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Economic News Release
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Table 2. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 16 years and over by presence and age of youngest child and sex, 2020-2021 annual averages

Table 2. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 16 years and over by presence and age of youngest child and sex, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020 2021
Total Men Women Total Men Women

FOREIGN BORN

With own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,253 7,212 8,041 14,986 7,039 7,948

Civilian labor force

11,506 6,697 4,809 11,349 6,574 4,775

Participation rate

75.4 92.9 59.8 75.7 93.4 60.1

Employed

10,535 6,227 4,308 10,800 6,306 4,494

Employment-population ratio

69.1 86.4 53.6 72.1 89.6 56.5

Unemployed

971 470 501 549 268 281

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.0 10.4 4.8 4.1 5.9

With own children 6 to 17, none younger

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,824 4,073 4,751 8,850 4,101 4,749

Civilian labor force

6,865 3,755 3,110 6,940 3,809 3,131

Participation rate

77.8 92.2 65.4 78.4 92.9 65.9

Employed

6,296 3,501 2,795 6,621 3,660 2,961

Employment-population ratio

71.4 86.0 58.8 74.8 89.3 62.3

Unemployed

568 254 314 318 149 169

Unemployment rate

8.3 6.8 10.1 4.6 3.9 5.4

With own children under 6

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,429 3,139 3,290 6,136 2,938 3,198

Civilian labor force

4,641 2,942 1,699 4,409 2,765 1,644

Participation rate

72.2 93.7 51.6 71.9 94.1 51.4

Employed

4,239 2,727 1,512 4,179 2,646 1,533

Employment-population ratio

65.9 86.9 46.0 68.1 90.1 47.9

Unemployed

402 215 187 230 119 111

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.3 11.0 5.2 4.3 6.8

With own children under 3

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,508 1,725 1,783 3,216 1,559 1,656

Civilian labor force

2,482 1,610 872 2,260 1,459 802

Participation rate

70.8 93.3 48.9 70.3 93.6 48.4

Employed

2,266 1,491 775 2,137 1,394 742

Employment-population ratio

64.6 86.4 43.4 66.4 89.4 44.8

Unemployed

216 119 97 124 65 59

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.4 11.2 5.5 4.4 7.4

With no own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,108 13,208 13,900 28,240 13,883 14,357

Civilian labor force

15,810 8,955 6,855 16,638 9,494 7,143

Participation rate

58.3 67.8 49.3 58.9 68.4 49.8

Employed

14,274 8,174 6,100 15,631 8,939 6,692

Employment-population ratio

52.7 61.9 43.9 55.3 64.4 46.6

Unemployed

1,536 781 756 1,007 555 452

Unemployment rate

9.7 8.7 11.0 6.1 5.8 6.3

NATIVE BORN

With own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

47,988 21,357 26,631 47,272 20,951 26,321

Civilian labor force

39,557 19,664 19,893 38,959 19,327 19,632

Participation rate

82.4 92.1 74.7 82.4 92.2 74.6

Employed

37,207 18,665 18,542 37,291 18,606 18,685

Employment-population ratio

77.5 87.4 69.6 78.9 88.8 71.0

Unemployed

2,350 999 1,351 1,668 721 947

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.1 6.8 4.3 3.7 4.8

With own children 6 to 17, none younger

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,842 11,894 14,948 26,277 11,543 14,733

Civilian labor force

22,572 10,833 11,739 22,079 10,500 11,579

Participation rate

84.1 91.1 78.5 84.0 91.0 78.6

Employed

21,325 10,324 11,001 21,201 10,131 11,071

Employment-population ratio

79.4 86.8 73.6 80.7 87.8 75.1

Unemployed

1,247 509 737 878 370 508

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.7 6.3 4.0 3.5 4.4

With own children under 6

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,146 9,463 11,683 20,995 9,408 11,587

Civilian labor force

16,985 8,831 8,154 16,879 8,827 8,053

Participation rate

80.3 93.3 69.8 80.4 93.8 69.5

Employed

15,882 8,341 7,541 16,090 8,475 7,614

Employment-population ratio

75.1 88.1 64.5 76.6 90.1 65.7

Unemployed

1,103 490 613 790 351 438

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.5 7.5 4.7 4.0 5.4

With own children under 3

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,256 5,559 6,697 11,949 5,381 6,568

Civilian labor force

9,697 5,198 4,499 9,437 5,052 4,385

Participation rate

79.1 93.5 67.2 79.0 93.9 66.8

Employed

9,082 4,914 4,168 8,996 4,856 4,141

Employment-population ratio

74.1 88.4 62.2 75.3 90.2 63.0

Unemployed

615 284 331 441 197 244

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.5 7.3 4.7 3.9 5.6

With no own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

169,979 84,145 85,834 170,947 84,614 86,333

Civilian labor force

93,870 49,888 43,981 94,258 50,109 44,149

Participation rate

55.2 59.3 51.2 55.1 59.2 51.1

Employed

85,779 45,494 40,285 88,859 46,978 41,881

Employment-population ratio

50.5 54.1 46.9 52.0 55.5 48.5

Unemployed

8,091 4,394 3,696 5,399 3,131 2,268

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.8 8.4 5.7 6.2 5.1

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2022