Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 9, 2017	USDL-17-0590

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2017

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.7 million on the last business day of March, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were also little changed 
at 5.3 million and 5.1 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits and the layoffs and discharges 
rates were unchanged at 2.1 percent and 1.1 percent, respectively. This release includes estimates of the 
number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four 
geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of March, there were 5.7 million job openings, little changed from February. 
The job openings rate was 3.8 percent in March. The number of job openings was little changed for total 
private and edged up for government. Job openings increased in professional and business services 
(+126,000), other services (+55,000), and state and local government education (+27,000). Job openings 
decreased in educational services (-43,000) and mining and logging (-8,000). The number of job 
openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was essentially unchanged at 5.3 million in March. The hires rate was 3.6 percent. 
The number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. Hires increased in health 
care and social assistance (+49,000), but decreased in mining and logging (-8,000). The number of hires 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)
Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 5.1 million total separations in March, little changed from February. The total separations 
rate in March was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and 
decreased for government (-38,000). Total separations increased in health care and social assistance 
(+67,000) and educational services (+29,000), but decreased in state and local government education 
(-39,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed at 3.1 million in March. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. The 
number of quits was little changed for total private and for government. Quits increased in health care 
and social assistance (+52,000), but decreased in information (-12,000). In the regions, the number of 
quits increased in the West. (See table 4.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in March, little changed from February. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent in March. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed for 
total private and decreased for government (-33,000). The layoffs and discharges level increased in real 
estate and rental and leasing (+18,000) and educational services (+18,000). The layoffs and discharges 
level decreased in state and local government education (-31,000). The number of layoffs and discharges 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 5.)

In March, the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and 
government. Other separations increased in educational services (+5,000), but decreased in state and 
local government education (-7,000). In the regions, the number of other separations decreased in the 
West. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March, hires totaled 62.9 million and 
separations totaled 60.5 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.3 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2017 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, June 6, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,852 5,682 5,743 5,297 5,249 5,260 5,040 5,008 5,088

Total private

5,338 5,179 5,207 4,919 4,905 4,928 4,709 4,662 4,779

Mining and logging(1)

8 20 12 24 39 31 48 32 26

Construction(1)

209 181 172 357 367 372 323 339 373

Manufacturing

342 364 394 262 296 322 287 280 318

Durable goods(1)

175 209 229 153 154 173 174 155 171

Nondurable goods(1)

167 155 165 109 142 149 113 125 148

Trade, transportation, and utilities

974 928 931 1,084 1,090 1,047 1,034 1,056 1,057

Wholesale trade(1)

178 175 184 159 139 128 150 135 131

Retail trade

603 579 568 748 757 724 717 749 750

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

192 174 178 177 194 195 167 171 177

Information(1)

76 75 78 74 76 76 66 79 73

Financial activities

313 360 337 222 190 211 187 182 195

Finance and insurance

246 285 266 136 122 135 114 127 119

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

67 75 71 85 68 76 73 55 77

Professional and business services

1,287 976 1,102 1,075 1,044 989 1,056 999 938

Education and health services

1,047 1,241 1,145 639 622 685 586 548 643

Educational services(1)

85 126 83 97 81 95 83 59 88

Health care and social assistance

962 1,115 1,062 542 541 590 502 488 555

Leisure and hospitality

812 784 729 1,005 981 1,000 968 968 975

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

99 92 82 157 151 125 142 140 131

Accommodation and food services

714 693 647 848 831 874 827 828 844

Other services(1)

270 250 305 177 199 196 151 179 180

Government

514 503 537 378 344 331 331 347 309

Federal(1)

94 83 83 41 35 34 37 35 34

State and local

421 420 454 337 308 297 294 312 275

State and local education

156 140 167 174 151 144 155 168 129

State and local, excluding education(1)

265 280 287 163 157 153 139 144 146





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5

Total private

4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.9

Mining and logging(1)

1.2 2.9 1.7 3.5 5.7 4.4 7.0 4.7 3.8

Construction(1)

3.0 2.6 2.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.4

Manufacturing

2.7 2.9 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.6

Durable goods(1)

2.2 2.6 2.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.0 2.2

Nondurable goods(1)

3.5 3.2 3.4 2.4 3.0 3.2 2.4 2.7 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.5 3.3 3.3 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9

Wholesale trade(1)

2.9 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.3 2.2

Retail trade

3.7 3.5 3.5 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.4 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.1 3.2

Information(1)

2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.9 2.7

Financial activities

3.7 4.1 3.9 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.3

Finance and insurance

3.9 4.4 4.1 2.2 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

3.1 3.3 3.1 4.0 3.1 3.5 3.5 2.5 3.5

Professional and business services

6.1 4.5 5.1 5.4 5.1 4.8 5.3 4.9 4.6

Education and health services

4.5 5.1 4.8 2.8 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.8

Educational services(1)

2.3 3.4 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.6 2.4 1.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

4.8 5.5 5.2 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

5.0 4.7 4.4 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4.2 3.9 3.5 7.0 6.7 5.6 6.4 6.2 5.9

Accommodation and food services

5.1 4.9 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2

Other services(1)

4.5 4.2 5.1 3.1 3.5 3.4 2.7 3.1 3.1

Government

2.3 2.2 2.3 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4

Federal(1)

3.3 2.9 2.9 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2

State and local

2.1 2.1 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4

State and local education

1.5 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2

State and local, excluding education(1)

2.8 3.0 3.1 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

5,852 5,631 5,539 5,625 5,682 5,743 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,338 5,056 5,065 5,133 5,179 5,207 4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging(3)

8 16 17 25 20 12 1.2 2.4 2.5 3.5 2.9 1.7

Construction(3)

209 178 140 142 181 172 3.0 2.6 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.4

Manufacturing

342 319 342 361 364 394 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.1

Durable goods(3)

175 186 194 206 209 229 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9

Nondurable goods(3)

167 133 148 155 155 165 3.5 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

974 1,017 1,014 959 928 931 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.3

Wholesale trade(3)

178 203 182 201 175 184 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.3 2.9 3.0

Retail trade

603 636 650 581 579 568 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

192 178 182 177 174 178 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1

Information(3)

76 73 81 73 75 78 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8

Financial activities

313 324 357 388 360 337 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.1 3.9

Finance and insurance

246 263 272 248 285 266 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 4.4 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

67 61 85 140 75 71 3.1 2.7 3.8 6.0 3.3 3.1

Professional and business services

1,287 1,047 989 1,056 976 1,102 6.1 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.5 5.1

Education and health services

1,047 1,135 1,158 1,158 1,241 1,145 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 5.1 4.8

Educational services(3)

85 86 93 93 126 83 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 3.4 2.2

Health care and social assistance

962 1,048 1,065 1,065 1,115 1,062 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

812 756 730 729 784 729 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

99 96 89 83 92 82 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.5

Accommodation and food services

714 660 640 646 693 647 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.6

Other services(3)

270 192 236 241 250 305 4.5 3.2 4.0 4.0 4.2 5.1

Government

514 575 474 492 503 537 2.3 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3

Federal(3)

94 82 110 82 83 83 3.3 2.8 3.8 2.8 2.9 2.9

State and local

421 494 364 410 420 454 2.1 2.5 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.3

State and local education

156 150 143 161 140 167 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.6

State and local, excluding education(3)

265 344 220 249 280 287 2.8 3.6 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.1

REGION(4)

Northeast

886 942 967 998 1,102 1,039 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.7

South

2,278 2,079 2,008 2,024 2,060 2,104 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,330 1,263 1,253 1,324 1,285 1,349 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.8 4.0

West

1,359 1,347 1,312 1,279 1,236 1,251 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

5,297 5,263 5,303 5,424 5,249 5,260 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,919 4,912 4,984 5,067 4,905 4,928 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging

24 30 22 30 39 31 3.5 4.5 3.2 4.4 5.7 4.4

Construction

357 337 400 387 367 372 5.3 5.0 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.4

Manufacturing

262 284 293 304 296 322 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.6

Durable goods

153 169 171 165 154 173 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.2

Nondurable goods

109 115 122 139 142 149 2.4 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,084 1,016 1,009 1,023 1,090 1,047 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.8

Wholesale trade

159 135 130 140 139 128 2.7 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.2

Retail trade

748 666 672 682 757 724 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

177 215 208 201 194 195 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5

Information

74 71 79 80 76 76 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8

Financial activities

222 175 190 220 190 211 2.7 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.5

Finance and insurance

136 114 126 150 122 135 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

85 61 64 70 68 76 4.0 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.5

Professional and business services

1,075 1,082 1,140 1,128 1,044 989 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.1 4.8

Education and health services

639 652 642 646 622 685 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 3.0

Educational services

97 81 78 79 81 95 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.6

Health care and social assistance

542 571 564 567 541 590 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,005 1,056 1,031 1,015 981 1,000 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

157 151 162 146 151 125 7.0 6.7 7.2 6.5 6.7 5.6

Accommodation and food services

848 904 869 869 831 874 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.4

Other services

177 210 178 233 199 196 3.1 3.7 3.1 4.1 3.5 3.4

Government

378 351 319 357 344 331 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.5

Federal

41 40 45 46 35 34 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.2

State and local

337 311 275 312 308 297 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

174 142 137 159 151 144 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4

State and local, excluding education

163 169 137 153 157 153 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

828 835 849 898 864 873 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

South

2,088 2,021 2,074 2,091 2,105 2,039 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8

Midwest

1,221 1,192 1,176 1,162 1,123 1,112 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4

West

1,160 1,214 1,205 1,273 1,157 1,235 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

5,040 5,075 5,084 5,247 5,008 5,088 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,709 4,720 4,754 4,908 4,662 4,779 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.9

Mining and logging

48 25 22 32 32 26 7.0 3.7 3.3 4.8 4.7 3.8

Construction

323 323 369 361 339 373 4.8 4.8 5.4 5.3 4.9 5.4

Manufacturing

287 286 287 304 280 318 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.6

Durable goods

174 165 163 163 155 171 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2

Nondurable goods

113 121 124 141 125 148 2.4 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.7 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,034 1,018 958 1,012 1,056 1,057 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.9

Wholesale trade

150 129 142 150 135 131 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2

Retail trade

717 698 631 670 749 750 4.5 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.7 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

167 191 185 192 171 177 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.2

Information

66 73 82 87 79 73 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.7

Financial activities

187 160 162 198 182 195 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.2 2.3

Finance and insurance

114 120 107 133 127 119 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

73 40 55 65 55 77 3.5 1.9 2.5 3.0 2.5 3.5

Professional and business services

1,056 1,069 1,132 1,068 999 938 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.2 4.9 4.6

Education and health services

586 610 596 639 548 643 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.8

Educational services

83 72 73 82 59 88 2.4 2.0 2.0 2.3 1.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

502 539 522 557 488 555 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

968 986 974 987 968 975 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

142 144 156 135 140 131 6.4 6.4 7.0 6.0 6.2 5.9

Accommodation and food services

827 842 817 852 828 844 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1 6.2

Other services

151 170 172 219 179 180 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.8 3.1 3.1

Government

331 355 330 339 347 309 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4

Federal

37 43 41 38 35 34 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2

State and local

294 313 289 301 312 275 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4

State and local education

155 155 133 151 168 129 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.2

State and local, excluding education

139 158 156 149 144 146 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

798 848 812 840 866 834 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1

South

1,884 1,947 1,966 1,991 1,971 1,959 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7

Midwest

1,236 1,113 1,128 1,177 1,057 1,123 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.5

West

1,122 1,166 1,178 1,239 1,114 1,172 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

2,932 3,080 3,085 3,186 3,036 3,116 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,766 2,909 2,915 3,011 2,865 2,944 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4

Mining and logging

15 13 12 13 17 14 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.5 2.0

Construction

145 150 134 151 162 169 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.5

Manufacturing

142 164 165 177 184 190 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5

Durable goods

79 93 89 96 97 94 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

Nondurable goods

63 71 75 82 88 96 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

668 655 623 657 672 685 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5

Wholesale trade

94 87 94 103 71 74 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.2 1.2

Retail trade

490 460 432 469 492 503 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

84 108 97 85 109 108 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.9

Information

38 35 49 42 48 36 1.4 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.3

Financial activities

95 85 78 123 85 101 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.0 1.2

Finance and insurance

51 66 59 80 57 69 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

44 19 19 43 28 32 2.1 0.9 0.9 2.0 1.3 1.5

Professional and business services

564 635 672 625 569 567 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.8

Education and health services

382 395 409 438 371 429 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.9

Educational services

41 44 41 45 41 47 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3

Health care and social assistance

342 351 367 394 330 382 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

644 693 688 662 660 677 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

60 77 73 70 76 79 2.7 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.5

Accommodation and food services

584 616 615 593 584 599 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4

Other services(3)

73 83 86 123 97 76 1.3 1.5 1.5 2.1 1.7 1.3

Government

165 171 170 175 171 172 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

Federal

13 17 15 15 16 14 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

State and local

152 154 155 161 155 158 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local education

73 80 70 75 74 73 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local, excluding education

80 73 85 86 81 85 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

401 475 440 430 426 436 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

South

1,173 1,207 1,250 1,248 1,267 1,241 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

Midwest

648 695 664 719 694 697 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

West

709 703 730 789 649 741 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.0 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

1,726 1,660 1,624 1,659 1,594 1,615 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,622 1,539 1,525 1,555 1,483 1,538 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2

Mining and logging(3)

29 8 6 16 12 11 4.2 1.2 0.9 2.4 1.7 1.6

Construction

163 153 214 177 155 193 2.4 2.3 3.2 2.6 2.3 2.8

Manufacturing

115 99 100 103 73 105 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8

Durable goods

75 57 57 55 43 65 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8

Nondurable goods

41 42 43 48 30 40 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

265 293 247 289 309 295 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1

Wholesale trade(3)

43 32 36 39 49 45 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8

Retail trade

157 188 142 155 210 198 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

65 73 69 94 50 51 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.7 0.9 0.9

Information

23 27 23 27 23 29 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.1

Financial activities

62 53 61 50 68 68 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8

Finance and insurance

41 32 29 30 46 28 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

22 21 32 19 22 40 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.9 1.0 1.8

Professional and business services

434 384 401 383 367 301 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.5

Education and health services

177 183 142 132 127 165 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

Educational services

40 26 28 31 16 34 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.9

Health care and social assistance

137 157 114 102 111 131 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

289 259 256 296 276 271 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

79 66 81 60 61 49 3.6 2.9 3.6 2.7 2.7 2.2

Accommodation and food services

210 194 175 235 215 222 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.6

Other services

64 79 75 83 73 99 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7

Government

103 121 99 104 111 78 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3

Federal

12 13 13 13 10 10 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

91 108 86 91 101 68 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3

State and local education

59 50 40 51 63 32 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.3

State and local, excluding education

32 57 46 39 38 36 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

REGION(4)

Northeast

325 307 310 340 374 324 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2

South

561 608 566 573 566 581 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Midwest

493 355 387 383 294 350 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1

West

345 390 361 362 361 360 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

382 334 375 402 378 357 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

320 272 314 342 314 298 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Mining and logging

5 4 4 3 4 2 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3

Construction(3)

16 19 20 32 22 11 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2

Manufacturing

30 23 23 24 24 23 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

20 16 17 13 16 12 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods(3)

10 8 6 11 8 12 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101 69 88 66 74 78 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

13 9 13 7 14 11 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

70 49 57 46 48 49 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

18 10 18 13 12 17 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Information(3)

5 11 10 18 8 8 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

30 23 23 26 29 26 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Finance and insurance

22 22 20 23 24 22 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

8 1 4 3 4 4 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Professional and business services

59 50 59 61 62 69 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

26 32 45 68 50 49 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

2 2 4 7 2 7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Health care and social assistance(3)

23 30 41 61 47 42 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

35 34 30 29 32 27 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

2 2 3 5 3 3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

33 33 27 24 29 24 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

14 7 12 14 10 5 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

62 63 62 60 64 59 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

12 12 13 10 9 10 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

50 51 49 49 56 50 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local education

23 24 23 25 31 24 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

State and local, excluding education

27 27 26 24 24 25 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

72 66 62 70 66 74 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

150 132 150 171 139 137 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

94 63 77 75 69 76 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

67 73 86 87 104 70 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

5,827 5,500 5,684 3.9 3.7 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,329 5,017 5,161 4.2 4.0 4.1

Mining and logging

8 20 12 1.2 2.9 1.7

Construction

209 181 172 3.2 2.7 2.6

Manufacturing

342 364 394 2.7 2.9 3.1

Durable goods

175 209 229 2.2 2.6 2.9

Nondurable goods

167 155 165 3.5 3.2 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

973 865 911 3.5 3.1 3.3

Wholesale trade

178 175 184 3.0 2.9 3.0

Retail trade

603 516 548 3.7 3.2 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

192 174 178 3.4 3.1 3.1

Information

76 75 78 2.7 2.7 2.8

Financial activities

303 334 323 3.6 3.9 3.7

Finance and insurance

236 259 252 3.7 4.0 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

67 75 71 3.1 3.4 3.2

Professional and business services

1,271 925 1,098 6.1 4.4 5.1

Education and health services

1,018 1,203 1,096 4.3 5.0 4.5

Educational services

85 126 83 2.2 3.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

933 1,077 1,013 4.7 5.3 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

861 800 770 5.4 5.0 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

108 85 85 5.0 4.1 4.0

Accommodation and food services

753 715 685 5.4 5.2 4.9

Other services

270 250 305 4.6 4.2 5.1

Government

497 484 523 2.2 2.1 2.3

Federal

94 83 83 3.3 2.9 2.9

State and local

403 401 440 2.0 2.0 2.2

State and local education

139 121 153 1.3 1.1 1.4

State and local, excluding education

265 280 287 2.9 3.0 3.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

861 1,051 999 3.2 3.8 3.6

South

2,264 2,019 2,087 4.2 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,353 1,241 1,375 4.1 3.7 4.1

West

1,349 1,189 1,222 4.0 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

4,974 4,349 4,952 3.5 3.0 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,687 4,096 4,701 3.9 3.4 3.8

Mining and logging

24 32 30 3.6 4.7 4.5

Construction

354 317 364 5.5 4.9 5.5

Manufacturing

250 261 313 2.0 2.1 2.5

Durable goods

151 138 173 2.0 1.8 2.2

Nondurable goods

99 123 140 2.2 2.7 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,043 851 1,006 3.9 3.2 3.7

Wholesale trade

165 123 132 2.8 2.1 2.2

Retail trade

732 591 718 4.7 3.8 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

146 136 157 2.7 2.5 2.8

Information

64 61 66 2.3 2.2 2.4

Financial activities

205 152 203 2.5 1.8 2.4

Finance and insurance

126 101 127 2.1 1.6 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

80 50 76 3.8 2.4 3.5

Professional and business services

1,030 931 933 5.2 4.6 4.6

Education and health services

551 521 603 2.4 2.3 2.6

Educational services

59 64 60 1.6 1.7 1.6

Health care and social assistance

492 457 543 2.6 2.4 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,008 793 1,007 6.7 5.2 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

149 100 116 7.2 4.9 5.6

Accommodation and food services

859 693 890 6.6 5.3 6.7

Other services

158 178 176 2.8 3.1 3.1

Government

287 254 251 1.3 1.1 1.1

Federal

41 27 32 1.5 0.9 1.1

State and local

246 227 220 1.2 1.1 1.1

State and local education

96 113 79 0.9 1.0 0.7

State and local, excluding education

150 114 140 1.7 1.3 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

765 668 814 2.9 2.5 3.0

South

1,989 1,834 1,936 3.8 3.5 3.7

Midwest

1,155 882 1,052 3.6 2.7 3.3

West

1,066 965 1,151 3.3 2.9 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

4,408 4,075 4,475 3.1 2.8 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,178 3,864 4,258 3.5 3.2 3.5

Mining and logging

47 29 24 6.9 4.3 3.5

Construction

277 277 326 4.3 4.3 4.9

Manufacturing

264 238 302 2.1 1.9 2.5

Durable goods

162 134 161 2.1 1.7 2.1

Nondurable goods

102 105 141 2.2 2.3 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

905 897 933 3.4 3.3 3.5

Wholesale trade

149 118 128 2.6 2.0 2.2

Retail trade

609 651 650 3.9 4.2 4.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

147 128 155 2.7 2.3 2.8

Information

62 66 70 2.2 2.4 2.5

Financial activities

182 146 185 2.2 1.7 2.2

Finance and insurance

114 96 119 1.9 1.6 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

68 49 67 3.2 2.3 3.1

Professional and business services

983 881 858 5.0 4.4 4.2

Education and health services

518 447 584 2.3 1.9 2.5

Educational services

51 32 59 1.4 0.8 1.6

Health care and social assistance

467 415 525 2.5 2.1 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

811 721 821 5.4 4.8 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

109 78 100 5.3 3.9 4.8

Accommodation and food services

702 643 721 5.4 4.9 5.4

Other services

131 162 154 2.3 2.9 2.7

Government

230 211 217 1.0 0.9 1.0

Federal

32 27 28 1.2 1.0 1.0

State and local

198 184 189 1.0 0.9 0.9

State and local education

84 82 71 0.8 0.8 0.7

State and local, excluding education

114 102 118 1.3 1.1 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

650 668 684 2.5 2.5 2.6

South

1,710 1,639 1,772 3.3 3.1 3.4

Midwest

1,041 855 966 3.3 2.7 3.0

West

1,006 913 1,053 3.1 2.8 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

2,632 2,499 2,806 1.8 1.7 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,504 2,379 2,673 2.1 2.0 2.2

Mining and logging

13 14 11 1.8 2.1 1.7

Construction

127 128 150 2.0 2.0 2.3

Manufacturing

133 153 183 1.1 1.2 1.5

Durable goods

75 79 89 1.0 1.0 1.2

Nondurable goods

58 74 94 1.3 1.6 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

603 563 624 2.2 2.1 2.3

Wholesale trade

95 58 73 1.6 1.0 1.2

Retail trade

431 419 448 2.8 2.7 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

78 87 103 1.4 1.6 1.9

Information

34 42 33 1.2 1.5 1.2

Financial activities

95 71 103 1.2 0.9 1.2

Finance and insurance

51 43 70 0.8 0.7 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

44 28 32 2.1 1.3 1.5

Professional and business services

524 493 517 2.7 2.4 2.5

Education and health services

346 309 393 1.5 1.3 1.7

Educational services

28 23 33 0.8 0.6 0.9

Health care and social assistance

318 286 359 1.7 1.5 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

557 509 583 3.7 3.4 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

44 48 60 2.1 2.4 2.9

Accommodation and food services

513 460 523 3.9 3.5 3.9

Other services

73 97 76 1.3 1.7 1.3

Government

128 120 133 0.6 0.5 0.6

Federal

12 14 12 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

116 106 120 0.6 0.5 0.6

State and local education

47 43 46 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local, excluding education

69 63 74 0.8 0.7 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

338 330 370 1.3 1.2 1.4

South

1,076 1,063 1,137 2.1 2.0 2.2

Midwest

566 562 610 1.8 1.8 1.9

West

653 543 689 2.0 1.6 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

1,439 1,237 1,349 1.0 0.9 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,381 1,186 1,307 1.1 1.0 1.1

Mining and logging

29 12 11 4.2 1.7 1.6

Construction

134 127 165 2.1 2.0 2.5

Manufacturing

101 64 96 0.8 0.5 0.8

Durable goods

66 41 61 0.9 0.5 0.8

Nondurable goods

35 23 35 0.8 0.5 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

217 264 244 0.8 1.0 0.9

Wholesale trade

43 49 45 0.7 0.8 0.8

Retail trade

123 186 163 0.8 1.2 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

51 30 35 0.9 0.5 0.6

Information

22 17 28 0.8 0.6 1.0

Financial activities

63 52 62 0.8 0.6 0.7

Finance and insurance

48 36 32 0.8 0.6 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

16 17 30 0.8 0.8 1.4

Professional and business services

406 327 273 2.1 1.6 1.3

Education and health services

146 88 143 0.6 0.4 0.6

Educational services

21 6 19 0.6 0.2 0.5

Health care and social assistance

125 82 124 0.7 0.4 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

219 180 211 1.4 1.2 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

63 27 38 3.1 1.3 1.8

Accommodation and food services

156 153 174 1.2 1.2 1.3

Other services

44 56 74 0.8 1.0 1.3

Government

57 50 42 0.3 0.2 0.2

Federal

11 6 8 0.4 0.2 0.3

State and local

47 44 34 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

26 25 14 0.2 0.2 0.1

State and local, excluding education

20 19 20 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

248 274 244 0.9 1.0 0.9

South

511 452 522 1.0 0.9 1.0

Midwest

394 233 288 1.2 0.7 0.9

West

287 277 295 0.9 0.8 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)
Mar.
2016
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017(p)

Total

337 339 320 0.2 0.2 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

292 299 278 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

6 3 2 0.9 0.4 0.3

Construction

16 22 11 0.2 0.3 0.2

Manufacturing

30 21 23 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

20 14 11 0.3 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

10 8 12 0.2 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

84 69 66 0.3 0.3 0.2

Wholesale trade

11 11 9 0.2 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

56 47 39 0.4 0.3 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

18 12 17 0.3 0.2 0.3

Information

5 8 8 0.2 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

23 22 21 0.3 0.3 0.2

Finance and insurance

16 18 16 0.3 0.3 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

8 4 4 0.4 0.2 0.2

Professional and business services

54 61 68 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

26 50 49 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services

2 2 7 0.1 0.1 0.2

Health care and social assistance

23 47 42 0.1 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

35 32 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 3 3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Accommodation and food services

33 29 24 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other services

14 10 5 0.2 0.2 0.1

Government

45 41 42 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

9 7 8 0.3 0.2 0.3

State and local

35 34 34 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

11 14 11 0.1 0.1 0.1

State and local, excluding education

24 20 23 0.3 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

64 63 70 0.2 0.2 0.3

South

125 124 113 0.2 0.2 0.2

Midwest

81 59 69 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

67 93 69 0.2 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: May 09, 2017