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Economic News Release
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Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2020-2021 annual averages

Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020 2021
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,480 2,698 3,071 2,711 8,224 2,657 2,957 2,609

Civilian labor force

5,371 1,797 1,940 1,634 5,187 1,714 1,878 1,594

Participation rate

63.3 66.6 63.2 60.3 63.1 64.5 63.5 61.1

Employed

4,943 1,653 1,783 1,507 4,883 1,616 1,767 1,500

Full-time workers(1)

3,785 1,298 1,320 1,167 3,700 1,224 1,340 1,136

Part-time workers(2)

1,158 355 463 340 1,183 393 427 364

Employment-population ratio

58.3 61.3 58.1 55.6 59.4 60.8 59.7 57.5

Unemployed

428 144 157 127 304 98 111 94

Unemployment rate

8.0 8.0 8.1 7.8 5.9 5.7 5.9 5.9

Total married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,181 1,971 2,239 1,971 5,794 1,873 2,075 1,847

Civilian labor force

3,887 1,281 1,412 1,194 3,628 1,183 1,295 1,149

Participation rate

62.9 65.0 63.1 60.6 62.6 63.2 62.4 62.2

Employed

3,650 1,201 1,323 1,126 3,499 1,140 1,248 1,110

Full-time workers(1)

2,827 956 985 886 2,673 863 953 857

Part-time workers(2)

823 245 338 240 825 277 295 253

Employment-population ratio

59.0 60.9 59.1 57.1 60.4 60.9 60.2 60.1

Unemployed

238 80 89 69 129 43 47 39

Unemployment rate

6.1 6.3 6.3 5.8 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.4

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,299 727 831 740 2,430 785 883 762

Civilian labor force

1,484 516 528 440 1,559 531 583 445

Participation rate

64.6 70.9 63.5 59.5 64.2 67.7 66.0 58.4

Employed

1,294 452 460 382 1,385 476 519 390

Full-time workers(1)

959 342 336 281 1,027 360 387 280

Part-time workers(2)

335 110 125 100 358 116 132 110

Employment-population ratio

56.3 62.1 55.3 51.6 57.0 60.7 58.8 51.2

Unemployed

190 64 68 58 174 55 64 55

Unemployment rate

12.8 12.4 12.9 13.3 11.2 10.4 11.0 12.4

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex marriages.
(4) Includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent.

NOTE: Own children include biological, step-, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Estimates for 2020 introduced a change in the classification of marital status; estimates of married persons refer to those in opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. As a result, data by marital status are not strictly comparable with data prior to 2020.

Last Modified Date: April 20, 2022