Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2016-2017 annual averages

Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2016-2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2016 2017
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,158 2,850 3,322 2,985 8,877 2,804 3,208 2,865

Civilian labor force

5,662 1,858 2,055 1,749 5,528 1,835 2,016 1,677

Participation rate

61.8 65.2 61.9 58.6 62.3 65.4 62.8 58.5

Employed

5,343 1,764 1,933 1,645 5,250 1,742 1,923 1,585

Full-time workers(1)

3,870 1,312 1,392 1,165 3,837 1,315 1,385 1,138

Part-time workers(2)

1,473 452 540 480 1,413 427 538 447

Employment-population ratio

58.3 61.9 58.2 55.1 59.1 62.1 59.9 55.3

Unemployed

319 94 123 103 277 93 93 92

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.0 6.0 5.9 5.0 5.1 4.6 5.5

Married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,335 1,964 2,302 2,069 6,193 1,951 2,253 1,989

Civilian labor force

3,768 1,210 1,367 1,191 3,716 1,207 1,354 1,155

Participation rate

59.5 61.6 59.4 57.6 60.0 61.9 60.1 58.1

Employed

3,648 1,171 1,321 1,156 3,618 1,167 1,324 1,128

Full-time workers(1)

2,691 876 966 849 2,660 871 970 819

Part-time workers(2)

957 294 356 307 958 296 353 309

Employment-population ratio

57.6 59.6 57.4 55.9 58.4 59.8 58.8 56.7

Unemployed

120 39 46 35 98 40 30 27

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.0 2.6 3.3 2.2 2.4

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,823 886 1,020 917 2,684 853 956 876

Civilian labor force

1,894 648 689 557 1,812 628 662 522

Participation rate

67.1 73.1 67.5 60.8 67.5 73.6 69.3 59.6

Employed

1,695 594 612 489 1,632 575 600 457

Full-time workers(1)

1,179 436 427 316 1,177 443 415 319

Part-time workers(2)

516 158 185 173 455 131 185 138

Employment-population ratio

60.0 67.0 60.0 53.4 60.8 67.4 62.7 52.2

Unemployed

199 54 77 68 180 53 62 64

Unemployment rate

10.5 8.4 11.2 12.2 9.9 8.5 9.4 12.3

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(4) Includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent; as well as persons in same-sex marriages.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 19, 2018