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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2020-2021 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020 2021
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force
Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed
Number Unem-
ployment
rate
Number Unem-
ployment
rate

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over

260,329 160,742 61.7 147,795 12,947 8.1 261,445 161,204 61.7 152,581 8,623 5.3

Men

125,922 85,204 67.7 78,560 6,644 7.8 126,487 85,505 67.6 80,829 4,676 5.5

Women

134,407 75,538 56.2 69,234 6,304 8.3 134,958 75,699 56.1 71,752 3,948 5.2

FOREIGN BORN

Total, 16 years and over

42,361 27,316 64.5 24,809 2,507 9.2 43,226 27,987 64.7 26,431 1,556 5.6

Men

20,420 15,652 76.6 14,401 1,250 8.0 20,922 16,069 76.8 15,245 823 5.1

Women

21,941 11,664 53.2 10,407 1,257 10.8 22,304 11,918 53.4 11,186 733 6.1

Age

16 to 24 years

3,149 1,604 50.9 1,373 231 14.4 3,174 1,683 53.0 1,521 161 9.6

25 to 34 years

7,208 5,470 75.9 4,966 504 9.2 6,987 5,397 77.2 5,099 298 5.5

35 to 44 years

9,103 7,150 78.5 6,599 551 7.7 9,419 7,472 79.3 7,118 354 4.7

45 to 54 years

8,793 6,993 79.5 6,367 626 8.9 8,949 7,125 79.6 6,762 363 5.1

55 to 64 years

6,831 4,637 67.9 4,191 446 9.6 7,020 4,798 68.3 4,505 292 6.1

65 years and over

7,278 1,461 20.1 1,312 149 10.2 7,678 1,512 19.7 1,425 87 5.8

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

7,377 4,420 59.9 4,087 333 7.5 7,555 4,545 60.2 4,310 234 5.2

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

3,979 2,757 69.3 2,463 294 10.7 4,000 2,777 69.4 2,579 198 7.1

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

10,966 6,848 62.4 6,252 595 8.7 10,915 6,994 64.1 6,651 344 4.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,569 12,978 66.3 11,723 1,255 9.7 20,170 13,308 66.0 12,545 763 5.7

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

39,212 25,712 65.6 23,436 2,276 8.9 40,052 26,304 65.7 24,909 1,395 5.3

Less than a high school diploma

8,762 4,886 55.8 4,328 558 11.4 8,972 5,037 56.1 4,708 330 6.5

High school graduates, no college(2)

10,023 6,302 62.9 5,617 685 10.9 10,497 6,530 62.2 6,115 414 6.3

Some college or associate degree

6,192 4,153 67.1 3,767 386 9.3 6,129 4,071 66.4 3,849 222 5.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

14,235 10,371 72.9 9,723 648 6.2 14,455 10,666 73.8 10,237 429 4.0

NATIVE BORN

Total, 16 years and over

217,968 133,427 61.2 122,986 10,441 7.8 218,219 133,217 61.0 126,150 7,067 5.3

Men

105,502 69,552 65.9 64,159 5,393 7.8 105,565 69,436 65.8 65,584 3,852 5.5

Women

112,466 63,874 56.8 58,827 5,047 7.9 112,654 63,781 56.6 60,566 3,215 5.0

Age

16 to 24 years

34,336 18,603 54.2 15,819 2,784 15.0 34,088 19,005 55.8 17,153 1,851 9.7

25 to 34 years

37,636 31,036 82.5 28,460 2,576 8.3 37,764 31,273 82.8 29,479 1,794 5.7

35 to 44 years

32,227 26,833 83.3 25,208 1,625 6.1 32,423 26,848 82.8 25,616 1,232 4.6

45 to 54 years

31,078 25,148 80.9 23,731 1,416 5.6 30,566 24,752 81.0 23,792 960 3.9

55 to 64 years

35,360 22,656 64.1 21,262 1,393 6.1 34,865 22,252 63.8 21,407 845 3.8

65 years and over

47,330 9,152 19.3 8,506 646 7.1 48,513 9,088 18.7 8,703 385 4.2

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

154,711 94,284 60.9 88,161 6,123 6.5 154,513 93,561 60.6 89,674 3,886 4.2

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

27,296 16,089 58.9 14,237 1,851 11.5 27,576 16,390 59.4 14,939 1,451 8.9

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

5,021 3,153 62.8 2,889 264 8.4 5,047 3,159 62.6 2,993 166 5.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

24,614 15,992 65.0 14,229 1,763 11.0 24,733 16,115 65.2 14,884 1,232 7.6

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

183,632 114,824 62.5 107,167 7,656 6.7 184,131 114,213 62.0 108,997 5,216 4.6

Less than a high school diploma

11,138 4,043 36.3 3,561 483 11.9 11,031 3,970 36.0 3,556 414 10.4

High school graduates, no college(2)

52,098 28,440 54.6 25,989 2,450 8.6 52,736 28,465 54.0 26,706 1,759 6.2

Some college or associate degree

51,135 32,248 63.1 29,803 2,446 7.6 50,526 31,617 62.6 30,006 1,611 5.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

69,260 50,092 72.3 47,815 2,277 4.5 69,838 50,162 71.8 48,729 1,432 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(3) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2022