Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 12, 2017	USDL-17-1246

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2017

The number of job openings was little changed at 6.2 million on the last business day of July, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were also little changed 
at 5.5 million and 5.3 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate and the layoffs and 
discharges rate were little changed at 2.2 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of July, there were 6.2 million job openings, little changed from June. The job 
openings rate was 4.0 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and 
decreased for government (-58,000). Job openings increased in a number of industries with the largest 
increases occurring in other services (+111,000), transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+70,000), 
and educational services (+26,000). Job openings decreased in health care and social assistance 
(-72,000), state and local government, excluding education (-46,000), and federal government (-21,000). 
The number of job openings was little changed in the regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.5 million in July. The hires rate was 3.8 percent. The 
number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. The number of hires increased 
for federal government (+9,000), and was little changed for all other industries. The number of hires was 
little changed in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.3 million in July. The total separations rate was 
3.6 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for government. 
Total separations increased in federal government (+8,000) but decreased in educational services 
(-19,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed at 3.2 million in July. The quits rate was 2.2 percent. The 
number of quits was little changed for total private and for government. Quits decreased in educational 
services (-16,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.8 million layoffs and discharges in July, little changed from June. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.2 percent in July. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed for total 
private and for government. The layoffs and discharges level increased in federal government (+9,000). 
The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in all four regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in July. The other separations level was also little 
changed for total private and for government. Other separations increased in professional and business 
services (+31,000) and in information (+6,000), but decreased in wholesale trade (-15,000). In all four 
regions, the number of other separations was little changed. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July, hires totaled 63.6 million and 
separations totaled 61.5 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.1 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2017 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, October 11, 2017 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,973 6,116 6,170 5,328 5,432 5,501 5,001 5,309 5,332

Total private

5,416 5,545 5,657 4,948 5,102 5,164 4,674 4,997 5,008

Mining and logging(1)

13 22 30 23 33 34 24 25 28

Construction(1)

238 212 232 335 345 366 311 340 373

Manufacturing

394 419 390 284 324 341 269 315 321

Durable goods(1)

231 232 211 169 190 196 160 182 179

Nondurable goods(1)

162 187 179 115 134 145 109 133 142

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,046 1,027 1,079 1,037 1,057 1,026 1,017 1,063 1,012

Wholesale trade(1)

168 229 202 132 134 140 146 131 141

Retail trade

626 615 625 717 726 697 697 737 690

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

252 183 253 187 196 189 174 196 182

Information(1)

84 102 113 76 68 78 83 67 78

Financial activities

322 353 354 183 205 202 171 200 197

Finance and insurance

234 285 270 116 132 134 105 130 121

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

88 68 84 66 74 68 66 70 75

Professional and business services

1,265 1,171 1,116 1,200 1,191 1,213 1,070 1,182 1,151

Education and health services

1,091 1,203 1,156 637 644 673 590 619 611

Educational services(1)

107 92 118 83 76 89 90 93 74

Health care and social assistance

984 1,111 1,039 554 567 584 500 526 537

Leisure and hospitality

760 819 858 1,019 1,018 1,011 954 980 983

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

112 90 88 172 167 153 143 170 177

Accommodation and food services

649 729 769 847 851 858 811 809 807

Other services(1)

203 218 329 155 218 220 185 206 255

Government

556 571 513 380 330 337 327 312 324

Federal(1)

91 101 80 41 28 37 37 31 39

State and local

465 471 433 339 302 300 290 282 285

State and local education

167 154 162 171 141 147 131 131 139

State and local, excluding education(1)

298 317 271 168 160 153 159 150 146





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

4.0 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6

Total private

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.8 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging(1)

1.9 3.0 4.0 3.5 4.6 4.7 3.6 3.5 3.9

Construction(1)

3.4 3.0 3.2 5.0 5.0 5.3 4.6 4.9 5.4

Manufacturing

3.1 3.3 3.0 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.2 2.5 2.6

Durable goods(1)

2.9 2.9 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods(1)

3.4 3.9 3.7 2.5 2.9 3.1 2.3 2.9 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.7

Wholesale trade(1)

2.8 3.7 3.3 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.4

Retail trade

3.8 3.7 3.8 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

4.3 3.1 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.2

Information(1)

2.9 3.6 4.0 2.7 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.4 2.8

Financial activities

3.7 4.0 4.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.4 2.3

Finance and insurance

3.7 4.4 4.1 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.7 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

3.9 3.0 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.4

Professional and business services

5.9 5.4 5.1 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

4.6 5.0 4.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6

Educational services(1)

2.9 2.5 3.1 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.0

Health care and social assistance

4.9 5.4 5.1 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

4.6 4.9 5.1 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4.7 3.8 3.7 7.6 7.4 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.8

Accommodation and food services

4.6 5.1 5.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.9

Other services(1)

3.4 3.7 5.4 2.7 3.8 3.8 3.3 3.6 4.4

Government

2.4 2.5 2.2 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

Federal(1)

3.2 3.5 2.8 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.4

State and local

2.3 2.4 2.2 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5

State and local education

1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.2 3.4 2.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

5,973 5,785 5,967 5,702 6,116 6,170 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0 4.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,416 5,244 5,410 5,171 5,545 5,657 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.3 4.4

Mining and logging(3)

13 25 24 15 22 30 1.9 3.4 3.3 2.1 3.0 4.0

Construction(3)

238 161 200 163 212 232 3.4 2.3 2.8 2.3 3.0 3.2

Manufacturing

394 404 365 350 419 390 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.7 3.3 3.0

Durable goods(3)

231 230 207 201 232 211 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.6

Nondurable goods(3)

162 174 158 149 187 179 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,046 948 967 999 1,027 1,079 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8

Wholesale trade(3)

168 183 210 185 229 202 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.0 3.7 3.3

Retail trade

626 593 566 666 615 625 3.8 3.6 3.5 4.0 3.7 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

252 172 190 149 183 253 4.3 3.0 3.3 2.6 3.1 4.3

Information(3)

84 83 109 88 102 113 2.9 3.0 3.8 3.1 3.6 4.0

Financial activities

322 327 388 349 353 354 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.0

Finance and insurance

234 260 283 266 285 270 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

88 68 105 83 68 84 3.9 3.0 4.6 3.7 3.0 3.7

Professional and business services

1,265 1,152 1,093 1,029 1,171 1,116 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.4 5.1

Education and health services

1,091 1,103 1,111 1,109 1,203 1,156 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 5.0 4.8

Educational services(3)

107 87 91 99 92 118 2.9 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.5 3.1

Health care and social assistance

984 1,016 1,020 1,010 1,111 1,039 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.4 5.1

Leisure and hospitality

760 735 827 798 819 858 4.6 4.4 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

112 77 66 58 90 88 4.7 3.3 2.8 2.5 3.8 3.7

Accommodation and food services

649 657 761 740 729 769 4.6 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.3

Other services(3)

203 306 327 270 218 329 3.4 5.1 5.4 4.5 3.7 5.4

Government

556 541 557 531 571 513 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.2

Federal(3)

91 91 93 118 101 80 3.2 3.1 3.2 4.0 3.5 2.8

State and local

465 450 464 414 471 433 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.2

State and local education

167 163 166 145 154 162 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5

State and local, excluding education(3)

298 288 298 269 317 271 3.2 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.4 2.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

1,021 1,033 1,103 1,057 1,059 1,128 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0

South

2,183 2,160 2,190 2,062 2,234 2,240 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.0

Midwest

1,340 1,349 1,424 1,296 1,467 1,413 4.0 4.0 4.2 3.8 4.3 4.2

West

1,429 1,243 1,250 1,288 1,356 1,389 4.2 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

5,328 5,304 5,043 5,459 5,432 5,501 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,948 4,975 4,720 5,126 5,102 5,164 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.2

Mining and logging

23 30 32 38 33 34 3.5 4.3 4.5 5.4 4.6 4.7

Construction

335 372 375 368 345 366 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.3

Manufacturing

284 325 314 329 324 341 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.7

Durable goods

169 177 164 183 190 196 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.5

Nondurable goods

115 147 150 146 134 145 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,037 1,051 969 1,055 1,057 1,026 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7

Wholesale trade

132 129 116 126 134 140 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.4

Retail trade

717 725 677 731 726 697 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

187 197 176 198 196 189 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.4

Information

76 77 58 73 68 78 2.7 2.8 2.1 2.7 2.5 2.8

Financial activities

183 214 185 220 205 202 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.4 2.4

Finance and insurance

116 138 119 145 132 134 1.9 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

66 76 66 75 74 68 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.1

Professional and business services

1,200 1,060 1,006 1,168 1,191 1,213 6.0 5.2 4.9 5.7 5.8 5.8

Education and health services

637 679 614 670 644 673 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9

Educational services

83 96 97 101 76 89 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.1 2.5

Health care and social assistance

554 582 518 569 567 584 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,019 967 953 955 1,018 1,011 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

172 119 151 144 167 153 7.6 5.3 6.7 6.4 7.4 6.7

Accommodation and food services

847 849 802 811 851 858 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.3

Other services

155 200 213 250 218 220 2.7 3.5 3.7 4.3 3.8 3.8

Government

380 329 324 332 330 337 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Federal

41 34 34 29 28 37 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.3

State and local

339 295 290 303 302 300 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5

State and local education

171 143 140 146 141 147 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local, excluding education

168 152 150 157 160 153 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

815 864 888 1,017 902 901 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.8 3.3 3.3

South

2,085 2,057 1,963 2,109 2,118 2,103 4.0 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.9

Midwest

1,199 1,131 1,083 1,167 1,256 1,299 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.0

West

1,230 1,252 1,110 1,165 1,157 1,198 3.7 3.8 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

5,001 5,198 5,008 5,245 5,309 5,332 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,674 4,882 4,681 4,914 4,997 5,008 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.0

Mining and logging

24 25 23 31 25 28 3.6 3.6 3.3 4.3 3.5 3.9

Construction

311 374 377 341 340 373 4.6 5.4 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.4

Manufacturing

269 318 317 325 315 321 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6

Durable goods

160 173 162 171 182 179 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3

Nondurable goods

109 146 155 153 133 142 2.3 3.1 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017 1,063 948 1,051 1,063 1,012 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7

Wholesale trade

146 132 116 116 131 141 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.4

Retail trade

697 745 663 747 737 690 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.7 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 186 168 187 196 182 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.2

Information

83 79 74 79 67 78 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.4 2.8

Financial activities

171 201 184 213 200 197 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.3

Finance and insurance

105 126 110 132 130 121 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

66 75 74 81 70 75 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.2 3.4

Professional and business services

1,070 1,033 1,001 1,116 1,182 1,151 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.4 5.7 5.6

Education and health services

590 635 594 625 619 611 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6

Educational services

90 90 86 92 93 74 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.0

Health care and social assistance

500 545 508 532 526 537 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

954 966 943 942 980 983 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

143 137 133 137 170 177 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.1 7.5 7.8

Accommodation and food services

811 829 810 804 809 807 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9

Other services

185 188 220 192 206 255 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.3 3.6 4.4

Government

327 315 328 331 312 324 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

Federal

37 37 34 26 31 39 1.3 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4

State and local

290 278 293 305 282 285 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5

State and local education

131 130 147 139 131 139 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local, excluding education

159 148 147 166 150 146 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

832 816 808 839 865 881 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

South

1,976 2,057 1,992 2,190 2,164 2,139 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.0

Midwest

1,095 1,162 1,044 1,096 1,143 1,214 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.7

West

1,099 1,163 1,165 1,119 1,138 1,097 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

3,031 3,138 3,044 3,206 3,130 3,164 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,862 2,962 2,887 3,035 2,966 2,998 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4

Mining and logging

11 13 11 14 15 18 1.7 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.5

Construction

127 164 159 142 135 147 1.9 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1

Manufacturing

148 183 178 202 197 189 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5

Durable goods

82 94 94 104 108 107 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4

Nondurable goods

66 89 84 98 90 82 1.4 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

652 678 581 675 641 663 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.4

Wholesale trade

93 76 72 72 74 88 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5

Retail trade

466 498 420 498 462 462 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

93 105 89 104 105 112 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.9 2.0

Information

40 43 37 31 37 44 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.6

Financial activities

102 105 111 131 105 113 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.3

Finance and insurance

62 71 71 80 61 72 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

41 34 40 52 44 41 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.4 2.0 1.9

Professional and business services

604 618 630 616 634 610 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.9

Education and health services

396 426 402 421 422 402 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7

Educational services

50 48 45 45 49 33 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 0.9

Health care and social assistance

345 379 357 376 373 369 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

652 649 667 690 648 654 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 76 77 67 63 53 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0 2.8 2.3

Accommodation and food services

587 573 590 623 585 600 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.4

Other services(3)

129 83 111 112 132 159 2.3 1.4 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.8

Government

169 176 157 172 164 166 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Federal

13 16 14 11 14 14 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local

155 159 143 160 151 152 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local education

70 72 75 78 76 80 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

State and local, excluding education

85 87 67 83 75 72 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

438 419 446 472 458 438 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6

South

1,227 1,308 1,220 1,311 1,281 1,330 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5

Midwest

656 695 639 691 661 714 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2

West

710 715 740 733 730 683 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

1,609 1,661 1,605 1,673 1,806 1,783 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,508 1,582 1,500 1,577 1,713 1,677 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

8 8 9 13 7 8 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.9 1.0 1.1

Construction

164 197 207 187 194 215 2.4 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.8 3.1

Manufacturing

95 112 117 103 95 108 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

62 67 55 59 61 57 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

33 44 63 44 34 51 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

280 303 282 283 317 270 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0

Wholesale trade(3)

38 45 33 36 32 43 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7

Retail trade

176 195 183 184 208 168 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

66 63 66 63 77 60 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.1

Information

29 28 24 33 25 22 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.8

Financial activities

47 70 45 51 63 62 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7

Finance and insurance

24 32 19 25 42 31 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 38 25 26 22 31 1.1 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.4

Professional and business services

410 325 315 440 488 450 2.0 1.6 1.5 2.1 2.4 2.2

Education and health services

149 161 158 168 153 160 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Educational services

31 36 37 40 34 33 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9

Health care and social assistance

119 126 121 129 119 127 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

269 278 247 222 309 298 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

76 58 54 67 106 122 3.4 2.6 2.4 3.0 4.7 5.3

Accommodation and food services

193 220 194 155 203 177 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.3

Other services

56 100 96 76 62 83 1.0 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.1 1.4

Government

101 79 104 97 93 107 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5

Federal

12 11 11 9 8 17 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6

State and local

89 69 94 88 85 90 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

State and local education

42 32 42 37 33 38 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

State and local, excluding education

47 36 52 51 52 53 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

REGION(4)

Northeast

326 327 295 303 345 368 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.4

South

609 601 646 751 730 676 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3

Midwest

361 368 333 321 408 421 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3

West

312 365 331 298 322 319 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
Mar.
2017
Apr.
2017
May
2017
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

362 399 359 365 373 384 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

304 338 293 303 318 333 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

4 4 3 3 3 3 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Construction(3)

20 13 11 13 12 10 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

26 23 21 19 23 23 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

17 11 13 8 13 14 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

9 12 8 11 10 9 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

84 82 84 93 105 80 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

15 12 11 8 25 10 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Retail trade

55 52 60 65 67 60 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

15 18 13 20 14 10 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Information(3)

13 9 13 15 5 11 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

22 25 28 30 32 21 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Finance and insurance

20 22 20 27 27 18 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

2 3 8 3 4 3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Professional and business services

55 90 57 60 60 91 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Education and health services

45 48 34 36 44 49 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

9 7 4 8 10 8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2

Health care and social assistance(3)

36 41 30 28 34 41 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

32 40 29 29 22 31 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

2 3 3 3 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

30 37 26 26 21 29 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

1 5 13 4 12 13 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Government

58 60 66 63 55 51 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Federal

11 10 9 6 8 8 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

State and local

46 50 57 57 46 43 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

State and local education

19 25 29 24 23 21 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

27 25 28 33 23 21 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2

REGION(4)

Northeast

68 70 67 65 61 76 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

South

140 148 126 128 154 134 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

78 98 72 84 73 80 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

77 82 94 88 85 95 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

6,254 6,075 6,502 4.2 4.0 4.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,654 5,470 5,937 4.4 4.2 4.5

Mining and logging

13 22 30 1.9 2.9 4.0

Construction

238 212 232 3.3 2.9 3.1

Manufacturing

394 419 390 3.1 3.2 3.0

Durable goods

231 232 211 2.9 2.9 2.6

Nondurable goods

162 187 179 3.3 3.8 3.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,127 992 1,170 4.0 3.5 4.1

Wholesale trade

168 229 202 2.8 3.7 3.3

Retail trade

707 580 715 4.3 3.5 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

252 183 253 4.4 3.1 4.3

Information

84 102 113 2.9 3.6 4.0

Financial activities

330 351 360 3.8 4.0 4.0

Finance and insurance

242 283 276 3.8 4.3 4.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

88 68 84 3.8 2.9 3.6

Professional and business services

1,295 1,191 1,157 6.0 5.4 5.3

Education and health services

1,163 1,146 1,230 5.0 4.8 5.1

Educational services

107 92 118 3.2 2.6 3.4

Health care and social assistance

1,057 1,054 1,112 5.3 5.1 5.4

Leisure and hospitality

806 819 927 4.7 4.7 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

102 87 86 3.8 3.3 3.2

Accommodation and food services

704 732 841 4.9 5.0 5.6

Other services

203 218 329 3.4 3.6 5.3

Government

600 605 565 2.8 2.6 2.6

Federal

91 101 80 3.1 3.4 2.8

State and local

508 504 485 2.7 2.5 2.6

State and local education

210 187 214 2.3 1.8 2.3

State and local, excluding education

298 317 271 3.1 3.3 2.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

1,061 1,017 1,188 3.8 3.6 4.2

South

2,289 2,239 2,373 4.2 4.0 4.3

Midwest

1,402 1,445 1,469 4.2 4.2 4.3

West

1,501 1,374 1,472 4.4 3.9 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

5,731 6,204 5,970 4.0 4.2 4.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,323 5,770 5,608 4.3 4.6 4.5

Mining and logging

24 38 35 3.5 5.3 4.9

Construction

396 406 438 5.7 5.7 6.1

Manufacturing

311 399 382 2.5 3.2 3.1

Durable goods

179 233 214 2.3 3.0 2.7

Nondurable goods

132 166 168 2.8 3.5 3.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,050 1,049 1,029 3.9 3.8 3.8

Wholesale trade

148 152 159 2.5 2.6 2.7

Retail trade

710 719 686 4.5 4.5 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

191 178 185 3.5 3.2 3.3

Information

81 79 83 2.9 2.9 3.0

Financial activities

204 247 226 2.4 2.9 2.6

Finance and insurance

133 159 153 2.2 2.5 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

71 88 72 3.2 3.9 3.2

Professional and business services

1,244 1,287 1,280 6.1 6.2 6.1

Education and health services

731 703 778 3.3 3.1 3.4

Educational services

104 90 111 3.2 2.6 3.3

Health care and social assistance

627 614 667 3.3 3.1 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,085 1,269 1,093 6.6 7.6 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

170 279 155 6.5 10.8 5.9

Accommodation and food services

915 991 937 6.6 7.1 6.7

Other services

197 293 264 3.4 5.0 4.5

Government

408 435 362 1.9 2.0 1.7

Federal

36 33 34 1.3 1.2 1.2

State and local

372 401 328 2.0 2.1 1.8

State and local education

177 116 151 2.0 1.2 1.7

State and local, excluding education

195 285 177 2.1 3.1 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

895 1,056 984 3.4 3.9 3.6

South

2,254 2,319 2,282 4.3 4.3 4.3

Midwest

1,210 1,480 1,351 3.8 4.5 4.2

West

1,372 1,349 1,352 4.2 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

5,378 5,499 5,695 3.7 3.7 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,975 5,020 5,302 4.0 4.0 4.2

Mining and logging

26 24 31 3.9 3.4 4.3

Construction

326 297 394 4.7 4.2 5.5

Manufacturing

287 330 339 2.3 2.6 2.7

Durable goods

176 190 201 2.3 2.4 2.6

Nondurable goods

111 140 138 2.4 3.0 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,050 1,027 1,046 3.9 3.7 3.8

Wholesale trade

153 130 152 2.6 2.2 2.5

Retail trade

714 709 703 4.5 4.5 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

183 187 191 3.3 3.3 3.4

Information

89 65 84 3.2 2.4 3.0

Financial activities

170 199 198 2.0 2.3 2.3

Finance and insurance

103 131 119 1.7 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

66 68 78 3.0 3.1 3.5

Professional and business services

1,098 1,186 1,197 5.4 5.7 5.7

Education and health services

713 735 725 3.2 3.2 3.2

Educational services

132 173 107 4.1 5.1 3.2

Health care and social assistance

581 562 619 3.0 2.9 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,023 952 1,021 6.2 5.7 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

125 125 132 4.8 4.9 5.0

Accommodation and food services

899 827 888 6.5 5.9 6.3

Other services

192 205 267 3.3 3.5 4.6

Government

403 479 393 1.9 2.2 1.9

Federal

31 27 33 1.1 1.0 1.2

State and local

372 452 360 2.0 2.3 2.0

State and local education

205 298 212 2.3 3.0 2.4

State and local, excluding education

167 154 149 1.8 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

894 859 943 3.4 3.2 3.5

South

2,139 2,293 2,316 4.1 4.3 4.3

Midwest

1,123 1,157 1,247 3.5 3.5 3.8

West

1,222 1,190 1,188 3.7 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

3,456 3,323 3,598 2.4 2.3 2.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,244 3,075 3,387 2.6 2.5 2.7

Mining and logging

13 15 21 2.0 2.0 2.9

Construction

161 139 185 2.3 2.0 2.6

Manufacturing

171 211 216 1.4 1.7 1.7

Durable goods

96 115 128 1.2 1.5 1.6

Nondurable goods

76 96 88 1.6 2.1 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

692 644 710 2.5 2.3 2.6

Wholesale trade

98 78 97 1.7 1.3 1.6

Retail trade

489 462 482 3.1 2.9 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

106 104 130 1.9 1.8 2.3

Information

45 36 50 1.6 1.3 1.8

Financial activities

107 110 120 1.3 1.3 1.4

Finance and insurance

66 66 78 1.1 1.1 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

41 44 41 1.8 2.0 1.8

Professional and business services

680 648 686 3.4 3.1 3.3

Education and health services

480 472 478 2.2 2.1 2.1

Educational services

73 79 48 2.2 2.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

407 394 430 2.1 2.0 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

766 669 764 4.7 4.0 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

85 66 67 3.3 2.6 2.6

Accommodation and food services

681 602 696 4.9 4.3 4.9

Other services

129 132 159 2.2 2.3 2.7

Government

211 248 212 1.0 1.1 1.0

Federal

14 14 14 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

198 234 198 1.1 1.2 1.1

State and local education

101 153 118 1.1 1.5 1.3

State and local, excluding education

97 81 81 1.0 0.9 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

501 472 497 1.9 1.7 1.8

South

1,397 1,381 1,524 2.7 2.6 2.9

Midwest

736 692 802 2.3 2.1 2.5

West

822 777 775 2.5 2.3 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

1,546 1,769 1,704 1.1 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,429 1,642 1,587 1.2 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging

8 7 8 1.2 1.0 1.0

Construction

145 147 199 2.1 2.1 2.8

Manufacturing

89 96 99 0.7 0.8 0.8

Durable goods

63 61 58 0.8 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

26 35 41 0.6 0.7 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

263 289 245 1.0 1.1 0.9

Wholesale trade

38 32 43 0.6 0.5 0.7

Retail trade

163 187 151 1.0 1.2 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

62 70 51 1.1 1.2 0.9

Information

31 25 23 1.1 0.9 0.8

Financial activities

45 55 62 0.5 0.6 0.7

Finance and insurance

21 36 28 0.3 0.6 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 19 34 1.1 0.9 1.5

Professional and business services

372 483 431 1.8 2.3 2.1

Education and health services

187 218 199 0.8 1.0 0.9

Educational services

50 84 51 1.6 2.5 1.5

Health care and social assistance

137 134 148 0.7 0.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

225 260 226 1.4 1.6 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 57 63 1.5 2.2 2.4

Accommodation and food services

187 204 163 1.4 1.5 1.2

Other services

63 61 95 1.1 1.0 1.6

Government

118 127 117 0.6 0.6 0.6

Federal

8 5 11 0.3 0.2 0.4

State and local

110 122 106 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local education

71 76 62 0.8 0.7 0.7

State and local, excluding education

40 46 44 0.4 0.5 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

320 319 364 1.2 1.2 1.3

South

595 740 657 1.1 1.4 1.2

Midwest

309 389 366 1.0 1.2 1.1

West

322 321 318 1.0 1.0 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)
July
2016
June
2017
July
2017(p)

Total

376 408 393 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

302 304 329 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

5 2 3 0.7 0.3 0.4

Construction

20 12 10 0.3 0.2 0.1

Manufacturing

27 24 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

18 14 15 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 10 9 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

94 93 91 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

17 19 12 0.3 0.3 0.2

Retail trade

62 60 69 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15 14 10 0.3 0.2 0.2

Information

13 5 11 0.5 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

18 34 16 0.2 0.4 0.2

Finance and insurance

16 29 13 0.3 0.5 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2 4 3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Professional and business services

46 55 80 0.2 0.3 0.4

Education and health services

45 44 49 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

9 10 8 0.3 0.3 0.2

Health care and social assistance

36 34 41 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

32 22 31 0.2 0.1 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

30 21 29 0.2 0.1 0.2

Other services

1 12 13 0.0 0.2 0.2

Government

74 104 64 0.4 0.5 0.3

Federal

10 7 8 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

64 96 56 0.4 0.5 0.3

State and local education

33 69 32 0.4 0.7 0.4

State and local, excluding education

31 27 24 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

73 68 82 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

147 172 136 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

77 76 79 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

79 92 96 0.2 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: September 12, 2017