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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)

Total

1,475 1,610 1,643 1,531 1,616 85 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,378 1,542 1,561 1,447 1,515 68 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.0

Mining and logging

5 9 7 7 5 -2 0.7 1.4 1.0 1.1 0.8 -0.3

Construction

166 157 163 172 169 -3 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 0.0

Manufacturing

99 131 122 102 92 -10 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 -0.1

Durable goods

54 70 67 48 55 7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.1

Nondurable goods

44 61 55 54 37 -17 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.8 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

304 290 285 315 334 19 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.1

Wholesale trade

59 64 47 64 41 -23 1.0 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 -0.4

Retail trade

138 136 131 145 145 0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

107 90 108 106 149 43 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.5 2.1 0.6

Information

46 24 15 27 25 -2 1.5 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.8 -0.1

Financial activities

38 55 62 62 54 -8 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Finance and insurance

19 24 38 39 30 -9 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 -0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

18 31 24 23 24 1 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.1

Professional and business services

338 401 409 324 393 69 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.7 0.3

Education and health services

149 174 196 170 154 -16 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Educational services

29 28 30 23 22 -1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 -0.1

Health care and social assistance

120 146 167 147 132 -15 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

193 240 236 206 226 20 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

52 78 61 63 69 6 2.2 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.7 0.2

Accommodation and food services

141 162 175 142 158 16 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.1

Other services

41 61 66 62 61 -1 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.0

Government

97 68 82 84 101 17 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0

Federal

10 8 8 8 8 0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0

State and local

87 60 74 76 93 17 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.1

State and local education

37 34 46 40 39 -1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0

State and local, excluding education

50 26 28 36 54 18 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

279 227 401 262 242 -20 1.0 0.8 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.0

South

521 632 570 571 642 71 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.1

Midwest

356 389 299 294 352 58 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.1

West

319 362 373 403 380 -23 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The layoffs and discharges level is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are revised with the release of January data to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.

Last Modified Date: January 30, 2024