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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2019-2020 annual averages

Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2019 2020
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

63,971 28,773 35,199 63,242 28,569 34,673

Civilian labor force

52,291 26,848 25,443 51,063 26,361 24,702

Participation rate

81.7 93.3 72.3 80.7 92.3 71.2

Employed

50,802 26,253 24,550 47,742 24,892 22,850

Full-time workers(1)

44,521 25,239 19,282 42,008 23,796 18,212

Part-time workers(2)

6,282 1,014 5,268 5,734 1,097 4,638

Employment-population ratio

79.4 91.2 69.7 75.5 87.1 65.9

Unemployed

1,489 596 893 3,321 1,469 1,852

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.2 3.5 6.5 5.6 7.5

Total married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

49,057 24,712 24,345 48,799 24,511 24,287

Civilian labor force

40,289 23,252 17,037 39,673 22,858 16,816

Participation rate

82.1 94.1 70.0 81.3 93.3 69.2

Employed

39,486 22,847 16,639 37,542 21,760 15,782

Full-time workers(1)

34,921 22,059 12,862 33,329 20,878 12,451

Part-time workers(2)

4,565 788 3,777 4,213 882 3,331

Employment-population ratio

80.5 92.5 68.3 76.9 88.8 65.0

Unemployed

803 405 398 2,131 1,097 1,034

Unemployment rate

2.0 1.7 2.3 5.4 4.8 6.1

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,915 4,061 10,854 14,443 4,057 10,385

Civilian labor force

12,002 3,596 8,405 11,389 3,504 7,886

Participation rate

80.5 88.6 77.4 78.9 86.3 75.9

Employed

11,316 3,405 7,910 10,200 3,132 7,068

Full-time workers(1)

9,600 3,180 6,419 8,679 2,918 5,762

Part-time workers(2)

1,716 225 1,491 1,521 215 1,306

Employment-population ratio

75.9 83.9 72.9 70.6 77.2 68.1

Unemployed

686 191 495 1,189 371 818

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.3 5.9 10.4 10.6 10.4

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,897 16,046 19,851 35,666 15,967 19,699

Civilian labor force

30,010 14,760 15,250 29,437 14,588 14,848

Participation rate

83.6 92.0 76.8 82.5 91.4 75.4

Employed

29,196 14,429 14,767 27,621 13,825 13,797

Full-time workers(1)

25,735 13,880 11,855 24,433 13,233 11,200

Part-time workers(2)

3,461 549 2,912 3,189 592 2,597

Employment-population ratio

81.3 89.9 74.4 77.4 86.6 70.0

Unemployed

814 331 483 1,815 764 1,052

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.2 3.2 6.2 5.2 7.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,075 12,727 15,348 27,575 12,602 14,973

Civilian labor force

22,281 12,088 10,193 21,626 11,773 9,853

Participation rate

79.4 95.0 66.4 78.4 93.4 65.8

Employed

21,606 11,823 9,783 20,121 11,068 9,053

Full-time workers(1)

18,786 11,359 7,427 17,575 10,563 7,012

Part-time workers(2)

2,820 464 2,356 2,546 505 2,041

Employment-population ratio

77.0 92.9 63.7 73.0 87.8 60.5

Unemployed

675 265 410 1,505 705 800

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.2 4.0 7.0 6.0 8.1

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,204 96,581 98,623 197,087 97,353 99,734

Civilian labor force

111,277 59,859 51,418 109,680 58,843 50,837

Participation rate

57.0 62.0 52.1 55.7 60.4 51.0

Employed

106,771 57,232 49,540 100,053 53,668 46,385

Full-time workers(1)

86,126 48,614 37,512 81,180 45,666 35,515

Part-time workers(2)

20,645 8,618 12,027 18,872 8,002 10,870

Employment-population ratio

54.7 59.3 50.2 50.8 55.1 46.5

Unemployed

4,506 2,628 1,878 9,627 5,175 4,452

Unemployment rate

4.0 4.4 3.7 8.8 8.8 8.8

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Beginning with data for 2019, includes persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. Prior to 2019, included only persons in opposite-sex marriages.
(4) Beginning with data for 2019, includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent. Prior to 2019, included persons in same-sex marriages as well.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Estimates for 2019 and 2020 introduce a change in the classification of marital status; estimates of married persons refer to those in opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. As a result, data by marital status are not strictly comparable with data for previous years. Data for 2019 in this news release incorporate the new classification; therefore, 2019 estimates shown here do not match those published in the "Employment Characteristics of Families--2019" news release and in the BLS online database.

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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2021