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Economic News Release
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Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation

Transmission of material in this statement is embargoed until 
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, September 2, 2022.


                            Statement of

                          William W. Beach
                            Commissioner
                     Bureau of Labor Statistics

                      Friday, September 2, 2022


      Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 315,000 in August, 
and the unemployment rate rose to 3.7 percent. Notable job gains 
occurred in professional and business services, health care, and 
retail trade.
      
      Total nonfarm employment increased by 5.8 million over the 
year, as the labor market continued to recover from the job 
losses of the pandemic-induced recession. This growth brings 
total nonfarm employment 240,000 above its February 2020 level 
before the onset of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
      
      In August, employment growth continued in professional and 
business services (+68,000). Job gains occurred in computer 
systems design and related services (+14,000), management and 
technical consulting services (+13,000), architectural and 
engineering services (+10,000), and scientific research and 
development services (+6,000). In August, legal services lost 
jobs (-9,000). Over the past 12 months, professional and 
business services has added 1.1 million jobs.
      
      Health care added 48,000 jobs in August, with gains in 
offices of physicians (+15,000), hospitals (+15,000), and 
nursing and residential care facilities (+12,000). Health care 
has added 412,000 jobs over the year. Despite this growth, 
employment in health care is below its February 2020 level by 
37,000, or 0.2 percent.
      
      Employment in retail trade rose by 44,000 in August and by 
422,000 over the past 12 months. Over the month, job growth 
occurred in general merchandise stores (+15,000), food and 
beverage stores (+15,000), health and personal care stores 
(+10,000), and building material and garden supply stores 
(+7,000). Employment in furniture and home furnishings stores 
continued to trend down (-3,000).
      
      Employment in manufacturing continued to trend up in August 
(+22,000), with job gains concentrated in durable goods 
(+19,000). Manufacturing has added 461,000 jobs over the year.
      
      Financial activities added 17,000 jobs in August and 
200,000 over the year.
      
      Employment in wholesale trade rose by 15,000 in August and 
has returned to its February 2020 level. This industry added 
197,000 jobs over the year.
      
      In August, mining employment increased by 6,000, with 
growth concentrated in support activities for mining (+7,000). 
Over the year, mining has added 68,000 jobs.
      
      Employment in leisure and hospitality changed little in 
August (+31,000), following gains that averaged 90,000 per month 
over the first 7 months of the year. Employment in leisure and 
hospitality is below its February 2020 level by 1.2 million, or 
7.2 percent.
      
      Employment showed little change over the month in other 
major industries, including construction, transportation and 
warehousing, information, other services, and government.
      
      The average workweek for all private-sector workers fell by 
0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in August. The average workweek for 
manufacturing was little changed at 40.3 hours.
      
      Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls increased by 10 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $32.36 in 
August. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have 
increased by 5.2 percent.
      
      Turning to the labor market indicators from the household 
survey, the unemployment rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 
3.7 percent in August. The number of unemployed people increased 
by 344,000 over the month to 6.0 million. In July, these 
measures had returned to their levels in February 2020, prior to 
the pandemic.
      
      In August, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.5 
percent) and Hispanics (4.5 percent) increased. The jobless 
rates for adult women (3.3 percent), teenagers (10.4 percent), 
Whites (3.2 percent), Blacks (6.4 percent), and Asians (2.8 
percent) showed little change.
      
      Among the unemployed, the number of permanent job losers 
increased by 188,000 to 1.4 million in August. The number of 
people on temporary layoff, at 782,000, was essentially 
unchanged over the month.
      
      By duration of unemployment, the number of people 
unemployed for 27 weeks or more was little changed at 1.1 
million in August. These long-term unemployed accounted for 18.8 
percent of all unemployed people in August.
      
      The labor force participation rate, at 62.4 percent, 
increased by 0.3 percentage point in August, and the employment-
population ratio, at 60.1 percent, changed little. Both measures 
are below their February 2020 levels, by 1.0 percentage point 
and 1.1 percentage points, respectively.
      
      In August, the number of people working part time for 
economic reasons was little changed at 4.1 million.
      
      The number of people not in the labor force who currently 
want a job decreased by 361,000 to 5.5 million in August. This 
measure remains above its February 2020 level of 5.0 million.
      
      Among those who were not in the labor force but wanted a 
job, the number of people marginally attached to the labor 
force, at 1.4 million, was little changed in August. (People who 
are marginally attached to the labor force had not actively 
looked for work in the 4 weeks prior to the survey but wanted a 
job, were available for work, and had looked for a job within 
the last 12 months.) The number of discouraged workers, a subset 
of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were 
available for them, at 366,000, was also little changed in 
August.
      
      Looking at the supplemental pandemic-related measures from 
the household survey (these supplemental data are not seasonally 
adjusted), the share of employed people who teleworked because 
of the pandemic was 6.5 percent in August, down from 7.1 percent 
the month before. These data refer only to employed people who 
teleworked or worked at home for pay at some point in the last 4 
weeks specifically because of the pandemic; they do not include 
all instances of telework.
      
      In August, the number of people who reported that they had 
been unable to work because their employer closed or lost 
business due to the pandemic fell by 268,000 to 1.9 million. 
(These individuals did not work at all or worked fewer hours at 
some point in the last 4 weeks due to the pandemic.) Among those 
who reported in August that they were unable to work because of 
pandemic-related closures or lost business, 21.5 percent 
received at least some pay from their employer for the hours not 
worked, little changed from July.
      
      Among those not in the labor force in August, 523,000 
people were prevented from looking for work due to the pandemic, 
little changed from July. (To be counted as unemployed, by 
definition, individuals must either be actively searching for 
work or on temporary layoff.)
      
      In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 315,000 
in August, and the unemployment rate rose to 3.7 percent.



Last Modified Date: September 02, 2022