Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Total

15.2 15.4 14.7 14.7 14.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

17.1 17.1 16.3 16.3 16.3

Mining and logging

15.8 29.6 25.7 19.1 19.3

Construction

32.3 33.1 33.3 32.2 27.7

Manufacturing

10.0 10.4 10.5 10.1 10.9

Durable goods

9.3 10.2 10.4 9.1 9.4

Nondurable goods

11.0 10.6 10.6 11.7 13.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

15.4 15.0 13.6 13.6 15.1

Wholesale trade

10.7 9.9 8.5 8.4 8.4

Retail trade

17.1 16.6 14.6 14.5 16.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15.6 15.9 16.0 16.4 17.0

Information

16.7 12.5 11.0 14.1 15.2

Financial activities

8.3 8.7 8.5 8.1 8.3

Finance and insurance

7.1 6.9 6.8 6.1 7.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

11.9 13.8 13.5 13.8 9.6

Professional and business services

27.3 26.5 25.8 23.8 23.5

Education and health services

9.5 8.3 8.7 8.9 8.8

Educational services

12.4 11.5 11.1 11.6 12.6

Health care and social assistance

9.0 7.7 8.3 8.4 8.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.1 24.5 22.2 23.9 23.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49.6 49.1 43.8 49.1 47.4

Accommodation and food services

19.8 20.4 18.5 19.7 18.9

Other services

13.7 17.3 14.9 17.5 15.8

Government

4.9 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8

Federal

3.4 4.6 4.3 4.2 3.3

State and local

5.1 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2

State and local education

4.7 6.0 5.9 5.3 5.8

State and local, excluding education

5.6 6.6 6.7 7.3 6.6

REGION(2)

Northeast

15.0 14.5 15.2 15.3 14.5

South

15.0 15.3 14.3 15.3 15.3

Midwest

15.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

West

15.9 15.8 14.4 13.0 13.8

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and to implement a new imputation methodology.

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Last Modified Date: March 15, 2019