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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2018-2019 annual averages

Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2018-2019 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2018 2019
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)

FOREIGN BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

644 1,708 1,361 3,617 563 1,686 1,369 3,610

Civilian labor force

250 849 817 2,515 186 897 794 2,523

Participation rate

38.9 49.7 60.0 69.5 33.0 53.2 58.0 69.9

Employed

238 823 791 2,440 179 871 771 2,456

Employment-population ratio

36.9 48.2 58.1 67.5 31.9 51.7 56.3 68.0

Unemployed

12 26 27 75 6 25 22 67

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.4 2.8 2.8 2.7

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

391 946 908 1,156 374 967 838 1,240

Civilian labor force

196 666 684 950 199 663 638 1,011

Participation rate

50.3 70.4 75.3 82.1 53.2 68.5 76.2 81.5

Employed

187 637 653 911 187 637 614 976

Employment-population ratio

47.8 67.4 71.9 78.8 49.9 65.9 73.3 78.7

Unemployed

10 28 31 38 12 26 24 36

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.2 4.5 4.0 6.1 3.9 3.8 3.5

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,015 1,955 1,402 5,844 1,079 1,829 1,318 6,096

Civilian labor force

403 1,145 934 4,257 410 1,062 878 4,478

Participation rate

39.7 58.6 66.7 72.8 38.0 58.1 66.6 73.5

Employed

393 1,121 910 4,152 399 1,044 857 4,378

Employment-population ratio

38.7 57.3 64.9 71.0 37.0 57.1 65.0 71.8

Unemployed

10 24 24 106 11 17 21 100

Unemployment rate

2.5 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.6 1.6 2.4 2.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,514 5,410 2,577 2,585 7,436 5,392 2,572 2,834

Civilian labor force

4,730 3,908 1,930 1,923 4,618 3,941 1,910 2,142

Participation rate

62.9 72.2 74.9 74.4 62.1 73.1 74.2 75.6

Employed

4,534 3,777 1,867 1,870 4,433 3,835 1,863 2,082

Employment-population ratio

60.3 69.8 72.4 72.4 59.6 71.1 72.4 73.5

Unemployed

196 131 63 53 184 106 47 59

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.4 3.2 2.7 4.0 2.7 2.5 2.8

NATIVE BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,423 37,857 37,328 52,012 7,075 37,579 37,225 53,021

Civilian labor force

2,641 20,379 23,507 37,817 2,550 20,377 23,175 38,437

Participation rate

35.6 53.8 63.0 72.7 36.0 54.2 62.3 72.5

Employed

2,479 19,670 22,855 37,117 2,399 19,725 22,570 37,726

Employment-population ratio

33.4 52.0 61.2 71.4 33.9 52.5 60.6 71.2

Unemployed

162 708 652 700 151 652 606 711

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.5 2.8 1.9 5.9 3.2 2.6 1.8

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,427 7,487 6,713 5,555 2,315 7,571 6,820 5,708

Civilian labor force

782 4,340 4,571 4,259 759 4,326 4,632 4,373

Participation rate

32.2 58.0 68.1 76.7 32.8 57.1 67.9 76.6

Employed

684 4,029 4,324 4,146 668 4,035 4,427 4,256

Employment-population ratio

28.2 53.8 64.4 74.6 28.9 53.3 64.9 74.6

Unemployed

98 311 247 112 91 291 205 118

Unemployment rate

12.6 7.2 5.4 2.6 12.0 6.7 4.4 2.7

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

164 516 602 1,854 145 509 685 2,035

Civilian labor force

69 309 414 1,468 55 294 471 1,637

Participation rate

41.8 60.0 68.7 79.2 38.1 57.8 68.7 80.4

Employed

65 299 400 1,440 53 285 455 1,598

Employment-population ratio

39.7 58.0 66.4 77.7 36.3 56.0 66.5 78.5

Unemployed

4 10 14 28 3 9 15 39

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.4 3.3 1.9 4.9 3.2 3.3 2.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,223 5,227 4,903 3,613 2,215 5,446 5,004 3,858

Civilian labor force

1,023 3,531 3,624 2,989 1,042 3,698 3,790 3,157

Participation rate

46.0 67.6 73.9 82.7 47.0 67.9 75.7 81.8

Employed

954 3,369 3,487 2,900 978 3,559 3,646 3,081

Employment-population ratio

42.9 64.5 71.1 80.3 44.2 65.4 72.9 79.9

Unemployed

69 162 137 88 64 139 144 76

Unemployment rate

6.8 4.6 3.8 3.0 6.1 3.8 3.8 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 15, 2020