Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 8, 2017	USDL-17-1097

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2017

The number of job openings increased to 6.2 million on the last business day of June, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 5.4 million 
and 5.2 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate and the layoffs and discharges rate were 
little changed at 2.1 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively. This release includes estimates of the number 
and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four 
geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of June, the job openings level increased to 6.2 million (+461,000). The job 
openings rate was 4.0 percent. The number of job openings increased for total private (+417,000) and 
for government (+44,000). Job openings increased in a number of industries with the largest increases 
occurring in professional and business services (+179,000), health care and social assistance (+125,000), 
and construction (+62,000). Job openings decreased in other services (-62,000). The number of job 
openings increased in the Midwest and West regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.4 million in June. The hires rate was 3.7 percent. The 
number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. The number of hires decreased 
for educational services (-29,000), but was little changed for all other industries. Hires decreased in the 
Northeast region. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.2 million in June. The total separations rate was 
3.6 percent. Total separations was little changed for total private and for government. Total separations 
decreased in state and local government, excluding education (-19,000). The number of total separations 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed at 3.1 million in June. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. The 
number of quits was little changed for total private and for government. Quits decreased in finance and 
insurance (-21,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in June, little changed from May. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.2 percent in June. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed for 
total private and for government. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed in all industries and 
regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in June. Other separations was essentially 
unchanged for total private and for government. Other separations increased in wholesale trade 
(+18,000) and other services (+14,000). The number of other separations decreased in information  
(-9,000) and state and local government, excluding education (-9,000). In all four regions, the number of 
other separations was little changed. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 63.4 million and 
separations totaled 61.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.3 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2017 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, September 12, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,535 5,702 6,163 5,176 5,459 5,356 4,940 5,245 5,224

Total private

4,991 5,171 5,588 4,819 5,126 5,026 4,603 4,914 4,912

Mining and logging(1)

11 15 23 24 38 34 27 31 25

Construction(1)

171 163 225 278 368 348 291 341 351

Manufacturing

363 350 388 280 329 322 267 325 321

Durable goods(1)

206 201 214 162 183 188 163 171 182

Nondurable goods(1)

158 149 174 118 146 135 104 153 139

Trade, transportation, and utilities

990 999 1,040 1,046 1,055 1,069 1,025 1,051 1,058

Wholesale trade(1)

172 185 221 141 126 134 138 116 128

Retail trade

600 666 624 715 731 736 699 747 735

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

218 149 196 189 198 199 188 187 195

Information(1)

85 88 81 81 73 66 71 79 70

Financial activities

305 349 374 196 220 203 177 213 193

Finance and insurance

222 266 297 126 145 126 116 132 122

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

83 83 78 70 75 78 61 81 71

Professional and business services

1,041 1,029 1,208 1,007 1,168 1,154 964 1,116 1,142

Education and health services

1,103 1,109 1,222 655 670 634 613 625 610

Educational services(1)

96 99 87 95 101 72 101 92 95

Health care and social assistance

1,007 1,010 1,135 560 569 561 512 532 515

Leisure and hospitality

736 798 819 1,022 955 978 952 942 936

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 58 96 190 144 152 154 137 148

Accommodation and food services

646 740 723 832 811 826 799 804 788

Other services(1)

187 270 208 229 250 217 215 192 205

Government

544 531 575 357 332 331 338 331 313

Federal(1)

99 118 108 39 29 31 34 26 30

State and local

445 414 467 317 303 300 303 305 283

State and local education

137 145 154 155 146 140 153 139 135

State and local, excluding education(1)

308 269 313 162 157 160 150 166 147





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.7 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.6

Total private

3.9 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging(1)

1.6 2.1 3.1 3.6 5.4 4.8 4.1 4.3 3.5

Construction(1)

2.5 2.3 3.2 4.2 5.3 5.0 4.3 5.0 5.1

Manufacturing

2.9 2.7 3.0 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.6

Durable goods(1)

2.6 2.5 2.7 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods(1)

3.3 3.1 3.6 2.5 3.1 2.9 2.2 3.3 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.5 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9

Wholesale trade(1)

2.9 3.0 3.6 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.2

Retail trade

3.7 4.0 3.8 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.8 2.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.5

Information(1)

3.0 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.9 2.6

Financial activities

3.5 4.0 4.2 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.5 2.3

Finance and insurance

3.5 4.1 4.5 2.1 2.3 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

3.7 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 2.9 3.7 3.2

Professional and business services

4.9 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.6 4.8 5.4 5.5

Education and health services

4.7 4.6 5.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6

Educational services(1)

2.6 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.0 2.8 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

5.0 4.9 5.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

4.5 4.8 4.9 6.5 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.9 2.5 4.1 8.5 6.4 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.5

Accommodation and food services

4.6 5.2 5.0 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8

Other services(1)

3.2 4.5 3.5 4.0 4.3 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.6

Government

2.4 2.3 2.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4

Federal(1)

3.4 4.0 3.7 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.1

State and local

2.2 2.1 2.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4

State and local education

1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.3

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.3 2.9 3.3 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

5,535 5,682 5,785 5,967 5,702 6,163 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,991 5,179 5,244 5,410 5,171 5,588 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.3

Mining and logging(3)

11 20 25 24 15 23 1.6 2.9 3.4 3.3 2.1 3.1

Construction(3)

171 181 161 200 163 225 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.8 2.3 3.2

Manufacturing

363 364 404 365 350 388 2.9 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.7 3.0

Durable goods(3)

206 209 230 207 201 214 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.7

Nondurable goods(3)

158 155 174 158 149 174 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

990 928 948 967 999 1,040 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.7

Wholesale trade(3)

172 175 183 210 185 221 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.0 3.6

Retail trade

600 579 593 566 666 624 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 4.0 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

218 174 172 190 149 196 3.8 3.0 3.0 3.3 2.6 3.4

Information(3)

85 75 83 109 88 81 3.0 2.7 3.0 3.8 3.1 2.9

Financial activities

305 360 327 388 349 374 3.5 4.1 3.7 4.4 4.0 4.2

Finance and insurance

222 285 260 283 266 297 3.5 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.5

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

83 75 68 105 83 78 3.7 3.3 3.0 4.6 3.7 3.4

Professional and business services

1,041 976 1,152 1,093 1,029 1,208 4.9 4.5 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.5

Education and health services

1,103 1,241 1,103 1,111 1,109 1,222 4.7 5.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 5.0

Educational services(3)

96 126 87 91 99 87 2.6 3.4 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.3

Health care and social assistance

1,007 1,115 1,016 1,020 1,010 1,135 5.0 5.5 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

736 784 735 827 798 819 4.5 4.7 4.4 5.0 4.8 4.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 92 77 66 58 96 3.9 3.9 3.3 2.8 2.5 4.1

Accommodation and food services

646 693 657 761 740 723 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.0

Other services(3)

187 250 306 327 270 208 3.2 4.2 5.1 5.4 4.5 3.5

Government

544 503 541 557 531 575 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5

Federal(3)

99 83 91 93 118 108 3.4 2.9 3.1 3.2 4.0 3.7

State and local

445 420 450 464 414 467 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.3

State and local education

137 140 163 166 145 154 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5

State and local, excluding education(3)

308 280 288 298 269 313 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

897 1,102 1,033 1,103 1,057 1,057 3.3 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8

South

2,108 2,060 2,160 2,190 2,062 2,199 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.0

Midwest

1,244 1,285 1,349 1,424 1,296 1,488 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.2 3.8 4.4

West

1,286 1,236 1,243 1,250 1,288 1,419 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

5,176 5,249 5,304 5,043 5,459 5,356 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,819 4,905 4,975 4,720 5,126 5,026 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.1

Mining and logging

24 39 30 32 38 34 3.6 5.7 4.3 4.5 5.4 4.8

Construction

278 367 372 375 368 348 4.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.0

Manufacturing

280 296 325 314 329 322 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.6

Durable goods

162 154 177 164 183 188 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.4

Nondurable goods

118 142 147 150 146 135 2.5 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,046 1,090 1,051 969 1,055 1,069 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.9

Wholesale trade

141 139 129 116 126 134 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.3

Retail trade

715 757 725 677 731 736 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

189 194 197 176 198 199 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.5

Information

81 76 77 58 73 66 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.1 2.7 2.4

Financial activities

196 190 214 185 220 203 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.4

Finance and insurance

126 122 138 119 145 126 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

70 68 76 66 75 78 3.3 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.5

Professional and business services

1,007 1,044 1,060 1,006 1,168 1,154 5.0 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

655 622 679 614 670 634 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.7

Educational services

95 81 96 97 101 72 2.7 2.2 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.0

Health care and social assistance

560 541 582 518 569 561 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,022 981 967 953 955 978 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

190 151 119 151 144 152 8.5 6.7 5.3 6.7 6.4 6.7

Accommodation and food services

832 831 849 802 811 826 6.2 6.1 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.1

Other services

229 199 200 213 250 217 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.7 4.3 3.8

Government

357 344 329 324 332 331 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Federal

39 35 34 34 29 31 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1

State and local

317 308 295 290 303 300 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5

State and local education

155 151 143 140 146 140 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local, excluding education

162 157 152 150 157 160 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

891 864 864 888 1,017 868 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.8 3.2

South

1,895 2,105 2,057 1,963 2,109 2,153 3.6 4.0 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.0

Midwest

1,173 1,123 1,131 1,083 1,167 1,162 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.6

West

1,217 1,157 1,252 1,110 1,165 1,173 3.7 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

4,940 5,008 5,198 5,008 5,245 5,224 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,603 4,662 4,882 4,681 4,914 4,912 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging

27 32 25 23 31 25 4.1 4.7 3.6 3.3 4.3 3.5

Construction

291 339 374 377 341 351 4.3 4.9 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.1

Manufacturing

267 280 318 317 325 321 2.2 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6

Durable goods

163 155 173 162 171 182 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods

104 125 146 155 153 139 2.2 2.7 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,025 1,056 1,063 948 1,051 1,058 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.9

Wholesale trade

138 135 132 116 116 128 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.2

Retail trade

699 749 745 663 747 735 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

188 171 186 168 187 195 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.5

Information

71 79 79 74 79 70 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.6

Financial activities

177 182 201 184 213 193 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3

Finance and insurance

116 127 126 110 132 122 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 55 75 74 81 71 2.9 2.5 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.2

Professional and business services

964 999 1,033 1,001 1,116 1,142 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.4 5.5

Education and health services

613 548 635 594 625 610 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

Educational services

101 59 90 86 92 95 2.8 1.6 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

512 488 545 508 532 515 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

952 968 966 943 942 936 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

154 140 137 133 137 148 6.9 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.5

Accommodation and food services

799 828 829 810 804 788 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8

Other services

215 179 188 220 192 205 3.8 3.1 3.3 3.8 3.3 3.6

Government

338 347 315 328 331 313 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4

Federal

34 35 37 34 26 30 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.1

State and local

303 312 278 293 305 283 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4

State and local education

153 168 130 147 139 135 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3

State and local, excluding education

150 144 148 147 166 147 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

767 866 816 808 839 847 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1

South

1,883 1,971 2,057 1,992 2,190 2,120 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.0

Midwest

1,121 1,057 1,162 1,044 1,096 1,102 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.4

West

1,169 1,114 1,163 1,165 1,119 1,155 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

2,980 3,036 3,138 3,044 3,206 3,134 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,798 2,865 2,962 2,887 3,035 2,968 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4

Mining and logging

13 17 13 11 14 14 1.9 2.5 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.0

Construction

104 162 164 159 142 138 1.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0

Manufacturing

138 184 183 178 202 194 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6

Durable goods

81 97 94 94 104 103 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3

Nondurable goods

57 88 89 84 98 91 1.2 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

650 672 678 581 675 642 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.5 2.3

Wholesale trade

88 71 76 72 72 69 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Retail trade

463 492 498 420 498 467 2.9 3.1 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

99 109 105 89 104 106 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.9

Information

37 48 43 37 31 40 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.5

Financial activities

105 85 105 111 131 103 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.2

Finance and insurance

69 57 71 71 80 59 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

35 28 34 40 52 44 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.4 2.0

Professional and business services

560 569 618 630 616 664 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2

Education and health services

407 371 426 402 421 420 1.8 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8

Educational services

50 41 48 45 45 52 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4

Health care and social assistance

357 330 379 357 376 368 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

650 660 649 667 690 640 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 76 76 77 67 58 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.0 2.6

Accommodation and food services

585 584 573 590 623 582 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.3

Other services(3)

136 97 83 111 112 112 2.4 1.7 1.4 1.9 2.0 2.0

Government

182 171 176 157 172 166 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7

Federal

13 16 16 14 11 14 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5

State and local

169 155 159 143 160 153 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

State and local education

86 74 72 75 78 76 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local, excluding education

83 81 87 67 83 77 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

410 426 419 446 472 455 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7

South

1,204 1,267 1,308 1,220 1,311 1,290 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.4

Midwest

653 694 695 639 691 650 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0

West

713 649 715 740 733 738 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

1,609 1,594 1,661 1,605 1,673 1,701 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,522 1,483 1,582 1,500 1,577 1,611 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

12 12 8 9 13 8 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.9 1.1

Construction

177 155 197 207 187 200 2.7 2.3 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.9

Manufacturing

106 73 112 117 103 101 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

69 43 67 55 59 64 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

37 30 44 63 44 36 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.0 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

295 309 303 282 283 301 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1

Wholesale trade(3)

38 49 45 33 36 34 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6

Retail trade

179 210 195 183 184 202 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

78 50 63 66 63 66 1.4 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2

Information

25 23 28 24 33 24 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.9

Financial activities

52 68 70 45 51 60 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7

Finance and insurance

29 46 32 19 25 39 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 22 38 25 26 21 1.1 1.0 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.0

Professional and business services

348 367 325 315 440 423 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.5 2.1 2.0

Education and health services

164 127 161 158 168 143 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Educational services

37 16 36 37 40 31 1.1 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9

Health care and social assistance

127 111 126 121 129 112 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

276 276 278 247 222 276 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

86 61 58 54 67 89 3.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 3.0 3.9

Accommodation and food services

190 215 220 194 155 188 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.4

Other services

65 73 100 96 76 75 1.2 1.3 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.3

Government

88 111 79 104 97 90 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Federal

11 10 11 11 9 8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

76 101 69 94 88 81 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

State and local education

37 63 32 42 37 35 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local, excluding education

39 38 36 52 51 46 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

304 374 327 295 303 334 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2

South

535 566 601 646 751 683 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.3

Midwest

397 294 368 333 321 363 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1

West

373 361 365 331 298 321 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

351 378 399 359 365 389 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

283 314 338 293 303 333 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

3 4 4 3 3 3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4

Construction(3)

10 22 13 11 13 13 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

22 24 23 21 19 27 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

14 16 11 13 8 15 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

9 8 12 8 11 12 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

81 74 82 84 93 114 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

13 14 12 11 8 26 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4

Retail trade

57 48 52 60 65 66 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

12 12 18 13 20 22 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Information(3)

9 8 9 13 15 6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2

Financial activities

20 29 25 28 30 30 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Finance and insurance

17 24 22 20 27 24 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

3 4 3 8 3 6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Professional and business services

56 62 90 57 60 56 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

42 50 48 34 36 47 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

14 2 7 4 8 11 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance(3)

28 47 41 30 28 36 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

26 32 40 29 29 20 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

2 3 3 3 3 2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

24 29 37 26 26 18 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other services(3)

14 10 5 13 4 18 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3

Government

68 64 60 66 63 57 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

10 9 10 9 6 8 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3

State and local

58 56 50 57 57 49 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

State and local education

30 31 25 29 24 25 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

28 24 25 28 33 24 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

53 66 70 67 65 58 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

145 139 148 126 128 146 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Midwest

70 69 98 72 84 90 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

West

83 104 82 94 88 96 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

5,467 5,701 6,138 3.6 3.7 4.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,891 5,168 5,527 3.8 4.0 4.2

Mining and logging

11 15 23 1.6 2.2 3.1

Construction

171 163 225 2.4 2.3 3.1

Manufacturing

363 350 388 2.8 2.7 3.0

Durable goods

206 201 214 2.6 2.5 2.7

Nondurable goods

158 149 174 3.3 3.1 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

958 993 1,010 3.4 3.5 3.6

Wholesale trade

172 185 221 2.8 3.0 3.6

Retail trade

569 659 593 3.5 4.0 3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

218 149 196 3.8 2.6 3.4

Information

85 88 81 2.9 3.1 2.9

Financial activities

302 332 373 3.5 3.8 4.2

Finance and insurance

219 249 296 3.4 3.8 4.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

83 83 78 3.7 3.7 3.3

Professional and business services

1,031 1,042 1,234 4.8 4.8 5.6

Education and health services

1,040 1,067 1,162 4.4 4.4 4.8

Educational services

96 99 87 2.8 2.6 2.5

Health care and social assistance

944 967 1,075 4.7 4.7 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

744 847 823 4.4 5.0 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

84 66 90 3.2 2.7 3.4

Accommodation and food services

660 781 733 4.6 5.4 5.0

Other services

187 270 208 3.1 4.5 3.4

Government

576 533 611 2.5 2.3 2.7

Federal

99 118 108 3.4 4.0 3.7

State and local

477 415 503 2.4 2.1 2.5

State and local education

169 146 190 1.7 1.3 1.9

State and local, excluding education

308 269 313 3.2 2.9 3.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

881 1,062 1,031 3.2 3.8 3.7

South

2,086 2,023 2,207 3.8 3.6 3.9

Midwest

1,207 1,327 1,471 3.6 3.9 4.3

West

1,293 1,290 1,429 3.7 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

5,922 6,032 6,100 4.1 4.1 4.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,456 5,679 5,664 4.4 4.6 4.5

Mining and logging

27 39 40 4.1 5.6 5.6

Construction

340 462 411 4.9 6.7 5.8

Manufacturing

344 368 397 2.8 3.0 3.2

Durable goods

196 209 230 2.5 2.7 3.0

Nondurable goods

148 159 167 3.2 3.4 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,024 1,108 1,059 3.8 4.1 3.9

Wholesale trade

156 132 151 2.6 2.2 2.5

Retail trade

697 799 729 4.4 5.1 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

171 177 180 3.1 3.2 3.2

Information

96 76 78 3.4 2.8 2.8

Financial activities

235 248 244 2.8 3.0 2.9

Finance and insurance

152 163 151 2.5 2.6 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

82 85 93 3.8 3.9 4.2

Professional and business services

1,092 1,223 1,248 5.4 5.9 6.0

Education and health services

725 649 695 3.2 2.8 3.0

Educational services

115 77 86 3.4 2.1 2.5

Health care and social assistance

610 572 608 3.2 2.9 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,270 1,206 1,199 7.8 7.5 7.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

303 241 244 12.0 10.3 9.5

Accommodation and food services

967 966 955 7.0 7.0 6.8

Other services

303 299 294 5.3 5.2 5.0

Government

467 353 436 2.1 1.6 2.0

Federal

52 36 39 1.8 1.3 1.4

State and local

415 317 397 2.2 1.6 2.0

State and local education

132 90 115 1.3 0.8 1.1

State and local, excluding education

283 226 282 3.0 2.5 3.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

1,032 1,103 1,005 3.9 4.1 3.7

South

2,081 2,260 2,367 3.9 4.2 4.4

Midwest

1,374 1,419 1,354 4.3 4.4 4.1

West

1,436 1,249 1,373 4.3 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

5,170 5,236 5,421 3.6 3.6 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,622 4,853 4,936 3.8 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging

27 31 24 4.0 4.4 3.4

Construction

254 317 310 3.7 4.6 4.4

Manufacturing

275 328 335 2.2 2.6 2.7

Durable goods

166 171 191 2.1 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods

110 157 144 2.3 3.4 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

987 1,015 1,021 3.6 3.7 3.7

Wholesale trade

142 110 127 2.4 1.9 2.1

Retail trade

671 743 709 4.2 4.7 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 161 184 3.2 2.9 3.3

Information

70 78 68 2.5 2.9 2.5

Financial activities

177 212 193 2.1 2.5 2.3

Finance and insurance

116 135 123 1.9 2.2 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 77 69 2.8 3.5 3.1

Professional and business services

953 1,122 1,150 4.7 5.4 5.5

Education and health services

727 662 719 3.2 2.9 3.1

Educational services

180 118 170 5.4 3.2 5.0

Health care and social assistance

547 543 548 2.9 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

936 901 909 5.7 5.6 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

115 109 108 4.5 4.7 4.2

Accommodation and food services

821 792 801 6.0 5.7 5.7

Other services

215 189 206 3.7 3.3 3.5

Government

548 383 484 2.5 1.7 2.2

Federal

31 21 27 1.1 0.7 0.9

State and local

516 362 458 2.7 1.8 2.4

State and local education

359 212 311 3.6 2.0 3.1

State and local, excluding education

157 150 147 1.7 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

767 759 841 2.9 2.8 3.1

South

2,017 2,260 2,253 3.8 4.2 4.2

Midwest

1,153 1,096 1,121 3.6 3.4 3.4

West

1,232 1,120 1,205 3.7 3.3 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

3,192 3,260 3,328 2.2 2.2 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,912 3,059 3,080 2.4 2.5 2.5

Mining and logging

12 14 14 1.8 2.1 2.0

Construction

111 151 142 1.6 2.2 2.0

Manufacturing

146 217 204 1.2 1.8 1.6

Durable goods

84 112 108 1.1 1.4 1.4

Nondurable goods

62 106 95 1.3 2.3 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

657 670 646 2.4 2.5 2.4

Wholesale trade

95 70 73 1.6 1.2 1.2

Retail trade

465 508 468 2.9 3.2 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

98 92 106 1.8 1.6 1.9

Information

36 30 39 1.3 1.1 1.4

Financial activities

110 137 108 1.3 1.6 1.3

Finance and insurance

75 85 63 1.2 1.4 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 52 44 1.6 2.4 2.0

Professional and business services

574 618 681 2.8 3.0 3.3

Education and health services

451 429 472 2.0 1.9 2.1

Educational services

76 49 84 2.3 1.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance

375 380 388 2.0 2.0 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

679 682 662 4.2 4.2 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

70 64 61 2.7 2.7 2.4

Accommodation and food services

609 618 601 4.4 4.5 4.3

Other services

136 112 112 2.4 1.9 1.9

Government

279 200 248 1.3 0.9 1.1

Federal

14 10 14 0.5 0.4 0.5

State and local

266 190 234 1.4 1.0 1.2

State and local education

176 102 154 1.8 1.0 1.5

State and local, excluding education

90 87 80 1.0 1.0 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

418 459 464 1.6 1.7 1.7

South

1,316 1,335 1,403 2.5 2.5 2.6

Midwest

703 722 682 2.2 2.2 2.1

West

755 744 778 2.3 2.2 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

1,574 1,596 1,667 1.1 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,440 1,486 1,538 1.2 1.2 1.2

Mining and logging

12 13 8 1.7 1.9 1.1

Construction

134 154 155 1.9 2.2 2.2

Manufacturing

106 91 103 0.9 0.7 0.8

Durable goods

67 51 65 0.9 0.7 0.8

Nondurable goods

39 40 38 0.8 0.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

261 240 271 1.0 0.9 1.0

Wholesale trade

38 36 34 0.6 0.6 0.6

Retail trade

158 155 181 1.0 1.0 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

65 50 57 1.2 0.9 1.0

Information

26 34 24 0.9 1.2 0.9

Financial activities

46 42 54 0.6 0.5 0.6

Finance and insurance

24 20 35 0.4 0.3 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

22 22 19 1.0 1.0 0.9

Professional and business services

327 452 419 1.6 2.2 2.0

Education and health services

233 197 200 1.0 0.9 0.9

Educational services

89 62 75 2.7 1.7 2.2

Health care and social assistance

143 135 125 0.8 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

231 190 228 1.4 1.2 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43 43 46 1.7 1.8 1.8

Accommodation and food services

188 147 182 1.4 1.1 1.3

Other services

66 73 76 1.1 1.3 1.3

Government

134 110 129 0.6 0.5 0.6

Federal

8 5 6 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local

125 105 123 0.7 0.5 0.6

State and local education

92 73 83 0.9 0.7 0.8

State and local, excluding education

33 33 40 0.4 0.4 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

283 241 312 1.1 0.9 1.1

South

538 791 692 1.0 1.5 1.3

Midwest

372 277 343 1.2 0.8 1.0

West

382 287 320 1.1 0.9 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)
June
2016
May
2017
June
2017(p)

Total

404 380 426 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

269 308 318 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

3 3 2 0.5 0.4 0.3

Construction

10 13 13 0.1 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

24 20 29 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

15 9 17 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 11 12 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

69 105 103 0.3 0.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

9 5 21 0.2 0.1 0.4

Retail trade

48 80 60 0.3 0.5 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

12 20 22 0.2 0.3 0.4

Information

9 15 6 0.3 0.5 0.2

Financial activities

21 33 31 0.3 0.4 0.4

Finance and insurance

18 30 25 0.3 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

3 3 6 0.1 0.2 0.3

Professional and business services

52 52 50 0.3 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

42 36 47 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

14 8 11 0.4 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

28 28 36 0.1 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

26 29 20 0.2 0.2 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 3 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

24 26 18 0.2 0.2 0.1

Other services

14 4 18 0.2 0.1 0.3

Government

134 72 108 0.6 0.3 0.5

Federal

9 5 7 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local

125 67 101 0.6 0.3 0.5

State and local education

91 37 74 0.9 0.3 0.7

State and local, excluding education

34 30 27 0.4 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

66 59 65 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

164 135 158 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

77 97 96 0.2 0.3 0.3

West

96 88 107 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: August 08, 2017