Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
CPS CPS Program Links

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2019-2020 annual averages

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2019 2020 2019 2020

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

33,460 33,047 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,584 29,259 91.4 88.5

No parent employed

2,876 3,788 8.6 11.5

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

23,005 22,921 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,421 21,846 97.5 95.3

Both parents employed

14,810 13,705 64.4 59.8

Only one parent employed

7,611 8,141 33.1 35.5

Neither parent employed

583 1,075 2.5 4.7

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

22,923 22,826 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,342 21,755 97.5 95.3

Mother employed

15,841 15,044 69.1 65.9

Both parents employed

14,754 13,642 64.4 59.8

Mother employed, not father

1,088 1,402 4.7 6.1

Father employed, not mother

6,501 6,711 28.4 29.4

Neither parent employed

581 1,071 2.5 4.7

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

7,850 7,526 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,934 5,344 75.6 71.0

Mother not employed

1,916 2,181 24.4 29.0

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

2,605 2,601 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,228 2,069 85.5 79.6

Father not employed

377 531 14.5 20.4

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,351 19,246 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,700 17,109 91.5 88.9

No parent employed

1,651 2,137 8.5 11.1

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

12,943 12,939 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,555 12,315 97.0 95.2

Both parents employed

8,766 8,090 67.7 62.5

Only one parent employed

3,790 4,224 29.3 32.6

Neither parent employed

388 624 3.0 4.8

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

12,898 12,887 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,512 12,266 97.0 95.2

Mother employed

9,469 8,944 73.4 69.4

Both parents employed

8,736 8,058 67.7 62.5

Mother employed, not father

733 886 5.7 6.9

Father employed, not mother

3,043 3,322 23.6 25.8

Neither parent employed

387 621 3.0 4.8

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

4,842 4,731 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,835 3,538 79.2 74.8

Mother not employed

1,007 1,193 20.8 25.2

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,566 1,576 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,311 1,256 83.7 79.7

Father not employed

255 320 16.3 20.3

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,109 13,801 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,884 12,150 91.3 88.0

No parent employed

1,225 1,651 8.7 12.0

Total married-couple families(1)

Total

10,061 9,983 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,866 9,531 98.1 95.5

Both parents employed

6,045 5,614 60.1 56.2

Only one parent employed

3,821 3,917 38.0 39.2

Neither parent employed

195 451 1.9 4.5

Opposite-sex married couple families

Total

10,025 9,939 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,830 9,490 98.1 95.5

Mother employed

6,372 6,100 63.6 61.4

Both parents employed

6,017 5,584 60.0 56.2

Mother employed, not father

355 516 3.5 5.2

Father employed, not mother

3,458 3,390 34.5 34.1

Neither parent employed

194 450 1.9 4.5

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

3,008 2,795 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,099 1,807 69.8 64.6

Mother not employed

909 988 30.2 35.4

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,040 1,024 100.0 100.0

Father employed

918 813 88.3 79.4

Father not employed

122 211 11.7 20.6

Footnotes
(1) Beginning with data for 2019, includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married-couple families. Prior to 2019, included opposite-sex married-couple families only.
(2) Beginning with data for 2019, includes families with no spouse of either sex present. Prior to 2019, included only families with no opposite-sex spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Family estimates reflect a change in the classification of marital status. Data for 2019 and 2020 incorporate this change into the definition of families, which expands the definition of married-couple families to include same-sex married couples. As a result, data under the new definition are not strictly comparable with data for previous years. Data for 2019 in this news release incorporate the new definition; therefore, 2019 estimates shown here do not match those published in the "Employment Characteristics of Families--2019" news release and in the BLS online database.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: April 21, 2021