 22,156 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

21,846 21,372 95.3 96.5

Both parents employed

13,705 13,794 59.8 62.3

Only one parent employed

8,141 7,577 35.5 34.2

Neither parent employed

1,075 784 4.7 3.5

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

22,826 22,050 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

21,755 21,269 95.3 96.5

Mother employed

15,044 14,955 65.9 67.8

Both parents employed

13,642 13,720 59.8 62.2

Mother employed, not father

1,402 1,234 6.1 5.6

Father employed, not mother

6,711 6,315 29.4 28.6

Neither parent employed

1,071 780 4.7 3.5

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

7,526 7,904 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,344 5,624 71.0 71.2

Mother not employed

2,181 2,280 29.0 28.8

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

2,601 2,696 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,069 2,202 79.6 81.7

Father not employed

531 494 20.4 18.3

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,246 19,029 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,109 17,058 88.9 89.6

No parent employed

2,137 1,971 11.1 10.4

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

12,939 12,553 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,315 12,085 95.2 96.3

Both parents employed

8,090 8,140 62.5 64.9

Only one parent employed

4,224 3,945 32.6 31.4

Neither parent employed

624 467 4.8 3.7

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

12,887 12,491 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,266 12,026 95.2 96.3

Mother employed

8,944 8,908 69.4 71.3

Both parents employed

8,058 8,098 62.5 64.8

Mother employed, not father

886 810 6.9 6.5

Father employed, not mother

3,322 3,118 25.8 25.0

Neither parent employed

621 464 4.8 3.7

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

4,731 4,881 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,538 3,687 74.8 75.5

Mother not employed

1,193 1,194 25.2 24.5

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,576 1,595 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,256 1,286 79.7 80.6

Father not employed

320 309 20.3 19.4

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

13,801 13,727 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,150 12,140 88.0 88.4

No parent employed

1,651 1,587 12.0 11.6

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

9,983 9,603 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,531 9,286 95.5 96.7

Both parents employed

5,614 5,654 56.2 58.9

Only one parent employed

3,917 3,632 39.2 37.8

Neither parent employed

451 317 4.5 3.3

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

9,939 9,559 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,490 9,243 95.5 96.7

Mother employed

6,100 6,046 61.4 63.3

Both parents employed

5,584 5,622 56.2 58.8

Mother employed, not father

516 424 5.2 4.4

Father employed, not mother

3,390 3,197 34.1 33.4

Neither parent employed

450 316 4.5 3.3

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

2,795 3,023 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

1,807 1,937 64.6 64.1

Mother not employed

988 1,086 35.4 35.9

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,024 1,101 100.0 100.0

Father employed

813 916 79.4 83.2

Father not employed

211 185 20.6 16.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married-couple families.
(2) Includes families with no spouse of either sex present.

NOTE: Own children include biological, step-, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Beginning in 2020, family estimates reflect a change in the classification of marital status. This change expanded the definition of married-couple families to include same-sex married couples. As a result, data under the new definition are not strictly comparable with data prior to 2020.

Last Modified Date: April 20, 2022