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Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2017-2018 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2017-2018 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2017 2018
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force
Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed
Number Unem-
ployment
rate
Number Unem-
ployment
rate

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over

255,079 160,320 62.9 153,337 6,982 4.4 257,791 162,075 62.9 155,761 6,314 3.9

Men

123,275 85,145 69.1 81,402 3,743 4.4 124,678 86,096 69.1 82,698 3,398 3.9

Women

131,804 75,175 57.0 71,936 3,239 4.3 133,112 75,978 57.1 73,063 2,916 3.8

FOREIGN BORN

Total, 16 years and over

41,500 27,373 66.0 26,254 1,119 4.1 42,898 28,202 65.7 27,217 986 3.5

Men

20,135 15,735 78.1 15,171 564 3.6 20,803 16,203 77.9 15,714 488 3.0

Women

21,365 11,638 54.5 11,083 555 4.8 22,095 12,000 54.3 11,502 497 4.1

Age

16 to 24 years

3,547 1,886 53.2 1,727 159 8.4 3,443 1,761 51.2 1,638 124 7.0

25 to 34 years

7,820 5,898 75.4 5,656 242 4.1 7,946 6,092 76.7 5,877 215 3.5

35 to 44 years

9,189 7,299 79.4 7,043 256 3.5 9,499 7,520 79.2 7,302 219 2.9

45 to 54 years

8,481 6,826 80.5 6,592 234 3.4 8,715 7,044 80.8 6,844 200 2.8

55 to 64 years

6,146 4,209 68.5 4,040 169 4.0 6,542 4,425 67.6 4,255 170 3.8

65 years and over

6,317 1,256 19.9 1,196 60 4.8 6,754 1,360 20.1 1,301 58 4.3

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

7,524 4,503 59.9 4,324 179 4.0 7,837 4,676 59.7 4,517 160 3.4

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

3,599 2,575 71.5 2,430 145 5.6 3,786 2,682 70.8 2,560 122 4.6

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

10,738 6,903 64.3 6,684 220 3.2 11,118 7,082 63.7 6,895 187 2.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,174 13,098 68.3 12,540 558 4.3 19,683 13,457 68.4 12,950 507 3.8

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

37,953 25,488 67.2 24,527 961 3.8 39,455 26,441 67.0 25,579 862 3.3

Less than a high school diploma

9,510 5,566 58.5 5,309 257 4.6 9,616 5,607 58.3 5,378 229 4.1

High school graduates, no college(2)

9,697 6,412 66.1 6,160 252 3.9 10,127 6,629 65.5 6,415 214 3.2

Some college or associate degree

6,070 4,273 70.4 4,116 156 3.7 6,366 4,448 69.9 4,301 147 3.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

12,677 9,237 72.9 8,942 294 3.2 13,347 9,758 73.1 9,485 273 2.8

NATIVE BORN

Total, 16 years and over

213,579 132,946 62.2 127,083 5,863 4.4 214,892 133,872 62.3 128,544 5,328 4.0

Men

103,140 69,410 67.3 66,231 3,179 4.6 103,875 69,894 67.3 66,984 2,910 4.2

Women

110,439 63,536 57.5 60,852 2,684 4.2 111,018 63,979 57.6 61,560 2,418 3.8

Age

16 to 24 years

34,603 19,275 55.7 17,479 1,796 9.3 34,561 19,223 55.6 17,539 1,684 8.8

25 to 34 years

36,138 30,187 83.5 28,782 1,405 4.7 36,635 30,682 83.8 29,447 1,235 4.0

35 to 44 years

30,763 25,735 83.7 24,849 886 3.4 31,071 26,099 84.0 25,315 784 3.0

45 to 54 years

33,306 26,737 80.3 25,911 827 3.1 32,525 26,267 80.8 25,529 738 2.8

55 to 64 years

35,544 22,690 63.8 22,024 666 2.9 35,572 22,929 64.5 22,310 619 2.7

65 years and over

43,225 8,321 19.3 8,038 283 3.4 44,529 8,673 19.5 8,404 269 3.1

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

154,598 96,148 62.2 92,779 3,369 3.5 154,396 95,991 62.2 92,952 3,038 3.2

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

26,764 16,239 60.7 14,965 1,274 7.8 27,076 16,484 60.9 15,355 1,129 6.8

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

4,219 2,614 62.0 2,515 99 3.8 4,408 2,761 62.6 2,657 104 3.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

22,197 14,242 64.2 13,398 843 5.9 23,051 14,879 64.5 14,063 816 5.5

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

178,976 113,672 63.5 109,604 4,067 3.6 180,332 114,650 63.6 111,005 3,644 3.2

Less than a high school diploma

13,128 4,776 36.4 4,359 417 8.7 12,635 4,671 37.0 4,323 347 7.4

High school graduates, no college(2)

52,496 29,462 56.1 28,050 1,412 4.8 52,465 29,382 56.0 28,135 1,247 4.2

Some college or associate degree

51,191 33,424 65.3 32,166 1,257 3.8 51,038 33,138 64.9 32,036 1,101 3.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

62,161 46,009 74.0 45,029 981 2.1 64,193 47,459 73.9 46,511 949 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(3) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: May 16, 2019