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Economic News Release
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Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2019-2020 annual averages

Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2019-2020 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2019 2020
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)

FOREIGN BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

563 1,686 1,369 3,610 498 1,567 1,249 3,610

Civilian labor force

186 897 794 2,523 161 782 718 2,548

Participation rate

33.0 53.2 58.0 69.9 32.3 49.9 57.5 70.6

Employed

179 871 771 2,456 144 710 652 2,398

Employment-population ratio

31.9 51.7 56.3 68.0 28.9 45.3 52.2 66.4

Unemployed

6 25 22 67 17 73 66 150

Unemployment rate

3.4 2.8 2.8 2.7 10.3 9.3 9.2 5.9

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

374 967 838 1,240 374 1,016 866 1,313

Civilian labor force

199 663 638 1,011 190 671 656 1,062

Participation rate

53.2 68.5 76.2 81.5 50.9 66.1 75.8 80.9

Employed

187 637 614 976 160 585 588 984

Employment-population ratio

49.9 65.9 73.3 78.7 42.8 57.6 67.9 75.0

Unemployed

12 26 24 36 30 87 68 78

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.9 3.8 3.5 16.0 12.9 10.4 7.4

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,079 1,829 1,318 6,096 900 1,877 1,234 6,186

Civilian labor force

410 1,062 878 4,478 353 995 766 4,422

Participation rate

38.0 58.1 66.6 73.5 39.3 53.0 62.1 71.5

Employed

399 1,044 857 4,378 297 844 687 4,167

Employment-population ratio

37.0 57.1 65.0 71.8 33.0 45.0 55.6 67.4

Unemployed

11 17 21 100 57 151 79 255

Unemployment rate

2.6 1.6 2.4 2.2 16.1 15.2 10.4 5.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,436 5,392 2,572 2,834 6,952 5,472 2,717 2,956

Civilian labor force

4,618 3,941 1,910 2,142 4,156 3,794 1,929 2,220

Participation rate

62.1 73.1 74.2 75.6 59.8 69.3 71.0 75.1

Employed

4,433 3,835 1,863 2,082 3,705 3,425 1,764 2,066

Employment-population ratio

59.6 71.1 72.4 73.5 53.3 62.6 64.9 69.9

Unemployed

184 106 47 59 451 369 165 154

Unemployment rate

4.0 2.7 2.5 2.8 10.9 9.7 8.5 6.9

NATIVE BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,075 37,579 37,225 53,021 6,386 37,005 36,937 55,058

Civilian labor force

2,550 20,377 23,175 38,437 2,216 19,488 22,495 39,028

Participation rate

36.0 54.2 62.3 72.5 34.7 52.7 60.9 70.9

Employed

2,399 19,725 22,570 37,726 2,004 18,085 20,992 37,378

Employment-population ratio

33.9 52.5 60.6 71.2 31.4 48.9 56.8 67.9

Unemployed

151 652 606 711 212 1,403 1,503 1,650

Unemployment rate

5.9 3.2 2.6 1.8 9.6 7.2 6.7 4.2

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,315 7,571 6,820 5,708 2,235 7,609 6,751 6,045

Civilian labor force

759 4,326 4,632 4,373 687 4,130 4,382 4,560

Participation rate

32.8 57.1 67.9 76.6 30.7 54.3 64.9 75.4

Employed

668 4,035 4,427 4,256 565 3,588 3,944 4,313

Employment-population ratio

28.9 53.3 64.9 74.6 25.3 47.2 58.4 71.3

Unemployed

91 291 205 118 123 542 438 247

Unemployment rate

12.0 6.7 4.4 2.7 17.8 13.1 10.0 5.4

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

145 509 685 2,035 128 541 629 2,320

Civilian labor force

55 294 471 1,637 66 319 408 1,823

Participation rate

38.1 57.8 68.7 80.4 51.6 58.9 64.8 78.6

Employed

53 285 455 1,598 58 285 365 1,731

Employment-population ratio

36.3 56.0 66.5 78.5 45.3 52.7 58.1 74.6

Unemployed

3 9 15 39 8 33 42 92

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.2 3.3 2.4 12.4 10.5 10.3 5.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,215 5,446 5,004 3,858 2,014 5,545 5,274 4,446

Civilian labor force

1,042 3,698 3,790 3,157 951 3,683 3,928 3,588

Participation rate

47.0 67.9 75.7 81.8 47.2 66.4 74.5 80.7

Employed

978 3,559 3,646 3,081 831 3,299 3,571 3,361

Employment-population ratio

44.2 65.4 72.9 79.9 41.2 59.5 67.7 75.6

Unemployed

64 139 144 76 120 384 358 227

Unemployment rate

6.1 3.8 3.8 2.4 12.6 10.4 9.1 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2021