Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2016-2017 annual averages

Table 1. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations by selected characteristics, 2016-2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2016 2017
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force
Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed Total Participa-
tion rate
Employed Unemployed
Number Unem-
ployment
rate
Number Unem-
ployment
rate

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over

253,538 159,187 62.8 151,436 7,751 4.9 255,079 160,320 62.9 153,337 6,982 4.4

Men

122,497 84,755 69.2 80,568 4,187 4.9 123,275 85,145 69.1 81,402 3,743 4.4

Women

131,040 74,432 56.8 70,868 3,564 4.8 131,804 75,175 57.0 71,936 3,239 4.3

FOREIGN BORN

Total, 16 years and over

41,321 26,951 65.2 25,779 1,172 4.3 41,500 27,373 66.0 26,254 1,119 4.1

Men

20,057 15,595 77.8 15,007 588 3.8 20,135 15,735 78.1 15,171 564 3.6

Women

21,264 11,356 53.4 10,772 584 5.1 21,365 11,638 54.5 11,083 555 4.8

Age

16 to 24 years

3,702 1,886 50.9 1,726 160 8.5 3,547 1,886 53.2 1,727 159 8.4

25 to 34 years

7,785 5,836 75.0 5,589 247 4.2 7,820 5,898 75.4 5,656 242 4.1

35 to 44 years

9,218 7,259 78.8 6,990 269 3.7 9,189 7,299 79.4 7,043 256 3.5

45 to 54 years

8,369 6,690 79.9 6,430 259 3.9 8,481 6,826 80.5 6,592 234 3.4

55 to 64 years

6,019 4,044 67.2 3,863 180 4.5 6,146 4,209 68.5 4,040 169 4.0

65 years and over

6,228 1,235 19.8 1,180 55 4.5 6,317 1,256 19.9 1,196 60 4.8

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

7,415 4,375 59.0 4,213 162 3.7 7,524 4,503 59.9 4,324 179 4.0

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

3,576 2,508 70.1 2,356 152 6.1 3,599 2,575 71.5 2,430 145 5.6

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

10,697 6,747 63.1 6,516 231 3.4 10,738 6,903 64.3 6,684 220 3.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,175 13,014 67.9 12,404 610 4.7 19,174 13,098 68.3 12,540 558 4.3

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

37,619 25,064 66.6 24,053 1,011 4.0 37,953 25,488 67.2 24,527 961 3.8

Less than a high school diploma

9,696 5,625 58.0 5,333 291 5.2 9,510 5,566 58.5 5,309 257 4.6

High school graduates, no college(2)

9,509 6,187 65.1 5,911 276 4.5 9,697 6,412 66.1 6,160 252 3.9

Some college or associate degree

6,109 4,259 69.7 4,090 169 4.0 6,070 4,273 70.4 4,116 156 3.7

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

12,305 8,994 73.1 8,718 275 3.1 12,677 9,237 72.9 8,942 294 3.2

NATIVE BORN

Total, 16 years and over

212,217 132,236 62.3 125,657 6,580 5.0 213,579 132,946 62.2 127,083 5,863 4.4

Men

102,441 69,160 67.5 65,561 3,599 5.2 103,140 69,410 67.3 66,231 3,179 4.6

Women

109,776 63,076 57.5 60,096 2,981 4.7 110,439 63,536 57.5 60,852 2,684 4.2

Age

16 to 24 years

34,733 19,316 55.6 17,266 2,050 10.6 34,603 19,275 55.7 17,479 1,796 9.3

25 to 34 years

35,762 29,683 83.0 28,133 1,550 5.2 36,138 30,187 83.5 28,782 1,405 4.7

35 to 44 years

30,599 25,560 83.5 24,572 988 3.9 30,763 25,735 83.7 24,849 886 3.4

45 to 54 years

34,028 27,219 80.0 26,289 929 3.4 33,306 26,737 80.3 25,911 827 3.1

55 to 64 years

35,289 22,422 63.5 21,661 761 3.4 35,544 22,690 63.8 22,024 666 2.9

65 years and over

41,807 8,036 19.2 7,736 300 3.7 43,225 8,321 19.3 8,038 283 3.4

Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity(1)

White non-Hispanic or Latino

154,543 96,503 62.4 92,671 3,832 4.0 154,598 96,148 62.2 92,779 3,369 3.5

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

26,538 15,947 60.1 14,536 1,411 8.8 26,764 16,239 60.7 14,965 1,274 7.8

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

4,004 2,508 62.6 2,401 107 4.2 4,219 2,614 62.0 2,515 99 3.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

21,522 13,783 64.0 12,845 938 6.8 22,197 14,242 64.2 13,398 843 5.9

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

177,484 112,920 63.6 108,391 4,529 4.0 178,976 113,672 63.5 109,604 4,067 3.6

Less than a high school diploma

13,672 5,054 37.0 4,551 504 10.0 13,128 4,776 36.4 4,359 417 8.7

High school graduates, no college(2)

52,513 29,461 56.1 27,890 1,571 5.3 52,496 29,462 56.1 28,050 1,412 4.8

Some college or associate degree

51,075 33,675 65.9 32,295 1,380 4.1 51,191 33,424 65.3 32,166 1,257 3.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(3)

60,224 44,729 74.3 43,655 1,074 2.4 62,161 46,009 74.0 45,029 981 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
(2) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(3) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2018