Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 9, 2018	USDL-18-0036

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – NOVEMBER 2017

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.9 million on the last business day of November, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little 
changed at 5.5 million and 5.2 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 
2.2 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was little changed 1.1 percent. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of November, there were 5.9 million job openings, little changed from 
October. The job openings rate was 3.8 percent in November. The number of job openings was little 
changed for total private and for government. Job openings increased in retail trade (+88,000) but 
decreased in other services (-64,000), transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-60,000), and real estate 
and rental and leasing (-39,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. (See 
table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.5 million in November. The hires rate was 3.7 percent. The 
number of hires was little changed for total private and increased for government (+43,000). Hires 
increased in state and local government, excluding education (+29,000) and state and local government 
education (+18,000). The number of hires decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.2 million in November. The total separations 
rate was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for 
government. Total separations increased in state and local government, excluding education (+21,000) 
but decreased in other services (-69,000) and real estate and rental and leasing (-27,000). The number of 
total separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed at 3.2 million in November. The quits rate was 2.2 percent. The 
number of quits was little changed for total private and increased for government (+25,000). Quits 
increased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+25,000) and state and local government, 
excluding education (+15,000). Quits decreased in other services (-49,000), real estate and rental and 
leasing (-21,000), and mining and logging (-6,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in November, little changed from October. The layoffs 
and discharges rate was 1.1 percent in November. The number of layoffs and discharges was little 
changed for total private, for government, and in all industries. The number of layoffs and discharges 
decreased in the Midwest region. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in November at 341,000. The number of other 
separations was little changed for total private and for government. Other separations increased in state 
and local government, excluding education (+8,000) and arts, entertainment, and recreation (+4,000). 
Other separations decreased in accommodation and food services (-15,000) and federal government 
(-6,000). The number of other separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in November, hires totaled 64.6 million 
and separations totaled 62.4 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.1 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for December 2017 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, February 6, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,631 5,925 5,879 5,263 5,592 5,488 5,075 5,251 5,202

Total private

5,056 5,408 5,360 4,912 5,257 5,110 4,720 4,910 4,845

Mining and logging(1)

16 27 22 30 35 35 25 32 28

Construction(1)

178 195 210 337 384 347 323 361 340

Manufacturing

319 409 378 284 344 355 286 309 327

Durable goods(1)

186 247 231 169 198 209 165 176 184

Nondurable goods(1)

133 162 147 115 146 146 121 133 143

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017 967 1,028 1,016 1,044 1,047 1,018 994 1,020

Wholesale trade(1)

203 135 167 135 155 144 129 133 123

Retail trade

636 623 711 666 688 677 698 677 688

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

178 210 150 215 200 226 191 183 208

Information(1)

73 74 78 71 74 74 73 72 70

Financial activities

324 380 380 175 213 192 160 204 167

Finance and insurance

263 264 303 114 136 120 120 136 126

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

61 116 77 61 77 72 40 68 41

Professional and business services

1,047 1,110 1,082 1,082 1,181 1,145 1,069 1,143 1,135

Education and health services

1,135 1,102 1,095 652 677 697 610 642 620

Educational services(1)

86 94 94 81 84 98 72 89 77

Health care and social assistance

1,048 1,009 1,000 571 593 599 539 553 544

Leisure and hospitality

756 848 854 1,056 1,060 1,019 986 933 988

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

96 79 67 151 162 157 144 141 168

Accommodation and food services

660 769 787 904 899 862 842 792 820

Other services(1)

192 296 232 210 246 199 170 219 150

Government

575 517 519 351 336 379 355 341 357

Federal(1)

82 73 66 40 43 39 43 41 36

State and local

494 444 453 311 292 340 313 301 320

State and local education

150 166 168 142 158 176 155 157 156

State and local, excluding education(1)

344 278 285 169 135 164 158 144 165





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.7 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

Total private

4.0 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging(1)

2.4 3.6 3.0 4.5 4.8 4.8 3.7 4.4 3.8

Construction(1)

2.6 2.7 2.9 5.0 5.5 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.9

Manufacturing

2.5 3.2 2.9 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.5 2.6

Durable goods(1)

2.4 3.1 2.9 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.1 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods(1)

2.8 3.3 3.0 2.5 3.1 3.1 2.6 2.8 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.6 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7

Wholesale trade(1)

3.3 2.2 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1

Retail trade

3.9 3.8 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.1 3.6 2.6 3.8 3.5 4.0 3.4 3.2 3.7

Information(1)

2.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6

Financial activities

3.7 4.3 4.3 2.1 2.5 2.3 1.9 2.4 2.0

Finance and insurance

4.1 4.0 4.6 1.8 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

2.7 5.0 3.4 2.8 3.5 3.2 1.9 3.1 1.9

Professional and business services

4.9 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.4

Education and health services

4.7 4.5 4.5 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.7

Educational services(1)

2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.0 2.4 2.1

Health care and social assistance

5.2 4.9 4.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

4.6 5.0 5.1 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.8 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4.1 3.3 2.9 6.7 7.1 6.9 6.4 6.2 7.4

Accommodation and food services

4.7 5.3 5.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.8 6.0

Other services(1)

3.2 4.9 3.9 3.7 4.2 3.4 3.0 3.8 2.6

Government

2.5 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6

Federal(1)

2.8 2.5 2.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3

State and local

2.5 2.2 2.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6

State and local education

1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.6 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

5,631 6,140 6,090 6,177 5,925 5,879 3.7 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,056 5,625 5,584 5,650 5,408 5,360 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

Mining and logging(3)

16 24 25 20 27 22 2.4 3.2 3.4 2.7 3.6 3.0

Construction(3)

178 237 230 179 195 210 2.6 3.3 3.2 2.5 2.7 2.9

Manufacturing

319 414 435 435 409 378 2.5 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9

Durable goods(3)

186 207 248 262 247 231 2.4 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9

Nondurable goods(3)

133 207 187 173 162 147 2.8 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017 1,074 1,116 1,147 967 1,028 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.4 3.6

Wholesale trade(3)

203 230 207 219 135 167 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.6 2.2 2.7

Retail trade

636 618 643 691 623 711 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

178 226 266 238 210 150 3.1 3.9 4.5 4.0 3.6 2.6

Information(3)

73 93 122 113 74 78 2.6 3.3 4.3 4.0 2.6 2.8

Financial activities

324 362 341 384 380 380 3.7 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.3

Finance and insurance

263 279 267 307 264 303 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.7 4.0 4.6

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

61 83 74 77 116 77 2.7 3.6 3.3 3.4 5.0 3.4

Professional and business services

1,047 1,088 1,037 1,171 1,110 1,082 4.9 5.0 4.7 5.3 5.0 4.9

Education and health services

1,135 1,164 1,191 1,133 1,102 1,095 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.5

Educational services(3)

86 144 104 96 94 94 2.3 3.8 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5

Health care and social assistance

1,048 1,020 1,087 1,037 1,009 1,000 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

756 839 859 770 848 854 4.6 5.0 5.1 4.6 5.0 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

96 84 80 88 79 67 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.3 2.9

Accommodation and food services

660 755 778 682 769 787 4.7 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.3 5.4

Other services(3)

192 330 228 297 296 232 3.2 5.4 3.8 4.9 4.9 3.9

Government

575 515 506 527 517 519 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

Federal(3)

82 83 66 75 73 66 2.8 2.9 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.3

State and local

494 432 440 453 444 453 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3

State and local education

150 155 146 173 166 168 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education(3)

344 277 294 280 278 285 3.6 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

REGION(4)

Northeast

942 1,119 1,102 1,066 1,011 1,030 3.4 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6

South

2,079 2,243 2,125 2,174 2,072 2,105 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,263 1,378 1,520 1,595 1,507 1,452 3.8 4.1 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.2

West

1,347 1,400 1,343 1,342 1,335 1,292 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

5,263 5,521 5,420 5,320 5,592 5,488 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,912 5,175 5,079 4,976 5,257 5,110 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.1

Mining and logging

30 35 36 28 35 35 4.5 5.0 5.0 3.9 4.8 4.8

Construction

337 354 370 389 384 347 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.0

Manufacturing

284 353 359 329 344 355 2.3 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.8

Durable goods

169 205 211 189 198 209 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.7

Nondurable goods

115 148 148 140 146 146 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,016 1,023 1,029 1,035 1,044 1,047 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

Wholesale trade

135 145 149 139 155 144 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.4

Retail trade

666 687 684 689 688 677 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

215 192 196 208 200 226 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.5 4.0

Information

71 77 79 78 74 74 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.7

Financial activities

175 206 213 189 213 192 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3

Finance and insurance

114 137 135 121 136 120 1.8 2.2 2.2 1.9 2.2 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 69 78 68 77 72 2.8 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.2

Professional and business services

1,082 1,200 1,123 1,150 1,181 1,145 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5

Education and health services

652 669 662 627 677 697 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 3.0

Educational services

81 88 98 87 84 98 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.7

Health care and social assistance

571 581 564 541 593 599 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,056 1,021 989 961 1,060 1,019 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

151 171 160 146 162 157 6.7 7.5 7.0 6.4 7.1 6.9

Accommodation and food services

904 850 830 815 899 862 6.7 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.3

Other services

210 235 219 188 246 199 3.7 4.1 3.8 3.2 4.2 3.4

Government

351 346 340 344 336 379 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7

Federal

40 38 36 38 43 39 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4

State and local

311 308 305 306 292 340 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7

State and local education

142 149 144 138 158 176 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.7

State and local, excluding education

169 159 160 169 135 164 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

835 894 801 821 952 827 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.0

South

2,021 2,105 2,167 2,121 2,217 2,257 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2

Midwest

1,192 1,305 1,207 1,181 1,201 1,169 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6

West

1,214 1,216 1,245 1,197 1,222 1,235 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

5,075 5,362 5,273 5,244 5,251 5,202 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,720 5,012 4,932 4,910 4,910 4,845 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging

25 29 27 23 32 28 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.1 4.4 3.8

Construction

323 367 337 378 361 340 4.8 5.3 4.9 5.5 5.2 4.9

Manufacturing

286 320 301 315 309 327 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6

Durable goods

165 181 172 179 176 184 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods

121 139 128 136 133 143 2.6 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.8 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,018 1,015 1,020 977 994 1,020 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7

Wholesale trade

129 150 157 122 133 123 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.1

Retail trade

698 682 676 668 677 688 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

191 184 187 187 183 208 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.7

Information

73 87 83 96 72 70 2.6 3.2 3.0 3.5 2.7 2.6

Financial activities

160 200 212 180 204 167 1.9 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.4 2.0

Finance and insurance

120 125 131 116 136 126 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

40 75 81 64 68 41 1.9 3.4 3.7 2.9 3.1 1.9

Professional and business services

1,069 1,127 1,059 1,119 1,143 1,135 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.4

Education and health services

610 616 633 600 642 620 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.7

Educational services

72 79 77 74 89 77 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.1

Health care and social assistance

539 537 556 525 553 544 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

986 991 998 1,020 933 988 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

144 188 164 159 141 168 6.4 8.3 7.2 7.0 6.2 7.4

Accommodation and food services

842 803 834 861 792 820 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.3 5.8 6.0

Other services

170 260 263 202 219 150 3.0 4.5 4.6 3.5 3.8 2.6

Government

355 351 341 334 341 357 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6

Federal

43 41 37 37 41 36 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

313 310 304 297 301 320 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6

State and local education

155 156 141 129 157 156 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.5

State and local, excluding education

158 154 162 168 144 165 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

848 886 872 900 815 842 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.1

South

1,947 2,173 2,007 2,009 2,160 2,167 3.7 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.0

Midwest

1,113 1,195 1,180 1,168 1,134 1,064 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.2

West

1,166 1,108 1,213 1,167 1,142 1,129 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

3,080 3,194 3,093 3,180 3,187 3,174 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,909 3,023 2,929 3,014 3,020 2,983 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

Mining and logging

13 18 11 15 20 14 2.0 2.5 1.5 2.1 2.8 2.0

Construction

150 141 140 154 164 153 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.2

Manufacturing

164 191 185 189 192 199 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6

Durable goods

93 109 98 107 109 112 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Nondurable goods

71 82 86 81 83 86 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

655 662 639 619 655 656 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4

Wholesale trade

87 91 85 82 93 87 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.5

Retail trade

460 456 456 435 455 437 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

108 115 98 101 107 132 1.9 2.1 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.3

Information

35 58 46 55 46 41 1.3 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.5

Financial activities

85 116 118 112 121 108 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Finance and insurance

66 75 73 78 78 86 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

19 41 45 34 43 22 0.9 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.9 1.0

Professional and business services

635 615 590 663 657 698 3.1 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.3

Education and health services

395 391 395 403 437 412 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8

Educational services

44 42 47 43 44 45 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Health care and social assistance

351 349 349 360 393 367 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

693 666 639 675 619 643 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.2 3.9 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 66 60 48 61 71 3.4 2.9 2.7 2.1 2.7 3.1

Accommodation and food services

616 601 579 627 557 572 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.1 4.2

Other services(3)

83 165 166 131 109 60 1.5 2.9 2.9 2.3 1.9 1.0

Government

171 171 164 166 167 192 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9

Federal

17 14 15 15 15 16 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

State and local

154 157 149 151 152 175 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

State and local education

80 81 75 69 81 89 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9

State and local, excluding education

73 75 73 82 71 86 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

475 445 447 434 431 444 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

South

1,207 1,372 1,205 1,273 1,395 1,327 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.5

Midwest

695 700 688 755 660 681 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.1

West

703 677 752 718 700 722 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

1,660 1,789 1,781 1,746 1,693 1,686 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,539 1,667 1,667 1,643 1,581 1,581 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

8 8 13 6 11 12 1.2 1.2 1.9 0.9 1.5 1.6

Construction

153 215 187 217 177 179 2.3 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.5 2.6

Manufacturing

99 109 96 101 94 107 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

57 60 63 57 54 57 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Nondurable goods

42 50 33 44 40 50 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

293 275 320 280 268 281 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0

Wholesale trade(3)

32 48 64 36 36 29 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.5

Retail trade

188 171 178 171 171 184 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

73 56 78 72 61 68 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2

Information

27 22 30 29 23 23 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9

Financial activities

53 62 60 44 62 46 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5

Finance and insurance

32 31 28 19 38 28 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 31 31 26 24 18 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 0.8

Professional and business services

384 436 395 432 402 369 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.8

Education and health services

183 170 179 150 161 163 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7

Educational services

26 29 23 30 39 30 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.8

Health care and social assistance

157 141 156 121 122 133 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

259 289 314 317 277 318 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.7 2.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

66 119 99 108 78 91 2.9 5.2 4.4 4.8 3.4 4.0

Accommodation and food services

194 170 215 209 198 228 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.7

Other services

79 81 74 66 106 83 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.8 1.4

Government

121 122 114 103 112 105 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Federal

13 17 13 11 13 13 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

State and local

108 105 101 92 100 92 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local education

50 51 41 34 50 45 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local, excluding education

57 54 60 58 50 48 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

307 360 360 412 316 339 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2

South

608 676 654 632 617 702 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

Midwest

355 421 409 335 401 310 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.9

West

390 333 358 367 360 334 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
July
2017
Aug.
2017
Sept.
2017
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

334 379 398 318 372 341 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

272 321 335 252 310 281 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

4 2 2 2 1 2 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction(3)

19 11 10 6 20 9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

23 20 20 26 23 21 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

16 12 11 15 13 14 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

8 8 9 11 10 7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

69 78 60 78 71 83 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

9 10 8 3 4 7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

49 55 41 61 51 67 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

10 13 11 13 15 8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1

Information(3)

11 7 7 12 4 6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2

Financial activities

23 23 35 24 21 13 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2

Finance and insurance

22 19 30 19 19 12 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

1 3 5 5 1 1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

Professional and business services

50 75 74 25 84 68 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3

Education and health services

32 55 59 46 44 46 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

2 9 8 2 5 2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

Health care and social assistance(3)

30 47 51 44 38 44 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

34 36 45 29 38 27 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

2 4 4 3 2 6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3

Accommodation and food services(3)

33 33 41 26 36 21 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2

Other services(3)

7 13 23 5 4 8 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1

Government

63 58 63 66 62 60 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

12 9 10 11 13 7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local

51 49 53 55 49 53 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local education

24 24 24 27 26 22 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

27 24 29 28 23 31 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

66 81 66 54 68 59 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

132 126 148 104 148 137 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

63 74 83 78 73 73 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

73 98 102 82 83 72 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

5,379 6,177 5,661 3.5 4.0 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,815 5,668 5,154 3.7 4.3 3.9

Mining and logging

16 27 22 2.3 3.6 2.9

Construction

178 195 210 2.5 2.7 2.9

Manufacturing

319 409 378 2.5 3.2 2.9

Durable goods

186 247 231 2.4 3.1 2.9

Nondurable goods

133 162 147 2.8 3.3 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

956 1,051 998 3.3 3.7 3.4

Wholesale trade

203 135 167 3.3 2.2 2.7

Retail trade

575 706 681 3.4 4.3 4.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

178 210 150 3.0 3.5 2.5

Information

73 74 78 2.6 2.6 2.8

Financial activities

307 391 368 3.6 4.4 4.2

Finance and insurance

246 274 291 3.8 4.2 4.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 116 77 2.7 5.0 3.4

Professional and business services

1,004 1,191 1,041 4.7 5.3 4.7

Education and health services

1,093 1,168 1,046 4.5 4.7 4.3

Educational services

86 94 94 2.2 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

1,007 1,074 952 5.0 5.2 4.6

Leisure and hospitality

677 867 779 4.2 5.2 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

82 82 56 3.8 3.5 2.6

Accommodation and food services

595 785 723 4.3 5.4 5.0

Other services

192 296 232 3.2 4.9 3.9

Government

564 509 507 2.4 2.2 2.2

Federal

82 73 66 2.8 2.5 2.3

State and local

482 436 441 2.4 2.1 2.2

State and local education

139 158 156 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local, excluding education

344 278 285 3.6 3.0 3.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

916 1,056 998 3.3 3.7 3.5

South

1,933 2,126 1,991 3.5 3.8 3.5

Midwest

1,248 1,561 1,440 3.7 4.5 4.2

West

1,282 1,434 1,232 3.7 4.1 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

4,880 5,970 5,069 3.3 4.0 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,605 5,651 4,769 3.7 4.5 3.8

Mining and logging

27 37 31 4.0 5.0 4.3

Construction

253 392 256 3.7 5.5 3.6

Manufacturing

235 350 293 1.9 2.8 2.3

Durable goods

141 191 177 1.8 2.5 2.3

Nondurable goods

94 159 116 2.0 3.4 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,304 1,291 1,329 4.7 4.7 4.7

Wholesale trade

99 164 106 1.7 2.7 1.8

Retail trade

896 898 887 5.5 5.7 5.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

309 229 337 5.4 4.0 5.8

Information

68 79 70 2.4 2.9 2.6

Financial activities

149 234 161 1.8 2.8 1.9

Finance and insurance

98 148 102 1.6 2.4 1.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

51 86 59 2.4 3.9 2.7

Professional and business services

985 1,253 1,039 4.8 5.9 4.9

Education and health services

528 746 570 2.3 3.2 2.4

Educational services

50 80 62 1.3 2.1 1.6

Health care and social assistance

477 666 508 2.5 3.4 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

886 1,031 869 5.7 6.5 5.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

107 139 112 5.1 6.2 5.3

Accommodation and food services

779 891 757 5.8 6.5 5.6

Other services

169 240 150 3.0 4.1 2.6

Government

275 319 301 1.2 1.4 1.3

Federal

49 45 50 1.8 1.6 1.8

State and local

226 274 250 1.1 1.4 1.3

State and local education

94 157 119 0.9 1.5 1.1

State and local, excluding education

132 117 132 1.5 1.3 1.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

781 1,005 751 2.9 3.7 2.7

South

1,846 2,378 2,071 3.5 4.4 3.8

Midwest

1,109 1,245 1,076 3.4 3.8 3.3

West

1,143 1,342 1,172 3.4 4.0 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

4,413 5,422 4,556 3.0 3.7 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,167 5,133 4,302 3.4 4.1 3.4

Mining and logging

22 34 25 3.2 4.7 3.4

Construction

312 401 325 4.5 5.6 4.6

Manufacturing

248 323 283 2.0 2.6 2.3

Durable goods

138 178 153 1.8 2.3 2.0

Nondurable goods

109 146 130 2.4 3.1 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

891 987 902 3.2 3.6 3.2

Wholesale trade

108 150 106 1.8 2.5 1.8

Retail trade

609 658 605 3.7 4.2 3.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 179 191 3.1 3.1 3.3

Information

66 73 60 2.4 2.7 2.2

Financial activities

137 210 140 1.6 2.5 1.7

Finance and insurance

96 138 101 1.6 2.2 1.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

40 72 39 1.9 3.2 1.8

Professional and business services

949 1,186 1,007 4.6 5.6 4.8

Education and health services

482 625 493 2.1 2.7 2.1

Educational services

40 62 42 1.1 1.6 1.1

Health care and social assistance

442 563 452 2.3 2.9 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

895 1,073 921 5.8 6.7 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

139 196 173 6.6 8.8 8.2

Accommodation and food services

756 877 747 5.7 6.4 5.5

Other services

165 221 145 2.9 3.8 2.5

Government

247 290 255 1.1 1.3 1.1

Federal

39 44 35 1.4 1.6 1.3

State and local

208 246 219 1.0 1.2 1.1

State and local education

75 97 80 0.7 0.9 0.7

State and local, excluding education

133 149 140 1.5 1.6 1.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

734 811 739 2.7 3.0 2.7

South

1,626 2,237 1,841 3.0 4.1 3.4

Midwest

1,018 1,188 972 3.1 3.6 2.9

West

1,034 1,187 1,004 3.1 3.5 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

2,574 3,334 2,675 1.8 2.3 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,458 3,190 2,539 2.0 2.5 2.0

Mining and logging

11 23 12 1.7 3.1 1.6

Construction

116 183 119 1.7 2.6 1.7

Manufacturing

125 202 151 1.0 1.6 1.2

Durable goods

70 113 85 0.9 1.5 1.1

Nondurable goods

55 89 66 1.2 1.9 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

565 699 569 2.0 2.5 2.0

Wholesale trade

69 108 71 1.2 1.8 1.2

Retail trade

394 474 373 2.4 3.0 2.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

103 116 125 1.8 2.0 2.2

Information

28 49 32 1.0 1.8 1.2

Financial activities

67 126 88 0.8 1.5 1.0

Finance and insurance

48 83 66 0.8 1.3 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

19 43 22 0.9 1.9 1.0

Professional and business services

554 708 626 2.7 3.4 3.0

Education and health services

308 439 324 1.3 1.9 1.4

Educational services

27 34 28 0.7 0.9 0.7

Health care and social assistance

281 404 296 1.5 2.1 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

601 651 558 3.9 4.1 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

55 63 52 2.6 2.8 2.4

Accommodation and food services

546 589 506 4.1 4.3 3.7

Other services

83 109 60 1.5 1.9 1.0

Government

116 144 135 0.5 0.6 0.6

Federal

14 15 14 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

101 129 122 0.5 0.6 0.6

State and local education

46 58 54 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local, excluding education

55 71 68 0.6 0.8 0.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

392 442 372 1.4 1.6 1.4

South

998 1,444 1,097 1.9 2.7 2.0

Midwest

599 707 595 1.8 2.1 1.8

West

586 742 610 1.8 2.2 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

1,550 1,739 1,585 1.1 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,460 1,640 1,506 1.2 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging

8 11 12 1.2 1.5 1.6

Construction

177 198 197 2.6 2.8 2.8

Manufacturing

105 98 115 0.9 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

59 52 58 0.8 0.7 0.7

Nondurable goods

46 47 57 1.0 1.0 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

269 227 263 1.0 0.8 0.9

Wholesale trade

32 36 29 0.5 0.6 0.5

Retail trade

176 144 176 1.1 0.9 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

60 47 58 1.1 0.8 1.0

Information

27 20 23 1.0 0.7 0.8

Financial activities

48 64 40 0.6 0.8 0.5

Finance and insurance

27 37 24 0.4 0.6 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 27 17 1.0 1.2 0.7

Professional and business services

349 388 320 1.7 1.8 1.5

Education and health services

142 142 123 0.6 0.6 0.5

Educational services

11 22 12 0.3 0.6 0.3

Health care and social assistance

131 120 111 0.7 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

261 383 336 1.7 2.4 2.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

83 131 116 3.9 5.9 5.5

Accommodation and food services

178 252 220 1.3 1.8 1.6

Other services

75 108 77 1.3 1.9 1.3

Government

89 99 79 0.4 0.4 0.3

Federal

14 14 15 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

75 84 64 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local education

18 26 17 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

57 58 48 0.6 0.6 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

292 302 324 1.1 1.1 1.2

South

510 643 613 1.0 1.2 1.1

Midwest

367 421 316 1.1 1.3 1.0

West

381 373 331 1.1 1.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)
Nov.
2016
Oct.
2017
Nov.
2017(p)

Total

290 349 296 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

249 302 257 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

3 1 2 0.4 0.1 0.2

Construction

19 20 9 0.3 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

18 22 17 0.1 0.2 0.1

Durable goods

10 13 10 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

8 10 7 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

57 61 71 0.2 0.2 0.3

Wholesale trade

7 5 6 0.1 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

39 40 57 0.2 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

10 15 8 0.2 0.3 0.1

Information

11 4 6 0.4 0.1 0.2

Financial activities

22 19 12 0.3 0.2 0.1

Finance and insurance

21 17 11 0.3 0.3 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

1 1 1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Professional and business services

46 90 61 0.2 0.4 0.3

Education and health services

32 44 46 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services

2 5 2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Health care and social assistance

30 38 44 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

34 38 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 2 6 0.1 0.1 0.3

Accommodation and food services

33 36 21 0.2 0.3 0.2

Other services

7 4 8 0.1 0.1 0.1

Government

41 47 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

10 14 6 0.4 0.5 0.2

State and local

31 33 33 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

11 13 9 0.1 0.1 0.1

State and local, excluding education

21 20 24 0.2 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

51 67 42 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

119 150 130 0.2 0.3 0.2

Midwest

52 60 61 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

68 73 63 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: January 09, 2018