Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2017-2018 annual averages

Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2017-2018 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2017 2018
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,877 2,804 3,208 2,865 8,825 2,842 3,133 2,849

Civilian labor force

5,528 1,835 2,016 1,677 5,462 1,858 1,956 1,648

Participation rate

62.3 65.4 62.8 58.5 61.9 65.4 62.4 57.8

Employed

5,250 1,742 1,923 1,585 5,210 1,775 1,866 1,569

Full-time workers(1)

3,837 1,315 1,385 1,138 3,827 1,323 1,347 1,157

Part-time workers(2)

1,413 427 538 447 1,383 452 519 412

Employment-population ratio

59.1 62.1 59.9 55.3 59.0 62.5 59.6 55.1

Unemployed

277 93 93 92 251 83 90 78

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.1 4.6 5.5 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8

Married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,193 1,951 2,253 1,989 6,195 1,996 2,195 2,004

Civilian labor force

3,716 1,207 1,354 1,155 3,694 1,221 1,328 1,145

Participation rate

60.0 61.9 60.1 58.1 59.6 61.2 60.5 57.1

Employed

3,618 1,167 1,324 1,128 3,597 1,187 1,294 1,116

Full-time workers(1)

2,660 871 970 819 2,656 881 945 831

Part-time workers(2)

958 296 353 309 940 306 349 285

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.8 58.8 56.7 58.1 59.4 59.0 55.7

Unemployed

98 40 30 27 97 35 33 29

Unemployment rate

2.6 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 2.5 2.5

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,684 853 956 876 2,630 846 938 845

Civilian labor force

1,812 628 662 522 1,768 637 628 503

Participation rate

67.5 73.6 69.3 59.6 67.2 75.2 67.0 59.5

Employed

1,632 575 600 457 1,614 589 572 453

Full-time workers(1)

1,177 443 415 319 1,170 442 402 327

Part-time workers(2)

455 131 185 138 443 147 170 127

Employment-population ratio

60.8 67.4 62.7 52.2 61.4 69.5 60.9 53.6

Unemployed

180 53 62 64 154 48 57 50

Unemployment rate

9.9 8.5 9.4 12.3 8.7 7.6 9.0 9.8

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Refers to persons in opposite-sex married couples only.
(4) Includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent; as well as persons in same-sex marriages.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: April 18, 2019