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Table 2. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 16 years and over by presence and age of youngest child and sex, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table 2. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 16 years and over by presence and age of youngest child and sex, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018 2019
Total Men Women Total Men Women

FOREIGN BORN

With own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,770 7,446 8,324 15,499 7,341 8,159

Civilian labor force

12,062 6,984 5,078 11,926 6,891 5,035

Participation rate

76.5 93.8 61.0 76.9 93.9 61.7

Employed

11,675 6,815 4,860 11,574 6,735 4,840

Employment-population ratio

74.0 91.5 58.4 74.7 91.7 59.3

Unemployed

387 168 219 352 156 195

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.4 4.3 3.0 2.3 3.9

With own children 6 to 17, none younger

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,948 4,120 4,827 8,938 4,127 4,810

Civilian labor force

7,127 3,824 3,303 7,093 3,820 3,273

Participation rate

79.7 92.8 68.4 79.4 92.5 68.0

Employed

6,904 3,733 3,171 6,880 3,724 3,157

Employment-population ratio

77.2 90.6 65.7 77.0 90.2 65.6

Unemployed

223 91 132 212 96 116

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.4 4.0 3.0 2.5 3.6

With own children under 6

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,823 3,326 3,497 6,562 3,213 3,348

Civilian labor force

4,935 3,160 1,775 4,834 3,071 1,762

Participation rate

72.3 95.0 50.8 73.7 95.6 52.6

Employed

4,771 3,082 1,689 4,694 3,011 1,683

Employment-population ratio

69.9 92.7 48.3 71.5 93.7 50.3

Unemployed

164 77 87 139 60 79

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.4 4.9 2.9 2.0 4.5

With own children under 3

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,720 1,828 1,892 3,566 1,774 1,792

Civilian labor force

2,589 1,732 857 2,566 1,695 871

Participation rate

69.6 94.8 45.3 72.0 95.5 48.6

Employed

2,504 1,695 809 2,495 1,664 831

Employment-population ratio

67.3 92.7 42.8 70.0 93.8 46.4

Unemployed

85 37 48 71 31 40

Unemployment rate

3.3 2.2 5.6 2.8 1.8 4.6

With no own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,128 13,357 13,771 27,491 13,473 14,018

Civilian labor force

16,140 9,219 6,921 16,464 9,343 7,121

Participation rate

59.5 69.0 50.3 59.9 69.3 50.8

Employed

15,542 8,899 6,643 15,927 9,056 6,871

Employment-population ratio

57.3 66.6 48.2 57.9 67.2 49.0

Unemployed

599 320 279 537 287 250

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.5 4.0 3.3 3.1 3.5

NATIVE BORN

With own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

48,464 21,467 26,998 48,138 21,318 26,820

Civilian labor force

40,144 19,984 20,161 40,107 19,865 20,242

Participation rate

82.8 93.1 74.7 83.3 93.2 75.5

Employed

38,915 19,501 19,414 38,977 19,427 19,550

Employment-population ratio

80.3 90.8 71.9 81.0 91.1 72.9

Unemployed

1,229 483 746 1,130 438 692

Unemployment rate

3.1 2.4 3.7 2.8 2.2 3.4

With own children 6 to 17, none younger

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,933 11,874 15,059 26,768 11,859 14,909

Civilian labor force

22,810 10,929 11,880 22,765 10,894 11,871

Participation rate

84.7 92.0 78.9 85.0 91.9 79.6

Employed

22,193 10,696 11,497 22,169 10,661 11,508

Employment-population ratio

82.4 90.1 76.3 82.8 89.9 77.2

Unemployed

617 233 384 596 233 363

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.1 3.2 2.6 2.1 3.1

With own children under 6

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,532 9,593 11,939 21,370 9,458 11,912

Civilian labor force

17,335 9,055 8,280 17,342 8,971 8,371

Participation rate

80.5 94.4 69.4 81.1 94.8 70.3

Employed

16,723 8,805 7,918 16,808 8,766 8,042

Employment-population ratio

77.7 91.8 66.3 78.7 92.7 67.5

Unemployed

612 249 363 534 204 329

Unemployment rate

3.5 2.8 4.4 3.1 2.3 3.9

With own children under 3

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,556 5,623 6,933 12,464 5,571 6,894

Civilian labor force

9,932 5,328 4,605 9,941 5,300 4,641

Participation rate

79.1 94.8 66.4 79.8 95.1 67.3

Employed

9,576 5,174 4,401 9,626 5,173 4,453

Employment-population ratio

76.3 92.0 63.5 77.2 92.9 64.6

Unemployed

357 153 204 315 127 188

Unemployment rate

3.6 2.9 4.4 3.2 2.4 4.1

With no own children under 18

Civilian noninstitutional population

166,428 82,408 84,020 168,047 83,222 84,825

Civilian labor force

93,728 49,910 43,818 95,042 50,588 44,453

Participation rate

56.3 60.6 52.2 56.6 60.8 52.4

Employed

89,629 47,483 42,146 91,060 48,242 42,817

Employment-population ratio

53.9 57.6 50.2 54.2 58.0 50.5

Unemployed

4,099 2,427 1,672 3,982 2,346 1,636

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.9 3.8 4.2 4.6 3.7

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: May 15, 2020