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Economic News Release
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Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2018 2019 2018 2019

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

33,632 33,399 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,522 30,484 90.8 91.3

No parent employed

3,109 2,915 9.2 8.7

Married-couple families(1)

Total

22,883 22,854 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,296 22,275 97.4 97.5

Mother employed

15,545 15,736 67.9 68.9

Both parents employed

14,407 14,661 63.0 64.2

Mother employed, not father

1,138 1,075 5.0 4.7

Father employed, not mother

6,751 6,539 29.5 28.6

Neither parent employed

586 579 2.6 2.5

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

8,125 7,914 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

6,018 5,966 74.1 75.4

Mother not employed

2,108 1,948 25.9 24.6

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

2,624 2,631 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,209 2,243 84.2 85.2

Father not employed

416 389 15.8 14.8

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,377 19,297 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,627 17,630 91.0 91.4

No parent employed

1,751 1,667 9.0 8.6

Married-couple families(1)

Total

12,859 12,846 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,488 12,463 97.1 97.0

Mother employed

9,384 9,406 73.0 73.2

Both parents employed

8,643 8,680 67.2 67.6

Mother employed, not father

741 725 5.8 5.6

Father employed, not mother

3,104 3,058 24.1 23.8

Neither parent employed

370 382 2.9 3.0

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

5,028 4,868 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,887 3,845 77.3 79.0

Mother not employed

1,141 1,023 22.7 21.0

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,491 1,583 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,251 1,321 83.9 83.5

Father not employed

240 262 16.1 16.5

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,254 14,102 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,896 12,855 90.5 91.2

No parent employed

1,359 1,248 9.5 8.8

Married-couple families(1)

Total

10,024 10,008 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,808 9,812 97.8 98.0

Mother employed

6,161 6,330 61.5 63.3

Both parents employed

5,764 5,981 57.5 59.8

Mother employed, not father

396 350 4.0 3.5

Father employed, not mother

3,647 3,482 36.4 34.8

Neither parent employed

216 196 2.2 2.0

Families maintained by mother(2)

Total

3,097 3,046 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,130 2,121 68.8 69.6

Mother not employed

967 925 31.2 30.4

Families maintained by father(2)

Total

1,133 1,048 100.0 100.0

Father employed

957 921 84.5 87.9

Father not employed

176 127 15.5 12.1

Footnotes
(1) Refers to opposite-sex married-couple families only.
(2) No opposite-sex spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2020