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Economic News Release
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Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018 2019
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force
Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed
Number Unem-
ployment
rate
Number Unem-
ployment
rate

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over

257,791 162,075 62.9 155,761 6,314 3.9 259,175 163,539 63.1 157,538 6,001 3.7

Men

124,678 86,096 69.1 82,698 3,398 3.9 125,353 86,687 69.2 83,460 3,227 3.7

Women

133,112 75,978 57.1 73,063 2,916 3.8 133,822 76,852 57.4 74,078 2,774 3.6

FOREIGN BORN

Total, 16 years and over

42,898 28,202 65.7 27,217 986 3.5 42,990 28,390 66.0 27,502 888 3.1

Men

20,803 16,203 77.9 15,714 488 3.0 20,814 16,234 78.0 15,791 443 2.7

Women

22,095 12,000 54.3 11,502 497 4.1 22,176 12,156 54.8 11,711 446 3.7

Age

16 to 24 years

3,443 1,761 51.2 1,638 124 7.0 3,330 1,735 52.1 1,619 116 6.7

25 to 34 years

7,946 6,092 76.7 5,877 215 3.5 7,665 5,917 77.2 5,726 191 3.2

35 to 44 years

9,499 7,520 79.2 7,302 219 2.9 9,361 7,459 79.7 7,273 187 2.5

45 to 54 years

8,715 7,044 80.8 6,844 200 2.8 8,878 7,219 81.3 7,018 201 2.8

55 to 64 years

6,542 4,425 67.6 4,255 170 3.8 6,699 4,585 68.5 4,450 135 3.0

65 years and over

6,754 1,360 20.1 1,301 58 4.3 7,057 1,475 20.9 1,416 59 4.0

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

7,837 4,676 59.7 4,517 160 3.4 7,710 4,651 60.3 4,515 136 2.9

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

3,786 2,682 70.8 2,560 122 4.6 3,837 2,716 70.8 2,606 110 4.1

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

11,118 7,082 63.7 6,895 187 2.6 11,180 7,187 64.3 7,013 174 2.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,683 13,457 68.4 12,950 507 3.8 19,753 13,506 68.4 13,046 460 3.4

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

39,455 26,441 67.0 25,579 862 3.3 39,660 26,655 67.2 25,883 773 2.9

Less than a high school diploma

9,616 5,607 58.3 5,378 229 4.1 9,494 5,432 57.2 5,217 214 3.9

High school graduates, no college(2)

10,127 6,629 65.5 6,415 214 3.2 9,983 6,632 66.4 6,454 178 2.7

Some college or associate degree

6,366 4,448 69.9 4,301 147 3.3 6,233 4,312 69.2 4,196 116 2.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

13,347 9,758 73.1 9,485 273 2.8 13,950 10,280 73.7 10,015 264 2.6

NATIVE BORN

Total, 16 years and over

214,892 133,872 62.3 128,544 5,328 4.0 216,185 135,148 62.5 130,036 5,112 3.8

Men

103,875 69,894 67.3 66,984 2,910 4.2 104,540 70,453 67.4 67,669 2,784 4.0

Women

111,018 63,979 57.6 61,560 2,418 3.8 111,645 64,696 57.9 62,367 2,328 3.6

Age

16 to 24 years

34,561 19,223 55.6 17,539 1,684 8.8 34,418 19,358 56.2 17,703 1,654 8.5

25 to 34 years

36,635 30,682 83.8 29,447 1,235 4.0 37,211 31,274 84.0 30,081 1,193 3.8

35 to 44 years

31,071 26,099 84.0 25,315 784 3.0 31,599 26,598 84.2 25,854 743 2.8

45 to 54 years

32,525 26,267 80.8 25,529 738 2.8 31,566 25,713 81.5 25,024 689 2.7

55 to 64 years

35,572 22,929 64.5 22,310 619 2.7 35,542 23,018 64.8 22,443 575 2.5

65 years and over

44,529 8,673 19.5 8,404 269 3.1 45,848 9,188 20.0 8,931 257 2.8

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

154,396 95,991 62.2 92,952 3,038 3.2 154,457 96,132 62.2 93,210 2,922 3.0

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

27,076 16,484 60.9 15,355 1,129 6.8 27,105 16,566 61.1 15,497 1,069 6.5

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

4,408 2,761 62.6 2,657 104 3.8 4,720 2,973 63.0 2,874 99 3.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

23,051 14,879 64.5 14,063 816 5.5 23,754 15,547 65.4 14,759 788 5.1

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

180,332 114,650 63.6 111,005 3,644 3.2 181,767 115,791 63.7 112,333 3,458 3.0

Less than a high school diploma

12,635 4,671 37.0 4,323 347 7.4 12,132 4,544 37.5 4,224 320 7.0

High school graduates, no college(2)

52,465 29,382 56.0 28,135 1,247 4.2 52,476 29,530 56.3 28,383 1,146 3.9

Some college or associate degree

51,038 33,138 64.9 32,036 1,101 3.3 51,280 33,108 64.6 32,086 1,022 3.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

64,193 47,459 73.9 46,511 949 2.0 65,878 48,609 73.8 47,640 969 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(3) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 15, 2020