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Economic News Release
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Table 7. Job openings, hires, and separations levels and rates by establishment size class, seasonally adjusted

Table 7. Job openings, hires, and separations levels and rates by establishment size class, seasonally adjusted
Establishment size class Levels (in thousands) Rates
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)
Dec.
2022
Sept.
2023
Oct.
2023
Nov.
2023
Dec.
2023(p)
Change from:
Nov. 2023 -
Dec. 2023(p)

JOB OPENINGS

Total private

10,126 8,381 7,845 7,911 8,010 99 7.1 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.6 0.0

1 to 9 employees

1,818 1,930 1,691 1,652 1,988 336 7.8 8.3 7.4 7.2 7.7 0.5

10 to 49 employees

3,188 2,456 2,284 2,350 2,111 -239 7.0 5.4 5.2 5.3 4.8 -0.5

50 to 249 employees

2,953 2,219 2,057 1,930 2,031 101 7.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.2 0.4

250 to 999 employees

1,235 950 1,008 1,122 986 -136 6.4 5.1 5.1 5.6 5.1 -0.5

1,000 to 4,999 employees

634 584 577 608 612 4 6.6 6.5 5.9 6.5 6.8 0.3

5,000 or more employees

298 242 228 248 282 34 6.8 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.7 0.6

HIRES

Total private

5,809 5,536 5,446 5,191 5,208 17 4.4 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 0.0

1 to 9 employees

800 889 895 957 900 -57 3.7 4.2 4.2 4.5 3.8 -0.7

10 to 49 employees

1,912 1,678 1,603 1,482 1,642 160 4.5 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.9 0.4

50 to 249 employees

1,858 1,808 1,752 1,542 1,576 34 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.0 4.3 0.3

250 to 999 employees

804 752 794 803 711 -92 4.5 4.2 4.3 4.3 3.8 -0.5

1,000 to 4,999 employees

362 325 323 327 300 -27 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 -0.2

5,000 or more employees

73 84 78 80 79 -1 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 0.0

TOTAL SEPARATIONS

Total private

5,502 5,288 5,328 5,064 5,012 -52 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.7 -0.1

1 to 9 employees

826 760 799 720 835 115 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.5 0.1

10 to 49 employees

1,923 1,747 1,610 1,584 1,592 8 4.5 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.8 0.1

50 to 249 employees

1,594 1,738 1,731 1,598 1,542 -56 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.2 0.0

250 to 999 employees

723 700 772 776 668 -108 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.6 -0.5

1,000 to 4,999 employees

375 280 363 320 313 -7 4.2 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 0.0

5,000 or more employees

61 64 53 66 62 -4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.3 -0.1

QUITS

Total private

3,858 3,460 3,448 3,331 3,196 -135 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 -0.1

1 to 9 employees

566 362 486 471 489 18 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.2 2.1 -0.1

10 to 49 employees

1,403 1,292 1,091 1,113 1,088 -25 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.6 0.0

50 to 249 employees

1,142 1,197 1,110 1,060 1,030 -30 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.8 0.0

250 to 999 employees

458 418 503 465 383 -82 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.1 -0.4

1,000 to 4,999 employees

248 154 226 178 165 -13 2.8 1.8 2.5 2.0 2.0 0.0

5,000 or more employees

41 38 32 43 41 -2 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.0

LAYOFFS AND DISCHARGES

Total private

1,378 1,542 1,561 1,447 1,515 68 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.0

1 to 9 employees

206 319 231 218 274 56 1.0 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.2

10 to 49 employees

440 370 421 350 403 53 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.2

50 to 249 employees

382 472 543 468 448 -20 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 0.0

250 to 999 employees

235 255 241 269 248 -21 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 -0.1

1,000 to 4,999 employees

103 108 112 125 127 2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.5 0.1

5,000 or more employees

12 17 13 16 14 -2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0

OTHER SEPARATIONS

Total private

266 286 319 287 301 14 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

1 to 9 employees

54 79 82 32 71 39 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2

10 to 49 employees

80 85 98 121 100 -21 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.1

50 to 249 employees

70 69 78 69 64 -5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

250 to 999 employees

30 28 27 41 37 -4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0

1,000 to 4,999 employees

24 18 26 17 21 4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1

5,000 or more employees

8 8 9 8 7 -1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Establishment size class data are produced for the total private sector only.
NOTE: The job openings level is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month. The levels for hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations are the number of each during the entire month. The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of employment plus job openings. The rates for hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations are the number of each during the entire month as percent of employment.
NOTE: Data are revised with the release of January data to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.

Last Modified Date: January 30, 2024