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Economic News Release
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Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018 2019
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,825 2,842 3,133 2,849 8,685 2,673 3,171 2,842

Civilian labor force

5,462 1,858 1,956 1,648 5,512 1,778 2,032 1,702

Participation rate

61.9 65.4 62.4 57.8 63.5 66.5 64.1 59.9

Employed

5,210 1,775 1,866 1,569 5,284 1,707 1,947 1,630

Full-time workers(1)

3,827 1,323 1,347 1,157 3,940 1,271 1,463 1,206

Part-time workers(2)

1,383 452 519 412 1,344 436 485 424

Employment-population ratio

59.0 62.5 59.6 55.1 60.8 63.9 61.4 57.4

Unemployed

251 83 90 78 228 71 85 72

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2

Married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,195 1,996 2,195 2,004 6,187 1,896 2,278 2,013

Civilian labor force

3,694 1,221 1,328 1,145 3,849 1,192 1,438 1,219

Participation rate

59.6 61.2 60.5 57.1 62.2 62.9 63.2 60.5

Employed

3,597 1,187 1,294 1,116 3,759 1,165 1,404 1,191

Full-time workers(1)

2,656 881 945 831 2,825 869 1,064 891

Part-time workers(2)

940 306 349 285 934 295 340 299

Employment-population ratio

58.1 59.4 59.0 55.7 60.8 61.4 61.6 59.1

Unemployed

97 35 33 29 90 27 34 28

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,630 846 938 845 2,499 777 893 828

Civilian labor force

1,768 637 628 503 1,663 586 594 483

Participation rate

67.2 75.2 67.0 59.5 66.6 75.4 66.5 58.3

Employed

1,614 589 572 453 1,525 542 544 439

Full-time workers(1)

1,170 442 402 327 1,116 402 399 315

Part-time workers(2)

443 147 170 127 410 140 145 124

Employment-population ratio

61.4 69.5 60.9 53.6 61.0 69.8 60.8 53.0

Unemployed

154 48 57 50 138 44 50 44

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.6 9.0 9.8 8.3 7.5 8.5 9.1

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(4) Includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent; as well as persons in same-sex marriages.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2020