Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2015-2016 annual averages

Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2015-2016 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2015 2016
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)

FOREIGN BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

661 1,658 1,372 3,246 599 1,610 1,347 3,343

Civilian labor force

227 837 801 2,269 203 805 786 2,337

Participation rate

34.3 50.5 58.4 69.9 34.0 50.0 58.3 69.9

Employed

220 804 760 2,200 192 772 755 2,271

Employment-population ratio

33.3 48.5 55.4 67.8 32.1 48.0 56.1 67.9

Unemployed

7 32 41 69 11 33 31 66

Unemployment rate

2.9 3.9 5.1 3.0 5.6 4.1 3.9 2.8

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

388 837 772 992 403 878 814 1,060

Civilian labor force

210 575 609 823 220 591 633 871

Participation rate

54.1 68.7 78.9 83.0 54.6 67.3 77.7 82.2

Employed

188 529 572 782 201 550 600 833

Employment-population ratio

48.5 63.2 74.1 78.9 49.9 62.7 73.7 78.6

Unemployed

22 46 37 41 19 41 32 37

Unemployment rate

10.4 8.0 6.1 5.0 8.6 6.9 5.1 4.3

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,036 1,854 1,277 5,135 1,074 1,895 1,345 5,466

Civilian labor force

409 1,065 854 3,702 422 1,129 903 3,932

Participation rate

39.5 57.4 66.9 72.1 39.3 59.6 67.1 71.9

Employed

389 1,023 825 3,591 407 1,083 872 3,822

Employment-population ratio

37.5 55.2 64.6 69.9 37.9 57.2 64.8 69.9

Unemployed

20 42 28 111 15 46 31 110

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.1 3.4 2.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,816 4,724 2,381 2,089 7,574 5,034 2,492 2,291

Civilian labor force

4,955 3,406 1,779 1,603 4,757 3,604 1,858 1,744

Participation rate

63.4 72.1 74.7 76.7 62.8 71.6 74.5 76.1

Employed

4,677 3,230 1,696 1,543 4,514 3,451 1,787 1,687

Employment-population ratio

59.8 68.4 71.2 73.9 59.6 68.6 71.7 73.6

Unemployed

277 176 83 60 243 153 71 56

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.2 4.7 3.7 5.1 4.2 3.8 3.2

NATIVE BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,769 39,059 37,445 48,179 8,248 38,586 37,803 49,550

Civilian labor force

3,033 21,173 24,197 35,522 2,916 21,014 24,331 36,292

Participation rate

34.6 54.2 64.6 73.7 35.4 54.5 64.4 73.2

Employed

2,793 20,250 23,282 34,735 2,683 20,091 23,477 35,488

Employment-population ratio

31.9 51.8 62.2 72.1 32.5 52.1 62.1 71.6

Unemployed

240 923 915 787 233 923 854 803

Unemployment rate

7.9 4.4 3.8 2.2 8.0 4.4 3.5 2.2

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,591 7,344 6,583 4,700 2,579 7,463 6,640 4,820

Civilian labor force

857 4,196 4,528 3,586 861 4,299 4,508 3,679

Participation rate

33.1 57.1 68.8 76.3 33.4 57.6 67.9 76.3

Employed

701 3,780 4,188 3,449 721 3,917 4,224 3,549

Employment-population ratio

27.1 51.5 63.6 73.4 28.0 52.5 63.6 73.6

Unemployed

156 416 340 137 140 382 284 130

Unemployment rate

18.2 9.9 7.5 3.8 16.3 8.9 6.3 3.5

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

138 443 576 1,541 152 461 640 1,569

Civilian labor force

57 273 402 1,213 61 271 449 1,252

Participation rate

41.4 61.7 69.8 78.7 40.0 58.9 70.2 79.8

Employed

52 260 388 1,187 56 262 427 1,218

Employment-population ratio

37.7 58.7 67.4 77.0 36.8 56.8 66.6 77.6

Unemployed

5 13 14 26 5 9 23 34

Unemployment rate

8.9 4.9 3.4 2.1 7.9 3.5 5.1 2.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,278 4,536 4,393 2,997 2,282 4,757 4,560 3,218

Civilian labor force

1,031 3,037 3,333 2,473 1,058 3,139 3,420 2,654

Participation rate

45.3 67.0 75.9 82.5 46.4 66.0 75.0 82.5

Employed

915 2,834 3,163 2,392 958 2,946 3,266 2,576

Employment-population ratio

40.1 62.5 72.0 79.8 42.0 61.9 71.6 80.0

Unemployed

117 203 170 81 100 193 154 78

Unemployment rate

11.3 6.7 5.1 3.3 9.5 6.2 4.5 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2017