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Economic News Release
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Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)

Total

6,251 5,904 5,828 5,554 5,621 67 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 0.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,809 5,536 5,446 5,191 5,208 17 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 0.0

Mining and logging

22 22 23 20 15 -5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.1 2.4 -0.7

Construction

380 309 379 363 368 5 4.8 3.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 0.1

Manufacturing

405 390 370 349 327 -22 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 -0.2

Durable goods

234 214 206 197 182 -15 2.9 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 -0.2

Nondurable goods

171 176 164 151 145 -6 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.1 3.0 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,289 1,216 1,137 1,098 1,118 20 4.5 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.9 0.1

Wholesale trade

175 161 157 154 182 28 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 3.0 0.5

Retail trade

753 750 661 623 634 11 4.9 4.8 4.3 4.0 4.1 0.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

361 305 318 321 302 -19 5.0 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.2 -0.2

Information

97 74 52 71 73 2 3.1 2.4 1.7 2.3 2.4 0.1

Financial activities

213 202 206 201 217 16 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.4 0.2

Finance and insurance

132 125 132 129 133 4 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

82 77 74 72 84 12 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.4 0.4

Professional and business services

1,155 1,095 1,146 980 1,036 56 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.3 4.5 0.2

Education and health services

904 863 892 921 806 -115 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.1 -0.5

Educational services

98 96 106 99 103 4 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.6 0.1

Health care and social assistance

806 767 787 822 703 -119 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.2 -0.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,107 1,148 1,037 975 1,040 65 6.8 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.2 0.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

161 155 157 139 169 30 6.7 6.2 6.3 5.6 6.7 1.1

Accommodation and food services

947 993 880 837 870 33 6.8 7.0 6.2 5.9 6.1 0.2

Other services

237 217 204 213 208 -5 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 -0.1

Government

442 368 382 364 413 49 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.8 0.2

Federal

45 44 41 38 44 6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.5 0.2

State and local

397 324 341 325 369 44 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.8 0.2

State and local education

175 170 181 168 176 8 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7 0.1

State and local, excluding education

222 154 160 158 193 35 2.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 2.1 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

923 930 889 898 880 -18 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 -0.1

South

2,628 2,515 2,402 2,338 2,340 2 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 0.0

Midwest

1,361 1,185 1,232 1,181 1,121 -60 4.1 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.3 -0.2

West

1,338 1,274 1,304 1,136 1,280 144 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) The hires level is the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are revised with the release of January data to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.

Last Modified Date: January 30, 2024