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Economic News Release
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Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Total

15.4 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

17.1 16.3 16.3 16.2 16.0

Mining and logging

29.6 25.9 18.9 17.7 20.7

Construction

33.0 33.2 32.2 27.5 34.3

Manufacturing

10.3 10.5 10.1 10.8 10.2

Durable goods

10.2 10.4 9.1 9.5 9.3

Nondurable goods

10.6 10.6 11.7 13.1 11.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

15.0 13.6 13.6 15.1 14.5

Wholesale trade

9.9 8.5 8.4 8.6 10.2

Retail trade

16.5 14.6 14.5 16.8 15.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

16.0 16.0 16.5 16.9 16.5

Information

12.5 11.0 14.1 14.4 15.7

Financial activities

8.6 8.5 8.1 7.4 7.4

Finance and insurance

6.9 6.8 6.1 6.6 5.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

13.8 13.3 13.8 9.7 13.7

Professional and business services

26.5 25.9 23.8 23.8 23.5

Education and health services

8.3 8.7 8.9 8.9 8.3

Educational services

11.5 11.1 11.6 12.9 10.6

Health care and social assistance

7.7 8.3 8.4 8.1 7.9

Leisure and hospitality

24.5 22.2 24.0 23.3 21.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49.3 43.9 49.4 48.1 39.7

Accommodation and food services

20.4 18.5 19.6 19.1 18.3

Other services

17.3 14.9 17.5 16.1 12.9

Government

6.1 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.5

Federal

4.7 4.3 4.3 3.2 4.2

State and local

6.3 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.7

State and local education

6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.2

State and local, excluding education

6.6 6.7 7.3 6.2 6.3

REGION(2)

Northeast

14.5 15.2 15.3 14.4 14.4

South

15.3 14.3 15.3 15.3 14.7

Midwest

15.7 15.4 15.1 14.7 13.6

West

15.8 14.4 13.0 13.7 14.7

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 17, 2020