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Economic News Release
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Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2019-2020 annual averages

Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2019 2020
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,732 2,690 3,182 2,859 8,480 2,698 3,071 2,711

Civilian labor force

5,545 1,789 2,042 1,714 5,371 1,797 1,940 1,634

Participation rate

63.5 66.5 64.2 60.0 63.3 66.6 63.2 60.3

Employed

5,316 1,718 1,956 1,642 4,943 1,653 1,783 1,507

Full-time workers(1)

3,968 1,282 1,469 1,217 3,785 1,298 1,320 1,167

Part-time workers(2)

1,348 436 487 425 1,158 355 463 340

Employment-population ratio

60.9 63.9 61.5 57.4 58.3 61.3 58.1 55.6

Unemployed

229 71 86 72 428 144 157 127

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2 8.0 8.0 8.1 7.8

Total married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,243 1,916 2,294 2,033 6,181 1,971 2,239 1,971

Civilian labor force

3,900 1,211 1,452 1,237 3,887 1,281 1,412 1,194

Participation rate

62.5 63.2 63.3 60.8 62.9 65.0 63.1 60.6

Employed

3,808 1,184 1,416 1,208 3,650 1,201 1,323 1,126

Full-time workers(1)

2,866 886 1,073 907 2,827 956 985 886

Part-time workers(2)

942 298 342 302 823 245 338 240

Employment-population ratio

61.0 61.8 61.7 59.4 59.0 60.9 59.1 57.1

Unemployed

92 27 36 28 238 80 89 69

Unemployment rate

2.4 2.3 2.5 2.3 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.8

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,489 774 888 826 2,299 727 831 740

Civilian labor force

1,645 578 590 477 1,484 516 528 440

Participation rate

66.1 74.6 66.4 57.8 64.6 70.9 63.5 59.5

Employed

1,508 534 540 434 1,294 452 460 382

Full-time workers(1)

1,102 396 396 310 959 342 336 281

Part-time workers(2)

406 138 145 124 335 110 125 100

Employment-population ratio

60.6 69.0 60.8 52.5 56.3 62.1 55.3 51.6

Unemployed

137 43 50 44 190 64 68 58

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.5 8.4 9.1 12.8 12.4 12.9 13.3

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Beginning with data for 2019, includes persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. Prior to 2019, included only persons in opposite-sex marriages.
(4) Beginning with data for 2019, includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent. Prior to 2019, included persons in same-sex marriages as well.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Estimates for 2019 and 2020 introduce a change in the classification of marital status; estimates of married persons refer to those in opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. As a result, data by marital status are not strictly comparable with data for previous years. Data for 2019 in this news release incorporate the new classification; therefore, 2019 estimates shown here do not match those published in the "Employment Characteristics of Families--2019" news release and in the BLS online database.

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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2021