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Economic News Release
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Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1) [percent]
Industry and region 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Total

14.7 14.7 14.6 14.5 28.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

16.3 16.3 16.3 16.1 32.5

Mining and logging

25.9 18.5 17.6 20.8 33.3

Construction

33.3 32.2 27.5 34.5 44.2

Manufacturing

10.5 10.0 10.8 10.3 22.6

Durable goods

10.4 9.1 9.5 9.3 22.8

Nondurable goods

10.6 11.7 13.1 11.8 22.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

13.6 13.6 15.1 14.6 27.1

Wholesale trade

8.5 8.4 8.6 10.4 18.1

Retail trade

14.6 14.5 16.8 15.5 29.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

16.1 16.5 16.9 16.4 29.0

Information

10.9 14.1 14.5 16.2 24.6

Financial activities

8.5 8.1 7.4 7.3 12.7

Finance and insurance

6.8 6.1 6.6 5.0 7.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

13.4 13.8 9.7 13.8 27.7

Professional and business services

25.8 23.8 23.8 23.7 31.9

Education and health services

8.7 8.9 8.9 8.4 19.3

Educational services

11.1 11.7 12.9 10.7 26.4

Health care and social assistance

8.3 8.4 8.2 8.0 18.1

Leisure and hospitality

22.2 24.0 23.3 21.4 79.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43.9 49.4 48.1 39.7 96.7

Accommodation and food services

18.5 19.6 19.1 18.3 76.4

Other services

15.0 17.6 16.2 13.1 45.4

Government

6.0 6.0 5.6 5.5 8.8

Federal

4.3 4.2 3.2 4.3 15.1

State and local

6.3 6.2 5.9 5.7 7.9

State and local education

5.9 5.4 5.7 5.2 8.5

State and local, excluding education

6.7 7.2 6.1 6.2 7.2

REGION(2)

Northeast

15.2 15.3 14.4 14.4 31.8

South

14.3 15.3 15.3 14.9 25.5

Midwest

15.4 15.1 14.7 13.5 29.7

West

14.4 13.0 13.7 14.8 31.0

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 11, 2021